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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, November 01, 1854, Image 1

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]DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGH-nuTS., R-I)EM 'A0CY, ]NEWS, LITERATURE, AGRIUI SI T
OHN 1. R>ICHAR ?SON J., R I .-Igy Our SaERt-..r
DEOL IX. SUMTERVILLE, S Ro NOVEMABER UT
~VILIAM IA~VS, ~ POPRE~on ~O~~al~7 uv 1?atI~ . i4iuAL
TIM KU 11 UANN K
Is PlUBl~sI.D
EvTery Wedmemvsay Morninug
.iBY
Lewis & Richardson;
SER7S,
''WO IIT.LAS in n1lVance,Two lollarv
-ant Fifiy Cents at the expiration of toix inhmmirim
'ur Three ilollar at tie end of thie year.
No laper discontinmier mil all arrearages
-1tro IA ID, un1tless at ti I.option of tle Proprietor.
*W Advertisiemn inewrtedatSEVENTY
FIVE Cent per viiuare, (P- linen or less,) for
-tle first, gil lutirtumint nmmit fr each isbimemietl
4nsertiant, (tIfliiml a1dVertiseUnt'lts 1the Sine
.uchti n 11).
2 The nubi-ber of imertions to lit inarkei
til idl Ativertisements or tiley wilt b" publiled
tuntil ordered to be diisontminaued, at cihage
O- ONi DOL.L.A t per ulitnre for a ingle
tinsfertion. (juturterly atuit T1intitly WX .ertise
9tants will bie ctargm its*! saaine as a Msigic in
Wertion. ani memi-umontitllv tihe Saine imdagiooem
.fCV Obitnarys ;pml Tributemis oif ieuspet,
over twelve lines, charged! as ad ti ntmetsi 14.
Origiina Poe try.
For tle Banner.
tihe Tlairly Cy anrngi that
formIR ise Afecomplnihaesl
iPriste.
Tie ambitious fair jvipa strives for boaity's
prize,
And hopes to lieten's glorious fauo to
- rise, -
TJ'hose thirty charms must have to bloss a
a lover's eve.
Three white, three black, and thrci of
rosy bme,
'hree long, three shot, three slender to
tie view.
e large, three small, three straight,
to attity wide,
-All, these togothler form tile accomrplished
bride.
AN IXL'.ANATIo0 oX Ti-: FonL;UOIN(.
Aisist rie love whilst with a pmain(er's art,
I ithow the world te Mistress of my hieart,
Come Kate, come ; tiou sliudt ily tmodel Ie,
Thou art the 4imaid tiat's mnndu 11r lpve nd
ti'.
White is her skin, more whlite -than win
ter's -tows,
-iler shining eethi are placed ill ivory
rowF,
And her fair eye.halls joarly whitencirs
shows;
.lack are tii spiral irinlets of* her hair,
Iller gas.sy birows two stable arches are ;
Her large bmlack vees set all ily sorti till
fire,
'Jlmey lijok commpli img hove aid soft desire.
iler lips are fragrant rose-buds miois: with
dfew,
JIler tails tranliarent and of a rosy uie,
1er glowimg cheeks the lender tits dis.
play,
'Which streak a sautamior sky at break of
day ;
l1cr neck and waist are slender, long and
straight,
4o are her fingers--frmed to captivate;
Witih dimpled smiles, her little mouti in.
. vtes,
Anbrosial kisses and sqimremne delights;
*.$mall e:rs lie lurking inI her shining flair,
I1er well formed bumpdis are small Ud soft
-amd fair;
Short arq her feet, Iset mos,_ not hung to
view,
And short Iter chin, btit rumd amd dimipledl
tuo.
41cr forehecad large, buti would a critic
Jue timigedi with veints, and bet withi
. gracefulI case ;
me her fair bosom all my thiughits em-i
51er sipacioius bosom heaves luxurmiant joy;
Above her nosec just where time forehead
bemnds,
Met'weent ier brows, a dlownty space e.x
tenids;
.A space as wide, to love alone revuieni.
Aletween hecr swellig breasts lies close
comncealed.
l'here cuipids tiestle--there the wvantons
pily,
T1is luve'su own piath--'lis I~caven's high
milky way ;'
hast to comipilete her for the acconmplishedc
bride,
51cr hips are linely formecd amid ratther
wide.
Sumte'rville, O~ct., 1%t5.
A V 1rix~mu SmLA wr..--.In the Cmys.
t.al 'alatec, Newi York, thecre is ott ex.
lib iitiomn anm Iidia Cahtmuere shawl,
matde in Thlibet, by 1tl0e iatienit inidms.
try of one of the maost cailhreted air.
Lists of' Inidia, lmadji Mewmammced fLs.
.saim, for' at prlince es' im t~b oya1 lund~,
which is inivoiced for duty at. the Cius
torn I ltnsoi at *l70.
Th'Ie Scripture is unfto us -what, ithe
star was to Lime wiso ainon; but, if we
spiend alnl our ti tt)u inl gazinmg uipomn iL,
.uibservinmg itsi tmo titons, imand idmiing
it's siplensimur, w ithot, being iitd to
Christ byv it, the use~n tof it 'iJJ Ibe lost
An us--li. T~ jdn
The Wreck of the Arctic.
In our paper of last week we gave
ani account of, the loss of the stcaotmer
Arctic, on her passige froin Liverpool
to New York, witl, t large number of
her passiengers. Since then further
particulars have been received. It wis
stated by some of the survivors who
hastily lied froini the scene ofealaiatv
that they saw the wreck io down, anld
that Capt. lAica was on board at the
t01ie. Nevertheless, the Captain ar
rived in saflety at Qiuebue, and with
him, nine of' the passengers and crew.
A large portion of' the engineers and
the crew, as well as one or two of' the
oflicers, were evidently fllso to their
duty, and deserted their posts at in
hour when their aid every wty was
essential. They belhaved like owairds
and wretches rather than in-ii-and
the filet that thus far we have not
heard of' the rescue of' a mwoan or
rhi i/d, islerhps, the bitterest aid
iost witlioriiig coitinvietary that couild
be ofjeed uptiu their atrocions Ecu
duct !
Cap4ini Itie g remnaiiied on the Are
tie to the last. When the shipl went
down lie weint dowu witl her, aid on
eoirijg to the siur'face again, gainid a
foothuld Upip one of the paddle bjoxes
tilt (loated4 by, front whieh, - oi;, of
cleven who -,it tiere with him, lie
hiiniselfanid Mrl. George F. Allen wore
alone preseryd. 11e does not give
the names of 1,y of the others-but
simply says they were " one by one
relieved by death." lie saw whin lie
first arose " over two limidred men,
w0inen1 anid children struaggling togeth
er in the water amid Ilpier#c t ' Itj'cC4
'/'cecry ki1d." lie says :-" I was ill
the act of' tryi:ng to .save my child,
when a portioin of the paddle box
cane rushiing ny edgewie, just gra
zilig nay head, lallng with its whole
weight, upon the hea.1 of Vay darling
chii. Ainother ilulnient I beheld hin
liteless in . Ile water," Lis s"11, who
is lost, is alx.4ut twtlve years of age,
and a cripple. Captaitn 1.nce was ta
keiii'f' by' a paas..>ig vessel, and .con
vey!ed to QUeiec, anid from tiere
wrote to Mr. Collins of New York,
the owner, a letter of sonie le:.gt.li,
detailing .te circuJ)stat nlies.
LFronai the letter 'of' Cap't1aini I1nee!
weI learn thata .t de time 4d' the-ol
i4in 'i 61 fug bal.1 alarm whistle
was 0oundtled oin board t&e A-retie; the
reason of which was fhat duringr the
day the weathwr 1i1sd beeii irwarly ir
uifite clear ; at ten Welock that inorn
ilng it was so iuelh so as to ,lluw hit
to take ai observation, .and11 up to the
lirne that lie went below it, lad lieen
at Io tirne so foggy :is tio render these
rtecautionas iecessary ; the fog would,
it is true, oJccasioiially wrap them
closely around bir a l'ew itooments, but
then it cleared up again suol, so that
the eye could reach fron olie mjile to
six. Captaiin I iue had beuna below
wUrkinig his reekoning about fiftee
miinutes, during which time, unknown
to him, the fog had becoie very dense,
and the two steamers coming head on
for caell other, approachod unpercuir
ed to the fatal vnset. Claptain Iuce
heard iMhC cominm1al to s -trboard the
beh1n1, mid 1:aii upon dec Ifjust in [tile
to wittipss thile collision.' lie :aegin..-A
edges that tht fital step was the loss
of the chief Im ate :nd scamieae w ho aw
Coliplaniedl him upli his hin'ane er.
iramd. A. a v'er'y early peii'odl after
the col lisioi the lirem~en and crew,
moreo e'pecialhy the li'rmer, threw~~ till
thiei r adllie e to idii-cipline, aiumnd ok
ed out four their own saf'ety. The boat
on,boardi the ship would, if' properly
the brutal sellishiness of the crew~
thiust the miajority bacik to diie. Jn
the first boat that, was lowered for the
purpose~ f [svn pass.eniger's were
several ladies. All of the Iinaijlies on
bioard gathered on lie qjuarter'-deck,
andI after' the firist shokc of' terror, bme
eamie comparai~?:tively e.ahn aniud colleet
ed. lin t~hem 'y boat that, reCmiainied.
the larges' !ile boat, oni deck, Captain
Luce pilaced Mr's. Collinis aiid her liniii
1ly, the: I rownie ihmnily, and miany othei'
ladies; and b.ut, for' the uijfortunate
Jiecessity that thlis bouat was r'equired
to assist i sthe construction of the
r'aft, they would ndoubtedly hav'e
beena saagd. As it was, lie lauinched
the boat; iintendinig alier' fhe r'aft was
miade, to againi phice the hidies iin it.
II ow his jutenticns weie fi'ustrated is
too well knowni. The piassenigers, when
a Illihpe wazs pat gathered uponi the
quiartei' deck ; hbut insteaid 01'e.xhibitiug
exte r nl signs of' terror and despair,
they Ibearly all4ssumedj a chaeei'fulnaess.
AL kength, withe a sigh of'agony and
a wail thwat pi~erced thet heavens, the
groat, hull r'eeled to andi f'ro, anid set
tied down beneath the dtark waters,
Jmig teirboiingsurlee covered
draein huaniygrasping at the
w~reck of' mlatter- that dioated around
thiemi. Like oil upon the wvaters, the
maass soon1 spread out in all disrectionis,
.aid many of' them sank witint Cr.m
Lflmm jAuce-s signs, to rise no more. isut
all wqre provided with life preservers,
which would buoy them up for a long
poriod, id as this spot was directly in
the path of European ships, and sig
nal guns of distress wero fired up to
the last inoment, it is thir to presume
tihat some may have been picked up.
At this period of the year, too the
ships outward bound are as five to
one against those dostinei for the
Uthited States, so that fQr side time
yet we may hlope for the safety of
some or then. Capt. Luce said that
whenl he had risPn to the surfaco, and
gainod a portion of .hu pnddle-bo, he
ordered those in the boat to row to it,
and take ofl' some of the olove4i per
sons that wore crowded upon it. 1But
they heeded him not, Iand though they
wore without, oars, they ndght yet
have reached the frail raft by paddling
with their hands. CUaptain Lute.,
reached his home at Yonkers, New
York, on Mondtay vening last, where
he was met by his neighbours and
fti':iml with every demonstration of
delight. Indeed, throughout the en.
tiie route from Montreal be was ev.
erywl ere hailed by vast crowds, who
went, fiorth to muct him with joy ful con
gratulations and honiest, hearty sym.
p141by,
Tihe following is a list of the lost and
saved of the Arctic, as far as ascar
Wined:
Total umaber of passengers (250) and
crow 131 on hoard of tha Arctic, 389
Taken to Qjtebec. by the I llron, 14
Arrived at. New York, by t13 Leb.
allon, is
By tjju ti liats a, St. Johin, 45
By 1,h1 Clilnbria, at Iubec, 10
L.,7
Thera r gee boats as yet un
heard- :t'UiiE of these, which was
wV 'with water and pro.
SisionWs4 fcb'ilUe followinig iamied plor
Mr, Gourley. Ist gf1jcer, Mr. (Gra
ham, 4th' do, Mlr. Brownm, 1st apssst.
eng. Alr. Willet, :;d do. do, Jolin
Moran, lI remnan, l 'atrick MeUaigley,
do. Mr. 'I huomipsoli, (Jgiieer, TIjflllas,
Witlde, boatsw'nI, Mr. 14"ogers, chiefl
en'gr, AI r. WalLer, 2d alsst. cng, Dan.
Conncelly, firiAtemanm, Juli fiIu;tgan, do
Mr. Kielly, enlilcer.
There were no less tu sixty
4111 w(OmeIiL an1d ninetelnI1 childrent Ol
board L.he Artie, not onie or whom
was saved, as fir as intelligence has
rCaelaed us. 'Tlhe life insurancce ollices
OF New York vit y sulfer to the amount
of i i.hty thousand dollars by the lUsS
oWf life o; board the Arcltie.
TIhe Aretic was Iilt in Naw
York hi 4R50, by W illiam 11. Birown,
and was considered as statibi a vessel
as was ever constructed. She measured
2500 Lolls retgister, and cost 700,000.
fThe' ship awl in achinery were insured
for P5.10,000 by various American
insurame compamies, and it is under
stood that they were also in England.
The Cargo wis iinsured for over $300,
000, principalily in New York.
The French steamer Vesta, which
caame in collision with the Arctic, and
was supposed to have immediately
gone down after the crushing collision,
arrived at St. 3Iohn's, New lBrunswick
on the :0th it., in a shuttered con
d1ition. The V.esta belong; -to one of
the wvalthiest, houses of Gratnville,
which euips vessels for the fisheries of
Newfotudland. She wetit to St.
l'ierre with a load or salt, anid was
returnting to hirance wit I ho hundred
andie foty sevent pass.engers, (hsherpcn
antd salters,) anad tw~ejt"y of 'tle crew.
A t the timec of t.4e accident, the Vesta
wes travelhing at the rate of tena kntots.
l'xteriorly she lhas even been worse
hiad led than the A retic, for herl bowus
wvere literally carried away; but the
'ivisin or her hold into cotmpartmenctts
saved her. The water which was
precipiitated by the large openinimg into
the forward part of the shuip was
arrested by a comtpartmient of p)ULatd
iron TJhe- Vest'i carries ti rit ten in
ineffiaceable traces the history of the
naval drama in which she played so
terrIble a part. Herci hold ipen t~o
the light, and one of her masts brok
en, tell ho'w violent, must, have beetn
the colsion. Hiut what tells mote are
the boat, sides of her ir-on coihnpart,
mnents, ini which ske still carries pacees
of wood fromt the A retic-the lad tud
mnelanchboly rettna~nt of thjs mnagnifi
eentt ship. The Vesta lost in thte col
lisi~m thtirteeni of her men, whto,.seiz~ed
with fear, either thbrew tlthennelves into,
the sea, or wete in the boat, destroyed
by the Arctie.
Wreck of- the Aa-tic.
INTt.RE'NtTI~t J'II4s(P&At, NAttt4TSVEs OF
M4. sMITii, OF MtIsSis'P'g.
I was a passiengver on the Arctic.
WVe had been out fromi Liverpool soy
en days, and were in about longitude
52 degrees, and somuewbere abuit fif
ty or sixty miles 00a' Cape Race, on
tlhe coast of Newf'ounadland, when the
d readiftul occu rrence -tookc place oni
Wednesday, the 27th Sept.
Durinot thp ,1av, upo e i,,. n. .
We ?ecseiyItn thio weather had beci
quite foggy, and I was somewhat- as
tunished and alarmed several timei
when on deck, seeing the weather e
thick, that Iincied not rnore tha
three or 1our of the ship's length
ahead pould be secen, anid she goint.
oi) at full speed, without any alarl:
bell, stcain whistle or other signal be
ing sounded at intervals, in some sucl
mianner -is I had been accustomed, tc
in a fog on other vessels.', At abjou
15 aninutes after the meridian, ei4h
bells had been struck, and while sitt n'
in my state- room in the fbrward cabin:
the earnest cry of a voic on ; dcek
(who I at the moment took to be
man on the look.out,) to f'Stop her,'
"stop ier;" "A steamer ahead," wa,
lierd wiLh alaria by myself and ill
others in th o ibin; at thlp same tima
the man giving the al ri4 pould bc
heard runing olI towards ille ongin,
roomlt. I stepppd Put of my state
root, .1114 while endeavoring witi
Mr. Coolk, Illy room tmate, to ealm th
excitement auing the ladies in thb
cabin, aid bef'ore Lite man- giving the
alar:ni oil deck had reached the engint
routo, we were undiip 4ware of the
coleussil by a somewhat, slight jip
to our ship, accompan ied by a crashing
noise agtainst the starboard bow. IN
wat a monient of awe and suspense
but I thiik we all seened to satisfy
ourselves that .the shuck was slight
and that as we were on so large and
strong a vessel, and io serious dama
age had hapijipented, titr could well hap
peul to such a ship, in anl occurrence 0
such a nature.
W ith such a reliance on, nly owr
mi!!-l, at. ay rate, I was very quiekly
on deck, and in detaelud, aceouist
frot other lass'engirs, eitreIC - that
a screw stenasieI', with ill sail sie' -alw
truck us (it tile st.rbnoard boy, anI(d
ghleitg nIt our 4twrhoard wheel and
whvel-41,ulse, struck her again, and she
piasseil i' astern of us n1,hi of' sight,
inaimediately, il a thick fog. I saw
on the first glance at our bulweigp
that all wgs r-ight with uy, bit ilstant.
ly beg.ml tW g't z&larirpd fromtn our
carceliing over on the sjue we -had
beien struck, as well as from1L the call
for the pIssenagers to kop on the port
side. I understood, alsi, at this time,
that one of' our boats had been cleared
away and lowered with our first of
licer and six of the men, to render as
sistaincie to tO other vessef, and that
our ship was making round in senrch
of her also. I saw Captain Luce on
the paddle-box, giving orders in onie
way and another, atid most, of the of
ficers aud imien runiingu here and there
nil deck, get.ti.r into an evidet state
of alarm, without seeming to isnow
what was Lo be done, or applying
their energies toa ny one thing il pa
ticular, except im getting the anchors
and other hev)3 articles over oni te
the port side of the ship. I lAnned
over the starboard bow and saw sov
eral large breaks in the side of o*
ship front eight to twelve or Guurpeeui
feet abaft the ctt-water, and I was
convineod that in the ten ir fiftepi
muinites titie our wheels were l'irther
subinergod fit the water than usual.
Our' sl'hip seemned to right, herself
someiwhat, after,,etting the deck weight
upon1 the larbIard, but it was tI
evidtejt tfrut fpupt 3A4Ue hiimself, aS
well as it hands, were becon.iii"
aware rf our danger, and from lie
tremiindous volnie of water be..
thrown out froma our steant) p~ump~s,'I
was conivinceed we were mzakinig water
a. gfrtl rate. Then camne in full
view beitbre uis thme utkbr vessel, pire.
'Jentmlg a mi ost, heartrendiingv spectacle;
the'whole of' her bow. for at least
10 feet abaft hier eitwate-r, was Ii ter'
ally czrtslbed auway, legring to all ap-)
paarvibime an~ openm ontrance for liin
sea; and how she haid remlainled abhove
wa':ter for' so miany mlinlute's seermned a
imystery. lier decks were covered
with people, and all her szgils (ip all
threu of' her mgsps- wyere set, W\e
mnerel' p'assed her* zgg i]n she was
in les's thtn a :t ttnute hidi in~ tho fog,
hut searsely out of' sight, whIeiJ we
heard a ri.'je f'romi her deck a loud antd
general wail of ittonning and lamnen.
tation that, ti hl us of their bmurial en
masse. I should timk there were at
least 200O souls (41 the deck of that
ship, It, wais jst, previous to, or ,y
.the samn., that, we thuts camg in sight
of' and pas'sed tier that OUr wheels went
over two or three separate individuals
in the water, as well as a boat an
crew who had evidpnitl y left. thbe other
shipl fur safe'ty on oijrs.--Onhe man
only we pielked up, ain Ohl weathnr.
leaped fromt thw' snmil b loat, beforeo she
weut under our whleel, caught, a roptL
haniginig f'rom our ship, and wams finially
paul led ont board of us. iad f'irom whoni
we learige4 something of' the oth
er vessef.
Captain Luce had, by the time o
our coining in sight of' the Vestsi be
come su contvlnced of' our ow critica
situjatiwi, th~at our only or best, ch~auei
was to keepi unditer head way as faaL a
~ossible towards the land. A decj
seated thoughtful look of dospair be.
gan to settle upon every Cdditntenanc
-no excitement, but ladie'7and chil.
dren began. to collect --on deck with
i anxious and inquiring looks, .receiving
I no hopm or .ensohitioj, wiet and hus.
band, father atid daughter, brother
and sister, would wcep in each other's
embrace, or kneel together imp'oring
Almighty God for help. Men; would
go abutL the decks in a sorpf 'JXvil
dornln- as to what was lpft to be
done, no - aying hold of thb hand
pumps with re-doubled energy or
with sickening effort, applying: their
ppwor to the hauling of freight out of
the fbrward hole, already floating in
water before the lower hatches wcrc
opened. System of management or
concentration of ellbrt was never corn
menced or applied to any one object.
Two separate ineffectual attenpts to
stop the leaking , by dropping i sail
down over the bow were made, and
the engines were kept working the
ship ahead towards the land, but in
the course pf an loui, I sholId think,
from the time of thp collisim), the low
or furnaces weire drowtied out anld the
steaml) pumps stopped. Then it seem
ed to become only a question "Of 'how
many hours or minuLLs w . wbld be
above water. -
The first oflicer, with his boat,'3
crew, we had left, behind from tie
first. The secoild officer, wioh a lot
of the sailors, lead lowvred aiothi
boat, anid 1I4 flie sdlip, 4!nd a general
scrambling soprled tQ be gonseg onl as
to vhio shuld have pileos in the only
twq rumaining b.ats that I saw on decl.
Thim stevrn tcklinq of imother hzd-giv.
enr way fromth loeight'or person. i-n
i wild itwas swinging. over. thi rs4le,
mnd I tilink seyeral must have . heen
lost with that. I s'aw one lady hainr
ing to the how tackle'of it afterti'&e
-terni It;! broketi loose. -~ -oe -o-tkose
st3ill remaining was %A hrge ono.on thle
quarter-deck occupied by, ladies and
*hild run, and sonic - few gentlemen.
hla uttlwr was on tWi upper- deok tifr
ward, and inl the possessions of a lot
of .iremen.Things were.in this conl
'lition atabouttwo bours after thea.
cideit.. (aptain Luce was superin,
tending the lowerinig of Spars ;nd
yards, aided mostly by poawsetngers, f'or
the- purpose of making 4raft, and
complaining thatall his ollipers au14
menL1 had left, hisi, Nu.4 of tje wj. -
rmtep' and children weir cdllected rener
the boat onl the lnmrLer deck, seeming
ly resigned to itfieir . fato. Some fe w
gentlemten exerting oll their power to
prevail ont others to work oi, at. the
pIuImps, but all to no Iproe) c sj kpt
,II gm nlinig il quitlty a- tcad ily is
time progreswiJ.
The engines had stopped working,
and 1, seeing that the Chief Aiuginecr,
with some of his anjisJants and jireImpq
/fIly gut theforward boat in the watr
over 1/ the boto, under the pret'nce I
saw of working at the canvass, which
was hanging over the blow, so as to
sink it, down over the leaking placus;
but seeing, as I thought, sy mptAorns of
their real Inte11letionr tq gut 411 from thp
ship without- Ulp many in the boat, I
dropped myself down niear by them
oin to a small raft of three planks
abIott a lt, wide each, and tenl or
twelve fzet long, and an inch in tbick.
neI.SI, -lhel together with some rope
and CbUr handspikes, and which I had
just, pre'viotusly helped to1 lower into
th le 'u ter ihrr the purpose of wvotking
fromn about thne bo0w of thie shiip. lVind
inig it bonre mec up I shoved ofl, inten
ding to get, alongside of the engineer's
boait, bt as. I shoved ofl several tire
inen undl one~ or two gyt.sngers drop.
ped1 <lnen inito It e boat, thme pnyinc'srpr*o
I vtet ting tu;irt their doing so, andat te
same tinue pushpd of/ and pulled wcell
teay froni the shtip, witht about tweelee
0 o Puttc4 personas i,4 his boat, dclar
iny' to those ona board, att the sanme time.
theat he wa'ss notyy/ing' of, 'nt w'ould stay
by the 8lhip to thme last. At the samte
tit lie or those ini thu boat with; hjim,
con~tinued .to pill away ini what, I tcon
sidairel was- the direction of the
land, ad were*( in a few mritoes lost in
the fog. I now sawv theare wams no pro.
hrable chanee fihrite but to remnain
whlere I wats, on mny frail little rarfi,
until I couldl see jiome.,better chtane
after or before the ship wvent doen.
Shte hard n owv settled downz to tire
wheel houses. Thu ripper Junetcs
hand for sorte time been drowvned out.
People oit board were doing nothing
but, firing~signal guns of distress, try
iug to get sparas overboard, andi tear
ing doors of. thre htinges. N~qtJing else
seemred to P~respnit itself jpm a mreanas
of savinig the lives of somte throe bun-.
dred souik .still on bpoard.. I. hp~vo
crossed the A tlanrtie ining tigmes now,
and neaijy eyery prqvigus Jipre brave
lhad in chuarge one or mnorecof rspy thim
ily. or niear relatives, but, now I thamk.
udirjy 44~ Lhat I had tnot eyenyuri av.
quaintanteo with mue, in this ipy adv&r
sity, I tighitened up rmy litte ra~fr as
well as I could, so-as to, withstan.the
buf'etiigs qrnd stnining sofih heavy
rolling sea, and .with he.rnid a.a, lyng
narrow icce o'f L'lanrk whrich l~tira uni
offr the"oth6ftisikiit as a paddle, I
kept hovering within 200 or 300 yards
of the sinking ship, watching opeiations
thero and keeping myself' from being
drifted out of sight so as to have what,
company there might bo loft on rails
like mly own, after our ducaped vessel
a4 sunk beneath the surface. In this
position I saw three different small
rofte like my own leave the ship, one o
them with three and another w0ith two
of the firenen standing erect on then,
theh third with tile old Frenclhman we
had already pieked4 tl, and one of
the mess boys of the ship sitting on it.
Theep three rafts all drilipd close by
nin, so near tilat I was hailed by one
-aid another of them, with the request
for us all us to keep near together, to
whioh I zsented, but told thern that
we ha4 411 bettpr try and keep by the
ship till she went down. . At this tinqe
I noticed that the large boat which
had been on the quarter deck was in
thp wqber and was. beingfr'ieghtcd pret.
tyfully to all appearaincc with several
females anel (t good Unagiler of males
and that the raft of spars wai at the
sanle time being lashcd together and
several getting on it. I 1o1.ieod, also,
a enple'of large empty water casks
lashed together with five men on
theni, appai'ently pass.6ngers, teavd the
ship,-ad-drifling towards ine ; while
within abotit fifty yards they capsized
with,the force of a heavy swell, giving
.thehir Ibvinsgfreight an. almost immie
diate water. grave. Three of them,.
notice( regained the top side of the
casks only to be immediately turned
over-again, and the casks separating I
'siw io iore of them.' My hcart sick
eoind iso'rnuchi'df 'ifutigtp- death,
and still I almost longed tW liqWIr been
one tIgtff at Gt 4 gat n
asneI a tW.ATcan'judl11 at abut 11 -2
-l1e,6h'ip lbfni to di '1ppetir, stern f're
mest; sho-eo tered tnder-the s airfee.
her. bow-rising-at 14ht: s she slowly
wemt imaur, and I distilqtty heard the
gurglitig.snuj -ushmiiigaqtuaid of th .W.
ter.fillilg h r cabins . froim stern to
,st.;au ;is sl ,we1nt under, taking, I
uld tik, front .hirty seconds to z4
miilute m tsippoaing, with a IlIrgo
nubd)&tMpeopfd-otill Ipol her:ade;.
Thus weit down the noblo Arctic,
leaving nothing behind but a nixture
of fragIments of'the wvreck and strug
glinig limiiian beinigs, I saw (ie large
1ialt round fragmenit -hpst above the
surthu and beveral of ihe strugling
follow-nortals get on it. T dis and
the Iaft of'spars. wit.4 several on it, and
the boat, fhill of' eoIple, was all that I
could distinotly make out -as being
-left inl the neighborhood of where the
ship went, duwui to windward; md
the hreou bill ralts to leeward, along
.yitli my own, were left; to pass the
niight, npw begininlg. to closp in upoll
:mid hide away froi sight. I wili
could remove frorm my meniory this
drwdful day--but such a ight of ex.
trene melancholy, desppir, and utter
lonelineas, I hope I shall never again
experience. I had, it is true, becorne
finiliarize4 with deat1. and felt qq if'
it %y41114 hp great relief to go i imptldi.
ately like the rest; and for thig end I,
with sogne-what of sainfac'tion, thouight,
of a phial of laudanuta in my pocket
previomnly intended for a better use -
but, oh ! how unprepared was I to seo:
my God, and, thr niy Cinily's sake.
how necssary I felt it was for me
still to live L y bilp uiger, pjse I %ould;
have emp,is.d that phiaul or rolled over ;
the side or' ivy plank mnusp wyilliiggly.:
Thme inighit wvas cold aind chillyv.Te.
duense log was sa'turatinlg mnyared
wet lothmiIg. I waSt suuiding toltead
ankles in ihap ster, tih the waves
ebve now ind then wsgshiug me upi
boethe knmees ; no0 hope in miy mind
of being dr ifited to the lanid, and ii a
part, of'the ocean where'it is expected
thme sur~iLce, procludiing thle hiope of siny
chanmce vesseul, im passing np~ar us, be
inig aware of' our2 situiationt-allI cirem-i
stances seemed to say, it 1ls g. quses'
tion of how long the physical ihune
can eniduru' this pierishinug statej, or how
long bef'oi'e a niore boisterous sea
turns over or separates thje slightly
fast-nmed plunks. Thus reflecting,
I offered up to inim who ruleth thme
winds anid the w"aves-Lo Ilin iny
hieartf'eli, .praiyer*.
llelleked? nld E6ftsold Iby this mny
last retiti n, I w4s somelwhamttheiy
resigjning IiJyself%4 a1WAit ny ;.iisy LW
long as moy strength and pvwqr of; pra
duranceiit' could hold 90t, when l discov
ered close b~y-in l abrgd square -has
ket lined wilth tli, fhibing: lightliy by.
mu-one of'the 'stewards ilis4 hagi~ets.
it prov~ed to be-4nd, pzgdNiig llgu to
itigtit t boanrth .iphwiiih telp
of .a smiall piece of rope I had . ronsnd
'my shoulders, 17lashed it tgedf liialgh
oni top of the pjelik,'thua not onhly ten,~
ding tQ -matlut imy~adt sthiore sebre,
but alior4ing. apo a, cpmparativelyv dry
place to sit 9: tie edge of it, and with
miy feet lnside, forn ing a sheter .fo
any leys ufp% li igli il. mii kiuedk MI:'
sittinfgrautn ting thlw tatan e
the weight on the raft, I
[Joviig to be ; 4jiglt
a part oufa set o isuli4
preserver, I sic K ?,U14 gull
ditional token of t r A/
protecting Providerq,
I cut ut one end dt 4jff
pocket knik, and touIid it ansueAed
th purpose of whO t[above in tifia
else I thei ieeded-a bali Wp
by which I was 'enabledt 'k IIl
little sheltpr elbar ofwater,naAA .
ee'table is -a plotection frbntn Ig8s
and liamp blist, did I find diig4j.
lvw house, that I siOon ibund
cramped down into tho ial d S
keeping not only my feet and.legs; hO
the lower part of any bodyssinething
warm. Ia this sort of situat~it: ora
away the .edious'nightg and-tho beaJ- t'
ing dawn relieved to mv.siglI
brit the thick mist the un'eene
waves, Land my own lit'te a
a single vestige of all that the
closed upon was now to be,
A bout, midday the sun cleared ia
mist, and the tict of his rays a - '
ly grateful; but oli, h dteoate a'.
its -very 'cheurflhess appaleW
peet he tohs! mairdi O 1 d.
wihol broadfexpansu Ur of w t
figt'edfthe won firerntn
half a 1111 'ist% nt t standh cE
a'nd showin :them1.3el ves atiffiyals
as ever li savy swell wouldtMI
tlhom njits O rest. I had no yet fdld
either 1Iqqr or- t.hirstfe hie
wais t~rnly tljjigjuY4 r$
iandliii of dry broken, ker
hat, which I ftb determined..L",
to the last, and of course
dreaded the cravings orei
The day Webon stili. "g -
about aft hour bofore nightti V
the two lireinen, (whhini hail'ing
-tnce of whoa. I-had worked'
ivay ,nrain. disevcrc4 fit N
.loutlI4-4.4 4 ship Wilder fil sai 1"4 .4r
4de towards ts, blit it was wit
hopes of supe0s thi I . ais~id iny
handkerchlief. tied- to the wxda of the
strip qf Won I was using as ~paddWt
the fireinen docing th~ess '.
aborter PiCC of wood
Sion. '"Au shi',it A onj
ced, Iaid-to, <or altered her ourse'fur
*a Iuonent, givig us lippe that- slhp
had dj4evcryl sotnpthiiig- but the
night closed in agAin, afid' with-it nit
hopes of a rescue.
I passed this nighit in a doz'ng, renary
shivering, half-senlsilel sort of 'sttiite, 4;
with all sorts of fancies beforo, my
drowsy ani - somewhat . disrdered
mind, and all sorts Of pietlres'ik mly
wakelul .inibeits, both ofa jijPasin 1
and revolting character, floai g be
fore ue -on the dark adrIges o - o
waiter, Now :nd thn dr
aight I fancied niysefil Jfle4 -jk.
ou surrundiaj Porlies, eonnylibed& I
was at thi samne time that'nuonc-6tidra
were within hailing distinee *but 'Ado
two firenion ; my disorderiI'4kdy ,
however, kept ile for ior'e tiaitaff -
the night in an agreeable stateiof-.
citeamient, under the firni belhif tat
c)mpanies <ir basr were -dte -
search ftt u, and mlitst histily dhf4
answer hvery kneied or r gn
The- mnornise dawned agai iMllo?
with its horrid scend oHdpalrutiie
gloomy pasospect of the same pr4O
tliggy atmospherp o and tha qm*y
developig to viu mhp same'o
preet figures dancing 1gloptVrth
roilinig surf, and in mny selfish Iihasti
y I hipyainetJ wiit arysep.iQpr, [
seeing thalt my two comipanoti r4 -
obliged to, be on t'itir feet, s ppo iag
each other in a very priecariuant k -
inig back-to-back attitude, yoe~l
still to exist. I felt ra litti~
this morning and pat ha.t lasiW
W1ite warting amysefleymab~it d o
hours paiddling Up- toward idebo I~4
ing which the fog paallyI i4
aLway,4Iad while doia to-ra vjl a
lbecaume excited at the.i inh~~~~
far to the south, as I .L~* iut
broadside towads us.-- *hd
Like the one on tha ptign4~
had lit tle hno gf hor spu9NNgeih
nearer, lhethiudg de ueriend itw.hv
no effort untried whaich pujgh& goij
attra(t their notice, 0. spfi d~e 4~
and taking off my; shirt 4ael
sleeves to the end of-infojt1Prn
with 'my handrJer chiefin rns esArti
oilwood 1j0d on a bmgh
lhad p toleralbly contsfiunaalu And
hour, until the~shipwb:eI~jo
sightL,-and just, as I hatl 1o~r4A~i
It1ter hovpeles.-e, We allb at%4
the same instants ini theteppe#~~~
tign, tuiQJr sai
tat

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