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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, November 29, 1854, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053240/1854-11-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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Vri 4e'q ,n
-a' ..,'. 4 a - rr"Uy'T
L( -TA LEWA'I .t
P ROP, ITOR. Goy-slar ur -2.61m*
N. S. RIHA DSN *Jj*; '4. . t7 ~
VOL' IX SUTRII' S o NV,
A~t B' E4 It 29 42ISi'4
TH~ESUMTE1{ BANNER
IS PURILISnED
Fvery 'Wedsiesday M1ornalung
BY,
Lewis & Richardson.
T ERIS.,
i'VO D&LLARS in advance, Two Dollars
ild Fifty Cenmts at tihe expiration of ilm inonth
ur Three Dollars at tIh enti of tie year.
No paper discontinted titil all arrearages
hre rAiD, unless at the-optiont of the Proprietors.
Advrtisements linerted at SE V ENTY
'u Cents per sqtare, (12, lines b less.) for
hie first, anld half thAt anUt foreach subsetlpmnt
nrseridn, (Ofiital adivertisemeints tile samoe
Vaci time).
g'' Tie number of insertions to be marked
bin all Advertismemnsor they will be published
Until ordered to be discontinued, and chargeI
bccorflingly.
gaV" ONEs DOLLAR per square for a sin
Vlo imertiont. Qumrmorly and Momtilv Adtver
lusements wijl be elbarge.1 time same as a single
Invettion, Ani semi-munthily tile samlie as new
' es .-,.
e a l . r n
For the Balmer.
Our Taxes.
Messrs. Ed ors: la at Comntinica.
tion to tile Baimer published Nov.
5th, 1852, 1 recomimeinded the levy
ing a pull tax and without. tigain utnter.
in into the argument ill extens I
wouldm rmeapitu late a pmrtion of it in
cominectiol wlth other recomminie.da.
tions fur increasing Ithe revenne of t he'
State. The State is ww building a
IState Iouse which, if its Iogniience
shiild correspond to its antLictipated
Cost will be tile pride of the Stato anmd
as each and every eitizetn I ipresundil'd
to take iim equal intt est, in it, t ap! pears
to ime to be it itir aid just thmat. LeVIh
bliould contribute his quotim to its
eretion.
Anid limther the Fivre Shlm ms hav
engaged the publie mmind ti) stniwi
yxtenmt latterb 1 anmd it i-s evidcltit that tIo
render ainy system of' publi ic init -
ti iln l g meerl i lit y, a mutI,-. o. U
almon'lnt ii' iulyt~3 neimat bei appropm)!ria
Ied rom that purpt yise Iil:,n] ill I eI
atid mmil gladl7 wumild I hail tihe ime
wleln a prilt ical diteuatioin shall lv
withiln ti,reae of every Clil din Sm tutu
As imeuiiairy iesoi)urces are incli,
pealll'e to tie exiteicet 41f' a slati.
the tquestimn i tnaturnily arises who
shuild contribute ts time support f
government '?
The priper answer, ~ hieh I thi;nn
few will deiy, appears to ime t) be Iii.
viz : That all whm eijoy lih bIle-sing,
ind aldmvantagi.ies (it goiod goverisientl
should coni tribute tm its sup jport.
My low opinioi, v,"liehi I have
flrmed after mature comsideratimi, is
that a pm1ii tax shoIuldmi be paid Iby%
." every free wifite mIian " wh1 is
entitled tVo that-iniestimab!e' privilege
if f:feemnen, the riqht (af suffrae.
'iere is injIrstice il til - principlit.
which is at prestueit neted up11om in this
State that a ma' peamtrthehi m.% is no
property or " learned pl ofe-sin "m
stock. in trade or the like, should be
exempt froreontr buti nig one cenflit
the support of. that government under
which he lives myd whicb governmeit
would "avenge him upon his a'd vernary'
who should dare tio minolest hir in, any
way thoigh said advrsrf shoitd
cast his thousands inyto tihe. tremsiry olf
the State and he ine ;- amid yet I
rejoice that the poorest citizenm is mider
the especial care- and imrmteetivn -
State svereigity andm] hipe the time
may never conme whmen it wiil be othier
wise.
'The proceedings of our Courm s prove
to the nimost careleOsobserver tihat out
code efjustice i.5 1n0 respecter of persons
but that the rich anid thepoor alike
r'eort thithemr for protect-ort or redrmess
anid that time rich cannmot oppresis tihe
- oor: with impunity,-that the man
,oijproperty anid the penniy less arm
equals ia law unider our well orgaizedm
nattittibums and yet time matn of promper
yor'" pinfession " amnd a few others
sa~pportthe ponderous burden* of go~v
ra~sner.t While he whott has health amid
et rigth' and perhmaph learnmiig amnd
ieagacity to realize hmatidssmely from
ils liidividual exertions is exempt from
n taxation at all.
pu ~tbr of 'mn inm this State
~iy .noFta* 'present icon,
siderable and as time state gro~ws old'Wr
m anmd advancees in coimmrce amid mnanut
naotures t~he tunmber will conrtinmue it
1nereaise.- The overseer, the schomol
naster, clerks, agents for meni of' bust
ness, public offieers the funmctionflmitl
both of' time Statte amnd genecral gomvernm
iments,' apd - p.miployers ini ge;'eraj,
th~lose inicormes .xmsy bei itndreds on
- thmousamnds as lthease umay lie anmd wh<(
Imuny live in comfo rt.. perhapms fihmenet
and emjoy all time blessitngs of~ a wel:
legmuated govemmennt, and' yet. they
nieverpay one cent into time StatWi treas
ury-ure never called umpont to'lffer ui
one dime of' their incom~ies. upom the~
* *itars of their State whichl secum
protfection to all anmd the rigid' of sufj
'frage to iali but time mmamn whom ownms min
miere or acrtes of lanmd orn ainegro o0
*negroess no matter whmether ihls liire
he is in debt fle it he mui tst pay In:
taxes or the property is sold from himl,
and yet he enjoys no higher privileges
thin those Iwho pay nothing with
perhaps the simnple one of' being el, gi
ble to a seat in the Legislature.
I now come to my second pioposi
tion fohr increasing the revenue of the
State or at least of equalizing tha
burden of taxation .so that it may iot
fall so heavily uipioi a certiin eliss
or classes to the exciliption of
others. By the present mode the
large portion of the tlLxes aitid ilnto the
treasury ol the State is levied upon
land and iiegroes while mnoney and
property ill variotas other Coris aro
e!xemI)t and I must coifess that I fil
to see tinC justice of' it.
The millionaire Wh-o nia3Y possess
his entire we.Itli in money may live
in MllInce--may ro l inl IaxIury
may dri'v hg " coach and tur 4 with
goldeln goblets " nd eat ont or'dishes
of silver--nay deck li person inl gild
and jewels and Jet he pays nothir-g
to thti -'State which svecur-es to hlimi his
rights (t life, liib, health and the
peaceable pos.;essionl of hlis wealth.
The pripe:ty fi illinors it* in laid
and nitgroes pays its tuxes but if' it is
in money, it, 0.py nione.
A man ma have his thtIusald aid
tens of* liuisaids ill cas at interest
seenfed fIrom pri bability of loiss by
seeuiri ties, nir'tgag &e he p'fys no.
tiling but it risks uiy p..*rt:1 of it in
Irade ill whicb by tile vicissitiudes of
i)IuIsiness or by oIe limisstep ill specl..
hitionI he,. rulay lose it all, or it he0 shoulld
ilvest tlie sille ill I egr.s which :ln
m re-al .mid liable I-, all the ea,nahities
of this uife And im y b4 SWept, fom
him in ai instanLLt he IS 4 Ilay it
taxes.
lIe inia:i <lt we:thi spe lds fivo
hiiidreiI il0 dOlrs perhap1.1.s Ioir L caligIrI
.re,-oin 1 .t1is ia ;uh . -, i m2C II . i e . lI
porn -n4 o: b " vi'",t:otacne
e. Ib 1 .C.i a. u0t OI he ana1I os i
SIrIji tria lpice of liansId Lura hornejtead
(1r J(1r a netgni to hlp11 him S1.1pport his
t.mil or to sipig him inll hi old ag,
aild ii iitieli, has at. ice to beerm
a I.ru b t o 11!1 trea,111y 1)f hli,
State.. I canInt evev iit ihe jilt: il
it. I think that. cloperty i l everlI
SeII ald Iform -ihold Ib--- ta Ct-411 1deq
ly.
Mi y propositim is, that the LegilI
trile, IL ipak-sing the bill " to nalsi'
supp-ilies,"Shmoid inse.L~t, I addblition ill
Lite usual PI'roVision., 01 that11 ) 11l
c1:lulses o thle ib 1ii L i. r s l )t VIZ
It. That "eveiiuJ hl trey re Ilite 1. "um'
betwe'en thle Oge- tif t wenty tine ;ml I
fifty w il is vlii t ! E10C4 11 v41t - 1"'l. -trer
se taiv's itn 1the legislature ainJ
'every freeu whiie Inm.h." 11-t a citizerl
i: this State w It - bl 1 h111.v resii e
ill tetlal t six limilthsi revii Ito tl
timei (,I colecuting taxes shall pay .1
pI tax 10--(nt less I Khoullh .,.)
thal thet ta.v levied Upton a Shave) u itih
ths PrANis 11h-101my 111ak) .%% h1 > shaIll
relese to pay said tax anld m ha shail
be, retunte14d " 11ul11a b),11a " mt11 tila'
Sierifl's Ulhiz.'e upn :im a xcuiitiionl ti)
ciilleet'said [as sh 11 be ili..Iitgible to
Ote filr ai0N Iiitrict oiflicer4 lo
11.imIberlit 1 eith rol ch I the log
is iui r rC o01 ClitgS or r i- e.d.
ti ulectors(in cascthu elect'Ii 'l c.
tors be give tii the peoph-) aid pro
vided furher that any I mani whii
lector that lie feels ionisell Iunab tle t<
pay) his taIY lie sl~LI be exemp i t Iloll
payin.g the sIae bt lie shall also, be
iieligiblde Luo vote as abosivet 1 11 me itined
on I lhe same11 pihie pie thait j pper aln
denied the riglit' ot' sulIL'ra\e;
Tha !'~.t fr. all' m, .cy Lat. initeres
shialI be palid onie doi ~la for e ver'
thlousanid diiihits, for everyVO our her.s
canI ing worthinot, less Itihan oniie huna
(duI didllars shuallI be pauia the siomi 0
two dolLars, for evlery t wro hoarse p.enu
surle carriaige tiir'rkawaLiy wert ii the.
less than' seventy live d liars ; l'o
every t~1o horse bairauche buggy o
other vehicles of pli)r1~e worth no0
less than fifty doilLaes, the sumi of' tifL
cenlts; for every gold waitch thie suii
otfifty cenits ; 1or every sil ver watel
worth enot - Ibss' tih frwe don4ars aUs
kept ini use tihe sumi of' twenmty-iiv
ents and1( for etveriy race-horsJIe andit fu
everystanistLlIion andl jack eneI.
lI'it be( objected to LI t ~h ove~t' pi-nS
tionl Ithit it. woulni d ralise t much miL~'iiel
I wiatdd only say that it will resiuir
some mhoneiy toi pay for oiUr nlew Stt
' louse whIeh-is to'(okt (a rrli//iah anii
fi; thmer I wouLtd say thai~t I contsidec
that the properly at present tatxabI
the " learneiiei [pl'ifessionts "' and stioe
in trade are ,aIxed beyond its prIope
proportion and therefore a reducetio
couild be made uiponi t hum until th
revemiue be reduced to the absolut
requireimnts oif thie SLtate.
Itf these propositions or their lik
hbould be a~doipted by the Legislatur
thena every. inua and all property woul
in some degree equally contribute t
the snoport o'om-ernmnin .nd ,.....i:
ly io nian would refuse to pay thi.-,
tax for
. Is there a soul so dead
That to him-li li ath not said
This is my own my native land
and those " who drew first breAth " in
other climes but who have stUlight
homes in our beloved State if tlhe're is
aspark of pat riotism in their nature
would scarcely grutble to contribute
their mite into the treasurv and more
certainly the man who is able to all'rd
the carriages; watches and race horses
wouUld n6t, le so lienuridus as to liesi
tate to coitribute to his Statc-his
Alhat Mater-a pittance for the pro
tecting arm which she extends around
him.
I will close this CommunitiAtion by
repeating the propoJ3ition I set onut
with viz. That all who enjoy the
blessings anLd advantages of good
government should contribute to its
.support. -.B~V WD M
BEAVE R-DAM.f
For the Banner.
F1Iiatlers aamd Brotlavea of the
Free taIe of Sdiaain Carolinaa.
I i;ave listened to Yoinnodio his
gret talt . Ile says. " we have great
venieratLion for the saiglcity of orit inl
tiers, and I'or the wisdom, purity and
stability of their insti tutions. Depart
no10t then from th16 'elistaJitS an1d iLws,
but perpettei t e ths goverimentt hey I
have beqdt.-athed ititad o)u, foir oiu alcre
eiightened by their wh,d;m, and the
strenogth of' their arms have set, you
Iiree."
BrteS so farl Y,11onndio tallks
Well, b'ut inl wh11:11 fllvOWs lhe do.-.s nta11
talk w ell. Ile tells its himself that.
le is not wise ; ther eftre I iiv poinlt.
out tile errors otf his speech. l Ie 9a)s,
" It, is nt), my lHrothears, ill the sIitt
of lIve to each other, tnor ik it in1 a
revere 'td revollectioni ofl yimr dep.-Imted
dien'ar to t:th- the uelction %4 oIf'lectofrs
intto y u Mlt i 11 .1141,'. . Il-W U.1an y ill
preserve their .lieint hmd1ia iI ou1
livest,% ur I lIreselative body of
this ac e e-t"1m. Brcothers ti s is
11'. evidence ofa high Illl lfilty asp.r.
tin t pr eserve Ihe trust. lo Subitted
ia 'ahi ur ch ao. . uy Blrt hers, the
ia ttim of votr ithers ledI toma resa.
Iecti~ely ' pp site. It in triets alg u
ttit a die regiad to t!!w pelrJet:ty of
it repres.- tative's responsibility tio
his conlstituients (.I:m alne seetne the
manliy ble'.ing's of g'evnum-ust. This
is .ot La I )latalemlcvy. lieitlier is it ak lI'n
i.n held togethr by .the wit- ill of a Cel
tr:rI to wer but LI CteIC tctati af sepja
:-iLae, indepetalniit, svereities, uni
tel taagatiier only by biolnd, alf initial
affctIion :i 1 mterest; a :l rhilst all
1i0wer lests ith the eOple, yet my
brther's it may be deieaed tipienits
wholia utnder variouts Slatttis taal- re
poi ~iliities, inay . xvicise it inl tile
Winune 111i11 i v the aulthoarity o tie peo.
le. It is ipon this l.r-mlelh of yoit
Sivel eigl 1ower that the preel t
canllge piioset is des-igined tk act,
all ta imamo'1.tIlte o. the altal of the
peopjle's rights, the reverted a-itd log
establihled rlaxit 4f yorl. fatlhe.rs."
Ill this Yoiimoidio does notL tLlk
wis -Ay: Li1i t. ttiy speech llty
hm aa hers. (i gvernn'eit is inl both
i'Is bi 1.chIes, a demacracy. The sov
creignty r.sides ill the paeop 1 l e adl iti for
tils very reasol n the people have tile
righat to delegite any portiotn o' their
power (ii t inocaois: tent; aSith thiir du
(VL y ~I to trceator) to agenCtits. Thle
pele'b of~a Saiinter Distict halve thie
tight Lii deleagate a portion oW thea.ir
power'ci tao thle IegaislattrofheSa,
an i1 to resitm'-- it when it, becorites
nieee.-sariy to their it:'tei'st, to do so;
and 'awheln it cani be doine with'oiut irju.
ry to~ the boady of1 the peoie of the
'talte. Li:i I - lhin k tlke Le~gishnutaraa hiave
huihea is geahyi' i re'sp e.'cd t his i ight
oh thle peop le of a Di ~trie, byv repeal.
oug Muchi Il aws aS opeLinLte to thieir dis
L~advatage', when.! called aon to do sa,
Lada' lien th'b4 r'eeal would w.aoirk no0
Iijury to the State. Thet people of
Sumuter Ditit hdre'oi'e haive the
rigt t dlegteand to resume th'eir'
poiwer. But they hiavae nto right to rei
suiie it, to thei injury of' the State, be.
caus~e it've wa fr thet beniel'it of the wh''lole
hII thlis coniitts thie freaedoin' af thea
peopl1 e. :>epivei'a thiem ofi the riagt La,
daelegatle ir iver)~a't, ahd give it Lo thie
lew beyaonld the powaei' of' reso iupt,n
- ad thien'ir gueriniet.. is nao lontger a
lie e aepuei, bu t a diespo t ic arista iera-t
" ey. I [cende it. in evidet that the must,
ell'ectuai tnt ai of' s'curhLig- thte bless
itags of gal aer'innent, is, to mlLae th
r re'spionsiblilily of the recpresent(at ivae
it i uneica tely to the( pleI aIs greait, as
( possible. No that repre's nttive,'
r who is elected iiumedtately by (lie
I aeopale is iindelr mtuchi grea'Lter responitsi
Sbility to themn'thn the one11 thit is ap.
O pointed lby the lacgishture, ahid for1 this
reason'ithle Constitution of' the Ullited
e States gives thei electiont of~ ilectors
3 (of the l'iresiadent anid Vic te Preisidett
; Lto the people.
a " EaLchi State shtallppointI, ih' sabbl
V mannilhers thc I2.:s.tu'.. .h..r ..a.
dil eet, a I Illliher I f I) tor1.*
These words plainly give the ip.
pointment. of the Electors to thea peo
ple, atid the discretion of the ianner
of tile appointment to the Legislature.
If the framers of the Collstitltiol had
i .tended to give the election to the
Legislatire they would have expressed
themselves as they did iii relation to
the election of Senattors. They would
have said, chosen by tile Legislature,
and noct jppiinted by the State, in such
manner ats the Legislature thereof may
dir ect.
The petiple tlerefore. have the con
stittitinal right to elect the Electors.
lut they have also tile right, to dele.
gate it to their State Legislatuire, itid
it seenis ttt ihi the first instance all
the States slilered their Legislatures
to make the appointruent, and the
people (f SouthI11. CarOlli have CoIltill
ied t) du so until this time. Bit tile
peopltt iJt' ilin-t of the uth r States -RP,
sullied their right. at a Tit whern in''n
who were the irtamers of the C..nstitt.
tion, and who therefore undertood
the truie slealin llg if Itlh. phrase, each
State sh:l aIpp'ilt, weli mllembers of
Colngre.ss, withouti oppoashtion fromt the
ge elilniet,ll and this is plain
proof, that they- h ad the ightII to do soi
But. YolndIimio tels you, coitrary
to litejudgroent. tif our lathers met at
SuIIIry tiIies ill Conventlon, t hat the
11101raii n1i iteCLIU i!ioIv'eel.!IL
of tlie n iises is n siiliient to entitle
thelat I to -le t. \ ' I , ar e t ilas Us ?
A cet dllg to ois view of 'c tjii I ad
yoil are tile Iliasses. Does le dispaiv
1ich wisdmii by saying that (llr inor.
siietntlt ? Br thels tme the nIIUIases
Ce aipite t to elect their eirepsenta
tives ill tieir Sttot I la'islatulire ;11.1d ill
LCIligress. ithey are, wy ale tixv
lolL coinpetelnt lo el(ct the leccors i
i hey wiuld )lilt be elc till!. the PIa1l
-l e i nd Vice I'residen; theinselves.
(If w lise ebact r the V wy miust n ecessali
13 be. motre III h'ss ignos '- u", otwn
whio live tiiailng tieini, It) elect tile
I'resideit adit Vice 're.idllt, anid
tiVy iiicly have IIh Nalli4e oplljortuni
ty of itiijiiipuing iit tile cbaatcers ol
tese Inenl that. the3 have*t of1 inqui11
riig- intoi thle. ebaraier hit any other
represetaithe I.Yoitndi , 0ciieroe
is i''t wise in s;a ing, contrary to
te il-iI llent oii 4,1mr ilthers, that
the maa;es we ii li peil imtent top ec!t.
Neitier is lie wise in sayi01g tllat tihe
peopl~c of otlr tales ha vr bi-.i led
1to walk Idt r "'di iId ill tile folly wt
Litir 1w1 liiarils, by ire-.utaining tieir
piInl itive ill con. t itution al right. Ii .
111.t11r, 1ni 1l , Cour~tv s; Ior wise
inYmolondi to) alk Ini t.is finanlieri
el' tour lathers, whoe sgacity, hie
s i, lie Venautes.
Ihi r ihers, fistein to iy 1.alk. Truly
it is ; Itilal error Ill toiloa the devices
tofa druniken ainbiti->n. Fiar whilst it
baLJbitles ill ti. Iidlics of1, its own devi.
CS it leads to) pUlltica1l dari1kne.Ss andl
dest ruct ion1. I.t u<, thercefoi, 1.b1r
in tIll spirit, of i t? to o, petuate that
primivek- prlinciples (if' ait srnn
Sol dearlybugt It was foir the ji dht
,i : frce Voh:.ltary represeilatioll tii:t
oult Itliers sol ijot l 'ought.. Thli, ,
IIhe. prin pl -th tr vt I'innittLed too
our11 eAuy. 1.,(t thenl eL:.*Ihwrir1-n
o" ctitii , know tha inn iimn, lik.
the serilt, lies idi under ianiv de i.
eeCS. It is youtr duty, It is yomnr pr)
vincee to) gnlan with SCrutin% y - tm1!it
coniiiiit to1 yur c:'re, :nl to re.--ist
wiith flimiless the v ry beigtinnzings <.f
evil. l!eh-t separaite dl,-pltt~artu aaf
watcihfulnless andii care that it does nio t
enier neh'i upjonl youiir rights. SailTr
themii to depriVe yout of thle freedo'm of
choice-it'ey beciomie i rr-4tpoistile anld
your freedomi is gon'c. I ld theni
your light, to eleen t'he Electors ill
your o Cwn hiads. It wVill be tile mni
f'estionll of a trile sir it (at love. t
eh 'Ither anld of ati revered re'col lee
tion of outr diepial e i Ia thers-of at higi;
and14 lofty atspitra ion1 to pareServe theitl
anLlci~l ietladomrkl, tid ,t h'eL t't comI
mlitted to outr care, when we'strenau
4)usly mitinf tile right fo r w iela
they fought andi shed their blood t<
seciure i to s. It will be to foillow tI
ad vice of the fathler of our counitry. -
Whiere-fbre ratl ly alround ilu 1. stanidard
lhe gre tters hLae n'ot o e~rilowr
th SLlenaea, Cayntga~s, Ononldagas
Onlcidas anid .obitroeks, aind tha:t thet
l igiht of1 thei signe1 Great, Spitrit, thal
stood with Mose on Moiunt, Nebo
iaid shoiwe-d to him11 t.!ie lndJ of C'anaanl
slinest' 11po n thieir p)ath iand shows ti
thleml thle deVices of the enemytk of liI
eI ty.
GmsNIULA, A Susi or rum: ONonDA
A IIHiIEF AnkOUMEIN.--Bad men o
devilst would not havo written the Bi
be, fior it con lheimna themn and thel
works. (fool meii'di dapqeh could nc
hai'/e Written it, for in saying it wa
ft/an Glad, whenc~ it, was bit thieir ow
Irnvention, they would have been gui
ty of ftlschood, and thus could nt
have been anod.- -The only one wa
iOUld have written it is its author
God himself.
torrspoilne of the Bhnnr.r.
COLUMIA . C., Nov. 20, 1854.
Souith Carolina Conference-Sunday
Serrics-Town Items. I)cuthfrom
Yello-v Fever. Military proceed
ings. Miscellanca.
Messrs. A'vi-ors: Tlie S. C. onifer.
en'ee, St. E. Church hats been in Soss
ion since WVediesdiay last and will
probably Continue its ice.ilng unaatil
Wednaesday or Tueiday. Bishops CA
pers and Pierce are both preseit-the
latter being presiding Officer. As an
oflicial abstract of the proceedings
alppiars daily in the " Carolinian"
we doem it unnecessary to recorint
the~m hiyiel
The iissioary rmetng was held
on Saturd.ay evening in the Washing.
tan street Church. An unistially lar&e
and respectable coigregation assem
bled at an early hour and the vast
building was soon filled. Rev. Chats.
Betts )resided -*nd W. M ighi
D. D. read the Annual lieport. The
Illeetig was lien addIressed by Bish
D. 1). The address of the Bishop was
excelliet, both inl coupositii t nd
delivery aid wrs liStdried to with great
atteltion. Dr. Smith's effort was a
hapl)y one and abouided in eloquent
aid beautiful sentences. The Collection
amounted to over Fifteen Hundred
Dollars. Bishoi Pierce and his fani.
ly Wcre imiade iiie ieimbers of the
S. C. Conference AMissionary Society.
Siuday morning, t no of the largest
pre~s , ... m a l' l ,ar gop, n .. -
elit to hear Bishop Pierce ; and well
were they repaid for the crowding
aid squeezing ill iabd to (1dure. IHis
lirmioni wits bIa rhactertv istic ofI the mat),
stroig ani bold. Vhien lie first eu
mitenieewwer rather surprised and
a little disatfppiiited -not ha'. inug ieard
him fr'-but as he wen t I i gaining
strength aid vigouir becoining imore
id mtore eloquenat-t lie orator hecame
aplpiharelit .id we could but ai his
enius. ta. and ratory. Such is
George '. Pierce the yoa:gest ad the
most taleiited of tle llislhopus of the
M. E. Chureb, South. Sernces becing
ciuhadeLd! seven m emiliers were or
dained D~eacons by isop Capiers.
In the afternoon, Bishop Capers
deliveredi a sermonI for the benefit oh
thr-e % hIo at the close of the sanie
serice. er.u ordained EIlders by the
l'i.pition of hand " by Bishop
l 'ie-re'.
lithe eveiig-a-.ut her t reiidous
croiwdl and a serim from Dr. Cross,
waicb inl our opiin, w as as regards
comiition ar.J !vci- e%'y, 1ie t the
bye,t ever delivered. We but speak
lie sentiimeta s of ma~iny when we
exin'es~s a hle thah~t D r. Cross may beh
senit tolCci n unlbia lby t his Coniifeaerce.
Tihe weatniir is eaou and this (Mon
day ) miorninilg, ice is p'lenty. Columia
bina i "brushin g up"i' for sessin.
We see that Judge O'Nefll re
commiiiends the burilding 6f at New
hotel large enoutgh to accoammodate
vieitaar- to our town dluring the ses
sioni ! lIe says maoreover that he wil
advocate a remiov~al of te Capito
uniless good acconodatioans for visitorn
cair be had hiereafuer as a reasonabbi
price !r~~elkont
Soloni JeankinsJrwelkont
the peo.ples of your Distriet as a Da
guerreutvypist in our city, died here or
Sunday from the Yellow Fever wiil
disease he contracted receiuy ii
Charleston. II is reniains were lbur
ied by the Odd Fellows, "1Caroin;t
Blues," anad "Cvltumbia Flying Artil
On Saturday, accoadinig to la',
"matde and providecd" for, theo uppe~
Battalion 23d. Regimenit 8. C. M~
p'arade~d in full feather. Lieut. Col
WValilace e mmtandinig. The Volur
tedr Cuompaizhiesa paoaded strong an
went throtih the evoltutionis iri' gooi
s'oldier-like style. Thie Beat Comptn
t niies-Chi val rous .fellows !-lthoung
comanaded lby efieient Officera, nu
turnedi from the field knewing abor
vIas much a4 they did bskife.
,eRihland Light Dragmwa np
ided on the sane day and appealed
to advantage.
Yours Ever,
. tICLAND..
Correspondence of the Sumter rtnuer.
The Know Notlainags
Again.
Pntnt.ATnst)rIA Nov. 28 1854.
Afessrs Editors: In commenting
upon the result. of the recent election
in this State, nost of the Solutherj
.Journals have Lttriultited the defeat of
the Democratie party to thc uttioi of
Whigs and "Know Nothhl g." which,
as they say, alone enabl'd 'the oppo.
nents of the Democratic party t.o Car
ry the State. And, as might be expec
ted, this "flul coaliti'n" has L'el 'dc
nounced inl no measured terms.
But, Messrs .Editois, is a gzi l
Democrat, of the States lRights school,
we must protest rigatinst our brethren
at the South beliuving any such.state
ments as they are calculated to injure
our party. 'The Democratic party
proper of Pennsylvafiia is invincible
whet united. When divided, it, is
coatmparatively speaking, powerless.
And such was the case in the recent
,iections3. 'lhere are hundreds and
thousands of Democrats, "good men
and ti-tie" who ire bttei ly oppo-ed
to foreigii sale. Who believe that
Catholicismi--Itman Catholicism we
should sij, s yet to gain a powetfu
hold inl the Union ; and when sufli
Ciently strong and powerfull then to
radically Change the political Instiitu
tions--to destroy the pnliiiedil privi
liges which. the people of our great.
and glorioi. i* 1 ', . These
I.I
!C tanow Nothingp,." 'n it was
that Pennsylvania was carried.
The Whigs of this State are a cut.
uiiing, ii t riguing set. They are wil
ling to unite with any party--to join
in coalition--so as to defeat the De
mocracy. And when by any such
meia, ii victory is galined, then tie%
claim the victory-they boast of a
tiimph. The whig papers Soth
there are yet a few of them--joia in
boast greatly and thu's the Democracy
ofthe So'uth a e* induced to believe
that, the Pennsylvania Whigs have
triumphed &ver th'e Uenorats.
The Know Nothings are gaining
ground every day among the Demo.
erats ; and if the Whigs could only be
keptout. of that order, all would be
right.
Y',ur A(,rrespo?:det "Quaker Cit "
has return ed, and will resumime his du
ties short.v.
PaNss.
A Leaf Eromna ie Volume
of'a Dry14 Goods Olerk's
Experience.
Theri i iot in tle wlhl e range of
humIm hf a clmas of the cnt*a#Ini.y
whose wlngs and tfis widl for a
nomeitnt bear a compjarison with lttie
of t whoni I have tak'en my pem to give
youi a .simngle leaf. The neverthelecss
pay, enyoy less pileasture. have less
sy umpat hy from the public. aind less
thanks fron e':iployers, wh:l1, they ex.
ert more errergf. devote their etntre'
tiimne,anid call inlto t'ivi~e operation eve
rypnwer. both of body and mitnd, to ac.
comn plish less thant could be achieved
withm one half the labor in any other
position in lje 'Tis t'n old saw, 'the
paiendeO of Job.' . I t all niy darling
piiblic, Job was nicer a clerki i'n a
dry goods storec. If hes had been 'tis
mnore than probable that hie would have
taken Mrs. Job's advice ; for then -in
deed his afilictions would have beeni
mmore than lhe cou2ld bear; and all the
cardinal vi-rtue would nt have been
as niuchb as i daily called into requti
sition by those wvho wouldi serve the
culicin the position of a dry goods
cek;and, if you will allow me space
eniough, I will etndeavor to show you a
-single page frorm my journah, regular
ly kept tip duaring a service of seven
,years in that capacity in, this city,
taking good card, su to change the
NovEMtDER 2d.-Yesterday being a
rainy day, we had a moin'era's respite
fronm the throng w hich' hias poured in
upon us from the beginitng of the fall
season. Ardse at six, dressed, break
fasted~ duid at the store by eight
o'dlbek, in the beat hnmor imaginable
and with the pi ospeot of -a fair day's
dtrde rT ook my position near the
dor edy' to wait upon the tiret fair
ctustonier wvh~'shoid make knjown her
wants.
Ah. Just Tn Thr&c thinks I tb mysm~
Ilere is Mrs. Flounce making her way
hither. I shall'now have a pleasant
!ustorner to begin with i and slie
Lnters tlhe store.
"Goodimorning Mr. Tape.' 'Good
morning Mrs. Flounce. What shall
I have the pleasure of showing you
this moiniig ?' Plaid silk, if yci
Ilease I hear you have some very
iandsome, jus. out.' 4*Yes marm;
walk back. Any colors you preer?'
'liue and black is my prefer. nce.'
And itmniediately I began. to sho
heI. The hlige plaid being most
desirable, I show themit first. But, no ;
being a very fishiioable lady, she
prefiers something smaller. But she
does not like , the small ones; they
look just like gingham, for all the
world. Then another and ahother,
but the thinks that blue is not at all
beconing, and wotild l'e a green and,
backl pl aid. Dvu 1 h( ,OMf, Uie-:-.
ight, until fitily he' Illney is pleased
with one. 'Tik just the thing she
wanted ; and while I am inwardly
:ongratulating myself with making the
iale, she happens to remember .th1t
Nir. Flonce does not like green at all,
but if Abe could get purple ofjust that
Idaid she would purchase it at once.
'Wegll, madam. here it is, just re.
-eived from tewait's. this morning,
and you have tle good fortune to be
tile first to see ir.' 'YeS, ves, that is
just what I want. How inany yards
have youof i t 1" 'TURentV tjur i'iud.3
enouLgh for1 tw JresseS.' ;0h, iniv, I
nim sorry for that. You know I Ci't
bear to have anly one dress as I do -.
Why do you not purchase your silks
im patterns, so that all the city
shoiuld Iot be dre:sed alike ! lowev
er, it do es iit natter. I'll call some
atler titte wi th a friend w Io wiht s to
erchase a dns: or, two, and thii
perhaps % out w I sell theimi cheaper.
Will you show ne same delail.os, if
A ;-J-'. 1:!\*CJ1n:.r ..- -
Aid r . 11 1 lai , ot.Etar
variety, style, color anid quantity.
They are gone through with the like
stICCess. Raw silks, cshneras, aiind
ineritius share the :ttune fiate ; and M rs.
Floince is sorry that our -t. ek is not
as we usually have, and is about to
leave, when it occurs to her that the
servanti eqestl t her to pntehase a
.tlico dress, antd she Notili lo k af
them--somcehing at 12 i 2 cents.
They iln their tolnt. are cal led over, and
at lasNt alre select d. 'But really, Mr.
Tape, those are very course. Could
you not sell those at 10 cents? (the
goods cost 11 1-2, and of course we
could not. Well, you will at least
give ili ,e yards for a dollar. Well,
rath. r 6in not sell, I cut it off; but
3 et my customer is not satisfied, and
asks to have a spoo of cotton, a feW
hooks aid eyes throii in. This is
graited also 'Please charge it,' says
Mrs. Flonine.., 'and send it home.
Good momingi, sir. I'll call again in a
few dav. in hope you uill have uie
thing new.
caree.y had she left the store when
up steps ainother customer, pushes
open the door a< if she would wreak
plion it some of the wrath which is
beamning in her countenance and flash
ing from her eyes upon all she meets.
She passei I y Ine' wiihApt a ghdabb;
and n.ves on to ile b'aek part of the
stie. As all'othier clerks are engg-d,
I fo.llow Fier until she to. a att the~
cloak counter and matkes known her
wants by one short werd, uttered ini a
toneC of atngr, 'Cli a:k s ! 'W htieh kind
nmadam, eigd,5 o~r velvet ?' 'Show me
whiat you hai~ve, sit-,' is her rei, ly, 'and
inake in e*wit selection'i.' . Cloalk
,after [e'o.ik is shownt-cloth, ielvet,
silk, satitn, ti immed and plaini, long
anid short with yokes and without, and'
in fact evetry imnaginable sty'le under
the sim ; atnd ntot a word, eitlier of ap
ptrovial or disappro'vtil boies lnv custo
mcer itter, At last a bl.mek' ielvet
strikes her fimey, and asks the priee.
In the most qjuiet manner I answer
'Forty dollars.' 'Is it possible ! Did
any one ever hear of such 'a price r
W hat is there abotit that, cloak that
should umake it oost $40 ? I can bav
such at cloak in Neid 'Vork ror $25.
I know a' ladly wiho got onte there juist
a-c good in every respect, anid onily
paid *25 for it ; and I just, sa-w one at
Messrs. Y~ardatick & C2o., ihr $30,
just is good. .Woc-n'tyou, take that
for yon's 1' 'lin'deed mn'al coul~d'
not.; the cloak'dost mis mucb more thanm
that in New' York. You will see at
once that there are three vards of
velvet in the cloak.Zwhich is'wprth M.
least *8 pe/gpy~rd, which, w'omml leave
but 6 dollars for thes making and the
tritmisig.'
*',Well. I holieve hLb logklIsai at
'Mesrs . 'ai is just as good,
just as prettj, 'but if vyd de~4 take
35'dollars for It J"W'll tali'1't Fi-.
nally, w~e agree to split th,.dIfferetion
ajlsetaker tie..loale at $M50.
jutakgn iti Noew Ytmrk for 5 and
iitt'n Ftore fut ego, yet sh -puw
chs'tmj doak fbrs. A'il Mut in

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