OCR Interpretation


The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, December 13, 1854, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053240/1854-12-13/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

v.L =.---7 7. 7 1 E . ~ ~ ~ ~ .
DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE, AGRICULTURE, SCIENCE AND THE A .
WILLIAM LEWIS, - ~ EOS ~~~l ~ ktJ EM-2i DAC
JOHN S. RICHADSON, Jn., PROPRIETORS- -C
VWsL. IX. SUMT'ERVILLE, S. C., DECEMBER 13, 1854. NO
THE SU Ml'I BANNER
is vULI'LiSiIsD
Every Vedsesmiay M 1 u'itiag
BY
Lewis & Ri chardson.
Tr E Rii8,
TkWO DOLLARS in advance, Two Dollars
Nitl .Feifty Cents at time expiration of nix montims
or Three Dollars at the eiid of the year.
No paper discontinued tim:ill all arrearages
'ire PA IS, unless at the option ofthe l'roprietors.
g:Advertisements inserieiat Sl1ViGN''Y
AElV Cents per sqmnare; (12 lines or less,) for
.the first, and half that sini for each smmhselimn t
inse rtion, (Official advertisements the same
each timle).
, 62V' The number ofrinsertions to he marked
on all Ail vertisemnents ir they will be piblishel
until ordered to be diseontinued, and charged
accordingly.
t7 ONEI DOLLAI1 per sqmare for a sin
gle inmsertion. QuIarterly ani Monthly Amver
,tisernents wiJl be charge.i the same as a single
insertion, and sani-monthly the saie nas new
oiled.
&"' Obituarys andl Tributes of Rcspect,
over twelve lines, charged as adivertisements.
Ruins of Nineveh tllus
trating Scripture.
We canmot conclude this article
without speaking )f som)ie interesting
illustration-s of S6ripture furnizhed by
the work before its. We select oily
11f11w out of many, On one sculpture,
'eibbracling a battle scene, a imiber
of captives appear before the victori
ous chief, some kneelini,' some bow
ing, -sad others prostrated ont the
eartir; as it is prophesied in 1%Salim
lxxiiig.9, "His enemies shall lick the
'dust," The Assyrian generals, returi -
ing iorni', are appariietly welcimed
by bands of mein and wunen, instru
imients of musie. singin- and dancinff.
>just -as "when Unvid ~retrimed froil
tIe~ 'slaughter of the Ph1tilistines, the
-iomenl came out of all the cities of
Isreal, singing and dancing Lo meet
tsail, with taberets, with joy, and with
instruments of in Isic," (1 Samel,
. iii., 6.) It is evideit, from the
dvltss of the labourers empnjloyed on
tfiieet nublin work of the A-y rians,
pcurtayed on the bas reliefs, that they
are foreigners. Tle Jews, owing to
their peculiar' physigommi mity, can be
easily detected amoung the builders,
{2 Kings, xviii., 23.) ~These were the
men whom the kiig of As.'yria carried
a1way, and1 repla:ed them by tie colu
nist from his own dominions, (2 Kiig.s
-xvii., 24.) All the sculptures repre
'sentilng battles and Conquests, show
-the Assvrian king, accord inag to clustom
'carryin g away toI remote reions the
jtople of* the countries which lie had
-conquered. And not the people only,
hut also their idil god.. On some of
the slabs beime alluded to, the Assy
'rians are represetle.l as carrying awamy
'in triumph the gods of the conitered
'mation, placed on poles, and borne
inl procession onl men's shoulders. To
this Cstom allimsiol is made in Isaiah,
xxxvi., 19, and xxxvii., 12, 13. The
'chariot horses of the Assyrians, as
well as their cavalry, are continually
'represented as having bells aroiund
their necks. So it is said in Zech.,
xiv., 20, "Holiness to the Lord shall
be written on the bells of the horses."
;In several instances are bas reliefs of
-chariots having usually lofty wheels
-So we read in Ezekiel, i. 18, "As for
'their r'imngs, (c'irmur ierences,) they
were so, high thati they were dreadful."
This pr'ophet, being among the cap
tives in Assyria, byv the river Chebar,
must have beent fatmmiliar with such
things. The book of' Ezekiel's propha
ey presents many combhinatioh of
iving animals, in which the coinhia
'tion is indicative of a union (of the
'qualities of' the animnals on being
'imtroduced. 'hus in Ezekiel, i., 1t0,
*11, we ,ave union of' the lnce of a man,
intelligence,) and a lion (strength)
'on the right side, and of' an ox (pta
-ience and mildness) on the other
'side ; and the facee of an eagle, (swift
-n ess and pe'netr'ation, answering te'
omnipresence.) So doubtless the
-Assyrians, in their human haeaded
ullhs, eagle headed men, and other
heteirgenaeous fiur'es, desaigned by
'these ciomblintations to represent the
'union of' different qjualities in the same
-being-a result which, in this picture
'languange', could in nio other way be
-so easily, briefly, and naturally attain
-sd. Similar combinationis in the
hieroglyphics of Egy pt.. Perhaps
Dagon, the god wh'lo figure-i so large.
d y ln-the sculptures, may be- comn.
Tofunded .in ihis omanner, of' a fish and
-a man, in which the man p~redomina
-tes.- in allusion to the Eastern notion
which made the spiit of' evil alike
intelligenit, and each striving for the
-mastery. T1he human form maighit
-yn~mb ize the spirit of good ; the fish,
thu shiypjery, deceptive spirit of' evil.
The:bomwls bulbt e t him ad t.ir," (Zech.
*iv,,'20,) are'vivindly bromughit tom min
'by -.4edacuver~y, in thu ruins of' laby
lien, ui'several howls with insripima
Wtietm nay' have bemt carried thithei
Story of a Terrible Tra
gedy.
Under date of Nov. 11th, a Liv
erpool Correspondent writes the fol.
lowing story of a horrible iurder.
In the little village of'Claremorr:s
conity of Mayo, Ireland, lived a
young man of thrifty habits, named
Maurice Pendergast, about 23 years
of age. 11is itther and uncle, who
were both dead, had occupied the
posit ion df collector of tolls tti C 1s.
torns in the village, the dutie, of
which oflice had devolved upon him.
His titicle had alsd it son, sorne
years the elder of Maurice, small, like
bim, in stature, but of wild disposition
and unsteady habits. When a youth,
Jamnes YEneas Pendergast in a drunk
en freak ini -tited an tn broken horse,
which threw hin with great violence,
causiig an injury to his right leg,
which left it bending tnder Itimat, as I*
in a kneeling lPositiol, rentdering it
icessary that he shmld have a wood
en leg. TIhte cousitis oenipied sepa
rate cabins, but they remnaitied on ip
pare-itly good tirruts with each other.
There contittued, however, to be a
marked diflerence in their modes of
life, Maurice being sober and saving. I
while his cousin was reckless, violent,
and dissolute. For some time past it
was known that Maurice was savitig
tnci:y with the intention of cmigra.
titig to Amnerica. for the purpose of
joiling a rela ive who had gone out,
and was doing well in ihe cuintry of
his adopt-ion. Wheti, therefore, ahout
atonth ago the Pendergasts suddei
1y disappeared froni the village no
suirprise was created, the belief being
that they had gone out together. This
belief had assuned all the force of
conviction until a f'ortnight ago, whcn
a sack, containing the trunk of a ihu
mnan bily-the head and legs having
been severed front it, was fohunld float
ing in a pond or "pie"i a short dis.
Lance roti the prisoner's !:o)use. The
sack contained several heavy stones,
which had no doubt kept the horrible
w% ittness under water. The discovery
nlaturally created great excitenent. it
the village, inerNased to a greater
pitch. W hen the pind was dragged
aid another bag containinug the ghastly
head of the deceased, wit the sktill
crusled as if by the blow of a hatch
et, was brought to the surlitee. A fir
ther seach jesulteil itn tle discovery
of tle legs, which had beei thrown int
without being waappetd uip The pris.
oner's house. the daotr of which had
beeln left locked, was brore opetn,
and undoubted evidencesof the feartil
tragely were discover-ed. The wall
atgain11,t the fireplace wa-s freely sprinitk
led with bloo I, leading tl police to
the supposition that, the I'atal blow had
been dealt, frotai behind, as the do
ceased wa. sitting by the fire, itt
all probability sitokintg his piple. ilte
flour was stained with blood, and11
tiarks of blood were traced l-out the
cottatgC to th1e p dt-]. Twi other
strong ci retnitstantIal evidentes-a.
aiaititiig altiost, to cite-lotsive prooi
of gtgit agaiist the deceased's cotusiin
-were also discovered. In the cot
tage was foniid a joint, of the vertebrzt
of a hinnan ncis, which, ont bcigt,
coinIared With th te intilted reit taits
if tie deceased, was fohuntd to corres.
pond; while inl a tneiglibo-ig cUttage
was founiid a hatchet narked i . f t
clotted haai r anid blood, whfticht lhad
beent left thtete by the prisoner, who'
laud beent knownV~ i i i to puchasu it a
few (lays beforie the deceased disap.,
pe-ared. A war-ratt was itmiediately
obtatined againist thte deceased's cou
sin, atnd thte itqipiries of the potte
elicited the fact, that, hec had left t~te
nteighborhtood aboutit a itntiight, prt
vitotsly, a1ccompanfitied by ai sinigle wo
man, tnamted Mary C mtter, whose pa
ents live at, Westport, and that, thtert
probable destiinatiott was Li vet-pool,
whence they intended to emigrate toi
A mer-ica. P'olice-coitstable A tkinison,
whlo had been for some~t years stattion
ed at Claremor-ris, and was therefore
well atcquainited witht the ptersoni of
P'rendergast, caine to Liver-po I, and,
aftetr a close inuquirty, in which lie was
assisted by Illead-constable M'lIlale,
connected with the firish constabulfary
ft-ree, hec discovered that persons5 tin
swerinig thic desci iption of thte iiur
derer- atnd his pa ram our, had been
stay)ing at the lodging-house of Mrs.
Morne, Sawnmey Pope street, and at
terwards at, anoiter lodgitig-hiouse in
the satme street, passinga as mant and
wife. Further iniquirnies furniished
them with the itinformatioti that tfioy
hadl taken berths ott board thte
W illiamn Tapscott, whicht will take lien
departut-e hence to-nmorrow (Sun
day) for New Yot-k; that Prender-gast
bemtg a cripple, was afraid thtat, he
would not be aillowedi Lu land iin tlte
Utnited States; and that lie had thirt
ftire been smttuggled ont board ini a
- iarge bo'x, as the luggage of Mariy
Cioitnor. Ar-med wi tht this itntelIi
g~epee, M'llafe atnd Atkinson thais
morinuing wenit on board the WVilliamt
' icoet t 13 in., in ' ths tie mnuit wt-a.
11-111n1d, where they a.certained that
the .au of whom they were in quest
had but a short time previously made
his appearance on deck, being unable
longer to remain shut up in the box,
the precaution not having been tak
en to make air-holes. lie had been
seized as a "stow away," and sent
ashore in the steamtug which had just
left the shi... In going through the
ship Atkinson recognized the young
woman Co-nor, who was crying bit
terly on deck, being under the i:.i
pressioi that she would be compelled
to snil alone. At the t equest of the
ollieers a boat was manned, and they
were rowed to the tug, on board of
which they found Prendegrast, whon
they charged with the murder. IlIe
mnaintai.ed tihe greatest coolness, as.
serted that lie knew nothing of the
horrible event. and hIs since maintain.
ed the utmost indifference.
The woman is also in custody, and
both she and the suspected murderer
will be sent as early as possible to
Ireland, in order to be lirwarded to
Castlebar, where the exaniination will
take place.
The Sovereigns of Europe.
Nicholas, Emperor of Russia, is
fifty-naine years old, six teet one
inch high, erect and soldier like in
form, haughty in demeanor, proud if
his person; and, when young, was de
cidedly handsome. lIe is ihtelligeit,
shrewd, sterin, resolute, and by no
means wanting in personal courago.
Ile is a good disciplinarian, but not
a skilful coninander in war, as was
proved in his younger days. IIis
information in regard to the condition
and policy of all nations is miniute
and extensive, his plans vast, his
amhition boundless. In the last
respect ne truly represent, the lus.
sian character and sentiment. The
S:1ame disposi lon prevails in lussia
MOW to pour down on the more fair and
wealthy and sunny realms of thi.
Siuth and West of Europe, as in
thevays when the Rom'ui Empire
was overwhelned.
Frederick \Villian, King of Prus
-in, is the brother-in law of the Czar,
buot a very different kind of a man.
lie is about fifty years of age, despotic
inteelings, but soiewlat liberal by
coIM) pulsion. lie would gladly join
the lainperor Of Russia in his ph-lns if
he dared; but his people are otherwise
inelinled. lie is fit, "a gOod-looking,"
tolerably "good natured," and somne
what, stipid sort of' a man. Should
the present war continue for some
yiairs, lie will probably be found ni
the side of' Russia. Ilis preseit.
declaratii r neutrality is nerely
designed to gain time to watch the
course of events f'or one campaign,
and then shape his course accordi,.fg
to results.
Francis Josep h, Emperor of Austria.
is twenity thrce years of' age, and has
succeeded in raising sinall ruustachoes
far uis handsome flcee, and a small
loan for his exhausted treasury. fie
has a high broad forehead, a go d
ormi, is abolut, live tet teil iinche's in
height, and is an expert and excellent
horsemanm. Ile-exhibits io signs of'
extraldmnary adl ini ist rati Vo capcity,
and will probably add little toi the
eputation of the I Iapsburg. I.I felI in
lovie withi a young lady last Fall, "at
hirst sight," and was recently
married to her. lli golverinent is
aalmost banakruipt in pecuniary resour
ce's; his people arec discointenited; and
hi-i emapire is eixposeid to desperate
peiril bet.a cell the contenadinig interests
anmd niations' ntow at. war on the con
tinrent of E'uroIpe. ie is greatly in
debted toi the Emniperor~ of lRussia, mand
would join hima ini the piartition of'
T'urkey, but fhr the dread of the
veuigence of the Western poes and
the opposi tionl of' his ownm people. II is
piosition i ilus, Lurin which way lie
will, and neutrality is almost im
possible.
A bd ul Medjid, Sultan of Turkey, Is
but thiirt1-three ) ear's of' age, though
ho ha~s one dauttghiter married, and11 two
miorei betrothed, iie is rather snmall
in stature, with a sallow, sad and~ mild
expressioni of' c'ounitenance. lie is in
fivor of' reforms in his empire; is
juist, and tie rcif'uI imn his ruile, anid
del ighrts maore in stuperintcndinrg his
schools and pl Iic impnhrov'ements thtan
in mnashalinag his armaies and natives
f'or battle but, forced into war for the
existence of his empire, ats he is, lie
will doubtless mainiitalt~ the ancient
replutationi of' his gallalat and war-like
race. Tlhuis far, irn his dihliculties with
the Czair, lhd las showni a moral
cou rage, a firamness and moderationi,
anrd an ener'gy in pireparing for war,
thait have enmlisted on his side the
symipathies of' nearly all civilized
naltionis. ie has no wvife.gSultais do
not mariry. ie is evidenitly a sinceee
anid zealous Mohammredan, thotugh he
haas stipulaited with the Western
powers that he will place the Greek
and Christinnm noanltiton oh'hi Mempr..
lon Ihe same tooting as to civil rights
its the Turks.
Lonis Nap, -leon, Em peror ofFrance,
is rather below the middle stature; has
a dull and drowsy eye, and a CoUniteln
ice that ordinarily expresses but.
little. lie is about forty-lbur years
of auge, and has led an adventurous
life. From an artillery oflicer in
Switzerla., a rowdy in New York, a
special police oflicer in Lotidon, amid
a prisoner at liatulb he is now firmly
seated on th most dazzling thione of
Europe-, and wields a power second
only to that of the Emperor of Russia.
Public opi ion has undergone a great
change in regard to his imiental capaci.
ty siice he ascendd th1e throne of
high order as a ruler and stite -:nan;
and, at this moment, exceises a
greater influence over the alliirs (f
Europe thani any other soverign, not
even exceptiig the Emperor cf Russia.
Awd this influece he has wielded
wisely for his own interest, and, thus
far. fir the Lonor and interests of*
Fraice 'Ile enters on the conflict
with his great antagonist of Rtussia
with a dauntiless sp iit, and an energy
ot preparatimi that show intth osi the
true metal of his uncle "of glorious
imem4orv.)
Queen Victoria, of England, rules
over ti most populous, wealthy an.1
powerful em pire i on the globe. Oil
her dominions the son never -,sets; and
under her government t le eole to
England and Scotlani, at lea st, enjoy
more freedom thai under any other
monareby. Queen Victoria is now
thirt.y live years of age; of a mild and
amiable disposition, and is an ex.
emnplitry wif'e an-d mother. But, as
a ruler, she exercises little real anl
tlioritv. IHer Cabinet Councilors ani
Parliamuat are the actulili ? i f the
Iritish Empire. The naval power of'
Englatnd is rearly as great a. that,of
all other nations combine.; and her
comnierce aid inaiuicture:. greater
thian those ofany other nation.
Oscar, King of Sweedei, is how in
the prime of lile, and, pen..onally, i.
stroigly .incline.] to side wig " Czy
in the present war. Biut- nas pi.ps e
aIl imlost imanimouosly, are hostileh
toward I ussia. An armed icitra lit v
is his declared position. and to thi is
posit ion and it.s rights the Czar accedes.
The King of Deimiark is nder per.
snold oblig itio ns to the ,p11er' or of
l0i1ssia but compelled by his position
and the voice of his peop-e, to adopt
the policy of' ienitrality.
Thi King of llgini is controlled
in his policy by dread of' hisi powerfi:
neighibor' of jiraunce,
Christia, Queen of Spaini, is fu liv
occupied, JULst now, with the insu rice.
tinary movements e( her people, who
are disgusted with her open prolliga.e,
her disregard of the welfare op her
subjects, and the arbitrary priinciples
of' her government. She is N unig yet.
but her reign will probably be short.
The Kimg of Strdiiiia, would he a
liberal it backed ly an) power that
would enable himi to cuiiteid with the
ivimidons of Austria.
The king of' Naples is an oumitigated
tyrant; blood thirsty, cruel, and re.
solved on inaiitaininig the " divine
right of kings;"! and such is tie leiper
of this sibjee'.s toward him, that lie
lias a very fair chance of iecting a
sudden amid vi -leiit death.
A fe~w yeairs ago lie was ano acconm.
plished horsem'ian andi chiarimteer, amid
might be seen abnilost, daily d ri vinig
throuigh the st reels of' N aphes with a
fr'equenit iiid of' reeognition to his
people, lie is now seldom u seen,
except when siurrouiided hy his guatrdis,
lie is a lioiruhon of'the French fhnnil y
and is f'rieiidhly to Itussia. but bli
iinfluelice alntug thle Eluropu'at nat ion
is of' little aceoiuit.
OJtho, Kinig of' Gr'eece. is a miert
cipher', a tiool ini thii hainds ot Eng lant
andI Franee.
Such are the principal sovereigns 0
Euirope, at lie con ience i t, oif'
generial war that is Ii kely to prove om
of' the most sanguitairy and moment
ous confliets that, has ever' occnrred or,
that, continent, and that. ennmot failI t<
iresult in the end in niumiy chaniges ii
its condition. W h~a& thitse change
may be', timie only can reveanl; butt tier
is little dotu t.t that, despo ism wilI
stiffer more thlan thIu cautse of' treed oin
Thle people will gain w hat, the despot
lose.
Wnto AaLS Yotua Aars-raicaA-ra -
Twenity yeoars ago t his one iiadl
canidles, thbat,. one sol cheese amn
butter, another buitchered, anid a fou t
carrtied on distil lery), anothetor was
contractor otn eniials, others wer
merchiaiits and imechtanics, Th'ey at'
acgnainted with boith ends of'stcietsi
as their children will be af'ter theet
thouigh it, will not do to say out loud
F'or often you shall find that thet
toiliing wormns haitch butterflies, an
they live about a year. D~eatli br'iny
a di vision (of property, anid bring nie
fiinanciers ; the old genit is dischaurge<
the .younig gent. takes his revenueos as
beins in t rm.t~'-t menrd Vome
whIich he reaches before death. or his
children do, if he does tiot. So that,
in fact thouigh there is a sort of mon
eyed race, it Is not hereditary, it is
accessable to all ; three good seasons
of cott6n will send a geticration of men
up-a score of years will bring them
down, and -end their children to labor.
'he fither grubs and grows rich-his
children strut and use the monev.
Their clil dren in turn itilterit the pt-ide,
and go to shiftlegs Qidiverly ; next
their children, reiiivigorated by fresh
plebeian blood, and by the smell of
the clod, come up again.
Thus society, like a tree, its sap
from twe earth, changes inl its leaves
and blosos, spread them abroad in
great glory, sheds off to fill back to
the e:rth, again to mingle with the
soil, and at length re appears in new
dress and tresh garniture.
Military Academics.
CADET APPoIN'tMpNTs FOR THE YEAR
1855.
BENEFIcIAaEs.-J. F. Young, Ab
beville; J. Z. Lightsev, Beautbrt; H.
II. Rivers, do.; W. S. Bissell, Char
leston ; W.S. Hughes, do.; W. D.
)onglas, do.; L. Raysor, Colleton;
J. E. Fort, Daalingtn; V. 11. A!
dricl, Edgefield; If. G. Arthur, do; S.
1). lLobe tson, Fairfield; J. T. Snow,
Georgeto~ii-i; J. Litchfield, llorry;
WV P. Shooter. do.; Jai. DePass,
iKershaw; .1. 1E. Slewmm, Lineaster;
.1. M. Sadler, do.; 11. Y. ,Jones, Lau
rens; 11. Sntherland, Marlboro; T. lie
thea, Marion; IR. F. Leight. Newber
ry; 1R. II. Land. dio.; J. V. Felder,
Orangeburg; P. T. W ells, iNiciiand;
.1lames Stotford, Spartanburg; W. If.
.1. Mitchell, do.; V C. Coulliette,
Suiter; T. B. Logan, do.; J. T. Par.
ker, Union; S. .1. Nettles, Williams
burg; J. M. N. icCollum, York.
PAy.-\- . E. Cothran, J. J. Cal
honn, L. L. Martin, G. M. M, Dowell,
-Caston, and ). MeD. Vance, of
Abbeville; W. W. Whetstone. S.
McFrvin, E. I. Willis, and W. Hark
inson,' of Barnwell; 0. J. Yolnmans,
T. A !!-genin, S. T. Bakr, J. W.
ne, R P. Simiths. Kiiey, W.
. limuy, . ii. Taber, T. E. Struheck
er,,P. S. Dayton, E. C. DuBose' ani
f. II. Tew, of Charleston; W. II. Mil
ler, and R. J. Nuishead, of Colleton;
W. I. Mar-hall and S. MeMorries, of
Newberry; J W. Culler, and W. S.
Darhy anitd C. S. Darby, of Orange
burg; J. McCulltich, F. Percival, l.
U. FIC-nafng, W. M. Gibbes, V. Ad.
ams, and V. Joiison, of Lichlanid;
It 11. Wili. W. 11. Ray, W. 1). May
es, and .1. U1. Nettles, of Sumter; W.
lZiee, of Union; J. 11. Mclelver, C.
13. White, an. W. K. Kimbrell, o1
York.
CrrADEL AcADEM.-G. 11. L th
goe Anderson;.T. G. Gaillard, Char
leston; W. 11. Gibbes, Rlichland; G.
M. Seekl, Williamsburg.
Prosenm TE OF LIMP.-NEw TiTr.
The action of boracic acid upon the
phoIphate oflime, as described by C.
l'issier in the Comptes Rendus, (Par
i ,) is exceedingly interesting to agri
ultiural chmia'ists. If to an acid solu.
tion, either nitric or muriatic, 'co n
taining phosphate of lime, or a soluble
phohiliate and chloride of lime.) and
and exc-ess tif' boracie acid, there be
added borate of isoda in sufficient
<1'nottity to saturate the acid which
h 'hls t he pho sphate in) solution, no
btorate of limte is precipitated, but all
the p'hosphoric acid is thrown down
in the formn of phosphate of' lime. This
plrecipit ate has not a variable comnpo.
sition like that formed by being satur
akted with ammonia, but has aI con
stanmt composition anad we-ll defined
forumula. It scorresponds with that
for which Berzelius gives the formulai,
8 Ca. 0, 3 P 0. 5, and which cont ains
phosphouric acid 49.00,-lime 50.91.
This method ol' precipitating phos
p'horic acid from its solution will
'vreatly facilitate the determination of
the <qnantity of' phosphates contained
in soils and manures.-Scientiflc
Imerican.
THEs lor 'F Smz JOHn FaIiNKLJm
Focu nr. D~a. KAN.-:-The Lake
Suaperior Mining News, of November
9, contains the followving :
"Bypriateletters we learn that
thebodes f Sr .Johan Frank lin: and
his mien have been found by Dr.
Kane's party, frozen, perfectly preser
ved.
lIinir last number we gave the
report of the intelligence derived fromjt
some of the Eainmaux Indians, of
the disco very of some of the silver
used lby Franklin's expedition, and
marked with his initials. 'rho latter
report is of the discovery of the bod
ies, and from our authority wve have
tile right to believe it to be true."
The editor maikes 1no mention 01
tile source of' his infor-mation, nor 01
the direction whelneo it came.
SMADEMOISELE RACIrsL. thre firsl
tragic actress in the world, is said t,<
d be..comning to America, but we thinl
r. not this scana~
Proceedings of the Legis
latuH.
SENATE, Dee. 4.
SENATE.
Mr. A. Maz ck, of St. Janes Sun.
teo, gave notice of a bill to provide
for a Bank of discount and deposite.
Mr. S. McAliley of Cheater, pro
rented a bill to amend the charter of
the. Charlotte and South Carolina Rail
road.
The bill introduced by Mr. James
Chestnut, of Keishaw, tW provide for
the election of Presidential electors,
was referred to the Counittee on Fed.
eral Relations.
The Senate then joined with the
House of Representatives the proces.
sion to attend.
TIE COLLEoE COMMFNCEMENT.
The exercises and ebroinhibus at
the College were unusually interest
ing, and the abdience presented the
finest array, perhaps, ever witnessed
in this town.
The Semi-Centennary Address was
delivered by James L. kctigru. Esq.,
and an appropriate address was, also,
delivered by President Thornwell.
Both addresses are pronounced by
those who heard them, to be fully wor
thy of the speakers, and equal to
the highest expectations of the audi
once.
Th newj Chapel was crowded to
excess, and from its unfinished state,
and the large attendance, many could
not hear to any advantage. Nor was
there any accommodation for the
Press, consequently it was almost. im
possible to takle even an abstract of
the addresses, which, however, it is
presumed, will be published in due
course by the Committee of' Arrange.
ments.
Aft ihe proceedings at the Col
lege, th Senate returned to the State
House for a short time-diring hich
no imiportait business was transacted,
and then adjourned.
noUSE OF REOLRESENTATIVES.
heo Buseaitter- attehdlig the cer.
eimnies at the'College, retorysed to
the State h1ouse, and proceeded
to business.
Mr. J. I. Middleton, of Prince
George ' 'inyah, fron thie Committee
of Ways and Means, recommended
that the appropriation for the relief of
the poor of Charleston should be in.
creased to $7,000.
The majority of the Committee or.
Public Printing reported Messrs. R.
W. Gibbes and Co. for Printers to
the lhouse. The minority presented
a report, recommending Messrs E.
11. Britton and Co.
A message was sent. to the Sen.
ate proposing to go into an election
for Assessor and Surveyor General
to morrow.
Mr. Alexander McQueen, of Ches.
terfield ga've notice of a bill to alter
and amend the License Laws.
Mr. B. F. Perry, of Greenville,
gave notice of a hill to aid in the on
struction of the Blue Ridge Railroad.
The House then adjourned.
The attendance of ladies in the
town is usually large and imposing,
the coinmeticement Ball, which is to
take place this evening, is expected to
be a most brilliant affair-indeed
the week promises to surpass as even
its usual attractions,
I TUESDAY DECEMBER 5, 1854.
M r. Carn moved that a message be
sent to the flouse of Rlepresentatives
informing that body that, the Senate
would be ready to go forthwith int
another election. Message ordered.
Mr. Brockmnan presented the report
of' the Solicitors of the Western Cir
cuit on district officers and offices.
Mr. Moses the report of the Solicitors
of the Eastern Circuit on the same
subject; also the memorial of RI. L.
Bry an, askinig pay ment of subscription
for 40 copies of DLeSaussure's reports.
The Senate ntow took up the order
of the day.
The bill to declare Salt Ketcher
River navigable, and the bill to amae.d
the charter of the Bank of the State
received their second reading, were
agreed to and sent to the House of
itepresentatives. The unfavorable re
port of the Committee on Rtoads and
Biridges on the petition (of citizens of
Anderson f r the ostablishmtent of' an
old road was agreed to; also the roso
lution in respect to appointing a coin
mnittee to nominate President and
Directors fo.r the Bank of the State.
Messrs. Allen, Buchanan, Ilasell,
Carna and Mordee-ti were appointed the
comnmittee.
On imotion of Mr. Moorman, th<
Senate adjourned.
The House assembled at the usua
hour.
The morning hour was expended in
the presentation of petitions, accounts
&o.
Mr..Tuoker then called for the'epe
cal ore I thd.~tayt slicIIsay bi
tion of the cominon school system.
The House then resolved itself into
a Committee of the Wholes Mr
McGowan in the cbiAir.
Mr. Tucker then advocated the pad
saige oI the bill at length. and showed
the mismanagement and fallacy of the
preseiit free school .. stem. This bill
being, as we consider, of vast impor
tance to the people of the State, we
herewith attach a synopsis of the bill.
It provides for the election of a Board
of Directors for Common Schools il
each election distric: except the elet.
tion district (i Chirleston, to consist of
iRi less than six nor more than ti 6lye I
members, the Board to subdivide their
respective districts into school sections.
each. section being not les than' fouF
miles square; that a ctifttitibn- school
be located in each sectidin; to seled
competent teachers, and td app-opri.
ate all moneys receitbd - fr6i tld
State or otherwise tb the exclusive
support of the common schools; also
provides for the election of a &superin
tendent by the General Assemibly.,
salary $2,000 per annum; recommends.
an annnal approspriation of $100,009
per annum tbr the support bf such
schools,&.
Mr. T. Y. Simons, jr., replied brief
ly, and moved that the committee do
now rise and be discharged fron the
further consideration of the bill. He
had listened with mih pleasure to tho
remarks tnitdb by the honorable
gentleman of Spartanburg; h Whs not
prepared to vote for the bill at pres:
ent; h- desired knowledge; and he
begged that the bill be referred to the
Committee on E.ucation.
Mr. McKnight made a Veiy happy
speech in fivor of the bill, in whiehbe
was more than once in nIrurt el
the applause of thd i1dlence whic
tilled the galleries.
Mr. Tucker hoped that the motion
of the gentieian fromn St. Philips and
St. Miehaeis would not be adopted.
Mr. Sinus, alter soie.1.brief re
maiks, renewed his mnotion.
The i.otion was lost.
Mr. McKnight utoved~thia
iiii0ti'd rink)e3rtdii*
llouse, and rewiniended tit W>
passed.
After much debate, the cdninifttee
rose, reported progress, and begged
leave to sit agail ol Aonday ne1t a.
I p. m.
Mr. Hampton, froi the committed
appointed to count the votes for
Surveyor General, reported that no
one of the caudidates ltuing fede)ied
a majority of the votes cust, there was
consequently noe election.
Mr. Miduleton, from the Committe6
of Vzys and Means, repbrted sundry
bills; among them being a bill to
rectiarter the Bank of Georgetowu;
also a bill to regulate rates of interest
and to repeal the tusury laws.
Sundry bills were reported by -thd
Committee on iicrpoiations, amnong
which was a bill to rechai ter the Boaid.
of Directors ofthe Theological Semi
iary of the Synod of South Carblina
and Georgia; read the first timie, and
ordered for a second reading to mor
row; also a bill to authorize the Towfti
Council of Hamburg to subscribe fof
stock in certain railroads and for other
purposes; also a report on the petition
ofsundry citizens of Cheraw, praying
an alteration in the corporate limits of
said town; also a favorable report oti
a bill to incorporate the Fire Insurance
Company of Charleston.
Mr. ilamimond introduced a bill
giving the election of Governor and
Lieutenant G.overnor to the people;
also a resolution to,adjourn the present
session on Thursday, 21st instant.
Mr. Mullins, pursuant to notice, intro
duced a bill to amend the charter of
the W ilmington and Manchester Rail:
road Comnpany; also a bill to arrange
the State iito Judicial districts, and
to provide for the election of an addi.
tional Law Judge.
Mr. Spain, pursuant to notice, in
troduced a bill to exempt ministers of'
the Gospel from patrol dut,);j also a
bill to define the mnode and time ot
appointinig Electors, &c.
Mr. Green, pursuant to not~lee, intro
duced a bill exempting certain peraudi
therein namned from to rdd lBitg iipeu
dertain eoffdltions.
Aiid then the ilodge adjottened.~
The proceedingas of yesterday haiwii
been reaid, Mr. Brockmnan, on pairt ti
the Committee on Vacans Ofhlo
reported the oflice of Surveydr aeltd
ral vacant.
Mm Barker presenited life .jet~iurt
of Wmn, A. Beaigler, pr i -gtbdt
Nelmaon'at IFerry be re estabiw4
vested in himin for five ,eah l.
red to the Commhittee on Ijos 'Vinx
l h eaoproceededI to Io4a
State Assessor for Clstlestl.ia
The Senate proosededt9W b
Surveyor General Meu~*i
Riutledge and a4)$klP era ~f4th4
- as can idates,
I Mr Djarv~et p tuitf dda

xml | txt