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DEVOTED TORIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE, AGRICU
JOHN S. R ICHIARtDSON, Jnt.,
ML SUMT'ERVILLE, S. C., JANUARY 31, - NO. 13
THE SUMTER BANNER
Every Wedatemday -Moriaiang
John S. Richardson, Jr,
T E Et RIS,
TWO DOLLA RS in atilvance, Two Dolars
and Fifty Cents at the expiraitn of taix mon0ths
or Three Dnaltars at the end of tife year.
No paper discontinued unatil all arrearage.m
are FA I D, nltes at the option tafthe Proprietor..
)'' Ad vertisementri inserted at S iV KNTY
FIVE Cents per maguare, (12 lines (ar lesae,) for
the firat, and half that Htin for each subseteqtisn
Insertion, (Olicial advertisementsi the itite
-'r Tihe namber of insertions to be markedl
'6n al I A-i vertisements (or they will lie publishedl
butil ordered to be discontinuuied, auh ehargedl
" ONE DOLLAR per Psquare fair a sin
,le insertion. Quarterly and MoAnithly Adver
taonments wiJil he elarge I tie sane as a single
insertidn, and semi-monthly the sane as new
Z:7' Obittiarys and rribntes of Respect,
'over twelve lines, claurged us advertisinents.
Fur the Bunner.
-By a gentleman at the regiest of Masses
A. F. and E. L. of Sumnter to make them
the subject of sone verses.
I know two pretty little sprites
And they are Wondrous fair,
Eyes blue and bright,
That fasten quite,
The raptured sight,
Of all who look upon the fair.
Both have inerry, smiling faces,
Where thitaght and feeling have their
And after seeing one,
It is time beat of futn,
To turn and look upon,
The other'sl heart. captivating graces.
One has a warm anIsmanny hae,
The other as'laar as ti ehi g li; .
- To see them apart,
Is eenotgh for the heart
To feel 'ove'oi a:uart.
But to see theam together is killing.
What's better than all-they're both
Without over-much cooing or billing,
Duckng, hydeingor pilug,
To lie ;yed.
And like silver tried,
In the Fornace of ma rimmial dril'inre R
LEswx of Sout Is Cn rolieast, passed
at time Sesslitbst of time Geacrail
Aswasabily of 1854.
AN ACT to inke aloplriatiois Co
the year coint)iia:inag in Octobeatr.
onte thousanid eight, hundred iad lit
Sic. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate
-nd House of Representatives ww mel
-and iuting in Ueueral .sxembly and
by the authority of the sanne, That tiae
following stis lie and thev are here
'by appropriated for the 'ai cmet, Ia
the various oflicers and expen-es f
the S!ate (overnrnatent, that, is tio s:
IN THE EXECUTIVR I.EPAItTt.ENT-1--"
the salary of tile Goernor, thiree
thousand live hundred dellars; 1 hr IhIa
Private Secretary if that Goavernair,
five hunitdred daillars; liar the Messetn
ger of thea Governor, twots htundredl uet
fifty doallars; iar the conttingent fond ot
the .xectttive Depaataeaat, twenty
thousand doallars; to be suatject to the
draft ofC the Goavernaor, and to be ne
counted foar atanually hvy himt to thae
Legishature; foir the retat at lhe Gaov.
'ertnor's houtie ini Colutaibia, three lhun.
Satc. 2. IN Thue LCOJSATIVyt Dii.
PAarTMEN'-Foir thea. pay of the memct
bers of thes Legislatuire, and the A t
torney General and Stalicitors duarinag
t~he p. esa'nt session, twentt. -ane thotu.
sand dollars, it so mmneh be necessary;
foar the salaries ofC the Clerks oif the
Senate and If ltuse of Reresetntatives,
one thotsandl dollars eachi, ad to the
said clerks foir the services of two as
sistant clerks, two hundagredl and fifty
dollars for the Clerk oif the Ilase,
and twoa huandredl and fifty adollars ia.
the Cle'ak of the Senate. to be panid
.at the adijoulrament of the Legislatare
for the salaries ofl two Alesengers
and two Doaorkeiepers, each two hunit
d red and fifty diallars, to be aaid~ att the
ndy-turnmaaent of the Legislauire; fair
the salary tif the Keepert of lie taatt
Hotuse and Libhrariztn, seven hiunared
dolimnrs; fir t he salaries aof the Ueadinig
Clerks aif the Senate and~ I liatse tat
Re'presenatativyes, each t wo hutindred and
fifty dollars, ta lbe pasid at, the end aof
the sessiona; fair thie services ofC Eta.
grossing~ Clerks, toa be piid tinder the
diretioni of the Spenaker ofC tihe iloatse
uad Presaidentt of then Seate, foaurt
haindlread dosllars; fair the printers gifthea
$eniate and Ilaatte ot ieparesentatives.
ni puirsiance of ;thae cot rets made
bay the ,..a. ...:,,-s of bo 1er.
iilie tosaild dolhars, if So Imuhli be
"ilee I'lSlry for the priiting executed b3
lhe 'aid printers durling the pres'rit
t.'ssion o. the Legislature, the sanie
ti be paid to themi as soon a-; tile
ainoulliit of tile said eiltrauts siall be
:I4eestained by the Treasriier of the
Jpper Division; 1hr the printer for
printimg in pain plilet fornra the acts
:id jiurna tit' both 11luses. reports
and resol$,1tionls agreed t , thle Gov
erior's A11ess 111, repors of he Prlesi
dent. of the Wilk, and Comitriller
(Gneral. with the accinpan) ing docu
:nents, three thousand sevenl Imn1dred
and flfty d--llars. if' -) much hie neces
-:ary; Proei Id, That the numiber of
copies ipt'ecilied iii the priposals of
tile printirs as accepted by tihe Ltgi.
latLIre, shall be prinited and depousited
in, tile onitL of the Trieasirer of tle
Uyper )ivision betere tie twentieth
day of April next,7 and tle niinun11t
to bei paid accordin~g tit thle proposals,
which 'hall bI e li lsetaine'd Iv thei
Treasirri afi'resaid; Anud firther pro
ided, That. thw printer o tie iacts and
journals do publish ill his newspapetr
at Coliibilia all thie puiliciC aCts whichi
May be passed at tilthe pleselit, session
within :ixy days tter tile adjoui
inlent, of thle Leg..islatulre; (;Ir W illiamn
F. Arthur, fihr cn :11itigeint e'xpilnsee du.
ing the preseit suessieon of the Legis.
lature, twe lve hitidred dollars, if so
snueh be necessary, to be accounted
fir by him lit the Treasuiry, and re.
ported by the Treasurer to the Gener.
al Assembly; for stationrarv. Ituel. di,
tibutlig aets, exIises (Itlie eiection
returs, ttarteet, ll11idre.'d d-r1,1i'.41 if so
inieh be nee'ssary; tar the purciase
tif' books for the libiary of the Letgis.
lattire, six hundred d&llars.
Sil-e. 3. IV JUDICIARY i:PAuR.AMN-1r
-F' the salaries of the Jildges,
three thoiusatid d-dihrs cach: f ir tile
salary of tile Atir..y Geniral, elev.
enl inun'dred dollals; f0r the salaries of
ive Soiicitors, i tine hinidred dollar.
e1aCh; ltr tile Clerk of the C(ourt it
Appeals in Columaibia, six hundred dtl
iars; to' the .salary of tl, Me'sseiger
if the s:d c'out at Ciluimbia, two
hundred and tilty dollars; 'P-ovided. Ih
'a'ai ib w he iluty of the said mewsli-ng.
to sliu ni all mt'mbers (if tile bii
who are mnember., 4;f Ote L.. g-i,b ..
whell their Cases may lie Called fiJr tli
a!; O: he sa!...ry of' the Lilbrari.n, (it
the Citut of Aljig'als in ColLilinbia.
two hundred dollars, tile sant.e to ill
e nile the expenses of ftie; liltr tilt
purchase of ioks fi r the library otit
:he Court il Appeals at Oloibia.
live luin1dred d140lar-1,; 1;1r fire wood anld
fuiel Imr thle Court -,f A pi-teal at UP
lunIhii, fifty (lic1s, it Sip niiich h14.
necLs-sa w; ir lh- salary (.f tile Clerik
f he Court of Appelals inl Charh..-,ton,
six huiilirtd dltlars; forl tlie salary lit
the M estiegr of he samoe (l, il
Chfla lest, Il, two hun11dredl :1111 fift) y del.
Iar.; fthr Ili.- saiary ofi lie Lihr.rian oi
thle Cout. of Apliwals in Charleston,
tw hunoadrled doiii'ls, ill icllide tilt
expeilse of fiel; theu lire wlod a1141 111i
el fr the C(oilrt lit' A !ipeais at Clarles
t..I r, fifty d i llar1, if s'l l at uch he ne-1 f
esry;th (te inirchase of' hoc-k4 for.
the library of the Court of A' ppeal a
char-les'ln; live h11nnire4d dollars; 1;hl
the salary f tih State flieoter, lit
ten hanb1ed dollars. Alid the sever
al appropriationsl11 at*ibre-aidi i' ti
Clrks, iwirarianl, Mssi'ngers, Re
pirter. anld I'M 1the inCidental expeN-r.,
lof the Courcttts lit A\ pls1, sh-dil bet
ranrts t. hb' drawii by the I l'siing
-1 udiges lit thle C2our~ts of' A ppieals, at
such t ifines taii' such'i p8 rtin aulS11
the1y riiny deemii just andit proper('l. Aiid
it 81ha11li e tih' duty lof the said lie
ty the sittinigs oft the Couri ts ofiA ppa~l::1
and84 l1idrrrs inu Ciohnniaind8( Chlarl'es
tii, andii tO repor't. such argiilens Iandii
stalteiiieits ot tiiets as Inay' lie ii- )t'ssa
ry to ai coirr.cL itindesta1d inig of' thi
decisionls iof the said Cour1ts1 ; for' thi
pa1y of juror81s anid contstabIles, f'ort
ih lusanid dliars, if so imuche be neces
Stc. 4. In Tius TaslAsiuly Dei'Aar
)ZiCr: Four the sailariy ofit'he.. CompitrioI.
ier' Genczeral, two thousandi8( dollarts; fiji
thle salariiy oIf tile c'i k oft the4 Comlp.
tiiller' Gener'al seve'n hunid red anld fit'
13 dadllar's, thle Saidl iclt'ik toi be apfpoint
ed anid r'eiimoenble at tihe pleca-tme of
the Compnitroltler' Gen'eratl; tfor the saila.
ry of' thle TIreasurero lthe lie ower hi VS.
1i1n, anid forii trlasact ing thle bus~iiness
of' the I-naniii Ofhice, 18811 f'o clerk hire,
twoIii ihuslandt dllarls; fori the salar'y oft
the lTreasIurer' of the Uppfijer I )ivI'llin
and 'ir eleik ire, sixl een hiiuni.de
diallar's; forl the uis~essor' oi St. Phiilby's
iande St. Michaedil' ithking out anid
aflixmig alsse'ssmients of' o.eh returnt,
Cou~sos:at' the salary oif tuhe P'res.
idlet of the College, t hree-ttisnd
dollars ; fo' the saries oif seveni
Pr',f'essairs of the Colile'ge. two thou'
sand( five hunirdred dillar's echl ; for the~
salary of the f'rea"ue oi'f'lt the College,
five hunidred dlolliars; fhr the' salar'y cit
the Librarian of the College, six
hunndred dollars; fr the salary of flt
Secretary of the Bpard of Tiristees.
I weI hundred d-dirs ; for the salary of
ile Marshal four hund red deallars;
the sahiries (of the President., Profess
ors, Treasurer auid Librarian to) be
paid by the Treasirer of the Upper
)ivision, quarterly, inl advance, theia
draft being coeuntersigned by the
Treasurer ol the Col leg. ; ihr the pur.
chase oft' books fir the College Li brary.
two thou4isanl doilars, to be paid tea
the draft, of thte iresident.of the C4
lege, countersigied by the Treasuirer
of he saI li ; lr I Ihe expenlse of )i
student at the South Carolina Colleg.
sent, by lite Orphain (a Hose in Charles
lon, limtr liuidred dollar", too be paid
ti, the order of the Chairmian IIf* the
Bard 4I1 ('ruiillnssioniers of the Orphaa
SEC. t'. FoR TiE ORDINARY Civil
Exr-ENSss: For the payineit of the
cotirelit accounts of the upper
l)ivision, tweinty-live thousand dollars.
it' so iuch be necessary ; iar ti
pay I of0111 4 t ie colitinigelit, accut., l1
tle Lower I)ivisioln, twenty lbu thi a
Sand11 doillars, it's i iieh he neces-ary
for the Cor n issioner to) be appil tied
ly lite Governor'I to superintend 1th4
Pubilie Works, ene huidred and fifty
dillars ; li the paymen 'of pen sn,
and atnnuiti.:s, three thousand dollars,
if' so iuch be necesarv : for the
piylientt of such clairnis as slall Ibe
adnitted by tile Legislature at it
piesent session, twelve thousand dill
hirs, i' so ro11u!gh Iiie ,,vetss:arv '.* s
sippert of Free Selu ols, sever.ty t"i
hoiisand t'hur lindred deillars, it' se
much he niecessary, to le distributed
aollalg the several distriets in tht
Stat e, inl the proportion o 'six hiindred
iil.ilars to each Rlepresentative inl tle
i-appular braneh of the L'gislature
lI' the education of the dealand dui.,
(I1 thll b1ihid, firthouan dollarsw
if sqa Iiell be necessai, to be paid lo
tle C-IIIIllintuisiners ill tile salllL nail
lier as the aipI ropriatioall lrenficir.
Illade ; foar refailin Iaxes a-; directd
by the repforts I' tle 46a;oitteel
Ways a id Meati, aid -a* Fiitinee amil
Banks, agreed te- by the Leushl:oi
3n141 uiIidred'J iollars, if So uitIi l.
3 ec('essLIy : ll. I he paymnent at' slit
"l3terl lrls or delnatindls oi tile Stall
is neav be alloawed ly the General
Assembly upan the reports of othei
Vealutauiattees, two t.houaund live hiindred
1lilars, if' so tiiuch be necessary ; I
c apenesation, necordintg t ile act ol
iighte. n1 huni'dred aid folrty-three, to
laves exe uted, two thiusand dillarn-,
iftsea much hloe lecessarv.
Si.:. 7. Fmn Miurr-mnv Ex.:o
reln:s :For the salaries f' tihe 1;bl
lowIting ollicers viz: Ad jiltallt 1ad
l1spetfor Genieral, two th-isaid live
hunidred dll'ars ; Ar-enal Keeper ill
CJharlesin, ioe thuisand dhollais; Ar
seriai Keelier and Powder Receiver at
Celuibia, at tie rate of* -tiur itiundre.
dial ars per aii ; lhysician Af tlt
Jail aii Mlagazimne Giard at Charles.
tiuI, five hundrld I'( dillars. anal lIar tIh
'uiportl oIf the Military AcAden es alt
Chadleston :1nd4 Cohnn1bia, thirty tho.
.11and dollars, it .o [Ihll be lecetssar
atnd the said Military AeademiAs sial
be inder the directiin of tle Iuira o:l
Vi,itors of said Ac.denies, so tl .
liri i' sopp 4orI. sihal1l1 n1t, exceed the Suit
sim, to bae drawn and a'aoited ibi
to the Le-gislatu re by the Said Biunn
ofVisitors:- Provided. Tha' ear-L
e'lectiona dis'trict. shall be enit led te
sendl Io said Academaieiis ai numblleri i
baeneiiariies eqal to 1 its r'epresenitatii a
ini th* 114 ause of! liep resenttiivies, oi
in that pra~Oprtiion as liar as the appajr
priiafian ihr' the si'hoaols may alow
thri Ilhe AlilIi tary acicaunt, as agreed ti
by bo, th baraincheLs of' thle ILegislaturie.
mole hund11reed di'!lars, it' sea much be nicC
e'ssary v'orii t he M ilitairy conltingenies
live thuisanld dellars, tea be Ldra1wnl an<
accountied fihr as directed bay tin
.Le'gislatu re; lfar defraying the ex
- penlses of' A rti llery Cornt anies thrio ugt
(aut the State, fifteen huund'ed dllars
if' so uch lbe necessai'y ; to be dr'aw:
and aplied in the rniannier prescribeai
by tile act in relationi to that subajeci
iar the Quarterimaster Geneoral, livt
huniadrefd (d1lar's ; for1 the ser'vices 4a
thle Secietfary oif State, during t hi
enlsing year, for 1a11 services iii isinl
all Mitiitary Conuisio' ns, iand in lbm
oifanay charEge agiainlst t he St ate l'ai
C nuiaisionis of' Civil Ollicers, eigh~
hiund red doell ars, toi be paid as (athii
saharies are directed teo bue paid by law
liar repiinuig armls and14 ars~enIiali r
poeses inl Clharilestan an Lid Coalumin a
twoa thoulsanld dollars.
Sz':c. 8. Fon Onmeasatr LOCAl. Ex.
ry.surrtenS.-Foar the suippaort of' thei
tr'anlsienit poari of Cairlesito n, seven
Ibmouisanld dlllars, to beo paid tei
Ih' City Coun I (if' Charlestonl, andt.
alccounlted tear biy them~t toi tile Legisia
ture foar the salary oft the Port Phiysi
ciani in Charlestoni, including boat hire
anld EotherI incidental expenses, eight
thunldre~d dollars ; forthexcino
tteiaraniniie laws~" at Charlestan, omi
thouesaiad dollars, it so muach be neOces
sary ; to bei paid tea the City Council
of' ChaceIamnton. n ez nd~ undet
hlia direct iona ; lior t le salary of the
ipeaintende(t of tle Fire Proat
Blnilding in Charleston during the
preient, year, one hiunadred dollars ; far
a he support of the t.raisient. poor of'
Georgetown, live hund red doillars, to
Ie expended b'y the Cotn miissi'ters ta
lie Pour of' Winiyah. to be accomited
fir by them to the Legislature; I'mr
I he support a f the trai-ntt, poor of
Beaaufor, two hunadred dollars, to be
expenided by the TOwn Cnneil of' the
said to awn, an1d to ie accoited for by
thema as heretotor' .'er the' salary f Ilie
Pi lot of' the I I ar. . and Bml of' GeoIge
Lowin, three hiidred anid twenty dol.
lars; Ifr aiding the siappoLt of a fe''y
fil l'lliott's Gut, two hundred diolars,
sibjected t, tht- order of the Cinais
sin aiers of lIoads for St. Atadrew's
Shc. 9. For the support of the
Catalba idians, twelve hiuindred dol.
lars, i tso ttuch he necessary, to be
jaid to the arder of the luIdiai Agent.
and to be expended under t lie direction
of' the Givernor.
SEc. 10. Foa PenIL( BUI.iNGs.
Ta corm plete the C n a t, alinse 1ar
Chester Dist'iet, two thousand one
hiundred dollars; to etimplete the
Coirt louse for the District of
W illi hiIauasburg, ntie thausantid Iur
hundred aid lifty dialars ; the above
attionits to be drawn and expended
b)) the lkards tf' Cntissioners ol he
reslective districts, aid accomined foaur
by then ait the treastiry ; ti conplete
aerlield, ole hundred and forty fair
diallaits and twenity-eaght ceits; fr.
CIalestaoatn Jail, tel ,botnsaid diollars.
iad n Inlore, Lt be drawin Itand expetd.
ed ider the direction tthe Cunais.
siaaers of* Piblic 13uildings of the
Foat EXtrAO INAiaR EXPENDITURES
to eatable the Trustees .f the Col
lege t, Charlestn to iapive and
extend their di dings, hunr thousand
atllars ; t hr' tihe atot11411la1, of' a bulianee
,fle the C. iiissi-nes of the Por
ih N rgtonDistrict; oin their
accouint oifa tle expeml ttijere (if the
ranisfe-at leor Fun ena htanred
1i1d eaihy twoa dlhiar.s :ani titue ts,
;ia lie drawn i sai.' ( ..aissiai-s.
And the dividtinds that iay lie
received fin all such railway shares as
the 6tate aay on at, the time of
,eelatilg soeh divideids, are hereby
irpraptiated ta tle purpose tat' aidintg
.t the litieing aid cleatring aout o' tle
Suhllivait's iland cbainel <1 the piort
.Ib Ch:jrle tan ; atd all saiis arising
'rtai said divid lids shall be beldi In
the Treasur% , liable to the hal aft tof' the
:etaaitsiln ota the Survey of' Charle'us.
IhEPL OF lox. L. Al. KETr.-The
ba ml hllwinag reply was recently elicited
from1 the Hian. L. M. KTrr by a
reiark tiade by Alr. SL.LEIs of
\larylaind against, unlifieation aid
Mr. Keitt-The geintlenaii from
.\fary laud (.\tr. Saibiers) has introutheed
iea what, he is paleased to call the
irtheni extreIe aitm the Soauthein
a-xt rtec inl conjiaetian. This, sir is
3 tiniter' of taslte anal wheli nat Cata.
atected witlh anytll ig Ipersnattil and
affensive, may tie alloawed Lit pas.
I Ie spoke oin nilieic a nid secession,
ald said the Kaaw N.thiiags wre
appeoseal to athemn as vioaletly as taa
A balitmiiismt. Sir, I acepjt theaa ad
tailsiaon. As myi fraienid fromaia Viriia
(Mtr. Let.ehe'r has iel .ed~ ta) lame thle
Ileamr fiar a momttenit, I shall tiakabe a
"'Sir, the pr'inciplies oft nulilienitiaan
hav e been illhistraated by the nobhlest
initel leet of tiy State. It has beent
ill usitratled2 anid expaoundieed by CAdahot.,
IlJayne, %II)al I'nill, anid Prestont, anad
thlat. host, of'greatat ittnds, whicht pouiredl
spaelendr up) nt lie aninals oft Carolinta
ini l83. Sir, it was a party' tat brave
oen andi' frtee tmen. itnL tmes oif
tronbhle atid dang~er, Sothil Caroliina
mlade hieavy snetrifict tif blood0( ant.
treasurte Cir athe Unionl ; bit whleni
inantler'ale wroig was iniflited uponat
her, she took her safety itto her o)wn
hiands, :andi gathiered hter childriena
aroauitnd te t redress hier wrontgs, andat
mlainitain her tights atad stover'eignty .
Yes, sitr, she gaitheredl tiagethetr siats tia
dlefecnd her rights. Thlis, sir, shte did
a phenily, in a th eye of lie suna. She
diid niot gather' themi at mtidntight houaar,
andit int suthataraneana caves ta ennieeal
her puirpo~se. Nio Catiline wias thiere,
wiath bandl anda daigger, f'esterinag in
ittidntigt conispi raey, ar d ini seniate
hall ntext day, w hent disloasures were
madetlt, paroafessing to be a -'Kitow
Not hintg."' Sir, she r'alhlied hter sonts
unrdea her owna savereignl flag, jiand
whaoever was the foe af' that flag, wats
their Caie. htt this struigge, sir, Soautha
Cartalina yielded not her righats anid
sovereinty. T1haus mauch for nulificai.
" Now, sir, for secessioni. I wats a
mnembelr of that paarty. In 1850, I
advoaentued the poalicy of' Souath Carali.
na5 int~rnoeing haw navarohi......'
Ahield between hier cit.zens and the
ouitrages of this gvernmetnt. Thle
spirit of resistance to Federal aggress
ion was universal throughut the State,
but we dii-redi as to the " mide and
loneasure " of redress. Sir, I advocated
the policy of secession, and tile princi
ple lyiing at its foutndatio n--the
pri iiciple (' State sovereiglnty, ti
retire Irom the fiederal compact, and if
you dared to as-ail us, to Imleet you
Opni the open field; to mect youi with
blow and braldl, and fight out the
q arrel. Sir, I owe allegiance te my
State and only through her to the
Fetderal Government. V henever she
recalls that allegiaincc. I haive I firth.
or oenliection with lie Federal
Governient, and I scf rn yiour claimtors,
and14 trample iuon your hozyanlas to thle
" Sir, I regret that the gentleman
from Maryland has initroduced the
nliientiou und seeessions party in
jsxtaposition with the A boliuitin party;
but, as lie has inequivocally disclaimed
any thing personal or ol'einsive. I ,b1all
muiake no persinal reply to him. I illy
desire to say to the Il itse that i was
a member of the secession party of
South Carolitia, and whoever says
aught, against the honor or cbaracter
of Ihat. party I will answer them with
a loUnos hulble.
THE SoUTJEaN MuruA. LIFE IN.
s AaNrse Comi-t.-At the last ses.
sionj of our Legislature this comnanv
was Chartered and has commenced its
opleirations. The following are - its
lio. W. F. DeSimsuksre, President,
Prof. C. F. McCay Actuary, Dr. John
.ImeTos:-11fon. W. F. DeSi
sure, ion. Jo i S. Prestoii. Dr. MN1.
Laborde, C. F'. McCay. Dr. J. McF.
Gastoi, Jhn1 Bryce, 1Richard Sondley,
Dr-. John Fisher, Edwin J. Scott.
James V. Lyles, Dr. J W. Parker.
J. MH. Allen,'? 116n. J. B. O'Neall.
Thollas C. Percii, J. P. Reed, I.
Win'd, John A. Biiahiv, T. Dublin.
E. Al tin, .1. Wollbrd Tiucker,' Rev.
.... ... M..... lea,, Wm ..
The rates ad--pted for- Insurance are
lower than Illse cl aged by goodI
Noirthertn Cosipanies iher resideiiti of
the Smith, thigh higher than they
charge fosir persons re:,iding in tI
No.r.t hern States.
Thus for insiiniug $1,000 for one
year at the age of 30, the prrnium
reqluired by the Mutual Lif'e of New
Yi k is $16.33 ; by the Mutual Bene
lit, ofl New Jerses it i' $18 10 ; by the
New Eiglansd M1a101:1l 41f IsPton it i.
A14.20; by tile Kenctucky Mutual it
is $17.60 ; while by this Company it
For insurance for $5.000 for the
whIle lif :t the age 4f' 30, the premi
um ill tile Mutual Lifl- oil New s Ymk
is $1.10.10; in the Msitusial Benefit of
New Jersey it is *1-10.30; in the New
Iseglandl M tiaal of Bost, an it is $126.
50; in the Kenasticky Mustuasl it is
1319.00 ; while ill the Sith Carolina
Ciisiaiy it i. only x12->.00.
From these rates this Company
dediets one lurth ir thlie first year,
rnp[rimi 14)g 11 note for the reduction,
hut. remit tinig it entirely. The first
payimlenit hr $1,000 at. the age of 30
sir sine year' is onlyv $t9.7. zad for a
whle life poliicy ony *18.75.
Fios sub~essunt pa:1 msents a5fterl tihe
iirst, a reductionua will also be amad in i
propo~ rtio~n to thea success aind profits
of the Cssnspany'.
Thle~ oblject of' Lih'e Insurance Comn.
eaiiies is tos inake provision fir (lie
widsows ~ssan orhans of' lheui' mnembers.
paiys mi a simalI 51tl an lount, ansd
these preioniis ansd thiir acemi nurle.
tiuons att e'ompounsihd interest, formii a
f'uiid out of whlich pay'imeiits are mlade
to thle survi ving iiiies of 'the insured.
No mlore benevoslent, prusden~it anld
wise ( disositioni cain he made ofn his
hinds lby aniy husband or fit her, whole
has not. aceuiiihl~ted a comnpetenlce fssr
his wife and clild ren, than ani in vest.
imient of' par't of his annutal incoine in
a Lii'e iisiirance Policy.
~The unsifrm'i secess of' Life linsu.
rance Csompanies, sheows t hast lie true
v'alhue of' thle risk insu11red aigain%t is
well asertaiined. I1t exaiin ig the
bills of miorality alt sevenal phlaces, it
is hound that. the risk of death amiong
a lairge number' of' per'sons is almnost
in variably the same. This risk beingr
kiiownii, .he pro per premniumn for each
inss'uance is readily atscertaiin. d.
If' I le pre~nsiumu is suflicieant aand
safely investetd, the security an.I
stasbilIi ty of' a Lif'e Cornpany13 is uniques.
Stinale. As iour funds cannot, by
the ebaeracber, be mnvestead exqept iin
State Stocks ori ini Bonds or Mos (gages
oni unenenmihllbered read estate worth
three times the aunit of loan, a loss
of'the funds is imporssible.
No risks taken but u personis in
h'oiund health and of'gsod hsabits.
The amount to be insured oin any
e ife is nbd to exceed $10,000.
Thie aiiiofut inured inay be made
payable to the wife or the children of
the insured free from any clainis of
the heirq o' creditors.
lierniu may be made payable
annually, semi.annially or quarterly.
The l'rimes and Casuafires of the
Past Ycar.-We fiid in bur exchanges
tabular statements of [lhe crimes and
enasialties i3- the United StatLs duming
the year which has just closed. The
footiigs.up are as follows:
The t-,tatl aimount of pr~operty de.
stroyevd by fire is estiniated, in ro-nd
iuJibers, ut twenty.five umillions of
The numtber of persons whose lives
have been iacrificed by burning buid
inrs, is put down at 110 hundred and
There have been one hundred and
niiinl.three railroad accidents, killing
01n4e hundred aid eighty six persons,
and wounding five hundred and eighty
There have also been forty.eight
steamboaLt accidents, killing five hun
dred and eighty.seven persons, and
WOUnding two hundred and twenty
During the year six hundred and
cighty.two iurders were conmitted,
and eighty.four persons were executed
in the State of New Yorik alone there
were seventy.four nturders and fifteen
a. - ar., nL1u C3rar-rU-rs.- IV 0 give
sote iinteresting extracts frotm the re
cently published Appendix to the Cen.
sus Report, prepared by Ptofessor De
How. IL seems, from that portion of
these statements which relates to the
,ativity ofouir poputation, that the for.
eign born nutmber only about one.
eighth of tile iatives,-much the larg
Ist, p-ropirtion being in the Middle
States. The largest, imnber of -imm i.
g:alits to this country il any. one year,
was 439,437 in lo,52,-liougtih. this
-tatement is scarcely accurate, as is ore
than a \ ear is coipri.ed in the returns.
The mlost valiable crop in the Uni.
tel State" is thutjflhJdiaa 0iW-U. 9.0L
mated in 1850 at two iundred and
nnety.six Millions of Dollars.-sind
being nearly three times as valuable
as Wheat, and more than three tines
as valuable as ( oftn. Six times as
many acres of land are devoted to In.
dian Corn as are given to Cotton and
ihree times as much as- to Wheat.
The value of Butter made annually in
She United States exceedsfifty millions
There are only 347,525 slavehold.
e'S in the United States, of w1h1m only
two own iover (one thopusand negroes,
0n.y nine own over live hundred, only
ilty.six own over thr e h1undred, one
lndred and eighty.seven own o'.er
two hlundred, and fourteen hundred and
seventv.nitne own over one hundred.
The greatest nuinher of slaveliolders
oswn more than one and less thain five;
the number of this class is 105,683.
The statement of the vie upations of
the people shows that the Farmers out.
niuiber 1) far any other prifssion.
Their iuniber is 2,363,950,-while
the class which approaches nearezt to
them is that ol' Laborers, who numaler
909,786. The Carpenters stand next,
countting 164,671, atd then coie Col d.
wainers, 130,473, etc.-- Tin.es.
. 0 -.4.00'. 9.0
Rev. D~r. Baker, the wvell known
P resby teriani ninister at t he Sut h,
has now been1 preaching nearnly forty
years, dur ing which heo ha~s been en
gagedI in about three hundred revivals
Iof religion. and has been inst rumtental
in the profess~ed conver~sion of seen or
eigat t housanid souls, fifty of' whiieb
tiumaber are mninisters. At a revival
mneeting which he attended lately, he
is said to haive preached four serinons
a day for eight consecutive days.
A RDExv Si'Ian as.-Jn twvo years ar
dent spirits have cost the nation a di.
reet expense (of *600,000,000; an indi
reet expense of* $600,000.000; destroy.
ed1 300,000 lives; sent 100,000 chit.
dret to the poor house5; consigned
150,000 persons to the jails anud peni
teintiaries; umade 1,000 mniiacs; insli
gaited to the COliun~ission of 1 000
rmuirderst caused 2.000 to commit
suicide; buirnt or otherwise caused to
be destroyed, property to the atmount,
of 10.000,000; miade 200,000 widows
anud 1,000,000 orphan child ren.
A Wu.LD MAN CAtonT 1.N MAIE.
A. .Air. J. WV. McHengri, who lives
near WValdoboro., Maine, has actually
captured a wild man. On lirst seein~g
himi, Mr. H. says:
"The little fllowv tnrned a most imn
ploring loo1k upon0 mea, and then tutter.
ed a sharp, shrill shriek, resemblir.g
thte whistle of an engine. I took hitm
to my house and tried to itnduce hiin
to eat somie meat, but failed in the at.
temupt; 1 then offered him somfe water,
of which he dranik a smnall quantity.
I next gave himi some dried beach nuts,
which heata rediy nie i. or .he
height, anid his limbs are in perfect
proportion. With the exception of
his fitee, hands, and feet, he is cmQrcd
with hair of a jet black hue. Whoev.
er may wish to see this strange spec.
Men] (of human nature, can gratify their
enfrior-ity by calling at m y ho.use, in the
Eastern parf of Vt!dbbr', ihedr the
Trowbridge Tavern. 1 give these
fitets to the public to see if there is
any one who can account for this won
derful phnme iicton."- Chas. Mercurgh
REAnI2N.-Make it a rPle fd rtd
a little every dAy, even if it be but a*
single sentence. A short parnpaph
will often fierd you a profitable source
or reflection for a whole day. For
this purpems6 keep some valuable book
or paper always within your reach, so
that you may lay your hand on it at
any moment when you are about the
house. We know a large family tft
has made itself intimately acquainted
with history, probably more so than
any other family in the United States,
by the practice .f having one of the
children, each one taking a week by
turns, read every morning while tho
rest were at br. kfast.
ECLIPSES IN TuE YEAR- 1855.
There will be this year four Eclipses,
two of the Sun atnd tw', of the Moon.
The First-A total Eclipse of the
Moon, May 1st, at 10 o'clock, fifty.
eight minutes in the evening. visible.
The Second-A partial Eclipse of
tihe Sun, May 19th. at .9 o'clock. 9
minut. s in the evening-invisilie hei-e
-only visible towards the North'Pold,
Greenland., and the North part of
North Anerica, latitude 60 and-OL
The Third-A total Eclipse of the
Moon, Oct. 25th, at 2 o'clock, 35
minutes in the morning, visible.
The Fourth-A paotial Eclipse of
the Sin, Novemaber '9, dt 72- o'clock,
39 nminutes ip the afternooil, invisible
here, and only visille at theSouth
The Mammoth Lump Gold
Quartz recently found in'q vera
county, Califorpia, has been receP.t0
it weighs one hundred and sixty ad
a half pounde avoirdupois, fifteen
pounds only of which is quartz - and
the rest the virgin gold; and its vu1110
is estimated at thirty-eight thousand
nine hundred and sixteen dollars. It
was brought, to New Orleans by -a'
gentleman who, having given the five
men who found it the round. surn , of
forty thousand dollars for it,, intends
takinig it to Paris next year, to be
hibited at the great exposition to be
held there. It having been -viewed
with no little curiosity by a great
number of persons at the St. Louis.*
Hotel, has been placed by its propie
tor for safe keeping in the Bank o
A Roa'a s CAvE.-The Court of
Assize at Munich was lately occupied
with the trial of a band of robbers,
who had for some time back been coiii.
mitting a great number of robberies
und several murders. What, distija.
guished these men was that they hae 'o
lived altogether in the Gil Blas style.
They ithiabited a vast cavern in the
Sclillbinger Forest, the entranace to
which wascoicealed by old trunal of
trees. Two.and.tw~nty stops led to
the chambers below, five in numnber,.
two, of which were twenty feet long by
niine~ wide, in the kitchen wvas pilaced
a vast fire.place, the chimney of whtich
issued in t he n.idst of a thaick clumap of'
trees, and through precaution, fire was
only lighted thaere by ntighat. TIeo rob.
bers land ailso their stables and 'sto're,
houses all underground, and at the
end of a long corridor there wvas even
thund a sort of' slaughter.house, whlere
they killed the aanimaals which they re,
quired for food. The court condemn.
ed five of the accused to death, and
the others, either to imprisonment
wit h haard labour, or to simnple imfpris.
The last nmntber of the London Globe
contains the following important an.
nouncemnent, which shows that thae 96ea-,
tion with regard to thae " Jm'naculate Con.
ception " has been settled by the Bishops
of the Churchof Romne in favor of the ntew.
A despatch has ileen received in Paris,
aninouni.ng the result of the delaberations -
of the Baahiops assenabledl at Rome to cn
.ider tho eaumaaculate Conception..A'he
inumber of votes " was 576, incluiaa
proxies, and about 120 Bishops actually:
present. Ofthlese. 540 pronouncdhby ao.
clamnation for the newv dogmai-3 voies.
questioaned thte appropriteneaof en~~t
discussion just now; whilalo'f 4irta
protested both against the 9d6gnia iu'
against ithe right oft'e-oly See to dec e
a question of that. importance- withaout, a
regular council. .* Of these 4 votes, 2iy
is rumnaredl, ale'contributed by F're epchs.r
Ilates-namiely, M1. Olivier, 'Biso
Bureux, and .tho other the Arebh
OLeE BULL, offers "a prize-of 1,000
for the best originaal grand.ggier b
at 'A merican con nar aa ~