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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY4 NEWS, LITERATURE, AGRICUTURSINEADTI RS
JOHN S. RfICHlAtt DSON, Jt.
lIROPiRIETOR. -QMo- 1ER IS-$t 1N ADVA
X. X- SUMTERVILLE, S. CO., JANUARY 31, 1855 NO.1
THE SUMTER BANNER
Every Wedanesday oraImg
John S. Richardson, Jr,
T E It MI8,
TWO DOLLA RS in advance, Two Dollars
knit Fifty Cents at the expiratiton of six months
ur Three Dollars at the end of the year.
No paper discontinned until all arrearages
are PAIV,nunless at the option ofthe Proprie-tarm.
ti Advertisemenu intsterted at SIEV ENTY
FIVEu Cents per isquare, (1'2 lines or less,) for
the first, aid imif that mtin faireach subsequ,-ni
Insertion, (Oflicial advertisentiets the s-ime
3w" The number of insertieis to lie marked
'6n al I A-t vertisenents or I hey will lIe poub ishaei
intil ordered to be discontintied, atid charged
gW' ONE DOLLAR per square for a sin
gte inisertion. Quarierly and Montthaly Ailver
!tisements will be cbarge I the same as a siigle
insertion, and semi-mnunthly the sate as new
t.7 Obituarys and rriuites or itespect,
-over twelve lines, cliarget uns advertignetis.
For the lainer.
-By a gentleman att the request of Misses
A. F. and E. L. of Sumter to make themn
ith subject of some verses.
I know two pretty little sprites
And they are wondrous fair,
Eyes blue and bright,
That fasten quite,
The raptured sight,
Of all who look upon the fair.
Both have merry, smiling faces,
Where ihought. ant fecliag have their
And after seeinm one,
It is the best of fun,
To turn and look upon,
The other's heart. captivating graces.
One his a warm and.siiny hae,
The other an alhr as i shillitg ;
To see them apart,
Id enough for the heart
To feel 'tve'sj a:iart,
But to see thetm together is killing.
What's better Ilion all-they're bohli
Without over.much cooitig or billing,
Ducking, physicking or pillbig,
To lie ryed,
And like silver tried,
In ih Furnace of mt rimonial Iril'it It
Ln ws of South Citrolimas, pmssed
at time cessibet of tihe Gicamrial
Aseuably of 3851.
AN Act to nmake appioprialiois 6i
the yetar commtn ing it October.
41ne thousanld eight hundred and lit.
Sc. 1. Be it enactel by the Senate
and Htoue of Represenlatives nw me
-and mitting in General Assemhly and
by the authority of the same, Thar t me
following stims bIte and they are here.
'hy appropriated for the payitent, 1o.
the various oflicers and expenses of
tho StaIte 4 GoVCrnmiient, t hait is to Sa
IN TS EXECUTIVE DEPART.tEN---F,,r
the salary of the (Gosernor, three
thousand five itundred dolflars, fo-ar ihe
Private Secretary of the Govern r,
live hundred diallairs; loar the Mese
ger of thle Governor, t wo htundred tad
fifty dollar's; fo r the c't'inget timud cat
the 1Executtive Depsartteit, twenty
* thotisand dollars; toj be sutiject to thet
dr'aft of' the Gov~ernlsr, anmd tos be aie
conted far anal ly hiv himt lao the
Legishlture; for the rent oif the Gutv
erntor's hmoume ini Culubiia, three hun.
Sac. 2. IN TvuE LEorsATLarivi DE.
'AarTMET--Foar the paay of' the gtiers
bers of' thei Legislture, and the At-.
torntey General and( Stlicitors dturita
the p~exuent ission, twet. -onme thain
sand dollars, if so muitch be tnecessary
four the salaries of the ClJerks of' the
Senate hsnd I loiuse of' HRresenlatives,
one iliitnsandi dollars each, and to the
s.aid clerks for the services of' two as
sistant cltrksq, two hiundredl anid fifty
dollars for the~ Clerk of' thbe Houste,
anid t.wus hiundred and fiftly doillar4 li'
the Cltk of the Sentle. to lbe psaid
at tihe adjur'ntenat osf the Legislatore-;
for the satlatries of' two. Aleasengers
unnd t wo Door~mkeepers, ch fwas huna
dred anmd fifty dasllairs, to he uia it t the
adpuronitent of the Lsegi'latture; for
the salary oft the Keeper' oft the tatle
Hiouse anud Libramrians, seven's huundlredl
doi~llairs; fir Ite sailatries of' thi etliig
Clerks oft lhe Sentat e anad I Itase of
Represncti ati ves, each t wio hundrted and
fifty dollar', tos be psaid at the enid lof
the sessioan; far the ser'vices if' En
g rossing UCitrks, tao be paid undler the
directiont of the Spaenker' of' thle Iliatase
anid President, of t ho Senuate, foutr
hundired llar; foar the printers if the
Sentaste anmd fllouse of Itepriesentat ives.
in puirsuanee oft thet conatriacts~ miade'
hy' the m'ma ...si......o. both m Ious r
.title Iittousanid dellars, if so Ituch he
ece~ssaiy lr the priest iig exectted b)
:he said prititers duriig the presenit
,ssion o. the Legishitire, the sitnio
to be paid to thetir Its sooni a tie
ainount ilf the said colutracts shall lie
a-eel tailned by the Treasuire it lhe
Upper Divisii; fhr the printer ihr
printmttg itl pamtit phlet tihrin the acts
and jirnial it ith i iuses. reports
an1d restl iat ins Ig reed t -, the (Goiv
ertior's Memsllgero, re1teIis of lhe [1'esi
dent, of the Batik, and Comptir-Iler
General. with the aceollipanty ing doecle
itsets, three thotsand st-veti litildred
and lifty dollars. if Iuich lie neces
.ArVy; Proe'ided, That the nniiber it
elies spiecilied ill the proiposals (if
tle printers as Iccete(d by tie legis.
aiture, shall lbe printid and deposited
in tile lliee of ihe Trea.sur tet cfit' the
1:pper Division beltre the twentieth
ity of A pril next, aid lie auitil
to be paiu accordi t l the ptoipois:ls,
which 'iall Ile ascertainied h-v the
'Treasure-r. aftretsaid; A d firthl'er pro
1cided, That, the priniter fit the aets and
jOinuils do piblislh inl his newspatper
at Ce1ltm11tbia all the public acts whichi
imay be passed at; the presenti session
within sixty days after the adijeettini
itentt of the Legislatire; foir William
F. Artuitir, f p etent. expense< dir
ing the preseti sesionrt ot tile Legis.
latirte. twelve h11imidred dollars, it sn
much be necessary, to lie aec conted
for by hit at the Treastry, and re
ported by the Treasirer to the Gener
Il Assetm bly; fer statioiary, luel. di,
tributinitg acts, expenises (f thlie election
returits, ttirteet, Iteitdred id ll-tr-, it so
intich be iecessary; 1 ur the purchase
tf books for the librar -t* the Legis
lature, six hutiired ddllars.
SEC. :1. 14 ,UCIeARY DEPRTErNTs
-F- tlie salaries of* the Juidg'es,
Ithree thiosand di lbar cach- f the
salary of tihe Attor..ty General, Clev.
CIt limtindr'edei tdollho s; 1hr th Ie Nalarnies of'
five Solicitoirs, ine. Imuindred dullar.,
each; loir the Cihrk tife tile Co(2urt, (
Appeals inl Odiinbia, six hinidred dol
lars; lbt the -'alar (f the Ale lengCer
el the -wd 'our! at Cipuibia, twe:
hmdrte.d and tilly dollars;'uP-ovided. It
shall e tlie . ilty fi tie ee' id ite -4mes1t nger
it suitinen all . -elers (i1' lhe bnt
wheoc. .rIe'.....b.r.*f :le A.. i N
wheii their cases rmy lie called liuir tji
fil; rr the mal..v .t the, Librariani ei
tihe Gitlri n Apials in Columbii hia.
two hundred d lhers, lie sasie to ill
e tide the expentses of fuie'i; leer tiwl
trlchase eef boik 1ir ilit library ell
lie Coirt. tel Appeals at Chibia.
live hitidred dlolhrs; itr fit. wooerd attd
feiil fe'r the Court el A pe;ils at Co
h1uiet'a, filly dillr, iW sol nui eli be'
Iinec:..*r* ; hihr the salary of thIle Chi-rk
ef lil Coit oe ApeIlals ill Clharl',ton,
six hittiehed elers; l6i tle salary eel
the e--cseigeir of the same Coirt, inl
Chmalestmn, two) himidred aind lif~ty dl
har.; 1'ihr the salary tf it he ibhr:rian (1
tlie Cou (&rt Al peals inl Charlesti,
two., huendtlred ie d-lit, t irclude Ot
expense of' fue:; Ilr fire wo ae1 1*ini
el fir tle C1ort cf 4,l' Aeal; at. Cai1tles
.-11, fllty dllar, it se ii1c: lie e
e %s ; t O ter thc.e p ehaste 4 If b *ek- cin
the library l' the Court. el' A ppeals a1
Charleis' in; live had-red dear; fi
the saarv ift' the State lveinerter, tif
ive itiuedtd dollars. Atil lihe sever
al appropriationes afb-recaid f)ir tiit
Cleirks, Librarians-zi, .\IessenitgeIs, Ie
porter. miel lie the iticideiital expeniise,
el' the iCourtts cef z1pea'ls, ih-ll lit
pi 'id by~. thle lTreasuriiier ly upo wi ii ~ar.
ranets tie bie drawni by3 the l'residliee
dudgides ofl the CouritIs eel Apeal;s, at
:tichi tithes andi f'cr such poretiones as
thety hialy del'*i just akiid proert. A il
it, shllI be tiheI duty of i'.e said h'e
ty the sittinigs of the Courjtts oft A pipenbl
andit Errris in Cohia anLitd Chlarb-'s
thu, andti to reporiet. such aregeiien'ts anid
statterineits cof fiilts ias tiny bee tiecessat
ry Ite a corc. tenderst aniin eg cif ti
deicisionis oft the said Courts; for the
pay oif jurircs and conitstabiles, fort s
thouetsatnd dcillars, if so mu ich be neces
Shec. 4. IN4 Tus ITasAstur DixriAtaT
3LINT: Fo r t he salary of Ithe Cornptroli~i.
her Genteral, two thuousanid dliairs; fit
he satlairy of the cltet k ofl the Citmp
trciller GenteralI se veniI hund red andtt f
t) de lilIrs, thle said e'lei k to lbe apipoitt
ed and remiioiable at te p'l e'a'ce e cl
Ite Ceoemcptroiileer Genereal; for Cte saila.
ry oif thle T'reasiurter eof the : cewer 1)hvis.
bit, antd for triaensactintg the buisiness
oft lie ioa Oeeit llice, al I c. clerk hiire,
tweeo t'euscil deellars; foer the salairy el
the Threasure'cr cit the Uppiletr I)iv isicin
andh for ee k hirei, six teen hiuntdrted
diellarts; for' the ase.ssor cef St. Phlilhty'.
ane St,. MIichlael's fari mtakinig ccit uncd
afiitg aisst'ssmtenits. cf each returin,
ceightt huendr~ced dccllars.
Su:c. 5. F'oi Tust Soturn CAtnousA
On(.sos:~t~ Fo'r the salary ot the Pres.
idenft, of lte Collce'ge, t hiree-lithosanid
dol lars ; fhr the satlaries of' sevent
Proef'escrs cif the Ccllc'ge, two thou.
santd five hiuntdred dciilars each ; f'c the
salatry of the l'reasu.treir eof the Colliege.
five hutnd red dodllars ; for the salary oif
the Librarian of tihe College, six
Iunired dilltars ; for the salary of the
Secretary of the Biartd of Trustees.
I wil hund red dillars; for the salary oi
the Marshal ftour hundred dillars ;
tile salaries of the Pre'sidett, Profess
Ors, Treasurer and Librarii to he
paid by the Treastrer of the Upper
Division, quarterly, in advance, theit
draft. being coiuntersigned by thie
Treasulrer of the Coileg.C, ; fihr the pur.
chase of boosks for tihe College Library.
two thiousand doillars, to le paid to
the draft. of the 1resident. oif the C
lege, couinter.signied by thle Treasurer
of the sane ; lr the expense of one%
student. at tle South Carolina Col.legi.
sent by the Orphban 11 House in Charles
toll, fir hundred doillurs, Lit be paid
tio, the rcler of the tChairman iofl the
Boiar1cd of ('oliliissioners of the Orphai
SEC. 6. FOn TiE ORnisnY CIVI.
ExlPENSs i: For the paynlent of the
cinit1ingirenlt acconits of the Lp'er
IDivision, t wenty-tive thiousanld dollars.
If so mtuch bet necessary ; for tile
pay iient, of tite citingent aciuntis of*
the Lower Divisioin, t.wenty four theu
sand dilar's, i iso i notch be neces-ary
1er the Cniisioiiner to be app1ointedil
by the Governor1 to superinteid thw
Pubibt Works, (ine hundred and lifty
dolhlars ; flir tile paynet (if pensis
aid ainuities, three thousatid ddlars,
if so nuch be necessary ; for the
)aymelt, of such clairns as sliall ie
adinittbed y tile Legislature at it
piesent sessioi, twelve thoimuid dil.
a. if : , nneic iiecessary ; ;ir tile
-uprt of Free Schools, sever.ty Pont
thouitsaid fiur hiired dollars, it so
inuch he necessary, to be distrilbitted
aiuig the several districts ill th
State, ini the proportion ioif six hiid red
ilillars to caeh Representative inl the
ippular branch of the Le'gishature
tir the eduncatioin fif' the deafand duiiih
.1id o the blind, five thousand dollars.
if so lilie be necessaiy, to be paid Ill
the Cninuiiishiolers inl the saie muan
ner as tle appropriatioll ieret6ofir
iiiade ; fotr refinilint axis as directedi
by thle reports of the Coiiittei' to;
Ways and Mean", and of Finiance anad
Bainks, iareed t, by the Leniiaitti,.
t,, ( lmuidred dollars, if so :uiil li
niecestsarly : for the payment of' si 1h
ithieir claimis ii dcands (oil the statl.
:Is 1i1av be alloiwed iy the Geieral
Asseibly upon tile reports of oithes
c1'o iiiiittees, two thciti-ad live hunitidred
doliars, it' so ritutch be necessary ; 6I
coriisiensation, aecording to the act fit
cighte. t) itindred alld forty three, 1to
slaves exei uted, tw, thtiusaid doIlar.,.
i omuch he ntecessarv.
Sic. 7. F<in M it Rry Ex v Es ) 1
'11nEs For tile salairies f tile 6.i
tow iing llicers viz Adjtat a316
li tiplctor G.ienral, two th-'isand live
hundred dillirs ; Ar-enal Kl-eeper ill
Charleston, ite thiu.ul dtillais; Ar
4nial leicper and Powder Ic'ceiver at
Cluibia, at tile rate of1* thtur hititidre.a
dtell ars I'er.nni ; lhys ician 4of Ilh,
Jail anld Magaziie Giard at. Charles.
t.111, five hundre1-kd dlan Inlfor tiwt
suJppoirt of the Military AcAdern es :t
Chalest'on 3111 Co4ilhumlbia, thirty tloi.
sai.t doillars, it .-o much he iecessary.
and lie said Military Acadcemies shall
et unider tile directioinl (if the lliard ft
Visitors of said Ac.diemiies, so th .t
thet-ir siupport lthall it. exceed the said
sum, to be drawn and accounted lihr
to the- Lgislature by the said loa d
of Visitor, i, Proeided.' Tha' cach
eltectioni distric. shall1 be euit led toi
beeiiarics equl 31toi its r'epresenltationi
mi thiif liiuse~ if' lIepreset tivesc, cor
ini that propijorti on ais tatr as the atpprno.
priati oln ihr' tihe schioolis may allow;
lior tihe Ail itaily) account'11, as aigreedi to
by biothm brtanchels of the Le~cgisi~laur.
'tne hludreid dll at's, if sti itmteh be tiee
IeNsary ','Ihru the Militaryv contttigettcies,
live thiousanid dollars, toi be drawn andu
a6(counlted fihr' as directed by~ th~e
Le'gislatutre; for defray ing the ex.
pes oif A rtill e ry Comii anies thrtoutghi
ouitt tile State, Iif teent htundrted dcillars,
if so much01 be n1ecessary ; toi be drawni
and1( apipliedI ill tile manntiter prescibled
by thle act. ill r'elatiuln to that,. subjct;
ih r thle Quartermlaster Genterat, Iiv'e
hund1(1red dollar16s ; fot' the serices CoS 6
tihe SeeieCtar1y of State, durinig thetc
entsinitg yearii, for al1l03 srices ill issiluig
all Miilitarny (Cnuiissions, antd ini tiot
ofn hrge Ilgin st t State Itir
C211 onun-siots ill' Civil (Ollicer's, eight
htundcired dl larts, toj be palid as5 oither
salairies aire directed toi be paid by 1law;
for a epairlintg aitis ai6n6 arsenmal tplr,'
po)ses inl Chairieston iland Columbia1 u,
twou thoui~santd dollars.
Ssc. 8. Foic OiNisARy LoCxl. f',x
iessmrtstt..-Fcr thte sulppori' of' the
trantsienlt pootr of' Charkeston, se ven
tihiusaund cdilIarsn, to be paid to,
t hec City3 Coutel o (f Charles'tion, and1(
acuniteJ for1 hby themli to thle Legista
ture for the salary iii' tilhe Porit Phlysi
cian in Charleston, inceluding boat hire
an~d ithe1r incidental exp~enses, eight
hunlidred dollars ; for thle executioni of
tiht qluatrantine lawsc at Chatrlestont, one0
thousan4id dollars, if sco imucht be nieces.
53ar) ; to be paid Li) the City Coun~cil
-of ChaarheLn n d exna dedun...e.
heir direetion ; thr lie salary tf that
-inpeiintendent of the Fire PrOot
flulidiig itn Clharle.,ton diring tihe
'reselit year, one hiiudred dollars i fhr
ihe support of the traisient poor of
Georgetown, five hinilred dollars, ti
be expended by the Comtrtmissitners of
Slie Pouir of Winyah. to be accotn:ed
fir by thern to the Legislature; ir
tile support 4 i the trit-i.nt poor of
il~liaf'ort, two huidred do!llars, to he
expeided by the Town Cotucil of Ithe
staid tioawn, and to be accounted for by
Ihem as liretonre;lir th aai i ry of the
Pilot fit tihe I Iarb r and a if c'George'
town, thrue hunidred anIIId twenty dol.
lars; lor aidiiig the supplit tuf a ferry
sell -'lliott's G3ut, t)wo hundred dillars,
sibjected to tlie order of' the Comiis
sinners of lIoads for St. Aidrew's
Si-. 9. For the support of tile
Catabta Iidiais, twelve hundred dl.
lars, iW so much he necessary, to be
iaid to that order of tlit Iidiai Agent.
and to be expended under the directiui
oft tle Gliveli tr.
Sic. 10. Fun Puem 13unu.nSs.
il'a a coriplete tile Couit flise Air
Cheuster Dist'iet, two thousanid one
liidred doliars; tt eomplete the
Ciirt llouse for the District of
Williansburg, One thouti.iid fbur
hiutidred and ilty doillrs ; the above
automits to le drawin aid expeided
b) tle litards of Comnissioners o the
respective districts, aitid Iccounitted fir
by theti at, the treaasiry ; to coiplete
tile cOlstlucton af t ie Jail of Che
ler1ield, (ile hundred atl f'trty famr
diallars anld twentiy-eight ceits ; frir
Charlestoin Jail, ten .hotsand dollarz.
anld no anlore, to be drawnVl and ex penIdl
ed iiider the direction (it the Coromis.
siiners of Public 13uildings of the
Foat ErraX oisa Naity ExrVNDITUR tS
to eniable the Trustees -if the Col
Ieie air Clharleston tit itupiive iad
exteuid t heir 1 1) id i tgs, fi i thI iuisan d
aIlhars; lr tle aiinount, of a bIlinee
-i the C. -inni iisiasilis oi the Plor
accoutil if the exj'enditta-e oaf the
noi- -o Piur Fiud, wo hfintiriid
aid aity Lw. dlars anl ie iits,
;ao lie drawn by sai ' ( .niissionai-s.
And the dividetids that iay lie
received oil all such railway shares as
the tate inay otw i, at the tiine of
delcli ing such dividends, are hereby
;appropraaiald tO the iulilose a1' aidiig
.it the ajoeniing and clearing aut of the
Sillivani's L-htii ciatiinel to tlie port
,, Charle tan ; mid till sins arising
fraii said dividuttls shtall ie bteil iII
I lie Treasury. liable to the 41haift ()f* the
u.ltoil i iini s i tihe Sur vey of Charles.
i i larbor.
lREPes O 11o. L. Al. Kkmtrr.-The
follwiig reply was recently elicited
roin the lin. L. M. KorrI by a
reinarh iiade by "Mr. SuL.LE1s of
aryland agaiist iulification atid
"; ir. Keitt--The getleian finarim
.a\ylaild (Mr. Sliens) has initroticed
ile what lie is pleased to call tle
irtherii extreie atid the Southelin
axi trie in catnj inct ion. This, -,jr is
A mnatter Of tai-te ar.d when1 nolt conl
niected Withi anlything" per-m-nal andi
ifllsive, Ianny Ie allweil ta pass.
I Ie spoke oil nlificatitn and secessini,
aid ,aiul the Katow Nothits were
atppoisedt tao thiemt as~ violently as tat
Ahbolitiijsmi. Sir, I acep~t thle adl
mii sslion. As tmy friienda firim Virgiinii,
( Nir. 2etchter has yitel .cdIIi toile ile
lli ar ihrbi a miomienit, I shaill tinake a
"'Sir,; thea pritnci ples oif tntl ificatiaoni
have beeni illuastrnated by the niobhlest
intelleet of liy State. It hats beeni
ill ustrnatedl aii expoi undedi by Calhoiiun,
I IaynIe, NI elI~iflia', anid Prietoin, and
thiat. hoist, iiigreat inditas, whiach iuread
spilendaor up ni the ainnalns of Cairoliina
in IS . Sir, it, was a piarty oaf brav e
men01 and free tmei. In Limecs ol
trouble andl d.-mger, Sautth Caroliia
imade havy :ami.nice oif blood anti
treasur n ifhar the UnTtio n ; but wh len
insuflernable wronig waS iniflited utpoii
hen, site toiok hier safety into hter owni
htandias, andti galthered lier clil d ren
aroundia lher toi redress her wrontgs, tand
minltain her rights anid soiverei gty.
Yes, siri, she gathieredl Liogethaer sails tat
diefenid her rights. This, sir*, she did
jpenl y, it thei. etye of the sun. She
dlid not giathen themi at tiiditight hourt,
iad ini suhtaaneian caives ti coiiceal
hamr purpiooe. Ni Catiline was there,
wvith brtand andti datgger, festeringi itn
iitidtight, consiiracy, ard in senate
hall n iext dayi), when disoires waere
iiaade, prnafessinig tat be ia -' Kitow
Not hi ng." Sir, site rallied haei sonts
itndet her owit sotverign huag andi
whatever was the fate aif that flag, was
their fee. Iti this struiggie, sir, Satuth
Caroltina yielded nitt he~ir rights arid
sailereignty. Thtus mauch fori niulificat.
" Now, sir, faor secession. I wa~s a
member of' thtat party. hii 1850, I
advocnted thua pialicy of Sothl Cartli.
na internosing he Monorint . .
'hiield between her cit.zens and tihe
outrages of this golver'ilitit. The
spirit, of* resistance to Federal aggress
ion wats universal througioiut the State,
but we difered as to the " mode and
of' redress. Sir, I advocated
the policy of secession, and tihe princi
ple ly1-iig at its fulintdatioln--the
principle f State sovereigity, to
retire Irom the federal compact, and if'
you dared to as;ail us, to Itueet you
upon the open field; to mneet vou witi
bow and brand, aid fight "out the
I ariel. Sir, I owe altlegianec to imiy
State and lily throtigh her to the
Federal Governaient. W henever she
recalls that atlegiaunice. I have In firth
er cOlinectioin with the Federal
Governn ent, and I scirn yo4utr claiiiors.
111141 trample liuon youIl hozyanias to the
" Sir, I regret that the gentleman
from Maryland has iitrodueed the
nulilieatiin and secession party inl
juixtapo sition with the A boltitiin party;
blit, as lie has imiequivocally disclaimed
an) thing peronal or olleiisivc. I shall
Miake IP personal reply to him. I only
desire tosay to tile 1House that I was
at lelber of' the secessiOl party of*
South Carolina, and wioiever says
aught igainst the hotnor or charnetier
tif i hat. party I will atiswer them Witi
a muoniosy tlble.
TalE SUTIIEILN MUTUAl. LIFE IN.
SURANCE CoSIasY.-At the last ses.
siun of our Legislatine this company
was chartered and has commenced its
operations. The following are - its
Hion. W. '. DeSausure, President,
Prof. C. F. McCay Actuary, Dr. John
iICroats :-1111. V. F. DeSan
sure, 11(m. Jo. i S. Prest-n. Dr. 'M.
Laborde, C. P. AleC~ay, Dr. J. MCF.
Gaston, Jo4hn Bryce, lRichard Soidley,
Dr. Jlohn Fisher, Edwiin J. Scott.
Jaiies V. Lyles, Dr. J W. Parker.
J. M. Alien', I1un. J. B. O'Neall.
Thomias C. Perrin, J. 1'. Reed, It.
Ward, Jtilhn A.- Bra'iiv, 11. Dublin.
C. A. DeSausure, I. C. Praab-p, W.
1MmAbulinl, ,1. Willb*rd Tuclker,' Re. V
-- m Martina, !te. Wm. Crooak.
The rates adoipted ihr lisuranice are
lower thanl 11hose charged by good
Noirthern Coipanies ir resident (if
tie S411th11, tiiatigh higher than they
charge fogr persons residing inl tle
Tris ir insurting $1,000 for one
year at the age oif 30, the prtmuni.
re.piiled by the Alutunal Life 4f New
Yoi k is $ 16.33 ; by the Mutual Benle
fit of New Jerse% it ik 818 10 ; by the
New EnglaInl Mttual A (IE stol it is
$14.20; by the Ken tncky M utual it
is -.17.60 ; while by this Colipalny it
Fir insurance fbir $5.000 for the
whiole life at the age (if 30, tile preii
1ut inl the NIutoal i'Lb 1f New Yoik
is *14(.10; in tihe Mitial Ienefit of
New J ersey it is $1 -10.30 ; in the New
Eiglaid M tail of Hostoa it is $1.26.
50; ill the Kntulicky M itu-iI it is
$139.00 ; while in the Smith Carolina
Con ipimiy it is -oily A12.).00.
From thece rates this Company
dedicts olie I'harth for tie first year,
r/unuirm g oit note ihr the reductiii,
but. remiittilig it entirely. The first
p-ay:liilt fne Z;1,000 al. tile age of 30
Iir (oneC yearl' is onuy - e.7. and for a
whilte fife plicy) only) $18.75.
F'ori sublstieqet payl mieints after tile
fii'si, a r'educlt ion wiltl also bie made in
proporiait iin to thie sucecess anld profits
of the Comlpany.
Thef obaject. of Lifeo insurance Corn.
patieis is to iinake provision fir thle
widiows andt or'phiais of' thieir i'memibers.
Ev.~er'y jierson who oii n iis the Comnpanay
thiese prenChi ns an lS Iid thi ' aeoula a.
ilns at eompound111( interest, forii a
f'und out of' whiiichi pay mentus ale mad1(e
to ihe strvi viing fininifies of'the insui'ed.
No imore b~eeviolent, prudent and
wise dIisps'i tioni cai b e imaide of' his
funnds by any hulsbanild or father, who
has not aceiumtlated a comnpetence for
his w if'e and clildren, thlan an in vest.
mnt of' par't of his annui tal income ill
a Lif'e iisiiurane Potlicy.
110Theiiformil success of' Life 111s1.
iaiice Compniesii 0, sho ws th-l'it thle true
v'alun of' thle risk inisuried aigainst is
well ascei'tainied. iiy exam in ling the
faillIs of' mlor'ality' att sever'al places, it,
is found that the risk of death I amiong
a harge miiuuber' of' per'sons is ahniiost
inivariiabily the same. This risk beingr
knownI,.het pr'oper piemuim for Lii each
insur'aince is readily atscerthain. d.
If ihie pr'emiiumi is suli~ien~t and
saf'eiy inlvested, the security andi
staibili ty of a LiIfea(01 Company is uniques.
tioalel. As outr funids canniot, biy
the chauracter, be mlvested exqept, in
State Stocks ori ini Ba'ids or Moi tgages
44n tunenecumhiered reali estate worth
thlree tiames thie iaounit ofC 10oan, a lossi
of' the funds is impossible.
No risks taikeni but ou1 perstns in
sound1( health aund of'good hiabis.
The amotunt to be insured on any
o life is no o exceed $10,000.
Tie amiunt insured aiy be made
payabile to the wife or the children of
the insured free from any claims of
the heirs o' creditors.
Piemiurns9 may be made payable
annually, semi,initually or quarterly.
The Crimes tnd Ciisualties !f the
Past Yecar.-We fiiid in our exchaiiges
tabular st attmneIts of the crimes and
easualties it- the United States during
the year which has just closed. The
liotinigs.up are as follows:
Tie t..tal amount of property de;
stroiyed by fire is estimuateil, in rou.nd
unw1zi1hers, atL twenty.five utillions ot'
The nu iber of persous whose lives
lnave beeii saerificed )' burning buid
igs, is put down at one hundred and
There have been one hundred and
ninet3 .three railroad accidents, killing
oneQ hundred and eighty six persons,
uid wounding five hundred and eighty
There have also been forty.eight
stean boat accidents, killing five hun
dred aind eighty.seven perions, and'
wouiding two hundred and twenty
During the year six hundred and
eighty.two murders were enmnitted,
and eighty.fbuur person s were executed
In the State of New York alone there
were seventy.four murders and fifteen
INTERESTINo STATISTICS.- We give
Sone initeresting extracts fromt the re
ceitly publhhed Appendix to the Cen.
sus Ileport, prepared by Piofessor De
Bow. It seems, from that portion of
these stateinents which relates to the
:!ativity oftour popuilation, that the for.
eign borr number oily about one.
eighth of the niatives,-mruch the larg
t p:-'.r;tion being in the Middle
States. iLe largest, niiiil)er of imtmn i.
g.aunis to this country in any (oe year.
was 439,437 in 1852,-though. this
,tateient is scarcely accurate, as inore
than a car is compri.-ed in the returns.
The most valuable crop in the Uii.
ted States is.-thaut.ku'dian Corn., "sti.
mated in 1850 at two hundred and
nWnety.six Millions of Dollars.-inid
beinug nearly three times as valuable
iS W heat, and more than three times
as valuable as ( otton. Six times as
niany acres of land are devoted to In.
diani Corn as are given to Cotton and
ihree titmes ats much as- to Wheat.
hic value of Butter made annually in
the United States exceeds fifty millions
There aire only 347,525 slavehtold.
I'r in the Uni'.ed States, off whm only
two owni ver one thousand negroes,
41nly nine own over live hundred, only
lifty.six own over thr e hundred, one
hundred and eighty.seven own o'.er
two hundred, and fourteen hundred and
.eveitv.nine own over one huidred.
Ihe greatest nuiber of slaveholders
own more than one and less thaini five;
the number of this class is 105,683.
The statement of the tc upations of
the people shows that the Farmiers out.
11immber b3 fiar any other prioession.
Their nuiimber is 2,363,950,--while
,he class which appruaches neare.t to
theiii is that of' Laborers, who number
909,786. The Carpeiters staud next.
countiing 164,671, and then come Coi d.
wainers, 130,473, etc.-- Tin.e.v.
R1ev. Dr. Baker, the well knowvn
Presbyvterian minister at the Soth,
has no0w benn preaching nearly forty
years, dur ig which lie hais been en
gaged in about three hundred revivals
out rel igion, and has been instrumental
in the professed Coni Version of seven or
eigiit thousand soulis, fifty om' whieb
iiuimber are ministers. At a revi v.il
nieetinig whieb he attended lately, lie
is said to have preached tour serinmons
a day for eight consecutive days.
ARtDENT Si'mins.-In two years ar
(dent spirits have cost, the nation a di
rect expense of *600,000,000; an indi.
reet ex perse of' *600,000.000; destroy.
ed 300,000 lives; sent 100,000 chil.
dren to the poor house; consigned
150,000 persons to the jails and peni
tentiaries; aude 1,000 maniaes; insti
gated to the coiiiinission of 1 000
nrders, caused 2.000 to comi
suicide; burnt or otherwise caused tor
b~e destroyed, property to the amount
of' 10.000,000; made 200,000 widows
and 1,000,000 orphan children.
A WILD M AN CA UonT IN MAINE.
A. .'tr. J. WV. McHenri, who lives
near Waldoboro, Maine, has actually
(aptuired a wild mant. On first seein'g
him, Mr. H-. says:
"The little felhlow turned a most imn
ploring look uipoin me1, and then ntter.
ea sharp, shrill shriek, resemblir.g
the whistle of' an engine. I took him
to my house and tried to induco hitm
to eat, some meat, but failed i.. the at.
tmpt; I then offered him somec water,
of' which he drank a small quantity.
I next gave himt so~me dried beach nuts,
which hkont* readily. He is of the
height, and his limbs are in perfect
proportion. With the exception of
his itc, hands, anid fewt, he is cotered
with hair of a jet black hue. Whoev.
er may wish to see this strange speci.
men of human nature, can gratil'y their
e1ri-ity by calling at my house, in the
Eastern part of Wd!dbbr(i, fiedr die
T rowbridge Tavern. I give these
flcts to the public to see if there is
any one who can account fitr this won
derfil phenrnnenon."- Chas. Mlfercuj3j,
flE.tnsN.-Make it a rle (0 rAid
a little every day, even if it be but a
single sentence. A short, paragiaph
will often aflrd you a profitable source
of reeflectioi for a whole day. For
this purpbsC keep some valuable book
or paper always within your reach, so
that you may lay your hand on it at
any moment when you are about the
house. We know a large family tXat
has made itsql f intimately acquainted
with history, probably more so than
any other family in the United States,
by the practice - f having one ol the
children, each one taking a week by
turns, read every morning while the
rest were at br. dkfast,
ECLIPSES IN TUE YEAR. 1855.
There will be this year four Eclipses,
two of the Sun and Lw' of theMo11n.
The First-A total Eclipse of the
Moon, May 1st, at 10 o'clock, fifty.
eight minutes in the evening. visible.,
The Second-A partial Eclipse of
the Sun, May... 19th, at .9 o'clock,
mnut s in the evening--inVisible.hete
-only visible towards the North'Pole,
Greenland, and the North part :f
North America, latitude 60 and -GL
The Third-A total Eclipse of thie
Moon, Oct. 25th, at 2 o'clock, 35
minuteF. in (he' morning, visible.
The Fourth.-A partial Eclipse o
the Sin, November:9, dt 2 o'clock,
39 minutes ip the afternouit, invisible
here, and only visible at the South
The Mammoth Lump -of Gold
Quartz recently Found in T'alavera
county, California, has been: recei ed
it weighs tine huidred and sixty anild
a half pounds avoirdupois, fifteen
pounds only of which is quartz and
the rest tie virgin gold; and its value
is estimated at thirty-eight thousand
nine hundred and sixteen dollars. It
was brought. to New Orleans by a
gentleman who, having given the five
men who found it the round. mi of
forty thousisnd dollars for it, intends
taking it to Paris next year,'to be'x.
hibited at the great exposition to be
held there. It having been viewed
with no little curiosity by a great
number of persons at the St. Louis
Ilotel. has beenl placed by its proprie
tor for safe keeping in the Bank of
A RODDnDai'S CAvE.-The Court of
Assize at Munich was lately occupied
with the trial of a band of robbers
who had for some time back been coll
illitting a great number of robberies
and several murders. What- distin.
guished these men was that they .have ',
lived altogether ill tile Gil Blas style.
Tihey inhabited a vast cavern in the
Schillbinger Forest, the entrance to
which wasconcealed by old trunks of
trees. Two.and.twnty steps led to
tile chambers below, five in sumube',
two of which were twenty feet long by
nine wide. In the kitchen wvas placed
a vast fire.place, the chimney of whlich
i::sued inl the n.idst of a thick clumnp of.
trees, and through preca.ution, fire was
only lighted there by nighdt. 'The rob.
buers hlad also their stables and store.
hlouses all underground, and at the
end of a long corridor there was eveni
found a sort of slaughiter.house, where
they killed the animals wvhich they tre
quired ihr food. The court, condemn.
ed live of the accused to death, anld
thle others, either to imprisonment
with hard labour, or to simple imnpris.
The last nuinber or the London Globe
contains the following important an.
nouncemnent, wIch shows that thle goes-.
tion with regard to the " Immaculate Conl
ception " has been settled by the Bishops
of the Church of Rom~e in favor of the new.
A despatch has been received in Parns,
announcang the result of the deliberations
of the Bnihops assemibledl at Rome to ce..
sider the [nmmculaute Conception.'-j''he'~
numbher of " votes " was 578, inohidiag
proxies, and about 120 Bishtopm actually
present. Ofthese. 540 pronounedlby ac..
clamation for the new dogrnit-42 tdilces
qucstioned the appropriatehied ot'fr's.
discussion just now; whilo'euly 4 'votj
protested both against the o ddgma'.ti'
against the right of the-H~oly See to deckde
a question of that imnportanco..without a,
regular council. Of these 4 votes, 26.1~t
ms rumnoredl, are contributed by French pre..
Buretux, and the othier the Archbi4~
Jiaris h mtself. -W
OL.E BULL t. ffrS prigg-o *10
for the best original grand p y
an Anmericat coafmpre 44o