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TIll SUMTlIR UBANNEit
J. S. RICIARDSON, Jn.
W. F. B. IIAYNSWORTH.
WEDNESDAf, JAN. 31, 1855.
Agevntsom or fle Bamnaier.
The following persons have been ap
pointed Agents and are authorized to re
ceive, and receipt for, all sums due the
Sumter Banner. Any person wishing to
become a subscriber to the Danner, by
handing them their name and address will
have the paper forwarded prompily.
They will alsosee to forwarding all ad
vertising business connected with the
W. W. WALKER J.,..Columnhia S. C.
S. W. WHITAKE1,..Wilmington, N. C.
W. F. B. HAvsswOnr, St'rville. 8. C.
W. S. LAWTON & Co. Charleston, 8. C.
No other person is authorized to recoipt
for the Banner.
jgy- Persons wishing to see us upon
business connected with the Paper or Law,
tan find us at any hour during the <lay,
at our office, just back of 0So.omoss' New
Store. r All letters addressed to the
Banner must be pre-paid to insure atten
We publish this week, upon our
outside, "an act to Iake appropria.
tions for the year commencing Oct.
1854." It is a long article but will
doubtless prove of interest to many of
our readers, as affording a solution to
the inquiry. What goes with all the
nionies raised by taxes '? The People
are interested in this question and we
have thought it well to let them see
how their money has been disposed
Govermanent amid Aiexation.
Wz percieve that the change in the
President's countenance towards Cuba
and the Sandwich Islands, &c., has ex
cited the ire of those who have been
tion of those charning localities. The
New York Sun taunts the Govern.
ment with cowardice, and intimates
that our commendable spirit of enter.
prise and speculation is held in check
by fear of foreign anger. We find pro.
phecies pouring forth from many quar
ters, that England and France, when
they dispose of the Eastern question,
will interest themselves in the aflitirs
of the Western world, and show them
selves by no means fivorable to the
continued stridings of the universal
Yukee nation. These predictions are
either based upon. or are coiroborated
by, significant intimations given by
both governments. of the extent of the
alliance between those two powers.
If the President's course has been in
fluenced by such reasonis, it must be
that he has learned, in advance of the
mails, or is prescient enough to fore.
see, that the Eastern wvar will speedily
terminate, by the agreemet of the lie.
ligerents upon the propositions alrea
dy given to the world. The strife wilt
either cease now or be indefinitely
protracted. It seems to us unreason
able to form any other opinion. The
Czar declared himaself ready to treat,
upon the four points, as they have
generally entitled. Willingness of
thte allies to treat, together with
their construction of those ba
ses of treaty, hlas been ere this
comtmuntcated to the Czar. Al.
most simultaneously with these pacif
ie motions, preparations hiave been in
determined progress for a more bloo
dy, than ever, exhlibition at Seba~ta
pol, of the energies of war. Should
the Czar's answer be negative. or eva
sive, tihe terrible scenes which will
have been~ enacted in tihe Crimea, will
inflame Europe to a fury deaf to paei lie
counsels. 'Ihe assault repelled, and
vengeance will be thte cry of every
heart in the allied emipires. The as
sault successful, the victors will hlave
but stepped on the very threshold of
conquest, perhaps att the next mnomnent,
to lose thleir footing.
Althouglh our President might lay
himself open to the ridicule of some
by his retreating before danger ; if
interference wvith us is to be at conse.
quence of peace in Europe, and if the
President has been astute enough to
foresee peace in tile signs of tile times,
we wvill have a hligher- opinion of his
political wisdom and prudence than
we have hitherto hlonored himn with.
We admire his staunchness on some1 of
the great Democratic principles ; but
in some of his foreign enterpriees he
has been hasty, untimned, injudicious,
unstatesmanlike. He has not rightly
prepared means for the accomplish.
. ment of his ends. But on this occas
sion, he will have recovered his lost
grrnjd. If his offiee shall expire with
olfi addition of ot her realms to our
* vast empire, yet he will have preser
ved that .empire entire ; he will not
have drawn upon it war, with its
rnents tanl d commereial embarrass'
inents, and will have wielded power,
if not for the advancement, at least not
to the injury of the interests entrusted
to his charge. At this crises change
is not fickleness, nor prudence cowar
dice. Our country needs peace for its
restoration to full vitality. War
would prostratc her varied interests.
At such a time even slight premoni.
tions shokil not lie disregarded,
and should discourage all who
are prudent, from enterprises,
doubtfil as to their expediency and
hazardous as to their consequences,
Or such a character do we regard va.
rious of the Governmental measures,
aid we are glad to see them retreated
from f1r any reasons. But we think
that these are not the chief motives for
the abandonment of purpose. The
President can form no better opinion
of the probabilities of the Eastern
war thati can any of our astite cotton
buyers ; nor is it probable that even
a speedy peace will leave the allies in
possession of such a superabundan ce
of warlike spirit and en;ergy as to ill.
Cline them to hostilities with us, uni.
less they are provoked to it ; nor do
we believe that .ny thing short (of
serious pmovocation could sever the
cotton lgaments which bind us to.
gether ; but we think that our Gov.
ernment has gotten the better of its
bo) ikh longings and has wisely determ.
ined not to shake down the fruit until
it is ripe and desirable.
For the Sunnier Banner.
Time Cadtaire of tioe Gape Viane.
To the President and Members of the
Nuter AgricIltura! Association.
Gent/emen: It is certain that a large por
tion of this State is well, if not admirably
adapted to the culture of the Grape. Our
own observation enables us to speak with
contidence of its successful culture in the
vicinity of Sumterville;-especially in re
ference to the Madeira Grape, though two
or three other varieties which we have cul.
tivated have succeeded neanrly as well.
For the last twenty years we have culti
vated a dozen or more vines, aind during
that time by a regular pruning every Will.
ter, and an occasional manuring, we have
invariably had a fine crop of Grapes, with
the exception of one year, whein our "leai
and sullen clusters mourned the rage of
Eurus," and our vines produced only the
half of an average crop. Both the bunches
and berries of the first crop after manur.
ing have been of unusual size.
To emrkure a good crop, the vines must
be pruned every winter. The proper time
for this work is during any of the ihree
winter month.s, and there is no plant cul
tivaled for its fruit which requires .o
nuch pruniig,-but with one or two gool
Iruning knives, which may he ha-l at I
:Gravely's, Charleston, the operation is not
in irksomo one. The eyes upon aill l
>Ad wood. that is. all the wood except that
)f the previous situier's growth, should
ie pruned off, as such eyes are very un.
3roduict ive, and the nutriment which shtoots
Iroim them wvould require, would be bette'r
sestowed upon mo~re produtctive portions
>f the vine. All the braniches which have
perishted should lhe plrunled away close fronm
he portion of the vine froma which they
proceed, so as to leave not a remniant pro
jectinig from it, and where sound shoots are
too mulch crowded together, one or more
(choosing thte most inferior) shlould lie
pruned away in like mnannuer. The eyes
tn the shoots of the previouts summer's
growth are the proper fruit-bearing eyes,
antd such s hoots, wvhich usually grow to a
length oIf from six to twenty or mtore feet,
shtould be shtortened so as not to leave
mfore thian throe or fotur eves, or fromt six
to eight or tell inchtes (if the'shtoot, leavintg
the vigorous sho~ots a little lower ihn iheIt
more feele orres. Otte or two oIf thlese
shoots or branches, htowever, may be left
much longer, wvhen it is desired toi extend
thte vine t o a greater length . The shoots
produced biy these eyes wdil eacht (willh
few exceptions it the vmne h is been stili.
cient ly prunmed) produce as many as thtree
bunches of Grapes ;a few prodtucing four,
antd atbout as imanyv only prodlucinrg two
buncehes, so thait the pirodutction of tile vinte
mtay be estimtated by counting the eyes...
The suckers which make t heir appearance
as soon as the yvme begmti to pult forth its
shoots, shoulid be removed by lirst remnov
itng the earth fromi the roo~ts, aind taikinig ofl
the suckers close to thto root fromi bich
they proceed, ,houight the whole suicker
will often comb til by hilling. All of1
them shioulid be removed, excepit when it
is dlesiredI to save otto or mtore foir ntew
vies which shuiuld be donte every live oir
six years, and whent old enough to pro:htuce
a goodt crop the oldi vintes shotild be cut air.
By this mmeains a successiont of young and
proliic vintes may lie provided troim the~ ohi
roots wvith bitt little piains, \Ve dloubt
whlether the qtuntily or ttmlity of the frit
is ini a degree afl;ected by time age of the
roots, and ore wvell assureid that roots
twenty years old are as productive as
hose five years (ld; but it is impo)(rtat
that young vines shotl lie re irei! front
thtese older roots. About the samte time
tha t thte stuckers are removed. should anty
eyes hut forth from the othter porltion ot
theo vine, they or rathier the youing shtst
which proceed fromn thtemt should be rub'd
We have adopted, successsively, t wo
modes of mnannireing our Vines, which aip.
pear to be equally eflicacious. The tirsi
is that of removing the earthI to a distance
of about four feet from the vinte all liround,
and to a depth of air or eight inches,.so a
to form a sort of hasin. This is done by
first removing about t% o inches of the sur
face with tie hoe, and then to avoid injur
ing tho small roots as rnmch as possible by
breaking up the earth below that depth
with a gardner's trowel. or what is better
a strong wooden blade an inch and a half
in] width made otit of a shingle. usingr this
instrument in a mannter sitnilar to the
operation of spading, and renovingr the
loose earth by hand. By these meant the
small roots will become exposed without
much iijury to them The basin is then
nearly filled willh good Imaure, and a lit,
tle earth thrown over it. This work
should he done as early as the month
of January; if defer'd till late much
of the sap of tihe vinte will fow out
from the wounded roots. We have used
strong stable manure well crunihlcd, coim.
hilled with a small glnant ity of ashes, with
good efTet. Another mode is that of
breaking il the eart I to a distance of six
or eight feet from the vines, and to a depth
of about three inches, and then sprikl nig
the manure well crtiibled over the broken
surface and raking it inl. There is no (Ian.
ger of the vines not having the full benefit
of a ianuring so near the surface, for by
removitg one or two inches of ihe surface.
innumerable root lets will be exposed ; these
which are the proper feeders of the vine,
a cend from larrer roots below, and with
their iouthis or spongioles (a sponlgy en
largemoent at the ends of ihe small roots)
absorb sui elenmnts from the soil or na.
nre at the surface, as are needed for the
nitrition of Ihe vines. This habit of sus.
taiiiing itself is not pectuliar to tle vine,
but is necessarily the habit of all plants
which feed upon the soil. The adoption
of these simple means, hais ensured perfect
success in the culture of a few vines
and can there be reason for aiotibting that
the saie ieans would ensure equal siuC.
cess in the culture of a great iiier?
A word ul aboi Arbours.-It is generally
adnitted that the lbest is a straight, open
reice, constructed by placing posts int the
rrround, with narrow pieces of board from
mne to the other about n foot or eighteen
nches apart, low enough to adimit of gath.
!riing the fruit, with ease, by hand, and of
nasily disengaging the vine, or reaching
?very part with thel pruninlg knife. Such
toa arbour fieely admits the sun and air.
;ides ainy be exposed to the action of the
J. S. R.
We have been requested to state
hthat all official communications to J.
Eli fregg, Esq , President of the Wil
in ngton and Manchester Rail lload
Coiipany, should be addressed to hium
it Wilmington. N. C.
AN Eaas.:N1-.--Our Siett
ias been honored, to day, boy a visit
rit Ma ter J. Sinclair Baker, "Tic
Americait Mfocking Bird." This ex.
r41ordiay boy (12 years of age) ex
ibiL.ed inl our hearing the most rem ar
(al and wintdertil theultv, Cor. imti
ttiig the singing of all ;ianier of
)irds, we have Iver seen or iteard of.
A t. our reguest, lie im ii tated the mock -
ng bii d, t he C2aunary atid ILed lih d, t he
W biippowill, antd quite a numiaber
>f' othei s so prfectly, that we
ould not ha~ve told that it was not the
ai rds themnsel ves siniging abot our
ars. had we tiot seen f'romt wihenee thi
zounids proereded. 11 is pterformantice
wvas truly wonde.rfiid and well worth
itt.esn a s a matter oft curiosity.
We were intformied, too, that. lhe is as
~rent a Ventriloquist as ant imitator of
birds and thtat Ito sinigs remtarkablyv
well, Hie, in compianiy with the re
nownted "' fnfgant Drunmnr," are to
ge an entertainmttt in this place on
Satuirday at-i Monday ntext.
The1 exlibit ionts, we live noC11 doub lt,
will pove'i interesting to all who ttay
witness I hemt.'
ptrizes are worthI conitentdin.t for. TJhe
ext ract is mtade by i le Cliirleaton Stanad
ardh fromt the list oft prizes offlered by the
Soothlerin C2entral Agriculturial Society,
at lie late meet ing ini AtlIantta Ga. Theu
list cotamais some forty prizes, aill the way
fromti $50 to 85 in vatlue. A pitcher worth
$50) is ollered for thet largest crop (of cot.
tori produced on two acres oif uplan td; ant.
other of the samte valuen for lie largest
crop upout two acres of low lantd; also, two
$50 prizes for cornt grown uiider the samen
cond~litionts. For theo latrgest qutanitity of
Inmdian cortn grownt by anty white bity un.
dler sixteeni yeart, iif age, as otfered a piatenit
lever waitch worth .925; for the best tweui.
ty ha les of uplanid or Sea Isbitid cottoin,
ocr Sea 1sfland raised on upland, $-2.
TiLo CoNTRuuuUTOibS.--We acuknowlI
edlge the receipt of several paretty
pieces of ptoetry whiebt shall fintd a
ptlace in outr coluams ias soon as pIossi.
Tuis. WE.vrin.--Uting thte last
four or five days the weather hias becen
remiarkatbly ehiangeableo, uaid most of'
theo time very coldi, with some clouds
F.nt.uiax oF MAns.-We have re
eeivued nio Chturheston exchanges for
Moniday or Tuesday. lThe catuse oif
the fatilture, we ar~e t.t a loss to contjee.
ture, unless h. be aniot her dleranageentt
of" the mail1 commun~itlicatttins.
Keep out of debt.
The Courier says: Messrs Capers 4
Ileywad sold on Thursday at auction thir
teen negroes, including four children tin,
der seveni years of age, at an average of
A gang of sixty negroes, belonging to
an extate, was sold on Thursday, by P. J.
Porcber, at an average of 8515.
McCormick, who was stabbed by Craig,
in Lancaster District, on the 16th inst., di.
ed of his wounds on Thursday evening
The ipanish Government is said to look
very coldly on the Engiish proposals to ena,
list soldiers for the war. The Duke of
Sevillano succeeds Colorado as Minister of
The North Eastern Rail Road has 35
miles under contract for Iaying iron, to be
tinished by the 1st of July next.
By the last accounts from Italy we
iearn that a riot broke Out recently among
the laborerp at Carara, and the city was
placed in a state of seige. All the at meis
in the hands of the rioters were ordered
to be delivered ill.
The Government has received letters
concerninr lie condition of the IIon. John
Y. Masor., from which it is concluded that
though not recovered from lie deplorable
attack of Paralysis under which lie satik
not long siitee, lie was somewhat better
than when the previous steamer left Liver
pool. It seems to be t.ken for granted
that he will return to ihe United States,
var at ing tie French mission, as soon as lie
may be a ble to travel.
Sir. E. T. Barnes has invented what
he terms a- "iembossing telegraph." which
is cimiied it) postsess (ilities superior to
all systems of telegraph heretofore inl use.
Messages arb primed in a clear Roman
character, and tire sent to correspondents
from the slips on which they are received.
A very severe and destructive storm is
reported in our Northern exchinges, as
having visited the north on the 23rd inst.,
and lasted 48 hours. Nuch damage was
done to veveral of our ioriheri cities.
The roofs of houses in rone instances were
torn of, trees up rooted, window blinds
driven in with great fury, fences prostra:ed
and Rail Road and telegraphic intercom.
municatin interipeil for the time.
The old chapel building of the South
Carolina Collegn, and the adjoininig e:st
wing, were totally destroyed by tire on
Saturday morning. The fire originated in
the roof near the Cupola, and was caused
by a detective flue. The wind Ilowing a
gale from the northwest, rendered all
etlrts to save tie buildiigs fruitless.
The los is estimaled by the " Times " at
825.000. The furniture of the students
was mostly saved.
There has beei considerable excite*
iein'ut in Alij;my, N. Y.. iin conkslleeice
of the athniolic priests having been char.
gcd with dest roying tooks of a religious
character giveni to the children at the
A inebhouj.se on ood |aat. mr teah
ers, said to have be it appomted by the tm
fluence of lie prie7ts, and actitig under
their directioi, seized lie books and de'
strovel them. A cotmiutee, appoiited to
invest igdte thle tia~tter, repoirt that ihe boo ks
we re presenited to the bhild reni by a Pro
testanit bdty, and were takeni from thtemt
anid destroyed by the "tearbiers," as ha~d
tbeti alIleged. Part oh thle hooks were
sourrenideredl upo d ema nd, andl thle others
were forcibly taken-3Mr. Shebian, the
Caithohe tcmeachier, telling ite chiildren, whien
they cried for the lows or their books, that
they were "pison atd hltd tire.'
The annnailImetting of the Wihnington
antd aanchiester Rlail Road adjouirined otn
Priday eveninrg. Th'le utsual runtinte or
busintess wa tr'anisactedc. General IllarIliee
having declitied serving as Presideint, 31 r
J. Eh~I Gregg was elected ini his stead.
Alessrs Noitr, Taylor, Nixont, Walker,
Simithi, IIa rIlee. Chai~irles, MceCall, Mloore
an ml~ildriow, were re-elected iurectors.
It wvas decided to locate the workshops at
'The Wulminigton I eril itnforms us
hat a p., ir of shiad were canight on Thulmrs
day last, at that place, anmd sold for S:R. til
t hoeI first f the seasonl.
Frotm the satmoe papier we also learn that
severa' robberies have recently been coim.
niitted ini that city. Oti Sitntday night t he
room of the: Jailer was entered by a buir
giar or bur..lars, andl lis ptocket book con
tainting $ 157,50, lying witinn three feet of
his head, was ta'en bi y lie rogues.
'Thte residence of a goentlemaan o.i ;ird
street was likewise entert ed the samte eveni.
itng, liut the rogne was detected ini time,
buiit suicceede'd iinialitng Itis esca pe,
Th-ie no paer adds "w heard ora sitmiar
case list veek, where $ 100 was takeni
Sriom the portmionn iaie of a citizen whltile
TPi irty-six woe oft Otseg AlIleganita
county, 31l.c higan, hlast week Iormieid t hem
selves ir:to a party. armed tIemselves
with atcheu i Its antd pick. axes, an tmaii.rchted
in a body' to th Itoitel of mthe place arid the
phlices whle re Ihqurors atre sol, andi itide a
compiulet e wreck of' thle decantters and
dentnjohn is anrd other l ignor ntetnsils. lIn
tone oir two instanices they rolled barrels
cntauming ligntor into the streets antd there
broke thetm openi nedt let the hignior flow
There was aotrher meeting of unem.
Iplayed hiaborers anid miechaniics of Newv
York, ini lie Pa.rk, on Thursday mnoring.
Ahotit eight huntdred meni assembled, and
it win.: (d:rved that they were it more ini,
telligenit and~ respectable class oif men than
t hose who hive comptlosedl the meet ings on
prevrons occasis. Speechles were maude'.
in wvhiich it was said that the peopjle did
not want the cotemsitt of soup kettles or
any other such charities, but rather se
mana of hont cminyumcnt.
According to a letter from Florence, the
Dominican monks are in open rebellion.
They flatly refuse to receive the decission
on the immaculate conception from the
oracle of the Vatican, and with the cry,
" Equinas to the re-cue !" are preparing
to do battle against the Franciscan or
Jesuit defenders of tie doctrine. Such are
the first fruits of the much-vaunted exhihi.
tion of Roman Catholic unity, as revealed
in the monstrous sentence of the Pope.
The Archbishop of Florence has summon,
ed tlhe monks of Santa Maria Novelle
before his court, to defend themselves
against the charge of contempt of Papal
A writer in the Boston Journal thinks
that of the three hundred thousand children
in this country who die mnder ten years
o f age, at least one hundred thousand
might survive, but for tlhe eff'ects of sale,
ratis. Ile relates a curious story of a
sickness in a board-house at Williamns,
towim, Mass., caued by eating bisenmilts
puddinrgs, &c., full of saleratus. Out of
lifteen boarders, thirteen were taken sick,
and were confined a long time, two of
themi died, another barely escaped death,
and the others recovered after severo sick,
ness Prof. Tatlock and Rev. Mr. Craw
Cord, who ate but little of the food, esenped
The Savannah Georgian gives the
weight and dimensions of four turnips
raised in tlat State. When trimmed of
their tops the firs'. weighed six and a halt
pounils, and measured twemnty-usx and
three-quarter inches in circumferncce;
the second weighed n me and a half pounds,
and measured twer.ty-six and three-quar.
ter inches; the third weiglmed ine and
three-quarter pounds. and measured three
amnd a imiIf inches; the fourth, which was a
Ria Bg.ig, nmeasured twenty.live inches,
antd weighmed eight punds. Can South
Caroinia beat that ? If -Smunter can, send
mon your turnips to the Banner office.
It is said that at the present time the
American Orders in New Jersey number
not less than 23,000 members. Of the
present Legislature, they have six mem
bers in the Senate and twenty-six in the
house of Representatives, naking thirty
five in all. The orders are four in num
ber, but the mai one has onte hundred
anm fifty suhnrdinate councils, while all the
others are small inl comparison. The fost
iinportanL of these inferior orders will
shortly be consolidated with the main one.
On Tuesdny inst, S. Al, Booth, of Mil.
watikie, convicted of assisting in the es
cape of a fugitive slave, was senltenced to
pay a line of 81000 and undergo onme
The Catholic Almanac for 1855 gives
the following statistics of the Roman Cath.
olic Church in tie United States.
There are seven Archbishops. :33 Bish,
ops, 2 Vicars Apustolic, 1701 Priests, and
1624 Churchies-showing the increase of
thoe past year to havo been 2. 'Binanp,
12 Priesis, and 112 Churches. There
are als,- %G.s nIMirSMioary V tatio1S. 2) C-0 i
leges, 117 Female Academies, and 37
Tile'llo-eal Semlin'rnes, which (Including
those who ire mtudying abroad) are trmin.
ilg tip to the pri.!stlhood nearly 700 young
Thie Samvannahm Republicaim says-A
imani calhu mg himself ibnm i i.ammonn~. was
arrested Samtmurday morining, b~y 101. M1.
P'renmdergmst of this city, dinharged with
offering to sell to hmiim (3Mr. P.) a slave
naimiidt Saim, abl Johnmiim, said to Ibelong tim
lhe estate of Samuel Gomirdine iof South i
Carulinma. It is allegedi tha t Lnon of. 0
fered time s!ave fir t ait $701), then at $600,
andl finally at $500). i s suspicionl being
aroused, .air. l'rende rgamst arrested him,
when the prisoner confessed that lie
bmroughlt the negro ofT n Thumrsilay last
biy time Chiarle.mtn Boat, arrivimg here on
Satummray. lie has beenm comuiiiited to
jail, where lhe awaits lime reqluisitin of
mtme Governmor of South C'arohmna.
Tme pronoml gationi of the dogma of time
Innaculate Concepntion had beeni celebra.
tell thrughmnt time Italian States with a
Wem learn fmom time Blamck Rirer WVatc,,
man~ t hat fully one fithi nf time ci' y of
Aiamchecste-r, situited at tihe WVestern ex.
trenmimy oif time WI. & MI. . R. wats te.
striiyed by lire onm F'riday night !aet, T1 lie
lire originanted in a woonmm tenmement ill
Ite lower part of time town ammd not withn.
stambing tile exert imits of time lireneen, proi.
gressedi steaddly unitil time whmole oif tha~t
part of time town below depot Lanme was
Thne extenlt of time lssm has not been aic.
curately estimated. There was no0 in.
suance. Thie tire is beliered to be time
work of a vile imncenmdmary.
A Mr. Perkitns, time Sonn of a gemttlemman
who~ silme years amginil mentedl amid estaib.
imahed in bimLundo a steam gunl, profecsses~
tom be able to sumpply time lumnghshm govern.
mnut withm a steamm gun capable oft throw
tng a baill of a ton weight a distanmce of
five miles. "If such a gumn was lix. dl,
says aim exchanmmge "inm Brminnel's largy
shilp of 10,000. tons, Sebastopol wou~ild be
destroyed wit hout losing a sinigle itmn,
Late accoutnts fromn time Cape de V7erm
Islanids represent time inhiabita,ts to be
actually onm time verge of starvationm. Them
dirouight lins totally rined their crops, anm
they have no produce left wmth whmich tc
putrcimase food. Air. Alartimns, time Unitem.
States Consul in thmat locality, makes n
strong appeal itn their bnehalf to time chnarmty
of Lime Ammercan peopile, to save them I rota
It is said to be an itndispustable fact, thma
takinig time whole United States togethmer
mch immore imoney is exponded for the sii
gle article of cigars than for all the comn
mon schools in thnJ~min
By the Lantest Mail.
The latest accounts from the East
inferm is that the Czar had uncon
ditionally accepted the four points of
the guarantee and the interpre'ation
thereof, as explained by England,
France and Austria. No ianistie,
however, had been granted, and hos
tilities continued unabated. The seige
of Sebastapol was unchanged and there
were rumors of its capture but the re
ports did not gain inuch cre dit. Sar
dinia hald joined the Western powers.
Otnar Pacha had gone to the Crim.
en and the Russians had recrossed the
Danube. invaded the Dobrud-cha aid
retaken the cities of Tullseha atid Ba
The proposed mediation of the U
nited States ir the present dilficulties
excited much less attention thain inght
hvye been expected. The Londf n
Tianes trelts the question with great
candor and fitirness ; and subtinits ilint
the United States iust all. w that
such an Afl'er of mediation miay be de
chined int a special case and no disre:
spaect be ifilnplied. It is free to on
party to ofl'er its frieidly services, aid
equally free to the other not to ae
A i unior was in cireulation that the
Emperor of Russia had sent an auto
graph letter to the Emperor ol France
inaking proposals for I'eace.
In Gernanny terrible itmidations
fromi the Elbe. 4'cciried. Ti.e dam
age at I lam1iiIburg was esitimtted alt 40
000.00 11:i as, anldl at I la.iover in uch
dainiiage was done and many lives
Janes T. Bradv was brought be
fore Ju1stices Ilart and Roselil, in
Savainah, on Fl iday last, oiI the
charge if s,-ttiag fire to a stable on
tile prerceding night.
PricEs CUnRaENT OF THE
Corrected weekly by
W. S. A atlol & Co.
FACTORS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Charleston, S. C.
CITAtLFtSTON Jan. 30.
Cotton.--Upland. 7a9c, Inng Staple, Sea
Islands, Common 20a35c,Fine, 37al5c and up.
w nrds- Finrils. i90t fn , O-ma ...~ c
a33c and upwards.
Rice.-$3 25a-t 50 per hundred lbs. Flour.
-S9 50Ma l per hbl. Bagging.-Dundee,10 1-2
al2c. Gunny, 12 1-2al3c. Bacon-llama 10
aiSc, Sides 8alic, Shoulders 7a9c. Butter
Gushen prime 2-a2fc, Inferior do. 12alG.
Cqfee-Cuba lOalla, Rio 9 1-2all 1-2c.
L R Al N-Corn-Common quiaLtiuies $1 05a
1 '0. Flint $1 15al 20 per bush. Oats scarce
and risin*, 60a65c per bush. Peas scarce anl
rising, $1 05al 20 per buyh, Hay-Eastern
S1 25 per onie hundred lbs, North River $1 22a
120. Molasu-s-GCuba 20a22c, New Orleans
C. PH11 IL I PS,
O FFERS F')R SALE, a large assort.
me-t of Clothint! Drv God-. Ior.
fumery, Groceries. Can:lies, Fruits. Smoked
llerings. Dria-d Apples, Toy.s an.d Fancy Ar
Stiees. Also Glass and Putty. &e.
N. 1'. a large Stock or flosirry, Segars,
Tobacco and Snuff, For Sale, and Low for
Jan. 31st 1855. 13 tf
I fy W.LE WlII, E sq., O)rdinaary for said
plO e o un m for betters of* Admninistraion,
oan allI and sinigul'a :r itie goodls andl chetlels,
rights aind creitors of thle late II. L.
RtirIell or the said Distric't. decease-d.
*These tare, itherefore, to cite and adnu'n.
ish all amnd smi'ul ar, thle kindred and
creito' rs air the said. deecetar, to, ba and
appe-.r before mue at our neCxt Ordinary's
Couri for the saidl District, to be honlden at
SnmIner Couart Iliouse on Fridl:ty th:1 thh uif
Februmary in st., to show caiuse, if any,whiy
the said adan nistration shoulad not be
Given uander my hanad andl seal. the
31st day of Jainuary in the year
[r.. s.] ofl (oir Lordl one ihnausandl e ght
hauindred nad fiftay-five, andia in the
70thI yea r of Amaerienno Inudepenid
en1ce. WY. LE, WV IS, o. s. n.
T IE FIRM of IIN & CLAnx.usos. heore
tofoare existimg, is lifas day di'solved biy
WVe return our thanks to our friends and
Custamers faor thei very liberat patronaige ax.
iendedl to us and haope the same will be con
tinued to the new tirm of
CLAltIKSO' & IfhUNSON.
We most respectfuilly twag all who are in
dlebledl io usito coime foirward awlt make imme
ditate paymnent t . either of iha undersigned, as
we are comapelled to have money..
I1. .J. WV INN.
S. E. WV. CLARKSON.
Jan. 1st, 1855.
STTIJE undersignedl have this (lay form
edl a Copartnerilaip undter the name and style
aif Clarksnl & Itrulnson,. an't will continue to
carry tin the Clnthaing andI Taiiloring hnisiness,
in all its branchles. at the oldt statnd of Winnt
-& C arkson, where we will be pleased to have
(oar frieandla, and the public generally, to call
anal examaine our stoctk, and haope by strict at
teionl to busineiss, to merit a continnance of
thme slime patronage so liberally extendet. to
Whmtlf & Clairkson.
S. E.: Wv. CL A RKSON,
WV. UT. BRUNSOIN.
W~e wIll sell oifr a portioni of the
presenit stock of Clothing, at first cost
for cash. CLA RKSON & B R UNSCN.
JIan. 25t h. 13af'
R eal Esateafor ala.
The anbcwrier off'ers fair sale nior plainta
11ion sitnated aboiut three miiles from Man.
cheater depot, on the WVihuniungton nnd
Manichen'er Rail Roud. There nrc two
hund~tred and thi'tv.twvo -eres in the tract,
one hundlredt cleared anid tinder fetnce and
ther rest werll timnhereda up-landl. The sit
uation is a very healthy and desirable one,'
On ille plremiises are a tine d welling house,
bart, stables, kitchmen aund other oaitbnil.
ings, an~d an excellent wvell of water. 'The
terms are very onnoxmig ad easy,
andt will bn madle knownt(i in applyinig at
this office, or the sbhscrib'-r on hier farm,
twvo miles belowv Sumnterv ile.
Jats. 4' 185 i 2 if
Fresh Garden Seeds,
2000 papers, Warranted:
T i1 LARG EST id best 'isort
i ment ever brought to ibis market. At
Wholesale and Retail, by
Jmn. 31 tif PERRY MOSES.
'BROWNING & LEMAN'
IMPORTERS OF .
Freesel, Briti.t and Gert
209 and 211 King-areet corner of gCpr.
CHARLESTON, 8. 4Q .
K EEP constany (in hamil, and oflet (a
their friendlnda thp pubrPflre erallv.
Ilh e Inrgest an~ortment of FOltEUGN AND
D01 ESTIC DRY GOODS in the Souihevn
States. Their Stock in consiantly- upyjd
With n full aitortnentoI
Rich Dress Goods,
Of all the newest variety of sty e and
In SI.KS, TISSUES, BAREGES,GREN
ADIN ES. MTUSLINS, &c.
IIOI AZIN ES, ALPACAS and MOURN
ING GoODS. of all kinds.
EtBIlOIDERS and LACE GOODS,.fr.
EV ENI NG DRESS Goods in every variety
Geuat c'u<-eua-' sed floyes; Wear.
CLOTriS. CASSIIERES, VESTINGS.
.INEN DRILLS and COATINGS,of best
SATINETS, TWEEDS, JEANS, &c.
FOR IAMIIj USE.
ROSE, WIVITNEY and BATIr Blankets.
REED and WiITE FLANNELS.
Englisdi ani Amenri an PRINTS and CA3M
BIt I CS.
JAN ENS, of Richardson's celebrated make,
for Shecetings, Shirtings, Pillow Cases, Tattle
Damasks, Doylies, Nalpkins.Tolwellingo. B.E.
Hnckahack Linpers, fruit Cloths, Grass Do.
Apron Linens, &c.
INGRAIN, 3 PLY. BRUSSELS, TAP
ESTiCT. and VELVET.
BRIIS1 and AMERICAN FLOOR OIL
CLOTHIS. % ILTON, VELVET and AK
White ani Cokired MIATTINGS, of all
STAIR RODS AND STAIR CARPET
INGS. of all kinds.
Of every variety in SILK, SATIN AND
CUlTAIN CA31BRICS and MTSLINS.
EIJIIIIOIDERED LACE and MUSLIN
CURTAINS. GILr CORNICES, CURTAIN
GIMPS. HOLDERS, LOOPS, TASSELS,
DRAPERY CORDS, BELL ROPES, &c.
BLANKETS. PLAIN KERSEYS. CAPS
COTTON OSNABERGS, of all the best
All of the above, with every other line or
DRY GOODS which ean he demanded. are of
fered at the liwe.t market priee. FOR CASI.
or City acceptances.
gS The ONE PRICE SYSTEM is strict
ly ad lered to. All Goods are warranted, and
all Orders fulfilled with prumptness and the
most careful attention.
Jan. 29 136m BROWNING & LEM AN.
A fine likely woman, satiout 35 Id.
Is a healthy, strong hand; and i
tonsed to field aod buttse work. aIs
Jan. 24, Ib55 12
Eighteen Likely Plantation
BY A. It. PILLIPS.
On; the first MONDAY of (5thi) Februa
ry, I will sell, in front of the Court loie,
inl Columbija, at 11 im., 18 likely plantation
N EGROES. accustoeed to the enltivation
fd clitot ndl proision. Or thegang
there is butt one 0' Cr 3(0 aq~d butt t wo uder
1I years of age, the balancge between .14
Tierms-,mne hair caath, 't he balnce 12
mconiths' credit. lor 'aypirive.l endorsodl
no tes, paiyable act thme Branich Bm ik in Co
lumbiia, with interest added. Purchasenis
10 paty tot pape~rs.
Jhan. 24, 1855 . .-12 S
Land for Sale,
TIlE subscriber oil'ers for sale his tract
of' land cotntatining 784) acres of up land
and 80 1.2 acres of swamip la nid, lymng on
Sante.e swiimpj, nuear Fulton. On the
premnises are ai Saw lli, Cotton Gin
atnd Screw, all in repair ; also a comnforta
ble udwellitng and all nlecessanry outbuild.
igin renair. Thle Up) hands and Sa&w
Mall and Dwellitnir are sit uinted on the reoad
leading fromn Catilen to Vaince's Ferry,
sx miles weat of Rtamsey's Depot.
J. WT. WEEKS,
Fulton P. 0., S. C.
Jan. 24, 1855 12 3m
Dr. WV. JIAS. DAltGAN take. thies
mtetheod f infoirming theose persons who
may seek his protessiontal services after
niighttafl, that he tmay be round upon the
premises recently ocenp:ed by Mr. J. RL.
Log!.an, tnear the residenice of' T. J. Dmn
kins, Esqr , and itmmiedeately in the rear
of hi:s offi ce.
Jan. -24, 1855 . 12 tt
Don't Read ThisIli
All persons indebted to the Ftrmi or W..
Jaw. Dairgaun, & Co., are requested to,
iiake iemmiediate paymeent, ats we will lodge
all papers with the proper authtorities on.
the ti.,. daoy of March tnext for collection.
Ef This is poseive,--we cannot give
Jan. 17th, 1854. 11 If,
WVatchiinean Copy. if
Coghian & Gay.
LACKSMl'IIS, Engineers, Machin-a
Bists nwl General Mackanice. ifTer
ilheir services to thetr friends-and the pub.
Terma Cash-Or, when it is convenient
nnd safe to open necounts for patties, they.
muut soetl up at the end of each qtuarter'
i.f the year. either by cash, discount or
neote. Our business will he strictly enn..
ducted on this systemn during the present
T. J. COGUILAN,
R ED.\IJN GAY.
January 17, 1855 Ii1 I
The ubscriber having completed his ar
rangements for making Sash, Blinds and Pan
n,-ll Doors hegas leave- to lnform'hisfriede andi
the pubelic, iihat he Is prnpand t ineunish at.
ihort notice,. Said- of all eeaxei primed and glaued.
Ilhoda to uenit any slzzewlidoway palmuted or noil,
andI Pannell Doors of Any ,iwe or make. a por
lion ofjipublie patronage' s rseufully solicited.
Ills work Is all done' byid and out, of geod
Enuierlille A nail 121 -1S& t if