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]DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, ]NEWS, LITERATURE, AGRICULUESINEADTEX
JOHN S. RICHARDSON, JRt. -o-al ursotu
PROPRIETOR'.E M -- 1
VOLa lXo SUMTIERVIL LE, S. C.,) FEBR UARY 7, 185.
THE SUITER BANNER
Every Wedaveday tlorakimag
lohn S. Richardson, Jr.
T1 E R M8i,
TWO DOLTA11 itn advance, Two Dollars
an it, Fifty Cents at tIle exiirationm of mi x months
or rhree Dollars at the end of tihe year.
No paper miscontimued mitil all arrearames
fire rA It,nnmlemS at the opIn ion oftlie P'roprietors.
flE7' Ai vertisement;s inmerited at S KV ENiTY
FIVE Cents p er sqare, ( 12 lines or less,) for
the first, andI half that sin for each mubseqiiinn
insertioni, (Oflicial adivertiteiments tie ,ne
t-jr The number of insertionis to he marked
on all A-1 vertise etie ts or ihey will be publisitihed
until ordered to be discontinued, anil charged
gg" ONE DOLLA R per square fora sin
gle inslertion. Qnarterly aod 31mithilv Adiver
tisenents will lie e iaurge i tile mumne as a single
insertion, atd eni-nmonthly the same as new
aP Obitnarys ari Tribntes of Respect,
over twelve lines, chargedl ns advertisemeniti
The M cas 0ries of thie Past
'Tis Night ! and day's fierce eye hath set,
And limoely from yont tree,
The Whippowill, in sadness yet,
Sings her harsh ltllahy.
'Tis Night ! and men'ry on the wing
Leads fowrth ier misty throng,
And back recalls each valued thing
Mly heart has cherished long.
Tho, on whose arm tmy head reposed
In lil''s unconscious hours,
'Ere yet my sickly frane disclosed
Its future healthy powers.
Thee, first does faithful Memn'ry bring
A more th-in Mother Ihou,
Who nursed tme i life's early spring
Can I forget thee now I
Whocan forget the eye whose light
First sparkled in his roid,
And cheeretj him on, when shade amid
Hung o'er his patti abroad ?
W1hile Mem'ry owns her um:igic powers,
Forget it, he who ran,
The love that nursed Iis infant hours,
And reared him up to man.
And, sisters-brothers ! ye are, ior,
Here withl me at her call ;
A heart.that once rejoiced with you,
Still foindly loves you all.
What though ye are estranged by years
From the far distar.t one,
What thouguh your hearts have lost their
For otne who stands alone!
'Yet once again around the hearth
Of childhood's home we stand,
AnI Meni'ry paints tile scene of mirth
'Mid our unibroken ban?.
Abum ! our fodest hours are gone,
And I, forgortten, tread
My pathway in the world alone,
As numiberod witli the dond.
PWriIFICATIe .-Mr. P. G, Soy, re.
siding iear Germainttown, Ohio, ini
eAumtin thL e bo1C dies of his witi, his
granchild, and other dece ised mem.
bers of his finni ly, froim a burial gro umt
on his farm, inl order to inter them, i,
the Ge manitown Cemetermy, Ithuind tht
ths ibodies were all imore or less peta.
rilied. The wife ha-l beeni buried
twenty foumr years, bat the bomdy was
in an excelhlent stalte of preservatio in.
Up. n am tL close exaimintion,~ti it wat s imtid
that the remains wouldi nmt. give way
uinder the preCssure' of a piece of boar'd
which one of t ho gemnt-lemeni phlaced
upotn thle corp-c ; anod this strtange
cireummstanee led] to still fur-ther- ini.
vestigatiomn. The shr-oud, mand indeed,
all the coveting which wits upjon the
body at th.- timie of itrm.ment, twenty
four- yeats ago, had disappeatred not, a
vestige of them remnained. The bomdy
was perfciCt, except the rigt.leg, fr-oum
thie knee to the* antkle'jmit, where the
flesh seemend to have wasted away. and
hiay at time bottom of the cohiin in a
substance resembhing sand. W ithi
this exception of decaty, the bmody anmd
limbhs ex sibitedi the samte perfeetiiess
of exterior they dmd whent life amid anm.
imation were ini the body. The body,
ideed, had( bmeen petiiled ! It was
by somie stranogo quality of the eathl
and other eauses of which we cian forum
no cojectiure, turned into stone oif a
drab, or'tu mre promperly spenikinig, fleshi
*cohlor ;. and thet chisel omf -thme atist
*might immitLate buiit, culmd no t, maike so
close aj resenmlance to t he ' humimanm
fortu di i hie."--Ca rest'on Mercury.
A fls~urrwus. Frsowscn.--The Dah.
Yi u.ta; ntve oif the marttshes omf Peru,
naal was- inamned aftemr Da:hl thme fatimos
- Mwedjhil bmtangiist. II, is nimmrme than
thirty~earnie at-(i-s intromduct ion intohI
-a'.nit , ahf1ra-4 Ih~ inis .ii th inersah
fhvord %a~Ii-i t a.ui The hnher of
(y the Editor.,
JDasel I jsog.
Ir every ago, an1d among every peo.
ple, men inflamed by anger, have
round i congenial feeling in assaults,
more or less ferocious, according to
the circumstances, upon the persons
and lives of those again st whom their
anger was directed.
The tendency of human nature is,
;Ud always has beeni, towards the grit
tification of an1y passion which may be
excited. The i:flusei en Vhich society,
as it approaches nearer to cilighten
ed reliiement, exerts, is of restraint,
upoi till the passions. Every man
who has at all observed his awn emo.
tions anld( impises, should, in hi ; calin
er mol(lnenits f(eel grateful toProvidence
fbr those various restraints which have
so freqient ly prevented acts, either of
6a dly or madness, whose coise-queunces
might have been. to ot ers, wretched
ness, to hinself remairse. How many
t man, whose hand is now unstained
by blood, can recall occasions, whell
but for some apparently flortuitous,
really providenial circumstance, he
m1iglt no1W have "' mur derer" burnt in
upon his conscience. Flaom the time
when Ca n was sent forth, a disgraced,
wretcled, panic striken wanderer, men
have Iown tsat the frown of H eaven
rested upon him who in anger raised
his hand against the life of his fellow
man. The teachiigs of expelience
warn to the same restraint swhich the
commirnand of' God imposes, and sho w
that not only holiness, buth appine::n,
denands the practice (if that di vine vir
tile, FoaGsIvENESs. "To err is human."
It is riuch less difliult to act or speak
40 as to ofeisd than is to please.
\ hat a slanghter pen would this cirth
beerm;3 if tho laseaial passion, szoger1
so frequently excited, 'pEhips each
day of evr s liet. were permitted
Lo in1dulgeo itUeV1 -1 acts suiited to its
niature. firde., repeated till the
heart would sicken, would n tihe re.
4t. tlth Great lder aover Heaven
:id earth directed that "by main should
his blood be shed wot she'ds the blooid
af tmal." Imid iiexorable Necessity has
f.rced mankind to suibeiet the divine
lirection. Tile fiearfi penlty of death
Is been held ip bef'ore the anigry pas
sion to fright it from the deed. And
if the sword of Justice be escaped,that
fI lumanilty which is withih the man as
well as in the imilliis of the univer
sal bratherhood, has its death peinalty,
more linerring than the other. ]in ma.
1iy, manny, solitary, liviig deaths has
the doom (of the first manslayer been
terribly realized, since the black (lay
whcaa murder first was dune upon the
earith. Mirder has fir its companion
IIorror. All thik has marked tile
history of man. 1low then can the
Il, and its place inl human history,
its faaundation in hinanim iature, be
explained ? Can lo.d, shed in a fair,
t'ijtal cosntcst, be gathered up again to
reaimtatte him fromn wihiose heart it has
poured fiorth ! Is the wifec less a wid
aw, are clild ren less orphans, is the
dea'h l glioom to survivors less oppress.
ive, because the husband( anid father
has beeni struck~ fronm life, not by a
satvtge, unlseen, alssassin), but lby ans
ad versary full in front, ealhnt, cour
posed, observant, to the nicety of a
hair, of tihe rules of etiquette ? Is the
fallen one less destroyed, less lost, tio
the joys of this lifei and the hopes of
the lie to come, because the combs at
was desiberate, pilanne~d out, and he
tihe slain becanse lie could not be ti
slasycr? Is the killing donie with less
determs.nationm, less mailignsancy of
lpurpaoso, lbecatise tihe slayeor haszarded
his own life~ for the opjportunliity to
commluit the deed ; and ean thlat, which
comnprises both murder and anicide
witin itself, he less in enlormuity of
crime than either '? A las for poor
hllnman natujre when it is the enliht.
ened, the ri-fined of msankind wvho an
swer " Yes " to all these questions.
Originated in an a-te when superstition
assigned to tile Duiel, the pious office
of dlecid ing the Rlight and punishing
the WV rung ; when 4~ God preserve the
Right " was5 the cry as the door and
the redresser of wrongs closed in upon
each other in deadly comnbat, and al
believea lsht hei11 ... :.m~ ... wa
that defeat was visited upon the guilty
one-it has conic down to us disrobed
of its superstitions investiture severed
from pious justice-a game of hazard,
in which the injured one may have
fearful odds against him, and the stake
the life of one or both. Tihe mn111 of the
Dark ages, who believed that Heaven
presided over it and awarded justice
by its result, should not be condemned
by those whose ignorance has beei
enlightened : but how canl we pirdoni
ourselves? Do we believe that by it
wrong is punished and Right re.
dressed ? No such pious superstition
sombres the inild of this age. Then
it had its foundation in the confessed
inability of human tribunals to read
the secrets and detect the guilt of the
heart ; and the Great arbiter, to whom
all secret things were known, was
invoked to imake manifest the truth
by the issue of the comilat.
Now that reason does not support it.
The duelist. of this (lay knows, if he
thinks at all, that God, unenvoked, is
there, but only to be insulted and an.
gered by the violation of his own coin.
mnandmnti. The duel now is, confess.
edly, no Court of Justice. The chances
are, perhaps most frequently, in his
faivor who has spent a life in insulting
and injurinig,-and has skilled himself
by practice in the art of destroying
those who resented the wrongs done
But it is absurd to reason and des.
cant uipon this subject. Common sense
ruvoltA at It. Otne who really fcels a
wrong or insult may be willing to
hazard his life for the chance of re.
venge. It is but a chance, he knows,
but life and its concerns thei seCem as
oingcopared with the ttratticatiio
,of hp ; A m l li
. rong-dler may Ieet lom eithrcl. fr1on,
a wish to injure him more, or fromta
recklessness-or freqtuently from fear
of what the world would say were he
to refuse satisflIetion. And this ver%
far is the cause of many duels. Men
tear to do right by making acknowl.
SIgements anid reparation when they
have done wrong ; the others fear to,
do what God himself does constalitly
towards miian-shov merey and ihor
ive--; misiundrstandings and difficeil
tIles are complicated and inflamned until
they end in blood, because of fear that
the world will sneer at their waur. of
courage and spirit. A chivalrous ill
stitution to be propped up by fear!
Duielling is really the most ridiculous
absurdity of the age-if that could be
called ridiculous which has destroyed
so many thousands, not .nly of repro
bates. but of the really high sou led and
neble iniided. To treat a man like
a geitleman when you are about too
kill him because you say lie is not one:
to give a a Illeans and opportunity
to inflict an irreparable injury upon
you, because lhe has already inljured
you :to~ be can and composed, when,
if your feelings at all consort with the
act you are about to commit, your
heart is boiling over with hot wvrath:
all this muay be very fine and chuival
rous, but it is unnlatural. An angry
oman, 'when lhe acts naturally and with.
suit affecLt ationii, assaulits his foe i nmmedi
ately anld withI violence ; his feelings
force himi to correspond ing action-he
uIses no soft, words, assumeis no easy,
iiglifferent manner, but looks and acts
tihe angry man. Yet for him there
are laws, that will be enforced too.
Should lhe not be able to meet his in
jurer then-should a day, though it,
may not abate his wrath, yet delauy his
vengeance-thenu tihe law against miur
derers wvould be enforced in his case.
Let hinm receive the same injury, de
lay his revenge for as long a time,
avow his purpose ; deliberate, mnalig.
nlant, calum in his resolution from the
knowledge that a quick eye, a steady
hand and superior expertness will ena
pie him to kill his adversary as safe.
ly to himself as if he too -ere not
armed-and the laws of Honor will
shield him from tihe penalties of huis
country's laws. Ought these things
to he so? What justifies juries in
distinguishing between these two cases
in favor of the latter ? 'The one " not
guilty "-the other "'guilty."// Does
theolaw jistify thonm? Doe. Crn.
non Sense I What lifts from their
consciences their solemn oathI We
labor in vain to imagine a reply.
Thue plainest of ill murders is the one
most easily found to be no murder.
What bloody delusion is it which,
upon this subject, has so crazed the
public mind, that it makes void the
laws which Heaven declared and 11.
inanity approves, makes that honora
ble which is the highest crime, and
declares that chivalric which is unnat.
ural and affected. And hov much is
eaich individual, whose sentiments on
this matter go to make up a public
opinion in favor of duelling, answera.
ble to his own conscience for the
perpetuation of the practice, fur the
lives it has sacrificed, for the suffering
and anguish of heart it has caused, and
for the perversion of moral sentiment
it has efvected ! How many there
are, especially of the youthful, who,
in the unreflectiveness and impetuosity
nat -ral to their age, become colnpli
cated ir. " alIairs oi honor," that find
themselves, almost, unconsciously, car.
ried onward by the ponderous ma
chinery of the institultion to Whe dread
consummation ; oft times facing each
other with deadly weapons in their
hands, but with no malice In their
hearts-one perhaps to fall, a victim
to false principles of honor, the other
to lead a life of bitter regret. We
feel convinced that, in the majority oi
tal duels, it is not the unhappy sur.
. ivor who is the real murderer, but
Society. which by its perverted moral
sentimneitt has set in actiun influences
mechanically, as it were, 01lu.iye l
the disastro.s effects.
We ask not to b r .'oned Ail
hlavmg;, thout thus 11.1.9
1icOt Vi iti. - ver r n ll
ier of the e m' g ,b.,u'd be irtt
rested in) but we feel that, peTrhaps
we have trespassed by the too lengthy
expression of our imperfect aind ran
bling thoughts. The considera ion el
the subject at, this time, was suiggested
to ts by the following which we take
froi te correspondence of tht
NEW-OaLmANS, Jan. 19.
The duello has at last been decreed
a criimne by ajury. Juan Psages, who,
as I mentioned in my letter of yester.
day, killed some three years since a:n
tither Spaniard, named Juan Paster,
inl a duel with knives, has been con
victed of manslaughterf by twelve ir.
partial citizens. The verdiet, thoughi
tempered by a recommendation to
mercy, conscqient ont the chivalrous
manner in which Pages coniducted his
portion of thte afle4i r, by givirg ttp to
his adversary anl advantage which lie
had in weapons, yet establishes it
precedeit which it is to be hoped will
have a good effect in deterrinr mnV
fron in such horrible htel.
cries as have iat times disgraced this
sectioan of the couMItry. " Up to this
period," says the Crescent, " it has
b~een next to) impossible to obintin a
jury that would Lolaviet in any case
whtere a fair duel had been fought,
notwit hstatndinag the numuerouts laws
hat have been incorporatedl into ouri
statutes that hav e been passed by
different Legislaitures on the subject of
We have thotught this a fit time for
these cotamnents, because there tire nto
conitemnporamneotus ci rcm stances te
which titey cstt be aplied, and we
cann-,t therefore be charged with per.
it concluding we would, to corrobo.
rate our opiniton as to where the sin
lies, advert to what has been stated of
litnois: that the survivor of the first
anid only dtuel in that State wats con.
victed of murder by thte Jutry. It.
stopped there. Shall this degenerated
feature of' the Dark Ages longer dtark en
this enlightened age ? It is for the
mecn of the country, the sworn Juries
of' the country, to say when it shaltl be
INTER Es8TISo S-rTTsTnCs oFTtE PaIES.
IIYTERIIANS. -laltimore has otne Pres.
byteriant communicaetnt to 118 of the
poptulation ; Philhadelphia one to 78
Pitt~sburg one to 47 ; Richmond one
to 59; Louisville one to 25; Nash.
ville one to 22 ; Chiarlestoti "tne to, 50;
Columibiat, S. C., one to 35 ; Mobide
onte to 45;NwOeasoet12;
Cincininati' e en one to 1 28
Edwvin Blarnes was elected Sheritr of
Kershaw District on the 22nd uit.
Traspiautilg Fruit Trees.
nY 11. C. VAIL.
The autumn is a favorable time for
making plantations of hardy trees,
such as apples, pears, cherries, quinces
and plums. The more tender varie
ties of fruit trees are frequently set
out in the fall With) success, yet the
spring is the better senson for remov
ing the peach, apricot: nectarine, and
even the plum.
The taste for fine fruit is becoming
more general, and we believe that as
men become more civilized and refined,
they will give a greater share of their
atte,. tion to the cultivation of the soil
-particularly to the propagation of
fine varieties of fruit. Thousands of
acres of land have been devoted to
orchards within a few years; still the
price of fruits In our great cities is
probably higher at the prepent time
than it was ten years ago. even it we
allow for the scarcity of fruit this sea
son, which has caused an advance in
price. In short, the public taste is
rapidly undergoing an edicational
course. which renders it almost an im
possibility to overstock the markets
with good fruits at remunerating pri.
Fruits should be grown more ex.
tensively for home consumption.
There are hundreds of farmers whose
families know nothing of the luxury
of' having abundance of fine fruit on
their own farnis; who probably, never
plucked a lucious pear or a ripe, blush
ing peace from a tree of their own.
Too often we see a few fruit trees
carelessly set alongside a stone wall,
or in some neglected corner where
they never receive attention, instead
of having a field set apart and cultiva.
ted especially for the production of
fruit, which may be thus obtained in
any quantity and to suit the taste of
the most refined amateur.
We are highly gratified at the in.
creasing demand for fine fruits, and to
notice the number of trees sold annu
al!." I- "r leacsug nurserymen. We
e .euually rieved *to witness the
wrek unior i'ihiiiTl
of them are placed out, under the
nmuiire of settimg, which is ver% proper,
fair they are set with ro more care
than if they were posts, or some other
lifeless thiing. It never seems to en
ter the braiis of some people that a
tice is an organized body, possessed
of vitality, aid the roots, etc., acting
as conduits for supplying the means
of sustaining its vitality and increasing
its mass. Such is the case, however,
and therefore, after having used tihe
proper discretion in selecting the right
kind and quality of tree, as to vigor,
form, etc., thu best mode of transplant.
hig should be understood and acted
upon. Lake two plots of ground of
equal size and transplant trees, equal
in every respect, into both. Plant the
one with care, the o.her in the ordina
ry manner and at the end of ten years
the for ner will be so far superior that
no amount of care or manuring will
bring tie latter to the same state.
Those persons who are about to
transplant fruit trees would do well to
observe a few facts. Nurseries, in
which trees are grown until large
enough for tie orchard, are generally
in excellent condition, the soil made
rich by frequent and plentiful manur.
ing, and kept clean by cultivation;
hence min removing trees it is well to
se-lect as fer tile a soil as possible in
which to set themr. Trees should nov
er be pulled or twisted out of the
ground, but always carefully taken up.
If necessary to sever roots, it should
be done with a sharp spade or other
pr'oper tool. Care should always be
taken to preserve all the sirall roots.
foir they are invaluable to the health
and prosperity of the tree. Exposure
to the sun and winid will so shrivel up
the roots as to unfit themn for the per.
fihrmanice of their regulaur functions.
Ihundreds of trees are Jost annually
f'rorm this cause alone. All injured
roots should be removed carefully,
with a clean cut made by a sharp
knife, the tops trimed just in proper.
Lion to the mutilation of the root.
The practice of removinlg all or near
ly all, the top of trees tnraplanted is
injudicious. The leaves are required
to perfect, their organization, and these
are more readily developed on the
yountger- than on the more matured
portions of a tree. The holes fbr the
reception of the roots should be spa
cious--fromn four to six feet in diame.
ter, and ntever less than twvo arid a half
feet in depth. It must be recolletetd
that if the spot where a tree Is to
stand be not well prepared before it is
sot, it never canu be done afterward, and
that their roots extend wider and deep
er than those of' ordinary ero ps, henee
the soil must be loosened to a greater
extent to enable them to travel without
hindrance. The soil remotved from
the bottom of the hole should never
be returned to it. Its place. must be
supplied withI that of a better guality~
W here rich earth can be ,readily ob~
tainesd, tharsu~rface 8ol1 about thw hole
may be taker'off and pface It and
ihe subsoil removed from the hul.
aiy be substituted for the susface soil
so removed. The exposure to sun and
sir will so ameliorate its condition
that it will soon become surface soil.
It is an excellent practice to place
bones, horn piths, woolen rigsr leather
shavings, and other refuse materials,
such as old mortar, bricks, etc., in the
bottom of the holes as a deposit of
mateinis for the future use of the tree.
Ifa hole be dug near a vigorous tree,
and a fresh bone be placed in it, at the
end of a year the bone be dug up, it
will be encircled with fibrous roots
thrown out from the tree and feeding
upon its substance.
The field devoted to fruit trees
should be underdrained, if wet, for
no tree can do well in wet, could sour
soil. We would advise the deepand
thorough underdraining of naturally
dry lands a p, actice. which is. now
pursued in England with great success,
and which we have not the least donbt
would prove an excellent investment
on American farms, particularly on
those portions which aire expected to
yield so abundantly as orchards.
Deep and sub.soil plowing must nee.
essarily precede the transplanting of
trees, for with the exception of the
middle portions between the rows of
trees, they can not afterward be done
thoroughly without great injury to
Compost manures are best adapted
to trees. Unfermented, concentrated,
ammonical manuretare highyly inju.
rious, disorganizing the spongioles and
rendering the tree unhealthy. Large
amounts of mulch, river or pond mud,
turf, sods wood, mold or other refuse
vegetable matter prepared by the use
of the salt and lime mixture, or char.
coal dust, nixed with ordinary ma.
nures, or with guano, hen dung, or
other concentrated fertilizers, may be
used with safety, and should be min.
gled with the soil, not placed in im.
mediate contact with roQts. -
Trees never should be set deeper
than where they grow in the nursery.
WanyiT ag; they-tzould stand an incsh
-r two higher. to allow fotr the set.
ding of the soil, which will leve them
at the proper depth. Care must be
taken to give every rootlet its natural
position, and when all ready, fine
mold sprii.kied over them, so that
every crack and crevice may be filled.
When properly covered, a. flew quarts
of water thrown on fron a broad spout,
so as to give the streams a flat, thin
form, will carry the soil about every
root and insure success in its future
growth. The practice of shaking, re.
commended by many writers, is ex.
tremely injurious. We know from
ample experience in pursuing both
methods. During the operation of
shaking, the roots are drawn out of
place and are left in a cramped posi.
After having carefully planted a
tree, set a tall, pliant stake near it,
and make the tree fast by means of a
wisp of straw, or a soft tow string, or
strong bast matting. The object in
using a. limber stake is to give the tree
an opportunity to move when attacked
by winds, and yet remain firm enough
to prevent being uprooted or having
its roots drawn from their proper
A mulch covering of loose straw,
coarse litter, seaweed, coarse manures.
spent tan bark, stones, bits of boards,
chips, etc, placed around the tree, pre.
vents rapid evaporation of moisture,
and thus enshancos the likelihood of
success. Trees may be freely watered
when mulched, but when not so treat.
ed, it often does much injury by com.
pacting the soil an~d preventing the
access of air.
Diluted guano water, solution of
night eoil,. improved superphosphate
of lime, and other conmcetrated fertili.
zers, may be applied to trees with
profit at almost any season of the
When gnano alone is used, it should
be dug in the ground in the fall, so
that the autumn and winter rains may
dissolve and distmibute it through the
soil, and destroy its virulence before
the season of rapid growth commences.
Should it comae in contact with the
spongioles in its concentrated form, it
would result in their destruction.-...
Superphosphate and improved super.
phosphate of lime are valuable as
application to fruit trees of all classes.
and may be used at any season with.
out fear of evil results. Indeed, fine
fruit cannot be grown without the pre.
sence of phosphates in the :soil, and
we have every reason to believe, both
from theory and actual experiment
that the use of the soluble phosphates
is productive of the greatest benefits.
to fruit trees of every -description.
Probmably this best method fusr wa.
termng trees is to bury a pic~co (or two
fsetiles; with one poInt below.the;
y of the tree anid the other cordiing
to tLe surfacee of th6 grqnund ottfaed
a half or~ two feet from ft ' tV il
at dry and all' seadons WiI
safety. Oher. plans. may, angs,
themaiSelves. to the iflgoutut,ivtr.
Ois word - concerning ,dwprf pear
trees. In selecting pear tres,graflid
7n quince for the purpose of d.wiafIMjg
them, be careful to choose those tf.
ed close to, or even beneath the sue,
face of the soil- When grqaftedg on the
iuca above the surfaco. thdy ar
subject to destruction irem high:4tads.
h precautioi in selecW y
vent the loss of i'ihn, besid64 the p
may throw outvyoiinyIobtie't, aid')ti
time be-growing on.ita-1 r1ots
The tap root of the quince should b -
cut out, for if left it wil soon di ed
and leave tie tree i an unheAl!
GAs TAR is UoanxcuLTunE.- --
clip the following fiom obe of qar ex.
changes. If true, it is a usefuldiCOv4
ery and well worth trying.
From Galignani's Messenger, IM
quoted in the Franklin :Institute' fQ"
December, 1854, we learn th Idi.
covery, which is likely to be- f aru
advantage to agriculture, has iech fe
ported to the AgriculthialSoviety at.
Clermont, France. A gardeeir.wihose
flames and hot houses re'red n
ing decided on making C l ibhak
as likely to attract the" heat 1.ette.j
and from a principal of Ocsomyr -i
made use of gas tar instead ot blai k
paint. The-work was performed dn
ing the winter, and on .tiaeg proacli
of spring the gardner %as surptr d
to find that all-the spiders andlinsectq
which usually infested iied
had disappeared, and also thici.; e>
which for the last twO, y -l
fallen off that he had inte'd1
place it by another, had 4dduffA
force and vigor, and gaire eve i 9a,
of producing. a large aro
He afterwards ued: the s
stance on. the posts and trellis
which supported the tiera in th p
air, and met with the samei: lj, s
All the caterpillars and othi, unse
compledi disappear.ed: SIt i
that simiaiexpprimcnts tavelr_
made in soine of thevisteyards m h
Gironde, with siaiat resuelte Ve
commend these facts to Amerda
horticulturists as equally 4pplicile
to other growths than that.of t. 11y".
SIa WALTER SCOT.Thee ias a,
strange story now floatin os -:the
great sea of literary tab .a
Nothing less, let me tell you, tha
that an unpublished fictiornr By r :Sir
Walter Scott has turned up, and will
be published in Paris, .where it was
foutad. The story runs, that arich
old German, who lived in Paiisrwhen
Scott visited it in 1826, hid &A.:gi
.mania for collecting autogmap
wanted otie of Scutt'$; that .Anui
Scott give him the nunuserApt ( a
historical romance by he fa"ther,
which he had determined not IL',it. 'h'"
lish; that he prized this very Iih,
kept it in a box by itself; and pronils
ed to bequeath.It to his private seoae.
tary; that he quitted Parisa g0 1880,
and was lost - sight 0; .th iir
months agoo the German' a da-g" ir'
forwarded &fie writing case rom". a
ria; that the secretary opened ud
found it to contain, ."Moredun ia 'Wale
of the Twelve Hundred ind IeTi "
that it is of the usual thmee haftoiua'
extent; that it is being tranalated'jir
publication, in the French, and-tbste it
has the genuine life; spirit~ aad~ rebitg
of the best of the Waverly-rnmances.~
-London Cor. of the N. . Sfaa
A nEMEDY Von~ WAiIh od
SHiANGHAis..-.This breed I ftl1I
very subject to a. divas& i~ ig
warts, and which some' y
call gout. It is an exce~ '4l.
appears upon, and rapidl iai,
self over the shariks; . . erg Ih t
subject very inactive and
and if not removed, ti'tame d~ig~
fatal. The disease Is speedilypaje
by-first, washing well thear f
lected with warm watel' -andr4'C
wiping dry, and thensmr
over it, a mixture .of tga ~d mu 4
'The first application oftpn --bi.
cure;.if it does afot,~ in teht day 6r
fortnight after, gaply. thie mlxtu: a
second time, and it will rarely A6.
Lord Lindsay states tlimtIar
of his wanerings aumid I9~
of -Egypt, ha abuntId4jt ~ *w
proved by its hiero h
least 2000 year li4
ing the nudra ti~
ped, he f tid-b WA
mteresedai# p *