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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, March 21, 1855, Image 2

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TllE HIMTEl1 BiNNMRI
EDIToRs:
J. S. RICHARDSON, Ju.
W. F. B. IIAYNSWOT1T.
V-WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1855.
Agents tor the Banner.
The following persons liave been ap.
pointed, Agents and are authorized 10 re.
c0ive, and receipt for, all sums due the
dumiter Banner. Any person wishing to
become a subscriber to the Hanner, by
handing them their name and address wili
,i hove the paper for warded promptly.
They will also see to lorwarding all ad
mertising business connected with the
paper.
W.WAT.EIR Ji.,..Columbia S. C"
S. W. W HITAKER,. . Wilmington, N. C.
WILLIAM HYDE,
W. F. B. HAYsVOwTII, St'rville, S. C.
R C. LoGAN, "
W. S. LAWTON & Co. Charleston, S. C.
J. RussF.LL BAKER,
No other person is authorized to receipt
for the Banner.
9W''Persons wishingr to see us upon
business connected with the Paper or Law
can find us at any hour during the day
at our office, just back of Sor.omiubs' New
Steore. U- All letters addressed to the
Banner must. be pre-paid to insure attein
tion.
SALE DAY.-il onday last was sale day.
The turn out was small, and the amount
of sales effected and of business trans
acted, was not very great.
Dagaerreot ypes.
We have been requested to call atten
tion to Mr. l.AFAR'S notice. Vo', be.
yond doubt, is the time for our country
friends to obtain good likenesses without
much trouble or expense. Court week
will bring them all to the village, and ten
minute's in Mr. LAFAR's room and a few
tiollars does the work. Try it.
07 We call the attention of Merchants,
Booksellers,., Druggists, and others, to
the advertisement of " The Croton Man
ufacturing Company" of 44 Courtlandt
Street, New York, in anoter column.
This Company undoubtedly stand at the
head of the Trade, both in qantity and
variety of the Goods they Manufacture
and Imjort, as they are constantly Man
ufacturing, they keep up a full assortment
at all casons of the year, and are fully
prepared to fill orders for goods in their
line at any time.
Acksovledgesamenats.
We acknowledge the reception of a
polite and flattering invitation, i !
pres.nt.At the Anniversary (xel-:
0ihn ondr-efTerson Society, i
Untzie.ity of Virginia, ou the 8th
inst.
The friends who sent us the invita
tion have our thanks for their kind.
Iess, and our wishes for a joyeus time
of it.
Somellaisg Fine Agila.
Messrs. IlicE 'lioMsoN, have just
sent us a vial of "Ilarrison's Colum-'
bian Perfuimery." It is an excellent
article, and mranufactturedda, America.
The sample sent, is the extract of the
Rose, and affiords us the pleasure of'
enjoying in thesa bleak and clhi ly
times, the odor usually wafted on the
breath of Spring.
INew Postal Arranaganents.
We call the attention of our readers to
the fact, that to ensure the transiisioin of
their letters ihey must be pre.paid. Th'le
new law went into operation on Sunday
last. In answer to a question frequently
asked of us, we state, that letters in part
pre-paid will he0 despatcedi, where it alp
pears, to the Postmaster, probiable that the
omission to pre-pay in full was uuinten
tiona!. In such cases the amount left
unpaid will be exacted at the office of do.
jivery.
Ouar Exclitanges.
We hsave just, received among our
exchnges, a nleat paper called the
American Register, published in New
York, and devoted to Agriculture,
Manufactures & Conmmerce.
This monthly is of' the largest class,
containing reading maItte'r to the a.
mount of a common sized volume of
200 pages. Price 50 cents per an'
ntum for single copies.
Address P. W oods & Co.. 152, Ful
ton St., New York.
We have also received at COpy of
'The Woman's Advocate," a thorough
going Womatn's Rlights paper, pub
lished at Philadelphia, and edited by
SArNE. McDoWEL, and eont~iibuted to
. reely by all the masculine ladies of'
that region. We have turned it over
to some of the ladies for their opin
lon'of its politics and its merts.--We
op'ohear from them soon and will
'We have also received the " Week'
yv Uhronical & Sentinel," a large and
lntoyosting sheet, published at Angus'
a. Gm W Prc 2. per annum.
W.orotr, March '26.-Our Gulf
8adafils'to be Imenediately augmented;
panish vessenlsh hereafter over
'hauhtw'iris lntcd an American vesseld phe
oA npl hatzd
News fross Europe.
Tle Atlantic, concerning the sarety of
which some fears wero felt in conse.
quence of hier detention, a few days be
yond her usual tite of crossing the
ocenn, arrived at New York on the 27th
ult.
Iher news is of an important character.
The Eimperor NiCoLas is really dead.
After an illness of some ten or twelve
days lie expired at St. l'etersburg en the
27th1 ultimo, of atrophy or apoplexy of the
lungs.
lie is, of course, succeeded by his old.
est son, who ascends the imperii throne
Iiler the title of Alexander If. The new
Emiperor hat not the inflexible and un
yielding temper of his hither; but. his
mildnes and afibility render him very
popular among his people. lie has de.
clared lie will adhere reigiously to the
policy and Iraditions of his father. Ii.
deed, even were he sincerely desirous of
peace, the circumtances of his situ;ation
Mould impose upon him tle ttecessity of
war. A young and unt ried rulur, and
withont the prestige which the iiame of
his father carried along with it. lie is com
pelled to consu'l the prejudices of his
1)ople) and continue the war, or for.
feit the afTections and respect of those
over whom lie is called to rule. Thor
ourghly indoctrinated with the views and
principles of hisi predcces-sor, and urged
on by national feelings which have been
dominant for the last four generations, we
scarcely see what reasons there can be,
uion which we may ground our hopes of
an early peace. For all we see to the
contrary the war may be protracted until,
the slicer exhaustion of one or the other ol
the belligerent parties pnts an end to the
coifhet. li the meantime our great
Southern staple, cotton, must be depressed
while the agricultural products 'of the
North will command a remunerative price
in the market.
In the Crimea, affhirs were pretty much
as heretofore. I'htere had been no fight.
mug of any consequence. The Russian
garrison of Sebastopol had made freqent
night sorties in which both parties claimed
the advantage. The Englhsh and Frencli
accounts muake the usual stereotype re.
port, that " siege was progressing linely "
but for our own part we cannot see that
th allies were relatively in any bu ter
cond tion than two moInths ago.
Against one of the French officers
General FORtEY-the charge of a treach
erous correspondence with the enemny has
been preferred. S-me accounts say lie
has lecen condemned to be shot. The
l oidOi Times, softens down the charre
agaitist him to one of incompetency and
cowardice. It is alledged by the Times
that Sebastopol would have fallen into the
hands, of hie allies oni the day of the bloody
battle if Inkertrnn if G-neral FoiFy had
not -haidoned the position1 within Selas.
l-in .C had uned. Zw will soun
kuun. n .hi:. cv counter state
imetis our belief is to be given.
It is also said that Louis NAPoLF.OX has
expressed great dissatisfiction at the ap
pomitient of a committee of ingniry by
the British parliamnctt to itnvest:gate tle
charge of misconduct of tle war. To
satisty the Empijeror of the Freunch and~
ptrevenlt any possibi lily of a t' istunder.
standing thme parliameneit will bI speedily
dissolved. Is not this a maurkred condie.
scension to t he " special police qgficer " oif
ileriinghamn riot memiory ? To appease
the awakened wrath oif NAe'oi.rEoN 11,
Mr. RoE.:UeK's cotimmittee (if inquiiiry have
been itnstrutedc to arrive at ontly sueh
conicluisions as will offenid the feelimgs of
no one impllica ted.
As we at.t icipated.i in our last issne tI.e
reported rebellion in Ausmtralia has proven
to be a miere riot. of the mtiners.
Al(teAt.:t. BIonIA.-Th3is is the
title of a newv play by our distiniguishued
e-mnitrymlan Sistus, which hats jnst
been btotughit out on the Chatrlest. ni
stage. Ini relation to it. the Charleseton
le reurty says:
"IThie platy of " MI ichiael Bon3uham "
hass aIceleved ia deled success. C2rit.
ics have admtired the vigor of its verse,
the Iiv~ely succession of intcidetnts that
foinms its plot, and the vairiety of well
discrm tittated ebaracters ini its persotns.
The pubtllic have approved. Such
success, in these timnes, is so rare, amid
he wantt of it has so wi fulIly beggared
the .stage of its attracetion~s, both in
ntilaind amnd the U nited Sta' es that
any~ man who brings forwvard a sue
cess'ul play ought. t - be conitsideted a
ptubbe benelhetor by all who do( not.
wish to see thueatricail enttertainmen~tts
redlucedI to the level of' the circus.
Mr. Simm is has so many anmd great
clairns to the grateful homage of his
fellow-citizens, t. at we think they
wotild seize ant oppo~urtuntity of miakinig
himii a valuanble retturn for his miiulti
ihnrm labors in their canse. Onr
coteimporary of thme Evenitng News
sutggests that, " Michael liot'haim"
should have one ntight.'s perlormnne
fojr the beniefit of the authior, and we
coirdiailly seconid thme suggestion. WVe
arte sure such an occasion would britng
a great audienee eager to p'ay a tribunttt
to the nmerits of our fo'remnost, literary
mati. A benefit to Mr. Sitnans would
be a bunmper.
lMoaEs TliAN HES WAS WVOtTI.-A Ii.
qtior seller sold a habitual drutikard,
in Illinois, brandy froim the ellfects of
which, he fell into a canal causing
comnje tion and subsequently death.
His widow sued the rum-seller foir
damages and the jury awarded her
five hundred dollars damages. Otir
ownl opinion is that the wife of any
druniken husband would be well rid of
him at that rate, .
40aarge to .Jurles.
Under the above head, we find the
foallowing remarks, upon the Jury L-ys
tem of our Country, in the Colam6ja
Daily Times.-Sf. far as they charac.
terize, as improper and at variance
with our whole system, any argu
ITIIts pro or con, and any expression
of opinion as to the merits of tihe case.
by the presiding Judges. we are satis
tied they will be endoe sed by the com
munity at large. However it nay
have been formerly, we kn--w the fact
th:'t, in our day, Juries are greatly
intfienced, almost governed by the
charge of tie presiding Judge. They
wait for his charge, in naniy i nstances
beifore they take the case into serious
consideration in their own minds re.
lying upon the Judge directing them
what, to do and then give their verdict
heesuse 'his hotor" charged them thus
and thus. We think this a great evil,
and a growing tendency with Juries,
which cannot be too much guarded
ag'ainst,, and one which has been indu.
end by the indiscretion, to say the
least, complained of.
But, here are the remarks of the
Times:
" An article in the New Orleans
Picay.mne, of a recent date, gives us
the first informuation we have seen,
hat the Judges in the- Courts of Loui
siatia are prohibited, by a provkiion of
law, fromin summuing up the evidence
or making any comim mentis upon fitets
in jury trials. The Judge., are restrie
ted to the single province of adducing
and explaining the law, without being
permitted to even apply the law to
the flets evolved in the trial of the
cause. The Picayune regards this as
in unwise restriction, originating
in an intire misapprehension of
the whole jury system.
The very reverse of all this is the
practice of the J udges in the Courts
of this State-whether in conformity
to law or in despite of law, we are tin
Lhb to 3ay. I!c:e Judges arc rivi
i leged, at least assume the privil-ge,
not only to sumi up the evidence, re
cite nit expound the law, and apply
it to the fi--ts, but they frequently in.
dulge ad liblim in conmnentsboth up
on the law and the rects. Inleednaot m.
frequently it, would he dilIcu it to dis
tiignish between the Judge aid the
counsel of the parties ltigant, ia' one
were introduced blindibld into the
Ills of Justice ; so warmly does the
Judge, i.1 some instance-, t1hougih they
are rare, espouse ad advocate the
cause of the party at law, whom his
jidgeament, or perhaps his prejidices,
imci:es him to favor. This we think
as great an evil - as great an obstrue.
tion, to an imp:irt'al admninistratimn of
justice-as great a perversion of t lie
ial by jur, as would lie the restric
tien which is iiell:-d upon the
judges ii the Courts of Louisiaa. In
fiaet. trial by jury becomes a mere
mineckery, where the Judge, who is
presimed to hold t lie seal s of'.J Ju t ice,
with eq.1uipoise, and to be utibiassed in
his opinions, is allowed teo sw:iv the
judgment of t:e ju rors by sp1Ucious
argnenswhose sopisry scpe
xpiosulre, or by loose comnmaents, his
mere ipse di.rit upon the law and evi
den~lce, w hichi al mme st whl lly obl i-er
:ate the imipressi' ns made by the ar
gumeneits of the counisel. Wh lenever a
J1utd.:e, ini his charge tot the juriy, indul.
ges ini airgiuent pit) or coni, he ee..se's
to lie a J1udge--anm expoundeer of the
law-and beescimes in very truth an
adlvoceate. The jury, who genercal ly
have abniost imlpicit, umiluest eiiiing
conf idencee in thle legal learnintg, w is
d.cm and judgmcent of the p residlingo
tdlicer uof the Coourt, are icelinied to
take their cue from him, and1( decide*
accom ding to his explosition~s of the law
amid tesitimonlty, anid not accordong t.,
their own uanbmssed judgeiimnts. l1i
such case, the trial by jury censes tea
he such, and the cause at haw is virtual
ly dlecided by the .Judge atlone.
So: .e restriction upon our ,Jud 'es
in their chiarge's to juries wvould, there.
hare, sem to be niecessary, if' we weool:
fareserve the trial by jury in its pamri
ty ;if we would keep the sphere of
their duties miarked and distinact ; it
we wouild prevent the e.\p..unider of
the hiaw froma assumning and exerc-ism tg
the prero gativyes of ad vocate, judge
and juiry-. So long its the jury slidi
coniaitiue a principle feature of outir j i.
dicial system, its peclar spihere
should be carefully giuaided aigainast
int rusion~ anid a-sa~ 'ntion. Tlo do this
etfleetually, it would seem necessary
to define clearly and restrict, within
well delined limnits the province ofoiur
Jundges. Andce altho ugh we would not
unlipose tioo miany restrictioiis uiponi
them, 3 et we weoul d not allow themc
eluite as rouch latitude as they now
have. We would have them dim up
the evidence and present it, in a cear,
connected antd tamigible formi to the
imnds of' lie jury ; we would have
them ecile and expound the law, and
shocw its aujpheatiomn to the cause oan
trial, but, we weould not allow thbem to
conunieint, upfon the facts at will, and
to bias the judgmients of the jury ; or
in oiher words, to decide the cause at
iasue.
We nave taIken this subject as a text
on which to express our views gener.
ally upon our judiciary system. We
will recur to it again
A person writes from Cininnaati
about hogs: "Tlhe only way to see
the city is to wait uuntil a military
eumpnjany,turns out, and then gut be
tween their ranks. Tlhey always carry
their muskets at a low trail to clear
the street~s of porkers "'
The above statement has :nade our
devil scramtch himself all over unid pull
ofl'hinm trousers and shatka them, n.
says one such Bell in Cincinnati aq we
have here, would be worth all the
"m nilish y' and their " bagonetU" to
boot.
News Items.
The Steamer Daniel Webster, just ar
rived from California says on her ontward
passage she was brought to by a Spanish
sloop of war and her papers examined.
The Spanish Government has jtrat re
ceived confidential despatches from Gene
ral Concha, at Havana, stating that the
condition of Culba inspired him with un'
easiness, and recommending ti-at conces
sions should be made, and Cuban Depo.
ties admitted into the Cortes. ie beg.
also, the Government in 1i1 communica
tion, not to emancipate the slaves, whicl-,
i says, would cause Cuba to seek adinie
sion into the Uni'ed States, and says that
if the Cubans are not pacihed, 20,000
troops would be irulliGient to hold the Is
land. The Spanisli Goevernment has
tlierefore oflicially notified the Cortes that
tranquility must be restored to Culia.
English accounts state that Nicholas,
when lasi addressing Alexander, advised
hin to make peace; even at the loss of
tie Russian influence in the Black Sea,
that he would take the responsibility as
he had not believed in the possibility of the
Anglo-French All ance--that Alexander's
constant efrbrt should be to detatch
France front England. aind unite Russia
with Atistria and Prussia, and added diat
perhaps hlt pride had been excessive and
God had humbled hin therefor.
After the death of Nicholas, his body
was exposed m the C-ipel until the 1Mt
inst., when ho was buried with the usual
solemnities.
Northern newspapers chronicle the fact
that Anth ony Burns the ransomned fugi.
tive slave is very ill with inflamnation of
the lungs at the house of L.ewis Tappin.
Athiony. or Tony as we used to callhim
when lie was a plantation boy, has been
delivering public lectures -n slaverv, for
the edification of his Northern confreres.
The Emperor of Japan-so it is said
will not allow the coin of the U. S. to
circulate anonir his subjects. The wonl
" LIBERTY' upon thetn has awakened
his fears.
The steamer Illinois, which left New
York for Aspinwall, a few days since,
goes prepared to resist any such "out
rage " as that offered to the Eldorada by
Spanish men-uf.war.
On Tuesday last, a fire broke out in
Chester 'illage, which destroyed the Car
riage factorv of J. T. & R. Matthews.
Loss 810,050.
The Rev. W. B. Davis a Presbyterian
minister of long standing (lied at his resi
dence in York Distric on the 25h nil.
It is currently believed in England that
Queen Victoria is laboring under insaity,
the hereditary disease of her family
At thig election of rnunicipal offivers inl
New Orle.ans on the "2th ult., the Know
N, thinig-were cotipl.-tely successful.
Outrages are daily being committed by
the Inidians in New Mexico upotin the de.
teitceless white settlers. An indian war
seems to he inevita~ble.
Dutring t he military evol utionis, in Char
le-ntont, on Th'lursay last Mr. Stephei.n A.
Peohad his righ t hand badly shtatte'red
b'- the prent'ture discharge of otte of
the guns, whtile hle was riaing homie the
caurtridge, occasiontedl, it is unp posed , Iby
an ignited fragmtenit of the waxd'ng of the
previous charge.
A singular antd fatal accident orenrred
ini thle cairi near TJitlin,, Ohibo, on Mon.
day night o f last week. .lhn Eschi, int
pacyinig his fare, dIropped somte mon tey, anti,
stooin~ig to lick it til, onie of A llen's self
rockinig pistols fell from a sidle pocket, anduu
the hiatmmer, st rikitng upon the edge f
the seat, discha~rgedl the pistol atnd killed
teimi instanly. Thel ball entered his heart.
Mr. Deanm in the employ of Wiley antd
Co., lumbilerinig in Westminster, Ver.
mot, met recet hy with a singular acci.
denit. Witile htitchintg a chain to a log the
oxent started, takitng of' htalf his Itmih,
and drawing a cord out of his armi abuliut
nine inchtes long, as large as a good-sized
whip la-sh.
A very destructive fire swept over the
town ot Sanidersvilte, Ga., about otte o'.
-cck, ott last Saturd iv, a igh wind pire.
vaihntg tat the time. Mainy private dwel.
Ungs, stores and workshops were coni.
sumied. Tihe Court House, can'ainiing
the County Record-i, was destroyed. All
the papers ini the Clerk's office were
burnit. TIhae bu iIlmig owned Iby the Ma
sons, Oidd Fellows anid Knight~s of Jerico,
togethter e ith all thteir records, wazs en
tirely consumied.
The Steamer Bulletin, with 3,500
hales ol cotton, was bu'rnt on the Missis
sippi be'ow Lake Provcdenice, otn Sat.
urdacy, aid 33 lives were lost, including
16 tiegroes. Aimng the lost wero J. B.
Williamcs of New York, and Mr. Mcatu
then or North Carolinu. All the ladies and
oflicers were saved.
The ateamier lluntsville, wvith 5000
bales of cottona has also been burnit on
the Cutmberland River.
The Steamnship Orizaba, has arrived
from Vcra Cruz, with advices froin the
City of Mexico, to the 19th intst. She
lirimgs ho wever. noth ing decisive relative
to the insurre'ctiotn. It was reported that
Alvarez hcadl fled, many of his followers
hcad left him, ancd that the troops would
pursue him to the nteighaborhood of Aca.
pulco. Santta Antna, on his return to
thie City of Mlexicoi, had been most onthau
sisptically recnivmth
It is auited in the newspapers that the
fanous fossil skeleton of the zeuglodon,
found in Alabama some fourteen years ago
by a German named Koch, exhibited in
New York, and afterwards sold to a Dr.
McDowell at St. Louis, was lately taken
for debt, and in process of removal fell
to piece. aid many of the bones were
broken, wheni the womlerful monster was
found to be of genuine plaster of Paris for
mation and of entirely Germnn origin, be.
ing connected with the primeval epitchs
only by the raw material.
The Charleston Mercury of the 29th
inst. says; Eight hundred and thirty
bales of cotton were pressed amwi shipped
yesterday by the Union Cotto-i Press, be.
tween 7 o'clock. a. i. and 7 p. In. allow
ing time for meals. One hand trucked
the whole of it from the press to the
drays, a distance of .50 feet, making the
distance travelled during the day nearly
sixteen miles, on eight of which were
carried 332,000 pounds of cotton. One
hand also cut all the ropes necessary to
tie the bales.
The moagnetic telegraph between Born
bay, Madras, and Calcutta was opened on
the first of February. The whole en.
terprise embraces a distance of over two
thousand miles, and has been completed
in little more thai a year.
The body of Emma Moore, whose mys
terious disappearance a few months srice
caused so much excitetnent, was found in
n mill race under the ice a few days sinire,
by a person who was getting water from
a hole in the ice. Tne body was identified
by the earrings and bonnet.
The new prohibitive lignor bill of Maino
provides for imprisoniment for the first of.
lence, for tie third nut less than three
nor inore than six nontis, and for the
fourth and every subsequent convictioni,
81,000 line and ott year in the State
prison. The bill received the signature
of the Governtor ott Saturday last.
The Mexican papers have recbntly
been publishinw a census of that coun.
try. From it we gather that there are in
iat country 8.- cities, 193 iowns or
large villa,_ges, 4.900 villageg, 119 mis.
sions, &c.; 170 haciendas, and 6,0J2
farms, &c. Population 7,853,335.
The Pennsylvania Institution for the
Blind has now 125 inmates, which is ain
increase of 29 since last year, and the
largest number since its foundation. Th111v
are variously employed, and 30 of tem
now support themselves.
By the arriv:.I of the Isabel, fron li
vansa. we learn that Roumano Pinto had
been executed under the military sen.
tetce prononteed against L:im.-Felix
and Estramnpse were to be tried shortly by
the same tribunal.
TtE NEGRo AND 'Tim RAMi.-Ini the
Callan (Peru) News of Feb. 10th, we
read as dii6i1ws:
IlEAns Wis.-The approachiig 'arni
val seasoni promise< to be rich, rare and
imerestmg in Its character. By refereie
to oir advertisiag cotluIInis it will be
scen that a bullib- match is in contempla.
tison l.etween the sa eward of lite WiIl 1i1g,
eion aid :a ram cele rated for his strensgth
and couirag~e, It is ahnisosi unnece'ssairy t.o
madd that the scthlgogl partry is a coloredl
titan. 5' tne idea oF the st retgh aof
hsis skitll may be tformted t romt the fact sit
fits hiaivinig a day or two, -isne butted in
ilhe headl of a po.rter cask un whit~ ich
ia haiunner wouo ma nnke no imnpression.
A Novg. I.EDG B -it Sullhyan cono,
t y, Inds. on-.- of thle canidates f or ciounty
clerk wa pledged to give onse.hatlf tie
proceeds of the otlice' to the widow of thte
late clerk, aitd thec otter promaissed itt the
event ot isis election to marry thme widow.
A preascher oncee took for his text these
words, "Tlhe wor bI, the flesht and tihe
devil,"' astd asfter some other initroductory
observations heo sail: "1 shtall touch upoi
the fb-sht, pas~s lighitly over tiho w orld and
hsastent as tnst as I cant to thse devil."
Sntooks says the best sons ing msachtine it
the world is one abousat soventeetn years old,
with a short sleeve dress, aitd pretty lit.
the beet with gaiter hoots on.
TtmE Ois~tAI. MotioNS WERE. NOT
P'oi.VoAasrs.-IBill Smith a brother 01
Joe, the prophlet, writes to the Sprtingfituld
Ja ursnal that the "systemt of piolygamny gist
up by Young, aind other evsts which
grow ot of it, are a libel and slander
upon tie chsarascter of the pirohet, who-c
bonues ntow lie mnuu derinig in a martyr's
grasve; and were Josepih Smiith to come
torth from his liiwly bed, antd View the
cond!itiont of tihmigs in thle Salt L-ikn coun.
try, lhe wsiuld spurn from his presence
Brigt. amo Young, anid deinounsce his loath.
ssimes and daimnabtlse doictrmews."'
CurcAo.-A correspondentt of tuie Mis.
sour' Republicatn states that tise city of
Chiicasg' dlerives its name fr'nm a smtallI
river flowimg throughs it, which was called
by thle Intdians~ "She.kow.ko,'" which
mieants a pole.cat or skuink. Thes Chica.
goiaaas, therefore, should call the place by
its original inamie: Skuntktown, or Poleca
tianta.
Th'le ptiblic debt of tite emspire of Rus
sia is 83h.5,9'25,000. The regular cue.
totm atnd excise duties heviedl by the gov.
ernmisent, amountt to only 9$24,6'40.000.
The brandy mnonsopohy pays an adihtumtal
sutm of .,48,870,000); direct taxationt, $36,.
J24,000; and indirect, 688,7250(00.
The recruitmng among the Jews, and
tie carryinig off (for the military sc'hoola)
of Jewish children, aged from eight to
ten, cause among thtat class of Intia bitats
ini Poland indeiscrible terror, and doila.
lion, In all thie townsa and villages near
Kielce, nothitng but weeping and lamnenta
ton is to be hear~d.
For the Banlner.
Pabile MYceeifiag at Carter's
Crossiamg.
Pursuant to a call for a public meet
ing to tuke into consideration circum
stances connpcted with the death of
RoBIN ani old ,iegro man who was
found dead about two miles from Car
ter's Crossing, a number of persons
assembled. The meeting was called
to order by Capt. J. W. Stuckey, W
A. Jamres was apiointed chairman, and
1H. E. L. Peebles requested to act as
secretary.
The chairman eN plained the objects
of the meeting to be, to take into
consideratiot circumstances coniected
witn the death of said Robin, % hich
were uniknown to the Court of Inquest
held over his body and to investig'ate
various rumors which had rendered
tihe public iind dissartis-ed and in.
duced su-spicion. that the said Robin
had come to his deah- by violence, aid
.1so to ascertain it aiy evidence could
be olbtaincd against aniy person or
persms for robing" the cart #l' sli+.4
lElobin of certatin articles which are
known to have been in it th. eveniig
previous to his death.
Aier a flew rerniarks by 11. E. L,
Peebles and Capt. J. W. Stuckey -
the chairm-mii reLetested any oit
ent who knew anything sbout the case
to state it to the meeting. Mr. Jo:.n
lorme caine forward and said that
Robin caine in company with him
fromi Camideii to within about a mile
of the place where Robin wis ftund
d -ad next day-that the evening and
might were very cold and rainy---and
that e saw lRobii driirk once and he
had gtood reason to blieve that lie
drank live or six tiies, and fromi his
inimer he conasidered olb 'inii was
intoxiented--that Rlobin had in his
cart Molasses, Whiskey, Tolacco,
Calico dresses &c--that he himelf
suffered very mueh liom the inelem
eniey of' the weather.
Mr. 1. A. Jaies statled that he saw
R1obriin directly after ie was found and
that he had iinquestionably arrived
where Irei then was, belbre the rmin
was over and that his horse haid stoo
a hllg time in omne place near himn aind
that there wore ni sigii or irdieatiois
of any strnggrle any where abotrut himr,
rand1 that. (jne of his on ii riegroes at(l a
negro belonrgiin' t Mr. W welde:
wlo Ie had learied h id seen R obiii
oi the night of his death, had beeni
questioned by himirsef, and both con
enred in the statement that they were
inl a nero house of Mis. 1lixatia .1amts
(where Mrs. Wh--eldenr's fellow his a
% ife) near the road-side and that hear.
inlg s'line plers.n ma111kin1g a niOis,, they
wienit, (out aid firnnd tobin out of the
public road with his cart a.:ainst the
i-nree, th:tt they extricated him atid
placed him in the r. ad and f:obin
went. -f ilowtming- as ie wett and
was 1.,uri1k.
Mr. J.im A. MeCutche, stateLthat
very early next tierning ie saw a
cart, which has since ben ideitified
as Irbir's, standing near Iis o esideience
and that there was nothing in it but a
pot.
On motion of II. E. L. Peebles a
commrrit tee m'f live was njjointeCl bv
the ehairran to report to) the tin ,
coni st mgr. ->4 the fo~ llo w irng getr hem ien
viz II. E. L. P'eebles, Crapt. .J. J
.Siraw%, J1olin A. M.Ctchen, Cap~1t. J.
W. 8:nerkr'y anrd W. 11. Me Encrhre'tn
wvho imade hre bul lowinig report, w~hic!I.
wi:n a..erpted
Tihi rrndersiunied cornrmittee whott
were appoM8Iinted toC re;.e rt otn the case
Iteoinit to) this ineet intg, leg' leave to
repjort, at folleiwa; TIhat firm all the
c'ircumitstances ecnnieted with tire
death of said Robitt we atre of9 opjiti hi
that ire camre to is dean h by exhprosmes
to thre inrclerrenrcy of the~ wreat her.
Ne rctar'erus tance lead ing . s orel eve
tha I h e hard sruff-red arny v iolerce, am d
furtiher ths nro evrden'ce h s comie tro
lighrt crimtinrating arty p,-rson Emr persons
481 robbmrtg or sterinrg t goods of said
li'rbini. All of which we resp'ectful ly
IJENflY E. L. PEERlLES,
J. W. STLCCEY.
J1. J. SIIA W,
J1. A. McCUTICiIEN,
WV. 11. MEACilEitN.
On trotlion of II. E. L. Peebles it
wras resorlved that a copy) of tire pro-'
ceedingis of9 this meietinig be senrt to
thre Sumrrter Bannuier aind Black River
Waethanr w itih a request. to purbi ih
them.
W. A. J AM ES, Chnrm'n.
ii. E. L. P'FEtmES, Sect')'.
Manrch 24, 1k55
EsoL..wa Gerriso U3NEAY.-lThe
~iver'pool - in es, of tire 10th, refer
ring to tire report thlartmiuis Napole
on said, if the inv'estigvationr in tire
Errglish Parliament is conminued, tire
trench armniy will tnot act ini concert
with tire English armty, says:
' Burt althroughr we harve expressed
ori disbelief that tire French Emiperor
cani haver held tire langurtage of mienaice
or intimidation to thet British Govern
mient, which thei mrorning paper refer
red to imnputes to hitm, whrat will be thre
feelinrgs of our counritrymen when it is
discovered that ire has aicturdly done
so--and thrat ihe may be founrd, more.
(iver, thre strangest opipoient of1 peace
arisitng nt ofth forthIcomting Cofr
enice at 'Viennar? Since the commrnence
mnent of the hostilities with Russia, in
which we are now erigaigd, Lo'iis Na
p)Oleo-i has become inqujiestioinably
popular in Ernglanrd. Thre tone of the
English press towards him has unrder
gonre a mnarked change, arnd newspa
pers which at one time painted hun
the incarnation of all that is vile and
dishonorable, now lavish on him the
most fulsome-.rrlogies. If he was so
b-ack,at couple of years eine~e, the intere
vral cannot i ave so essenrtiarllydutn ed
his eriter and hIs' golicy ith.
wefome avery unenru )a
ofhim then,-or we are doing lAin iLore
than justice now. We, ought: not to
overlooak his an tecedeuns, ordlieggieny
'by wl.ieb he reached the thrune;.asnj,
as we have no clue to the future ex.epl
through the medium of tie pa'st, it lv
just possible that we are reaching that
turnting point inl the French allino
'which will-reveal the charneter of thd
Emperor in its true colors, We car,
state, confidently, that serious fear& are
eitertaiied in very high quarters that ?PA
the obstructions top peace will-proceed
less from iussia than f'romn Faice
that a peace as the present nofment,
even on the most honorable terms'
and with undoubted securities for' the
fiuture, is n.-t what Louis Napoleon
really desires-that he pants beyonl.
tall things for the achievement of tLhee
brilliant victories whi h will consolir
date his dynasty, and rival the military
faitne ofhi. uncle-and that h expects
England to aid him in these wild
Quixotic schemes. If th ,se suspicions
are realized-and we know that they
are entertaine- by persons who have
access to the very be.t sources of in
formation--we shall find tile Frenei
alliuna -e a very troublesome afftir,.
which will ei.her drag us further than
we are inclined to go, or leave us very
ill at case with a p-wer whose co-ope.
ration in this Russian war was hailed
with erthusiasti by the people of this
emnpi re."
DISAFFEcTI4ON iN, IFA.Nci.-A Wa
shiwrgion ewresponder of4 the Balti
ts1i4e Sun, speculatitig upon afairs itv
Europe, says:.
The power of Louis Napoleon iv
ilready threatened by combinations
against hi:, at home, and it is evern
believed that, Prinee Napoleon is him
self'one of the leaders of the disafr ev
ed party. A paiph et, against the
Enperor L'ouis was recently published
in Belgium, and its antiorship was
traced to Prince Louis. Its cireulation
was lprhibitt-d in France, and the
ellorts made by the Belgian govern
ietit to detect and punish the author,.
at the instance of the Fri neh govern..
met. led to the discoyery of it&
authorship.
The writer argues that if a general
peace should i e the result, of the Vien
ina Cotference, such is the the condi
tion of Europe that it cannot be
slnaiintaiined.
T'uis AMiDITMAs i-XeLosIN.-Five
white men, two white boys, and thirty
colored :nei were killed by the explo
sion inl the Midlothian coal pits, in
Chesterlield county, (Va.) on Monday
evening lust. The tiames of the white
sul'Iers are as follows: Samuel Goul
diii, mianager of haids, John Lester,.
Johnt Evain., Jiseph Howe, and the
two boy s, , mnat han J ewett and W iI
liam WV rigli. Four white miners and.
eleveni caloired opes were bady burnt,
saine of whom are not; expected to.
suriive. Miiaing oberat.ions will prol.
ably be resunted in three or four
STRANGE .ET .A
coa1-mine explosion near Richmond,
Mr. Sumiel Gouidin, t.ne of the over
seers, was killed. - The Despatch says,
he had a drean on Suntday night which
w. eighend heavily on his mind. Before
starting to work on Monday morning
he conversed freely with his wife, and
iunstructed hier how to act if he should
mreet with any accidenit that day.
After start intg to work, he returned
'5hree titmies to kiss his little children
and bid thetn gooid bye. The poor
lellow ntever saw themn again !
PRICES CURRENT OF TiHE
CharIestosa larket.
Corrected weekly by.
WV. S. LawLoin & Co.
FACTORS AND COMM:SStoN MERCHANTs,
Chiarleston, S. C.
Charleston, M-irchi 31, 1855.
Urr.Asn Corro.-T1he sales of this
nirt~cle the past day amiountted to 4000
b:t -s at a udeclinie of 1-4c tper lb. Prices.
fromt 7 to l0e..
G;iAt.--Corn 98 to 81 00 per bushel,
Pas $1 15. Oaits 60 to 70 cents per
bn.bel. .
IlAr-$1 15 to $1 25. Eastern 81 25
to $1 31 paer hunidredf lbs.
F'loutr.--Country 89 75 to #[0 50 per
ilbt Northern 810 to *i13.
LAiD.-l t to I2tC enis per Ib..
IIACO.-i log roisnd 9 3-4 to ID I tec.
NAL..-81. (15 t er Sack, by retatil Sl 2&
SUGA R.-S lto (Se. per lb. for Brown.
CoFFEE.-ito atnd Cuba 11 3.4 to 12
1.2 cetits per lb..
Mor.Asss.-N. 0. 27 1.2 to 30c. Cuba
23 to 2-se. per lb.
Bla;ursa.-Dndele 11 to 12 1.2 eente
Guinny 11 to 13 cents per yard.
ItoPE.-\Vestern and N orthern 19 te
12 cents per lb.
Hfoos.-Car toasts 0 1.4 to 7 1.2c. per
lb. sett. . -.
iBEEF CATTE-Car loads 9 -1-2 to 8,
1 2c per lb niett.
Obituary,
DIED,-In thi's vilinsge, on Sabbatih
morning April 1st, 1855 alter a lytmful
illness or teni weeks, EuIZA WAsUitNGTON,
eldest child or C. M. and A. G. HlunsT.
aged three years and eleven days.
SNo bitter tears for thee be .she'd,.;
BIlnssomn oft being 1 seen and gone !
With flowers alc'no we strew thy bed,
0 blest d parted one I
Whtose all of life, a rosy ray,
Bieuss'd into dawn and ptass'd away.
And ol' ! sometimes in visions blest~
Sweet spirit I visit outr repne; ;*
And bear, fromt thitne ->wn wortd'f rest.~.~
Somse tbalm tor human Vmei'. t "
What form mtore lovely denI'betgve~I
Than t hine to messenger #i heaent"4i~
New Spring&.Bumaiig'
WE AREiOW IpW A OG ,
amInn ever tatIet o Dry G1ood.,GaO
we haveg g~nydrA~uus tln~
SA ,th~ 185

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