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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, May 16, 1855, Image 2

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*THRAR RU'htINNEIIR
EDIToRs:
J. S. RICHARDSON, JR.
W. F. 13. IJAYNSWORTII.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 17, 1855.
Agentks tor the Banner.
The following persons have been ap.
pointed Agents and are authorized to re
ceive, and receipt tor, all sums due the
Sumter Banner. Any person wihing to
become a subscriber to tie Eaner, by
handing tlm their name and address will
have the paper forwarded promptly.
They will also see to forwarding all ad
vertising business connected with the
paper.
WW. WWAKER JR.,. .Colunmbia S. C.
S. W. WnTAKER,. .Wilmington, N. C.
WII1AM HYDE,......... ...... .."
R. C. LOGAN .... . Sumterville S. C.
No other person is authorized to receipt
for the Banner.
gg" Persons wishinr to see us upon
business connected with the Paper or Law,
can find us at any hour during the day,
at o-ur office, just back of Soi.oaroxs' New
Store. 0- All letters addressed to the
Banner must be pre-paid to insure atten
tion.
The Timnes
Are brigh telling slowly, but surely,
we hope and think. In common with
our readers we have a personal inter
est in this institition ; and therefore,
apart from the performance of our
duties as a journalist, we have our
own reasons private and personal, for
looking after 'oumr own ilVestmlenlt ill
" The Times." Money has, to all
seeming, had very little vitality, late
ly : it has circulated with difficulty,
and, sq div had the hatl hecome. that
the sluggish shallow stream seemed
likely to soak back into mother earth.
Some of us are troubled with notions
about periodicity ; like Peter Simple's
carpenter, who was certain that every
27672 years the same events ha ppened
overagain precisely in tile same manner
to the same, persons and in the same
places. That was a comfortable cy
cle enough and allowed of a good deal
of variety; but not a few among us are
accustomed to limitours to the revo.
lution of only 20 years, which comes
round too soon again ihr comfort. In
1836 the financial world was seized
with eramps and violent convulsions
and therefore me should look for a
similar attack in 1850. Ve are not
inclined to laugh at tle idea : we think
it would be well if men were some
what influenced by it. As long as love
of money and sanguine hope continue
elements of the human heart, so long I
will there be a tendency to think t ha.
reverses, when once passe-l through,
ara forever behind us, and past expc
rience of what can happen will throw
no dark shadow uponI tile fu ture, nor
restrain flrm these inlflated operationIls
and hazardous speculations, which wvillI
in the end bring about dis~aster algainl.
One more turn of the wheel will bringr
us to 1856, and coomplete the 20 years,
and the ending of the cycle is not so
bright as was its meridiant. IThe con
fidence, the bouyancy, of ten years
ago is not now felt. T1hec war, thle
* losses by fire and water', tile ravages
of pestilence, the miseries of the un
employed poor, the heavy failures of'
commercial houses, the falling off of
prices in our staple products, and the
scarcity of money, all press upon tile
mind and incline it to fatality. But
we hope and believe that the gloom
will not be of long contintuance, an~d
y. that, lIke an arctic sunt in midsutmm,
" The Times " will bitt jilst dip below
the horizon and commenee a new,
bright day. In 1830, there was an
almost universal crutsh of b~anks ; in
18556 we rmay with confidence expect
our banks to be as sound as~ they have
ever beeni. They seem to have had
the revoluttioni of that 20 years cyeie
*in constant view, and managed their
affairs with judicious reference to it.
*Speculntion, tho' rife and active en-.
-ouigh, his not been so visionary and
baseless as 20 years ago. Years of
prosperous, active imnprovemenit have
developed and increased tenfold the
wealth and resources of our great
conmry, and it will be no puny stornm
which can nowv prostrate her. Thie
blast has been strong and keeni and
here and there we see marks of its
hurtful sweep; but it has been bravely
*met, and wve hope its greatest p)ow~er
hay been spent. One striking proof
ofthis we thitnk is to be found in L~me
-firrness wvith which New Orleans has
kjt her footing. Low water hasi kept
* bacok ftrom her two.thirds of the cottotn
efc~p and three fourt a of alt the other
Western produce. WVhile these were
delayed inactive, the comnercial
transactions which had been based
*upon them were coming to maturity,
'aid: few would have expected thtat
Slabilities to the amount of twenty
nillions of dollars, compressed within
th64oErt. ennee 'f n fortn inIo. enm
hive been iet successfully. Yet this
has been done, without, as far as we
have been intbrmed, a single failure;
the critical time has safely passed, and
the swelling ivaters of the Great Val.
ley are wafting aid and succer to the
great emporium.
The transactions in Mobile, in one
day of that same fortnight, were esti
mated at a million of dollars, without
the dishonor of a single merchant.
We have closely observed the ac
counts of financial allairs in Charleston
and have been ppleased to see signs of
encouragement and promise.
The New York Sun of tile 8th
states that the money market shows a
decided improvement and that the
weekly statement of the city Banks
shows favorably.
In Boston there is, according to the
Journal, a decidedly more comforta.
ble and hopeful feeling in the money
markt t.
Cities are the most sensitive points
ill times of monetary dilliculties, and
we are satisfied that these great finan
eial centres could not so well have
sustained themselves had not the con
ditioii of the wholo couitry been
sound. And when the accumulated
products of tile country shall hava
fouid their way to market the monied
current will flow back, carrying With
it relief Irom many an embarrassmcnt
and fear. We do not look firward
to e.asv times coming soon ; the strin
gency muay n 't be soon relaxed ; it
is no sea'ono for extravagalnce il Spec
ulation ; peace may be yet far away
from Europe, and our great staple
may not soon recover firoi its depres
Sion ; but we believe there is no cause
for panie. Ilopeflness and energy
will car ry us safl past the event ful
point all I start us cheerfully on the
reVOlItiion of another 20 Years.
Col. [tMellett.
We have been requested to call atten
tion to the statement, oil another cohinn,
of monies received amld expended tby tle
above officer in his inonagemueit of tle
Financial atlhirs of the 41 th Regiment, S.
C. M.
WVliere Siall ti Eating
House be ? I
We see by the new schedule that the
passenger cars which leave Wihliigtioni
at 8 o'clock A. M., arrive at Sumiterville
about 3 P. M. and tlho.e which leave
Kingsville at 5 A. M., arrive here at 6 1-2
A. M1., thus reaching-or Stuiteryile, going
Oie way, at a convenient hour for din
ner, and going the other at a grood hour
fr brcakinnt. Wh by not then make Suin.
terville the eating place, and give back to
Mr. IrcnEAl.L tlt which lie on'ce enljoyed
mid mu weil deserves to continue to have
the cating house ! Ile has been at much
trouhl and considerable expense to estab
lish his house, and %%c hope no1w that all
things seemI to suit andit to poinit to this
la(ce as thei proper place for anl eating
hoiure, t hat i' neen.wriy timefer stop/iing
in oder to ehlfect t his, wdal Ibe a]llowedl by
tose in authionty. TIhec cars leave Kings.
vale (5 o'clock,) too early for breakfast at
that place aid reatch ars. Bno-rni-:ns toto
eairly for dinnelr there, andi ltreim:st.'s is
the only' inlterme~diate eatir~g hlous'e onl the
li no. .et hium have it.
Arce it a& Free Fighat ?
We remember once reading a WVes
tern aniecdote, which ran somewhat
thlus: A t rav1ler, riding imlusinglyv
along, eame suddenly upon quite an
excited, bustling secene. Men were
knocking down and gillging each other
ini a very anitmated tmannler. So inipir.
itinlg waus thle .ight that our traveler
forgot, his mings~lt anti h is wveariness,
hattily fastened hisi horse to an over
hanging limbih, dismoiunted and asked
" if war a free. jih, anid lie was
told " it wa :"--theni savs lie "count
me in;"' whIereuipon lie wats inistantt ly
prost rat ed. IIe rose h1o1rriedly to iis
feet, pilt igainl thle qulestion " if it war
a free light,'' arid lie was atgainr told "i
war;"' thlen says h~e " count me out.'"
lIC loose~d iis horse, mou~tnted and
resmntred his~ min lgs.
'We cannot tell fromt what asisocia.
tion of ideas, whether of si milariti.'s
or opiposites, that the above short
hlistory revivedl ini outr reco'llection
whienl we read of tile sudden stop pult,
the other day, to Congressional action
uponl the suibject of mnediatin, by the
informriation'i tt thle President had,
aliready madte some plrofl'ers, and that
it was nlot deemned advisalhe to take
any further steps ini tile imatter. We
have not yet heard the particulars; but,
wve tinkil there was a genleral feeling
of surprise, that though for some timle
past the coutntry has been canvassing
tile propriety of a proposal of mredlia
tionl, no onie, not even those in Coin.
gross who are genierally in theo coli
dence of the Admninistrationl, knew'
that the President had privately, and
of his ownI motion, mixed in the fray;
until the position of the IHouse npon
the question forced him to thme partial
explanation, that he had been "n,
bult that ho wa. nm.,t e it unted
The Niails.
Since the Roil Road and the Govern.
ment have made up their quarrel we
have had unusual advantages in trav.
elling, but we think the postal facilities
are by no means increased. The
Charleston papers do not reach us until
the morning after they are published.
In these excited times it is annoying,
to say the least of it, that intelligence
should be so long delayed, when there
are two-trains passing by us daily,
from each term inus of the Road.
Something should be done to re
move such an inconvenience.
Death or ExGoversaor
Johasona.
This distinguished gentleman died
at his residence at Limestone Springs,
on the 6th instant, and was buried at
Unionville the Sunday after.
HIe had reached a good old age, and,
we are pleased to learn, died in the
consolations and joys of that Faith
which makes lght and glad the dark
passage from this mortal life to the
eternal world beyond. In his death
our State has lost one of her best sons.
His life was filled up with usefulness.
His great powers of mind have in one
or another service been constantly de
voted to the public weal. As a Judge
he needs no other monument than the
mass ofJudicial writings which, dur
ng his long service on the Bench,
came from his pen. In every public
position which lie occupied he dis.
charged his duties with ability and
purity. When old age rendered it
necessary for him to cease from his
ardlioues employments, lie went into
private life with the esteem and ven
eration ol' all. and now, after a few
years of retirement, the calniess and
repose of which were nneh'iarred by
bodily afilictions, his well spent life
has closed in a happy death.
'he College Presideney.
A writer in the Yorkril/c En-juirer,
whoin that paper endorses as a no.it re
spectable gentlemnan, this speaks of Dr.
I.aialet in connection with this high sta
tion:
Since my arrival I have been required
to converse, most Ireglently, cncer mng
lie vacancy to be erected by the resirna
tion of President Thoriwull. Vith re
gard to his successors, with tle exception
of several wio coild not be induced teo
serve, the on;lv gei.ieemeen, uf ihose wiose
name I have heard mentioed, whoi would
worthily occupL ite posion, is Dr. Fran
cis Lee ler. It vast aqirements, enthii
tiastic love of iruth. vxicoaidc repilaion
an ilng aciintanic w'ithl tihe college are
iualificetions, then Dr. Leiber is weil pre.
pired to talke lite Presidential Chair."
We have known Dr. Larnsin for several
years and have been fortunate enough to
sit under his instructions while at Col'ege,
and we unhesitatingly endorse all that is
here sid of hni. The Trustees inight go
a great deal farther aufer at President and
wouhl not find so edficient a ine as the
present learede Professor of history and
po lit ical econom ey.
A Few D)ays.
Theis, we are told is all the rage at
present. Onec of our exchanuges thus
Lakes it ohiT:
"lou may present, to a emani a small
atccunt, lee will paey ini a ' fe w days;'
the river is expec'ted tee rise ice n' fe-w
days;' heusiniess is expected tee le better
in a 'few days;' peretty girls expect to
emarery imn a ' few(days;' tigger boys
whist le a ' few~ days;' brass baeeds blow
ouit a 'few~ days;'hligh fellows sing a
' fw daeys;' aned we expect tee give the
reader sonic interestinig local itemrs in
ai ' few days."
The Careoliniati adds:
"i And we are hoping that a great
imany ofI our sublscribiers will sened ues
the atemoutec of thier dues ini a " few
days."
Aned we say please let the same
thinCg happen to tus ini a C" few day s."
Sale of Negroes.
We lhave hear d it frequcethy said
of late that this species of proper-ty
has fallen 15, 20, anid somec say as
mcuch as 30o per cent on last y'ear's
prices, hut tho fel lowing rate, which
we leave clipped from our- exchanges,
doi not so argue. We advise those
hamving negroes to dispose of, tnot to
sell at redu~ced prices. Thmose reports
we hecar maey all be got up to order,
atnd for a particular puerpose:
"SAL.E (OF NEGROEs YEs'TERnA.
There were 25 or 30 negroes sold
yesterdlay, am prices still ini keeping
with the leigh rates which leave chia
ra(-terized foremer sales.
Oe negro man, aged abeout fifty,
broueght *1 ,03->; two youeng boys, one
aboueet eigheteeni, and the othier abott
twoety, brought at an averaege about
* 1,150.
A niegro girl, about fouirt een, broueght
*575; aniothere, abutt sixteeni, broutght
A fitnnily, conesisting of a man, wife
acnd five children, flee eldest, about
twelve, broteght $2635."
T1here were ten niegroes sold by
the Commt~issioner in Equity, (two
small child ren acid one woemate aboeut,
38 or- 40.) They were disposed of one
a credit of five years, and avo- aged
*896 a head.-- Winsboro R~egister 2d
Ja.
Nxon'oss.-Messrs. March & Sharp
sold1 yesterday a large number of
negroes. which brought fine prices.
Aimng the last we ioticed fellows who
sold at $1.050, A1,020, * 970, &c., and
women and childrent at proportionate
prices.- Carolinian.
SatA. DAY.-MonIuday XAtt was sale
day,'and a large number of persons
attended the sale of negrocs advertised
by lie CommIlissio'ner. Negroes
broight high prices. We were pres
ent whent a negro boy, about 23 years
of age, brouiht, $1250. Ordinary
negro men brought $1000 and up.
wards.-Lancaster Ledge.
Election for Clerk.
The following is the oflicial return of
the general polls at the recent election for
Clerk of the Court for Sumter District :
DESCHAMI'S, - -586
Rronus. . . 368
McCE.LAa, . . 219
liiAt'ET, - ?0
WIEELER, - . 161
D Ix -, . . 79
Total, 1621
Our Wondierqf-ul Oouaitry.
The great and the grotesque, the
admirable and tie absuird. ar" com
prised and conitigled in this land of
ours to an exteti and inl a degree most
astontishin g.
One of our singular national traits
t4 that of bestowing our sympa
hies upon distant objects, - to
read the call in the New Orleans
papers for a public meeting for the
purpose of raising a Russian patriotic
fund for the relief of the widows and
orphans of those who have fallen or
tmay fall in tle present war, onie might,
think that, there are niot thousands, inl
oir land, whom this very war has
depiveil of' emitploy rrnnt and resourices,
arnd] who Coln procure 1 Io f'ood for
themiiselves ai their w ives and chil
dren, excepjt the bowl of soup which
here aid there is doled out, to them.
This is a itew xopression of that samne
feeling whichbas exhibited bv Nor th.
erners, II drives the free neg roes anoing
them into starvatioin, while it livishes
thousanids in het/rinig the condition of
the same race at tle diistati South.
In the Noith Carolina Lcgislature,
on Friday, tle 5thii, the bill introd liced
into the C.mnm. for the inomrpo.ra
tioin of a lailroad from Wilminglonm
to Charloitte. pass its second raling
byN quite a decisive votie. (n Saturday,
the Oth, tle bill for tle ext ension of
th! North Carolina iRail rs:ol East to
Bieaiforlt, caet lef bre the Cu1mm11ons
on its second reading", td passed tri
nmiphantly thi.ogh-o..ly fourteen
Votiig din~lst it.
The tax of Nicholas Loovorth, df
Cincintnasi, ame ounts this year to thirty I
tihl oiusand, three lundred and twen ty
eight dollars.
Late advics fro Europe furnishes I
the un welcomei nlews thai~t Mr. Mason,
our Mitnister to Paris, lies dangegously
ill.
The Southern Coin vent ion, in session
at. New Orleans, have adospted a reso
lution urging te,iees i ty of acqul'ring
Cuba, irecosn ilends the repeal of all
laws against, the Slave Tradle, and' indi
cated a new line for a silrosad fronm
Norfolk to the mouth of the Ohio,.
The fifth 1- ir of the South Car olina
Institute, for the fientrastioni (if art,
mnechaipailr in gennlity, andl~ ind(ustry,
will lie held at, the new 11 all, recently
erected en Meet ing street, in Charles
ton. comnmencing on Wecdhbesdlay, the
11th of A piril, arid wi.l continne for
two weeks.
Cattle dIrivers wh Io have lately
croissed thle phlaini to, Californn ia, corm.
pl ain thait t hey Ilost rmore o f thie ii stoc~k
during the pastt thantr on aniy pirevious
year, ands iris st alItogethle r from the
depredations of inia ins. Two genitie.
rmen of St. Lousis, sinc(if whom had li
large contract for cattle to fill. antd
the (other had putrchasesd se vetral thiou
sanda headi of slierep, have abanidened
heiri conltracts ini cosnsequrenee of he.
ing afr-aid to venture~ across the court
try with their droves.
We learn fromrs the Couirier of Sat.
urday thait (e Go. 11. K. I lenn-. gait
expsired at. his resideni ce, ini Manrioin
District, on the inighit of Wedniesday,
the 10(lih inst., after art illness of sev
oral moilr nhs. D r. I leriregan was
elected Lienutennst Giovernor in 1 840,
arid soon after, byv the deiatht of Gov.
Noble, hecame chief mrtagist rate of the
State.
Gen. A to~rrE, Msexican Mintister
at WVashiingtoni, it is st at ed, hits re
eei ved instiuct ioni fromsu Sant(a Aitnna
o coinrernce a civil sit tagintst Doit
Franisco) de Arranigs is, lte Mex icarn
Coinul Generai, forn thle irecovery of
six y-o'ight t hoiisarnd dolar s whlih lhe
hiolds ats his private commlsrissioni for
receivmng the G.adsdern treaity money
in behatlf of Mexico.
TJhie concor t given by Madame Grisi
fori thle benefit, 'if tire poor of New
York, y ielded t he hiandlssme sonli of
five thtousand dollars, elear of all ex
penlses
At a pubhlic meet in4 beahi in New York
on the 26th uIt., for the reliefof the desti
tute, it was stuaind that there are at the
present time 27,000 fematules ourt of emn
ployment in thiat eity.
Our Exchanges.
TiHE MERcURY..-We were happy to
treet, at the commencement of the year,
ur old acquaintance, the Charleston Mer- i
:ury, in an enlarged form and in a new I
ind beautiful dress. The Mercury is one
>f our oldest and best journals and is
very way worthy of the high favor and
atronage it is receiving, and we congrat
ilate her upon this manifestation of her
)rosperity and success.
TnE SOUTIns LITFRARY MESSENGER
ror January, has been received. This
valuable periodical, whose monthly num
ers average sixty four pages each, is now
3fyered to subscribers at the low rate of
S3 00 per annum. Published by MCFAR
LANE, FERGUssoN &, Co., Richmond Vir
inia.
NEW PAPER.-WO have been visited
luring the last week by a new comer aid
one, too, whose acquaintance we are glad
to make-"The Ydrkville Enquirer."
This paper is edited by Messrs. SAMUEL
W. MEI.TON and J. I. MILLER, at York
ille, S. C., and is one of the largest week
lies in the State. Their first issue is
rquite an interesting and remarkably neat
sheet, and is no doubt a sample of what
they will hereafter send out. Mr. VEL.
TON, is the late editor of the "Chester
Slandard" the conduct of which paper,
while in his hands, gives a sufficient guar.
antee for the success of the "Enquirer.'
S. E. CAU.oGaIAN, and J. R. BREARE,
have disposed of their interest in the
"Smith Carolina Temperance Standard"
to their copartner SitifEoN CORLEY. The
Sta ndard is an excellent temperance journ
al, and will be conducted upon the same
principles, and in the same spirit as here.
tofore.
T.e South Carolinian." Last, buthy no
means least, we welcome again the visits
if this valuable jnurnal. The Carolinian
cones to us now in its usual size, and
rontaining as it always did, a large amount
if news, and reading matter. The propri
etors of this excellent sheet, sustained a
urent loss when their "office with all their
accusmulated stock of materials was total
ly destroyed'' soine month or so ago by
fire, yet they have persevered through all
this, and are now out in a sheet fully equal
to their forner is.'ue. They surely de
serve and we hope wi'l receive encour
agement of the most flattering and sub
stantial kind
From the Charlestn Standard.
The Last Euhropean News
Yesterday's mail brought us Northern
pipers containimg full details of the Euro
pean intelligence to the 30th uit., brought
to New Ynrk by the steamer Baltic.
The steamshi'p Sarah Sands, for whose
safety great fears were entertained, had
put iito Cork with her sails damaged.
rhere is very little if anything to repnort
about the conlhtion of the markets.
The greatest event of the week h-as
been Napoleon's speech to the French
Legislature. It was warlike in its tone,
and nakes io mention of any prospects ot
pe;ce. It wan inmmdiately followed by a
loan of 500,000,000 france; unatimously
voted.
l'oorrESq oF NoomyTmpss.-TrE. CON
FFRENCE AT VIENNA, ETC.
A high political conference was to be
held at the residence of the British Minis
ter at Vienna, on the 28s h ultimo. Thme
aembassadlors of England, France, Russia,
Prnssia, and Prince Gortschmaloff, we're to
take part in the disenssion. Thme confer
ence wvas 'o be of the most positive char.
act er.
A despatch from Vienna, dated the 20th,
says that Prince Gortschmakod, had pre.
sented a note received fromi St. Petersburg
to Count Bluid. II is btelieved to be un
satisfactory, but is not the final reply of
Rnussim.
Tihe latest dlespatch, dated at Vienn-a On
the 28th ilt.. savs: " Notes have been
e xchiangedl regrarding the conference .of
Vienna between thme representatives of the
three allied powers. Those on the part of
thme allies were detining the semnse in which
their cabinets were to understand the 'four
poinms' heretofore proposed as the condi
tions of peace.
"GortschiakofT on the p-art of Russia,
had asked for time to obtain instructions
from his government."
Private aidvices from I ondon say that
thme couirse oh pohitics lavers the possibility
ot a speedy termination of the wvar.
Anmsmria, it is beieved, will assnmme the
olihmsive, and thereby influmenceo ad Ger
many on her side. Thme people, it is thoughat.
will force their government to accept the
propositions of tihe allies.
FaoM THtE SEAT OF WAR.-Condiion
oef alfairs at Xeastopoihoth parties re.
imforced and ready for another desperate
/i?gIht, etc.
Atlia rs at Sobatopol, up to the 24th of
:eca'emr, were unichangedl, The Russi.
anis,.htowever, claimed to be doing consid
erabhle damtnge ta thme approaches ol the
allies, lint nevertheless the thtird parallel
of thme French was bristling with mounted
cannon.
Gen. Menschikoff (whmo, by the wvay,
was at the latest diate reported to he lying
sick-Osten Sarken being in comnmantd of
thme Russmns)-telegraphed on thme 20th
D~ecember that there was tnothing new at
80ebastopol since the previous accounts.
The weiater was very severe and disa.
greeable. lie further s'ates that a well
directed fire of tl2 (lussianis had interrumt
eid t he etnemuies works.
Large reinforcemtents were rapidly
arriving to the allies. Up to thme 18th
over thirty thousand of these troops hamd
arri veil,
Five thousand Turks had landed at
Emupataria. 'The destination of Omar
Ptasha's armoy was a profound secret. It
was thioujght he would invest the north
side of Sebastopol. lHe left Shum~a for
Constantin'iple Ott the 17th of D~ecember.
bitt his future mnvements wvere not known.
Ihe Turkisht troops began to arrive from
Vartna ont the 18tht
It was stated that the stormming of
Sebastopol wotuld commence on the arrival
nif thme Turkish reinforceitents. The
French are to storm while the English
and Tutrks are to attack Menschikoff.
Large reinforcements of Russia were
daily arriving at Setastopol, and the next
bat tle is ex pected to be the most desperate
and tloody of all.
The allies at Sebastopol are now fully
reae fo ate Thme third parallel of
re'ih mtmte gus thrtythotusand
Purks, with a division of French and
ngilish artillery, were about to seize
'erekop. There are 53 hies there.
At the last accounts the weather had
nproved and therd had been a heavy frost.
loth armies wete renewing their activity.
everal sorties were reported, and the
tussians had been victorious.
The New York papers are beginning to
xpress serious fears of the peace of their
hty, owing to the stale of mind tinder
Vhich thousands there rest, for want of
mployment. rhey say that scenes are
iow takIng place jn the Park similar to
hose which preceded the bread riots
vhich occurred in New York in 1837.
The Savannah papers announce the
ornpletion of the Monument to Count
?ulaski. who fell at the siege of that
:ity during the Revolutionary , ar.
[he monument is a chaste and beauti.
ul structure, sixty feet high, made of
he finest Italian Marble.
Recent demonstrations of the exist.
mnee of a volcano in Arkansas have
)co(n the cause of :auch uneasiness and
inxiety to a portion of the inhabitaits
>f that State. The subterranean fires
ippear to be located in a mountain,
thout five miles from Waldron, in
scott county. Three explosioi.s lately
iccurred in one week; they were v ry
oud and terrific; threw up stones and
arth; filled the atmosphere with clouds
(rdust and smoke, anid caused the t arth
o quake for miles around. One of
he reports was heard at a distance of
rorty or fifty miles. The earth o i the
mountains is represented as having
iunk to a considerable depth.
A Swede, by the name of A. F.
Svenson, in the employnent of Mr. P.
11. lamnmarskold, of Columbia, com
nitted suicide, Saturday night, by
anging himsell. The body was found
Sunday mornling, suspended by a small
outton cord, to the rafters of an old
arriage house on Mr. Ilammnarskold's
ot. Life wis completely extinct.
A nian by the name of Nathan Cook
was severely imnjurei ye-sterda , in
ol unibia, by the iulling of a block of
granite, which strtck agninst his leg,
mashiig it severely IlIe was at work
in !he new State Capit(l.
If reports be true, the country will soon
)e thrown imto a state of excitement iy a
iequel to the biography of Maria Mmk,
.hat promises to surpass even the later in
martling developments. Miss Brinkly, the
foung nun who recently escaped from the
-'onvent at Pittshnmrg. Mi., is writing a
onw letter in reply to the one sont forth
y the superioress of the iistituttion. She
iends to give a complete history of con
vent life. Now we shall know all about
lie miseries and mnysteries of the exclusive
;is:erhood.
An anti-slavery petition has been
irawn up, addressed to the Massachu.
ietts Senate and House, urging the
passmge of the law: "That any per
son who engages in arresting, holdiig
)r retrrning a fugitive slave, either as
United States Judge, Commissioner,
.farshmal, DT~ty Mashal, oar in any
:apacity whatsoever, or even as a pri.
vate.citizens shall be forever incapable
,f acting as a Juror in any Court nf
this State, or of holding alny office of
trust, honor or emislumennnt. whether
sunch office be a State, County, City or
l'own office, unless relieved from
such disgrace by a pardon; and also
to punish by ine aid imprisonment
any claimant of an alleged slave or
my aider or abettor of such claimnant
whou shall attempt to remove such
mileged shave fromt this State without
his fir4t having a jury trial on the
:juestion of his shavery or freedom."
A Fo-rTEcoMrno Wosnuan.-Ac
:sording to :a correspondent oif Hera
path's (Englishl) Jomirnal, steiam power
is to be superseded by " Pomdson,'
Patent Pendulum T Lever," which will
he brought before the public itn about
i month. Two men, in a sitting posi.
:ion m.will be able with ease to propel a
railway engine of 25 horse power,
with its lull complement ofcarriages,
it any speed attainable by steam pow
or. The tenders and boilers of the
present engines wvill lbe no longer
required, and the new engines will be
sonistructed of about onc-fouarth the
weight, and say at one-sixth or erne
tighth the cost. The wheels and
Fmames of the present engin.es will be
available tar the new 0ones.
MAaatEID,-Onl Wednesday the 1 0th
inst, by J. Newton Ridgway, Mr.
TosIAn BausNsox to Miss MAnY E.
RInowAI.. all of Clarendon County.
May he through life smoothly glide
With hi. young, smart, and handsome Bride
COTTON IMARRET'
CnIA t.:s-rox Jan. 15.
COTTON.-.-With a briqk dmand, and
it bouyant and full prices-the sales to
:Jay reachod fully 1700 bales, the particu
ars of which were repom ted to us as fol
lows: 0 bales at 53-4;0Oat 61-2; 100
it 65-8 ; 113 at 7; 2L at7 1-8 ; 100 at
7'1-2; 71 at 73.8 ; 340 at 7 1-8 ; 83 at
7 5-8; 337 at 7 3-4 ; 72 at 77-8 ; 400 at
3 ; 34 at 81-2.
Don't R ead This!!!
All persons indebited to the Firm of WV.
Jan. Dargan, & Co., are requested to
inake immnediate payment, as we will lodge
ill papers with the proper authorities on
the first daiy of March next for collection.
g37" This is positive,.-we cannot give
further indulgence.
-Jan, 17th, 1854. 11 If
Watchman Copy. tf.
Coghlan & Gay.
B LACKSMIT18, Enginers, Mnrhn
heir services to their friends and the pub.
lic.
Terms Cash-Or, when it is convenIent
and safe to open accounts for parties, they
inust settle up at the end of each quarter
:sf the year, e ither by cash, discount or
mote. Our buai'teas wvill be strIctly con
incted on this system during the present
year.
TF. J. COGHLAN,
RE~DMUN GAY.
yannary 17. lMMl I I
Statement o ilitary
Execufts.
Issued on behalf (f I , 'AHh Zegi , by
Col. F. A Melleu.
The remtiark should' he wade, re
gard to the percentage upon the General'
'ax of defaulters, ordered by t e execn.
tions to be collected, that it is the duty of
the Sheriff to ascertain such percentage
by reference to the tax books, that the
percentages appearing in this statement
are taken from the bheriff's books, and
the correctness thereof is, therefore, not
certified to by the Colonel.
STATEMEN T.
Oct. 28, 1848.
Execution issued by Col. F. M.. Mellett,
Ai't, of Fines 9146 00.
Per contago $13 94.
Ain't, paid to Pay.master Jones, $8 (K).
Feb. 27, 1849,
Execution issued by same,
An't, of fines $6.5 00.
Per centage, 89 57.
Nothing paid to paymaster.
June 25, 1849.
Execution issued by same,
An't, of tines $106 00.
Ain't, pdi H. Britton, Paymaster, e30 00.
Nov. 19, 1849.
Execution issued by same,
Ain't, of fines $0:2 00.
Pd I. J. Ilaynsworth, Paymaster $2 00
S 11. Britton, " 18 00
Fe b. 27. 1850.
Executin issued by same, 4
Am't of fines $1.13 00.
Per centage 1 00
Paid H. Britton, Paymatter 80 00
July 1, 1850.
Execution issued by same,
Ain't, of fines 837 00.
Paid to H. Britton. Paymaster 80 00
Nov. 4, 1850.
Ex, cution issued by same,
A-n't, of lines $36 00.
Percentage 3 80
Paid to IT. Britton, Paymaster 29 80
Nov. 6, 1850.
Execution issued by same.
A i't, of fines 810 00.
Paid to H. Britton, Payinaster 8 00
March 1, 1951.
Execution issued Iy saime,
Ain't, of fines $16 00.
Per centage 6 50
Paid to I1. Britton. Paymaeler 36 50
July 1. 1851.
Execution i.sued by same,
Am't of finps 8940 00.
Paid 11. Britton, paymaster 37 00
Oct. 15, 1851.
Ex"cution is.'ne:I bv same,
An't of fines "*n 00.
Paid II. Brittoi, paymaster 27 00
March 4, 1852
Executioi issued bv same,
Ain't of fives Sli5 00;
July 8, 1852.
Execution issued by sa:me,
Am'. of fines *t41 00.
Percentage 19 59.
Paid 11. Britton, paymaster 54 50
Dec. 2S, 1852.
Execution i-sued by same,
Ain't of fines 66 (H)
Percentane. 10 00
Paid 1w H. Britton e1 Vu
April 11, 1853.
Execution issued by same,
Ain't ot fnes $89 'O.
Porranmn 7 Qr5
Paid to H Briton, Paymaster $9 65
July 22, 1853.
Exenaitiron issued by -the same,
Ai't of fines 8177 00.
Percentage 6 42.
April 18, 1854.
Exeention is-ied by same,
Ain't of fines 91 (0.
Percent.are 7 58.
Aug, 7, 1854.
Execution issued by same,
Ain't of fines 85 00.
Summary of the Foregoing.
Amount iof tines and percentaeo oin the
above stated e'xecut ions $1679 05.
Amo'unt received on said Exe
cut ions by J. D. Jonies, Pay..
vimaster, : : : : 8 71.
Amount rec'd on samte b'y
11. J. Haynsworth. Panymaster, 2 00.
Amgotunt rec'd on sawe by
II. Britton. Paymaster, 346 65.
General Account of Receipts
and Expenditures.
Amount as above received by
H. J. Ha~ynsworth, $2 00.
Amount of other receipts by him, 191 27.
6183 27.
Paid by him for Field Cr.
Colors, Painting &c., $71 00.
Paid by him for muisical
inistruments, 25 00.
Paid by him for expen
ses Court Martial,
to wit: dinners & crier 25 03.
Paid by same (or must
ciatns at various pa..
rades, 26 50.
Paid by same for Slher
itT's comimissinns, 20 00.
Paid by him for Pay
masters commissions 18 32.
" ""postage, 1 15.
'' " " on other
accounts...........2 8.5. 109 92.
Due him (overpaid) $ 16 5..
Amn't rec'd as above by H1. Brit ton, 346 65.
Amn't of additional receipts by him 283 64.
$630 2A.
Cr.
Paid by him the amount'
due H. J. Hlaynsworth. $16 55.
"for Sheriff's coimmis.
sionm, '107 8A
" " arrest & Jail fees, 123 04)..
Refunded to Sheriti; fines.
remitted &c., 47 28.
Paid to Magistrate for . -
swearing out de faulters, 3 00.
Paid for adlvertising, 32 110.
" " expensesrof vari
ous Court Martials, to.
wit: dinners & crier, 99 00.
Pa id for musicians at vari. -
ous parades, 11.3 0(1.
Paid for powder, 7 4 76!
Refunded fine remitted, 3 (10.
Paid for .markers' flngs, 6 50.
Other payments, 6 40.
Paymaster's commiission, 63 02.
(628 36&
Balance In Paymasters
hands,................ 93.
60 29.
By order of' Col. F. M1 MELLETT?.
Hi. lBumTo4, Pitymnar,
Jan. 10, 1855.'
Jan. 1', 1M35 It 1t
Tillusrtr A gent frthe Dvi alb Mani
factuiry, offeirs their goomia- at mnniutrtitnri

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