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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, May 23, 1855, Image 1

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* El ,-..l
JOH S.RIHADSN)Je.
4 (L lX *TRIL9S ogJNAY2, S4
THE* SUMTER BANNER
IS PUBLSIIED
Every Wedaesatity iMlorniag
- BY
Lewis & Richardson.
T E IM8,
TWO DOLLARS in advance, Two Dollars
and Fifty Cant:- at the expiration of s-ix montlis
or Tiree Dollarg at ill end of the year.
No paper discontitinued intil all arrearages
are PA I'D, unless at the option oftlhe Proprietors.
. C.$iP Ad vertisctneeits iiierted at SLV EN''Y
Fl VI9 Cents per square, (1,2 liites or less,) for
the lirst, and half that snm for each suibseqn.int
insertion, (Oflitial advertisemtents the satmie
each time).
aA7 The number of insertions to be marked
onl all A vertisementsor they will be published
until orderedl to be discontinued, anti cliarged
accordin;ly.
ft7 ONlE DOLLAR per square for a sin
gle unserotim. Quarterly and Mlontly Adver
tiseentats will be cltarge.l the same as asingle
insertion, and semiti-nunthly the samIe us new
P Obitiarys andi Tributes of Respect
over twelve lines, charged us advertisements.
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION.
Lawcs of Soul Is Ca roliss, passed
at the Sessioa of1 the Geunera'lI
Assembly of 1M51.
AN ACT to I'aise supplies for the
year commencing in October, on e
thousand eiglt hundred and fifty
fourl.
SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives now met
and sitting in General Assenbbl ainr
by te authority of the same, That a
tax for the sums, and in the manner
herein-after ientioned, shall be raised
and paid itto the pulblic treasury of
the State, for the -ise and service there
of, that is to say: filly cents ad valor
em onl every hundred dollars of the
valtic of all the lands granated in this
State, according to ilho existing clazsi
fication as heretofore established; one.
L* t cent per acre on all latds lying
within the C.t.awa I)n fidiaun honda.y,
to be paid by cach grantee or less ee
of said Indian lands, tilii othelrwise
directed by law; sixty cents per head
ott all slaves; two dollars oin each free
negro, mulatto Or mlestizo betweeni
the ages of' fifteen antdliIly years, ex
4dAch -a li proved,
to.-the satisfaction of tihe collectors, to
be incapable, fro nm ainis or otherwise,
of procuring a livelihood: twenty cents
ad valorem on every luiidr'ed dollars
of' the value of all lots, lands aid
buildings within any city, town, village
or borough in tle State; sixty Celts
per hundred dollars ott fictorage em
ploymenclts, faculities and professionls.
including the profession of dentistry.
(whether in tiae professionl of the law
the prolits be detived from the costs
of suit, fees or other sources of pro
fessional incomtte.) excepting clergy
men, school-lmasters, school.mistresses
and mechanies, and ont the amnaut of
commissions received by vendue mas
ters and commission merchant.,; thirty
cntts per hunidred dollars ott the capi.
tal stock paid inl ot the first of Octo
ber, one thousand eight haudred and
fifty-four, of all banks which, for their
prese-nit cnarters, have not, paid a bo.
nus to thle State; twe'.ty ceits per hti
dred dollars on the capital Ptock of all
incorporated gas-ligit coaniaties; one
per cent, on all prein iums taken inl
this State by incorporated Iisurance
Companies, and by the agencies of in
sur-alice Conpaies aid undeiwriters
withtout ithe limits (of this Slate; ten
cetnts upon evetry tunidried dotlars aof
the amount oft sales of tzoods, wares
and mecrchandtiise, emabracinig atll the
atrticles oif trade for sate, barter otr ex
change, (the products of thtis State and
the unmian ahetuired products of any
of the Uniited States or territories
ther'eof excepted,) which atny per'son
shall have made fromi the firs.'t day of
Janutary, of the pr-esenit year, to the
first dlay of January, iti the year' of
our Lord otto thiousaind eight huntdred
and filty-five, eitheri (on his, her or thte.r
capital, or but-rowed capital, oir oin ne
count of any persotn or persoits as
agen t, attoirney oir conisignlee; t wenty
cents upon every hundred dotltars of
this amiouint of sales of gioods, wartes
anid nmerchanidize whatever, whtich anay
transitnt persont, niot resident in this
State, sth atiake in any hotuse, stall or
Publ,1ic place; ten dlatrits per day for
representitng pulil-yh~, for gatin atnd
rewatrd. atny platy, comedy, traigedy,
intetrltde or far'ce, or other31 etmpjloy
men4ta of the stage, oir atny part, ther'ein;
or for exhibiting wax figures or other
shows of'any kind whaatsoever', to be
paid inito tito hianld.' of' the Clerk-s of'
the Court respe.. tivecly, whlo shall be
bountd tao pay the samtte into thle pub.
lie treasurty, except in cases where the
same is now~ required by laiw to be
*paid to corporations orI oither'wise.
'Ssc. 2. T1hat all taxes levied otn
proapertey as. prescr'ibead in the ftirst
stetiont ofthis aict, shalt bepi th
tax cleorfor the distriet, or parish
jn iy~h said property is locate'.
Sacc4L lnt makitng assessmtenits for
taxoe n titit iue (if taxabile propert y
tided atai in n inlturigg 0i: for raittroad
puirposis withitt this Sto9 the value
l tie m iachmery used therein lshall
not he inchided, brt only the value ol'
tie lots ad buildings as property
mrrerely.
1-: C. 4. That the tax collectors ir,
tlie several districts aid parishes in
h bis State, inl their returins hereafter to
be iade. be and they are hereby re
<poired and enjoiied to state the pre
vise airimiount of *taxes collected by thorm.
for the purpose of supporting the po.
lice of the said several districts arld
parishes aforesaid. stating the rates
per centnianal on the amounits of the
State tax collected for said district aid
parish police purposes; arid the Comp
-troller General shall return the same
inl his report.
SEC I. That free negroes, milat.
toes, mustizoes be, and they are here.
by, repinired to niake their returns,
arid pav their taxes during the inonh
of' March.
II tie Senate House. the tventy-first
day of December, in the yea-r (I our
Lo rd one thousand eight hinelred
and fillty-foiir, and in tle seventy
intlh year of the 9(1v.reignlty and
lidepen(lence of' tire United States
of' America.
R. F. \V. ALLSTON,
Prestfdent q the Senate.
JAM ES SINIONS,
SpeakerJ ofthe Jouse < fRepesentatires.
Ve make tie 61lowirrg extiact firo
an article entitled " Was Napoleon a
Dictator?" which we fiid in Putlatam's
Janura ry NUmber. The whole article
is full of' interest, and if we are iiot
m uclh mistakei comes froim the pert of
the present learned Profe.ssor of' jI istio.
ry, in onei College. It looks v-ery
mnch like the Doctor and the stle
und manner are certainly his. The
extract f'uirnishes a very striking par
rai el between Washinlgtoni and the
French Emperor.- [o. %-,-.
The emperor himself wv is desirrols
of' havinrg tis reigni considered as a
dictatori'ii p. Tll is was at least the
case in his exile, where, as it is well
and was natural, lie oeenied
hiimself' mneh with his nama1,e aid repi
tation as thkey-mould appear teo posterl
tv. On one occasitoln ie oh.-rve1 :
Some people hatvC said thrt I oghlrt to
have rade nivsel' a French Washirg
te. AIl tat, I was allowed to he was
a crowred Washingtilo.- For le to
aiitate W ashrinagtonii would have beena
I niiserie." i Ile eit, numltedlrl)(iv.
that. eiretnstant-eeo did noit alloiw Inill
to be a \Vashingtem. This is true
btt it is equal!y trare that Ie could iev.
cir have be. 11 a Vashinrgtn, whatever
tie cirenstances miigtlit have been.
TI.re rfe .n-> Iwo ini ill he whole
ba'eadlth of' history more luarlike to (Ne
Lrnoter lrl. \rasli ntoi's fel lmw star of
ahe birnary Colstellationr is William of
Nassan, the fiouner l' the Netirlaa mI
r'epubl Ilic, Iot Ilmraptarte crouwned or
u nero wn ied.
Napoleon's aid Washington's Inindz.
and souls difl'ered no le) 14!.;., thI ii
bodies. The one wv'as wio Ilv Anai
Caa, or Telntolnie ; the other a ver y
type of tihe Celtic or Iberiai. The #)fae
great and n1oble as a eahrn aind pease
verinrg iraon of' duity ; Ire othier i .ny(nna
Wis. arid of' flashy brillianey. \ash
ilgtim has ever appeared to us as tle
historie mlodel of' sounad common sense.
arnd sterling joi mnt, coupled with
lrimmrenlate peatri. tiism. TJhecre wa':s
noetharng brillanrt in W as~hingtnea, nnh-~a-s,
inrdeed, thre Fabian geniuis of aiiy ield
irg perseverance ini a high carel', be
called brillia.,t. N apoleonr, on thre
oIthlen' hanid is, possibly13, tht mo' st brail.
l'ait ebarac~rtear of' alil :.ode'nr times.
Glorciy was his very idol. WVashiington
was'obeI.dient to the law, a law aidinli
mnian if (ver threre wats one ; Na poleon
corstarrtly broke (down the law when
it, appeared rnecessai'y to hirm, arid it
ap~peared't tol him i ofte L'iso. WVash iin'
ion aided ini creating a new emrpi re;
Nap ol eaon createdl, orn aimed Ll at cr'eatinrg
aros n fa s~rngle fjidpne
'-a svrneof colon i' frm a dis
tanrt iiiother coun try ; Nap olceon areose
on11t of' a hiearirr ilalterrnaI rev' llit Iiin.
Wasiingtoni is daily growing in the
aflectionr of' historgy, anrd thre is thre
morlst, irear'kable nlriformrity of opJirionl
r'egardiing Iris ebaarnaeer ; there is thae
greatest, Iil'eee of' opoIiin'C~il re:ring
Napoleon's, and. ihlowever rmaniy mary
aidmine hrimr, rio one love~s him, except
sorme sri v'ors, wVhol hnave r'ecei veal
acts of' persona;l kiiidnhess at his hiands.
No iman ever loves power mrely as11
p~ower. We could anot even love 'Go~d
were fie only adhnaihrty. Washmirgtoni
ne~veri per'sec'ated ; Ihe impi l'irind nio
a pponiert, bairishied noi ernemaiy, aind
whenr Ire died hais barrds wei'e unrstainred
like Pericles ; Napoleon banished,
imri'stoned, arid perisecuted, and de
veloped a systemi of police, which miiust
he0 called stuapendons, onl accotunt. of its
valstnress, comrpl eteriess, prerfection,
power, anrd pcienetrtng relinoemient
a snysterm pressing to thiit day .oan
F'irnce lirke anr Alp, arid wich ma'kes
all that Aristotle wvrites on the polico
of uisurpers appear as the veriest, trash.
Ie DiOn) siani SyCO)liInt was t polor
(mngler, Compared to an agent of the
French secret police; and, be it well
remnieibered, this gigantic police sys.
tem with the gendarmerie, and ill t he
thousand ramifications, is essentially
Napoleonic. It was developed in all
its stifling grandeur under hiin, and is.
unfortunately, more truly his own,
than the code which bear.; his name.
Washington was strictly institu -
tional in his character, and never
dreamed of concentration of power.
It' Satan ever appeared to him showing
him the glory an(.' power of a kingdom
It earth, it was buried in his nioble
breast, and io act or word of his has
ever shown even a struggle to heat
down th tempLter. N:apil ifeon had noi
instinct Ihr institutional government
whlatever,* and constantly struck uont
new brillianey to make him and his
people more glious. Washing toni
was I citizen, and statesmainai, a patriot
and also a soldier; Napoletin was
soldier above all. lie acknowledges
11, and is proud f it. To be the
greatest captain was4 his greatest glory.
We Americans acknowledge th'at
Washiiington plainly served his coull
try, to which lie bowed as the great
thi :g above him and alive all; the
greatest adirers of Napol1eon sa
that " soldiers, moley, people, wel e
inl his hands but Ivalls to establisi.
In systewc gradniose."t Waingtton
iever was ia dictator, .nd never aimiii ed
at. a dictatorship; Napolcon claims the
Litle to exp!ain ur exiiSes his desp iisil
and cen) tral ism 1. Washington nevier
compared himself to any (ine; Naiolel
i. comlpares imiself lto him. %. ash
Igtoli's policy was strictly domestie.
mt id in Ieaving public life lie urges th.
SiLillil from'In foreign policy as a
0 r.4
must essential point in tie lwhotle
Americani State system. Napoleon's
policy became fromn year to year more
foreigl, tmtil it ended almost excln
sively ill cuilue-it, and11 aln abs'olucte
supremliacy of France, to which all else
was sacraiticed. Washington was a1
modest ai; Napoleon looked upon
limself as a sort of. Fate. Wa:,hing.
tonla wa1s one ->t the 4egianers the
Rft'vittlo i'itpo cleo steccs in whent
11lie revolution of* his ciountry a I
Already developed immense power
ancd frces. \Vahington aimed at no
elevationi of his faiily, and dies I
jin4tice of the peace; Naloleonu writes
i-) Joseph: I anlit a mi.aily of' kings
(it me /zmt une unille Ie rois.)
Washington divests himiellf of the
Uhief laigistracy, votlultarily and
Iracefil ly, leaving tio his 'people a
temn c t which afer ages liior like
a ptlmitical gtspel; Napioleonl, in his last
lav, is oclpied with the idea oi
itinnily aggrandizeut, or with the
mnelais by which his house imay be
prevented fiot mingling again with
onillilon len. Durilgl his closing"
illness lie directs General Bertrand to
advise, inl his namie, the iemcibers of
his annily to settle chiefly in IRome.
w hIIre their children oug.h t to be
Illarried to the priieely aiiii ilies ofI
Ile Colonis, &c., anid w.here Somite
lliaplarte wojuld no't fiil to becme
popie. Jcrome i li Caroline oucighit tic
reside ii Switzerland, where, in ierne.
lihe) ilimist establishi theiselves inl the
Swiiss "* Oligalueby."' and where a
ladammai 6n1.i would belc'taini to
fldl to the fiiniily; andic the chiltlienc of
dosellh, shldc lhe remiaini in Ameirica,
miighit mai~rry inito the great famiilies (of
the \Vaiilshigtccsad den'e~rsoins, aiid ai
lI napasrte wou Ild cme Precsideniit iof
lie iited St ates.s Wasin gtona wais
all that, :his 'ciuntry at the time
requciredh, and no mou re; he was thuis,
anid r'emainis, a political bilessing to ouri
Fiance retqired, andt ito imiore Did
Iihe desires ofihis geniins and( his pci son.
cal grt'at~n ess nolt pre'sent themiiselvyes as
Fiance to hiis cnormoincis in d? Even
Louinis Na poltecon hazs said on his thronec
thait his unicle, it muiist be ownced, hasd
liovedl wair tio much.
lith WaV. :shiingtoni and Napolieon
have been ment'l of' high act ion anid
solme pont of' silniiarity unditoubhtedlly
exist, but, tI) find thIeml 'is a work cot
igeniciity. rat her thanii one that natu-i
rally presentts itself to an inigeinuous
Taii' CAsc. o1r Yot'ac 'EI.~-From
a high ofliciail son ree, at. IIavaina, we
lemini that tour Cocnsul (as wuellI as alli
cither fpersonhs) has benl deied pclter
mlissioni to visit, Mr1. lFelix in pirisuin.
'he othoir prisolner, Laicstte, is coiifined
iii a cell descri bed as a " hiorrid deii,"
anmd is to he tried Ihv a military com-l
iion~i--resulIt, d'th moist Ii kcl y.
Mtr. Felix wtiuld have beena as severely
treated buit ir thle initeres t. mnifestedl
by~ our governmenht anid iluient ial ill.
dividumals. H~e is bectter treated as it
is, anid the Consul hopecs yet Li) obitain
Ccimmlunienationi with imii. Tlhe iEnig
1ish and Scotch tradens at Hlavania,
considering Mr. Felix's ease, are said
to sneerl not a litt-le at President
Pierce's Inaugural, whi ch promised so
much p~roteet~lon to Americans. They.
keep the documin ut posted up inl their
counting rooms. Our Consul holds,
and rightly, that Felix and Lacoste
should have their trial tinder the treatv,
oipen and fhir, and not before a secret.
military iinisition. Ile has, ere this.
addressed the Captain General on the
*suhject-with what result we are anx
ious to hear. Our govei mient per.
iits Arnericans and the American
mnane to suflelr, by not efliciently inter
;'osing in such cases as thiss -N J
Mirror.
A CoMaINirr.-The Montgomery
Mfail, speaking of South Carolina and
of the selection f --C her public men,
pays her the following compliment:
No State in the Union has been so
uniformly jeaIlous of her character in
this particular. Virginia has been
lfiined for her regard fir mien of' stand
inig and ability, and Massachusetts has
been always disposed to put. her best
talent ihrward. 13ut of late years they
have illilen below their old standard.
whIiile *ouith Car'linia has continued tio
use her linest mind, so for as it was
available for her service. We iniag
ine that in i, State has demagogueisin
less sway aind genuine ability a readier
chalce for siciess. Polities still re.
tail some dignity in South Carolina;
but in iost ()f the Statcs a iman's ad.
vainceient inl piblic life depends on a
goiridly number of outside accompani.
mn ts.
The nIatir al resul t. is beginnir.g to be
snlliciently apparent. Our best men,
i iany seeLions of the Union, are
seeking other fields and other harvests,
A oI erfuli change has cei tainly tak.
C! place already; anid henee the mark
ed decline ill oir statesmanship, and
in Congressional and Ex-entive talent.
Time imay bring about a reform. The
old patriarch hi:ts done iany good
things in his day, and lie is not yet
too old to right uip matters in) this por
rion of his doilniion. Without any
sort of doubt, the American people see
the error of allowing their best men
to fly from public life, and dedicate
their intellectual worth- to. other ur
suits. It gelius coeld ience ' mnre
imrare our' Leg'slative Halls, and the
power of mat.ore years, proIhund stu.
dv and liberal culture, reach the li pubb me
heart of tie land. we should enter on
I new eira in oill r history.
lEsPIisEn IlIOUS1iIoLD .uriEs.
From a varie!y of Cases, nothing is
Ilkme 44iiii on than to find A mericai
wolen wh*Io, have in it. the slightest idea
of household (liltv. A writer thus
all ules to this suIject:
"In this neglect of household cares
American imales stand alontie. A
Gerinaii lady, no matter how hiigh her
rank, never forgets that d 'rnest ic li
hors coiduice to the health of' od y
and mind alike. An English lad,
whether she he (lil a gentleian's
wife, Ir a diiuke's, does not ..espise the
household; ad, even thigh she has a
housekeeper, devotes a portion of Liher
limtie to this, her happi'est splhere. It.
is reserved fior our republican line la
dies to be io .re choice than even th i. i
motnarchical and- ariocatie ,isters.
he resuilt i a lassitude oiif mind tfteii
as fatal to the hualth as iegect of
bodily exercise. The wife who leaves
her hiousehild ca.-es 14 the servants,
Ii yS the penalty which has beeni aflix
ed to idiIlness silien thle fotiiidationi if
lie wIold, a .d ei ther wilts away frolin
clnllni, oir is dIriveni to) all sorts ofi fash
inabile fo llies to hjid empiloiy menit for
tile liiid.'
NARI.AaiE orFN E~sO~s.
IPersons. abuat to at airry, who wh-h to
kinow the fprmoper age, mire refei red to
lie f bllow ing precedt'li s. Adami and
Eve, 0; Shi:u kespeare, I 8; Dcin Johinso n,
21; Wailer, 22; hraniktin, 2-1; Mlozai t,
25; Dainte, K epleri, FullIeIr. Johinson,
Iiiirke, S'co tt, 2ti; Tycho~ Brahe, l~ iron,
Washington , Wehlihgtcoi, Iounapar te,
27; P'eiii. Steriie, Qg; Linimeus, N el -
sioni. 21), lurins 30: Chaucer, I logar tlh,
IPeel, 32; Wo rdswiortli, Dlavy, 33,
A risto'.le ;io, Sir W Ailllim J ones, 37;
W ii hef rie, 38; 1 anthler, 42; A ddiso1n,
I-f; W esley, Yong, 47; Swi It, .19);
hufilbn. 55, Oldl Parr, (last time) 15t0.
II A damu and Eve got. mairried hefibre
they were a y ear old, and the veteran
Parr buckled with a widow at 120,
bacihelr a(15.nd spinisters may we I at
any age they Ii ke, and find shelter
unider great naines for either early
miarria ges or late.
Pava.ENcE~ OF DAihim ss.-F1roml
sonie cause or oither, baldness seemus
to laceial much younger men~i thian it,
did thirty or forty years ago. A veiy
observat, hatter iiinred us a short
time smece, that lie imnagiined mnuch of
it wais owing to lie coinnuon use of
wearing silk hats, which fromn their
im perimeability to the aiir, keep the
he-ad iat a much higher temp1jeratunre
thai the old beaver structures which,
lie also informed us, went ount prinici.
pally because of' the scarcity 'of' the
beavers in the lludson flay. This feet
affords a sinrular instance of the influ.
ence of liishion upon the anainals of a
remote continent. It would be more
aingular still if the silk hat theory of
baldness hs any truth in it as it wotld
then turn out that we were sacrificing
our own natural nap in order that the
beaver inay recover his. Without
endorsing the speculative opinion of
our hatter, we nay, we believe, state
it as a well ascertained circumstance,
that soldiers in hicmnelted regiments
are oftCner hald thant any other of our
lieroic def'enders.-Quarterly Review.
Suom.: DEATHI OF A IBJIERTINE.
The following strange tale appears in
the Paris Droi:-A young man aged
about thirty, dressed with extreme
e!eganace, arrived at the station of the
Rouaen railway about ten days ago.
Ile was accormpanied by a young
female, who was also most elegantly
att ired. Almost immediately after he
alighted from the train ho was taken
ill, and in a short timno manifested all
the symptons of poisoning. lie was
co1n veyed into the nearest hotel, aid
there, though medical hs-istance was
promptly procured, he (lied inl great
agony. On his being taken ill, the
fenale by whomi he was accompanied
disappeared, and all attempts to di!
cover he, were vain. It being strongly
suspected that he had died (if poison,
informn'ation was given to the o agVis.
trates. On exanining his pockets, a
nu 11ber of portraits of feinales, of
rinags, locks of hair, innumerable love
letters, aid other trophies of a favorite
of' the ladies, were iound. Only one
of the letters contained the address of
the writer. The Mayor of Roien gave
iii'ormation of the death to the Prefect
of Police, at Pat is; and from inquiries
which the police, by the prefect's
orders, instituted, it became rather
widely known. The consequence was,
that the Mayor of Rouen received a
great number of letters from females
in different positions in society, claim
inir the deceased, but though all agreed
In describing'him as remarkably good
looking. and.all expressed profound
sorrowy at his de.ith, no two'.of :thenm
gaves hima th samevuimqe,.The lady
-who put her'a!dress to the love letter
foind on him, was souht ont aid
qiestioned; and she gave him a name
dif ferent from that of all her rivals.
The real name of this Don Juan hais
not yet been discovered, and the more
inquiries are made, the more dillicult
it becomnes to know who he was.
Fr'ii an examination inade of the
bily, it appears that he died, not of
poisonl, but of a sudden attack of chol.
era.
Ni-vwiwuatit BANK.-Vill some one
b% kind enough to infbridi us as to the
euaue of cerim apprehensions which
have been expressed in this District,
and, we believe, acted upon in the city
1)f Augusta, in regard to the coindition
of this moneyed corporation? Until
two weeks since, it was generally
thoight, fiumi the character of its
stockholders and the well known
ability of' its financial head, that the
Newberry Flank would at least stand
its hand, through thick and thin, with
any or all of our moure youthful banks
lut to our surprise, a clamor has been
raised against it. first of all. - Until
somIetniir more condemnatory, than
is at present known, shall appear, we
mAst insist that this clamr is as unjust
as it is un ibunded. Anad we trust our
editorial brethren of New berry will at
eneae mnake its absurdity apparent.
WVe should take plleasure in giving
circulation to anmy de(fenace of' this
Institution they maay think proper to
mamke.
P. S.-Since the above was ini the
printe's drawer, we have been shown
a full statemnent, direct fromr the hands
of' Mr. IBoyd (President of the New
berr'y Ban ks) to the effect that his Bank
ha~s nout. heena in a better condition since
its estalishmaent than at present.
II is exhibit, whieth now lies be'for'e us,
minakes a clearm showing. His language,
in reference to the supposed imrplica.
tioni of the Bank in Charlestn failures.
is empailatic. " By the failures in
Chaarleston," says lae, " we expc't to
lose but little if anay thing; and did we
to the extent of (our holdings, it would
ntot, effect our operations and should
no 0t our cred it."- Edgejield Advertiser.
SUROIcAL OPEnA'TION O~ 'rETilEs
-DiPI.icaso 'IrE IJEART IN A LIVINo
Blonv.-Ona the 3d of the present
month, Mr'. Alphonso Bickford, of
P'ahaayra, Me., land his chest tapped,
anad the ahanost itncredible amaounat of
inme punts of fluid, in all its character
istics resemblinamg pus, taken therefrom.
T1he P'ortlanad Advertiser' says:
"I'The operationi was performied by
Dr. J. C. Manson, of itt sfiel d, ad.
vised and assisted by Dr. Benson, of
Newport. T1he fluid was situated in
the left, side of thme chest, and conlse.
quently the heart wias very much dis
placed ; so much so that it was dis
ticty felt beating two inches upon
the right of the sternum or medium
line of the body. It ho~over gradu.
ally receded during the operation, and
after the entire evacuation, was found
beating in nearly its natural position.
Ilie patient immediately began to
amnend, and is at present doing well.
His case has for some tine past been
considered hopeless, but tMere is now
a prospect of his recovery."
OR iN OF NEwSPAPEiis.-D'fIsraeli,
in the~first volume ofhis ' Curiosities of
Literature," gives a very interestinm
and minute account of the origin of
newspapers with historical facts con
corning their introduction in the vari.
Ous European nations. Ile states
that we are indebted to the Italians
for the idea of newspapers. The first
paper was a Venetian one, and only a
monthly; but it was merely the news.
paper of the govern ment. The title of
the Gazedus, was perhaps derived from
Gazzera. a magpie, or chatter, or more
probably from a farthing coin peculiar
to the city of Venice called gazetta,
which was the common price of the
newspapers. These early newspapers
were not allowed by ajealous govern
ment to be circulated in Printed form,
but the Venetian Gazeite con'inued'
long after the invention of printing, to
be distributed in manuscript. In a
library at Florence are thirty volumes
of the Venetian gazettes al. in manu
script. Mr. George Chalmers states
that mankind are indepted to the
wisdom of Queen Elizabeth, and the
prudence of Biurleigh, for the first
genuine newpaper. In the British
Museum are several newspapers which
were in the English Channel, duiing
the year 1588. Popplar zeal againaL
the Spanish Armada was inflamed in
these early newspapers. Burleigh, in
order to rouse the national feeling,
published extracts of a letter from
Madrid which speaks of putting the
English Queen to death, and the
instrumentof torture on-the Spanish
fleet l These early copies of newspa
pers are in Roman,,not blank letter.
They are entitled " .English Iferedrie.
Periodical papers were fir. generally
used in England durina the tOhvil Wa r
at-the period ot.the fornnweth.
Do Saint Foix, in his curious histori.
cal essays, gives the origin of newspa.
pers in France. lenaudor, a physi
cian of Paris, to amuse his patients,
was a great collector of rews, ad he
found by these mieans that lie was
more sought after than his more
learned brethren. But as he had much
leisure and was quite fond of collecting
news, ho obtained a privilege from tie
Government in 163), to publish a
summary of the news of the various
countries to distribute among his
patients. It is almost needless to add
that his patrons were soon found in
all ranks, and his written sheets were
in grenter demand than his written
prescriptions
Tim NVORLi TO CoMs.-Th1e follow
ing were the mneditatiions of the Cele
brated John Foster on the death of
his wife.
"Can it be-how is it-what is it
that we are now not inhabitants of the
same world-that each have to think
of the other as in a perfectly different
economy of existence?. Whither is
she gone-in what manner does she
consciously realize to her-elf the
astonishing change-how does she
look at herselfC as no longer inhabiting
a mortal tabernase-in what manner
does she recollect her state as only a
few weeks since-in what manner does
she think, and feel, and act, and coni
mnunicate wvithi other spiritumal beings
-what n mnner of vision has she of
Gsod and the Sav'iour of the world
how does she review and estimate the
course of discipline through which she
had beeni preparc:l for the happy state
where she find.- hersel f-in what an
ner does she look back on deaft, which
she has so recently passed through
and does she plainly understand the
nature of a '.henomenon so awfully
mysterious to the view of mortals ?
How does she remember and feel
respecting us, respcctmng me ? Is she
associated with the spirits of her de.
parted son and our two children who
died in inftnmey ? Does she indulge
with delight a confident anticipatmon
thait we shall, after awhile, be added
to her society ? If she should think
of it as (with respect to some of us)
many years, possibly, before such an
event, does that appear a long time
in prospect, or hats she begun to ac
count of duration according Jo the
great laws of eternity ? Earnest
imraginngs and questioninags like these
arise without end; and still,.there is
no answer, no revelation. The mind
comes again and 'again up close to the
thiek black veil; but there is no per
forationi, no glimpse. She that loved
me, and I trust loves me still, will
not, cannot, answer me. I can only
imagine her to say, "Come and see,
serve our God so that you shall come
and bhare, at no distant time."
Lime-water is said to be an iiiinItt
b lo pure f'or diai r io
." LITTL CLoUD."-LlOyd's c
ly. paper-one of the oldest ofihio
English publications, and associ"ted
essentially with the cominercial inte
rests of Great Brittaiin-gives express I
ion to sentiments respecting. this codfI
try, which, we imagine, are Lhose'of-._ j_
large part of the enlightened clasis
fur which it speaks. We make the -
fullowing selection from one of its;
articles, as germane to the times.
South6 Carolihian.
"Tho little cloud is growing. Da
by day we see the two great Ailgi
Saxon States stand further aparand
causes of complaint are being m'ulti
plied-we grieve to say-on thii side
of the Atlantic with the great republic -
Is this the fruit of our Austrian 'ahd
French alliance? American hatred
:and distrust ofAustria are as fierce as
a passion; and whenever we conclude '
a definite allianre which shall give us
a new friend . at Vienna, Nvd mait
reckon on finding a new enemy at;
Washington, This is l thecour' ot
things. Our Austrian leanings all
along have turned from us the-hearts
of our cousins. But now we are . -o
siffer fur the quarrels of tll- Fiienc1h
Emperor. Three or four weeks'ag,
oficial papers began to abuse the
Americans. Within the last fe'days .j
Mr. Soule, an Armericin ambassador.
in Paris, is about to demand his -:
passpoits and withdraw; and rumor
designates t I duty of the B
tie fleet as a cruise across the Atlah -
tic! Where are we driting? .Jona4 ;
than, like John, is high and mett
some. If the fleet go out, blood wil
be shed, and in a cause not ouis th&
blood of men who. speak our tfmguagq
apd ob.ey ourtlaws, the blooil otbroth
ers. Are the stories false. Or o
our ministers gone mad? . Hit tq
not enough oih their hands?
them, Eugland will tell themn, that
first -wish of all hearts is pea'e, frchdd '
Iiness..concorditj our.own- in
no alliance,.howev r-splendib b:
welcome to us that inv.e" tole
ation of the nitd
lers.
We extract the following'fron the
Evening News of Thursday
Our money market' continues to
present no new features of interest
which may be considered capable of
benefiting our business men at. the
present. Our hanks are making many;
changes in their business, with the
view of conforming to the pressure of
the times. If, in doing this, they shall
hit upon a general course, and which -
is capable of being carried out at al:
times, we think they will greatly
bencit themselves and tihe comnilty'
also. One of their changes, we under
stand, is the reduction of their dis
counts, as regards each amount. We
have always considered the discounj. *
ing or large aiiounts, for one' inai h
one tine, a bad policy. It withdras
fronm the batik a large-amount of its -
means at one draw, which is not aigahi
returned until it all comes back; thus
cripling the resources of the bank for4a
long period, to be only removed at
long intervalk, and then again renewed
immediately, with the view of keepinig.
its funds active.
When a bank manages 'ts business
so as to have its discounts coming dn
in equal proportions every day, it~is
always able to discount paper for its
customers as they may want it, instead
of requiring them to await its slo,~
action. It is also better able to makto
use of its deposits, because this co
tiniued incoming of its funds is alwaya...
supplying it with ths means to nieef f
any ordinmary demnat...s. But theseaj~
not all thie benenits which a %ink
receives. When a banik mnakes saijnl
loans it gets a greater numberj f~j~.L
securities, and runs less risk oflos.a !;
It will also create a large numbd~.~d
depositors, whose business, by reason~:V-~
of this regularity on the partof- the~
bank discounts, are in a healthy condi
tion, and thus become profitable to th~ -
bank. These large loans nra not onl: i
injurious to the bank, but also to the .
people-for where they. are -being &- -
raised, the absorption necesary Nw
this purpose imparts to the markea~Q
stringency unknowns to small lohan's.~
B3esides these, they increasesictl
tion and false credits, greatly to. t
injury of all. One of the oldpst *t~#
in the Union, havin.g a .capitai
$1,00.000, whilst its'deposits
reached above that, and yet'dtirit~
existence, possessing thiisila
it has never loaned ateiottf
$2,000, and then oin fir#>I'as}
Trhis bank has pontied-.DrI~g'
times of plenty aindt presstgre~~
dividends every your offtse~i~
whilst- its losses, iave -be
nominal.~
Th ufierofhidhi
don~~~, roseceI9ed bmthio9t
er, inlordtis is Engmjlsh
the late Nege Yrk oe o'
test fo~r ihtdtoierna

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