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I illlHMUlil llilii lM»JlimXiiyhiillii<iU^#
! ON WILLIE'S
: By BEATRICE STURCES r
Copyright, IWG, by C. 11. SutclitTe Y
gk'niw „nin'" ll"'lHl"iiiiiiihhii|l^l>
Willie sat 011 the steps in a distinctly
unhappy moo;!. It was the first bf
July, bright and beautiful. The garden
•vus ablaze with flowers and he could
(tick as many as he wanted. Ills ball
And books and little fire engine lay on
Che porch beshle him, and his collie pup
was begging him to came and play, but
Willie had no heart for any of these at
He was grieved. What was the use,
he reflected, of being the only child If
your father and mother go away for
two weeks and leave yju at home?
What was the use of having a young
aunt stay at your house If she shut her
self up In her room and wouldn't come
downstairs? And what was the use of
being alive at all when the circus was
coming to town in three days and no
body had Invited you togo? Life was
full of terrible problems. He was just
wondering If he hadn't better cry about
It when he saw a friend coming down
the street and hastily changed his
This ft'lend was 11 » less a person than
Max llnrwoo.l. chief of the volunteer
fit" department of Norwood, commo
uv.- of the 1 c.il yachting club and a
he.\> In Willie's eyes. By some mys-
U.loiia coincidence Commodore Mai
iippe.ired on the scene with great
promptae.sH and frequency whenever
Willie's aunt. Miss Marjory Dean, came
for a \ isit. and as these visits had been-'
rathor nume.Miis during the year Just
passed Willie knew him well enough
to ruminate through his pockets and to
boast about their intimacy whenever
any of the other boys needed a little
wind taken out of their sails.
To Willie's surprise Max was pass
lug with merely a wave of the hand,
•o the little boy Jumped up and ran
"Hello, Napoleon!" cheerily called his
hero. It was his fancy to call Willie by
tbe names of the world's great gener
als, one after another.
"Good morning, commodore; aren't
you coming into see us?"
"Ouess not, Iluunlbal; It's pretty
early for company."
"You have been earlier than this,"
said the child reproachfully.
"Well— er— I'm kind of busy this
Willie was turning away to hide the
hurt look In Ills eyes. Nobody wanted
to bother him. Max saw this and has
"But get your cap and come along.
I'm going down to fix up the boat. You
can help me."
The delighted child raced back to the
hop.'j for his cap and then was off
huad in hnnd with the commodore,
happy as a lark.
TLey worked all the morning 011 the
bor.t and then the commodore took
Willi J up the river for a sail.
"Are you going to the circus, Aga
memnon?" Inquired Max, by way of
With a recurrent touch of gloom
Willie was forced to admit that he
didn't think he was.
"Weil. I'd like to take somebody of
Just alxmt your size," went 011 his host,
"and I think that somebody Is you.
What do you say. my hearty?"
"Fine! Fine!" shouted Willie.
"Well, benve ho, there, and we'll
■pi lee the main brace. Keep out of the
lee scuppers while I hoist the mainsail.
Ha! Ulysses, what do you think of
that?" And Max, who loved to mix
up nautical terms for Willie's enter
taiuiae.'t, made the cleanest kind of a
landlnu at his own pier.
"I)!1 you over shiver your timbers,
common:.re?" asked Willie.
"Lots of times. Wellington, and still
live to tell the tale. I>ou't forget übout
the Fourth-- side shows, fat lady, pea- j
nuts, elephants, pink lemonade—we'll
aee It all."
"Indeed l won't"' cried the child,
wild with delight as he raced into the
house to 7ell his air.it.
She was watching for him anxiously.
"Oh, Willie boy. where have you
WtLLTB LOOKED AJfXTOrSLY FROM ONE TO
been all the morning?" she exclaimed,
He told her breathlessly, and she
listened to his admiration of the com
modore with rising color.
"Isn't he perfectly splendid, Aunt
Marlorle? Thev snv there are ten ele
phants and the lions growl something
awful! But I won't be afraid with the
commodore. Only 1 wish you were
coming too. Wouldn't you like It?
I'm sure he'd take you, too, 1/ you
"No, honey, I-I don't think so. I
iou't expect to see the commodore |
ugalii; we—we aren't friends any j
"Oh, nun tie!" exclaimed Willie, in
geuuln*- dismay. And he's so good
Willie thought for a minute that his
Aunt Marjorie was going to cry, and
then he was surprised to hear her say
In a manner singularly unlike her
usual gentleness. "Maybe some peo
ple think he is good, but I know his
true character, aud I do not think you
ought to gj arouud alone with him."
TWa speech was rendered wiUi all the
dignity that a w ouiau of the world,
ajfed nineteen, could muster.
"You Went with him alone to l-ts
lof places." complained Willie. "Tvu!
went last night "
"Yes. an I that's just the reason I'm
uoc going again. If a man takes a girl
to a dunce mid forgets her he will cer
tainly forget a little boy when he takes
him to the circus, and then what would
happen to you?"
Really this was awful. Willie had
never seen his dear little aunt in such
u state, but she was very sweet to him
and took him out driving that after
noon, stopping in the village to buy
him candy and lots of fireworks for the
Fourth. lie didn't know what to think
about his beloved commodore, but saw
him the next day and promptly repeat
ed the whole conversation. It seemed
to him the simplest way out of the dlf- 1
"Did you forget, commodore?" he In
"Great Scott, Willie, maybe I did;
she says so; but she wasn't lonesome, w
he said grimly. "Girls are queer crea
tures, Wellington; you'll find that out
I some day. But don't say another word ,
1 about the circus. I'll fix It some way. I
You're going to see It as sure as your
uume Is Yiuclngetorlx."
So Willie kept Ills counsel and was
petted much by his auntie for the next j
two days. On the morning of the j
Fourth he was firing off his crackers j
from the open window in his little.|
uiglitclotbeH at -1 o'clock, and Marjorie
said never a word of complaint. She
had made up her mind to take him to |
the circus herself and to get away early
to avoid any possible conflict with her
former great friend, the commodore—
now a stranger forever.
Before lunch was over, however, tlio 1
commodore's touring car stopped at tho
door and the commodore was standing
on the porch, cap in hand, announcing
that he had come.
"Yes, I see," returned Marjorie cool
ly, but deliberately avoiding his gaze.
Max had such a way of looking at one.
"But what for?"
"Why, to take my friend Julius Cae
sar to the circus."
Willie looked anxiously from oiie to
the other In an ecstasy of hope and
"I told Willie"—
"Yes, I know,"he interrupted, "but
If you come, too, it will be all right."
"Oh, yes, auntie!" cried Willie. Jump
ing with Joyful anticipation.
Marjorie tried hard to look cold and
"Would you spoil that child's day?"
asked the commodore, coming closer.
"Marjorie, 'ease!" His eyes urged her
as we!l as his voice.
She looked at him. "All right, I'll go.
But It's Just on Willie's account."
"Any reason will do," responded
Max as he helped her into the car.
"But maybe you can find a better one
?>efore we get home. I'm going to ride
back here with you and William." He
lifted the delighted child, gave him a
hUg, and put him in the frout seat
with the chauffeur. "William the Con
queror Is going to have the time of his
lurlnnN Methodx Tlint Were Adopted
In SleLne«M and Death.
A method much in vogue in Scotland
at one time of ascertaining whether a
sickness would prove fatal was to dig
two holes in the ground, one called the
quick grave, the other the dead hole.
The sufferer was then placed between
the two, and tho hole toward which ho
turned indicated what would bo the
outcome of his malady. Sometimes a
piece of rock was broken over the head
of a person whose last agonies were
painful alike to himself and to thoso
who witnessed them. It was believed
that the heart of the sick man would
thus be broken and his release hasten
ed. Windows and doors are always
thrown wide open In order that the de
parting spirit may have free egress
from tho house and escape from the
evil ones that hover around eager to
inthr.'ill his soul.
During the interval between death
and burial hens and cats were kept
carefully shut up. A person meeting
these unimnls at such a juncture was
doomed to blindness In the future.
I Moreover, unless a stream divided tho
two houses, farmers frequently refrain
ed from yoking their oxen or horses be
fore the body was "laid under the turf
of truth." Many women preserved,
with tlu? greatest reverence, their
bridal attire to cover them In the cof
fin. Bread and water were placed In
the chamber of death, for during the
nlglit prior to the burial the spirit of
the departed one came to partake of
them. Stillborn children aud little ones
who had not been blessed by the min
ister were buried before sunrise. In
this way their admission to the laud of
promise was assured. Not to observe
the practice was to destine the souls of
these bairns to wander homeless and
The fate of the suicide is lamentable.
Ills body cannot rest in the klrkyard,
for it would taint the souls of those
who lie therein. Frequently ho was j
burled In a lone dike which separated :
two lairds' estates, and passersby were
expected to cast a pebble at the rude
stone which marked the place.
Iu the stormy part of the year a
steamer encountered rough weather,
and, as often happens at such times,
many sea mills hovered near the ship
and even came on board. One allowed
itself to be caught, and it was found
that it had a fish bone stuck In the eye
in such a position as not absolutely to
destroy'the sight, but penetrating an
Inch into tlie flesh of tho bird and pro-
Jti lug an Inch and a half. It might
have had a tight with 11 fish or got
transfixed seeking Its prey. The doc
tor of the ship took the bird, extracted
the bone, applied a soothing remedy to
the wound and let it go. It flew away,
but returned the next day, allowing It
self lo be caught. The doctor exam
ined the wound, which was progressing
favorably, applied more of the remedy
and let the bird go a second time. It
flew several times around the ship and
then departed and returned 110 more.—
Causes of Headache.
People ge! headache because they do
not tak • sutti lent active exercise to
keep the bl-»»d circulating actively, be
come e . Ited and often about things
that do not concern them at all, neg
lect dally action of bowels, bathe In
cold water without wetting the head,
sleo 1 on :\ ! pillow, take too much
j .ilc.ih »l allow the feet to get cold, take
I iron and qui-.il • when the<e drugs do
not agree with the system. Pittsburg
"I believe." said the cheery philoso
pher, "that for every single thing you
give away two come back to you."
"That's my experience," said Phain
lcy. "Last June I gave away my
daughter, and she and her husband
came bru-k to iim in August."
It often takes a I t of common sense
to get a man out of trouble a little
nonsense got hlni into—Beaver (OklaJ
I HEAL RHEUMATISM.
The Causes end Symptoms of Urlo
Acid In the Blood.
ItluAimatism, so called, is probably
as common as any ailment one ever
hears of, and yet if one were to ana
lyze carefully the average case of rheu.
mat ism the result would doubtless
show that the disease was something
very different indeed from the real
thing. Almost everybody when suffer
ing from a slight stiffness of a Joint or
a muscular soreness promptly makes a
diagnosis of rheumatism when in real
ity the case is nothing more than what
in technical language is known as 11-
1 thaemia, sometimes called American
j The real disease of rheumatism is tho
I result of au accumulation in the blood
of Imperfectly converted food, princi
pally uric acid. This accumulation Is
due to intemperance in eating and
drinking and Insufficient active exer
Heredity in some cases seems to play
an important part. In the great major
: ity the symptoms follow a regular or
der, beginning with it feeling of full
ness and discomfort after meals, indi
gestion, nausea and 1111 unpleasant
| taste in the mouth, followed by throb
j bing headache, nervous irritability and
| vertigo, muscular pains which may be
I confined to one or ißore muscles or skip
about them one to another. Lastly, and
I lu most ean.es tlio most troublesome of
all symptoms, is depression of spirits,
I the pntient imagining that he has all
sorts of ailments. Persons suffering (
I from mental disorder as a result of this
disease have been known to commit
suicide. Fortunately these cases are
not common, but It should be reinem j
bereil that they ure'unioug the possibil
ities.—A Doctor in New York World.
A Curious Bit of History Wrapped
Up In the Word.
The making of silhouettes can hard
ly be classed among the lost arts, since
there Is so little art about them. The
best of them represent the human pro
file In a crude way, and they were re
garded as rather a cheap kind -of plc
tures even iu the days when they were
most popular. Indeed, the very word
silhouette means something poor and
cheap, and It had its origin in a spirit
of ridicule. It is taken from Etlenne
de Silhouette, who was a French cab
inet minister in the year 175P, when
the treasury of France was very low
because of costly wars with Britain
anil Prussia and by the extravagances
of the government. When Etienne de
Silhouette became minister of finance
he set about making great reforms In
the public expenditures. lie was by
nature a very "close" man, 'and he
went to such extremes in keeping
down the public expenses that he
brought great ridicule tipou himself,
and finally anything that was cheap
and poor was referred to as 11 la Sll*
A very crude picture wfcs popular ill
that time. It was made by tracing the
shadow or profile of a face projected
by the light of a candle 011 a sheet of
white paper and the outline defined
with a pencil. This was such a very
poor and cheap sort of picture that
It was at once called a silhouette In
further derision of the very saving
French minister, and the name has
"stuck." It is an instance of the cur! j
ous derivation of some words in com- |
mon use. and this unkind slur on a
man who was really trying to Intro
duce needed reforms in the spending 1
of the public money has long been ac- I
cepted as a good and proper word. In
deed, there is no other word used for
pictures of this kind, although there
were such pictures long before M. Etl
enne dc Silhouette had his name at
tached to them 111 so embarrassing a
way.—Morris Wade in Century.
A RARE BIRD.
Why an American Showman Could
Not Get It For His Museum.
When the French writer
Ferdinand Brnnetiere visited the Unit
ed States some years ago, lecturing at
Harvard alid other leading universi
ties, he had au amusing experience,
which he described in the recollections
of his American tour which he after
ward published. The great litterateur
devoted much attention to the life and
works of Bossuet, who was often styled
the"Eagle of Meaux," 011 account per
haps of his lofty flights of eloquence.
This fact, with others pertaining to
his literary career, was mentioned by
Some daily papers during his stay in
this country, it caught the eyes of a
shrewd American showman, who, how
ever, got somewhat mixed over the
meaning of the allusion. He wrote the
following letter to the French author:
Sir—l have Just heard that a certain
MOHUX eagle, very celebrated, It appears,
In your country, has become your ex
elusive propertj Now, 1 am the man
] tiger of a museum In mie of the largest
cities In the States. This Meaux eagle,
| whose reputation has been enhanced by
your eloquence, would certainly not fall to
excite the curiosity of my public. If you
will let me have the rare bird and tell me
how to feed it. you can quote your own
Brnnetiere politely explained that the j
"rare bird" had been dead for nearly
Origin of the French Title as Applied
to a Fine Cook.
The Order of the St. Esprit was cre
ated in 1587. was suppressed by the
revolution and was revived by Louis
XVIII. 111 1814. To speak rightly, Louis
XVIII. considered that the order had
never ceased to exist, for lie had given
two collars during his exile, iu 1810, j
the one to Francis 1., king of the two j
Sicilies, and the other to his brother, I
the Prince of Salerno, the father of his j
brother's wife, the Duchess d'Aumale. ,
The ribbon of this order was a light
blue color. It was worn around the
neck in the reigns of Henry 111. and
Henry IV., but was chaugcd by Louis
XIV., when it was worn across the
I chest. The Chevaliers of the Ot. Esprit
were always known under the name of
Lea Cordon Bleu, and this was the su
preme honor during the monarchy of
France. It was from this that the tltlo
of "cordon bleu" was given to a first j
class cook. A gentleman one day de
clared after a good meal that he who
had cooked the dinner had proved him
self a "cordon bleu" among cooks—ln
other words, the master of his art. The
title became quite the rage aud is now
always used to designate a good cook
without the persons who use It know
ing what It means or still less the ori
gin of the title.
Flftfi Monnrehy Men.
The fifth monarchy men formed a re
ligious sect that sprang up In tie* f'nrs
of Charles I.of England. They were
so called from the fact that they as
serted that In the last days the four an
cient monarchies, tin- Assyrian, the
Fersian, the Babylonian and the Ro
man, would be ret »reil, and to them
would be adile 11 hrlstlsn monarchy,
or fifth luo.irv.*. h . of which Christ
would be the
THE ENGLISH SYSTEM. ~
Not a Hundred Persona Affected by e
Change of Administration.
"All told, the government of Eng
land consists of only forty-six persons,
and the transfer of political control
from one party to another directly af
fects only these forty-six persons and
a few great functionaries of state
whose duties are purely ornamental,"
fays A. Maurice Low In Appleton's.
"In nil not 100 persons are concerned
by a change of administration. Fost
mnsters, government employees of ev
ery class, from messengers to ambas
sadors and colonial administrators, are
not disturbed by the transfer of gower.
Clearly no political party in England
can count upon patronage as a politi
"The principle on which the parlia
mentary system of England Is found
ed 1s the rule of the majority, and the
majority elects to surrender Its power
to one man—the premier. The power
of the majority Is so strictly recog
nized that the rules of the house of
commons deprive the minority of all
power to Initiate or shape legislation.
When a majority of the electorate of
the kingdom has sanctioned a policy
represented by a political party that
party Is given free hand to put its pol
icy Into operation. In all legislatures*
the power of the majority Is the con
trol which it exercises to tax the peo
ple and spend their money. See, then,
how absolute Is the power of the prime
minister In his command of the treas
; LETTERS BY MESSENGER.
A Postal Law of Which You May Not
The statement made in an uptown
club one evening lately that the law
prohibits carrying an unstamped letter
past u postofflce and delivering It caus
ed much argument. Inquiry was made
at the postofflce, where an official said
that the question had been asked fre
quently. "You may send a letter by
messenger anywhere, past as many
postofßces as you please." said the offi
cial. "but you have no right to send
your mail that way regularly or at
stated periods. This Is prohibited by
the postal laws and regulations. Sec
tions 1136 and 1137 were enacted to
prevent the establishment of private
mail routes, because the postoffiee de
partment is recognized as having the
absolute monopoly of the transporta
tion of letters and 'packets' or bundles
of letters by regular trips and at stated
periods on all post routes. As to open
letters and circulars, they may be de
livered by rival concerns, but the peo
ple who make the delivery of circulars
a business have no right to deliver un
stamped closed letters. The law shuts
out the milkmen and the tradesmen,
who travel regularly along established
post roads, who would otherwise be
come rivals to the United States post
offlce for the purpose of accommodat
ing their customers."—New York Trib
SILK OF THE SPIDER.
The Delicate Machinery That Spins
the Liquid Threads.
The spider Is able to secrete at least
three colors of silk stuff—the white,
which forms the web, and the en
swatheraent of captives and the egg
; cocoon; the brown mass that fills the
cocoon Interior and the flossy yellow
between that and the inside of the
sac. The glands end In minute ducts
I which empty into spinning spools reg
ularly arranged along the sides and
upon the tips of the six spinnerets, or
"spinning mammals," or "spinning fin
gers," which are placed Just beneath
the upex of the übdomen. The spin
nerets are movable and can bo flung
wide apart or pushed closely together,
and the spinning spools can be man
aged In the same way.
The silk glands are infolded in mus
cular tissue, pressure upon which, at
the will of the spider, forces the liquid
silk through the duct Into the spool,
whence it Issues as a minute filament,
since it hardens upon contact with the
air. One thread as seen In a web may
be made up of a number of the fila
ments and is formed by putting the
tips of the spools together as the liquid
Jets are forced out of the ducts. When
the spinnerets are Joined and a num
ber of the spools are emptied at once
their contents merge, and the sheets
or ribbons are formed which one sees
in the enswatliement of a captive or
the making of Arglope's central shield.
This delicate machinery the owner op
erates with utmost skill, bringing into
play now one part and now another
and agnin the whole with unfailing
deftness and a mastery complete.—Dr,
Q. C. McOook in Warner's.
THE WORD "FELLOW."
Its Honorable Beginning and Its Lat
ter Day Decline.
The degeneracy of a good word was
illustrated in a case at Branksome
(Dorset), in which a witness spoke of
the defendant as "this fellow" and was .
ordered by the l»encli to substitute
"this man." "Fellow" began very
i honorably by meaning a person who
I put down money with others in a
i joint undertaking, its component parts
being akin respectively to "fee" (prop
erty i and to "lay" and "law." To this
day it Is dignified to be a fellow of n
college, und nobody minds being called
a "fellow citizen," a "fellow Chris
tinn" or a "good fellow."
But ordinarily "fellow" alone ranks
now as in the painful scene in which
Mr. Tupman said, "Sir, you're a fel
low," and Mr. Pickwick retorted, "Sir,
' you're another." In the fourteenth
i «'entury it was customary to call a
; servant "fellow" In kindly eondescen
| sion. Perhaps that explains the word's •
, decline, though It may be due to the |
use of "fellow" In the sense of boon |
companion. "Companion" and "mate" '
also were contemptuous at one time. I
POINTED PARAGRAPHS. 1
There's a lot of foolishness to keep
Genius In noi rare, but plain com
mon sense is. j
Great things can't be very difficult i
j or an ordinary man couldn't accom
-1 pllsh lliem.
Every one naturally dislikes those '
people who are so good they suggost
the top line in a copy book.
TV content with your air castle. The
chimney in an air castle never smokes,
and the windows do not rattle in every |
Doin.' business without advertising i
is like winking iit a girl in the dark— | |
you l;no*v what you are doing, but no- j
i'erhai-s you have noticed that chil ,
tV'c:i iv more willing to work for the
neighbor;* than at home; also that some
of them neyer outgrow the habit—
At< bison Globe.
Vhere aiv some Uutbs that are per
ceived less by the iutellcct than by the '
heart, and tho man who Is devoid ol'
this heart perception is lacking in
much.—Terrell (Tex.) Transcript.
— i . ,
They Were Cultivated In England In
A florist says tlm* we pride ouiselvt®
nowadays on the size of our carna
tions. but tln» florists of 300 years ago
gre v carnations three to four inches
across, as largo is any that we see.
und thought nothing of it.
"Ail through Spain, southern France
and Italy tie- cat nation is the favorite
flowew and has been for hundreds of
yea. . but' along the Mediterranean
there are few glass houses, for lu pro
tectisl situations and on southern
slopes of hills even delicate flowers
giv v outdoors all winter long and
bloom as freely at Christmas as In
"The big carmvtlons, however, were
not grown in Spain or Italy, but In
Knghr-. I outdoors during the summer
time and before glass houses were
known. They may have grown just
as lan;e carnation flowers In Spain as
in En.'laikl at that time, but in Eug
lanl there was record made of the
fact and ;>!-•» of the size, while in Spain
there Wi's not. Shakespeare mentions
carnations and gillyflowers, or July
M'overs, together as blooming at the
same m'.so.i, which shows that tho
carnation was then a summer flower,
whereas in oar greenhouses It Is now
a winter bloomer. How the florists of
tl me days treated the plants to ob
tain blooms of such size nobody kuows,
for old time florists grew flowers In
stead of writing books about them. So
all we know is that they had very
large carnations In Queen Elizabeth's
time without knowing how they were
grown."—St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
New Zealanders Dig For Kauri Gum
In the Ground.
Many New Zealanders flud It profit
able to dig for hidden treusure. That
for which they dig, however. Is not
gold or Captain Kidd's 111 gotten
wealth, though It has a dull yellow
color. It Is kauri gum, a resinous sub
stance which Is the product of the
kauri pine tree. The gum can be se
cured from the trunks of tvees while
they are ulive. for it protrudes In
lumps, but It Is especially profitable
to dig for it In the soil about the
stumps remaining after the trees huve
been cut down. Sometimes chunks
weighing as much as 100 pounds are
taken up from the ground.
Digging for kauri gum is profitable,
for the gum Is usod in the manufacture
of varnish, and apparently it is one of
those products of nature whose place
cannot he filled by anything else which
has yet been discovered. It has been
found that it can be u?*td in certain
enamel paints, and this has had the
effect of bringing the demand up to a
point above the supply.
The kauri pine is a magnificent tree.
It rises as straight as a needle to a
height of from 150 to 200 feet an<*
attains at times a diameter of fifteen
feet. It Is noted for Its dark, dense
foliage and Is much used for masts
for vessels constructed for the British
Tt is the duty of the clerk to be zeal
ous. The low spirited has no place lu
a bank. Neither hus the frivolous.
The man who works for a bank is re
spected In his community because it is
known that the character of his work
is important and particular. He must
not only be direct and speedy in what
he does, he must not only be faithful
and constaut in all that he does, but
he must go a step further and do what
he does with a will, and a good will
at that. Zeal requires interest and en
thusiasm. One of the troubles with
the bank clerk Is that his senses and
his buoyancy are apt to be dulled by
the endless repetition of details. There
is no way to shirk it. No bank clerk
can go home at night with his work
unfinished.—-W. Stevenson in Bank
Bismarck's Love of Authority.
At 0 p..m. we took tea with the king.
I was seated opposite him when a-foot
man came and whispered In my ear
that Bismarck desired to see me. Great
embarrassment! I'uckler having told
me I might leave the table, I did so.
The king Inquired what was the mat
ter and permitted me to go. Bismarck
had nothing of particular Importance ;
to tell me. and I suspect thut he only j
wanted to bliow that he had the right
to send for his employees even when
they were with the king.—llatzt'eldt |
"The graspin'est man I ever know
ed," said I'ncle Jerry Peebles, "was au
old chap named Snooplns. Somebody
told him once that when he breathed
he took In oxygen and gave out car- I
bon. lie spent a whole day tryln' to
find out which of them two gases cost
the most if you have to buy' em. He
wanted to l r now whether he was mak
In* or losin* money when he breathed."
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The Difference Between the Sexes In
This Important State.
One source of women's happiness Is
to be found. wo think, in their love of
detail They enjoy every detail of so
cial life. They love the minutiae of
their work They do not love it as a
man loveg his, for the sake of an end.
I'hey l'»;»k close ai qrhat they are do
ing. and they do not look forward,
ii. y take pleasure in their children
is tlioy are. A defect, even though it
lie a serious one, destroys their pleas
mv in til*'in far less than it destroys
1 hat of a man. They are not constant
ly oppressed l»y the thought of what
that clefeet will mean in the future.
If a woman is i y nature apprehensive
her fear* apply for Ihe most part to
little things. If a man is apprehensive
he fears when the lit is upon him the
debacle of heaven and earth. For wo
men time goes a little slower. They
take plea ;.. * in each jewel of that
moxai" wlilc'i makes up happiness and
are nit frettei because the pattern is
a:t i■ > nplete. Of this quality they
I' e. a» < ! »t. t : ie inevitable defects—
much brilliance, little grasp and a
toudency to frivolity. They are apt to
l'rilte:- away their lives and minds 011
little tilings. They become engrossed
with tic details of play as well as the
details of work. Men no doubt have
more opportunities of keen pleasure
than women have, but these opportuni
ties short lived. The happiness of
tno moment they are less titled to take.
The uili'crenci* between the sexes in
thij particular night, we believe, be
thus summed up: A man is happy
whene\er he has anything to make him
happy, but a w«»:,ian is happy when
ever Site has nothing t<» make her un
SHELLS THAT SWIM.
These Peculiar Fich Are Mostly Con
fined to Tropical Seas.
The idea of shells being found any
where else except upon the seabeach
or In river beds is a little startling.
Yet the naturalist who pursues his
work from a ship in midoceau can and
does collect shells by the thousand at
every dip of his net or bucket.
Swimming shellfish are mostly con
lined to tropical seas. The most fa
miliar is the nautilus, which is, how
ever, not a shellfish at all. but a near
relation of the cuttlefish; also it is
only seen on the surface at a certain
time of th" year. The real ocean shell
fish are mostly very small. 111 the In
dian ocean they may be seen by mil
lions. One which bears the nppalling
name of Oavolinia trlspinosa has the
odd peculiarity of coming to the sur
face nt 0 sharp every evening. An
other, the OT cod or a trldentata, risen
Frail as these tiny shellfish are, no
storm ever Injures them. They all
possess the peculiar power of being
able at will to sink a few feet below
the surface of the sea. and there they
remain when gales blow, perfectly
saffe, and rise again when the weather
The largest of these ocean swim
mers is about three Inches In length.
Almost all are most brilliant In color
and their shells far frailer and more
glossy than those found upon the sea
A Boston woman was standing 011 a
street crossing waiting for a car when
n box jf powdered charcoal fell from
a passing wagon and broke open: The
beautiful light dress she was wearing
was ruined by the dust. The driver,
who stopped to recover the package,
saw the damage and said, "1 am very
sorry, ma'am." The woman bowed
and replied, "It was not your fault,
sir." He that taketh a city is Indeed a
amall person beside the possessor of
such self control as that.—Youth's
Not III* Todkho.
"I ain't got 110 doubt," said Ililler,
"but what I kin git that there job as
consul in that place in England. It'd
be a cinch too."
"Oh, yes," replied Peppery, "if you
can learn to speak the ireguage."—
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THt. SHARK HUNTERS.
Ilorrll»l«« but Aliened I'alnlraa Way
(lie J-'lmli Are Killed.
The strictly commercial business of
hunting is done in small sloops
whoso headquarters are in the more
northerly Norwegian ports. The crews
ire lor tlie most part made up of pure
blooded descendants of the vikings,
who are still to be found in any num
ber among the codfishers of Hammer -
fest of Tromso. And a magnificent
race of men they are! Accustomed
from boyhood to a life of hardship,
they have a way of treating Father
j Neptune with a slightly contemptuous
toleration, like an old friend, of some
what uncertain temper, whose rapid
changes from smiling benevolence to
wild, blustering anger are on the whole
rather amusing than otherwise.
They care nothing for danger and
little for suffering—in themselves or In
others. Why, then, should they stop
to think that perhaps a maimed but
still living shark can feel?
The fishing is done off the coast of
Iceland in about eighty fathoms of wa
ter. Three or lour gallows-like struc
tures are rigged up around the sides of
the sloop and from each of these hangs
a pulley block, over which runs a
strong rope, and to the end of this the
baited hook Is fastened. A plentiful
supply of ground bait is thrown out to
attract the quarry, and such is the ea
gerness with which the sharks take the
| bail thai sometimes each one of these
gallows like lishing rods will havo Its
tish hooked and tighting for life all at
the same time.
There is no "playing" the fish. It is
not necessary or possible, and the pow
erful tackle Js hardly likely to break,
no matter how fiercely the hooked
. shark nmy struggle. But tbe shark Is
not for his size a game fish, and except
when lie Is actually being hoisted out
of the water there Is no very serious
strain on the tackle. If he does now
and then gCt away It Is not because he
ever manages to break the line, but be
cause a lightly fixed hook easily tears
through the soft cartilaginous skeleton
of his head and so sets him free.
As soon <is a shark ha> taken one of
the baits the hauling tackle attached to
his particular gallows Is manned, and
without any superfluous fuss or cere
mon.v he Is hauled up to the sloop and
hoisted Just clear of the water.
lie is not brought ou board at all,
but with a few bold slashes his liver is
cut out as he hangs and Is thrown Into
a tub to Im» further dealt with later.
Then his eyes are put out, aud he is
cut a hi i t togo and complete the tardy
process of dying where and how he
All this sounds very horrible, but
there is one curious fact which goes
far to make us believe that this death
cannot, after all. be such a cruel one
as at first appears. It is this, tho fisher
men say—that unless they put out the
shark's eyes lie will afterward cause
them a lot of trouble by coming and
taking the bait a second time.
It sounds Incredible, but the state
ment Is thoroughly well authenticated
by eyewitnesses who have seen a liver
less shark do Just this very thing. Sci
entists doubtless are right In saying
that the shark (which by anatomical
classification Is one of the lowest of
the fishes) does not feel pain In the
way more highly organized animals
feel it. We will cling to that belief, for
it is consoling—to us, If not to the
shark, who Is thus sacrificed that his
liver may supply us with—what?
It is a secret not to be spoken aloud.
Norway Is one of the great centers of
the cod trade, and from cod Is made
cod liver oil, and shark's liver oil tastes
and looks exactly like It.—Pearson's
Percy Bysshe Ghelley.
While it Is as a p » I that Phelley will
always be remetuben d. tin* fact must
not be overlooked that !. • hid a passion
for reforming the wor'-l. before all
things. He wrote iu:»u.v rible es
says and pamphlets on que*; c:.-i of the
day some time bei\»re lr» a * 'e i tlio
world with his bri I' Tt yas a . Of
his lyric work it ! I •■•sr.! tli. t It
"presents a sum t ♦ ; ; ' 'i e- >itlve- i
uess. profound . 1 . : ; : er:id- |
ent music ■'» as <•• : > , . • o- i
wlieie i» • .!' !• ! .••« v.ear
If 6 want to do all
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