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ATTOBS ETS AT LAW
1I ALEXANDER, ""
Atioruej-ax-Lsw and Solloitor in Chancery,
Offif; Wai' thorn Block. Jan'y. IS Xj
Will attend all court to be holdea for Maury ana
Office Over Po-rtofflp. feb.t-T
H. BEOWS, Jr.,
.Prompt attention glrtm to the ooUscaon of claim
Attorneys-t-Iw, and Solicitor in Chancery
Will practice in the eouru of Maury and adjoin
In mti. .
Office in ihe Waitthorne Black. - mblS-74
JT. I OOCHnAlf.
And General Collecting Agent,
HS T. WMOBT .... W. J. WKBSTaa,
"rJt H. TIMMOSS.
Special attention (riven to all busin& entrusted
to aim. mh-l
Special attention given to the collection of claims.
Will practice in ths ooarta of Dallas and the ad
joining coon Me.
to Attorney at Law and Solicitor In &qtuy.
OiBc Hith L. D. Myers, Esq. 8'rict atteuttoa
to all irral business guaranteed to those who cav
trust tlie sai.-.o to his care May 30, 1S73. ly
ATiohNr.Y AT I.UV,
sue Solicitor in Chancery, Columbia, Tenn.
iTompt attention eivcu to all l-iral business so
trusted to hia care, in Maury and adjoining conn
ties, esjiecisily to collecting."
OOce-Whittborue lsi.ick. upstairs.
1 - 1 . I ."
South .Ma ilk Street,
COL CM CIA TENNESSEE
Board, $2 per Day.
Orrises, bn?Rica or saddle borsea furnished oa
ai'i.iicaticn to the l.roi rietor,
JAME3 L. GUEST.
Colombia, Jan. 1. 1873.
WALKER 4 LirscOMB, Proprietor,
COT.UM HI A TEJTXESSEK.
Tins well known house is undergoing tknrongb
r -pair atnl nrw!y fnrnixbcd, and is now open for tor
ai-i-ommodation f tb public generally.
Our taiiles shall he furnished at all times with the
luff the country will afford.
!iva't pohte and atlcutive, and every biu-fajon
lil giveu to make our bouse inferior to none in
W solicit the pntronaje of the public generally
i u b7-7:itf Walker, k LjpsaoMa, Proprietor.
W. C. Sheppard,
OrucE FVn.incrV new Mock, Gar. Ian strett.
Dearly opposite the IYenbj terian church.
I keep constant iy n band a full stock of tooth,
Isolets, soaps and lotions fir the mouth and gums ;
a'l recommended by the Hinted Slates dental asso
ciation, ttll and see lite.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
OF COLl Mill , TENN.
T. W. Kri::, II. li. .M.hiue, T. K. .tATX. .
loWLKK, I.. KltlKKHO.N, J. il. '1 UOMAJ,
Receive dejxwits, deals in foreign and domestic
it-tuiige. gold, silver and government eecarltMe.
Collections made and remitted fur on day of Py
nient at urriit rates of exebange.
Revenue stamps for sale.
J as. B. CnrLTBEB. Cashier.
WONUHENTS AND TOMBSTONES,
All of the best Italian Marble.
Al. I have the latest style of Design.
tr All work a- cheap as can be dona else
liere. Jranufactory ou West Main street,
near the Institute. mb28;l
Dealer In all kind of
HOIGE FAMILY GROCERIES.
Oorner rVmtk Mata street and Xngle Avenue,
All soods dell-re red.
sVt. IT. 18TS. lv
The White Men in the South Sea
A corTPspoDdent of the San Francisco
Chronicle says : "H a white man a
tirvl of civilization anJ wishes to lay
off, then he cau come to the sonth 6eas
anil find soma romantic little nock
where, under the bread-fruit trees, amid
focoaunt groves and banana forests, hi
can loll to his heart's content. Bat
fctieh man mnat have lost his ptiv, lost
nil hope, and come to the o. ncusion
that he i - a weak and imbecile creatnre,
nnahle to war with the great seething
caldron called civilization, ffind such
white men on the islands of these seas,
bnt what wrecks they are ! Utterly
lost, they lead an aimless life, and Teg
ftate rather than live. They are most
miserable (specimens of the great Euro
pean races which have conquered and
civilized this earth. As compared with
the natives of the sonth st as they are
inftrior mentally, morally, and physi
cally. When a white man goes to wreck
b re the wreck is so complt te that there
is nothing left of it bnt a mere shadow.
Many are the desolate, broken hearts of
this character to lie found floating
sroand theso islands. A picture com
j letely the reverse is to be seen in occa
t ional vfichts which visit theso waters.
Their owners and guests arc moneved !
ru n. They sf e the bright fide of life ; j
they are fondled and feasted ; bnt they !
tret falee ideas of the actual state of af-!
fairs. Alter enjoying themselves, living
1 ke princes, and making love in the Don
Jnia t-ehooi until they are snrfeited
with delight, they then return and writo
impassioned books about life in thi
Fomth Sea iblands."
Ever Been There?
How edifying and conducive to one's
feelings it is to hold the following con
versation with your landlady when yon
Lave been to the lodge : Who's thar ?"
"Me." "Who's me?" "John Smith?"
"Where'veyon bin?" At this junct
ure you must keep yonr temper and
answer correctly, in the roost amiable
toues. Afttr several other questions of
a trifling naiur, nuch as, 'Any one
with you ?" " Are you sobet ?" the
window come down with a crash, and in
a few mLuntes the bolt grates and you
am unbared in with the cheering coun-s-l
thai "It's a pretty time o night
for a youcg man who has any reepect
for himself to bo out."
MlLWAOEHa parents r.evt-r whip their
children. They tie their enrs nronnd a
By HORSLEY BEOS, &
HEW LOVE, KEVT IXFE.
rSOM THE GRBM1S OF OOETHE.
Heart, my heart, what spell is e'er thee,
And what tronbles thee eo sore ?
Sneh a life hast then before thee.
That I know thee now no more.
AU thine old deliehts are dying.
Gone the canse of all thy sighinr,
4one tnv power and gone thy zeal.
Heart, since love did o'er thee steal !
A fair youth to'bloom advancts
In this vision of delight,
Do her true and kindly glances
Bind thee in their wondrons might.
Should I vow no more to see her,
Be a man, and wisely flee her.
Heart, you will not be denied,
Back yon bear me to her side.
And this wazic thr ad entwine thee
Never to be loosed by me ;
And this lovely maid confines me.
Nevermore shall I be free.
I must in her sphere encb&nted
Live the life that she has granted.
Thou that wrought the change in me,
Love, dear love, oh, set me free I
OVERTAKEN BY JUSTICE.
The Monday after the second Mrs,
Tuttle died, thirteen pocket-handker
chiefs flapped from the Eev. Titns
lnttles clothes-line. Isine had sig
naled the gentleman's sorrow for the
first Mrs. Tuttle, but four of tliose had
been great silk squares, capable of be
ing wet through, dried in the' brine,
saturated and dried again indefinitely,
so that the number was do criterion of
the mourner's comparative grief upon
tho two occasions. He felt very badly
indeed. No one could doubt that who,
the Sunday after the funeral, saw him
in his suit of black pass slowly up the
aiele, holding his crape-bound hat be
fore him in that melancholic, deeply
dejected way, peculiar to the newly
widowed. It was very touching, espe
cially to the fenale portion of the con
gregation. Tne Rev. Titus' mind being nnset
tled, the Rev. Theopolis, of the Meth
odist persuasion, this day officiated for
him. When the Rev. Theopolis prayed
that the Rev. Titus " though cast down
might not be forsaken ; and that this
affliction, though for the present not
joyous but grievous, might work out a
far more exceeding and eternal weight
f glory" then every female bead in
the congregation was bowed, and every
female right eye turned outward to see
how Titus "tookit." It would have
been interesting had Titus at that mo
ment turned his right eye down on the
congregation to see how they were im
pressed ; but he didn't. B essed man !
there he sat on the ecclesiastic velvet,
his face buried in the fourteenth pocket
handkerchief one of the half dozen
with black borders he had purchased
while mourning for the first Mrs. Titus.
To see him so crushed and yet so sub
missive certainly had a very mellowing
fleet, and it would have required but
little further infusion of the enthusiasm
of humanity to set one-half the congre
gation including his case in their pri
At the close of the services, Mrs.
Pattypans, mother of five daughters of
marriageble ages, but nnmarriageble
jawbones, grasped the hand of the Rev.
Titns in the aisle.
"It's a mysterious dispensation, but
it may turn out for the better," quoth
" O, Mrs. Pattypans," responded the
pastor, wringing the parishioner's hand,
"nobody knows what it is until he's
passed through it."
"louve passed through it, haven t
yon, pa ?" asked Mrs. Pattypans, some-
whnt snuihngly, addressing I'a Patty
1'a rattvpaxm was a llorid gentleman.
with a large neck and a heavy chin. Pa
had buried one wife before he met the
mother of the five.
"To yes," answered Pattypans,
drawing himself a little ont from his
collar. " O, yes, I've passed through
Indications of amendment in the Rev.
Titus' case appeared in about six weeks
from the demise ot the second Mrs.
Tuttle. At that date he escorted Miss
Pollie Plum home from Thursday prayer-meeting.
It w s a calm, still night,
like that on which Lilly Dale, of olden
memories, was buried, and the spring
atmopphere was favorable to spiritual
" Yon cannot know how irrepressibly
lonely I am during these days, Miss
Plnm," said Titus.
Pollie supposed she couldn't.
" I do not know in what light my
parishioners may view the matter, "
continued Titus, with a little cough.
" Bat there is no time in a man's life,
Misa Plum, when he more Deeds the
supporting influence of a womanly sym
pathv than under such a bereavement
Pollie felt that a man ought not to
out himself off from " supporting influ
ences" because of the speech of a carp
iDg and ungodly world.
" Woman seems to possess an intui
tive knowledge of the nature and needs
of sorrow, and it seems ordained that
man in the dark hours of life should
turn to her for light."
Pollie thought so, too.
" The consolations of religion are, to
our weak faith, sometimes vague and
unsatisfactory, and we yearn for the
sweet ministrations of human sympa
thy." Pollie did not doubt it.
" I hold it a man's duty never to yield
to dark despair, bnt to seek out a way
through the -fnrnace of affliction, anil
therein gain strength for the future."
Pollie approved that doctrine.
On the ninth prayer-meeting evening,
quoth the pastor : " Ton little realize
what a precious source of consolation
vour pympathv has been to me, Miss
Pollie made a little noise in her
throat. As a sound it didn't amount to
mveh ; as an expression it meant she
didn't see how that could be she so
weak and unworthy ; but if she was a
" source of consolation," she was so
" When a man loses his his partner,"
continued Titna, " what he most misses
is is a certain responsiveness the world
can never give. Figuratively speaking,
he finds himself thin-ting and alone in
a land of sand and thorns.' "
Pollie hadn't any idea that it was so
bad as that.
By the twelfth Thursday evening tho
sympathy, responsiveness and general
softness filled with the moon, and the
climax was attained in accordance with
" 'Tis not that I love Mollie and Dol
lie the less, but yon, Pollie, the mere,"
said Titus, looking off on the top of the
cypress, alias locusts, that waved over
the vi lage cemetery. " I do not think
those two 6ainted women wish me to
travel the remaining way throngh the
desert of this world alone. I do not
doubt that could they but speak,-they
would approve of my course. Perhsps
they are even now looking joyfully
down nponusfrom yonder starry realm."
Pollie shuddered, and looked up
through the maple leaves apprehen
sively. Thereafter the Rev. Titus not only
saw Pollie home, but every other Friday
evening gave her a species cf " prepar
atory lectures," his princ pies not allow
ing him to attend to secular bnsine son
Sundav evening. No more was said in
regard to the spiritual ministrations of
the late Dollie and Mollie. ThoBe two
ladies were conveniently supposed to
be pleased with the new arrangement,
and it was just as agreeable to the sur
vivors that they should project them
without their assistance. As the Rev.
Titus' cardinal diflicolties amended, his
bronchitis, owing to taking his consola
tion in too much evening air, rather in
creases!. One Friday afternoon he was
obliged to send for Lis physician. Thys
ician forbade bini going outdoors ; but.
as evening advanced, bo felt ho must
ha.e a wcrd with Pollie.
Titus had found these Friday evening
exercises with Polly very helpful to
him in his ministerial labors. His ser
mons during these days had a great deal
to do with leading the children of Is
rael ont of the plague-stricken land of
iigypt to a land flowing with milk ind
honey; lifting Joseph out of the deep
pit (of sorrow) to make him chief, stew
ard of all Egvpt (all joy). The services
of Jacob ia Padanaram were dwelt upon
with a wealth of imagery. The expe
riences of Isaac and Samson were not
touched upon. A straii of music.
mostly of the soprano kind, ran throngh
these discourses. Miriam saDer and
played ; Judith sang ; the daughters of
J udith sang by the rivers of Babylsn.
" And O ! if they could have sang
while in captivity," pursued Titus,
" what rapturous hosannas must have
burst from their lips as they came forth
on the Judean plains, and felt that for
them the night had forever passed, and
that far above, in the violet depths of
that oriental sky, beamed their day
star !" (Pollie had a kind of " violet"
eye.) Ihe " improvements of the dis
courses were uniformly to the effect that
men ought never to yield to the de
pressing inflnenc of afflictive dispensa
tions. " However fierce the storm may
rage," aid Mr. Tuttle, "be sure the
sun still shines, and you hffve only to
wait for the re-illumination of your own
landscape. Gradually the dark clouds
will roll away, and the thunder mutter
ings will be heard at a distance. The
sunlight will gild first the distant moun
tain peaks, then spread down the sides,
and soon hill and dale will be flooded
with glory, and yonr whole world will
stand clothed with beauty as with a gar
ment." On this particular Friday evening the
glorification and beauty were quite
widtj-spread, and the meeting with Pol
lie, being of the "protracted" kind, did
not close nntil late.
Observe, now, by what far-off work
ing and strange conjunction of circum
stances transpire the incidents in our
daily lives. In the neigboring town of
Birmac, Barnaby Barnes had, this
spring, been elected constable. The
position of constable may not be an ex
alted one, but to the cflice-loving ani
mal of these United State sit is signifi
cant as a first step. Barnaby saw of
fices stretching away before him like a
double column of sphinxes leading np
to a Theban temple the temple in this
case being one with a dome, where not
Isis and Osiris, bnt Shylock and Jeze
bel are worshiped. Barnaby was
bound to discharge a constable's" duties
with a zeal and abnegation that should
be an example to the Washington idol
aters, and that should insure him the
next gift in the hands cf the people.
Friday afternoon a lot of jewelry had
been burglariously abstracted from a
shop in Birman, and Barnaby startrd in
hot pursuit of the burglar. He appre
hended him upon the outskirts of Dnl
sane, and started back tiiumphant. He
stopped at the half-way house for rest
and refreshment, especially the latter.
and there, by some subtlety of device,
his man escaped him. Chagrined, he
took np the pursnit again. A pretty
race the burglar led him, but all
throngh by-ways and hedsres, it tended
toward Dulsane. It was fifteen minutes
pas two, and the brightest moonlight,
when the fugitive, throat heavily muf
fled, turned into Plum street. It was
fifteen and one-half minutes past two
when Titns, throat heavilv muffled.
emerged from Pollie's gate, and mind
ful of the injnrionsness of evening air,
ran home. A hand was laid upon his
shoulder, and he was suddenly brought
"Here you are again, old fellow 1 "
Thoughts of inquisitorial officers,
the dungeon and the rack, flashed
across Titus' mind; he demanded an ex
planation ; Barnaby refused the expla
nation. Titus thought there mnet be
some mistake ; Barnaby thought his
prisoner had made it. Titus pro
tested that he was an innocent man,
who had been making an evening call.
Barnaby could not see the force of
evening calls at two o'clock in the
" Here's a light in Dr. Cart's office.
Speak to him ; he knows me," said Titns,
"Ready to do anything to 'bleege,"
Dr. Curt, calming down his nerves be
fore retiring with some beautiful little
experiments on fungus tissues, was
startled by the apparition of Barnaby's
face pressed close and white against the
" I've got a chap here as has stole a
lot of watches from the joolry shop in
Birman. and he wants to know if he isn't
your pastor, Mr. Tuttle."
" Tuttle !'' snapped the doctor, " Tut
tle's sick abed, and won't be out these
" Doctor," croaked Titus. But Titus
was hoarse and the doctor pre-occupied,
and Barnaby took firmer grip upon the
deputy sheriff's door-belJ. From an
upper window a female voice inquired
what was wanted.
" I want Bates to help me put this
burglar in this lock-up," responded
" Bates is gone, and won't be back till
" Mr3. Bates, " feebly whispered
A heavy iron key dropped on the
f-rass, and with the falling key fell
Titus' hopes. Then he tried threats,
entreaties, expostulations, offered Bar
naby money. Barnaby loved money,
but he loved office and money better ;
and had he not witnessed the disastrous
effects of bribery in high places ? He
bade Titns " put np his gold."
A man never feels so unrelenting in
the administration of justice as after
havin? resisted temptation himself, and
Barnaby closed the iron doors on Titus
without one compassio ate movement.
There was a harrowing lack of "respon
siveness" about the lock-np. It was
cold, damp and cobwebby. All night,
till the morning light, Rev. Titus paced
up and down his narrow cell, trying to
make as good use of the occasion by
professionally carrying out the simile
of the men confined in jail, and man
kind as the sin-darkened prison of the
world. When, at nine o'clock the next
morning, Barnaby brought his prison
tr's breakfast, lo 1 by the morning light
he found not the burglar of yesterday
"Go for Deacon Clapp," whispered
Mr. Titas, unable to speak aloud. Bar
naby brought the deacon. The deacon
carrif d the pastor home in his close car
riage, and the affair was hushed np
among the heavy pew-owners.
But the oo'd Titus had caught pro
duced a severe attack of pneumonia and
bronchitis combined. Pollie took care
of him, and he greatly endeared himself
to kis people by the meekness and pa
tience with which he bore his sickness.
When convalescent, ne one day re
marked, "So many snares and pitfalls
r set for the unwary in this world,
Pollie, and there is such a geneial un
certainty about everything earthly, that
I feel we ought not to delay our union
till Christmas. I think no offense would
be eiven the parish, and'I think Mollie
and Dollie, if they could speak, would
approve, if we should be united in Oc
And they were " united" in October.
A correspondent writes from Colo
rado that there are as many laborers and
mechanics there as can obtain work and
earn a livelihood. The wage are al
most the same as those paid east, while
the expense of living is twenty-five por
cent, mor . He ads that tho'pjold and
silver mines are developing far mora
riches than was anticipated by the
3 A T IPo
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,
THE DEVTL FISH:
One of A'lctor lingo' Sea Monsters De
troy a Vessel.
The following strange story has been
communicated to the Indian papers by
James x Joyd, late master of the schocn
er Pearl : We had left Colombo in
the steamer Strathowen, had rounded
Galle, and were well in the bay, with
our course laid for Madras, steaming
over a calm and tranquil sea. About an
hour before sunset on the 10th of May
we saw on our starboard beam, an t about
two miles off, a small schooner lying
becalmed. There was nothing in her
appearance or position to excite remark,
bnt as we came up with her I lazily ex
amined her with my binocular, and
then noticed between us, but nearer her,
a long, low, swelling object lying on
the sea, which from its color and shape
I took to be a bank of sea-weed. As I
watched, the mass, hitherto at rest on
the quiet sea, was set in mo! ion. It
struck the schooner, which visibly
reeled and then righted. Immediately
a'terwards the masts swayed sideways,
and witn my glass I could clearlv dis
cern the enormous mass and the hull of
the schooner coalescing I can think of
no other term. Judging from their
exclamations the other gazers must have
witnessed the same appearance. AI
most immediately after the collision and
coalescence the schooner's mast swayed
towards us, lower and lower ; the ves
sel was on her beam-ends, lay there a
few seconds, and disappeared, the
masts righting as she Bank, and the
mam exhibiting a reversed ensign
struggling towards its peak. A cry of
horror rose from the lookers-on, and, as
if by instinct, our ship s head was at
once turned towards the scene, which
was now marked bv the form3 of those
battling for life the sole survivors of
the p-etty little schooner which only
twenty minutes before floated bravely
on the smooth sea. As soon as the poor
fellows were able to tell their story they
astounded us with the ' assertion that
their vessel had been submerged by a
gigantic cuttle-fish er calamary, the an
imal which, in smaller form, attracts so
much attention in the Brighton aquari
um as the octopus. Each narrator had
his version of the story, but in the main
all the narratives tallied so remarkably
as to leave no doubt of the fact. As
soon as he was at leisure, 1 prevailed on
the skipper to give me his written ac
count of the disaster, and I have now
much pleasure in sending'you a copy of
his Narrative :
"I was lately the skipper of the
Pearl schooner, 150 tons, as tight a lit
tle craft as ever sailed the seas, with a
crew of six men. We were bound from
the Mauritius for Rangoon in ballast,
to return with paddy, and had put in at
Galle for water. Three days out we
fell becalmed in the bay (latitude 8 deg.
50 min. north, longitude 84 deg. 5 min.
east). On the 10th of May, about 5
p. m. eight bells I know had gone
we sighted a two-masted screw on our
port quarter, about five or six miles off.
Very soon alter, as we lay motionless, a
great mass rose slowly out of the sea
about half a mile off on our larboard
side, and remained spread out, as it
were, and stationary : it looked like the
back of a huge whale, but it sloped
less, and was of a brownish color ; even
at that distance it seemed much longer
than our craft, and it seemed to be bask
ing in the sun.
" ' What s that i I sung out to tne
" ' Blest if I knows ; barring its size,
color, and shape, it might be a whale,'
replied Tom Scott.
"'It ain't the sea sarpent,' said one
of the crew, 'for he's too round for that
" I went into the cabin for my rifle,
and as I was preparing to fire Bill Dar
ling, a Newfoundlander, came on deck,
and, looking at the monster, exclaimed,
putting up his hand, 'Have a care, mas
ter ; that ere is a squid, and will cap
size us if you hurt him.'
" Smiling at the idea, I let fly and hit
him, and with that he shook; there was
a great ripple all around him, and he
began to move.
" 'Oat with all your axes and knives,'
shouted Bill, 'and cut at any pnt of him
that comes aboard ; look alivt-, and lord
help us !'
" Not aware of the danger, and never
having seen or heard of such a monster,
I gave no orders, and it was no nse
touching the helm or ropes to ge ont
of the way. By this time three of the
crew, Bill included, had found axos,
and one a rusty cutlass, and all were
looking over the ship's side at the ad
vancing monster. We could now see a
huge oblong mass moving by jerks just
under the surface of the water, and an
enormous train following; the oblng
body was at least half the size of our
vessel in length and just as thick ; the
wake or train might have been one hun
dred feet long.
"In the time that I have taken to
write this the brute struck us, and tne
ship quivered under the thud ; in an
other moment monstrous arms like trees
seized the vessel and she heeled over;
in another second the momiter was
aboard, squeezed in between the two
masts, Bill screaming, 'Slash for your
lives;' but all our slashing was of no
avail, for the brute, holding on by his
arms, slipped his vast body overboard,
and pulled the vessel down with him on
her beam-ends; we were thrown into
the water at once, and just as I went
over I caught sight of ODe of the crew,
either Bill or Tom Fielding, fquashed
up etween the masts and one of those
awful arms ; for a few seconds our ship
lay on her beam-ends, then filled and
went down ; another of the crew must
have been sucked down, for you only
picked up five ; the rest yon know. I
can't tell who ran np the ensign." -
The New Paris Grand Opera.
Mr. Forney thas describes the new
Faris opera house : " It is a world in
itself. The great pile occupies an en
tire square, as large as that occupied by
our now public buildings. Its main
front, indeed, all its fronts, constitute
a variety of architecture and statuary
beyond description. Inside all these
wonders increase. The space allotted
to tho stage, the dressing rooms, rooms
or studios for the artists, reception
rooms, machine shops, with the endless
devices for scenery, seem to be more
than half the entire area ; and as you
gaze into this mysterious combination,
the auditorium looks comparatively
small, even with its tier after tier of
boxes and its sweeping corridors. Some
idea of this immense edifice may be
gathered from the size of the saloon, or
foyer, a rectangular hall over 160 feet
long and forty feet high. It is lighted
in the day hy five windows looking into
the boulevard, and in the nrght by a
bewildering array of chandeliers. In
this saloon the great artist Vandrey
achieved his last triumphs, which are
now setting Paris wild. The panels
they were to fill, the spaces for the mir
rors, the lofty and wide-sprea 'ing ceil
ings, the walls, the very floors, con
veyed an idea of vastness, heightened
by the gorgeous decorations in bronzes
and gold, in mosaic and fresco, in mar
ble and the other products of French
and foreisrn quarries. I forbear an esti
mate of what this palace of music will
accommodate or what it costs,, bwt its
acoustic capacity seems to have passed
judgment. Nilsson tried it and gave it
her approval. All the seats taken for
the first representation and for six
months ahead. Work on it was arrested,
of course, during the siege and the
commune, and it was several times in
danger, bnt the present government
has given it an immense appropriation
to finish it by January. The new epera
house is ia the very heart cf Paris, near
. II ill if
all the leading boulevards, and is un
questionably the finest of the fresh won
ders of the French capita1."
Fight Between a Tiger and a Grizzly.
On one occasion Lent was a part
owner of a traveling circus and menag
erie. One day he met a man out west
who had a grizzly bear for sale. As the
animal was a splendid specimen of a
young grizzly, Lent purchased him,
and after he got him he found himself
in the position of the man who drew
the elephant. There was but one cage
in the menagerie that could contain
the bear, and that already had an oc
cupant in the shape of a large and
finely-developed Bengal tiger. Lent
told one of his partners that he was
going to quarter the grizzly with the
"The devil you are," was the answer.
" Why that tiger will make a square
meal of him before you can wink."
"All right. If he does, I'm satis
fied, ' says Lent. "Ton look after
vour tiger and I'll take care of my
The grizzly was accordingly lifted
into the cage, the tiger having pre
viously been driven to the opposite cor
ner by the application of hot irons.
Then all the employes of the circus
gathered to witness the tight. The an
imals sighted each other at the same
instant ; but, while the tiger s eyes
blazed with fury and his tail lashed
the bars in his exciterient, the grizzly
simply nodded in a sleepy manner, as if
in recogn tion of the presence of the
other beast, and crouched against the
bars waiting developments. I hey re
mained as far apart as tne cage would
permit for at least five minntes ; but
every moment the rage of the tiger
seemed to increase, while the bear
seemed to be sinking into a deep slum
ber. At last the tiger began to growl
and slide toward the bear, moving from
side to side of the cage as he did s .
The growling aroused the bear to life,
and he had just time to measure his
enemy, when, with the rapidity of
lightning, the tiger sprang forward and
alighted on his head and back. For a
moment there was a terrible howling
from both animals, as they rolled over
and over in the cage, and then they
separated for an instant, the bear seem
ing to have shaken off his antagonist.
During this brief cessation of hostilities
it was seen that the bear had got
decidedly the worst of the combat, as
he was bleeding freely from several
The backer of the tiger was delighted,
and wanted Lent to consent to having a
stop put to the fight. " No," answered
he. "Let them fight, and I'll bet on
the bear." So at it they went again,
and there was terrible fighting for sev
eral minutes. It finally ended in the
tiger giving several mournful howls,
and, when they were separated, . he
slunk away to his corner as meek and
submissive-looking 'as an animal could
be. After that day the bear bossed the
cage, and if the liger becaxe unruly
he received a blow from the grizzly's
paw that set him to thinking over past
events at once.
Cutting Up a Whale.
Capt. Davis, an old whaleman, tells
us how, after a whale is captured, it is
cut np, as follows :
When the whale has been killed and
is hauled alonpside the vessel, the "cut
ting in" process is begun. This is sur
gery on the largest scale known. Tho
immense carcass is brought underneath
some elaborate tackle rigged on board.
From the head of the mast two geat
sheave blocks depend, a rope about
eight inches in circumference running
through them. The rope also passes
through a corresponding traveling block,
to which, in the beginnicg of the opera
tion, a heavy iron hook is attached by a
clevis and bolt. The fall leads to the
windlass, near which a number of men
stand ready to lend a hand. The rail
and side planks above the deck of the
vessel are all removed, and two plat
forms, or gangways, are erected over
the side in front of the opening thus
formed. The whale is next brought
directly nndi rneath the hoisting tackle,
which swings above the platforms. On
these, secured by ropes around the
waist, the officers aro stationed, and
provided with broad-edged tools called
spades, which are mounted on sixteen
foot poles. A circular flap is cut from
around the whale's eye. One of the
boat-steerer8 now appears, dre ssed in a
rough woolen suit. Secured by a rope
fastened around his waist, he is lowered
ou to the whale's back, and inserts the
hook of the tackle in the eye. This is
a dangerous duty in a heavy sea, the
smooth skin of the whale affording but
a poor footing, while a score of sharks
are nibbling around, and the ponderous
hook and block are swaying with the
roll of the ship.
V hen the hook is inserted the order
is given to " haul taut" and " beave
away," and the flap, technically the
blanket, or blubber, slowly ascends be
yond the deck until it reaches three
fourths of the height of the mainmast.
A second boat-steerer then cuts an oval
plug from it, which is secured by other
tackle, both parts being afterward low
ered into the blubber room. The first
cut is extended to other parts of the
body, the head excepted, which is re
served for the last, and the windlass is
constantly working until five hundred
or more feet of the blanket have been
brought on board. When every bit of
the carcase has been stripped of blHbber,
it is turned adrift and floats away, col
oring the water by its oozing blood, and
attracting a shoal of sharks and a flock
of albatrosses, which hold carnival in
the sea and air over the fallen majesty.
Not Down on the Bills.
Ronvere, the aotor, who died recently,
was distinguished on the French stage
foi the admirable manner in which he
played Shakspeaze, and it is even said
that his intense study of Hamlet drove
him mad first, and then to the grave.
A few years ago, Rouvere was at Lyons,
where it was announced that lie would
play King Lear. The house was full,
the piece commenced, and everything
went well nntil the moment when the
king should burst into tears over the
body of Cordelia. The public then
saw with astonishment that Rouvere's
face assumed an expression not at all in
harmony with the situation, and that
the courtiers looked as if they were
trying to stifle a desire to laagb. Cor
delia, whose head was reclining on a
velvet cushion, opened her eyes, got up,
and rushed off the stage, holding her
sides. The audience, convinced that
they were being made fools of, began to
hiss, and to talk of tearing np the
benches, when a lad in the upper gal
lery called out, "Ah! that dog." It
was then the turn of the public to roar,
for a butcher who was seated in the first
rink of the stalls, and had fallen asleep,
had brought a dog with him, and the
animal, being of a curious disposition,
had jumped upon his master's knees,
and placed his two fore paws on the
orchestra railing. In this position he
gravely witnessed the performance,
Nor was this all, for the butcher feeling
too hot, had taken off bis wig, and in
his sleep had placed it on the dog's
head. No wonder that the sight of so
ludicrous a spectator fhould have di
verted the course of King Lear's tears,
and have resuscitated Cordelia.
"And now." said a Pennsylvania po
litical orator, warming np as he ap
proached the climax of his speech, " let
us conduct this campaign, fellow-citizens,
upon the principle enunciated by
the immortal Lincoln, 4 With malice
toward all, and chanty to none.
OCTOBER 16, 1874.
FLORIDA LUMBER TRADE.
Its Increasing Importance and Rapid
Of the industries of the south next
in importance to the cotton-manufacture
is the lumber-business the pine
regions of the southern seaboard now
furnishing immense supplies for north
ern and foreign consumption, as well as
for the south herself. Tears ago, th
hardly lumbermen from Canada and
Maine were in the habit of making
annual iner raids on the southern
coast, penetrating often into the inte
rior, and monopolizing the profits of
this trade. But, since the war, south
ern men, aided by northern means, have
turned their attention to this source of
wealth, and numerous immense saw
mills, with new and improvad machine
ry, have been erected, and the some
what harsh music cf the saw has awak
ened the echoes in sylvan solitudes hith
erto resounding only the cries of the
wild animals that peopled them.
Along the coasts of Georgia, Alabama,
and Florida, both the axes and the saw
mills are now busy, annually sending
forth many millions of feet of hewn and
sawn lumber and timber to the utter
most ends of the earth.
A brief outline of what is doing in
this way at one point alone, in the re
mote region of Pensaoola and Perdido
bay, in West Florida, will give the for
eign reader a faint idea of the rapid
growth and great proportions this com
paratively new southern industry is at
taining. The writer visited Perdido bay last
snmrner. A narrow-gauge railway ten
miles long connects this land-locked
bay with the fine harbor of Pensaoola,
which in the autumn and winter season
is now filled with lumber-vessels of all
nationalities ; while Pensacola, which
has literally arisen from its ashes since
the war, is now rapidly becoming a
thriving little city from "the effects of
this trade. For two years succeeding
the war, Pensacola, which had been
burned down, was deserted, weeds grew
up in her streets, and the fox and wild
turkey abode there. Then the scattered
fugitives began to return, and some of
the more energetic among them com
menced rebuilding the saw-mills which
had been destroyed, and from these
small seeds sprang np the trade which
now already exports values to the
amount of upward of two million dol
lars per annum. Perdido (or Lost) bay,
po called from its having no navigable
outlet, is now the centre of a great
movement in timber-cutting, and on its
banks, four years since solitary in sav
age wildness, are now six large saw
mills, and two additional monster ones
in course of construction. In size, cost,
and perfection of machinery, these new
saw-mills are unsurpassed anywhere.
Their enterprising owners, northwestern
rren, have bought a principality, in ex
tent two hundred thousand acres, from
the state of Alabama, lying on the op
posite side of Perdido bay, that being
the boundary between Florida and Ala
bama, and will conduct operations on a
grand scale. The confluence of this
new industry hasAal e?iready to treble
the trade an&j to toz&jee of Pensacola,
with an erer-it kiHfipV tendency. Her
shipping lists for'teK' year before last
showed one hunhe 2 and two 6hips,
eleven hundred and twenty-three barks,
seventy-five brigs, and three hundred
schooners, all due to the lumber-bnsi-nees,
since Pensacola is not a cotton
port, owino to its location. It was con
fidently anticipated that the trade would
be doubled dnnncr the year inst passed
The bay of Perdido is well worthy of
a visit by tourist or traveler, lor its nat
ural beauties are very great. Its mirror-like
expanse of uc ruffled water,
land-locked, crescent shaped, with in
dented curves, is fringed on its farther
side by a dark array of pines, with their
sombre green foliage and straight shafts
shooting thirty feet into the air without
a limb below. The primeval forest, un
disturbed as yet by the axe, and with
out human habitations, alone is visible.
The bay. not being navigable, has no
craft of any kind on its broad bosom
save a miniature steamer employed for
transporting rafts of logs over its shal
But looking around you, as you stand
on the nearer side, yon ebserve the
marks of civilization and progress in
the mills, plying ceaselessly their busy
saws, the piles of hewn and sawn timber,
and the growing village and workmen's
houses constituting a respectable set
thment, within the limits of which
liquor is forbidden to be sold by the
restrictive law, self-impceed in this new
Maine in the southern wilderness. But
eight years since this spot was a wilder
ness without a single habitation, the
haunt of the bear and the panther.
The following extract from an address
recently delivered on the completion of
a railroad to it in 1872, by Mr. Camp
bell, a leading lawyer of Pensacola,
draws a curious picture of a locality in
the heart of a region discovered by
Ponce de Leon three centuries ago, and
within six miles of one of the oldest
settlements in the state :
"In the dawn of this enterprise,
when Mill view was a wilderness, and the
track of the panther was still on its soil,
some men might have been seen trying
to finish by night a cabin they had com
menced to build in the morning. Near
by was a woman seated on a log, pa
tiently awaiting the completion of the
shelter under which she was, through
her thrift, smiles, and counsels, to make
glad the heart of her husband. That
hnsband is my friend Dr. McLean, the
mill-pioneer of Perdido, who, thus
cheered and sustained, is, after many
triais, now on the verge of affluence,
and that woman, his wife, a lady who
honors me by permitting me to call her
This is no picture of the earlier set
tlement, but dates back eight years
only. Prater's Magazine.
A Warning Voice.
TaArra Plmnndo rxrri ffn o in Tlrittfttl's
Quarterly of "Special Providences,"
D.i-t7a " When mv vonnc friend Dr.
John F. Gray was a lad some fourteen
or fifteen years old ne was empioyea in
a .lnf h fantnrv vrhp.m it was cart of his
duty to attend to the dyeing apparatus,
which was in an aajoming uuiiuiu.
TTi i-ini-tin1or hnniness was to tend the
Kra nnioe ihn vn.lrAtt.lfl and to turn a
crank whereby the cloth should revolve
on a wheel tnrongn tne aye. une uy
-nrl-iitr t Vina tyi nlnvcd he heard a voice
say to him, Go out of the building ;'
he answered. - wnai buhii go uut
for? I won't do it." After a little
TrV.il o f Via crura ncain said to him. ' Go
out of this building, I tell you.' Again
-n-ri T 1 1 T 1 11 a. t n
he answered, wnai BnaujLao manor r
t foil irvn T'm not coiner to do it.' Acain
an interval of time passed, and the
. m l 1 a "I A. t
voice said more earnestly, -ro uus 01
this building, I tell you, immediately.
Go out ! Go out !' Well,' he replied,
I won't quarrel about it, I'll go out ;'
and so he stopped his work and went
nn TTo Viir1 tn ascend a few steDS to
get out, and he hardly reached the up
per steps before the whole building fell,
and crushed to pieces the kettle, furn
ace, and wheel were he had been at
A Deceptive Advertisement.
inkfl ia told of a gentleman
TT.Vtr vcaa ko charmed with the descrip
tions of numerous country residences,
which he daily encountered in print,
that he became tired of his own house,
on.l determined to sell it. He instruc
ted an auctioneer, famous for his de
scriptive powers, to advertise it in the
papers for pwvate Kaie, U"S to ooDceai
its location, telling pjrsons to apply at
his office. In a few days the gentleman
happened to see the advertisement, was
pleased with the account of the place,
showed it to his wife, and the two con
cluded it was just what they wanted,
and that they would secute it at once.
So they went to the office of the auc
tioneer and told him the place he had
advertised was such a one as he desired,
and he would purchase it. The auc
tioneer bnrst into a laugh, and told
him that it was the description of his
own bouse, where he waa then living.
He read the advertisement again, and
pondered over the "grassy elopes,"
"beautiful villas," "smooth lawns,"
etc., and broke out, "Is it possible?
Well, make out out your bill for adver
tising aud expenses, for, by George, I
wouldn't sell that place now for three
times what it cst me."
We all know what nickels are, in the
plural, for we are continually handling
the five-cent coin known by tkris name,
and our five senses may all take note of
it ; but as to nickel in the singular, it is
a singular fact that most people know
very little about it. It is only of late
that it has come into general use, the
Swiss government being the first to use
it for coinage, some thirty years ago.
Its recent discovery is, however, a re
discovery. Dr. Flight, of the Britiph museum, in
London, found three whitish coins
there, which had the appearance of
silver. But he had his doubts as to
their genuineness, and subjec ed them
to tests, when they confessed them
selves to be but nickel. As these coins
bore date two hundred years before the
Christian era, the learned doctor put to
flight.all idea of the discovery of nickel
in modern times.
It is a curious circumstance that
the name "nickel" was originally a nick
name. The workmen in' a German copper
mine found a reddish ore which was of
no nse to them, and which thoy, there
fore, imagined was put there by that
mythical personage, supposed o live in
German mountains, called " Old Nick,"
in order to deceive or hinder them.
They, therefore, gave the ore the name
of Kupfer-nickel, or copper-nickel.
When the metal came into nse the min
er's nick-name was adopted, and even
for scientific purposes turned into the
Latin word nicolum.
The same is the case with the ore
from which cobalt is made, and which
is often, found in conjunction with
nickel and copper. It was called cobalt
from its supposed production by the
elves, who, according to German legend,
guard the treasures of the mines, and
who are known as Cobbolds.
Nickel is valuable chiefly on account
of its hardness, and its freedom from
liability to rust. In many cases it takes
the place of silver, and when brightly
polished looks almost as well. In its
common form, it is mixed with a large
proportion of copper. It is highly mag
netic, and serves for the needles of com
passes, but for other needles the ver
dict is, " not sew well."
Doctors in Russia.
A night medical service haa just been
organized at St. Petersburg by the med
ical men of that city; an arrangement
which meets a real want ot the public
of the Russian capital, who, however,
had hitherto not taken the necessary
steps to provide it. Russian medical
legislation does not allow liberty of
work to medical men, who, when re
quired 6itker by a sick person or any
one believing himself to be ill, are not
permitted to refuse help. The physician,
surgeon, accoucheur, midwife or assist
ant who would either refuse to act when
called on or neglect to do so is punished
by a fine, on the first occasion of from
five to ten roubles (18s. 6d. to 35s) ; on
the second occasion of from ten to fif
teen, and the third time from 50 to 100
roubles ; while the physicians and sur
geons who are in government employ
may be deprived of their office. These
laws are sanctioned by usage, and no
later than this year two Russian physi
cians were tried for an infraction of this
law, and one of them condemned for
haviner refused to afford assistance to an
invalid during the night. The Courier
Medical Russe, whence we obtained our
information, insists on the necessity of
abolishing these coercive measures" di
rected against medical men ; the more
so that at the present time everytning
relating to tho public health in Russia
is regulated by municipalities in cities,
and by the territorial, cantonal and de
partmental councils in the provinces.
The same journal also urges that in
England custom no longer sanctions co
eicive laws directed against medical
men, while in Prussia they were erased
from the statute-book in 1809.
Tea and Sugar in Europe.
The growth of tea aDd sugar in Eu
ropean soil are perhaps branches of cul
ture which we can scarcely expect to be
remunerative in a commercial point of
view. Be this as it may, the sugar-cane
is now grown and sugar manfactured to
some extent in the neighborhood of
Mataga, Spain. Tea has also been in
troduced into the southern districts of
Sicily, and though the first attempt
made last year to raise the plants on a
large scale was not successful, owing, it
is said, to the injury caused to the
plants and seeds by immersion in sea
water on their transit from Japan, it is
confidently hoped and believed by the
promoters that another attempt with
healthy seeds and plants will prove
quite successful. Meanwhile tea is be
ing grown at the Cinchona plantations
in Jamaica, and a sample has recently
been received at the Kew Museum which
was grown and manufactured as above
from Assam tea plants received through
Kew in 1868. So far as the appearance of
the sample is concerned, it is roughly
manipulated, not being snffioiently
twisted or curled, and apparently not
sufficiently roasted. Nevertheless, its
manufacture is little inferior to that of
the earliest samples of Assam tea that
appeared in the English maiket. Its
quality, however, is another thing, for
it produces a very watery infnsion of a
very herby flavor, aud devoid of the
aroma for which tea is noted. Care,
however, in the cultivation of the plant,
as well as in the selection and manipula
tion of the leaves, may in time produce
a more marketable article.
A Funeral Extraordinary.
The Pall Mall Gazette says : " A
most successful funeral in which woman
played an important part, took place at
Padua in 1518, and, indeed, in some re
spects, the arrangements of this funeral
were in all ways less depressing than the
run of ordinary burials. An eminent
lawyer, by name Lodovich Cartusius,
who died in July of that year, before
his death strictly forbade his relations
to shed any tears at his funeral, and
enforced this order on his heir by a
heavy penalty in case of disobedience.
He further directed that fiddlers should
take the place of mourners on the sad
occasion, and that twelve maida in green
habits should curry his remains to the
church of St. Sophia, where he was
buried, the ceremony to be enlivened
by songs from the ladies, who were to
be recompensed for the service by a
handsome sum of money alloted for
their marriage portions. The monks of
the convent at Padua, who were in
vited to the funeral, were on no account
to wear black habits, lest they should
throw gloom over the cheerfulness of
the procession. If funerals were con
ducted in this fashion, Ethere would per
haps be a fainter call for cremation,
and woman would have no ntcrsidty for
repressing her natural delirht at the
obsecfuies of man."
YOL. XX. NO! 11.
A Spider on His Head,
Old Mr. Coll amor e is very deaf. The
other Sandav, in tho midst of the ser
vices, Mr. xloit, who was lniinediately
behind air. UoUamore, saw a spider Irav
eling over the letter's bald head, nis
first impulse was to nudge hito and tell
him all about it. but he remembered
that Mr. Collamore was deaf, so he
lifted up his hand and brushed the
spider off. Hoff didn't aim ojuite high
enough, and consequently, inj his ner
vousness, ho hit old Collamotre quite a
severe blow. The old gentleman turned
round in a rage to see who dared take
such a liberty with him, and Hoff began
to explain, with gesture, thej cause of
the occurrence. Jint t Qolbtniore, in
loud voice, demanded what it meant
It was vAj painful to Hoff. (The eyes
of the congregation werenpori him, and
he grew red in the face, 'There, was
a spider on yonr head." "A white
place on my head, hey ? S'piwen thero
is, what' that to yon?" said Qollamore;
"yon 11 know what it is to I be bald
headed yourself some day." ("It was
spiaer, snneaed lion, whuot the con
gregation smiled and the perspiration
began to roll off his face. Certainly
it's wider," said Ctllamore, f and got
more in it than yonrs. Bat let it alone
do yon mind ? Ton may left my head
alone in church." . " Jlr. Collamoie,
Bnneaea lion, --there was a bug on
your head, and I brushed him off-this
way," and Hoff made another Restore
at Collamore 's head. The old man
thought he was going to figh him then
and there, and hurling a hymnbook at
Hoff, he seized the kneeling stool on
the floor of the pew, and was about to
bang Mr. noff, when the sexton inter
fered. An explanation was written on
the 11 y-leaf of the hymn-book, where
upon Mr. Collamore apologized in t
boisterous voice, and resumed his seat.
Tuen ' the services proceedod. They
think of asking Mr. (Jollamore to wor
ship elsewhere. J
r. M acGahan, in a book on Khiva,
describes tlie Tartars : " They live on
milk and a little flour, and an occasional
piece of mutton, and those who are well
off have tea and so gar every day not a
bad diet for the 'savages df Central
Asia. On it they thrive and grow into
stout men and not uncomely women,
Husbands, brothers, fathers, and lovers
are saluted in the same way by the
women, and air. aiacuanan, wuo is gal
lant as he is adventurous, ilnds it very
pleasant when the ceremony was per
formed, in another kibitka early in his
journey, by two sisters, who cimo for
ward with downcast eyes, each in turn
taking his hand between both hers and
laying it then on her heart, wit.'i a
pretty, modest meekness that waa per
fectly bewitching.' Round, fiesh
faces, transparently rich olive complex
ions, hair black as night, reaching to
the feet in two neat, rich braids ; dark,
soft eyes fringed with long, heavy
lashes, and beautiful figures uttired in
tunics of red silk embroidered at the
sleeves and edges in various colors,
decorated with broad, thin silver but
tons and fastened at the throat with a
coral button, whence they disclosed a
chemise of white silk reaching to the
knee and open carelessly on the bosom,
and white silk trousers falling over red
boots in a very piquant fashion.' Mr.
MacGahan calls'this a very simple and.
for tho desert, very becoming cos
A writer says: "The ingenuity of
French caricaturists is proverbial.
Louis Thilippe forbade the publication
of caricature portraits of himself, but
he could not prevent the sale of pic
tures of pears bearing a wonderful re
semblance to his own features. M.
Theirs attempted the same game as the
Citizen King and failed. Unable to
give his features .the caricaturists hit
upon the expedient of omitting them
altogether. The effect was moRt ludi
crous. The other day the Eclipse pub
lished a cartoon entitled 'The Gard
ner's Dog.' It represented a savage
looking mastiff g.iarding a bone at
which three other members of the ca
nine species, a black cur, an Italian
greyhound, and a French poodle, di
rect their longing gaze. The French
poodle needed no explanation of the
cartoon. They at once perceived that
the mastiff was intended for MacMahon ;
the bone, for the supreme power ; and
the three disappointed dogs for the
Bonapartist, Legitimist, and Orleanist
fiarties. On the same day Orelot pub
ished a cartoon entitled 'Our Greet
Orators,' representing Gambetta,
theirs, and other leading political ora
tors asleep, while a donkey discoursed
'aio8t eloquently' in tho tribune.
Clearly the pencil is more dangerous
than is the pen in a ranee.
Every intellectual person should
know how to ascertain the state of the
pulse in health ; then, Ly comparing it
with what it was when he is ailing, he
may have some idea of the urgency of
his case. Parents should know the
healthy pulse of each child, as now and
then a person is born with a peculiarly
slow or fast pulse, and the very caso in
hand may be that peculiarity. An in
fant's pulse is one hundred and lorty ;
a child of seven, about eighty ; and
from twenty to sixty years it is seventy
beats a minute, declining to sixty at
four-score. A healthly, grown person's
pulse beats seventy times in a minute;
there may be good health down to sixty ;
but if the pnlne always exceeds seventy,
there is a disease the machine is work
ing too fast"; it is working itself out;
there is a fever or inflammation some
where, and the body is feeding on it
self, as in consumption, when the pulse
is quick that js, over seventy gradu
ally increasing with decreased chances
of cure, nntil it reaches one hundred
and ten or one hundred and twenty,
when death comes before many days.
When the pulse is over seventy for
months, aDd there is a slight cough,
the lungs are affected.
Too Much Business.
One of the surprising things in con
nection with the iailnr) of Jay Cooke &
Co. is the magnitude of their business.
At the recent trial in Philadelphia Mr.
Morehead, one of the partners of the ,
firm, testified that Cooko & Co. nego
tiated for the government $1,930,000,
000 in bonds and afterwards bought and
sold $3,000,000,000 in addition. In ten
years that firm transacted a bnsiners
covering five billions of dollars, a larger
amount than was ever handled in the
fame time by any house in the world.
It would seem that a firm having the
handling of so much money could have
made enough by its enormons transac
tions to carry the Northern I'acifio
throngh a three weeks' panic, if not
enough to build the road. Certainly
most bankers would have rubbed that
small amount from the coin as it slip
ped through their fingers, and either
the firm was very honest or did bnni
nesa in a very loose way. Mr. More
head thinks the bouse failed from over
confidence. It had been dazzled by
the enormous sums it handled till a
paltry $8,000,000 seemed a mere baga
telle. It is a remarkable instance of
failnre from doing a too large and prof
When youDg Mr. Switzer left home
for college he took leave of hi mother
in this manDer : " Mother, I will write
often and think of you constantly."
When he returned two years later, he
remarked to the anxious parent : "Douh
mothaw, . I gweet you onca moah ! "
Imagine the feelings of a fond mother.
FACTS AND FANCIES.
- 1 Ml . -f IL..
i. o man woo win eat oaw ui iuuo
clawing lobsters has any buineM to
1 - I i 1 5 -1 . i -1 -11!
Bia.ii a ua a uarrei iun iit-omre tuat alli
gator meat is unhealthy.
It took the mdea oi ir,. cattle to
furnish leather for three large bulla
lately sent to Augusta. (., by a manu
facturer at Chicopee, Mass.
It was a Chicago lady who pent an
order to Rme t a celebrated sculp
tor for " one marble ligger of Api.ler in
his close, to cost not moro nor $1,000."
' A man who respects his wife and
familv will never tell a lie when anyone
asks him how he got tliat soar ou his
nose, but will explain how "a stick of
wood flew up, you know."
Three snakes were caught snefcieg
a cow at St. Martin's, N. B;, t""?
ago, and two of them were killed. Ihoy
were a yard long, and in the stomach or
each was found a pint of niiik.
It is not an nncommon observation
that a man who is continually talking
about his "eeaseloKS yearning" after
righteousness," can't get trusted at a
grocery store as quick as a man who
As small letters hurt the sight, no
do small matters him that l too mncU
intent upon them ; they vex and stir up
anger, which begets an fvil habit lu
him in rvtcreceo to greater affaire.
The proper way for a lady to direct
a letter this fall is to run tb direction
from corner to corner, scut tor thri'O
one-cent stamps over the envelope, ar.d
write: "Important" on any vacaut
n! S'deathl Vlt f you bitten br
'a cat thirteen years npo ? Did the wound
heal up all right? 11a! JVware I n
can't tell what niomoLt it will open and
you will become mad 1 Ha! Several
more ha's !
It doesn't make any difference if a
man has said his prayers b. fore onig
to bod, let him Ami crackers crumbs
between the sheets, and he won t go
back on tho satisfaction of three or four
A party of sixteen Indies were
bathing in a group at Long Branch the
other dav, aud a Boston drug clerk who
stood near declares that the i aint and
powder turned the water a bright
oraDge color for a considerable distauoo
A church of England clergyman
knocked his sister down and sat on her.
This is all the information that reaches
ns : but if she had the spirit of a woman
(and any pins) in her bosom, he won t
be able to sit ou anything else for a
In a single county in Vermont
there aro ninety-five farms vacant nr.d
one hundred and thirty-six abandoned
farm houses. Lack of railroad faci.i
ties is the cause assigned for the whol
sale exodus of farmers.
It must indeed be dry in KauFas, if
it bo true, as a local pRjH-r says, that
"the suffering cetfbdi lies str..uded en
the blisttriDg bottom of his lato happy
home, waving his tail in the cmp
breezes as a signal of diHrens.
The Clearfield fair consisted of a
calf, a goose and a pumpkin. It rained
bo hard the first night that the gooiio
swam off, the calf broke loose and ale
the pumpkin, and a thief prowling
around stole tho calf, and that ended
"Give ns," sas the New nmp-
shire Workingman's Advocate, ' the
man with brown hands smut on bin
nose and sweat on his forehead. All
right sect him by express last night
also a woman with a iong chin and a
wart on it, to keep him happy.
In dreaming don't drearn of white
elephants. A young lady at Cairo hsd
such a dream, and the next day a wil.l
steer pinned her lover against a sand
bank and hold him there nut il his spirit
had drawn aside the myslia curtain
which hides the valley e.f death from
the vision of the living.
It is no lonp-er considered Decena
ry, says an Eugbnli revi. wer that there
should be anv connection between a
novel and its -title. They are thing,
apart from each other. hen the novel
is written, a name is bcHtowcd upon it,
not in order to indicate its ct''.
but to call attention to tho fact that the
A collection of pictures by old me
ters, mainly Spaniard-, ha inii i scut t j
the Boston Bius-nni by the Duke de
Montpennier, and is now on exhibition
there. There aro fifty-llvo of t lima
i. ,.-,.i,t frm St iille. and thev
are said to inclu le productions of the
first class. Mnrillo, V. lanquez. Lut
heran Sebastian del Pionibo, Jlerrira,
and Halvator liona, aro aniui.K "'"7
ters Many amateurs of art will visit
Boston for the purpose of seeing. thes
Miss Mary Louine Hidhnrt, a beau,
tiful and aooowplihhed danphter ' "'
Rev. Victor Hurtbut, of Stone Ridge,
Now Tork, met willi a sudd n and pain
ful death a fortnight lince. She san(r
.1 ii ....1 lm Inst notes of th5
first hymn she sang w ith gr. at c earnes
A. !, touched her seat
auu pri-ujmuu. - . . ,
ahe threw her arms around he brother
neck, blind and uneonHciou". . ..
Boon'after, her .'eatl. U-.ng '
to the broaking 01 a i,kh. 1 u.
brain, superinduced by tho exertion of
The Scientific American's editorials
. m-ritn with the three cornered tai
of a horseshoe crab. ( Dus may sound
like abuse, but it isn't. ) " ,V ihiUdR th
sea-shore," says that paper, wo
chanced to tmu uio t inj" j 7
of these singular creatures. tthilo
. , . --i t.- ia r i:n1. a tru'tui.
Homing it up i'.t i" -- 1
remarked that the tail would make n
1 , Tim ancc-cKtion was
carried out, and the product wai odd
enough. Jiut wa ' "" : -
was a reveiauon w a u. v-. . -------
penholders. Wo have iimhI it lor
weeks, with a daily incensing convm-
tion that the goosequui wan "'"':
nate model. The perfect penhoiutr 11
London Police Statistics.
rri. .nn,,o1 ri nnrt of the chief of
Silo ni.iiitw. .. - .
police of London hhows some interest
ing statistic of that immense city. Jt
requires 9.883 policemen to protect
preiperty, Hie ami mora.n.
J... J. luut. vour. l or a-
saults, etc., 9.G.-I9 ; burglary, !US ; r
ceny (serious offcn H. 4'.H ; petty lar
ceny by aervants, 1,1!W; Wgga A-
703 ; receivers 01 kmhl-u .
prostitutes, 5.C5T.. Dogs sj-prehended,
1,150. There were - j
t. ..,... ri.'i wr-re killed.
Five hundred and seventy-three . fire
occurred within the yer. Eleven
thousand and seventy ev.;;. , ...
vehicles were licensed; 11.1 rt,lM
el.o tout. Troi)itV clnen
wrre nwu w - i - - ,
, 1 i,i. .i.:..,a TIiT are rMHJ
dv nonoii ct"-""'""" - ,
. '. -. T j.n.Inn
cnl-drivcr in London.
v:.i. ... n,.lip stations have Ih'ch
owned. " One hundred aud tifty-four
. . .... ...... i.tnlr
new streets and squares
covering 2 'miles nu o.j
Seven thousand six nnnirei auu
nine nouses were errci, "
houses of ill-famo suppress. iu. r,'
heen a crreat decrcuxe in crime m
immorality, which the nport attrib-
ntea to the intoxicating "i
it r.;. n.la vhile standing in a very
ai a w ...
tempest of death, with 1 "tr1 P
lifted in command, (Jen. O. O. Ho"J
id his right arm carrion a way. u.
tTnward Lad a.uflVrd ampu-
XJlHTliK, - -
...,! waa lvintr BlX'Iit and raCM'd
with pain in a lox car which was to take
him to Washington, Gen. Philip Kear
ney drew near, and, looking into the car,
said, "Howard, old boy, 1 am sorry for
vou sorry with all my heart; bnt,
toward, I have just thought of some
thing. When yon get to Washington
buy a pair of gloves ; tend me the right
ana keep the left for yourself, and I will
divide the cost with you ; and hereafter
we will get along more rcocomica.lT.
And, turning awsy, Kearney muttered.
"That is .letter tor him than praying,
and then Howard can l-eat me praying,