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THE SABBATH BELLS.
The old man !ta In hi ny chair,
And his car has caneht the ringing
Of many a church-bell far and near.
Their own sweet mnsia siitRinir.
And his head sinks low on hi awed breast.
While his thoughts far back are reaching
To the Kabbatb morns of his boyish days,
And a mother's sacred teaching.
A few years later, and lo ! the belli
A merrier strain were pealing.
And 1 e"en ward bore the message tows
Which 1 i manhood's joys were sealing.
Hut the oil man's eyes were dimming now.
As a emory holds before him
The ead, ad picture of later years.
When the tide of grief rolled o'er him.
When the bells were tolling for loved ones gone
For the wife, for the sons and daughters,
Who, one by one, from his borne went out,
And down into death's dark waters.
But the aged heart lias still one joy
i.ii u m uin uie oa'iy messes.
And his eyes grow bright and his pnlsej warm
ri a a granacnua sweet caresses.
Bot the old man wakes from his reverie.
And his dear old face is smiling.
W liie the child with her serious eyes reads on.
i iic mui-a a amirs Beguiling.
Ah. bells, once more ye will ring for hlra,
Wben the heavenly hsnd shall sever
The cord of life, and his frsed foul flies
Xo d well with its own forever
A LIFE'S ENIGMA.
BY BJORNSTJERSE BJORNSEX.
" Why sit here ?"
' Beeanse it's high and pleasant.
" Bnt it goes so deep, down it makes
mo quite giddy, and the sun shines so
dazzling on the water. Lot's go a little
"No. not rbt further."
"Just back, then, &i far as that green
mciosuie ; it was so pleasant there.
No, I pay, not there, either," and he
llnng himself down as if he either could
not or would not go fnrther.
She remained standing, with ber eyes
intently nxeu npon mm.
ARsta, then he sani, "now you
must explain to mo why it was yon were
so much afraid of that foreign skipper
wuo came m just in the dusk of the
" Didn't I think that was it 1" she
whispered, end seemed to wish to avoid
Yes, von must tell me before you
go, eise i snail never come again.
"Botolf!" she exclaimed; and she
turned, bnt still remained standing.
us true, he continued, "1 prom
ised Ton I woaldn t ask anv question
and I'll still keep my word if you like;
oat then tinners must come to an end
She bnrst into tears, and came over
to him, with the sun shining full upon
ner slender luue hgure, small hands,
and soft golden hair, wherefrom the
- kerchief had fallen.
He sprang np.
"les! he exclaimed, "you know
very well when you come looking like
that at me, I always give in to you. But
I know, too, that the longer this thing
goes on the worse it gets. Can t you
understand that,, though I may promise
yon a hundred times not to wish to know
about your bv-gone life, I never have
sny peace? I can bear it no more,
Hi face, too, did indeed bear a look of
" Yes, Botolf, you did indeed promise
me to let that thing rest that which I
can never, never tell yon aliout. You
proroiped rue solemnly ; yon said yon
didn't earn about it, it yon could but
have me. Botolf !" she exclaimed again,
sinking to h'r knees before him upon
the heather; and she wept ns though
her very life waa in peril, and so looked
at him through her fast-falling tears
that she seemed at once the loveliest,
and most u,ierable creature he had
ever seen in all his days.
"O dear me I" ho exclaimed, rising,
but then directly Kitting down again,
" if you dM but love me well enough to
have confidence in me, how happy we
two might be !"
' If you, rather, could have a little
confidence in me!" sho implored, com
ing nearer him, still npon her knees,
and looking yearningly into Lis face.
"Lovo yon! What, tht very night
when your ship had run into ours, when
I cams np on the deck, and yon stood
there in command, I though I never
bad seen anybody so brave and manly ;
and I loved you from that moment.
Aud then when yoa carried me over into
the boat when the ships were sinking, I
ono mor felt, what I thought I never
should feel again a wih to live." She
wept in silence, with her hands clasped
together resting npon his knee.
"Ritolf !" then she exclaimed, "be
gr.od mid noble; bo as you were when
you firs1, took me ! Botolf !"
"Whv do von urge me so?" he re
p'ied. almost harshly. " Yon know very
well is c iri't be. One mnst have a wo
man's whole soul ; though for a little
while a first, perhaps, one is content
Sli" drew back, and said hopelessly :
"Ah, well, then, rav life can never
come right again ! O God !" aud ence
more s!?n began to weep.
"Trn-t me with the whole of your
life, find not ruerelv a part of it, and it
11. T -
win an eomo no in, so far as 1 an con
TT iv,ke cheerfully, as though to en
conragejher. Sh l not answer ; but he saw that
she was struggling with herself.
" M-iter yourself," he urged ; " rnn
the rik of doing as I wish. Things
can't bo worse than they are, at anv
" You'll drive me to tho'very worst,"
she said, piteonsiy.
Tie misunderstood her, and con
" Even if yon havo to confers the
oreato-it crime to me, I'll try to bear np ;
bnt this I can't bear."
"No; and neither can I!" 6he ex
claimed, and she rose.
" I'll hrlp you." ho said, rising also ;
"day by day I'll help yon, when I only
kuow what this thing is. But I'm unite
too proud to bo with a woman I don't
fully know about, and who, perhaps,
belongs to somebody else."
A bright flush came over her face.
" Tor shame ! If you talk of pride,
I'm a good deal prouder than yon aie,
and I won't have you say such things.
So. f-top !"
"If yon're so very proud, then, whv
do viiu leave room for my suspicious ?"
" God help me ! I can bear this no
" No, nor I neither. I've made a vow
it shxll come to an end, this day."
"How cruel it is," sho wailed oiU,
" to go on worrying and tormenting a
woman who has trusted herself so fnllv
to you, and has begged and praved of
you as I havo been doing ! ' She was
near again beginning to weep, but with
u Muuieu rnnuge or leeiing sue ex
claimed, "Yes, I see how it is; you
"'link by provokiug and exciting me
von'll got things out of me!" She
looked at liioi indignantly and turned
Then she heard him say slowlv, word
for word ;
' Will you, or will you not?"
"I will not," replied she, strefchingont
her hand ; "no, not if von gave me all we
cm see from h. re !" She went from him,
her bosom heaved, aud her eyes wan
dered to and fro, but mostly looked
toward him, now sternlv, next sorrow
fully, th:n sternly again. She leaned
against a tree and wept ; then ceased
weeping, and returned to her formtr
" Ah, I knew veiy well you didn't
love me," she heard next, arid bec.une
in a moment tin rst hnmble and pen
itent of creatures.
Twice she tried to answer, but, in
stead, she flung herself down upon the
Leather, and hid her faee in her bands.
Botolf came forward and stood over
Si e knew he was there, and Bhe
waited for him to spenk, and tried to
prepare herself for whatever he might
Fay ; but not a word came, and she
grew yit mre c'istnrlwd, au4 felt
oblige J to look up. She sprang to her
feet instantly. Botolf'a long, weatber
lieaton face seemed to have l3onie sun
ken and hollow, his deeply-set eyes
glaringly prominent, and his whole fig
ure Monstrous ; aud it stood over her
with homo strange influence that sud
denly made her see him once more upon
the i-hip just as she saw him on the
li ght of the wr ek ; but now his
strength Kft-i boiiii'llesH, and il was a'l
tnr:' 1 itgant lif.r.
"You have Ken natrutl.ful with me,
A a -! a "
S 'e turned away, but he followed her,
asd continued :
"And you have male me untruthful,
By HORSLEY BEOS. &
too ; there hasn't been perfect truthful
ness between m a single day ever since
we nave been together.
He stood so near that she could feel
his hot breath ; ha looked straight into
her eyes till she felt giddy; she knew
noi wimt ne might, the next moment,
say, or do; and so she closed Ler eyes.
She stood as though she must either
fall or rush away ; the crisis was com
ing. In it prelude of deep silence, Botolf
himself became afraid. Still, once more
he began in Li3 former strain :
"Make everything clear ; make an end
of all this miserable trickery aud con
cealmentdo it here now."
" Yes," ehe answered, but quite nn
conseisnsly "so I say do it hero
He gave a lond cry, for she rushed
past him and finny herself over the
steep. He caught a glimpse of her
golden hair, her uplifted hands, end the
kerchief, which spread out. slimed off.
aud floated slowiv down after htr bv
itself. He heard no shriek, and he
beard no fall into the water below ; for
it was very far down. Iudeed. he was
not listening ; for he had suck to the
Out from the sea. sho had come to
him, that night, at first ; into the sea,
she had now passed awav asrain : and
with her, the story of her life. In the
midnight darkness of that silent deep
lay all that was dear to him ; should he
not follow? Ho Lad come to that place
with a firm determination to make an
end of the thing that tormented him ;
this was not the end ; and no it could
never come ; the trouble was, indeed,
only now in reality beginning. Aasta's
deed cried out to him that he had made
a terrible mistake, and had killed her.
Even if his misery should become ten
times greater, ho mnst live on to find
ont how all had hanDened. She. who
was almost the only one saved on that
fearful night, had 'been saved to be
killed by him who had saved her. He,
who had gone voyaging and trafficking
about as if the whole world was noth
ing but sea and mart, had all at once
become the victim of a love which had
killed the woman of his choice, and
must now kill him. Was he a bad man ?
He had never heard any one sav so.
neither had he ever felt it himself. But
what if, after all, it were so ? He rose :
not, however, to cast himself over the
steep, but to retnru to the valley ; no
man kills himself just when he ha3
found a great enigma which he wishes
But the enigma of Aasts's life could
never be solved now. She had lived
in America ever since she had beeu
grown up; and she was coming from there
wnen the snips ran into each other. In
what part of America should his quest
begin 1 From what part of Norway she
had at first eora-5 ho did not positively
know; aud he was uncertain even wheth
er her family name had not been chang
ed since then. And that foreign skip
per ? Who could ho be ? Did he know
Aasta, or was it only she who knew
something of him ? To question thus
was like questioning the very sea; and
to journey forth to investigate was like
pinng:ng nto their depths.
Surely he had male a terrible mis
take. A woman penitent on aeeount of
some guilty thing would have found re
lief in conf-Msiecr it to her husband :
anil ono still impenitent would have
sought refuge in some evasion or other.
But Aasta had neither confessed any
thing nor had recourse to anv evasion.
but had sought refnge in death when
he had so tormented her. Such con
duct, showed no sian of guilt. But
why not? Some folks had u srreat dread
of confessing anything. Aasta, how
ever, had no such dread ; for she had
already confessed there was something
about her life which sho could never
tell hiru. Perhaps, then, the great
ness of her puilt m:ide confession im
possible ? But she could not have had
the burden of any great guilt u;on her;
for she wa ofttn joyous nay, even full
of fun. She wag hastv and impetuous.
it is true ; bnt she was also very full of
tender feeling and kindliness. Perhaps
the cnilt wa3 some other person'3 and
not hers at all ? Why, then, had she
never told him so? If she had only
(tono tins, an wouia nave eomo ngtit.
B it supposing there were no guilt,
either on her side, or on that of any
body else, how then ? Bnt she herself
had said there was something she eiould
never 1. 11 him. And then, how about
that foreign skipper she wa3 so afraid
of ? now was it ? Iu the name of good
ness, how was it ? Ah, had she been
still alive, he would still hare tormented
her ! Thi3 thought moved him deeply,
and made him reproach and despise
himself beyond measnre.
Still ho began again perhaps she
was not so guilty as she herself believed;
or perhaps not so guilty as others
might have thought ? How often did
we do wrong quite innocently, and only
through ignorance, though so few could
understand that ! Thus Aasta had
thought that he, who was always full of
suspicion, would not understand it.
Out of one clear, pimplo answer he
would have found matter for a hundred
suspicious questions ; and so she had
chosen to confide heff elf to death rather
than to him. Why could he never leave
her in peace? She had fled from the
tiiincn of her past life, and eought re
fnge with him ; and then he, forsooth,
mnst constantly elrag them forward and
fling them in her face ! She was truly
attached to him, and showed him all
love and tenderness ; what right had
he, then, to concern himself about her
past? And, if he had any such right,
why did he not say so in the beginning ?
Whereas, the more her affection had
grown, the more his disquiet had grown
likewise when she, not merely through
admiration and gratitnde, but also
through love, bad become wholly his
own, then, forsooth, he must begin to
wish to know all about what she had
dono and been in days gone by. The
more, too, nhe had pleaded for herself
the worse he had thonght of her, and
the more he had insisted that there was
something he ought to be told.
Then, for the first time, arose the
question, had ho told her everything?
Would it really be right for husband
and wife to tell each other everything ?
Would all be understood if it wero told?
Most certaiuly not.
He heard two children playing, and
he looked around. He was sitting in
the green inclosure Aasta had spoken of
a little while ago, but he had not been
aware of it till now. Five hours had
passed ; he thought it was a few min
utes. The children ha I most likely
been playing there fnr a long time ; but
he heard them nrr for the first time.
What ! Was not ono of them Agnes,
the clergyman's little daughter of eight
years, whom Aasta had loved even to
idolatry, aud who was so like her !
Goo.1 heavens ! how like she was.
Agnes had just set her little brother
upon a great stone, where he had been
in school, while ehe was school-master.
" S:v now just what I say," 6he com
manded. " Onr Father."
" Who art in heaven."
" Hallowed be thy name."
" 'Arvid be name."
"Thv kingdom come."
" Thy will be done."
Botolf crept away; not, however,
because the prayer had touched him;
indeed, he had not marked that it was a
prayer ; bnt wbiio he looked at and
listened to the ehildren, ho locame, in
his own eyes, a horrible wild beast, tin
fit to come near either God or man. He
dra?ged himself behind some bushes,
so that the children might not discover
Ji il,. -JJ M -yL
him ; he waa more afraid of them than
he had ever been of any one in all his
life. He slunk off into tho forests far
away from the high roal.
Where should he go? To the now
empty house he bought and furnished
for Aasta ? Or should he go somewhere
farther away? 15 mattered nothing;
for, wherever he thought of going, he
saw Aasta standing there. It is said
that when folks are dying, the last ob
ject they see is pictured upon their eyes;
so, too, wnen a man awakes to con-
scionsneBS after doing a wicked deed,
the first object he sees is pictured upon
his eyes, and he can never get rid of it.
Thus, when Botolf saw Aasta, she no
longer appeared to him as she had upon
the mountain-slope so short a time be
fore, but Ehe seemed to be a little inno
cent girl in fact, to be Agnes. Even
the picture he retained of her figure,
while she was sinking down the steep,
was that of Agnes with her little han ls
uplifted. Iu whatever direction he
turned his thoughts and remembrances
of the suffering woman whom he had so
suspected, they were met by this inno
cent child, whom ho had ju3l heard re
peating the Lord's prayer. In every
scene of his life with Aasta from the
night of the shipwreck to this Sunday
morning the child's face appeared.
The thought of this mysterious trans
formation so preyed npon him, in both
mind and body, that in the course of a
few days he became unable to take his
necessary food, and a little while after
was compelled to keep his bed.
aoon every ono conld see he was ap
proacuing eicatn. lie whose mind is
burdened by some great life-enigma ac
quires a peculiar manner, through which
he himself becomes an enigma to other.
Even from the dav Botolf and Aasta
first came to live in that parish, his
gloomy taciturnity, her beauty, and the
loneliness of the life of both, had been
the subject of Irequent gossip amorg
the neighbors ; and now, when Aasta
all at once disappeared, the talk in
creased until the most incredible things
said were the best believed. Nobody
could throw any light upon the master;
for none of all those who lived upon the
mountain-ridge, or the shore beneath,
or who were accustomed to go there,
had htppened to be looking toward the
steep when Aasta flung herself over.
Neither did her corpse ever drift to
land, itself to give evidence.
Even while Botolf was vet alive.
therefore, no end of strange spiritual
istic stories were told about him. He
became dreadful to see, as he lay there
with long, sunken face, red beard, and
unkempt red hair, growing tangled to
gether, and large eyes looking up liko
some dark tarn in a deep mountain lol
low. He seemed to have no wish either
to live or to die ; and so the folks said
there was a fight for his soul going on
between God and the devil. Some said
they had even seen the evil one, sur
rounded by flames, climb up to the win
dows of the dying man's chamber to
call to him. They had seen the evil
one, too, they said, in the form of a
black clog, go sniffing round the house.
Others, who had rowed past, had seen
the whole place on fire ; while others,
again, had heard a company cf devils,
shouting, barking, and laughing, come
np from the sea, pass slowly toward the
house, enter through the closed doors,
rush furiously through all the rooms,
and then go down once more beneath
the waves, with the same awful row as
they made in coming out. Botolf's ser
vants, men as well as women, left imme
diately, and told all these tales to every
body. Hardly any one dared go near
tho place ; and if an old peasant and
his wife, to whom the 6ick man had
shown some kindness, had not taken
care of him, he would have lain utterly
untended. Even this old woman her
self was iu terror when she was with
him ; and she nsed to burn straw under
his bed to keep off the evil one ; but,
though the sick man was nearly scorched
np, he stili kept alive.
He lay in terrible suffering ; and the
old woman thonght at last he must be
waiting to see some one. So she asked
him whether she should send for the
clergyman. He shook his head. Was
there anyone else he would like to see?
To that he made no answer. The next
day, while he was lying as usual, he
distinctly pronounced the name, "Ag
nes." Certainly, this wns not in reply
to the old woman's question of the day
before ; but she fancied it was, and she
rose gladly, went ont to her husband
and bade him harness the horses with
all speed, and drive over to the parson
age to fetch Agnes.
When he reached there, everybody
thought there must be some mistake,
and that it was the clergyman who was
sent for ; but the old man insisted it
was the little girl. She herself was in
daore, and heard the message, which
frightened her greatly ; for she, among
the rest, had heard the tales about the
ilevil. and about the company of devils
rushing up out of the sea. But she had
also heard that there was some one
whom the sick man was waiting to see,
and must see before he could die ; and
she did not think it anywise strange that
that one should bo herself, whom his
wife had so often fetched over to the
house before. Agnes'sisters told her,
too, that one must always try to do
what dying lolks wished ; and that if
she prayed nicely to God, nothing could
do her any harm. She believed this,
and let them dress her to go.
It was a cold, clear evening, wherein
she could see long dark shadows follow
ing, and hear echoes of the harness
bells sounding far off in th9 forest. On
the whole, she felt it was rather dread
ful, and she sat saying her prayers, with
her hands folded together inside her
muff. She did not see the devil any
where, neither did she hear any com
pany of devils rushing up out of the
sea while she rode along the shore ; but
she saw many stars above her, and
light shining straight b -fore her npon
the mountain-peak. Up around Botalf's
house all seemed dismally quiet; but tke
old peasant woman came out at once and
carried Agnes in-doors, took off her
traveling dress, and let her warm her
self at the fire. Meanwhile the old
woman told her she need not be any
wise afraid of the sick man, but must
just go in to him with good courage,
aud say the Lord's prayer to him.
Then, when Agnes had got warm, the
old woman took her hand and led her
into the sick room. Botolf lay there
with long beard and hollow eyes ; he
looked at her intensely ; bnt she did
not think he looked dreadful, and she
was not afraid.
" Do yon forgive me ?" he whispered.
She supposed she ought to say "yes,"
and she said " yes," accordingly.
Then he smiled, and tried to raise
himself in the bed, but his strength
failed, and he rema ned lying.
She began at once to say the Lord's
prayer ; but he made a movement as
though to bid her pause, and pointed to
his breast. So she laid both her hands
there for this was what she thonght he
inteuded her to do and he directly
laid one of his clammy, ice-cold, bony
hands upon her little warm ones, and
then closed his eyes. When she found
he did not say anything after she had
finished the prayer, she tlid not venture
to remove her hands, but just began to
eav it again.
"When she had paid it for the third
time, the old woman came.in, looked,
and raid :
"Yon can leave off now, my dear,
he's gone !"
Rev. J. H. Todd, of Sioux City,
played s rather neat little joke on his
wife, the other day. While she was un
suspectingly engaged in half soling his
winter trousers, be quietly slipped out
at the back gate and eloped with a mil
liner, - -
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,
The Set Taut Question from a Southern
Anterior to 1861, southern farmers
and planters, like the centurion of old,
had servants under them to whom they
said go, do thus and so. and it was done.
This authority ended with the war, but
the lesson taught has not been commit
ted to memory, nor have we attempted
to forget this peculiar but lost privilege,
A servant to black my boots as well as
to harness my horse, to fetch me a pitch
er of water, or to build me a fire, to go
on errands, or otherwise consume valu
able time, is a perplexing luxury too
frequently indulged in by men who oon
fess their poverty, and are ever readv to
lament their condition. To be waited
npon is a normal arrangement of south
ern life. The cost of such indulgence is
an afterthought, aud is seldom calcu
lated. From seven to ten dollars a
month and his board (the latter often
considered the scraps from the table), is
thought to be the sum total of the cost.
whilst the "scraps." if vigilant economv
were habitually practiced, would be
found to exceed in value the monthly
wages, and the countless perquisities of
his position would amount to more than
both wages and board. These employes
are everywhere among farmers, and they
are expensive superfluities. Should
they be discharged at Christmas, and
the farmers resolve to do this work them
selves during 1875, one year's experience
will teach them how extravagant and
useless are such attaches.
This ubiquitous servant frequently
has a wife, who is the cook or washer
woman, with an attendant tribe of little
ones. These mast be fed, and they,
too, seemingly get scraps," which are
oftner thrown to the dogs and pigs.
because the perquisites of ofBce supply
much more dainty food. Uut wood must
be cut and hauled, and fires built to keep
these brats warm, for negro children
seldom wear clothes nowadays ; and
here begins another lack of economy,
If the farmer's house is on the road
side, the wood-pile is on the opposite
side, the kitchen as far in the rear of
the honse, the well o water is away off
at the horse lot, and the "cabin is per
haps still further off in the woods, or
beyond the spring. But time costs noth
ing, and the cook spends her's hunting
up wood and water, and looking after
her "chillun," except when standing
over the kitchen rire, built of a cord cf
wood, a d hot enough for a smelting
Let us systemize a little just there,
and see what might follow. Rebuild
the kitchen within twenty feet of the
pantry, connect the two by a shed, un
der which have the well or pumps, with
the woods hed harel by tilled with sea
soned wood ; and why should not the
farmer's own daughter be the cook ?
The wholesome exercise of kneading
the dough with her own tiny fingers,
and plying the improved stove, would
develop her into a matronly robustness,
the very envy of man v a hot-house plant.
And other beneficial results would fol
low this change, not the lea3t of which
would be neat aud tidy kitchens. Are
southern kitchens proverbially clean ?
Not more so than negro cooks, who are
systematically filthy. They are adepts
at hiding cleanliness with dirt, and con
i-equently most housewives are ashamed
ever to have a visitor think of stepping
for a moment into their kitchen. South
ern farmers, look inspectingly into the
conduct of Vour cooks for one week. See
them throw the coffee grounds here out
of tho door, there slop through the
craoks, yonder pile up egg shells and
bones on the shelf in the corner; now
scouring a table all smeart d with tilth
with a tuny rag, and then sousing the
same rag into a pot of dirtier water to
rinso it, and then cleaning out with it
the pan or oven into whioh the food is
immediately dropped that is to grac?
your table, or tickle your palate within
an hour. Is it any wonder that each of
us eats his peck of dirt before we reach
our teens ? And yet negro cooks are a
universality at the south, and our daugu
tera are seldom taught to perform this
daintiest of all work. D. Wyatt Aiki.n
m Jiural Carolinian.
Child Life in Shakerdom
Children that are placed with the
Shakers at Lebanon are indentured to
Benjamin Gates, or some authority, un
til they " become of age, he agreeing
in papers to provide them food, cloth
ing, etc. They are then placed iu the
children's order, under the charge cf
sisters designated to care for them, who
commence at once to install into their
minds the glories of the creed. In their
management never a blow is struck.
Refractory ones are punished by being
laid flat upon the floor, face down,
When they have been thus kept pros
trate for a length of time, they are
taken up and " talked to," the enormity
of the oileases pointed out, and are ex
horted to behave better in the future.
Those from eight to a dozen years of
age " go to confession every Saturday,
aud " own up (or are supposed to) to
the little sins of the week that have es
caped the notice of their guardians.
And as they receive special approval af
ter an apparently very full confession,
they early learn to conjure up quito
enormous stories, knowing that they
" gull" their confessors into a deeper
belief in their penitence. " Now, don't
you feel better after confessing all
that?" asks the ancient virgin who has
heard the story. "Yea, yea," says the
little miss, and tipping a wink to her
companions, she walks out as sedately
as a spinster of seventy. Another meth
od of punishment is to put the young
ster into a large sack, tving it tightly
around the neck. Should the child re
fuse to get into the bag, it is drawn
over the refractory one, and then, head,
feet and all enveloped, he or she is left
to repent of the offensive disobedience.
The children are sent to school four
months each year the boys in the win
ter and the girls in ihe summer. Co-ed
ucation hasn t the slightest support
here. The girls and tho boys
must not converse together. If they
happen to meet, and if a roguish young
ster is bold enough to break the silence
with some pretty maiden, the maiden
mu'-t be deaf and dumb to him. "Isn't
there some boy here that yon are just a
little fonder of than the others ? is a
standing question in the confessional.
The reply always is " Nay," and the
blind old goodies believe it !
A Circus Trick.
An interesting incident has just oc
curred in Bucharest, and has created a
profound sensation iu theatrical circles
in that place. It seems that the pro
prietor of the buhr circus, anxious to
provide amusement for the public, late
ly published an announcement that a
challenge given by Jules Rigal, a
wrestler attached to the circus, had
been accepted by a gentleman, who.
wishing to preserve a strict incognito,
would appear Deiore the public iu a
week. The amateur athlete, who, it
was stated, was a person occupying a
high social position, was rumored to be
no other than Prince Stourdja, a Molda
vian noble, who has the reputation of
possessing herculean strength. On the
evening wnen "the great unknown"
made his first appearance in the circus,
the STalls were filled with eager specta
tors long before the commencement of
the performance. Rigal and his masked
opponent, having made their bow to the
audience, at once commence the strug
gle, which was, however, of short dura
tion, for the distinguished unknown in
a few minutes, amid frantio app aube,
floored his professional antagonist. So
great was the success of the spectacle
that the manager announced to the ad
miring audience that the nobleman
wrestler had oondeecended to appear
again before them on the following
evening, when the penormance was ao
cordingly repeated, and was continued
for several successive nights, until an
mdiec-eet memoer oi the troupe nnfor
innately divulged th fact-? that the
masked wrestler was not a distinguished
nobleman but only one of the clowns
attached to the circus. This led to a
disturbance the " great unknown " naf
rowly escaped being torn to pieces Tbv
his late admirers, the manager and his
iroop had to ny lor their lives, and the
circus building would probably have
been dismantled and destroyed but for
the exertions of the police, who ' with
great difficulty succeeded in repressing
what promised to te a serious not.
Great Natural Curiosity.
Among the many curious and untie
countable formations of nature iu ber
make-up of the animal creation, there is
not one instance recorded that will
compare with the animal now unaer
This most wonderful curiosity is
short-horned Brahmin or sacred bull,
imported lrom Calcutta by Mr. William
uenison lolger, and can be seen on
board of the ship Scfcdia, at present
docKed at the limpire store, near Cath
erine ferry, Brooklyn. This animal was
purchased at a large sum by Mr. Folger
irom tioi. u mber J ung, Bahadoor K ma,
representative of his majesty the king
or jxapaui, who raised him; he is four
years old. ihe oolonel has made a for
tune by this bull from the natives of
Calcutta, who worshiped him. This
bull, like many others of his breed, has
a very prominent fleshy protuberance
on the top of the BtouHders or withers,
which is about seven inches 10 diameter.
and this lump has a distinct pocket in
the back part cf it toward the hips.
The natives, when coming to worship
him, used to deposit their service money
in this pocket for the colonel. This
bull has still a greater curiosity attached
to him, this being a most peifect re-
semoiance oi a numau arm irom the
shoulder down to the fingers, showing
every joint as in the human arm, hand
and fingers, with the carpal bones.
Ihe arm is attached to the centre por
tion of the shoulder blade, about six
inches from the top or upper portion of
blade, 'ihe natives have lied; by means
of a gold cord or wire, a silver ornament
around the wrist of this arm, where it
When this sacred animal was being
put on board the ship, there were aboui.
three thousand natives assembled to
gether, who kneeled down and wor
shiped him, and bid him a long and last
His present owner will take him to
England. Several American gentlemen
waited upon Mr. Folger and offered him
several thousand dollars for this bull,
desiring to keep the great wonder in
this country ; but Mr. Folger haa so far
refused all offers for him. I suppose he
thinks he can get a much larger sum for
him iu England than he can in this coun
try. Mr. Folger does not hinder anv
one from seeing this great living curi
osity. The sailors sometimes find a lit
tle fault with those de6irmsr to see this
animal ; but some small fractional cur
rency will readily overcome all difficul
ty. His sacred majesty is in the forward
cabin of the vessel above named, and
can only be seen by means of an oil
lamp or candle. Turf, Meld and
The Eible and the Republic.
The Protestant apologists, after all.
could advise nothing more than the
reading -of -the Bible. I can not com
prehend how the Protestant people of
Europe delay so in embracing the re
public. Often in my reflections upon
history I have maturely considered that
vivacity with which the Latin people
comprehend and the rapidity with which
they realize the most advanced ideas,
especially in the sphere of politics.
Here all the elements are employad to
keep the people in complete ignorance.
In my travels through Switzerland what
most astonished me was the quantity of
liberal ideas which there descend from
the pulpits, mingled with the aroma of
religions ideas and eternal hopes.
When I heard in the church of St.
Peter, at Geneva, a sermon full of allu
sions to the spirit of tho age, the genius
of liberty, to the Gad of the gospel,
the book and code of democracies, in
voluntarily there passed through my
memory the sermons I had .istened to
in my parish church, filled with threat
enings, with terror, with pictures of
hell, with all the rhetoric calculated to
belittle the mind and cast it into dejec
tion and despair, which can only end in
the slavery of the conscience and the
soul. If the Latin people could read,
if they were obliged, at least every
Sunday, to turn the pages of their little
bibles instead of hearing the chants of
their priests, in a strange and unintelli
gible language, would they not have
been two centuries ago republicans ?
because the bible is a bok full, from
the first page to the last, I will not say
oi republican ideas, but certainly of re
publican sentiments, and sentiments.
with their poetry, have greater influence
than idea3 among the people.
uemosthenes never spoke against the
kings of Macedon as the last of the
Judges speaks against the kings whom
his misguided tribes demanded. Even
yet when we wish to condemn the ser
vile tendencies of the masses we must
repeat that sublime language and an
nounce the same punish menls. The
discourse of Samuel is reiterated Jrom
age to age as well iu the imprecation of
Danton against the kings of France as
in the songs of Schiller which paint the
birth of the republic of Switzerland.
The eel season is now at baud ; the re
cent rains having started them in the
Snsqnehanna and all the creeks and
streams on their fall journey back to
tide-water, and the consequence is that
large numbers have been caught in dif
ferent parts of the country within the
past few days. 1 he eel travels up stream
in the spring, and returns down to the
salt waters in the fall, always going in
large schools. There are a great many
peculiarities connected with the eel that
but few people know of. For instance,
there are some eight or ten kinds of
them, of which several never enter into
fresh water. Some of the varieties are,
when full grown, ten or twelve feet in
length, weighing one hundred pounds.
The kind here, the common fresh and
salt water eel. is usually from twelve to
twenty four inches in length. Lels, it
has' been proved, have both sexes in one,
and spawn eomewhat after the manner
of other fish. Like the turtle, they can
travel out of the water for some dis
tance, from stream to stream, so that in
almost every rivulet, however small,
they can be found. The gills or breath
ing organs, are covered up by a most
delicate curtain, which acts like a valve
and a reservoir for water, so to speak,
to keep its gills moist dunng the time
it is out of the stream. It has a heart
in its tail, the same as is keown to xist
in the salmon, with pulsations at about
ninety four to the minute. Pcnnsyl
To fill the place of the iauntV lace
pockets that ladies took delight in
wearing on the left side all summer,
fashion has decreed for winter a saucy-
looking, but very pretty, pocket made
of fur. The European style, we hear
from a correspondent, is made of mink,
wilh an edging of seal, or seal, with
sable edging, ornamented with silk or
silk and chenille tassels. They are at
tached to the wuist with heavy brown
silk cord. Mink will again be largely
worn, tut seal is all the rage sealskin
NOVEMBER 27, 1874.
"""TRANSITS OF VENUS.
Their Importance The CJreat Astronoui
teal Kvcut of the Century.
- A large portion of ths astronomical
world has for two years been busy with
preparations to' observe one of the
rarest of celestial phenomena. When
Venus last passed over the face of the
sun the infants Mapoieon and welling
ton were sleeping in the arms of their
nurses, all unconscious of the parts
they were to play in the world's history ;
Washington, a loyal subject of King
weorge, lived quietly on his Virginia
plantation; and American independence
was a dream of a few enthusiasts. Now,
after the lapse of more than a centurv.
the present generation is to witness two
recurrences of the phenomenon, the one
during the present year, and the other
eight years later. Then the rest of the
nineteenth century and the whole of
the twentieth are to pass away without
ifs again being seen. Finally, on June
a, awi, our postenty rill have an op
portunity ot again observing if.
we know from our astronemioal ta
bles that this phenomenon has reourred
in its regular cycle four times every 243
years for many centuries paBt,.But it
has been only in times comparatively
recent that it could be predicted and
observed. In the years 1518 and 1526
the idea of locking for such a thing
does not seem to have occurred to any
one. The following century gave birtu
to Kepler, who so far improved the
planetary tables as to predict that a
transit wonid occur on December 6,
1631. But it did not commence until
after sunset in Europe, and was over
before sunrise next morning, so that it
passed entiiely unobserved. Unfortu
nately the tables were so far from accu
rate that they failed to indicate the tran
sit which occurred eight years later, and
led Kepler to announce that the phe
nomenon! would not recur till 1761.
The transit of 1639 would, therefore.
like all former ones, have passed en
tirely unobserved had it not been for
the talent and enthusiasm of a young
Englishman. Jeremiah Horrox was
then a young curate of eighteen, resid
ing in the north of England, but who,
even at that early ago, was a master of
the astronomy of his times. Compar
ing different tables with his own obser
vations of Venus, he found that a tran
eit might be expected to occur on De
cember 4, and prepared to observe it af
ter the fashion then in vogue, by letting
the image of the sun passing through
his telescope fall on a screen behind it.
Unfortunately the day was Sunday, and
his clerical duties prevented his seeing
the ingress of the planet upon the eolar
disk a circumstance which science has
mourned for a century past, and will
have reason to mourn for a century to
come. When he returned from church
he was overjoyed to see the planet upon
the face of the sun. but after following
it half an hour the approach of sun
set compelled him to suspend observing.
.Daring the interval between this and
the next transit, which occurred in 1761,
exact astronomy made enormous strides,
through the discovery of the law of
gravitation and the application of the
telescope to celestial measurement. A
great additional interest was lent to the
phenomenon by Hailey's discovery that
observations of it made in distant por
tions of the earth could be used to de
termine the distance of the sun an
element of which scarcely any thing
was then certainly known. From some
ancieL t observations of eclipses it had
betn concluded by Ptolemy that the
distance of the sun was about 1,100
semi-diameters, and this value was
adopted with a few modifications for
more thon a thousand years. V hen the
telescope enabled more accurate obser
vations to be made, it was found that
this estimate must be far too small ; and
from observations on Mars in 1672 Cas
sini concluded that the solar parallax
was between nine and ten seconds, and
consequently that the sun must be dis
tant more than 20,000 semi-diameters
of tne earth. But this result was nec
essarily very uncertain, and, with tho
means then known, the only feasible
way of attaining certainty seemed to be
to adopt Hailey's plan of observing
Venus. Harper .
Struggling with the Ocean.
Paul Boynton, well known among the
habitues of Atlantic City as the cham
pion swimmer, and who left New York
a few weeks ago in the steamship Queen,
with the intention of putting on a new
life-saving apparatus and being thrown
into the sea three hundred miles from
the land, and then paddling himself to
shore, has turned up in Ireland. It
seems the captain of the QaeeD would
not allow the experiment to be made as
originally designed, so Boynton made
an involuntary passage to the coast of
the Green Isle. When the steamship
had reached a point close to Fastnet
Rock, Cape Clear, three miles, and the
hamlet of Baltimore, seven miles dis
tant, the commander of the Queen,
having been frequently importuned, gave
his permission for Boynton to go over
board. Bovnton drew on his India
rubber air-tight suit and inflated the
air chambers ; in his air-tight sack he
placed the food for three days, a com
pass, a bull's eye lantern, some books
(just to beguile the time on the water),
some signal rockets and a United States
flag. In his side pocket he placed
mail which the passengers had given
to him to post, he strapped his bowie
knife and ax to his side, and grasping
his paddle, was lowered into the water,
amid the cheers of the passengers, at
half past 9 o clok p. m. It was a wild,
dark night. He lay on his back pad
dline: vigorously, and now the lights of
tho vessel were lost in the night. In i
quarter of an hour more his spirit al
most quailed when tossed high on the
crest of a wave he could no longer se
the coast line or any lights. The wind
blew, the rain poured down and the
tide set dead against him. He was
drifting out to sea, and to add' to the
awful loneliness of the situation, and
to increase the dreadful peril, a violent
gale commenced. He was tossed on
mountainous waves, over which he
floundered and Daddled for dear life
until four o'clock the next morning,
having traversed a distance of thirty
miles from Baltimore, his original ob
jective point. He then started for
Cork, where he is now sporting & naval
uniform, prcbably that of the Nautilus
navy of New Jersey, of which he is the
Maxims Worth Knowing.
Administrators are liable to account
for interest on funds in their hands,
although no profit should have been
made upon them, unless the exigencies
of the estate rendered it prudent that
they should hold the funds uninvested.
When a house is rendered untenant
able, in consequence of improvements
made on the adjoining lot, the owner of
such cannot recover damages, because
he had knowledge of the approaching
danger in time to protect himself from it
A person who has been led to sell
goods by means of falee pretense can
not recover them from one who has
purchased them in good faith from the
Permanent erections and fixtures,
made bv a mortgager after the execution
of the mortgage upon land conveyed by
it, becomes part of the mortgaged
A seller of goods, chattels, or other
property, commits no fraud in law when
he neglects to ten tno purchaser oi any
laws, defects, or unsoundness in the
Monev paid for the purpose of set
tling orjeomponnding a prosecution for
a supposed felony, cannot be recovered
back by the party paying it.
day-book copied uoni a blotter
in which original charges are first made
will not be received in evidence as a
book of original entries.
A stamp impressed npon an instru
ment by way of a soalj is as good as a
seal if it creates a double impression in
the texture of the paper,
An agreement by the holder of a note
to give the principal debtor time for
payment, without depriving him of the
right to serve, does not discharge the
The opimou of witnesses as to ttie
value of a dog that has been killed, is
not admisable ia evidence. Tho value
of tha dog ia to ba decided by Iho jury,
Necessity of Culture for the Wife.
The mother's heart can take care of it
self : the mother's hands m st be busv,
whatever her station in life. But the
mother's intellect has too often been
allowed to snffir and die, with no one
wise enough about her to lift a warning
voice. And look at the results. The
children crow up to young man and
wbmanhood, secretlv in their thought
less hearts despising her for her want
of a wise and broad culture. She car
ried her brain into little tucks and em
broidery to ornament their .beautiful
childhood ; but for this they have no
thanks. The pretty iresses are worn
out ; .now they need a mother who can
command their intellectual respect, and
teach them some of life's highest les
sons before they go out of the house
hold forever. Plain, strong clothiup,
then, would have left time for loving,
strong wisdom now. The husband, who
has been growing as men always grow
who are continually mingled with the
world, rubbed sharp and bright with
its frictions, and compelled to pick up
many chapters from its varied experi
ences, may be still kind, loving, con
siderate to the faded, inanimate wife,
whose mind has remained stationary for
a soore of years. But he must be a rare
man if a very thorough contempt for
the female intellect does not worm itself
into some of the secret, inner chambers
of his soul. Has any wife a moral right
to f-uffer herself to be outgrown in char
acter by her husband? Lakes and jel
lies may fall into the background, but
ideas, in the family economy, must rule
always above par. Working women
more than any other need tno strength
and consolation which are to be derived
from a wide field of ennobling thought,
need thorough and persisteLt self-education,
and all the dignity and respect
ful consideration which is always given
by rich and poor alike to a well-cultivated
intellect.. The highest work which
can be done for one's family "is teaching
them practically that the mind is of
greater worth than the body. Little
children accustomed to see an honored
mother studying habitually, if only for
half an hour every dav, must learn
arly to respect the wisdom which is to
highly prized. Ia any woman r.mbitiou--
for her family ? There is no better way
steadily promoting their welfare.
Example is immensely better than pre
cept, and she more influential than all
other teachers in forming their p iant
characters. Km many plants turn the
face of every leaf rnd petal toward the
sun, so a human being who early learns
that knowledge is its own exceeding
great reward will turn toward it iu
stinotively in every emergency. "No
distances are so great as moral dis
tances. " Rev. Antoinette BlackwcU.
Gardening in Japan.
A correspondent of the New York
Tribune writes : The native gardeners
possess a wonderful skill in the training
and dwarfing of what in America would
be large, coarse-leaved trees ; the' pine
and cedar are brought into diminutive
grotetqre shapes, and tie maple, with
its tiny leaves and delicate colors, forms
a favorite house-plant. Many thick
shrubs are clipped into tho shape of
various auiimds, and by the aid of bam
boo twigs as a support a certain fine
leaved vine (of the name of which I am
ignorant) is so woven as to represent a
man, a boat, and other curious devices.
At a certain flower show, which took
place iu Yedo some months ago, a Jap
anese lady, life-size, holding an open
parasol, was accurately represented by
tho peculiar twistiugs to which a chrys
anthemum in full bloom was subjected.
But the cultivation of fruits and vege
tables is by no means at tended with the
success that is met with in the training
of flowers. Fruits, especially, though
of tempting appearance, are most of
them utterly tasteless. It is said that
foreign fruits, when planted in this
country, partake of the tastelessness of
the native ones after the first year of
bearing, which compels tho importation
of fresh seeds to supply the wants of
the foreign community. S me of the
fruits and vegetables are of an unusual
size ; persimmons average three inches
in diameter, and turnips are about the
leDgth and thickness of a man's arm.
The Wondrous " Green Vault.''
A correspondent of the Chicago Jour
nal, sp.aking of the art collections, cf
Dresden, says : " For wealth of con
tents, the 'Green Vault' excels any
and all the rest ot the collections. The
Green Vault ' consists of several vault
ed apartments on the ground floor of
the museum, each of which is devoted
to some one kind of valuable object.
In one are Florentine and other mosa
ics ; in another gold and silver plate
which adorned the banquets ot the
Saxon kings ; in another vessels formed
of half nrecious stones, among which
are two goblets, valued at 30,000 each,
In the last are found articles tho most
valuable of all: one. called the court
of tVi rent mofful. consists of 138
figures of pure gold and enamelled, and
cost $58, 000; and finally comes a glass
case filled with most precious suits of
costly j iwels, sapphires, emeralds, ru
bies, petrls, and, in still greater profu
sion, diamonds. One hardly knows
which t be astonished at most, the
wonderf il riohness of the collection or
the wonderful folly of the princea who,
from taxes no doubt levied upon their
snbjeots, would collect such an amount
of wealth to lie for years as dead
In a recent address ex Senator Doo-
little remarked: "Whatever may be
said in criticism of Mr. Johnson'B pnb
lio course, all parties agree that the
white house was never more gracefully
kept and presided over, than by his
daughter, Mrs. Patterson a perfect la
dy, a model of a republican mistress of
tho white house. Let me tell a fact
which has never been published, but
which I hd from the lady s own hps.
Just as she was about to leave, at the
end of Mr. Johnson's administration,
the steward of the house took an inven
tory, and found that not one article of
furniture was missing or broken, not a
sheet, towel or napkin was lost, and
the house was in perfect order from top
to bottom. She told me another fact,
which I know the wives and daughters
of the farmers of Wisconsin will bo glad
to hear. When they went into the
white house she purchased two excel
lent cows. From the milk of these
cows she made all the butter, used all
the cream, and made all the ice cream
used in the president's family during
his term. When she went home, the
shipped these cows to Tennessee. Is it
any wonder, ladies, that Mrs. Patterson
received the first premium on batter at
their fair, last fall?"
At Nenilly, iu the subarbs of Paris,
there is a harem, which the police have
inquired into and left alone. It is tho
homo of Turk. He has 160 wives,
but keepa the mass of them at Constan
tinople, and only brings twelve to Paris
at a tamo.
VOL. XX. NO. 20.
A Pet of a Wife.
"Small size" this is the echo of
most men's wishes. They want som
one to pet, to fondle, to protect, they
say ; and this is truth when they feel
good natured. Cynical women say they
want some one thev can tyrannize over.
bnt we are not inclined to take a cynical
view of tho subiect.
Very few men willfully tvraunize
over their wives and children, but the
tyranny is there, nevertheless, and in
tellectual men, such as the world ad
mire, are most prone to exercise it.
They are so wrapped in their own plans.
theories and speculations they do not
discover the fact that their own house
holds are famishing for tho bread of
love, and fainting for the gushing
springs of sympathy. They ar so ac
customed to adulation abroad that the
simple home affection seems tame and
spiritless ; as the purest water of the
deepest well is tasteless to one accus
tomed to the sparkling and burning,
but poisonous draughts of intoxication.
In our zeal to vindicate the "lr-rds
of creation " from the charge of wilful
tyranny we are leaving our two bache
lors and their imaginary wives too long
Small size is a man s faucy, not the
physiological knowledge. It is an al
most universal fancy. The larger, the
rougher, more burly Uio man, the more
sure he is to prefer a small-sized woman.
" I am determined to have a wife whom
I can pick up in my arms and carry her
over all the rough places," said a
young farmer, whose softest tones
counded like a clap of thunder. As he
spoke he snatched the largest and
heaviest girl in all his acquaintance,
and lifted her over the brook. His
words are echoed in the selection made
by most large sized and stentorian-
voiced men. Their ideal is of some
thing the reverse of themselves, and
thus fragile figures and low tones are
to th?m the perfection cf feminine at
traction. Our solution of tho problem
ies in the supposition that it is an un
educated action of philoprogeni'ive-
nees, shown iu tho desire for some small
creature to pet, to fondle, to caress.
Those who have watched tho world for
fifty years know how sften is enacted
the sad tragedy .vhich mav bo named,
The Bride of a Year.
Sitting at Table.
A writer in the Kneotator savs
There is one point connected with din
ner on which opinion seems still to bo a
little chaotic, and that is the arrange
ment of the guests. The tendency is to
let them arrange themselves, and as this
is in accordance with modern manners,
tho object of which is unrestraint and
the note of which is temporary inti
macy, the tendency will probably pre
vail. It diminishes the trouble of en
tertaining and abolishes the responsi
bility of the entertainer, bnt'we have a
doubt about it nevertheless. Where ev-
rybody is really en familte Icixicz
fairc ought to succeed ; but eveu then
t is slightly seltlsh, marks partialities
too much, and leads to that neglect of
disagreeable persons which it is the last
lessou of high breeding to avoid ; and
where the family character is a momen
tary assumption it product s confusion.
In a company where precedence is self
evident au inexplorable precedence
would do as a substitute for order; bnt
it would bo a wearisome substitute, and
is very seldom completely appli
cable. Relatives would sit too fre
quently together. Hitung next the ex
act person you do not want to meet is a
trial to one s savotr-vivre which, though
morally most beneficial for, after id),
to bo tigreeablo to one's enemy predis
poses one to forgive him does no t always
tend to the enjoyment of a dinner, and
a dinner in tho sense in which we are
using the word just now is primarily
iuteuded to be enjoyable. It is not to
be an edifying scial exercise, but au
enjoyment. We doubt whether in a
laige dinner the hot is not the bet-t
person to deoido where his guest fdmll
sit. He is often tho only man who
knows them all ; ho can judgo pretty
accurately of their predilections, and his
decision terminates all chance of marked
The Light Serenade.
A writer says: "Considering the
object for which the guitar has been
adopted by all classes of fooiety in
Spain, and more especially in this light-
hearted Malaga, namely, that oi sere
nading al del nereno a favorite belle or
a mere friend during the still hours of
a starry night, no instrument can com
pete w(ith it for effect. As tho sen na
der generally attended by no or two
friends to sing f-eoond as a chorus en
ters ono of the aristocratic callrn, to
plant himself in front of tho jilacio in
which the divinity dwells, aud sweeps
his fingers over the strings ran'jun
rando, the soft sound pervades the air,
and breaks on the car with a pleasing
thrill which mnst be heard to bo under
stood. He continues fl'jzeando on the
strings, or as tho Italians say, arpeifi
ando, for a few minutes, certain tLat by
this time the harmonious sound has
penetrated to the intended nook within
the abide and awoke the favored in
mate. Thon a tenor, a bass, anl a bar
itone are softly combined with the
sounds of the guitar, producing tho ef
fect of an opera trrz' t accompanied by
violini jtixzicati. To muke rnro that
this melodious preludo has awakened
from their slumbers tho adorata, the
eerenader now strikes all the strings in
a peculiar manner yoipeando, tapi ing
the sound-board at the same time w.th
the hand for two or thrro minutes in the
most hilarious style. But now the rais
ing of tho lower half of the jaltmrte in
an upper room, through which a faint
beam of light appears, once more awa
kens the soft arprgyioH of the instru
ct nt. aocompanving the touching and
imploring tr.guidillaa according as the
theme is required to bo affectionately
tender or simply joyous, and with that
the serenade terminates."
A Canadian Phrase.
Canada's bright and sensible governor-general,
Lord Dufferin, has given
tho dominion people a new by-word,
which has spread with electric rapidity
from one end of Canada to the other.
On his voyage out, being called upon by
the emigrants to address them, he allu
des to this phrase, which had grated
harshly on his ears : " He had tho mis
fortune to have too many children."
Lord D. said : "I remarked that per
haps ro better idea could be given of
the differences between the old country
and their new home than by the fact
thatwhireas in England a struggling
man might be overweighted in the bat
tle of life by a numerous family, in the
land to which they were going a man
could scarcely have too many children.
Here I was applauded instny, with a
cheerful accompaniment of laughter al
so, wben I was further greeted with an
approving thump on the back by a stal
wart young emigrant, who cried ont.
'Right yon are, sir; that's what I've
been telling Emily.' " The Canadians
have got up the slang phrase, " That's
what I've been telling Emily," having
had the anecdote made familiar by go
ing tho round of the papers, aud one
hears every where, "That's what I've
been telling Emily." Harper'.
A Milwaukee man, having heard
that a piece of salt pork, inserted in
the ear, will cure the car-acht pickled
a pig, and dropped it in under tho flap
of his starboard auricular appendage.
As nothing w:s heard of it, he bi ut
down a yearling porker. At lat ac
counts, he was inquiring anxiously for a
FACTS AND FANCIES.
A philosopher has discovered that
men don't object to be overrated, ex-ot-pt
. r"T'f Typographical Union in trying
to build a monument to Horace Greeley,
who didn't hke Typographical Unions.
A lady residing near Davenport,
Iowa, has a beautiful green lizard in
her stomach, and still is discontented.
The "headless trunk" of m young
lady, which was found iu a railroad rota
tion out west, proved to bo a Saratoga
A San Francisco paper fayi there
are two hundred Chinese gambling
houses in that city, carrying on bus
iness night and day.
A young lady fearful of becoming
stout devotes two hours to every meal,
because she had read somewhere that
" haste makes waist."
A bill has passed the Oregon senate
which provides that husbands and wives
without children may bo oiaiJ-'red
divorced by simply ceasing to live to
It is estimated that the world con
sumes annnallv 2!0, 000.0(H) pound" of
tea and 718.OC0.OO0 pounds of cofleo.
China furnishes almost nil the tea, and
Brazil the coffee.
The maddest kin 1 of a woman is one
who siMnds a half hour in arranging
her toilet before descending to tho par
lor on the arrival of a visitor who
proves to be a book agent.
-A disgusted old liue-back voter at
Ottumwa, Iowa, put in a ticket which
read : " For general principles, General
Jackson ; for oougrt ss, don't care a
dam; they all steal, anyhow."
A fashiorable bnt illiterate New
York lady, travclirg on the continent,
writes to a friend that she has just seen
the " museum of iniquities " in Genoa,
and phe docs think it is "perfi'ctly
Rev. Mr. Candor, or I'hiladelpbui,
announces: ".Let us continue onr wor
ship, by listening to n piece of sheet
music performed by the operatic quar
tette, who have be n secured rogantlecu
-Mr. Dubois, of Fall river,' has bad
tho blood of a live lamb introduced into
his vein, as a remedy for consumption.
It is probable that there will be no un
usual effect save an abnormal fondness
for all girls named Mary.
"What," risks one of the female)
suffrage shritkrrs, "are we to do with
our daughters?" If they are very
young, drown them. If they are ton
old to drown, why but that is au im
posFiblity. ( our.-Joumat.
An old gentleman iu Stowe, rr-
niout, tells how ho broke off drinking
liqnor. Every tinio he took a drink ho
would drop a shot into tho plus, and
as it filled up his notations grow grad
ually emaller ana finally oca ed alto
gether. lou know iu tho old country, wnen
anything unfortur;a!o happen to tho
good people, it is coiled "affliction,
which is to Ihj ovcrruhd f-r their fpirit
unl pood ;" but when it hpion to 1
the heterodox, it in "a judgmeut."
"Nobody snroanses mo in this
specialty," said a Cincinnati girl to her
new lover the other night ns she gave
him a parting kiss with a report to it
liko thut ot a pinto). The nitoniKhed
youth walked away wondering where
that girl got her experience.
"Mamma, where do the cows get
tho milk?" ns-ked Willie, looking up
from tho fonming pan of milk which ho
had been intently regarding. "Where
do yon get your ters?' was tho an
swer. After a thoughtful silence he
again broke out, "Do tho cows have to
be spanked ?"
If the times are hard stop your
paper, but do not niorren your allow
ance for whisky or tobacco. A good
paper in a family is a great comfort to
tho wife and children, but that in ro
reason whv you tdiould provide them
with a weekly luxury at tho expense of
a daily necessity.
Iu Scotland, tin the ordination of
elders, a grave old elder delivered the
charge : " Mo bretLriii, rule wcel, rule
weel, bnt rule sao that nao a n.an nr
bairu i' tho kirks will know that they
ruled. Mo brethrin, prny God t.
give ye common m-iiao. ji is a cuiei
graoo'o' an order."
An Aberdeen preacher recently com
mented in the following mm pi i merit ary
wav nnon the convorhlional value of
men and woun : "There if the sumo
difference betweu their tongues as be
tween tho honr in minute hand ono
goes ten times ns fal aud the other sig
nifies ten times as much.
A youth who at! nded a Hootch re
vival meeting for tho fun of the thing,
ironically inquired of the mihiMtrr
whether ho could work n miracloor not.
The young maw's curiosity was fully
satisfied by the mim'titer kicking him
out of tho church, wi h the malediction,
We can not work miracles, but wo
can cast out devils 1"
A country exchange gels off the fol-
lowingon delinquent subscribers: Look
ing ovr an old ledger, we see a long
arrav of names of former snbcriter
who are indebted to ns. Homo of them
have moved away and are lost to r-ight,
although to memory d ar. Others are
carrying tho contribution boxes in onr
most respectable churches, and others
again have died and are ungels iu
heaven, but they owe us j unt tho same.
Black-and-tans have gone out of
fashion, bless 'em I Tiny bull-dogs,
just as small as nature will allow, now
accompany French ladies on the prom
enade, and sit on tho carriage eat.
Tho uglier tho better, ns the morose
expression of their pup features is a
great requisite in their selection. Even
the parasols, buttons on one's gar
ments and trinkets by the ieore, are
adorned with tho bull dog's hed ; and,
a suro sign of a lady's viHit to Pari
this summer, is tho canine phiz that
mokes tho knob of her natty umberclla.
A Now Way to Do It.
M. Taraf is'the first discoverer of a
method of doing without rain ho hart
solved the problem of artificial irriga
tion. He is known bh a snooesHfuI
chemist and inventor. Tlioso who wihIi
to know more of him may Imi informed
that ho is a pupil of the College of
France, and a fellow sssociata with
T'rnf Hchntzpriberger. M. Paraf knew
that the air is full of moisture, and he
know that, chlorido ot calcium wonld
attract and condense it. He hasappli d
this chloride on sand hills, on gran, on
all sorts of soi, successfully, and ban
ascertained that it will prodiico the ir
rigation of land more chcanly and efli
ciently than any other artificial method.
One of M. Fund's applications will pro
duce and retain abiiiidant moisture for
three days, when tlm nimo amount of
water introduced by ordinary method
will evaporate in one hour. M. I'araf
states that his preparation I is less ex
pensive than canal irrigation, and be
lieves that it will not only produce two
blades of grass whero but one now
grows, bnt will render possible fluldn,
meadows and prosperity whero now
there is nothing but sand and desert
A New Weapon.
The New Orleans Picaynuo gives the
annexed description of the neatest in
strument for a street fight that has vet
been produced : It is a weapon with a
sinister and cynical appearance that
would make even the bravest man trem
ble. It conHists first of an ordinary
pair of brass knuckles, rather sharp, in
order to produce a telling effect. To
one end is attached a gimlet knifo, to
the other a revolver, whose trigger
forms one of the divisions of the braHS
knuckle. Thus armed a man might
defy an army. If he were to get hold
of one individual man, the effect in ep
palling ; every blow he strikes with the
knuckles wonld not only brek the as
saulted person'- skull, but lodge a half
dozen bnllets in his heart, while the
gimlet attachment is cutting away at
his throat. A man who had beu treated
to that wenon would 1h killed at least
a dozen times lefore he knew what wa
iho matter ; not only killed, but so bat
tered, bruised, and cnt to pieces, that a
sardine box would prove a roomy coffin
for his remains. Somelxxly ought to
name the weapon ; it deserve a name,
It ia small, but telling is its effect.