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A KOCTtRSE OF CHOPIM.
Wind, and the tound of aea,
Heard In the uiht from fr,
Spending itself on sn unknown abore,
Feeling its wy o'er an nnseen floor,
Ijgfited by moon nor star ;
Telling a U!e to the Ust'niiiR ear
Of wound ov-ne tht Hie rolling year
Hath broau. -ft Jie human heart;
Telling ot passion and Innermost pain,
Sinking and awoooia?, and growing again
As the wind and the wave take part ;
Lifting a voice to the voiceless skieo.
Fans of eorrow that pass iuto sighs,
Born of a fecret despair ;
F.uttering back on the clear tide of ton,
Oathrrinx in force til! the melody's grown,
fiiroDg to inte-prot the accents unknown,
Haaatiug the dark fields cf air ;
Ppeakmg the longing? of life, the full soul's
Hidden dftirw in music that rolls,
Wave-like, in frarch of a shore :
Hdie cf harmony, floating around,
Widen in circles of lessening sound.
Die in the distance, till silence is found,
And earth redemands us once more.
All the Year Round.
BEYO.SD A DOUIiT.
rul Wayne was a bachelor of forty
five. Not one of the wayward, noma
dic yrt, bnt who occupied a eplendid
house and took excellent care of an
orphan who called Lira. Uncle Paul.
He was blest with the best heart in the
world, and posseesod so many of the
requisites of a good husband and father
that it was a matter of great surprise
J. among hia friends that he remained sin
le. Those who knew Lini best rightly
raoed his single blessedness to hia own
iiiult, a most wonderful obduracy and
unwillingness to give tip an impression
once fully entertained. This character
istic injared him in hia business affairs
too, but those with whom he had bnsi
ness differences attributed is to what.
for a better term, they called eccen
x aui w ajne had bis love passages m
his earlier manhood, but they came to
nothing bnt disappointment, because of
this obdurant and unalterable determin
ation to abide by his first impressions,
whether these agreed with subsequent
facta or not ; indeed, whether it suited
the other party ef the love affair or not
" - i i i i . ...
iouuK gins iso not generally line a
lover who is not the least bit pliable.
While their natures demand strong,
manly love, for something that shields,
there is intermingled with it all a touch
of the conquering spirit to be recog
nized. Paul Wayne a lordly way of
wooing, away which to his lady friends
seemed to say, wait until I am ready
and I have only to name the day,
brought hirn at least one ridiculous jilt,
but to it all he only said, as he put the
girl oui of Lis memory, "She will
regret it, beyond a doubt."
Mary Dale did regret it ; for she mar
ried a man who broke hor heart by
brutal treatment, and deserted her
while the lay helplessly sick with a
girl-baby on her bosom. The g:rl
buby was givea to Paul Wayne with the
last brea!h rf the dying mother, and it
was baby M try Dale who, at seventeen,
called him Uncle Paul.
"Mary, Philip listings is a bad
man. I know it beyond a doubt. I am
" How do you know it, Uncle Paul ?'
"Well, how do you know anything?
Why, there aro many ways and reasons
for knowing and thinking so ; one is
well, it don't m-.Uter. I know it beyond
He knew it, and that was enough for
him. And Mary kue v him well enough
to end such an argument at once. It was
jnst'the proper moment, too, for Philip
Hastings, the "bad man," was an
nounced. While we leave the lovers
togetl er enjoying a brief morning call,
we will go out with Paul Wayne, and
"Bid man, beyond a doubt. Bsl
company. IIo it, always with that man
Quigley ; what in the world brought
that man, that wretched Qiigley, back,
when we all thought him dead and
buried years ago." Aud Uncle Tanl
thrust his caiu against the pavemen
with a nervous impetuous motion, and
looked up to seo Quigley.
They passed, Paul Wayne looking
straight ahead down tho street, the
other casting quick glances at tho s'eru
faco of the ivu-hr'or, hoping for u lock
of recognition, then stopping to look
at tho retreating figure, ai if to be cer
tain that it was tho mau. A few yards
separated them, and then Paul could
not resist tho curiosity to look back
aiM ireir eyes met. It was awkward,
but ouly fjr an instant, the bachelor
turning quickly and proceeding on hia
"If I could only ta'k to him a mo
meat. B it tho poor get but few word:',
and these u'.t kiulty ones; I will lit
him alone," and the man Q-.igley
tr- a l. d his way among the throng of
men bearing Strang.; fuces. ITe had been
gone for years, and a new generation
had sprung up. Iw gave him a look
betokeniug recognition. Now aud then
a man with whitened hair uud bowed
form wonld half stop, gaze at him an
instant Tsith a carious, inquisitive look,
as if trying to rt call something of the
past, then pass on. Farther away from
the bustle of tLe business streets the
Strang r paused in his walk, and said
again, aloud to himself, "If I could
only talk to him a moment." Tho l.slf
pitocus ton fell upon tho ear of two
liglit-havted girl.-, who were passing,
and a shade of melancholy passed over
the face of the younger as both turned
to look at the speaker, and we recog
nize our UiVle Paul a Mary. Not a
superbly handsome girl with oriental
eyes and the soft, sensuous languor of
the farnt d eat, bnt a good, healthy,
pretty girl, something to love fondly,
e m.-thiiv tangible to stand tho wear
aud t.nr of life, something worthy of
man's striving tffirts.
That evening there ras pu icy party at
Uncle Faiil's. Mary had been amusing
Lim in the earlit-r hours with "old
fashioned songs," as Tanl called them
and the two were in the midst of thee
pleasures when Philip Hastings was nn
nouuetd. Uncle Faul could not escape.
He ha l nowhere to go but to lied, and
it was too early for that. Young ladies
need not be told how really disagreeable
the position when a young gentleman is
present who loves her, while an elder
member of the family is immovably
anchored in the room, and who in turn
heartily dislikes, or thinks he does, the
young man as a "bad man." She was
afraid of nn explosion as she nervonely
undertook the task of directing the con
versation. S"ie endeavored to steer
clear of the qnieksands, but in trying to
draw Uncle Paul into a conversation
she precipitated just what she was so
anxious to avoid.
Uncle Paul hud sat quite Btill for
awhile, in a bulf-drowsy, brown study,
but Lo awakened suddenly when Mary
said, "Saisie and I met such a strange
11 A 1
By HORSLEY BEOS. & FIGUERS.
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JANUAHY 29, 1S75.
VOL. XX. NO. 29.
"A what that
donbt a bud man.'
"Why, Undo Paul, have you waked
at last?" asked Mary. "I'm glad
something cau fix your attention."
Paul did not look as though he cared
to listen, aa Mary went on. " So old
and feeble, and yet something telling
of better and happier days ; in bis faoe
curves worn deep by patient sorrow.
Just aa we passed he was saying : If I
could only talk to him a minute, aa if
some old friend had refused him sym
pathy. Who could it have been, I
wonder? I pitied him."
Uncle Paul fidgeted, but said nothing,
though Le felt the thrnst so uninten
tionally given, while Philip Hastings
seemed happy and yet uneasy at the
turn things had taken, bo different from
what Le Lad desired. The two talked
of the etrange old man, while Uncle
Paul grew uneasy at every word, until
finally he rose upon hia feet and began
pacing the floor in an agitated way that
he could not conceal. "
Mary watched her uncle for a few
momentg, surprised, and wondering
what there was in the talk about a
strange old man to agitate her dear old
uncle, Philip said to her :
" Miss Wayne, the old man of whom
we have been '.talking ia one entirely
worthy of your sweet sympathy, and, in
a word, is my best friend."
Uncle Paul haulted suddenly, utterly
dumfounded at the declaration. He
raised both hands, bs if the affrontery
cf the avowal had filled him with sur
prise and indignation too deep for ex
pression. "Tell me, PhHip Hastings, that at
least you do not know ,thia old man's
A thousand frightful questions sug
gested themselves to the mind of Mary.
She leaned forward to catch Philip's
denial, a denial which she hoped he
would make, and Bhe shared Paul
Wayne's horror when Phillip said :
" Every line and page cf it, sir."
" Why, sir, he's the wickedest man
alive, and if jou well, if he ia your
friend, if there ia any community of
thought with him, why well, I'm
right, beyond a donbt. Bat there can
not be. He has given you his version,
and when I tell you r.ll, you will cut
"He "has told me all, and I have
found that he haa told me the truth,
the whole truth and nothing but the
truth. When men assume a character
it is not a bad one. The old man Quig
ley has made a clean breast of it all.
ne arrested me in my downward career,
and I cannot, would not cast him off."
There was something in hia speech,
so earnest, so msi-ly, that Mary was
proud of her lover for having uttered
it, end even the lines in Uncle Paul's
faco were softened, and he was almost
ready to acknowledge that he might be
wrong, when Philip resumed his story :
" I rpent last win!er at New Orleans,
as you Enow. Une night 1 visited a
gaming table and was induced to play.
I lost heavily, and, becoming desper
ate, I was about to risk my pur.se and
its contents upon a single throw,
when a servant stumbled against me
and we fell. As I stopped to aid him
he whispered : ' I did it purpor c-ly.
Play no more. Meet me outside the
door." I withdrew from the game and
met Lim, and lie said : Tour antagon
ist there,' pointing inward, was
cheating yon ; I saw it all. Don't go
back. I was ruined there ; I used to
play with thousands, and now I sweep
the floors.' Why do you stay there ?'
I asked. 'I must eat and drink, and
who will take me with a character from
there as mv last place ?' "
Mary felt relieved, raid her uncle
rani said, " The servant was Q'llgley ;
but he doubtless did not tell you thet
all those thousands ho stole from his
deserted wife, or gained on forged
"No, sir, not then. But I took him
aa my servant aud then he told me that
1I0W OLD JIM DIUYTOX "SWOKE
He came np town last night to drink
the old year out and the new year in
There are men who can remember when
he had a cottage of his own ; when he
was well dressed, and had a frank, Lon
est lace; when ma children went to
Sunday-school and his wife was well
clothed and carried a happy face,
Old Jim found himself going down hill
and almost in a year he had changed
from a hard-working, respectable man
to a ragged, lazy sot, and no effort on
the part of those who loved him could
stop his descent. His Lome went, his
fortune went, good clothes and happy
faces disappeared, end wretchedness
and poverty moved into the old tene
ment house on Beaubien street with
Do you remember when his child was
run over and killed? Old Jim was
dead drunk while the body lay in the
house. Were you ever at tho central
station court when ho was sent up for
drunkenness or for beating hi3 wife ?
Have yoa never seen him sleeping his
drunken sleep in tho alley ? Haven't
you heard the people speak of "Old
Jim Drayton ? " A red, wicked f ce.
having not one soft line in it red eyes,
looking stupidly and vacantly at yon-
battered hat, ragged clothes vou
surely must have met him at sometime,
Old Jim meant to have a big drunk.
lhat was a good way to wind the eld
year up. He had been drunk thanks
giving Ho had staggered home drunk
Chrismas night, ar.d when Lis boys
were heard wishing that Santa Claua
had not pa?sed them by, the father
became angered and beat them. The
bar-keeper knew him as ho entered the
saloon and called for drinks. He had
called there dozens of times before
and iiis face was fami'iar as the sight
of the big decanter from
I could not trust, him, and why.
told me what you have just state,
did trust him and I havo never
occasion to regret my choice."
Uncle Paul paced the floor for a mo
ment, muttering, "It will come our,
beyond a doubt ; I Lad better tell it
all," theu went over to Mary aud caught
hen' to his heart as if he would shield
her with his life, and looking at Philip,
said : " Yon believe in thi3 man's
reformation this man Quigley. Oue
more test and that will settle it beyond
a doubt. Would yon marry his daugh
ter ? "
"If I were not engaged and" he
stopped. Surprise waa flushing Mary's
face when Uncle Taul answered the ques
tioning face before him. " There she is
yes, my ward, my more than child, is
Quigley's daughter, given me by his da
sorted wife, and Mary's
Prove your sincerity in this man."
Philip took the poor amazed girl in
his arms and saved her from failing.
Uncle Tanl hopped about the room as
one possessed, dashing a tear from Lis
eye and exclaiming, " It's all right now,
beyond a ilonbt."
Qaigley, by the aid of a gift left him
by a dying relative, was enabled to
pay thoso ho had wronged in purse,
and with a lovely danghter to caress
and comfort his old age hi3 was a happy
end. We shonld never distrust the
ability of any man for reformation,
and no one's repentance should bo de
spised. Catt. C. W. Howell, of tho United
States engineers, has had over five
years experience in dredging the mouths
of the Mississippi. This from Lim on
the subject is interesting : " It is a
well known fact that a multitude of
plans have been tuipgesied for the im
provement of the mouth of the Missis
sipni, and that at each session of con
gress several of these have been pressed
on the attention of that body. 1 have
officially reported on a number of them,
an 1 over forty havo been brought to
my attention. The parties originating
and presenting these plans represent all
the various grade-s of inventive genius
to be foimd in this country, fiom tal
ented engineer to the man who ought
to be in a lunatic asylum, from the
man who knows something about the
mouth of the Mississippi to the man
who knows nothing."
"Yes, Hike those short days," said
Old Trupenny, the other morning, join
ing in tho discussion; "the interest
counts np so fast. Why, when I come
into my placo mornings, and get ont
my securities, I cm fairly hear them
draw interest, right through the side of
the box !"
poured his drink.
" Wait a minute," said tho bar
keeper, who was wiping off the counter;
and Old Jim was in the shadow, and
they riid not know who it was. And as
they drank their beer they spoke of the
dying yer.r, and of their resolves to
break off some of their bad habits, end
finally one of them said :
" Some one was saying that Old Jim
Drayton had cut his thr at ! "
" It's good news, if true," said the
other. " No one will miss the old sot
not even his family. His wife and
children aro in rags, his home hasn't
a comfort, and if he'd enly die folks
would feel like helping them. He's
the lowest drunkard in Detroit I"
"Y?3, Iv'e often wondered why he
didn't jump into the river," rejoined
the other. "If I ever get ns low and
ragged end mean as Old Jim Drayton,
I'll shoot myse lf ! "
0!d J:ra heard every word. If Le had
had a ghi&s of whisky down he'd have
leaped up and cursed them, but he was
eobei aa sober as he had ever been for
ten years, aud he made no move. Was
he low and mean ? Did everybody feel
that way toward him ? Did everybody
notieo his poor old houte, his ragged
children, his reel face und watery eyes?
Did men speak to each other of Lis deg
radation, his neglect of his family
would Lis death bo good news to the
" Do yon want whisky or gin ?" asked
tho bar tender ; but old Jim (lid not
hear him. He ha.l leaned back against
tho w&ll, pulled Lin Lat over his eyes
and was thinking. Drink had robbed
Lim cf his honest look, his frank tone,
and his strength and skill, but it had not
robbed him of his memory. He could
j o bnck over the decide and remember
his pleas n home, his happy family and
lu3 or, n honest, independent feeling,
'ihame came with ruemorj-. He hid not
got so low but words could strike him.
Two or three other men came in, (in J
while they were drinking one of them
"Isn't that Old Jim Drayton over
there in the corner?"
"Yes, that's the old sot," answered
" Wonder if he isn't going to swear off
ha ! ha ! ha I" responded tho third 1
The words stung old Jim again. They
called up something of his old spirit,
and he sprang out of Lis chair and ex
" Yes, I am going to swear off !"
" You swear off you ha ! ha ! ha !"
langhcd the men.
" But I will ! I know that I'm a
drunkard, and that I'm ragged and law,
I ut I can reform !"
"That's good!" they all laughed;
"biggest thing out ! Old .Tim Drayton
swearing off ha! La! ha !"
" I will with God's help, I will !" he
whispered a3 they were aroused from
their wretched beds.
" No no he's sober he's going to
be good again !" she sobbed.
At midnight tno voice of prayer,
broken by sobs, was heard in the old
hovel, and Old Jim Draytcn, knc-eiZngat
Lis chair, said :
" Mary children may heaven
me to be a better man !"
So may it. Detroit Free Press.
plied, striking the bar with hia fist.
Their shouts of laughter followed
him as he went out, but they strength
ened hia sudden resolution. H walked
directly Lome. He ' stopped for a mo
ment at the gato and wondered why he
had never before noticed how gloomy
and wretched and lonesome the old
hotel looked. It was a fit home for a
drunkard and a wife-beater. He opened
tho gate, paused, then turned end went
to the grocery ou the corner, and with
tho money he meant to get drunk on he
purchased a few little toys for the chil
dren and returned and entered his des
olate house. He stood in the door for
an instant and looked around at the
bare and battered walls, the bare floors,
the wretchedness and poverty. His
wife crept away, fearing his drunken
wrath. Ho knew what movefi her, aud
it cut Lim like a knife.
" Mary, come here !" he said, as he
closed the door and held out his hand ;
" I am not drunk to-night !"
She slowly approached him, wonder
ing if drink had not crazed him.
"Mary!" he said, as ho clasped
her hand, " I haven't drank a drop to
" Oh, James !" she sobbed, breaking
right elown ia an instant.
"They call mo Old Jim Drayton; say
I'm a sot; wonder why I didn't die; say
I can't reform ;" he went on ; " but
I'm going to 6tep drinking I have
stopped ! "
She put her arms around his neck, but
could not speak.
" From to-night, as long cs I live, I'll
be James Drayton again sober steady
a kind husband ar.d a good father !
On and wake up ti e children, JJnrr, ar.d
let us ail pray together!"
"Is father going to kill us?" they
OMY A POOR WOS'UJI.
An Humble Missionary Thimble-rigging
tor flie J'oor Heat lien.
On the tram, the otuer day, a very
solemn-looking man. dressed in black
and carrying a hat-box, came along and
dropped into my seat.
" It is a fine day," I remarked, desir
insr to be friendly.
"It is a fine day, but young man, how
is it with your soul?" he replied, rolling
no his eyes and looking still more sol
I asked him what he meant, and ho
" Where would yon po to if you died?
How does your record stand in heaven?"
I told him that I was jogging along
peacefully-like, paying my debts, saving
a little money, and dropping something
into the contribution box as it passed.
" That won't elo ah," he said, as he
folded his arms and closed hia eyes,
"you're a sinner, ah, a baneful sinner.
There id no mansion laid up for you in
the land beyond the skies ah. Do ycu
ever prav ah ?"
' Once in a groat while," I told him.
" The devil is in your heart ah," he
went on. "You pray not, neither do
you sing. .Luke a nowc-r you snail be
cut down, and the stem rshail wither end
decay, and be seen no more among the
" What would you advise me to do ?'
I asked, feeling a little weak.
"I am but a paor worm myself," he
answered meekly "like unto a puny
'A cockroach, for instance," I put
in, as he paused.
"Only a poor etiuggling -or'um,"
he went on, never minding me, "yet I
am trying to do my appointed work.
Av.-ay ever tho sea, in Afri.j;, mi;lions
are living in ignorauco and vice, know-
ig nothing of heaven, having no good
in their hearts, living like the beast of
the SJd. Jn my poor humble way, I
am trying to save a few benighteel heath
ens, trvinjr to redeem p. few souls."
" In what particular way? " I inquired.
" Partly by my prayers, and partly
by collecting money and buying Bibles
o ship them, that they may have the
word of life."
There was a pause for a moment, and
then he laid his hand on my arm and
" Young man, the Lord loveth a
cheerful giver ! Out of your abund
ance contribute something for the cause
f the benighted. Even though yon
ro not a good Christian, your good act
will oe put to your credit m that laud
wnere all is joy and bliss."
I risked him if ho could change a 20
ill and give me back 19.95, and he
urntd away and seemed weary.
W3 roele on in silence for about a
mile, una tiieii ho took a string flora his
pocket, laid it on his knee in a v. uy to
niiike t u separate) loops in it, imd then
ha said :
"Young man, thou art a sinner, end
thou will not freely contribute to the
cause of the benighted."
" Which the Earns is true," I mur
mured. " On the part of the heathen and my
cause, I desire to bet iuee live to three
that thou cnust not put thy finger in
tho loop that will catch," he said, smil
"It's the old string game seen it
forty times," I answered.
" Solely on account of the benighted
heaihen do I wish to bet live to three
that then canst not locate tha joker,"
ho went on, producing three "thimbles
and a pea.
" Piaycd it in tho army for four
years," I replied, turning away v itli a
" Then you are willing that the heathen
shall struggle on like the beasts of the
field and birds of the air," he asked,
putting up Lis thimble.
" Yes, truly," I answered.
" 'Tis sad that one so young should
be so sinful," he murmured, and went
to the other end of the car, and suc
ceeded in fleecing an old man out of
34 and a watch on the check game
for the causo of the heat lieu in Africa,
Tho San Francisco Post writes of the
new Palace betel in that city: "The
Palaco will be unquestionably a hotel
born of new ideap. No modern im
provement will be ignored iu its con
struction or equipment. The latest
novelty adopic-d is the. intrcduetion of
an automatic fire alarm apparatus in
every room in the building. The in
stant the temperature of tho room
reaches above a certaiu degree the ap-
para'us will be affected and will trans
mit wrd to the fire indicator in the
e ffi v, so that there can be no delay in
suppressing the blaze. Three watch
men will be required to constantly
patrol tho building, visiting seventy-
one anicrent stations ana waitung two
and throe-quarter miles in their rounds.
At each station will be located an elec
trical apparatus which will register the
time the watchman visited it. These
will thus act as tell-tales on the watch-
. - l.i - I . -ti
man, snowing wneicer ne is aiienaing
to his b .siness er not. A large elec
trical clock is to be placed in the main
office. Dials in electrical communica
tion with this clock will be distributed
to the number of 116 throughout the
building. There will be a dial record
ing the time at the end cf every passago-
iy. An electrical lighting apparatus
will also be among the features of the
interior. This will be ou the same sya-
t;?ni as that in use in the California
theatre. Only the chandeliers in the
dining-rooms and the lamps in the cor
ridors will be lighted by the electric
spark. Eight hundred and twenty
burners in all will be lighted in this
Oowmon sense is an element in which
many persons are sadly wanting. Com
mon fensi h.iplicH sound perception,
correct reason, mental capacity, aud
SCUPPERXOXG GRAPES AND WISE.
Views ot Colonel martin, of Gadsden.
Sib Agreeably to the request of the
fruit growers' association, I herewith
forward you my views on the cultivation
of the Sauppernong and manufacture of
Seili AND LOCATION.
I prefer a light sandy loam not too
rich with clay subsoil. Our high pine
ridges, with good natural drainage, is
as good as is required. A southern ex
posure or side Lill ia not necessary. My
vineyards are on the highest point in
the state, being three hundred and fifty
feet above the lsvel of th sea ; and I
find the grapes larger, ripeirearlier, and
make a better wine than nay I have seen
PLANTING AND CCLTTV ATING.
The land shonld be clearr I of all trees
and the grass and trash bnn. tsd off before
any vines are planted. I planted my
vines tlnrty-nve leet apart eacn way.
bnt I am now satisfied that the better
way is to plant forty feet apart, and then
plant another row between, breaking
joints that is, not in line with the
others, but half between. By this
means double the amount of grapes are
had on the same ground. When the
vines begin to look, this last row should
be cut out: giving all the space to the
ones first planted.
Assuming that a wire arbor ia to be
used, the posts Ehould be set up before
the vines are planted, aa in digging the
holes for them when the arbor is being
put up the roots are liable to be in.
ured. Having set the posts in their
places, about two feet in the ground and
seven above, the vines should be planted
on the south side of tho posta as fed
lows : Dig a hole about four feet square
and two feet deep, throwing the surface
soil on one side anei the bottom soil on
the other ; and then fill utj the hole
about one foot with good surface soil
on top of this put six inches of good
compost (I used swamp muck, bones,
well rotted eak leaves and oak ashes);
on top of this put a cquple of inches of
rich surface soil ; then plant the vine,
leaving the surface over it a little lower
than the surrounding gionnd.
If a wooden arbor is to be used, the
posts need not be set up until tha vines
are ready to arbor, but a stake is set
close to the vine, so aa to have seure
thing to train it to. When it ia at
equal distances from the vines, aud on
those put the rails or sla's.
As the vine grows add more posts
and extend the arbor. I use wire for
my arbor, believing it to be better and
cheaper in the end better because it
requires less posts, gives more room
in gathering the grapes, allows a much
better circulation of air through the
vines, does not collect so much dead
ieave3 and trash, and the grapes more
uniformly ; cheaper, because when onca
done it is done for a life-time.
The fir3t two years the object ia to
grow as much wood as possible, hence
the vines should be manured generously
with well-rotted manure, forked in about
the roots and oui from them a foot or
two. After this I do not consider . it
necessary to manure it so heavily, but
sufficient to keep the vine in a healthy,
growing condition. Itone dnst, oak
ashes, cr anything that will famish pot
ash, is the best.
The ground between the vines can be
cultivated in other crops until it is
shaded by the vines. I could not, how
ever, reco-mmend corn or cats, bnt sweet
potatoes, cotton, straw berries, mulberry,
turnips, etc., always being careful not
to injure tho roots of the vines. Thus
the ground is kept clean and sufficiently
manured for tho vines as they extend.
From the best information I have re
ceived, and from my own experience, a
vine three years eld that has been care
fully cultivated and manured will yield
three pecks of grapes. Tines planteel
forty feet apart will cover tho whole
ground in ten years. An acre of vines
iu lull bearing will yieM between bU'J
and 7C0 bushels of grapes. A bushel of
ripe Scuppernong grapes will yield at
least three gaiions of must or juice.
I have made at the rate of 2,000 gal
Ions of must or juice to the acre on vines
fully grown, or, rather, vines twenty
years old. I do not believe any one
knowa when the Scuppernong is fully
grown. If it is properly manured or
arbored, there is no knowing how far it
GATHEKING THE GKAPES.
I think tne better way is to put a
frame on a wagon body. On this frame
fasten a cloth with a hole sav a foot in
diameter in the cr-ntre of it ; drive
under the arbor, tvhake the vines with a
forked stick, and let the grapes roll
through the aperture in the cloth into
the wagon bedy. When sufficient is
gathered for a load, drive to tho press;
have a sbuto, tay two feet wide and
twenty feet long ; place one end at or
on the gate of the wagon, and the other
in a barrel on the grounel ; throw in the
grape-8 at the top end, they wiil roll
down into the barrel ; the leaves and
trash will remain in the f-hute ; brush
them out and throw in more grapes.
Iu this way three hands and a two
horse team can gather an immense
amount of grapes in a day. Care should
be taken to throw away the hard, green
and unripe grapes, and not to get too
heavy a body of grapes iu the wagon
at one time, or they will get crushed,
and thus lose a large amount of juice.
MAKING THE WINE.
Aa "in making hare eoup, it is neces
sary to first catch the hare," so in mak
ing wine, it is necessary first to get your
grapes. Assuming that you have done
this, let ns proceed to make the wine.
And here I wish to mention that it is of
the utmost importance that every vessel
connected with the making of wine
should be perfectly clean and sweet.
There should be a full supply of water,
so that the tubs, barrels, eto., can be
rinsed as often as is necessary. The
barrels or casks in which the grapes are
to be fermented should be all ready on
the stands, a sufficient height from the
floor to permit a barrel lying on its side
to set under it. Set the mill on the
top of tho barrel in which the grapes
ere to be fermented, and grind away
until the barrel is full, then move the
mill to tho next barrel, and so on to the
end. The length of time the must is
left to ferment on the Lulls depends on
the state of the atmosphere. In snch
weather as we have here in the latter
part of S- ptember aud beginning of
October, when the thermometer is, dur
ing the day, about eighty degrees Fah
renheit, twenty-four Lours is about the
right time. Tho must will then Lave
received a sufficient amount of coloring
matter, boquet and tannin. When it is
ready to be drawn off, pull out the peg
at the bottom of the barrel and let the
must run off, but when quiok work is
required it will not pay to wait. As
soon a3 the must ceases to run freely, it
is best to stop it and put the hulls in
the press, where the balance can be
pressed out immediately.
When the season haa been dry there
is more saccharine matter in the grapes
than when the season has been moist or
rainy, hence the must requires more
sugar some seasons than others.
My way of doing ia to raise the must
to ninety degrees on Oschles scale ; this
gives a wine sufficiently sweet to please
the average consumer. . Having added
the sugar, pat the mast in the barrels
or caska in which it is to ferment
straining it through two or three thick
nesses oi mosquito net ; place tnem in
the cellar, put one end of a syphon in
the bung, closely sealed, the other end
in a vessel of water, so that the gas can
escape without permitting the air to
get to the must. As soon as the gas
ceases to cause the water to bubble
freely, taka out the syphon and close
the barrel, having first filled the barrel
to within about three inches of the
bung. The bung should not be left
quite on top, but a little to one side
so that the wine wiil be against it, thup.
THE WROXU TRAP.
preventing any evaporation. The
sooner the barrel is closed, without dan
ger ef its bursting, the better. If the
barrel exhibits signB of bursting bore
gimlet hole near the bung. Let the gaB
blow off and close the hole immediately.
About the first of January draw t ff
the wine into clean, sweet barrels, and
let stand until the July following, then
draw it off again. It should now be
ready for market.
Care should be taken, when putting
the barrels on the stand, to have the
end in which the faucet is put lower
than the other, so as to draw off all the
wine without disturbing the lees. When
all the clear wine has been drawn off
the muddy wire and lees should be put
in one or more barrels and allowed to
settle until clear, when the clear wine
is again drawn on. Uood authorities
state that a fine brandy can be distilled
from the lees ; but I have no experi
ence in tho matter.
From personal observation I am sat
isfioel that the Scuppernong ripens two
weeks earlier here than in North Caro
lina said to be its home. Our grapes
are fuller, and I think, sweeter. As a
wine grape, I would not recommend
any of the black Scuppernong I think
the wine insipid and not marketable,
Parties in North Carolina tell me that
they find it difficult to get a market
I had grave doubts when commencing
to make wine of being able to find a
sale for it. but my experience has
encouraged me, and now I have no fears
ou the subject. I have no wine on hand
older than the vintage of 1873. I havo
not advertised it or made extraordinary
efforts to bring it into notoriety, yet I
find ready sale for it pt 2.25 per gallon.
Female Barbers in Cincinnati.
A report came into our office last night
that there will soon be opened in the
old church, south side of Sixth street,
between Walnut and Vine, a new bar
ber shop. Now, the simple establish
ment of a new barber shop among us
is no astounding item of neap, but this
particular barber shop (to be) on Sixth
street will not be sn ordinary one, from
the fact that lovely girls will wield the
razor and " run the machine."
Enmcr says these girls have been
espeically trained for their responsible
positions, and that they manipulate the
razor with all the abandon of ve terans.
The Plica for a " sonare shave" at that
establishment will be " a quartah of a
dollah, if youpleathe thir." Of course,
that's a big price you know now, but
when a man wants a rare article he must
expect to pay for it. Just remember
that these barberous damsels are fair in
licks if they are unfair in price. They
won't chew tobacco nor cat onions ;
neither will they have two-inch finger
nails Etuffed with the soils of seven
counties. Moreover, they will chuck
you under the chin with their soft
chubby hands, if you are a real nice
Wo feel sorrv for the men barbera of
They will lose custom as sure
as that female - church - shaving - sfaop
opens. Of course married men will
slip around to that shop sometimes, and
then there will be trouble in Gotham.
We havo detailed a spfcial reporter to
work up all the domestic broils and
secret associations and sad suicides
which will surely emanate from that
new institution that sharp-shooting,
shoulder-shifting, shampooing, shing
ling, fhearir g and shaving shop. Cin
A Dark" Seance.
The St. Louis Republican says : " It
was a rather queer eight to see a dog
brin. ing a man's hand into the house,
their own dog and their own Louse too.
They were colored people, Jack and
Harriet Miller, and they lived in the
fear of ghosts and hobgoblins. Of
course, they were much frightened. The
hand was black and it looked like the
hand of fate. The dog lay down in tLe
comer by the fire and commenced gnaw
ing. Jack picked up the ugly thing
and threw it out into the gutter or
tried to but the hand just floated away
and up until it seemed to join a body
suspended in the air, and then the
thumb sought the nose, and the fingers
commenced gyrating, indicating that
all was well np there, and then the form
disappeared and left the darkies m a
state of profuse perspiration. That is
the way that some spirit of darkness
materialized itself for Jack and Harriet
Miller, and crowds have since visited
their house and seen them, and the dog,
and the window, and the gutter, but
never a squint of any wonder as big as
a man's hand."
The man only is truly educated who
haa been so trained in hia youth that
his body ia the ready servant of hia
will, and performs with ease and pleas
ure all the work that, as a mechanism,
it is capable of doing.
In the vicinity of Drury Lane theater
stands a hostlery which boasta the
curious sign of the " City cf Lushing
ton." The bouse ia a great reaort for
actors and for tLose genial owners of
open hearts and straitened pockets who
glory in belonging to the order of
Antediluvian Buffaloes. The chief
room of the inn is the meeting-room of
the Buffaloes. It is divided into
" wards," so-called, and these divis
ions Lave luoubrious titles Poverty
ward, Insanity ward, and Suicde ward
A moral underlies this labelling of the
evils which follow the abuse of good
One evening in October two comedians
mot under the shadow of Insanity ward
at the "City of Lushington." They
were artists of a very humble stamp
pantomimists who picked np a liying,.ia
strolling (fashion during the summer,
and whose harvest time was Christmas,
and the weeks of January and February,
One was a liarlequin yclept Smithers,
but preferring to be called in the bills
Signor Tonmto. The other postured as
clown ; his name waa Pudaon, and Le
too had a noii de theater, calling Lim
self Little Puddikins.
To the lattt-r personages, smoking in
gloomy solitude for the usually well
filled," room of the " City of Lushing
ton" was that night empty entered
Mr. Smithers. The old colleagues
greeted each other warmly, for they
naa snarea in me iroiics oi many a
' And Low Las .luck gone with you ?"
asked Tgdson, after some talk togetLer,
"fairly for the time oi year, an
swered the harlequin. "I have taken
a ballot troupe on a tour through the
second-rate towns, and done pretty
" I Lave been lucky and unlucky by
shifts and starts doing a bit here anil
there at the circuses, and taking a turn
now and then at the music-halls. That
pays best of all. I have a good mind
to cut a pantomime and go in for that
Not just yet, any -way. Y'ou are
engaged for the Forum, aren't you ?"
asked the harleauin.
"Not yet, but I expect, to be," replied
"I am, and so is my little woman."
" Confound it !" ejaculjted Pndson;
" I hoped to get Mary in there."
But Lora has got it. She's to bo
" Is that your girl ?"
" That's mine, Lora witL an o, not
your common au.
"Oh," said the clown, reflectively,
"Hightalian, I suppose?"
She passes for a Hightalian, bnt
she's English. She's billed as Lora
The two friends shook Lands and
parted as the " City of Lushington"
began to receive au incursion of its
n. pcdson's sroay.
I am lying here on this bed helpless.
I shall not die yet, the doctor says;
the bones are setting, aud in a few weeks
may be about again; bat 1 shall never
be fit for the clown's busvness any more.
Thia misery and suffering I bronght
upon myself ; it haa been 'he result of
my own wicked animosity the conse
quence A a jealousy whirh urged mo
nto crime. I w;il tell yoa how it came
I joined the Forum corapany this laet
winter when Smithers and I engaged
for the pantomime. To my surprise, 1
found that the girl to whom I had been
paying addresses Mury Morris by
name was engaged for columbine. I
had understood from Smithers that
some sweetheart of his named Lora
Lorini waa going to take that part.
The sight of Mary was sn unexpected
pleasure, and going up to Ler I Baid :
Mary, my dear, this is good luck ;
but I thought the columbine was to b;)
So she is," she answ ered.
What, then, are yoa to be ? Harle-
m 4i a a n(
qum, or some nonsense oi mat son r
" No columbine.'
I stared at her, utterly ignorant of
" Don't you know, " she went on,
" that my professional name ia Lora
I was staggered. '
" But, Smithers," I cried" Smithers
claims Lora as his girl ? Surely, Mary,
you have not been playing both of ua
"His girl, indeed ! Neither LiB nor
yours, if it comes to that, unless you
keep a civil tongue in your head. Can't
a girl have more thau one admirer, I
should like to know ?"
She may have a dozen admirers, but
ehe cannot have more than one pligutud
lover, if she haa any sense of decency."
Mary turned on her heel and flounced
off. I noticed during the rehearsals
how she devoted herself exclusively to
Smithers, while I got never a word.
There came a bitter, gnawing pain at
my heart at being treated so a Lunger
to be revenged on Lim and her. Many
a time I Lad it in my mind to stick my
clasp-knife into Lis throat ; but the at
tempt was too risky : it might Lave
failed, and I should infallibly get ar
restid for it.
I brooded over a subtler revenge ; but
first I took Mary aside. "I want to
speak to you," I said.
"I don't want to speak to you," ehe
"No follies this is a weighty mat
ter," I retorted sternly. " "-listen ana
" Go on."
" I ask you if you love George Smith-
era better than you do me ?"
" Lor', Tom, how do I know ?"
"You must know the state of your
Well, he's not so cross as you, and
he's a beautiful dancer, and ties so
gracefully made and, in fact, I do like
Better than me ?"
You'see, my poor Tom, he has many
advantages over you.
" Go," I replied grinding my teeth,
" these advantages sh'all be short-lived."
And this time it was I who turned on
my heel and left Ler.
This was on the 27th of December,
the jecond night of the pantomime. At
the fall of tha curtain I sought out
Smithers, and said, "See here, G orge,
I've thought of a bit of business in that
scene befure tho barber's t'hop. I get
hold of your wand ; you stand there so
now do the shivery-shaky business
while I tickle you up with it. Now you
regain it force me back and I fall
into a huge pot of bear's grease."
Smithers agreed. What deep design
underlay thia foolirg ? Y'ou will see.
The next night, jast before the soene
was to be enacted which we Lad planned,
I stole down under the stage, and nn
Doitea a trap on the spot where 1 in
tended Smithers should stand. Iu the
midst of his Larlequin play, I resolved
to push him ou this pitfall that Le might
precipitate himself down, and break his
limb or his neck.
Cautiously I stole back again, and our
interlude commenced. After allowing
him to quiver and wr ggle ia Lis
spangles while I shook the baton over
him, I plaoed my Laud on Lis chest, and
pushed him oa to the snare.
He did not fall I To my amazement
the tr held. .
Unsuspectingly Smithers then repos
sessed himself of the wand, and pushed
me back. With a sadden grasp and
cry, 1 felt myself plunging down iu the
dark, striking my elbows and chin on
the edge of the open trap.
l lay there under the stage with a
broken leg and fractured ribs. I had
unbolted the wrong trap, and fallen
into my own snare. The audience, as I
heard afterwards, clapped and laughed,
ascribing my disappearance to a con
cocted part of the business. Au apology
had to be made. Luckily for the man
ager, a fellow happened to be in the
company who was accustomed to .go
clowning in an amateur sort of way,
and he volunteered to finish the harle
quinade, taking my place. Alter a very
short delay, filled up with dancing, Le
was ready for Lis business.
They took me to the hospital, and
here I Lave lain for weeks and weeks.
What my feelings Lave been in the long
night-watches I can never describe.
The remorse, the consciousness Low
well I Lave deserved the doom I in
tended for another, the bitter repent
ance when George Smithers came to my
bedside full of kindly solicitude, aud I
durst not confess then, though I will
confess, please God, when I have re
gained my strength he shall know all.
But all this alternation of sorrow, re
gret, aud Bel f-reproach, of desperate
eloubt, and wild prayers for forgiveness,
is only known to heaven and mr. It
haa been a bitter passage, but it has
done me good. I am calmer now. If I
get better I shall give up all thoughts
of Mary, and resign her to one who
never assailed a fellow-creature's life.
Tom Pudson, however, did not give
up Mary first, because Mr dcliaoJ
to be given up ; and, sei ndly, beoau e
Mr. Gaorgo Smithers, alias Signor To
mato, gave her up first. The harlequin
was a gay spark, who soon tired of a
fancy, and a rew faca drove Mary out
of hia heart. Sj Mary returned to a
more constant attachment, aud Tom
married her, made a clean breast of it
to George, and reoeived his pardon.
They are now doing pretty well ; for
thonh Pndson's career as clown is
spoiled, ho haa taken to singing with
his wife iu the music halls, and pros
The Two Rfpnbllcs.
Among the manv important enter
prises now tending to the crowth aud
commercial prosperity of the United
States, the projected line of railway
connecting us with the republic of Mex
ico can be looked upon as one of the
most timely and desirable. In a com.
mereial point of view alone this road
will be of very great benefit. The pro
posed line of road will reonire the
bnilding of only 1,105 miles of railway
in all to unite the railway Bystems of
the United States and Mexico. The
construction cf three intermediate sec
tiona of 285 miles from Rockdale to the
Rio Grande, of COO miles from the Rio
Grande to Leon, and 270 miles from the
city of Mexico to Leon, and a lino of
railway communication from New York
to th capital of Mexico ia secured
The Mexican congress haa alri ady ap
proved a contract with a mixed Mexican
and English company that will secure
the prompt construction of the road
from the city of Mexico to Leon. A
contract has also been concluded be
tween the Mexican goveromt nt and the
International railroad company of Texas
for the construction of a road from
Leon to the Rio Grade, there to oonneot
with the International railroad of Texas,
and thus with the entire railroad system
of the United States. By means of
this road communication will be estab
lished between all the principal centers
of population and production of the
United Spates and Meiioo. Two nations
until by common iiiteresfs will by this
road be afforded means cf making an
interchange of a mutually profitable
commerce and strengthening those ties
of commercial intercourse that will in
sure peace and quiet to the long dis
tracted condition of things on the Texas
border. Fiom Louisville to the Rio
Grande, at the point where the proposed
conjunction of the United States and
Mexican line of railways is to take
place, the distance ia but 1211 miles,
and the completion of thia road places
ua within but a few Lours travel of
the many rich pro Juots of the tropics.
Seven Churches in One.
Charles Warren Stoddard, writing
from Balogna, Italy, says : San Ste
fano ia in reality seven churches in one.
Thee seven churches are so dependent
upon one another that if you were to
take away any one of the same I believe
the otber six would fall to pieces. They
are aa closely knit as a honeycomb.
You go up stairs and down stairs and
pass from one cbnroh into another with
such Buddenness that it is thoroughly
confusing. Then the doors that open
ont of them lead into different streets.
There are small conrts thrown in
amongst them for breathiDg places, and
there are altars aud shrines in the
courts ; there are frescoes, mosaics, and
moral paintings and sarcophagi, contain
ing the bones of saints ; there are an
cient pillars with antique ionio capitals,
and venerable altars with quaint, rude
sculptun s of winged beasts as sacri
fices. There is the tomb of St. Petro
nius, in imitation of tLe holy sepulchre
at Jerusalem. A guide led me through
this seven-fold church; probably I could
nevr have found my way ont alone or
have seen half the wonders of tho iute
rior without LiB help. i
SAYISOS ASU DOINGS.
Th Soientiflo Amerioan Las fonnd a
woman eighty-three years of age who
attributes her long life to abstinence
A good little girl writes to the New
York Tribune: "Papa haa given us
three oenta a doy for rot sacking our
thumbs. We iend one dollar for a
child in Kansas.''
A oROWx-tT young ldy of Minnesota,
who ought to Lave entertained a Lipher
sense of filial duty, has bad tho author
of her being arrested and fined twelve
dollars snd a half for spanking Ler.
A Canadian murderer wanted them
to put off the day of execution, owin?
to his being afflicted with the toothache;
but the sheriff said he'd got U go to
mill next day and Le couldn't accommo
date the prisonor.
Among tho nnnilcrlepH contradictions
in our natnre, hardly any is more glar
ing than this, bet ween our s: nsitive-
ness to the slightest disgrace which we
fancy cast upon us from without, and
our callousness to tho grossest which
we bring down on ourselves. In truth,
they who are the most seue itive to the
A it .
one are of the; most canons io m
Onk who Las tried it says that a cup
of coffee is a sure barometrr, if you
allow the sugar to settle at tho bottom
of the win. and watch tho br. Utiles .
arise without disturbing the coffve? Ik
the bubbles collect in the middle, the
weather will be fine ; if they adhere to
the cup, forming a ring, it will be
rainy; and u tho punnies wpnrmo
without assuming any fixed joiitior,
changeable weather may be expected.
Somebody gives in substance the fol
lowing idea in regard to the proper way
of treating the hecrets of other people
which aeoi leutally como into our posses
sion : Jl you see a persou orop
in the street, and yon pick it tip, of
oonrse yon return it to Lim ; or it you
could not give it back at once, yon
would keep it safely until you oonbl do
so. That is just wnat you kiumuu
with secrets wheu people drop them
aooideutally, and yon pnk tliem up.
Y'ou Lave no more business to use theru
than you would Lave to use money
which you obtained in the eamo way.
DritiNO the year 187-1 mors than fifi,-
000 steerage passengers left this country
for Europe. Many of them, no doubt,
took advantage of exceptionally low
already returned, or will do so. More,
however, are believed to Lave been
driven aay permanently by tho bard
times. The New York couimuaioner of
emipratiou be lie vi s that alxjtit ll.iKio,
or two-thirds of the nholo number, iu
tend to be permanent absentees. The
revival of business will bring many of
them back, and tens of thousand of
new comers with them.
The Sandwich islauda are twelve in
number, comprising in all a little over
0,000 square miles about tlie size or
Connecticut aud Rhode islaud. Two
thirds of this area belougs to the island
of Hawaii, although Oahn is lietter
known generally for its containing Hon
olulu, the capital city, which has nUmt
10,000 inhabitants. Tho population of
the whole group in 1R2 was &ti,r.t(. it
appears by the lat ceusus of the in
habitants that there were 40,01 1 persons
of the pure nntive race, 2.4SB cf mixed
origin, 1,938 Chinese, 8:) American,
019 English, and the remainder hailed
from other European countries. The
twentieth degree of north latitude runs
through tho gronp, eo that they are in
the same latitude as Cuba,
The pretty little maid of honor whom
the Grand Duke Alexis married all un
beknownst to the old folks appears to
be as spunky as she is beautiful. Alexia,
it will be remembered, v. art sent to
America that he might forget her, but
while that plan cured the grand duke, it
didn't appease! his bride, who was hent
outofth' empire by special train. She
went to Geneva, awl recently it nptHarrt
that Count Shonvaloff was sent to treat
with Ler. It was projKwed that hho
should renounce all claim to the Land
of Alexia, should change her name and
disappear. In return for thia service
she would receive one iuilii'n roubles
down and an annuity of M venty livei
thousand roubles, which would le con
tinned to her child in casu the lntter
survived Ler; but Mrs. Alexis wouldn't
do it. She loved Alexis too wii-li for
that, and so matters stand at preK iit.
and Farm telle bow
cavalry horse to
tomed to "lope,"
Home t( Trot.
of the Tnrr, l iiM
Lo trained uu old
trot. He as accus
al! 1 eoul 1 not be
made to understand whbt was required
of Lim, nntil a space of some 400 jards
was measured off in a field, and Lo was
ridden across this. Wherever he broko
ho was scolded, at one turned about
. . . i i r . . . . kturtinfr
ana again hiurte.i iu n
point. If Le trotted aor. without
breaking Le was petted, fed Iami tf
sngar, apples, or some ether pleasant
food. In this way Le s on le irne.i wiihi
was wanted, aud made every i ffut to
trot this distance in the aLoriest nine,
becoming a Loire of uiiusumI speed. A
somewhat similar pbiu wi-.s some years
since set forth iu a circular and sold at
We refer to this now, not so much
because of the desirability of Knowing
how to teach a horse to trot, aa because
the lesson taught can bo applied in very
many wajs. Teaching any domestio
animal what is exi cce,i oi tnem is ono
of tLe greatest importance. If an ani
imal knows that a specifio duty ia
reqnired, to bo f -How. d by rest or
reward, it will much mum rea.iuy no
what is expected, than if it has no
definite conception of wh t ia before it.
Never, perhaps," writes a Taris cor
respondent, " ha woman looked more
lovely than at the present moment, when
not a puff is seen (in Lien life) to dis
guise the exquisite symmetry of womau's
natural abat. Those long plain skirts
are wondronsly becoming, fitting tightly
round the body as they do, and falling
straight down, displaying the Lips in
all tLeir beauty ; and then falling in a
long, narrow train at the back. It is
tLe poetry of dress the dress snDg by
poets and chiseled by the sculptor'
hand. It is tho dress of Olympian god
desses not as you sew them ia bur-
esque, but as painters Lave shown them
to us. Heavy materials are still made
with th large quarduple plait at the
back, whilst light materials are partly
covered with flounces, whilst the skirt
s tied well back by a scarf, which sur
rounds the body like the scarf of the
Maid of Athens. MoyeH-ae bodiea
are still worn, only they are loi ger
than they were last year ; they now
reach half way down to the knees. They
are worn equally with hipu and low
bodies, and for the strtet an well as for
the drawing-room. It I Ley eontiune to
increase in length, on km ill soon be
all body and noBkirt.,,