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The Herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, December 10, 1875, Image 1

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"Whisky straight has ruined thou
sands, but the "crooked" article is what
is now playing the mischief in various
Secretary Bristow has closed a con
! tract with the syndicate for taking the
;! whole of the remainder of $.V)0,000,000
S tive per cents. The Secretary will take
I 'no action in regard to disposing of the
Tour or four and a half per cent, until
congress meets.
I Vai.maskda'.s latest order presents an
'interesting view of life in Cuba. He
prohibts people from traveling at night
because they are liable to lie shot by the
numerous patrol 4 through the country.
As the unfortunate Cubans are afraid to
itravel around during the daytime forthe
same reason, the will probably have to
vtay at home and reflect urion the grand
eur of .Spanish domination.
! I. v a review of Jxindon pauperism re
cently published, a striking contrast is
idrawn W'twecn tlie present state of
things and that existing sixty years ago.
Then the number of persons relieved by.
the jioor rates was eight per cent, of the
-Imputation. Now it is only three per
rent. The population has more than
trebled in thai time, yet the numlier; of
ersons wanting relief remains nearly
he same.
i Tub treasury officials now estimate
that the government will recover more
than $2,000,000 from the crooked whisky
cases. They at first estimated that only
nie million five hundred thousand dollars
would lie recovered. They attribute this !
success to the evidence directly obtained
by the means of the new system of com
paring accounts, which was inaugurated
by solicitor Wilson, and which led to the
detection of the frauds.
' Ciiif.k JfsncE White, of Utah
formerly known in Alabama as "Bonnie
ddue White" has rendered a decision
releasing Brigham Young, and demolish
ing former decisions of an adverse char
acter. While's decision unravels one of
4 he Mormon Gordian knots, and will al
Jow attorney general Picrrcpont to
breathe easier. In the meantime, Ann
Eliza's chances for alimoay are growing
smaller and beautifully less.
' A gigantic hotel is ahotil to be built
iii Ixmdon, with American capital, by an
,'American architect, with American
j'peed, after an American plan, and to be
(managed on the American system. A
-itc not far from the house of commons,
Jind close to St. James' park, has been
purchased, and it is said that a year
Jience the first visitor may take up his
'jiliode in the new establishment. This
hotel will make up 1,000 lieds; the dining-room
will accommodate 700 persons
t the same time, and a staff of 400 ser
vants will Ik? required to carry on the
duties of the house.
JiiX EN' r events in the history of San
'Francisco more than ever prove the mer
curial character not only of its institu
tions, but of its people. San Francisco
lives upon the Nevada mines. The eon
Mition of the liTTnes, therefore, has a great
leal of influence upon the business and
temper of the people of San Francisco.
JThe recent fire in the Iionanzas has de
pressed San Francisco trade. At the
isame time the agricultural enterprises of
,lhe suite arc temiering the sensational
'spirit of the San Francisco jieople.
"There Is an undergrowth of business in
(the city which does not depend upon the
'mines, anil it will supplant the sensa
'tionalism. Gen. ..IrnA!, E. Early, president of
'the southern historical society, says that
'this association possesses nearly a com-
rplcte set of all the rejorts printed by the
t -confederate departments, including the
'president's messages, reports of battles,
acts of the confederate (impress and
nstate governments, etc. It has also a
j full set of manuscript rejMirts of Gen.
1 Ijongst reel's corps, the papers of Gen. J.
E. B. Stuart, all of Gen. Ewell'fc rojiorts,
i-a full set of pajx-rs of Gen. S. I). I,oe's
.'corps, and many other valuable reports
nof confederate officers, liesides a number
i of federal official reports.
l'r.UTlNF.XT to the question of a
, war with Spain, the New York Herald
publishes a statement of the navies of
fall nations. This shows that Spain has
J eight "line of battle ships of the first
' class," while the United States have not
' one.
,i two
The tonnage of the navies of the
are aliout euiial, but that of the
J United States is largely in amphibious
craft for coast defense. Counting our
t inshore craft and all, Spain has a quarter
ii more guns than we. Ah we have clung
.J to the cast-iron smooth liorcs, in which
' no material improvement has been made
k in a century, we can not lioast of the su-
( pcrior jxiwer of our guns. But there is
one source of consolation: the monitors
can not leave our shores, so our defenders
can not desert us.
Minister S iikxck has addressed a
,j elter to the L in Ion press in regard to
' false degrees. Having ascertained that
,i iwrsoiis have lieon engaged in England
in selling degrees or diploma. purporting
to have Is-en conferred by certain Ameri
can colleges and universities, and being
satisfied that these distinctions and hon
ors were pretended and spurious, he made
the imposture a subject of correspond
ence with the authorities at Washington.
' Inquiry has lecn especially made in
relation to 'The Philadelphia University
of Medicine and Surgery,' and 'The
Livingston University of America' in
I stitutions, so called of which there are
j professed agencies in Ixmdon and other
J English cities. The latter institution
I never existed, and the charter of the
J former was revoked in 1S72, on account
J 'the issue and sale of sprious diplomas.
Thk famous submarine tunnel of the
English channel will soon lie begun. The
niemlers of the French commission, coin
jHscd for the most part of practical men
and engineers, declare that an under
ground communication lietween France
and England is only a question of ex
pense, and their rejort leads to the
belief that the project can be carried out
with less expense than was at first
imagined, and that the danger of eakage
and infiltration will not le so great as
was at first supposed. A shaft will short
ly be sunk on the French side of the
channel near Calais, to a depth of 3.r0
feet, for the purpose of hauling up the
eirth and rock from the excavation.
A lawsuit that is likely to be of wide
public interest, as it is practically one of
much importance, is that just com
mciKvd by Palace-car Pullman against
Palace-car Wagner, for using his patents
and inventions. Wagner whose alias is
(Commodore Yanderbilt, has "acknowl
edged the corn" by paying Pullman a
royalty of ri,00 a year, for using the
hitter's patents on his cars between
ew York city and Buffalo: l.nt ,,
V.ndeibilt has puslu-d the Wagner
on, and the Pullman cars off, the
Michigan roads, Pullman appeals to the
law for redress.
There were important disclosures last
week in the trial in St. Louis of McDon
ald for defrauding the revenue... The.
man who collected the enormous sums of
blackmail from the distillers was on the
stand. He swore that something like
$400,000 a year was collected and dis
tributed among the thieves for four
years; that the "emoluments' were more
than $8,000 a week, and that one of the
ring who belie -el in "the policy of si
lence" received $50,000.' A bad lot all
around, but the worst of them is this
Megram, who willingly made himself a
confederate of (he rs for five "years, and
now betrays all tnc rest in oruer ro retain
his own share of the plunder and keep
out of jail. The St. Louis ring seems to
have leen conducted by shrewd and cun
ning men, and it is to vh6 hoped that
their punishment may serve as a warn
ing instead of a profitable trick to be
imitated vby'jnacTupnkjur pfriciali7p
other heavy reytnij districts. It is pos
sible that there is some "crooked whisky"
here in New York.
Thf. bank of England clips every light
sovereign that comes into the bank
Three thousand, are "weighed n an liour
with one machini.' ILastiyea the bank
weighed coin to the amount of $115,500,-
000, and rejected $1200,000, or about
3.6 per cent., as being"' light gold.- For
this amount the bank paid th full. rvalue
making a deduction for the deficiency of
weight, which is generally Jabout six fir
eight cents per light sovereign. Mr.
Hodgson, M. P., a bank director, says
that in a lox of 5,000 .sovereigns the
number which will be -fbmid to have
turned the point of light weight will
generally lie about eight, if they have
not lieen disturbed, and he adds : " You
are aware that the sovereign which is in
your pocket at 8 o'clock in the morning is
not the same sovereign at 12 o'clock at
night." After this rather alarming an
nouncement it is satisfatory to find Mr.
Hodgson stating also that the charge for
light weight on the eight deficient sov
ereigns would be about four cents per
coin, making only thirty-two cents on
the box of $25,000; so that " it really
amounts to nothing." Exchange.
Full official returns from all the coun
ties of New York state show a ma jority for
Riirelow, the democratic candidate for secre
tary of ijte( over Reward, republican, of
11,812. The temperance candidate received
,SS2 votes. The ttnl vote of the state was
roMjir i. , - r - - '
The Galveston News says: "It is
learned that the total vatnc of the City of
Waco's carsfo. did not fall short of cieht hun
dred thousand dollars, whieh, with the value
of the ship, makes the total Joss by the dis
aster over a million of dollars ten times
the loss in and about the city by the late
The Jetty commissioners' report ad
vises tlie use of more and heavier stone. It
states that much has been done, but much
more will have to be dene before any good
results are obtained. They regard the South
Pass of the Mississippi as more susceptible
of improvement than was the Sulina mouth
of the Danube, where a twenty feet channel
has been secured by jetties.
Official information has been received
showing that in consequence of war in
Liberia, between the Libcriaiis and na
tives, much distress has becu produced. The
Libcriaiis in the interior are almost in a state
of starvation. It further appears that several
natives, students at the theological college
at Cape I'alinas, are in sympathy with their
fellow-natives, ami jrive them encouragement
in their attacks on Libcriaiis, ami that a
number of Knglishineirare trading with the
natives, supplying theni with fire-arms, ani
muuitiou and other means of war.
Senator Ferry, of Michigan, president
of the senate fui, will be Vice-President
Wilson's successor.
Considerable activity prevails at the
(iosport navy yard. Orders have been re
ceived from Washington to thoroughly fit out
the monitors Jycliigh ;uid Muntank, with all
possible dispatch.
Gen. Ord, in command of the depart
ment of Texas, in his annual report gives a
lengthy account of the border operations of
the Mexican banditti, most of which has
been anticipated by press publications. The
report closes with the following suggestions:
More effectual means must be adopted, than
sending troops to look on, while our people
are being despoiled and murdered ; for it is
evident that soldiers, however willing, can do
nothing if confined to this side of the river,
and nn order to make reprisals with means
to carry out the order lias sometimes resulted
in indemnity as well ns security.
Education in the South.
The fifth annual report of the com
missioner of education has just been
issued from the government press at
Washington. '
For the sake of comparison, we make
us; of the following table given in the
report, from which it will lie seen that
Tennessee sjeiids less for public schools
than any state in the Union except Geor
gia, Alabama, Smth Carolina, ami Vir
giuia: I Vr ranita
tif eiliuileratioli.
irlt 70
11 40
11 00
10 72
10 40
Ohio ,
I x)iti liana
Uhode Island
! 47
7 01
6 94
(i s
0 S."
5 82
5 70
5 60
4 !U
1 31
4 lti
4 14
4 M
3 00
2 8!)
2 Oft
2 0 -2
1 o.-
fXew York
Iowa... .j.
New Jersey .".
Indiana .
lllinoiu .i. ......... ..
West Virginia
South Carolina
New Hampshire
District of Columbia
Colorado -
Cherokee Nation
The English are tin unreasonable
people. They complain tliat Queen Vic
toria has t'K many grandchildren, to lie
clothed, fed, educated, and 'sent on ex
cursions at itiblie exiense. The Queen
is not to lie blanu d for all these. If the
croup, measles, whooping cough, and
other royal diseases have done t heir duty,
Victoria could not well have less of
j 6:1 J no s -;ju;Mf.!
The Beginning of Belter Times.
Tlie prosperity of trade depends on the
condition of the classes who are engaged
in production. In the United States the
agricultural class of producers far sur-
lwisses in importance any of the others,
If we can show that the condition of the
farmers and planters is an improving one
it will follow that a corresponding lm
provement will before long be manifest
in the general trade of the country
When we speak of men in masses of
millions, as we must in discussing the
affairs of such a nation as- the United
States, we necessarily have to disregard
a multitude of exceptions to !the general
rule. " Taking the farmers and planters
as a class we do say that there is ample
statistical proof of the fact that they are
better off than they have leen at any
time lor three years past. i c ixunt in
the first place to the condition of wheat
corn, cotton, beef, pork, cheese, hams ami
bacon exported ; in the second j dace to
the prices obtained tor those articles, not
at thcport of iSew lork, but at tlie
places where they were produced, for the
farmer has; had the "advantage for over a
year of internal freights low beyond pre
cedent : in the third place to the lower
rate- of .wages at which farmers and
fdanters have this year procured their
abor; anct in the fourth place to-the
fact which naturally follows from the
three already mentioned, that the im
ports ot tea, coffee and sugar have leeii
larger in the fiscal year ended with June
last than in any previous year in the
history of the country. In her dealings
with the United States Great Britain has
proved a good customer. While our im
ports lrom the Uritish Isles have been
enormously curtailed, our exports to
those regions have greatly increased since
tlie close of the 5-ear 187'. In either
one of the three calendar years 1873,
1874 and 1875, we have found a market
for more grain in Great Britain than we
ever did lietore. Much ot that grain
has gone to reduce indebtedness, but
nevertheless the farmers who produce it
have -been paid for it, and well paid for
it, too. '
Another favorable circumstance m the
condition of trade throughout the United
States is the aosence ot speculation
l'robably there is no important article
whose price is now upheld beyond a fair
level by the competition ot speculators
The demand that at present exists for
merchandise and manufactures can be
depended on to continue and to grow,
because it conies almost direct from the
consumer. The jwpulation of the Union
is now in round number, foitv-live mil
lions, and it is increasing at the rate of
about two and a half per cent. jer
annum, and much faster than that in the
great agricultural states of the west.
Under such circumstances of prosperitv
and increase of the agricultural liopula-
tion, how long can the market tor cotton
gcxxls remain glutted at the present low
prices? It must, within no very distant
period, feel the increased consumption.
At the same time we are liound to say
that there are no grounds for expecting a
rival of speculation. Since the telegraph
has united the business world, specula
tion does not play the part it formerlv
did in trade and commerce. Hence, the
slow and almost imperceptible step by
which business revives where it is not
too heavily weighted by debts and taxes.
We cannot think it out ot place to
urge economy on those who are in debt,
from the mayor, aldermen and common
alty oytlie city of New 1 ork down to
that man who merely owes hisgrocer and
tailor. Prompt payment is quite as con
ducive to the welfare of business as large
purchases. We believe at this very time
that nothing would tend more strongly
to bring about good times than a reduc
tion of taxes, and the only honest way
to reduce taxes is to cut down exiiendi-
tures. i or; limes.
How James Xesbit Made His Will on a
Sinking Ship,
The wreck of the Pacific serves as a re
minder of another terrible disaster which
in July, I860, befell the steamer Brother
Jonathan at a point near that where the
former vessel met her fate. The Brother
Jonathan was a sister ship of the Pacific,
and while working in a heavy sea plunged
on a sunken rock, tore a hole in nor bot
tom, through which the foremast dropped
until stopped by a yard crossing the
deck, and m a few minutes went to the
bottom. Of the 132 passengers on lxard
only sixteen survived.
One incident which served to "render
that catastrophe memorable is recalled
by the Troy Times. Among the lost
passengers on the Brother Jonathan was
lames Nesbit, editor of the San I ran-
cisco Evening Bulletin, a Scotchman bv
birth, whose coolness in the presence of
inevitable death placed him in the rank
of heroes. After the doomed steamer
liegan to give signs that "efforts to save
her were futile, amid the warring of the
elements, the confusion of the crew and
the wild terror of the passengers, lie
calmly wrote his last will and testament
in a small jxicket dairy, and proved his
entire nonchalance by omitting not one
item of his property, and by appending a
request to the authorities to probate the
document, notwithstanding the fact that
it was written with a pencil and unwit
nessed. The chirography of the will and
the firm, bold signature were remarkably
well executed. When his body was
fbti'.d on the beach, some twenty days
afterward, it was discovered that he had
wrapiied the little ltook in a bandanna
handkerchief, folded corner-wise, tied it
next his skin across his breast, and after
ward tied his hankerchief around his
waist outside his shirt, the more securely
to confine the will to his body that every
chance should exist of finding both to
gether, lhe will was admitted to
Thc Hard Times.
The hard times, says the New York
Tribune, have now lasted two full years.
The extreme point of depression may or
may not have been reached. There is no
infallible test. Former exjierience teach
es that the process of recovery is not a
rapid one, but iu the nature of things its
commencement cannot lie long delayed.
England is the country which most near
ly resembles the United States in its meth
ods of business and its banking system. In
England during the last ninety years
there have lecn seven or eight periods of
strongly marked depression in business,
such as that through which we are pass
ing. In no oase, however, has the ex
treme inaction lasted three full years.
By the end of the third year the exports
and imports, the revenues of the. govern
ment, and the rate of interest have in
variably begun to mark some improve
ment.' All the accepted authorities on
the subject of commercial crisis have
treated them as reactions following an
excess of speculation. Speculation car
ries the prices of houses and lots, goods,
bonds, railroad stocks or other commodi
ties, to a level at which they cannot Ik?
sustained, and the resulting fall is. in
proportion to the extent f the previous
sjeculations and the abuses of credit by
which they have leen attended. An
abuse of credit takes place where, for
instance, a farmer parts with his grain
for a worthless railroad mortgage, or
other security, or where he is the victim
of bad debts.
W.vtkr for Dairy Cows. The Can
ada Farmer truly says that no animal
slit uld bo required to drink water which
the ownet himself would refuse, and
esiecially so if that animal is the cow
from which you hope to make good
butter. It is sufficient on this point
to say that pure water is an indisciisa
ble article to the success of the dairy
man, for good butter or cheese cannot
b? maihi where good water cannot be
obtained. f
A MOH. Jl.illlKX.
Little ntnil with Aowutast look.
And n Rlancc not yet love tiuien,
fcrtand within yon shady nook
He an old numV lmxlfl maiden.
Listen whilst he t IH you stories, r
Tells of life and nil its clurics,
Opening now upon your view .
l'ast for liitn to come for you.
Veal's nso one lived for loin
(( Jnic i.ms. how existence ) ci:
8:ire the li;lit is gpiwim; dim :
Soiiift liins has Ix-dew'd hi glasses'--One
Ihci" lived, from him l eluiui
l.uth's innsi vrmjrati'il name:
I'.ie his cl:irii:iv learnt to t'nldlc '
She liecaine h; maiden model.
Wars she stav'd with liim how lew
Seem'd they when their course v. as fluwttr.' !
Lived to le as old ns you -
Lives on many a canvas ylowiiis;
Lives in pietured memory.
Though his eyes no longer see,
Since iilo't the ::!it;l"s caught lior
llis ln-lovcd DiodelAiufiliter, -
Little maiden, yon most sm;!r
Why, I vow, "my model'." crying
Kay. 'tis purely ann style
When we spe;k of children dyia.
Who would hid the lost ones mini
Knithwards from that brighter home?
llather live to join the chorus
Of the loved ones gone In-fore us.,'
So, my model smiles aiiaiu :
Clouds and siniFhine l lpnd t'lgethcr.
Like clear shining after rV.in
111 the pleasant April weather.
iSueh of life the motlo he,
pit ill keep childhood's pnri! v.
Jlnppier lot. than earthly Adei:
Alwavfl tie a inrnlid maiden ! ,'
SKW 1.1 n:.
Where Bre the songs and laughs of May?
Nor June miht live nor .luly slay :
To Southern eavc cur birds Jiavc Hedj
From lilies low and ro:;cs dead :
The swallows lor.i; have taken tliuht
From waters wan and lost delight ;
All things of summer pwewness die.
Yet joy why droop and life why sih ?
Color and hue and sunshine wane,
Hut only die to live again ; " '
Kver again the lost is found.
The found is lost in time's svift round.
Why mourn for loss? V.'hy hold it strange,
Beauty should dim nud fairness change ?
That, "for hlue heavens, grnyskit's should come,
For warhliiwi Itoughs hut wiod!ands diimh ?
Why so should fair things fleet ? we say ;
Why should white wilder 1 - nil) sweet May ?
Ah.'senscless soi row. Peatli suppli s
A dearer charm to all that ill es.
Were rose and lily alwavs here,
Lily and rose were liotli less dear ;
Hue, odor, bloom, nitd Vaf lull wam
And die, more de.ir to live again.
" Hang Miss Ashurst'."
"Oh, l'liil!"
" ell, 1 cant help it. niiv does
she come to spoil everything? Don't
know how it will lie? always .Miss
Ashurst to be considered, taken alxmt,
included in everything. No more drives
and boat-rows, just von and me, Amv
no more evenintrs on tlie door-step.
declare I've a jrrcat mind to tro over to
Uncle Phil's at Goshen for a month."
" Now, Phil, phase (coaxinglv.) ;It
wont tie so ual as you tnink-. Jesnie
vou may like her t-rv much. 'Mother
says her mother wa the greatest !eauty
in Connecticut.
" She isn't a beauty, thouarh; I'll lxt
on that. A talkinjr, writing, society wo
man I hate the kind. Amy, will vou
sro out for a row? We'll have one more
while the loat is all our own."
in is roniamiiation was neiu on tuner
side of the Widow Mauran's srarden rate
a model crate for nuriKises of conversa
tion, iust hierii cnouirh ami wnle enousrh
to accommodate two pairs of elknvs, and
allow the owners of the elliows to look
easily into each other's eves. Phil
smiled into Amv's as he swunsr wide the
barrier. He oflercd his arm, she took it,
and thev sauntered down to the shore.
They were a picturctttiuo couple to look
at. Tall Phil, in spito of his momentary
ill-temper, possessed a tranlc, liamlsonie
face lit with fi le eves and the sweetest
of smiles; while little Amy's modest,
wild-flower fieautv was exnmsite in its
way. Second cousins, intimate friends,
all but declared lovers, it was a pleasant
matter of course that they should lie al
ways tojrether; and in spite of Amv's
disclaimers, she was at tlie Imttom of her
heart as sorry as Phil at this interruption
to their iiie-u-lde as sorry or sorrier;
for blended with her regret was the in
stinctive apprehension of a girlish heart,
which, pledged in fact thouirh not in
name, grieves with the iinsjoken dread
that some other woman mav vet pass by
to snatch from her very lips the coveted
unta-led cup in whose depth lies, or
seems to lie, all the liest sweetness ot
coming life. 1 1 was a comfort to have
Philip so cross alxtut it, however; and in
the effiirt to soothe him, she, woman-like,
forgot her own annoyance. & the even
in?: ended happilv.'
Next day broiisrht the expected guest.
Amy's first choice sent her heart to
quaking again. Never had she seen a
woman in the lea-t fike this. Kose
Ashurst was ono of those lnim enchant
resses who reign not only iy intention,
but by right. Her beauty would have
lieen remarkable had not her charm liecn
more remarkable. Her wit and talent
were balanced by a sweet humor which
pervaded every word ami act, and fla
vored all with fascination. Tact, cul
ture, the perfect self-possession which
verges upon self-fbrgetfulness, lent their
aid to complete her attraction. And all
was real, mere was no pretense anout
Miss Ashurst. The kind looks which
beamed from her lx-autiful eves sprumr
from a kind heart. She threw herself
into the interest of everv human creature
who approached her with a warmth Ixirn
of true sympathy. No wonder she was
popular. Popularity hardly sivuicd her.
She received her daily ovations as a mat
ter of course, halt indifferently, hall
gratefully, but always with a modest
grace winch enhanced her eiiect. -
dangerous woman this to bring into pro
pinquity with susceptible youths. Poor
But Amy, too, felt the charm. The
dazzling brown eyes which had liewitchcd
so may hearts worked their spell upon
her's at once, and she lent delighted aid
in settlimr the new-comer and her belong
ings. This month in Pemisrewasset was a
sudden whim of M iss Ashurst's. t-be want
ed quiet and a place to write in, and the
old homestead in which her ereat-cranu-
mother was born seeming to meet these
conditions, she wrote to offer herself as
an inmate; and Mrs. Mauran, who was
glad to add to her small income by an
occasional boarder, gave pleased consent.
All manner ol pretty tinners came out ot
the trunks to adorn the simple chamlier.
Miss Ashurst could not live without
artistic surroundings, and traveled al
ways with photographs, sketches, books,
small articles of virtu, and bits of bright
color in this or that. These disixised on
walls and table, with daintily frilled and
embroidered covers laid over the old-
fashioned pillows, an easel with its can
ines and oil -tubs in one cornet (Miss
Ashurst painted pictures,) a writ ins fa
ble exquisitely arranged drawn into the
window (Miss Ashurst wrote lnxiks, ) a
sweet-faced Madonna painted on ivory, a
lew nowers ground in a classic vase,
made the homely keeping-room chamlier
over into a bower ot romance, simple
Amv thought. She stood as in a dream,
inhaling the perfume of a wide luxurious
life, ot a whole world of sensations and
sights unknown until now, and scarcely
'There!" said Miss Ashurst. riving
the last touch to her vase of clematis
and roses, "now I shall do lieantifully.
What a pleasant room this is! The very
exposure l like liest, and such a sweet
view: J t is just the room to work in. 1
am glad your mother let me come, Amy.
may call you Amy, mav I not: We
are relatives, vou know far away, but
still relatives."
"Oh yes, please do," cried Amy,
every one else calls me so."
"How lovely she is!" was her solil
oquy as she went down stairs. " I won
der what Phil will think of her? He
will lie surprised, I'm sure, but he must
ldiuire her; he can't help it."
She watched the expression of his eyes
it tcatime, but it told her nothing, l hil
sc.ircely spoke. He looked at Miss
Ashurst a sreat deal, but Amy could
onlv cuess what the looks meant.
""Well?" she said, interrogatively, as
they met on the door-steps alter tea.
" Well." responded Thil.
"What do vou think? Isn't she
"I'icttv!" with an indisnant inflec
" Why, Phil, how can you help think
incr so?"
" Pretf v is not the word at all. She is
superb 1 leant iful."
"I thoiiL'ht vou would think so," said
Amy, cheerfully, but with a little stric
ture at her heart.
"Yes. She's not mv style, of course;
but she is a woman in a thousand. No
wonder she has been such a belle all her
"I'm so glad you admire her. Now
you won't mind her bein'i here, and
you'll be iwlite to her, won't you, Phil?:
" Oh, ves; I'll do whatever you wish,"
replied Phil, with a carelessness which
was half affected.
"She's not Philip's style," whispered
Amy to her pillow that night, and fell
asleep with the talismanic sentence on
her lips.
' Alas, how easily things r,o wrong!
A won) too much, or a kiss too long.
Ami ; here fal let ll a nrist and a Molding rain.
And life is oarer the same again," . . . -
simrs Geortre Macdonald. Things went
"wrong" in little Amy's world during
the next fortnight. H as it only the pre
science of coming mists which darkened
the blue, and made the days sad ? Was
it only foolish jealousy, or was it some
thin": tangible ? She made herself mis
erable over these questions. She scolded
herself, but scolding did no good ; the
wrung, hurt feeling would not leave her.
And yet why was she hurt ? Was it not
natural and riirht that Philip should lie
attentive to their guest, who had on him,
as on her, the claim of kindred blood
this guest who was so charming? For
Amy never denied the charm ; she felt it
herself, too strongly. Was it not the
very thing she had asked him to do?
Yes; but yet but yet but yet All
these reflections ended by deepening the
vague unhappiness. Night after night
she sat alone on the door-step arid
watched the Ixiat jrlide off into the moon
light; Phil at the oars, Miss Ashurst with
the tiller ropes in her white hands.
"Come with us," thev always said; but
when she murmured" an excuse, they
passed on cheerfully without her. Yes,
it had come to that : Philip went with
out her, and liked it just as well ! The
world her world had changed. Would
it ever lie the same again?"
Philip was in a temporary dazzle of
admiration ; he neither reasoned nor re
flected. But for Miss Ashurst, no slight
est glimpse of the truth had crossed her
mind. She thought Amy a sweet, pretty
child, but shy, and busy with household
matters, as the only daughter of a widow
in HKr circumstances must naturallv be.
For Phil, be was charming ; she liked
him best when alone the truth lieing
that a slight uneasy consciousness made
him awkward when in company with the
old love, with whom he was somehow a
little " off," and the new, with whom he
was not fairly "on." So Miss Ashurst
was not sorry when Amy refused to join
in the moonlight rows, and knowing no
thing of what had gone before, it did not
strike her as unusual or make her ques
tion. He and Amy were as brother and
sister, she reflected. So her eyes being
sealed by ignoraive, and Phil's blinded
as by a sudden spell, Amy's pale cheeks
and woful looks passed unheeded, except
by one pair ot eyes which were not
scaled, namely, her mother's.
Mrs. Mauran was a quiet erson; but
her quiet concealed strength and a power
reading character. Instinctively she
"took stock" of all persons with whom
she came in contact, and her instinct
rarely failed. A bitter experience had
taught her how "easy things go wrong"
in this world of ours, and though she
"hated to meddle," and was sorry to lose
her boarder, she resolved to apjieal to
the sweetness and nobility which she felt
were the underlying stratum of Miss
Ashurst's nature. It was in this wise
that she accomplished her purpose:
Miss Ashurst and Phil had lieen off on
a drive prolonged into late twilight. Tea
was over. Phil had strolled down to the
village after the mail, and Mrs. Mauran
sat In-side her guest in the shaded porch.
"Where is Amy?" asked Miss Ash
urst. "(June to lied with a bad headache,"
said Mrs. Mauran.
"A headache? I am so sorry! Isn't
there something out of my medicine
case which would relieve her? Pulsatil
la, perhaps, or iris." Miss Ashurst was a
devoted homeopath.
"I think there is something. Not out
of your case, however," replied Mrs.
Mauran, quietly.
" What can vou mean?"
" My dear Miss Ashurst, may I speak
frankly to vou aliout something that is
on my mind ? And will you not think
me unkind or impertinent?"
" I amqtiitesure you could lie neither.''
" I want to tell you a little story which
concerns Phil and Amy."
"rhiland Amy!"
" Yes. They are second cousins, as
you know. Phil's father was my most
intimate friend, and the children were
naturally brought up together. Last
spring Phil, who trusts me as if I rcre
his mother, liegged my leave to ask Amy
to be his wife." She paused a moment.
Miss Ash u rt said nothing, only leaned
forward a little and listened. " I told
him that Amy was so young that he had
better wait a few months licfore he said
anything. I wish I hadn't."
" I don't know why. It might have
been lx'tter. Since that time Phil has
seen a woman a little older, far more
lieautiful, than my little girl, richer in
all that life has to give, but not richer as
far as he is concerned, for she has no
love to give him, and Amy has. If she
had, if she could, I should not speak. If
I did not know that she is as true and as
good as she is lieautiful, I should not
speak. As it is. I do."
" My dear Mrs. Mauran -thank you,"
said Miss Ashurst, as last, "louwere
right to speak. I have made mischief,
but without knowing it. You are sure
of that, I hope."
1 am sure ot it.
"Phil is a charming person. I like
him extremely, and of course I saw that
he liked me." But I never thought of
it as a serious thing. A great many other
jieople have felt the same, and have got
ten over it."
" Phil will get over it also. He has
loved you but three weeks, and Amy
three years. It is a glamour, which will
wear off."
Miss Ashurst smiled still, but less
brightly. It is not pleasant to lie agreed
with so cordially in matters of this kind.
' Yes," she said ; " it is, as you siy, a
glamour. It will disappear as I dtsapjiear.
And the sooner that disappearance taKes
place the better. I shall have a letter
this evening which will oblige me to
leave you day after to-morrow. Will
that do ?"
' My dear Miss Ashurst, my dear kins-
. , T l iT
woman, believe me wnen i say inai i am
truly sorry that anything must make yon
go. 1 oil are what l vnougni, wnai i
' - -. - I t 1
trusted, ami 1 thanK vou wun an my
"And I thank vou for trusting me,"
replied Miss Ashurst.
lut alter she went up stairs ner lace
changed. Iong she stood at the window
looking out at the dim-tinted sea.
"It has lieen very nice, she whispered
to herself at last. " But this is foolish.
I must go to lied."
Miss Ashurst s letter ot recall came
and on the day fixed she left. Amy,,
dazed, as it were, by this sudden de
part lire, reproached herselt heartily lor
!cclin,r glad. This reproach deeiH'ned
into remorse when, the farewells spoken I
and the lieautiful radiant presence van
DECEMBER 10, 1875.
ished, she found her walls and table orna
mented with good-by gifts. There were
the photographs she had most admired,
tlie books, even the Madonna, ivory
nainted and velvet-swung, all left for
her by her sweet-hearted rival. A mist
of penitent tears dimmed her eyes; but
in spite of penitence and of tears, site was
glad. For Phil, the rattle of the wheels
which bore his charmer away was like
the sound which breaks sharply into some
fantastic dream.
Metaphorically speaking, he rubbed
his eyes. For a (lay or two he hung
about, vacant and listless ; then he
roused, as desirous to pick up dropjied
threads again. Somehow Amv was more
difficult of approach than of vore,
little veil rested lietween them. She was
not always to lie had when wanted. We
value what, we work for, what we hold
with some trembling sense of insecurity
As weeks went on, Phil grew to prize
Amy more than ever, lhe knowledgi
that he had half lost her intensified his
love. It required months to win his
way back to the old place. But at last
"And vou are quite, quite sure that
j'ou care 'most for me ?" whispered Amy,
saucily, (the night after their engage
"Most? Altogether, you mean
ii no other."
"Not even Miss Ashnrst?"
"Not even Miss Ashurst; though1
and Phil lifted his cap as belore a queen
" she is a stunner, a real lady, every
inch of her, and as good as she is lieauti
ful. Bless her!"
A nd bless her, say we.
The Writers for Punch.
A writer savs: The litlle band of Punch
writers were mostly fond of children. It
was Thackeray's delight to "tip" bovs.
HJien Sidney Jilanehard was a little
fellow, on one of his school holidays
Thackeray gave him a dinner at the (ar-
nck, look him to the theatre m the
evening, and enjoyed himself immensely
in the delnrht ot the bovs. Jx-eeh va
never lianoier than in his pictures of
chitden and? their childish Humor. Lhi
Maurier is never more at home than
when he is delineating some quaint joke
in which the children are the actors. Tom
Hood was one of the most simple and
simple-minded of poets. Men who love
-children are invariably good fellows
and in their own homes, or round the
Punch table, Mark Lemon, .Terrold, Hor
ace iUayliew, ljceeh, lhackerav, lorn
Hood, John Tenniel, were simply a party
of grown-up boys, full of the freedom
and unconventional geniality ot youth.
In their troubles and in their pleasures
they were a happy family. What scores
of racy anecdotes, what flashes of wit
must have circulated aliout the mahogany
tree in Bouverie street, where every
Wednesday for a quarter of a century
the editors of Punch have met their con
tributors at dinner to discuss the car
toon. A few years ago there were regu
larly sitting round the board Mark
Jjcmon, talstathan m figure, with merry
eyes set in a broad, genial face; Shirley
Brooks, his lieutenant, a handsome, pleas
ant-looking gentleman, always ready with
a bit of pretended cynicism : Thackeray,
the great, wise, thoughtlul-looking critic
of the Georges ; .lerrold. with his massive
head and eager eyes; l'ercival Ix-igh,
quiet, gentle, and differential; Jennie!,
mild, intelligent, ami allahle; JUavhew,
distingue in appearance and confessedly
lazy; Leech, tinically funny; lorn lay
lor, iolitic and capable, full of wise saws
and modern instances; Mr. Bradbury, Sr.,
courtly and pleasant; and, once in a
way, Sir Joseph 1 axtoti, the only stranger
I lielieve who ever dined with the Punch
men. rince the .Messrs. Agnew have
joined the partnership, they have had
seats at the board, where the skeleton
may, indeed, be said to sit willi lhe I'pi-
cureans; lor. on the death ot a meniiier
of the staff, he who succeeds to the va
cant place cuts his name on the dining-
tablc aiHive that ot the toriner guest,
who has rested from his lafiors. They
were a united and happy family, almost
from the first, these writers for Punch,
with Mark Lemon standing, like father
and friend, at their head; and to bis
solicr influence may lie attributed the
general freedom of the publication from
anvthing like obiectiouablc matter, an
influence consistently taken up by his
successors. Mark Ivcmon's crsonal in
llueiice laid in the strong social founda
tions of the paper. Kven Thackeray was
wont to unbend liefove the administration
of his editor, in the heyday of his fame.
In a lecture which he delivered at Bir
mingham in lRoo, on "Men of Humor,"
he said : "lam rejoiced to think that
Mark Iiomon has maintained his jiost as
editor of Punch since its commence
ment ; for, amid its ten thousand pages,
there has not lieen a single line that the
young may not read, nor a girl blush
tit in strong contrast with the olden
times, when fun was not allowed them.
The comic works of the past years are
sealed to our wives and daughters. With
Punch it is not so; for where its editor
is, there is decorous wit, and fun without
its general attendant, coarseness."
England's I.iflle Army.
Outside of India, 24.000 British sol
diers suffice to keep Queen Victoria's
subjects in order, which is a smaller
nuinlier than even our own regular army.
A late rejHirt of the English war office
gives some interesting facts aliout the
distribution of the forces. The three
greatest of England's colonial possessions,
Australia, Canada, and New Zealand,
are allowed to get along without any
troops at all. In Nova Scotia, however,
are stationed two line regiments and
three batteries of artillery, which com
prise all the British troops on the Amer
ican continent. .Gibraltar and Malta,
two of the most important strategic
points in the British empire, have garri
sons of five thousand each. In Cape
Colony and Natal are stationed some
2,o00 men in all, mostly engaged in Zulu
fighting. At St. Helena two companies
are comfortably supjKirted, while at the
Bermudas 2,000 men, principally artil
lery and engineers, are al lowed the benefit
of the most enjoyable climate in the
world. One regiment is in" China, and
all the others are scattered in little
squads of one and two companies over
the rest of the known world, rather more
to sustain the reputation of the British
reveille for always sounding" than to
serve any legitimate military purpose.
The nu tnlier of troops quartered on the
soil of England is very small, and might
le smaller still with "out ire safety to the
kingdom ; for war's alarms have not
sounded in the " tight little island" for
two hundred years.
Goi.n Axn Silvi.r Pnonvcmox. The
San Francisco Bulletin presents some
important statistics relative to the. treas
ure product and movement at California
and Nevada for a series of years past,
including the following statement cover
ing the production from lSOo to date:
California. Nevada. Tot id.
l sii7 .
$2s,roo,(ion $n,.".i i.tioo SWJ-to.ooo
o,HK 1,000
.') 1,000,000
4:s. 000,000
51, 750,000
'2'2,nt 10,000
.",0 10,000
( 1,000.1X10
Totals $21 !,5f0,oon 200,250,000 $4U,750,noo
It is estimated that the product for
1X75 will le increased from thirty to
forty per cent, over that of 1874.
ExKiiiA I am composed of seven
letters. The first two are masculine, the
first three femimine, the first four is a
great man, and the whole is a great
woman. Answer; no. we'll tell ytio
now Heroine.
Working- Women.
Mrs. Livermore, who, we understand,
is a popular public lecturer, has lieen
discoursing in Boston on the subject of
superfluous women. No reader of the
public prints can be otherwise than
aware of the predominance of women as
to numlier, which seems to be very
marked in New England, and is observ
able in every civilized country, we lie
lieve. As comparatively few women are
liorn with that silver spoon in their
mouth of which an old saying speaks, it
is imperative that the ladies be prepared
ior me name oi me, wnicn, oi necessiiy
many of them must fight alone. Tolyg
amy is forbidden; and were it not so, in
these hard times the most of husbands
would feel disposed to content themselves
with paving lor one wites hats and
dresses and the pretty feathers of one
brood. It is, therefore, wisdom on the
part of women, as Mrs. Livermore says,
that they prepare to live in single bless
edness; lor how should they k
whether a matrimonial alliance will lie
ever possible to tliem? The fair lecturer
would not have the more favored of her
sisters in point of lortune to exempt
themselves from Iieing in ample readiness
for the vicissitudes ot life.
It is gratifying that women are already
making their way in the prosecution of
labor which' brings to them a comfortable
su pport; ' As compared with twenty
years ago, there is a very marked en
largemcnt to lie observed in the propor
tion of women to men in clerkships,
professional life and other departments of
The complaint has lieen made that
where women compete with men they
are paid smaller wages than their rival
who have for many generations had the
exclusive possession of the lxisitions
sought after. This may or mav not bo a
just complaint If women are equally
capable they should tie equally remuner
ated. Oh the other hand, we are led to
lielieve from what wc hear and see, that
the ability of manv lady applicants for
employment is not equal to their own es
timate ot it, nor to that ot the average
male competitor. They possess in these
cases, a smartness and confidence winch
are not based uiion previous steady appli-
cation 10 oeiaii. o iraae or proiession
can be tumped into by the cleverest per
son. it must he patiently mastered ; and
the brightest woman litis no right to ex
pect favors from employers on account
of her smartnesH,.but only a fair equiva
lent lor the value ol her lalior, which
must, in the nature of things, depend
uiion her exiierience, wrought out bv
plodding. With reference to some in
dustrics, men have possessed facilities of
gaining exiierience winch women have
not, and their services have, of course,
higher market value, and ought to
have. The ladies must learn the lesson of
patience. We lielieve we are right in
making tlie statement that in the ma
jority of cases, if not in all, where
women have proved themselves ahle to
perform service equally well with men,
they are paid as adequately, there are
except ions, which are unfair and ought
to lie discontinued. We do not sec, lor
example, why a woman comtiositor should
not be j iaid at the same rates jkt thou
sand ems as a male, given that the tune
occupied in her work is not so much
longer than that taken bv her" rough
comjH'litor as to prejudice the interest of
the employer. II master printers insist
upon making an unjust distinction, the
ladies must combine for the enforcement
f their just rights. They will do well
to remenilier that they have gained much
in securing, in spite of prejudice and
selfishness, admission into the ranks of
coniositors and other sorts and condi
tions ot working jieople, until a recent
time exclusively male, and should re-
:ard this as a temporary onset to finan
ial inferiority. Necessity and time are
swelling their nuinliers and augmenting
their strength, which they must learn to
utilize to their own advantage, and not
let the grass grow under their feet,"
There is one feature of this interesting
niestion which we have never seen
touched u (ton. That is, how the general
introduction ot women into the lighter
niploymcnts, until recently occupied ex
lusively by males, will affect future
generations of males. The addition of
great army of women to the ranks ot
candidates for employment in dry-goods
houses, for example, will necessarily tend
to the reduction of wages. Hence, fewer
Ikivs will lie put to this trade, and the
tendency will he towards giving the la-
lies, in the course of time, well nigh a
monopoly oi this employment, which is
peculiarly adapted for them. As a con
sequence, Ikivs will lie placed where the
rivalry of the fair sex will not lie preju
dicial to their present and future inter
ests. And that, sis it seems to us, is just
where they ought to lie. Wc have too
many lily-fisted, effeminate youths and
young men, and we say ( iod sjiecd to the
ladies in their progress towards jkisscss
ing themselves of the lighter avocations
of the aits and trades, not only because
we desire that those of them who must
jH-rforce live unmarried may lm amongst
the most comfortable of the sisterhood,
but also because it is reasonable to sup
pose that there will follow an augmenta
tion in the ranks of those who jierform
farm work and lalior in the mines and
elsewhere where the sturdy frame of man
should find its projier development.
Daily Graphic.
liainie and Jute in the South.
In his report for the past year, the. su
perintendent of the bureau of agricul
ture at Washington calls attention to the
important results likely to follow exten
sive cultivation of ramie and jute in this
country. These have been brought into
genera! notice within the last four years,
and now they are aliout to assume an im
jHirtancc which is only beginning to lie
known. Ikith these plants wili grow
successfully in all the southern states,
and especially in California. The im
pediment heretofore to their production
lias lieen the difficulty of separating the
filler from the gummv principle and the
green covering of the plants. But this
problem it is believed, has lieen now
solved by the invention of machinery,
which, by the aid of certain acids, sepa
rates the fiber perfectly and economic
ally. The ramie is a native (if India
and f 'hina, where the work of separating
the filler is done by hand at a cost of if 150
jicr ton. The latest patenteeof a machine
for separating the filierclaims that the cost
of separating it will not exceed $:10 per
ton. It is a lieautiful and lustrous
staple, in strength and brilliancy almost
equal to silk; in fact, most of the dress
goods made to imitate silk fabrics arc
made in part of ramie, and its value
now in England is about 75, or ?.'75
jicr ton ; and it is said that in California
1,200 pounds of this fiber may be pro
duced on one acre. If these anticipa
tions lie realized, of which there is now a
reasonable hope, the south may antici
pate the prosecution of a new, useful,
and profitable industry. Jute produces
a filier of a coarser quality, but admira
bly adapted to cordage and bagging, and,
because of its length and strength,
greatly superior to either flax or hemp.
Oxr.Y Try. Reader, there are many
difficulties in a man's way if he takes up
real, serious religion. I know that well.
But do not let these difficulties stop you.
Try to serve Christ. Only try.
There are difficulties, but God will
give you grace to overcome them. God
is not a hard master. He will not, like
Pharaoh, ask you to make brick, and
find you no straw. He never laid on
man commands which he would not give
man power to perform. Only try.
liOsscs on vessels and cargoes by the
recent gales on the northwestern lakes up
to latest accounts will aggregate nearly
VOL. XXI. NO. 22.
The Latest Xcws from Africa.
The latest news from Gordon an
nounces tliat he has successfully trans
ported a steamer to Appudo. Appudo,
or Affudo, as it is also sjielled, is situated
on the Nile at aliout two degrees thirty
minutes, north latitude. It was the
furthest point reached by Miani, whose
name Spcke saw there carded upoi a
tree. What makes the news esiecially
important is that Appudo is abive the
last of the cataracts that obstruct the
navigation of the Nile, lietween the Al
bert hike and Gondokoro. Gordon can
now explore the lake with his steamer,
and it is safe to presume that he has
already done so; thus anticipating Stanley
who, when the steamer reached Appudo,
was still at the king of Uganda's capital.
The same paragraph in the London
Times, which contains these facts, also
mentions than "Cameron was at Tan-
hganyka for eight months, trying to go
the western route Ix twcen Lganoa and
Zanziliar. which was interrupted by the
Karaoue. tribe two degrees south. 7'his
is quite unintelligible, though it gives
us the assurance tliat Cameron has aban
doned his wild scheme of following down
the Lualaba (or Congo) to its mouth,
and is still alive and in the neigh liorhood
of Tanganyka. Since Zanzibar is east,
or rather southeasterly, of Uganda, the
allusion to a westerly route between the
two is extremely puzzling. The Kara
que trilic might possibly mean the peo
ple of Karaque, but Bumanika, the king
of Karaque, is very friendly' to white
men, and his jieople would hardly inter
fere with Cameron. The safety of Cam
eron, however, is the one intelligible part
of the news, and it will le a great relief
to the countless admirers of that gallant
officer, who, on the assumption tliat he
had started on a voyage across the con
tinent by way of the Lualaba, never ex
pected to hear any further tidings from
him. It was the intention of Stanley to
explore the A lliert lake by circumnavi
gating it in his lniat. When he learns,
as he undoubtedly will, that Gordon has
anticipated his design, he will doubtless
march at once to the head ot langanvka,
and follow the Lukuga. (the outlet of the
lake) to its junction with the Lualaba.
It is well known that he aims to com
plete the explorations liegun by Liv
ingston in the Lualaba valley, and the
brilliant success which he has already
attained will probably encourage him to
make the attempt, now evidently aban
doned by Cameron, to descend the Lu
alaba to the sea. It is, however, earnestly
to be hojied that he will not undertake
an enterprise so certain to .end in irre-
trievahle disaster, lhe circumnaviga
tion of the Alliert lake will convince
Stanley that it has no connection with
the Lualaba, as lie is now decided Iv of
the opinion that it has, and he will
therefore know, without further explor
ation, that the Lualaba is the Congo.
It will lie much wiser for him to leave
the Lualaba at its most northerly Txiint,
and march northward across the Welle,
to the Bahr el Gazel, and so by way of
the Nile back to the regions of civiliza
tion. He will probably see the wisdom
of this course, and will adopt it. It-
will then have made the grandest jour
ney ever yet made in Alrica. and can
return to enjoy his well-earned honors as
the true discoverer of the source of the
Nile. Within the present mouth we
have learned where lie the furthest
sources ot the rsilc; we have had
the important announcement fli;it a
steamer lias lieen virtually launched on
the Alliert lake, and we have received
the news of Cameron's safety. Never
lefore, in the whole history of African
exploration, has so much and so impor
tant news heen received within so hnet
a time. New York Times.
Conflict ing" Beporls of flicCoflon Crop.
The New York Herald calls attention
to a matter of supreme iiiiHirt;ince to
all growers, dealers in, and manufactur
ers of cotton the apparently irreconcila
ble difference lietween the reisirts of the
national cotton exchange and those of
the agricultural bureau at Washington
and gives the annexed table, comprising
the estimates of the crop of the United
States, based on Oetolier and November
reports from those sources, as showing
the inconsistencies
and contradictions
complained of :
Cot loll
Ani iciiltuiiil
:i s.vimo
-1,11 t'.l.'MHI
4 'rj."i,ii
Ortolwr S.sTH.no'l
NoveiulNT l,l'.i7,iion
Averages 4,(i:i,Kin 4,ir.i-,nt l.mT.nMi
111 New York, the impression seems to
prevail that the reiwirt of the national
cotton exchange for Oetolier was manip
ulated in the interest of the hull party
to the speculation which was then in
progress; and it is also lielievcd tlitit th
(instruction which has lieen put uimn
the Novemher reixirt ot the luireau is
forced and unnatural ignoring, perhaps,
the increased acreage, and the fact thii
the increased percentages of vicld takt
place in sections where the greater pro
portion ot the crop is iiMialiy grown, an
the decreased jiorcentagcs in sections
where the growth of cotton is at liest not
lartre. Should the Novemlior estimate
of the agricultural bureau prove correct,
the receipts at the jxirts must henceforth
show a falling off.
GraxiRAi-HicAL, Distrihition of In-
telijxt. following Air. tisllons re
searches as to the origin of Englishmen
of genius, M. C'ortamhert has lately pub
lished the result ol investigations into
the geographical distribution of intellect
in France. The north of France, which
includes Paris, is shown to have lieen
most productive in tins resiiect, with a
iiecial fertility in the crop of iiocts, but
i very fair yield of painters, musicians,
historians, etc.; the cast comprising Al
sace and Lorraine, is particularly distin
guished in the natural, physical and med
ical sciences, though not lacking in liter
ature and art; the south is chiefly
marked as the birthplace of orators; the
west, less prolific than other quarters,
has evolved noted sailors and travelers;
the center, philosophy makes some
show, but, on the whole, ami csjK'cially
Brittany, occupying a sultordinnte intel
lectual position, a fact which Mr. Cor-
tamjiert flatteringly attributes to the
Celtic origin of a large part of lhe jop
ti hit ion of these districts. N'iv Yuri
Gold Minim; is GmiuiiA. .lint
now there are a score of fully organized
efforts in progress looking to the full de
velopment of the gold mines of Georgia.
New gold fields are being discovered
each week, almost, and the interest Iieing
manifested in the gold mining operations
in the state are so genuine and pro
nounced as to give every promise of bril
liant results in the near future. The
latest movement is the leasing of a gold
mine in Douglas county by a company
of Atlanta gentlemen, who are able and
determined upon developing it to its
fullest extent. They have been prepar
ing to embark in the enterprise under
the most favorable auspices, and are now
engaged in arranging for the commence
ment of their ojierations almost immedi
ately. Atlanta Connlitutum.
Ecltpses Next Year. There will lie
two eclipses of the sun and two of the
moon in 187 First, a partial ec'ip-e of
the moon, commencing in New England
about 1?:30 a. m., March 10. Second,
an annular eclipse of the sun, March 25,
the moon concealing the sun's disc, ex
cept a ring around the liorder. In New
England it will be visible us a partial
eclipse only, la-ginning aliou, five min
utes liefore 4 a. m. Third, a partinl
eclipse of the moon Scptemlier 3, not
visible in the United States. Fourth,
a total eelijise of the sun, invisible in the
United States, but visible in the South
Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
Two hundred dollars were paid for
American Girl's shoes, and yet people
say these are hard t'nien.
A llhidoostan work on music says
that "music is the painfully acquired art
of sjieaking very loudly in a shrill voice."
During the hist three months 1,410
horses, J7 donkeys, and lire mules wero
killed in Paris lor public consumption.
A Swedish school bouse, furoxYihition
at the Centennial, has been shipped from
that country to Philadelphia.
Don't imagine that you werelxirn t
reform the world. You can't split a
mountain with a toothpick.
A gigantic ire-hoiiso in Brussels,
liclgium. covers an an a of 1 ,001 square
metres, and has contained at one timo
a million tons of ice.
A large numlier of excursions from
England to America during the Centen
nial have Isen arranged, some of which
will come by special steamers.
The Czar recently gave a young He
brew a com mission in the l!tis4an army.
This is the first instance in which a Jew
has been made an officer in Russia.
The California trade with Australia
now employs more ships and more ton
nage than wilh any other portion of the
world, with the Hii'e exception of China.
To such an extent have we become
the purveyors to foreign governments of
arms for warfare that we export yearly
lietween r( 10,0(10 and i ,oo0 stand of arms.
Nearly all the fat cattle in Colorado
have changed hands recently or will do
so soon. Never in the hii-tory of the
territory has the trade in cattle been so
The interest in fish culture is in
creasing rapidly, and there are more than
double the fisheries now established in
the country than there were a couple of
years ago.
In this dim world of clouding cares
Wc rarely know, till 'wihh-rcd eyes
See white i ing" less'ning up the skies,
The angel.i with i uiiiiwarcs.
--tirrnld Masscy.
It is now asserted that the angel iu
heaven are all men. We have to givo
up our seats here, and walk off into tho
mud, and submit to all sorts of vanities ;
it looks reasonable that there should bo
a change some (lay.
To know how to keep a tidv houso
and well-aired apartments ; lo know how
to select the best kind of food ; to know
how to prepare them in the best manner
these are the first things, and every
daughter should learn them before mar
riage --Emerson said " Show us un intel
ligent family of Ikivs and girls and wo
will show you a family where newspapers)
and lieriodicals are plentiful." How
much more lw-autiful is that than to say
"Show me a bustle, and I will show you
a newspaper bonanza.
It cannot be that the spirit of poo
f rv is dead. As long as there are women
and flowers the divine afflatus can't lie
exhausted, whatever may happen to the
reader. This littie " fragment," as it is
called, from the Brooklyn Argus, is a
real heart readier:
A Norwegian paper rcMirls that one
Captain Gunncrsoii, recti tly returned
from an Arctic voyage, has diM-overed iu
Nova Zembla a di try written by Barcnt,
the Dutch Arctic explorer, in the year
15.SO. The manuscript is said to Ik- in
jierlcct preservation, and its publication
is anxiously looked for by scientific anti
quaries. Not long since, the mother of Katio
Curran, .lessee l'oiiierov's victim, applied
to Dr. Cullis for admission to his con
sumptives' home, saying that she con
tracted the disea.-e which was wasting
life away by sitting out-doors in cool and
damp evenings, wailing for the murdered
daughter's return. She was received
into the retreat at Grove Hall.
Hers was a fin e
Whose occult liiinn no limner's art
Could steal; whose nameless gr:ic
Klnsivc was, as light that fsilW
Whore waters part.
A face so fair.
So haunted with sweet mysteries.
It secin'd a face astray from heavenly hcciiph,
'And not of one who e'er
Had breakfasted on Inickw heat caked,
Or dined on hcaiis.
An American writer.dating his letter
from Gibraltar, says; "The more I sco
of Gibraltar, tlie ' 1 ss I wonder at tho
tenacity with whit h it is held by Eng
land, aiid the dislike (lie Spaniards have
forthe English tenure of the place. The
strength of the position is something
wonderful. Nature and military art seem
to have worked together in making 'Gib'
as invulnerable as it is os.ible to Ik1.
Nor docs the engineer department allow
modem progress in cither guns or bat
teries to pass mi not iced. Of the former
there are some fifty or sixtv alxiut to be
changed for others of a much larger cali
bre. Even as it is, the army of men has
never yet lived, nor has one of the fleet
of ships yet b-eii built, that could for
two hours withstand the withering firn
of the guns now in position on various
parts of the Bock."
The Atliena-um says that a transla
lation of the " Pilgrim's Progress" has
lx-cn issued by a native Japanese pub
lisher. The vernacular literature of Ja
pan is extending at a rapid rate, adapta
tions of the best English text-books on
geography and physical science being
published almost monthly, and, though
far from being perfect productions, are
attaining a wide circulation. Jananeso
writers have the greatest difficulty in
finding accurate equivalents in their
own language for European words used
to denote recent EuroK-aii discoveries
and scientific terms. They are almost
always obliged lo paraphrase; thus dy
namite becomes "the jiowcrfiil thing,"
torpedo" undcr-water burster," and soon.
The great evil is that each different
writer chowses his own pamphrnse for
such terms as " jiolarization '' "spcetro
seojie," "protoplasm," etc. Pall Mall
Utilization of Cobwebs.
Cobwebs ha ve lieen applied tovai iims
uses. The delicate crois-hairs, in tho
tclescoios of surveying instruments are
fine webs taken from spiders of species
that are ess-cially selected for their pro
duction of an excellent quality of thb
material. The spider, when caught, is
made to spin his thread by tossing him
from hand to hand, in ease he is indis-K-ed
to furnish the article. The end is
attached to a piece of wire, which is
doubled into two parallel lengths, the
distance apart exceeding a little the di
ameter of the instrument. As the spider
hangs and descends from this, the web is
wound around it by turning the wire
around. The coils are then gummed to
the wire, and kept for use as required.
About a century ago Boa of Langue
dock succeeded in making a pair of
gloves and a pair of stockings from lhe
thread of the spider. They are very
strong and of a lieautiful gray color.
Oilier attempt of the sa.ne kind have
Ik-ch made; but Beauniiir, who was ap
pointed by the ICoyal Academy to rcjiorf.
on the subject, stii'ed that the web of
the spider was not equal to that of the
sill; worm, either in strength or lustre.
The cocoons of the latter weigh from
threej to four grains, so that two thou
sand three hundred and ninety-four
worms produce a pound of silk; but the
bags of the spider, when cleansed, do not,
weigh aliove the third part of a grain, hi
that a single, silkworm can accomplish
the work of twelve spiders.
Fei.t Sak AuntT It. A story is lately
current at Hartford of one of the city
clergymen who is famous for his manly,
earnest good fellowship. He w. s traveling
on the cars on the New York 4V New Haven
road, not long since, engaged in a pleas
ant chat with a friend, when he wves re
peatedly aniiovcd by a dn-.nkr n bur.iiiier
111 the scat in frot.t, who persisted in at
tempt ing to engage him ii co iversijt ion.
At la: t, wearied beyond endi raucc, the
clergyman arose, and turnin r tie-; man
sharply away from him, said, " Yiiu arc
drunk" and! don't wish to I ear ir m-o
anything more of you." Tic bummer
sank into silence for a moment, and then
once more turned, ami, gazing rcproacn-
fullv at the dor ry man. exclaimed, hi ns
to lie heard nearly the whole extent of
the car by the passengers, whose atten
tion bad' generally lecn directed ,that
way. "Mr. T , 'iicars to me vou
don't care anything at all 'bout my soul,"

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