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WN AND COUNTY.
Friday Mtralns, De. 1. 1875.
' Sbakapeare Clak Entertainment.
The public entertainment last
night by the Shakspeare Club,
A TEAR. PAID IN ADTAICI
. Pulaski Accommodation..
, Mail unci Express...--.
, Moll and Kx press .
. 1'ulHski Accommodation...
7:38 A. M.
7:45 P. N
.v. Dr. Mock preached a soul-eheeiing
n at me c i . i nurcii iaat tsunaay
KKKOX AI. llfTELLlfiBMCE.
V. Moore, of Madison county, Went
is visitlne I Tulleolra.-
.stau.ineld, of Union City in visiting
is in .iaury.
K. C. McDowell has returned from a
t business trio to Memphis.
f. G. Polk, of Decatur Ala..waa In
UiiH -week, visiting hi venerable
sum Bickuell, Old Alexander, and
xpi-W.il to leave for Mt, Louis la it
We suppose they went.
ry 1). .Martin, of Nashville, waain town
:t v. iih was neen in koou company.
WillliiHi Maynard, proprietor of the
iaht. published at Moberly. Mo.wm in
nis week, visiting his kinsman, Win.
Cherry arrived here last Sunday
from West Tennessee. Ha Is the only
son of Mrs. Polly Cherry. He will
ilv reinniri here several weeks.
i W. Nm-Iley has returned from Yazoo
uss., where ne lias Deen ior several
1 ! says the planters along the Ya-
ottoin niHile a good cotton crop
year, and yet ham limes.
nc Itadical vote where be was.
A KOI . It TOWN.
hull n very slight snow Wednesday
Court has been quite
re was quite a large crowd In town
y, mill our merchant did a good bus!
fair of the season. The select and cultivated
audience lent a charm by their speaking
countenances and strict silence to the occa
sion. No boisterous applause was given,
aau a. VU1U1I1U1HU roigiit wen nave utwn
proud of his town and Deonle. Below
we give a programme of the evening's enter-
bnrutinment. The readings, speeches una
address were all worthy oi the name the
Club beara. nnrt nf the hfo-hiv cultivated au
dience. The lecture by Mr. John B. Bond
nas been nralseu nv cvervliodv. It was one
of the most eleeant and beautiful essays we
ever ustenea to, ana was aen verea in a siyie
mat was simply iierfect. Mwnni tvereii
himself could not have excelled itsdellvery,
This essay places Mr. Bond at once in the
front rank of the young men of culture In
Middle Tennessee. We are glad that our
people have shown their appreciation of
something higher and better than the cir
cus anil netcro minstrels. Pr. A. L. I I How
deserves grent praise for inducing the Club
to give this entertainment, and we trust he
will nee that we have others of the same
A. II. Brown. Jr.. Ksn.. the Secretary or the
(Tub, said upon opening the exercise of the
evening, as introductory to the programme:
l.Ablns ANDUtSTlKHiiJi:-it is gratifying
Indeed to look around us this evening and
tlnd that our friends have been at least ap
preclative of the invitation extended, and
we trnst that during the exercises this even
ing you will still further show forth your
appreciation iy mat Riience ana attention
which the occasion demands. I am aware
of the fact that we have brought ourselve
publicly before one of the most critical au
diences probably in the State, and it is
therefore incumls-nt niion us to ut forth
me greaier enoris, in oriler mat we may es
cape to home extent at least, that severe
criticism to which we are nccossarllv ex
posed. It is a fact that needs but mention to
impress Its truth on this audience, that the
Sfonng man stands abash, and. as it were
auuuuers at me timugnt of "being put lor-
wam.-ana especially is tins true or ine av
erage American yotit h, or what is more pop
ularly Known as "toung America:' ana 1
am not at all aware of the fact that the
youthful members of the Columbia Uhak
peare Club are any the less affected in that
regard, w trust, however, this being our
first attempt at an entertainment, that this
auaienoe, composeo ol tne elite, rennea ana
stodious portion of the "Athens of America
will look with some degree of leniency and
forbearance on anything wnicn may seem
in any wise to fall short of perfection.
that Miss Annie
very sick several
an- gl:il to learn
II, who has been
Methodist pastor. Rev. J. A. Orman
d fifteen persons into his church
u llonntri-e, who Is one of the nicest
men in the county, is mixing drugs
in tr i. h. uiiu(o,
' very important thRt every Stock
of the M. C. A. M. 11. A I.. S. Society,
be present at ttieir meeting, tone
the third Monday in this month.
the Methodist Sunday-school last
. a paper signed by Kev. James A
Pastor, was placed in the hands of
pil to solicit cash to help build the
m t of land of forty-live acres, which
d near Carter's Creek Station, was
Mr. A. N. Akin at the court-house
nl.-iv for fill v dollars per acre. Mrs.
le Jones and O. W. C. Dawson were
ti l-Clark Hodge, son of Geo. Hodge,
.-led in cash nlsiut twenty dollar?
tent-fit of the new Methodist Church,
a bright Imy, and this is very com-
le tor oneot Ills age.
I) -uree memls-rsof the I.O.O.T.. and
s in good standing, who wisli to take
degrei-s, are requested to meet at
-in pi irs'llall next. Monday night at 7
lor I lie puriwise of organizing and in-
day evemug last John lreon. a
mil who lives near Blpbyville, was
ami tried lie fore Ksq. Clear for forg-
te on a negro man for several dol
e was f mud guilty and placed in
s'lore tne Criminal
. ail. Iiis trial
n-last meeting of the old Board of
ml Aldermen, they passed a vote of
o .Mayor Keesee for his uniform
.and for the aide, impartial and
I iiiMiinei- ill which he presided over
ring I lie past year. col. ivecuce al-
s jiosis of honor and trust with
liunliy and faithfulness.
r Keosee s liust net was to reenm
f he liiuird of Aldernieu I he proprlo
iTini; In some way, and giving some
o I ii-.ui vy aril, col., lor tils intrepid
n pi act ion in extinguishing a tire
nrs I tail on the night beforo the
1 he Hoard unanimously passed a
hunks to liedo, and authorised the
to issue a check to him for five
1 Ins was a very timely and appro
ward ami testimonial, and will do
receiving fifteen persons into his
ast Sunday, Kev. Mr. Or in an said:
ter family live three and a half
the I lam pshirs pike; R. M. Mckav
P. Kigticrs" law partner; Miss Katie
s living in the family of Mr. L. I).
mention the places where these
tiliers live in order that the other
may visit them. When I was
ille 1 preached a sermon on R-
i in Heaven,' at the close of which
inher came np to me anil said:
orman, you have preached a good
n Heavenly Recognition: now I
i to pleach on Karthly Recogni-
i:ii-k was waiting in front of Frier
ustore. Tuesday evening, to take
own, and Messrs. Ilarklev, Wol
id Krierson to the wedding, the
ii away and broke the carriage bad
I the party missed the marriage,
lerelime enough for supper and
Ins. Wiek Krierson anil Holier!
irted at eight ami broke down in
ohiison la is';they managed to get
wever. eariv euougn i nave a
lit t hue. and mode a good impres-
he lu ll.- of I he evening, we hear
il nights ago one of our policemen
i eoiiuli yiiiiin who having got too
in iiiieein him, felt like he could
.ry policeman in town and the
. ..'thrown in. Hut upon finding
email was ill earnest, he bi-eame
t. ami wanted to know what he
:! lor. lint the policeman made
uswi-r: whereupon the countryman
ii s.-vi'ihI times ngalu what he was
or. one or "the boys" stepped up
i. . in in ami whisrisl in Ills ear,
t lime that countryman asks you
ai i .-sti-d him for yon tell him for
conduct." The policeman was not
in suspense, for ere he had time to
ver, t he count ry man bawled out,
re. ihi.-i Mister Purliceman. (hlci
know ihici what you arrested nie
ie polli'euinii could hardly wait un
uuliviiian got through, wheu lie
nd himself up, looking at least
s laller. and said, "Mr. Country
rest you, sii, for nti-nortlerlj am-
t t:u i nr. t oiMTT.
n il that the widower who offers
lor a wile is swimming Duck Rlv-
itlv in order to call and see a wld
s certainly ill earnest alsiut get
e. will he a Grunge Meeting at Con
,oriow. Saturday, D-c. 11th. John
ion. s. 1!. Watkins. and probably
muuished speakers will nddresc
in;. 1 in- public are invited.
1 1 v I lire' voting men went In sec
mi lad ii'S who live on Rutherford
.1 to the young men's surprise they
't.-il fosit iin with some hogs their
law killed the day la-fore. Young
hi all wish to sit up with hogs, vis
na ladies of Rutherford Greek, and
ertaltilv ls accommodated,
.'anniii Kvnns' school at Lasting
.reh, closed last Friday, She has
ml teacher, given general aatlsfae
the neighlioi hood would lie glad if
1 leach another school for them.
iu-1z.cn lo the following pupils for
st number of head distinctions in
..s: I lict ionary. Miss Snllie It. Mc-.ing-lsMik,
Thomas J. McKay, first
cv Akin, wi'oiid prize, and Ilie
e 'to Miss Ijiilie Baker. These pu
d hard to wli. and were succeas
siut twenty other pupils.
If. ( lopton's cotton is said to Is?
ti that of his neighbors. He at-
to shallow plowing after the wet
et in. He says he learned a lesson
.i T. .1. Crosljy in the sowing of
id sows now only alsmt half a
r acre. He says half a liusliel will
Mlciciitly if it is sowed early. He
Major Sal K. Cheulrs, who Is one
,,-s't ami most successful wheat
ows one grain for every ten inch
(' ground. Major Chealrs' neigh-
iihsoii. sows one bushel and a half
ve believe, or even more than that.
S 1.1.1. AXK.OIS ITEMH.
olinaii furnished the splendid sup
M.( heairs' last Tuesday night.
G. 1!. Nicholls showed tis, la.st
e verv large and tine grains of
d the'iTilliitun Jiim,,'h."
' fail to attend the meeting of the
ors in the M.C. A.M. 11. 4 I- S.
iiM.inled for Monday the Jin h Inst.
; p., a highly accomplished young
hasspcut the most of Her glrlhKl
t society of Kuropc, Is visiting her
g cousin. Miss M. P., of Ibis town.
,t ice that .Vmm' Hrr U'orlii coiili-
Hticles on Iks- Cultuiv, and giv-s
for the same. We learn from n
io is practical Is-e man, that the
ne of the iH'St Journals devoted to
'iinoii'l R. Puckett, formerly a rcs
ih'. rl'ni'fc, In Ujjs county, died on
i i k-iohcr. 1ST., at his resiilenc' In
.aril county. Ark. He. professed
.vlicn a young man.
i.mi'cIi in IK4. until
hat all men would la- auveu, ami
ai'iei ward a llrm believer of uni-
W. s. Kidlev, one of our leading
s also u Bri.:it piule trader, and
ji I a- his iiuil.-s and takes them
sale. He is an olmcrving man,
mile good use of his opportunities,
hat in Kentucky and Indiana the
ve money to lend, and In the cot-
ng States there Is no money, and
v wants to Iwirrow money. Iu In
t.uiuil, by experience, that thecoin
hamcs, hovso cariH'iitcrs, etc., al
e plenty money alsiut them. Col.
.inks tlie causo of this difference l
I this be true, cotton is a curse,
uiiilsome and gallant eonrcrr, A.
- .ot tlx- Columbia Herald and
.-.I on us last Friday. Wegave him
r photographs of thtit far-fameil
-. KeholKiaiii Lebanon Cn-sar White
. the I.elnnou Gerald. He took ad
l i:s while repluiug uikiii a sick
s.-e the Mite So-iey and purchase
1 linage lor fifty cents. The Mite,
belong to the sex that rules this
t mi light to sell it: Firstly, be-
iis not 'theirs: Secoirdly, because
lade a gift of if: Thirdly, because it
article of merchandize, but one of
his souvenirs of the heart; Lastly,
Vhite never runs lils face forso
im. A lew copies of Honk's face
u.;d lure for the benentofthe
nd would be a greatc ncoorHgement
'iimiay-Schisil scholars. franklin
willing to overlook the coinpll
i he ai sive, and publish il In order to
he i raiiklin M lie Six-let v of anv
J: the matter, and to recommend the
I hi. tl. s ol iiliimhia to send and
,,lv ti lir. V, bite's picture and seli
tlic iJt uvlll vl Uivlt ixvvi Church,
Readlne of Maclieth's Holt!
Macbeth, by John K. McClelland
A Lecture niton the character of Macbeth,
oy John is. lioiKt,
rteauing ot i larencc s uream, from
by Hardin P. Figuers, Ef.
Keaatng of s-iections, from Juuus CRr,
ny ur. rtotx'n ritiow.
Mr. John B. B nd, the lecturer for flic
evening, was lntriKlucisl to the audience,
ana sjioKe as follows:
Lapiks and Gftntlemes: The remark
of Sheridan that, -great men come up in
clusters," Is aptly illustrated by thedramat-
le authors; 1 Ills is especially true of tliut
era of genius and greatness, inauguratml
and sustained by them, from the evening
of tte sixteenth to the noon of the seven
teenth century. The staite was Indeed
adorned with a cluster of greatness in that
age of giant minds, when dramatic Intel
lect may lie said to have ruled the world.
An age. when a-iuo re-tuned the broken
harp of Italy, aud gathering up its lost
melodies from amid herclosslo ashes, add-
eu new lustre to learning ana tnrew around
the Italian drama the primal glories of
An age, when Cameron in Spain won his
spurs as the most fertile writer In the world.
ana actually enjoyea the patent right mo
nopoly of dramatic composition in that
kingdom for nearly half a century:
An age. when Moliere in France, with
his nne genius 'ettered by academic rules,
and his com position shaped and cut down
to fit the spiritless forms of Boileau, still
broke over thehloodless "unities" of Aris
totle and conquering the prejudices of his
time, immortalized the French drama by
the classical nurily ot his productions: An
age, when snaKspeare in f-.ngiaii'l, seizing
tne ruue iorms of me isritisn arama,
shaped them into strength, vitality and
beauty, iiesecmeu in nimseir tone tne
origin andthe Issue of dramatic excellence.
r.ither ignorant f or despising the "Uni
ties" of Arlstotle.he burst the iron sarcoph
agi of centuries, and exploring new realms
of thought, of fancy and of nature, he pain
ted bis social centers with a fidelity, and
vigor 'till then unknown and climbed to
heights of dramatio and descriptive ier-
feet ion that all succeeding ag?s hare been
unable to imitate or equal. Besides, he
has the faculty, and His a happy one, of
being more natural than any and anoth
er writers. Every action, every passion is
(minted in its true light and we Judge of
men, their surroundings and their motives,
by the same rules and upon the same
principles, that we do tlie actions of our
neigh bora and friends in the transactions
of every day life. Virtue meets inappro
priate reward, while vice and treachery-
are shrouded in their own dark shadows.
In this respect he surpasses all other au
thors, an I never seems to feel that it neces
sary to gloss over a single vice, or adorn a
single virtue to perfect nls characters. But
ne leaves them ns they arcana we are
never mislead or deceived.
Dramatic composition resolves Itself
strictly denned, into two parts, comedy and
tragedy. In hot h Shakspeare has for centur
ies been the acknowledged bead t iroughout
the civilized world. A.idyetlt is not dif
ficult lo decide in which lie most excels
Comedy addresses itself fo the more law
less parts of our nature and is averse to
reflection or serious thought. In such scenes.
the "Comedy of Krrors" for instance, fhe
eat bard is inapproachable for wit and
mor. Tragedy aims at the highest facul
ties of the mind aud heart, it reaches for
the finest feelings of our nature, and there
fore has nought to do with lawlessness or frivolity.
it Is the highest type of human excel
lence In composition, and in this tne
hard of Avon is the most successful.
The great poet's renown in the tragic dra
ma reposes mainly on the plays of King
I .ear, Hamlet, Othello, aud Macbeth. I am
not indifferent to the lluer points I i his
other tragedies, hut these seem to lift him
to a higher level ami add to his lame a
sort of transcendental splendor, that it de
rives from nootuer quarter. They stand In
his group as central luminaries, with the
otheis arranged around tliein in gradua
ted splendor. They arc ill the drama what
St. Peters at Rome is iu archlt-ct nre; what
the Venus De Medici Is in statuary, or
what the Last Supper is in painting. In
each he has sounded the depths of the hu
man heart, aud with iunate inspiration
laid hare the feelings that origin ite and the
motives that Influence hum in action. Kadi
Is in its.-lf a distinctive piece of composi
tion, yet each bears the impress of the
one great genius indelibly stamped upon
It, and the resiH-ctirc nationalities are pre
served with such rem irkable fidelity, that
we could locate the scenes iu tlie abscence
of eisigratihicat data. In one respect Mac-
lieth Is the most successful painting of
them all. In this play there is no contrast
of colors. All are black, and yet the pic
ture 's a perfect one. In each of the others
Die dark shadows are relieved by the pur
er light, of gentle characters. As the poet
paluls the characters in King Lear, we
watch with Interest the tl;itns us one by one
they come out of the dark hack ground
and take their places upon the canvas.
As the group is forming we look iu vain
for a touch of sympathy, a tearof com
passion, or a smile of innocence. But
everywhere our eyes are met by the heart
less forms of ingratitude, of broken vows
aud of cruel lust, mocking the sorrows of
tin old man, who bends iu the midst, his
limbs tremulous with age, his voice fal
tering with anguish, and his gray hicks net
with the dews of night, yet receiving no
love.no caresses, but spurned like a dog
from the Ixisoms he had nurtured. The
heart sickens over the picture until Corde
lia Joins the group, when us if an angel had
blessed the scene the shadows vanished, ho
in Hamlet, while we couleiuplate the dark
crlnies of his unnatural mother and her
murderous husband, crimes so black, that
the grave yielded tip Us dead to expose
their deformity, ami the crown prince of
Denmark grew wild in llielr contemplation,
we begin lo doubt the integrity of human
uature, when Ophelia smilingly steps up
on the canvass and again the shadows van
ish. So in "Othello," as we watch that
dark and subtle savage, wending his wary
track through the devious net work ot his
Intrigues, that originated in and rested up
on the deeper vlllany of Ligo, as the charm
begins to work aud the scenes approach
the bloody issue of his vengeance, we begin
to feel that the stamp of God has liecit tak
en from the human family, but Desdem-
ona's sweet spirit, like light in a colored
vase, permeates me picture ami n .-
the shadows. Oi hello is a dark and gloomy
ruin, whose minarets have fallen down,
whose corridors are silent, whose apartments
are tenant less, whose bare walls are hung
with no pictures, whose ornaments are
gone, the frieze, the fret work and the cor
nice, and arou nd whose craggy sides the
voting vine tries ill vain try to clamber, but
falling ot nutriment wit hers and dies among
thebleak and sterile ruins. Desdemona is
the mellow moonlight flooding with soft ra
diance tlie desolate pile, refilling the corri
dors, relieving the black streaks along the
bare and broken walls, supplying the place
of ornament, nestling among the wither
ed vines, and sleeping Uke a blessed spirit
iimu the long black shathjws "f the ruin, j
But in Macbeth all is blackness, the figures
irmun together like shadowy, tormenting
demons. No ray -f light pierces the dsrk-l
back ground, save at first the fires of virtue
hum through the character of Macbeth and
throw a momentary radiance over the shad
ows, yet it is but momentary, for the light
Is siHin obscured by the dark tissue ol false
hood and treachery nn.i all again is black
ness. 1 have ga.ed at times upon the eoni
vulslonstif nature. When the storm-king
was In his wrath, I have seen the clouds,
foil) on fold, sweeping on and on through
the archway ol the skies; I have watched
the ebony columns, pile on - pile, moving on
and still on through the quiveriug air, as
if they marked the dial plate of destiny and
pointed to the dissolution of all nature. I
have stood uncovered amid these giant
throes and watched the mad convulsions.
I have seen the vivid lightning pierce its
snakv fangs iu the black crest of tlie storm,
and I uae trembled with nature at the
wild roar that followed. W idle thus the
warring elements were threatening to dls
solve all uature, I ha 7e seen a star, single
and beautiful, step out upon the parapets
of heaven and gaze with love and sad
ness on the wild convulsious lielow. In
sorrow itsectmd to pause In the far-off
heavens, twinkling aud trembling as if
'twould won tueJelciuL'Wtb back to harmony
and peace- But falling iu this, I have seen
it cJoce its heavenly eye, and all was black
and brooding desolation. Such is the poet's
picture of Macbeth. ...
The characters represented in Macbeth
are for the most part real, but the facts nd
circu instances thrown around th-mare to
a great extent fictitious. But little is pre
served tous of the actual tacts. The most
reliable authorities point to tlie middle of
the eleventh century as thf segment ol his
tory tt which Macbeth belongs. At that
tieriod Scotland was drenched iu blood from
intestine broils. The great families were
divided. F.nglanil hud already entered the
contest, and corrupting the nobles who
were willing to betray Ihelr friends or their
country, had placed King Duncan upon the
throne' and held him there by force of arms.
Macbeth ls'long"d to w hat might be term
ed the patriot party, being on the side of
the people, the IndetsMidents and sover
eignty of Ssl land, lie held the same po
sition In olitloK afterwards assumed by
ISnice, W allaee. Mar and others when lea-gui-d
against the traitor nobles,who hud uni
ted wlih r.ngland to enslave the country.
Having intiirl.il a lineal descendant of
ol ting K.cuuctU Mclull "e was allied lo
one of the most ancient and powerful fam
ilies In Scotland. Coming to his majority
nd Into power amid these convulsions, lo
eagerly lea pea into tne war oi me lacvinns,
and headed the wild torrent of popular pas
sions nntll it swept over and buried mm
among the ravines ot the Grampian hills
Backed by the voice ol the people, be tore
the royal robes of king Duncan into shreds,
trampled his crown in the dust aud ascen
ded the throne himself. For seventeen
years he swayed the deslinles of Scotland,
and adhering to the interests and t he prin
ciples of those who placed him in power,
the kingdom was prosperous and the peo
ple lived in harmony and peace until the
traitor nobles again uniting with England
compassed his death and re-enslaved the
country. This is about all tlie known
history on the subject. Now what I except
to in the stating part of the play Is this;
I hat, the poet enlists all our sympathy on
'.he side of the usurper Duncan and against
the patriot party. The Duncans are dressed
In the attractive regalia ot martyrs, while
Macbeth is surrounded with a net work ot
the darkest crimes. The intriguing traitor
tyrant is held up for emulation, while those
who bled for the welfare of Scotland are
blackened with Infamy and crime. But the
play was written not so much to perpetuate
history as to eliminate character and paint
the passions of human nature. Therefore
I pass on. Indulge me In a few words on
the specific origin of this play. Macbeth
was reputed the first soldier of his time,
and at his death many fables accumulated
arnnnd his name. And in that age of su
perstition, the more marvelous tne story,
the more readily it obtained credence.
Many regarded him as a demon, others still
worshiped him almost as a god. In subse
quent years the historian Hector Boece
gathered up these fables and published
them in a honk, and thev afterwards found
rneir wv to t tie "cnromciesoi noitinsneo,
from which Shsksoeare gleaned Hie mile-
rials for his play. These Chronicles labor
ed with wild Gaelic lore, and furnished
theme and matter for many a romau
tic story. Composed of ghostly recitals
and weird cantata, drawn from the mys
tic cabalas of superstition, they were the
proline fountain from which flowed some
of t he wilil est romances of border chivalry
Hot their crowning glorv rests in the lact.
that they are the parent of Macbeth.
It had been remaiked half a century be
fore this nlav was put upon tne Doarus, ny
a person of no small repute, that the lable
of Mnchetfi would make a great and sue
cessful traa-edv. I need only point to Mac-
leth to immortalize the Judgment of that
man. This play is indeed for many reasons
worthy of careful study and contempla
tion. The poet's attack on the popular be
lief In supernatural agencies, so prevalent
in his time, is a masterpiece of adroitness
nd skill. There is no tirade or nous,, no
charges against its followers, no nungimg
iM.iiitAnihii holipf itself or nersecution
of Its teachers. All these would but have
aroused tlie passions and prejudices or the
populace to no purpose, for persecution
but deepensaiid immortalizes the principle
weseek by such means to destroy. Avoid
ing this error, the poet quietly subject his
principal characters to the Influence of
these agencies. The result Is obvious. The
midnight hags conduct, ineir victims to
in la in v anu rum. o m r io .n... i . .
ful ould have been found to Impress the
moral lesson. It is a masterstroke and does
credit not only to the head but the heart
of the poet. The play, resting alone upon
its own intrinsic merits, in a wuuuci uu
niece nf composition, and is certainly one
of the most solid pillars on which the fame
of the great bard reposes. It exhibits the
nnesl plays OI imagination, a runuu: iu-
sight into the causes of things and the
philosophy of results, added to an array of
metaphysical disquisition and gnomic wis
dom, that makes us pause and wonder at
the extent to which the human mind may
he developed. Besides it is scotch, ana tne
human heart is wont to feel a common
thrill at the name of Scot and. There lib
erty found an early friend; there, fhe perse
cuted spirit of religion sougni sneiter
blighting centuries of oppression; there,
the trod of war pressed to his bloisly bos
om the white armed angel of peace, for in
hervallevs the peaceful scenes oi prayer
were undisturbed, while on her bleak and
barren hills the Roman eagles first were
made to halt. From an early day she has
been scarred with the knifeand the dag
ger. Her hills and her valleys have been
bleached with enemies, bones, while every
foot of earth anil every fathom of water
have been made historic by the daring
deeds of her children. For centuries she
resisted aggression and struggled in lier
own rode way lor ireeaom; ior ceniuries
wave after wa e of imperial aggre-sioii was
rolled buck from her snores; lor centuries
her valor and her sufferings have mingled
together and still flow in wanu currents
through the great ocean of history. Legion
after legion, horde after horde of mercenary
hlrclinos have been hurled upou her in
ii nick succession, but like the salamander
when encircled with Are. she recoiled
from the blghting heel of the tyrant,
while tho shouts of victory ana of vengeance
hocd along lier valleys ami revcriKraun
anions- her hills, as the gathering c'nn
eave Imck the wild war shout of the chief.
tsins that led them to carnage.
Shakspeare has created two characters
n this plnv. that would crown him with
immortality If he had done nothing else.
There is something In them that wins upon
our imagination and chains us to tneircon
temptation and study.
Tbougn created hundreds of years ago,
thev are so natural, so life like, such ties
aud blood creations, sucn laiintui types oi
the suspective ideas, that we almost imag
ine we see them and start from our rever
ies as if to avoid their Intrigues. I refer of
course to Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. Mac
beth is Indeed a masterstroke. In this pi
ture, the lights and shadows are so cleurly
defined, the impersonations so perfect, ev
ery feature is thrown upon the canvas with
so much distinctness, that we are at. a loss
which most to admire, the painting or the
painter. At first his whole uature seems to
be warmed with the fires of patriotism. lie
siioenrs lo seek no other fame than what
will flow from sacrifice and suffering In the
cause of right. The pride of Ills menus
bl. st with the connilenceoi Ills party, sur
rounded bv t he sweets and comforts of ilo-
neatie bliss and fir-il with a noble ambition
for his country. c feci that his march
must of necessity be on ward and upward,
A loft v benevolence and the most generous
Impulses sneak through all ins actions.
His virtuous and daring spirit fills us at
once with admiration and awe. His.chival
cousnature wins us completely and as the
rumor of his achievements flows iu upon
us. we exclal ii with Duncan that, "more
is bis due, than more than all cm pay.'
An la voluntary crv of applause esca pes us
as he returns from the wars, covered with
wt-unds and with glory, his sword reeking
In the blood of his enemies, tne people ev
er, where hailing him as a benefactor and
pouring pravers and benedictions on his
head, the messengers of the king silutiiig
him as the new made thsne of Cawdor, ail
things combined to do him honor, his cup
of happiness and of gleal neM seemed indeed
to lie lull to the overflowing. It !- pleas
ant to contemplate, this phase of the pic
ture, for a generous spirit rejoices when
energy and virtue are crowned with suc
cess. His only meaner birds, that would
liar the eagle jn his pathway to the skies,
But when I lift, picture is reversed aud lit:
starts along the devious and descending
pathway of crime, there is no gilt lras-ry
to screen bis vices, but each action with
IM motive Is laid bare, and we watch with
retrret the fllaht of his virtues. At every
step sliadow-t darkened the canvas. The
cold calls of ambition take the place of pa
triotic zeal. The lormer lair features oi iu
nocenee are blotched and blistered with
gouts of blMMl. Treachery, the Imxest and
the meanest of all human failings, with if.
long retinue of crimes, leapt inlo the
place of honest candor. That energy, O'ice
redolent of virtue and active In the cause of
liberty anil Justice, is now devoted to dark
intrigues of murder and midnight assassi
nation. And we are not surprised, "when
tlie mischiefs he has done return to plague
the inventor. lint when the picture unric
ein mid deepens into blacker shades, when
his hands are red with blood and bis heart
Is foul with murder, when the prophecies
olthe midnight hags begin to work out
their fulfillment and to mark his destiny,
when the flashing stel has already opened
an avenue to his heart, when he stiffens in
death and we lean forward to catch the last
sound of life, while Macduff still plunges
his dagger Into the bloody corpse, we can
not ask for mercy or stay the hand of ven
geance, for we but feel that "even handed
justice has lecommended the ingredients of
the poisoned chalice to hi-t own Hps."
But the prominent feature of this play
Is IjuIv Macbeth. This character, in my
judgment, is by far the most arlistlc crea-
iion in ine wnoie reaim oi wmj. &oimt&,
lieautiful and glfteilshe was a queen by na
ture, and aqueen by descent, for her vlens
swelled with the royal blood of king Ken
neth Macduff. Inheriting the graces of gen
tle blood and the courage of the Caesars,
she seemed to sun herself in the rising glor
ies of her huslmnd, and not only confirmed
his wavering ambition, hut marked his
pathway to a crown. She eagerly enters
into his bloody plans, she urges him
with stiuglng reproaches far past the bounds
of his own proud nature, aud as If afraid
t list her woman's nature might give way
before the rising spectres of so many crimes,
she curdles our blood with that hair stiffen
ing a postrophe to the murdering ministers,
"Unsex me here,
'Fill me. from the crown to the toe, top
(if direst cruelty.
From this time she pauses at nothing,
never stopping to consider results, halting
justice and numanity, she turns the softness
of tier sex into auHiiunt, anu hurries on
with the sweep of events, dazzled and
charmed by the glittering jewels of a crown.
Royalty gleamed like a baleful fire in the
dark folds beyond and she resolved to
grasp the bauble. She passes through mur
der, through falsehood and all the dark
avenues of crime, on and still on, over in
nocence and peace, alter the ignis fat mis
gi cam, on anil still on, vtampi g npou the
unpitied cries of distress and spurning the
entreaties of friends, out, out into the black
and barren desolation, warmed by no fire
of love, cheered by no ray of light, save
the flickering glare of the false hope that
Iss-koned her forward, on and still on,
until the taudry bauble paused among the
Iiutrld corpses of innocence. In the charnel
muse of virtue. It eludes her grasp nik
longer. The jewels glitter in her hand, but
solitude and wretchedness blister in her
heart. The goal is won, but the lamplight
of success glares like a ghostly banner on
the cold, black skies of midnight. Love,
confidence and air the warm currents, that
flow Into and soften the rougher realities
of life, were changed lo siiectral shadows,
that haunted her thoughts like torment
ing demons. No friend was there to kneel
and sav, "God save the queen." No hoary
locks were there to blts her with the pray
ers of age. no youthful lips to break the
barren solitude of the soul. Her heart was
a deolate waste, from whose caverns ev
ery virtue fled and nothlug refcted but the
salt surfwecds of bKterness." Every feel
ing of integrity grew putrid in the stagnant
pools of vice, the birthright was gone and
the red pottage already began to pall uion
her taste, and as her sickening sens-s
quivered iu the reptil-? fangs, that drew her
down, down, to the black aud plangent
maelstrome, how she must have recoiled
from the slimy isize, as she wept and pray
ed for the friends and the innocence of oth
er d.ivs. But those friends and that inno
cence could return Jiq more. The light of
her life was gone, anil in that acep mia
nlght of the soul, memory alone could ieo
ple her fancy with the spectres of crime.
She had murdered, sleep, and she could
sleep no more.
Presentation of Gavel to 1he flub, made
of Hollywood, and cut near Stratford, upon
Avon, bv the Rev. H. A. Jones, who said
tlml he had prepared an essay in accordance
with t tie request of the Club, but there were
several reasons whv he would not deliver if.
First, ihev had JuM listened lo au eloqiu-ut
address from Capt. Bond, in which the geni
us of Shakspeare had been set forth In glow
ing imagery; again, he did not think it ad
visable to have two essays on the same sub
fect on the same night, and that he would
reserve It for some ot her occasion. He stated
that he had visited the birthplace of Shaka
iienre a few weeks ago. Stratford on Avon
is a beautiful country town in "Warwick
shire. It is one of those quiet, rural towns,
only to be found in the quiet out-of-the-way
places of Europe. Qualntness and antiquity
would impress the visitor atevery step. The
half timbered halls, the ancient church, the
river moving slowly and solemnly between
its broken banks. Passing from the town
you follow the river through rich, grassy
plats, the banks . studded with a noble
growth of oaks and elms. It is the very pic
ture ot peace. Heautiful as are the nil is ana
vales; enchanting as are the fields, flowers
and woods, the chief charm is the river as it
winds granuiy like a thing or life ana beau
ty, on some mysterious errand, the sun
beams play upon Its surface. Hewers enamel
usiwiiKN, anu see (iteir iorms renecieo
Its waters: no wonder the poetic soul
Shaksnenre hein me enrnnliire.l hv tti
daily contemplation of such a scene. Whll
musing o'er his grave, my mind conjured np
a vast circle oi acquaintance ine creation
ot tne inventive genius oi tne poot. niey
stood around me In all the familiarity
old acquaintance. onder stood bright
Prince Harry, with his merry companions.
Poins. Bardolnh and Pistol, aud there
comes the valiant Sir John on his way to the
battle of Shmwshnrv. and tne aisles become
crowuea witn crownea ana coroneieu neaus
heroes, heroines, scholars, wits, vagaries.
real and fantastic, who like all tne genera
lions of bygone time, have enacted theii
brief hour upon the stage. Before leaving
Stratford. I obtained a nart of a bough
Holly from which this Gavel was made. In
itself It is of no intrinsic value, but to this,
the Columbia Shakspeare Club, I hope
may be valued on account of its historic asso
ciation. May it long be sounded lnyourclub-
room, ana may lis souna oe laminar in
each of von for many, many years to come.
John R. McClelland, Ksq., In receiving the
Gavel in behalf or tne Club, sain:
In accepting, sir, on behalf of the Shags-
peare Club, tins eloquent testimonial a
volir hands. I feel that. T would challengi
criticism from this more than critical audi
ence. if I were to attempt to say but a few
simple words in expression of our heartfelt
thanks. This offering, coming as it does
from you, brought from another laud and
from another clime; cut from a spot so full
of histrionic and historic associations; from a
laud where shakspeare was born, bred and
"A land of every land the nrlde.
Beloved by heaven o'er all the world beside;'
the land oyer which Shakspeare wandered
and played when a boy, whose beauties ami
uiim; lore, ha a mail, uv uui in ins iiihs
It comes to us to-night so full freighted with
its sacrea memories, that it speaks a lan
guage of its own. far more eloquent than
have tongue to utter. It has been your hap
py fortune to have lately made a pllgrlmaze
to mat snrine tne noble tomo or f.iigiaiui s
greatest nam wnere tne irreat ana learnea
of all nations have loved to linger, fo do
reverence ts his sacred ashen. But, thougli
one nation and one people alone can claim
Its Stratfonl npon Avon, still there is
grander inheritance, this book, the plays of
.-MiHKspeare. jn wnicn an nations can equal
ly share. It may lie true that whilst living
Shakspeare was only a strolling player
"the applanse, delight, the wender of the
stage;" but Shakspere dead has become the
grauuest or that grand age in wnicn lie lived
the greatest in our literature the greatest
in all literature. No man ever came near to
him in the creative powers of the man; no
man had ever such strength at once, and
such variety of Imagination. Coleridge has
most felicitously appnea to a uroeK epitnet,
given oeiore to i Know not wnoin, certainly
none so deserving of it. which means the
I housand Souled Shakspeare. It often so
occurs we honor the reverence to noble
tombs too Implicitly, to believe that anv
great man, whilst living, can equal a grent
ui.-in aeaa. A great man dead is, as it were,
a snrinea meal of excellence; a great man
living is a struggling fellow mortal. As
some one has said, the one is Hercnles
soiled from mortal stone, when separated
from mortal labor, who has ascended from
the Ore-pile to the Nectar Hall of Olympus;
but the other is the Hercules who, if at one
time he Is valiantly slaving the Hydra, and
calmly burning the very Powers of Oreus. is
seen at another time the effeminate slave of
Omphale or the frenzied murderer of Im-
phitus. But, sir, coming teack to my snblcct,
this branch of Holly, emblematic of "peace
ami goodwill to all men,"slnce it hashcenthe
custom in other countries, noon the coming
in men i nrisimas lesnvai, to accurate with
Its green foliage the sacred temples of God's
worship we accept it, fashioned so artisti
cally to Its present use, as a token of your
good will to us in our alms and aspirations,
ami trust it may serve to keep "green the
memory of Shakspeare" within our hearts,
as well as the memory of you, who have af
forded us the pleasure of receiving a gift at
your hands, and In behalf of the Shakspeare
Club, I promise you each succeeding lresi
dent will use It In an earnest endeavor to re
tain within onr body peace, unity and fra
A Notable Wedding: Mt Spring Hill.
Mr. Samuel A. Pointer, of the vicinity of
Spring Hill, has reason to be proud of his
children. Within the past five years three
handsome and aecom pllshed daughters.
Misses Mary Lou, Willie and Sallie, have
married. Five years ago lost Tuesday night.
Miss Mary Lou married Mr. Will M. Chealrs,
and enjoys the reputation of being now one
of the finest women in all the country,
and of having a sterling yonng business man
for her busluind. A year or two later Miss
Willie married Mr. Cannon, grandson of
Gov. Cannon an excellent young man. She
is a magnificent looking woman. Ijist Tues
day night Miss Sallik was married to Mr.
Thomas M. Bkadlky, of Franklin. The
marriage tiok place in tlie Presbyterian
Church at Spring Hill, which was beauti
fully decorated and full of people. The
church itself is very neat, mndvst and attrac
tive, ami was made very beautiful and ap
propriate for the solemnization of marriage
vows I iet ween two whom love, and nothing
else, brought to the altar. It was a real love
match. Hev. F. A, Thompson, of Franklin,
united the couple with a tew well chosen
and appropriate remarks. lielow we give a
a list attendants:
Mr. .1. W. Chealrs and Miss Bet tie Bradley.
Mr.N.H. Bradley and Miss Mante Hatton.
Mr. Henry A. McLemore and Miss Annie
Mr. Robert B-ndley and Miss Lizzie Atchi
son. Mr. David Konnedy and Miss Hattle Mc
Gavock. Dr. S. McGavock and Miss Susie Perkins.
Mr. W. H. lUtlltt'iind Miss Bena Childress.
Mr. John H. Henderson and Miss Rose
After the marriage, a long train of elegant
carriages and buggies won seen going down
the pike in the direction of W.M. Chealrs
residence, where a reception was giv
en In lionor or the newly married
couple. Soon the young people were
engaged In dancing, except a few who
preferred to talk, there were two or three
gent lenien to one lady, and therefore every
lady was a "isMlenower," as a t raiiklin gen
tleman. Mr. McGavock, so prettily said. The
si.xtii-n attendants attracted the attention
of ls-lmlders, by their handsome appearance,
and rich and costly attire. About eleven
o'clock supper was announced; and never
have we seen or partaken oi a trttr o;:e.
There was no vulgar display, but it was. a
real, genuine good supper. F.verythivig was
in good taste. The bride's cake was beauti
ful. On the icing of one of the cakes was a
significant desig-i : A pack of hounds after
a tox, with a huntsman's noru ana (he
words "S. A. P," in the centre meaning Mr.
S: A. Pointer, who isa great fox hunter. Mr.
Hkaki.ky. the handsome bridegroom, is a
firoinising young merchant of Franklin, and
M'longs to a fine family, noted for their
Is-autv. He has won a bright and beautiful
girl; one who was at the head of her classes
at school, and since her drtnit in society had
a host of admirers from Williamson, Maury
and Giles. His Honor John P. Brown, May
or of Columbia, was there, looking very
young and handsome, and divided tlie wit-
tv savings with Mr. Wiley tanbrj-, Mr. I p
shaw, Mr. Gault and Mr. Bob Bradley. The
house was lieautlfully decorated wit h ever
greens, and over the mantel-piece of the
dancing room was this appropriate wvnl.
HAPFINKSS," artistically wrought In ev-
ergreen flowers. The evening was made
verv charming ana pleasant to the guests
by 'Mr. and Mrs. Chealrs, Major N. F. Chealrs
and Mr. s. A. iminter. Williamson, Maury
anil Giles were represented by handsome
ladies and gallant gentlemen, and altogether
it was an occasion long to be remembered.
MT. PLKA8AHT ITCK8.
On Thursday afternoon the much talked
of wedding of Mr. Felix Kindel and Miss
Mollie Irwin, took place at Porter's Chapel,
three miles east of here. The ceremony was
Performed by our presiding Elder, Rev.
Wellliorn Mooney. The attendants were,
Mr. Willie Hughes and Miss Fannie Mc
Clinchy; Mr. John Giddens and Miss Sallie
Bond. The marriage was followed by a
brilliant reception at the residence of the
bride's father. Cant. W. M. Irwin.
on Friday, December the 3d, Mr. and Mrs.
William Kindel eave a dining to about t wen-
ty of their friends, who were invited to meet
Mr. and Mrs. Felix Kindel. A most delight
ful day was enjoyed, as is always the case at
ill's nospitable house.
The pictures sold by Mr. Nlelson of Gener
als Kobt. K. Lee, Joseph E. Johnston and tin1
immortal stonewall Jackson, are really ex
quisitepositively embodying flesh and
blood on canvas. The soft dewiness of the
eyes, the velvet richness of whiskeis, as well
as the dim, hue and pallor of wrinkled age.
certainly there is not a hero-loving Heart l
the nation that will not throb with warmtt
as thev look unon these noble faces, which
have been so splendidly executed by the ar-
iisr,ana wnicn snouiu iurnisu a loving anu
Ileum ifnl trilkiit to tlielr mpiimn.
Mr. Nim Williams, one of the NV'altons of
this place, went bobbing around in lflinaio
last week, ana came WHitzing nome u- jew
days ago wit h a three pound trout, the only
one he caught. Nimrod is an excellent
sport, and one of the most skillful brethren
or the angle, but he savs he has too High
regard for the sublime an. I lteantlful to niak
his head go whirligig bv bobbing in Buffalo
anymore. It wilidofof a stray artist like
Bulger, or a roving student like I'sher, who
inas.es penouical excursions t .Morris' Mill,
on Big Creek; but It don't suit cultivated
nsnermen like himself, George Connor, MaJ
B -n Harris and Col. George F.Akers.
Col. N. W. Jones, of Puddle Duck Creek,
Kiuea nogs iasi i uesaay. 'i lie largest weigh
ed sixty pounds the lialance were small.
He says he scalded them In a powder keg.
The Baleiah Xorth Carolina Sentinel Is the
liveliest and the most spicy paper we have
uau ine pleasure oi perusing since tne
palmy days of the Isiieroiuie IH inocrut. Its a
warm cross between Uriek Pomerov and W
G. Brownlow, fusil oil, red pepper and a nest
of thoroughly aroused hornets combined
with rattlesnakes and yellow-Jackets. It
calls President Grant a mongrel, Jaybird
heel land pirate, and John Wilkes Booth
the over-impulsive young patriot. Hoop
em up, aitiH-tre uonan: uoop -em up;
Large numbers of F.nglish snipe, on their
migratory course South, are stopping to feed
in tne lneauows ana low iand. in tins vi
cinity. This bird is regarded by Kpicures,
as oeiug next to tne wikmicock, in lulcy
sweetness and delicacy of its flcKh. and far
superior to the quail in flavor. One pre-
parea a in .iiaj. jiowen, was me. most Ueiic
Ions food that ever went down our enopha
gus to mingle with the happy family in our
ltev. A. J. M. hosier, oi tills place, a re
markable genius, has Invented what he
terms a Wr at er Elevator, for conveying wa
ter from wells or springs long distances bv
means of a wire. It is so eontructed. that
It works easily and quick. Those who have
tried it, are entirely satisfied. He proposes
to put them up in good working order at
the following prices: Thirty dollars for the
first hundred yams: twenty for the second
and ten for the third. As Parson Foster is a
gentleman of great inventive proclivities,
we hope ue will meet the success that he so
Mr. Johnson Long, who lives near by, had
his smoke-house broken into one night last
we k, by some light-fingered person or per
sons, and several pieces of meat were miss
ing. W e hope these thieves will he found
out and arrested, that the law may lie put In
force against them. Such acts as the above
are becoming quite frequent in this vicini
ty, and something must be done to put a
stop to this outlawry.
there win be a sacramental meeting at
the Presbyterian church In this place next
Sabbath. Dec. the 12th. The Rev. C. Foster
W ilhams. an eminent divine, is expected
and will assist the Rev. J. 8. Fricrson, on
Mr. Willis w. Conner, lias recently re
turned from Mississippi bottom, where he
hns been for two months. He says crops are
spienai.i anil game pientiiiii in that "sec
turn" of the country he visited. He is an
old sport and knight of the trigger, and
thinks with a breech-loiuier, he coma kill
ear and deer enough to feed a wife and
fifteen or more children.
Col. M. L. Stockurd. left last week for
I'tckensville, Ala., on a business trip.
Owing to the fact, that our wits have been
a wool gathering, with a iiin tarn attend
ing to tne Knitting ot our irienu, jiick new,
who in his royal majesty, made classic by
his own writing, calls us "Cross Slim Jim
and forked-eyed Nat." We have fulled to
gat her several ponderous columns of nnre-
laole anil uninteresting uenu, winch we
suppose our worthy friend will make a note
of. Well Jesse! we would like to know who
Slim Jim is; we supisise he is connected by
marriage to the reinarkableand promlscooiis
family of Browns, of which you are a mem
ber, and which is like Mr. Satrostiiniicl's au
dience, not large but respectable.
SPKIKe HILL ITEHS.
To the Editor of the Herald and Mail:
Please permit me to state in reply to the
correspondent who signs himself "C. T.,"
that If he will study his grammar and dic
tionary a little closer, he may be able to ac
cept the challenge I here offer, viz: That if
he or any other colored man don't think I
am what I profess to bo, ami thinks he can
handle me in an argument, let film apiHiint
the time, place and subject, and I will ac
commodate him. Yours Respectfully,
Rev. Of as. C. G. Tavi.oh, D. IK,
Pastor 2d Bap'stCh., Columbia.
The Ponad Festival.
On last Tuesday night the Indies of the
Presbyterian Church gave a "Pound Festi
val" at the Session Room of the Church.
Although the night was inclement, n good
many were present, l-.very person that
went carried a pound of son let bin g, or pn id
twentv-nve cents at the door, and were giv
en a pound. After the crowd had gathered
the articles wen- all sold at auction by
Missrs Julius Fleming, John Fricrson, J. S.
Beechcr, and S. D. F. MeF.wen. A iierson
would bid not knowing whnt they were buy
ing, which caused great merriment. A large
sized turnip sold for twenty-five cents; a
pound of sawdust oroughl sixty cents, ah
old rusty lock was sold po the Clerks of one
of our marts for sixty-five cents, ami he im
mediately wrapped it up and It was again
sold for thirty-five cents. AVe were amused
at a certain young man not long marrled,-
who bid off a nice box and presented It to
his better half with a "A present for ray
wife." When it was opened there was an au
dible smile and some red faces.
Some thirty or forty dollars was realized.
and from this success we would suggest a
The ls'll irns tolled the hour of nine, and
a erowd Is waiting there; "Silence In Court,"
Is what we hear as Stockell takes the chair.
Friends," said he. In a low, firm voice, "a
word I would siieak to you; in the Court
then' will order be,or I'll tell you what I will
do, I will fine in dollars from one to ten, aud
I'll liet you a dime well have order then.
W here is Captain Jim: we will now trv
him. for bursting a cracker one night. He
is wlrv and iKild, and hard to hold, but we'll
wing 'him iu his flight." "How much?"
says Jim you don't scare him as he lays
l lie money down, "iweniy-nve ana cost.
his Honor said, which caused Sir James
to frown. "Without a word he pays the tin.
but on his face rone a small sized grin, which
sisike as plain as -words could speak, "for
this nay s wora, l win mane you squxsn. '
"Now Lieutenant Joe, I'll have you to
know, you've endaaercd our limbs and our
lives vou've frightened the brats more than
fortv-nine cats, and caused us a row with
the wives; so Joseph my man.be as quick
as von can, pay us in cash fifty-three. Now
lie a good boy, play with some other toy,
and let crackers Vie thrown in the sea.'
"Well," said Joe, "if I must I must, but its
might v hard for one little bust."
The iiext to come Is honest (! Tom, who
marches up with smiles nnd smirks. "Five
dollars I'll charge, which is not very l"rge,
but will help to build our Water Works.'1
"If vour Honor will only lower the flgger, I
swear I'll never hit another n igger." His
Honor smiled a wee wan smile, but coil Id n t
dolt for Tom's own child. Unknown to
fame comes Mary Jane, a dam-eyed colored
lass: she had had a tight, which wasn't right;
so she will help to buna me gas. -Now boys
all, both great and small, let this to you be
warning take your orotners, go nome to
vour mothers, or they might have you in
Court in tlie morning. J i s Civitk.
Howell's Iower Mills.
To the Editor of the Herald and Mail:
We have not had any fare weather in some
lme. The farmers are not. sowing wheat;
here is a considerable amount of cotton to
lck and corn lo gainer the weather is
warm and wet. There has been , some hogs
killed we are rattier uneasy as to the keep
ing of pork this warm weather. The stock
of hogs for next year will be good If no dis
ease gets among them; we have the corn to
feed to them. Money Is scarce and stock of
II kind are cheapexcept fat hogs: we will
have todo like we did last summer, get a
sident a time, those that cannot get that
much will have to get as much as they can.
t laaes an me cotton money io pay mer
h.mt and grocery bills; if u fellow has a
ale that he wants the money on he has to
nut up sometiody that does not owe any-
hing In town to ship it and get him the
money, then he feels a little Isul over that.
We nre all wanting to pay our debts, rut we
are compelled to have something to live on
r we get suea nna our property ir. led on
and sold; It will not pay the cost. We ought
to be more indulgent.
The wild geese are very numerous In the
river at this time: they are stopping In the
cornfield on the river every day eating what
Mr. W hitson has opened liLs picture
gnllery up stairs at Dr. Sharlier's. He Is til
ing some piciuresanu on reasonaoie terms.
Ijpoii Brazier had his horse trimmed and
perfumed in town; wc think lie is going to
sve his picture niKen ior some young lady,
(though he denies it.
Mrs. Klizalieth Brazier Ielt her home last
Monday for Texas; she is going out to see her
iHtives in Collin and larrant County. .Mr.
Melville Stone also left in company with
her. He is going out to Texas to teach
school; we wish him such success as he de
serves: we look on him as a model young
man anu a gmiu teacher, nicy are goiug
the northern rouie.
Jim Cook went down to Nashville on last
Monday to lay In astock of family groceries;
among other things he brought on a lot of
nice toys to please the little girls and boys.
Mr. Jacob Bennett, who has lsen tend
tng Col. Sowell's Lower Mills this
year, Is going to move back to his farm, nesr
Kowell s upper mills, jake s health is not
good; it takes a stout, able lsidled man to
make a miller. The Colonel has employed
a man by the name of Hodge for the miller
next year. He is nn experienced man at
We are told that our Constable, James
Williams, will resign his office soon, and
t hat B. F. Cranford, F.sq. D. K. Hayes and
Polk Sowell are candidates in the upper end
of the district, and Billy Sowell Is a candi
date in the lower end of the district, that is
districts. D. G. Holcomb, Rufus Lisenby
anil James Williams, for magistrate. We
do not know whet her or not Mr. J as. 'Wil
liams Is a candidate or not; he resigned the
constable officeon account of hlsaged father,
who has lost his rationality. Tha old man
has to be watched, and It requires some man
to do it. The magistrate's office would suit
him lietter than the constable on that ac
count. Yours Ac,
, FHIMfDSmp'S TRIBUTE.
When it was first whispered in soft accents,
.that she, the fairest, the loveliest and the
most healthful of all the daughters of Co
lumbia, was In feeble health, and thought
to be In a rapid decline, it created in this
place the most anxious fears, for here she
was well known. Here she had spent many
of her happy girlhood days, and here, were
many kindred hearts that felt tho deepest
solicitude for her recovery. But the fell de
stroyer nan marked her for its victim. Wast
ing consumption emaciated and enfeebled
Vo iy:.which' but n few short months
i iToi"? ,ve,y Perfection of symmetry
ndhealtlirninePs. The rosy hue of health
faded from her cheek, and death claimed
her as his own. "I ts sad to see one so young,
so lovely, so amiable, the idol of her huS
bnnd's heart, and the center of afieetion of a
large family circle, thus taken away, in the
early day of her wedded life, in the midst of
bright hopes of a long and happy life. Yet
all these she gave up without ft murmur.
looking by faith across the cold stream,
which she felt was already coming up
around her, to a lietter inheritance where
sickness and death never enter. The last
act of her life was, commemorating, at her
own request, with her belovi-d pastor and a
tew trienas, the death and sufferings of Him,
Who Sltid "IWkthiu ill run iutnl,r.n se ef ,vir "
This ended, as quietly and sweetly as an in
runt falling to sleep on the bosom of Its
mother, she closed her eves on all earthlv
scenes, and escorted by kindred spirits, was
usu-rcu into ine transcenuani neautles and
glories of the heavenly world.
"The laurel wreath around thy pale young
Shall lade not, fall not in the coming
H"t green, and fresh, and beautiful as now,
Abe Gordon and wife, Lizzie, colored, who
reside on the Bryant farm In Hickman
county, have for the past few duys and
nights, lieen exceedingly religious, but Li z
zlo getting so much so inclined Friday
night last, wanted to attend church at Wil
llanisport', but Abe could not see that and
brought her a joe-darter over the head,
which brought on a general tight and a sep
aration, probably for aye.
George Sanders and Rnfe Stewart think
ing they needed some exercise Friday night
last. concluded they would wrestle; the lat
ter threw the former, spraining his ankle,
which will need no exercise for weeks.
Mr. Wm. Roberts of Green plulns farm, hut
not green in age, Thursday Inst, the day be
ing damp and cool, and not much wood on
hand, concluded he would try n limb or
two of a sycamore on the north bank of Old
Duck, nothing daunted. He climbed the
tree a short distance and down he came,
spraining his left knee.
One useful ornament on West Main street
ofthecityof Columbia, is the tiustv new
i ?.p ?.Wm- Shirley, Ksq. Its front yard is
iiottea here and there with pure marble mon
uments, tombs and head and foot stones,
most artistically chiseled, and for cheapness,
and durability cannot besuriuissed, and we
cannot see why many count ies will not l sit ro
il tze more freely home industry. For it isa
well known fact that Mr. Shirley spends all
of his Income In our county, and he has no
sufierior in his line.
Arklaud farm has a Kwe that had lnmim
twice this year once in tlie Spring, and
once in the Fall.
F.lder Boyle, Mormon, and Rev. Mr. Wilk
inson, Christian, hail an excited debate at
the stand, Shady Grove last week, on the
subject of Plural marriage, whether or not.
admissible by New Testament former for.
Shine through the dew-drops of affections I letter against from accounts, the discussion
tears." I was not a very pleasant one, unit ended
Little Laura Crnfton, a daughter of the late
J. Crafton, Ksq., came very near losing her
nie a tew nays ogo. sue was standing on
the hearth, when her clothes took fire and
in a moment she was enveloped in flames,
and started to run out of the room, but was
caught by her little friend, Florence Smith,
and while she held on to her with one hand,
smotnerea ine nre out witn tne other, and
although her tiand were pretty badly burn
ed, she never gave it up, but by her prompt
aud decisive action saved Laura from a
Horrible fate. Laura is a great favorite with
all who know her, and the pet of her sister,
..us. iwams, wiiu wnom sue lives.
SfH. CHAHLfH O. JONFN.
whose munificent liberality was mentioned
in the Hrral.ii, in connection with the
grand family re-unton at his fathers near
tins place, hns recently sent bv exnress to
the Hev. Kobert Gray, pastor of the Presbv.
rian church In this place, a lanrebnx of most.
delicious fruits, embracing California pears,
oranges, bananas, grapes, Ac, with instruc
tions to n vine wim certain lrlemls. From
practical demontratlon our reporter is able
to pronounce It, the finest exhibition of
rruit, ami tne most luscious ever seen or
tastea in this county. Mr. Jones is n na
tlve of Williamson county, commenced life
as a clerk in a drv-goiHl store, in Nashville.
and by his sterling integrity, and indomita-
m energy lias workea ins way up to tho
high position of a leading wholesale mer
chant oi tne city oi LOulsvuie. He is at
present engagea In the wholesale clothing
lusiness, and is worthy of the patronage of
our merchants, and doubly entitled to the
tradeof Williamson, for his wife is one of
the loveliest women of that county, so not ml
lor Its pretty women. His example in
worthy ot the Imitation of all of our young
of the Thompson Station neighimrhood, has
recently moved to .Maury county and set
tled near his father-in-law. the Jovial, Jolly,
kind and clever Walker Scott. Mr. Baugh
lielongs to one of the most respectable fami
lies in illiamson, ami Is a man or Honor
and worth and ns such we commend him to
his new neigh Isirs.
On our lost visit to this place, we failed lo
see upon the streets the pleasant face of our
friend, the talented cdltorof the-Ken'etc. We
n-gret to learn thai he was confined to hi
riKiin by an attack of bilious fever, which wc
hone inn v not orove serious, mif I I but ere loner
"Richard may Isj himself again," and able
lo wieitt that pen, which lie Handles so vig
orously ana amy in neiian oi gooa govern
meiit, and for the special interest of Wil
mwrord. who it will be remetn bered was
committed to Jail in Franklin some time
ago, upon n charge of rape, was to have had
a hearing on last Sat unlay, before his Hon
or, Judge McLemore, on a writ of habeas
corpus, but on account of the absence of
state witnessi-, the ease was jsistpoued un
II t lie yith Inst. Crawford s Iriends lielleve
that It was another man and not hint that
perpetrated tins most diabolical act.
A young married man not far from this
Place, received lately from one of his old
sweethenrts a handsome collection of flow
ers, tied up with a nice ribbon, and accom-
pnniea by a loving note, an wnicn leu into
he hands or his beautiful young wife, who
enjoyed the Joke finely. 1 he lady who sent
me present mum I nearu oi ins marriage.
CHKISTMAS IS COMING,
nd so are the squilis, toys, torpedoes nnd
'liristmns tricks generally, to the drugstore
of Mr. Alonzo McKissnck, who will ever 1
found ready to wait upon all who may call
upon him, witli great affability and polite
t'su. n. t-. wei.i-s
performed the marriage ceremony for
aristocratic -ouple of darkies on last Sunday
night, according to the highest style ot the
MK..IAMKS M AHOy.
of Maury, made a raid into Williamson Inst
week, nnd captured a lieautiful young lady.
whom he brought home with him, as his
a wlul and wedded bride. Some of our boys
nought when they saw the hack possing,
hat it was Charlie Porter of the Mt. Olivet
i-ountry, as he had lieen suspected of cher-
ning some secret in-signs of trying to innKe
capture In that direction. There is to lie
many a change between this and the new
year, and Charlie may come in ycf.
THEGRANOK Ml 1,1,.
The stockholders of this fine estnblisment.
an- endeavoring to perfect arrangements tor
Its successful oiieration. As many of the
stiK"kholders are men of wealth and, among
them some of the ablest financiers, the pul
lie need have no fears in regard to its ultl-
nnte success. Such men as Mai. Brown
.'apt. Giljson, Mai. Chealrs, A. W. Potter, and
others are able and will pul It through, all
right. The house is large and lime
modlus. and the machinery unceptionable,
and with Dr. Moore as liook-keeneritnd gen
eral manager, iionesiy is gnrameeu anu con
fluence sec it red.
IF I SIIOI'LU IMF. TO-NIGHT.
If I should die to-night,
My friends would look ii(on my quiet
Herore they lain 11 in lis resting place,
And deem that death had left it almost fair;
And, laying snow white flowers agi.inst my
Would smisith it down with tearful tender-n-ss,
And fold my hands with lingering caress,
Poor hands, so empty and so cold to-night !
If I should die to-night.
Sly friends would call to mind, with loving
Some kindly deed the ley hand had wrought;
Some gentle word the frozen lips had said;
Krrandson which tlie willing feet had sped;
Tlie memory of my selfishness and pride,
My hasty words would all lie put aside.
And so I should be loved aud mourned to
night. If I should die to-nlgh!.
Even hearts estranged would turn once
more to me.
Recalling other days remorsefully;
The eyes that chill me with averted glance,
Would hsik upon mens of yore, perchance,
And soften In the old. familiar way.
For who would war with dumb, unconscious
So might I rest, forgiven of all, to-night.
O friends, I pray to-night
Keep not your kisses for my dead, cold brow,
The way is lonely, let me feel them now.
Think gently of nie, I am travel worn;
My faltering feet are pierced with many a
Forgive, O hearts estranged, I plead !
When dreamless rest is mine I shall not
The tenderness for which I long to-night.
B. in Christian Cnion.
To the Editor of the JleraM and Mail.-
At this time when everybody who can
seems to tie marrying I think of you, and
send this to inform you that South port is
flourishing. Mr. Scott Paterson has Just
iH'iiea a stock oi ary goous anu groceries at
his place. There Is also some prospect of
steam saw ami grist mm, ana irom pres
ent indications nothing would be in order
more, as all the young people seem anxious
to nave a House oi tneirown, ana as a con
sequence will need flour and meal. For sev-
r.-il months .Mr. ijuhvcii nintiiiews nas been
lsiting a Miss Znkely. of Giles, and it was
bought he wns anxious to learn how Mr.
Zakelv was pleased with some seed corn he
had got from said Matthews last spring; but
fhe truth came to light last Tuesday when
Ijafayette returned from his accustomed visit
to Giles, and introduced a Miss likely as
his wife. Now, Mr. Zakely says he would
not buy seed corn from any Maury Coun-
tlan under any circumstance. On the same
dnv Mr. Albert Smith nnd Miss Alice Haley
were mnnled by Rev. Mr. Holt, at the resi
dence of the bride's grand-father. There is
a pretty good prospect that all the young
people of this neigliborhoou will mate off by
Christinas. This will leave a group of three
or four old bachelors, who win nave to wan
for the next crop of girls, and time with
them is precious.
There is more wheat sown in this vicinity
than ever liefore, and it looks well, fine
corn crops, a fair supply of good iat hogs,
more stubble turned over tlftin ever liefore;
in fact, fanners have gone to work with a
vim, and at the same time seem to lie buy
ing less goods than ever before. Fkieno.
niptly. "Let us have peace and one good
Green Fulton, col., of the 17th district, died
last week of consumption.
nattier is an nospiiniuv. ana tne Hand
somest widower in the comity. Look out,
miss 1. i., tne nccompiisnea anu ix-aumui
queen of Arkland, has returned to "these
low grounds of sorrow" from a lengthy visit
to Columbia nnd vicinity, and he of the
auburn burnslde whiskers is happy
.Mr. josepn Harwell, oi uok crecK, wno
many oi the annual visitors at I'riinm s
Spring will remembcrns the man who has
corn to sell, hns been very much afflicted
witn rheumatism lately, but under the
skillful treatment of Dr. G. S. Fain, he is
nr. v . 1 . Hensley. nn iigrecabie and hand
some gentleman of Trlann, Ala., who has
been visiting his father, the worthy pastor
of the Methodist church at this place, re
turned to Ills home, and the "girl he left be-
innii mm last weunesuny.
S. S. Porter and family have returned to
the village, his old home. He left here sev
eml years ago for Shelby County, In compa
ny with several familes that were emigrat
ing to Texas. Mr. P. is not the only one of
the party that liaveconcludcd that this coun
try Is good enough, for we have heard of sev
enil of the Texas party that are coming
The printer made us erroneously state in
last week's items, thnt K. L. Williams had
sold to Col. J. W. S. Ridley, eleven mules: It
should have been, Joshua L. Williams. As
a general thing it would not be worth the
space fo make this correction, but in these
stringent Hems in money matters, credi
tors are rnther unfortunate, and ifltls sus
pected tliut a mnn hns any of Uncle Sam's
rags nlKHit him he is the recipient of sundrv
small "billet deux" inviting him to fork
over. We do not mean to insinuate that tlie
balance shcetsshow agnlnst our friend K. I
., but it such should be the case, the gen
tleman will please wait until he tell hus cot-
IIICKHAN t'OlHTV ITEHS.
Rev. Mr. Moody. Presiding F.lder of Cen
treville District, preached quite an interes
ting sermon in cenireville on w canesuay
night from Malachi, 4th chapter and loth
verse. He siienl several days with his many
friends in Cent rev ille, and left on Saturday
morning last to attend his Quarterly Meet
ing on Beaver Dam Circuit. Bro, Moody is
an efficient anil popular minislcrand a goisl
presiding elder. Is-likcd by all christian de
nominations and beloved by his own peo
ple. Bro. Cherry, preacher in charge of the
eiiire ine lrcuii, ineucneii io a large anu
appreciative audience on Sunday last, from
na I'saini, y ana oi. tsro. Cherry was m
large ol this circuit ihree years ago. ana
accomplished much gissl amongst our peo
ple, jus return gives entire satisinciion.
ana it Is Hoped He win be the means of re
claiming many of those who are indillcivnt
about their future weltaii
O. A. N ixon has retunn-d from a ten weeks
trip to Waverley, at which place Circuit
Court has lieen in session. He thinks Wa
verley is a brisk place for ils size; having
eight stores, two drug stores and many last
citizens, and if the near hills were set back,
tne town would expand to an eminent size
w i hruin .il I ia sno. - ;r..v-a iw.i.o.
borhood, passed through Centrevillc a few
days since from Obion and other counlics
on the N. W. Railroad, n nil says if lie could
sell his lands in our county lie would at once
move to some point on the railroad. Here-
ports lands ns being cheaper and thinks tl
health of the people Is as gissl as in our
county. He met hisold friend, MikhJ.v Mul
lins, who formerly lived at tlie Messrs. cla-
ell s. at l entreviiie. .Moody is now mar
ried, and wns advised by his wife last spring
to plant a patch ot sugar cane to Iurnisu
enough sorghum tor family use, ami not be
ing sufficiently versed in the numbered gals,
an ncie would produce he plmtcd
enough ground to yield himiui thirteen nun
dred gals, nnd being unable to procure
enough barrels to contain the same ne bunt
him an immense tana in his front yard, ana
filled It witli molasses. Moody thinks In
has enough to do him several years if his
tank does not spring a leak
our farmers have commenced what t apt
IKirnes. of nshing notoriety, terms ineirpea
nut trains to Nashville; every week from
four to a dozen wagons leave our count v
freighted with peas, wheat or cotton, and
carries in each two horse wagons nlsiut a
thousand pounds of pnslucts, and four horse
leam win carry anoui eighteen hundred
pounds, taking from six to nine days to
make the ttip. Tlie load of ihus netting
them, after deducting the price of handling,
which is one dollar ier hundred uounds.aml
getting say one dollnrper busliel for their
peas, which isiuiuui imi iy uoiiars, auu win
get about six dollars for their thousand
pouuds of wheat, and not nnfrequently one
or two hands extra of the driver . accompa
nies each wngon; and still our fanners tell
us we do well without a railroad, liex-ause
they say our fathers never lind anything of
that kind, and why can't we do as well us
OurSunday school at Centreville is in a
flourishing condition, under the manage
ment of Professor Halhach: have a very-
large number of pupils and au excellent
set of teachers, and very extensive prepara
tions are lieing made to the erection ol a
Christ mas tree and concert for Christmas.
The music under the arrangement of Mrs.
Johnson, is excellent, and if the Editor of
the IlEHAI.n Axn .MAIL win visit us on mat
occasion he will lie kindly received and hos
pitably entertained. Come down.
For the Herald and Mall.
The Honey Bee is divided Into three classes,
viz: Thetiueen, the Drones and the Work
ers. There are several species of the Honev
Bee, among them nro the black bee, the Li
garian or Italian lec, the Egyptian bee, ami
the Cyprian bee of each of these spectra we
will speak of in our next article, our object
In the present article being to write onlv
aliout tlie different classes of the bee, and in
doingso we claim no originality, but sim
ply condense the ideas of distinguished
There ishut one queen in every colony of
liees, and she Is the mother of the col'ouv.
She is the only perfect female in the hive
and all the eggs are laid by her. Her shape
is very different from the other bees, as will
be seen by comparing Illustrations of each.
The following is a cut nf the queen:
"While she Is not so bulky as the drone,
her IkmI.v is longer, and as it is considerably
more tapering or sugar-loaf in fonn than
taint of a woraer, she has somewhat a wasp
likeapiieiirance. Her wings are much shor
ter in proportion than those of the drone or
worker." Her motions are generally slow.
No colony can long exist without her, and
when taken frum them they are thrown in
to a great slate of agitation. During the
breeding season she lays from two to three
thousand eggs a day, and commences lav
ing very early in the season. She Is ferti
lized in flie nir nnd on the wing, which
lasts her for life. If confined to the hive al
ter being hatched so that she cannot fly and
become fertilized, she will lie what Is called
a drone layer her progeny being altogether
oi mm species. I nuke tne otuer nees sne
Is hatched in a cocoon, the cell of which in
the iiive very much resemble the hull of
peanut, and is usually hatched in sixteen
days from tlie time tlie egg was laid. Her
fertility decreases with age, and she should
lie removed and replaced with another
whenever it appears tliat she dis-s not lny
su indent to keep up the numerical strength
of the colony. She is longer lived than the
other classes of tx-es, often living to live
yeais and upwards. In natural swarms the
old queen leaves with the swinn. she bus
a stiug but never uses It only when she
comes in contact with another queen anil
consequently is easily handled.
We now present n cut of the worker beo,
of which many thousands exist in a hive.
A good swarm should contain about ttMiml.
"They areal! inipcra-ctlv developed females.
They are much smaller than cither queen or
drones, mid are supplied with a probosls for
gathering honey, aud their li-gs are furnish
ed whu a simjoii siia(Hii noiiow, or oassei
for gathering ixillen." They are armed with
a sting, anil when provoked make Instant
and effectual use of it, which to many per
sons is very poisonous. The whole work of
the hive, except the laying of -ggs ts carried
on by the workers. Their average life is
said to lie about thirty days. 11 is true many
live io lie iiiucn older. 1 mring tne noney
harvest very lew will live longer, j nts inci
we liave fully demonstrated this summer,
having introduced some fourteen yellow or
Italian queens into as many black stocks.
This work of changing we commenced in
August, and by the first of November scarce
ly a black Is-e was to lie found. So what
else could have become of them unless they
were destroyed by death.
We now present a cut of the Uronc bee.
tiiiquiries by handing mo his herd book,
which he keej.s with exact care ami
punctuality, from w hich I myself obn
tainei these fact h. In this connexion
I will also tiiomiou niiotlicr luct, (thaw
ing bow prtxlilic this tneeil ol cattle
are. "Uuchif," k iioarly nolid dark
fawn with lieAutilul cranio skin, dro
pod a calf at twenty months old, uiis
carried 21st January, JXTo, and on 27tU
ot November last, brought twin belters,
making three hoi.'er calves at three
yeara and three montl.H old. "Ducble"
and Hoxana I'd, are tho queens of tba
hord. lier twins aro remarkably fine
calves, end aio so nr-nrlv alike that it
inquires the cloeest ii.Ktieotion to dis-
linguist one from tho oilier. This beau
tiful cow was lin d by Col. Waring, of
Otrden Farm, Khodo 'island, who U per
haps the lnott popular brr eder of Jer
sey cattle in the country. Miois out of
"Big Duchet-s," onu ol tlio best cows ot
the old 'fainter slock. I will not tax
your columns nor 3 our renders with h
particular description of the many
hoanti'iil heifers 11 ml calves of this line
herd. I will, bowevcr, venture to men
tion tho Met that ol tills I i-rd, M.
llrown lias collected iivo lUHccndauta 1.1
the celebrated cow "l'!ent ," who pro
duced 1 i pounds ol butter per week,
and was'a winner t. iheM, Louis Kair.
1 ine ol these, "1 usic." befoio mention
ed, was her fjraiiil d iuniitnr, her sire
aud dam were, also winners of the first
premium Hi Urn satno Fair, and four Jo
scendantsol the imported cow,"Kurnje,,
a great butter maker, and who is said to
have produced luoro Jiiyh juiefld ani
mals than any oo.v evnr imported into
tho United Nlato M;0 Wss sold for
six hundred dollars when twelve
years old. (inn ot Per dcKcondants In
Maj. HrownV herd, "Kllapi," is partic
ularly line and proinisicir, Mi-j. row 11
is now milking only tho ..is(y cows,
tbe olbers now in milk nro pr for tho
benefit ol their calves. Thoso live will
week. Mr. McKenzii-, tlio dairymuD,
gave me a look at lii.sspiiiig-house and
a lot ot goldeif-liiinl butter prepared by
his tidy II ighland v iio fur market.
It only remains for mo to mention
the lino Lulls, "I'ertimiti i" and "Tops.
.Sawyer," the kins u,io rulo the
quotum I have described, "l'crtinatti"
is a dark Hijuirrcl grsv shading into
black, and is a remarkably fmo animal,
and is tho im mediate descendant of tbe
best imported stock wlecled by Chas.
1j. Nbarploss lor his noted Lord. 'Top
Kawyer" is remarkable tor his yellow
nkin aud lino escutcheon. lie was bred
by Thos. J. Hand, oi New York, Presi
dent ol the Jersey 'attlo Club, aud is
one ol the leading breeders of the Uni
ted .States. 1 was particularly struck
with a lino young bull belonging to
Mack Campbell, w ho pur. based bim
atMaj.JlrowiiaiulO.pl. (jiiimou's vale
lasteummer. Mi.j. llrown thinks so
highly of li i 111 liiat ho hits borrowed
hiui to brr od to bis beilers. Ho is by
I'ertinatti outol JJoxana. Mai. llrown
has also a line herd id Devon cattle, but
has determined to soil the whole herd,
giviug as a ro.ison in bis circular, "1
have a largo number ol Jerseys, ami
finding myself unable to do justico to
both breeds, am comnnlled to sacri licit
the smaller herd."
I think the llevou will nrove the bosf.
breed lor beef for tho ltirire maioritv of
our farmers that can bo lound. They
are as cow slock what the llerkshire
hogs are as bog stock, and will yield
the largest return lor the amount of
feed Eiven. Mai. llrown oilers thisi
herd remarkably ' cheap coiiiiiareil to
the prices asked'lor tliein elsewhere.
1 will, sometinio soiiii. continue this
The drones are the male liees of the hivf
hundreds of which exist in the hive during
the honey season. "They are much larger
and stouter than the queen or workeis.
Their bodiesare not so long as those of the
queen. They have 110 sting or probosls for
gathering honey, no basket on their thighs
for holding bee bread, aud no pouches on
their abdomens for secreting wax." They
ts-rtorm no part ot the work 01 the hiv
l.l.'ll UUI l.lllL I', I toe
tion of young queens. They usually make
their appearance early 111 the spring, and
are destroy ed by the worker Ises soon after
t he close of the honey harvest.
I'l'he writer of the nlmve Jartleles besides
havinga practical experience isa suliscriber
to all the Kee Journals in the l ulteil stab's,
and endeavors to keen tullv misted In Kee
Culture, and anv question refuting to that
subject addressed to the HKHA1.I) AMI MAIL
will Is? unswered through its columns E11.1
11 a ary County Enterprise.
To the Editor a the 1I raid and Mail:
Mr. .loh 11 Kirk died in Memphis last
Saturday, in his 71st year. Mr. Kirk lived
here many years ago, and belonged to the
firm of ChaOin v Kirk, well known mer
chants of Columbia In the olden time, lie
was oneof (l. l'owhatan Uorilon's attt-n-
iliuii.s. when hv mtirritU
To the Editor of the Herald and Mail:
The Kev. W. T. Usscry preached at Akin's
Chapel last Sunday from the text, lam the
way, the truth and the life, John 14th and
ith. He preached a plain, common sense,
practical sermon. I wish we could have the
pleasure of listening to such every Sunday.
Mr. Vssery will be at Kock Springs Satur
day before the 3d Sunday in iH-cember.
There were several hogs killed In the neigh
borhood Tuesday and Wednesday of last
week. Alex Rummnge killed ten liogs that
weighed 2&M pounds. Mr.S. A. Nicholson
killed the best lot we have heard of, 12 hogs
weigh ing"2.Str2 ponnds.three of w liioh weigh
ed 1,HU. Messrs. Speed has lost T wenty-seven
hogs they brought from the North.
Mr. C. W. Hayes has a flourishing school
at Kock Spring; one of our teachers has
quit teaching gone Into better business,
that of visiting the ladies. I do not know
whether he w ill make it as profitable as it
was, heretofore, but hofe, however, he will,
as we think he needs an assistant.
Two young geiillemen of the Kock Spring
neighlsjrhood sny they know it did rain
Saturday night, forthey had the privilege
of feeling it but not seeing It, oneof of them
savs he was Invited back to eat turkey next
day, and from the size they said it was, it
must have been a two year old gobbler; but
he felt so sleepy next day about, twelve
o'clock he ooukl not go. ,
To the Editor of the Herald and Mail:
We had the pleasure of visiting the ex
amination of Prof. I). T. Johnson 'ssliiglng
class recently, and many ot the neighbors
and friends were out; had quite a nice time,
and were highly entertained by good music,
which made our souls rejoice witli the mel
lodic tonesand harmonic chords. The class
was examined on the rudiments of music,
and passed the examination estremely well.
The day was spent pleasantly, and had n
very nice dinner in the grove, spread and
managed by the tender hands of the ladies.
Prol. Johnson Is certainly a giwxl teacher,
and imparts the science of music to his class
es well; training and cultivating their
voices with the greatest facility. We would
al vise the young people of this community
to continue iu tlie practice of music and im-
firove their voices more aud more, for this
s a great part of our public worship and
iads many souls to the cause of Christ.
Yours truly, 1. H. Dobtch..
LIST OF LETTERS
Remaining In the Post Office at Columbia,
Maury Connty, Tennessee,
Bryant Sirs Hannah
Bunch Miss M
Cartwright P B
Campbell Miss Anna
Krwln Mrs Mary J
Knlton Miss Agnes
Fricrson MissS A
Iowell James M
Matthews K S
Mayes Miss Emmer
McKady Miss Kitty
IVlk Miss Mza
Powe'l J. H.
Sanders M rs N R
Krierson Mrs Rebecca Sinduster Mrs Adline
Fricrson Hon Uf standing josepn
Gloss W Vnderwood Miss J
HartmanMissC White JnoK
Harvev F I' Worley I, K
Handly A W. N.IUUHES, P. M.
A Stranrt Itrmnl by it Yoanar H" Bl
the rlh Hide t natk River.
A few davs ago I was informed by a young
man that the night before he dreamed that
St. Paul, the Apostle, said unto Mosses, the
Prophet of old, to arise and publish to the
people of Tennesse that there never would
be over an average of two hundred pounds
of cotton raised in the State again. Tbe
voung man certainly dreamed the dream,
for I know him to be a truthful fellow.
D. E. Dobtch.
RAIN I'ALIAT ASHWOOD.
Oiie am) seven-tenth inches..,
Fourand one-tenth inches... ,.
CAMPBELL STATIOS ITEMS.
Thomas Waldrop's troubles have not
yet ended. Since his cabin was burn
ed he got into a fuss with one of oi his
hands, a colored man, in settling with
him. The darky got some rocks which
he intended to use. Monroe Brown be
ing present and believing that Wal-
arop wouia snoot tne negro, got in ie-
tween tnern, and persuaded the negro
to put bis rocks down; the negro
thought if he could get bold ot Wal
drop, be cojild manage him very easily.
Waiting bis opportunity, he made a
dash at Waldrop, but Waldoti was too
quick, and shot bim, the ball striks
ing tbe negro in tbe forehead, glanced
around under the skin and come out on
tbe opposite side. The negro fell but
rose in a few minutes ana run in a
house; the wound is slight. This ended
Mrs. Barnett Qracey returned home
from Missouri on tbe 3d inst.. where
she has been absent for six months.
Mrs. Bills and Mrs. Moore returned
to their homes in Missouri a lew days
ago, after a sojourn of thrte months in
this vicinity among their relations and
Married at thr residence ol Mr. K. S.
Foster, on tbe 2d inst., Mr. T. K. E.
Koatwrigbt and Miss Fannie Foster.
Mr. Boatwright is a merchant from old
Tbe Key. Air. AlcKinsey delivered a
lengthy discourse Sunday the otb inst..
at Ever Green on dancing. lie said
that nearly all the dancine spoken of
in the Bible, took place in the day time,
and in the "pen air, and the sexes did
dance together, neither was it carried
on as entertainments as in modern times,
but as an expression 01 joy or praise.
He said it was entirely a worldly instil
tution. and whenever any religious ex
ercises were attempted to be introduced
in connection with it the dancing was
always broken np.
I-Jddy Campbell, col., an old servant
of the late John Campbell, died a few
days ago, and was buried at JJver Green.
Mr. Petty, of Jeighton, Ala., bad a
mortgage on a horse and mule, belong
ing to Mr. Shafier, one of his tenants.
About the beginning of this year, Mr.
Shafier took tbe stock and run away.
Ue came to C. 8. Williamson near this
place, and made a crop for him. He
let Jet Craig haye the horse and mule.
Mr. Craig let Mr. Latta of Columbia,
oave tbe horse, and let Ben Williams
have tbe mule, and Ben let Green
Fleming have it. Mr. Petty never got
on the track of Shaffer until about three
weeks ago. He found his stock in the
bands ol Latta and Fleming, and re
plevied the stock and took them home;
be failed to come np with bis late tenant.
Tbe gentleman from Kentucky that
the President has in his cabinet to look
after the financial part ol administra
tion has prayed himself worthy of the
high position be occupies. He ha? cre
ated a terror among toe Government
thieves in St. Louis that has no para
lel in this country.
McDonald it Co., can now sing the
1 ine by one the whiskey ringsters,
due by one we're coming to grief,'
ine by one tlie prison enter,
There to Jabor and reflect,
This is not exactly first class poetry,
but when we take into consideration
the charactr!-of tbe individuals that com
posed the "ring" they are not exactly
first class, consequently they must not
expect any better until they improved
somewhat. It will compare favorably
with a certain article they have been
rnanufuctnring, caUpd "orOoli'ed."
i- 1 . 1. . 1
Addison l'M,ier, Kso., has purchased a
lot from Mrs. Armstrong on West Main St.,
.Hsitetbe Institute, and intends erecting
adwelllug house thereon.
As you did me tbe bonor to publish
my former communication in the Hek
ald, I will endeavor to redeem ray
promise made in that letter, to furnish
vou with some account of my visit to
Mai. Camobell Brown's splendid farm.
and try and give you readers some idea
of tbe eftorts be is making to improve
the slock of tbe country. Maj. Brown
bas one ot tbe finest stock farms 1 ever
saw, containing a fow acres over two
thousand, which is variegated by bill
and dale and running brooks, giving
ample scope for the development ol
bis colts, and the best of pasturage to
bis beautiful herds of cattle and snow
tlr ecod flocks ol snoep. This splendid
trad ot land is a part of tbe original
grant to Mai. Brown's grand-father.
Judge Geo. W. Campbell, who tilled
many honorable and important stations
in the servioe of his country; the most
imDortantof which was the aDDoint
ment by Gen. Jackson as ministerjto tbe
court of Russia, at St. Petersburg, at
which city Mai. Brown's mother was
It will be impossible for me to express
the pleasure 1 experienced in tbe ride I
took over his well appointed farm and
ij looking at bis line colts stretching
themselves up ma and down vale, fairly
running-over with frolicsome joyousness
in their wild ireeaom irom cum or rein,
entirely oblivious 01 the time so soon
to cothe when they shall be required to
commence tbe real business of their
useful lives, and in viewing the nuiet
grazing cattle and snowy Hocks of sheep
scattered in picturesque groups over
the hills around; yet my pleasure
was mixed with sorrowful recollections.
I once before had the privilige of tak
ing the same ride with the eyer-to-be
lamented Gen. h-weil, who was cut oil
in the midst of his usefulness, to the
universal regret and sorrow ot not only
his neighbors and the whole communis
ty around him, but thousands of brave.
sorrowing hearts scattered over our be
loved soutnern lana wno naa snarea
with bim tbe toils and sufferings, and
finally the loss ot a cause that be and
they believed was one that demanded
tbe sacrifice of property and ot life it
self to defend as long as there was hone
of success, but who, when overpowered
and stricken down yielded a chlvalric
and noble submission to tbe force of
arms, and immediately commenced to
repair the havoc and misfortunes of
war. Gen. Ewell died only a few days
after his wife Maj. Brown's mother,
had been called to her rest and they
who had been so closely united in life
were not separated in death, and are
lvingside by side in tbe silent "city ot
the dead." "May the grauuy nod press
lightly on their breasts, and the song
birds bing their sweetest notes over
"The dead are 111 the silent graves,
And thedew is cold alsive;
And the living weep and sigh
Over dust that once was low."
The first thing that came under my
observation was Maj. Brown's fine herd
of Jersey cattle. This hord. consisting
over iorty-fine bead, has been selected
and bred with tbe greatest care, and I
venture to assert that there is not a fin
er one in tbe whole country, both as to
the blood-like appearance and milking
and butter making qualities. Ma).
Brown informed me that these last
qaalities have been the prime objects be
had in view in the breeding of his herd.
Tbe first cow I looked at was Imp. Bru
nett Lass, 7 years old, a fine large cow
of.dark smoky fawn color; small crum
pled horns with rich golden akin. She
is tbe dam of the line imported bull,
Guy Mannering, the property now of
Mr. Temple O. Uarris, Jr., of Davidson
Couuty, who purchased him as the nn
est animal be could find, The next
cow that attracted my attention was, a
beautiful rih orange' fawn cow, Koxa
na, whose dam. Cowslip, gave 15;
pounds of butter in one week. Roxana
is a remarkably fine milker and butter
maker and breeder, which is shown by
her daughter Roxana 2d, which is of tbe
same color, and very much like her in
general points. This heifer has shown
remarkable preoocity, having produced
a call at ntteen months and four days
old, and tha next twenty-five months
and nineteen days, and is now due her
next calf 22d of January, which shows
the remarkable fact of a cow producing
3 calves when only a fewdays over three
years old. Roxana was calved January
4, 1H7A. But aa remarkable as this
statement appears, it is outstripped by
another cow ol the herd. Music drop
ped July 7th, l70,a beautiful grey fawn
and white of medium size, who has pro
duced at single births five colors, the
last one September 7, 1875. Her oldest
calf, "Meta," has brought two calves,
and tbe next one to Meta one calf, show
ing a tamUjf of eight in number when
the mother of the lot Is now only five
years and four months old. I was in
duced to enquire of Maj. Brown aa to
tbe fecundity of the Jerseys, from hav
ing seen an article 011 this sub root in
tho Rural San of receipt iate which snr
prised mo very much; ho repliod to my
Over (lie letter.
Xxth li--Ti:u-r, i'cc. bl, J.sTj.
The weather for (ho mist week has
been very gloomy. "Old Sol" lias not
made his apjiparanco, except for h few
minutes, during tlio ttitiro week.
Our neighborhood was eulivoiinil hv
the presence ot two churn. ing young
ladies.Misses I. J.audK. I. of Columbia.
Since this arrival, euchre lias bu-
come quite "the go." 'J'iio score run
ning, "shoi t side" veism "long side;"
short side coming out winner.
Ask Charley Walker wli.it ho iloen
when bo gets tired ol looking at a prot
VVm. Mcl.weu paid Ml. Pleasant a
flying visit last Subdny. How is cbolo-
ra.' "Sweet William?"
KwJng C. Irvine is ci casionall v hav
ing rare Kport witli his celebrated "red
pack," on lho fox cli ise. Jio talks faro
well so says a young lailv.
Oeorgo Krwin, after an absence of six
teen years in Ark., vi.siiodliisold neigh
borhood on tho ilmliigliv. (iuoi-iro ear
ries with him the marks of a trim mils
dier, several ugly wounds; ho belonged
to tne boys mat fcn'uv no fear the
Arkansaw "tooth pick" troons. Hot
Springs County, Ark. is Jus home.
V . 11. II ughes". l-.su.. and Ins lovolv
and amiable bride wi re vihitinj rejas
tions around here this week.
Col. Gordon and JCIi Harris, two of
the strongest mer.'lnnts of lluck Kiver
Station, are largely iiamlltiiir ami slni
ping corn, lor which they pay :-.7 ' j ots
per bushel fur slrii tly white: to
lor yellow and mixed lots.
Business is lively 111 our little town:
so much so, tint our merchants diiin
only on Sunday.
ineiolIow.tiK speech deli vercil bv a
cholera brother to an t.inlieiico of one,
and of the same dusk y color whh over-
heard near tho river 'bridge: "1 known
what I'be talk in 'bout JaJe: didn't I
bear dem white genmiu reediii 'bout
'Squire Andrews ami Mister Kainev in
the Herald fetchin five thousand wor
kers to Columby. and vou talk to (lis
child 'bout movin to town: What do 1
keer for bigskules, brass bands, water
works, or nuilin elso. I'll tell you a,
fao Jake, dis child aingwine t.; main
way from yer town; limo yer turn Iivo
thousand niggers or allei ikins or any
udder folks loose in dat town it irwino
toovorsllow gist as same as dis berry
river you sen navmaten lunir down
dar sbure, Jako shtro."
Parties around here who woo so lur-
tunate as) to have lings ami wliol.avo
killed, are beginning lo feel somewhat
nervous too much warm weather for
fresh pork. We have been informed
that the Messrs. Kelk, below Willimiis
sport, have lost their joints, but
there must ho 1110; niisUkf
for our friend Jink law, nor
the rultmki Uli.ru neii lier have repor
ted any such, and you know bow it is.
"Its immaterial: 1 ts immaterial!" de
clared two young ladies of Columbia.
who were on their way to meet a home
bound train. "We would as soon ridolio-
bind your two yoke of horned cattlo hsj
to go in the finest cl -so catl ing'." Thcso
are the girls to make go.id country
wives fofiict it, Imi l i r m 11 til!
K. C. Irvine has inst a, few head
sheep recently by dogs.
Air. Alunlonl Smith expects
bis large and line lot of pork
either .Nashville or Louisville.
M. T. Jt ...
1IOTI J, A It It I V A I..S.
NH.KON IIOI SK.
H. A. Schwai-lsdm-i;. W. s. Kiddl.-. .1. t..
1 kgden, W. 1 1 . 1 .!. I. 1 . V, . viii-, Simmon..
Jllrsh, 11. i llow-. . . p.-ii. 11. I. M. Hud
son, H. M. ; Miller, f I in rv 1 1. .M : 1 1 1 j 1 . Murk
While, W. IS. Ill am, .1 r., .1. 1 1. U li. l. r. i ;u-
gene It. Sin it h, I-. .s..ili.. Jas. A. Scales.
.1. II. MH Iii'V re, .). N. .Ionian. .1. II. liond. of
Nashville: K. I '. l-'iileom-t I . .1. X . Wilson. II.
C Sale, Ii. M. Speiiee, Henri N . Vorut.luus.
villi-; S. 11. Hill, .1. Iniiik A .-. kenliicki:
I. II. Marten, lioliM i: A. 1 1. . inner. .!. t-.
Perry, II. K. I'eiiiiinu'i nn. Henry villi-; ,lno.
H. Wiinli-r, Salt Lake; H. I., llwliig. Thus. . I.
Hiowii. Pulnsk I; M. I.. -:.t.-kni-il. A . H. 1 11 1 .
Mt. rii-asanl: .1. II. 'il, 1 1 nl. 111:1 11 01111I i :
ohn Hadeii, l'K.iis.'l'.-niies-e. : W. I'. I hat
pin, I.I vingsloii, 'i'eiiii; . 1 '. Mm- nne. Ital-
tilllOlei II. H. I I : 1 li--.ll, I in, M.lial I: li. W.
Wilkes, ( ,eo. '. Taylor and lad;, and S. 1.
Wilson, lllleoka: .laer,,, .M ill-. .New I ast. 11 ;
It. K. Wilson, liuli.-r 1 . eU, Ala.: 1 has. I;.
I'oyer, New Il leans! '. I '. I.u-eh, I.. I-'. Ilei-eh,
New York: Jno. liountiee. s. .1. I ai.eit.ui.
In the t 'lirKiiaii Church, corrn r lib aud
Walnut Street ., liuisv ill.-, Kv., bv Midi r
John W. Swih-ii.i , on I In. 71I1 iii.-i., Mr, W.
H.T'im.mons.oI 1 jluiuOla, Tchn., and .Miss
Moi.1.1 K Jonks.
Mr. T. and lady ! II iiuniedinlely for Cin
cinnati, 'hicagu, St I.OU1S and I he West.
They will not come to Columbia In-fore
ChristmiM or tlie 1st of January. Mr. Tiin
iiions Is one of our leaduur 1 oniiir la m .1 el-. and
his bride Is said to have been iiule a Ih-IIi .
He Isa (treat favorite in society here, and cs-M-clally
anioiii; the ladies. lie has the best
wishes ot luuu y lrieuds lor a happy wedded
William 11. Hliison lo Mai v A. Cummlus.
.lame" A. Jjittalo I.iz.ie Woislv.
It. A. Foster lo M. A. 1 1 ud- 11.
J. W. Lcntz to Sarah Ann Whit worth.
Y.. C. Tillman to.luiiH K. Hess.
.1. W. Taylor to Mrs. M. M. aid w.-'.i.
lialiriet IjmvIs Warren In Mai 1 1 ok man.
S. p. lime to JsHdora Matthews.
M. N. Kerr to Mary I,. Park.
G. A. Treadway to Clara Morr B,
. 'OI.OtEI- n.
Archie Jain, s to A 1111 .M it eh ell.
Al Coil'ee tojosie Will. r. .id.
Isaac ranls-rry to Jan..- Vooytn.-..
S. A. Foster, Jr., to li.-t'i.- (j. Foster.
Charles Iiavis tiiOirniina Jones.
Frank Williams to l l n-a hn laker.
Lewis Richmond to liu olee A udersoJi.
Illed Is-c. 1st, 171, lit 1 he vr-i.l. i
nephew, James A. .Moore of 1 ibio
formerly of Maury, Mi. Michael
aired " years and l months.
Moor1 has from early childhood I
dent of Manrv until three years
went to e.-A'Ji county to 1
with tits nephew He was
Chi.v t Moore ol' llliiby villi-,
James Moore ot Km hcrlord
a host of oilier relat i es m
too led ions to mention
Mt.Morhth, funeral -via i
Kev. t 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Jiii'lisfl,
! of In-i
Coll nt v.
Mr. M. K.
-ii a resi-
,eais past, and
take bis home
1111 uncle of J.
and Jo. in and
i i.-. k, and has
Maui v county .
was Inn led in