OCR Interpretation


The herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, December 17, 1875, Supplement, Image 5

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053406/1875-12-17/ed-1/seq-5/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

"4'8 ONKNOWlrf.V "it V
BY CLARA MARSHALL.
Inscribed on the head board of one of the " jrel-
low-ierer gram" in the Bhrereport cemetery.
AmonJ1rit dark pine and the wUlowa v.
The evett winds fitfully blow,
Still ehanting their wild, solemn masses
For the dead who are sleeping below;
Chanting masses for those trho no longer '
With life's jarring discords are yexed,
But sleep 'neath their monuments graven
With holy memorial and text. .
Holy texts that apeak " pt&ce, -though, the
mourners
Still bow 'neath the Chastener's rod ;
And tell of the rest that remaineth
T the long-suff ring people of God';
But I turn to. the graves of the lowly
(Alas! there is many a one I- y
And pau8-her-1 read this inscription
."418 Unknown." . v
Who is it? v A man who ia resting .' ,
IirMeath-froin tle battle of years? .
Or irt it a slumbering woman
Who hath done now with anguish and
team? '.-..
A woman who, far from her kindred,
Ilata-oighed out her life all (done, ,
And left but this record among us? 'r
"418 Unknowau" :
No name on the weather-stained .headboard
HMUnarreth the stranger's last home;
No te.-vrsi jio On voiced lamentation, ,; f
K fctwren when All-Hallows 1b come. -
But the angels keep watch from high Heaven
O'er the grave where the dark weeds have
grown,
O'er the grave which hath but this inscrip
tion - -V - -
,"418 Unknown?'.,' -. -
THE MADMAN;
APnysiciaii'a Story.
.
In the early part of the present cen
tury, my grandfather, by dint of youth
ful vigor, industry and economy, had
already attained the foremost rank
among., the., business men of his time
and city, and was beginning to think of
marrying, when through oni- of the
most romantic. occurrences, namely: A
casual visit to the country, a runaway
horsq, a large boulder by the side of
the road against which the carriage to
which the animal was attached threat
ened to dash itself and its precious bur
den a bold dash a seizing of the bit
success in controlling the ferocious
beast fainting:, and then gratitude on
the part of the rescued, and subsf quent
mutual allection and love he was made
acquainted with one of the most charm
mg young women of the town of Q ,
who M as in direct line of descent from
one of the heroic families among the
Puritan 'emigrants and the revolution
ary patriots.
ILK net modest for me, a grandson,
to speak of tier beauty, but if you had
seenjhe dear old lady as I had seen her
a few years before my departure for the
wesfc wjth her dark brown hair, hazel
eyes, 'rosy chfeeks and pearly teeth, at
the age of eighty-two, you would not
doubt the story of those who knew her
in her prime.
Well, grandfather married this young
lady, and in so doing changed forever
the destiny of at least a score of young
men, each one of whom was even more
certain than he of winning the prize.
Wih. the blessipgs. of their parents and
the good ojtd - Parson Rogers, and a
witty remark of the village physician,
they proceeded joyously to the city
then and now the metrojlis of New
England and until grandfather could
complete his residence, unusually fine
for this period, in North Square, occu
pied retired but pleasant and t idy quar
ters in the immediate neighborhood of
his warehouse.
At last, the house being finished, the
young couple moved into jt. ..' It was a
large house, built in antique style at
least when I first knew it, it wore all the
dignity of antiquity.
In fthe - course of time six sons and
four" daughters were born to tbem,"and
no pains were spared to give them a
good education, and to cultivate every
good quality of mind and heart, so that
far and "near the daughter of OoL SL
became' ktiown as' charnirng,' 'and his
sons as the most enterprising and public
spirited.
In proportion to the Colonel's in
crease of .""family, increased also his
wealth and influence and honors in
state and society, and in the church
also; for.h was a religious man," were
literally heaped upon him, until he was
overburdened with the cares and re
sponsibilities of honorable citizenship.
Iif 1813 when the war broke out
wath England, grandfather was one 6f
the custom-house officers, but resigned
his position to enlist, and after render
ing valiant service in the cause of his
country, then new, retired honorably
from the position of Colonel, to which
he had risen by related promotions
from- that of a private soldier.
His home thereafter became the ren
dezvous of military men, who were ac
customed to meet together to talk over
their experiences in the service, and to
discuss and inaugurate numerous enterprises-
calculated to promote the
commerce and internal improvements
of their country, and to part late at
night with hearty good cheer and a
drink all around from the large punch
bowl, filled with punch made from New
England rum, which was then the
national drink, and not abused as it is
at the present day. AH people were
temperate in those days, ana not di
vided, as now, into antagonistic fact
tions, consisting of teetotalers and
drunkards. Though Puritan, still they
had been swept along by a wave of so
cial and theological ; evolution which
gave society an atmosphere of liberality
and tolerance, which should perhaps be
credited to the influence of the national
constitution, which had been in opera
tion but a comprratively short time.
Yet lefore Longfellow had sung the
horrors and mysteries of Salem fanati
cism, the New England tragedies were
rehearsed in private circles, and some
times a shudder would creep over the
company when stories of Cotton Slather
and witchcraft were related late in the
evening, and they would think much
but say very little, but query in their
own minds whether or not evil spirits
may not, after all, so possess human
lieings, as they did the accursed herd of
ewine, that they change their characters
to the extent of rendering them dan
gerous to society, and deserving withal
the severe punishments which were in
flicted upon them in former times.
-- ' V..-
This is such a practical age that peO;
pie in our days think very little of these
things, or they are restricted mainly to
the evening seance of the spiritualistic
medium. We talk rather of spanning
the continent with railroads, crushin
the mountains for their? hidden treas
ures, chaining the winged lightning,
navigating the air in ships even the
thoughts of church people are absorbed
with notions or church architecture,
errand -organs,'" operatic singing, bock
concerns, and speculating in bibles and
hymn books, or counting the noses ot
Moody and banker s Albion converts,
Nothing spiritoalistio--littla suggestive
of the probable close relationship be
tween the two worlds. But in some of
those old New England mansions there
is much that Is suggestive of revisits
from the departed in these mansions
spiritualistic cases in the midst ot
materialistic desert, so to speak, one
seems to breathe for the time the very
atmosphere of spirits, good and bad.
It was so in my later years m my
grandfather's house. Two of his sons
and three of his daughters had been
recalled by death ; very fewof -the old
neighbors were Jiving: and that wicked
old miser across the wav, who used to
sit upon his bag of "gold and mend
shoes, had 'dropped dead at his work.
I .am not sure but these things, com
bmed with others, were exciting causes
pf the insanity of the Colonel's eldest
son, my uncle (jreorge ; et all events he
used to look queer when a new servant
was. directed to place five extra plates
upon the table for the children in
heaven. At last it broke out suddenly
ike a thunder-clap in a cloudless Bky,
or like an earthquake to upheave the
proud foundation of this grand old
familv. Death had been a sore afflic
tion, but this was really the family's
greatest calamity.
1 was then just entering my teens
and lived with my grandparents, and
one day came home late in the after
noon, and upon opening the tront door
heard an unusual noise, which seemed
to proceed from the room at the top of
the stairs.
I ran up quickly, and there in the
front room over the parlor, found my
grandmother lying upon the floor, un
conscious, and blood trickling from her
right temple.
In the corner ot the room, leaning
against the wall, ghastly pale,,- his eyes
protruding from their sockets, tremb-
mg like an aspen, stood my uncle
George ; he was pointing with his finger
toward his mother and between his
breathing, which was labored and pant-
ing, muttered tnrougn nis teetn :
"bhe has taken away my back! fohe
has taken away my back ! But I can
stand here against this wall, and this
historic beam shall be my spinal col
umn r
Before I had time to call assistance
the paroxysm was over, the wild ex
pression had left his countenance, his
breathing became gradually calmer,
and he fell faint and unconscious on
the floor.
Uncle George had for years applied
himself incessantly to the duties of his
position as Secretary of the Halifax
Marine Insurance Company. The first
intimations that his health was being
undermined, consisted of certain vague
symptoms of indigestion, followed by
inappetence, intolerable headache, and
sensations of dullness. Slowly and in
sidiously the disease progressed 'until it
culminated in the first crisis the par
oxysm which I have described. A pro
tracted illness ensued and partial re
covery : after that, paroxysm piler par
oxysm of mental derangement and
physical prostration till it developed
inta a hopeless mania, which made it
necessary that he should be removed to
the asylum.
The madman had not inflicted a
blow, as I supposed. My grandmother
had fainted, her nervous system having
received a terrible shock at the sudden
change in the demeanor of the son
upon whom she was accustomed to look
with peculiar maternal pride ; and the
blood which had alarmed me so much
at first proceeded from a slight cut
which had been inflicted in the fall by
the setting ot a diamond ring which
she wore upon her finger.
I never entered that room over the
parlor that I did not experience an un
defined feeling of apprehension and
dread come over me, and imagine I
saw again the ghastly visage of the in
sane man, who stood there trembling,
panting and muttering: "You have
taken away my back!" and bolt upright
in the corner of the room seemed to
be depending upon the thick, heavy
beam which formed one of the supports
of this old-fashioned house, to replace
the column which . he imagined had
been surreptitiously removed by his
mother, and the prostrate form of my
grandmother lying on the floor as if
murdered, the blood trickling from her
temple.
After that I believed the house was
haunted, or else my excited imagina
tion pictured scenes and created sounds
that did not exist in reality. I never
looked into the .big oven that I did
not see the form of John IIuss and
other martyrs burning at the stake,
and with eyes directed upward toward
heaven uttering a last earnest prayer ;
I could see creeping things and Lillipu
tian serpents winding their loathsome
bodies in and out of the fringed soot
which lined the back of the fire place,
and criminals dangling from the tram
mel ; I heard the dishes rattling in the '
closets; dogs howling outside in the
darkness ; the wind whistling with al
most a human voice; and footsteps and
9iHC -Sjli
"J uttii 'hat aw
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1S75.
"-V t t ? f f t
silk dresses rtlstlino; oh the staircase
If I went up into the attic wherifthart
were old files of papers printed in war
times and yellow with age and the
ttihry clotliing riddled by moths, and
leathern bats with the letter of the com
pany, upon a . brass plate in fronts and
the rusty arms of members of our foni-
ily who had fought in the .war of the
KevoJution. and 01 lolz, 1 woulahufry
down: pale 'mth fnght, for 1 thought
had seen the bodies of wounded suLIicrs
writhing in agony; and their bleedjig,
ghastly heads beneath their hats, "wiak-
mg their eyes and, protrudingTJaeir
tongues, and their pale hnger.npon
the old flintlock. ' -
My uncle had 'been in the asylum
two -years, and had not in the "feast
improved. . This was the pertotrof
venesection, the ; straight-jacket, .Ihe
brute force, andf the golden VLgtl of
psychological medicine -had no- yet
dawned, xie was treated like a- ,jim-j
mal, and when grandmother, who was
a irequeni visitor, exposi.uiaiea-.wiin
the keepers, she was warned as sheval-
ued the life of hei son, not to meddle
with the sanitary-regulations -of-tlie
hospital. She .always persisted ii -her
prophecy " that ' Uncle George's:? life
would end tragially, and seemed to"
hold a Pythagorean doctrine thai bisl
own sweet spirit had long ago departed
in peace, and that the body was now
possessed of a demon.
One gloomy night in December, the
whole family were assembled in the
sitting room,, where a cheerful cannel
coal fire, which ' had leen blazing and
sputtering in the grate, was now low
and dying away for it was almost time
to retire. Grandfather, t whose locks
now glistened with premature age, was
sitting at the jtable, reading that solemn
passage from the Scripture : "The first
day of the week cometh Mary Magda
lene early, when it was not dark, under
the sepulchre, andseeth the stone taken
away from the sepulchre." .. . .
Grandmother had her knitting work
in her hands, but was nodding to sleep,
Auntie had just concluded a translation
from the German of the "Weaver and
Death " wherein it was related among
other things, how death placed a candle
of definite length into a candlestick at
the birth of each of us, and how each
must die exactly at the moment when
his candle burned down. v -
The night was stormy ; rain was fal
ing in torrents and dashing furiously
against the window panes. Occasion
ally a vivid flash of lightning occurred,
followed by a terrible report of thunder :
the winds whistled and dogs were bark
ing as never before.
Suddenly we were startled by a
heavy blow against the front door. My
grandfather dropped the Bible, the
women shrieked, and I was. struck
dumb and trembling from head to foot;
We opened the door leading to the
all. The frontdoor, a massive taken
door, and two" or three inches- thick,
stood wide open. The thick, iron bolt
was torn from its lastemngs. Outside
was pitch dark. Not a soul could be
w-w 1 1 1 1
seen. l$ut sounds couia oe neara pro
ceeding from the first rest on the stair
way, like some one sobbing, succeeded
by heavy convulsive breathing and sigh
ing. This in turn gradually subsided
into a scarcely audible, irregular
breathing, and gasping, and finally
died away, and all inside was as silent
and as solemn as the tomb. There was
no more thunder to be heard,-but now
and then an angry flash of lightning
ighted up the hall and stairway, but
still no one could be seen.
We brought a lamp, and my grand
father, .who was not at all constitution
ally superstitious' uttered!; a prayer,
and pale as death, ascended "the stai rs.
There was no one there -where the
sounds had been so distinctly heard but
brief moment before. He decended
and examined the door, and we all saw
the prints af a man's hands, and indent
ations of knuckles in the solid wood.
We looked again into the street and
saw only the watenman -sauntering
eLsurely by, wrapped in- his surtout.
We searched the house '"from cellar to
garret, and the neighbors were called
in to assist in the search, bpt ve could
obtain no clue to the awful mystery.
We retired at last, toward morning,
and it was not surprising that I insisted
upon having the light remain burning
in my room.
From that day to this the secret of
this frightful incident remains undis
covered. Suffice it to say that on the
very night, at the self-same hour, my
uncle George died from violence at the
hands ot one ot the keepers ot the
asylum.
The" detestable - habit o'f talking of
people rather than of things opens the
way to abuses we might check with a
word if we wouldv - if the art of. con-
ersation were taught and encouraged
as it should be, were we as far advanced
in civilzation as we believe ourselves,
we should get rid of the' in en bus 0
personality, and with it of a great
deal of undeserved obloquy, aiid the
burrowing destruction of small Treach
eries and unnoted dishonor.
A powerfully built young lady
from Ghost's Gulch walked xinto a .dry
goods store at Canon City, Cdland
inquired of the bachelor clerk i Do
you keep hose, young feller? "Yes,
ma'am, all kinds," was the reply ; and
pulling down a couple of boxes he held
a pair up to view. She looked straight
at him, turned red, and overflowed
with, this remark: ".You .blasted fool,
them's stockings, I' want hoe. "J." He
referred her to the hard ware store i 't
PLANTATION TOPICS.
. ir ' . .
SEED FEB ACRE ASH SEASONS FOR
BOWlSGi
The table annexed, as amended by
us, with time for sowing and quantity
per acre, will be found valuable for
reference. The letter "a" signifies
the month when they may be sown
.Is
BIIK
Bed Clover .
Timothy.., .
IUM lup .
StolOlbs
lto2 bu
Ky. Blue grass
Hiuigarian grass
Mto4bu
iUJiet . .. . .
JtoJibu
Sorghum . .
Flax Seed . .
Obrn .....
2 quarts
1 to 3 bu
4to6qU
lire
Wheat
Barley ....
1 to 2 bu
1 to2bu
lV4to2bu
2 to 3 bu
Buckwhast .
Vtobu
l'Jtol5bu
Ktol bu
Potatoes';-. .
White Beans
Peas . ....
1 2'i
Below we give the weight per bushe
of other seeds and products, which will
be found convenient for reference:
r Weight per bti
Weight per bu
Bran.... 20
Ctor beans 46
Cinrse salt 50
Fine salt 65
Hemp seed ... 45
Malt. 38
Onions 57
Corn meal.....i 48
I)ried apples. 24
Dried peaches 33
Ear corn. 70
Plat(eruie hair. .
Stone coal 80
Unslaked lime 80
It should be remarked here that in
forming a table such as this, the range
of season for sowing can only be given.
Thus, the larger quantity of flax should
be sown on very ncn land ; and, also.
where the lint lor tine weaving is
wanted. If a crop of seed is wanted
the smaller quantity of Hungarian and
millet should be sown on clean land
or," better,' drilled -in.: So potatoes
should not be planted in June, except
very early maturing sorts ; and our
experience is that these are surer
planted in March or April. So, also,
the quantity of peas given is for sow
ing broadcast ; if drilled, from one to
one-and-a-half bushels only will be re
quired. Kanms farmer.
PERMANENT PASTURE LANDS IN AMER
ICA.
An English farmer of large experi
ence in this country and England thus
discourses in the Country (jrenueman
about pastures and meadows ;
" lhe fact of interest on money be
ing douDie nere, ana laoor oemg
double what it is in England, is the
strongest argument for keeping all
suitable new laud in natural grass, be
cause there is so much less labor re
quired, and likewise less implements
and teams, consequently less capital is
needed than in conducting a soiling
system. It is absurd to propose grow
ing soiling crops instead ot pasturing,
excepting as : a help to pastures in
drouths, and it is unwise to endorse
any statements attempting to prove
that good permanent pastures cannot
flourish in the United States, when
everybody knows there are thousands
of genuine old established pastures in
Kentucky, some of which are broken
up continually by those who cannot
help sacrificing them for the sake of
temporary, gain. No soiling crops
will fatten stock like these fine old
pastures, and year after year they are
there, without the need of capital at d
per cent, or any labor to plough and
cultivate and reseed.
farmers' meetings for discussion.
Among the greatest needs of farm
ers are more knowledge about tneir
business and more interest in it, lead
ing them to apply the knowledge they
already have and that which they ac
quire, 10 tee . best possible advantage.
Among" the be?t means for gaining
both knowledge and interest are meet
ings for discussions, and now that the
time of comparative leisure for farm
ers is at hand, we earnestly wish our
readers would prepare for such meetr
ings. For some years past we have
noticed that near the close of the win
ter there is considerable manifestation
of interest in these matters, but often
this is not shown until spring work is
so near at hand that little can be done.
lence we urge that arrangements be
made now.
First of all, let the meetings of the
subordinate granges and of farmers'
clubs he made useful in this direction.
n addition to this,, much good can lie
done by holding town or county meet
ings at which addresses may be made
and discussions had. These may
occupy one day, or, when a considera
ble number are expected to be inter
ested, our oliservation leads as to be-
leve that the best course, as a rule, is to
lave the meeting commence after din
ner ef one day, holding an afternoon
and evening session, and adjourning on
the afternoon ot the second day. r or
.4 . . 11 . 1
such a meeting it is weii to nave one
or two formal addresses, by as able
and well-known men as can readily l)e
obtained. At least one of these it is
well to have on some topic in which
the citizens generally of the village in
which the meetings are held are inter
ested.
Care should be exercised in select
ing topics to be presented before the
meeting that those of general interest
be chosen, and it is also important that
some one or two men, well posted in
egard to each topic, be prepared to
open wie discussion. Alter a topic,
pertaining to general iarm arrange
ment for instance, is fairly presented
to a body of farmers, there is usually no
difficulty in securing an animated and
useful discussion ; but if no one is pre
pared to open the discussion, almost
any topic may fall flat when announc
ed. It is best to allow time for dis
cussion of each topic immediately afte
the address or formal paper in which
It is presented. , " ' ,
Such meetings have been held with
great profit In a number . of places in
the west. . They may1 be held under
the auspices oi the county agncul
tural society, of a county council of
granges, or a single grange or club.
or in default of action by any one of
these, a halt dozen farmers can readily
make all needed arrangements.
When there seems a lack of interest,
and it is thought not advisable to
arrange lor such an institute or con
vention, much may be done by having
lectures on agricultural topics. In
some cities the " lecture business is
said to have been overdone, but cer
tamly this is not true, of most farming
communities. A lecture by a compe
tent person on " any one of a score of
subjects more or less directly, connected
with agriculture would be ot value to
any agricultural community. . Often
times there are men fully competent
to deliver such lectures in the county,
and 11 not they can be secured at a
cost which will be amply repaid by the
good done. liural world.
HOUSEHOLD HINTS.
Castor-oil is an excellent thing to
soften leather.
If you are buying carpets for dura
bility, choose small figures.
Lemon juice and glycerine wil
cleanse and soften the hands.
Lunar caustic, carefully applied,
so as not to touch the skin, will destroy
warts.
If your flat-irons are rough, tub
them with fine salt, and it will make
them smooth.
Chow - Chow. One peek sliced
green tomatoes and cucuml)ers, on
ions, etc , not omitting horse-radish ;
one ounce of broken cinnamon ; three-
quarters of a pound of mustard seed,
one pound of ground mustard. After
slicing the above, put them in a stone
jar with salt between each layer, and
let it stand twenty-four hours ; then
dram on the water, put it in a porce-
lain-lined kettle, cover with vuiegar
and boil fifteen minutes. Wet the
ground mustard with cold vinegar and
stir it in the last thing ; then take im
mediately off the stove ; it will be
better if it boils after the mustard
flour is added. Pack in jars and cover
well.
Bottling Cider. A writer in the
New England Farmer gives this ad
vice to bottle cider that will keep sweet
and fine for years : Leach and filter
the cider through pure sand, after it
has worked and fermented and before
it has soured. Put no alcohol or other
substance with it. Be sure that the
vessels you put it in are perfectly clean
and sweet. After it is leached or fil
tered put it in barrels or casks filled,
eaving no room for air ; bung them
tight, and keep it where it won't freeze
till February or March, then put it in
champagne bottles filled, drive the
corks and wire them. It should be
done in a cellar or room that is com
fortable to work in. The best cider is
ate made, or when it is as cold as can
be and not freeze.
Medical Value of Asparagus and
Celery. A medical correspondent
says that the advantages of asparagus
are not appreciated by those who suner
with rheumatism and, gout. Slight
cases 01 rheumatism are cured in a
few days by feeding on this delicious
esculent ; and more chronic cases are
much relieved,' especially if the patient
avoids all acids, whether in food or in
beverage. The Jerusalum artichoke
also has a similar effect in relieving
rheumatism. The heals may be eaten
in the usual way ; but tea made from
the leaves of the stalk, and drank
three or four times a day, is a certain
remedy, though not equally agreeable.
t may be well to remark that most
plants which grow naturally near the
sea coast contain more or less iodine,
and in all rheumatic complaints iodine
has long since been a favorite remedy.
odine is dangerous, however, 111 over
doses, anecting especially the eyes.
The same effect may be produced by eat
ing abundantly of asparagus or celery,
which are well-known seaside plants.
Buttermilk. An eminent French
chemist, M. Iloflbing, in a paper re
cently presented to the French Acad
emy announcing his belief that the
period of human existence may be
greatly prolonged, and enters into an
rgunwmt to show that his beliet is
based upon sound reasoning. His
argument is that the mineral matter
which constitutes an ingredient in most
of our food, After the combustion, is in
our system to racrust and stiffen the
ltterent parts 01 the body, tending to
render imperfect many of the vital
processes. He compares human be
ings to furnaces wluch are always
kindled, and says : " .Life exists only
in combustion, Dnt tne combustion
which takes places in our chimnevs
eaves a detritus which is fatal to life.
b remove this. I would administer
actic acid with ordinary food, lhis
acid is known to possess the powc r of
removing or destroying incrustations
that form on the arteries, cartilages and
1 1 A 1 . , Ml
valves 01 neart. as outter-muk
abounds in this acid, and is moreover.
an agreeable kind of food, its habitual
use, it is urged, will free the system
from these causes of death, between
he seventy-fifth and the hundreth
year. .
Lieut. Gen. Sheridan's Annual Report
Gen. Sheridan, in his annual report
to the secretary 01 war, repom mends
that some immediate action be taken
"that will -settle this Black Hills ques
tion,' and relieve" us from an exceed
ingly ' diss jrreable and embarrassing
duty, l. fetl quite satisfied that all
the couatry south of tho Yellowstone
river, from- the Black Hills of the
Cheyenne as7 far west as Big Horn
Valley, and' perhaps as far west as
Clark's ' Fork of the Yellowstone, is
gold bearing, but as to tho amount of
the gold deposit I cannot say. It may
be great; it may lie small.' Gen.
Sheridan discusses the Indian policy of
the past and present, and says :
"The observation of many years in
my owh command and throughout
most of the Indian country for the last
twenty years, has left the impression
that the present system of civilizing
the wild portion of our Indian inhabi
tants has not met with the success that
gives a fair equivalent for the expense,
trouble and bloodshed which have at
tended it. I believe there is a true
humanity in making the reservations
reasonably small, dividing them into
tracts for the heads of families, making
labor gradually compufeory. and com
pelting children to go to school. To
accomplish this puriiose, to civilize
raase sen-supporting ana save many
more 01 these poor people than other
wise can be saved, 1 believe it best to
transfer the Indian Bureau to the mili
tary, and let it lie taken under the
gradual administration of the army,
1 1 11 1
govern ea ana controlled in responsi
bility ot account, in accordance with
our present system. The Indians woult
thus be humanely and justly and hon
estly dealt with ; and I believe if this
had always lieen the case, there woult
have been but few of the troubles and
bloody records which have character
ized the civilization of the Indians in
the many years gone by.
lhe troops stationed along the K10
Grande river have had the humiliating
duty of attempting to protect our citi
zens and their property from raids by
the people ot a loreign country, who
come over the boundary in armed
parties to steal cattle, and do not hesi
tate to attack and kill our citizens when
necessary to accomplish their purpose,
The low stage of water in the Rio
Grande, and its great length, twelve or
fatteen hundred miles, makes the duty
of protecting it difficult ; in fact, almost
impossible, with the few troops availa
ble for this purpose. In speaking of
this duty as a humiliating one, i do
not mean that it is not perfectly legiti
mate for any duty is such which has
for its object the protection of the lives
and property of the people on an in
ternational boundary line ; but when
it is considered that these armed parties.
as soon as they are pursued, take ref
uge on the opposite bank of the river,
and there, in sight of our troops, who
dare not cross, graze and slaughter the
stolen cattle with impunity, the sight is
very mortifying to those engaged in the
protection of that frontier. This con
ation of affairs has been going on for
the Wfc twenty years.
"In th! department of the gulf
everything seems to be getting along
quietly. Last winter, when the de-
1artment came under my jurisdiction,
'. thought it best to call a l.Jt in a
forcible way on much lawlessness from
armed bands, which action brought the
attention of the government and the
law-abiding and good people of the
country to a growing and inhuman
evil. Peace has lieen the result, and
prosperity I hope will follow."
Mr. Chas. Dudley Warner, wri
ting of the Italians says: "The Italian
is a talking machine ; you only need to
touch a spring and he Is crpctual mo
tion. If words were deeds the Italians
would have gabbled themselves into
the seventh heaven of prosperity long
ago. They are not without ambition.
They want to shine, to be rich, above
all to be conspicuous in position, or in
clothes. They have a noble inflated
ambition to be sonicliody. But thoy
are not willing to work for it. They
hope to 'speculate' themselves by a
kind of internal evolution into some
shining position. What they want,
and it seems only reasonable that they
should have it, is a republic in which
nolxHiy will be obliged to do any work
or pay any taxes, and every one will tic
in the first position. Clearly it needs
a revolution for this."
You are well off when you are in a
healthy neighborhood, with enough to
eat and drink, a comfortable, well
ventilated apartment to sleep in, and
youTare paying, all your expenses and
laying r up . something even slowly
for a rainy day, and, in addition to all
this, acquiring knowledge and strength
ening your character. Young men
whose situation combines all the pro
ceeding advantages should lie very
cautious alxiut exchanging such a cer
tainty unless it .be for another certain
ty. jHappineS3 does not depend upon
grat wealth so much as it does upon
independence and intellectual and
moral culture.
- " Wit AT "makes tne love my delicate
little blue-eyed boy," said the fond fa
ther, as he and the pator entered the
library, " is that sometimes the tears
run down the wrinkles in my cheeks
as I feel his fine points touching me to
the core, and wonder if God will let
likn stay with me very, very " here
the fond father sat down on a pin and
said, " Mariar, will you force me to go
to a restaurant to get my dinner ?"
PARAGRAPHS" OP THE PERIOD.
A lady friend from St. Louis writes
as follows .to a friend and erewhilo
schoolmate: Mamie Stebbins is home
again and putting on no end of style,
though' you know as well as I do that
her father didn't fail for more than
$76,000."
She was one of those sentimental
young creatures who linger at the door
way to Vid you good-bye in the star
light, and after she parted from him
the other night, ehe went up to her
room murmuring: "Ye?, I would
know it was hard times, by the kind of
hair oil he uses now."
NEVER use anything but light blank
ets as a covering for the sick. 1 he
heavy, impervious cotton counterpane
Is bad. for the reason that it keeps in
the exhalations from the pores of the
sick person, while . the blanket allows
them to pais through, weak persons
are invariably distressed by a great
weight of led-clothes, which often pre
vents their getting any sound weep
whatever.
The following, intended to commem
orate tho fate of a tract peddler who
sat down on a can of nitro-glycerine to
rest himself, was submitted to the poet
Childs, and pronounced contraband :
To the azure depth of the npper air
His body had flcwu, flewn, flewn;
And over the landKcape everywhere
A lit of him here, and a bit of him there
It now lies strewn, strewn, Mrewn :
But his soul, I belicre, and am b illing to
swear.
Is erndunlly climbing the golden Htair,
To an anti-Rlycenne tune.
Gone where they don't put it up in corn.
Dr. Wolanski has discovered in
the government archives at Milan
many autographs of Galileo not men
tioned in the Palanini jollection, and
relating especially to Galileo's negotia
tions with the Spanish government for
the adoption of his system of using the
geographical longitude in navigation,
and to his journey to Homo in 1(24,
when he went off to offer his homage
to Urban VIII.
That animals have souls is the firm
lelief of many sensible jersons. In
view of this fact it gives us pleasure to
state that during the fox-hunt in New
Jersey the other day, when the wholo
party came to a sudden halt lx'fore a
picket fence, the kind-hearted fox
paused in its career, trotted hack,
l)eckoned the bold riders to follow it,
conducted them to a place where some
slats had been broken out, and did not
resume its flight until the last man had
crawled through. Brotikhjn Arrpi.
A Paragon of a Woman. More
than a hundred years ago a celebrated
poet painted the following K'n-jortrait
of what must have been a delightful
lady :
I know a thine thnt's most uncommon
Knvy, be silent and attend 1
t know a rcanonnble woman,
Handsome, yet witty, and a friend.
Not warped bv piuwinn, awed by rumor,
Not grave through pride, or gay through
folly,
An equal mixture of good humor
And exquisite soft melaneholy.
Has she no faults, then (Knvy says), sir?
Yes, she has one, I must aver
Vhen all the world conspires to praise her,
The woman's deaf and does not hear!
"It's amusing," said Deacon Green,
"how stupid we human lieings are,
little and big; what worthless things
we strive for, and what blessings we
carelessly cat away. In some parts
of Japan, when you go home from a
dinner, a servant is sent after you with
box containing everything that was
offered to you at table ami that you
refused. Ah! what if some day an
angol conies after us to show us all tho
blessings that were olfered to us on
earth, that we were too stupid or tco
obstinate or too proud to take !
"Come and See Me."
A writer says: "Never take "Come
and see me," as a phrase meant in
earnest unless it lie accompanied with
a date. Such an invitation amounts
to nothing at all. If a lady or gen
tleman desires your company he or she
ill appoint a time lor your viuiu
CaU on me when you can make it
convenient, " Irop in as you are
assinir." i4 Make us a visit whenever
you have an hour or two t qmre,"
are social ambiguitos by which men
and women of the world understand
that they are not exacted to do the
thing requested. When jx-ople wih
to be cheaply jxdite there is nothing
like this kind of vagueness. The com
plimentary, small change of socie ty
must always be taken at a large dis
count. It is never worth its fact! or
anything like it. Yet it is a conve
nient medium of exchange, and heavy
debts of gratitude that ought to be
sequited in lietter coin are often paid
with it. People who have more oIish
than principle use it lavishly plain,
blunt, honest men, sparingly or not at
all. Whoever makes a friendly visit
to a fashionable house on the strength
of a mere " Come and see me," will
very often find that the family circle
he has dropjied into by request is as
ungenial as the Arctic circle, and he
will probably leave it with a chilly
feeling that will prevent hi in from
venturing into the same high latitude
again. But when a whole-souled man,
whom you know to lie your friend,
grasps you vigorously by the hand and
says, " Come and dine with me to-day
dinner on the table at 5 o'clock le
sure to come we shall exject you,"
you can take it as certain that your
prcscr.ee is warmly desired. It is
plea-ant always to make or receive a
visit from a friend, but a nod on
the street is all sufficient from a
fashionable acquaintance.
Powerof Imagination. The other
day a Detroiter took home a Ixtok con
taining several anecdotes showing the
power of imagination, and after rend
ing them to his wife he tenderly said :
" No, Angeline, you may some timo
imagine that you hear me kissing the
servant girl in the other room, and
you see how base it would lie to accuse
me of such a thing."
"John Henry," she r plied, in a
emooth voice, " if I ever imagine suc h
a thing you'll need a doctor within
fifteen minutes, no matter what that
book says V "

xml | txt