Newspaper Page Text
Mr. Fi.iMSOLi.has secureel immortality
already, whether he ever has a inonu
mmt or not. A short yellow band, painted
amidships alxiut six inches below that
which has always been regarded as the
ship's water-line, which is bring put upon
Uritish vessels bv order of the Board of
Admiralty, is called by the sailers " Plim
soil's mark." It will mate a considerable
difference in the amount of cargo which
it will be lawful lor the ship to carry.
Of the several States of the Union in
respect to annual wealth, according to
the census of 1K70, Illinois is ahead in
horses and swine; Missouri in mules and
asses: New York in milch cows: Texas
in working oxen and other cattle, and
Ohio in sheep. New York is far ahead
of any State in dairy products, fu,rnishing
one-fifth of the butter of the country,
nearly half the cheese and more than
half the milk sold. The value of all live
" stock in New, York, i greater in the ag
gregate than in any other State.
The opinion prevails, not only 0:1 the
continent but in England, that u g-.-neral
Uuropoan war is imminent. The Jhike
of Cambridge, head of the British army,
in a speech he made a few days ago said
that not only was it a mistake to suppose
that the danger of a war with China, was
over; not only wore England's relation
with Burmah still critical; not only wan
England now involved in a difficulty in
the Malay settlement, but the condition
of affairs on the continent made it prob
able that a general war would break
ut. It may he he tore we are many
weeks older." " The t-tate of affairs," he
added, '"is reallv so serious that it is im
possible for a man in my position to dwell
too strongly upon it."
Ix the Sanitarian for January we find
some interesting statistics with reference
to the public health in cities. The sta
tistics of mortality er l,ooo inhabitants,
annually, from all causes and certain
special causes, are as follows: The re
lMirts for the month of Novenilicr, 1875,
for Memphis, imputation 45,00(1, shows
t Ik- death rate to have been 21. .'.3 per
J.ooo inhabitants. .Nashville, with a
Iopul:ition rated at 27,000, death rate,
."JO.sl ; hTnoxville, jwipulation ll,0oo,
death rate 21. M; Cincinnati, jxipulatioii
2t;2,.'J, death rate 2:J..7.I; New York,
population l,ti;iyMM, death rate 22.7C ;
Brooklyn, population 0011,1100, death rate
2o.; I ; Boston, population 312,000, death
rate 2-1.-l" ; New Orleans, jxipulation
2 2,kmi, death rate 2;.01 ; Washington,
lopulation BV. 1,(1:10, death rate 22.33;
Newark, New Jersey, topulation 12,
O'Hl. death rate 2".01; Charleston, popu
l..ti.n ."!..."!. d ath rate 21. S4; Mobile,
population 1 ,OU0, (l.'ath rate 2I.li.
IATES7 NEWS SUMMARY.
culture of tobacco in western
ar-!irm is now a s-ttl-l fa L Tliou
j'onnils i,f fancy wrspiu-rs are now
il licrc t-n years a;"n the -roj vias
T!ie city treasurer of Buflalo, Fork by
ii.-itiio, has j r a ilif.itiller to the tune of
about a (iiarter iniUinii ib, liars. He-has gmic
alien- tin- wnnilbine tuinrtli.
The New York Commercial Advertiser
i'S M-voral instances show ill'.; t lie creat
sin inka-i- nl rents in tbate-ity. A store on
-'iaii'l slrcit, near I'-mail way, which has
l.i r o.fure rented fur .-fs.ooo ,er year, has
1 -. -1 -ii r. titt 'l for .'v.imii f,,r the first year, be
!:ini;inir M iy I, i;.iMH jut ttmiuiii for eaeli of
the tun years 1. iilnw in-.; ; anotherslore, ill the
same in i .'Iihorliooil, which was formerly
Jcas:-'I at .1 Ooi per iiiiiiiini, has leeti taken
for die eciiniii;,' year at .-;i,nit ; nnd 12,0o) is
llie be-t nb'cr liiat can he gotten for another
. tore v. Iiieh in more prosperous times rented
for f j'yioo. In rent for ordinary property
llu re are i.ii'.ieat r. of a deeline r.uiiiareil
with l ist year, hi,: in no ease so marked as in
the eases above- named.
There were I .,2s:l deaths in Ireland
liiriie; the liist iliret-fiiaiiTS of lSTo, in a
o-ipiilatimi ,; .",,10,000, ihe greatest mortal
ity prevailing in l ister. I.inijr.itioii has
::re!'i!y iVeroiiseil, .",1'iiu emU'rants Jess ha v
ini; Ik eo reported than in the corresponding
period of let. year. A ohimiIi. Table ilt-oi ense
in p'liiperi -in and crime is jdso recorded.
Spain is more or less agitated over the
prospcelh e e illy return of ex-t'ueeu balu-liii
that country. It is said thai her return
I would pn.ve disastrous ti the AlfonsoiH
c:iue, as it w.uhl produce nothing less than
a revolt in the army. Her son, the reigning
inoiiairh, in ists on h- r airnin enter'nitr Spain
while tin' ministry are decidedly opposed.
Venezuela is i:i an unpleasant position.
A lhitch licet is concentrating at .' t.
Thcinus, preparatory loan cllort to compel
the Vetieueiaa e-nvcrnuieiit it n wpe-n the
rts of .M.iraeiiihii and Corn, which Here
t-losed lo Holland n..t loie; ao, ami a great
revolution has broken out in Maiuriu,
headed ly Ion. IVIina. who proposes to
oertluow the irovern merit of VreMdciit
l'.lanco and place himelf at the head (!" the
repiildie. Hetweco tiro siicli fires Blanco
w ill doii' t!. -s ;;et the v.orst of it.
A Madrid sjn'ci.il states that t.'ount
Iuuoiirostro is in Paris oflici.dly arrauitit;
for the lelurn of ev-t.'ueen Nahella to Spain.
Kin.: Alfonso opposes the ministry on this
important matter. Me declares the minis
ters may resign, hut that his inoihcr must
have an asylum in Spain. Her residence in
to he in V.-d! id. did. Madrid is not consid
ered a safe place for her. It i helieved this
wrioils isMic has heen forced mi AlfoiiHo ly
Isabella, and that the result will he most
disastrous. The Spanish army will be di
vided al once if the uuceti takes nny part in
the dircciion or e.nniscl of siate affairs.
Isabell'i's return will even cause the loss of
isenor Saijasta to the Koyalisis.
China's relations with England are by
no means satisfactory. The people are verv
jealous of any negotiations by t lie govern
ment in favor of forchrncr. nnd thrcaleniii!;
plaear.K hae heen post, ,! j Moiil; Kong
relative to the recent nrmngeit-.cnts of Miu
isler Wade i itii (he eminent. The
lai'-'lish. howevir. are determined to have
witisf ietion for the 4. muter of Lieutenant
Marirnry, l.ut thus far the Chinese have
sought to screen the murderers.
Intelligence has just Wen received from
the Philippine islands iiivinc, the details of a
dreadful hurricane there, on the .".nth of last
month. The storm was particularly svcre
the provinces of A I him and Cuniarines
island of S.u7.:in. L'."hi lives were lost and:!.so0
dellin's were destroyed.. 'Manv cattle
perished, and crops fn direi-tioiis were
IhejHipe is preparing to manufacture
several re cardinals. The -oUcne lacks leu
of the requisite nuinhcr 1. 01. and these dis
ti:'i:uislied piineec of the eliurel. have been
dyinc o.'J so rapidlv lliat ic is neeesarv" for
his holiness lo make friicii tioun'iialions
The cimiuis.si, , tier iW' education in his
r. port states thai the school children of the
t'irte 1 States pay $."10,0110.000 a war for text
books, and the puhliOieis and l.rokers
pocket , per cent, of this sum. or Jk..:t.noo.i
000 per nullum.
A special from Yienn : . . loo si cre-r-tary
ofM.ite, of i;. h . ,j ; . . ,ti-u-iti
i it"d to t ei I .-i 1 , i, , . 1 ,
ci ; 1 ii; i iicoaiouofvie re : 1-? 1
A .. r.euu iaterventjon in fXiVm, in 01 d. 1 to
ohtaia th dat to he un j iu the prparatioii
t f President ( iranl's suplementrT messate
o ronrefis. All of (he eovernm t ts have
I 'll :
i - r ad v to
i I ' I
. i-'l I i J f J
t s - J. 4a-v.'
endorse intervention at the present moiuea
and the other governments express a willing
ness to support intervention, but liefitiite to
take the initiate." ' .-.-
" Allentown, I'a., has thirty cigar fac
tories, which turn a monthly product cf
300,0i cigars. Next to" Detroit omitting
New York sUe. in the liu-gext uiauufacturer
of cigars in the IZuitedJ&tiiUt that is, stands
tliir4 on tlie UnC - '
. On and ater ' January 1 1876, the
Anglo-American telegraph turifl for political
and general news dispatches, other than
commercial dispatches to the press, nnabre
viaterf and not in cypher1, will be one fddliinir
ttwenty-iive cents goldjper word.-. J.
Postmaster Tilley, of St. Louis, has
add reused Pos t in Rster.1 fetters! Jewell,' sug-
gestiugv tliauge iu the .jresent postal law
relating to publishers matter, to the efl'ect
thatr newspapers and periodicals be "tuiule
uniform in elas.si(imtion, and the rate be
placed hi the second class.' Ft e Pays pios
Ieetuset, j'Of-ters, saniplo . copies, etc.
now rated as third class at one "cent per
titmee xr. fraction thereof, jiM but -.little
revenue in that classification, and give gr:it
annoyance anil dissatisfaction to the pot-t-inasters
nnd publishers, and asl;s m hy a iHs-
eriiuiiiatiou should be made between news
papers and periodicals, bills and receipts for
subscription to regular subscribers and
new sdealers, which are now carried at two
and three cents per-pound, and the tame
kind of mutter, to-wit: prospectuses, posters,
samples, copies and all matter; relating to so
icitatiou and . renewal of ""subscriptions,
Mioulil not all he clas.siced and rated as sec
ond class uiatter. The judgim-nt of postal ex
perts, he says, is the result of this change
from increased subscribers and (jnautily of
matter yield revenue equal to the present
classification, and the satisfaction to postmas
ters, publisher-' and the public would beefjual
to the present workings of the reduction on
second-class matter and the prepayment, of
the same by pnhlishcrs. It would also re
move all occasions for esiioiinuie, delav and
lissatisfaetion, arising from the present
classification, and simplify the work of
both publishers and j'ost-ollices.
Jen. Lane, rice-presidential candidate
on the lirccken ridge ticket in I860, is fanning
in Oregon, and his son is a member of con
The secretary of the treasury and
the attorney-general unite in saying that the
statement that such of the indicted Chicago
distillers as have turned state's evidence
have been jromised immunity from punish
uient is incorrect. A great manv offers to
tell what they know have been received from
these parties, on condition that they may ex
pect only such mercy as the judge before
whom they are tried may be pleased to show
A Washington dispatch says of the
jiresent prospect of a peaceable settlement
of our difficulties with .Spain, and of her re
newed energy and wisdom in the pacifica
tion of Cuba, that, unless a now unforeseen
ind unexpected change should occur, there
is no probability of hostilities, or of neces
sity of such intervention as was foreshad
owed in the president's message. The Span
ish prnjierty owners, have but recently been
iiiaJe to bear a large part of the burden of
war, ami their suite rings have disposed them
to urge peace and good government as means
peace. An expert financier is now in
uha with the power to arrange the finances
and to make important reforms of nil kinds,
in which labors lie will have the assistance
of Jovellar, the new aaptain-gencral. It s
probable that the substance of that part of
the president's message relating to Cuban
ffairs, wa sent in advance to the American
ministers at tne principal T.uropcan nations,
and that this as eonuniniic-ited to the gov-
ruiiieuts to which thev were aeeredited as
matter of information and to draw- out
from them some expression of opinion.
The secretary of the treasury declines
to receive checks and d raits in pavment of
bts due the government. This will pre-
gut the national banks from jnyin?' tin ir
semi-annual duties in anything but lawful
The committee appointed to consider
the Wituwski aud Sugg Fort claims, find iu
their report that both claims are fictitious
ami fraudulent, ami that they have passed
through the offices of third auditor and
second comptroller without such exstmiiia
tion as the law rcpiires-.
lbe seeretaiy f the treasury has ent
to congress a letter from a rstou firm re-
oinincnding that a stamp duly be imposed
on manufactured gold and silver. The ob-
cct is to determine the ipiality of the metal
tw-d in order that it mav have a uniform
alue in all parts- of 'the world as is the
ise with Knglish and French goods.
The jostoffiee department has received
cable dispatch from the I'ritish utiuus!er-
ge ne ral, saving that the money orders ad vised
on the lists from the United States largely
exceeds the nmal an onnr. and askli! for
the remittance of thirty thousand pounds
sterling on account. This unusually larr
balance is accounted for as the result of
money orders sent for holiday presents.
Twelve thousand pounds fclerling had been
i emitted before the receipt of the telegram,
nnd the balance will be liquidated in the or
dinary course of business. I'ostinaster-CJen-cral
Jewell has notified the British authori
ties tuut from and after the first ef January
his department will deuiand the payment, of
the lull cost of transporting Australian mail
across this continent, which is now trans
jiorted at an actual loss," under Great Brit
ain's construction of the postal union re
quirements. The matter has been the sub
ject of otKcial correspondence for many
years, aud the postui(Wt r-genend now makes
a demand in the hope of bringing it to r
The secretary of the treasury has given
direet'on for the retirement of $CH,ovo iu
leual-teuder note, on account of thenational
bank circulation issued during Xlecember.
This will leave outstanding in tegul-tenders,
until further reduction $37,12.7'22. The work
of consolidating the internal revenue col
lection districts throughout the country has
been completed, andthe number reduced
from 209 to 163., The annual saving to the
government by the consolidation will be
ab nt $250,000, nearly $200,000 of which is
in salaries alone, and the remainder for
office rent, stationery, etc, .The -force of
clerks has been extensively reduced, although
fully as many deputy collectors will be re
quired as when the whole tinmher of dis
tricts were in existence, Th 'amonn1 of
national bank notes issued since November
1st, U Sl.Ttil.CSO, and the total amount issued
since the parage of the net of June 14, I
is $l'J,71o,!75. The amount of legal-tender
notrs deposited by the national banks,
for the purpose ,,f ret iron; the eircula't ion,
since November 1st, is .-sj,;is7 'Joo.
Lxporting Cotton- Goons. The ex
port movement of cotton fabrics from
this country to I'uglaud is still nn up.
lermost topic among eastern Hrv goods
men, ami the int rest exhibited seems
rather to increase than lessen, .iiiv the
question is at once suggested, why may
we not export woolens as well, and may
it not be jsissible, with the diminishing
cost of production, to compete miccc-s-fu'ly
iu a much wider range of manufac
tured products? New Yoik nisi-k'ts
roeevltv t.lh-d orders fr m
Ant - lea w'ld kuo..-Iv- .uv le u-' J.:-i..bi:-uxl
tiiiouh Wiuia, Hamburg. lLtvre,
add other centers of trade. The recent
order for 1?C, (till piec-s receivi d in Fi ll
River is the most notable outcome of the
agitation, thus i'ar.
TUB LAIKU AT IIONU
Oh, blest is ha, from budnens free,
l ike the merry men of old.
Who ttHshia lurid-with his tnrn stont hand, -
And knows uot the lust of gold.
So Bailor tieon'the stoniiv a, I ' : ' 7
So SBlihVrtrnmpet-stirfeil ; -J ' '
And he shuns the town and the haughty frown-
Of the courtier's fawning herd., ' .- 5 t'
But he bids tlic vin with her tendrils twine ' '-.
Ground the poplar tall, '- -
And he adds a Kraft with a Rardner'g craft.
To the tree that climbs bis wall.
Or a irrazicr keen, o'er the pastures green
lie sees his oxen t,sxl ;
Or he shears his nock, or Ike brews a stock
Of his rustic nectar mead.
And when autumn at lenpth, in his manly strength,
Has raised his fruit-crowned head,
lie plucks the pesr with its flavor rare,
"v And the grajie with its chisters red.
Witli his knmori Uie sod, be thanks his ;1
For His m-ircles and fuvnrsAee.
And he lavs him along while he lists to the fung
Of the 1 brush in the old ojJk tree ; '
While the waters glide with their rij.plins tide, .
And the zephvis .soIiiIt creel
O'er thoiiiiverinKleavs 'midst the lmmmiriug trees,
ADd lnTI the suiif to sieep. -
Hut when thundering Jove, from his stores alsive,
.Sends wintrr snows and rain.
And lock and wood and field and !toid
I.tetmnnd In Muter chain,
With many a lionrcl in the wo"ds around, " "
He bunts the ttrisly ls.ar :
And ere darlilit fade his gleaming blade
is red witn tne monster s gore.
When the sun has set, he spreuls his net,
And the jiartridRp, fluttering, dies;
Ife takes bis hare in his crafty snare,
jvuu me crane, a gooaiy prize.
'Mid joys like these what ills can tease?
Who could remeiutier pain ?
He feels no wrons, and he laughs at the thumg
Ol cares that swell love's train.
Tf a loving wife l?st start of life
be his, and children dear.
The fire burns bright with its ruddy light
- His homeward stop to cheer. . .
At Ihe cottaae door, when his toil is o'er,
.she stands with her smile so sweet.
And holds up her face, with a modest grae-',
Ilia welcome kiss to meet.
And his children glad swarm round their dad
ihit the hungry man must dine;
80 she preads the cloth, and he sups his broth
While she pours out the home-made wine.
A NICE CHRISTsVIAS,
Y MARY C. BAETI.ETT.
Granny Welch was a funny little Irish
woman, who wore a plaid shawl at all
times and seasons, and whose tight-fitting
hood could not indeed, it did not at
tempt to conceal the broad white cap
frill which liobhed up and down as she
talked, which was pretty often, I assure
( Jranny Welch hated lsiys, all but one;
and that was Mikey, the son of her
"darlin"' daughter, who bad left her
three years a;ro.
" Mikey isn't jist but a baby yet," she
would sometimes ay, apologetically, to a
neighlwir;'' but if iver he grows into one
of them imperdint spalpeens bevant I'll
TIk 11 the neighlior would laugh, and
Mikey would laugh, and finally (Jranny
Welch herself would laugh until her cap
frill shook and hcrbead-like eyes twinkled
like a couple of very small stars.
Time bad dealt gently'with the old
lady. lie had given her 110 painful
rheumatism, no feeble limbs or stiffened
joints. lie had only bleached her hair
and wrinkled her lace and shriveled her
up, so that she grew smaller and smaller,
until it really seemed as if she might
blow away some day, when she'd
grown old enough," as Frank Welling
ton had said.
Frank Wcllin-rton was one of the bovs
whom Granny Welch hated. eShe bated
him because he had asked her, to " lend
him the loan of her shawl" one stinging
winter day ; she hated his brother Tom
because he said that Mikev looked like a
frog in the new jacket and pants which
she had worked x hard to make him :
but more than all sh" hated them lnith
iscanse they were veritable lxys, or
"spalpvens." The words were synony
mous with Granny Welch.
It wits the day before Christmas, and
Mikev sat watchinor the stove and wait
ing for bis grandmother, who had gone to
church, lie couldn't go out into the
treet, for bis toes were ieeiiing through
hits little, worn shoes. " Granny" had
promised him a new pair " when her ship
came intil the harlxir;" but he was al
most tired of waiting for that. Mikey
knew very little alsmt Christmas. No
one had told him to hang up his stocking
ami lie had heard no hint oi presents,
lie had a vague idea that it must lie a
good tune, oecause evcrylKidy 111 the
court went to church. That was all
Mi Key knew alxnit the day to which
most little people look forward soeagerly.
lie didn't like to sit in the kitchen all
alone. Grannv Welch had, often Isiastcd
that the rWoni "fronted the coort and
there was a great dale of things to lie
st-en from it." I!ut Mikey found it a
lonesome place now. The jieople who
came by walked very fast, and had their
cloaks drawn tight aknit them, as if
they were fold. The wind was blowing
too. He didn't like the wind; it made
him think of what Frank Wellington
had said.. What if bis grandmother
should " grow old enough " that very
day. Dinner time wa. coming, too, and
he was hungry, lie began to cry.
"WMst, whist, now! Where's mc little
man ?" This isn't him, sure. It's a baby
we have here, intirely."
There she was (Jranny Welch, .lust a
little old Irish woman that was all; but
to Mikey she was everything tire and
light, aud dinners and suppers, ave, and
jacket and trowsers, too. So it was no
wonder that his lace onglitened as she
Granny Welch al trays went along the
streets with her eyes on the ground. If
she saw a piece of wood large enough to
make a blaze, she picked it up. It really
seemed as if Santa Chius must have
strewn some nice bits in her way this
morning, her arms were so full. Among
others was a liough of an old elm, which
seemed almost- like a tree itself, it was so
tall and had so many little branch's.
Mikey looked at it with longing eyes.
" Are ve wantin' it, Mi.-hael?"
" I am."
"On yer back?" inquired Granny
Welch, with a fierce liobhing of her cap
border. " No, sir," replied irreverent Mikey.
" There's where ye ll get it, thin."
Mikey laughed. He was very well ae
ltiainted with Granny Welch.
" I'll tajce it from you," he cried, glee
fully.suiting the action to the word." -
"Granny" caught him iu her arms,
and gravely administered a few sounding
slaps, which didn't hurt him a bit.
Js it a Christmas ye'll have." she
shed, when her pretended wrath was ap
She took down an old skillet from the
wall and put it upon the etove, then she
dropped into it a handful of corn and
awaited tne result.
Mikey listened for the jopping, and at '
last it came. When the kernels were j
' snapjssd out " she took a large needle I
and some blue varn and strung, them j
thereon. Then she tied he string to the !
old bough, winding it in and out among I
the withered branches, whence it hung in
long white loops. j
"There's yer Christmas." said she,'
with a satisfied air. "Look well now. i
Don't break it."
lie took it in his. plump hand, lie
walked proudly tip anil down the room,
the corn waving gracefully.
" That'.-t :i ntis- Christmas," said Granny
W 1. !; the outer fl-vborder bobbing
' A nice I lui.-; . i.. 1- b:.v -
gets nice Christ masses."
Mikey 's stout figure straightened.
" There's little Biddy McLaughlin bc-
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,
yant, a cries wid the toot'acbe. She gets
no Christmas at all. Mind that; now."
Mikey looked sober. The. little girl
was his best-beloved playmate and he was
very sorry for her., lie .-thought-of her
all thq while he was eating his jiinner,
h jlding Lis potato in one hand" and grasp
iius his newly-aoqurired U-ea.siire Ja the
other.v When the meat was over and bis
grnridmother was busy putting; away the
fragments he took to his little heels and
ran across the court to " Biddy's part."
Poor Biddy looked up with tearful
eyes. : '
" Toot'acbe now ?" inquired Mikey.
"It'sstoppin'," replied Biddy, soberly.
"There are a clove in it." , "
" See my Christmas, Biddy."
. She looked admiringly. ; V i
. " Come, out intil the court, Biddy.
We'll have a pereession. Pretind its ban
ners." " But I have none," whined Biddy.
Mikey broke his bough in two, scat
tering bits of wood and kernels of corn as
he did' so. To arrange the twe i' ban
ners"' gracefully was a work of time, but
the children did it, or thought they Hd
it, at last.
The " percession " bad been in motion
hardly five minutes when it was uncere
moniously ordered to halt. fl
"Stand still there! What do you call
that? A string of snow-flakes? Give us
one, won't you?"
The children stood still and looked
"Oh, Frank! Come here a moment."
Frank came, a merry -faced lwy, with
clear gray eves.
"What is ii, Toi?"
"Just look at those little rats. They've
a whols string of suow-ilakes and they
won't give a fellow one."
"Nonsense!" laughed Frank. "Let
"It's my Christmas," faltered little
" Your what?"
" Je-rusalem '. " exclaimed Tom, think
ing of the stately evergreen, at which he
had managed to get a j-eep, iu his parlor
at home. "
"Don't you get any presents?" inquired
"I'm to tret anew coat," spoke up
Biddy. "It's makin' out of a lady's
dress good an' warm, wid quiltin' in it."
Alas! there was need of it, poor little
" l7ni to have sonic shoes some time,"
The gray eyes looked a little less clear.
Something dimmed them.
For a moment Frank seemed lost in
thought; then lie suddenly pulled from
his pocket a small rule.
"Put your foot on this," said he to
Mikey. It won't hurt you (seeing that
the child hesitated). Just for a minute.
Mikey did so, wonderingly, and Frank,
after examining it carefully, put the rule
in his pocket again, and the boys walked
" What are you going to do now,
Frank?" inquired Tom.
"I can't stand it, Tom." replied Mark,
earnestly. "Here am I great man al
most, with everything I want. And just
think ol those "little chaps! It makes a
fellow feel mean, somehow. Father gave
me five dollars yesterday. It was to go
toward m v printing-press; but that voung-
ster shall have some new shoes to-day or
my name's not Frank Wellington."
Tom made no reply. He also had a
little money, which had leen given him
to sjt'nil as he pleaod. and he had no
ticed what seemed to have escajted the
sharpcyesofhis brother, viz: tlirt llj.hly's
brown locks were straggling through the
many loop-holes in her worn-out hood.
"Do girls' heads have to lie measured?
he inquired at length."
"No. Anything' fits 'em. Why?"
'" Oh, nothing," replied Tom. carelessly.
Half an hour afterward the boys stood
again at the entrance of the court. The
children were still there but the "trees"
were stripped. Most of the corn had
found its way into the two little red
mouths, which were even now quite full.
"Bring those what-do-vou-call-'enia
here," called Frank. " Both of you."
But the "what-do-you-call-'enis" didn't
move, so the boys went to them. Hastily
snatching the "'banners" from the be
wildered children, they proceeded to tie
thereon some queer-looking packages
one suspiciously like a doll, another like
a horse, l.t-sidvs a couple of well-filled
horns, the contents of which, of course,
noltody could guess, and two larger
bundles, which were reserved for the last.
They had fastened them all on securely,
as they thought, when snap, snap, went
the withered old branches, sending the
packages igr.ominiously to the ground,
where they lay surrounded by broken
twigs and scraps of wood.
Mikey gave one cry. It brought Gran
ny Welch quickly to the sjxit. Her
capborder seemed fairly to dance and
her little black eyes to flah lire as she
caught sight of the Intys.
"An' it's ye, Frank Willin'ton ye
an' yer brither as couldn't let a poor
b'y play wid a few rotten sticks uiiuicr
listed. It's little enough he has, thin
he nor Biddy nayther. Be off wid yees,"
she added, fiereely, raising her voice.
" Go home wid vees, now, or I'll I'll
'! - - -
The lioys didn't wait until the sen
tence was finished. They walked away
without a word.
They were sober and thoughtful that
evening. The mother wondered what
had come over her fun-loving bids; but
she waited patiently for a solution of the
At eight o'clock came a furious pull
at the door-lx'H.
" It's old Mrs. Welch and she wants to
see you boys both of you," sajd the
father, half-anxi ously. " You haven't
Wen up to anv mischief to-dav, have
" No. sir," replied Torn, meekly, while
Frank colored up to the roots jf his hair.
They looked like a couple of culprits
as they went into the hall, whore sat
Granny Welch wringing her wrinkled
"God forgive me for wrongin' yees,"
said she. speaking very fast. " But
whin I seen the shoes foreninst me on
the ground I had like to faint An'
Biddy's hood's an illigant fit; an' she an'
Mikey's that pleased wid the candy an'
the t'ys they can do notlrin' intirely but
jist turn 'em over an' over an' laugh
like a pairot bahira. An' Mrs. McLaugh
liu (she's a babe wid thcmeasles, an' she
can't leavo the night), she sinds ye her
bist thanks an' risjK-cts, and may ye
niver want for a Ohrii-tmas gift."
Frank and Tom looked at each other.
'' Folks get that tired of workiu' an'
scrapin'. that they gets hard times," con
tinued 'Granny Welch, plaintively. An,'
ye sees, I didn't sitise it at all. Ye'll
forgive liuv won't. yees, now "'"
"Oh! that was nothing," stammered
" We don't ear" a fig altmit it," added
"Thank ye. God bless yees lxith.
I'm very much obliged to yees. May ye
live till a hundred Christmases," and
she wns gone.
"What a"K's this mean, loys?' in
quired the mother, when they returned
to the sitting room.
" It mean you tell her, Tom."
Tom tried to tell her the story, but he
failed signally. Then Frank took up
the broken thread of the discourse, with
little I tetter result. Between them lith,
however, the lady at length gained the
truth. When they had finished her own
e ves were moist
I t't-mk God for my boys," said she,
'1 !'. ;!! l.issiug, .the WTlfcninfr r'lftps.
T ..ate made me vr - v.-:;; ,. This
w kit is a good Chrit:;.:; . 0 them, 1 tin.
And it was,
Granny Welch always makes two no
table -exceptions now when she speaks of
" imperdint spalpeens. ' Indeed, sue
has learned to like all boys better for the
sake of "thim tinder-hearted young
gintiemin, tne wnnn tons." iv. i. In
Facts Concerning Fish Which May be
ReE'arded as Of-flsli-al.
' - j Detroit Free Press.
Fish-ma j1 be divided into two classes
cod-fish and fresh-nsh. Ihe propriety
oi dividing tnern into classes will be at
once apparent when we reflect that they
are usually found in sl-Ikkms. The mack-
eral is iiot; exactly a codfish ; but he
comes so much nearer lieing a codfish than
a fresh fish that he is for the present
classed with the former. Fish exist in
sLces to suit the purchaser, from min
nows to whales which are not fish,
strictly speaking. Neither is the alliga
tor a fish ; but if we attempt to tell what
are not fishi this article will exceed its
intended limits. The herring is not ab
solutely a Uih ; lie is a sugtrestion ol do
parted fish. But the strongest sugges
tions of departed fish are smelt. . The
J.prring sustains the same relation to the
tiny trilie lis the Egyptian mummy to
the human; race, risii are caught by
measure and sold bv weight that is,
they are eaiight by the gill and sold by
the pound.1 But they are sometimes
caught by weight wait till you get a
bite. Contentment is the chief requisite
to the successful fisherman. Surveyors
are apt to lie good fishermen, because
their lines nnd angles are apt to be all
right. The mermaid and woman fish
may also be mentioned in this connec
tion. The former is a good illustration
of what is meant by the ideal, and the
latter as fitly represents the real. Many
land animals are produced in the sea.
Thus we have the dogfish, the catfish,
sea-lions ami sea-horse, but no sea-mules.
None of the above have bind legs, awd
any manner of mule without hind legs
would le a conspicuous failure. The
codfish is the great source of all s-alt.
In this respect Lot's wife is nowhere;
however, it would be well to "remember
Ixit's wife.". The saline qualities of the
codfish permeate and percolate the vasty
deep and make the ocean as salt as him
self. Weighed in his own scales, he is
found wanting wanting considerable
freshening, j He i.s by nature quiet .social,
his principal recreation being balls fish
balls. The codfish was worshiped by
the Greeks j but he is only h:;lf as well
treated by the inhabitants of Cape Cod,
he is simply shipped. Hence the dif
ference between the Greeks and the in
habitants of Cape Cod. Small fish are
usually harmless; but parents can't le
too careful ;nbout permitting t'leir chil
dren to play where, large fish abound,
since it is au established fact that the big
fish freqiiejitly eat up the little ones.
The jelly fish is, perhaps, theliest under
stood of all t lie finny tribe; because, be
ing translucent, it is easy to see through
him. The 'greatest mnnlier of fish are
eaten on Fliday, and the next greatest
number on jaturd.-iy because those that
are left ovf r are warmed up for Satur
day's breakfast. Argumentative persons
are fond of Mating that it is grammatical
to say thai the five loaves and three
fishes were ate, since five and three are
always eigljit. They should be treated
with silent f-onieinpt. Fish arc provided
with air-blid'iYrs so that they can rise
from the depths of the sea by simply
filling these bladders with air. If any
one i.s disposed to a. k whore they get the
air for such inflation, let him understand
in advance; that this article is not in
tended for the solution of petty conun
drums. There are many interesting
rumors alx: tit fish which might be men
tioned, but the foregoing tacts may be
considered as o'-fish-al.
Good stewards of the manifold grace
of God ! Lvery one to whom this grace
comes is tj consider himself as its stew
ard, and toj act accordirgly. The apos
tle's language is: " As every man hath
received tljie gift, even so minister the
same, one to another. If any man teach,
let him teach as the oracles of God ; if
any 111:111 minister (a term which may ap
ply to any! kind of Christian service), let
liiuid it ins of the ability which God
giveth." !A steward is one who acts for
another; who is liound to dispo.se of what
hi'.s been intrusted to him for the advan
tage of his master, and in accordance
with his master's wishes. It is a striking
thought that even in regard to God's
gifts of grace we are considered but as
stewards. I He still retains the title-deeds
of the estate in His own hands, and says
to us as His tenants: " Occupy till 1
come.-" While salvation is all of grace
it imposes; the most solemn obligations
on the saVed. While God has his work,
we have ours; and as we cannot do God's
work, God will not do ours. Now this
grace is as manifold in its responsibilities
as iu it- 'revelation, operations and re
sults. We are stewards in relation to
the Gospel itself, which is the revelation
of His grace. It has been committed to
the church, not as a monopoly, but as a
trust ; and God holds her responsible not
only liir its preservation, but also for its
propagation through the world. We are
stewards also in relation to the various
gifts atidigrac-'s with which, as Christ's
disciples, we may have been endowed.
Every gracious diso-itioii, every mental
and bodily power, every calling in life
every relationship in society, every of
fice in like church, our time, our sub
st: n -e, our influence, these are all con
ferred on jus as trusts, to be managed by
us, not for our own advantage and enjoy
ment inejrcly, but for the welfare of
society and that God, in all things, may
be glorified. No man liveth unto him
self, llejwho tries to do so is chargeable
with mismanagement, and even with
emliezzleiiient, of the estate committed
to him. lie is robbing God and robbing
his fellow-men, without enriching him
self. Every one has something which
no other! has, and can do something
which no! other can. Every bullet, says
the proverb, has its biilit, and, in like
manner, every Christian has his special
mission, j lie is what he is and where he
is for some wise and gracious end. He
ha.-? his sjk-ciality, which it is his to cul
tivate fori Christ. To each and all, there
f ire, would I say, stir up the gift that is
in you. j Be up and doing; do some
thing; do your bst; do it at once, and do
it heartily as unto the Iord. Don't be a
mere cipher in the church. Don't be a
mere ondooker, still les3 fault-finder.
Don't It a mere critic in the Christian
warfare, j m t an armed and active com
batant. jEvcry citizen must, be a soldier
to do battle, with sin and hasten the
triumnh-j of the Cross. A'. 1". bcrvrr.
Diphtheria in the Thumbs.
Amon;.r the various freaks of that ter
rible disea.-e, diphtheria, which has made
such ravages aiming the children in this
city within the past few months, is one
lately developed in the case of a little
daughteij of Mr. James Scull, of West
Side avcinue. The child is about five
years of jnge, and was taken sick with
diphtheria about five weeks ago. A day
or two previous to the attack she had
broken the skin on the back of loth her
thumbs, j Dr. W. Pyle. the attending
physiciaii, found the child bad ail the
symptoms of diphtheria, with the ex
ception of the formation of a membran
in the throat. But this membrane wa
formed cm tiie back of each thumb, ove
the places where the skin had been
abradedj The doctor, becoming inter
ested in .'this strange freak of" the disease,
removed the diseases! membranes from
the thumbs, when others immediately
succeeded in the same place.-. Ii;' teen
' i .tu intjd the membrane as it appealed
, 'ii ;l e eLii i's t'itimls. under the micro
1 seiope, i.nd found it lo lie in every par-
JANUARY 14, 1S76.
ticnlar like that which, in this disease,
usually forms in the throat or in some of"
the air-passages. He tok a membrane
from the throat of another little daughter
rf Mr. Scull, who was then sick and ha
since died with diphtheria, and. com
paring it with that taken from her sis
ter's thumb, found them precisely alike,
phe Httle girl who had been the subject
0f this singular development, as the 'dis
ease advanced from one stage to another,
still continued to show svmptoms of
diphtheria, having paralysis of the soft
palate and lower extremities, lieing una
ble to either move or speak for several
days. She at length began to grow con
vaiescent. however, and is now nearly re
covered, being again able to walk id out
and talk the same us before her sickness,
while the sores on the back of her thumbs
are entirely healed up. Dr. Pyle is ol
the opinion that the cou rse taken by the
disease in this case is a strong argument
in liuor of the opinion which many
medical men hold that diphtheria is not
wholly, if it is indeed chiefly, a disease
of the throat and organsof respiration.
Jertcy Citg (A. ..) Journal.
The Cure fir (.'ossip. '
What is (he cure for gossip? Simply,
culture. There is a great deal of gossip
that has no malignity in it. Good-natured
iH'ople talk aliout their neighbors because,
and only liecause, they have nothing' else
to talk alHHit. As we write, there comes
to us the picture of a family of young
ladies. We have seen them at home, we
have met them in galleries of art, we have
caught glimpses of them going from a
bookstore, or a library, with a Ircsji vol
ume 111 their hands, when we meet
them, they are full of what they have
seen and read. They are brimming witli
questions. One topic of conversation is
Iroppcd only to give place to another, m
which they are interested. We have left
them, after a delightful hour, stimulated
and refreshed; and during the whole
hour not a neighlior's garment was soiled
by so much as a touch. They had -something
to talk about. Thev knew some
thing, and wanted to know more. They
could listen as well as thev could talk.
To speak freely of a neighl nil's doings
and belongings would have seemed an
iniertinence to them, and, of course, an
impropriety. They bad no temptation
to gossip, liecause the doings of their
neighbors formed a subject very much
less interesting than those which grew
out of their knowledge and their culture.
And this tells the whole story. 1 he con
firmed gossip is always cither malicious
or ignorant, the one variety needs a
change ot heart and the other a change
of pasture. Gossip is always a personal
confession either of malice or imbecility,
and the young should not only shun it,
but by the most thorough culture relieve
themselves from all temptation to indulge
in it. It is a low, frivolous, and too often
lirtv business. There are country
ncighlMirhoods iu which it rages like a
post. Churches are split in pwces by it.
Neighlxirs are made enemies by it lor lite.
In many perns it degenerates into a
hronic disease, which is practically 111-
urable. Let the voting cure it while
thev mav. Dr. .1. (. JloUnml.
Bad I" fleets of Beer -UrinVing.
The worst results from accidents in the
don Hospitals are said to lie dray
men, l hough tiiey are apparently
models of health and strength, vet, if
one of them receives a serious injury, it
nearly always necessary to amputate,
in order to give him the mo t distant
chance of life. The draymen h.ive the
unlimited privilege of the brewery cellar.
ir Ashley ooper was once c.iiii d to a
drayman, who was a powerful, fresh-
olnrcd, heallhy-Iooknig man, and hud
uflered an injury in his finrer, from a
mall splinter of a stave. 'Ihe wound,
trifling, suppurated. He opened the
small absctss with Jus lancet, ilelound,
on letiring, he had left his lancet, lie-
turning for it. he found the man in a
dving condition. The man died in a
hort time. Dr. Gordon savs, "The
moment beer-drinkers are attacked with
acute diseases, thev are not able to lie:; r
eplet'on. and tlie." Dr. Edwards savs
of beer-drinkers, Their diseases are
tlways of a dangerous character, and in
ise of accident, thC3' can never undergo
even the most, trilling operation with the
security of the temperate. They most
invariably die under it." Dr. Buchan
savs, .Malt liouois render the blood
izyand unfit for circulation : hence pro
ceeds obstructions and inllammatioii of
the lungs. There are few great lieer
drinkers who are not phthisical, brought
on by the glutinous and indigestible na
ture of ale and porter. These
liquors inflame the blood and tear the
tender vessels ot t tie lungs to pieces."
Dr. Mason says, " Intoxicating drinks,
whether taken in the form of fermented
or distilled liquors, are a very f-eqtient
predisposing, cause of disease." 'Ihe
hospitals of New York show an equally
unfavorable record of the intemperate,
and private practitioners everywhere
have the same ecric'nce. Stnif'triuit
IJemedy for Ihe Hog Cholera.
A writer in the Southern Cultivator
relates the following experience, which
will be interesting to our readers : " Last
year I lost nearly all my hogs with hog
cholera. My neighbor lost, none scarcely,
which led me to believe that he must
possess a sovereign remedy for this evil,
tasked him why he lost no hogs. His
reply was that ' he kept them clear of
worms and stimulated with black pep
per.' Said he, ' 1 first fed them on corn
soaked iu lye and copperas, and clear
them of worms; afterward gave them
plenty of black jicpper. Those that were
sick got well, and those that were well
remain so, of course.' This year I have
given my hogs an occasional dose, twice
a week, of kerosene oil, said to lie a pre
ventive of cholera. Several of my
neighbors lost nearly all their hogs, and
six weeks ago mine showed signs of dis
ease, and I concluded to try the ' lye and
pepper.' I prepared it as follows: First,
shell an ear of corn and soak in strong
lye all night ; next morning add a half
tca-sjKMiiiful of pulverized copperas mix
and feed in a trough. This was repeated
on the following morning, and a half tea
s, mi .ii In I of black pepper was added.
After this I put a tea-spoonful of pul
verized pepper in the food, imiled grits,
every morning for a week. " Jiwlt My
hogs" stopped dying, all that ate got well,
anil are as thrifty now as I could wish.
The alxive is the dose for a single hog.
It is simple and reliable; as a prr.ntivc
it can't be beat, " and I have sec t bogs
i ww. .-v.., .... . - - - i
ick, too, restored to good health by the
i .. ;
use ef this remedy.'
How Cri'.ct'Ms r axcks ai.tfu Cases.
Mr. Albert Rhodes, writing on " Wo
man's Occupations," in the Oalaxy,
says: " TV moral sense takes difiercnt
forms in difiercnt countries. The Greek
pilgrim, having bathed in the Jordan,
where Christ was baptized, 1-elicve-s him
self sure of Heaven and entitled to a
large license in the conduct of life. In
Sparta it was not so much the crime of
stealing as the discovery that was culpa
ble. In France bankruptcy is social os
tracism, and in. the Fnited State s it is
an e vent which hardly allects the soe-ial
position. The married woman of France
who distributes her favor to others than
her husband mav possibly lie regarded
with inelulgenee, but if she attempts to
cheat her creditors she is hurried before
the tribunals of justice. Iu A merica she
may connive with her husband in evad
ing creditors by having property trans
ferred to her. but she may not p"t stabs
'! tic marriage ciQtiaet. It i.s v.ill.
lii. iel'i-ic, not ?oa--'Hi;e moral s-;p. r:ori
ty, for vii Of li.-iif or b -- relative or
A 1.3 r jf Proportion XMMjillon c by Ihe
i'onn i salon.
The fifth general report of the south
ern claims commission, recently transmit
ted to congress, shows a falling olf in the
amount of businessjas compared with the
three preceding reports, which diminu
tion is accounted lor by delays occasioned,
by a recent amendment to the law,
which requires the signature of each of
the three commissioners to be placed
upon every rejort. Ihe report em
braces 1,001 cases, 4 1 it ot which were
allowed, and 7Xi disallowed. The fol-
shows the extent ot the
the commission in the last
work done by
I ? .TO S
M insist,! pi-i
North i uioliiiH
N it Ii I 'ani na
. i.i.TfvlH TU
The time for presenting claims to this
commission expired March .'5, 1878. Uj
to that date 2'2W claims were filed, of
which 13,(7t are still to In? disposed of.
The time allowed to the commissi;.'" to
conclude their labors will expire March,
1S77, bavins' been once extended (or two
The l'riiicess Borgliese and Lord
The eccentric sister of the great Napo
leon was a coouette through policy as
well as inclination. After her separa
tion from her husband, Don Camillo,
she was through his generosity loft mis
tress of his magnificent establishment
at Home. Niilcon was then an exile
at St. Helena, where be often mentioned
his sister with fondness. He considered
htr the handsomest woman in Europe,
and spike with pride of the fact that
artists loved to call her the modern
Venus de Medici. " When she was at
Ziyce," he said, "she actually estab
lished a line of baggage wagons to and
from Paris to bring her supplies of the
latest fashions. Had I known it at the
time, I should have scolded her soundly,
but after id 1 she is the kindest creature
in the world." In her palace at Rome,
the deserted wifw still swayed her sceptre
over hearts. Shou:t' f-till marvcloiisly
lcauti!'iil, though her health was delicate
and her constitution impaind. She was
suiroiiiKied by adii.iicis, the mos-.t ardent
of v.hom was Lord Brougham. "He
was admitted to the mysteries of her
toils t, and she allowed him to sit on the
floor before her and hold her feet in his
hands. He was also i term it ted. as a great
favor, to hand pins to her dressing maids
when they needed them in the arrange
ment of her crson. "How can you
take pleasute,'' some one asked her, " in
the society of men who have imprisoned
your brother al St. Helena-.'" "Can you
not understand," she replied, vehement
ly, "that I enjoy the sight of these men,
once so arrogant, now humbling them
selves to the dust of my sandals? Can you
not see that the complaints of that
British peer are sweet music to my soul?
He stands for hours to give pins to my
waiting-maid, because they are to touch
niv h rson. He has the cwuntge to con
front the caprices of a woman, but be
does not dare to fpeak brlbre his parlia-L
incut in behiiil ol Jhat woman s brother,
that he be more 'kindly t rented in his
accursed dungeon at St. Helena! And
this man hopes that 1 may love him!
And the others hope that I may love
them. If I had neither heart nor soul,
perhaps I might! Let them love on and
sutler the penalty."
I he 3Iost Expensive -Monarch 1 the
Perhaps the court of Solomon alioided
some precedent for the magnificence of
the Sultan's court, but it certainly has
no more modern parallel. His servants
at the palace number 5,.V0, the kitchen
employing o(M, the Ftubles -lop, the
menagerie and other itctns accord
ingly. 'Ihe menagerie H a special hobby
of the Sultan's, and it is one ot' the mo.-,t
remarkable collections iu the world, lie
pays it daily visits, and every man-of-war
that visits foreign jorts brings accessions
of new 1 leasts. The Sultan's wives and
concubines number !,-(), olid more than
Solomon's family. Wealthy Mohamme
dans, whenever they purchase a secially
lieantit'ul slave, send her with their com
pliments to the Sultan, and he never re
. ... , f . , ,
luses. J o take
care ol tins harem are
fifty doctors, "iO
c-iiiHichs and 1011 mes
th aisand is-rsoiis sire
daily fed in the palace, and the table
alone costs "-!." 00,00' I yearly. The harem
requires nearly a million dollars yearly
to keep it up. The total expenses of the
Sultan for these and other jmrposes are
?S',000,(I'IO a year. And meantime
famine stalks abroad throughout Turkey,
the slaving peasants are rising in bloody
rebellion against the cormorant tax
gatherers, and thu empire is falling lo
Short Lessons ia ;diiral Hi-lory.
Frogs, toads and serpents never tale
any food but that which they are satis
fied is alive. If a lv, wa.-por hornet
stings, it is nearly always at the expense'
of ills life. ScrpVnts are so tenacious of
life that they will live six months with
out food. The head of a rattlesnake has
leen known to inlliet a fatal wouud after
lieing separated from the body. If the
eye of a newt is put out another jx-rfect
eye is soon supplied by rapid growth.
Fishes have no eyelids, and necessarily
sleep with ocii eyes. Alligators fall into
a lethargic sleep "during the winter, like
a toad. There are agricultural ants in
Texas that actually plant grain and reap
before the harvest." Naturalists say that
a single swallow will Jevoursix thousand
(lies "a d-iy. The tarantula of Texas is
nothing more than an enormous spider.
A single codfish produces more than
1,000,01k.) eggs in one season. A whale
suckles its young, and is therefore not a
fish. The mother's affection is remarka
ble. Toads In come torpid in winter and
hide then: Ives, taking no food for five
orSJA llilllllll .IJeiil..- ii .-I.V..V
l o,i tj.t.ir m annually like eral-s, seal
.. . .. i. .- i
or six montiis. r-erpems oi mi
nnd lobsters. Turtles and tortoise have
their skeletons outside if, -instead of
within, the, liody. It is lielicved that
crocodiles live to" lie hundreds of years
eild. The ancient Fgyptians embalmed
ItoTiisc'Hii.n's Sentiment. The Jew
ish Messenger says Baron lid ward de
Rothschild is expeVteel to lie among the
visitors at the Centennial, and he will
undoubtedly lie in great demand. Dur
ing one of the fairs in Paris some years
ago Baron James de Rothschild was a
patron. Chancing to pass a stand where
some pretty young ladies were installed,
he asked ii a bantering tone, "Well, my
dears, what can I do for you ?" "Ah,
Ramii," said one, " you can give us your
autograph." "With pleasuie," re
scinded the gallant old Baron, " if you
will preface it with an agreeable senti
ment." So the young ldy, without
ad, wrote on a dainty slip of paper: "I
. hetvbv donate to charity, ten thousand
I !'i ;-.ni :;ii-l the Baron immediately
' .i.:;i d ! ii i.aaio in full, and smilingly
paid the amount to the enterprising
VOL. XXL NO. 27.
Mysteries of Sleep.
1 have otten wondered concerning
the mysteries ot sleep. Jf you have
watched any one Rlunibering, you must
have felt that there is something absent
which is there when the sleeper is a s ake.
Thought in a moment can fiy to the
other end of the earth. A woman born
and bred in Australia, lieing in London,
can constantly conjure up the homeste.-.d.
"Why, then, shall not the soul le able,
when the body sleejis, to go who knows
whither? Sometimes, when we wake,
for some moments we apear to be strug
gling with something, ami then, sudden
ly, we are still again. Where are the
souls of the mad-.' The souls lieing a
perfect existence, if it were with the
mad, then its perfection would overcome
the madness. A man who has never
known any impurity of thought becomes
mad, and his fancies are in the last de
gree terrible. Can the soul, which
guided him when sane, lie still with him
when be has become something worse
than . a brute ? Who knows ? who
knows? Mohanimed, wishing to illus
trate the wonders of ideep, told how a
certain man, lieing a sheik, found him
self, for his pride, made a poor fisher
man that he lived as one for sixty year,
bringing up a family and working hard ;
and how, upon waking up from his long
dream, so abort a time had he been
asleep, that the narrow-necked gourd
bottle filled with water, which lie knew
he overturned as he fell asleep, had not
had time in which to empty itself. How
is it that sometimes, when we go to a
strange place, we fancy that we have seen
it liefbre ? Il is possible that when one
has been asleep the soul has floated away,
seen the place, and has that memory ot
it which so surprises us: In a word,
how far dual is the life of a man, bow
The Influence of TT?pepers
.V school teacher, who has bccli en
gaged a long time in his profession, and
witnessed the influence of a newspaper
u I sin the minds of a family and children,
write? as follows : I have found it to lie a
universal fact, without exception, that
those scholars of both sexes, and of all
ages, who have access to newspapers at
home, when compared with those who
have not, are :
1 . Better readeis, excellent in pronun
ciation, and consequently read more un-
'2. Thev are better tqieJIers, and define
words with ease and accuracy.
ii. fhev obtain practical knowleoge of
geography in almost half the time it re
quires ot others, as the newspapers have
made them acquainted with the lorntion
of the important places of nations, their
government and doings on theglolio.
4. lhey are better grammarians tor
having IsH-oiue so familiar with every
variety of stvles in the newspapers, from
the comnion-tilace advertisement to the
finished and classical oration of the states
man, they more readily comprehend the
meaning of the text, and constantly ana
lyze its construction with accuracy.
. They write better compositions.
using belter language, containing more
thoughts, more clearly and more correct
0. those young men who nnve ior
years l-t eii reade rs of newsiiapers are al
ways taking the lead in debating seicie-
ties, exhibiting a iiio.T extensive knowl-
dge upon a greater varieir r-t subjects,-
and expressing their views with greater
fluency, clearness and correctness.
An Impudent Fellow.
Mr. Ilepworth Dixon's new book on
America, entitled "The White Conqiu st,"
has the followintr anecdote of a "neathen
'hince:" "You orm form no notitm ol
tic impudence of these rascals' says a
San Francisco magnate, denouncing the
Chines.". "Only the oilier day, in our
rainy se-ason, when the mud was fifteen
inches deep in Montgomery street, a
elbw chnp, in fur tippet and purine
aim gown, was eroding over the roan i
i plank, when one of our worthy citizens,
. . . . , , .
eeing l:ow put!v he was (iresscn, more-
like a Ldr fiein a tradesman, rail on the
plank to meet hiiii, ind, when the fellow
stopjied and stared, just grte him il little
jerk, and whisked him, with a wpjrgrfst'i
laugh, into the Ih-.I of slush. Ha! Ji.t!
You should have suen the crowd of p'o-
ple mocking the impudent heathen Chinee
is lie picked himself up in lus soiieii
tippet and satin gown! "Did any one
in the crowd stand drinks all round?"
"Well, no; that heathen Chinee rather
turned the lain-h aside." " A ii ; how
was that?" "No white man ran con-
. . . i . I il
c.cive the impudence oi inese v. niiicse.
Moonfiice nicked himself up, shook oil a
little of the mire. and. looking mildly at
our worthy citi.eh, curtseyed like a girl,
iving to him in a voice that every one
standing round could hear: ' You Chris
tian; me heathen; good bye.
Xo Teclli In Her I'pper Jaw.
A e-itv irentleman who had just pur-
hase-d a farm in the country, wished to
buy seime cattle with which to stoi K it.
He therefore attended an auction where
ows were to be: seild. One of th m was
i remarkably fine animal and he Imugbt
her at a fair price. Me was examining
bis purchase, when a farmer, who unfor
tunately arrived too late to buy the row
himself as he iiitendeel, drove up and
thus ace-eistcd him: ''I say, friend, did
von bid otl that ow f ' " I did." was
the reply. " We II, elid you know that
she had no teeth in the upie-r jaw?"
" No," replied the gentleman, indignant
ly, "is that so ? " i em can see lor
vo'urself." The trentleman examined the
mouth of the cow, and finding no upper
teeth, inimedi itcly went to the auction
eer and requested hitn to sell lie ceiw
aga'ili. "What's the trouble '.'" asked
the auctioneer. " Sh.- ba.-n't any ujqwr
front teeth." was the reply. " Very
well," replied the auctioneer, with a
smile, " I'll put her ui once more." He
did so, anI the shrewd farmer who had
given the information to the city gentle
man bid he r oiT at the same price.
Dynamite. Dynamite, the substance
which is said (o have caused the explosion
at l'.rcmerhavcn, is also known by the
name of "giant powder," and was in
vented bv a Swedish chemist named
NoIk-1. ft is chiefly used for bla-ting
polioses, and is the most jxiwerful ex
plosive agent known to chemistry. It is
composed of finely-pulve rized silex, or
silicious ashes, eir infuse. rial earth, found
in Hanover, Germany, and known as
liexnhjiihr. Ir will absorb and retain
three times its weight of nitro glycerine,
and has the consistency eif, and closely
resembles common brown sugar. If
ignited in the open air, and not confined
in any space, it will burn quietly, emit
timr nitrous fumes. It is generally rec
ognized as the safest of all explosives, as
it is not liable to explode by light shoe ks,
like- pure; f lyce rine, and is not aflccteel
bv high temperature. It is usually ex
plodctf bv a fuse or a rap. Its greatest
danger, according to M. Guyot.a French
rlM-mist, arises from the fact that the
nitro-glyeeriiie is liable to sejiarate from
the mixture and assume its original
state, when it may explode ujion re
ceiving a slight concussion.
Fisn Cn.Ti'KE. The United States fish
batching establishment on the McClotid
river, a branch of the upjier Sacramento,
has Is-cn operated with great success
during the past vear. Oyer ),0O,00)
salmon eggs have been obtained, of wide. h
;,210,HM' were sent cast, arriving in good
e-onditioii and with a small loss in hatch
ing. The remainder when developed
will be placed in the Sacramento river.
The egge shipped east were put up in
pii es of .so. 000 each, in alternate
layers with damp moss. The y were then
packed in crates in pairs, nurroundcd by
stuffing to prevent jarring. Hie total
weight of the consignment was over 20,
oimi jKiunds; the bulk of the eggs alone
w as 80 bushels.
Waer marrrr wl Mm 7 Jakey,
w er niarrer wi' you jr t
Ti-'n Kpnn'le Rfii-Uc-munlT
Lyin' rounil in Ihia here wT.
Go' up! Kick you! 11,-ll'n C'lumbi I
Jioue to-lwp l,y r,h I
'Mi, my lialic, lie -ull'n nluiiiincr
tie' up I i'us-iiiu game uuk-wuh 1
FaV mIp 'n bo' cye-n uie-ii,
Ihien'n tukp nnlxKly in.
Wlia' you ptarln' at,"ul fi-llpr?
exnie now, Jakf, it - too-ic! this.
Jake, I diil'n go to linrt you,
Iiiil I ? I fo'iiive '" though;
But I don't allow no frller
Call me liar tlat you know.
Cv' up, J.ikpy ; l't lo'euv you
Aniiiioo'tv wlm' r' oill? b!-i
J don't hold no Ki uUe- if ! irin yo;
All'a lo'tiivi-n mum- thr -"p.
Sav don't lie a il;iin-iil. .Iiile-v t
lifinme jrt you out th muil I .
Well, 'I vim Jim' I still alxnit it
tVo.is all tliis thafu wet yoti Mow! "
Jiiki-v, ilon' t.iu lii-ar me? Wake nI
oiiVm we ln rr' be urtun' honm..
Mor'n likrly littU.1 imuny's
Wat hiu' out lo ! you con:.
Br a man! I Mm" m'.- up tliin way!
Moiulr, J.-ike you've- ot a wile!
She'll lie tirsl mail in' fur you
Wliere'd 1 gtt tliis bloody knife"!
Wood ! lilood ! KUkmI ! My bands arc bloody!
lie wrut down lint luade him fall?
6tt-ndy, let me tluul. a minute!
Wliat'n tin- 1111:111 in.; of it all?
Ptony even, what make you -tar aof
tiliasllv fare with 1 rnnson Main !
Thin is death ! JlyOmt! It's inuider '
Curses on tbia 1 ru v hraiu !
FACTS AMI FAM'IES.
Morality without religion is only a
kind of e'e-ael reckoning un endeavor to
find our l-hiee on a cloudy i-ca by mea.-ur-l
. . 1... ; 1,
mit 10 wtMiii-e we- nave run. mm-
out any observation of the heavenly
bodie s. Lomjjt llmv.
The impressions mi the imagination
make the great days of life; the boolf,
the landscape, or the l'cisoiiality which
did not stav on the surface of the eye eir
car, but iK-netrated to the inward sense,
agitates us and is not forgotten.
The test or measure of noetic genius
is the power lei r ad the jioe try ot allairs
to ftie the cireiiui-tatK e of to-elay ; not
to itp S-ntt's anti iuc nuiierstitionn, or
Shakspeari -', but to tonver theu-e ef the
nineteenth century and of the existing
nations into univcr-al ymbob.
The act of imaginatie-n is ever at-
tendi d bv lmre el. light. Jt infuses a
e-ertain volatility and intoxn'at ion into
all nature. It has a flute which se ts the
atoms of our frame in a dance'. Our in
determinate size is a delicious secret,
which it reveals to us.
iiii:i:x Crash l'Mi-:n Tin: Snow.
The rk of the sun is Mow,
Put sure 11s I I-it vi-ii we- kuow ;
Ni we'll not liitfet,
AVIir 11 tin- fl-ies lire wet,
There's ere in cra.s uniler the moff.
M'l-.eti tlie wimls i f winter blow,
Wi'iUuir like vim e of wu',
Tlieri- me April -.bowers,'
Ami bil'i- iiinl flowers,
And prf 11 enlist tin-U-r the suow.
We finil that it's ever M
In ibis lilt 's nut veil flow;
We're only lo wait,
in tlie fuel- i f fate,
for ere-eti trass iimli-r the fnnw.
F. vents cf things are e.nly the fulfill
ment of the prediction of the faculties.
Iiettcr men saw hi avent and earths ; saw
noble instruments of noble souls. We
see railroad, inil'.s, and batiks, and we
pitv the piiiilv of tl.e-M' ibeaiiiing Fud
.lliists. Outside uf th..' nur-i ry the begin
nirg of lili'iat lire.- is I lit prayers of tin
ifop'a'. and tin v : re always hymns,
iHietff -ti e ii'.iini'i.Ihiwiiig itst If range,
and thc.-cwilh is over a cbrrciondir.g
freedom in the Mylc, which briomcs
"Z.-tchariah," said Mrs. 'handler)
"what smell is that'." " loves." "lint
that either smell'.'" ".Ubpiee. '!'',,,,t
isn't there another?'' ""i cs apples.
"And just one more V" "."li, r- ";
dear." " "Well, Zarhariah," said .-! c, "If
you'd drink a Utile brandy now you d
make a 1:001 mince pic'
A JlRKAM WrilllN A I I I II
I Mati'l :mii I I iii ri-.ii-
I if m in f-l'-l l li.-l 1 hi re,
A rel I li-r!-l 1- ill-ill li'V lit-
1 .lain;-1-! 1 le r- '.'h 11 Kino ;
ll'-w , ' ' I Ik-w Oi"!' --I'etJ'
Though l.:V fil.i-i-1" ! IlielflfJ',
While I .-wl.ile 1 IT. ff!
1I1 I ...d : 1:111 I I:' I ; -r:i"p
'I'Iii-iii ith a liiM'ii i' 1 l-'M-'!
Hi ( mil ! e oi I n-il mi"
Oner to-l'l tin 1-it it i-- '
I- all that wi --e or sjH-iu
l'.iil a ilie.im within K do-ani ?
-j:!yur A. i'iw.
Iii poetry we say w- require the
miracle. The bee flics among the flow
ers and gets mint and marjoram, and
generates a new product which is not
mint and marjoram, but honey. The
chemist mixes hydrogen and oxygen to
yield a new prodin t, which is not these,
but water; and t!.-port IkIciis to coii-vcr-atioii
and b. holds all objects in na
ture to five back, not them, but a new
and transcendent whole
Imagination is central ; fancy is
cup( rtieial. l-'ancv relates te. surface, in
which 11 great part' of life lies. The lover
is rightly said to fancy the Lair, eye-,
ronii.-h-xioii of the maid. Fancy is a
wiiii:'b imagination a spontaneous act ;
fmcv a plav as wiih dolls and jnipi t
which we choii- to call men and women;
imagination and allirmii.ig of a real re la
tion between a Ihotight and some mate
rial fact. Fancy amuses; imagination
e-XM-!ids and e-.xalls ns.
rhymer in '.crilmer s tnus r niie.
the f-tory of a butcher who had a large
brain and loved little (hildrcn;
It was a prii-'-oinr l-uii her.
ilh e.,lllit.-l..i.'li e -illumine ;
lie -i.h1 lit II. i- il-u - I H- little llol.
It wa the hulir "f Line
Tlie ehil'lien c b by to nehm.l
ljm ki d i" at the o.i 11 il'K.r .
Tlley hived to see I he -u usHKi-lliaihllie
A lid heat iis iiu liil ':.
Tlie Lutrh-r hi l'-'l i-l out iiinl iii,
Then hurrlM lie snoro.
Next yawned, lhetl.-li.ilil.. I"'"'' "fee! I"" '"'I'"
ej.ii.lh he: "l.ile' nll 1 !
-N'l.vv hire's 1.11 Ihes-.b-nr If 1 1-. hiblrtn,
s.ui f ' i-i.'hl br to Ik- sixiv ;
WIlV Slii.l.l.ll.'l I s.-ve '. "I 0e"' "l''.;;,0 - IM.sl
An' chop ' if -li e.ty .'tlsiy i
S,hewin..-It..tl il.lie" Hi'd.lH,-..,.!.-! the...
'(, iln n't ve's iviint niliu ' an ly
Hot ye xee j'e'll h :nr In i one- into Ihe h(ip,
tur out here il isn't h.-oul v :"
11- 'tii-iil them Into li e bole -hop,
The machine went r..iiinl and round ;
And when I luxe poor Imlti- i an l attain
They fell hi d ten M iitna ji-mnd.
Shadows please us as still finer
..l...t,..u A rcliili-ctti re ifives the liko
pleasure bv the rein tiioii of equal parts
in a colonnade, in a row of windows, or
in wiin's; gardens bv the symmetric con
trasts of the lrf-.ls and walks. In M,ci ty.
von have this figure-in a bridal com any,
where a choir of white-roU-d maidens
give s the charm of living Matin s ' in a
funeral proccs.-ion, where all wear black;
iu a regiment of soldiers in uniform.
(.'ranger Stores as an Experiment.
.No feature of the grange movement
excites more inte rest than the efforts to
establish stores, at which good can lsi
obtained cheaply. It strikes directly at
the country merchants, and, if it con
tinues to liny serious e-xtent, it must
have an imertai;t influence on their
This is by no means the first time,
when an attempt was made to establish
e-o-eij)er;:ti ve union stores. Alamt
twenty-five year' ago it was quite p nt
ral in the- maim fact u i ing districts, and
particularly in New Finland. Tin? object,
was to share the j.rofits of the middle
men with the proeluerrs. Fe.r a ye ar or
two the coii-umers had dividenels ot from
ten to twenty per ent. on their pur
chases, l'.ut this was tisi goisl to lai-t.
The managers of the steires did not tin-de-rstand
their business, nnl liought an
inferior class of goods that drove away
persons to the eId-fashionel stores.
Then "hard times" occurred, and it was
not jKissibh- to' refuse- credit to men who
had dealt with them so many years. At
last the inevitable doom of bankruptcy
overtoeik the bu-iiit ss. but as the credits
had been nearly given to working men,
with no capit: 1 but their labor to fall
back ujsiii, asset i wen; nominal, hnd the
collections were not worth the trouble of
looking after. In the remote- nooks of
New Kngland the remains of the famous
union st'ire-s arc to lie found. In (iroton,
Mass., the old union is still jiointed out,
where (ii-orge I'.outwel!. se-cretary of tho
treahury of the United States, made his
first attempt in finances, by trading fT
candies for pennies with the neiuhlsiriiig
children. It is said to lie a matter of re
gret in certain quarters that Mr. l'.emt
well ever left his original vocatioi. It
is evident that there are many iwiints of
K-sembhmcc la-twccn the old fa."hiolial
"Tnion Stores" and the new-fashioned
grange nmvi im nl, and the grangers
would do well if they compare the two
ystema, and accept or reject what an
jx nrs move injurious to the order.
lll.liiv.-. - - - --