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The herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, February 11, 1876, Image 1

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TIMELY TOPICS.
v New Orleans receives nine-tenths of j
I lie immigrants to the southern states. !
The school children of America an
nually pay $50,000,000 for schools books,
of which it is said the publishers pocket
$33,000,000.
An English pa per says that it is thought
in many quarters that the Jews are going
to purchase the Holy Laud of Turkey,
with a view of going there in a body.
Prof. Taylor Lewis says that an j
idea of a God who merely started the i
ami verse and then left it to evolution ;
"i-i exceedingly attenuated." '.
It is now ascertained that Winslow,
the Boston f.xrgtT, sailed from New York !
for Rotterdam, Holland. He laid his
TfaiM well, as there is o oxtr,V.tM
treaty with that country.
Tue Northampton, Mas., bank rob- I
lrv. turns out tn 0 ,
dotTA.... f.rti I - u..
dons haul for the cracksmen. It is esti- !
mated that over $000,000 in money, ;
stocks and Wiuls. were gobbled by the j
robbers. ;
Cmviurv o.l l... i
-.. l'J - V. II I Ut I III
K iwi f l"l 1 i ; i
making in North Adams have eontri-1
utecl out of thnr scautv earning 347 I
to defend oho who is entangled in Jaw m j
Nevada.
-ir-n "i- 11 11.1 , i
MR. ..Ienziks. win. Ws just published
a valuable work on forest, in England, i
t . - i . . ; j
-ays that lightning never stnkes 'l ;
trees, but always selects tlc strongest, !
sum inoso inn ot sap. it is well worth
knowing that tht ivy often acts as a.
lightning conductor.
The petition from the Mormon Women
was a fraud. Numbers tbosc whose
manic upiieared i Jam-in ileny having
Mgneri j;iiy such. pajcr, but admit that
they did sign u ix-titKin to grant the
women of Utah free admission to tit
ciiteui:ial exposition.
The " haitgiwg'" question is Wing in-ve-tigatod
inGrvat Ihitian in the inter
nals, mt f the condemned criminal aloo,
1-iit of humanity. Prof. I laugh tun, of the
university of Dublin, who has given the
ulyect a good ivnl of attention, repro-
latos verv stronsr? v the use ufuriv inpthful !
wbUh fails to produce instantaneous: Woux Indiiuw, under Sitting lUili, at
eath, and recommends a long drop with j mcked a white r-aMy hear Fort Pease, on
the ktiot under the chin. '! Vellowsfntie river, January 2d, killing one
' man and wounding five, besides cutting ofl an-
f 'ill Ul.RS rRAXCIS Adams jr., con- I "thcr 1nrty of "me 'wu- The Indians pre
s i-n,nt.. ot;.I -.!... i ! several hundred strong, and it was feared the
3y, in which some interesting statistics
sire given, showing that the deaths by
..... uie .uwer man iron, almost any Oilier j
lauso. ror lin-tance, lie siwAvs that more j
leaths occur from HHiiig down stairways i
in the city of IVx-ton in proportion to the
'p-.pulation, than occur on the railroad' (
ot Massicbusetts in proportion to the j he sh"'1 ,,ot rsign, so that the -nt will
IKM-sans travelin ". ! n'laain vacant until hi- recovery or death.
j The district represented by Mr. Stephens
The holies of Kngland are not dis- : c"nlfl'"5 a ':,r"e colored population, and the
!p"-ed to allow their sisters on this conti- ' ri'sult ol " "ew eIet'tion cannot be predicted,
roeiil to have a monopoly .d honors Won in Mr-!t"l,hen was elected without o1position.
intellectual contest with the " lords of i I?oU'rt ,A"Stln' V ot a fiendish
t-mttion." Miss Uwl8, (,. Clark sue ! !.W. k".'mJ;. "1 not particular
r ,. i . " to his victim, deliberately murdered
vc.-.fully pal the major examination i enrv Greene, who had inviu,l Austin to
s.i the fetish pharmaceutical society j his house to stay all night, in White county,
And W4", thereiiM)ii duly admitted as a Tennessee, !a.vt Sunday night. Aftt-r firing
pharmaceutical chemist. Iter perforin- i the first and fatal stmt, as the body was fall
lince in passing tli examination is the ! '"P Austin steaiiird it with one hand and
lirst on record of a lady dying so. ;: drove a bullet crashing through the dead
! " ; man's temple, the blood and brains Shatter
The late postni'ister of liostoii bears ;
t-stimonv as follows to the excellence of j
the service rendered by the much ma- j
limned feminine clerks in bis department: ;
The women have proved far superior to i
Mien in looking up mis-sent and mis- '
li reeled letteis, and in making returns '
. ., , , , ,. . . ;
to the dead-ktter olhce. lhey have also
i.iovcd rrttirely reliable. ThPre has not '
fciecn n single instance in nine vears
xvhere the accounts of auv woman have '
hown a deficiency of one dollar in the
T.oston iS)stoH'ue.'' '
!
A !:i:i ENT visitor to the Dismal Swamp '
i . i- . .1 t. . !
iles(Tiles it
in l-orest ami Mream, ns
having lost
.vliieh gave
none of the characteristics
it its name. Hears are not
t plenty there as when the region was ;
rarely penetrated by man. yet they still ;
;i(Vord sjs.it for liunters. Lake Drum-
nioml. once iK-iievcd by the ignorant to
Imttoinless is really not in any place
more than fifteen feet deep. Its water.
impregnated with the juices of juniper j
and gum leaves, is of the color of wine,
and is drunk as a remedy by consump- j
tives. .
lEsHt?-. Fi.kdDiV- O'Iski ex. managers
f the consolidated Virginia and Cali- '
liimia mining i-omanie.-, announce their
determination to send a sjocimeli to the :
product of these mines to the centennial
for exhibition. They are preparing to j
put a working force on their mine large
enough to turnout ten million of bullion. !
Tlois will be shipped to Philadelphia in
.Tunc. There wilt be one hundred and :
filly tons of it in the shape of three thoti- '
sand five hundred silver bars; and it will
ret u ire a train of fifteen cars, Waring
ten tons each, to carry it. This ten mil
lion doilars' worth of silver will W the
product of one mouth's working of a
i reviee in the earth one thousand two
hundred feet in length. It is stated that
the yield d these two mines for the
present year will be twenty-one million
dollars.
A Piiii.AiU'.t.J'Hi A experimenter has
Weft emulating the example of Dio Iewis
in rescct to economical living and a
vegetable diet, and communicates to the
public the result ol his'ctlbrt to feed a
family of three on a dollar a week, lie
I l ied coi u-nical and tiumd it insipid.
IJiickwheai soon followed, and jH.taloes
roon failed to sustain bodily strength.
Then oatmeal was tried, ami at the ex
piration of two weeks, says the exieri
rienter, "I found myself four ami a
ijuarter pounds heavier. My wife had
rained three pounds, while the lad had
trained over live mimi'I. Our food out
.iv for fourteen days was exactly two
dollars ami eighty cents, or less than
cven cents per day for each person. We
are now pur.-uing the .same course, with
;ln occasional 'mi::-d meal.'"
Tun t-ueeess of the new harmonic
rv.-teni of multiplex telegraphy" a
charmingly simple name, by the way
excites the suspicion that our knowledge
of the powers ami uses of electricity is
merely in its infancy. It suggests, more
over, an immediate application of the
lluitl in a manner which will Wiiefit im
r.ienselv all those large cities and towns
of the country which are gifted with j five legitimists, thirty-five Oileanists or con
inusical taste. If the telegraphic appa- j stitutionalists, and about one hundred re
rituscan lie so constructed as to produce ! I''ans have been elected to the senate,
notes it would seem an easy matter to i The most impo.lanl features of the elections
, arc t!.e triumphs of thc.moderatc republicans
t- mnect an otitic company or Thomas , jn ff
i.rchestraby wire wnh every town which d lhe fai,lre of Mr Bnffet t0 M.0llre
has telegraphic facilities, and make one etectin in t. department of the Seine et
concert answer for all. It would W a j
real saving to the jK-rformers, and the wisiixUMiois.
v. holesale character of the (- iformance ! Tll(. scttl-h mith.nal ririv at iaun
ould undoubtedly cheapen it consider- i
has accepted the American cIi.iIU-iil'C for the
jiblv. ' championship of the world.
r
By HORSLEY & CO.
LATEST NEWS.
KOl'TH A!SI WENT.
anna death-rate $a New Orleans
oC "fR1-08 is doable thattof Whites,
'wlc Li to comitaehw at once on the
forty-mite P Ween LitUc Rock and Pine
: mm, on tne i.mie KocK, 1'ine lilnu and
! N'lew Orleans railroad.
The court of appeals at St. Louis has
amrmeu me aec.Mon 01 tne lower court, that
ie MlMOU Btat, lottrv js jjlegal. This
ease will probably h ,Wue
court.
Augustan, a negro, is the man who
f snssinate.l ex Senator OH'utt, of St. Laun-
Ur.v Prish, Louisiana. The murderer was
pursued into a swamp, but iviU proHal.lv I j
-
TW.viii -i...i .i -
m-vnht rti rv r .l .
In that vicinity the most damaging that has
occurred for years. Railroads have sneTd
severely in nil direction
,r,, .... . , ,
LT Ca,7 L" e
orffiiied a Bociety, under the name of "The
Order of faucasians," the object of which is
tonid ail white people in securing -work In
preference to the employments tVe t'hinese,
The new retwM". of Texaa shows that
the ste h'Ws a population of about one mil
iion, two hundred and seventy-five thousand
as compared with a population of eight hun
dred and eighteen thousand five hundred
and nineteen in 1870.
California's wine "prodtul Vrt 1375 is
stated at eiht roilliWVriibt gallons. The snp
My is rrenttr than the demand. The makers
Uave, in convention, decided that two-thirds
of it might be profitably made into brandv if
the government would reduce the t-i-.
The debt of Kentuck y amounts to ohlv
1S4,4, of which only $10,:;40 is due for
about seventy years. Thfr governor sjivs that
the state is ;!; to pay it many times over
when"-Ver it is called for. What is more, the
1 'nited States government owes it more than
the amount of its debt.
entire garrison wduIU be massacred unless
speedi'y assisted.
Hull A taT-nndr It StnliAii u-rlt.u 4
a irientl in Washington that he shall bt '
able to take his seat i iht J'use before
spring. Oilie-fliJviV.ts state that Mr. Stephens
is mprlty ticclining, and that his recovery is
"ot looked for. Mr. Stephens has said that J
ing over the mtirderctj and the murderer
alike. But Austin was not yet satined with
his fiendish work. Still holding the body
up in his grasp, he Kent a third ball through
Greene's heart, pushed the mutilated corpse
from him, leaped upon his horse and rode
awav.
foWr.m. - n x- i
A lelegiani Irom ells, Nevada, savs
Uie est bollnJ lraill Juc Jn Fran,.,s;.0
Tuesday evening, attempted to force the
blockade to dav:with twelve eutonns nn.i
snow-plows, but stuck in the first cut West of i
Tol,n' - The train was hauled back to Toano
a"(1 wi" ,i,v ,llvr l,Mtil ,ll weather moder-
atcs. Th..- wind is blowing a cale and the
MU,W !s Jrift'nR 5'lly on Peoquop range,
where the railroad crosses. The tea that
arrived by the last Pacific steamer is Iving
: here awaiting more favorable weather. A
flrecn river. WvoniiiiL'. telei'mm uir n ti!ia.
sensjer train and pay-car left that phi-egoing
west this morning. Both are stuck in the
snow near ltridgcr station. The passenger
train hotnid
to-dav.
cast has been abandoned for
KIST.
The l'hiladelphia coal exchange has
decided, in consequence of a glut in the
market, to stop all mining from the 7tu of
February tojhe 11th of March, inclusive.
Winslow, the Boston forger, was an
army chaplain in the war, and afterwards
dealt in boots and shoes at Sedalia, Mo.,
where he sometimes occupied the pulpit.
The New York Commercial Advertiser
mentions a "formidable movement" of the
Fiench people, of New York and Montreal to
r.ra.il. The people propose to settle iu the
country adjacent to the headwaters of the
Amazon river, whore the Kmpcror Doni
Pedro lias offered thirty-three acres of land
to each actual settler, together witl stock
""d houses, rent free, until they can support
themselves.
I'OKKIU.V.
liismarck is still very ill.
Half a million dollars will W required
to put the Panama railroad iu good running
condition.
The EurojK'aii governments are reserv
ing replies to the American note on the
' Cuban tpiestitin until they can exchange
: views.
A vices from the city of Mexico, Jan
uary 1.1th, say that four hundred soldiers
' have been sent to reinforce the .Mexican
: troops on the Rio Grande.
Of the -lot! deputies elected to the
i Spanish congress, ;it!4 are ministerialists, 10
arc clericals, 1 coutonalist, ami 1 (Senor Cas
j telar) a moderate republican,
j The French senate will include twen
j ty-two radicals, sixteen irreconcilable Bona
, partists, seventy Fusionists. Legitimists and
! Orleaui.sts, i. e., Ministerialists, and fourteen
I I'ltia Legitimists. This estimate includes
life senators already elected,
i Letters from Lima, announcing the
; complete destruction of the tow n of Abanca
by an earthquake on the 4th of Peecniber,
Mute that between 4 p. in. of the 4th and i a.
, in. of ihe ."ill. no less than 37 earthquakes
occurred, several of which wcie very severe.
Pelails are meager, and the extent of the
loss of life is not reported.
A special dispatch, reviewing Gam
betia's speech' delivered in private at Aix,
bays the speech will force itself t.n the at
tention of all France. It is essentially au
! appeal for conciliation and the programme
of the moderate republicans. In the speech
Gambettu says: We do not want a monop
oly. They are too anxious to repair the
losses of France to exclude any Frenchmen
from the task of raising up the countrv."
The Ixuidon Times correspondent esti-
ihat thirty-five Bonapartists, thirtv-
Moody and Sankey, in eighteen sun
day meetings held in Miilaflelphia, addressed
225,000 persons, or an average tof i2j500
each meeting-.
The officers of the direct cable com
pany in New York announce their cable
broke again about one hundred and fifty
miles from Torbcr, Nova Sctiu
The Chicago Tribune's erooked whisky
editor has made the discovery that the wsste
beer from the saloons in that ci'tV is stipu
lated in su'rft fry as to produce IS",.")
gailoiis oi excellent distilled spirits, Rud of
course the government is defrauded out of
the 90-cent tax.
The San Francisco Alta of. the M inst.
says: "During ti -e3r iSi.i the rail
1.. t tiA r- i - , . .
"V! " " Pcnom a,m ,OOK awn"
23.83.'?. lcav no n f.uin nf dl riir Tko eon
brought o3,R27, took away 12,:92, leaving
21,23T, a total gain of iiO,172. One hundred
and eighty thousand five h'uhd'rVd and ninety-nine
arrivals in cn'o year indicate ecr
taf'Hy Hgi-owiwg interest in the Pacific states
and territories, particularly in California, for
she retains the most of tfcem. The net gain
to our 2'0)ulation by exyess nf -s-t.U over
departnrs hs V.'ech, during the past six
years, 212,702 persons. Should we ever have
an enumeration of our population which
has never yet been done, each census having
been very imperfect, the state will probably
show a greater number of inhabitants than
has generally been supposed. The Chinese
immigration has been, diirihg '.he past year,
18,11', alid during the thirteen years Irst
past, 119,087. Of thee 4,40(5 were females."
Special dispatches from Bismarck con
tain glowing accounts from the Black Hilis.
A party carrying the mil brVw'eeii ii;:m:irck
and Black Hills had returned, ami gave
j wonderful reports of the richness of the
country. The report is vouched for as thor
oughly trustworthy. Twelve hundred men
are now in that portion of the Black Hills
through which Rapid creek puns. The aver
age diggings are $1 per hour to each man,
and thev saw $137 taken otlt i'. r.W hours bv
four tiieh. rcxt day the same force in the
same time took out $112. California Joe, a
person of renown among the gold miners, saw
$31 taken out of one pan, there heinr
nugget worth All ol the returning
party oi-o'iight specimens of gold of splendid
cpiabty. They all agree in the statements re
garding the beauty and Holiness of the coun
try, and say Custer's report was not at nfl
exaggerated. A laf c p:i t,' 5s preparing to
stnr fVV.ii llismarck for the Hills, and w ill
take a large amount of goods.
IROn WASHI.TWl
The invcKtipnt'.en ot the Alaska Com-
1))t
iai company will result, it is said, in an
nulling the existing contract and leave the
secretory of the treasury free to advertise
for new proposals. The Alaska purchase
cost the government, sit currency rate", 10)
000,01 hi, for which less than three per ccnt
interest is obtained in the lettitig of the seal
fisherh's. Responsible arties are w illing to
pa'aslx percent. n the amount invested for
the privilege of takin seals on the is'aV'As ot
St. Pail and St. IWf;.
Prehistoric Jtaii.
There is no Rubrevt iit )resent which
excites JV.ore interest than information
ill regard to the manners and customs of
the prehistoric races of the world, any
hint, however slight, licing eagerly seized
upon to assist in increasing our knowl
edge in thisdirection. The peculiariticsof
the skeletons are, of course, well known
from the remains extant, the lwies
resisting the ordinary agencies of de
struction. So with the greater rtion
of the implements and utensils Used by
these people, whether of wood, bone,
stone, or metal. The case is quite dif
ferent, however, in so far as human lin
eaments are 'e'UVeerncd, Ihe instances of
eorpee preserved with the flesh and the
skin in a Wttcr or worse state, Wing
very rare; but when occasionally these
are found, clothed, in exceptionally se
cure resting-places, the record of their
discovery is eagerally scanned.
tuite lately, in excavating a ttimuliln
of the bron.e period in Jutland, Denmark,
three oaken coffins were met Wiih. In
one was found a skeleton of a woman
clothed in a woolen chemie with a long
skirt. Around the lions wits a girdle,and
the whole lxxly was enveloped in a wool
en clonk, X'pon the head was a fillet of
hair with a bronze diadem, the arm was
ornamented with bracelets, and a hand
was around the neck, all of bronSe. In
the middle of flic cofiiu Was a beautilul
clay vase, and a bionze dagger with a
horn handle.
The skeleton of a young man was
found in another coftin covered with a
cloak fastened together with a pin. 15y
the side was the scabbard of a Ions
sword, in which was inwrted a stnall
bronze dagger. A Wx made of bark was
near the head. The third coltin con-'
tained the skeleton of an adult female
covered with a cloak. Around the loins
was fastened a short skirt of woolen
tissue, with a cincture formed with
twisted woolen threads, and on the head
was a woolen hood.
In the same tumulus was a lanre
square cavity inclosed by numerous
stones, in whh.li were several swords and
daggers in bronze, and a double bronze
button covered with gold. 1'ndcr the
sod which covered this tumulus was
found a pile of small stones, a knife, and
various other articles.
Cameron's 3lartli Across Africa.
Maderia correspondence of the Ixindon
Telegraph gives further details respect
ing Lieut. Cameron's expedition. The
gallant explorer, in traversing the
breadth of the entire continent, from
Zanzibar to Angola, met on the whole
with a favorable reception from
the natives. He reached Henguella
on the 7th and Loandaon the" 19th
of NovemWr, with fifty-seven caso
coast men, all in good health. It
was Cameron's intention to remain at
IiOanda until an opportunity arrived for
sending his men home around by the
Cape to the cast coast. Of oourse, the
csjH'cial interest attaching to his mission
is the great question of the connection ol
the Congo with the great eastern lakes.
It appears that be followed a large river
flowing out of Lake Tanganyika in n
southwester'y direction, tracing o it
whole course till he came ujn.n a new
hike, which he named "Livin gstne."
From this lswly ol water a second large
river runs westward, which the lieuten
ant, having traced it lor a considerable
part of its length, Wlieves to W the
Congo. It would seem that he was una
ble to continue along the river on ac
count of meeting a triW of hostile na
tives, lie bad to choose between right
ing his way through these unfriendly
tribes, with the risk of losing all his
journals and pajers, or of taking a differ
ent direction. The latter alternative
s.-e med preferable, and though it pre
vented the absolute verification of his
important discovery, he has personally
no doubt that the stream flowing out of
Livingstone Lake and Congo ace one
ami the same.
It would seem Irom the following that
there is much need of a school Ward nt
Weardale. A doctor there was lately
summoned to a cottage at Harwood in
Teasdale, and found a Wy patient in
need of his services. "Put out your
tongue," said the doctor. The Wy
stared like an owl. My good Wy,"
requested the medical man, ''let me see
your tongue. " Talk Knglish, doctor,"
out in the mother, and then turning to
her hoii, she said: " llopM-n tbv gob
bler and push out tbv loliker." The
Wy rolled out his tongue in a moment
l.ictrpiwl Timrs.
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,
SEHATE.
In the senate, on the 25th, Senator
Sargent presented petitions siirti'e'J rV h
large minibei- bf la'di'es, asking that a gov
ernment be established iu the District .of
Columbia which would confer upon the
women the right to VotV, Itrred. 'ihe
seriate resumed consideration, of -unfinished
business, being the bill to provide for the
appointment of a committee on the subject
. c ..!... i . . . l : i r . i i - .1 .
ui ninwunv m.ti itrrii.ej.irii liquor iranic Dud
manufacture. Mr. Chrhrtianey submitted n
amendment decUfciiR. tha, "a commission
shall benpJJVjiited lor the purpose of obtain
in:; information which may serve 89 a
guide to a system of- legislation best fitted
for the District of Columbia, the several
territories ofifthe United States, and other
places subject to .legislation, tjf i:qiii: ii
reference to, the tlnas'tnii of revenue Irom
tf:e manufacture and Kile of alcoholicand
fermented liquors, and effect of the use of
such liquors upon the morals or welfare of
the people of such district, territories and
places. The amendments were agreed fo
veas, 37; nays, 20, The intS tlieii went
into eeM$-: session, and in a short time
auiourncd. ,,i
In the senate, on the 26th, Mr. Wcat
presented a memorial iu reference to the
credentials of Mr. Eustis, claiming a seat ns
United States senator fi'oiii that state, and
asked that it be referred to the committee
on privileges ahtj elections. Ohlere'b Mi.
Howe reported favorably on house bill to
amend the revised statutes of the United
States relating to naturalization. Passed.
The chair laid before the senate the unfin
ished business, being a bill to confirm pre
emption and homestead entries of public
lands within th?ilimit of raibrond prints, lu
Case where such entries have been made
under regulations of the kind department.
Mr. If owe submitted an amendment provid
ing that nothing in the act shall be con
struct! to affect the title which the state of
Wisconsin or its assigns may have to land
prantcd to that state to aid in the construc
tion of railroads in the state, by the act of
June 3, IS.'ii, and the acts amendatory there
of. Pending discussion; the 5nate proceeded
to the consideration til executive business.
The house bill relating to the Centennial cel
ebration of American independence was re
ferred to the committee on appropriations.
The senate then went into executive session,
and soon after adjourned.
iu the senate, on the 27th. Mr. Hamil
ton presented a memorial of delegations of
the Choctaw, Creek and Cherokee Indians,
now- in Washington, . asking the repeal of
certain acts grontinfr lands iu Indian terri
oy to railroads. Referred. Mr. Sargent
submitted a preamble and resolution recit
ing the provisions of the third section of I
the act of -fiily.!, l.Siitf. ii rgai'd io aid for
the c6,r'av:tija ot a railroad from the Mis
souri river to the Pacific ocean, to the effect
that the land granted said road not disposed
of within three years after the completion of
the road should be disposed of for settle
ment at the price therein named, etc, and
directing the committee on public lands to
inquire at what date fald road Was com
pleted, if the time fixed for the pnle ef su'h
lands has expired, atid What further legisla
t.!otl is lietssal-y to carry into .effect the act of
ts2abve referred to. Agreed to. Mr., Clay ton
gave notice that on Tuesday next week he
would call up the senate bill to amend sec
jjoii 333 of the revised staiuiesof the I'nited
Stales in .regard to the restriction on the dis
posal of ihe public lands, in Alabama, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Florida.
Mr. Davis submitted a joint res"ltition cf the
IcjiMnture of his state relating to the sale of
leaf tobacco, asking appropriations to con
tinue the improvement of the Monongahela
river, and for the improvement of the Ohio
river and its tributaries, and to improve F.Ik
river, all of which were referred. Mr.
Howe's bill to provide for the payment of in
terest on the 3.G5 District of Columbia
bonds w as taken up so as to come up as un
finished busiiiess to-morrow, and the senate
adjourned.
In the sennte, on the 28th i the presi
dent pro tcm. laid befol-e the senate house
bill fixing the rate of postage on third-class
matter, which was read by its title ntid re
ferred. Mr. Morrill rrphrted, Without
amendment) house bill relating to the Cen
tennial celebration of American independ
ence, and recommended its passae. Placed
on the calendar. Mr. Hitchcock presented a
memorial of the legislative assembly of New
Mexico, asking ihe passage of an act to
admit that territory into the union as a euiti
on equal footing wih. "trier states. l!eferrd.
M r. Morton repVlrteii bat-k the papers relat
ing to the t'-iuim of J. D. Etisti for a seat as
United States senator from Louisiana, with a
written report declaring that, in the opinion
of the committee, there is no vacancy in the
senate, P. If. S. Pinchback having been
elected United States senator fur the term
commencing March 4, 1S73. He recom
mended that the papers be laid on the table,
and printed. So ordered. Mr. Boev pre
sented the liumorl..! of If. t jjingham, ad
jutant-general m Missouri, asking for the
passant of A law authorizing the examination.
allowance anil payment of claims of that
state against tne general government torsup
plies furnished the United States troops dur
ing the late war. Referred to committee on
n ilitarv affairs. A message was received
from the house of representatives, axnmin"
iic' the death of Mr. Starkweather mid the
action of the house taken thereOu. The sen
ate, as a mark of respect to the memory of
the deceased, adjourned till Monday,.
In the senate, on the 31st, a bill was
introduced and referred to exempt all vessels
engaged in navigating the Mississippi river
and its tributaries above the port of Xew Or
leans" from entry and clearance. Also, to
amend an act of June 22, 1874, for the relief
of settlers on railroad lands. .Mr. Jogaii,
from the committee on military aflairs. re
ported favorably on senate bill to reduce "the
number and increase the efficiency of the
medical corps of the United States army.
Placed on the calendar. Mr. Windoui pre
sented resolutions from the Minnesota legis
lature asking for an appropriation for the
extermination of grasshoppers in the west,
for the benent ot agriculture. Mr. Morton
gave notice that as soon as the bill to pay the
interest on the 3-6.") bonds was disposed ot, he
would ask the senate to take up and dispose
of the resolution submitted by him in regard
to the lute election in Mississippi. Adjourned.
iiorsK
In the house, on the 25th, Mr. Jenks,
from the committee on invalid pensions, re
ported a bill supplementary to the pension
act, providing that except in case of perma
nent specific disabilities no increase of pen
sion shall be allowed to commeuce prior to
the tlate of the examining surgeon's certifi
cate. 1'assed. Mr. Rusk reported a bill to
increase pensions in certain cases. It pro
vides that persons, who, in military or naval
service, have lost one hand or one foot, or
have been totally or permanently disabled,
shall be entitled to a pension for each of
those disabilities. The house then went into
committee of the whole on the centennial
appropriation bill. The debate was continued
by Messrs. Williams and Iamar in favor of
the bill and Messrs White and Gootlin against
it. After some further amendments were
acted upon the house proceeded to vote on
the passage of the bill and it was passed
years, 14t; nays, 130.
In the house, on the 'tb, a bill was
passed to amend section 10O of the revised
statutes, in regard to prohibiting clerks or
employes in any department of the govern
ment prosecuting claims or applications for
patents also to amend section 480S of re
vised statutes in relation to the assignment
of patents. Mr. Clarke called up the bill
regulating postage on tbir.ljjlafs mail mat
ter. It provides that all mailable matter of
the third class referred to in sections 3s7?
aud 3911 of the revised statutes, may weigh
not exceeding four pounds for each package,
nnd that the postage thereon shall be one
cent for every two ounces or fraction thereof.
Alter discussion the bill was passed without
division. The house then went into commit
tee of the whole, on the military academy
appropriation bill, which appropriates $231,
241. Without action on the bi'l the house
adjourned.
In the house, on the 27th, a question
of privilege was raised by Mr. Dunnell in
reference to koine remarks made by Mr.
Whyte, of Kentucky, some days ago, which
were regarded as offensive to Mr. ? dams,
clerk of the house, and which Jlr. Whyte
at the time bad agreed to expunge from the
report of his speech in the congressional
record. After discussion, Mr. Hoar objected
to anv further alteration of the record, and
there' the mnlter ended. Mu.-h time was
waited in discussing sruciidnieiits the bill
providing panaltita tor t'r.v sending of ob
sceue literature through the mails, and ll.e
bill was finally recommitted. The house then
went into committee of the whole on the
military academy appropriation bill, and
soon after adjourned.
In the house, on the 28th, Mr. Elkins
presented a memorial bf tile territorial legis
iaitire for an enabling act and admission of
New Mexico as a state. Referred. Mr:
Qoodiu asked leave tb offer a resolution
declaring that the people ef te Uhlied jLi'es
constitute a nation to the extent and for the
purposes defined in the federal constitution;
that the rights and powers of the United
States government are defined and limited by
the federal constitution, and cannot be en
larged or diminished eioept by aiiielidmeilU
to the constitution. Mr. Hamilton and others
objected. Mr. Springer introduced bills to
prohibit American citizens from holding
slaves in foreign countries, and to regulate
elections in' Utah territory. Referred. Mr.
Hun ton, fijom the pommtte on H;yol',Uchary
ppsf!i?t, reported a bill to amend a?i act of
14th of February, 1871, pensioning eoldiers
of 1812, ami to restore to .the pension rolls
those persons whose nauics were 'stricken
therefrom iu consequence, of disloyalty.' Re
ferred. Mr. Itanium offered rpsoiutipnsor
ths eppointercr.t of a committee -SO jtake
orner tor superintending the funeral t Mr.
H. H. Starkweather, late member frwiu' Con
necticut, and that his remains be reto5d to
Xorwulk, Conn., under ti. ch-Sge of the
sargeant-at-arms and attended by the com
mittee, and that as an additional mark, of
respect the house do now adjourn. The res
olutions ViPri; itgi'eed lii, aiid tlie libiisi!
adjourned.
The house,, on tlu? 2'Jth, iiiet as if in
comiiuilee of the Whole for geiieral debate
no business whatever to be transacted. Very
few of the scats of the members were -occupied.-
Mr. Schleischcr opened the debate
with a speech on the financial question. He
advocated s sliectly return to cojn basis,
which he held -could alone give tliat confi
dence necessary t secure investment of cap
ital and consequent business. He would first
resume payment of the fractional currency
next June) redeeming $1,000,000 a monili,
beginning with the smallest denomination.
Tncn he wonld commence to redeem leeal
tpiifltrH nt N'ovcmher. hv selling I0.0tH.-
000 of gold or silver monthly for legal-tender
liotesj uesroviiii all the redeeiiKjd urrcifv,
and inis plan he would keep up ;ill it was ad
destroyed. He calculated this could be done
in three and a half years without any shock
to business, and then there would be left u
national bauk circulation, redeemable in gold
and pilvr, ou dciiland. Speeches hn fitiatic:
were also made by Messrs. vi ard aiid Camp
bell, and airainst irotective taritl by Mr.
Mills, and then the house adjourned.
In the house, on the 01st, bills were
introduced and referred as follows'. To reim
burse the state of Pennsylvania for money
advanced to pay the losses of her citizens
during the late war, and also to pay the bal
ence on the claims o citizens of i'eunsyivania
for like losses. To establish an educational
fund, and to apply a portion of the proceeds
of public lands to public education, and to
provide for a more complete endowment and
support of national colleges for the advance
ment of science and industrial education.
For the sessions of the United States cir-uit
court at Humbolt, Tcnn. Organizing a na
tional rui'i-nad company fo', th'i purpose of
constructing, operating ami maintaining a
double track cheap freight railroad from the
Atlantic seaboard to St. Louis, Chicago atitl
Council fcluffc, with branches to other Cen
ters of population, production aiid eofduierce,
ami to regulate some of the interests of com
merce, among, the states. Authorizing the
construction of a bridge across the Missis
sippi river at Memphis, i Mr. Sanders intro
duced a propose;! "amendment to the consti-;
tutiou for the levying of direct taxes accord
ing to the wealth of the respective states.
Referred. Mr. Atkins offered a resolution
instructing the judiciary committee to in
quire w hether or not the" Uniou Pacific rail
road company has forfeited its charter.
Adopted. The house then went into com
mittee of the whole on the military academy
appropriation bill. Mr. Hurlbut "offered au
amendment for the detail of a competent
staff officer to act as quartermaster and com
missary for the battalion of Cadets, and that
ail supplies shall be furnished at actual cost,
etc; Adopted. Phe committee rose and the
bill was passed. The pay of cadets is fixed
at M-m, without rations. No other amend
ment, except ihat offered by Mr. Hurltiut,
was adopted. Adjourned.
Loss of the Steamer Daule.
Another great maritime disaster has
occurred in .St. George's channel, involv
ing a Joss of no fewer than twenty-one
lives. The steamer Dante, owned by
Messrs. (i lover Ilrothcrs, of London,
sailed from Liverpool on' a voyage to
Bombay, with a crew of twenty-seven
hands, ail told, and two other jiersons,
who were cither passengers or the doctor
and purser. She was under the command
of Captain Buchanan ami her Liverpool
fijtcnts Were Messrs. Stoddard Brothers,
of Water street. Aifout .midnight she
had passed the Smalls, and was between
that point aud the Tuskar light. The
watches were Wing changed, when the
red light ot an approaching vessel was
seen approaching to starboard. The
night was dark and cloudy, and there
was a strong breeze from the south-west,
uilh a gUud sea On. i he helm of the
kteather was ported, but in a short time
she was run into by" the vessel, which
proved to be the Norwegian bark, (Jrons
vair, Wund for Liverpool. The Ihintc
was struck amidships, on the jxirt side;
and such was the force of the shock that
she sank seven minutes afterward. The
chief officer and three men clambered on
to the Wws of the bark, and the others
were cither carried down with the steam
er, or were left struggling in the water.
The second engineer was picked up four
hours afterwards, floatingon a spar. The
captain, chief engineer and a fireman
were discovered clinging to a life-Wat of
the Dante after eight hours' immersion.
All these men were tsken on Ward the
bark, which put out boats to search.
The survivors were brought to Liverpool.
The (ironsvair was injureo but slightly,
having her cutwater and Wws partially
stove in. Some of the survivors were
taken to the soldiers' home, Liverpool,
where their wants were attended to.
The Dante was a vessel of 1,74.' tons, and
11, .'00 horse-power, aud was built in
1K74 by J. Softly & Co. She was valued
at &,(MM and the value of her cargo
was Wtween eighty and one hundred
thousand pounds.
Dejazel.
French papers overflow with anecdotes
rcsnectinsr the lamented and popular
Dejazet. She was a great admirer of
the first Napoleon, and when she heard ot
the second marriage of Marie Louise she
exclaimed, indignantly: "How could
she ? If that great hero had ever so
much as kissed my hand I never should
have washed it asrain ! "
Once, when she was at Caen, she took
a fancy to visit the market on a market
day. There, among the noisy pa pannes,
who were crying their wares and disput
ing the prices thereof in their loudest
tones, she noticed one who was the most
active and popular of them all, and whose
face seemed strangely familiar. Dejazet
was aWut to approach her, when the Wll
of the market sounded the signal for
closing. The market-woman climbed
into ter cart, whiored up her hon. and
disappeared. Her lace, however, haunted
the actress so persistently that, finding
out that she occupied a small farm not
far from Caen. Dejazet resolved to pay
her a visit. On arriving at the farm,
she found its proprietress in the act of
peeling carrots for soup. (In Wholding
Dejazet she started to her feet with a
shriek, and carrots, knife, and all, went
rolling on the ground.
" Virginie ! she cried.
"Theodore'." exclaimed her visitor,
who in the market-woman recognized
one of the former stars of the (Ivmnase.
the Wautiful and gifted Madame Theo
dore, who, wearied of her profession and
its triumphs, had ten years before quitted
the staire and disappeared from Paris.
The two former comrades embraced each
other warmly. Drawing Dejazet into
her little parlor, alie pointed out to her
the wreaths of silver and of gilded
laurels that bung against the wall, the
sole remaining relic ot a brief and bnl
liant career.
FEBRUARY 11, 1876.
IRISH SO.VV.
i
The white 1 .lifts. ira's oq the bog autl the fcaYca are
, . off th treS; ,
AIM thO fcliigiir birds hare scattered StMss (he
sttinny na
And oh ! 'lis winter.
Wild, wild winter.
TVid' ti.o lonf)tue wind ylgllin' fortrer through the
tree?:
ii.
How green the leaves were spriogin', how glad the
bird were aiiigia'!
When I rested in the meadow wit me head on Pat
rick s knees.
Aud oh! 'twaa spdi3-ti,pie; - i'
Sweet, sweet prlnR-linie, .
'ld t'e cV.fsis nil dKn-lii' before lite hi tb brezbi
Wld the sprin ttic fresli leaves they'll laugh upon
the trees.
And the bints they'll flutter 1acB ld their songs
. . atToep i oe seas , , , . ...
But I'll hnrerroH, la will Wf bd on PatHfck'i
Ktiees r
A nd for me 'twill be waiter,
AViU. wild winter.
Wld the Jonesouie wind sigliin' forever lb rough the
ixees.
XilE FUTURE OF CHfci.STlASlTY.
Some Klrlctarlea I'pon the Conrse f (!
entlata With Breatrd to Rrllarloai
nnd the- Hlble.
There never was a time when the ne
cessity for bringing-home to the mind
the sacred associations of the Christmas
season was grfattr thah it is how. .Men
bf unquestionable learning' anfl ability
arj everywhere striving, to destroy the
foundations of the christian religion.
'iiey insist tbt God can not and does
not exist, ouftiiair tne ujmerse :s gov
erned by some unknown laws, which are
the result of spontanecus evolution.
First came atoms, and- then the atoms
fssurtteu a svape, ana tiicn tne sjiape be
gan to turn round the sun( and then a
germ with life appeared upon it, arid the
germ gradually became man. The same
process is always Wing continued in
other planets. Worlds come into exis
tence, live out their days, and then j.er-
lsh, with all the countless myriads ot
generations which pass to and fro iijon
thei.H ; and tb?s v.t trngedy goes on
without design 6r plan, without eVcn a
designer. There is a "law," but who
made the law,, or how came it into exis
tence; the philosophers acknowledge that
they Can not even conjecture. Fbihe 6f
them will go so far as to admit that
there must be a "firs'; cause," but tWy
regard it as a mere philosophical abstrac
tion, inconceivable to the finite sense,
aiid inexplicable in all the operations
which can W traced to it. But the
belief in a wise arid Wneficent .God, Or
in eternal tvifsioni ruling all thing ac
cording to its own immutable decrees, or
in any dea.ings of the creator with man.
or in" a life hereafter all this id sum
marily rejected by the philosophers. It
almost seems at times as though the
present aim of science was not so much
to enlarge its own boundaries ami fields
of knowledge, as to convince the world
that Christianity is an imposture and
that its founder wns merely an amiable
enthusiast.
To protest against this warfare of
science ujh.u religion would W worse
thah unless, for the leaders of the new
scientific school are not disponed to l?Ften
to any remonstrance. They will give
no quarter to Christianity. It is an old
wives' fable, and those who Wlieve in it
barely surrender their reason to a super
stition, or are creatures destitute of
reason. This is the tenor, often the very
language, of modern science. One is
inclined sometimes to wonder that a
philosopher, who is obliged to announce
at frequent intervals that some fresh,
"discovery" compels him to make a
very complete change in his "views"
concerning his new creed, or no-creed
that such a mafi should W presumptuous
enough to declare that he, at length, has
iotmd oit what God is, nnd that it is
nothing more thah a fetich of man's own
imagining. There is nothing fixed of
permanent in modern science. When
lOozoon was lately found in the Lauren
tian rocks, the accepted theories as to
the age of life on this planet were over
turned. ( Jcolocry itself is but in it in
fancy. Tlmt quarter of the world in
which philology gives lis pood reason for
Wdieving that man made his first ap
pearance is still totally unexplored.
Geologists have but scratched the sur
face ot a very limited section of the
earth. Astronomy, also, has just began
to tell its story. It may almost W said
that everv time a irood astronomer looks
at the heavens through a telescope, he
observes something who-h modifies the
conclusions or discoveries of his predeces
sors. Science is not positive, although
its professors arc. There is nothing in
our oav wincli can oe comoareu nu
Newton's discovery of the law ot gravi
tation. He brought to our Knowledge
one of the supreme laws of the universe;
and vet New to was ft christian, nnd
what lie detected in the "trreat ocean ot
truth" only led him to Wlieve more
firnilv than ever in the God of revela
tion. We have lost in our day two
great christian philosophers Faraday
ami Agassiz and that lass is one which
it would W difficult to overestimate.
The weight of their names was a per-
iietual check to the assumptions of the
new school which now rushes forward
once a week to announce to a Wwildered
world that there is no God. lhey are
satisfied that all the universe sprung
from a single germ, but how the germ
was made, or why they can not make
one like it, are questions left unanswered.
In all essential respects, tne religion oi
the germ is much harder to reconcile with
reason than the religion of Christ. Mat
thew Arnold insists that we shall not W
lieve in anything which we can not tin
stand. Can anyone, then, understand
his mystical revelation eoncerning the
unknown "essence," which he hiWr
ously manufactures into a deity? It
surely is no harder to Wlieve that Al
mighty God made the universe than
that this wondrous and glorious system
is the result of the spontaneous evolution
of matter. There must be a beginning
to everything, even to law and germs, to
matter and essences. What was the W-
ginning 7 ine pniiosopncrs reject wuai
thev call the increninie teacniiig oi tne
Bible for something tenfold more in
credible. Man dashes himself in vain
against the adamantine barriers which
Yu Wtween him ami the solution of the
nivstery. If the scriptures warn us that
we never pass Wyond them, science can
at least carrv us no further. Ihe one
dves us ample ground for hope and con
solation, and scope for the exercise of
the loftiest faculties. Ihe other oius us
look backward into chaos, and forward
into nothintrncss.
If the teachers of Christianity were al
wavs as earnest and as thor ugh in their
work as the preachers of the geim theory,
and other equally remarkable deities of
purely human invention, tne tatter count
not make the progress which they now
seem to be doing. For their pretensions
will not bear investigation, and their
conjectures are far more irreconcilable
with the natural instincts aDd prompt
ings of the mind which the philosophers
profess to reverence o much than the
Wlief that there is a God who rules the
world, and that it is ruled with minute
wisdom, although in a manner quite in
comprehensible to us. We do not know
the true meaning T anything we see
around us, or in any of the ordinary con
ditions of life. To our apprehensions,
death is the greatest evil, and yet it is
bv no means certain that it is an evil at
all. The general testimony of physicians
is that the vast majority of people meet
it with a iortitude which they never an
ticipated they could summon up. To
the bereaved'survivors, 'death is indeed
an evil, an evil hard to W Wrne. But
nt such times the departed should also
W rememWred. What have they lost?
TWv are sone. and we must quickly
follow. Fur either erief or joy, for
either t.leasurc or pain, our day is short
Is it the survivor or the departed who
MAIL.
would W pitied most if we could see ami
"know all? Dr. Johnson feared death
excessively all his life the thought of
It rendered him wretched beyond de
scription for over fifty years, and yet
when it came he bore It cheerfully, and
as one who stood over him beafS Witness,
".all his ars nnd anxieties seemed to he
absorbed." Almost everyone who has
recovered from ft dahgcto'fs illness will
attest that the fear of death bad d ifv
fluehce over his mind, unless, indeed, as
associated with the thought of the great
Wyond; And what is to come then
racist fejrtaln a matter of belief. Hot ot
knowledge'. if ahdiblo voice Cnh reach
us out of the solemn darkness Which lie
Wfore us. The teaching of Christianity
cafl atone illumine it. It is the domain
Of faith, and It is wiser tm e very ground
to hold to the fa'ifh taffght by the chris
tian church, than to plunge into the
bottomless sea of skepticism toward
which the philosophers are ceascleisly
endeavoring to ptish ,n's.
For wliaf, after nil, does' their knowl
edge tell us ? Whence vVe tttuie, . or
whither we go, are problems upon which'
the Wiasted discoveries of science have
thrown no light, and never can throw
any. What we know and see is that
man is gifted with powers which seem to
be capable of indefinite expansion, and
that these ?owers are suddenly arrested,
often .just as thev are Wcomi,ng. most
valuable. . The lew years which arc
man's portion here oft trh vanish like
a dream in the night. Before he cm
say, "I have life," it rs gone; in the for
cible imagery Ot scripture, he is nice tne
grass "in the morning n nourisneiu
and groweth np; in the evening it Is cut
down and withereth." So brief is human
existence. Something within us says
that this is hot all: that beyond the
grave the mysterious thread of life will
be carried on. Scripture declares that
this is nt a delusion, and reason con
firms it, for however difficult it may be
to ceuceivc of a future world, it is still
more difficult to '-elieve that man came
from nothing and goes forward to anni-
. I 1 ' T .1 . . ........ . .....I
niianon. jo uevou; un-ai jionon uu
much learning to the dsstruction of the
christian Wlief. fraught as it is with in
expressible consolation to the myriads, is
a work which the men engaged in it must
at times find it bard to reconcile with
conscience ; Or if the existence of con
science W denied, as a tlufig Hot to iw
"proven," then to the common desire
not to inflict unnecessary pain and suf
fering upon our fellow men. Yet it is
Wtween these two forms of Wlief that
our children will have to chis.se, even as
we have to do. It is useless t'j hide the
question from them they must he
brought face to face with it sooner or
later. The more thoroughly they are
made acquainted with what science has
done and attempted, the less will they
W liable to fall into the abyss oi atheism,
the less will thev W disposed to set up
human reason in" the place of God, and
worship it. e are, intieed, told fy .air.
Matthew Arnold and his school that
Christianity is doomed ; but past ex
perience teaches us that human predic
tions aWut the fall of Christianity are
not worthy of implicit credence. Of
nations and empires it has itself foretold
many things which have come to pass.
Some of its prophecies have yet to W
fulfilled; ami among them is that which
declares that though heaven ami earth
shall pays away, the word which has
c?me from their creator shall not fail.
Ice Prospects.
-. f ir I liis winter no ice has been trath-
o-sxl olmir t!in Hudson river, nnd as the
season has advanced considerably, with
continued unfavorable weather, the pros
pects lor a full crop are consiuereu oor.
X lie CHtII JUI riuiiiit v jv
lnences aWut the end of DeecmWr and
ends when the houses are filled, early in
February. All the large ice companies
and dealers were aWut to commence the
harvest at the usual time this season,
when the mild weather came and de
stroyed the ice which had formed up to
that time.
There afc probably from (1,000 to 8,000
....... i.o Km Wm lA-rutine for the
work of gathering ice, anil considerable
suffering is reported among some of
them. The ice dealers of this city have
on hand a considerable quantity and in
tiie poorest season manage to obtain a
. . ... i.i i j i .- .
gootl supply, aitnougn oongeu io tu.c
it from remote points.
The ice business has gone up from
small beginnings to he one of the largest
minor industries ol the country. It
l ..,.;t.,l f,f nvrr ("! ooo.noo.
c. o.i'J a " ..j'in. - i-- j -
and the aggregate sales of ice are more
than $30,000,000. i-orty years ago tne
capital invested was less than $HO,o00,
ami the aggregate sales not more than
125,000.
iivnrnnp hnnilred thousand tons are
exported to southern cities ami foreign
countries. As many persons are aware,
the ice-houses arc huge buildings, from
one to two huntlred feet in width and
from two hundred to lour hundred leet
in lenstli, generally of wood, though
sometimes of brick, with double, triple,
quaidruple walls, the interstices packed
with some non-eonuueung suumuhcc,
such as spent tan bark, saw-dust, etc.,
with doors closing tightly on each floor,
but no windows, nnd with incline planes
moveable and adapted to each story,
without as well as within, and in the
case of the larger houses a steam elevator
is employed to drag the blocks up the
inclined planes ami lower ineiu on mc
inside. During the harvest season the
......-L- ,a iTMiiiiriiiir ii-p is pushed vigor
ously, and at some of the large ice-houses
G00 tons are harvested in Jn nour.
Albany Evening Jurvnal.
Liberia Emigration Statistics.
The financial rejK.rt of the secretary
f the American colonization society
states that the resources for the jiast
year have Wen $21,20.2:'.. The receipts
during the last twelve months have Wen:
From donations, 6,!)71.32 ; from legacies,
$ 1,032.85; received for education in Li-
Wria, 2,r,5.2-; and from other sources,
$12,S7H.'.f. The balance on hand was
$672.52. The disbursements balance
41. o numrxa SI 400 IlilVIIKr Ih'CII CX-
II llj .vv.j -. . J - i-j -
jiended for the passage and support of
pmifrrants: S2.70S.50 for education in
i.ihpnar it.2K.tt in payments oi
debts and interest, and ?iiK3-l.07 for
other purposes. The report refers to the
safe arrival, on the thirteenth oi i ecern-
cemWr, 1874, on the shores ot i.ioorta,
of a hark containing twenty-seven emi
grants from America, not one having
died on the passage. Since the last an
nual report there have oeen sent t xji
Wria twenty-three emigrants. The an
nual expedition was dispatched by the
bark Liberia, from New York, January
13, 1876, conUiuipg among others, two
licensed eiiniiters of the " Metbodijt
Episcopal church, who expected to en
ter the Liberian annual conference. For
the last fifty-five years emigration to
Ltoeria had been uninterrupted. Those
now reported make the number colo
nized since the war, 3110, and a total
numWr from the Wginning of 15,0'iK,
exclusive of 5,725 recaptured Africans,
whom they have induced and enabled
the government of the United States to
settle in Li'oeria, making a grand total
of 20,823 persons to whom the society
bad given homes in Africa. Several
th ju.saml persons are at the present time
earnestly soliciting passage, and other
thousands might he colonized during the
current year, should means W provided
for the purpose. .
Di'Rixo- leap year the girl who counts
all the gray horses she sees, until she
has git up to a hundred, will W married
within a year, to the first gentleman
with wlioni she shakes hands after cottnt
ingthe one hundredth horse.
VOL. XXI. NO. 31.
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY TKADINd t'O.
Krport of tlin F.nelUli Ilrpotjtllon-Karl
of Importune nnd tiff urea r
JfaffaMfHio.
Our readers will reme'mWr tliat last
summer Memphis was visited by a dep
utation 6f "Knglishmen sent out by the
"Mississippi Valley Trading Company,'"
a British association regularly organized
and, chartered, with an aggregate capital
of one hundred million ef dollars, its
operatloss embracing a variety of manu
facturing ami mercantile interests, and
a .mammoth business of dealing1 in supplies-.
This deputation visited the
southern and western states for the pur
pose of reporting u jon the feasibility of the
association establishing direct relations
with the grangers for a mutual inter
change of products. The full report, as
published iu the Co-operative .News,
eridences that the deputation has Wen
Wth careful and precise in their Inves
tigation, great stress Wing placed upon
the enterprise of opening a general direct
trade Wtween Great Britain and this
country by means of the Mississippi
rive ; ilri4 " the removal of the Imr at
the mouth of this rlrcr is an object of
the irreateat interest not Hinly to the
United States but to England." as such
would cheapen the transportation of pro
ducts Wtween these countries. "High
tariff rsf-s," say the deputation, "mean
for Lhglafcd dfaf bread and cotton, and
for the American farmer a smaller re
turn for the products of his land and a
higher price for the manufactures be
wants. A fetr 'chls on each bushel of
corn will stop niiincns "f bushels that
should find their way to Knglish mar
ket". It is further shown that' the Mis
sissippi valley is fitted to W the granary
of the world. and fWiM be made to kuji
isjrt four hundred millioflff 'f eoplc ;
and if cultivated as it might be, tins
population could W increased to one
thousafi'l millions. The corn growing
states of tbe .Mississippi talley will pro
duce an annual surplus of four hundred
million bushels of cereals, which would
find a profitable outlet to Europe hj tbe
Mississippi river ami the guit streams.
Eighty per cent, of tho wheat surplus of
the west is growing in localities epsily
accessible to and Wnrdering on the Mis
sissippi river, while more than two-thirds
(six out of nine million tons) of the agri
cultural products not required in the
states raising the same seek an outlet
fruii districts to which the Mississippi
and its tributaries would offer Wtter and
more accessible transportation, if ren
dered available for cheap carriage. The
deputation rejiort favorably upon the
Mississippi jetty improvements, which,
with tiie removal of obstructions at
other place.1 in the river, would reduce
the cost of transportation to England on
grain at least ten cents or bushel.
This is all tbe more lmiiortunt when we
see that of the five huntlred ami twenty-
eight million one hundred and forty-one
thousand eight hundred ami sixty-one
hundred weights of grain (or its oquha
lent in flour) imported into the united
kingdom for the fifteen years ending
1872, more than two-thirds was obtained
from the United States, and less than
one-third from jtussia. mis grain was
tran-Ported to the sea-Ward principally
by the lakes and railroads, " the export
on any great scale by the great natural
highway of tbe Mississippi Wing pre
vented by me impossibility i oriiiging
large ocean steamers with safety to New
Orleans on account of the impediment
at the bar." The report says further:
"The conclusion at which we have
aimed, after a careful review of all the
facts, i.i that when the channel at the
mouth of the Mississippi is deepened te
thirty feet, and tiie impediments to its
free "navigation up to St. Ixmis are re
moved, there is no road which can eoni
jH'te with it for cheapness aud regularity
in the transportation of the heavy agri
cultural products of the west. The re
sources and trade of the south and west,
the wants of the Patrons of Husbandry
and thewantsofthe co-ojierative societies
of the united kingdom warrant the
formation of the Mississippi Valley trad
ing company. In every town ami city
of the south and west which we visited
we found the eople and press favorable
to direct trade with England. It is im
Me to doubt that the development
of direct trade with the Mississippi val
ley will give a great impulse to the
movement in favor of free trade in the
Unitetl States, and tend to promote
more cordial and intimate relations W
tween the two countries."
Scolding.
Scolding is mostly a habit. There is not
much mcauinirto it. It is oltentberestilt
of nervousness ami irritable condition of
Wth mind and Wdy. A jierson is tired or
annoyed at some trivial cause, and forth
with commences finding fault with every
thing and everybody in reach. It is as
tonishing bow "soon" one who indulges in
it at all becomes addicted to it ami con
firmed in it. Persons who once get in
the way of scolding always find some
thing to scold aWut. If there is noth
ing else, they fall to scolding at the
mere absence" of anything to scold at.
It is extremely contagions. Once intro
duced into a family, it is pretty certain
ina r.hort time, to affect all the mem
Wr. People in tbe country more read
ily fill into the habit of scolding than
K'oplc in town. Women contract the
habit more frequently than men. This
may W because they live more constantly
in the house, in a "confined and heated
atmosphere, very frying to the nervous
system ami the health in general; and it
may be, partly that their natures arc
more susceptible and their sensitiveness
more easily wounded. The proper rem
edy for the habit, if formed, is to ex-
fK-ricnee au endowment of that divine
ovc shetl abroad in tbe renewed heart by
the Holy Ghost, the characteristics of
which arc that it " is not easily pro
voked," " thinketh no evil," and ' beareth
all thing-;."
The Kush for Ihe Black Hills.
Already the mass have Wgun to move
towards the Black Hills. Yesterday a
big party left thiw city Wund thither,
and many more will leave within the
nest lour weeks. All those going from
licre go by the way of Cheyenne, which
is considered the quickest and Wst route
at this time of the year, on account of
diiVn-iiltv of crossimr tho Platte on
the Sidney route, which would W other
wise the Wst way to go. A Herald re
porter yesterday interviewed a man just
iw.ni "li, vi.iiiif u-lio savs that town is
perfectly alive with people going to the
hills, and that all kinds of business there
is consequently brisk. EvcryWdy who
has anything in tbe shape of a team is
fitting it up to carry out the -cople who
are pouring in from all quarters, ami tbe
prorpect3 are that by the 1ft cf May
there will be more people ifl tho Black
Uilla than there are in Omali to-day.
Mr. Ward, who married a daughter cf
Mr. Ilayrod, proprietor of the Atlantic
House, in this city, left Cheyenne yes
terday for the Black Hills, with a saw
mill, and many other persons arc on tlu
way with everything that can W needed
to lielf. the miners to make themselvis
comfortable. (maha Jf'-rald.
Si:vF.r.Ai, years ago a noted highway
man was arrested in the south of Ireland
and curiosity drew numWrs to the jail
to see the man loaded with irons i ho
had long Wen a terror to the country.
Among others was a banker, whose notes
at that time were not held in tho hlgl.ect
estimation, who assured the prisoner
that he was very glad to see him there
at last. The highwayman, lookiog up,
replied : " Ah.'sir, 1 did not expect that
from vou indeed, I did not, for you
km.w well that when all the country re
fused your notes, I took them."
FACTS AM) FANCIES.
We know all about shooting- star, but
oRcn forget that the earth is Revolver.
Mrs. Onc-Who-lIolditlic-Iidgc-PoIe-A
ith-handa was Wfore a Dakota grand
jury as a witness the other day.
The Chicago Tin-es is willing to for
give Jefll Davis for Andersouville, but
can never forget that lm was once, an
insurance wan.
" Will you have me, Sarah 7" wild a
young man to a modest girl. "No,
John," said she; "but you may have
me, if you will."
" Mr. 1Io. Ct.NoitKss.MAN " U tho
modei-t ami faslcfnl wav the ive of
Kme of the Va-hing! n "uitmWrs"
print their cm nLj.
ftiK German immigration umounted
V'-i7'41 ut tht' I'"rt f York during
18io, K ing a fidling off of 13,743 in com
parison with 1K7-J.
1hePoctVLastK.no.
Like to tl.p leiif lm-U fci..ih from tint true,
Olind. aut'h only Is mv f-nrthly
In1, I "in rtly wlim Tl.ou .Ui-sl mr.
l-i! Thou tunsl aw my tiuirt't m.i ,rr trifc
'1 i 7 hm. Hlm.e o.nrt know lli. j.t.i ,,f
WliU-ta ttiw my . hing Ijrvtft itoiw ,u within.
Hl.tirtcn tho paliii nf ttnntti, slintn nfT my tvar,
(iire .no tht t-ou.nirv ii a trusting chiM.
f ather of Jxivc. I full. wmiM J hs i-nr.
In )lty iudur mih tht.uulit mi l t-l di-filfl
Merry, 1 cry I nVar Ixinl, Thy will li tlont
in, I Ty, thrnniih Jphiih C lirM Thy Sin.
A CRlSflN'.tf. oil bis way to the pillows,
recently, remarked: " If I had received
one-half of tho kindness, earlier in life,
which I have received here, I would not
have Wen here."
"Go OUT, young man; she's not here,"
said a Pennsylvania preacher, the other
Sunday, in die midst of bis w rmoii, to a
youth who he saw standing hesitatingly
in the doorway.
German lawyers claim that if Thomas
had survived his attempt at suicide b
could only have Wen lightly punisiie l
under existing laws, though he caused
the death of 128 persons.
The most wretched being this senfoii
isfhe man with an Ulster overcoat. IIo
had not counted on a mild wiutcr, and
the 1 are thought of how he is to get the
wear out of that coat umkes him burst
into another perspiration ami look more
like a stage driver than ever.
Prayer is the rustling of the wiugs
of the angels that are on their way bring
ing us tbe lioons of heaven. Kven as a
cloud foreshadoweth rain, so prayer fore
shndoweth the blessing; even as the
green blade is the beginning of the har
vest, so is prayer the prophecy of the
blisung that is aWut to come. fynir
rjrnn. In Germany (here is popular hostility
to Americans Wcatise tln latter aresup-pftf-cd
to have favored France in tbe late
war, ami Wcause American travelers
make hotel living dear. The German
government and its iiewspHtiers, how
ever, try to cultivate friendly relations
with u.
To all whom it may concern. A pbil
osophcr says : I never yet heard a mau
or woman "much abased that I was not
inclined to think the better of them, and
transfer any suspicion or dislike to tho
erson who apjiearcd to take a delight
in jK.inting out the defects of a fchow
creature.
Mokninu L.M.
So n-jr lh , fvi i.r '.
1 hr purlnlh n n ith unil 111.0 UK
Tho path is l In hri(ihtiieK- il.nl o hii'C
. Wnlll. r.s1 'mill li,iwS! -;!'- "'J M u1, ' t,ron
A IKl ilt Pot t"l
o yotl, ton, ft-rl Iho i-no,
Tiie mist 1 1 . ; t liln.il my i-in, nil ml. I mid pny,
Tho hK that Fettles rouuil my troiili.rtl wy
'J lio i hiii'ls thut Mlilt ? Hut tin y tminot Hay
lii.-c tip ami Tvatrh thetn '
So mwr the kik.1 I "tnii'l ;
Oil, wciiry hitirt, thy bivk '111 ntll nifcU dot)"'
I w far nil' 1 hi- K'J.l. n n-ttiiv kiiii ;
1 he wink well vtrnn;:hl Hint no Ki'l tvpun !
Welcome! Oh, MomtiiK Lund.
Tin: Paltimore dealers in terrapins
keep them ill nearly air-tight chests,
packed layer upon layer, mid deprive
th'-m of food. They grow fat under this
treatment, although the fatness doubtless
is the result of disease. '1 hey must each
measure m;vcii inches across the umh r
hell before thev are considered fit for tho
able, and arc then sold nt a dozen.
Arxv.RMNO to a ncent calculation,
IowcU, in Massachusetts now manufac
tures forty miles of cloth ".r hour, and
fifty pnirs of hose per minute 1 The W
iriiming of this cmornioua business ds .
back to 1S13, when tho first attempt was
made in America to manufacture cotton
bv machinery. In that year Major Jo
siah Fletcher erected a woolen factory
in that place.
A l.fTTl.K five-year-old was told by bis
grandmother tha't all such terms as "by
golly," "bv jingo," "by thunder," etc.,
were onlv'minied oaths, ami but little
better than anv other profanity. In
fact, she said, she could tell a prolano
oath by tbe prefix " by." All such were
oaths. " Well, then, grandmother,
said the little, hopeful, " there s a 1ij
oath in the newspajs-is, 'by telegraph.
Tbe ;old lady gave it up.
End of the World.
A cable dipatdi from I-ondon to the
New York Herald says : in New 1 car s
evening Hev. Dr. dimming officiated at
the Notch National church. In Ihe
course of his sermon be told the congre
gation to make ready for the advent
of tbe millennium. He. quoted largely
from the sermons of He v. Dr. lalniHgr,
according to whom and to Dr. Cumming.
Christ's second coming on earth will
happen Wtween the i t)' f rxptem-
Wrin the year 17 o and the month ot
ScplcmWr 1X7".
"Great .things arc Io happen,, says
the Caledonian prophet, wiihiu the
period of the year I7'-. Tim Jews will
It turn to .Ju.lea There will lm great
commotion among the nations ot tho
earth. It will llius be Men that ho
sgrocswith .adkiel, the almanac astrolo
""( r.
Dr. dimming ho quoted Mr. Moody
as authority for the Wlief that the mil
lennium "must come" during the year
l7f.. . ,
"The Turks, as a nation," are, accord
ing to Dr. dimming, " ready, n foretold
in the Apocalvpsc, to disappear from the
face of the earth ; for f he l urks arc lis
the river Euphrates of the Scriptures,
that was dried up. Tl.crcfi.rc the Jews
must get their own. the territory of tho
Holy lind, again."
A Touching Incident.
Not many years sime ceitaifi miner,
working far 'under ground, came minim
the Wdy of n or voting man. who had
pcriHheil in the MiHot-ating pit forty years
I r i- .i., .., um.iit Id mlnrli
peiore. ion.t; u uuvm t -
the Wdy Wen mi ojecic.l - un ligeut
prepared in the hiWratory of nature
liad effectually arrist' d the progress of
decav. They 'brought it ii lo the sur
faceand for a while, till thoroughly ex-jK-.l
to tho atmosphere, it lay-flic
imago of a fine young man. No convul
sion had passed over tbe luce in death
the features were tranquil: the hair
black us j.-t. No ' recognized the lace;
a generation bad grown up since the
miner went down into the shall for the
laft time. . .
Put a tottering old woman who liad
hurried from her cottage a bearing the
news, came up, and she km-w the lace,
.l,i, l. through nil these long years, she
had not forgotten. The miner was to
bac Wen ber lm-land the morning
after that "ti wliidi he died. 11'"'
were no dry eves when tbe, gray-beaded
old pilgrim cast hers. If upon the youth
ful corpse, and poured into bi-i deaf car
many words of endtiiruuut uuuted for
forty rear.. It wa? a touchic.? coutra.-t
the "one bo cH and tbe other to young.
Thev had both Wen young tn'f?.I'T
vear's ago, but time bad g"De on with tbe
living and Hood still with flic dead.
KastIni'ian AM.KiA-At I'aroda a
bridge over whi. h t!,e 1'rii.ee ol V ales
was to pass win adorned in honor of the
occasion. Among the ornament wcru
anrels, which the Indian d.-eoratom pro
duced bv transform!. -g the ugly youtfg
stt r-of that land. Ten Wys were fixed
it di.Terent -.i:its of the bridge, and
'fves right" once .btainetl the angel
maker proceeded. With ft great brush
such as is used by bill-stickers he whit
ened each young F.arodiuti from top to
toe. Then to white cords passed around
their breasts be attached golden wings
of the most approved pattern. On their
half-shave;i crowns he fixed long, flow
ing auburn wigs, and surmounted Hits
piece ot decoration with gp.t coronets.
In each band be plated a long, white
wand, and the picture was complete.

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