Newspaper Page Text
The choir which assists in the reli
gious Berviees under the charge of Messrs. j
Moody and Bankey at the Hippodrome
numbers about one thousand two hun- 'j
dred and fifly : of these, about six hun
dred are sopranos. The singing, is a very
interesting and important part of the
exercises at these meetings.
Senator Aharon- of Nevada, was ban
queted at the Palaco Hotel in San Fran
cisco recently. More than half of the
guests were millionaires, and the re-1
mainder were in Jno immediate danger
of poverty. The bills of fare were en
graved on solid silver dug from the Cora-
stock lode, and were retained by the 1
guests as souvenirs of the occasion.
China has the largest garden in the
world. There are fifty thousand square
miles around Shanghai which are called
the Garden of China, and have been for
hundreds of years under a high state of
cultivation. Three crons a vear are har
vested. It is all meadow land, raised
but a few feet above the water, and has
a complete net-work of water communi
Ther is a new wonder reported from
California a rival valley to the Ye-
semite. It is in the South Forks of
Kings river, forty-five miles from Vi-
sal la. The valley is nine miles in length I
and has an average width at the bottom I
of half a mile. It is f000 feet above the
level of th. sea. and its walls are about
3000 fret bifrl, The b,lU hav- TOArA
water W , i ;,.4....
,v - ,f,i . 1 1 ' I
A model for a wonderful ferry acrosa
the British channel and the Atlantic I
has lnon tril in r.vrli... m,- f.. I
ture consists ..f thro mllol t..,l.a fur
i. . . ii in . .1
' I -"t
"""'Kn nonn in uuow pauuies to worK
between them, the who e being linked
. , . "
10,1.1 a n,gie vessel, covereu
by a deck, on which the inventor, Mr.
EAigarion. proposes to carry railroad
trains and a thousand head of cattle at a
time. Th channel passage is to be
made with these ferries in an hour and a
half, and cattle are to be transported
acrom th Atlnt!n n. tl, ff.
I . 1
" HEX the Prince ol Wales was visit-1
mg me public gardens at Colombo, Cey-
Ion, a police officer, noticing a tall gen-
tleman following close behind him, went I Black Hills. This is good news for the pros
tip to him, and with an angry oath bade I pectors, and will doubtless be the signal for
him take off his hat. The gentleman
replied that when he met the prince or
hvl occasion to address him, ho took his
hat off, but that at other times he re
mained covered. As the oliceman had
not the power to compel him to walk
bare-headed, he contented himself with
saying, in a menacing tone, "You had
letter stand back, and not dog his royal
highness like that." The officer was
somewhat chairrineil whn bn aflPrvearA
learned that the suspicious character
whom he had threatened was the Duke
TuEjNew York Sun says: "It was
President Andrew Jackson who origi
nally uttered the remark now attributed
to Attorney-tJcncral Picrrepont: 'No
one man is absolutely needed in the run
ning of a government.' When Jackson
was turning out the office-holders, there
was an old fixture in the treasury whose
friends pleaded for his retention as an
absolute necessity, on the ground that
he alone understood the complicated
busin ess of that oflice, ami that the
treasury would be thrown into confusion
by his dismissal. 'Turn him out! turn
him out!' cried Jackson, I'll have no
man here who is an absolute necessity
in the running of this government.'
A French journal thus relates the
romance connected with the marriage of
Lamartino; The lady was of an English
family named IJirch, and Jvery wealthy.
She first fell in love with the poet from
reading bis Meililaitm J'ottiiics. She
win slightly past the bloom of youth,
but still young and fair. At length she
saw Lam.-irtine in Geneva, anid her love
liecame a part ot her very life. Not
long after this she was made acquainted
with the fact that the poet was sulloring
from the embarrassed state of his
ieciiniary affairs. Miss Birch wrote to
him a frank nnd womanly letter, ac
knowledging her deep interest and pro
found respec t, and offering him the bulk
of her fortune if he was willing to accept
it. Of course Lamnrtine could not but
suspect the truth. Deeply touched by
her generosity, he called upon her, and
found her to lie not only fair to look
uj-oii, but a wnman of a brilliant literary
and artistic education. He made an
offer of his hand and heart, which was
promptly and gladly accepted; and in
the after-years Alplumse de Iimartine
owed not more to his wife's wealth than
to her sustaining love and insnirinir
How the heathen of India manipulate
F.nglish cloths for market is shown by
the following extract from the Madras
Mail: "An unusual practice is common
among the cloth sellers in Jubbulpore.
Bales ot Knglish piece goods are carried
to the Oometec rivulet and washed. The
object of this is to thicken the texture
of the cloth, and so to get a much higher
lrice that that current for them as they
arrive from Manchester. The pieces are
one by one opened out at the river's
liank and washed in. the running water.
This takes off the English sizing ; they
iini next re-rolled and beaten with
wooden clubs, dipped and beaten again
and again, and so on for hours; the
threads then begin to swell and .thicken
the cloth, so that the weaving appears
close and tough. They are then re
opened and partly dried, dipped into a
tub of well boiled rice-water (such as is
used by dhobies for starching), and care
fully hung out to dry. When dry the
cloth is carefully refolded, pressed and
jdaccd in the shop for sale. The change
the clohs undergo by this process is
astonishing. A coarse, long cloth,
worth say four annas a yard, is trans
formed to a close-tcxtuied fabric rivaling
one of llorrocks' lest. The cloths so
improved arc chiefly sent out to vil-
liige, wlicre they are readily sold as
:uanciKter goous of the stoutest and
Well-Mannered. Japanese women
arc charming in manner, and would be
in appearance, were it not for their un
gainly forms, which are ruined by a
clumsy mode of dress, and, among the
poorer cla-sses, the practice of carrying
burdens on the back. When a Japanese
girl reaches the. ape of sixteen years
without having undergone either of the
processes of deformity, she is a wonder
to the eye, and remains bo until twenty
five, or possibly a little later. Then she
ceases to charm for a certain period, in
jiny way excepting by her manner, and
that is generally preserved to the last.
But as she grows old she has a chance of
Incoming quite delightful again. There
is 'nothing nicer than a dignified and
whit haired old Jajwinese lady. She is
always happy, for she is always much
respected and cherished by her youngers,
ami at a certain age the natural high
breeding of the race appears ia her to
attain its crystalization.
By HORSLEY & JONES.
' WCTH UO WEST.
Official election returns received from
thirty-eigLt counties in Texas gives Governor
For Constitution, 22,-
I 289 majority.
The Farmers and Traders' bank, of St.
Louis' ""Tended. A deficit of $30,000
I i 1 i ; .1 .......
has been discovered iu the accounts of the
cashier, Rudolph II. Dryer.
The bones of six savages, with pipes
thnt would bold a pint of tobacco, were re
cently unearthed near Gosport, Ind. One of
the skeletons was seven feet long.
The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe
railroad is finished to within a few miles of
Puebla. Colorado, and trains will run through
to that point by the first of March
A bill has passed both houses of the
Alabama legislature ratifying the settlement
of e stat debt made h? commissioners,
This settlement will bring the entire indbt-
edneia of the state inside of ten miUions, at
a low rate of interest.
Six men, four ol them Indians one
npgro ana one wnue man, nave ueen coo-
demned by the United States court, and are
tl-oe executed ot Fort Smith on the 21st of
ApriUnext. There were six huug at the
8ame I,Iace on the 4th of September last.
c. t- c
can r rancisco now uianuiaciures iirc-
. . ... ...
. . , . , . . ... flAn .
China. In two factories with $lo,000 capital
invreste1 and using raw material to the amount
0f $7,500. fire-crackers to the value of $30,000
were turned out last year at an expense for
labor of $5,000.
McKee, of the St. Louis Democrat,
convicted of complicity iu the whisky frauds
h that city, w like lyo have another trial on
the ground that a Pike county juror declared
before Ke left home that McKee was guilty,
ana auer ine inai was ovvr una 11 . was
michty hard work to get hira convicted.
fien. Sheridan has received orders from
the president not to disturb the miners in the
a general exodus of the unemployed in our
large cities to the new Eldorado. Several
expeditions are now forming in Chicago, and
detachments, large and small, are leaving
daily for the frontier, where they will organ
ize and move in large bodies to the gold
The small bandsof ?itizcnsof Montana,
who settled on the north branch of the Yel-
lowstone, opposite the mouth of Big Horn,
at a point known as Fort Pease, have been
attacked by the Sioux Indians. All but
fourteen abandoned the fort. The latter are
beMegeil. General Terry has ordered Colo
nel Rrisbin, commanding at Fort Elli.s, to go
without delay to their relief. One man has
been killed and two wounded. Fort Pease
is distant from Fort Ellis about ISO miles.
Elijah Shaw, of Wales, Mass., owner
of five woolen mills, employing 275 hands,
has failed. Liabilities, $300,000. The Car
roll paper company, of Mill Iliver is seri
Crawford county, Pa., has in operation
68 factories, producing 6,310,000 pounds of
cheese ; Erie county, 22 factories, producing
2,600,000 pounds of cheese ; Mercer and Ven
ango counties, 11 factories, producing 717,700
pounds of cheese; tho aggregate in the four
northwest counties of Pennsylvania is 101
factories, producing 9,337,700 pounds of
The Turks were totally defeated in a
great batMe fought recently near Vassogo-
vich, in Herzegovina.
The Carlist Geu. Dorregara has taken
refuge on French soil. The Carlist cause is
considered hopelessly lost.
The submarine cable between Sydney
and New Zealand has been Successfully laid,
and is now open for trafllc.
Don Carlos has almost reached the
end of his rope. He and his men are re
ported as trying to gain the French frontier.
while large bodies of AUonsists are in close
The jury at the inquest over the bodies
of the victims of the late Strath-Clyde disas
ter, have returned a verdict of manslaughter
against the captain of the steamer Franconia,
whjch ran down the Strath-Clyde.
A Berlin lottcr says (hat the colossal
statue of Rismarck will be sent to the cen
tennial exhibition at Philadelphia. A copv
is to be erected at Kissrngen, on the spot
where Kuliman attempted the chancellor's
A Washington dispatch stales the Mis
sissippi levee commission will report unani
mously in favor of an appropriation of from
$:!,0O0,000 to $.,000,000 in the shape of a
refund of a portion of the cotton tax ille
gally collected from the states to be directly
benefited by the construction of levees.
Tho London Times concludes its lead
ing article, "The Cuban Question," by re
marking: "No country seeks to interfere
by force, with Spain's possession of Cuba (
but if she cannot govern it, 6he Would do
well to consider how hc Could best prepare
it for the freedom which always follows a
Statisticians say that 7,000,000 men
will soon be in arms on the continent of Eu
rope. Kussis will have 2,000,0(0, France and
Germany each l,r00,000, and Austria and
Italy 1,000,000 each. The Saturday Review
thinks that the statisticians are far wrong in
this estimate, and that so large a total is
On the first instant a party of Mexi
cans went into a store that was kept by an
old man named Garcis, near Edinburg, Texas,
on the Kio Grande, and murdered him and
h wife, two grown daughters nnd several
Americans. The tore was entirely emptied
of its content. The next morning a party f
citizens went out in search of the murderers,
and iucceeded in capturing eight of them
and nanging them to the nearest tree.
Jamaica advices state that the condi
tion of affairs in Hayti is alarming. The
revolutionists have purchased the steamer
Octavio, taken in ammunition and sailed
from Jamaica to Tort au Prince. President
Dominique has ordered the Cuban refugees
to quit the country within thirty hours, ou
penalty of being delivered to the Spanish
gunboats. A monetary panic is imminent.
Bills of exchange of large houses on New
York have been returned prOstested.
-It is officially announced that eight
Carlist battalions have refused to fire upon
the royalists. After a conflict between the
officers and men, the forte was disbanded
and surrendered in parties at Toloso last
week. The Carlists are soliciting amnesty
by the thousands. A dispatch from the roy
alist Gen. Martinez Campos announces that
nine battalions have surrendered at Pamne
luna. It is generally believed that a com
plete break up of the remaining Carlist forces
is imminent and the war is regarded as vir
The Babcock trial was brought to a
close by the acquittal of defendant, after the
iurv had been out but a brief period.
The house of representatives has passed
Mr. Fort's bill to prevent the needless slaugh
ter ot butlalocs. 1 Ins measure torbiils any
person not an 1ml inn to kill or wonnd any
female buflido of any age, or to kill or wound
a greater number of bufiiilocs than is needed
for the food of such person, or can be pre
served for tho use of others. Any person
violating the provisions of the act is made
liable to fine or imprisonment.
The Mississippi levee committee will
report unanimously in favor of an appropria
tion of from three to five million dollars in
the shape of the refunding of a portion of
the cotton tax illegally collected from the
states to be directly benefited by the con
struction of the levees. .
The bill introduced in the senate by
Mr. bargent, and In the house by Mr. Piper,
amendatory of the silver coinage laws, pro
vides for the coinage of a new dollar, equal
in weight and value to two of the present
silver half dollars, and proposes to make it
legal-tender for amounts not exceeding twen
ty dollars. The bill abolishes the existing
legal-tender provisions regarding the existing
trade dollar ; and Jalso .provides? that silver
half dollars shall be a legal-tender for amounts
not exceeding ten dollars, and the govern'
ment shall replace, without !oss to the holder,
all abraided silver coins. The new silver
dollar is to be coined on government account
Kotable laeldents im the War sflndepen-
During this centennial vear the follow
ing chronological table will be found of
interest and should be preserved :
July 4. Declaration of independence sisn-
ed and promulgated in Philadelphia by the
representatives of thirteen states, viz.: Mas
sachusetts, .having five; Connecticut, four;
New Hampshire, three ; Ithode Island, two;
New York, four ; New Jersey, five ; Pennsyl
vania, nine; Delaware, three; Maryland,
four; Virginia, seven : North Carolina, three:
South Carolina, four; and Georgia, three
representatives. Total number of signers,
fifty-six. The country contained Hlfi.filS
August -'7. l.attle of Ixng Island.
August 28. Washincton. with his armv.
retreated from Long Island.
September lo. astuurton took posses-
sion of New York city.
November 16. Fort Washington, on Man
hattan island, surrendered to the British.
.November 18. tort Lee, on the Hudson
riveg, evacuated by the Americans.
December 8. Washington crossed the
December 25 Washington recrossed the
December 26. Gen. AVashineton surprised
the British army at Trenton, N. J.
January 2. Battle of Princeton. N. J.
April 25. Marquis Gilbert Mottier Lafay
ette arrived at Charleston, S. C, from France.
June 14. Adoption of the American Mag
August 16. iwttle of Bennington, vt.
September It. Battle of Brandywine.
September 27. Philadelphia, occunied bv
October 4. Battle of Germantown, Pa.
October 7. Battle of Saratoga, N. Y.
October 15. Kingston. N. Y- burned bv
October 17. General Bureovne surren
dered at Saratoga.
December 15. The American army retired
to winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pa.
During this year the American armv en
countered great distress, owing to the ab
sence of all the necessaries that coutrioute to
January 9. Battle of Sunbury. Ga.
February 6. France acknowledged Amer-
can independence and a treaty was ratified.
June 18. British army evacuated Phila
J 11 tie Katue ot .Monmouth, a. Y.
June 3. Wyoming miusacre.
July 8. Articles of confederation adopted
June 11. lho trench Admiral d tstaiug
arrived at .Newport, Va.
September 14. Beniamin Franklin ap
pointed first minister to France.
Anvenibtr Vi. Dans acre at Cftcfry alley,
-Savannah, Ga., captured by
M.iv. The British burned Voi-follr. forla.
moutfi, Suffolk and Gosport, in Virginia.
July. llie Urinun destroyed Aew Haven,
Fairfield, Noralk aud Greenwich, in Con
July 15. Gen. Wayne captured Stony
August 13. Battle of Penobscot, Me.
October 3. The Americans attempted to
retake Savannah, but were unsnccessiuL
October 11. .Joseph Pulaski died, having
been wounded in the attack on Savannah.
October 26. British withdrew from Rhode
November 10. Joseph Hewes. ol North
Carolinai one of the signers of the declara
tion of independence, died, aged fifty.
May 11. Charleston, & C, surrendered to
the British. . ,
June 23. Battle of Springfield, N. J.
August 18. Battle of Camden.
August 19. Baron De Kalb, an American
brigadier-general in the war of the revolu
tion, died of wounds received at the battle of
Camden, aged forty-eight.
September 4. Benedict Arnold s treason
September 28. Major Andre was captured
bv three militiamen named John Paulding.
David Williams and Isaac an Wart.
October 2. Major John Andre, an diu-
t.int-f ener;ll in the British srmv. was h .mired
as a spy at Tappan, on the Hudson river,
October 7. Battle of King's mountain,
January i. The militia of New Jersey and
January 17. liattie ot t.owpens, . v.
February 28. Richard Stockton, one of
the sicners of the declaration of independ
ence, died, aged fifty-three.
reliruary 23. George laylor, of Pennsyl
vania, one of the signers of the declaration
of independence, died, aged sixty-five.
Xew London Durned ; fort Unswold, on
the opposite side of Thames river, taken and
a number of people massacred by British
soldiers, under the command of the traitor,
Benedict Arnold, xvew London was Arnold s
native count v.
Lyman Hall, of Georgia, one of the signers
of the declaration of independence, died,
June 5. Augusta, Ua., capitulated to the
August 23. Gen. CorhWallis, commander
of the British army, entered Yorktown, Va.
September e. Battle ot Lutaw Springs,
October 19. Surrender of Lord Cornwallis,
with his whole army, at Yorktown.
February 5. American independence ac
knowledged by Sweden.
February 25. American independence ac
knowledged by Denmark.
March 24. American independence ac
knowledged bv Spain.
AprU 8. The United States vessel Hyder
Ally, carrying sixteen guns, captured by the
British ship Gen. Monk, with twenty-nine
April 19. American independence ac
knowledged bv Holland.
Jnlv. American independence acknowl
edged iy liussia.
October 8. Treaty formed with Holland.
January 20. Preliminary articles of peace
signed iy iiriusn and American commission
ers at Versailles, France.
March 15. The American army disbanded
. . 1 X- V
av iewuurgii, . 1.
September 3. John Jay, John Adams and
Benjamin Franklin negotiated a final treaty
01 peace wun r.nfinu ai runs.
November 25. New York city evacuated
by the liritish.
"eceraoer .'J. ueorge Washington re
signed his commission as major-general of
the United States into the hands of eongress
at Annapolis, Md.
During the war the English employed
to aid them in the subjection ot the
country over 12,000 Indians, whose
mode of warfare was to take scalps, not
prisoners, and to massacre women and
children. As an evidence of this fact,
Captain Gerrish, of the New England
mmtia, captured on the frontier of Can
ada eight packages of scalps, properly
cured and dried, which were to be sent
to England as a present from the Seneca
Indians to George III. The packages
contained 4'i scalp "of soldiers, IDS of
tanners, bS of women, I'.sJ of bovs. 211
of girls, 22 of infants and 122 assorted,
uituLiu a luuai ui i?4 o simps.
In the senate, on the 21st, the con cut
rent resolution of the house, declaring the
22d of February a legal holiday, was passed
The military academy bill, as reiorted from
the house, is amended in these particulars
Items are inserted of sixtv-eieht hundred
dollars for additional pay of professors for
length of service; ten thousand dollars for
pay of assistant professors, instructors and
assistant instructors; lor adjutants, in audi
linn in thir nAV first or nainnft 1 ion f Anania
fifteen hundred dollars: and for clerk to ad
jutant, fifteen hundred dollars. Senator Al
corn introduced a bill to amend the fifth
section of an act making appropriation to
supply deficiencies in the appropriation Urn
service of the government for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1872, and for former year,
ana lor other purposes, approved May 18,
of claims for cotton seized after the thirtieth
day of June. Referred. Adjourned.
In the senate, on the 23d, Mr. Logan
presented a petition of disabled soldiers ast
ing that provisions of the act of June 18,
1874, be extended so as to include all who
lost an arm below the elbow, or a leg below
the knee, and that they be allowed a pension
of twenty-four dollars per month. Referred,
Mr. Morton presented a petition signed by
over 15,000 women of Indiana and nearly
14,000 voters of that state on the subject of
temperance, asaing congress to appoint a
commission to investigate and report as to
the effect of the alcoholic liquor traffic, and
secondly to prohibit the importation of alco
holic liquors from foreign countries. Re
ferred. Mr. Morton also presented petition
of Robert Small, of Charleston, asking com
pensation for the capture of the steamer
Planter at Charleston in May. 1862. Re
ferred. Mr. Morton also presented the peti
tion of 2,000 citizens of Indiana and Ken
tucky in favor of aid to the Texas and Pat-ihc
railroad. Bills were introduced and referred
as follows : To regulate elections and elective
franchise in the territory of Utah: to repeal
so much of the act of December 17, 1872, as
provides for a pivot draw in any bridge
across the Ohio river, between Covington
and Cincinnati. Mr. Wright, from the com
mittee on claims, reported adversely on the
petition of Mississippi asking that the time
oe extended tor the presentation of claims
before the southern claims commission. Mr.
Conover introduced a bill to authorize the
secretary of the navy to dispose of unservice
able material, and for other purposes. The
main feature of Senator Christiancy's bill
regarding elections in Utah, is a restriction
of the elective franchise of male citizens of
the. age of twenty-one years and upward who
have not violated the law of the United
States of July 1, 1862, by commencing the
practice of polygamy subsequent to that
date. The senate then resumed the consid
eration of unfinished business, being the bill
conferring exclusive jurisdiction over Indian
reservations Upon United States courts, and
for the punishment of crimes committed bv
and against, Indians, the pending amend
ment being that providing that the second
section shall not be construed to prevent the
cutting of timber or grass, or the use of stone,
on any Indian reservation, ns may be neces
sary for the army or the use of several sgen-
les located on such reservation, and it was
agreed to. A long discussion ensued, in
volving questions of Indian civilization,
opening up the Black Hills to miners, the
treaty obligation, etc. Pending the discus
sion, Mr. Edwards, from the judiciary com
mittee, reported favorably on a bill to change
the time tor holding the terms of the district
court for the district of West Virginia.
Passed, and the sendte adjournedi
In the senate, on the 24th, house bill
to reorganize the judiciary of the United
States was read by its title and referred to
the committee on judiciary. The following
bills WBre introduced and referred : id
grant certain rights to the Central Texas and
El Paso railroad company, and to provide
for a continuous through line of railroad be
tween the cities of the lewer Mississippi
river and Gulf of Mexico and Pacific ocean ;
to provide for means of cheap transportation
upon interior waters, and to restore ocean
carrying trade of the Cuited States, and for
other purposes. Mr. Witb"rs HiHed lip scti I
ate bill to amend the act Of February i 1,
1871. efantinir pensions lo certain soldiers
and sailors of the war of 1812, and to wid
ows of deceased soldiers, ami to restore to
the pension rolls those persons whose names
were stricken therefrom in consequence of
disloyalty. Pending discission tile morhirig
hnnr expired, and the bill was laid over.
The senate then resumed the consideration
of the unfinished business, being a motion
ot Mr. Wadleigh to reconsider the vote by
which the report of the committee of con
ference on joint resolution to pay interest on
3.65 District of Columbia bonds was passed.
Pending the question to lay the motion to
reconsider on the table, it was agreed to
33 to 28. Mr. Sargent submitted an amend
ment to a bill under consideration during
the morning our in regard te the rtstHra-
tlBtl 01 certain persons to the pension rolls,
so as to provide that no person shall be re
stored to the pension rolls uuder this act un
less the commissioner of pensions be satis
fied as to the identity of such persons. Or
dered to be printed. The senate took up
the bill conferring eiclttsiVe jurisdiction
over Indian reservations upon the United
States courts, and for the punishment of
crimes committed by and against Indians.
Mr. Windom moved that the bill be referred
to the committee on Indian affairs. After
further discussion, the motion of Mr. Win
dom to refer the bill was agreed to 41 to 13.
A message from the house of representa
tives was received, announcing the action of
that bodv in respect to the memory of the
late W. Ii. Starkweather. Mr. English sub
mitted a resolution that Wie business of the
senate be suspended, that the friends of the
deceased might par fitting tribute to his
public and private virtues. Agreed to, and
the senate adiout-ncd;
In Ihe senate, on the 25th, after some
debate, that body passed, without amend
ment, the bills reported by the finance com
mittee on Wednesday, to amend acts of July
14, 1870, aud January 20, 1871, to authorize
refunding of the national debt. The bill, as
passed, amends the acts named so as to pro
vide that the amount of bonds bearing four
and one-half per cent, interest, authorized
to be issued, be increased to $500,000,000, and
that they be payable at the pleasure of the
United States after thirty years from the
date of their issue instead of after fifteen
years. It also provides that the act shall not
be construed to authorize any increase of the
total amount of bonds provided for by the
acts named, nor to authorize any increase
whatever of the bonded debt of the United
States. Mr. Morrill, of Vermont, from the
committee of revolutionary war claims, re
ported adversely on the bill to provide for
the settlement of claims of officers of the
revolutionary army, and the widows and
children of thoe who died in the service,
and it was indefinitely postponed. Mr. Fre
linghnysen, from the committee on agricul
ttfe, reported favorably on the house resolu
tion to print extra copies of the report of the
commissioner of agriculture for the year
1873. Passed. Mr. Allison called up house
bill making appropriations for thesupportof
the military academy for the fiscal year end
ing June 13, 1877. First amendment re
ported by the committee on appropriations
was for "additional pay of professors for
length of service $6,800. Pending discussion,
the senate went into executive session, and
soon after adjourned umil Monday.
In the house, on the 21st, Mr. Whit
thorne introduced a resolution to authorize
the mixed commission to inquire and report
as to the future naval policy of the United
States. The house then proceeded to vote on
the bill to organize the judiciary, and it was
passed 143 to 132. Mr. Ellis offered a reso
lution for the appointment of a sub-committee
to visit and take testimony in regard to the
Mississippi river and the region subject to
overflow, in order to obtain such data and
practical information as to make the neces
sary amount of appropriation ; provided, that
the visit De not mae at puonc expense.
Adopted. Adjourned till w ednesday.
In the house, on the 23d, Speaker Kerr
appeared, much '""Droved in health, and
took the chair. Mr. Jones, of .Kentucky, in
troduced a bill for the repeal of so much of
the act af17th December, 1872, as provides
for pivot draw in aay bridge to be erected
across the Ohio river between Covington and
Cincinnati. Referred. Mr. Banning intro
duced a bill to promote the efficiency of the
armv. to provide for its cradual reduction,
and to consolidate certain of the staff depart
ments. Referred. Mr. t hite introduced a
hill to increase the clerics I force of the pen
sion bureau, and to provide lor the speedy
wttleraent of all pension claims. Relerred.
Mr. Fort, from eoniuiitU'e on territories, re
ported a bill to prevent the useless slaughter
of buffaloes in the territories. After a dis
cussion, participated in by Messrs. Fort,
Magenuis, Dunnell, Reagau, Throckmorton,
TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1876.
Hancock, Baker. Jenks and Conger, the bill
passed. The bill makes it unlawful for any
person not an Indian to am, wound or in
any manne- destroy any female buffaloes or
any greater number of buffaloes than are
needed for food or market. The house went
into a committee of the whole on the state of
the union on the bill amending the laws
granting pensions to soldiers ndi sailors of
the war of 1812 ana tneir wiaows. it directs
the secretary of the intenoi to place on the
pension rolls the names of the surviving
othcers and enlistea ana araitea men, in
eluding the militia and volunteers of the
military and naval service of the United
States who served for ten days in that war,
and were honorably discharged, and the sur
viving widows of such officers and men, pro
vided that the widows were. married prior to
18o0. The pensions are to4e at .therate of
eight dollars per month, and the act is not to
apply to any person now receiving at that
rate, or to any person receiving less than
eight dollars per month, except per difference
up to eight dollars a mouth. It directs the
restoration to the pension rolls of all names
stricken therefrom on account of sympathy
with the rebellion. It case of their death,
their widows nre to receive the pension and
arrearages, l ne suosequent marriage of the
widow is not to prevent her from receiving
arrearages. - In case there is no widow, ar
rearages are to go to the pensioner's minor
children. Mr. lloskins moved to amend by
giving pensions to those who served Jn Jlie
war for five davn instead of -eu days -am- ic
vided by the bilk Adoprra. Mr. Camcren
moved to strike out tbW?ir'V:so which pro-1
vides that widows of solditrrs iuhsnjRveaiar-jtTcatu,
ned prior to UoO. Adopted. Mr. Hunter
movel to strike ont from the bill all that
portion which provides for returning to the
pension rolls the names of those soldiers
stricken therefrom on account of sympathy
with the rebellion. In the course of the dis
cussion, Hunter stated the number of per
sons who would he restored to the pension
rolls under the bill would be 4o0, and their
annual amount of pensions only $3,965. Com
mittee rose and house adjourned.
In the house, on the 24th, on motion
of Mr. Cox, it was ordered that the session
of Saturday be for debate ouly. The speaker
proceeded, as the business of the morning
hour, to call the committee reports. Mr.
Turney, from the committee on mines and
mining, reported a bill to exclude Missouri
from the provisions of the act td promote
the mining resources of the United States.
Passed. Mr. Vance, from the committee on
Eaten ts, reported back adversely the bill
miting duration of patents. Laid on the
table. Also the bill to protect the revenues of
the patent office. It provides that any officer
who shall receive any money other than his
salary for any work done shall be punisha-
le hy hne or imprisonment. 1 assed. Mr;
Williams, from committee on public build
ings and grounds, reported a bill authorising
the purchase of additional grounds for the
custom-house at Nashville. Passed. Mr.
Young, from the same committee, reported a
bill to provide for the building of a custom
house, etc., in the city of Memphis. The bill
limits the appropriation for building to $800,
000. Mr Holinau moved to amend bymakit
the limit $400,000. Mr. AVells moved to amend
the amendment by fixing the amount at
$."i00,000. Mr. Chittenden opposed an ex
cessive appropriation for public buildings,
and characterized the supervising architect's
estimates as extravagant, that extrav gance
arising from the excessive volume of paper
money. He argued that as ood a building
could be erected at Memphis now for $100,
000 as could have been erected three years
ago at $800,000. Mr. Thornburg intimated
that, in view of the recent erection of a
postoffice building in New York that cost
$8,000,000, Chittenden was like the old lady
Who, after having hel- kettle mended, refused
trfbdrrow or lend lo arijr ofle1. After a lohg
discussion, the alilendmetit offered by Mr.
Wells, limiting the amount to $500,000, Was
rejected. The amendment offered by Mr.
Holuian, limiting the amount- to $400,000,
was agreed to 13 to lw. ltliout proceed-
iiitr turtwer in tne cm. ine aeain oi jrr.
Starkweather Was announced, add speeches
were made in eulogy of the deceased, after
which resolutions of condolence and respect
were adopted and the house adjourned.
Iii the house, on the 25th, Mr. Swann,
from the committee on foreign anairs, re
ported back the correspondence furnished
hat commlt'ee by the state department in
ferencb to tHe connection of Gen. Schenck,
American minister to England, with the
Emma mine aud Machadoc claim. The cor
respondence was ordered printed, and was
referred back to the committee on foreign
a flairs for further consideration. The house
went intd committee Of, the whole on .the
rivate calendar, and after passing a num
ber of bills, the committee rose and the house
adjourned. The session to-morrow is for
general debate only.
The War on Abyssinia.
A correspondent of the London Times,
writing from Alexandria on the htteentn
of Jauuary, says : " I cannot report, as
1 hoped, the end of the Abyssinian war.
ThS enpltlfe of Getl. Kirthani is, how
ever, confirmed, and it occurred unaer
the circumstances I detailed last week.
With him were also taken two English
men of the name of Hampton., The lat
ter two protest against their detention on
the gioutld that war had not been regu
larly declared at the time they were
taken. It is difficult to see how they
can seriously maintain this conviction if
it be true, as is stated, that they went
out with the Abyssinians. They are, by
order of the khedive, to be sent to Eng
land, but Kirkham is to be detained at
Massowah until the campaign is over.
While the prisoners are left at Massowah,
the main Egyptian army has marched td
the heights ol the Hamaseen territory,
Which is One of the ea$ut belli, each coun-
irf claiming it j9 .it3 own. The small
igyptiart force Which was cut to pieces
some few weeks ago took the same fotlte.
The Abyssinians fell back, trusting to
the natural defense afforded by their
country, which is not untruly called the
African Switzerland. Even on the
Hamaseen frontier there are mountains
six and seven thousand feet high. The
Egyptians followed their opponents, al
lowed themselves to be divided, and met
with the disaster now well known. But
there are is no fear that the present army
will fall into a similar trap. Their num
bers are tenfold; they are armed with
the Remington rifle, and several corps
of fleld artillery Are With them; they
are supplied with all that is necessary for
a long campaign ; a proper commissariat
and transport service has been organized;
large numbers of camels and mule?, and
even a few clephahts, have gone forward;
and what is more important than all, the
expedition is under tha command of the
best tactician and most experienced gen
eral Egypt possesses. Provided that she
will be satisfied with punishing the Abys
sinians, and not be tempted to annex
Abyssinia, there is every probability that
Egypt will succeed.
How a Fat Boy Ixfltjexckd the
Bl'lLDlKO of the 8rEZ Cakal. The
Suez canal was an old scheme of M. de
Lesseps. and by 1852 he had submitted
plans tor its construction to tne porte,
but the porte decided that Turkey was
not concerned. However, wnen mo-
hammed Said came to be Viceroy of
Etrvnt the Frenchman had a friend in
power, and the work waa ordered to go
on. When M. de Lesseps was a consul
in Egypt, Said was a great fat boy, and
his lather. Mehemet Ali, annoyed at
seeing this fatness increase, had him put
on restricted diet, and used to send him
for two hours a day to walk round the
citv. to skin with a rope, to row and to
climb the masts of ship. The boy made
friends with M. de Lesseps and got secret
meals of maccaroni irom nis servants.
This was the beginning of a friendship
which led to such memorable results;
and it is a curious instance of how great
things and small are interwoven in the
web of life, that if Said Pasha had not
been a fat boy with a severe father M.
de Lesseps' scheme might have been
treated bv him with as little attention
as it was by the porte, and we should
have had no Suez canal.
A womas who was gathering weeds
on the sea shore in Japan, for burning,
laid her young child down on the beach
A frightful cry told the mother that all
was not right, and on examination she
found that a cuttle fish had put one
finder round the baby. She cut the
feeler loose with her sickle, and the
youngster was unharmed.
"THE BOYS." ,
BY OUVSa WEXDK1A BOLMBS.
Are we " the boy " that used to make
' The tables ring with noisy follies t
Whose deep-Iung'd laughter oft would snake
The ceiling with its thuoder-ToUeys t
Are we tb rouths with lips unshorn ,
At beauty's feet ub wrinkled suitors, -Whose
memories reach tradition's mora
Thsdarsof prehistoric tutors?
The boys' we knew but who are these
wnose neaos mignt serre m nuarea Kgw,
Or Foi's martyr, if you trfeose, , , ,
Or hermits of the dismal azes t
Tha hnn " inn-nn these be those?
J neircneexs wita monung-s Ditraa wcruj uicu,
Where are the Harrys, Jims, ana joes ..
With whom we ohce were Well acquainted I
If we are they, we're not the same;
II they are we, why then ther 're masking ;
Do tell us, neighbor What's-your-name,
Woo are you ? What's the use of asking 7
YlHI ARM WAT (ipOTTTP. OT BUI. Of BCD I
There's you, yourself there's you, that other ;
J Know you now 1 anew you men
You used to be your younger brother 1
A BUFFALO STAMPEDE.
Passing out between the hills, the
vounz fellows toaDd themselves on a
nearly level plain. Here, too, was a
dense throne of buffaloes, stretching off
to the undulatinir hori7n. As the two
pTnlnrer wnltcd nn. a wide lane seemed
1 to open in the mighty herds before thorn.
TnwniMv. and without anv hurrv. the
pg drifted away to the right and
, ( blWfHrjg or staring, but contbuallv
I ' , i,..i' , 4,'t
moving. Looking back, they saw that
the buffaloes had closed up their ranks
on the trail which they had inst pursued ;
while before, and on either h&-id, was a
wall of animals.
" We are surrounded!" almost whis
pered Arthur, with some alarm.
"Never mind, my boy. We can walk
out, just as the children of Israel did
from the Red Sea. Only we have waves
of buffaloes, instead of water, to close
behind and open before and be a wall on
each side. See !"
And, as they kept on, the mass before
them melted away in some mysterious
fashion, always at the 8a me distance from
" See ! We move in a vacant r-pace
that travels with us Wherever we go,
" Yes," the lad. " It seems just as if
Were a candle in the dark. The open
ground around us is the light we Bhed ;
tne Dunatoes are tne aamness outsiue.
"A good figure of speech, that, my
laddie. I must remember it. But we
are getting out of the wilderness."
They had now come to a sharp rise ol
ground, broken by a rocky ledge, which
turned the nerds more to tne nortnwara.
buffaloes for the time, but beyond them
were thousands more. Turning south
ward, they struck across the country for
the wagon-track, quite well satisfied with
Between two long divides, or ridges,
they came upon a single wagon, canvas
covered, in which were two little chil
dren. Two boys one about seven and
the other eleven years old were playing
near by, and four oxen were grazing by
In reply to Mont's surprised question
as to how they came off the trail, and
Whyjthey were here alone, they said that
their lather and uncle naa come up aiver
buffaloes, and were out with their guns.
Their mother was over on the bluff
pointing to a little rocky mass which
rose like an island in the middle , of the
vallev. She had gone to hunt for " sar-vice-berries.".
Thev were left to mind
the cattle and the children.
"Fretty careless business, I should
say," murmured Mont. " Well, young
sters," he added, " keep by the wagon ;
if your cattle stray off, they may get car
ried away by the buffaloes. Mind
They Went dn ddwn the valley, look
ing behind them at the lielpless little
family alone in the wilderness.
" A man ought to be licked for leaving
his young ones here in such a lonely
place." said Mont.
Suddenly,.. over the southern wall of
the valley, like a tlitfnder-cloud, rose a
vast and fleeing herd of buffaloes. They
were not only running, they were rustl
ing like a mighty flood.
A stampede! a stampede: enea
Mont: and. flying back to the uncon
scious group of children, followed by Ar
thur, he said; "liun lor your lives,
youngsters 1 Make for the bluff!"
Seiintr one of the little oups. and bid
ding Arthur take the ollief, he started the
boys ahead Jor tne tsianu-oiuu, wnicn
was some way down the valley. There
was not a moment to lose. Behind them,
like a rising tide, flowed the buffaloes in
surges. A confused murmur filled the
air; tne grouna resonnoeo wuu me uur-
ned beat of countless hoots, and tne
earth seemed to be disappearing in the
advancing torrent. Close behind the fly-
inc fugitives the angry, panic-stncaen
herd tumbled and tossed. Its labored
breathing sighed like a breeze, and the
warmth of its pulsations seemed to stifle
To the lefll to the left!" screamed
Arthur, seeing the bewildered boys, who
fled like deer, making directly for the
steepest part of the bluff. Thus warned,
the IadS bounded tip the little island,
grasping the underbrush as they climbed.
Hard behind them came Arty, pale, his
features drawn and rigid, and bearing
in his arms a little girl. Mont brought
up the rear wun a stout ooy ou uu
shoulder, and breathless with excitement
and the laborious run.
Up the steep side they scrambled, Jail
ing and recovering inemseivcs, uut up
at last. Secure on a bare rock, they saw
a heaving tide of wild creatures pour
tumultuously over the edge and nil the
valley. It leaped from ledge to ledge,
tumbled and broke, rallied again and
swept on, black and silent save for the
rumbling thunder of many hoofs and the
panting breath of the Innumerable mul
titude. On it rolled over every obstacle.
The wagon disappeared in a twinkling,
its white cover going down in the black
tide like a sinking ship at sea. Past the
island-like bluff, where a little group
stood spell-bound, the herd swept, the
rushing tide separating at the rocky
point, against which it beat and parted
to the right and left. Looking down,
they saw the stream flow by, on and up
the vallev. It was gone, and the green
turf was brown where it had been. The
spring was choked, and the .wagon was
trampled in a flat ruin.
Fascinated by the sight, Mont and
Arthur never took their eyes from it
until it waa over. Then returning to
their young charges, they saw a tall,
gaunt woman, with a horror-stricken
Jace, gathering the whole group in her
arms, it was tne motner.
"I don't know who you be, yung
men, but I thank yon from the bottom
r.f mw heart." she said. " Yes, I thank
you from the bottom of my heart and,
oh 1 I thank God, too !" And she burst
Arthur, at loss what else to say. re
marked: "Your wagon is all smashed
" I don't care don't care," said the
woman, hysterically rocking herself to
and fro where she sat with her children
clasped to her bosom. " So's theyoung
nnes are safe, the rest may go to
Aa she snoke. a couple of horsemen,
carrying rifles, came madly galloping
down the valley, far in the wake of the
flvimr herd. They paused, thunder-
etrutK, at the fragments of their wagon
trampled in the torn soil. Then, seeing
the croup on the rock, they hastened on,
dismounted, ana cnniueu mo muu mu
"Great powers above, Jemimyl we
stampeded the buffaloes 1" said the elder
the nair nf hunters.
Arty expected to hear her say thatsho
w thankful so lonir as tney were an
11 1 i VP.
" Yes, and a nice mesa you've made ot
it.-' This was all her comment.
u "Whar'a the cattle, Zeph V asked the
lavner oi mis nocc. . , -..
' ; "Gone off with the buffaloes,! reckon,
dad, waa the response of his son Zeph
aniah t .
The man looked up and down the val-
ley wun a Dewuaerea air. lias wagon
had been mashed and crushed into the
grounds His cattle swept out into Bpace
By the resistless flood, and were nowhere
in sight. He found words at last : '
" Well, this is perfeckly rediclus. S(,
JMcnolat for March.
TUinTI TIIOrSASD DOLLARS.
. or, the :rtrii. tnJ.
T The attendance at the Bay, race track.
in Kan Pranijiv ir tli. OO.t Wit niua
the four-mile and repeat race for a "purse
of $30,000, was very large estimated at
zu.uuu. . 1 rack in nne condition. eatn
er fair, with light wind. Rutherford
the favorite in the pools at $1,000, Foa
ter, $500: Golden Gate, $235; Katie Pease!
$15; held, $150. polling very lively.
After considerable delay the horses Were
called for the start at 2:50.: Katie l ease
drew the pole, . Rutherford second.
Chance, Revenue and Golden Gate in
order. They got away at the third at
tempt well together, Chance - little
ahead. On the back stretch Hock Hock
ing got the lead, passing half in one
minute, but fell behind at the turn;
Chance leading to the score, .roster sec
ond, Rotherford third, the others well
together a little behind. Time, 2:02.
On the second mile Rutherford and Fos
ter drew ahead of Chance : the rest
bunched and maintained that position
to the score. Time. 1:53. Charice now
began to flag, and on the third mile Was
passed by Katie Tease; Rutherford
maintained a slight lead, closely pressed
by Foster, and came under the string in
1:52, foster second, Katie lease third.
On the fourth mile Hock Hocking, who
had been running easily with the field,
drew ahead of Pease, and Foster pushed
Rutherford throughout, passing him on
the home stretch, and winning the heat
by a neck in l:50i, Rutherford second.
Hock Hocking was apparently a fair
third, the rest being well in the rear,
getting the distam e flag on their faces,
and, to the surprise of the whole assem
blage. Hock Hocking was also adjudged
distanced. The ruling in his case ex
cited universal dissatisfaction, and much
unfavorable comment was made on the
action of the iudges, it being claimed by
one man that Hoik Hocking had run a
weighting race and was good to run a
second heat, coming in very fresh, and
was Bhut out purposely to prevent such
a result. Backers of Rutherford now
began to hedge faster, having a call in
the pools of two tti One. At 3:45 the I
horses were called for the second heat, and
made a false start, going entirely around
the track. At the second attempt they
got off together. Foster drew slightly
ahead, and at the half led by half a
length, which position was maintained
to the score. Time, 2:03. In the second
mile, Foster slightly increased his lead,
passing the half one length ahead. On
the home stretch, Rutherford closed on
him, and they went under the string in
1:53. Foster half a length ahead. llie
latter began to forge ahead again, at half
was half a length ; Rutherford made a fine
burst and they passed the stand Foster
only a neck ahead. Time, 1:54. Ruth
erford s last eltort seemed to ten on mm,
and on the fourth mile he fell suddenly
liehind : Foster lead two open lengths at
the half and came in an easy winner ol
the heat and race by six open length-;,
How Reterdy Johnson Became At tor
J. 11 A CI' IVt T T IV t'lllHTUl r.""
member of the Uflited States senate, but
resigned in 1819 to accept the office of
"attorney-general, by appointment (if
President Taylor. The circumstances of
this appointment have never been rela
ted in print, we believe, and the anecdote
il! bwr. telling.
Mr. llliam iwrr rreion, oi ir-
ginia, was from the nrst an actire j-ams
san of lien, laylor, ana in one oi in
speeches boasted that he had been the
first man in the country to -mourn, win
Wbitev and show off his paces." As a
return'foT his services to the party and
to the president, Gen. Taylor, with small
knowledge of men. determined to make
Preston attortley5Fencrl. His advisers
among the Whig senate's remonstrated,
urging Preston's lack of great legal abili
ty and learning, but all to no purpose.
Tavlor was immovable.
williiim S. Archer, senator from Vir
ginia, finally took the matter in hand,
I, calling rrn tne prcsiaent, ne uau
brief but characfeiist't; conversation
with him on the subject.
" that vou think of
JL , . ,
making my friend Preston your attorney-
" Yes," replied Taylor, " I do."
" Are you aware of the fact," contin
ued the senator, " that an attorney gen
eral must represent the government in
the supreme court!
"Of course," said Taylor.
tv von know that he must there
moot. D-micl Webster and RsverdY John
son as opposing counsel ?"
"Certainly," replied Taylor ; "what
"Nothine. except that they will
make a fool of your attorney-general.
Without another word, the Virginia
senator took his leave, but he had made
the desired impression. Preston was ar
nnin t.n another place and Reverdy
Johnson became attorney-general.
Crime In the United States.
Ti 1 naimalarl liv TVfr Cw An-
Jt win i i ii iinu.nM j - - - -- - - -
it - r inor.l.iiiull4 1hnt the annual
V 1. 1 1 , , L jua.iroi.Hi,.j ---
cost of crime in this country is two hun-
111 T A 1 n
dred millions oi dollars, it naa uim
than doubled in the past ten years.
. . ,A....nl( Il,!.4.ll.ratt
LTime in fliawmiiunenu " nm ij-vun-u
per cent, greater than in Ireland ; and
the great question now for all good citi
zens is, how are we going to stop this
increase of crime ? The education of the
intellect will not do it ; the churches can
not stop it, for not half the people of the
United States ever go to church. The
Sunday schools can not stop it. There
are only two remedies: One is to multi
ply jails, police courts, judges, peniten
tiaries, constabulary, etc., and the other,
in the words of Dr. Holland:
" If you want to stop rascals, you must
stop raising them."
The columns of the newspapers will
4 nr.n Vu filial with the rpcords of
nut towc " -- -
crime and misery while thousands of
children are auowea to grow up whuuuw
moral, religious or mental education,
and the only way to reach these children
is through the public schools. .
For the safety of republican institu-
uons we nccu in uw , -
cation the teaching of the higher truths
e 1 - Oh. r C liA Viouf WflVfl tO
oi religion, uiro j- -
reach the hearts of children and ennoble
them, is to teach them kindness to am-
mats, .every bm:h
promotes an education which elevates
human souls and prepares the way for
Mim who came preaching "Peace on
earth, good will to men." I believe we
should begin to talk in our schools about
- J A U..rvonitT7 and ttlOtl thf. tPSrh-
UOU KUU umiiij , - r .
era profession will be the noblest in the
Tuif finaneinl difficulties of Turkey
! not checked the work upon the
v,;v. Vii.onltan w Imililinir npar
ii.ijrujitc "" ( o : ;
his palace at Dolmahbagcheh, and whic h
. . . . -,1 .- At ,UUk 'fl
it is estimated win rt i ne
correspondent of the London Times gays
that the expediency of deponing the
sultan, on account chiefly of his lavish
.. ,1 : . . w froelv lioi"!iawvl liv liotli
his' Mohammedan and his christian sub-
VOL. XXI. NO. 35.
5 ', BURXIXG THE DEAD.
. . i. ..... .. . , j
The HortuI BtaalM of a Mrlatlfl
j tlMUM JhfH r by Cremallm
" correaponderit of the New York
limes, wriUnir from Milan. Italy, says :
-, The latest sensation here is a genuine
case of cremat ion, which occurred at one
of the principal cemeterries in Milan last
weekV,lt appears that a wealthy German
gentleman .named Alberto ' Keller, who
resided .here for many years previous to
nis death, was a strict believer in the
theory of cremation, and in his will pro
vided that a temple of cremation should
be boilt in Cemeterio Montrmentale
f where. he bad previously erected a hand
some family .tomb), and presented to the
cny oi auian ; ana mat wnen it snouia
ke, ready for use his remains were to be
cremated therein, and his ashes to be de
- r , , . . . i . i ii
posited In the family tomb.
About two years ajro Mr. Keller bade
adieu to things terrestrial, and his body
was ambalmed and consigned to the vault
underneath the tomb. Shortly after
ward experiments were commenced by
Messrs. Clerlcetti and Tolli, a system
waa invented which waa perfected, and a
a temple of cremation waa boilt in the
Tne building is a miniature model of
tne ancient Roman temples, and stands
On a-' piece of ground about fifty feet
square.. Fifteen solid stone pillars, about
eighteen feet in height and two in thickr
lies, placed iDi'a circ'p, snnnort a "dome-
shaped roof, wiich is in tnrn surmounted
by the hcure of an urn. In the center.
reached by four or five steps, is a large
stone sarcophagus, somo seven or eight
feet lone and anout three in width. On
each side are three round black marble
slabs, on the center one of which is a
white cross. The slab at one end acts as
a door, being moved bp and down by in
visible machinery. In the interior of
the. sarcophagus are a large finmber of
iron ribs extending from one side to the
other, and uniformly curved downward
slightly in the center. Underneath this
gridiron arrangement is a platform of
iron, from which projects a forest of gas-
burners. Alone the sides ol the recepta
cle, just above the iron bars, are rows of
round, knob like buttons, with a hole in
the center ; these are also used for the
issue of eas-iets the total number of
which in the sarcophagus amounts to two
hundred and seventeen. The force of
gas employed, as well as the machinery
which opens and shuts this ponderous
door, is controlled from a small back
building some ten or fifteen feet in the
rear of the edifice, the conncecting ma
chinery being under ground. On the
front of the temple, under the dome, is a
tablet with an inscription, of which the
following is a translation : " Cremation
Temple, donated, at the desire of the
noble Alberto Keller, to the City of
Alter the completion of the edifice the
nvoii tor's experimented upon the car
casses of dogs and olhef annuals, for the
punwse of determining how great a de
gree of heat and what time were neces
sary to consume a human body. Every
thing being in readiness, last parumay,
the second anniversary of Mr. Keller's
death, was fixed upon to practically test
upon Hie remains of the Joundcr the pur
pose lor which the temple was erected.
On that day at two o'clock the inventor
of the system, accompanied by some of
the relatives of the deceased, the princi
pal municipal officers and a large num
ber of scientific men and journalists, rep
resenting the principnl cities of Kurj-e,
assembled at the Keller tomb. At two
o'clock the body was taken from its
casket in the vault, and placed in a (bin
wooden case which was covered with a
black cloth. The features of the corpse
were im natural as on the day on which
it was entombed, two years Is'fore. Pre
ceded bv the cJcrgviiiiin of the Kvangeli-
. . - f i ' I t--H ...1 I
cal cliurcn, oi wnicn rvciier imi occii a
mcnilier. the lodv, followed hy the as
semblage, who had pnthered to witness
the ffrcnohy, was taken to the temple
f ...i f a. .... 4i.n
OI cremation, " I1ICI J yillliin-l mm
re:ir wall of the cemetery, lb a conspicu
ous position, and can ls seen irom any
point ot the grounds, which are jwriccuy
flat and unadorned with shrublsry or
trrrs, the want of which is made up,
however, bv wm fine sieciinens of
sculpture,surntotihtift tomlwand proves.
un arriving at ine nmusoieiMir,
svman m attendance mane a ictt rc-
marks, during wnicn trie oouy was ur
osited in front ot the scareopuagus. in
lis address tha reverend gentleman said
that the ceremony of cremation was not
against the accepted forms of burial ; in
that ff'rm it offi-red an example of the
fleet inrr existence of matter, ami in the
action of the destroying flames might lie
seen the symbol of the soul that, liberat
ing itself from the body, flics to heaven,
purified and immortal.
At the close or ins reinarss a mnai
Wan srtven. the ponderous door ot tne
sarcophagus d!mppca-d downward, re
vealing the gas-jets miming iinniy i
the interior a mass of fire. The re
mains of Alberto Keller were raised and
slid into the sarcophagus, resting on the
grid-iron. The heavy door rose up
again, as if by magic, and settled into
its position, llie gas was iiirnm on i
its full force, and the body was submit
ted to a temperature of over 1,000 yrai,
..... . . i n ruu .7
or Bometning more man un'""
Fahrenheit. W hile the mortal remains
of Alberto Keller were Itelng subjected
to the process of cremation, 1 roiessor r .
Colletti of Padua, to whom lielongs the
honor of the victory of cremation reform
in Italy, addressed those present. ji
the end of three-quarters of an hur the
eas was extinguished, the inventor rc-
marking mat tne remain ui an. i-n-m-.
were then reduced to ashes. He added
that they would remain until the follow
ing day in the sarcophagus, at which
time they would be transferred to his
tomb. The assemblage thereupon slowly
dispersed, and the temple of cremation
was left in solitude and silence. Next
day the sarcophagus was opened in the
presence of one or two relatives of the
deceased, and his ashes collected and
placed in a white marine casicei aooui
the size of a lady's work-basket, and
placed on a small altar facing the door
of the tomb. On a tablet underneath
the casket is the inscription, " Ceneri di
Alberto Keller." "Ashes of Albert
Keller." The grated iron door of the
tomb offers a full view of the interior,
which is handsomely decorated with
flowers, etc., and the tomb, which is in
the Protestant portion of the cemetery,
is daily visited by numbers of curious
Milanese, who are desirous of looking
upon the receptacle of the ashes of one
who has been the originator of an epoch
in the civilized world.
Brows Fapfk and Havana Ck;ark.
-It is stated that not a steamer leaves
New York for Havana that does not take
out from 2,000 to 5,000 reams, or in oc
casional instances as high as 30,000 reams,
of coarse brown wrapping paper. N hat
this paper was used for was for a long
time a mystery ; but it has recently been
revealed that it enters into the manu
facture of "pure Havana cigars." It
ia said that when saturated in the jnice
of tobacco stems, the straw paper makes
a " filling " almost equal, if not superior,
to the genuine leaf. In fact, it is some
times impossible to detect the delicate
i ,.r ..ma. intArlnnnM1 with Ipji vea in
the finished cigar, or neatly folding the
exterior. For this purpose, we are told,
it serves admirably, the paicr, under
combustion, leaving no residium other
than a pure white asn. 10 sucn a renne
rxf art. bit tbiu liiminrsH I well carried
tliat by the use of machines rolled over
the sheet of paper an almost perfect im
pression ot the tobacco leal is ouraincu,
..ini;.. " onit" linr nrinted as on
nit- jxuura j " - ' - ---r r ...
calico. Smokers of Havana cigars will
no doubt consume their " weed " with
added zest alter learning of what it is
: - FACTS A5D , FANCIES.
:f . fhimr in twit.aistbe pro-.
duct of Glasgow, Kr. J iX J -"'."
two pounds and a half each, and would n t
! . j t v. r.. hiinfrrtt-r ill
ni, --;o rh '
mate a moueraic iuui " "-- o j -Islander.
. A Vermont man retnrned home the
other day, after an absence of eleven
s e a t.t neither of the three
years, rdu wuuu - . , . .
husbands his wife had married and buried
had fixed the gate.
.1. t j: a k n'olfmAtation. Bois
in tne waruiu v v ,
of kangaroos, receuuy T - tAm.
tralia. The kangaroo has len intro
duced . Into .eral large
France, and w now mm
other game. The flesh is soia u,
market; and is considered a greai umm.,.
rr..n.. n . f or, ancient lady in Cali-
iiir. i veil vt o , - . .
e i juminnintM in love
Hrnia wno .was "'""IT' , -, . .
several years ago, and then pledged her
self to never cut her toe-nails again.
Her toe-nails are bow so long that she
can not wear shoes, and she is sorry she
vowed. We suspect it haa never oc
curred to her to bite them off; or sne
might place them on a railroad track,
and have them crushed off, without
breaking her vow. She can't expect t
get a husband as long as the wear such
Tnr frlbimrinr allPireaUon. given ID
Krrihnnr'a Mamtcinn. is worthy the con
sideration of parents : Nervousness with
..... , . , - 1 4 . f I .a
a cmid is almost aiwsys a inni'i
stomach. A ennt of bread will usually
put an end to the most obst mate perverse
iipm Children for this- reason, should
nai-.. Tw oltrirul tsi trn to bed. after a fit
of crying, with an empty stomach. A
bit of tread and jelly or a cup of custard
will bring back smiles and happiness
whwi all the moral law fails, aud lor tne
soundest of reasons.
Tut arer. fnntriM tit a divine life
of a new nature of Christ formed in our
hearts they canaot be written or spolf n.
A painter that wouia amw h row, umunn
bamav tnrnixh Home, like new Of it IU
figtrre and color, yet he can never paint
the scent and iragrancy, or u ne nuun.
a flam a h rnnnot nut a constant
heat into his colors; he cannot make bia
pencil drop a sound. Neither are we able
to enclose in words and letteis the life,
rti1 anrl ouuenee of nnv Spiritual truths.
and, as it were, to incorporate it in them.
t ir.mn miiniv X. V.. the other
Cn.t.io. n larrra Ivor from till- IllolintillllS
entered a church and walked up thosislo
whih the minister was preaching, ttut
j,..l,ilno fb ortliixliix v of the discourse.
or disgusted at the over-isiliteness ot tho
congregation, rverylmdy vacating the
pett In his liehairas ssn as he appeared,
l. didn't y fomr. Tut onietly walked
out and rettlfr,-d to the wood. It may
be, too,' that the "dr ol the ge on
the young people' hair reminded him
pamlully ot tne mm v i-- -
The. king he reiv"" throne of ahl,
Fciic'd round by his " nul t divine,"
The baron he nils in bis cuMle old,
Urinking tux npe, rco wine;
Hut lliur hehiur ill liit rHiTL'ed coHt,
The beggnr be tnncth a iuii.grv note;
aUJ tlufcUcMor is Oin wun nn m iuus ..ra.
ISo the worm ttc :
h.' . . .I.u ulnum Him'.'
Yet there is a fellow whom nobody known,
Who ninKetn so iree
in lun.l atlfl kPJl
And forccth the rich like llie poor to flee.
The lnlv lies dow n in her rin while biwn,
.i .1 .i,u rxf ii,.. iii'Mrled bride :
The milkmaid sines to the mild cvtd dawn,
Had sonc on the cold iiiiikmic,
l.lK.... .lili.M 11A fill 1ft l LT ll lie SltH.
O'er the scholar who writen mid KliirU hy uIk,
And llie pirl wno ner nion ;
Look out for the Hummer of life-iuid ilics!
t-n the world pc :
44.. 41. n B4....'ii llnUW
ITV IIIV D.. "
Yet there Is a fellow whom nobody knows
Who iiiHkeMi all Irte
In lanil mill KfH.
And lorcfth the rich like the poor to flee.
JKNNIK JlNF. relates this reminiscence
of her life at South bridge, Mass.: I
had only one enemy in Suithbridire. to
my knowledge, and tliH was " elder
deacons wile; tne way n i.imu ""
4i. w- T iv4 mv in-tihcw'rt teacher.
as well a mv brother s housekeeper, and
1 I. ...I I....... in
on one occasion, wiumi wv n,n ...mi in
vited to dine in state, ai nor iimw, nm
called out to Kglrt in a hi'h voice from
her end of the table, 'Sumy, won't you
have some puddin'?' and, to ihe horror
and consternation of his papa and myself,
the terrible infant cried, quite as loudly,
'I guess if you lived at our bonne my
aunt would make you my pudding. I
am sure at that moment I wished g ram
mer and correct pronunciation were with
truth at the Itottom of a well, but it was
of no avail. Going home, my reverend
brother remnrked, 'It will never be for
given, Jennie,' and he proud to be
right ; it never was."
TKACHINO ColRAE. Courage is a
vital element of chri-tian chivalry.
Without it, indeed, neither truth nor
fidelity to promise can Is? hojd for.
The coward is sure to lie when truth
means punishment, and sure to retreat
from his ens-Hgements when they involve!
peril. We need valiunt souls that have
learned to endure and scorn pain, and to
face danger fearlcsly and promptly when
duty requires. Koine parents evade the
vital part of training by glosses and de
ception. A mother who has taken her
lsiy to the dentist's to get a tooth out,
will often sav. if he is shrinking, "hit
still, my hoy,' it won't hurt you." Now
she knows it will hurt him, but thinks
if she can only get him by this device to
sit still and let the denti-t get hold ol
the tooth, then his discovery of the pain
will not hinder it's extraction. Ibis w
a double mistake, it destroy- her boy
confidence in her ; for lie detects her in a
lie And though it gets the ls.y thM
time, to sit still, it is under the dchiMMi
that there is to 1 no jmin, whereas he
should be taught to face the pain and
scorn it. This makes the difference be
tween the cowards nnd hens-. A regi
ment of iioltroon coil hi march up to a
battery as cheerfully as t. regiment ol
heroes, if they thought there was no
enemy at the guns. The diHerence m
that "heroes know the danger andyct
face it valiantly.
T.-...... r .iu.-vi.-nsl FOR WlW'ON-
fj l r..ij i . .
hiv. Chief Justice Hya" has rendered
the decision of the supreme court d ny
inir tho application made .iiie ''
since by Mis GoodeM, of .laiicsyille, V,
practice in that court. The opinion w.
. . it. iiKiiuinMi flu
elals.rate, ami crni...j
atatut.ei.Hiid fortifies snd illustrates the
opinions advanced. It is held that il
the legislature has js.wcr to prcscm i
terms of admission to practice in tho
courts and that is a iegiianv
judicial power-there i no iscons.n
J . il.. , iiiiuuKin fit le-
stalute auuionzinK -
t,.a T a br which the common law
has always excluded them. It is held
a . a ..4t I. . .. Ut.t.l Vllltr
that tho rule oi confirm -u"i n y
the words masculine gender to females is
only permitted to " conirui..K
statutes according to legislative intent,
and that neither in nor out of the at a Jute
can any such legislative intent to an nnt
T 4.. 4i,a i.ar I- found. If this rule
WOlllI'U ftJ - . , . t
of construction were applied to lho
statutes, to which it ' ' "I'l V1"
ble, it would rcak down all d.stin t .oi.s
of sex in stale government, ann leimn.
women to nearly all p-iMie om.es, c. .-
utive, legislative ami juouihi. io
court says it is not sorry no statute can
i ,...,i ..lmittintr women to the bar OI
state courts, for it does not tin nx it a
proper place lor the exercise m m i
fiar qualities or for the .reservation or
VAIXABLE If TilfE. The FincHftle
TTai-s A Wail Iwn infnrmd tlillt ft piece I
uriniM no" .. . .
iron hung in fruit tree will cfleetua My
prevent the ravages oin.M. mc i..
lormant states that the night before the
freeze in April, lt, he hung several
pieces of old iron in ten of his peach
trees, and the tree were loaded with
peaches, the yield being nut less than
Seventy-five bushels. The fruit of the
remaining trees (sixty-live in number)
in the orchard wns all killed. A pieco
of horse-shoe was hung in a cherry-tree
in the same orchard, and the yield was
abundant, while on the three adjacent
trees the fruit was entirely killed. He
says the idea originated with his mother,
that he, by her instructions, when a boyH,
triel the same thing frequently, tlisr,
with the same result. This is imf."
if true, aud it will cost but liitUmniir. fiJ
the truth of it. .e.-rr;TN:.