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The Herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, April 21, 1876, Image 1

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TIMELY TOPICS.
The Mikado ef Japan has granted to
journalists the right of sending whatever
communications they may desire from
one part of the empire to the other free
of charge.
The ice companies of New Yoik have
had their supplies increased by the . ice
dealers of Maine. They have made large
purchases paying for much of the ice
the sum of $2.50 a ton.
Milanese botanists assert that Europe
can not claim to have done anything for
America gratis, when the latter gave her
the sunflower, tobacco, potatoes, jalap,
ml pepper, tomatoes, quinine, guanoand
corn, not to mention cotton, petroleum
and ether things.
r
H
1
A
By HORSLEY & JONES.
HERALD
MAIL.
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIL 21, 1876.
VOL. XXI. NO. 41.
LATEST NEWS.
Niagara, Ont., responds to the Ken
tucky meat shower, by reporting a rain
of goose-eggs, with the explanation that
they probably fell from a flock of wild
geese which had become bewildered in a
storm and were unable to reach their
usual laying place.
The reports from the Black Hills are
encouraging. The entire population has
left off digging for gold and gone to spec
ulating in town sites. Gold mining is an
uncertain and demoralizing pursuit, but
speculating in real estate is one of the
solid industries of the country.
The only way for an editor to get a
dead-head ticket to the Centennial ex
hibition is for hira to Jiave hw photo
graph taken, to be gummed on his ticket.
Tliis is in order to enable the door-keeper
to see that the editor who presents the
ticket is the one to whom 'it vas given,
not some friend to whom he has lent
his privilege.
The immense shower of flies which fell
on the snow of Ontario last month is sup
posed to have originated in the same way
as the Kentucky fall of meat. These
flies are said to be about tlfree times as
large as the ordinary mosquitoes, and are
thought to Jiave lieen wafted from the
West Indies. It is probably the first
time that . iEolus ever undertook to
whistle Shoo Fly.
From the effects of the sultan's pecu
liar financial policy, the Turkish treasury
Ihas been so thoroughly exhausted that
the government has not leen able even
to furnish hospital supplies for the troops
joperating against the rebels in Herzego-
vmia. The mortality in consequence has
Jbecn terrific. A surgeon in the service
Imports that the losses of the force in the
Held, mainly from disease imerfectly
treated, have not been less than 30,000
tmen.
Virginia has been doing something
lor the cause of education since the war.
V correspondent of the Richmond En-
liurer estimates that $5,650,000 have
Ken appropriated to educational pur
sues in the state during the past ten
Jsears. Jn the same icriod endowment
Schemes for the benefit of the colleges i
find theological institutions in the state
lave been wholly or in part carried out,
imounting in the aggregate to $3,400,
K)0. The ieopIe of ffeorgia do not lelievc
n newspaper quar-cls. The grand jury
f Polk county, at its recent session,
made the following report to the court
after returning several indictments:
' Wc aso feel it our duty to censure the
Hiurseand conduct of our two newspa
pers toward each other, and urgently re
quest the two editors to cease wrangling
iliout themselves and branch off into
Ligricultural articles, or others that will
lend to develop the interests and welfare
f our country."
The religious press of Europe are re
iiicing over news that the Turks have
ermitted the Christians to place bells in
a lie church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jeru-
alem, recalling the fact that no Itells
lave been heard in that church since the
;reat Saladin entered the city in 1187.
i'r several centuries past the use of
hurch liellshas been proscribed through
nit the Ottoman empire, on the ground
nhat they afforded an easy means of arous-
ng and exciting the ieople for revolu-
ttionary purposes.
John II. Stone, the newly
governor of Mississippi, was
Collected
Iborii in Henderson county, Tennessee.
When the war broke out he was living
at luka, Mississippi, and went from that
d ue as captain of the luka Guards. Ho
distinguished himself at the first battle
of Manassas, became colonel of thesccond
Mississippi regiment, and served with it
throughout the Virginia campaigns.
After the war he was chosen treasurer of
Tishomingo county, and was subsequent
ly elected state senator, which position
he has held for six years.
The London Times lias an editorial
on tne suojcci oi me au ventures ot
the survivors of the emigrant ship
Strathmore, which concludes as follows:
'The vessel which at lengtti arrived to
rescue them was a United States whaler,
On her course to the South Sea fisheries.
Her captain, we arc told, gave up the
chance of the vessel's profit for the sake
f the poor creatures he found at Crozett's,
ind who needed an amount of care they
could not have received if he had taken
them with him. We are sure the Eng
lish nation will judge as it deserves the
sacrifice to which Capt. Gifford sub
mitted, and will not fail to do honor,
.ind something more than bare honor, to
the deed and to the man."
A remarkable case was decided in
the New York supreme court recently.
Josephine Ash brought suit, through her
gnardian, against Henry Astor, one of
the well known Astor family, for $20,000
damages for assault, alleging that, in
ISoO, Astor violently pushed plaintiff,
then only four yea-s old, from a chair,
causing such internal injuries as to crip
ple her for life. Her father testified that
the girl's backbone was around her hips,
and that she was compelled to go around
the house on all fours; and that she is
now unable to walk or care for herself in
any way; and that Mr. Astor made him
promise not to tell anybody, saying he
would put $5,000 in the bank for the
child, which ho never did. The jury
found a verdict for plaintiff for the full
amount claimed, and the court added
S 1 ,000 for costs.
In England they tell how Sankey
walked up to a grenadier, and taking
him affectionately by the belt, said :
" Young man, I likewise am a soldier, a
soldier of heaven." " Old 'un," returned
the grenadier, " you're a long way from
your barracks, anyhow." Well, there
was a rough young man, whom Sankey
saw staring around at the close of the
meeting, and kindly asked, " Young
man, are you looking for salvation?"
" No," was'the reply, " I am locking for
Sal Jackson. "Iet us sing a hymn,'
said Sankey.
Always 1k as witty as you can with
your parting bow; your last sjieech is
the one remembered.
OCTH AMD WAT.
The Vue de Leau hotel, a noted sum
mer resort at IIoweH's Point, Hampton
Roads, burned last week. ! Lorn, $50,000
insurance, $15,000.
The will of Mrs. Edward Crcighton
the widow of a millionaire of Omaha, Neb.,
bequeaths $100,000 to found and suport a
Roman Catholic school in Omaha.
Burton llendrick, formerly secretary
to Gov. Warmoth, of Louisiuna, was fourrtt
dead in his room, in St. Louis, List week, with
an empty chlorform bottle at his side.
The Georgia press generally rejwrt
that the late cold spell was iibt as damaging
in that state as at first apprehended. In
many sections a fair fruit crop is expected.
Rice-growing upon Caps Fear, North
Carolina, has became nearly! extinct. Only
10,000 bushels were raised liist year, against
an annual product of 200,000; bushels before
the war.
A man named Jones was shot and
killed by A. P. Mitchell in a personal ren
centre at Traskwood, twelve miles south of
Little Rock, on the SU Louis and Iron Moun
tain and Southern railway, last week.
Jefferson Davis will sail for Eurojie on
the 1st ot May. He will pass some six or
eight months in London and on the continent
to promote the establishment of a direct
trade with the cities of the Mississippi val
lev.
The property of the South branch dis-
ti'lery company, Chicago, owned by 'Haas,
Powell & Co., has been dtvclared forfeited
to the government. Simon Powell pleaded
guilty of conspiracy to defraud the govern
ment. Indictments as to other members of
the firm were dismissed. j
In the Ohio house bills were passed
to confer police power npoh conductors of
railroad trains and to compel them to eject
three-card-monte men and j other sharpers
practicing their vocations, from the trains,
and also to forbid employment of children
under fourteen years of age as gymnasts or
public singers. ' j
Thaxton T. Robinson and Jesse Mitch
ell, young men highly connected in Campbell
county, Va., met Monday at New Providenoe
church, near Rustbury, in that county, to
settle an old dispute with pistols. Robinson
was shot in the abdomen and Mitchell re
reived one shot in the hand, which glancing
went through his ehcek, lodging in the back
of his hand ; another in the breast. The latest
report says that Robinson is dead and Mitch
ell could not survive. The difficulty is under
stood to have been about a woman.
A Kansas City special states that dur
ing the snow storm last week Mrs. Geo. Hol
lon and two little children, living near Wa-
mego, Kansas, on tne line ot tne Kansas
Pacific railway, started to gi to a neighbor's
house, only a quarter of a mile distant.
Darkness comiirg on and the storm beating
them so furiously, they became bewildered
and wandered about the prairie until ex
hausted. They were found frozen to death
not twenty yards from the house they were
in search of. The mother had taken ofl"
nearly all her clothes to protect the children
and was herself in an almost naked con
dition i
The annual report of the stockholders
of the Langley manufacturing company is an
encouraging exhibit. It shows that there is
certain profit in cotton manufacturing in the
south, even in these times of depression and
dullness in trade. The profits for the year
were $35,2H, from which had to be deducted
$ 1,0:7 for interest, and $18,t0S to repair the
losses by fire lat year leaving $12,164 as
net profits. It will be remembered that one
portion of the property, with considerable
stock, were destroyed by fire, caused by
lightning, a few mouths ago. No dividend
was declared, as the company are applying
profits to an increase of the capital stock
The Langley mills are situated ill South
Carolina, near Augusta, Ga.
to give shelter to a criminal, but, of course,
our laws must be obeyed by our own execu
tive, and strong grounds have to be shown
before we should alter our law on a point
where it has been solemnly recognized by
many treaties. The truth is, our extradition
treaty with the United States is very insuffi
cient. Negotiations have long been going
on for its improvement, and it is to be hoped
the present complication will hasten them.
Meanwhile, it will be remembered, all we
ask is reciprocity, for already by our own
act, we could not try an English forger
surrendered by the United States, except for
the commission of a crime which might be
proved by facts established in America. It
is a matter of wonder that this question has
not arisen before, but now that it has been
raised, our government would appear to have
no discretion in the matter."
CONGRESSIONAL..
nilKXLLANEOl'!l.
The senate committee on territories
has agreed to. report a bill establishing the
territory of Pembina.
The nomination of Richard H. Dana,
jr., of Massachusetts, for minister to Lngland
was rejected by the senate.
1 ull returns of the election in Rhode
Island for governor give Leppell, republican,
8,357; Howard, prohibition, 6,385; Beach,
democrat, 3,602.
The house committee on military af
fairs has unanimously adopted a report trans
ferring the Indian bureau from the interior
department to the war department.
The house committee on public lands
has agreed upon the bill granting to the
territories of Dakota, Wyoming, Idaho and
Montana two townships of land, of seventy
two sections each, for the purposes of collec
tion.
The order issued from the war depart
meut, transferring army headquarters from
St. Louis to Washington, has been amended
so as to direct the adjutant-general and in
spector-general to report to the general of
the army.
An oraer " Dy me president"" was is
sued on the 5th as follows: ''The headquar
ters of the army are hereby re-established,
and hereafter, in time of peace, shall be at
Washington city, and all orders and instruc
tions relative to military operations or affect
ing the military control and discipline of the
army, issued by the president through the
secretary of war, shail be promulgated through
the general of the army."
As it passed the house, the bill restor
ing to the pension list those southern veter
ans of the war of 1812 whose names were
dropped from the rolls during the late un
pleasantness, does not allow them any ar
rearages of pay, and they begin to draw
pensions agaiu only from the date of the
passage of the bill. It appears, howeven,
that the -widows of those who have died in
me interim win oc entitled to arrearages
from May 1, 1865.
EAST.
The New Jersey legislature has de
feated the bill to tax church and educational
property. Vote, 42 to 16.
FORF.KUN.
The yellow fever is increasing at Rio
Janeiro.
Thirty-two lives were lost by the ferry
boat disaster at Aberdeen, Scotland.
Sir Henry Halford hiis resigned the
captaincy of the English national rifle team.
Ten thousand persons are estimated
to be in arms against the Mexican govern
ment. A Liverpool dispatch says that it is
rumored that a great Sheffield house isabout
to remove to the United States.
The Ixmdon Daily News severely con
demns the action of the United States senate
in rejecting the nomination of Dana.
Mr. Home, a prominent spiritualist,
died suddenly last week, while traveling on
a railroad from St. Petersburg to Berlin.
Nine of the crew and twenty passen
gers of the ocean steamer Agrigeule were
drowned recently by that steamer coming in
collision with the English steamer Hilton
Castle in the Mediterranean.
The king of Abyssinia sent envoys to
Egypt asking for peace, but afterwards made
impossible demands for a treaty of commerce
before the treaty of peace was signed, and
for payment of war expenses.
Hostilities having ceased in Abyssinia,
and negotiations for peaee with the envoy ot
King Kassa being in progress, Prince Hassan,
commanding the Egyptian forces, has re
ceived orders to return to Egypt.
The second rejort of tho result of the
investigation into the dynamite explosion at
Bremer-Haven, some months ago, is con
cluded. It mentions that the three cases of
furs shipped at Halifax in themissingsteamer
City ot Boston, by James Thomas, were in
sured. A dispatch from Paris has the follow
ing: "La Republique Fmncaise says the
majority of the assembly intends to put an
end to the clerical agitation and confine the
priest to his proper sphere his church aud
will inflexibly repress any encroachments,
whether open or in disgijiise."
The Russian press j severely criticize
Disraeli's remarks in the debate on the royal
titles bill, that " the Russian conquest of
Tartary is well known throughout India, and
the queen's assumption! of the title of em
press of ludia would he i-eceived as a sign of
our determination to maintain our Indian
empire."
A vast quantity of melted gold and
silver has been discovered iu the ruius of
the old castle of Yeddoin Japan, which was
destroyed by fire about twelve years ago. It
is furthermore announced that a diamond of
unusual size has been found in the province
of Rikucho. Coal-beds hive been also brought
to light in the same province, and a foreigner
is said to have offered esght millions of'yeus
for a concession.
The London Times, referring to the
Winslow case, says : " After two months from
the date of his committal Winslow will be
entitled to his discharge, unless the judges
hold that events which have occurred consti
tute sufficient cause to tliecontrnry. Whether
Winslow is to be giveh up or not, must de
pend upon whether th'e United Mates gov
ernment can arraugc ti restrict the charges
upon which he is to bejtried so as to satisfy
th( extradition act. We can have u wish
Burled Alive.
A Fort Madison ( Iowa) correspondent
or tne liuriington JiawJceye relates the
followingextraordinary occurrence : " SVe
notice an account in to-day's Hawkeye
of a sad accident which occurred in this
city on the loth instant, in which a Ger
man named Stephen Pollmeyer lost his
life by the caving in of a well thirty feet
deep. The article was correct as far as
the writer knew, as no one at the tima.it,
was written had any idea that the acci
dent would result in anything but instant
death. Such, however, was not the case,
the circumstances of the affair beinsr as
follows: Two men were engaged in clean
ing the well, when the man below (said
Stephen Pollmeyer) called to his com
rade to draw him out as the well was
about to cave, but before he could be
drawn out the sides caved, covering him
up. A force of men were at once put to
work to extricate the mangled (as they
supposed) body of the unfortunate man.
They worked steadily in wind and rain
until midnight, when one of the work
men, merely out of curiosity, called Poll
meyer by name, when what was his sur
prise to hear, as he supposed, a voice from
the grave answer him. At two o'clock
in the morning the buried man made the
following remark: 'lam alive; for God's
sake help me out.' Shortly afterward,
upon lifting a large stone they discovered
the head of the dead-alive man. But he
was so completely wedged in that they
did not get him out until five o'clock,
after having been buried for eighteen
hours. He was perfectly conscious, and
related the following story: 'Seeing the
wall about to cave in, I supposed: my
time had come, and shortly after I found
myself in total darkness, with a large
stone resting against one cheek, and one
over my head, forming a complete arch.
I could breathe without any trouble, but
could not move. I think fresh air must
have reached me along the rope, which
I had hold of at the time of the accident.
I could distinctly hear the men at work
above me endeavoring to extricate me.
I came very nearly suMTocating the last
half-hour, as the men working above me
packed the earth so tightly that it was
almost impossible for me to breathe. I
feel very sore and stiff, but I think I will
be around again in a few days. I will
not attempt to describe my feelings while
I was buried alive thirty feet deep.'
Uprm finding that the man was alive,
a physician was called, who prescribed
for him, and at last accounts he was doing
well. Truly this seems like a miracle."
Indians in the Dominion of Can
ada. The total number of Indians in
the Dominion is returned at 91,910. Of
these 15,000 (roughly speaking) are in
Ontario, 11,000 in Quebec, 25,000 in
Manitoba and the southwest territories,
5,000 in Rupert's land, and 31,000 in
British Columbia; Nova Scotia and New
Brunswick each containing less than
2,000, while Prince Edward's island only
contains 302. These figures, especially
those relating to the unsettled and semi
nomadic tribes of the northwest, can
only be taken as somewhat approximat
ing truth. With regard to these later,
no attempt can be made to compare their
past numbers, for all such statistics must
necessarily be of little value. But in
the more settled provinces some approach
to accuracy may be reasonably looked
for, and so we find that among the Onta
rio tribes the increase during the past
year is noted as 200, and the decrease as
42; in Quebec the increase is 22 and the
decrease 128; in Nova Scotia the in
crease is 16 and the decrease 4 ; in New
Brunswick the increase is 24 and the de
crease 35. Toronto Mail.
Hints for a Universal Language.
Theotherday a young man much given
to the use of slang of the day called on the
prosecuting attorney and announced the
that he wanted a warrant for the arrest
of a saloon-keeper who had assaulted
him, and this is the way he made his
want known : " Look a here, I want a
warrant for a feller !" " What did he do
to you ?" asked the attorneyr'"" He-fired
me out." '' Fired you out!! What do
you mean by that ?" " Oh ! well.
he stood me on my head." " Do
you mean to say that he stood you
on your head ; bow did he do it ?" " He
didn't exactly do that, but he elevated
me. Kinder raised me and slid me off
my ear." "What did he do that for ?"
" Why, I asked him for a drink, and
when I told him to chalk it in his head,
and that when I came round again I'd
kick it out, he told me to pull down my
vest. I told him to comb his hair, and
he just then boosted me." He obtained
a warrant far assault "and battery. San
Francisco Call.
If you would pass for more than your,
value, say little. It is easier to lok wise
than t talk wise.
SEMITE.
In the senate, on the 4th, the chair
announced as the special committee to in
quire into the recent election in Mississippi
under the resolution adopted last week, Sen
ators Bout well, Cameron, Wise, Oglesby,
Bayard and M'Donald. The impeachment
managers on the part of the house appeared
in the senate. Senator Ferry announced that
the senate would take proper order on the
subject of the impeachment, of which due
notice would be given. The house managers
then retired. The chairman laid before the
senate a message from the president of the
United States returning to the senate, with
out his approval, a bill for the relief of G. B,
Tyler and E. H. Luckett, assignees of W. T.
Chatham. The bill was for the purpose of
relunding to Tyler and Luckett, assignees as
aforesaid, the money paid for the salary of a
storekeeper in a distillery, in Kentucky,
during the month of December, 186'.), and
January, 1870. The senate went into execu
tive session. After a three hours' session
the doors were reopened, and it was ordered
that the articles oi impeachment against W.
W. Belknanlate secretary of warvbe printed.
Adjourned;
In the senate, on the 5th, Senator
Sherman called up the house bill to enable
the secretary of the treasury to pay the
judgments rendered by the court of Alabama
claims. In explanation of the bill, he said
the money received from Great Britain under
the Geneva award had been invested in one
bond for the whole amount, which bond was
subject to an order of congress. It was for
fifteen million dollars, and it was necessary
to change it, or issue smaller bonds for it,
to pay the judgment. The bill passed. Sen
ator Clayton reported favorably on the house
bill to provide for the sale of the Kansas
Indian lands, in Kansas, to actual settlers,
and for the disposition of the proceeds of
sale. Senator Windom reported favorably
on house bill authorizing the sale ef the
Pawnee Indian reservation. Passed. Atone
o'clock Chief Justice Waite, of the supreme
court, appeared in the senate chamber, ac
companied by Senators EdmundsTand Thur-
nan, and was escorted to a seat at the right
oi tne president pro tern. I he following oath
was then administered : "You do solemnly
swear mat, in ail tnings appertaining to the
impeachment trial of W. W. Belknap, late
secretary of war, now pending, you will be
impartial, and render justice according to
the constitution and the law." Senator Ed
munds submitted the following, which was
agreed to : " ordered, that summous be is
sued, as required by the rules of procedure
ana practice in tne senate, when sitting on
the trial of the impeachment of W. W. Bel
knap, returnable Monday, the seventeenth
aay ot tne present month, at one o clock in
the afternoon." The managers then retired.
The senate then resumed the consideration
of legislative business, and took up the bill
nxing tne rate ot postage on third-class mail
matter ana tor other purposes. Senator Ham
lin stated briefly the considerations which
controlled the committee and the facts upon
which Ihey had acted. If the old law allow
ing two ounces to go through the mail for
one cent should be restored, the deficiency
would exceed ten miiuon douars, and iu a
lew veara the rleheionev -WAiiIri nrrcrrprare
hundreds of millions of dollars. Senator
Thnrman inquired if the department should
be made selfsustaining would not the effect
be to make letters pay more than they should?
senator llamlin said that letters now pro
duced a surplus of between four and five
million dollars per annum. There had been
a great deal said about the present law in
regard to third-class mail matter. Two
amendments were prepared bv the commit
tee, the first reducing the weight of third-
class matter, and the second increasing the
rate of postage. The postiin ster-general says
it costs eighteen cents a pound to carry
newspapers through the mails as second-class
matter, composed of newspapers aud pen
ocUeals sent from the office of publication to
the subscribers. There were one hundred
and fifty-five million pieces transported last
year, w eighing hfty-hve million pounds, and
being fifty per cent, of the whole weight of
he mail. They yielded a revenue of only
nine hundred and seventy-six thousand dol
lars, while it cost the government seven mil
lion nine hundred and sixty-nmc thousand
dollars to transport them. "The committee
proposed to follow this bill with other rem
edial measures to make the department self
sustaining. Adjourned.
In the senate, on the 6th, Mr. Thur
mun reported, with amendments, house bill
to correct an error in the revised statutes in
regard to warrants of arrest in extradition
cases. The amendments were agreed to and
the bill passed. Mr. Wright reported ad
versely on senate bill to abolish cauit-al pun
ishment, and it was indefinitely postponed.
Bills were introduced and referred as fol
lows: Making an appropriation to defray
the expenses of the committee appointed by
the senate to investigate the recent elections
in Mississippi ; to amend the act of congress
creating the court of commissioners of the
Alabama claims, approved June 23, 1874.
After the expiration of the morning hour the
consideration of the bill fixing the rate of
postage on third class mail matter was re
sumed, and Mr. Harvey offered a substitute
for tbe bill allowing four-pound packages in
mails at a rate of postage of one cent for
each two ounces. After executive session
the senate adjourned till Monday.
r In the senate, on the 10th, Mr. Bout
well, from the special committee appointed
to investigate the recent election in Missis
sippi, submitted a resolution authorizing that
eom m it tee to employ a clerk or stenographer
and to send for persons and papers to take
evidence. Agreed to. Mr. Morrill reported
favorably on the bill appropriating $10,000 to
defray the expenses of the special committee
appointed to inquire into the late election in
Mississippi. House bill to provide for the
deficiency in the printing and engraving
bureau of the treasury department, and for
the issue of the silver coin of the United
States in place of fractional currency, was
taken up. Mr. Sherman explained the pro
visions of the bill and amendments proposed
by the senate finance committee at length.
Iu his opinion there were but two things
more needed to make this a perfect financial
measure, and they were to authorize any
holder of greenbacks to convert them into
four per cent, forty year gold bonds and to
exchange our six per cent, bonds for four
percent, ones; then specie payment would
come without a .-ipple. He said it was very
mportant that the first and second sections
of the bill be passed immediately, leaving
out the third and fourth sections, with the
understanding that the committee on finance
would consider the subject embraced in them,
and report it as an independent measure.
Mr. Sherman then, by unanimous consent,
withdrew the third and fourth sections of the
bill. Mr. Morrill moved an amendment to
the first section, appropriating $48,000 to
provide for engraving and printing of na
tional banks, to be disbursed under the sec
retary of the treasury. The amendment was
agreed to. Mr. Sherman submitted an amend
ment as follows: "And fractional currency
redeemed under this act shall be held to be
a part of the sinking fund provided for by
.existing law, the interest to be computed
thereon as in case of bonds redeemed under
the act relating to the sinking fund." Agreed
to. The bill was then read a third time and
passed. It is as follows: That there be and
hereby is appropriated out of any money in
the treasury not otherwise appropriated the
sum of $163,000, to provide for engraving,
printing and other expenses of the making
and issuing of United States notes; and, fur
ther, the sum of $18,000 to provide for en
graving and printing national bank notes to
be disbursed under the secretary of the
treasury. That the secretary of the treasury
is hereby directed to issue silver coins of the
United States denomination of ten. twenty,
twenty-five aud fifty cents, of the standard
value in redemption of an eqnal amount of
fractional currency, whether the same be
now in the treasury awaiting redemption, or
whenever it may be presented for redemp
tion, and the secretary of the treasury may,
under the regulations of the treasury depart
ment, provide for such a redemption and
issue- by substitution at the regular sub
treasuries and public depositories until
the amount of the fractional currency out
standing shall be redeemed, and the frac
tional currency redeemed under this act
shall be held to be a part of the sinking fund
provided for by the existing law, the interest
to be computed thereon as in case of bonds
redeemed under the acts relating to the sink
ing fund. After executive session the senate
adjourned.
. UOl'SE.
In the house, on the 4th, the senate
bill giving the consent of the United States
to the county of Dubuque, Iowa, to construct
county buildings on Washington square, in
Dubuque, passed. Mr. Schleicher reported
a bill to provide for the protection of the
Texas frontier on the lower Rio Grande. It
authorizes and requires the president to
HUtblOn IIU Keep UQ tlio jmw wiauuo jivci,
from its mouth to the northern boundary of
the state of Tamanylippa aoove .Laredo, two
regiments of cavalry in addition to the in
fantry for garrison duty, and to keep each
troop ur to the full strength of one thousand
men. The bill was made the special order
for the twentieth of April, and from day to
day until disposed of. Mr. Knott reported
a bill to amend section 1044 of the revised
statutes so as to provide that no person shall
be prosecuted, tried or punished for any
ofl'enBe, except against the internal revenue,
unless indicted within three years after such
oflense has been or may be committed. After
discussion the bill passed. The impeachment
managers presented themselves at the bar of
the house, and reported through Mr. Lord,
chairman, that articles ot impeachment
against Gen. Belknap Had been exhibited
and read to the senate; and that the presid
ing officer had said that the senate would
take order in the premises, due notice of
which would be given to the house of repre
sentatives. Mr. Durham, Irora the committee
on expenditures in the department of jus
tice, reported a bill to regulate the employ
ment of Bpecial counsel for the government,
and anthorizing it only on the certificate of
the judge that it is necessary, and requiring
the judge also to fix the fees. ' In his expla
nation of the bill. Mr. Durham instanced the
whiskv trials in the west, where one of the
special counsel claims a fee of twenty-six
thousand dollars. The bill passed. The
house then went into committee of the whole
on the legislative appropriation bill. With
out making much progress the committee
rose, and the house took a recess. The even
ing session was consumed in discussion of
the salary bill. The president's salary is
fixed at twenty-five thousand dollars, to take
eflect after the fourth of Match, 1877. Four
teen pages of the bill were disposed of, and
the house adjourned.
In the house, on the 5th, Mr. Cox
reported a bill to regulate tho winding np of
the national banks. He explained that the
object of the bill was to facilitate liquidation
and that insolvent banks may be perfectly
and speedily closed np in the interest of the
public. Passed. A message was received
from the senate informing the house that the
senate had organized for the trial and im
peachment of V. W. Belknap, and was ready
to receive the managers at its oar. sit. n no
bell reported back adversely the bill fixing a
legal rate of interest on national money
throughout the United States at not exceed
ing six per cent, per annum, and amxing
penalties for its viqlation. Pending action
on the bill, the morning Bour expired. The
impeachment managers presented themselves
at the bar of the house, and stated that they
proceeded to the bar of the senate and that
the senate had fixed Monday, the seven
teenth, as the "day on which they would
make process returnable against W. W. Bel
knap, late secretary of war. The house then
went into committee of the whole, on the bill
to transfer the Indian bureau from the in
terior to the war department. Mr. Parks
spoke in favor of the bill. Mr. Cox opposed
the bill, suggesting that the present system
was hell, the Indian was in hell, and the low
est depth was the interior department; the
still lower depth that was threatening to de
vour him, was to be found in the war depart
ment. He recommended the Canadian Indian
policy, under which the Indians cost at the
rate of two dollars and thirty-five cents each,
while under our system the cost Bome sixty
dollars each. He referred to Gen. Sheri
dan's campaign against the Indians in 1868,
as an expensive one, and its climax, the
assassination of Black Kettle s Dana oi
Cheyennes, as an outrage that had no par
allel in barbarity. In conclusion, he declared
that a peaceful policy, such as that which
was the kindest, wisest and best, was the
policy of human advancement. The com
mittee then rose, and the house took a recess.
In the evening session there were discussions
over the restoration of the franking privilege,
the reduction of the clerical force in the
state department, and various items f no
public moment. Only two pages of the bill
were disposed of, when the house adjourned.
In the house, on the 6th, the bill to
rovide for the deficiency in tke printing
bureau and fr the issue of silver coin in
lace of fractional currency is amended by
the senate finance committee by'striking out
the third section and providing in lieu of it
that there shall be coined a new silver dol-
ar of four and a half and eight-tenths grains
of standard silver, and that this new coin
shall be legal-tender to the amcunt of twenty
dollars in anv one payment, except for cus
toms and for interest on the public debt.
Another amendment provides that the trade
dollar shall not hereafter be a legal-tender
for any amount whatever. Mr. Holman re
ported" back the senate bill fixing the presi
dential salary, after March 4, 1877, at $-'5,000.
Passed without discussion, ine nouse men
went into committee ot the whole on tne
egislative appropriation bill. After pro
gressing as tar as tne join page oi me um,
the committee rose and the house adjourned.
JL THREAD OF BJOXe.
It was only broken chord of song
That sang itself, tbe livelong day,
Over and oTer in my heart,
And always in the same sweet way
Always beginpiDg low aud soft.
Live a tenderly rpoken " Love, good-night !"
And rndine in siad and Iotous straius.
Like a morning psalm when tbe world is bright.
And the hours of the day wero woven in
By the mystic thread of the haunting aoog,
That somewhere out of the vanished pant,
(Sent forth its witchery clear and strong ;
Something akin to tbe song of birds
Wbrn the sky ia flashed with tbe com ins dawn,
Yet saa aa tn tnougnuui nour wnicn comes
When the last red light ot the day ia gone.
Beautiful echo that drifted back
From tbe far-off shore of the long ago,
Over the wide ! rugged waste,
4 bere never the winds of Rladoess -blow,
Bringing tho odor of wild wood flower ;
The laughing bouc of tbe mountain rill ;
The green, glad fields where the cowslips grow,
And tbe gleam of waters calm aud still.
bitting alone in the twilight still.
Whose mantle covers tbe earth with gray.
My heart is touched and my eyes grow dim,
As the clow of the sunset Eade away ,
And 1 feel tbe presence of unseen guests,
n-i . . . i . l- v. ..i : v.
And I know ttiey have crossed front the farther
shore
On the slender thread of the sweet old song.
ENTOMOLOGY.
it should form part of every fariner'8:edu-
cation. ibose engaged in other pursuits
are not so vitally concerned about in
sects, and generally fail to see what ben-
ent can come from the study of them.
I have known parents to discourage their
children from the staidy of theee little
animals because it promised no practical
benefit. But the same argument would
apply to the majority of the literary and
scientific pursuits that occupy intelli
gent people; and, judged by this narrow
and material standard, mostof that which
is taught in our schools is valueless.
What does the butcher, or the trrocer. or
the baker, or, indeed, the ordinary busi
ness man, intent on accumulating a for
tune, or engrossed with the cares and
necessities ot life, care about eeocraphy.
or geology, or chemistry, or astronomy,
or mathematics? What connection have
these, or tiie fine arts, or philosophy.
with his pursuit ? Does it help bis busi
ness to know the source of tho Nilo or
the nature of the Polar seas: to soar
among the stars and conceive of the
growth and death of worlds; to know I A few days ago the Cleveland Leader
the age arkP wjtiirjrof thi ball of rnaltv'.', feJre in a special telegram from Handiis-
suffered, at the very lowest estimates.
over a loss of f 19.000.0(K) from this insect
in 1874. The Hessian fly often ruins
our wheat-helds over immense areas, and
$60,(K)0,(X)0 would not cover the coun
try's loss from the Rocky Mountain lo
cust plague in the years 1873, 1874 and
1875. to say nothing of the suffering it
entailed, lhe army-worm last year again
very generally marched through the
wheat and oat. fields of the country, as
it not unfrequently does, lhe fruit
grower is beset on all sides with insect
pests that diminish the profits of his bus
iness, and not unfreouent!v obliirc him
to abandon it. Anu so the catalogue Of
insects injurious to agriculture might be
lengthened almost indefinitely, but
enough has been said to give an idea of
the losses we continually sustain from
tnem.
THE WAfJES OF 8 IN.
An A net-tin a; Family 11 latorr with m
Mailable floral.
A Few of the Blaay n'aadrrs of the IbuhI
World.
The following are extracts lrom a lee
ture by Prof. Charles V. Riley, delivered
at Washington Lniversity, t. Louis,
March 24th :
I have been familiar with insects from
my boyhood ; have reared thousands,
and watched many an imago, struggle
through its silken cerements or burst its
chrysalis bonds; but l never witness the
operation I never contemplate that
within the masked worm is locked up
the future butterfly without experienc
ing the fame keen admiration as of yore.
The genial breath of floral spring, with
its mellowing influences ; the intensity of
the leafy and glorious summer, when
nature's pulse beats strongly and life is
at its acme ; the goiaen and dreamy
autumn, with its gladdening harvests:
and the stern, cold winter, which sends
the blood tingling with renewed vigor
through our veins, are each ot them
welcome. We never weary of these re
curring seasons. r?o it is with all of na
ture's works. They possess a perpetual
charm which never lades.
In the house, on the 7th, Mr. Whit-
tliorne reported a resolution instructing the
sub-committee to proceed to Philadelphia
and League island navy-yards to inquire into
certain alleged abuses and frauds. Adopted.
The house then went into committee of the
whole on the private calendar. After the
passage of a number of private bills, a bill
for the payment of certain war claims, apply
ing to over two hundred individuals in dif
ferent states and aggregating $112,000, was
renorted back from the committee, with the
recommendation that itpass, aud after dis
cussion it was passed. The house then ad
journed. In the house, on the 10th, Mr. Here
ford, chairman of the committee on com
merce, introduced a bill making an appro
priation for the construction, repair, preser
vation and completion of different public
works on rivers and harbors. The bill passed
171 to 50. The total amount appropriated
is $5,872,850. Mr. Lord offered a resolution
requesting the president to inform the house
as to what measures have been adopted to
enforce the stipulations of the convention
with Venezuela. Mr. Seelve offered a reso
lution instructing the committee on judiciary
to inouire whether anv additional legislation
is necessary to define the relations of the
army to congress, and to secure to the army
the right of petition which belongs to every
citizen. Adopted. Mr. Cannon offered a
resolution instructing the committee on for
eign affairs to inquire into the cause of the
imprisonment of fc. O. M. Congdon. Adopted.
The house went into committee of the whole
on the bill to carry the Hawaiian treaty into
operation, and it was addressed by Mr.
Banks in advocacy of the measure. Ad-ourned.
The Mallet and the Speaker.
A Washington letter to the Boston
Herald says: The little mallet with
which the presiding oflicer in the house
punctuates its proceedings is a fatal in
strument in the hands of Cox. It is
curious to note the power of weakness
which comes out in the handling of the
gavel. To use it promptly, at the right
time and sparingly, is the Becret of suc
cess in the chair. The slightest intem
perance with the gavel vitiates quickly
the power of any presiding oflicer. Mr.
Kerr understands this, and never an
noys the house by frantic hammering.
Mr. Cox's way i's to keep up a petty
pounding, which would give a olind per
son in the gallery the impression that
somebody was putting down carpets be
low. Kerr's gentle and deliberate, but
emphatic and forcible manner, would al
most enable him to dispense with the
gavel in the ordinary proceedings ot the
house. When there is disorder, Kerr
does not jump up and pound and blus
teringly add to the confusion, but he
sits quietly in the chair, tells the house,
iu a pleasant lone of remonstrance, -that
" there is so much confusion in the hall
that it is impossible to go on with the
business of the house," and remains si
lent until members have settled into
their seats and the confusion is dimin
ished, so that any member's voice can be
heard across the hall. A prominent
member of the house insinuated to me,
the other day,jthat Mr. Kerr was a better
speaker even than Blaine ; that Mr.
Blaine excited the house by his rapid
manner and his energy of utterance, fre
quently arousing antagonisms, and add
ing heat to the debate. The house feared
Mr. Blaine ; it respects Jfr. Kerr, and
his speakership is tnus far more success
ful than many of his own friends thought
it could be.
Yrcs, this is leap year, but you won't
see young ladies "who have any respect
for themselves standing on the street
corners, watching the boys hold up their
pants as they wade over the crossing."
THE METAMORPHOSES OF IXSECTS.
Every insect passes through four dis
tinct states of existence : 1st, the egg ;
2d, the larva?, or masked state ; 3d, the
pupa, or quiescent state ; 4th, the imago,
or perfect state. Though in some or
ders, where the transformations are
called incomplete, the form is but slight
ly changed in the passage from the
second to the last states, yet in the great
majority of cases the transition from
one state to another is sufficiently sud
den, and the lorm so changes that there
is no manner of resemblance between
them.
Now, not only does the outward ap
pearance radically differ iu these three
states, but the internal structure is also
completely changed. In the caterpillar
we find thousands of muscles which
move the different segments of which
it is made up, a very capacious stomach,
and powerful jaws for masticating food.
In the butterfly the muscles are differ
ent in position and functions, the stom
ach is well-nigh obsolete, and the jaws
are replaced by a long, hollow tongue
for sucking up liquids. From the grov
ling, greedy worm, confined to its food
plant, to the frail and aerial creature
flitting so joyfully from flower to flower
and robbing, them of nectar, what a
change!
The deft little fly that so noiselessly
darts about your table, with his delicate
limbs and wings, its wonderful probocis
and complex eyes, was only a few days
before a disgusting little maggot, rioting
in filth, without eyes, without legs, with
out wings.
No wonder that, without our present
knowledge of physiology and biology,
the ancients looked upon the metamor
phoses of insects as emblematic of the
human soul's progress from this grovel
ing, earthly condition, through death to
immortal life. The fable of " Cupid and
I'syche is evidently based upon them,
and Psyche in Greek means both "soul"
and " butterfly: and although in real
ity the larva is but the baby and the
pupa the vouth of the same individual,
the changes are so remarkablo that so
good an anatomist as ywammerdam re
marks ot them that " we see tnerein tne
resurrection painted before our eyes, and
exemplified so as to be examined by our
hands.
ENTOMOLOGY AS A STUDY.
That there exists a certain contempt
in the public mind for what are derisive
ly termed " bugs," in America, is too
eviaent, particularly in ourciues, vtncre
the word is associated only with trouble
some or offensive species. Yet this con
tempt is unwarranted. The whole class
should not be judged by the exceptional
few. There is scarcely one of these crea
tures but, when carefully examined,
presents a perfect microcosm of wonder
and beauty, and the structure of most
of them is more complicated than that of
man himself. Ihey are possessed ot
senses which we have no sense to con
ceive. We find assembled among them
all the striking peculiarities of other ani
mals. The piercing, but simple, eye of
the eagle or the lynx will not compare
with the stereoscopic and compound eye
of the dragon-fly, that sees in all direc
tions at one time ; the sharp snout of
the sword-fish is. comparatively, a feeble
weapon by the sidexif that of a Pirates
or a soldier-bug ; the jaws of a lion are
weak in comparison with those of an ant
or of a tiger-beetle ; the tongue of a liz
ard is short compared to that of a hawk
moth. What is the architecture of the
beaver by the side of that of the bee ?
Compare the jumping of the kangaroo
with that of a flea or a Pceciloptera, the
fecundity of the hare with that of the
aphis, or of the female termite, which
has been known to lay an egg a second
for twenty-four hours; the climbing of
the squirrel with that of the fly; the
swiftness of the anteloie with that ot the
cicindela or carabus and you will find
that, if the acts be measured by the size
of the actors, insects invariably carry
off the palm. The electricity of the
gymnotus or of the torpedo, the horns
of the stag and rhinoceros, the burrow
ing of the mole, the phosphorescence of
the jellyfish, the changing colors of the
chameleon, are reproduced in the Bedu
vius serratur, in the stag and rhinoceros
beetles, the mole cricket, the glow-worm,
and the tortoise beetles. In short, there
is hardly a striking peculiarity a mong
other animals that does not find its coun
terpart in insects; while these, again,
present us with many most remarkable
habits and peculiarities which find
parallel in the rest of the animal king
dom, and prove them to be most worthy
the student's attention.
I could dwell for hours on the remark
able diversity of their habits. From the
aesthetic side, the study of insects, as the
study of any other branch of natural
history, elevates and enlightens. "It dis
pels prejudice and superstition, and
affords happiness and instruction. It
more quickly than any other teaches to
" find tongues in trees, sermons in stones,
and good in everything." In my own ex
perience I have known of several hypo
chondriacs made happy and hearty by
the mental enjoyment and the physical
exercise that resulted from getting in
terested in the collecting and study of
natural history objects ; and it is a sig
nificant fact that many of our greatest
scientific minds, as Charles Darwin,
Herbert Spencer, etc., began their scien
tific careers, and developed their love of
investigation by the study of insects.
IT DEVELOPS THE OBSERVING FACULTIES.
As I shall presently show, some knowl
edge of entomology is absolutely essen
tial to the agricuiturwt, and a study of
on which he treads? Will his coal burn
anv better for the knowledge of its origin
and nature? Does it help him, in driv
ing a bargain, to know how many kings
England has had. or when Washington
died ? Polite literature has held a most
important place in the civilized world's
history, though it has no connection with
any of the practical affairs of life. Yet
every person in my audience recognizes
the advantages of alluch studies; and
the child who is deterred from them lie-
cause they are not profitable, in the
money-getting sense, is very apt to be
come a narrow-minded and miserly man,
incapable of that large enjoyment of life
lhat follows the full development of bis
faculties, rtavs tehakspeare, " bat is a
man, if his chief good and market for
his time be but to sleep and feed? A
beast no more." There is no sadder
sight than a sordid and jienurious child.
In short, as 1 have elsewhere said, in
common with all the other sciences, en
tomology, viewed solely as an educator,
enriches the human mind by adding
to its 6tore of knowledge, and has few,
if any, equals as a means of developing
the observing laculties ot the young.
lhe lite-habits of insect3 their won
derful metamorphoses, their instructive
uiuusiries lurnisn am pic ioou jor re
flection, and for our natural love of the
curious and marvelous; and it is sur
prising that the fact has not been more
fully recognized in our educational sys
tems. Botany has long since had her
place in our" schools, and her import
ance as a means of mental training is
nt ignored, let lessons in animal life
the histories of living; sentient, ac
tive creatures can certainly be made as
instructive and entertaining as lessons in
vegetative plant-life, and should receive
as much or more attention.
COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS OF INSECTS.
Insects play a most important role in
the economy of nature. 1st, as scaven
gers, in removing offensive animal and
vegetable material which would other
wise poison the air we breathe; 2d, in
the fertilization of plants, many of which
would remain sterile, without their little
winrenrl ivrJ1!niTaia Qi in f II rniuli l llrr
MllkCU IIVHIUIOUIO y UUj 411 lUWII'-illlllt
food to hosts of other animals. In all
these, and in other ways, they are indi
rectly beneficial to man nay, essential
to his very existence, for if some of the
lower supports in the complicated struc
ture ot the living world which has man
for its apex and outcome were to lie re
moved, the whole structure would top
ple over and collapse. We receive some
direct benefits, also, from insects; and,
not to dwell on those which have been
and are yet being used as human food, I
will briefly indicate some ot the other
ways in which they benefit us, bv an il
lustration which I have previously used
It is an imaginary case of a young lady
dressing for an evening party.
Her card of invitation is written with
ink, the principal ingredient in which
if it is good ink is the gallic acid made
from the so-called "gall-nut produced
by a little gall fly on the leaves of a
species of oak very common throughout
the Levant, lhe sealing-wax which
fastens the enveloiie inclosing the invi-
. .. " 1 f l --l' 1-11 .1-
tauon is maae mainiy oi sneiiac, me pro
duct of a species of bark-louse found on
various trees, such as the Jujube and In
dian fig, in India, lier toilet table is,
of course, illumined with wax tapers,
and for these she is indebted to the com
mon honey-bee, a naturalized American
citizen. It she is a lashionabie young
lady, the very rouge on her cheeks is
prepared lrom lac-lake, made either trom
the bark-louse above mentioned or from
the cochineal. The silk that enter into
various portions of her dress comes from
the silk-worm, artificially propagated in
many parts of Europe and Asia and now
beginning to attract renewed attention
in some parts of our own country. Her
dress is orobablv dved with cochineal, an
extract from the dead bodies of another
species of bark-louse artificially propa
gated on cacti in Mexico. Fnally, if the
young lady contracts some inflammatory
cold, the chances are that her physician
will apply to her person a blister pre
pared from cantharides, the dried and
powdered liodies of a Spanish blister liee
tle. of which we annually import large
quantities at great expense, though we
have many indigenous species wnicn
have the same qualities.
All these articles have a commercial
importance which few people susject.
Over 1,. 500,000 human beings derive
their sole support from the silk industry.
Great Britain alone pays annally over
ky the substance of an account given by
a man who had found in Ceylon, Mr,
Harlow Case, collector of the jnirt of
f?anausky in 1S.W, who defaulted and
run away with the wife of his deputy.
The paper completes the story, giving
the full narrative of the traveler, who
found the guilty pair living in affluent
style in Ceylon. lie visited their house,
and, after a fine dinner, the following
took place :
" Sir," said he, in tones which I shall
never forget, "if I have sinned, God in
heaven knows that I have suffered ; and
if in F.'s bereavement he has cursed me,
that curse is fearfully fulfilled. Poor
Mary is dying has lieen dying for
months, and I have known it. It has
lcen for me to see the failing step the
dimming eye ; it is for me now to seethe
terrible struggles of her nearly wornotit
frame; it is for me to listen to her lan
guage of remorse that sometimes almost
drives me mad. Yes, mad, mad J" he
said, in a frenzy, rising and crossing the
floor with long, hasty strides. Then
burying his face in his hands, he ex
claimed : "Too late! too late! I have re
pented J" There was a long pause, and
lie continued, calmly: "No human
means can now restore my jxior compan
ion. Her moral sensibilities become
more and more acute as she fa-Is ui
strength, so that she reproaches herself
constantly." A weary, mournful sigh
broke from his lips as if his heart would
break. " Oh, if he knew !" he exclaimed
again, "if he Knew how bitter a ieualty
she is paying for the outrage the had
committed upon him, he would pity her
and, ii it could be, forgive. Will you
see her, sir?" . 1
I shrunk from the very thought.
"She has asked for you, sir; do not
deny her request. Hearing that you
came from America, she entreated me
to bring you to her. I promised that I
would."
" I will go, then."
Up the cool, wide, matted stairs he
led me, into a chamber oriental in its
furnishing and chaste in its magnificence.
There, half-reclining in a wide easy
chair, a costly shawl of lace cast over her
attenuated shoulders, the rich dressing
gown clinging ami hollowed to the rav
ages sickness had made, sat one whoK
great licauty and once gentle gifts made
the light and loveliness ot the sacred
home. The eyes only retained their
luster: they were woefully sunken. The
blazing fire", kindled at the vitals, burned
upon her hharicned cheeks binned ,
more fiercely, more hotly, as she looked
upon my face. I could think no more of
anger; 1 could only ruy to myseit : in,
how sorry I am for you ! " Hie knew,
probably, by her husband's manner, that
1 was aware of their circumstances.
The first question was: "Are you go
in:; back to America, sir ? "
The hollow voice startled inc. I
seemed to see an open sepulcher. I told
her that it was not my intention to re
turn at present. "Oh, then, who will
take my little child back to her father? '
she cried, the tears falling. " I am dy
ing, and she must go back to him. It is
the; only reparation I can make and
little enough for the bitter wrong I
have done them. I hoped, sir, you
might see him," she added, a moment
after, checking her sobs; "I hnried you
might tell him that his image is lie fore
me from morning till night, at I know
he must have looked when the first shock
came. Oh, sir, tell him my story.
Warn, oh, warn everybody. Tell him I
have suffered through the long, long
hours these many years ah! God only
knows how deeply." "Mary, you must
control your feelings," said my host,
gently. " Let me talk while I may,"
was the answer. " let me say that since
the dav I left home I have not known a
single hour of happiness. It was always
to come always just ahead and nerc is
what has come the grave is opening, ami
I must go to judgment. Oh, how bit
terly have I paid for my sin. Forgive
me, oh, my God, forgive ! "
It was a solemn nour mat which l
siH-nt by that dying penitent. Prayer
tic listened to ; sne did not seem to jiin,
or if she did, she gave no outward sign.
Remorse had worn away all her leauty,
. t , i.
even more than illness, rue iookco. to
the future with a despairing kind of
hope and feeble faith, leader, the mis
guided woman of Ceylon lies lieneath
the stately branches of the palm tregf.
tier sweet child neer met ner lamer in
her native land. She sleeps under the
troubled waters of the great wild sea.
Where the betrayer wanders I cannot
FACTS AND FANCIES,
There are a pair of ox horns in Texas
the tips of which are five feet four
inches apart. .
8an Francikb is fitting out another
company to search for lost treasure on
the Mexican coast.
There is a man in New Hampshire
who sends fourteen of his children to
the same school. The rest are too small
to go.
They have a curious way of joking in
China. A mandarin cut a fellow'a head
off" simply to see how his widow will
"take on'' about it.
The love of gold does not always gov
ern, for a St. Joseph, Mo., girl recently
refused a wealthy suitor liecause he ate
beans with a knife. . '
"I never complained of my condition
but once," said the old man, " when my
feet were bare and I had no money to
buy shoes, but I met a man without feet
and became contented."
Rondeau.
Itose in the hedge-row grown,
Where the scent 'of the fresh sweet hay
Comes up from the fields new-mown,
You know it you know it alone,
So I gather you here to-day!
Kor here was it not here, $ny ?
That she came by the woodland way,
And inv heart with a hope unknown
" Itose?
Ah, es! with her briiibt hair blown.
And her eyes like the kies of May,
And hersteps like the rose-leaves strown
When the winds in the roue-trees play
It was here O my love, my own
Hose !
Two new breeds of sheep have been
introduced into England from the west
coastof South America. One is a white
woolod sheep, with four horns; the other
a dark wooled species, a cross between
the llama and Hie alpaca.
G kay-eyed men make the best sports-
a a 1 a 1 1 a
men; ambcr-eyed men iiibkc ine iest,
.. , i.i-
musicians; hazel-eyed men make inn
sharpest critics ; blue-cyed men make tho
warmest poets: red-haired men make the
best billiard players ; brown-haired jieople
make the best cooks.
A profess r asked hi cla.s, " What
the aurora?" A student scratching
his head, replied. " Well, professor, I
did know, but I have forgotten." "Well,
that is sad very sad, rejoined the pro
fessor. " The only man in the worll that
ever knew has forgotten it.' , '
A RAMP and emphatic recital of .the
following is said to lie an infallible cure
ror lisping: Hobbs meets f-noll and
Nobbs; riobbsbobstoSnohbs and NoM;
Hobbs nols with Snohlw aud robs Noblm'
foos. " This is." says Noblw, "the worse
for HolnV jobs," and Snobbs sobs.
One friend to another who haitjust
returned from a trip abroad : " Did you
enjoy your F.uroj'an lour?" "ery
much indeed." "Did you call on 'any
of the bigo lies?" "Yes; 1 called' rm .
two queens one evening." "Called on
tw queens? Was it a pleasant aflair?"
" No, not very ; lor after I called I found
the other chap had three kings."
A LITTLE boy, when pic king the drum
stick of a chicken, swallowed one of the
tendons which are m numerous in the
legs of a fowl, and was very nearly
choked. The tendon was, however, ex
traded with great difficulty from tho
little fellow's throat, when he exclaimed,
" Oh, mamma, it wasn't the chickabid
dy's fault ; It was because cook forgot to
take off its garters '."
FASHION'S FANCIES.
At Wti AAA AU.nnl !nunda onrl aa I IlCFC 1
IUI tUtl 1 1 1 1 veil 1 11 v iv auu I .. . . . . .
L ,,h 'n,o. for shellac. The United tell, but wherever it m there is no mace
' v " " - - - - - - - I I II . . I 4 . . . !... I. . . I lr.nr
JlOW UIVTIt lllln Vlltiv lliMlun
" Tell him my story.
States produces annually nearly 30,000,-
000 pounds of honey, and about 700,000
pounds ot wax.
relations of insects to agriculture.
But these direct lenefits are most
trifling compared to the injury that in
sects do us. Not to- speak of domest ic
pests, nor ef those which sjoil our silks
1 r . 1 I V. . . . ..
ana iurs. nor 01 muse which y uixmi
our timber and cause ships to sink and
buildings to fall the damage inflicted
on our agriculture by species thatdestroy
our crops is so great as scarcely to be
dreanaed of except by those who have
tiven the subject careful attention.
Horace Greeley, in "What I Know of
Farming," wrote :
"If I were to estimate the average
loss Tier annum to the farmers of this
country from insects at flOO.OOO.OOO.
should doubtless be far below the mark.
The loss of fruit alone by the devasta
tionsof insects, within a radius of fifty
miles of this city, must amount in value
to millions. In my neighbothood the
peach once flourished, but flourishes no
more, and cherries have been all but an
nihilated. Apples were till lately our
most profitable, aud perhaps our most
important, product; but the worms have
taken half our average crop, and sadly
damage what they do not utterly destroy,
riums we have ceased to groworexject;
our pears are generally stung, and often
blighted ; even -the currant has at last its
fruit-destroying worm. We must fight
our paltry adversaries more efficiently,
or allow them to drive .us wholly from
the field."
The estimate is far below the mark.
The cotton-worm in 1S74 cost the t-outh
ern states $20,000,000 in a tingle week
Tha Colorado potato-beetle almost ve
toed the growing of potatoes in tome of
the western states until we learned how
to -successfully manage it. The chinch
bug every few years saps the life from
out small grains until they are hardly
worth harvesting, In 1871, it kept, at
the very lowest estimate, $30,000,000 out
of the pockets of the farmers of the
northwestern states, and in 1874 twice
that sum would not have paid for its in
juries in. the same territory. From care
ful returns, published in my seventh re
port, I have shown that Missouri alone
for him.
voice in my ear:
Warn, oh, warn everybody! "
Tiles of New Silver Coin. Coin is
lieing rapidly accumulated at the treasu
ry, in anticipation of the retirement of
the fractional currency. $MOO,000 in
silver was received from San Francisco
$200,000 in dimes, and $100,000 in quar
ters. An additional $ loo.uou in quarters
is expected, which will complete the
present order, which is $500,000. The
weighing ot this last supply is going on
at the treasury, and it will lie stored in
the vaults at once. The vaults were ex
amined by Supervising Architect I'otter
as to their capacity, and he expressed
the opinion that there is capacity for the
$500,000 bv storing the coin in the uj
per and lower vaults. Both vaults are
to be strengthened at once, however, as
there is necessity for still more coin, and
order will lie forwarded to San Francis
co lor additional supplies The mana
ger of the Virginia Consolidated mining
company reports the product of that
mine for March as being over $3,bOO,
000. Wnxhington Letter.
The Impeachment Managers. The
following parts have been assigned to the
managers in the impeachment trial of
Belknap:
On Kules .Messrs. Ixrd, l,ynde, Jenks
and Hoar.
On pleading Messrs. Knott, McMahou
and Jenks.
On Jurisdiction of Senate Messrs.
Lord, Knott and Hoar.
On the preparation tor trial ot fact and
examination of witnesi-es Messrs. Jit-
Mahon. Lynde and Laphain.
On questions of law on trial of-fact
Mewrs. Lynde, Jenks and McMahon.
On the final subnuwion Messrs. Lxird,
Knott and Lapham.
ta' li manager is to sum up the cas3 11
permitted, or each may hand in and have
printed with the proceedings his nrgu
ment.
" Well, sir, what does h-a-i-r spell?"
pv don't know " " What have you
got on your head ?" " Boy (scratching)
" I guess it's a muskeeter bite."
Jjifllrm' ISprinK Wr Arcwrrtloa; ( f
York jnoiilole.
l,ace is always in vogue.
Bracelets are reduced in size.
Silk galloon is very fashionable.
Wraps for spring are 1k11i sacqiie and
mantle shajie.
Cords for looping up the dresses are
more worn than during the winter.
Mantillas of lace and cream tulle are
much worn nt evening amusements.
Overskirts are longer I linn ever, almost
entirely concealing the underskirts.
Fans are somewhat smaller, and are
worn at balls stisciidcd by a ribbon or
chain from the wrist.
Bonnets of a network of flowers, very
fine and very like natural oik-m, arc made
in Paris for the theater.
Dog collars of silver and oilier melals,
also shells, are worn with low-necked cor
sages as well as with high ones.
Black grenadines clic;ked wilh either
gold or silver threads aie the newest
thing out in this fabric lor cv uing wear.
The newest basques are simple shaped
cuirasses, very long. This plainness is
remedied by an abundance of trimming.
The "I'fster" is recommended as an
excellent pattern for waterproofs for
spring, and linen for summer, both for
lsiys and girls.
Coat sleeves that aie veiy close-fitting
and have small neat-setting cull's, am a
favorite model for house - and street
dresses.
All wool came l's hair cloths show plain
and striped goods; the latter are gradu
ated from hair lines to strijies half an
inch wide.
Black d reuses are made for Ient o
cashmere, trimmed with very wide braid'
and the jackets generally button on tho
cross.
Fringes are now ho exquisitely mnde,
and are m costly, that instead of their
being manufactured to match, a dress is
made to match the fringe.
A piece of soft feather trimming, the
color of the trimming of the dress, is
worn with softening effect nUiilt the
neck; this is iec uliarly In-coming when
worn with white.
Coarse straw ami fine chip Inmnets arc
dyed ivory and cream tints for spring
wear. In the silks, flowers and laces for
trimming them the same yellow-white
hues prevail.
An attempt will be made to introduce
dark green, blue and brow n grenadine
dresses this summer. They will come in
strijies and blocks as will many of the
black grenadines.
Satin dresses are popnlar for dinner and
reception occasions. These arc olten made
with gathered tatiliers and are plain at
the back; the bodice fashioned after the
cuirasse.
A new style of gimp ornament lately
introduced is made iu the form of the
shoulder lielts worn by soldiers. They
cross the lxidice and fall below the waist,
terminating with a little poeV.et.
Satin ribbon slightly gathered, with a
Ihiw in front and ornament attached, is
much worn siloiit the neck. A piece of
real lace tied at the back of the neck and
falling in long ends is also fashionable.
Bonnets are as various in sIihK's as jio
lonaises. The brims are hardly as flaring
as heretofore. New damasked riblions
ami oien meshed gauzes are much used
in trimming them ; flowers are aUo abund
antly used.
Oolorod gloves are now fashionable
with- dinner and reception toilettes in
both Iiondou and 1'nris. Black ones are
often seen with white dresses. These
are worn quite long. A pink and black
toilette calls for brown gloves and shoes,
and so on through the various colors. ,
Wind Tha vFLrNo Seven Hundred
Miles an Hour. The force of the wind
when traveling at high clocitics is ca
llable of producing the most extraordi
nary effects on exposed objects, such as
buildings, trees, animals, unci even bodies
of water, in March, l7.r, a series of
destructive tornadoes visited North and
South Carolina and Georgia, and Ser
geant Calver, of the Signal Service, wis
ordered to investicate their character and
effects. Among "other remnikable in
stances of wind force he reported that
"a rock weighing eighteen thousand
pounds, and having thirty five square
leet of exposed surface, was moved seven
feet." "A pine log, Weighing twelve
hundred pounds, and with thirty-five
square feet of exposed surface, was car
ried a quarter of a mile." " A pine board
was driven through a telegraph pole."
"A bale of cotton weighing five hun
dred pounds was carried a quarter of a
mile. l he sergeant observer calculates
the following degrees of force for the rel
ative velocity of the wind : Pressure,
2ti. 0 pounds jht square foot of cximstd
surface, velocity, 73.:! miles per hour;
.".0.5 pounds, 78.1 miles; 77.7 pounds,
J24.G miles. He further esl iniates. that
snneof the results could not have been
produced by a wind traveling at a less
velocity than almut seven hundred miles
anhoi r.-Ar. '. Jfrrafil, 2l.

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