Newspaper Page Text
A HI DftUmMKR BOHO.
Oh, father's gone to maTket town; he was up be
fore the tf j.
And Jamie's ttftcr robins, and tha man Is msking
And whistling down the hollow goes the boy that
minds the mill,
WhlJe mother from the kitchen door Is calling with
" PuUy ' Pol'y ! The cows are In the corn!
Oh, wbere's Polly 1"
From all the misty morning air there comes a sum
A murmur as of waters from skies, and trees, and
The birds they sing upon the wing, the pigeons bill
And over bill and hollow rings again the loud
Tolly ! Polly .'The cows are in the corn !
Ob, Where's Polly T"
Above the tree the honey-bees swarm by with
buzz and boom.
And in the field and garden a hundred flowers
Within the farmer's meadow a brown-eyed daisy
And down at the edge of the hollow a red and
But Polly 1 roily I The cows are In the corn T
th, Where's Polly ?
How strange at such a time of day the mill should
atop its clatter 1
The farmer's wife is listening now, and wonders
what's the matter.
While whistling up the hollow goes the boy that
minds the mil.
But Polly ! Polly 1 rhe cows are in the corn !
Oh, whero's Polly i
FAUX AXD HOUSEHOLD.
Tlrka on Cow and alms,
Ticks are prevalent this year on cows
and sheep. These parasites belong to the
order of spiders; the mouth is armed
"with a kind of bill, or sucker, consisting
of three blades, the central one possess
ing several rows of teeth. These insects
lay an enormous number of eggs, not
upon the body of the animal where they
have lived, but upon the soil; the young
subsequently climb upon plants, where
they patiently await the passing by ot the
animal, and then seize and penetrate its
skin at the roat of the hair. Several of
the insects, of course, die of hunger
while thus waiting, but then, like the
spider, they can exist for a long time
without food. There is nothing to be ap
prehended when the parasites are but few
in number; when otherwise, the beast
can die of exhaustion. In addition to
mercurial ointment, an application of oil
and turpentine rubbwd in with a paint
brush will scon destroy the nuisance.
Helping the Moll.
The good farmer does this. Nature
does not always make a perfect soil in
deed but seldom. Then the farmer's
aid comes in excellently. He is supposed
to be a man of understanding; if he is
not, he had betler be employed in some
thing he has had a capacity for. The
means to help soil are not scant. What
ground generally lacks is manure ; ma
nure is the best one ingredient that can
be applied, as it contains tne principles
of many others. It moistens, it mellows,
it guards against frost and sun, itdrains ;
rins is the reason so much manure is
used, and, comparatively, little else.
People will do without a suksoil plow,
without ditching, without a mowing ma
chine, without even a horse-rake, but
they will use manure more or les?. It is
well for the land that this is so. Nature
has made pome soils too wet for farming
purposes, though to meet her end they
were properly made. The farmer need
not be told that to help this soil he must
drain it. He then gets the undeveloped
richness. Pulverizing and stirring the
soil deeply, so that heat and air can get
down, is another great thing. These are
the main thing simple, yet how little
Nature gives you the soil ; you help
her and she helps you in return helps
you while you are doing it. She keeps
your ground moist when you mellow it,
and she lets the air pass into it with its
fertility, which she took from negligent
barn-yards ; and this fertility she leaves
with the soil and that the farmer and
nature are helping each other. Thus
our farms are improved. How are they
deteriorated? liy just the opposite
course by neglect. The more we do for
our farms, the more nature will aid us,
and thus the better will be our land.
The truth is, we are only hleping nature
at the best and she rays us lor what we
do for her. The land is still hers ; she
forever holds the title deed. Rural
ThmhlBi and C'lranlna- Wheat.
Good, clean wheat, without cracked or
cut kernels in it, will always sell more
readily and at a better price than wheat
foul with weeds, seeds and chaff, and full
of cut or bruised grain.
Threshers are apt to manage in a way
to secure their own interests rather than
that of the owner of the grain, by rush
ing the work so as to put through a large
amount of grain and increase the average
profits for their labor. The farmer who
has raised a good crop of plump wheat
has only to blame hi in sell it he allows the
threshing machine to do the work in an
unworkmanlike manner. Ihe most of
the threshing is done by men who wn
the machines, and go about from farm to
farm threshing by the bushel, so that the
more gjraiii that is put through the ma
chine in a day the greater will be the
profits, and are apt to act on this princi
ple by crowding their machines to their
With careful management on the part
of the machine men, a great saving may
be made to the farmer, and satisfactory
results to themselves ; for, with the im
proved machinery, which has been
brought almost to perfection during the
last few years, the work may be done
well and rapidly enough to satisfy the
ambition of the thresher, or the econo
mizing spirit of the farmer. As the ma
chine brings with it a large gang of men
and horses to pay and feed, the farmer
naturally feels some as the owner of the
machine does, that he would like to get
through with the job as soon as possible.
while the hurry may lie on both sides,
the loss from the siighted work all conies
off of the farmer. Grain may be and often
is wasted in the cutting and handling, but
the greater waste is in the single op
eration of threshing, often without any
body's knowing it, or stopping to think
about it. Insist on saviag all the grain
JHissible, and have the work well done.
Jarring the danger of fire, steam is the
most econimicfl jxiwer for threshing pur
poses, giving a more steady speed to the
machine, so if the grain is ted through at
an even rate, there is no danger of the
grain being blown through with the chaff
at tne moments ot hiU speed. IJehides,
it is decided cruelty to animals to pres-s
hoses into a succession of full day's work
running the threshing machine during
mid-summer, while the days a long, the
heat oppressive, and the flies inflict their
severest punishment. Give the horses
ail the protection they can have from
the flies, and the machinery will be less
liable to be broken and the grain wasted
fry an irregular motion.
As the straw has now become a matter
of great importance, it should be put
upon the stack over a carrier. In this
way the chaff and whatever grain which
would otherwise lie wasted, by being
left scattered upon the ground on
account of its fineness, the pitchers
jiot being able to put it upon the stack
with the use of their forks, would be
Ordinarily we think it economy to put
the grain in the stack during a sufficient
time for it to go through a " sweat" be
iore threshing, sor no doubt it improves
the quality and condition of the grain to
wme extent, will require less help on
threshing days, and the delay will he in
favor of the straw while it is not exposed
to the summer rains. Ot course, when
the fsrmer is compelled to sell soon after
harvest be had better threth out of the
shoch. and for no other reason would
we advise threshing grain before or
during the "dog days. Western Jiural.
m"l In nhral.
When doctors disagree the patients
generally Buffer. We publish below two
directly contradictory theories about
smut in wheat, both founded on fact,
and each having its scientific advocates.
It is well known what these scientists
say, but the practical farmer will "be
euro t profit by experience, and soak
Lis wheat well in a strong solution of
bluestone before sowing.
The New York Tribune says: A
great deal of nonsense is written in re
ference to the cause of smut in wheat ;
and it is well to bear in mind that there
is in reality no question at all about it.
The fact that it is a parasitic fungus
(UttUago tegetum) is as well establistei
in botany as that mistletoe is a parasite
on apple, oak, etc., and not an outgrowth
of the trees. I That it propagates by dust
like pores when the conditions are
favorable, is also well established. Every
particle of the brown-black dust is a
spore or germ, each so minute that eight
millions could be placed aide by side on
a square inch of surface. These float
through the air, attach themselves to
the ripening grain, and are sown with
the seed, when they germinate; and
after going through various stages of de
velopment in the tissues of the growing
grain plant-) imbuing them with its
poisonous qualities reproduce a fungus
like the parent, i. e , cause the ear to
"smut." Hence the philosophy of the
various washes with which the seed is
treated to prevent smut,"the object be
ing to destroy the vitality of the spores.
The fact of finding insects in such smut
is no more evidence of its being caused
by them than the finding of them in
black knot is ; or, to put it more strong
ly, than the finding of mistletoe on a
tree is proof that the tree was produced
from mistletoe. A little light-brown
beetle, not quite one tenth of an inch
long, with four squadrangularly arranged
balckish spots on its back Brachytarms
variegatvs, Saly), is fond of breeding in
different smuts, and can almost always
be found in them, either in the larva or
But the Nashville American, equally
as good authority, says?:
The corn el (Anguillunina Iritici is
said to live r ot at the expense of any
animal, large or small, but on the nutri
tive elements in the seeds of wheat, when
forming starch, glutei, albumen, and
other substances, producing the disease
known by the) name of smut. We con
fess some distrust of the truth of the
conclusions reached by Davaine, Bene
den, and others, while we regard these
authors as high scientific authority.
Speaking of this class of worms, the last
named authoif remarks: "One of the
most remarkable is that which attacks
"corn and wheat" and produces Ihe dis
ease called smut, the corn eel. It is a
very small and thin, cylindrical worm,
which dries up completely with the
grain which nourished it, and which can
remain for an indefinite period without
dying, in a state resembling dust. Every
time it is moistened it resumes its ac
tivity. This return to life has been
compared to a kind of resurrection."
We should as soon believe that the
black dust or .tlpores in a ripe puff ball
are the eggs of an animal aa the dry dust
in the seeds of smut wheat ; but if wet
ting the latte makes them lively, it
ends the questi on.
.Smut is an animal instead of a vege
table parasite. Needham in his " new
discoveries made with the miscroscope,"
gives a whole cljiapter to these microscop
ic eels. The larva of another species,
Anguilhtla tcanden, are dried in the
galls inhabited by the mother. As soon
as these gall fall to ihe ground and
grow moist, thejlarva revive and abandon
their cradle to live in freedom. Soon
after this they go in search of their
plant, take it by storm, and penetrate
into the tissules before the period of
fecundation. Having become sexual
and fertilized, these microscopic nema
todes lay their eggs in a nest formed at
the expense of jthe plant.
Fall Flow Ins:.
A correspondent gives his reasons for
fall plowing as follows : "By experience
and observation I am satisfied that all
soils outfit to be plowed in the fall,
especially green sward, for several
1. The sod roots during the winter,
and thus supplies the Boil with nutri
ment ready prepared for the young crop.
2. The lumps become pulverized
sooner, premitting the land to be Btocked
down in better shape.
3. A team can work much easier in
the fall, and the farmer is less hurried.
The action of the atmosphere upon the
Boil for a longer time is al50 beneficial."
A correspondent of an exchange, dis
cussing the same topic, says: "I have
tried fall plowing on light and heavy
soils. On light soils, which never
produce cakesand clods, it does well.
On heavy soil It is commonly detrimen
tal. If followed by a dry winter, it
sometimes succeeds ; but commonly it
produces a hard, cloddy soil, which is
long in becoming mellow. I have known
this hardness to last a full year afterward.
Even when the land was thoroughly
and evenly drained, this unfavorable
result followed. It is therefore neces
sary to use caution in plowing heavy or
adhesive clayey land in autumn, and as
a general rule it should be avoided."
The Woolwich Infant."
San Francisco Cull.
England is making a gun which is
facetiously termed the " Woolwich In
fant." It is not so much like other guns
as infants generally are like each other.
It differs materially in the matter of
weight and cost. When the idea of the
" Infant" was broached, the estimated
cost was $40,000. It was thought
that a pretty good gun could be con
structed for that sum. But it was soon
found that the first appropriation was
onlv a good start. The $40,000 was
made $75,000, and finally $50,000 were
added as a finishing touch. The thing
weighs eighty tons, and, being all in one
piece, it is not very easily handled. It
will cost $35,000 to transport it from
Woolwich, where it was constructed, to
Shoeburyness, where the gunnery school
is located. It costs $125 to fire thatgnn
off. Powder to the amount of three
hundred pounds is burnt at each dis
charge, and an iron bolt weighing nearly
three-fourths of a ton is shot into a sand
bank. When the gun is place in posi
tion, machinery will be erected around it
to enable the gunners to load. Taken
all in all. it is an exjensive " Infant,"
anil the rngusu people are somewhat
anxious to know if there is a possibility
oi many additions to the family.
Fashionable Styles of Jewelry.
New York OrHphic.
The raue ' of massive cold iewelrv
which existed some time aco, and which
revived the heavy chains and broad band
bracelets, has, we are glad to say, entire
ly disappeared. Bracelets particularly,
excepting in thelieht porU bonheur forms,
seem to have become obselete, and we
heartily wish such abominable evidence's
of former barbarism and servitude could
never again be re-instated. Artistically,
they are an incongruity, simply disfigur
ing and spoiling the shape of a round,
well-formed arm, and only sharpening
the detects ot an lii-iormed one. Noth
ing in gold just now is fashionable, how
ever; all jewelry is "artistic." The
value depends upon the rarity, not the
richness of the material and the work
that is put upon it. Foreign woods and
choice engraved stones are much sought
after, and the latest ornaments are of
enamelled porcelain put on velvet and
worn in the form of dog-collars, with
pendants, like, the Genoese silver, for
which there is also a great demand.
Cnster- on the Indian.
In his " Life on the Tlains," Custer
gives the estimate oi the Indian in these
sentences: "In studying the Indian
character, while shocked and disgusted
by many of his traits and customs, I
tind much to be admired, and 6till more
of deep and unvarying interest. Grant
that some of its pages are frightful, and
if possible to be avoided, yet the attrac
tion is none the weaker. Study him,
fight him, civijlize hiiu if you can, he
still remains the object of your curiosity
a type of man peculiar and undefined'
subjecting himself to no law of civiliza
tion, contending determinedly against
all efforts to win him from his chosen
mode of life. He stands in the group
of races solitary and reserved, seeking
alliance with none, distrusting all. Civi
lization may do much for him, but he
can never be civilized. Nature intended
him for a savage ; every instinct, every
impulse of his soul inclines to it. The
white race might fall into a hnrhnmm
state, and afterward he reclaimed and
prosper. Not so the Indian. He can
not be himself and be civilized. He
fades away and dies. Cultivation such
as the white man has would kill him, by
depriving him of his identity." '
Rweden-lapenese KUk IVorfc The Hedl
ml Department- Japenne Straw
Work-CMnese Slutting aa
and Soy Miscellany
From our Special Correspondent.
Swedish table of weights, measures and
coins, 1 fot 0.97412 foot 1 mil; 6.64,171
statue miles 1 knbik fot equals 0.62,435
cubic foot 1 skaipuml equals 0.93,713
pound avoirdupois equals 1 krona equals
100 or, 208 dollars gold. There are
three hundred Swedish exhibitors. Ancho
vies is a specialty from Sweden. One half
barrels are woth in Sweden $4.17 in gold ;
one quarter barrel, $2.22 gold ; kegs, forty
two eta. gold, duty thiity-five per cent.
People fond of an anehovi e, and who esteem
sardines, yet dread the high price of these
small fish, can import their anchovies much
more economically. A chair is exhibited
from Sweden made of oak. from the Swedish
line of battleship "Applet," sunk the 5th
of June, 1676, and party risen 1870. Stock
holm sends basket-work' f rom a factory that
consumed last year 30,000 pounds of willows.
The workmen in this establishment receive
as wages thirty-three and a half per cent of
the wholesale price of the fabric. In the
copper works of Sweden sick and burial
funds are' given for employes, schools are
furnished for children of workmen, and the
workmen assemble two evenings during the
week and attend lectures in natural philoso
phy, history, geography, writing, arithmetic
and drawing. This is mother foreign idea
that might be advantageously imitated in the
The pay of employes in a Swedish manu
factory is, foreman $700 gold per annum ;
book-keeper, $275; engineer, $195; work
men, seventy, forty-two, twenty-one, and
fourteen cents per diem. And yet they seem,
from a life of thrift to live easier than the
workmen of other countries whose pay is
greater. Judging from the Swedish com
mission employes at the exhibition, the
greater portion of the Swedish exhibits come
under the head of metallurgical. Swedish
iron is justly celebrated, to is their copper.
Their gray pig iron contai ns about two per
cent, ot manganese, and has been used with
advantage for the Bessemer process, and
their white pig iron as material for malleable
pig iron, iron for blister steel and wire, as
well as for steel made by the Siemens-Martins
process. The steel and wire-iron is man
ufactured by tlie Lancashire process, and
the welding is done in a hearth, (not a weld
ing furnance) a new invention, blooms, bil
lets, blast furnance slags, roasted iron ores,
bar iron, nails, are marked interests of the
Swedish exhibit, and show to the advantage
of a country, that can sustain itself from
taxes, so liberal, that they are simply won
derful. A factory producing $310,X)0 gold,
pnys government tax, $S3 ; community taxes,
Tool steel. They also show a series of
broken one half inch square steel, showing
the different fractures en account of differ
ent degrees of carbonization, steel bars of
various temper, welded together and broken
to show the fractures. A series of products
from the Bessemer converter, taken out at
diflerent periods of the How, with samples
of slag taken at the same time. A complete
series of experiments made for investiga
ting the strength of the material by tension,
elasticity, compression and torsion. To pro
duce pig iron in one factory represented,
two blunting furnaces are used, and for con
verting the pig iron into steel, two Bessemer
converters of a capacity of three and a half
tons each. The steel is made by the direct
process. Iron is taken in a ladle from the
blast furnace to the converter, and the steel
is always blown without the addition of
spiegeleisen. An exhtbit of Swedish indus
try is that of matches. One firm who have
specimens, employ thirty-5ve men at forty
six cents gold per diem; seventy women at
twenty-eight cents per day! fourteen boys
and seventeen girls under fifteen years, at
nineteen cents. This factory turns out 80,000
boxes of matches a day; 24,000,000 per
annum valued at $90,000 gold. The matches
are worth in Sweden $3.61 gold per thousand
boxes, and for the impregnated safety
matches $4.03 gold per 1,0)0 boxes. Here is
a speculation for some American to import
JAPANESE SILK WORK.
Weaving in Japan was commenced 750 A.
T). In the town of Kinli, Province of
Joshinauhar, with the town of Kiyoto, there
are manufactured 225,536 pieces containing
about nine yards. In Japan, the spinning
and weaving, with the apparatus for reeling
silk, consists of a small portable clay oven
with a cast-iron basin, and of a wooden reel,
placed to the left of the reeling girl, who
turns it with her left-hand, while the right
hand is used for tending the cocoons in the
basin, generally making two threads at the
same time. The latter are guided by eyes
made af hair, and tlie uniform spreading of
the thread upon the real is effected by a
combination of swinging rods aula spiral
groove in the revolving cylinder which regu
lates their motion; the filaments pass to the
reel without crossing. The loom used is the
old draw loom. The dressing of the warp is
done with a gluish decoction of the " Fu,"
a kind of fucus. Crape is produced by using
for woofing alternate threads twisted in op
posite directions, and is of a much closer
twist than ordinary threads. When the
piece is finished it is dipped in cold, then in
hot, and again in cold water, in rapid suc
cession, and afterwards rolled and dried.
The "different effect of these operations
on the two kinds of woof thread produces
THE MEDICAL, DEPARTKINT.
This important branch of the working ele
ment of the exhibition, was conceived in
judgment and far-seeing thought, and has
been practically utilized with energy and
ability. Without its perfect arrangement
much suffering would have ensued from the
dangers and diseases incidental to a sight
seeing, imprudent, in a majority of cases,
population of from 35,000 regular to a float
ing population of seventy-live to 100,000
men, women and children, who stufl with
pies and cakes, who drink ice-water
or who swill lager, who lose calmness
and control in the jostle, the attrac
tions and attendant excitement, who eat
irregularly, who think they never tire nutil
facged out, who carry a"steaming condition
of one hundred and eighty .when their normal
may be one hundred. Sa it is, and hence
the medical department has been a blessing
and its competent staff public benefactors
JAPANESE 6RAW WOKK.
The Japanese exhibit basket-work, dyed
straw from wheat, the last of the " Wisteria
Chinensis." Tliey also use split cane and
bamboo. The latter material is easily split,
into this, round, or flat strips, presenting a
brilliant surface and of great durability.
The "Jans" show the model of a country
house all made of fine strips of bamboo,
roof, sliding doors, windows, etc. Each room
domesticates a chirping insect which are
supposed to jump, as the grasshopper or to
sing as tlie cricket, for the entertainment of
his master. They also make basket cages
for their insect friends. I have no doubt
the vocal abilities of the American mosquito
would commend this cheery insect to
Chinese matting, an article so generallv
used, some handsome specimens of which
article of Chinese industry are on exhibit.
is made from rice straw. The superior qua!
itics are made of the "jtmcus etlnsns," the
pith of which is also used for candles anl
I;i nip wicks: rushes are made into common
mats, they rank as typha, " Scripus lacus-
tru. A coat for an American to compete
with our celestial friends, is made of certain
kinds of grasses. Some are made of palm
leaves. The Centennial American, when he
finds his hay-dav is over, let him emulate
the Chinaman and go to grass, for his coat.
SAKE AND SOY
The Chinese drink is "oake , mat is a
rice wine. "Soy." This condiment so much
in demand upon the table of those titled and
wealthy is made of a small bean, the " Doli-
chos soya, or "Soya hispida, to which are
mixed wheat, salt and water. The beans are
first boiled and the wheat bruised and
strained ; both are then mixed with a small
addition of fermenting wheat placed in flat
wooden boxes and kept for several days at a
fixed temperature. At the end of three da vs
the muss is all covered wi ;h fungi and partly
with roots of germination After mixing
with salt lye, which has been prepared hot,
and then allowed to cool, and depose cer
tain impurities .the mashingsarc removed to
coops, and kept for several years. The best
"Soy " is made by a union of mashings of
three and five years standing. This mixture
is transferred to bags of cotton cloth, placed
in boxes, then submitted to presure, at first
sight. like crapes, vieldinjr the best coy,
as with grapes the best wine. The last por
tions are assisted wi.'h thj addition of salt
Itetrenchinent with his (dipping sword still
moves on, lopping ofi' centennial heads, with
the expertness ot reform. stne Keepers, and
.ii..r)a -.. mHhmiH in nninhN nnil in nor
The ultimatum from the "powers that be"
is. if vour step down and out, 2,700 appli-
cants await to step np anJ in. So thus the
subject of the reduction caves. The Colum
bus, Ohio, cadets, accompanied with their
cornet band, numbering in all one hundred
and five young, with a commanding officer,
Mi- Wade Convers, nineteen years of age.
Are here a tine lody f men and a splendid
staff, and chief. Total admissions 'to the
14th inst, 2,200,915. TotaUcash receipts
26,363. Dr. Matthews. U. S. centennial
commissioner left for Illinois. His place
will be occupied by Hon. 'Lawrence Weldon
of that Mate. Norway exhibits ji portrait of
the late Gen. Robert E. Lee. Snlem, Ohio.
semis an automatic shingle machine. Dares
town, Kew Jersey, automatic paper feeder
for printing presses. A single article from
nrazil is tea made lrorn coffee leaves, tyen
the criminals of Brazil pay tribute to Ameri
can genius, sending as thev have show cases
I i r . i .
mane oi nanusome crazuian woous irom
their work benches iu the penitentiary.
Brazil also sends a liquor made from coffee
The liquor that seems to be acceptable to
those fond of the most stimulating beverage
is the aquadents made in Brazil from the
sugar cane. Billiards A six-pocket 6x12
table is from St Petersburg. This table, as
the one from Germany is quite elaborate in
workmanship. One from New York is of
ebony. Canada sends a neat table. Another
firm from New York make a display of a
table composed of imported Marquetiere
and Porcelain. There has been a palpable
falling off in the daily attendance at the
grounds owing to the extreme hot weather,
which will not be the case when the ther
mometer falls below 90 degrees. It is won
derful how well the exhibition has been at
tended ; and this in itself is one of the most
powerful arguments in favor of its powers
of attraction, as no ordinary spectacle could
draw thousands of people daily from their
homes through a torrid beat, crowded in cars,
and subjected to a sight-seeing fatigue, inci
dental to all such spectacular exhibitions,
did they not anticipate a corresponding com
pensation, which each and all admit is re
muneration amply sufficient to reimburse
them for their outlay of vitality, a principle
of nature, that this heated term has drawn
so heavily tip5n. J. B.
Tlie President's Message on the Sundry
Civil Appropriation Bill.
The following is the message which
was sent to the house by the president,
giving his objections to the sun
dry civil appropriation bill :
To the House of Representatives :
The act making appropriations for the
sundry civil expenses of the government
for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1877,
is so defective in what it omits to provide
for, that I cannot announce its approval
without at the same time pointing out
what seems to ma to be its defects. It
makes but inadequate provision for the
service at best, and in some instances
fails to make any provision whatever.
Notably, among the first class is the re
duction in the ordinary annual appro
priations for the revenue cutter service,
to the prejudice of the customs revenue,
and the same may be said of the signal
service; as also the failure to provide
for the increased expenses devolved upon
the mints and assay officers by the next
legislation, and thus tending for the pro
tection, preservation and completion of
which there is no adequate appropriation,
while the sum of one hundred thousand
dollars only is appropriated for the re
pairs of the different navy-yards and sta
tions, and the preservation of the same,
tlie ordinary and customary appropria
tions for which are not less than one
million dollars; a similar reduction is
also made in the expenses for armories
and arsenals. The provisions for the
ordinary judicial expnses are much less
than the estimated amount for that
important service the actual expendi
tures of the last fiscal year and certain
demands of the current year. The pro
vision for the expenses of surveys of
public lands is less than one-half of the
usual appropriation for that service, and
what are understood to be its actual
demand ; the reductions in expenditures
for light-houses, beacons, foghorns
stations is also made in a similar
proportion. Of the class for which
no appropriation is made, among
the most notable, perhaps, is that
portion of the general expenses of
the District of Columbia, in behalf of
the United States, as appropriated in
former years, and the judgments of the
court of claims. The failure to make a
reasonable contribution to the expenses
of the nation's capitol, is an apparent
dereliction on the part of the United
States and rand injustice to the people
here who bear the burden, while to re
fuse or neglect to provide for the pay
ment of judgments of its own courts.it
is apparently to repudiate of a different
characted. But as prejudicial to the
treasury, its omission to make a provision
to enaole the secretary of the treasury to
have the rebel archives and the records
of captured and abandoned property
examined and the information furnished
therefrom for the use of the government.
Finally, without further specification of
detail,itmaybesaid that theact.which in
its title purports to make provision for
diverse ana greatly extended civil
service, unhappily appropriates an
amount not more than sixty-five per
cent, of its ordipary demands. The
legislative department establishes and
defines the service, and devolves upon
the executive department the obligation
of submitting annually the needful
estimates of the expenses of Buch service.
Coneress uroDerlv exacts implicit obedi
ence to the requirements of the law in
the administration of public service, and
rigid accountability in the expenditure
thereof. It is submitted that a corres
ponding responsibility and obli
gation rest3 upon it to make adequate
appropriations to render possible such
exaction ; anything short of an ample
provision for a specified service is neces
sarily fraught with disaster to the public
interests, and is an injustice to those
charged with its execution. To appro
priate and to execute aro corresponding
obligations and duties, and the adequacy
of the former is a necessary measure of
efficiency of its execution. In this eighth
month of the present session ot congress.
nearly one month of the fircal year to
which this appropriation applies having
passed, I do no feel warranted in vetoing
an absolutely necessary appropriation
bill, but in signing it, 1 deem it a duty
to show where the responsibility belongs
lor whatever embarrassments may arise
in the execution of the trust confided to
me. T7. 8. GRANT.
Custer's Fight Story of the Only
N. Y. Herald.
"VVe have received the following brief
but highly interesting and important
communication from an officer high in
command, attached to the forces operat-
ing against the Indians, and who enjoyed
the amplest facilities for obtaining re
Bismarck, D. T., July 12.-1116 Crow
Indian Curly is believed to be the only
survivor of the two hundred and fifty
men who went into action with Custer,
He is very clear in his knowledge of the
fight, and has made a statement. He
says he went down with two other Crow
and went into action with Custer. The
general, he says, kept down the river on
the north bank four miles, after Reno
had crossed to the south side above,
Custer's object was to cut off the Indians.
He thought Reno would drive down the
valley and at the same time at tack the
village on two sides, he believing Reno
would take it at the upper end, while he
(tjuster) would go in at the lower end
Custer had fo go further down the river
and further away from Keno than he
wished on account of the steep bank
along the north side : but at last he
found a ford and dashed for it. The In
dians met him and poured in a heavy
hre lrom across the narrow river. Uus
ter dismounted to fight on foot, but
could not get his skirmishers over the
stream. Meantime hundreds of Indians,
on foot and on ponies, poured over the
river, which was only about three feet
deep, and hi led the ravines on each side
of Custer's men. Custer then fell back
to some high ground behind him and
seized the ravines in his immediate vic
inity. The Indians completely sur
rounded Custer and poured in a terrible
fire on all sides. They charged on foot
in vast numbers, but were again and
again driven back. The fight began
about two o clock, and lasted, Curly
says, almost until the' sun went down
over the hills. The men fought desper
ately, and alter the ammunition in their
belts was exhausted, went to their sad
dlebags, got more, and continued the
fight. Curly says more Indians were
killed than Custer had men. He also
says the big chief (Custer) lived until
nearly all his men had been killed or
wounded, and went about encouraging
his soldiers to tight on. lie got shot in
the left side, and sat down with his pis
tol in his hand. Another shot struck
Custe in the breast and he fell over,
The last officer killed was a man who
rode a white horse (believed to be lieu
tenant Cook, adjutant of the Seventh,
as lieutenants Cook and Calhoun were
the only officers who rode white horses,
and lieutenant Calhoun was found dead
on the skirmish line, near the ford, and
probably fell early.) Curly says that
when he saw general Custer was hope
lessly surrounded, he watched his oppor-
tunity, got a Sioux blanket, put it on
and worked up a ravine, and when the
Sioux charged he got among them, and
they did not know him from one of their
own men. I here were some mounted
Sioux, and seeing one fall Curly ran to
him, mounted his pony, and trallopesi
down, as if going toward the white men,
but went up a ravine, and got away.
He says as he rode off he saw, when
nearly a mile from the battle-field, a
dozen or more soldiers in a ravine fight
ing with Sioux all around them. He
thinks all were killed, as they were out
numbered five to one, and apparently
dismounted. These men were no doubt
part of the thirty-five missing men, re
ported in the official dispatches of gene
ral Terry. Curly says he saw one cav
alry soldier who had got away. He was
well mounted, but 6hot through both
hips, and Curly thinks he died ol his
wounds, starved to death in the 'bad
lands,' or more likely his trail was fol
lowed and he killed by the Sioux. Curly
did not leave Custer until the battle
was nearly over, and he describes it as
desperate in the extreme. He is quite
sure the Indians had more killed than
Custer had white men with him, and
says the soldiers fought on until the last
man fell. The other Crow Indians in
the battle were killed.
A Woman's Experience witu Train Rob
bers. St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
"After leaving Otterville," said Miss
Peabody, "I was dosing in a reclining
chair, probably fast falling asleep. Sud
denly the train was brought to a halt,
and a moment later a man rushed hur
riedly through the car. I believe he
was the express messenger. Some one
asked him what was the matter. 'The
train is being robbed, that's what's the
matter,' he hurriedly replied, and kept
on. Then all was commotion and con
fusion. Including myself, there were
three ladies in the car. I confess that I
was terribly frightened, and thought I
should faint, but" and Miss Peabody
laughed at the remembrance "I saw
that there was no one handy to catch or
care for a person in a faint, and con
cluded to omit this part of the pro
gramme. Meanwhile shots were being
fared on the outside, and we could hear
numbers of men cursing and swearing.
I suppose the shots were fired for the
purpose of intimidation. I believe our
car was next to the smoking-car. Di
rectly the car-door wa thrown open and
in stalked two of the robbers. The
leader put his hand on the shoulder of a
brakeman and said, 'Here, I want yo'
and hustled him out. We thought they
were going to shoot him, but I suppose
now they wanted him to identify the
express messenger. It was rare fun I
mean it is amusing to look back at it
now ; nothing funny in it then to see
the passengers concealing their valuables.
Here you would see a man with his boots
off, cramming his greenbacks in his socks ;
several Mr. Marshall, of Fulton, among
the rest tossed their cash, watches, &c,
into a coal-box ; other were np on the
backs of seats hunting holes for their
pocket-books. Whereveranything could
be concealed something was sure to find
its way. The conductor, excited and
nervous, hurriedly passed through, and
told all who had valuables to take care
of them. The most ludicrous incident
I can now recall v. as when a sanctimonious-looking
individual, evidently scared
almost out of his wits, broke forth with
the old familiar song, I'm going .home
to die no more.' His quivering, doleful
voice echoed through the car with
lugubrious effect. Some ct the male
passengers were ungallant enough to
interrupt him with the remark that he
had better be getting his money out of
the way instead of starting a camp-meeting.
Having finished the hymn be arose
and gave his experience. He stated
that he had been a lollower of the Lord
for ever so many years ; that he was a
true and consistent member of the
church ; that he had never wronged a
fellow-being, but that if he was doomed
to be murdered he wanted his remains
forwarded to his family in Kew York,
and to write them that he had died true
to the faith and in the hope of a glorious
resurrection, ihe tumult outside con
tinued. We could distinctly hear them
pounding away at the Adams express
safe, and their coarse oaths and impreca
tions at being delayed. Occasionally
shots were fired. The leader of the . rob
bers, a tall, fine-looking man, ac
companied by one of his comrades, pas
sed through the car. 'You neeJ not be
hiding your money,' said the leadef ; 'we
do not intend to disturb you.'" He wore
a red handkerchief over his face, with
holes cut for his eyes and mouth. Below
the handkerchief appeared his beard,
very long, but probably false. His cton
panion was smaller and a rougher - look
ing man. His mask was simply a wh'ite
handkerchief tied over the lower portion
of his face. The upper part was plainly
visible. He remarked that we must
consider them an awful set of reprobates.
The inquiry for arms showed three pistols
in our car. One of these was owned by a
lady. Throughout the whole affair
she remained perfectly cool and collected,
and refused to accommodate a gentleman
with the loan of her pistol. When some
one said this was the work of the James
boys, she laughingly remarked that 'teet
name was James, but she hoped none- of
her relatives were engaged in such dis
reputable business. Ihe news-boy had
a pistol and made his way to the front
platform. Looking up the bluff he
described the figure of a man and fired
In an instant the shot was returned,
The ball passed between the plucky
news boy and and a gentleman who was
also on the platform, and both of them
sought shelter without ceremony,
Thinking that the robbers mitrht fire
through the windows, I got off tlie chair
and took a position on the floor. The
sanctimonious New Yorker, who was
going away to die no more, thinking.
doubtless, that J was engaged m prayer
soltly approached and asked it I was
prepared to die? I was not in a humor
to enlighten him upon the subject. We
were detained about an hour, when th
robbers, having accomplished their pur
pose, gave us permission to proceed. It
was one of the episodes of my life I shall
Security and Splurge.
Mrs. Jane G. SwLsshelm is writing let
ters from Europe to the Chicaco Tribune
When she visited the bank of Lngland
she was struck by the ugliness and the
unpretentiousness of " the old lady of
lhreadneedie street, and thereupon
proceeded to moralize as follows :
If one bone of an animal betrays the
secrets of its life, the anatomy of that
right arm ot Uritish finance has a lesson
for us; and this is that security and
splurge belong to diflerent species. The
latter may be as large as a spermaceti
whale, and brilliant as a dying dolphin
but it is sure to be slippery, to be ad
dicted to sudden plunges and mysten
ous disappearances; and is hard to hold
even with a harpoon. While the former
is a clumsy kind of beast, with big claw-
ieet. made for taking a cooa hold ot the
ground, and a rough, shaggy hide, which
gives large opportunities for catching
and holding him.
bo long as the American people trus
their money to folks because they have
magnificent banking houses, or other
places of business, splendid residences,
retinues of servants, high-stepping
horses, glittering coaches, flashing dia
monds, gauzy laces, rustling silks, shim
mering satins and sweeping velvets, so
lone do thev prove that they belong to
that class of animated nature which was
made to be eaten, and have no right to
complain when the eaters eat them.
It I ever eet a hundred dollars, and
put it into a bank, and Jenkins informs
me, some day through the columns of
the morning paper, that Air. U., my
banker, has purchased a fancy team, or
that the lovely Mrs. H. was the observed
of all observers at Madame Dorothea
Diamond s ball, on account of her exaui-
si te blue satin dress, point lace and
pearls, I will be one of the first visitors
to the bank that day, and what 1 shall
want will be my $100 and all the Inter
est, if there is any, due on it ; and if I
can find no place that appears safer than
that bank, 1 will roll it up in a rae and
risk the burglars.
The old man t seated under a shade
tree, softly humming, " There'll be no
more sorrow there," when a searching
and familiar voice hissed to his ear :
Yon finish killin' them caterpillars on
them pear tree, or I'll give ye sorror
enough to last ye clean through eternity.
Piow get along, or 1 11 break the main
spring of yer back." The old man said
something about a blamed old cat for a
wife, took up a bucket of suds, and went
for the vermin.
THE " BLOODY SHIRT."
Tne President Wave It Omr Ilalm,
JIlaalMlppl mad CarIlaa. and Ev
araacHtke PMplerTkMStac. He
Cliyea amnan ef Exfx-aU-r support
t 4a; JIenm the Badteal Ctovernora
Mar IalUate fer in Smccm mt the
The following meesagejwas received by
the senate from the president on the
To the Senate of tha United States :
In response to a resolution of the sen
ate, July twentieth, calling upon the
president to communicate to the senate
if, in his opinion, not incompatible with
the public interest, any information in
regard to the slaughter of American cit
izens at Hamburg, South Carolina. I
have to submit he following enclosures."
Here follows a number of papers rela
tive to the Hamburg massacre. The
president says: These enclosures em
brace all the information in my posses
sion touching the late disgraceful and
brutal slaughter of unoffending men at
the town of Hamburg, South Carolina.
My letter to governor Chamberlain con
tains all the comments I wish to make
on the subject. As allusion is made in
the letter fo the condition of other stales,
and particularly to Louisiana and Mis
sissippi, I have aaded to these enclosures
the letter and testimony in regard to tlie
lawless condition of a portion of the peo
ple of the latter state. In regard -to
Louisiana affairs, murders and massa
cres of innocent men for opinion's sake,
or on account of color, have been of too
recent date, and of too frequent occur
rence, to require recapitulation or testi
mony here. All are familiar with their
horrible dj tails, the only wonder being
that so many justify them or apologize
for them. - But recently a committee of
the senate of the United States visited
the state of Mississippi to to take testi
mony of frauds and violence in elections.
Their report has not yet been made pub
lic, but I await its forthcoming with a
feeling of confidence that it will sustain
all that I have stated in relation to fraud
and violence in the state of Mississippi.
U. S. Grant.
Executive Mansion, July 31, 1876.
The following is the president's letter
to Governor Chamberlaim, referred to
Washington, July 26, 1876. j
Dear Sir I am in receipt of your
letter of the twenty-second of July, and
all iuclosures enumerated therein, giving
an account of the late barbarous massa
cre of innocent men at the town of
Hamburg, South Carolina. The views
which you express as to the duty you
owe to your oath of office and to the cit
izens to secure to all their civil rights,
including the right to vote according to
the dictates of their own conscience ; and
further, the. duty of the executive of the
nation to give all needful aid, when
properly called upon to do so, to enable
you to insure this inalienable right, I
fully concur in. The scene at Hamburg
as cruel, blood-thirsty, wanton and
unprovoked as it was is only a repeti
tion of the course that has been pursued in
other southern states within the last few
years, notably in Mississippi and Louisi
ana. Louisiana and Mississippi are gov
erned to-day by officials chosen through
fraud and violence, such as would scarcely
be accredited to savages, much less to a
civilized and christian people. How
long these things are to continue, or
what is to be the final remedy, the Great
Ruler of the universe only knows. But
I have an abiding faith that the remedy
will come, and come speedily, and I
earnestly hope that it will come peace
fully. There has never been a desire on
the part of the north to humiliate the
south. Nothing is claimed for one state
that is not freely accorded to all the
others. It may be right to kill negroes
and republicans without fear of punish
ment, and without loss of caste or
reputation. This has seemed to .be a
privilege claimed by a few states. I re
peat again that I fully agree with you as
to the measure of your duties. Go on,
and let the governor, when the same dan
gers threaten the peace of his state, go on
in a conscientious discharge of his duties
to the humblest as well as the proudest
citizen, and I will give every aid for
which I can find law or constitutional
power. The government that cannot
give protection to the life, property and
all guaranteed civil rights in this coun
try the greatest of which is an untram
meled ballot to the citizens is in so far
a failure, and every energy of the op
pressed should be exerted, always within
the law and by constitutional means, to
regain the lost privileges and protection.
Too long a denial of the guaranteed rights
is sure to lead to revolution, bloody rev
olution, where suffering must fall upon
the innocent as well as the guilty. Ex
pressing a hope that the better judg
ment and co-operation of the citizens of
the state ?ver which you have so long
prodded so ably may enable you to se
cure a fair'trial, and. pjuiishinent of all
the offenders, without distinction tif race
of color ox prenaus'conditionr, and with
out aid from the. federal government.
but with the promise of such aid on the
conditions named in the foregoing, l sub
scribe myself, very respecttully your
obedient servant. U, o. Grant,
To Hon. D. II. Chamberlain, Governor
of South Carolina.
How to Keep Your Husdand's Love.
Gale Forest, In Cincinnati Times.
Make up your mind, from the begin-
ing, that wnatever Happens, you wiu
never lose your individuality, nor give
in one iota to his opinion ; air your dif
., . f M 1 !tl
ferences upon every possible occasion ; it
will teach him to respect you, and fur
nish unlimited food lor the gossips
After the honeymoon is past, and be
fore, if you think it necessary, grow siacK
in regard to your personal appearance,
and, if he has any remarks to make, tell
him " that you didn't know when you
married him that he was able to dress
vou like a queen, and you hadn't dis
covered it vet. for the matter of that ;
but, if he wished you to set up for a
aueen. vou are ready and willing to do
it. As it is. as you are obliged to do the
work of servants, you claim the privilege
of looking like them ; if he has any ob-
ieetion. vou shouldn t object to his
hirinar a eirl."
If his love does not seem to oe growing
' . . . , .
greater under this management, become
careless about your house and inform
him. if he remonstrates about it, that
" vour house is not a palace that you are
aware : if vou bad a home such as you
alwavs imacined vou should be mistress
of you should, probably, take same de
light in keeping it looking nicely ; as it
is, you can t see tne use in it.
When at nome De in tne yoiues con
tinually ; look on the dark side of every
thing : never give your nusoana a word
of encouragement from one year's end to
another, but proshesy his eternal ruin.
financially, upon every available oppor
tunity, in view oi wnicn get every
cent you can lrom him to make a show
away lrom home.
Lndeavor to get up a flirtation with
every man you meet in society, ihe
xemarks he will hear concerning your
conduct will certainly nil him with un
At the same time be frantically jeal
ous of him and (rive him to understand
that you don t trust him when out ot
vour sicht. bo exalted an opinion oi
his honor can not but make him even
tually worthy of vour utmost confidence.
When he coes out of an evening for
- : i r i . a. a
business or pleasure ana iaiis to arrive at
home at the instant upon wnicn you
have mentally fixed for his return, bolt
up the house and compel mm to arouse
. . ... , 1 r
the entire neignoornooa oeiore you open
it. Such wifelv conduct win un
doubtedly put him into a remarkably
Snnh him and tvraninze over him in
tht Tiresence of his bachelor friends, be
fore whom he is solicitous of appearing
n the most enviable man in existence,
and to whom he is particularly anxious
to rehearse the delights ot benedictdom.
The mortification he will feel at the frus
tration of his laudable desire will most
assuredly produce a reaction in your
favor. . .
Should all other means seem likely to
fail, become most hopelessly attached to
your dear parents, and if they reside in
different city lrom tnat in wnicn you
live, spend all the time you jiossibly can
with them, making life dismal while
vou are at home with moans becauso
you can't see your dear parents every
day. Should your husband manifest
any dissatisfaction with this, open a
private deluge at once and tell him that
you never knew before that you had
married a brute. Such affecting devo
tion to your parents must surely inspire
him with unquenchable love and ad
miration. But if, with the rest of the
programme, it doesn't appear to do so
after a dozen years or more, don't give
up in despair, but keep trying, and in
the end you will accomplish something.
ERUPTION OF TOLCANOES.
Tne Heal faaie Willi a Sfyatery The
The Revue Scientifique of July lst.con
tains an interesting chapter, quoted from
a work on volcanoes by M. K. Fuchs.
The author, after reviewing all the dif
ferent theories hitherto in vogue, dis
tinctly repudiates the notion that vol
canoes are in communication with the
center of the earth. The real cause of
eruption, he says, is still a mystery. The
modern hypothesis, which supposes the
center or tne eartn to De boiiu, uui en
veloped by a stratum ef rocks in a state
of aqueous fusion, over which lies the
hardened crust we inhabit, answers pret
ty nearly to the facts brought to light
by recent investigation. It is not to be
doubted that eruptions are owing to the
struggle between the vapors contained in
the volcanic focus and the Jmasses of
lava that stop their issue. These will
absorb a large quantity of the former,
but in the end they get saturated, and
the remaining vapors force a passage to
the terrestrial surface. The origin of
these vapors is stated to be the sea,
which provides the volcanic focus with
the requisite steam. In. support of this
view, the author points to tlie fact that
active volcanoes are almost exclusively
situated near the sea coast. Out of one
hundred and thirty-nine that have had
eruptions since the middle of tiie last
century ninety-eight are insular, and
nearly all the others are close to the
coast. Another argument in favor of
the infiltration of sea water is this: that
the chemical constitution of volcanic va
pors comprises all the substances that
distinguish sea water from fresh, and
even in the same proportions. The real
volcano is the invisible focus situated in
the entrails of the earth, and not the
merce rater exposed in view. The moun
tain is nothing but a sort of chimney,
formed by and for the passage of the
lava, and it enoloses a vast space, where
the lava accumulates from time to time
until it is exploded by the steam. We
may here state that these views coincide
with those explained by Dr. Montucri
in his Questions Scientifique, in which
he considers the various focuses of vol
canic activity as so many "ulcers" of
the terrestrial globe, and not reaching
further down than a couple of miles be
low the level ot the sea.
The Depth of Mining Shafts.
IViltimore Araei ican.
Twenty years ago the deepest mining
shafts in the world reached only about
2,000 feet below the surface. The very
deepest, we believe, was a metalliferous
mint in Hanover, which had been carried
down to the depth of 2,290 feet. The
deepest perpendicular shaft to-day is the
Adalbert shaft in a silver-lead mine in
Prizibram, in Bohemia, which has reached
a depth of 3,2S0 feet. The attainment
of that depth was made the occasion of a
three days' festival, and still further no
ticed by the striking off of a large num
ber of commemorative silver medals of
a florin each. There is no record of the
beginning of work on this mine, although
its written history goes back to 1527.
Quite recently an elegant commemora
tive volume has been written and printed,
which is most interesting to those who
have a taste for either the actualities or
antiquities of mining industry. There
are two ether localities, however, where
a greater "depth has been reached than at
the Adalbert shaft, but not in a perpen
dicular line, lhese are: 1. Ihe liock-
salt bore hole, near Sperenburg, not far
from Berlin, which a K'W years ago had
been bored to a depth of 4.175 feet. 2
The coal mines of Viviers Remus, in
Belgium, where the miners bvshaft-sink
ing, together with boring, have reached
a total depth of 3,542 feet. Turning from
these two mines, no shaft in unbroken
perpendicular line has as yet exceeded
the depth of 3,280 feet. Although the
depth to which the shafts enumerated
have penetrated into the interior of the
earth in the art and practice of mining
may appear mighty, and may be an ex
pressive witness of the great progress
made in mining pursuits, yet on the
other hand, the above results may be
considered insignificantly small when
we compare them with the extent of the
earth's crust and the diameter of the
earth. The deepest borehole in the world
is the artisan spring at Pottsdam, in
Missouri, which reaches a depth of 5,500
What Men ffeed Wives For.
It is not to sweep Ihe house, make the
bed, darn socks and cook the meal,
chiefly, that a man wants a wife. If
this is all, when a young man calls to see
a lady, send him into the pantry to taste
the bread and cake she has made; then
send him to inspect the needle-work and
bed-making, or put a broom in the
young lady's hand and send him to wit
ness the use. buch things are important
and the wise young man will quickly
look alter them; but what the true man
want3 with a wife is her companionship,
sympathy and love. The way of life has
many dreary places in it, and man needs
a companion to go with him. A man is
sometimes overtaken by misfortune; he
meets with failure and defeat ; trials and
temptations beset him, and he needs one
to stand by and sympathize. He has
some hard battles to figlit with jioverty,
enemies and sin, and he needs a woman
that, when he puts his arm around her,
he feels he has something to fight for.and
that she, being a true woman, will help
him to fight; that she will put her lips
to his ear and whisper words of counsel.
and her hand to his heart and impart in
spiration. All through life, through
conflict and victory, through adverse and
through favoring winds, man needs a
woman's love. His heart yearns for it.
A sister's or a mother's love will hardly
supply the need. Yet many seek for
nothing further than success in house
work. Justly enough, half of these get
nothing more ; the other half, surprised
beyond measure, have gotten more than
they sought. Iheir wives surprise them
by bringing out a noble idea in marriage
and disclosing a treasury of courage,
sympathy and love.
The Washington Monument.
It is estimated that it will take $450,-
000 to complete the Waahintrton monu
ment on the present plan, ihe bill re
cently passed by congress appropriates
zl"j,uw to tne won, in me exjwcmi.nu
that the remainder will he raised by
DODular contributions. There has been
exnended on it np to this time f285,000,
When completed the monument will be
hicrher than anv other monument, obe
lisk, dome or spire in the world, as the
following comparison snows:
Cheop's pyramid in Egypt 480
Landshut (spire), Germany 465
Strasburg (spire), Germany 468
St. Peter's (dome). Rome 457
St. Paul's (spire), London 365
Capitol (dome), Washington 306
Bunker Hill monument, Boston 221
Washington monument, Baltimore 191
Washington's National monument,
All the year round, Sheridan's Cav-1
airy Condition Powders should be given to
horses tnat are "Kent up." 10 noraea ana
cattle that graze in summer they should only
be given in winter and spring.
Pentet!06T & Haypks, Panora, Iowa.
wrote March 27. 1876 : " We have sold Shal-
lenberger's Ague Pills lor eight years, and
have no failure to cure reported." In view
of uch facta why Buffer? ONE dollar will
cure you. us uosk eiops we emus.
a : . . , . i 'ii
Officers and soldiers" who served in
the army, physicians, surgeons and eminent
men ana women evcrywnere, loin in recom
mending Johnson's Anodyne Liniment to
be the bet internal and external family med
icine ever invented. J nat s our experience.
At our reauest, Cragin Ac Co., of Phil
adelphia, Pa., have promised to send any
of our readers gratis (on receipt of 15
cents to pay portage), a sample or Dob
bins' Electric Soap to try. Send at once.
The "Honaekveaer" r Oar Ucalth.
The liver is the great depurating or blood
cleansing organ of the system. Set the great
housekeeper of onr health at work, and the
foal corruptions which gender in the blood
and rot out, as it were, the machinery of life,
are gradually expelled from the system. For
this purpose Dr. Pierce's Uolden Medical
Discovery, with small daily doses of Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Purgative Pellets, are pre
eminently the articles needed. Tbey core
every kind of humor, from the worst scrofula
to the common pimple, blotch or eruption.
Great eating ulcers kindly heal tinder their
mighty curative influence. Virulent blood
poisons that lurk in the system are by them
robbed of their terrors, and by their perse
vering and somewhat protracted use the most
tainted system may be completely renovated
and built up anew. Enlarged glands, tumors
and swellings dwindle away and disappear
under the influence of their great resolvents.
Sold by all dealers in medicines.
"Claude, a child about three years old,
was greatly afflicted with aorea on his legs
and feet, so that he ceuld not wear his shoes
and stockings. IId a great deal of trouble
Trith him. Had tried many remedies inef-
fectually. At laet we tried the Golden Med
ical Discovery, and in about three weeks he
was entirely cured, his sores were all healed,
and health much improved.
Respectfully yours, J. w.hoi rw,
Vermillion, Edgar Co., 111., Jan 29th, 1875.
Save, Permanent and Complete I
AVilhoft's Tonic cures Chills and Fever,
Dumb Chills and Bilious Fevers those Tit
ans that kill their thousands where this rem
edy is unknown. It cures enlargement of
the Spleen. It enres Hypertrophy of the
Liver. It hurts no one. It curea all types
of Malarial Fevora and is perfectly protective
in all its effects. Try Willioft's ionic, tne
great infallible Chill Cure. G. K. FiNLAY
& Co., Proprietors, New Orleans.
For sale by all Druggists.
Pimples on the face, rough skin
chapped hands, saltrheum and all cutaneous
affections cured, the skin raue aox ana
smooth, by the use of Juniper Tar Soap.
That made by Caswell, Hazard & Co., New
York, is tlie oniy kind that can be relied on,
as there are many imitations, made from
common tar, which are worthless.
Tetter, salt-rheum, scald-head, etc.,
will certflinlv vield to the creat alterative ef
fects of the egetine.
Mart who are suffering from the effects of the
warm weather and are debilitated, are lvloil by
physicians to take moderate amount of whisky
two or three times during the day. In a little
whHe those who adopt this advice frequently in
orease the number of " drinks," and in time be
come confirmed inebriates. A beverage which
will not create thirst fir intoxicating liquors, and
which is intended especially for the benefit of de
bilitated persons whether at home or abroad, is
Dr. Schenck's Sea Weed Tonic Containing the
juices of many medicinal herbs, this preparation
doea not create an appetite for the intoxicating
cup. The nourishing and the life-supporting prop
erties of many valuable natural productions con
tained in It and welt known to medical men have
a most strengthening influence. A single bottle t
the Tonic will demonstrate its valuable qualities,
For debility arising from sickness, over exertion
or from any cause whatever, a wincglas.sful of 8ca
Weed Tonic taken after meals will strengthen
the stomach and create an apetite for wholesome
food. To all who are about leaving their homes,
we denire to aay that the excellent effects of Pr
Schenck's seasonable remedies, s-a Weed Tunic
and Mandrake Pills, are particularly evident when
taken by those who are inluiioiiHlv affected by
change of water and diet. 'o person should IcHve
home without taking a supply of these safeguaida
along, ror rale nv all iimgists.
E. J. HART ft t'O, Kra. 7:t, 75 and 77 Tchoupi
toulaa St., Kew OrleaDs, Wholeaalo Agents.
PROOF: PROOF!! PROOF!!!
Pr. TfTT: Pear Sir. We wish to Inform you that
vour Hair live excels all others, ror its naturn
coloring it cannot be equalled. Our customers will
use no other. It is a grest triumph.
ANTHONY nA4S,( Uurlrs,
CHAS. HOHN, I New Orleans,
Flour- $ 4
Bacon Clear Sides
Hay Best 22 00
Whisky Common 1 00
Kobertson County 1 75 t4
Bourbon 5 00
Lincoln County 1 75 (rfy
Highwines 1 13 (a)
Cotton Ordinary.- 7Kfa)
Good Ordinary..; 954
Low Middling 10(0
Seeds Clover. 8 60
German Millet 60 (u)
Missouri Millet 1 75 p 2
Hungarian 1 75 (t 2
Buckwheat, lit bush... 1 75 (y) 2
Flour $ 3 75 7
Wheat Red and Amber.. 1 00 Od 1
Corn Sacked 48 (7$
Oat 37 ($
Hay Timothy 15 00 (i
Pork Mess 21 00 (Q 21
Baoon Clear sides 12oi
Potatoes Irinh, bbl... . 1 60 (c$ 1
Cotton Middling 11 (74
Flour '. $ 4 50 (a)
Corn 63 ($
Oats 38 (ffl
Hay. 17 00 ($
Pork 22 25 (Vfl
Molasses. 35 ($
Whisky- 1 II (70
Cotton 11 (y)
21 oo yx
20 00 (7i
ITFKKK. IMt'limirpY't. Write
0I,l,I.V-i (l.,a ImiNui IMhi-pN.I
our Auger Itook. l.S.AugerC
f The best in the
world hend for
Auger Co., fct. Louis, SI o.
I I rU. Hll.CllKK'8
Ixterral FILE Bfmedy.
I Lull us
lie onlv sure cure for I'lle
irner fi prrl tr-Hllv prove
thf pl.lulr ihnt AtiAHi-mr'
ili receipt nf a lellur Mump.
II w rlsilii lor It. Kn will.
send to any sufferer s ssinple 'ffbe A nke.(B" free
of elm r re. - P. nil NTAKIITI.K or 4 St..
noie jiu,timm-Tiirt-rei AiKeis.
ISoxitOia. Nrtr York.
If your child is sufferine from worms,
use Dr. W ishart a Worm ova a u Droph,
an old and reliable remedy, that never
fail in thoroughly exterminating thene
pests ot childhood, iieuig maae in toe
ioim of Sup-ar Drops, having neither the
taste r Mnell of medicine, no trouble is
experienced in inducing children to take
them. Sold by all Druggists at 25 ct. a
box. or sent by mail on receipt ot price,
at the Principal Depot, yi( rilbeit
Street, Philadelphia, Pa,
Mr. II. R. Rtkvkrh:
Vrtrh'ir Thin tnloihow ttmt my son vm tnlum nlk
In Janunrr. 1M. with -rofiiU. which en mo out in
In rare nor and hIcito on htn I fir ud liio. II m Iptr -
welled more than t wi it natural niaw. He had v.
ral d- rtors. of lifirli Mnriitiff in their prof-Nlon two
from HoMton and thr- fr in ha lonton without g-ir-
tine a lit lM-ttr. lie w- nhiifl to lt wherever h
wnh placd, for h had no tine of n limk haterer.
M hen we had iiven no all hoot-n of his livine we were
told to trv VK(iRTl ft., the fcreat Mood remcdr ; and
he had taken it but a short time before w ronld e. a
Kreat change. The eoren rtia no had that we had to
chanee the riothn four or Ave time a day. Mill, he
wan jrettme better ; for he ronld move hii limln and
help himself a little. He wan --en ahle to nit up in
1mm' and.hvrfinatant nee of VMiKTI NK. It h nam red
him. He has a lame Jetr, which he will pretml'ly have
for life hut we all honeatjy eneTe n we hal uo.I
ftra it wmiM have aaved the ne of him if a. and m.
VWiVT N K Irfffore we had oot tiered with thoee doc.
atorea it to natural health I hope all thrwe I rotiMed
with Hi-mtulA will read thia trntimony of me Mnd niv
aon. who la now wen, ann buipto !-. ior iitmitpii.
' CATHAKINK MA HONEy.
r..wrir, u i uiil-iv
19 Trenton Strnet, Cliarlmlown, If ass.
May 10, 1OT3.
The alKve plsin tint honest statement ronrtnsivelv
hows the nnirk aril thorough cleanslug eOecta of
the VEUKTIAC in Dcroiuia.
vrnFTINE Is acknoweljrel t.r all cIhssmi ot rmn.
pie to be tha best and moot reliable blool purl tier In
i ue wonu .
IT R Hrrvtsl:
Itrar Sir In eipresalnt mv tha nks to yon for bene.
fits derived lrom the iisi
eflt others. I will state :
r yon '
d tO It'll
When isht or niii hh old I was mirtrl with
-crful. woicd mnfie tim uppearanr tu air ryt-.
fce dJ tientl. sn1 1 wm verf nr .'Hi., for two
year. All klnas of orrationn were performed on mr
eye mod all to no food reault. Finally the diHa
nrinriDallv Mttlwl in idt ih v. Itniba and ftt- and
I t time iu an agKrarated way.
Laat anmineT I wu, from aoine canne. weak in mv
anine and Kiineva. mo 11 waa at iima trrv harrJ t
retain the oiitt. Keying your adTertiaenit-nt in the
Cmmmertial. I bousht a oott'e of VKGtTINK. and
commenced 01 njr arcordinv tn direction. In two or
three dava I obtained great relief. A fer umno- four
or ft bottle I notirea it naa a wonderful eft t o
the ronj?h, anilv Motrhea on nir hody and Iim. I
still used VM.F;TI r., and Ihe hmnorotis sores one
and I attribute the curs of the two diseaaos to Vfetj-
after erother dlaaDDearetl until they were all hum.
,.T1 N K. and nothlnc else.
it I am ever affected with anything- ot the kind
edy. llnremnreareept my thauka, and believe ute to
.-.it i.i..iiir.vi:t:i:TIMIlutliAii l,h,u.i.i.......
lie, y ery reapec-iiiuiy.
No. 3.'. (Jano Btreet. Cilit iuiiati. O
Dec. 1. 1872.
Vegetlne is Sold by all Druggist
1000 BOLD LAST 6EA80S J
wTrnouT 0XK TAILCEE OB BEJXCTIOS 1
"swept tha field " and created anch a revolution In V
trade, by Its MATCHLESS Obaw-Saviko ab Time-Sa
!f . 1 - - ..VAN
v y ;,.rn mi?
THE ENORMOUS WASTAUK of grain, so bttrUitis
frith other H'tlm of Tlirmbora, can be SAVED I y th-.a
Improved Uachine, mfHrtmt, on atvrgr job, lo more tliart
pay all txptnte of uirunlilng.
flax, timothy, millet, httkoaiuam
lite seeds are thresh t-d, epn&rated, cleaned arid sevi -i
aa easllv and perfectly aa M beat, Oats, Bye or DotIpv.
AK EXTRA. PRICE la usually paid tor grain and
fteeds cleaned by thia machine, for extra cluanlineea.
IN THE WET OII.M1 of lSTii. these were snl.tt--
tially the ONLY MAtllllKKS that eonl.l mn with pit it
01- economy, doing f.u-t, thorough and iicrlett vui
when other utterly failed
ALL GRATX, TIME and MOXFT wnstlns: rmr-Uc
tlona, alien aa "iinotess aprons, "iwuan-s, -iK-nirm-'
Pickers," etc, are rntirclti dispeiueH with; Via tlma
one-half the usual Ctors, Belts, Boxes, and Jonrtisln;
easier managed; more durable; light rnD-.iing;tioconf-lyrenalra;
no dust; no" litterings" to clam up; vet
troubled Dy eaverao wincu, mm ui
FHMTE9 and OltAIK BAISFRS who aro fmr
Jr the large saving tnaile hy it will not empU-y li.if
i-'ct and wasteful machines, bnt will intitt on this
mproTed Torwhor doing their worn.
FOUR BIZE3 made for 6, 8, 10 and tz Horse,
Fcwera, Atoo a loeclalty of brrASATOl-s, designed
ud mad KxpaEasLT roa stkam powir.
TWO STYLES OF HOKSB POWERS, tItli onr lm
proved "Triple uear.-ana oor --rrnr ii-iu
bury Style), both " Mounted " on omr wheels.
JF ITfTEIlESTED Threshing or Grain Jfnlninf .
apply to our neareet Dealer, or write to ua for lllimir.
ted Circular (sent trt glvlDg full particulars tf ttrot,
Styles, Fritea, Terms, etc.
jsichola, Shepartt a vo.f
BATTLE PREEK, MICH
ve- r . "jfir ;'
ATJD PHCENIX GIN.
Guarantee.! to lie nnierior to nny in tlm
market. Maiiuluctiireil ly
mUH), KMUSOS I CO.
fVTt1 fir d'-ietlpttv mrcul.r.
Tarrant's Scli.ir .trwt
ly properly 1' railed the" Hi
fin It rlinn-l-n Nntilli-'s niliriiil
the rri lipemtive p.ivii l B nl the
... In,,. It 1 1 ii till
-rules " l I""1" i'"'.
,ll,li. hii.I ll"
M, in to .1" lb'- "'k
hi lite rill' : Niiliite
1..1.. i ll'.. TIlIM H lll-ril-llt I'lH-IH tl
in,.,. Hie tun. tl, Hi" Hie in tlnilli'il t
work, ami the pntn iit b-Ih w 11.
M)!,n BY ALL Mtl AGISTS.
fttr rmrm t. Il '"i
MlM hny t"H(i . I .
tny other Jrm, oU li-o
, i,, m nV.t, ,ir.
. i.-f ct it- fr,'.- i'iwi -,r
fitli.f ,n- A-t-tr...
f, r.UtlVHr,- K Jtifl-Ii
',. Alrnv, N V. W -ii-teml.l'lt.
N". Ii, W.t I' ll
, t'lni-iwr". HI wilh-ii.-n
A ,.ini., N.M Louw, Mu.
lb. baj briogl MUcr
In IN 17.
I'ltrrlv .tl Ml tiiil.
Annnl fa.h I'lvi.leiliU hI1. Me to rri.ll.e I te.
miHnis the second year. I'olt. n l -f"t -Hsl'le l ;t
their value. Endow mem Polities iKiied tit l.il
ltHles. BAj1I.K ,. IH'KV, I're.iilent.
fAMTEL t. r K'KKS Vi. e-I'ri-M.leiti.
II. f. KTKrilKNS, :'.i Vire-rrtm.leiil.
JAS. WE III MASnM. A. tinny
IIKNIIV M STIK. Kerrelitrv.
Aaeuts wonted in nil the t e.t, rli Sti.ti .'il hliei
term.. Apilito J. W.niKi.m.! Jr
Mli t of Ainu t ',
No. 3.1 Went Thire !!., flnrlliliHtl,
LTHAT MACIC NAME! .
h 111,11,-. the il.lliU'lii-lil i.r 'lie w.irlil whelee
!,.- .1. AI.KM H V. ! every .iiete .. n il
I. i 'niw.h-. I. He- he, I t.iilrtloii d
JrnruaK pnm-s-oiily ".. '!
end our cph-inliil illustrated tirriilin. Ilntl it
i.iiIm ll nny tin r nook, e'-nt iree. s rite t om e ;
or, n in b:..-le to wmk. m-mI tl.tn fur Irll otilM l"i
it and in..(..T hue I k n.ll.. to Kelillil.e MililK-f,
I.IVIXIiSTOMt'K I I HI IKHIItH. M. LollIM, Sin.
TOR CHILDREN TEETHING.
AGENTS WANTED r;zn:VZH:
THE HOME OF GOD'S PEOPLE.
I WO fffn. 17 i.f'rri inf. nvhi. ; t5.'"' rnri
alrv-nHv jmiM jin l il'-imui'l im ri itninir. A m
ftiM la firnt "(. Kf-nl lr ni ilt fnr t I
rtrviiliir, nii'1 iin.t 1IIth trim- to I' "
wri t. i n.. Ht . lifiiN.
r AGENT JWANUnrORi HE CKEAT
It sells fitster limn ny other lunik ever puhlbdiet.
One Agent sold .l ro ies In tine diiv. Wend fur our
extra terms to Anentit. 1atiiiai. I'i'iilimiimi "
ht. Iiouis. Wo.
A B 0 OK for the MILLION.
MEDICAL ADVICE .Aitere'te-Kv.::.:::!
t. 'if unit. It npi lire. Omujo llu bit. A.e ht.S'l t ou i ii-,;k
ol stamp. Aililress,
lT Units llnprr-flry N . VI .1. Hi. si , Ml l.nio
K VfTTTPT TV Your nsme printed on BOTrsn
I f!U V lL I I liarrnl f'anls, ronlmtiim;
seen when held to the ltlit, t .1 ! .i'iik I i-lit "
Ii lid ! r rents : 6 park ft unities. l. no oilier i n r
printer I-SS the Slime. A eenlK w tinted J on Ml' tl I .
I'snl Inter. !. It Rni l. Aslilnisst. IMre-i
Ihe choieeet In tlie world -1 mpoi'ei
prttes l.iirtiest I otnpiuiy In Allielli--
stnple artiele plesM ever) lii. lv - I'rnde rontiiniulil'
increasing; A rents y me, eyeiy where liesl i'1'l''-,'--nielllK
don't Waste 1 1 III" send fi-retlrlltlir III Kith 1
W K.I. I.I. 4-t Ve.ev -I.. N.V. I . '7-
It- I -Hla1rrtt- fwr-t,rAit
hi , miI Irrt l ftl I't- turf
il- it ., r k,P,ei i r-vi-
r I ...ll st Hi 1 -r Hf . 'tt
I A - -i. K-liMi.t.f.1 1"
1 A-l Ws-f, Visit riB, It
a ii. m'n'fiMi -i'.'
IIAIIIT l HKP AT IKHll..
piihll'-itr. lime Mum.
i-ni IIMMll-IHte, I, is ni-.i
tilHls. lHM-rtlie ease.
Hr. K. K. Marsh, lnini y, M'-li
MINI) Ilea, linn, rsyrhomatiry. KssrltiHt o n. rm:i
t'harmiiix. Mesmerism, and Marrta 'e l,i,,ile,
linslni how either si x limy Ihsi itinti- mill, tne l""
and afleetimi of any person they l,,ve ii.twollv
paa-as.hy mail. c. II 1ST 4 t o., LIU B. 7111 r-l.. i
and Morphine habit absolutely an I
speedily i nred. Painless; no pulilli i; .
bend stainn for pnrtleulnra. Ie. ' i "
i- IM7 Waahllirton ht.. fllh i,l
A MO VI" 1 1. Ak-enls wauud
where. liuttnens uononil
Fartleiilnrs sent I ret",
WOKTII A CO.. M.
Ad In u
tVATCIIKS. A Great .Sensation. .Sn-'V'S
WnUh and Chi'rtt free tn A'irnI: Hctt'-i l"
Adil.ess A. t Oi lIKII A hlniKo.
A IV ni'ide with Ti PM,
Mliainv I.ms-iii ur. '-etnl tor
r-vtali.Kie. .HillN T. CIIKIttKY.
ami. K-urth rtieet. Ht. I qui.. Mo.
N KnU'rlh lea III the world
UJdJU lre. JtV UHtK'
wanted. 3l bel sellinK
t Ine sh in fie Iti-e. Ad-
ai. Iieirutt. Wish.
PeravMilh. Airents Wanted. BiwtnesaMwiw-
rasa, A. O. ai.uuiun A Co., Otic Id.
iMTTSllvs. nernislietit. fsrlli lr lis
a ... 1
ZU gtmp (or circular. K. M. Hotline, Inttmoi.f.'rMM'l
OVKHYdeirable NKW ak I it'l.r.n 101 as -Mfr'dby
O.J. Caswell ft Co., n.ftil.irf. un.
a day at home. Agent wautcl. Outfil ,v terini
free. Address Tu 4 Co.. Auuueta. M-"'-
roatablo, Plrwajaot wor; hundred"
1 ie, Ha
ployed; hundreds more wanted. M N le-seu.
ttrntOndyl bom. Hamiilea wot in i
$3 10 JZU 'ree. BUN SUN 4 tX..Por'bd
ot'.li 1 sea
-asr -wr v a u n wwrn aVaU V
YV .La -a .heae.er.lr--;'-
. M. I. -
- . a mr l . ara 1 1 J laaaai to
IrVe. 1. lay al-ss Hpi-le.a.. ..' 1 . roll si-1
Baa, tout aod avs.ii Umtevua, J.
y - t v
lttru.k WIIV Hmlm Tl- r Ul eDCSPW
THE PENH MOTlIT
Life Insurance Co.,
girin I Tf-aiTw -f