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HERALD AND MAIL
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22,1876.
''The thanks of the Nation are due to
Congressman Whitthorne, of Tennessee,
Chairman of the Naval Committee," is
the way the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading
paper of the North, speaks of our distin
guished Congressman, "for the great
skill, patience, industry and impartiality
with which he has conducted the investi
gations of his very able committee into
the naval frauds of the Government.'
Now, wouldn't it be a shame to keep
such a man at home?
The Brooklyn Eagle is worthy of the
proud name of the emblem bird when it
pa s this noble compliment to the "im
mortal W. C. Whitthorne:'' "Hb HAS
karnkd iioxor in history, for as
long as this land shall have a
ITlSTORY, ON ACCOTJUT OF THE COCR
AGE, TENACITY, AND VIVID INTELLI
GENCE WITH WHICH HE HAS REPELL
ED ALIKE THE THREATS AND BLAN
DISHMENTS OF ENTRENCHED RINGS
WHICH, WITH THEIR MEN AND METHODS,
UE HAS TUT IX THE PILLORY OF OONs
demxahon forever." Wheu stran
gers, and his late enemies, speak thus of
our Congressman, what would the world
think of the 7th Congressional District
it were to keep him out of public life.
S07. FOSTER'S SPEECH.
Opening of the Gubarnatorlal Campaign
Portsr, Thomas, Yardley, aai Maney,
Gov. Porter opened the Gubernatorial
Cumpaigu at Lebanon with the following
Fellow-Citizens of the county
of Wilson: Two years ago I was hon
ored by the Democratic party ot lennes
see with the nomination as the candidate
for the olliee ol Governor of the State
The people ratified that nomination at
tin; tialloNbox, and I have labored to per
ioral the high duties with which 1 am
charged with courage and fidelity; again
I am before you with my party endorse
nieut as a candidatp for reflection, and
I propose to-day to give you an accoun
of ihe.administration of the State Govern
nieut lor the past two years, io you
alone um 1 responsible, you alone can de
mand of me a statement of my official
conduct, but before I render it let me call
your attention to the circumstances un
ier which 1 addressed you two years ago.
Then I was confronted by au opponent of
experience and ability, the leader ot the
Republican party of Tennessee, who was
endorsed and recommended by his party
in convention. Behold the change a
party once confident and aggressive has
u'laudoued its organization in Tennessee
it has lost confidence in its own iuteg
rity, and has abandoned regular political
warfare; it has no trusted leader who will
"cry courage to the field.'' Not one of
them will go before the people and ask
tor a change in the administration of the
State Government: they have confessed
their weakness and fled the field inglo
rious'.y. At the time of my inauguration
1 was environed by difficulties of the gra
vest character, sso Governor of lennes
see was ever so beset by circumstances of
so much embarrassment. Business cf ev
fry character was in a state ot prostras
tion; there was a general failure of the
agricultural productions of the State, and
for the first time in the history of Tennes
see. the producer was reduced to a bare
subsistence; he had no money and noth
ing to exchange tor it; commence was
gone, and universal bankruptcy seemed
inevitable. Our people could not escape
the r eiieral tax-gatherer, tor all seasons
are alike to him; but our own Legislature
could, and wisely did, postpone for
vear the collection of the revenues of the
.State. This eminently proper measure
while it brought repose and relief to the
people, added a new. embarrassment to
the of us who had undertaken the ad'
ministration of the State government.
1 here was a borrowed money account
of SOOj.O'K) to be met, a warrant account
of $2ti3,2U0,4!J daily accumulating, the
interest on the school fund to be provided
for. besides the maturing interest on the
State debt. Ordinarily these sums are of
small consequence to a State, but with
un empty Treasury, collections suspend
ed, and clamorous creditors, the amount
was simply appalling: there was but one
resort, and one measure of reliet, and (I
mention it to the credit ot the able Treas
urer and Comptroller) it was adopted
Every dollar that came to the Treasury
was paid out to the creditors of the State,
not a dollar was allowed to rest lor
night, no new liabilities for the State were
created, and by adhering to this policy,
the borrowed money and all outstanding
warrarts have been paid; the school fund
and the interest on State bonds held by
counties ana educational institutions pro
vided for and paid. The State authori
ties were compelled to let the payment of
the interest on the public debt to go by
default. To the otfer to borrow nionev
to meet this liability harsh terms were de
manded and the policy of borrowing
money tor any purpose was abandoned
not to he renewed with my consent, This
conclusion was announced to the credi
tors of the State, in an open letter pub
iished in December last, and copied by
nearly every paper in the State, and at
the same time 1 announced to them that
so soon as the Treasurer could pay off the
outstanding warrants and the balance
then unpaid on the borrowed money ac
count, that he would pay the ins'allments
oi interest one Juiy i, ieit, so soon as
the requisite amount of money was paid
into me i reasury. iouce to tne Creal
tors of the State has been given that the
balances due July, 1874, and January,
lso, with a lull installment due Jnly 1,
17 j, would be paid on the 15th of the
present month, lhis money was levied
by law for the paymeut of the interest on
the State debt, and the officers charged
with its disbursement pay it out in accor
dance with the plain provisions of the
law, and in obedience to the repeated
declaration of the Democratic party that
payment would be made whenever the
State had the ability.
RETRENCHMENT AND REFORM IX
THE STATE GOVERNMENT.
The last General Assembly inaugura
ted this movement in Tennessee, by the
abolition ot two of our State Courts, and
I have caused circulars to issue to the
Clerks of all the Courts in the State for
the purpose of eliciting information that
may warrant the abolition ot several
more of them.
TAX ON RAILROAD.
The railwaj-s of Tennessee are a new
source of revenue. There was levied by.
the State during the last fiscal year,63,
611. 1, and this will be largely increased
with a return of prosperity to the roads
and to the country.
THE ABOLITION OF THEOKUCE OK TAX
The Trustees are now the Collectors as
well as the disbursing acents ol the coon-
tics. Until the passage of this act there
were in the State ninety county trustees,
whose average pay was $980 per annum,
aggregating itao.zw.OO. lhis sum is
saved to the tax payers, and this is only
one of the good results of the passage of
this bill. Before its repeal the Collector
of Davidson County received for the col
lections of the (State and county revenue
$6,000 per annum. The railroad and
special Tax Collector received $3,700.
The city of Nashville paid its Revenue
Collector $6,000. Total paid in one
county for the collection of the revenue,
$15,700. Under the present law the Trus
tee as Collector of Davidson County can
only receive $4,000 with three deputies at
$100 each, making $7,000, or $8,700 less
than was paid under the repealed statute.
I have no data from other counties,bnt
the saving will average one-fourth as
much as this, or $2,175 to the county,
and aggregate, $195,750, and is an actual
relief to the tax-payers, by the passage of
a single act, ot ioJ,7o0.
REDUCTION IN COST JAlL FEES.
The Legislature of 1866 increased the
pay of jailors for the board of prisoners
from forty cents to sixty cents a day. The
last Legislature reduced it to forty cents.
The result has been a large saving to the
State and county treasuries. From De
cember 19th. 1873. to August 1st. 1874,
eight months and a half, the State paid
to iailora for board of prisoners $55,848.-.
90. This is the average under the law of
1866 Under the present statute the
State paid for the same service, from De
cember 19t i, 1876, to August 1st, 1876,
$29,428.63. The saving of the county
treasuries is in the same proportion.
THE COST OF LAND 8ALB8 FOR TAXES,
for the two Tears ending the 19th of De
cember. 1874. was $55,140.41. Of this
gum $27,570 20 was for printer's fees
The act of March. 1875. repeals the stat
ute allowing the printing ot sales of land
for taxes August, 1876, and to that ex
tent the Treasury is relieved.
The pay of jurors was increased by the
acts 1866 and 1867. By the act ot oiarcn
1875, it was reduced $1.50 per day, and
the pay of Justices in attendance upon
the quarterly courts, was by the same and
reduced to $1.50. and the court reduced
to one-half the Justices, saving to the
tax-payers of the State the sum of $30,
000 Der annum. The abolishing the quo
rum courts of the State, and charging the
Chairman of the County Courts with the
performance of its duties, saves to the
taxpayers the sum of $13,392, per ans
num. The annnal appropriation of $2,
500 a year to the (state library was re
duced to $500. The office of Buperinten
dent of Weights and measures was abol
ished; and whenever the Treasury conld
be relieved, it was done and an earnest
given to the people that the Democratic
party is a party of economy and reform
Judicial and executivb expenses
Judical expenses for the past two years
including salaries ot Judges amounted to
about $200,000. The Democratic party
has been criticised for this expenditure,
and especially for increasing the number
of Judges of the Supreme Court. Un
this point I invite your attention for
moment. At the time of the increase of
this court from three to five Judges, it
was an absolute necessity recognized by
every well informed man in the state
The dockets were crowded as they had
never been before, and it was a physical
impossibility for any three Judges' to diss
patch the business ot that court, ibe
three Judges of the Supreme Court, ap
pointed and elected while the State was
under Republican control, in five years
disposed of 3,288 cases. The present
court composed of six Judges, has in six
years disposed of 9.016 causes, or nearly
three times the amount of business of the
court of three Judges. I state the facts
from the record without intending any re
flection upon any one. With this increase
in tee number of Judges, the judicial ex
nensea of Tennessee comnares favorablv
with our sister Htates. Kentucky pays
about the same. Republican Illinois pays
$205,000 per year. California pays $15o,
870. Massachusetts, with about the same
population ol lennessee, pays .izi),tKHJ
per annum, and the State of Pensylvauia
pays for judicial expenses in one year
$478,000, enough after the present year to
defray the entire expenses of our State
Government. I repeat a statement made
recently, that the State Government of
Tennessee is more economically adroinis'
tered than any State of equal population
on the continent. The salaries of the
Executive officers of Tennessee amount to
less than $12,000. Ohio pays $86,000;
Pennsylvania $140,000, and California,
with half the population of Tennessee,
pays her Comptroller and bis clerks $22,
400, more than five times the amount paid
to the Comptroller of Tennessee and his
single clerk. Texas pays Executive sala
ries to the amount of $73,000; Minnesota
$49,615; JNevada $63,000. and we have
population, according to the last census,
nearly equal to the three States last
The State Penitentiary is no charge
upon our State 1 reasury, while in Massa
chusetts, with her great moral ideas, the
State Prison costs the tax-ravers $270.
000 per annum, supplemented by $58,000
paid for a State Detective Force. Ohio
pays for ber State Prison $239,000 per
annum. The difference in regard to any
item of public expenditure is in favor of
OUR LEGISLATIVE EXPENSES.
The expenses of your last General As'
semblv, counted as two years, amounted
to $48,734; Massachusetts paid for her
last session $325.100; Ohio $137,000; Penn
sylvania $434,000; South Carolina, with
a fraction oyeronehalf of the population
of Tennessee, aid $117,606: Illinois
$116,020; Minnesota $77,900; Iowa $52,
ihe dinerence in tne .Legislative ex
penses for the past two years and that of
any period in ten years, is a very marked
one. in iett tne atate paid ioo, in
1867 it paid $l44,885,the next year, 1868.
it was $190,433; for 1869, $76,794; for the
year 1870, $72,209. From October, 1870,
to October, 1871, the Btate paid 46,
033, that was for expenses of one of three
sessions, in two years, of the Legislature
in which Mr. Thomas served as a Sena
tor, against $48,734 for the two years of
the present administration.
Toe expenses of the State Government
are less than they have been in ten years,
and have been steadily decreasing since
the Democratic party was placed in cons
trol of it I speak from a table that I
have taken from the records in the office
of the Comptroller of the Treasury, to
which 1 now invite your attention.
11 he Governor here read a tabulated
statement, proving the above assertions
to be true.
In the column ot expenses of the rres
ent Administration there are special an
propriations for insane asylums in East
and West Tennessee, and for the perma
nent improvement of the school for the
blind, amounting to $56,982.64, which will
not again appear as a charge on the
THE PENITENTIARY LEA8E.
I have been criticised for re fu sine, as
one of the Commissioners.to make a lease
of the Penitentiary in accordance with
the act of the Legislature approved
March 22, 1875; I have no apology to ofs
fer for my action. The act gave the
Commissioners this discretion, to lease.
f the highest bid ottered was satistacto-
to the Governor and Inspectors''
here was no satisfactory bid made. No
bidder, in my judgment, offered money
enough for the labor of the convicts. I
believed then that the net profits to the
lessees were very large. I am now satis-
(fled that paying the rental to the State
I and all other expenses, that the present
lessees have realized as much as four
hundred thousand dollars trom tneir
lease. v ben the present lease was exe.
cuted some such action seemed unayoi-.
dable. The State was paying large sums
lor the support of the . prison and any
measure that would make it self-sustain'.
ing was desirable. The experiment has
been made tuny and fairly; and I am sat
isfied that the system ought not to be con
tinned, and that the present system of
employing convict labor should be aban
doned. I have observed it closely for
two years and am satisfied that it is wrong.
I believe that the labor of the convicts
can be successfully employed so asto
avoid the present general competition
with mechanics and farmers. The State
should defer to the sentiments of a large
ilass ot her best citizens who feel degra-.
ded at this nniversal competition of con
vict labor. It is tbe cause of constant
and increasing irritation, and I will leave
no effort untried to remove it. -
THE ALIEN LAW. .
The last Legislature passed an act on
the 11th of March, 1875, to enable aliens
to acquire, hold and dispose of property,
real and personal, bince its passage a
company from England with whose oper
ations 1 am familiar, has purchased in
the county ot Marion, over one hundred
thousand acres of land, for which, and
for the improvements made, the compa
ny had expended in cash up to tbe last
of July, $332,146. It has in its employ
three hundred men, and is paying out an
average of $30,000 a month. The pas
sage of this bill alone backed by the Ag
ricultural Bureau, has attracted more
capital from abroad than all the legisla
tion for twenty years past.
THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND
The ct eatiou of this Bureau has been
productive of great results to the State.
Through the influence of the publications
of its able Superintendent, within two
years past, more than one million of dole
lars have been invested in the minerals
lands of the State, by parties who propose
to settle their acres with an intelligent
population from the old States of America
and hurope intelligent artisans and la
borers who will utilize the hidden wealth
of our mountains. Our resources have
VI UUa UUUUUI.IIIUO! smsucvui ucaw
been advertised all over thig continent,
and in many parts of the old world. Any
man who has been looking tor a farm,
for a water-power, for a mine of coal,
iron or copper, has had his demand for
information supplied from this Bureau,
and I state it as a fact, the climate, soil
and productions of the Slate of Tennes
see have been more generally and intel
ligently advertised than those of all ot
the States of the South combined
In my message to the last Legislature,
I urged the adoption of a policy that
would show to the honest immigrant that
Tennessee would welcome him "without
regard to his nationality, religion, or pol
ltics, ' and 1 rejoice to know that many
have come to us, and that the recent large
purchases of mineral lands in the moun
tain region secures to the State an in.
crease of many thousands Of intelligent
and industrious people of our population
THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM.
1 need not announce to you that 1 ap
prove it, and its endorsement of lilden
and Hendricks; they arc "men of great
purity, unquestionable integrity and un
surpassed ability as statesmen." Mr,
Tilden carries the spirit of reform every
where, and I believe that his selection
will secure to the country a wise and pure
administration ol the government.
The Democratic party could not do
less than demand a rigid enforcement of
the laws ot the State for the protection of
the persons and property ot all its citi
zens. It is pre-eminently a party of law
and order. Our material advancement
as well as the social comfort of the citi
zens depends upon their maintenance,
and in so far as my actions and utteran
ces as Governor ot the State are involved
they have been in the interest of peace
and for the protection of all classes of
THE DEMONETIZATION OF SILVER
was condemned by our State Convention.
Tbe Constitution of the United States es'
tablishes gold and silver coin as lawful
money in payment of all debts. The act
of of 1792, fixing the relative commercial
value, remained in force until 1827, when
the amount in the silver dollar was
changed from 416 to 4 12 J grains, showing
that silver had increased in value as
compared to gold. This was the law un
til Februrary, 1873, when, by a legislative
trick, the Congress of the United States
passed an act by which one of our con
stitutional coins was demonetized and
this precious metal debased. Why
and for whose benefit was this act passed?
Not for the benefit of tbe masses of our
people, at all, but for the capitalists of the
east and of Europe, who hold the bonds
of the United Suites; Germany, Great
Britain, Japan and the Scandinavian
States have demonetized silver coin
The result has been that its value has
been diminished and a hundred dollars in
silver coin is only worth eiehty-two dol
lars in gold. Our bonded debt is paya
ble in coin, not gold coin but gold and
silver coin; and so soon as the value of
silver coin was destroyed in the States of
Europe, the capitalists of tbe world com
bined to prevent tbe payment ot tbe in
terest on the debt in tbe cheap coin, and
induced a Republican Congress to pass
the act of 1873 in their interest and tcr
their benefit. If the gold was coming to
us we could not complain, but we are
the debtors, and if by the action of other
States and Governments, silver has been
cheapened since we issued our bonds, it
is no fault of our own. We claim the
option of paying in silver coin, of paying
in the cheap coin by which we would
save 18 per cent., or nearly one-fifth of
our indebtedness. If our contracts were
made payable in gold coin, 1 would say
let us keep faith with our creditors, but
since they are payable in coin, they must
accent payment in the cheapest coin:
enin that was hv law a local-tender when
our debts were contracted, a fact well un
derstood by the holders of our securities
when they parchased them
The Convention re-adopted that part
of the platform of 1874 which treated of
tbe rate of taxation, and declared that it
shall not be increased. This accords
with my own convictions and position.
The reason assigned by the Convention
for the adoption ot this policy is recoe
nized by every thoughtful man "because
of depression in business, shrinkage in
values, the prostration of all industries,
and impoverishment of our people, we are
unable to endure ' a higher rate ot taxa
tion. Kecent legislation has lightened
the burthens of the people, and much
more can be accomplished in this direc
tion. 1 recommended to the last Legis
lature the passage of a "law limiting the
incomes cf all officials to a certain
amount, and providing that all fees in ex
cess ot the prescribed limit shall be paid
into the public Treasury." Such a law
would bring a large revenue to the State,
and if it becomes necessary to enlarge it,
let the knife be applied all along the of
ficial line from the first office down to ihe
humblest, aud let practical proof be giv
en to the country that the Democratic
party means reform and retrenchment.
I now propose to discuss the candidates
who aspire to the high office to which you
elected me two years ago. I will take
them in the order in which they have
COL. DORSEY H. THOMAS,
now a citizen of Humpheya county, and
formerly a citizen of the county of Hay
wood, claims my attention first. In tbo
year 1861, this gentleman was a candi
date tor the btate Senate, and issued ttis
heroic circular to his constituents. The
circular to which we refer was issued in
July, 1861, and had reference to the elec
tion to be held in August ol tuat year.
The following is a true copy:
lothe voters ot Madison, lipton,
Lauderdale, and Haywood counties:
As there have been various reports put in
circulation by my enemies to my preju
dice in regard to my position, I thus ad
dress you, I was a Union man in the
strictest sense ot the word until con-.
vinced of the subjugation policy ot the
Lincoln Government; but at all times op
posed to the policy of coercion. Since
that time I have done all in my power to
reconcile the Union men of my county
and ot tbe State to the change. 1 am in
favor of the adoption of the Permanent
Constitution, and will do all that is in my
power to sustain the independence ot the
South.and in every respect will be as loy
al to the new as I was to the old Govern'
I am a Tennesseean by birth, and with
ber and her interests is my fate individ
ually linked. For her honor I am willing
to give my all and oner my hie, it neces'
sary, to sustain it. If the war continues,
1 expect to be tound in the ranks hgbting
for the honor and independence of my
section, where I will be pleased to see all
those that have talked so much but re
fused to go unless honored with an office.
If elected to your State Senate, I shall
do all in my power to correct the abuses
that have crept into your Legislature in
the appropriation of money to improper
purposes, and especially not myself to re
ceive extra railroad mileage.
Dorse v B. Thomas.''
He was not elected, and. consequently,
lost the opportunity of refusing to receive
' extra or railroad mileage," ' but whether
he was "found in the ranks fighting for
the honor and in defense of my section,"
or whether he simply remained at home
and urged the "adoption of the Perma
nent Constitution," history does not tell
us; but the auther of the brave words "I
am willing to offer my life if necessary''
must have supplied material for a Nation
al cemetery ol his own
The "subjugating policy'' lasted four
long years, and after it had exhausted it
I 1UU( J COl Dj QUU a ltd lb 11QU CAUaUDlCU IV-"
I self. Col Thomas became a contestant
for a seat in the Federal Congress, and
made an application lor his pay as a
contestant. Preliminary to this he sub
scribed to the following oath:
"I, D. B. Thomas, a citizen of the
United States, do solemnly swear that I
have never voluntarily borne arms
against the United States since I have
been a citizen thereof; that I have volun
tarily given no aid, countenance, counsel
or encouragement to persons engaged in
avowed hostility thereto.that I have neith
er sought nor accepted, nor attempted to
exercise the functions of any office what
ever under any authority, or pretended
authority, in hostility to the United
States; that I have not yielded a volunta
ry support to any pretended goyernment,
authority, power or constitution within
the United States, hostile or inimical
And I further swear that, to the best
of my knowledge and ability, I will sup
port and defend the Constitution of the
United States against all enemies, both
foreign and domestic; that I will bear
true faith and allegiance to the same;
that I take this obligation freely, without
any mental reservation or purpose ol
evasion. u. $. thomas. '
Sworn and subscribed, this first day of
April, A, D. 1869, before me, Z. Drum
mond.Justice ot the Peace for Humphreys
And filed this amount and executed
this accompanying receipt:
House of Representatives of the United
States, Dr., to Dorsey JJ. Thomas for
"the sum of sixteen hundred and fifty-
eight dollars and eighty cents," under
the Resolution of March 2nd, 1867, lor
time expended and expenses incurred in
contesting the right of Hon. Ham en! M.
Arnell to a seat in the House ot the Ihir-
April 10, 1869: Received ot Edward
McPherson, Clerk of the House of Rep
resentatives of the United States, sixteen
hundred and fifty-eight dollars and eigh
ty cents, in lull of tbe above account.
D. B. Thomas.
To which is appended the following
Register's Office, Augusts, 1870,
Pursuant to the Act of March 3d. 17!I7. en
titled "an Act to provide more effectually
for the Hettlement of accounts between the
L nlted .states and receivers of nublic mon
eys," I, John Allison. Keeister of the Treas
ury Department, do hereby certify, that the
annexed copy of voucher No. 9,403, and tiie
copy of the oath of allegiance thereto at
tached, filed In the account of Edward Mc-
rnerson, merit of the House of itepresenta-
ti ves of the United States, are true conies of
the original on file In this oltice.
John Allison, Register.
Be It remembered, that John Allison.
Esq., who certified the annexed transcript,
is uow,and was at the time of doing so, Reg
ister of the Treasury of the United States.
and that full faith and credit are due to his
official attestations :
In testimony whereof, I, W. A. Richard
son, Secretary of the Treasury ot the United
States, have hereunto subscribed my name.
and caused to be afllxed the seal of this De
partment, al the City of Washington, this
oth day of August, In the year of our Lord
1870. William A. Richakdson,
l. s.J Acting Secretory of the Treasury.
How he will harmonize this solemn
oath with his circular "To the Voters of
Madison, Tipton, Lauderdale and Hay
wood Counties," I will leave to himself.
Hat when he undertakes the task I will
call upon him to explain in addition the
application made to the present Congress
tor payment ot the account paid in April.
1869, and to show his authority for de
manding pay twice for one service.
His Legislative record is not consis
tent with his present position. Now he
is opposed to the payment of any part of
the State debt, but on the 18th of Octo
ber, 1869, he was a member of the State
Senate, and voted for this resolution:
Senate Journal, 1869-70, page 48. By
Mr. Hall: Senate Joint Resolution JNo.
"Whereas. Reckless extravagance on
the part of those who have heretofore
controlled the State Government in
pledging the public faith, by the issuance
of State bonds, has tended greatly to im
pair the public credit, and impart dis
trust to the minds of many as to the ulti
mate payment of our public debt; and,
V hereas, A people who, in all of
their history, have shown a scrupulous
fidelity, commercially and otherwise, to
private obligations, must consider justice
to all public creditors as essential to
the honor and dignity of the State;
"Be it Resolved by the General Assem
bly of the State of Tennessee, That th
people of Tennessee will not signalize
their restoration to the control of public
affairs by sanctioning, in any manner, in-
ditierence to public obligations.
"Resolved, That eapediency, together
with the honor and good faith of the
State, demand that the interest upon the
public debt be paid at the earliest practi
cable moment, and its principal securely
provided tor at maturity: and to these
ends under a careful retrenchmedt and
rigid economy in all other respects the
entire available revenues and resources
of the State should be faithfully applied
as they in honor are pledged."
Mr. Nelson moved to strikeout "reck
less extravagance,'' and insert "previous
legislation," which was accepted by the
The resolutions were then adopted.
In the following February Senate bill
No. 273, to sustain the credit of the State,
was on its third reading. This bill pro
vided for a State tax of thirty cents.
Senator Morris moved to strike out thir
ty cents and insert 10 cents. Mr. Thom
as voted against the motion.
Senator h-lberidce tned to defeat tbe
bill with a motion to lay the bill on the
table. Mr. Thomas voted no, and while
this bill was pending Senator Greene of
fered an amendment to reduce the tax on
polls to seventy-five cents. The amend
ment was laid upon the table, Mr. Thom
as voting for it; the bill passed the Sen
ate, Mr. Thomas voting against the re
duction, of the tax from 30 to 10 cents,
and against the reduction of the poll tax
to 75 cents. This bill was amended by
the House of Representatives and re
turned to the Senate with a provision for
a tax of twenty cents instead ot thirty.
Senator Etheridge moved to concur in
the House amendment and it prevailed
by a majority of 4. Mr. Thomas voted
against it and lost the only opportunity
of his life of voting for a
TWENTY CENTS TAX.
Again, in 1870, at a second session
the State Senate, during the pending
Senate Bill No. 133, to provide revenue
for the State, the bill provided for a tax
of80cent8. An amendment was offered
I reducing the levy to 60 cents. Senator
I Morris offered au amendment reducing it
I to 25 cents. Mr. Thomas voted against
the motion. Me voted against the mo
tion striking out 80 cents and inserting
60 cents, and upon the passage of the bill
his vote is recorded in its tavor. The
condition of the tax-payers oi Tennessee
is as good to day as it was in 1870, and
the very argument that the democratic
party makes to-day in opposition to an
increase of the rate of taxation was made
upon the floor ot the Senate by Senators
Morris. Slaughter and others, when Sen
ate bill 133. providing for a tax of 80
cents, received the support of Mr. Thorn'
as. He was then deaf to the cries ot a
impoverished people. Now his heart
full of love for them and pity for their
calamities, and you will remember that
the Democratic platform of 1874 was re'
cently re-adopted. Mr. Ihomas was
then, in 1874, a candidate for Governor.
His name was placed in nomination af
the adoption of the platform. He was
ready to "accept the nomination with the
resolution annexed" and then cordially
indorsed the policy of the party and sup'
ported its candidate. Why this change?
Mr. Ihomas has a mission. ihe mass
es of all parties," I learn from his Cbarl
ton letter, demand its performance for
the future. He had better heed the ad
vice of Jellyby, ''never have amission my
dear child," and his sleep will be sounder
and sweeter. .But to his letter in which
be announces to the world that he has
a mission. In this letter which will rank
its author with those eminent lette:
writers, Kilpatrick and Fitzhugh, he
savs there are persons "who have been
fattening off tbe people of tbe State as well
as ofi tbe bondholders," who wished to
continue their speculations,' and he had
resolved in the name of the people to
break up their schemes.'' I call upon
you, sir, to tell tbe people of Tennessee
who these speculators are, and who these
robbers of tbe State and bondholders?
Give their names that they maybe known
and punished. If you are a triend to the
people you cannot retuse, unless it is
your mission to stab reputations by
innuendo, ibis is the day of whispered
accusations aud suspicions. Ihe coun
try has sickened of it and demands
names and facts. And tell the country
Mr. Thomas, when it was you became the
champion of the people? Was it when
you voted to levy a State tax of SO cents?
or was it when you voted against Senate
bill o. 40? I read lrom Senate journal
1870-71, page 64: "To exempt $250 worth
of material iu tbe possession ot any me
chanic in the State, who is the head of a
family from sale by legal process." Or
was it when you voted in fayor of Senate
bill No. 88, exempting ail property of
municipal corporations from sale? The
friend of the people! If the humble la
borer shall have a demand against a mu
nicipal corporation for work and labor
done, aud payment is refused, you pros
vide that all the property ot the corpora
tion shall be exempt from levy and sale
But where is tbe exemption lor the labor
er if he is the debtor to the corporation?
Was it for this service in tho interest of
the laborer, the farmer or merchant who
might become creditors ot the corpora
tion, that has caused tbe masses ol all
parties'' to call you out as their candi
date? Or was it for tbe valuable service
you rendered upon the passage of the
bill exempting riw ot wages ot the la
borer from Garnishment? Tell the coun
try how you voted. I charge you with
voting against the bill, and 1 charge that
during your Senatorial career ol three
sessions in two years, amounting to two
hundred and eighty-three days, you did
not vote for a singie measure ot relief or
reform, but that you uniformly in the in
terest of the railroads, the corporations
''moneyed oligarchy,'' as you
The Governor next paid his attention
to Gen. Mar.ey iu very severe terms.
He applied to him Sherman's language
in regard to one of his Generals, who
was always behind and never known to
put his horse into a gallop. He said he
(Maney) was behind at 1 erryville and at
Atlanta, and the gallant record of his
brigade was due to his Colonels. He
said Maney had spent more money per
mile to build a railroad than any con
temporaneous builder in Europe, Asia,
Africa or America.
Thomas spoke an hour and a half. He
made very much the same speech he has
heretofore made at various points. He
insisted that a twenty cents tax is enough
to pay current expenses, and that we
ought to pay no interest now. He said
he was forced to become a candidate be'
cause the iNashvilie Convention wasiun in
the interest of a ring and disregarded ihe
wishes ot "uhe masses. Ibis was tbe bur
den of his speech. His reply to Porter's
showing up ot his record was exceeding
ly lame aud unsatisfactory.
Yardley spoke an hour, ibere was
great curiosity to bear him. He deliver
ed himself very well, and the crowd lis
tened to him with marked attention. It
was something new among the "Cedar
Snags. ' lie denounced as mean, con
temptible and false, the charge that he
was bought up or bought out by Demo
crats, proclaiming himself a represents
tive Republican, lie said he was run
ning because the interest of his race had
been totally disregarded by tbe Nashville
liepublican Convention. He discussed
these interests at length. He opposed
Thomas' twenty cent doctrine, and advo
cated sufficient tax to pay tbe interest on
the State debt.
Maney spoke nearly two hours. His
speech embraced all sorts of topics, from
Porter's administration to the original
rights of man. Your reporter paid close
attention throughout the speech, but is
now wholly unable to tell whether Maney
is a candidate or not. The vast crowd
present seemed to be equally perplexed.
A meeting of colored men is being
held to-night in Maney's interest, to see
;f Yard ley cannot be got off the track.
Governor Porter's speech surpassed
the most sanguine expectations of bis
friends. He completely captured the
It is the general opinion to-night among
Thomas' friends that he will withdraw.
The canvass has opened very
"The unfortunate peculiarities of Geu.
Gram's character." Carl Schurz,
The resolutions passed at St. Louis
and the Syracuse Democrat platform of
1874 were bodily adopted by the New
York convention. On the latter the
Democrats have twice carried the State,
and are confident of their ability to do
again this year. I08011 fost.
Vermont has always been a sort of
Radical Botany Bay, where all the old
nsed-up frauds, all the broken-down po
litical hacks, were sent to air the od
jokes and old speeches, while the orators
were reserved for such close States as In
diana and Ohio. It certainly is very
far from complimentary to Wheeler to
send him speaking in Vermont, where
the State is pretty sure Radical, speech
or no speech. N. O. Democrat.
The Democrats, almost to a man,
have been working energetically for
Hampton, and colored men in all parts of
the State defying intimidation by Radi
cal bullies, have asserted their right to
hear both sides in his campaign, and ac
cordingly, nnder pledges of protection
wherever necessary, they have listened to
Democratic speakers, and thousands of
them are to-day ready to vote for Hamp
ton, reform, prosperity and good wages.
Charleston Journal ot Commerce.
The speech delivered by Mr. Carl
Schurz in Cincinnati last night will be
found in our columns this morning. Mr.
Schurz supports Hayes and Wheeler, not
us a Republican, but what he is pleased
to style himself, an independent, or a
Reformer. Ourtaith in men of this par
ticular class is not strong, and the speecu,
of Mr. Schurz does not tend to strengthen
it. w e do not regard tne speech as a
great success, or one calculated to add to
tbe reputation ot the author as an orator.
It lacks the fire and force of some of his
former efforts, is often prosy, and seldom
strontr. As a campaign speech it will
not be of great service. Globe Demo
I think it is high time to introduce
something better in our politics than old
issues and greed ot tbe loaves and tisbes.
If I do not mistake, the country i gasp
ing for a brighter future, and for letting
alone the record of the past.' To me per
sonally it is of camparatively small con
sequence, as I have pretty nearly reach
ed the end, but for those who come after
me the result still interests me. I regard
this election as the turning point, The
names of the parties signify nothing
the actions of individuals everything. I
believe Mr. Tilden to be both capable and
honest, as well as self-reliant. I know
nothing of Mr. Hayes beyond his good
private character. His letter did not in
crease my confidence in his indepen
dence or his judgment. Charles Fran
South Main Street,
Board, w ?er VJ.
rriairm. btegiea or caddie koreei fnraiiibad or
l,)liratloo to 'lie proprietor,
JAMES L OUEffI
U0NUMENT8 AND T0MB8T0NE8,
All of the best Italian Marble.
Also, I have the Jatest etylee ot Designs.
. fer- All work as cheap as can be done else
there. Manufactory on West Main street,
lear the Institute. mh28y!
THE LAKGEST STOCK IN THE CITY OF . '
STAPLE and FA1VTCY GROCERIES
Old Domestic Whiskies, Freuch Brandies, am uiported Winvn ami Li"
quors. WaT" Special inducements offered to Merchant in want of Huiiidie .
I have a full stock of Buist's Briggs Bro., aut Ferries' New Garden Heeds'
which will be furnished to the trade at Who.eHale Itates. tejjr ChII aud x
amine .Stock and prices. E. W. GAMBLE,
Jan. 14-76-ly. C:r. Maiu aud Mechanic Kts.
Nobly Business Suits,
Stylih Blue Flannel Suits,
Black Dress Suit,
English Worsted Suit,
CASSIMERE COATS AND VESTS!
English and French Cassimere Pants! Cassimeros in the
Piece! All Kinds of Clothing made to Order! Partly
Made Dress Shirts, Best Wamsutta Muslin and Irish Lin
en, Six for 87.50. Finithed Complete, Six for wsl Fine
Hats in all the Latest Styles! Gent's Furnishing of Every
Description, just receivod by
SMITH & METCALFE,
April 11th, 1870 COM'HBIA, TENHEMCK,
lti and North Akhaa Railro.h!
TJtAiyg UOINU SO VTH.
Jan. 30, 187B. No. 3 No. fc
i Daily. Dully.
L.v Columbia 9.5Kam
Ar Pulanlil... 11.21am
" Iecatur - 1.10 am ,
" Birmingham S.uipm
" ( alera .&) pm
" Moutgeniery 8.30)iu ..,
" Hlount HprluKM... 2X1 im
TRAIN No. 1 nmiuvlH Ml DeeHtnr with
MetnphlH A Charleston It. it.; it Culera with
8 R. A p. R. H., at Uuthrie with St. Loalu
A toiitheaulern K'r; at MeKenr.l with
NaHiivllle A NortliweMern K'r; at Mot-
?;omery with Mobile MontKomary It. It.
or IViihhcoIh, Mobilu and New Orleans.
J KAIJN NO. a connects at Decatur nut
and west Willi Memphis and Char
leston Railroad; at Birmingham with
Alabama and CliatfAnooea Hull road: at
Calera with Melina, Rome aud Dalton Kati-
road: at Monluoiuei v with WeMern ItaM-
road nt Alabama), Montgomery and t i-
rauia Kauroau and Mobile and Montgomery
TRAINS UOISG NORTH.
o.4 f No. 6
illy. I Daily
Jan. :), 1S7.
Lv Columbia ; 7.4-1 pm
Ar Frankliu, Ten; H.."1 pin
Ar m. . c Deiot
" Kranklln. Kv.
1.4 1 am
" UlaMgow June.
" Cave City
" Cincinnati Jc
7lNI Mini hi 1 i . ta ''. - .
10.0. a i
' , " .
TRAIN No nniiiu.1. .. vr.-iT... ..C
N. C. A Ht. Loiiin It y Went for Memphln; at
Lebanon June, with Knoxville and Rich
inontl Branched; at Cincinnati June, with
L C. L. K. K. for the North and Kat; at
wnii J . n. ill mi JM1HTH Ir
clnnatl aud with U. A M. K'y and J. ht. A I.
mw. a."i umiunii, CilihtHIKI VHl.
and Irom UlaHgow;-ut Cave City to and trom
Mammrttl. f 'i. . . ... ... t ....... . . ...
V. 1: . 1,1 wiiviiiimii junr. wun
l,. xv. n. lor me oi'th, and Ka; al
Ixuiifivllle with O. A M. and J. M. A J . ll. R,
jur i no ,ionn, t,ai and wexl.aud with D
Mull T Inn L:t .. ... f t .
TRAIN No. S connect at UIhxkow June
to aud fmin UIbkkow; at Cave City to and
from Mammoth Cave; at Cincinnati June
wun u.., uauii. k. lor i lie North and Kaxt
at Loulttville with O. A M. and J.. M. A I. K
R. for the North, Eat, and Went, and with
U. H. Mail Line Hteamera for Cincinnati.
TouriHU will find UiIn rout oilers fcraat
Inducements to thoKe wring to the Centen
nial ExpoNjflon. Direct, connection are
made in Ixiulsville with through cars, tna.
niugilirevt to the Centennial grounds.
hllm Palace Cut Without Chr.ji
Are Ruu between
New Orleans and Louisville,
Via Montgomery on No. 2 aud No 3.
Memphis and Nashville,
For information ahoul Ticket and Kml
grant Rates to Florida, Arkanww aud Texa,
J. N. IJOOKH,
I "ok Ageal.
or '. I. ATM ORE,
Oeu'l Fbkh. A Ticket Ag't,
Jan. 21, 187. LoiiiHvlllw, Ky
BRICKS for SALE !
We keep coiiKtantly on hand, Ht Columbia
and Ml. IMeaxHtit, well humt til ) for Bale.
Columbia yard near the Depot We lire a I -no
prepared to do all klnilx of Rrick Work,
nt I he tthortent notice and on the most liber
Jan.2K-TC-tr. WEAVER BROS.
Having this day Nuggested the iiiNolvency
of Wash Lllett, deci-HMed, to the Clerk of the
County Court of Maury County, TenneKNee,
notice Ik hereby given to nil (m-i-moiim having
elaima agalnKt Kaifl eMtale to Die them duly
authenticated with Haiil clerk, on or before
the 1st of Jan. 177, for prorata dlNtribution,
or the same will be forever burred.
II. T. ti lltlMIV,
Kept. 1-1K7H. Administrator
NEW GOODS !