Newspaper Page Text
FACTS AM) FA SCI EN.
J. B. MCBPHY.
r LOONEY & MURPHY,
t f Attorneys at Law,!
And Solicitors In riuiNrr.
Not. Columbia, Tenn.
H.JOMU. A. C. HICKEY. T. a. JM. J.
JONES & HICKEY,
Attorneys at Law
Solicitors in Chancery,
Will prurtlr- In the 'mrtnof Manrvand Uii kmai"
VauutiM. Ut"UItUc: W tiittbornu 1)1 oik.
I. IT. IIABNETT.
. T. HUGHES.
Barnett dr Hughes,
ATTOPEYS AT LAW,
on Went Main Street, formerly o.-enfird k-y
I niruui .t lltrimtl. June Jj-Sm.
R. II. SAXSOM.
TAYLOR & SANSOM,
lltorncys at Law and
Solicitors ia Chancery,
Will prarticfl in Maurr anil niljuiniu? connthM,
Jti.l in the Supreiii- and Federal ( ourtnat Nanhvillo.
Sl-w-ial aiIoll(.n irlven to the eollurrion of eUinm.
' ieUon if on
wwitlii e ortu Main Strrtt. (leroiid door from
J. WALKED. GREEN.
GREEN & THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law,
Will pru ticr In i.tl tiie rin ronrtd of Mnr?
iH RU"itiifiif counting. tsSpecinl attention tfiT
u tip collection. Jun lt-7-ly.
jno. v. wnnaiT.
.i. v. vfav.
WRIGHT & DEW,
Attorneys at Law,
Ad4 Hollrlton In ( hanrrrr,
lr s l7ft
WMtthorn llloek up fitair.
Attorney at Law,
Will rra-tifft in Maury and adjoining counties,
C. V. WITHERSPOON,
Attorney at Law,
Will attend with jtrinprnM to all I,ijral IttiHino
)titruHti! to hi care in Maury iiml uiIjt.iitiMv c mn-tti-H.
S rit at t. iili.'ii t rnlUvliuii Hint etttieu.utu
of all kitidH.
'Oflirt- WliittlinmelHock. jtin.2--!y.
P. H. SQUTHALL, JR.,
Attorney at Law,
It-Speiul ntleiition glvcu to collertioiiH. oflico
W Ultthoriie Muck. Jllliel, ISTh.
A.M. II 10 II ES.
A. M. HIOMKS, J a.
A. M. HUGHES & SON.,
li lorneys at law and
Solicitors in Chancery,
riil pntetire in the I'onrff of Miiurv an. I ft,l.iitnin2
I'ltitn. ii'i-l Supreni" niol r'e. lend Curt til NnMi-
.!!-. 'I lie "Iri'-tewt attention will hi riven to all
,-i-ene.N entrosled to ttifir ere. oniee -South side
P. cM Main Mrt, -d dour from the Nmirt'.
J. W. fVJ'KI SACK,
1TT0REY AXD ('O15SEIL0R AT LAW,
: Vp Ktah it, nhnre Punt Offl
ill jrivr trit attrntion to all tniir.PM rotniMtrtt
t' him. in any of tliH-ourta of .Maury, Williamson
ai.ii ailjoininic rouutifi.
:!!( rtiiin au) rftU-iuiitB of nil kind!, ntt'iitlti to
;lh prompt iifrt.i.
W ill lol. I an ollir at Sprinn Hill every Saturday,
may l-tli !;).
.ItHIX T. TCCKKIE.
W. r. TUCKKlt.
J. T. & W. F. TUCKER,
'Whodela'e and Iletrtil
A N P
Northrakt irnir PuMir S.jinirii,
COLUMBIA, : : : TENNESSEE.
f"-" Pfiilers iu Cotton nil nil kinds of
firoiliice. Liberal ndvances iiukIh on goods
m utore. nov.l9 1875-1y.
R. M. FRIBRSON
PATENT MEDICINES, AD
FOU MF.PII-.M. VVUroSF.M.
ly or night.
w. J. ANPKEWS.
K. 11. BAKKLKY.
ANDREWS, BARKLEY & CO.,
nro'Mor to Anilrown, Mayn A .,
HAllDWARE. TLOWS, HEATERS
I RON, (iUNS, l'ISTOI5,
WAGONS AND LEATHER,
And ngeut for the following reliable iusur-am-e
i MKIiTI AL
FAUMKIIS' AM) I'lSuVKKS"
.. . .iii.vill. hv.
riiila L lphia. Ta.
Noaik, N. J.
Will write risk at Liberal rates. Those
drsirins; insurance will find it decidedly to
their interest to give us a call. novlO-75. ly
TITCOMB & TOWLER,
Medicines and Chemicals,
FANCY AND JOILET ARTICLES,
Sponges, Brushes, Perfumery,
PURE WINES AND LIQUORS
For Medical Use.
i le TuWie Squaru,
D R u c s
By HOESLEI & HEMPHILL.
Tl LAEGEST FIEE SURPLUS
INSURANCE COMPANY OF LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND.
Manager: JOHNiH. McLAREN, Esq., at Liverpool.
TOTAL ASSETS,. "C.
TOTAL ASSETS IN THE UNITED STATES .7.
NET FIKE SUIJfLUS AFTER DEDUCTING LIABILITIES OF
LOSSES PAID SINCE ORGANIZATION..
Annual Statement, January 1S76.
SUMMAKY OF ASSETS:
Cash m Hank of Liverpool and other Banks $ 840,009 42
I'ahinces in hand of Agents, at Branch Offices, and in course of transmission 305,S."i4 73
Cash in Principal Offices : 8.30 83
Ileal Es:it? Owned by Coniiany (ne encumbrance) l,113,.r54 71
iiritisn, lQii.in anl (.ilonnl .tocts, bliares
( market value $7,4S8,()i;i.50) ,
I nited States IJonds (market value $1,28,843.50) 1,720,218 70
r-tocn aim ionis ot corporations ant tmes
loaned (market value $7,047,.r.'2.Sr)..M
i.w.ns on i;ouus aim .Mortgage nrstnens on
Other Secured Loans, acrued Interest (since
Total amount of all liabilities exclusive of hc undermentioned. $1 1,040,989 05
Amount necessary saftly to reinsure all outstanding risks 1,046,280 00
Net Tire Surplus at market value, $5,811,481.17, less $199,321.17
not eztenuea in company's etatemeut
MFira Income of Company, :
Uiiitiu States Income Dunns 1875,
All losses f this department paid bv us without reference to Liverpool or elsewhere.
UALIHEE A CASTLEM AN, Managers Southern Department.
Office: S. E. for. Main A Sixth Streets, Louisville, Kr.
W. J. F.I. AM, K"., As"nt JOSH U. II4II.EV, Npocial A sent
Announce the Arrival of their
Fall andlWinter St ock !
CONSISTING OFJA MAGNIFICENT LINE OF
3D H-Zi "5?" GOOD S,1,
FUENISHTNG GOODS, HATS, &c,
Together with an
Uought direct from Manufacturers aud Importer of these goods.
All Wool Jeans at 35 Cents Per Yard!
We have excelled all previous efforts in the
ed all previou:
for s-eilini? eht
liNhed reputation for s-filintf cheap will be fully m tintniiird by us diir'nii the coming sea
son. We have increased facilities for trivins actual hur;:tiiis to tiie people of Columbia, as
one of the firm, (Mr. A. iloseiithal) is always in the market, and ships us fresh goods daily
at the very lov est prices possible.
rjrO COUNTRY MEilCIIAXTS
We can offer some special at tr.ctions. We have made arrangements to supply dealers
with goods at jobbers prices, and are ready to duplicate for them Nashville or Cincinnati
TO THE ITJ13LIC.
As we are confident our figures cannot be beaten this side of Cincinnati, we omit quota
tions in the paper. Invitiuall to call and convince themselves th.it we are telliun FACTS.
October 13-7ti-ljiin. A. IlOISENTIIAL & IJKO.
THE LARGEST STOCK IN THF CITY OF
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
Old Domestic Whiskies, French Brandies, and Imported Wines and Liquors.
jCtStfpecial inducement ofiered to Merchants in want of Supplies. I have a full
stock of liuist's Kriggs lro., and Ferries' New Garden Seeds, which wil be fur
nished to the trade at wholesale rates. Call and Examine ytock and Prices.
i :. AY". GAHL,
Jan.l4-75-ly Cor. Main and Mechanic Ttreets.
NEW YORK STORE !
G-r Centenni I
Next Door to Tyler & Williams.
Immense arrival of New Goods, consisting of
Dry Goods, Notions, Trunks, Boots, Shoes, Hats
And an Endless Variety of
Flannels, Blankets, Shawls "and Laces.
The larircst sto?t of Clothinn ever seen in Columbia, which was bought at Bankrupt
sale, and at price to astonish the wrld, which he offers to the public at a very small ad
vance. Below we give a lew of the figures: A verv lnrce handkerchief at 5 cis'; a number
one corset at forty et.; all wool flannel 2lVts ; 12 spools of the best thread for 40 cents, cr
3 for 10 cent; 3 paper of pins tor 10 cts. Boots and Shoes offered at bottom prices.
H verythiug of the very best make.and will ive entire satisfaction. Quick sales Hndsma'l
profits is rnir motto. ispt. l"-1S7fl.
T. W. TI
We have in stock a first-class assortment of
Also ILtruess from
Hi.oo to $100.00
Our work is tirst-elaus ; the prices lower
than the same kin 1 of work can be bought
north of Coluuibm.
junl0.87-ly. KU1IN & Tl'ItriN.
27iee Safe .'
and isonds owned bv Comp.iny
held as security for cash actuniiv
!;v.i,St7a.Oi) H4l,i73 02
paid), and admissible AssoU 777,502 5
Mid irt Fire Nnrplua,
1, ( t4t,(34t.V(3
eleprant assortment of
pandiase of this stock, and our well-estab-
FIRST NATIONAL BANK,
Does a General Banking and
J. Tl. TUB I.IK, frUlriil.
Ll l'irS FKIEKSON. Casu tr.
Soull Slain Street,
IV"rt w "r Cay.
""Lacs. bnil or MKtdie bor
ll-i:iwii tu-Ine proprietor.
JAMES h. GUEST.
Sent! and Kortt Alabama Railroafis !
TJtAIXS GOIXO SOUTH.
Jau. 30, IS7.
" PeoKtnr ....
" Kiriiiiiiglisiu .................
S ot pin
A SU pm
3 31 am
TK AIN No. 1 connects at Pecatur with
Memphis & Charleston R. R,; at Caiera with
S., R. & IX It. R., at Guthrie w ith St. Louis
A Southeastern R'y: at McKenzie with
Nasbvi'.le k Northwestern RV; at Monteom-
cry trun iuott.ic k Aifrtitomery ti. K. tor
Pensacoia, Mobile and New Orleans,
TRAIN No. 3 connects at Decatur eastand
west with Memphis & Charleston Railroad
at r.iriiiingham with Alabama & Chattanooga
Railroad: at Caiera with Sulma, Rome &
D.tl:n Railroad ; at Montgomery with West
ern Railroad (of Alabama), Montgomery &
Lufanla and Mobile and Montgomery Rail-
TRAINS GOIXO X0RTIL
Jan. 30, 1576.
Ar Franklin. Ten.
Ar j C IX"pot.... .
Ar Nash vi u
Ar Kninklin. Ky...
Ar Bowline Given.
Ar ll:tAi;or June
Ar Cuve City
Ar Klizatx'tht'xi ....
Ar I.elmnon .hinc .
Ar Cincimmti Jc...
f :51 pm
10:' 5 am
TRAIN No. 2 connects at Nashville with
T.. J. 5e 6t. Louis R y V est for Memphis ; at
Lebanon June, with Knoxville and Rich
mond Branches ; at Cincinnati June, with L.
v.. s Ij. li. H. tor the North and ast; at
Louisville with U. S. Mail Boats for. Cincin
nati and with O. fe M. R'y and J. M. & I. R.
R. for the North, Last and est.
TRAIX No. 4 connects at Glasgow June.
to and from Glasaow; at Cave City to and
from Mammoth Cave; at Cincinnati Jnnc.
with L. C. ik 1 R. R. for the North and East
at Ixmisville with O. & M. and J. M. i I. R.
Jt. for the North, Last and West, and with
U. . .. Mail Line steamers for Cincinnati.
TRAIN No. 6 connects at Glastrow June.
to and from Glasgow; at Cave-City to and
from Mammoth Cave; at Cincinnati June.
with Li., V. u. R. R. for the North and East;
at Louisville with y. il. and J. M. & I. R.
R. for the North, East and West, and with
U. i". Mail Line steamers for Cincinnati.
Tourists will find this route oilers great in
ducements to those coin? to the Centennial
Exposition. Direct connections are made in
Louisville with through cars, running direct
to me centennial grounds.
Pullman Palace Cars Wit&ont Ctae
Are Bun Between
New Orleans and Louisville,
Via Montgomery on No. 2 and Ko. 3.
MEMPHIS and NASHVILLE
tor information about Tickets and Emi-
rant Rates to Florida, Arkansas, and Texas.
addres, J. N BOOKS.
l.t-n i I'aHa. & Ticket Aa't.
Jan. !, I-
T. A. HARRIS,
Mr. PLEASANT, TE"?T.
ill be in Columbia every Monday. Bus
iness connected with this office left with A.
xiugnes, jr., or at nis ottico, will receive
roinit attention. oct.6-tI
PORTER, BRYAN & ALFORD,
VTIioIesal Dealers tn
TOBACCO and CIGARS
Proprietor! cf the Celelirated
23 Iubl!e Square.
EUGIKER. SMITH, M. D.,
Office at Masonic Hall. Office hours:
r rem 8 to am.; and from 1 to 3 p. m., and
' ) m- sept. 15-76.
E. C. M'DOWELL.
W, J. WKBSTtK.
ffl'DOWELL & WEBSTER,
Attorneys at Law,
PURE BRED POULTRY
17ri I'triclg'o Cochins;,
The mtdertilene. ofiVrs for sr. a fw very fine
Cockerel f t he above varieti. Mock directly from
V. II. ToIU. Also a few very ft od light and
dark Brtthn.a Cockerels. V.cn for hnt'-hins in an
(im, trwin nil of the above varieties. My J-'owln aro
kept in separate yar.n,"and bred pura. liicea rea
omiMc and f fttiflsctiou triiaranteefl.
A. A- MPHfOMR,
sept,2tf.7A-ly. Columbia. Tenn.
The hardest and best
ARTICLE OF COAL
F- M. RBlKGIirRflT A CO., ?nt c'-
Aaabt illr, Ttuwirfc
MONUMENTS AND TOMBSTONES,
All or the boot Italian Marble.
Alno, I have tbe Jateut Htylen of Desind.
CJ All work a cheap a- eau le done eles
fliere. Manufactory on Weet Maia etreat,
ier taa Institute. mh23yl
RUSSIAN CIYILIZ A1I0X.
tloir PoIIab Exile Arc
,- v , Siberia.
At a time when so many well-meaning
people are anxioua that the benefits of
Russian rule should be conferred on
Turkey, I think they would do well to
read a question from Kufin Plotrowski's
wort on feibena, wnicn was published in
isb3 by an L,ngnsn nrm
" Now I approach a dark episode in
roiisn sunering. xne civilized world will
doubtits truth and declare it exaggerated,
as it once dsubted the horrors committed
at Kraezentniky and Leknly in the days
of the bar confederation ; as it doubted
the barbarities ot Cherchyn ; and listened
Tvith incredulity when the story was first
told how Catherine II. incited the
peasants of Fodoha and the Ukraine to
massacre and despoil their lords; and
how Suwarrow, after the storming of
Prague, left no living creature within its
walls. The world did not, and still does
not believe that tLis system was then
commencea wnicn anves us awav 111
thousands into the 'heart of Russian
Siberia to fill nrisoi y.n.i casemates : that
in Warsaw in the days of Constantine,
brother of Nicholas, no Polish family
could lie down at night without the fear
that perhaps ere morning one of its
members might be torn away, consigned
to a aungton, scourged, and tortured
with hunger and thirst, so that the con
fession needed might be wrung from his
agony. Sireuiski and four others who
had been drafted in the ranks of the
Siberian army were condemned each to
7,000 blows with a stick, 'without mercy.'
If any one of tbe members outlived the
sentence he was to be sent to the Ner
chinsk mines for the rest ot his life. The
great mass of persons implicated were
variously condemned to 2,(500, 1,000 or
500 blows with the stick, and those who
survived in some cases to hard labor for
life, in others for a number of years to
penal colonization, and others again tor
military service. At daybreak
two battalions of one thousand men
marched out of Omsk, one charged with
the execution of those condemned to
seven thousand blows, the other with
the execution of the les?er sentences.
The battalions halted, each formed in
double line, face to face, leaving passage
througu the long-drawn ranks, lhe exe
cutioner, Cralafieyef, superin tended the
arrangements, and remained with the
men who had to cive the several thou
sand strokes. According to general
usage the soldiers eharsred with such
duties are placed closely shoulder to
shoulder in dealing the blows, but
slightly raise the arm from the elbow and
keep the feet together as when on parade.
The sticks should only be so thick that
three can be drooped in a carbine-barrel,
on this occasion all this was reversed.
Galafieyef placed the soldiers at arm's
length from each other, made them raise
their arms high in carrying out the scn
sence, and the sticks were twice the
usual weight and size. The victims
were brought from their prisons to the
place of execution. The bloody work
was begun simultaneously by both the
battalions. From boh came the same
shrieks of agony. Sierocinski is left to
the last and compelled to witness the fate
of his friends ere his own turn came, and
he had long to wait for that deadly walk.
Then hi3 shirt was stripped from his
shoulders and his hands, according to the
regulations in such cases, fastened to a
carbine held by two soldiers, who thus
compelled him to keep regular step. The
order of uiarjh was given. The priest
entered the street cie-death, reciting, in
a low voice, " Miserere tnei Jiiirs secundum
vingnnm miicncoriUnm titnm.' Galafreyel
shouting frantically, 'Harder, harder,
strike harder !' and the submissive tols
of despotism obeyed so well that Siero
cinseki, after walking once down the
line and receiving 1,000 blows, fell in
sensible, weltering in his blood, ile.is
lifted to his feet to fall again immedi
ately, and then a hurdle, prepared for
this occasion, was broucht. He was
bound on it kneelinsr, and eo draiiced
up and down until his sentence was tul
filled. He had given at first a few shrieks
ot agony, and still was breathing until
the 4,000 blows, the remaining 3, 0(J0 were
struck on his corpse, or rather his now
fleshless bone. Eve-witnesses assure me
that the flesh was cut in strips by the
rods, the very bones were crushed and
splintered, and the entrails exposed.
Lor. lAHirion IJnxly 1 tlenraiih.
Italy in Africa.
Ever since the unification of Italy was
accomplished, the king and cabinet of
that country have cast a longing eye in
the direction of Tunis. The French
have always spoken of their north Af
rican possessions as the " natural con
tinuation " of France, and a glance at
the map will show that Tunis "holds the
same relative position to Italy tnat .Al
geria holds toward the land of the Gaul.
i or the past few years Italian intrigue
has been directed toward Tunis in the
effort to provoke the latter country to do
something that would afford a pretext
for her subjugation. The French con
quest of Algeria was the immediate re
sult of a quarrel between the dey of Al
giers and the French consul, in whicn
the dey forgot his dignity so far as to
strike the consul with a fan. following
French example, the Italian consul has
sought a quarrel with Mohammed-es-Sadok,
the bey of Tunis, and it is cur
rently believed among the other foreign
ers at Tunis that his conduct is in obedi
ence to instructions. Every few months
he presents claims of Italian subjects who
allege that they have suffered loss in the
ports of Tunis in consequence of the ac
tion of the bey's officers. Some of these
claims are pretty well known to be ex
orbitant, if not wholly fictitious their
settlement has been delayed as iong as
possible, but eventually the bey has paid
them rather than afford Italy the pre
text she wants. On certain festivals it
is the custom for the foreign consuls to
call upon the bey and extend their con
gratulations ; on several occasions me
Italian consul has neglected this formal
ity, and afforded the bey a brilliant op
portunity for anger which might lead to
a rupture. I5ut the bey continues to
treat ihe consul with great politeness,
and pays no teed to these affronts. Gen
eral Khayr ed-din, the Tunisian prime
minister and minister cf foreign affairs,
is a man of great shrewdness, and thus
far has been able to steer clear ot com
plications with Italy by giving her no
excuse lor crossing me lueuiierraneau
with an army. Tunis is understood to
have the warm friendship of France,
which very naturally desires no Euro
pean neighbor on the frontier of Algeria.
All IS IS 21 HUlMCXb Miiivn iii-tx y awuu
importance in case 01 a European war.
Italy was reported to nave tavoreu nus-
. r, ' i , . C .
sia in rejecting xurteys oner 01 a live
months armistice a step which suggest
some understanding between the two
rowers. Undoubtedly the contingency
of the defeat of Turkey.and the dismem
berment of her tcmtoiy, lias presented
itself to the Italian statesmen; and a
cordial understanding with Uussia would
be a good anchor to windward in any
de-ins amml Tunis, for the tributary
state would be powerless after the fall of
the Ottoman empire. After all, it is
quite natural that Italy, alter recover
ing Ilome, snouiu enueayor i t gam pos
session of Carthage. JV. 1". Tribune.
A Big Tair of Shoes. Memphis
(Tennessee) Avalanche : " Geo. W.
App, shoe maker of this city, exhibited
at the Avalanche office, last night, a
monster pair of brogans, made by hiin.on
order, for a negro preacher in Marvell,
Arkansv.8. The leneth of each shoe is
seventeen and three quarter inches. The
measurement around the instep is eigh
teen inches, and around the ball four-
DECEMBER 1, 1S76.
teen iacliea. The price of the shoes and
the last (which latter was made to
I order) was $16. The man who can make
such a pair of shoes, and survive the ef
fort, must surely be a nrst-class shoe
maker. The height of the negro is seven
feet full, and his weight lour hundred
pounds. lie and his brogans should have
been sent to the Piiladelphiaexposition
THE RUSSIAN AKKY.
UlaneeTat lhe Arfaniiatian that En.
Crlanrf Wlaely fehrlnka From
The arrival of the news of Russia's in
tervention to assist Servia has created no
inconsiderable interest as to her military
ability ond organization. Hence, obser
vat 10ns on the uicase 01 January ldtn
1874, by which the entire military sys
tern founded by l'eter the Great, per
fected bv Alexander and Nicholas, was
reorganized are pertinent. By that edict
the armed forces of the empire consist of
a standinsr army and militia. The former
embraces land and naval troops, and the
latter are men between the ages o; twenty
and forty not in the standing army, who
can do military duty. ?so physically
sound Russian subject is exempt ironi
military service, lhe entire empire is
a vast recruiting grouna. .even young
men in the liberal professions do not to
tally escape, although their period of
service is limited, r utejn years is tue
full term of military service for all ex
cept Cossacks, whose service is lifelong.
Six of this is actiye, nine in the reserve.
The infantry and cavalry ot the army
have as their military unit the division,
composed of four regiments; artillery,
riflemen, and engineers being formed
into brigades. Each division of
infantry consists of two brigades;
each brigade of two regiments f
three battalions each ; each battalion
or four companies, and each company of
two hundred and fifty men. In 1875
the Russian army was estimated at 750,
000 men, but double this number, with
300,000 horses, could, in the event of
war, be brought into requisition. The
resrular army comprises one hundred
and ninety-two regiments of infantry,
fifty regiments of cavalry, and 2,256
guns. Besides this the Cossacks have
one hundred and nity-tnree mouniea
reeiments, thirty-seven battalions on foot,
and twenty-eight batteries.
Scarcely less formidable is the Kussian
navy, the administration 01 wnicn is in
the hands of the minister of marine, as
sisted by the admiralty council, though
the supreme command f the fleet is in
vested in the grand admiral, who at
present is the grand duke Constantine,
brother of the czar. The navy is com
manded by eighty one admirals and
3,000 officers of all ranks, and contains
25,000 sailors and marines. The fleet
consists of two hundred and twenty-five
team vessels, with five hundred and
twenty-one guns, of a total tonnage of
172,501. The fleet is distributed in the
Baltic. Black and Caspian seas, and a few
vessels are scattered on the Pacific and
Arctic coast. The troops of Russia,
though not as active and intelligent as
those that France and England possess.
are yet endowed with implicit obedience
and indomitable courage, qualities of par
amount desirability in a soldiery. Invinci
ble in their own country undergoing
the greatest hardships, and shrinking
from no undertaking, when well officered
they are equal to the best soldiers in
western Europe. New York Tribune.
fror.1 Wealth to Poverty.
Among the shabby, dirty, and raeged
unfortunates who came to the southern
station last night to obtain a nights
lodtrinff was an old man bent with years
and showine the evidence of fatigue and
travel by his tottering footsteps and
wretched apparel. He gave his name to
Captain Dt lauty as I'aul eniler.ot ew
Orleans, and was shown back to the room
assigned to tramps. A glance at his rags
and careworn face would never suggest to
the ob-erver that I'aul Vernier was at
one time a leading business man and a
prominent citizen of the crescent city,
but such is indeed the case, and the his
tory of his life has in it all the elements
of a dramatic story, which we may read,
throw aside, and say it is improbable. A
few points in the lite of this unfortunate
individual may not be uninteresting.
About thirty-five years ago there arrived
in New Orleans a young and hanasome
man, accompanied by his wife, a creole,
in the full bloom of her youthful beauty.
The couple had come from Martinque,
and brought with them a large sum of
money, which Veniler proposed to invest
in trade. They settled in a magnificent
house on the bank of lake Fonchartrain,
which became, on account of the social
qualities of its masters and mistress, the
central iKint of attraction for all the ar
istocratic people of the neighborhood.
The husband had in the mean time em
barked in the shipping and commission
business, and was very successful. Real
izing largely on his investments he be
came one of the wealthiest citizens, while
he, at the same time attained a
reputation for umblemished busi
ness integrity, probity, and honesty.
Three children had been born, and
every bright prosrect in life seeemd at
tainable without' effort to the youn
couple. About this time a gambler, well
known in those days for his success with
cards, and remarkable for his handsome
exterior and pleasing address, met Mme.
Veniler at a bal masque. Other meeting-
followed, and the foolish woman,
abandoning her luxurious home, her
children, her husband, and her honor,
listened to the seductive addresses of her
destroyer, and fled to Cuba. The hus
band followed, but never succeeded in
coming up with his wife, to whom he
had forgiveness to offer; nor with her
seducer, for whom he had vengeance,
lie gave up the pursuit and returned to
New Orleans. But business had no
longer any interest for him, now that she
for whom he labored so earnestly had de
serted him. The three children fell vic
tims to the cholera, and Veniler, a
broken-down man, aged before he was
old, sold out his business interests and
disappeared. Some weeks later he was
discovered on the levee wandering up
and down homeless, and without a penny
of the large sum he had realized by the
sale of his property. He was taken to a
madhouse, where he remained for twenty
three years, and finally, when former
friends had forgotten him and he was no
longer an object of interest to the out
side world, he was released, helpless and
iennile8s, to live or die as chance befell
him. In his wanderings he reached Bal
timore last night, carrying with him as
a link connecting him with happier days,
the New Orleans and Mobile papers
which told the story of his wife's deser
tion, the subsequent death of his chil
dren and of his immurement in a mad
house. Poor old man ! he has but a few
steps to take in life before he will go out
with the tide, the wreck of a life blasted
by a woman's perfidy.
The Fulton Times puts this graphic
head on the description of a weoding :
" The climax of love hearts and souls
fo near like one that you can't slip a
paper between them. A year hence
when the male heart comes home demor
alized from a torchlight procession, and
his breath toned down with cloves, the
estrangement will become so great in a
little while that you may drive four loads
l.., 1 , o.t 1 t n j. . n tyi 'i .rr .' in' n
Professor Clelakd, of Galway, has
issued a new work entitled " A dictiona
ry for the dissection of the human
body." Such a work supplies a lone-felt
want and must have a larpe sale. There
is nothing more provoking and discour
aging than to undertake to carve a hu
i man body, and beinsr unaLle to strike
the joints he compelled to twist a leg off
in a most painfully unscientific manner!
The book will be handy to have in the
house. Aorristoivn Herald.
IntrrratluK Dlacovrrlra Made Vpon the
I: lull Opposite Knnuu City.
The academy of science of this city,
tnrougn some 01 its most active mem
bers, has recently made some very inter
esting discoveries upon the summit of
the bluffs north of, and about four miles
distant, from Kansas City. Judge E. P,
West, a believer m the evolution theory,
ha3 devoted a large amount of time and
study to this subject, and his persistent
researches and constant efforts, aided as
they have been by other members of the
academy of science, has brought to light
some very interesting historical facts.
In his researches among the forests of
western Missouri Judge v est has dis
covered a number of conical shaped
mounds similar in construction to those
found in Ohio and Kentucky. These
mounds are found upon the hiyrh bluils
overlooking the Missouri river the larg
est and more prominent being found in
Tennessee, Mississippi and Louisiana.
Until about three weeks aero it was not
suspected that tho mound-builders had
made this region their home in the pre
historic days; but now it is discovered
that this strange and extinct race once
occupied thii land, and have left an ex
tensive graveyard 111 a number of high
mounds upon the Clay county bluffs.
As yet, only one ol these mounds have
been opened, Judge West discovered a
skeleton about two weeks airo and made
a report to other members of the society
They accompanied him to the mound,
and not far liom the surface excavated,
and took out the remains of two skele
tons. The bon?s are very large so large,
n fact, that when com oared with an or
dinary skeleton of modern date they ap
pear to have formed part of a giant,
The head bones, such as have not rotted
away, are monstrous in size, lhe lower
jaw of one skeleton is m a state of
preservation and is double tne size ol
the law of a civilized person, lhe teeth
in this jaw bone are large and appear to
have been ground down and worn away
by contact with roots and cirniverous
food. The jaw bone indicates immense
muscular strength The thigh bone
when compared witl that of an ordinary
modern skeleton looks like that of a
horse. The length, thickness and mus
cular development is remarkable. But
the most peculiar part about the skele
ton is the frontal bone. It is very low
and differs radically lrom any ever seen
in this section before. It forms one thick
ridge of bone about one inch wide, ex
tending: across" the eyes. It is a narrow
but rather heavy ridge of bone which.
instead of extending upwards, as it does
new in these days 01 civilization, re
ceded back from the eyebrows, forming
flat head, and thus indicates a very
low order of mankind. It is the opinion
of the scientinc gentlemen who are
making these discoveries that these bones
are the remains of a prehistoric race of
men. They do not resemble the 'resent
existing race of Indians, nor are the
mounds constructed upon paticm or
model known to have been in use by any
race of men now in existence in Amer-
The bodies are discovered in a sit-
ting posture in the mounds, and among
the bones are lounu stone weapons, such
as flint knives, flint scrapers, all of them
flerent in shape to the arrow-heads,
war hatchets and ether stone toi;'s and
weapons known to have been in u.j-e
by the aboriginal Indians of this land
when discovered by the whites. The
gentlemen who have these curious Imnos
in charge have deposited tnem with ir.
Fee, on' Main street. It is their inten
tion to make further aud closer re
searches in the mounds on the bluffs op
posite this city. They will make a re
port of their labors at the next meeting
of the academy of science, by wliicli
time they expect to be aide to mak
some definite report as to their opinioi.s
It is pretty definitely settled, however,
that the skeletons are tlio.se of a race of
men not now in existence.- -Kansas City
CharilyA Bad Winter.
The fact that thousands of working
peop'.e have been out of employment
through the summer tells plainly what
this winter has in store for them and
those dejiendent upon them. Many
who had bv industry and economy been
only partly able to meet the wants of for
mer years win nnu tne coining mrininsto
be too much for them, and for the first
time in life they will lace the monster
called " want." It is a horrible tiling to
be without clothes and fire and food.
It is terrible when one must feel this
calamity for self alone, but infinitely
more terrible when one must feel it for
the group of the loved ones at home.
The detaifs ol the case need not he
made out. How to help modify the evil,
should be the inquiry of all and each.
There is only one method by which the
distress about to come can lo abated,
and that method is summed up in the
word " benevolence." Prayer to heaven
will not feed and clothe and warm the
oor, but benevolence, the love of
man, will meet these coming dark
days and extract from them half their
But this benevolence must follow pome
method, and must assume many differ
ent shapes, or it will be inadequate or
badly directed. One f its first moves
might be this: The man of money
might resolve to carry on his public
works, his building, or his digging, or his
industry of any kind, to the end that he
may furnish work for some who seek
work. Works which might possibly be
postponed a year should be carried on
now, that there may be work for some
body. If any family of wealth is de
bating about papering, or painting, or
reoammr. this is lust the winter lor me
job, for though the times are so hard, one
may not wisii to pay lor tue woric, yet
the times are so hard that to furnish
such work is a charity, and tho best
shape of charity. In the old nations war
is invented to employ tne iaie ana to kiu
off any excess of population, but in this
country war is not a pursuit, and popu
lation is not to be lessened bv constant
slaughter. Industry is the solution of
of our troubles, and hence in such a
crisis as is now coining, men of capital
and of human feelings should take
special care to furnish as much as possi
ble of labor.
Next to such a mitigation of the evil
should come an economy as to self, that
there may be something in the pocket
for the deserving poor. 1 he old iieurew
law forbade the farmer from gathering
his 6hcaves with the most scrupulous
care. A sheaf must be forgotten here
and there, so that the Ruths might not
gleen in vain. Also a few figs must be
left on the tree, a few bunches of grajes
on the vine. This nineteenth century
eught to surpass the charity of the Mo
saic age, and hence each citizen in cir
cumstances at all tolerable should be
practing an economy that will leave
fcomething in his pur?e for the "widow
and the fatherless."
A ra-ih giving away of money or good.-
may work an luiury. It may teed the
idle or make idiers out of person who
once toiled hard for a support. Hence
.any one expecting to help any of his fel
lows to weather the storm of this year
should seek to become personally ac
quainted with the person or family he is
to aid. Money and food given at the
door to beggars is kindness roost reck
lessly bestowed. The'only safe way is to
find, the family that needs this food or
the clothes, or the ten cents, and then the
cold victuals will go forth each day as a
VOL. XXII. NO. 21.
Nearly all this basement door charity
goes to the manufacture ol paupers.
Hundreds of men and women have quit
all forms of work and live on the daily
rounds of these children. The whole
system of street begging should be termi
nated by the police, because it brings
about a two-foul calamity ; it builds up
an idle and wicked class and induces half
the good people ol the city to feel that
they are filling up at the basement
door their part of christian charity.
The only safe benevolence is that
which knows the man or the family or
the child it is helping. A citizen one
day said: "I cannot help you because
I do not know you. The person replied.
It vou will come to my house you can
know all." The citizen went and found
the father an invalid, the mother indus
trious'and honest, and the children bare
footed and cold and huncry. He knows
now when his cold victuals and old
clothes pas out of his house to what
grateful and worthy hearts his charity
goes. .Nothing can save the world from
being a bad one for man v. but its suffer
ing may be modified by an earnest and
wise benevolence. Vhicano Alliance.
A Workingmen's Co-operative Society.
The concentration of population in the
manufacturing district of Engl. nd is
past belief till one has seen some such a
center as Leeds. Here the British work
man may lie seen at his best and at his
worst. His liberal patronage of the cin
lop, and his love for the gentle bull
pur, have been a fertile theme lor olh-
ciai pens. It is more agreeable to rejKirt
what he has done to help himself, to or
ganize Ins idle shillings into a federal
union 01 uiviuenus, ana to teacn him
e 1 . ,
self and children sobriety and thrift.
Here is a tangible expression of York
shire common sense, a handsome four
story block of stores, splendid in plate
glass, carved stonework, and architectural
display, the stores ot the " Leeds In
dustrial Co-operative Society, Limited."
Albion street, Ltedc. It may be Satur
day afternoon, a half-holiday in the
streets swarm with work people of every
age and condition. Albion street is
none too wide for the traffic that pours
along it 4 sidewalks and road-way. and
gathers about the open doors of the
I' Leeds Industrial," actually struggling
in and out, and pressing thickly up to
tiie counters. One door leads to a gro
cery store, the next to a drapery store,
another door leads upstairs to the house
furnishing warerooms, the outfitting de
partment, and the boot and shoe store.
There is no display in the windows
(after the co-operative manner), and we
may follow the multitude inside to watch
the active trade. Plain, hard-working
people, perhaps grimy from their toil,
they press up to the counters, cash in
hand, ready to buy. The salesmen have
evidently prepared for a good demand,
and the staple goods, already put up in
convenient packages, are piled in enor
mous heaps on the counters. They deal
out the bundles with wonderful speed,
take the money, make a note in a sales
book, tear off the voucher (or half-leaf),
and give it with the change to the cus
tomer. Each one takes his or her goods,
aud moves away as quickly as possible to
make room for others. Near the door, in
a tiny olliee, such as is sometimes used for
the cashier in A merican stores, si ts a young
girl. Each one presents the fly-leaf to
her, and receives a tin or brass token
representing the amount of the purchase.
This is the evidence of trade at the soci
ety's store, and will be a guide in esti
mating tj-e allocation of profits next divi
dend day. For every hag of flour the
members may buy he will receive buck
.1 bonus or dividend of two shillings
and sixjier.ee. On all other goods, tiie
bonus will be two shillings and sixpence
in every jKiund these tokens represent.
This is the kry to this active trade; this
explains t!i is eagerness to buy, this is
the "excuse lbr being" that the society
The shop3 seem to be equal to the liest
of their class in London or New York.
The stock is very large, apparently the
best quality, and is admirably put up,
ready for .immediate sale. Going up
stairs, we find the building blocked with
people intent on trade. A woman com
ing down stairs, her three boys making
much clatter with theirnew wooden shoes.
brushes past a man with a wicker baby-
carriage under one arm and a mop broom
under the other. There i-uileiitvot routi
nes?, broad Yorkshire dialect, toil-stained
clothing, gooi and English push and
scramble; every man for himself ; but
with all, there is a feeling for order and
honest rood-nature. Above stairs, there
are halls and corridors packed from floor
to ceiling with tioots and shoes, brushes,
kitchen-ware, household goods, and
ready-made clothimr. The people swarm
into every nook and corner, besiege the
salesmen, and drive a lively trade. These
busy shoppers and anxious buyers am
the members ot the ljceds industrial a
lewol the sixteen thousand shareholders,
the legal owners of this bunding, the
thirty 'branch stores, the shoe manufac
tory, and the great flour-mill at Marshall
street in the Hollieck district. Jvery
man and woman of this company has
five or more shares in the society, or has
paid down the good shillings to let them
earn the shares. Each one of there pe-o-
ple participated in that handsome divi
dend of i-lt),5(Mj 17s. 8d. that was paid
last quarter day. lhat is more than two
twunds a vear apieee, or two shillings
and a trifle over in every two hundred
and forty pennies they spent at the
stores, besides the interest at five per
cent, a year on their united share capi
tal of 122,332 17s. 11 Id. Charfa Jim
nard, in Serihwr.
A "First Mght" Failure.
Younpj Wade's self-control and com in
sure during the catastrophe of this play
reminds me, by contrast, of a most ludi
crous story my father used to tell of rome
unfortunate authoress, who, in an evil
hour for herself and some friendly provin
cial manager, persuaded him to bring out
an original dramer of hers.
The audience (not a very discriminat
ing or numerous one) were'sufli:iently'a
preciativc to object extremely to the play
and large enough to make their objections
The manager, in his own distress not
unmimlfulof his poor friend, the authoress,
sought her out to cosole her, and found
her seated at the side-scene with a glas
of stiff brandy and water that some com
miserating friend had administered to l.cr
for her support, rocking herslf pitiously
to and fro, and, with tears streaming
down her cheeks, uttering between koI s
and sis, in utter self-abasement, her
jifcctiri in the form of enths and impreca
tions of the finest Uillingsgate vernacu
lar (all, however addressed to herself),
that would have made a dragoon shake
in his shoes. The original foim of which
meaat'jxi seized the worthy man iger with
such an irresistibly ludicrous effect that,
lie left the jxtor, guilty authoress without
being able to address a Hy liable to her,
lest he should explode in peals of laughter
instead ot decent words of condolence.
J'nnny A'cmbfe in At bint ic.
Ir is not what a man gets, but what a
man is that he fhould think of. He
should first think of his character, and
then his condition. He that has char
acter need have no fears alvtut his con
dition. Character will draw after it
Condition. Circumstances obey princi
ples. A LITTLE Ito-ton girl, four years old,
created a ripple by remarking to the
teacher o her Sunday-school t lass :
" Our dog's dead. I bet the angels was
ec-ared when they saw him coming up
the walk, lit u crosJ to stranger.
Par. to li honf-nt, good and Mncrrp,
laie to pleaae liKl, aud you never need fear.
Pare to lvo lirare In tbi causr of the right,
I "a re wiili the enemy evur to lilit.
Pare to lie loving and iatipnt oai-h day,
iJute sjieak the trulli whatever you Ky.
Pare to 1e epnllp and r.lprl tf too.
ParcBtaun the evil whatever you do.
Pare to fpnk kludlv and ever he Imp.
laie to d j rljit, and you'll llnd your way through.
Senator Nonwoon. of Georgia, says
a southern paper, is frty-six years old.
and the son of a tanner. When elected
to the United States senate he said he
did not know thirty number of the leg
islature that elected him. He is known
as ""'lanyard Tom." mid c in
man in Georgia telling & joke.
Mr. KE4TIXG, of California, thus
wrote to a widow : " 3Ie thinks some
times when I lay awake in the morning
and think of thee, I fancy I see the can-
o;.y of heaven ox-ri ana a ongnt vista
appesr from it, and lo! I see tnce, my
aniielic cirl." She webrhs one hundred
and ninety pounds and has sued him for
breach of promise.
SIeep, my b.'ihy, 1 e s i 1 t!ie fire,
Mcep, eliilil, sleep ;
Winds are wn!ini; niher anil liiher,
Waves are risinv: higher I'.ikI li'lmr,
Sleep, c!ii!l, s!i ep :
While thy f:illier, out on 1I1? m-:i.
Toils all iiirlit for thee ami me.
Sleep, my baliv, e. nitfiit mid lk-s(,
Heep, cliil.l, sleep ;
Wlieiher the heurt in thy mother's breast
lie liidit or hi :ivy so he-t ! so lust!
Sleep, clii!d, sleep !
While thy f;i'lier, out on (lie sea
Toils nil night f T thee ami me.
Few persons arc awnro lhat veritable
Egyptian mummies are ground up into
paint. Jttit in tins country ana 111
Europe mummies are u-ed for this pur
pose the flsph.-iltum with which they
are impregnated i:eng oi a quality su
perior to that which :iii elsewhere lie ob
tained, r.roduciiur a peculiar brownish
tint when made
!e to pnhit, which ispiized
led ailisl both of tins and
of either countries. liW.iii.voj (jax ttc.
I ,M willir.g to ride 11. y reputation
as a public man. wrote iviwata jnno
to the Liverpool Men uiv, "if the worst
case ol small jmx can y.m ne. cureu 111
three days, simply by the use of cream
tartar. One ounce id cream of tartar
dissolved in a pint of water, drank at
intervals, when cold, i-i a certain never
failing remedy. It has cured thousands,
never leaves a maik, m-ver causes blind
. ., i f -. . 11
ness, and avoids icuious lingering.
I'ATKIl PIMITTK. II.I.KS.
Bithold Hint on the t'i u-i. A liflit divine
Hums on 1 1 -s brow. In Mis uplifted tfuze
Is 11 pram! silent poem of tears .1ml praise
A sacred niiL-nMi lli.it 1I0II1 not repine;
liolil Him 011 the 'ro- tiuinaa I) am,
I lion can-1 not fathom t lie- sou IV In Men ess !
Hush! Listen breath!) -s. lhe pule bps
What is the fatal sentence of His foes?
Nhv, even IIU dying iveeiit e n
1'jlher forgive Ileal." till
tli, iionndlesi love! Tin; angry spears are
1 1 is lieml hows down, like to sonic tender
That tiie storm beats. His patients lip are
So dies t'lirist Jesus to redeem the world !
I'itltlt t!if SjtllllMI IHIIKlltlC.
Fun : carf pins and iing-r ri tigs the cat
eye Iris become one of the ni"st fashion
able stones u-ed. It is a species tit tho
sapphire, and the most desirable color is
of a yellow green tint. It has threads ot
white al estos within it, and the light is
reflected from these in an intcii-p and pe
culiar manner. ben tins stone is prop
erly cut a white band of lignt is seen
floating in its interior that changes posi
tion as the gem is moved before the eye,
which peculiarity probably suggested
the name by which it is generally known.
ONLY A WKVK AOO.
Onlv a week ao lhe w:miitli and glow
11 nweutet fU'iiiiier I now ;
Only a week axo lhe I n, I nnd Mow
if some fair io.i- eliui".
Ulllv a week lltf ' nnd how the I'.l-iW
,'f f.-l i-l l-eal has I avneil
To winlry Me,w, 1111 I - l,:oft w nis I, low
Where in.ple spleli'loia Ininn-l,
Onlv a wee!: :iin-ii, ery i.-.v
Mv ehei i-hed o'i'N Ij in. ;
So low, so I do 11 11 know
it t liev are d.'iid or l 1 1111'.
;o ioiv, so low. dreio-li, 1 i,i villi niiie and Know,
tin ir heauty Miiin I.- I v. nh earih ;
i low, so low oi, I y o- I 'r. hreiil !l l all Mow
Til- 111 Imi k to Iiesin-r hiith.
TllE earl of Albemarle describes tho
c 1 1 .1 1 ..- 1. . ..
queen ot r.llgiaiio wncu a origin,, picny
L'ii I. seven years old, as she dav after day
s' . , j . 1 1
watered the plains miner inn puiacu
window, where he watched her: ' It
was aiiiiisimr to we how impartially sho
vided the contents of the watering jnit
between the ilnwers mid her own IiltIO
feet, ller simple but W-coiiung tlresH
contracted favorably with the gorgeotm
apparel now worn by the little damsels
of the rising generation a large straw
hat and a suit o' white col ton ; a colored
fichu was the only ornament she wore.
Seveiial r rencn exhibitors show truf
fles, and lest tbe American visitor should
1 in doubt as to what I hey are, it is ex
plained that a tuifiie is a species of
mushroom or fungus, which grows be
neath the surlace id the ground, and
gives no indication above ground. It is
used in soups and the preparation of
.-several iH-Iks. They are found not by
diving rods, but by hog-, whose keen
scent and inii-cul.ir snout find and un
earth the esculent mor-cis. The trulllo
hunter goes nut wilh hit trained hog ami
a pocket full ot acorns nnd tho beast
roots lhe ground for the trtillle. An
soon as it a pilars in si:-ht the vigilant
hunter raps the ho-.' on the snout and se-
1 . 1 -. . . 1. .1 :
cures toe prize, n-warning in 01s.11-
pointed bca-t by 1111 acorn.
The congress of French workingmcn,
which met recently at Paris, listened to
an immense amount of talk, much of it
practical ami sensible. Committee's were
apjiointed to draw up rc-olutiona tin tho
various topics which might con e beforo
the congress, and their reports were
adopted without exception. One recom
mended the establishment of trad en
unions amongst women, reduction of the
time of labor to ight hours a day, sup
pression of night work in lactones, equal
wages for men and women engaged in tho
same business, r.-lormof the I tv.s relating
to the eniploynK i t ol children in manu
factories, i'l-titu! ion of workshops to
compete with convents where work is
done, and the creation of a society for
the protection of the voiinc OthcM
reported in favor ot the abrogation of tho
laws controlling the right of meeting and
association, a more lils ra! constitution of
courts ol arbitration, wilh avKwto have
the interest of the workman U tter repre
sented, free secular and compulsory
education, and ot direct r presentation
of the workingman in parliament. On
tiie hubject of co-ripciati".ii, i n which a
great deal of dill, n-iice of opinion hud
existed, the committee advised the
enfranchisement of labor by the co
operative principle, the creation of an
impersonal capital, the light of public
meeting, and mi income lax. The last
commission rec )im:ieiid.-d t'l itthe rep
resentative trade ls lies should have a
right to examine Hpprent'.cv contracts.
F.neniles of Man.
Ixvers of half raw 1 f-tcak are per
haps awar that they have excellent
chanc- s of swail -winir ih- ta nia inermis
in their favorite food, the ta-nia Ix-ing a
para-itc of the or which knows how to
make itself perf ' tly at hoiiM in the hu
man stomach. Nor. in spile of its dis
tinguished epithet, is it bv any means a
pleasant, t'uest. Hut Norman-I, of
he French li.ial inuli'-d rervice, has
1.. H.e discovery, as lie llilliKS, Ol a
still moie 11.
f man, to
which he has -.i.en tn- pleasant name or
Angu.liula s'eicoi li-. It is about a
quarter of imliime: re in length, and but
lor its extreme Icautie-H would be visible
to the naked ej e. It i absorbed into
the ystcni ci.li- r in animal or vegetable
Haul, and it is belie- ted to be the can so
of the terrible ilis--sse known as the Co
chin China diarrhea, which has com
mitted feat ful r:ivai i among the French
tr-nps stiti' n -I in the east, for so long;
as the worm remains in the body th-i
malady cent itnics. and frequently endi
in death. The b-.-st rt inedy hitherto di.
covered is milk, but it is I. r from kin,;
so efficacious as could !. vUt-in-il.