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DOVT LE4TR TIIK MBJI.
dime, boys, I hare something to tell yon;
tome near, I woulil whirper it low
Ton are thinking of Icaring the hoiuestsiid,
Don't 1 iu hurry to no.
The city has many attractions!
But think of the rices ant sins
Wheii once in the Yortex of fashion.
How toon the course downward begiua.
You talk of the mines of Australia,
1 hey re wealthy In gold, without doul.t ;
Hut, ah! there Is ;old cu the farm, eoya,
if you will hut shovel it out.
Tlie tnereantile life is hazard.
The imhIs are first hih and then low.
Better risk the old farm a while longer,
lWt he in a hurry to go.
Theirreit stirring world haslnducemcnU,
There is many a Knv. busy mart.
But wealth is uot made in a day, boys.
Don't lie in a hurry to start !
The t.aiikeisan.l brokersaro wealthy,
Thev take in their thousand or so;
Ah. think of the frauds and deceitioD
Don't lin a hurry to go.
The Inrm is the safest and niret,
The or- haids are ;mddins to-day f
You're as free as ihrair of the mountains.
And monarch of all you survey;
Better M:iy on the farm a hi!e longer,
'J hoiivh profits sho iM eome lather slow ;
Keiiieiiii'i r you've nothing to risk, l.oya
iou't hi- In a hurry to r:
AN ARKANSAS DUEL.
The legislature of Arkansas held a ses
sion shortly after the organization of the
state government. Everything, of course,
was in a condition of half-chaotic transi
tion. The "loaves and fishes" of office
Lad not yet been fully divided, and mo
nopoly was knocking noisily at the door
of the""puhlic crib," clamorous to be ad
mitted. Intense was the fury of parti
zans within the house, and as fierce the
excitement raging in the community
without. The members mostly went to
their places armed to the teeth, and, lie
sides the choice of weapons, worn in
their bosoms, or protruding Iron: their
pockets each kept an ample supply of re
volving pistols in the writing-denk lieforc
him. There were munitions of war
enough in tne "rail to have answered the
purposes of a small army.
Every evening after Adjournment,
there was a general firing otT and reload
ing in order to have their "tools" of
death in prime condition for the emer
gencies of the morrow. I vas frequently
startled from sleep at the hour of mid
night, by the roar ot incessant explo
sions, heard at different points in the
city. Many legislators also during the
day would be out practicing to learn the
difficult art of cutting a tape string at
ten paces, or of driving the center out of
a Miver quarter, at twelve. They used
as their pistol-gallery a little grove of
pine trees, immediately on the south
bank of tho Arkansas river, and not
more than fifty yards from the state
house, where every rejHirt was fearfully
audible ; ami admonished certain inde
pendent members of the doom they
might exricct, provided their votes were
not cast in favor of the banks! The der
ringer pistol and the bowie-knife gov
erned. Tower resided in gunpowder;
and jiopularity hovered around the
points of naked daggers.
Among the most agitating measures,
calling into exercise the wisdom of the
western sages, was the institution of the
real estate bank. Its establishment was
strongly and steadily, but ineffectually
opposed by a slender minority. All the
wealthiest men in the state, all the lead
ing legislators took shares of its capital
stock; and John Wilson, shaker of the
lower house, was elected president. As
t his person was one of the chief actors in
the tragedy, soon to lie recorded, a brief
designation of his appearance and charac
ter become necessary.
Every public man in the backwoods
that a tt'tliri'jiirt, bestowed on account of
some real or fancied jieculiarity. by the
whimsical humors of his constituents.
Speaker Wilson was called "Horse Ears,"
from his possessing an accident never be
fore heard of in the natural history of
the species. When excited by any vio
lent emotion, his ears worked up and
down flexibly, like those of a horse. A
man of extraordinary looks, nothing in
Lis features or countenance denoted the
desperado, save a strange, wild, twink
ling expression of his infantile greveyes,
i.lways in motion with cold, keen glances,
hs if watching out for some secretenemy.
He had fought half a-dozen duels with
uniform success, and had been engaged
in several more off-hand affrays, in none
of which he had received even the honor
of a scar. Hence, as may well lie sup
posed, his prowess inspired almost uni
versal fear; and few were the dead shots
to ha found in Arkansas, who would
voluntarily seek quarrel with "old
Horse-Ears." As to the rest, he was
the owner of a large cotton farm, rich
and influential, honest, liberal, and cour
teous in his manners; exceeding amiable
in his domestic relations, beloved bv his
family and adored by his slaves. Such
are often the inconsistencies of human
nature, which seems utterly incapable of
prodtu ing unalloyed tyjx s of cither good
or evil angels or devils !
1 luring the session, previously speci
fied, there w:is a iiieniler of the lower
house, by the name of Abel Anthony,
in no way remarkable except for his op
jMisiiion to the hanks and his sly, quiet
wit, addicted to practical jokes. " In the
parlance of frontier technics, he belonged
to the category of "peaceable men,"
having never iu all his life lfore had a
mortal rencounter. He was even deemed
a coward, for he had Wen known to
jNicket open insults without so much as
showing a sign of resentment.
One day the bill to provide for the
mure effectual rewarding of wolf-slayers,
detiotui ui' .'.l, in shott, " the wolt-M'alp
bill," came up for discussion. This
had been a standing reform measure from
the earliest settlement of Arkansas, and
will probably continue lo K so long as
the Ozaik mountains shall rear their
black, bristling crests in the western di
visions of the state, or the Mississippi
swamps shall occupy so large an area in
the east. Accordingly, whenever the
w.df-scalp bill is taken up, a tremendous
debate ensues. The contest then is no
longer between the ins and tints of pow
er. Whigs and democrats alike overleap
the iron lines of pirty demarkation, and
begin a general massacre ol chancemcd
ley. It is a battle war to the knife,
ami the knife to the handle of every
member against every other, the object
Ix ing, as to who shall urge the most an
nihilating statin s against their common
Iocs, the wolves, because that is the great
pivot-question on which hinges the jiop
ularity of each and all.
. Tli present occasion was the more
an usinr, as there had happened lately a
laughable, but most annoying, ii.stnn.ee
in fraud of the prt vi..us territorial law.
It seems thai cunning yankee, iresh
from the land growing "wooden nut
megs," had conceived a notable , 'scheme
of rearing wolves of his own ; so that bv
butcheiing it hairy whelp, at his option,
and taking its ears to n jut-.tice of the
peace, he could obtain a certificate of
"wolf scalp." entitling him to ten dollars
tint of the county treasury. It was said
that this enterprising genius had already
in his pens a nuinlxT of fine looking
breeders, ami ex preyed santruine hopes
of soon it ali.ing a hand.-omc foitune .'
Numerous were the provisions advo
cated to prevent such scandalous cva
siotts i'i future. Among others, J5rown
t UoiKrtsot Marion, moved "that each
"crtific:to of a genuine wolf-scalp lie
based en not less than four affidavits,
and be irnl by at least four justices
anil one judge ol the circuit court.
AIm I Anthony moved to amend by ad
ding, "mi ! bv the president of the" real
t.i :Oe bank."
This was intended by the mover merely
as a jest, to thrw ridicule on the com
plicated machinery of Roberts' bill, and
accordingly it excited a general smile.
Rut verv different was the effect on Mr.
Speaker Wilson, president of the real
estate bank. He saw tit to interpret the
amendment as the deadliest insult !
I glanced towards the honorable chair
man, ex pet ting to see him enjoying the
joke ; but the moment I beheld his coun
tenance, I was absolutely horrified at its
sa.'ate expression. His face was of
ashy paleness ; anil there, on those thin,
white lips, as if in devilish mockery of
maiice. Kit that grim, snake-like, writh
ing smile, which merely moved the curled
mouth, spreading no further, nor eject
ing any other feature that f-ignificant
smile of murder, so peculiar to almost
the whole class of desperadoes, when
about to do some deed of death. There
was, however, brief space for speculation
as to physiognomic birns ; for hardly I.d
the tfelisivu word left Anthony's lijjg,
when Wilson sprang to feis feet and im
periously ordered the other to sit down.
Anthony, manifesting no token of
either surprise or alarm, replied mildly,
that he was entitled to the floor.
'Sit down!' Wilson repeated, and
this time in a voice like thunder.
" I am entitled to the floor and will
not resign it," said Anthony, apparently
without anger, but giving back a look of
calm, immovable resolution.
Sneaker Wilson then left the chair,
drew his bowie-knife, descended the steps
of the platform, and slowly and delib
erately advanced through the hall some
foity feet, in the direction of his foe- all
the while that ghatly horrid smile, coil
ing up his pallid lips, and his ears mov
ing backwards and forwards, with those
strange, i-hort, sharp vibrations which
had won for him long before the nick
name of " Horse-Ears."
As Anthony was commonly considered
a coward, when the spectators beheld the
far-famed and all-dreaded duelist ad
vancing upon him with uplifted blade,
glancing aloft in the air, as ready for the
fatal blow, all supposed the reputed cra
ven would flee in terror from his place.
No one believed that he was armed, or
that he would fight under any circum
stances, or with any odds of position or
weapons. Bat in this opinion everybody
was mistaken, and no one, perhaps, more
so than his infuriate adversary. While
that ferocious man was coming towards
hnn, he stood calm and motionless as a
pillar of marble. His color did not
chancre one shade. All his limbs were
riirid as iron. His only evidence of un
usual emotion was a copious elHux of
tears ! At the siaht of this we all thud
dered, for we knew the weeper would
conquer or perish. In the backwoods
experience has demonstrated two un
mistakable tokens of thorough despera
tion frozen smiles and kot-gushing
tears; and tears may always be regarded
as far the most dangerous. Such a
conclusion was verified f ully in the pres
ent instance; for as soon as the speaker
approached within ten feet of his weep
ingenemy,the latter suddenly unsheathed
a bowie-knife from his bosom, and stepped
IkiMIv forward to the proffered battle.
And then commenced a struggle for life
and death, the most obstinate, bloody,
and f rightfully protr. cted ever witnessed
in the southwest.
Wilson's knife was long, and keen, and
so highly polished that you might see
yourself in the reflection of its smooth,
bright surface, as in the mst perfect
looking-glass. The image being an ex
tremely small minature, so symmetrical
was the rounding of the fine glittering
steel. On each side of the flashing blade
was a picture, the fac simile of the other,
wrought in exquisite gold enamel, of
two Indians in their wild, native costume
encaged in mortal combat with bowie
Hie weapon of Anthony was one of
the largest size of the class, called in that
country "Arkansas tooth-picks," the
most murderous implement of destruc
tion, before which a human foe ever
quailed. On one side of its broad gleam
ing blade was the picture of a fight be
twixt a hunter ami a black bear. The
bear seemed to be squeezing the man to
death in its iron hug, while he was
fiercely diguing at the monster's heart
with the point of his knife.
Such devices are common on the arms
of the most notorious desperadoes on the
frontiers, and are the object of as intense
a pride to their owners, as were the in
H'jniii of the most exalted chivalry to
the knights of the heroic ages. For all
men are jioets ; and the idea seeks for
evermore to render himself incarnate in
the material form to speak in knowing
signs to the senses. Destructiveness will
have its images as well as devotion.
Wilson made the first pass, a deter
mined thrust aimed at the pit of his an
tagonist's stomach, while the other dex
terously parried. For a time both par
ties fought with admirable coolness, and
with such consumate Bkill, that only
slight wounds were inflicted, and those
on tlfe head and face, whence blood be
gan to trickle freely. And still ominous
and awful visions while the contest
raged, the opposite and characteristic
signs of desperation remained fixed,
sculptured by the hand of horrible ven
geance in either countenance. The cold
smile, now converted into a fiendish grin
of immeasurable malice, still lingered on
Wilson's livid lips; and the tears still
flowed, mingling now with warm blood
from Anthony's black blazing eyes 1
The clatter of the knives, thrusting and
fending off, and sharply ringing against
each other, was Hideous to hear, and
alone broke the silence that reigned
throughout the hall.
At length, both foes, maddened at the
prolonged obstinacy of the struggle, and
blinded by the gore from the red gashes
about their eyes, lost all caution, coolness
and equanimity, and battled widly more
like devils than living men. Each one
more intent on taking the life of his
enemy than in guarding his own, exerted
every nerve and muscle with a truculent
fury that struck the very beholders with
icy fear. Roth parties were soon severely
wounded in different parts of the body ;
but still there came no pause in the com
bat, till Anthony, striking a heavy, over
handed blow, cut his adversary's arm
halt off at thewiist! Wilson changed
his bowie-knife into his left hand, and,
for an instant, ran several steps back
wards, as if to decline any furtner con
test. He then stopped, and, smiling
more frightfully than ever a fearless,
infernal look again rushed forward.
Previously, at this crisis, when certain
victory was within his grasp, Anthony
committed the folly of flinging his knife
at the other's bosom, which, missing its
aim, fell with a loud, ringing noise on
the floor, more than thirty feet distant.
This error decided the tremendous com
bat. Anthony was entirely disarmed at
the mercy of the tiger-man. Wilson
darted upon him with a hoarse cry of
anger and hellish joy there, powerless
to resist, and yet too brave to fly. One
sharp thrust ripped open the victim's
liowcls.and he caught tnem as they were
falling, in his hands! Another stroke,
directed at th6 neck, severved the main
artery, and the blood spouted out with
a gurling noise, sprinkling the robes, and
even the faces, of some members who sat
nearest the horried sence.
The last act of the tragedy was closed,
and the curtain of death .dropped on the
stage. Anthony without a groan or a
sign, fell in his place a corpse, and-Wilson,
fainting from loss of blood, sunk
down lieside him.
Fp to this moment, although sixty
legislators were in their seats, and more
than a hundred lookers-on in the lobby,
and jewelled bevies of bright-eyed ladies
in the gallery, still no one, save those
raging mail men, had moved : no sound
had disturlied the whisper'.ess silence,
but the clangors of the their concussive
steel. Hut then, as larth tumbled on the
tloor, like lumps of lead, a single wild,
wailing, heart-shivering shriek as if some
other soul were parting with its mortal
cliy, arose iu the crowd of females, and
all wit again still; but whether that
deep cry ol an orphaned spirit was ut
tered bv the maiden of pmr Anthony's
bosom, who hail hoped to morrow to lie
his bride. or by the lu-autiful little daugh
ter of Wilson, r by some pity ingstratigcr
could never lie ascertained.
Wilui recovered, and is yet alive;
ar.d there is scarcely an inch square on
his f;.ce that does not show its deep
scar, lis a memento ol the matchless com
bat, lie was expelled from the house;
bailed by a merciful judec, brought to
trial, and acquitted. There was never a
jury yet in the luckwoods that would
convict a permit for la vine another in a
'air li.nht! For the or-perado u the
backwoods' hero, whom nit im-u worship
The French have a new meil.od of dis
posing of the dead. " At the b ...-.
an individual the body i-. plunged into i
liquid, and in about five vt in-.- the corp
is turned into stone. Tie .-sen l of tin
petriQcation is known only to the u s
coverer. He says that in a thousano
years' time, if persons will oiilv preserve
their relative and friends. thiv will U
able to build a house with them, and
thus live in residences surrounded by
their ancestors. Anither application
this process has been s'.igcte,. namely,
to have the petrified corpse nickel-plated
or electro-plated, with orouze, and if a
statue of an individual is desired, to
place the corps on a proper pedestal, so
as to fulfill the functions of be'wg the
statue of the person dece.i-cd."
FARM AJfD HOUSEHOLD.
K Tor Winter Pmatare.
The Rural World says editorially:
We have been in the habit for many
years pa3t of sowing a few acres of rye
for winter pasturage, and with the very
best results. . If sown in August or Sep
tember, tt would produce an abundant
yield of delicious herbage lor all kinds
of stock in winter. It is especially Val
uable for calves and colts and lamba and
milch cows, and indeed lo all kinds of
stocks. All you have to do is to plow
the ground and sow the seed. They will
pluck it. You need not harvest it for
them. The green rye keeps the bowels
open, the blood in good condition, and
the animals growing with great rapidity.
If the corn-field is so that it can be pas
tured, nothing will pay better than to
sow it in rye. If a heavy rain soon falls
or moist weather follows, the rye will
come up without running through th
cultivator ; but in case of dry weather
the cultivator mutt be used to cover the
There is nothing in which western
farmer are more lacking than supplying
winter pasturage to keep their animals
healthy and in growing condition, and to
save giving out so much other feed that
has been saved at considerable expense.
Those raisng hogs largely will find rye
very best pasturage fir winter.
C'a '-' base.
Many complain that they cannot suc
ceed with cabbage, but for their lives
they cannot tell why. We can. It is
the result of bad management in almost
every instance. Of course there may be
seasons in which cabbage does not suc
ceed to the greatest perfection, but in
that case all tail alike. In every instance
when you hear a man state that he can
not raise cabbage while his neighbor can,
and that, therefore, cabbage is not a
lucky crop for him, you may set it down
as certain that he does not manage the
thing exactly right.
Cabbage requires a deep rich soil
there is no use undertaking to raise it
without these requisites ; and for the
summer varieties the soil should incline
to be moist, though it must not be sog
gy. The ground cannot tie made too
rich, nor cau it be stirred too deeply.
The plant must be stimulated to a rapid
growth, without which it will not head
to anything like perfection.
For early varieties early York and
drumhead are usually c nsidered the
best varieties for the south. For sum
mer and fall use the common drumhead
and the savoy are usually placed at the
top of the list. The green glazed is, no
doubt, our best winter cabbage. Xo
variety so well withstands the attacks of
insects as the green glazed.
The Ifag:. ll;Value ninl Slow to Care for 11
The Kansas Farmer says : The hog is
au animal of great importance in this
country, and is every day becoming more
so. Almost every family outside of large
cities, and even in the suburbs of these
can keep oue or more pigs. Fork can be
grown cheaper than other kiad of meat,
and what is of much importance, a small
outlay of capital bring3 a quick return ;
if kept in good condition tue pig may
be slaughtered at any age after one
The hog, like other animals thould be
kept clean, or rather, it should have an
opportunity of keeping itself clean. Its
house should have a good roof to turn
the rain; its floor should be kept suffi
ciently elevated to be kept dry, and to
make no hollow place for puddles of
water to stand in. It will do well on
pasture in summer with very little slop
or grain. Clover is the very best past
ure for it.
This vegetable is planted either by
seds or sets. The southern people have
usually planted by sets, as seeds sown in
spring do uot make large onions tho first
season, the summer drouth coming on
and stopping the growth. Rut it is now
beginning to be known that good onions
may be raised directly from the seed by
sowing in the fall, and leaving the crop
to stand through winter, and finish its
growth in the spring.
November is a very good time for put
ting out oniou sets. The ground should
be prepared by a thorough application of
well-rotted manure nicely worked in.
Lay off the ground about one foot or
eighteen inches apart, putting the sets
six inches apart in drills. Watch for
the flower buts and pinch them off so
soon as they appear. Keep the soil mel
low, but never draw it up around the
bulb. If you cover the bulb entirely it
will at once cease to enlarge. Most" va
rieties of the onion are well adapted to
our climate the red varieties are
thought to be tho most hardy.
Partridge cochins are now so well
known and so deservedly popular, that
nothing new can be said about them.
They are a magnificent bird in size, color
and shape, when finely bred, and always
give satisfactio n to those who fancy large
As winter layers, they are among the
heat, make good mothers, and as table
fowls are first class. They are quite hardy
and only suffer in winter in their combs,
which, iike the combs of all large single
combed birds, are liable to be frozen, in
extremely severe weather, unless the
poultry house is very warm.
Taken altogether the partridge cochin
is one of the most valuable of the Asiat
ics, and a first rate variety for the new
beginner to select, as they breed to a
feather, are easily confined, and retain
their beauty along time even in a city,
where it is almost impossible to keep the
white varieties in presentable shape.
Am. Poultry Journal.
Il'lul lintnn Cotton CiltT
Thousands of cotton gins are needlessly
injured, if not entirely ruined, by one
simple cause. That cause is permitting
moat or lint cotton, that is, cotton that
has !een once ginned, to be mixed with
seed cotton and passed through the saws
the second time. Such lint cotton cafches
in the teeth, clogs thejsaws, dulls the
teeth, and bendsor breaks the ribs, wears
the boxes and strains the whole gin so as
to make it produce a bad sample, and
speedily becomes almost worthless. It
likewise increases the draft so as to dis
tress the mules propelling the gin, and
creates so much friction as to frequently
set the gin house on fire. Thus can be
explained the burning of many a gm
house by the supposed spontaneous com
bustion of cotton.
Hence every owner of a gin house
should be careful about where his mat
cotton is placed, also aliout permitting
the "flyings" or "hangings" to fall on
his seed cotton. Above all he should be
particular in preventing the cinner or his
assistant when returning from the lint i
room after packing; the cotton back, as it
is called, from having any lint on his
clothing. The usual assistant at a gin to
hand seed cotton and pack back lint is a
playful urchin, who delights first to
wallow in the lint room and thcrij with
out divesting himself of tbe lint adher
ing to his clothes, next t roll on the seed
cotton. Ofient imes every boy, black and
white, on a large plantation, after a gen
eral frolic in the lint room, will imme
diately emerge therefrom antl continue
their wrestling, rolling and romping
over the seed cotton, with a half pound
ot lint sticking to each one's ragged or
woolen apparel. Such play is of course
delightful to the boys, but it isdear sport
to the owners of the gin. In many giu
houst s, too, while packing cat ton for the
market, much lint is mixed with the seed
cotton, cither by carelessness or by the
A gin is a costly machine, but it is not
a delicate one to put out ot order if pre
viouniy eintii n nut is Kept out ot tue
usivcmiHd tint is tept out of
j. , a 11
aWi" 1 m o'n,f"'Vriglltl'r U,a'
:ioed should, with little tshariieninp and .
small maiw, pick htty bales oi lint per j
year, m-i-i i.isi a p'aorer ot avarat:e king- 1
evny ins Iilotinie; whereas most gin
Iwi-iinif useless, or neaily so, i-i perhaps
live years, jrom thfl single cau.-e I have
iiuiiiati il. No child fver ought to be
allowed toenter a lint room where it ean
well 1 e prevented. C farmer.
Of tlu- ilirlVrent kinds of grains, oats is
peculiarly the horse's food, always safe,
digestible, and nutritive. Barley is the
best ubatitute for it. Wheat und In-
dian corn are sometimes given, but both
are unsuitable ; the first is too concen
trated, and the last too heating. They
ought to be sparingly used, and only
when ground and mixed with chaff. The
offal of wheat is never objectionable.
Grain is always - more advantageously
fed when ground or crushed, and wet
some time previous to eating ; and it i3
still better when cooked. On both sides
of the Mediterranean, in the Barbary
states, in Spain, France and Italy, much
of the food is given in small baked cakes,
and the saving in this way is much greater
than the expense of preparing it. Stock
l'ulnnil C lil
The Poland China hog is rapidly grow
ing in favor with southern breeders. It
is demonstrated that they are hardy and
not so subject to disease as some other
breeds. Furthermore, they grow with
rapidity ; are compact in form and take
on "big fat " in a short time. They are
not large consumers, and are decidedly
the best of grazing hogs ; are not disposed
to root or roam away from home. We
are glad to see this breed growing in
favor. The Berkshire hog has a most
formidable rival in the Poland China,
and the latter may yet stand at the head
of the swine list, if they continue to
prove as satisfactory in the future as in the
The II os Cholera.
.Dr. JJelmers, the Missouri commis
sioner, appointed by the board of agri
culture to make an investigation of the
disease which has been designated as the
hog cholera, in his report concludes with
tne following remarks
. Finallv, I wish to say a few words in
regard to a hygienic mistake committed
on almost every farm in the west. I refer
to the practice of feeding the swine almost
exclusively with corn, a practice which
certainly is not calculated to produce
healthy and vigorous animals, but which
necessarily must result, as can be easily
shown, in weakening the organism, and
in creating a predisposition to disease
How much or how little-this practice
has contributed in producing the now
prevailing epizootic influenza of swine, I
am not prepared to decide. I have, how
ever, reason to suppose that this practice
has not been without influence.
To give medicine to a healthy animal
is, under all circumstances, a bad prac
tice, fraught with injury, and should not
be done unless it is intended to destrov
injurious influences. To use medicine
for the purpose of strengthening the con
stitution of an animal is simply follv, as
just the opposite will be the result. But
to the point : I am confident the epi
rootic influenza of swine, or the disease
improperly called hog cholera, will cease
to make its appearance, or, at anv rate,
will become a very rare occurrence, and
will lose its epizootic character, if, first,
every large herd of swine is divided into
several small herds or lots, each contain
ing about three or four animals : if, sec
ondly, each lot is provided with a com
foi table pen or place to sleep in, which
is tree irnm tilth, dust and manure, is
well ventilated and provided with a good
roof; if, thirdly, every hog or pig has
access, several times a day, or as often as
temperature, weather and circumstances
require, to fresh and clean water for
drinking anA bathing, either in a large
trough or in a brook, creek or streamlet;
if. fourthly, no filth, manure or dirt is al
lowed to accumulate in anv of the styes
yards, hog lots or pasture in which the
hogs or pigs are kept ; and it, nnally,
hogs or pigs receive always a suitable va
riety of sound and healthy food, which is
not soiled with dirt or manure.
The people of the south neglect the
carrot as a crop, and yet it is one among
the best crops that could be grown. It
succeeds well in our climate and flour
ishes in any soil that will bring good
turnips. A popular writer says it is the
most valuable esculent in ths entire
range of practical husbandry on account
of its superior properties as a general
article of food for several descriptions of
animals usually kept on a farm. Where
once introduced it will ever remain
popular as a valuable article of food for
horses, pigs and poultry of all descrip
tions. Butter of the most agreeable ap
pearance and exquisite flavor may be
obtained for the table by feeding milch
cows upon carrots, and if stored for them
during winter there will be no diminu
tion in quantity, or deterioration in the
quality of their produce.
In establishments for trotting or
racing boises, carrots are especially
beneficial. Toward spring, when the
horses have been fed for many months
on dry food oats, corn and hay they
are extremely serviceable, indeed nec
essary. Among horsemen they have
gained the character of being good for
the wind ; but we suspect the only merit
they can claim in this respect is that
they keep the body cool and open, by
which they conduce greatly to health
and condition, and consequently to clear
ness of wind. About the same thing
may be said of their claims to producing
a fine coat ; whatever conduces to health
does so; consequently carrots do. To
any one who has been in a racin ' stable,
or "any stable where carrots are fed, it
may seem almost useless to say that they
should be sliced in pretty long slices. It
is dangerous to give them cut crossways,
as horses are extremely fond of them,
and, if at all greedy, would be apt to
bolt pieces of them whole, which would
be quite likely to cause some of them to
sticlc in the throat. Carrots if kept in
a dry place, in sand, will keep a long
time ; or, in sand, they will keep out of
doors, if covered sufficiently witn straw
and then banked up with earth.
"Hide Bound n Tree.
Trees that have long stems exposed to
hot suns or drying winds liecome what
gardeners call "hide-bound." That is,
the old bark becomes indurated cannot
expand and the tree sutlers much in
consequence. Such an evil is usually in
dicated by gray lichens, which feed on
the decaying bark. In these cases a
washing of weak lye or lime water is very
useful ; indeed, where the bark is healthy,
it is beneficial thus to wash trees, as
many eggs of insects are thereby de
stroyed. We would, however, again i
fer to linseed-oil as a wash, as far more
effective for insects, and would, perhaps,
do as well for moss and lichen. After
all, these seldom come when trees are
well cultivated. It is neglect makes
poor growth, and xxr growth lichens.
Orrliard and Blue n.
A Louisiana correspondent of the Cul
tivator thus relates his experience with
orchard and blue graw :
I cleared out ,he undergrowth in about
five acres of woodland, and broke it up
with a large two-horse .plow, and in
March, 1S74, sowed it in orchard and
blue grass. I did not cover at all, but
think they ought to bo haiirowed or
rolled. Iu June the orchard grass was
about knee high, and 1 pastured it down,
closed it up, and left it until this spring.
It ripened seed in June, and watupou an
average about waist high. I then turned
my horses and cattle on it for a month
or more, and they knocked out the seed
and ate it down, and is now closed again,
and the face of the earth is covered with
blue gr.tss. Some of that made seed also.
I could hardly discover the blue grass
la.t year, but it now looks well.
Thk other forenoon a man who baa oc
cuyited a scat in congress, held a state
office, being a presiding officer at dozens
of conventions, and is looked upon as a
man of deep thought and wide ex
perience, was passing down the street
when lie saw a .silver half dollar on the
sidewalk, lie bent down to pick it up,
! .i .1 : ....i J .,- Ar
-0 Hir Ilia V 1CU IU V I V A tlvvl
hoe-hop, while the boy who held
tbe jd t . Haiu and
t d tinnoxt The great states-
k;..i-, ..a i, oa
1 1110 1 a uil' A uti I tli 11 avv 1 ui.-'v.u "fn. vi' v
a common laborer would have acted.
He grew red in the face, looted around
to see who had witnessed the incident,
and as be hurried on muttered strange
words and sputtered out sentences with
three points alter them. Detroit Frtr
CoxsciEKCE is generally dealt out to
men according to their necessities. Na
ture never places sentinel where there is
nothing to watch.
Pay of American Authors.
" American readers," remarks a con
temporary, " have a hanpv facultv of
owning books rather than of borrowing
them from circulating libraries." There
is nine aouot that every reader in our
happy land congratulates himself upon
this fact, and is sure that it is something
we all have a rierht to be croud of!
People who Purchase thAhnnlrs tWv rArirl.
and hold them as heirlooms for their de
scendants, who associate with the books
they love t read the pride of ownership,
must, it is natural to suppose, have a
deeper interest in literature than those
who peruse the much-thumbed volumes
of the circulating library, which; being
reaa, are never at hand again for after
perusal for stray moments of companion
ship, or for occasional recurrence to favor
ite passages. Obviously, one can but de
sire to own the book that he loves, and
there would seem at first glance to be
every reason why our American custom
snouia he permanently sustained.
mere are, however, sometimes unex
pected sides to a question. It is con
fessed on all hands that in America re
ward for literary work is wholly inade
quate. "A community which is confident
ly believed to be the greatest readers of
books in the world actually pays its au
thors and writers much less than do
those benighted countries where editions
are small and circulating: libraries are
many. The publication of books for gen
eral buyers instead of for libraries has
caused a pressure for cheapness. No
man buys one book. If he is a reader at
all he must desire to buy many books,
and only people of wealth can afford to
supply their library needs by purchase
unless books are cheap. Now, it so hap
pens that while cheap books are an ad
vantage to readers, and may be profita
ble by large aggregates of dales to pub
lishers, they are to the disadvantage of
authors, rendering just compensation for
literary work almost impossible. If the
reader will patiently follow us through a
few figures we think we can make the
truth of this statement clear to him.
The usual price of a novel published
in the better American style, that is, in
a duodecimo volume bound in cloth, is
.$1.75. The customary percentage which
an author receives on a book at tbis price
is seventeen and a half cents per copy,
being ten per cent, on the retail price.
We have selected a work of fiction for il
lustration because it is the kind of litera
ture that, upon the average, is the most
profitable to writers. If a novel pub
li hed in the style described attains a sale
of 10,000 copies, it has met with success
not a brilliant but a more than fair
success. Inasmuch as the average sale of
a duodecimo novel is probably not more
than 2,000 or 2,500, and the vast major
ity never reach a circulation of 5,000
copies, it must be conceded that a sale of
10,000 copies is evidence that the au
thor has made something of a hit. But
this successful book yields the author
only $1,750. Now, one book a year is as
frequent as writers usually can produce,
and as many as the public would con
tinue tt) purchase at the rate of sale we
have assumed. In truth if 10,000 copies
is the extreme sale of one of an author's
popular books there will be sure to be
those the circulation" of which will fall
considerably below this number. But
let us assume that he will bo enabled to
maintain his popularity at an even level.
In addition to one book a year he could
do some work for the magazines, so that
by jicrsistent labor his income might be
increased to say $3,00 a year this,
recollect, for au author who stands well
up on the literary ladder. It is not so
much as the salary of a book-keeper or a
second-rate clerk ; it is far below that of
bank and insurance comaany officers ; it
is insignificant beside that which a law
yer or a doctor of about the same relative
grade makes in any of the leading cities;
it is insufficient for the need of a family,
and permits nothing to be saved for old
age, when the pen will but too. -surely
lose its skill. Yet our suppositions case
is that of a successful author the mul
titude of writers cannot hope to do near
ly so well as this.
Now, in England the average author
probably does no better than the average
one here ; but there are high prizes
there for the successful writer." It was
currently stated, before " Daniel Deron
da" was more than three-quarters pub
lished, that George Eliot had made from
it some $75,000. Perhaps this is an ex
aggeration, but we can scarcely be wide
tt the mark in assuming that "Uncle
lom's Cabin," the greatest success of the
century, did not yield the author a third
of this amount. Mr. Tennyson derives
an annual income from his books of
5,000, or $25,000. Mr. Longfellow is
probably one of the best paid of our au
thors, but the profits from his books are
doubtless very much le?3 than this. It
must be remembered that all pursuits
that give the multitude of workers just
repayment for their labor have their
brilliant successes; and hence if a profes
sion does not reward its great leaders am
ply it will certainly starve the rank and
But how is it that English authors are
so much better paid when successful
than ours are ? It is frequently declared
that the alxience of an international copy
right is the cause. This at one time op
erated greatly to the injury of the Ainer
can writer, but, as now every English
author worth anything gets his copyright
or his prices from American publishers,
this fact has ceased to have much influ
ence on native productions. The princi
pal reason for the difference we have
pointed out is in the method of publica
tion. The dollar and-a-half or two-dollar
volume here costs so much for paper smd
printing that but a small margin is left
for the author. In England such a book
wnii'd ho published at tliirt.v .sliilliiirs
sterling, nearly $S in our currency, but
would be sold, necessarily, at tir.s price,
almost exclusively to circulating libra
ries. If the book at this price is a suc
cess the profits swell up rapidly, a distri
bution of 2,000 copies netting the writer
three or four times the profit that our
suppositious 10,000 would do here. In
England, therefore, a successful book
means a prosperous author; in the
United States a book may lie success ul
and the author yet remain iioor and un
derpaid. In view of this fact, we are
not wise to brag of our disposition to
"sur own books ;" the "greatest reading
public in the world" ought in the inter
est of literat ure either to buy more books
or pay larger prices for them ; otherwise
if a body of writers are to be maintained
it may be necessary to establish the Eng
lish literary system here. Ajiplcton's
The Great IJrlgliton Aquarium.
If this aquarium could be lifted up
just as it is and set down in New York,
it would be the greatest success in the
way of "popular entertainments" ever
seen in your city. It is an enterprise
which has been thoroughly well carried
out ii. all its details. The building is
large, beautifully fitted up and well ven
tilated ; the amusements are varied ; the
tanks !n which the fish are kept are spacious
clear and constantly renewed with fresh
tenants as the older ones die off, or eeae
t: be attractive. I sneak of the aniu-c-ments
being varied, because in the midst
of the fish tanks and proUois and ferner
ies there is a charming hall in which
concrts are held, ajid the best singers in
London engaged to appear at them.
There is also a band, and the entrance
hall is a large reading room, well sup
plied with newspapers and magazines.
The tanks are arranpel on each side of
three long corridors, and are, of course,
eonstantlv supplied with water direct
from the sea. The lareest of these tanks
is over one n una reu icet m leum mm i
fortv feet in width, and contains 1 10,00)
eallors of sea water. In this tank por- j
poises and sharks may be seen awimming j
about, to the unbounded astonishment i
of the youngster I muit say also to my
astonishment when I frnt saw the por-
rx-iM swimminir aloue at their usual up
arid-down and rapid rate. A stream of
"compressed air" is forced by attain
power throuch the water in the tanks,
and this, as the superintendent says,
"keeps down the temperature and oxid
izes any organic impurity which the
water may contain." Without this con
trivance it would be impossible to keep
the fish alive. Mr. G. Reeves Smith, to
whom the success of this institution is
sreatly due, tells me that the heat during
the past summer threatened &t one time
o occasion serious losses. It was neces
sary to place large blocks of ice on the
top of the tanks, and in spite of all that
could be done numbers of the fish died.
If ever an aquarium ia built in New
York, the heat of summer would have to
be thought of before hand, and some
modifications of the Brighton structure
introduced to suit the climate.
You would not thank me if I under
took to give a list of the fish collected to
gether in this wonderful place, especially
at a time when political topics must be
making such heavy demands upon your
columns. I will, therefore, only trouble
you with a few odds and ends which I
have picked up during my visit, -from
the general manager and others. In the
first place I was surprised to hear that
the most difficult fish to catch and keep
alive is the common mackerel, as well
known on your side the Atlantic as on
this. It is a fish which dies soon alter
it is caught, and although thousands are
netted in the sea of Brighton, not a mile
from the aquarium, it was long before
any specimen could be secured for the
tanks, and even when they were secured,
it was found almost impossible to accus
tom them to confinement. " One speci
men," says Mr. Smith, in an account he
has written of the aquarium, " beat its
head so severely against the front glass
and the surrounding rocfe-work ot the
tank in which it was located that the
anterior facial bones were forced in to
such an extent that the contour of the
snout was rendered perfectly abtuse, and
became strongly and immovably fixed
into a strong curve towards the left
shoulder.'' There are now several mack
erel swimming about in the tanks, and
they seem to have made themselves very
much at home.
The mud-fish, from Africa, and the
boa-fish (with a muzzle like a pig's snout)
caught off the coast of Cornwall, are
among the numerous curiosities contained
in the tanks'. There is also a sea-devil,
an ugly looking monster not unworthy of
its name. Then we have the short-nosed
sea-horse, whose head has been aptly
compared to that of the " knight ' m
chess, and whose prehensible tail enables
it to cling to rocks and stones as if it
were a monkey. Of the octopus or devil
fish, there are several fine specimens in
the aquarium. It. is a horrid-looking
brute, all covered with suckers, and I
notice that it has a wild fascination for
children, who will stand looking at it to
the neglect of everything else in the
building. From here the visitor in
search of queer fish may wander to the
tanks where the angel-fish, the "dead
man's finders." the forkbeard and the
sea squirt disport themselves. The John
Dory, the whitebait, the plaice, the her
rina and other varieties of well-known
fish are abundant, and the collection of
corals and sea anemones is most beauti
ful. " Tank No. 1 " looks like a garden
full of bright and exquisite flowers. All
the tanks are about on a level with a
child's head, and the water and fish are
only set in behind plate glass, so that
young and old can see everything with
out the slightest difficulty. Brighton
Cor. .Ye if York World,
Old Si's Eccentricities.
As Old Si wa? passing along by the
car shed, one of the colored gamin there
attached a paper tail to the old man's
coat. Si ascertained why he had sud
denly become so conspicuous to the
crowd, and shaking his finger at the boy,
" Lookee heah, chile, I'me ole fnuff
terbe yer grandaddy !"
The" boy gyrated" his fingers from the
tip end ct his nose in response.
. " Dat'a right ; you jess wobble dem
fingers till you learns de motion. Dat's
de gallus grab dat you's goin' on wid, ef
yer only kno'd hit !'
The "boy laughed and danced all
around the old man.
" Go on wid yer foolishness, for de
time's comin' when all sich young colts
ez you is gwine ter be harness'd up an'
broke, an' yer will be moughty glad ter
bress de Lawd ef yer necks ain't broke
in de fust trial!"
"Ilev! whar's dc pig what cat de
co'n onen dat old cob-pipe ; say ?" yelled
" Nebber min' : dat warn't de pig dat
vou'll be tuck up fer steelin'. I tell yer j
i'is vunz irin'ration ob darkies is too free
wid dere tungs an' tao sabin ob der bans
ter do enny good. De police is draggin'
ob 'em 'round hyar like puppies wid
ropes ter dere necks, an' I'me lookin' fer
de kuriner to be goin' rouu' and pickin'
dem oil dc trees like blackberries 'fore
dis winter's done come an' gone I"
When Old Si stepped into a bar-room
the other day, to get " some red licker
ter de ole 'oman's camfer bottle," a
spruce young darkey called him to a
table, threw three cards around a few
times, and offered to bet the old man a
dollar tliat Si could not pick up the
"jack of spades."
" What yer take me fer, nigger ?" ex
" For a gemman, ob coars !" replied
" Dat's jess what I is !" said Si ; "an'
I wants to tell yer right now dat I's-e
seen niggers git inter de jail house on
less capital dan you'se got dar now!"
" Dfies you mean to say, sah, dat I 1"
" Nebber mine what I means ! Do
yer see enny greeu in that eye dar ?'
pulling down his under eye lid.
" No, sah." '
" Yer don't, eeder, kase dats a raw
eye, boy, an' vihen I sets dat eye onto
you and toilers hit up with dis hand,
yer'll tink that somebody's hit yer with
a beef-shank wid de hoof on. Don't fool
wid me, now, 'bout dem kyards, for
when I gits on the wah-paff 1'se wus dan
a steembote afire, an' yer better paddle
yer coonoo close in ter do lurder bank !"
The sharp darkey retired and Si got
his " red licker" in peace.
The Destruction of Forests.
Railroads in the United States annual
ly consume for fuel alone a quantity of
forest trees representing twenty-five
years' growth on .'V0,0()0 acres. Kailroad
sleepers use up thirty years' growth on
(IS 000 acres. Fences to inclose the rail
roads clear as many acres more. Tele
graph poles for 05,000 miles of telegrapn
require the felling of 2,000,000 trees, and
the annual repairs 250,000 more. Fr
matches alone there are annually sawed
up 2.10,000 cubic feet of wcod. In 1870,
30,000 acres were stripped for brick-making.
Shoe pegs take 100,000 cords of
white birch annually. In 1870, for pine
naekinz boxes and wooden ware, vast",
quantities of valuable timber were used,
and sawed logs footed up in value to
over $10.1,000,000. Add to this voracious
demand that made ;for ordinary fences
and fire-wood, and to that add the wan
ton destruction of forests for mere clear
in", when sometimes the timber felled
subserves no useful purpose, and we be
gin to get some idea of the rapidity with
which our forests are disappearing, and
to discover the reasons fer she solicitude
ior the future, felt by those who have
most carefully studied the subject of the
destruction of our growing trees.
The Man Who Knew.
Once in a great while a man can stand
on a street corner in Detroit and ask a
question which can't be answered, but
such instances are very rare. Yesterday
noon when an old citizenmade an inquiry
of a crowd at the postoflice, it wasn't a
second before be was being answered.
He started out with the remark that lie
was nearly sixty years old, and ended by
"Can any one tell me why we have
this warm spell called Indian summer?"
"its, sir,' was tne prom pi answer.
) jt is to give certain persons a chance to
wash up and get on a clean shirt before
winter sets in for good."
Theold resident coughed several times.
o jk another look at the sky and moved
r.r Hr b hud fone nbrmt fl hlorlr br
j hajted, suddenly grew red in the face,
"Come to think of it, I lielieve tha
scoundrel meant to insult me, and I wish
I had knocked him down. Detroit Free
Wisteb is now fairly upon us, and
the teams are hastening to the lumber woods
in various parts of the country. Our advice
t every man who eoes to the woods, be he
aptiin, cook, teitraster, or anv other mail, is
to take along a good stock of Johnson's Ano
dyne Liniment and Parsons' Purgative Tills.
Many months of labor (in the aggregate) may
be saved by this precaution.
Mehchaxt's Gargling Oil. This
standard liniment has been before the
people for over forty years, it having
been first manufactured in 1833, and it is
safe to assert that no preparation in the
market has eo fully stood the test of time,
and been received with such universal
favor as the Gargling Oil. It is found
innearlyevery household in this country,
and is also sold extensively in Europe.
From a very small beginning the Gar
gling Oil Company has been obliged to
steadily increase its facilities for man
ufacturing, and now employs an army of
men, and occupies magnificent buildings
of its own. Much of the success of the
company is due to the careful and effi
cient management of Mr. John Hodge,
who for some time has held the responsi
ble position as Secretary, and who is also
the proprietor of the Hodge Opera House,
one of the finest buildings in Loekport,
N. Y. The Gargling Oil is for sale at all
the drug stores. Quinry (Ilk.) Whig.
From the New York Tribune, November 13.
The newspapers have lately been teeuiin
with ingeniously worded advertisements re
garding the awards. These publications have
been skillfully prepared, so as to convey the
impression that this or that exhibitor has
really received the highest and best award.
Thus, instead of informin; the public as to the
true state ot atlairs,they have simply contused
the reader. Visitsrs to the centennial find
themselves bewildered by the adverse claims
to distinction which they find placarded on
every hand, and they do not know which way
to turn to discover t'e truth. In no depart
ment has this system of misrepresentation
been carried to so great an extent as that de
voted to piano fortes. There has been "a war"
between piano exhibitors since the Exhib
ition opened, and a regular skirmish line of
placards since the awards were officially an
nounced. They have vied with each other in
the use of extravagant language to prove
their respective claims to distinction. The
most ingenious methods have been devised ;
distinguished correspondents, whose sole ot
j.cct was to instruct the ignorant public have
volunteered their services (for a considera
tion); ex-judges of awards, in the interest of
certain piano manufacturers, have made pre
tended revelations of the secrets of the jury
room, for the sake of supporting the claims of
their particular favorites, and lightning calcu
lators have been appealed to and have found
convenient mathematical rules by which to
establish absolutely the supremacy of their
clients, on the pretense of the so much abused
maxium that figures cannot lie. All these
efforts, while ridiculous to those acquainted
with the subject, have been attempted to in
fluence the uninitiated. In fact, the piano
men have left nothing undone to mislead the
public, and by their efforts have caused every
thing relating to pianos to be looked upon
with distrust, and have made themselves the
laughing stock of the public. By these means
injustice is not only done to the public, but
to those who are not only entitled to the lead
ing position, but who were awarded it by the
judges. Your correspondent has taken the
trouble to submit all the various reports,
which are the basis of the awards, to a careful
scrutiny and comparison, and the result is
that the pianos of Win. Knabe & Co. are
found to head this list. This house from the
commencement of Exposition, relied solely
upon the merits of thwir instruments to secure
them a just award ; and since the official an
nouncement, although they were decreed
the honors in the l'iano department, they
have mode; tly remained in the background.
It is fortunate that the judges, ia preparing
the Knube report, so framed it as lo leave no
doubt about their pre-eminence. They es
pecially commended all their foui styles of
pianos, concert grand, parlor grand, square
and uprights, and accorded them the praise of
unequaled excellence in all the details of per
feet instruments. The report is plain, straight
forward and comprehensive, specifying all the
elements of merit which it is possible for the
best piano forte to possess power, richness
and singing quality of tone; ease and elastici
ty of touch; effectiveness of action; solidity
and originality of consiruction.and excellence
of workmanship. By comparing it with the
other reports in the "same department, even
the most skeptical will acknowledge that no
stronger language could have been used to ex
press the unanimous approval of the judges.
Philadelphia, Nov. 11, 1S7G.
Tlie Iy Draws Xar,
And tbe excitement in regard to the Drawing
of the KentuckvCash Distribution Company,
at Frankfort, Ky., on the 30th of November, is
approaching its culminating point. A tew
dY8 will bring around that preat event, that
golden shower of fortune. Gov. Porter has a
Farce force at work makinjr the last prepara
tions. There is not the slightest possibility of
any further postponement. Tliose, therefore,
who desire any hlmre in that eranddistribution
of gifts, amounting to $tj(HI.0C0, must make
their arrangements immediately. The rush j
for tickets is so irreat there is dancer that the
j supply will give out long before the demand
is satisfied. Every consideration, therefore,
prompts vou to bwv your ticKett. at once.
Whole tickets, 12; halves, .6; quarters, ?o.
Tue Youth's Companion, of Boston,
is a thoroughly wide awake paper, having
among its contributors such writers as J. T.
Trowbridge, Edward Egleston, Edward Ev
erett Hale, James T. Fields, J. G. AVhittier,
C. A. Stephens, Ixuis M. Alcott, Rebecca
Harding Davis, Julia Ward Howe, Mrs. A. II.
Leonowecs, Louise Chandler Moulton. No
writers more attractive in the country, and
no publication for young people more enter
prising and useful.
At our request, Cragin A Co., of Phil
adelphia, Ta., have promised to send any
of our readers gratia (on receipt of 15
cents to pay postage), a sample of Dob
bins' Electric Poaf to try, isendatoncc.
J. & P. Coats have been awarded a meda
and Diploma at the Centennial Exposition
and commended by the Judges for the
"Superior Strength and Excellent Quality
of their Spool Cotton."
A Youth's Publication; For half a
century the Youth's Companion, of Boston,
has been published. It was started in 1827
and is to-day oue of the brightest and most
vigorous papers with which we are acquainted
CniLLS, CZJ.t". Wlntersraith's Tonic Pf
rup or iin proved Chill Cure, ia a certain remedy lor
every form of Fever anl Ague. Its superiority over
ll nihfr remedies is in tlie fact that tlie cure Is a
rmanent one Hi Chill.urhrn hrnk'it.dort nnt return.
i.likn Chill remedies eenerally, it requires no pur-
nik to he taken with it: tlm laedieme itseli ac-
tine gently and agreeably upon the liver an.l bowels,
effectually removing the cause oi the disease, not
merely temporarily cliccfcin it, as ia the case ol
quiniue. Sold by a'll Prupists-
Bad enough to look and feel bad your
self; but no excuse for having your horse
look and teel badly, when for a email sum
von ean bnv Sheridan's Cavalry Condition
Powders, which piven in grain two or three
times a week, will make him look and feel
Chappkd hands, face, pimples, ring
worm, aitrheura, and otlie cutaneous afl'en
tions cured and roujfh skin made soft nd
smooth, by usinr Juniper Tar Soap. Be care
ful tc et onlv thnt made by Caswell, Hazard
A Co., New Vork, as there are many imita
tions made with common tar, all of which are
Save Your Hair. If you wish to
save your hair and keep it strong and healthy,
use BCESSTT'8 CocQAiyH.
TIIK RAVIUM TIJf E-;
Time may have whitened your locks but science
can restore their former color. Tl'TT's Heir Dye is
a wonderful triumph ol chemistry. Iu action is
truly magical as a single trial will prove. Office, IS
Murray St., N. Y.
P!onr 3 75
Bacon Clear Sile
Whinky Common ,
Cotton O rd i n ary.
Buckwheat, Irs hush
1 10 1 VVA
11 (4 Ui
18 00 ( 20 00
1 00 ( 1 15
1 75 (a 3 00
0 00 f9 5 50
1 75 (4 3 00
1 13 ($ 1 15
llKta 1 ix
8 50 9 50
0 (14 e.5
1 75 (4 2 (XJ
1 75 ?$ 2 00
X 75 C$ 2 00
Flour 5 00
Wheat lied and Amber 1 00
Har Timothy ,..
Bacon Clear sides
Potatoes Irich, blil...
4 10 00
t w r9
t 4 25
16 75 C4
HAKE 1 FORTUNE!
Ml Erin Drawing,1
Louisiana State Lottery Co,
IncorporaUd 1M. Capital Jl.lW.mo.
At New, Orleans, Monday, Oct. 4, 1876.
No Postponement !
CAPITAL PRIZE, $50,000.
Only 20,000 Tickets at $20 Each,
Fractions In Proportion.
JUIST OF PKIZKS.
1 4'nlltal Prime
1 lu lo ... -
1 do do
I'lil.KS AT Gl.ioi
9 Approximation Tries of fin
o do do Li' 1.""'
9 do do loo
Prir.ee, amounting t f Jt,si
Keniitttar.ee must l-e madeliy express or regintered
letter. . ,
Kll or ler" for tii ketsor re.iiet f. r fuller irifnrma
tion to be madu to Vlt AM. T. ! AKI.
AGF.STri WANTED KVKIIYWHEKE.
t'nexccptioual references must aeeompany appli
cation. TUE FIRST KEGI LAU
Quarterly Dollar Draiim,
W'i'A take place on Jauuary 2, lo77.
Tickets, si each, capital phi.es ii.mki.
What It Does!
It rwlnw, onioUty. Urn? Hair in Its cWy Nninral
color. If hs n etfWt of ItUrinff to liitir t pnma-
tur! HMis. It Kumovea lndrntt, Hmnoi-M t.3
11 rjru:ton Inna
lilt iMjnip. 11 I'rr-
D.ynjsA of tho
Infill, dry, tiHfh
viaTOi-1; 1 1 Krowt ti
n-oomplisis n more
ft short tii ii tnan
fvrT in.Kit. aiw.iy
.((.. lively ami
ItWiins nnrt Seal
Mun. Ii ltu-r
mid fnilmif I. Mir
iu it tns und Bivt
r-t tht llnlr. It
deiurvd flWt In
halving tho hnii
J a lrrsini;
the rwttnntl Im.r or upon t'n
h-.lr inS - unhHiiit nv ivinrli f i .n lOim renoeruin tl. tor I h(
(il'l nnl Vnuiitf. no ailu'lo ot unequaled excellent-. Nn
Trl.ir.iti"nolTei-d to tlie piil.Iic prndiie snrti wonqer
fill lesulls. Try ! Try ii!! for "Wood's lia
proved I" as it contains no injurious qualities.
It wnnrifin!!y Intimloeod JO yesrs suo Prof O.
Wood, but the recent thsiiKe nf Intredients In this sr.
tie!., is making demand tiir il in all parts of tli Luitud
btles, tJanaiias and loreojn countnwa.
Thecrrfit radical lmpvmnt Intrrnlnred In tritr
t'.iW hrtM i,i.iu'i1 us t lake wn' mid tv.rtme U
riitUHS to tii wrM. It-s itt-i't a lv6trtivr vIihI
k . i.jw-n i ,r.- niu-nt for ni il u an ltd lot niany years, be
iniC tll r tlefl.lHd
tM-tn h! fvr .1
kn ivs if-, i-otoiio-niakei
; i fn-relor
it, " Womi'a In
let, any unrinei
vinoe yoti t'int m
or Itoni-wcr r.a
thine tmiiiiar, n&
nun pjniBUK 'i j
lore lw--n Aliani
iu th worlc
ben you chII fi
pntYta," do n(
piJ dHr con
hat a K-Ur.tiVfj
trottd, or toinf
ther-w li nno like
it! Iffuj't upon lutvins
nn other, for your nicne
"V'whI'h Improved," and tnkv
It will not te Ionic . ait
h.t it If vonahuuld f-iil tc
d'ait;ra tvfrj whtirn will
find ic, yon tMii fw-nd jfcl.it ton l-vmnil for a nome. m
$b.W for tvt!-9. RmlwAwtll Bend it to you, nifpaid
to Anv lspr.tFfi Station d'id.
A.liltt . c-noK S CO.,Chi?RtrtKtie
Solr Acrnd for I nllrtl Mulr mkm4 4 hm-
licwm till tII rxlftMi nd MUpl'ly
ihr Trt- Rl 31 n initut t ult ra iJrKci
J. ii. KlMU.VLL, FropntAiT.
M In Cinctnnnii .y Jno. P. Park: Ixmisville..
J. B. Wil'W A 'o.: New Orl.ns. W hemlock. Unlay
Co., and by Wholesale Druggists generally.
New Music Books.
V TIIllLLIAXT LIsiT!
1 n e k nuurv. i..
The Whippoorwill. .
'i:iikin. ( Htilal c!llt lion nf iinH V
The Shining River.
1 3 1 .)
IH II. A
b. autir.il Sal'l.nlli
Kirt In-- cillei turn f
I.:n. Ily 1,.
t 'heirs. Miikinff
ol (lit"' Kminpnf TiihImI a ompoiicrii.
Hy L. 11. ( khixo. V i inl'-Hi-tinif
Dictionary of Musical
r".KTS4. ' Kive Pi.l'arsl. STAINKIl & lltt-
iott. A ini.iiin!-ent l"nr;. illilfti sled.-- inciy
JVST Ol T!
! THE WORLD OF SONG!
TlIK VO.'AI. CEK OK Tllf. Sr.ASOH !
otllli! Volume of po.uhir "OUSTS. In In::
liollKi. an I :i hi.ll. loth Three Iioil
1. ill K'onr hollar.
Kither hoo'c nniih-'l, post-ffe. for Iletuil I'riro.
OLIVER D1TSON &CO,, Boston.
". II. Iriloun .V Co., J. :. Ii(oii A Co..
711 Broadway. u. i.ess.T to Lie t Walker.
New Vork. I'hihi.
Iiiv"2le"ii nwnrtlcHl n mortal anil II
ploinn nt lite (intenniiil KMlfloii
ami rommt'nilttl by thp iiIicm tor
A. T. SIWRI. WmtorCfn'l.
J. R. JMIVI.LV. Vm.
Ai.n. U. llinKi.i.a, Secretary mi tem.
$3,00 FOE $1.00.
All thr 'rrest wss-tt.T neaapsIMm iT lt
Ires.i.lrhnrseler sflhr HID ' U If tut
l.l:i4-l rliarcr Si.oii per pejar, niillo
'I i l..IMi It e.eta hoi kl.HO.
The Lki.i.kh is ll.e HT Kiiit.jly I'a pel Inthe I'l.ile.l
Ststes. al.fy elilel. haniNol.e-l V pi.liti-.l ; 011 ts iui na
ev.Ty v---W . hoi. e run. plel.-l -tori-., si. iimlHllui': I
of an liitT'-stiM illii-tr:il"l -..'rial i.iol e'-ii.T..I i.-iol-inu
for ol.l aji I toons, for the farmer, for ll.e Imu-e
wl.e anil for all ela -s. jm'i inl iri- it lek-u to liiuke
its tone uniformly rhasle iiti.I moral, h.-ml .VI, anil
cents for the poita . an.l v..nr lohlre.. to
'I'll hi l.KIJOKK,
( 'lii' HUo. IlliiioiK.
V. P.. Ttmy-r. MuniifMrturhiiT .Iwlr A .l"lilr in
W ntt Urm. lMntnJ. J-lry. 4 lo! f nil
kittiU. linmi.ti'i i-ttiriv A tin Klnira. U k xi4 rin,'
11'B fr atl ltintf4 ji X" iImHhih a ifi'ii'fi''
iiif-nl. Kllpltttr !
.SJlvfr 'hn. A Lii ilgSllminM, 4piiU
s.iiHraMUi, tor lA &I &? W tft 10 IfJiua
fu ts ); Ktiaranteeti i wmr fr yean:. iioi wnt
on i-lf'. tioii. A'ljUMtitiC f nil cmtlt'N (' h nI' Ii".
a e-i I vr tnki-n in 1 1 al. fet!.' It ft' tn JVc
lo 4f) ,lUiH. V. K.TIUYMC.
fl-r, StO Nviid fclrt-rf, nrniM-. 'Inn.
M Tlis Wile Awaie Maplne
Tl.a tiol.len Tln.s f.'
c.s;i eunin.issii.es pi
arn all al work I
r Aei.t ! biler
H tsak. i..IVKsir
anil siiLsri .! e irly. eee.
lire n i..Kl:,-r. I'I ei-nl-.
I.i.l ..f I...II s Ka.r r. '.
MH.t.r.. etc . free. J.lllie
irlp v. lit. v. Ill act as as.-llts
terns, iiponsielimrtlieirl A.l.lress.
i.. t. ni.N..v. IVIs"';"n
rn!e in full ciiierunm tne H..II s air.
..i.iii I.... (,i M-t i.r lli.ll l-al
I. Ixtirp .
Tc.i ftr.tr Alt n fr " " ntnrmll fmmm.
SV-sM Ha. J- 1' Fiti.sb, le lnu.torn,s.ivs: I era.-
..-J o -'- in.fri",'e.'' 'I..-' l'' ' ' s..".,t e- ,m.s.
1;. t U i'i.. .-. -..r.ir. ". S"'-v ii. ".-.
aMs UI- tebl l-f BS cirw ll-lnm I'S. I ITUCB.
asitosik iwaanu niimsMim, uaucuita atuakuuiaw.
fill ! k
J. & P.
Drtoik','a"a;' fre.II. Albert, Boston, M
ASTHMA MttlFIC. ftm w,m.kmm.i
Agents WKnto4,onanlarToreoin.'qJ"0 IwfcoU
mm. Addrm J. It. Hiuti Co., , Loun. Mo.
ACrP.nTTK "I'H W10.no Chromf,
AULUIO J.M.ML'NVON ;o.,l'Ml
nn a week mlftry guaranty! to male 4 femal. ek'
Li nUiniploT circulars. K. M. Htcline. Cincinnati,
T71VKRT I.adr wnntu It
Sftid tmp for Circular.
lit Wra, Jfile. Krtl 4N, Nw York
SOr l41Tlo AcnH SnmnU free. SS-puce
O CatuioKae- h.l LKTCHtlt, II hrj St.. .i.
(fin Day. Eiiiplovmetit for all. CbromoA NoTellT
3) I U Catalogue f roe. Felum A Co ,1 1 Naana ht.,N . X
DCVftl VK,7'1"t:,""7",!, '' ln- tM-fr.
tsTr.uN li' Woaan, ( lib ago. 111.
a Wk to Acent. Hamplea Fttg.
I O. VICKKliy, Augusta, Me,
HOW TO M A KF IT. lncnm
, CUE. roSGKli CO.JV.Lvfu.llo.
rTS. er., 4rw by mcbltry. appsnrtiw y mtm
u ax.bii waii- aaiiiuii'a Mrg co., n.Ufc, ra.
k fTU A The only nr. re remedy Trial packag
As I nftiM- lfMlTHSIUlIT.ClewlauiH
4 ttuntlon! KTerjr Mor tliern soldier sea
lo ct. fi.r
J.X. iuiiw.i tanl inlorniatl'd ""
iinnsu mian View c Centennial Imll.l
raU&OI liiinnf-ls iiik-s In (very opera si sa
.1r. T. L.
'1 I tH V ., BOX .'IV, HUHllIU, s.
I nUTfmOl '"r nrcilara ot our new Isjolc
fll-rH WIN I1""' eto'sce till o.i hare seen tlo-iii
iUTHlilxlJ. Anchor l'uldi!.liiuCo..Mt.Lui..Slo
Vtl J'or lalermes
V Monitor ilaitn
niotith.l.ntel and traveling expe,,. ri..
I. 111 I'lMi'mi..
f Co , t ini iuuatl. '!.
irATCJIXS. A Gr.t 8em.tln. f &rmp
Address A. tl LTI K !.. I-'1'""-
V nl articles in the
y JJVl drt .il JAY 11
KO!KOM. letrolt. .
Men to sell to mnrrnat. .
' . I
.t a montli trs tm 'J
..t.t ,. .n.-.i
, fsr.K ia
IbU'CsuiI' ia frtc J.H.Mi'
to tilty dollar, r;,r K(',V VmlArl.
f Nw book wlih plain WM.utof fceu J
W.WI1I .tar. ro-Hns twines vimean
in ke a. i . T .,":; , ,,
Ad d 1 esJ II A X T E U i t O. . lUn ker.. " 1W J 1
y.r. W ly om A -'ent In
t-A ....ti... - k.,.til. j (ri'i
Wir : si. i,!MMin..",n
WIVTl'M euernetic enleMneii ; loal i
J.l i I.V jn e iiM- paid hv nipali
chance for .ertl.al,.-l.tellit.l.. "." J'1
lualualrlMl W !. Inclaoall,
lol and trarei.
s.r UH MT'llVl'tll'V rHlMtlt.
Hound in -., '- .V'MVl..!il?.,?lt
numn Ipv-titf. tn the merits of Tlie Ulna
h' K i'J . . i. i,l.. l...f,.rn letfrnilllllK
lUJilil IU. litem ;, sunk this fnll and winter.
The romt.l nation tor t In--ea.i.tl .1 n""" "AY r".
Leretolore at ten. pte. . .Terms sent A -M rsa
Cms. I HA o..H iren street. Hew lorn.
es ij - r a s By nn nrrsngsment with
fTi-t T? W, me Publisher wo m III soml ei ery
i 7?. VlnTr i"i ' parksueef Tranl-r IM. ture. In- .
T.ZPZr pJa? The, a" M. -;-'V,t!'T
fol anil easily traiisfnrn-l tosny ohleet. Au'.-ntswlit.O.
Ml, sua easily aJ,1ATT1i t co', wuilaa bt,, Hw t ork-
rii-11 O Tlie rholreet in me worm-. ui...
'I KA r-s.er'srriees-Lara-esl roinisn In Am
afl. if -...lea?ti. V- r'eMe. ev.-i , ..w.y-Trs.le run
tmimllv liirreawma-Acei.ts w siited ever, -l,e"
t i ii ... en.e .. -.Ion' I -te Ii uie- se .l lor I rJ
lar to I'.oli't Weill. IS N eM..Nj.JJoJ2i.
tl tl.t' f irilH-T" Ml t V r tl toll t ' MM 'e " H-Hi" . -
ri..irlrlir lis Ilfp.
P- S !',..... c. It. I,e.t in me world.
M K.1IP1IIV. - - THIS.
H.-.t V.-. kly t'li. nliiirul Journal in the South. Suh
s. rij.liou ri-r minimi "-. nn-ii ml')
Hit. HTItOSii'S HAXATtri: Vll.l.?,
T I . v . ,'.;k C . a f !Mrn tstt
ll ,.e ir ...r a VIUII ttr VI U.
1 nr. 1 '.mil iriitlon.il iMoiiMies", MvuM-olnplnllit, M
larinl Keters.l111.r1l1 ! ". otorv
ntoi.iu. h Hi.'i lioti-U; i'
Liter ; piinll the Ho.,.1. S-
lo.nllliv nrtiot. Ill til
l,i tV Klllll IIKKK.
SHOW AKI N.
::-v crTLr.3. c:cr
ITirUciMi 'e:i. I at
..-st Mo. k in the We
S.-illi for I'rirr I in. ..
ynv if 1 1 lira, r- -
l AGENTS WANTED rGrt IIIST0R
its lis faster thi.il nnr other hook. ne Aent
sohl :it . oni-. in one ilv. Hetol for our ft t ra lertna
toAcents. N to VI. I'I HI.ISIIIHU t .,
. nt. Louis. Mo.
$10. S25. $50. $100. $200.
lUXIMII Il 1 Itol IIIN.IIAM A ..
I tVnll Klfrsl. Ww mrh. I'ankersainl llroser
In v. I in l-torks of a l-tfil inn t" rhsriu tr. The til in
numbers ann.nv II- rntr" thonsan.ls hi. lime he-
I. h ihroeih Kr. thli.kl.sni I o s fortnnsle
lnv.tf rnls M." k i.uiehss-d an.1 rarrle.l I
.i.-.lre.t nn n.sitfii. fio.t. threa to nve n
ss-Knrl tr s ireiilsr.
Potter's American Monthly,
rnnnn Im i kimtkh; l!-t Family Masaiine In
Ml I I the 1 o.i.ilrv. at for I '77 ' ro.s nn
UU.VJUU jwrfi.t H HI -opins for : 211 .'"I'OS
, . f r .!. iiinl a ".ft of I"lr' ltll.lt.
hHli:r,hrrt i:rr, i,rtl. iinsrl... r..il lllusira
J,IT nous, i.rire. uiv n to the n. rs.111 seri.1-
llli.'tliiel.lh. Korsnleat all Newsslau.ls,
at Is refits a llllllli'r. Hpe.-hil te.lns t
AK.'l.tS. J. K. I'..TTKK It o., I'll. 111. I'a.
A .lo.ihl-.harrel mis. hsr or front setlna h rks;
warranted K 111 e Iwst Lilt. I. ami s uooil .hooter,
on sossi.k: Willi riask. P.. 11. 1. ami s'l ni.t.r. t..r
(.!. 1:1111 h" fei.t l'. II. l. with prlvile.ft ti.ei amine
l.ef.ire i....i..i t ill S"ii.l-t.nnp for ( irrulsr t -I-IMVI
LI. A ;. Main street. il.i il.aiitl. t
11 .. , The Tram' wltlnuit
M. talSprlntsever invenw.i.
No hunih'iiv .-Islln of a rer-
nil. n.'lieal riire.i.ni smiar.
ni.'M 01 a eon'ioriuoi.. .
Hiicr. W will iHkHl.m h w fi
-jl' rr r11 Pl' Xt Unit ! -t mi.
l.y lonil. l-.t-. inl. .... rec eipt ot price, .t . I . -
T ........ u . I r.tr. I.tore 1111
.. 1 ....... ( ru ru i1 r I I'll lUl , Ml.' IHA'lll. IT'
1 Isrs fren
I".. --. 'i'riiM ... 7 7 Broailw y, N
If you havu riieumati-im, neuralgia
heifJaclie, a lnirn, or a briiiae, procure
a bottle of EuiK-on. Ii will give inntant
relief, as tlioiiHaiulu can tetitify. l''or
ale by all Drufgints. II. A. HUIilv
I5UT A CO., 75 and 77 llandolpli Mrect,
Cliicao, Aircnt-s for tlif rroprietor.
KKW WII.M OX ft 111 HIIS
in in? n-erid
Tr.U Mtrk in
Prnd 1'oKtiil Cunl fiirlllur-trulr-U Trirc I-Ut, Ac.
Vor. Bund Si.) C5 romlwx "w York.
J.SSTEir & CO.
tsrSend for Illustrated Catalornd.
1 ikVI HIIklHS,
V ileasesu ss isw iMearlveiliM-aiett
las la t-r. . . M. I'.
DK. WARNER'S HEALTH CORSET.
With Mlr suppm-tr
f-ecnreslUALTB smi oTonTof
Itislr, with Gaars and I sst'TT of
i'lirin. Tli e (iiirnienl in one.
Amiroveil I.? Bll I l.rsli-iana.
a Ii K M T H BMNTKI).
Sam ulea I'T mail. In outil. fi;
lur.uu.nn a.: J- H. J". i- " .'o-.
A BOOK for tho MLLIQN.
ViFQ.nAl ASIMSH .o7"i';f:'rr,';
u"i7i..' lu,"' '..."". li-Uit. .c. IM K Kfcfc. T
.1 rtau'lj ;;u!;7J;i.ren.ary No 12 N. Khit.. ?t- Lot. Mr
1? "r.'-' c r,, .( -ir.-s i. a- when all onier
rTaai i.ii'..si? XI " TetiM..n'ai
lrHvffW" ' ,r,'"'".r" '.'"'."'il'il'l T
krTTWv-Ji pllia-hm. to 1 .1. WHI w
' i; lioud btre.el.NcW i ura.
HE! 3 Is
Invention. uiid5(f , J ,'
('f'jM fsilfSii, II 56- To if' u-a at
I 1 I '' r' V 1 ift cm ta I ess. Older r;.'l u
I I " 1 -J I inches uniKllcr tliaii vt!t uj i
i I tuJ'Vj . autsover ltieIre.
i Tlnitm War2 Eros. 763 liyc.H.r.