Newspaper Page Text
o- i.iru n Alrf-rt.Bou-B,aia
MS timj - .
HissEighth and Last Message
The Work of Reconstruction.
The Mexican Border, Etc.
To the Scant auJ House of .Representa
tives: In submitting my eighth and last annua
mcrae to couirreH, it seenm proper that I
alaould refer to, and in coroe degree reca
jaHulate the evenu and oftioial acU of the
past eiijbt years. It was my fortune or
mipfnrtune to be called to the office of
chief executive without any political turn
ing. From the age of seventeen, I hitd never
vn wttnemted the excitement attending a
presidential campaign bat twioe antecedent
to my own candidacy, ami but at one of them
was eligible a a voter. Under such circum
stances it is bnt reasonable to suppose that
the errors of judgment mast have occurred
even had there not bec-n a difference of
opluion between the executive, bound by an
eath to the strict performance of his duties,
and the writers and debaters, which njunt
have arisen. It is not necsMsary evidence of
blunder on the part of the executive be
cause there are these differences of views.
Mistakes have been inmle, as all can see, and
I admit; but it seems to me ofteoer in sec
tions, made by aM.stants appointed to aid
in carrying out the various duties of admin
istering the government in nearly every case
sel-icted without personal ends or acquain
tance with the appointed, but on the recom
mendations of representatives chosen di
rectly by the people, it is impossible, where
so many trust are to be allotted, that right
f writes should be chosen in every instance,
listory shows that administrations from the
time of Washington to the present have not
been free from mistakes ; but I leave com
parisons to histo y, claiming only that I
nave actea in every instance from a con
sciousness and desire to do what was right,
institutional, within the law, and for the
very best interests ofthewh jle people, and
failures have been
KBROItS OF JllGMEJiT, NOT OK HEART.
My civil career commenced at the utmost
critical and difficult time, less than four
years liefore the country had emerged from
conflict r?nch as no other nation had sur
vived. Nearly one-half of the states had
revolted against the government, and of
those remaining faithful to the union a
lare percentnge of the population sympa
thized with the rebellion and made an
enemy in the rear almost as dangerous as
the more terrible enemy in the front. The
latUir committed ctrors of judement, but
they maintained them openly and courage
usl. The former received the protection
of the government they would see de
stroyed aud reaped all the pecuniarv advan
tage to be gained out ofthe then existing state
of affairs -many of them by obtaing contracts
and by swindling the government in the de
livery of their goods. Immediately on the
cessation of hostilities the then noble presi
dent, who had carried the country through
it perils, fell a martyr to his patriotism at
the hands of au assassin. The intervening
time to my first inauguration was fiilcd ui
with wranglings between congress and the
new executive as to the best mode of re
construction, or, to speak plainly, as to
whether the coutrol of the government
should b thrown into the hand ot Chase,
who bad recently and persistently tried to
destroy it; or whether the victors should
continue to have an equal voice with them
in this control. Reconstruction, as finally
agreed upon, was this and only this, excep
that the late slave was enfranchised, giving
an Increase, as was supposed, to the union
loving, union supporting voters; ott'ere 1 in
the fullest sense of the weird, they would
not disappoint this expectation, hence at the
beginning of my iTt administration the
WOII OP BKCON8TBUCTION,
muh embarrassed by the long delay, virtu
ally commenced. It was the work of the
legislative branch of the government. Mv
province was wholly in approving their acts,
which I did most heartily urging the legisla
tures of the states that had not done so to
ratify the fifteenth amendment to the consti
tution. The country was laboring under an
enormous debt contracted in the suppression
tf rebellion, and taxation was so oppres
sive as to discourage production. Another
Hanger also threatened us a foreign war.
The last difficulty had to be adjusted, and
was adjusted without a war, and in a man
ner highly honorable to all parties con
cerned. Taxes have been reduced within
the last seven years nearly
THREE HCXDRKD MILLIONS OF POLLARS.
The national debt has been reduced in the
one time overJ-iSo.tlOO.OOO bvrefunding the
0 per cent, bonded debt for bonds bearing 5
and 44 per cent, interest respectively. The
annual interest has been reduced from over
$11,000,000 in I860 to bnt a little over fHK),
O00.000 io 1876. The balance of trade has
veen changed from $130,000,000 against the
Vnited States in 1U61 to more than $120,000,
O00 in our- favor in 1876. It is confidently
believed that the balance of trade in favor
of the United States will increase and not
diminish, and that the tiled ire of runtrrtMs to
resume specie payment in 1879 will be ac
complished, even in Hie absence of much de
Ire.l legislation on the subject. A policy
ban bn adopted toward the Indian tribes
inhabiting a large portion of territorv of the
t nited Statea which has been humane, has
substantially ended the Indi.in hostilities in
he whole land, except in a portion of Ne
braska and Dakota and Wyoming and Mon
tana territories, the Black Hill region and
approaches thereto. The hostilities tnere
have grown out of the avarice of the
whit man who has violated our treaty
stipulations in hi search for gold.
The question might be asked why the gov
ernment has not enforced obedience to th.
terms uf the treaty prohibiting the occu
pance of the Black Hills reigon by the
whites. The answer is simplo. The firs
emigrants ta the Black Hills were removed
by the troops hut rumors and fresh riia
overies of gol 1 took into that reeion in
creased number of emigrants. " Cham
bers of gold have aotunllv beet,
found in psying quantities, and an
fl'nrt to remove the miners would only re
alt in the destruction of the bulk of th
troops which might be sent there to retnovt
all. I lie mthcnltv in this run tier hn. h,..-
ever, been rt moved, subject to the approvsl
' congress, by a treaty ceeding the Black
Hills and the approaches to the settlement
by the Cheven.nes, The subject of the Indian
J ...... .. . . .. . . u , , . iuiiu I"
, . . be erretarv of the Interior and the commis
W.J. I T 1 1 .1 :
Afiv Anil r..,i t .nan n as, fn II - f . . . t. v.
""mi juuihu &utiir.i ana my views so
muy expresied therein that 1 refer to mere
reports end recnnitncmlations fb my own
ine leiattons ot the tinted States with
toretgn powers continue on a friendly foot
ing. Questions have arisen fram t.'m t.
time in the foreign relation" of the govern
ment, but the United Suites have been hap
iirn uuiiiik fopi ypnr irooi the com
pucaiion ana eniKarrnssments which havt
""'munaca some o: the foreign powers
PjrLOMATIC l OKKKsWNbE.NC K,
submitted herew ith, contains information as
to certain or toe matters which have occu
pied the covernment. The cordiality which
attends our relations with the powers of the
eartn nas neen niainiy snown hy the general
jinriM-iuuJiii lurr-iu UUUOD8 ID Ine X-
tirbitinn whicn lias just closed, aud bv the
exertions made ly distant powers show
tnelr interest in, and friendly feel in as to'
wards tnc i mtea mates commemorative of
toe eentonnm ot the nation. The sri.vern
ment and people oi the I nited States have
not iuiit appreciated this exhibition of
kindly teeling, Put it may he justly and
fairly expected that no small benefits will
resnlt to ourselves and other nations from a
lietter acquaintance ana a better apprecia
tion of our ujntnal advantages and mutual
Cougressat its tn.st session saw fit to reduce
the amount usually appropriated to foreieu
ntercourse by withholdingappropriations for
representatives oi inc united states in cer
tain foreign countries and tor certain con
sular officers, and by reducing the amounts
usually appropriated for certain other di
plomatic posts and thus necessitating
changes in the grades of representatives.
or those reasons. Immediately upon the
passoge of the bill making the appropriations
or diplomatic and consular services for the
present force, instructions were issued to
th representatives of the United States at
Bolivia, Ecuador ana i.ommaia, ana to the
consular officers for whom no appropriation
had been made to close their respective lejra
tions and consulates, and 'cease from the
performance of their duties, anil, in like
manner, steps were imruecLately taken to
resident in Portugal, Denmark, Greece,
flwitterland and Paraguay. While thor
oughly impreF.- 'd with the wisdom of sound
economy in t! oreiirn service, as in other
branch of tbs gortrnment, I annot m
oap the colcImIoj that, In kuma instance,
t trlthholaiii of epftroprifttiont trill
. lxvf an expeiiaive eoonomy, and that tlie
Vtetraijciuaent secured by change
grade In yertatn diplomatic post as not an
adequate consideration for this influence
and Importance which will attend our for
eign representatives under this reduction. I
that a re-examination of
the subject will cause a change in some
instances in the conclusions reached
on these subjects at the last session of
eonTeiis; and the court of commissioners of
whose functions were concluded by an act of
the last session of congres until the first
day of January, 177, has carried on its la
bors with diligence and general satisfaction.
Uy a report from the- clerk of the court,
transmitted herewith, bearing the date ot
rsovemDer 14, 1S7U, It appears that during
the time now allowed by law, the court will
huve disposed of all the claims presented
for adjudication. The report also contains
the statement of the general result of the
labors of the court to the date thereof. It
is cause for commendation that the method
adopted for the satisfaction of the class of
claims admitted to the court which are of
long standing, and justly entitled to early
' consideration, should they prove to be suc-
cessiui ana acceptable.
It is with satisfaction thut I am enabled
to state that the work of the joint commis
sion, for determining the boundary line be
tween the United Mutes and the lintlsli
possessions from the northwest angle of the
Lake of the Woods to the Rocky mountains
commenced in 1872, has been completed.
The final agreement of the commissioners,
with the maps, nave been duly signed, and
the work or the commission is compli te.
The fixing of the boundary upon the Pacific
const, by the protocol of March 10, 183
pursuant to the agreement of the emperor
of Germany, by article 34 of lie treaty of
Washington, with the termination oi this
commision, which adjusts and fixes the end
boundary between the United Htatea and
the British possessions, except as to the
portion of territory ceded y Russia to
the united states and tae treaty ot iso.
The work entrusted to the commis
ioners f the officers of the army, at
tached to the commission has
been well and satisfactorily performed. The
original othcial agreement ot the commis
sion, signed upon the 29th of May, 176,
with the original list of astronomical stations
olerved, and the original official test of
monuments marked international boundary
lines, and maps, and records, and general
reports relating to the commission have been
deposited in the department of state.
The official report of the commissioner on
the part of the United States, with the re
port of the chief astronomer of the United
States, will be (submitted te congress within
a short time.
I reserve for a special communication to
congress a statement of the condition of the
questions which have lately arose with Great
Britain respecting the surrender of fugitive
criminals under the treaty of 1842. The Ot
toman government gave notice nnderdateof
January 13, 1874, of its desire to terminate
the trreaty of 1802, concerning commerce
and navigation, pursuant to the 22d article
thereol. Under this notice the treaty ter
minated upon the 5th day of Jur S'Q.
That government has invited negotiations to
wards the conclusion of a new treaty. By
the act of congress of March 23, 1874, the
president wa authorized when he should re
ceive satisfactory information that the Otto
man government, or that of Egypt, had organ
ized new tribunals likely to secure to citizens
ot tbe U nited states the same impartial ins
tice enjoyed under the exercise of judicial
functions by the diplomatic and consular
officers of tbe United States, to suspend the
operation of the act of June 22, 1860, and to
accept for the citizens of the United States
he jurisdiction of the new tribunals
Satisfactory information having been
received of the organization of
suoh new tribunals in Eirypt. I caused
a proclamation to be Issued on the 27th
of March hist, suspending the operation
of the act of June 22, 1876, in Egypt, ac
cording to the provisions of the act. A
copy of the proclamation accompanies
this message. The United States has
united w;tn the other powers in the organ
ization of these conrta. It is hoped that the
jurisdiction of the questions which have
arisen may be readily adjusted, and
that thi evidence ' may be hin
dered by no obstacles. The necessary legis
lation to carry into effect the condition re
specting commercial reciprocity concluded
with the Iliawaiiu Islands in 1S75 having
been bad, the proclamation to carry it into
effect by the convention, aa provided by
the act approved August 15th, 1878, was dulv
issued upon the Tuesday of September
'a. A ccpy thereof accompanies this mes
sage. The commotions which have been preva
lent in Mexico for some time past, and which
unhappily seem to be net wholly quieted,
have led to complaint of citizens of the
United States of injuries by persons in au
thority. It is hoped, however, these will ul
timately be adjusted to the satisfaction of
both governments. The frontier of the Uni
ted States is that quarter has not been ex
empt from acts or violence by citizens of
one republic on those of the ether. The
irequeucy cl these is supposed to be in
creased and their adiustment made more
difficult by the considerable changes in
cause of the lower part of the Rio Grande,
which river is a part of the boundary be
tween the two countries. These changes
have placed on either side of that river por
tions of land which, hy existing conventions
belong to tbe jurisdiction of the government
on the opposite side of the river. The sub
ject of adjustment of these causes of dim
culty is under consideration between the
two republics. The government ef the
I nited States of Colombia has paid the
award in the case of the steamer Montljo,
signed by the authorities of that government
some years since, and the amount has been
transferred to the claimant.
It is with witisfaction that I aiu able to
announce that the joint commission for the
adjustment of the claims between tlie United
.States and Mexico. The convention of 1SG8,
the duration of which has been several
times extended, has brought its labor to a
close. From the report of the agent of the
I nited States, which accompanies the
papers transmitted herewith, it will be seen
that within the time limited by the com
mission 1017 claims on the part of
ett liens ef the United States against
Mexico was referred to the Commuwion
of th.fs? claims n were dlatuied or dls
dlowwl and bi 1S6 coses awards were mad
in fsorof ths claimants against tbe Mexican r-U1-
IT ,mounln(t la the aggregate to ti,17ft,f22.20.
W Ithin the iiae period hn claims on ths part of the
citien A the Mexican republic against tbe United
M;ite we-re referred tj the commission r at these
Omnia 831 were dlaial.vl or dinallowed, and In
167 ease awards were made in farorof claimants
iicalust the United States, amounting in tbe aggre
gate to 1.W,4S..41. By the termed theCnnTention
the amount of these awards Is to be deducted from
the amount awarded In fan of our citizens against
Mexico and the balance oniy to be paid bv Mexico
to the l nited 8ut to make ptOTiaions'for th-ir
proportlon of the awards in favor of its own ciusena.
I ; Invite your attention to tbe legislation whlcb
will be necessary te provide for tbe pavment in this
connection. I am prepared to be able to express
i he acknowledgment due Mr. Thernton, the umpire
of the commission, who has riven o the consMera
lon oi the large number of claims submitted to
htm. much time, unwearied and patient; and thai
the fairness and intelllcence. which are well known
o ritt to the aeromnlbihed representative of
u,,,nu. onu wnirn are likewise recognized
by the representative in this country ef the re
Miblic oi Mexico. Monthly payments of a veiy
""all part of the amount due by tbe gowmnent
i to citizens of the United Htate-, on
.ccoout of rlaiBia, tbe latter against the povern
u.ent, coi,tln,H. tn he made with reasonable unctu-
itie .;,ttTD'?".ks Proposed to change
I he system which it has BKfeerto rmrroed in this
ypect by ,,.ulg bonds for a perl oTthe amount
I theMver. ol.ima. The pronMitiouT however
could not, it i. snppuaed, pobly I- aicepWT"
leaet, witboet tbe consent of the holders oFeerlin-
.m i,iU,,ntuiuwt i 'en zuela. I tree are eo
...... .. ..n.it7mi inai ii would be difficult, if not
mt-nwible to ascertain their disposition of the
u ..umoer message, 1 have called tbe attention
res to tbe necessity of lreUttioB with re-
main the rarriort of expatiatioa and election of
i i r-om ters oi persons of foreign birth
k .Ing a home in the 1'nited tstates, the ease and
lacnity with wnich an honest emigrant may, after
. , ai "i reasonahletlme, become possessed of
5, Privilege of citiwnshlp of the United
. uu nequeni oecaaions which Induce
'h,r- wn,J ' i'Lns to return to tbe country ef
; """ ine nuujecx or naturalization
aaieguanis wmch experience has proved
neceiKary for the protection of the honest
"iiuiiiu cnirens, of paramount importance.
i iie xery simplicity of the requirements of tbe
,.n mis queonon attord opportunity tor fraud,
and tho want of uniformity in tbe proceedings and
records of the various courts and in the form of
the certificates of naturalisation lssned, afford a
constant source of difficulty. I suggest no addi
tional requirements te the nliltinn n ii.
iHryona innse now existing, hut I invite the
win HiieniHia ot congrts to tbe Deceeeitvand
wiviom of some proviHions regarding oniformitT
In the record and certifirMtM mnti .i.i-.I.
,,, wnicn irequent:y take place, ami
or the va-;itiiiK of a record of naturalization ob
tained on ftatrl. TKo nmvl.lAn. . l - j
i.o!.i. . 1. .. t . 1 1 1 . r . . . . .
ai.lnndforihe protection of the honest cltixeos of
lore.gn birtn, nnd for tbe want of which he fa, made
i ..4 . i 1 ""'reqiientiy. jne UniteJ Plate, has
i,,er,.loTF stru'lei admUfcion of tbe
ne part of manv fnreimi nn.n v.- . i
'.'''7'n V' ':"'esontht ...hject It i,'however.
t.i t 1tlce to the government to which such natn
raiied 'll1 v.-n hi,. . , i ,
Icfilllte rtll.-M h.Hll,l he .H.mll . . i.
1 - o lirovitiinff how i-iii. K .-.- 1 1 1
1 , .. EiiioriiiuE BDIQ
, . ...... .t-..,.,u,,,.,, ua,
jed. liila emigrant. l.-- ......tu..
rascome citina oiithe I nitl .... 111..1-,....
that permns, both natw. .-'i ....... .u ,
one dtlxena of tlie Cnltarf mata. eitUer by tormiJ
eta or w the effect of . erig faeu aad circa
!?.?.rS badnal'' deUa-citbjp Dd ce-, i be
entitled to the protection of ik. r.tuj v...
continue on certain oecaaions to Mert tbetrdatm
to protection in a. 1 ranee at miri,. . 1 , .1.1.
cectiori I araln invito your attentloa to tbe De
eedty of kgialatlon ragartfloc
MABRIAGEFOF AM ERICA al CTTIZENU
contracterl abroad, and concorntn; the ctgrtn of
American women who mmv marry iorafgnenL and
of ohlldron horn of American pirvnta In a forwixa
country. Tho delfcate ana compUoated qtMaTions
con tl Dually ocmrriiig with rafereooa to natui-ailxa-tlon,
expatriation a4 atativa ef nch peraorat aa have
oeoo raerTail to. Iud a: ma to mraexlv dlnaot your
at too Hon again to thane ubjeda. In a Ilka tuiuber
I repeal nir rmotutncudatloo that aoma mean ba
prurUied fur hearira the dMemitnafJoti of thai tuat
tod aurwidialng dalrru of alien npon the eovero
meat ef tb I'uitea tttntei trlthia rcble iiaj-
Itaflon, and si nch as may hereafter arise. While,
by tae existing provision of the law, the court of
claims may, In certain cases, be resorted to by so
alien claimant, the absence oi general provuuona
goTorntog all such cases and tbe want of a tribu
nal sillied In tbe disposition of such cases
upon recognized, fixed and settled principle
either provides no remedy In many deserv
ing cases, or compels a consideration ui buh
claims by congress or the executive depart
ment of the government. It Is believed
other government are In advance of the
United States on tills question, and that me
practice now adopted la entirely unsatisfac
tory. (Congress, oy an act, approveu ine ou ui
March. 1875. authorised the inhabitants of
ttie territory or Colorado to lorm a state
eovernment with the name of Colorado.
and therein provided for the admission of
said state, when formed into the union.
upon an equal footina with the original
states. A constitution having been adopted
and ratified by the people of that state, and
an acting governor having certified to me
the facta, aa provided by said act. toeetner
with a copy of such constitution and ordin
ances, as provided for In tbe said act, and
the provisions f said act of conxress, hay
ing been duly complied with, t issued a pro
climatlon on the 1st of August, 187J, a copy
or wnicn is nereto attached.
THE REPORT OF TBE SECRETARY OP WAS
shows that the army has been actively em
ployed daring the year in subduing, at the
request of the Indian Bureau, certain
wild bands of tlie Hioux Indian nation, and
in preserving peace at the south during the
election. The commission constituted un-
der act of July 24th, ltfTtt, to consider and re
port on the vhole Bubiectof reform and reor
ganization of the whole army in August
past, ana nan collected a wnoie mass oi sta
tUitlca of points bearing on the subject be-
mreit. .i netware now under consideration
and tnelr report is progressing. I am ad
vised though, bv the President ofthe mm
mission, that U will be iniDfact cable tr com
ply with the clause of the act requiring the
report to he presented through me to Con-
f;rese on the first day of this session as notice
laa not been in time for that mature delib
eration which the importance? of the subject
demands. Therefore, I ask that the time of
making the report be extended to the 29th of
January, 187,, in accordance with theresolu
tion of August loth, 1876. The army regula
tions, prepared nnder aotcf March 1st, 1H75,
have not .been promulgated, but are held un
til after tue report of the above mentioned
commission ahall have been recived and
acted upon, by act of August 15th
187. The cavalry force of the army was
Increased by 2TjU0 men -with the proviso
umii btitrj' bii'.uiu L't- uiiri ubiKini on tne ex
plratlon of the hostilities. Under this ai
thorltv the cavalry regiment have been
strengthened, and a portion of t iiem are now
in the field, pursuing the remnants of the
Indians wttli whom they have been engaeed
during the summer. The estimates of the
war department are made upon the luuiiso
the number of men authorized by law, and
iiit-ir requirements, as snown ly years Of ex
part of the bureau officers to proviife for all
contingencies that may nrlae during the
wneuwi hiui. aira. wim me nnriWMA nt f
time lor which the estimates are miule ex
clusive of the engineer's estimates, pre
sented In accordance with acts of congress
calling for Improvements at Various locali
ties. The estimates now presented are about
100,000 In excewi of appropriations for
the years 74. T5 and '75-ti. This
INCREASE IS ASKED
In order to provide for the increased cavalry
force, should their services be necessary. To
prosecute economical work upon important
public buildings, to provide for the arma
ment of fortifications and manufacture of
small arms and replenish the working stock
1 n the supply departments, the appropiations
for these last named have for the past few
years been so limited that the accumulations
iu store will be entirely exhausted during the
present year, and it will be necessary to at
vii r urm w rcpieniHn til em.
I Invite your especial attention to the fol.
lowing recommendations of the secretary of
wr; nm, mat tne claims under the act of
July 4th. 164, for supplies taken by the army
during the war be removed from the offices
of quartermaster and commissary generals
and transferred to the claims commission.
These claims are of a similar nature to those
now before the southern claims commission
and wardebt bureau's have not the clerical
force for their examination, nor proper ma
chinery for investigating the loyalty of
ine claimants. Wecond- That congress
oiii:ii uib scneme oi an an
nulty rund for the benefit of the
families of deceased officers, and that it alto provide
for the permanent organization of the regular ser
vice, uuia ot which were recommended In m V lart
annual message. Third. That the manufacturing
operations of the Ordinance Department be concen
trated at three arsenals and an armory; and tbat
tbe remaining atsenals tie gold, and the proceeds
ne appuea to tais ooject Dy tbe Ordinance Depart
ment. THE NAVY.
Tbe appropriations for river and harbor improve
ments for the current year were 15,015,000. With
my approval, the secretary of war directed that of
this amount J 200, 000 should be expended, and no
new wora anouia oe uegun, and none prosecuted
which were not of national importance. Subse
quently this amount was increased to 1223,700.
Work are bow nrogrrsdng on this basis. The
improvement of the South pass of the
Mississippi river, under J. B. Eads and
his associates, U progressing favorably. At tli
present time the channel is 20 3 feet in
depth between the jetties at the mouth of the pass,
and 18 feet at the head of the pass. Keitber chan
nel, however, has the width required lefore the
payment shall be made by the United States. A
commission of engineers and officers is now exam
ining thee works and their report will be pre
sented aa soon as received.
The report of tbe secretary of the navv shows
that be believes the service to be in a condition as
effW-tive as it is poesible to keep it with the means
and appropriations given the department. It is of
course impossible to rival tbe costly and expensive
establishments of great European powers with the
old material of our navy to which no increase has
been authorized since the war, excent eight small
criusers, built to supply the place of others which
had gone to decay, yet tbe most haa been done that
was possible with the means at command, and by
substantially rebuilding our old ships with durable
material, and completely repairing and refitting our
monitor fleet, the navy has been gradually so
brought op that though , It does " not
maintain il relative position ailioiig
the progressive navies ef tbe world. It is now in a
condition more perfect an.) elective than it ever
ha been iu timed pence. Tlie complete repairs of
our rive beaty iron-cla.ls are only d-laved on ac
count of the irade-jiincy ofthe appropriation made
last year by the working bureaus of the d-pert-lucnt.
which were actually leea than those msde lw
fore ilie war, notwithstanding tlie greatly enhanced
Price of lal.or and materials, and the inrrense in
the cost ofthe naval service growing out ofthe u ni
vwrHKi use and great expense of steam machinery.
The money uercKaarv for thene repairs should be
provid! nt once, that they niav be completed with
out further ouneccesarv delay and expense. Whe
thin m done, all tbe strength there in in the usvy
will le developed and iiwful in its full capacity,
and all will be powerful for purpose of defjNe, and
for offeiiMive ar-tion. should the nereeaity lor that
nrle, ithin rettonable dit:inre from our hhor:and
the fact that i.or uavy is not piore etoieru and pow
ertnl than it in, has ben mnu a cause of complaint
against the sectstarv of the navy by persons, a w ho at
the same time criticise and complain cf bis endeavors
to bring tbe navy that we have to its beat and
most efficient condition, bnt the good sense of the
country will understand tbat it is really to bis prac
tical at-tioo that we have at this time any effective
navel force at command.
THE BEPOBTOF THE FoSiTSI ASTKB (IKXKRAb
.bows an excess of expendlturefi. excluding expen
diture on account of previous years, over receipts
f-ir tbe tiecai year epiiing June 30. ls?6, to be fl.l.M.
SbS.w.. The estimated expenditures for the fiscal year
ending June 30, IsTT. are a&,t',;2.33 43. The estimated
revenue for tbe same period ia fti.i4,."d'.,su , leaviug
an eetiniated excess of expenditures to be appropri
ated aa a detiency of oo7,tor.,743. The poatniaater
general like hia precedecenMor, ia convinced that a
change in the ba(a of adjusting the salarios of post
master of the fourth c!hh ia necessary for the
good of the service, a-i well aa for the Interest of the
government, and urgently recommends that the
compensation of tbe claim of postmasters above
mentioned be based upon tho bilsine-iB of their re
spective olhcea, aa ascertained from the muro re
turns to the auditorfof stamps canceled. A fewpost
inaater in the souther states have expressed great
uprrurnaidui ui mnr personal sntniy on account
their t'l i ti nei't i n V 1 h e nnai. I .neVi(-M ihil Ii...
--- -- - . . . ....... ........ -
.WW-1 u H V r-i .ll-.l ...1 that I.. ir -;..., ..
ed danger should not be made public. lest it shoidd
reeuit in tiieiossol their lives, ant no positive tcg
timoov of luterftireuce haa been eut.mittd, excert
In the case ot a mail meaecngerat Spartanburg,!. (J.,
a., repont-a iuai ne nau oeeu violently tlriven
war winle tu charge of hi political affiliation. An
Ksaiataot aupxrintendent of the railway aervice ia
tbi rAiie and reported that the meeii-
er haa diHappeAred from hia noat. leavinz hia work
to be perfurmed tr a attbatltnte. The poatniaater
ffeneri! tlilnaa tlii ia anflicientlr aamreatlve tona-
1117 Din in rcroniuieuuiQK idbi a more aevere pun
lahment ahoiild lie provided for the oflt-nae of -nau'tina:
niiy peraon in charge of the mail or ot re
'ardins or otherwiae ohetrnrting them hy threat of
peraonol irjurr. A verv (ratifyine reault i pre
sented in the fa't that the ilefirienry of tbia depart
ment during the laat flacal year waa reduced to 94.
O-l,7'J0. 1". aa auaioat ril'i.wa, of the preceeding
yeai . The diffre.re can be traceil to a large in
creaa In ita ordinary receipta which greatly exceed
ed the estimate therefor and a alight inrrea-e in it
-ipendltnre. The ordinary receipt of the poat
office del n: tment for the paat aeven flacal yearatiave
increaaeil at an average of over eight per cent per
annnm, whil the tnereaee of expenditare for the
aame period baa lieen about five percent per annum,
and the decrease ot deficiency in the revenne have
"H t IhM hit nf n.nrlv I .'ii rs r r. n t r .nn,im
ktrum Kit 1MB t (IMMllUMIK Or AfiBI
CILTIUK. accompanying ahia meaaage, will be found one of
great intereat. marking a It dni-a the great progreaa
of the laat century, the increaae ofthe produce of
the aoil and of kuowledxeand akill in lahor, of pro
ducing, aaving and manipulating the ainie to pre
pare them for the oae of man, in the improvemente
in machinery toaid the agrirnltnraliat in bi labor
nd in the knowledge of thoae aricntinc aulnt-i t.
neraarv to a thorongb ayateni of economv in agri
cnltiiral rroductiona. namely, cbemiatry. botany
andentomology. 1 hia report by theae intereated
in agricii ture. and deriviag their aupport from it,
will find it of valne in pointing oat thoee artialea
wbicb are rained In greater quantity than the need
of the world require, and ninat aell thereforo for leaa
than the coat ot prodnctiou, and thoaa which com
mand a protlt over the coat of production, liecaupe
there ia not an over production, I call the apecial
attention to the need of the department for a new
galierv lor the reception of the ethihifa returned
from the centennial exhibition, including the ex
hibit donated by very many foreign nationa, and to
the recimniendatione of the commiaaioner of agri
The renorta of the district rommlakionera and the
bo 11 d of health are jnat received too late to read
th-m and to take recommndationa thereon, and
are herewith antmiltted. Th
1NTEK NATIONAL EXHIBITION.
held in Pliil.Ho'nhia thia rar in coin memora tion
of the llVith anntveraarv of American independence.
haa proven a o-rt anceeaa. and will no donbt tie of
enduring advantage to theconntry. if haa ahown
great progrea in ilia art, ecienee and mechanical
aklll made In a aing'e centnry. and dcmontrated
that we are hut tittle behind the older nationa in
one branch, while In aome we ararcely have a rival
It haa nerved, ten, n t -n!v to bring teopl and
prodncta of skill and labor from all pMa of the
world together, but to bring together people from
al-l eec'iona of our country, which mut prove a
great benefit in the information imparted, and the
pride otcountry eurendered. It haa been anageated
bvacieritita Interated and connected with iheSrattv
onfan inatitnte. in a communication, that the gov
ernment exhibit be removed to the capital, and a
allitable buildin te erected oi purchaa-d for ita ac
commodation aa a permanent exhibition. J earn
eatly recommend thia, and believing that it would
aecond thia view, I di reefed that all gevernment ex
bibttaal the -entet,i. evbiliitiort ahon d r-in'M!l
v bare therara. Kxhibta, vueh aa might be injured
by remaining In building not intended aa a protec
tion in inclement aeuther. or audi aa may he want
ad by the department furniahing 1 h-m. tiMil the
neatfon of a permaneiit exhil tion ia wa actual on.
1 though t''e moner aiirronrrateil bv conffre to 1
nable tne narti iauttion of the aev-ri.I executive de j
partment. In tbe nternaotonal exhiB'tlon of lir.
were not auftlcent to carry out the undertaking to
tha fall extent at rlrat coniemehite,!, it giv. ne
plaaaure to refer o the verv efficient ant crellfbie
manner in whfrh the board, appointed from theae
deprtnert. to provlile au ext.lbitLa on tbe part
Of th government have ilU'-harge,! their tutii
-ith the fund placed In at th'-ir coaimand without
a prece.Verit to guide them In the preeatatton of auch
a n!r!ar. Th ancceea of their l-.bora wsa amplv
atteated by the metalned attention whfrh the con
tent ef th gnverrvment building attracted dtirina-
th period th vhiMtlon from both foreign and na
tive nopr. I ui atrong'v impreaaed with the
valne o toe collection mad bv the government for
thm tvarpoae of eO'ihtttne, f lluatrNting aa in d.e
the geueral leaertiri-ea of the country, the af.irtrical
lid practical avldefcifa vl our grcwib miloa,
atid ttia ne of t a luaavwntlie ai t and ti.e app'Ka-tt-ii.
ot aopiled aod-B tu tlu) adnUtrucrarKiu of tl,
mSftrtol (roeermnenl. iia or nation haVB vr.iuu
tartly cootributed tl'r slitUii iu the fniladaiatea
to locTe th tiitcie.t iu anv trinaneiit exhibi
tion corifraaa muT prrvide lor, fur Ibla at t of rea-
ersitT tber sbonld receive tbe tb of the jeop:
ana 1 respeoiiuuy bhksw -
reM to that effect be adopted.
REF0EM IS THE MOPE OF ELKCT1SO FKlvS-
The attention of congress cannot be too afa?
called to tbe necesiir or inmwini ""
wizard over the method of chooain and declar
fnu the election of president, t nder the prwwt
vstem there seems to be no prorio r.
centring the eleetion tn anyone si-
eor ispeniailv, no .doubt, Utlh.-..trf
not re a J ana write wc " r
fixed probation, wonld meet M hearty approval.
I would not HlBKr hub nppij, ". - -
Jeldy TO?ers, but I wonld to all becoin.nR so after
the expiration fixeil upon foreigner romlns MtM
counts to tacome ciJjf?.wh? a,euo.e4 0
IrfdaHu, !.; rry residence
toobtRiu naturaliiation. If they d d not take
laws, bnt would to th who uo
1 appe a io .m t u
ence, srnopsis oi au,""""'"w"",";; " ,i, u.t
recoiuninuations to congyw" iy .n - .
eeveil year. Time may io en nr. of thow recoin
mZSdatToni not tS have been wisely conceived, but
bel"eve tlrt larger part will be no discredit to the
.7nitr,tion.8..dne of theserecommendsthin.
met with the nniteu opixmii"'"
ii in the senate and with a strong opposition from
the other, namely, the treaty for tbe
ANNEXATION OF SANTA uubibw
to tbe United States, to which I ball sp-ciIK . re
frr. maintaining, as I do. that f my views had been
concurred in. the country would be in a tnore .pros
perous Rendition lo-uiy. i;i" .',.n
iud financially . Santa Domingo
""r--lT.. ,.r wl.leh the United
oil niav no grew,,
use so inucn, auu wuiun io . t -
pared for market now by slave labor almost exclu
sively, namely, sugar, coffee, d ve woods, mahoga
ny, tropical fruits, tobacco and cocoa. Seventy-
live per cent, oi me r(win v-mv.v- - -----
In the Unied Ststes, and a large per ceutage of the
exports oi Brazil also find the same market.
These are paid for almost exclusively in coin; legislation-particularly
in Cuba-being unfavorable to
a mutual exchange oi ine pruuucm m -
try Hour, shipped Irotn tne iiuw
river to Havana, tab pas by the very en
trance to the city on its way fo a portion of
Sp in, then paysa duty fixed upen articles to be
re-exported, transferred to a Spanish ve-eel
and brought btck almost to the point of
stai-Ung, paying a second duty, and still
leave a profit over what would be received by
direct shipment. All that is produced In
Cuba could be produced In Ban to Domingo,
being a part oi tne t nueu aiaies, commerce
between the island and the main-land
would be free. There would be no export
duties Onher onifomenle, h)r Imtjort duties
on- those coming here; there would be no Im
port duties upon tlie supplies ot" machinery,
Si, uninn from the states. The effect that
would have been prdd tided ripon Cuban com
merce with theme advantages to Ainerlca. is
observable at a glance. The Cuban queetiou
would have been settled long ago in lavorof
"Free Cuba:" hundreds of American vessels
would now be advantageously used in trans
porting the valuable wootis ana oiner pro
duets of the soil of the island tot marbt in
carrying supplies and emigrants UI It. This
Island is but sparsely settled while it has an
area sufficient for t he prod uction a nd employ
ment of several minions oi people; umj
wOUld have Soon fallen to the hands of U ni
ted States capitalists, l ne pioancia are o i
niii.lf. in rommerce that emigration there
would have been encouraged, and the eman
cipated race of the south would have found
there a congenial home, where their civil
rights could not be disputed, and where their
labor would be much sought alter. The
nnAM&t. omnniT them conld have found
IO go til CI 1 ll wwca
oppiession and cruelties such
been practised upon them In
Within the last eleven years
whole communities would have sought re
fuge In San Domingo. I do not suppose the
whole race would have gone, nor Is it
desirable that they should go. Their labor
is desirable, Indispensable almost where
they now are, but possession of this territory woitld
have left the negro the master of the situation, by
enabling bim to demand his rights at home, on pain
of sending them elsewhere. I do not present these
views jow as a recommendation for a renewal oi
the subject of annexation, but 1 do refer to it to
vindicate my previous action in regard io it. With
the present congres my ofBcial life tTtrinates, and
it is not probable that public affairs will ever again
receive attention from me further than as a citizen
of the renuhlic. always taking a deep interest in
the houor, integrity and prosperity of the. whole
land. fSigoed ('. S. ObaNT.
executive .Mansion, Decern tier , jso
It has been affirmed that not less than
four per cent, of all the coal-lalen vessels
thAt nave left English ports durinp- the
last five years for destination south of
the equator nave sunered either total or
partial loss by the spontaneous ignition
of theif cargoes.
At one point on the margin of Lake
Tanganyika (Central Africa) Capt. Cam
eron saw large masses of coal. In the
district adjoining Manynema iron is
plentiful. The people manufacture large
quantities of iron, and many of the ar
ticles they make are beautifully furn
ished. Mr. Magnus condemns the use of blue
glass as a protection for the eyes, and
prefers the gray and smoky glasses used
m England. He considers llue glass,
especially, irritating to the eye, and says
that many Viirds, reptiles, and amphibians,
have yellow or reddish oil-drops in the
In a work on the " Voices of Ani
mals," by Liandois, additional evidence
is collected of the universality of vocal
sounds among the lower animals, includ
ing the Mcllusta. The auther considers
it to be indisputable that ants possess a
vocal speech, by which they are enabled
to exercise those higher mental faculties
to which they owe their high social or
ganization. Prof. Maurice Schniff, of Florence,
has demonstrated that the non-edible
mush-rooms, " toad-stool." contain a
common poison, muscarine, and that its
effects are counteracted by either atro
pine or dat urine. Italian apothecaries
now keep these drugs iu rural districts,
where the consumption of non-edible
fungi is apt to occur. The hint i3 worthy
of attention everywhere.
Prof. Clark Maxwell explains how an
ounce of air, in a closed and fragile jar,
sustains the outside pressure of the at
mosphere amounting to several tons;
this he does . by the theory that the
ounce of air is made up of molecules
which have so rapid a motion among
themselves that they collide on the in
side of the jar with as great a force as
that of the atmospheric pressure exter
nally. At a recent meeting of the British as
sociation Mr. Garner stated that he had
found the measurement of brain capacity
and from casts of the interior of skulls
that the size of tlie brain of the dog does
not correspond very closely with the size
i r4 a llimot ." fine lioa rk lorm, a
J K l 111. Ullll.lU-l- .. 1 w . Tr .hi u u
II. . 0
brain US fl WOlt, nor One SO Small as th
jackal. The brain el a Newfoundland
dosr i very little larger than that of
terrier. Professor Macalister, of Dublin
crave an account of the brain of the cel
ebrated grey hound " Master Macgrath.
Lie naa weignea the brains ot many
dogs, but Master Macgrath's was the
heaviest of fell, and the convolutions
were much more complex.
ine geograpnicai variation among
ortn American mammals, particularly
in respect to tne size, is treated ot by
Mr. J. A. Allen, in the bulletin of the
geological and geographical eurvev
the territories. He nas ascertained that
most northern and arctic animals are
smaller the further southward they live
while the reverse of this is the rule as
to the southern animals. Mr. Allen
formerly thought that the American
sable and common black bear of this
country could not be distinguished from
European form, but he has now come to
the conclusion that they are a distinct
species. lie tninKs, nowevei, that the
grizzly bear of America is what he term
a sub speciesof the brown bear of Europe
and our red fox is also regarded as a sub-
edecies of the European red lox.
Of all the forms of energy, gravity is
the one force whose relations with the
others it ia most difficult to imagine
Other forces affect each other most pal
pably; magnetism forsakes a magnet
when it is made whitehot ; chemical
affinity is most sensitive to variations of
temperature, and eveu in some cases
to mechanical tremor; the tiansmis
sion of electricity is favored by the cool
ing ef a conductor, and so on. Other
wise is it with gravity : a given mass of
matter, however mechanically moved,
electrified, magnetized, neated or sub
jected to chemical changes, at the same
point of the earths surface, always
weighs the same. 1 he only force with
which gravity has any analogy is mag
netism ; and were magnetism always at
tractive, instead of polar, with equal
opposite manifestations of attraction and
repulsion, the analogy would be a strong
The formation of nickel ores near
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, is pronounced
by the American manufacturer to be the
heaviest so far discovered in any part ef
tbe globe. The ore i exceedingly rich,
of a grayish tint, very heavy, an3 is - so
hard ana closely united to the surrounding
substances that it has to be got. out 'by
blasting. As soon as the ore is mined it
is crushed into small pieces, and then
transferred to kilns of a capacity of from
eighty fo ninety tons each. It is then
subjected to beat obtained at first by
burning wood, and which ia continued
by the conversion of the evaporating
fumes. The manipulation in concluded
by the fated metal beiuaj placed in a
eiueltiiw furnace and nncVrgoinir a pro-
ct-ag similar to that adopflKl iu the treat
ment of ironrre.
eoooga mtereni in our ""'"''" "VM"":r' 7' 1,;;"
knowledge ofit to enable them '"f.ty.i"!'
tions end. laws ofthe country intelligently, , I wot d
fp niuin ihfm i if rty iv sunn?
H0VT THE MONEY HIS BEES SPE5T
Report r tbe r. S. Chief r Kawttaveera
Coaeernlnv Mis Last l"eW Work,
and tae AprprlautlMNeo1e1
for tlae Hew "Testr.
The annual report of Gen. A. A.
Humphreys, chief of engineers, has been
completed. It presents a detailed state
ment of the variou operations of the
engineers' department during the nscal
year ended June 30, 1876. It gives
sketches of those which are now in pro
mw and mnVpR numerous recommenda
tions for the future. The number of
officers holding commissions in the corps
of engineers of the United States army
at the end of the fiscal year was one
hundred and seven to the active list and
five on the retired list. The latter, how
ihn law of .Tanuarv 31. 1870.
are now available for duties. In tne
rln t ips devolving unon the corps by law,
the employment of a number of scien
tists and assistant engineers has been
necessary. After a careful study of the
SEA COAST DEFEN8E8
by the corps of engineers, and with the
light afforded by the experience of the
actual conflict between the sea coast de
fenses and the new naval armaments, the
RVBtem to eovern the future construc
tion of our works was elaborated in 1869,
and received the approval of the general
of the army and the secretary oi war, j
and since then has been repeatedly in
dorsed by the action of congress.
The main features of this system
are the use of heavy earthen
barbette batteries, with parados and
traverses of heavy mortar batteries, and
of the obstructions in the channels main
ly electrical torpedoes. To hold vessels
from running past the batteries reaching
the cities or depots beyond them, works
of this character have been steadily pro
grewing since 1S69, and in many of our
bnrlwirs are well advanced toward com
pletion, but in none of the harbors are
tboac Alterations finished, while in some
of out Important harbors along the gulf
coast works are scarcely commenced.
Regarding the present necessity for
the completion of works in advance of
hostilities, Gen. Humphreys urges the
preparation" of our harbors for success
ful resistance against incursions of the
Dowerful iron clads of the present day.
Among estimates lor appropriations
Wnmr.hrpvs earnestly recommends are
the following." For the completion of
defensive works at Fort Jackson, Mis
aisHinoi river. 25.000 : Fort Phillips,
do.,' $23,000. On the subject of river
nun harbor arjnrr'Driations lor the cur-
1 vmr. HumDhrevs savs: " Of
the amounts appropriated for public
works on river and harbors by the act
onr.rr.ved AusTist 14. 1876, certain al
lotments have been made in compliance
itt. trmt ructions of the secretary of war
of September i, limiting expenditures
under the act to f 2,000,000? and direct
ing that no new work of improvement
cv.oii be beo-nn. The followinz etate-
n,nt. o-vhit.itsi the allotments in detail
mi. . - -.- - - - -
For improvement of the mouth Pt the
Mississippi river, STO.OOO; surveys
south pass of the Mississippi, f 10,000 ;
Galveston, $52 800 ; Mississippi.Missouri
and Arkansas HveifJ ftg3lc operations,
$50,000; Mississippi riter, Mtwficn IZt
mouths of the Ohio and Illinois rivers,
$121,000; Mississippi river chan
nel opposite .St. Louis, $25,000;
Des Moines rapids, $115,000;
Kock Island rapids, $10,000 ; upper
Mississippi river, $10,000; falls of iit.
Anthony, $71.000 ; annual expenses of
gauging the waters of the Mississippi and
tributaries, $5,000 ; removing the raft in
Red river an I closing the tones of Bayou
Louisiana, $35,000 ; improvement of the
Ohio river, $120,000; improvement ot
Tennessee river, $130,000 ; Great Kana
wha river, $15,000 ; Illinois river, $10,-
IHHj; r ox and Wisconsin rivers, $120,000
Green bay, Wisconsin, $H,000 ; Milwau
kee harbor, $5,000; Chicago harbor,
$1,000; haiborot Refuge, Lake Huron,
$75,000; .Saginaw river, $11,000; Toledo
harbor, $22,500 ; Cleveland harbor,$105,-
000 ; i-,ne narbor, 15,000 ; Duluth har
bor, Minnesota, $G,000 ; entrance to Su
perior bay, Wisconsin, $500 . Ontonagon
harbor, Michigan, $1,000; Marquette,
Michigan, $1,000 ; Ahlapee, Wisconsin,
$1,000; Two Rivers harbor, Wisconsin,
$1,000; Manitowoc harbor, Wisconsin,
$3,000 ; Sheboyean harbor, Wisconsin,
$3,000; CalumetTiarbor, Illinois, $1,000 ;
White river harbor, Michigan, $1,000 ;
Grand Haven harbor, Michigan .$15,000;
Stugata harbor, Michigan, $1,000; South;
tlaven harbor, .Michigan, $3,500 ; St.
Joseph harbor, Michigan, $8,000 ; San
dusky harbor, Ohio, $12,500 ; Vermillion
harbor, Michigan, $1,000; Fairport. har
bor, Ohio, $5,000 ; piers at the mouth of
tflack river, Ohio, i,000; Michigan
City harbor, Indiana, $6,000.
AMOUNTS TO BK AU.OTTEI)
to each work named, reference has
been made to balances on hand of pre
vious appropriations for works speci fled.
All these improvements, for the contin
uance of which parts of the appropria
tions that hare been allotted, are in my
judgment, clearly national allotments
to improvements of lesser magnitude and
consequence, and indispensably necessary
to protect that already done.
The officers in charge of the improve
ments were notified of the amosnts of
the allotments, and the works are now
being conducted on this basis.
The report epitomized, detailed the
accounts given by the various officers of
rivsr and harbor improvements, etc.,
now in progress under their respective
managements, with a statement of the
amounts which these officers estimate,
can be profitably expended during the
next fiscal year. Among these estimates
are the following :
For the improvement of the Mississippi
river between the mouths of the Illinois
and Ohio rivers, $500,000 ; for the mouth
of the Mississippi river, $150,000; for
the upper Mississippi river, $91,-Vh) ; for
the improvement of the Des Moines
rapids, $135,000; for the Rock Island
rapids, $50,000; for the Illinois river,
$80,000; for the Ohio river, $G50,000;
'or the Wabash river, $145,000 ; for the
Kanawha river, $100,000 ; for removing
snags and wrecks from the Mississippi,
Missouri and Arkansas were $555,000;
for the improvement of the Cleveland
harbor, $200,000 ; for the improvement
of Sandusky harbor, $55,700 ; for the
improvements at Port Clinton, Ohio,
$20,000- fnr Tnlflflc linrW 1JOflu'l.
Monroe harbor, Michigan, $11,000 ;'?he
ooygan, Michigan, harbor, $35,000 ; Sag
inaw river, Michigan. $52,000 : Detroit
river, $2O,000 ; Harbor of Refuge, lake
Huron, yi'00,000; St. Mary's falls canal,
.juo,uo ; i.:hicago harbor, $150,000;
Michigan Citv harbor. Stia.OOO.
In transmitting these statements of
amounts, which his subordinate officers
say can be profitably expended during
tne nscai year, tbe chiel ot engineers
uiaaro mi recoinineauaiiion oi nis own
concern! ng them. .
A M. Louis Resilience.
Mention was made some time since of
the case of an ancient school-marm in re
duced circumstances, who prudently
kept within her means by occupying a
pig pen on Eighth street, between Val-
nut and Clark avenue. This domiril
consisted of some old Ivoards laid across
the corner of a fence for a roof, and, a
bundle of straw and some old rugs com
posed the furniture. This humble man
sion seems to have been equaled by a
similar cheap human domicil visited by
a Republican reporter yesterday morn
ing. About one square south of the
school-marm's home, and on the east aide
of Eighth stj-eet. opposite the mouth of
the railroad tunnel, is an open lot having
a gentle slope toward "the street. It
seems to be covered by an old crop of
asnes emptied irom the neighboring
dwellings and ee.ittered about in little
conical heaps. On this rather drearv- i
looMrLSr lot. an oh) vamman of thai noiwli.
"borhotxl has squatted, having been ex- !
p?nea from sume unpretentious under-1
ground cellar for inability to pay 1 er
rent, lhe present dwelling is a curiiwi-
ty. It unitt-s in the .amft apartntjnt,
parlor, dormitory and a reception room
lor guests. Her dwelling, in fine, con-
Ists of an old tool-chest, uch as Is used
fi l rr a t coi it rarto.w :,i which to house
hdr hhovela and pick. The cover
hula down nlintiiitrly, and fonDS, when
ciotttJ, the roof, to keep off the rain,
l dw, .leet and enow. At night the old.
lady descends into her house, and, clos
ing down the trap-door, disappears like
J acK-in-a-DOX. Ill WC uaytmie lurj cuter
is held open by a stake, ana the apart
ment 13 ventilated. The furniture - of
this humble dwelling seems to consist of
a few tin utensils, and some spare frag
ments of old carpet spread out on a
board, forming a seat and a shelf. The
kitchen part consists of an iron pot,
which was simmering over a few em
bers, with no roof over it except the
canopy of hoaven The old woman was
seen hacking away at a refractory plank,
to chip off sowe "firewood, in the pres
ence of a small crowd of boys and girU.
SY. Lomt Republican.
Higher Aims in Journalism.
No one known better than the editors
and'nroprietore of respectable newspa-
ners the injurious eaTect upon journalism
which reckless and sensational editors
hawe recently wrourht. There is a cer
tain classof newspapers which live by this
style'of de famatory w riting. They are ut
terly reckless in their statements, have
no reeard lor private character, no ven
eration for eoed and holy things, anil no
respect for exalted virtues and pure lives.
Whatever will produce a sensation and
sell papers they are ready and anxious to
nublish. But the iournals of this char-
actor are few. As a rule, the newspapers
of to-dav seek to be fair and honest, are
conscientiously conducted by men of
hitrh character and good standing: in so
ciety, whose mission is to fairly and
honestly chronicle the current news of
. 1 i . 1 A
the clay, ana to intelligently cumuiem,
thereon. Cnlortunaxeiy ior respeciaDie
iournalism. the public sympathizes with
and demands the reckless and sensational
stvle. Journals which make it a busi
ness from day today to assfcil and traduce
private character; te conspicuously
parade, with exaggerated head-lines,- all
tlie criminal acts oi me uepravea ciuses
to float over murderers , and assassina
tions: to depict in seductive language
rapes, indecent assaults ana outrages ot
all kinds, are tne journals wnicn circu
late with the greatest treedejm among tne
masses. The public crave sensations, ana
it is ereatly to the credit of the very
large number ot respectaDie journals mat
they preserve their dignity and decency
in the face of the temptation of sure pe
cuniary rewards which await them by
adopting the .other course. MlnneajxtlU
"(.ir-nils," l" Talking To Me."
Two of our south Memphis beauties
were decidedly taken aback while seated
in a Beal street mule boxy eerday after
noon. They were chatting gaily, per
haps about the beaux, or that love of a
hat that Miss Hnifkins wore last .Sunday
at church. Sitting next to one of them
was a mild-eyed granger, who had evi
dently been "at some saloon, waiting for
election returns, and while there im
bibed the contents of divers glasses of
the liquid that cheers. His head slid
down on his breast; he snored ; and the
joung ladies, apparently oblivious of his
presence, chatted away foi dear life.
Fin illy a merry peal of laughter from
of them aroused him. He opened
hTs Biviry eyes, brushed back the tan
,riCrl tfm . ' hair from his forehead,
iiat the youtfg W-.WCre- ei&T
their c-oTivc-?sation to ktc, '
in a semi-rettiotitfating way : "Glr-i-. p
no uee talking ta-a-Ikinf, to me; I'm a
(hie) ma-a-r-r-ied man!" The "gir-ruls"
left the car at the next corner; they
seemed to prefer walking, and the
granger, unconscious of the amusement
he had furnished, resumed his snores.
The danger attending the use of forcfi
lain lined cooking utensils Was pointed
out at a meeting of the British society
of public analysts by Mr. Taileck. He
stated that the milk-whit porcelain en
amel with which cast-iron cookifif' Tea
sela are now so commonly coated is in
the highest degree objectionable", on ac
count of the easy action on it of acid
fruits, common salt aud other substances
by means of which led and even arsenic
are dissolved out in large quantities
during the process of cooking. It was
shown that it is not so much on account
of the presence of large proportions of lead
and arsenic that these enamels are dan-
ferous, but because they are so highly
asic in their character and are so read
ily acted on - by fubby-acid solutions.
He thought that no enamel should be
admitted to use unless it was totally un
affected by boiling with a one per cent,
solution of citric acid, which was a very
moderate test. Further, he gave it as
his opinion that either the use of such
poieonous ingredients as lead and aisenic
in large quantities should be entirely
discontinued, or that the composition
otherwise bhauld be of such a character
as to insure that none of the poisonous
substances could be dissolved out under
Plebians at College.
This is a sample of the "hazing" for
which a number of silly young .fellows
have just been expelled from tne naval
academy at Annapolis: "A third-class
cadet, backed by several of his mates,
would enter the room of a 'pleb' and
address him thus : ' I am an ugly fel
low ; don't you think so ?' Of course
the pleb would declare that he thought
him a very handsome fellow. ' Theu,'
savs the third-classman, 'you mean to
call me a liar.' The trembling boy
would humbly assert he meant nothing
of that kind, but the fellow would grab
him by the neck and heela, declaring he
would throw him out of the third-story
window. Dragging him to the window,
he would thrust the frightened pleb just
far enough out to make him believe that
the least jar or movement would precipi
tate him to the pavement below. After
being hauled in he is placed between
two mattrepses and an Indian war-d.mce
is had upon the upper one, the whole
scene concluding with a dose of writing
During a recent visit to the Pacific
coast, I was told the following incident
by an eye-witness : A heifer Had gone
iu the morning with the herd to Iho
field for pasture. During the absence
her first Dorn was slain, and the skin
carelessly hung on the barn-yard fence
to dry. The evening brought the milch
kine home. A gentle breeze blowing
revealed, by mysterious instinct, tne loss
to the dam. She neared the spot, stood
motionless, and her whole frame seemed
to tremble with emotion. Not a mur
muring low as usual was heard. Over
whelming sorrow was as plain on her
face, as the mother wringing her hands
in agony over an empty cradle. peverai
farm hands were looking on. They saw
the great round tears flowing silently
down ! This dumb beast's sorrowful
eloquence, telling them of their cruelty,
they could not stand. They, too, wept
like children ! Sunday School jime.
Extraordinary tbicmph ot science
This new principle, new way, to cure Cough
& Consumption, Dr. J. H. McLean'a Cough
aud Lung Healing. Globules. Aa rapidly aa
the Globule dissolve in tbe mouth, a heal-
in ir ras is formed and inhaled, which cures
Throat and Lung diseases. Trial Boxes
25ets. bv mail. Vr. J. U. McLean, 314 t-nest-
nut, St. Louis.
A bchool-m aster tells the following
rnrl nne ? " I was teaching in a quiet
country village. The second morning of
mv session I had leisure to survey my
surroundings, and among the scanty fur
niture I espied a three-legged stool. 4 Is
this the dunce block?' I asked a little
girl of five. The dark: eyes sparkled,
the curia nodded assent ana the lips rip
pled out, ' I suppose eo, the teacher al
ways sits on it.' The stool was unoccu
pied that term."
The Great Pas ACEA.rln' this 'aea-
. . .- .viivi.i a
son OI rueulftaiisnx, cnuunuiu'i uiret-
biten, etc., nothme better can be icept in
tbf hou.-e than Merchnnt' celebrated
Gargling OIL It i peculiarly adapted
to Family ue, yet it answers equally
well for hornes and other animaLi. It i
free Irom strain, and at. the same time
very efficacious in all instances where
liniment is required. Rtebuster (A. Y.)
Ikitij L'lion and Adceriitetr.
BafhSETf ri CoooatJi-e allays InlUU.ir,
r .lioveri Juudmrt', aflJ Invigorates tire ftctton
it itie cajUlarl in the Lighest dt-gres.
The editor takes pleasure in calling the
attention of sufferers from rheumatism, gout,
neuralgia ana lumbago to tuning -atio
Remedy. It ha been before tlie public
for three years, and, it is said, has never failed
in a single case. It is taken internally, and
cures at once. Sold by wholesale and retail
druggists everywhere. Price, $1.00 a bottle.
Fifty Thousand Peach Treks, in
cluding Amsden and all early and best vari
eties; also, a large sioca. ot 8innuciira.uu
n onmll fmit nlants. cranes, etc. Fruit and
ornamented trees and general nursery stock,
all packed to carry sately, witnout cnarge. at
very low prices. Send for circulars to ir
flllU'lh. tV 11IUIUCI,
rwiiT r... r'rrr. r...Wintersmitli'ii Tonic Sy-
nir. or improved Chill Cure, is certain remedy for
every form of Kever and Ague. Its superiority over
all otner retBeaie is in tue ii i umi iue tuic
nermanent one the Lhdl.vrttm broken, dott not return.
Unlike Chill remedies generally, it require uo pur
gative to be taken with it; the medicine itself ae
tinir trentl v and azret-atil v uoon the ltver and bowels.
effect iill v removing the cause oi the disease, not
. . - - - . . i : . i .. ........ Ar
mereiv lemnomniv run-mnic n s m 1110 uwr
quinine. Sold by all Urugtists.
Persons who have become thorourhly
chilled from anv cause, niav have their cir
culation at once restored by taking into the
stomach a teaRpoonful of JohnsoD's Anodyne
Liniment mixed in a little cold water, wen
Every farmer who owns a good stock
of horses, cattle and sheep, and intends to
keep them through tlie winter, snouiu get a
ins. b trtnii fitnt'lr ff NhprillflllH l.HVfllrV
Condition Powders. One dollar's worth will
save at least a half ton of hay.
At our recmest. Cragin & C!o.,of Phil
adelphia.Pa.. have promised to send any
of our readers gratis (on receipt of 15
cents to pav postage), a sample of Dob
bin's Electric Soap to try. . Send at once.
A Youth's Fitbi.ica tion. For half a
century the Youth's Compaxiov, of Boston,
has been published. It was started in 1827,
and is to-day one of tlie brightest and most
vigorous papers with which we are acquainted
- 4 ou u m l iou 4'ureU.
An Id Physician, retired from active prac
tice, having had placed in his hands by an
East India Missionary the formula of a simple
Vegetable Remedy, for the speedv and per
manent Cure of Consumption, Bronchitis,
Catarrh, Asthma, and all Throat and Lung
Aflections, also a Positive and Radical Cure
for Nervous Debility and all Nervous Com
plaints, after having thoroughly tested its
wonderful curative "powers in thousands of
cases, feels it his duty to make it known to his
sutl'eriiis: fellows. Actuated by this motive,
and a conscientious desire to relieve humnn
suffering, he will send (free of charge) to all
who desire it, this receipt, with full directions
for preparing and successfully using. Sent by
return mail by addressing with stamp, nam
ing this paper, Dr. AV. C. Stevens, 12ii Pvers'
Block, Bochester, N. Y.
The Yoi'th's Compaxiox, of Booton,
is a thoroughly wide-awake jiaf-er, having
among its contributors such writers as J. T.
Trowbridge, Kdward E'iileston, Edward Ev
erett Hale, James T. Field,, I. ii. Whittier,
C. A. Ste)hens, Louisa M. Alcott, 1'cbecca
Hanling Davis, Julia Ward Howe, Mrs. A. H.
Leonoweus, Ixtuise Cliamller Moultou. No
writers more attractive in the country, ninl
no publication for young people more enter
prising and useful.
1IAHPY SKW TEAR.
Spieii'lid holiday novi-llifi, Hew Year' Moriin,
New Year's presents, New Year's picture. New
Year's musk, New Year's cnliinet gem, New Year's
chromou. New Year's pKietry, New Year's cliromo
look-marks, New Year's mtuseliolil, New Yenr'a
fashions. New Year's etiquette. New Year's creet
inss, and other h Inlay novelties, with rare literary
' and full-size pal tern, in me splendid holiday
t- -urober uf Drmnretft M.intUUi Mnifizitir,
'Writs iW.""' yearly :-ith "Ple'ndid l'rera-
t'I fail t ' the January number, with
hree anistu, oil ...rontos,
wonh several time, the cf the inwrfne. Ad
dress W.jKSKIIC9lKMOBBj?J lath. rH.,JS. 1 .
BEAI'TIFlli PATTERNS IMXI,
15 2 and 25 Inches in heiphu The sevincli?e thir
teen rarment-s rKjIotiaise.basqua.jacket.wateroof,
hWHlVchemise, drawri-s, overskirt, skirt, -apron, pet
Ucoat, nixbt-dress, and wrapper, with Instructions
aXdeseriPtions. Trice IO ets. per set, post-free.
Soldatall Toy stores oral Mine. Denmrest'sssencies
MME. J E M OBKh 1 .
--d opeiiitia; of patterns of the novel an
SHn"ter vies in polonr iaes.lsques.cl.ks
winter... . , TraeV,paTia:i tiueen A li t
he novel and Ix-aiititul
vj.i.. a.i tineen lctoria ttreei
ete., l.ueo p aath it.. N. Y. uencies
IxrBdon, K C: an -. Award fur Patterns over all
everywhere. Centenn -.loeiieaini splendidCliiist
competitors.ferwlnferrtiw j jhu.onsls Moulhlii.
mas and New ear'3 nl'ii!irv.
o i. rsiiioec wiVk.
It used to take twelve hours to dye tie bif'r,
then it looked ridiculetts. Now, in fifteen minutes
Tctt'b Hair live will gire you beautiful ftjossy
black tresses, without trouble or icconvenieni e. IS
Murray St., New York.
Bacon Clear Sides
Cotton Ord i n ary...
Swsds Clorer -.
Missouri Millet ,
Buckwheat, & bush..
18 00 20 00
1 75 (f6
I 75 ' Ci
Fiour 5 00
Wheat Bed and Amber.. 1 00
Pork Mess ,
Bacou Clear sides
Potntoes Irish, 3 bbl..
m 10 00
NEW OBLEAK fa.
Flour $ 4 25 6 75
Corrf 55 Q 61
OaU 42 (j0 43
Hay 15 00 (a 19 00
Pork 17 50
Sugar lOJi-t4 UX
Molasses 35 55
Whisky. 1 05 (a) 1 10
Cotton tl 11
1 00 $ I 08
I wisti bad spttc oonwouey fT
V. R Th.var. ManlifMrtiirilif .laweler it .folibfr
Waarhr, lllaninaHa. Jr-vt vlr.v. 1 lock of all
kind. I'iamon.l aettinn - tine Kiat lak g.-Jd miff
l.tuapwt. Oval Kin arm i to 3.. dollnra. A g.-iinine
CI Pill Maveinrul. COIN IL-f f
l-LUin VKK CS,woW, for J4,3lJ
I,, roiled olaen n rjU i gem .i to 10
suanintea iouuiu uuuiliiu muiea 0 w
war for yeara. Giaxis atui en aelection. Adjuatinff
of all yradea of wiitrh.--.. ttld gnii A ailver tiiketi ill
trade. .11.111 A KK , ttieL a-l.. rp-
Live Jeweler.McnipbiSiTen.O 5c XtolHI2
NEW VT1UXOX 4c GIBBS
r 1 V7-
ta titr -wort a
mot , 1
Tr.O. Mark la UX
- t -r at .vary
SILEXT SEWING MACHINE.
Send Postal Card for Illustrated Price List, &c
Willeox & Cibbs S. M. Co.,
(Cor. Bond St.) 658 Broadway, ew a or
If you tave rheumatifiin, neuralgia,
headache, a burn, or a bruise, procure
a bottle of Eupeon. . It will give instant
relief, as thousand can testify. For
gale by all druggists. H. A. HURL-
BUT A CO., 75 and 77 Randolph street,
Chicago, Agents for the Proprietors.
al.H N I X liaicd XWoElv fci-f... d.t..0.ioi..
a rirrtTfflft 1 uveal i ra1
ipon r-ur woix ll.ia ill aud nti.tar.
fbaootnWoattoa Urf tbl vaou lariwaae a.i t ....
hiretol "r atuuiHr-d. Term ul ti. A.ldraa
K-t a . vi-"
t . V a .X
1 A ri
MONTH'S ASmVKmm r
Tramps, Burglars an! Thieves Infest 31 part
ofthe Cowrtxy. Every one s&oma ga anaea.
Cut Out Certificate Below
and Return with S3.QO.
U5 9?" ?
SB E el a
t c- ? - a
iXX m Z3 c M
What It Does!
It restores, quickly, .ry Hair to ftn lou.y Natural
. It bit tu ellftct ot Htfsturinic tt linr to preinn
yw "nld Ina1s. It, Kt-movt lodruff, Hunuriind
llKr''?A.. X BB fl Q H I ltcllinaTan.IS.-aly
v-nia itn HQ ll Ef H 3 l!Kw,,;"w
Drvneaa of -w H W S 1 a,,d ''i"'n Hair,
fudrl. rlrt, harflli p. w fcl " "'l kivm
ll rpii.rrp"4Mi, El ia lw " U h rt "air. It
vinortotHarrrovcth BI w IB w .lai" rtw-ta in
ain'oniiliii-rraire H K LB O W ' y Hoaloralive
a short ttins tli&n Q fl H HS ' -avki tii hair
evprmadw.aiwnya fi S 1 3 S B 1 tX l,Mi
aoff, hwlv arl'l aa as . Bk aa " r tiu,,n ll,e
n l aa a lirpasmir tlH.n l.'f- It.f.irlh.
hairinamuilmaltliy .-i.nrt. l!--n .- 0"' "'".lnrlna No
III :ulii. Jt pro
01.I ar.d Voomk. un arti. le ',f ni-r,T" irtar-
oom(t. un article '.1 ni-i ; inn
-i,rK.r.-,t to the rni'ite fW."wi Jt
. Try it! .'rv rt!! Call for. puuoa a.
prutol !' us it coiituhia no t::!"vttn Qrulicia-
It waaoiiariually inlrmhu-ad 2u year ii Pi.
WikiiI. but lhMi,--nit cliKliKii of irirn-illni; Ii fnu ar.
tl.:le i making a .twiiand fur ll in all artof till. Vui1Q
Stulv. Canada and fort-inn tKiiintriH.
Thaarrwht n.llr:l Improvement lnlnirln.'1-d In tlilanr-tii-lv
haa inrln.ml na to take tile acn. and ad.ertiae Ita
virtilea t-i the world. Its efl.H-t naa K-lrr!iv- are bat
hai, rieii Ion aouxilt lor and a-nte.1 lor many yeara,
inc mom lrl',l(lra
(hail haa vr !
td. No lrurici!'t
knowa iia cih,m
nmko it ; t iinrrt'ni
ir. ' Wood'a Im
Ift any unprint'i
vinco von tnitt li
or K5nwr aa
tiiiuir ;im.)ar. as
fore hvfn iitiain
in lh wirld
nM Inn, find mnnot
.iu yon rail for
provfwi." U nt
iilfd d'alr wn
hnm a lUvhtoratlv
ITimmJ, or iwFn
thfrw la none hka
ii! Inaut uxn bavin tr
' WrsTad'n Improrav-d.' and ttika
It will nni Ii Inn bMmt bU
nn othr, for yonr liionfy:
d'! evryljftra will I
hsivst it. It von BlMjuld fill to
iji.VW tor six m-1t.v3. and we will twnd U to you, prnpatd,
tuany Kjpr Ht;ititm dvired.
l1i -H-. . A. ( HK t CO., Chirntco,
Solr Atfi ntu for tlie I ti(1-4l Ktmtrn anil n
nlH,whowill fill allordmand auily
HilVnl4 at MaltllfM4'tul-rrtt, Friers
J. B. Kjmbalx, irpritor.
HT-Solfl In Cincinnati hy Jno. D Park; Txmlnv.lle.
J. H. if 'ior rt o. ; N'pw Orlevana, Whlock, Mniaj A
Cu .and by W lioleaala DroRK generally.
ri.wl ii vnn can tul All (HI tn lis. liVlTiatl lor a txtt I W. ttt
THE LK1X.EK ia a lars .4"-.'olninii pHr. al.ly
rdite.l. handaotncly printad ; rosialnliijt evi-ry wak
cboico completed trl;, an liiatn!ltii.-nt of an Inter
eating IIInatrtr.I a.-rial, and general reading fur old
sielyour nav an. I uddreaa. rlitfnly written. Im
tlSfin(i"!iK lit ll. LA K. with tit'leen r.-nla for pfat-
age. and we will aend tin; i:ier to you for fine year.
fiimno, 1 1.1
HOLIDAY LMUSIC BOOK !
Tiro Sfinni'l Yuliimr tor l'i e.etx.
The World of Song !
Prire ia BIs MM. (loth VM. (Jilt UM.
ftarelv have We iaailed book of aouva tnt ludit.u-
snrli a variety of reatly tirit-.:laaa and po ulur Voi ul
Mliai.". iVI na?ea. full Sheet Mwaii: ri.m. JOf.eil l.v
neurly aiaty diflerent cornpocra, and timons the
co?nr- aitiona ar mnny am-li a-en.a aa --''ome 10 me
.fiiica ly." ' l.oldcn L.M-ka aj Nilvr." My If earl'
oeal liove. alia a a K.iay, alie a r-iHiy." an I Mil
lard'a V hjpporaill.'
Ve publlali Id vaiual.le coUe.-tiotia, iiuilorni viitb
thr ' Would ' ami " Utat,
end for Cataloirua of
Home Mrmrit Limusi.
and ael. t oue or ujor
of it rxrok for Cb natmaa.
Gems of the Dance!
A Companion lo the, " Famnat Genu of Sirauju I"
$2.00 iu Koarils, P,M Clotli. UM m.
The "Gcajs or SraAl a ' bad a wonderful f ucceaa,
and tliia new work ia fullv ila e-jnal. il KHltaina
tbe re.ent "ttrBiia" pief-, iiu.l many oilier by
Olli-lf'l Lilno'lie. Kallt, t .Hile. Zlk.-ff. and other
eminent ron.poel . Zv2 pne.'". flltl Sheet Mllaic ai.e.
well tilled with Walt, a. al p. I'olkaa.Q -adrillea,
tilln-r Look mailed, poat-fu-, f-r Iletml Pi Ir.
OLIVER DITSON A CO. Boston.
". It. Vltaaaia .r ('-. 1'lfMia 4k '..
ll Bii,ajtray, -i;,:.mr In I n f ffallar.
NV Voik. 1'l.tf.i.
5 .ViSESMS: iTtrT.
1 1 Mss ; is $350
i V , , IK Ml
f -I , 11 i - 1 eUciau-a irae.
SON X 1 S-5 S
9iiaV ' S3
i-w v. . . . si. - - i i i
c?a -.1 c i . i "
2. a ? 2 I St 5
f y :
r" , , ; Jft ST g m
I ? 2
I ! : I !
I j 3 ii
hi 03 ;
. .1 -s
Io Wis' S i
1 ri. 1 Z
tC as 3
. y v a i PIT Rnm0tkimQnm9
ra ii .
- T. . . ikA Til at vli
vie. III. W.
,BK.- l'f '
UfitvJ77 !.rM KVjjl"?
am. . . "i .
tyyjJ" ' .f.. Newbusi-
i.ran wanted, on saUry or remniis. I.otii. io.
Vi. Addre J. B. UcstT a
aTheonlv nreremoii v. inii -i
iiia specific ks.iTrz
nalarv siiaranteeil to iimle A female. fti'l
ZSrlZn. E. M. BiKline, CluclDo.ti. O.
" .7rnr roi'R aiO." Cliromo FRFK.
AGENTS J.M MI NVON CO.. I'hllad... v..
Eintnovnient for all. Chromo -ovelt
Cataloene free. Kellon t o..l 19 f n,l"? JL
(4 U L ll IO .1 . M. Ml N TN Ct VDifB". '
Uy aililr-iiiui; .1:1.
riiiin'. ipiii r. o.
IIKHTKTII. W.tr.. who Willi
ml I iinni.r i.-Kr.-.- ten l
i l. .1. Ii. I 1L1.K. lliwtoli.MM.
lllt luiiiDK Kl
a 1IO!Xtt. Aarnt wiinted. maet ll-
.rtic-lm 111 III" V...rl.t. lieniplfre.
lllt0i. Ui'troll. Mi to.
AfctNTB wvnt fr '
tc,DUiuU full drwrll'liiM'
orl4. Iatru4ucUoa bv JkalA:
Alilreu A.U. MilTLKTOJl i. tu., limn. m.
rki. tio' f e Iff V WT C
with plola .inniif f V.,'TlVf k
5l VtLKTON & CO.CUloolU
'' one Api iil I
" ilu . 13 new
t ',-. l.l.lUTU., t blcairv.
,ll.li l.i Ki-ll to Merrlilt
iu :i in.. nth triivTiim
wn paid. IJi'tn
i 4 mutt ti AFiii .iiiik mi' ' 'hnwito.,
iwv.v ,-,, ,,. ..., 1 -hr-i.... I . I J.".
'.;--vii Crvr. J. H. Wl
. IHIMUN MASS.
W e will atari , h it riitl. f aay
mukPSHOlW'. rpitlirraez. Aututs
an.treapectari'i- .)Wrry N. Y.
Si rrtt Co.. 1 rv.
v; I'xpenaea paM
.t,-, "" month.hot.-l ami travell
U?U( lii.r aaleamra. No 1'a-
pOV.ii.mh.r .Muinirn :.. Li
ii-iTi iil-'ii A I ; rent rjenaalloo.
1 .....at t - -.1 J ,nt Hetter
Addraaa . vU l.TBB to. Chlc
niunnnrr otitaio.-.! Ui cIiUmh at any S'ale. ''
DIVORCES ","ui I'-'r-
U .," -V -m.Tllbliil. . ria. r-- ri--r l,..i.-o dvl, Im
Ail I tU ierinnitt rmlJ iwt
ufPfl-Htaii to tl ord.-t h HT fflir zrw-i" ,
Trn i-lmi' I-X1--J
iNtl'l 1-1 I illll
I niim uiliaa4a-i
I H oraa. ( in. nnjali,
H.fe.N. r 1 T' 11 vi !.
. u.. w aaaawkta'tlaf
VEXi . "in.. 'by "H. AUdrr- .11
llraaaaay ! wai-b.
ai-a-i a The' oleaat In the wor Import
r. U. J .rr'a prl. ea-l.ars.-al r..in minis-
iilarii.-le pleaa'arvi-rylMHlj itadjeoa-erica-
inriin-AK'-ma want.-il evrryanr
tlnnally ni. nta ilon't au-tu time end furt'lr.-n-In-at
in.ln. . vvila f V.-a St..N. V..r.t.H" !'
I - r f .1 Ii . . I . " t . I - - - ' "
' timnrn fw raw- t -re
l-t1.!! f 'm-nns'.-lH Ar.AK.wJI
l? JO P- f " ikl B0UHX, sii sttffW
a BiaawraBBBBiBBwaBF A 1( w !ain Jrti.
-h Ci. 1 1 -ll
a rral liM-rtt
k.o. -it, iTob
11 tli-- lafin r In fn--ir nan i-in '
lltaiHMl. l-arliru'ara frr--. V-
ui 11. h:. Luui,.Mu.
.-ifsarsa,". i: I it I r Ir 1 1 y l
.- VK 1 11 r- a iiiw 1 v in-ii -
XSS&'&yif """ ''" I ral IIIKIIIiaia.
"OH AlNr "'. ' . . .. - I II l i t.
fi BO OK tor the MILLION
lEDICAL ADVICE Z'XZ;
12 V. Htl Ht. Lnnu.
PallOW Afl H.
vzv crrLii ciivw.
Vir'claiul k Wool. l-r
v-c-t ami U in the Weill
Send lur I'rire-I.ist. t'
I riT:3 tr.TrST. Va-fr
"l AoLN Tli WANTiLU FOR HIST0t?Y
It a.-llai fnKt.T than any "llir Im.i.U. flux AaTanf
aol'l 34 .-1'iea in 1 -no day. Tina la I In- unlv antli.-Htl:
mi. I r.-nil-l- t. Iii-n.i 1 i-iil li-l,- .. h. nc li r unr axtra
term Agcma. Arl-. jt I ctl lailiao Co., ft.
I.on ia. Mo.
A (loiiblf.iiiirrcl jMin, ttnr or fn.nt uction Iivkt;
wnrrtintM k iiuim" w it lMrrIn, n t I n rMd hooter r
tH 1 Ai r. : w itlt KlfiMk, i'iu h uml U ml rDtffr, tmr
9ll if. 'nu wnt t ( . I . u M Ii pr viJi-H to fvaHiii.no
!.! ro i;.v'ii.f iill. inl uNinp fir rircnlur In f
f r I.I. A- fkt. .. Mhui -ir-f. Iwt innntl. .
fOKTH its iVKKillT in C-S OLD
If Tin Kcli,'4 A tiLi'iiiMti- Kxtii Kiiihlivr llurtifr
Iliiiiikei t on I L:i 111 prt-lly mtr. They
nimut i x i-UhI-: 1 h 11 tint I till. I till' tmrriirifl ; ln
ptHiitlv fi mmiifhwil if irtpM.., tircken or upiwt.
flit Odt Iat ,'ttr-, HH iHM. MHllctl t atllV f fl r f'-T
.'it tin. A t' W hjj'In, inn u itt IuiiihIh wnfitfu. l'r'ht
lariE'. Y.rVipn AlHiiiit'K ' nn iniiHt), t.
T.H. IC l ? tnoii. Miht tf
t Ii" A ni'-ru hu Cmi'-ir In -t itutt . ..ml fliPrdTrr of llm
rnun'.ly fi'i tiiv- iMlii ri' i.f ( im vr. Ttiitiorn und
t't t-.tnla Iiy m titiaf on Hi. loul oiilv.wlll w mi, on
r'it ft.ift.OO. m full . ouratv of nit-iii t hut liaa
ti'- ti t iiii'.l in i In ui" of ( Viiirr, Tium rN of roful
VI Tr nt Miri'i, ti..tont )lmi.
Kter's Americaji Monthly,
1 ll 1.1 MKTi,i. ; llat "n a 1 1 y Al a if a . I n I tl
vrot thia Prt aan.i-1 pa-i:f ' Tr""'
Keod n.-. atauin for pontaL--. Tuey awahlli
Irl urea Iff.-
4in-. il l aii'l
Ztranalarrert w any iii'i ",
U l-ari EN 1 ira v
MARK TWAIN'S NEV BOO.V
lairady liir At nta. H..11 I -t a-lnnrl botnl Una
,!. i,t aein I ,.r v.mr l.-rritorv r .ii.nlnra. at
Ilartf.iril.f'outi.. a.l '".I""""-
Southern Farm er
Ilea I Ww-kly A III i.-tilt II lural In tbe. TIth. Hub.
arriptlon . r iinhiitn
Kuril j-i-ra.. trim trill ;
Sent hie irr hi-r Jirfl till'
ttreitM trill n'rrii-e hi i
nrr wii.V, ire of';
rhttrae, a roiv tif the. .
te'xt iiavf iirrltii-et irei l:- I
fit nt ill iirtfUfiafier t
iie iimntrti. it'll tit iit
timlinit twit'tr, awl
iHiltitttitr In rvery unr.
a ' Jt ptHhit rmra arm nur
: j , "" n ,iM "
a' Siritil tfrtr atMrr.
i i .f.r to.i if- ti" "-
FHIhUi I'rau rr M
" nminmruntl w t I.
11 ! hmt! tittmliim i'n
I tl It m-eiml. Writ nt
T oiw ami grt a ft
ItKAIfV t'OH A1JK.XTN-TIIK
lJ.HC'ltiltl:l AM, ll.l.fWTHATJ Ii.
A rrapliin H'ii-plrttireof ita liiafory, aranfl Imil-nnsa,
wond. rful e tlii til I a. ll r I.e. 1 1 lea. irr.-a t da, a.l-te. I'raa-liiM-ly
iHlrilal. Hi:,rnfiil,hi anplar, "d ary
-liaua In. tllm.i nil .a-mw. .. Aif.MaVMe-l
.Send lor lor l-arll.'iilara. I Ilia ia llie-lii "I "
ynira toa-a.ln in.,n-v laat l.el ih. onlv r'.llJ"
dlatory, ill lilt A III. I; IK 1 11 i.H.-. I'nl.a. 11 r .
Konrtb H., iiielmiiili. "ililo.
l.-.2 H-not dtifivi d t.v pr.-inatiir aii
VcaUblOUjiaaiinilni! Ui be ' oflii lal," and telltc
whiit a ill happen in A ,ual and lrl,aaaar.
DR. H'ARXER'S HEALTH CORSET.
'lrh Hhlrt H7PPrfr itnd
r-ruur. llaai.TU and (ajuryPTnf
Idaly, with timrn and Deaovr of
1-oriii. Threo t.arin.-iil ll. Cti.'.
Aiirivcd hy all i li.yal. IMt:.
A la K N T r WANT K. F' .
Nun p!- hy miiiL In t 'f.titli.f- r
Hattaen, tl 7S. To A-ita l
15 l eu la I . aa. klid.-r air... inu
lii. hca atnalli-r tfiuu walat ni
auie ov. r tfte irei-a.
Warner Ere. 7C3 EroiiuTray,T.,T.
J Efctabliahcd 1846.)
r-Send for IltniteJ Catulonn
WHKN WKITIftW 10 UTni7a
ala- ma) luw liar a-J t -rtla-aa-Ml
a I lil a-a-. ... a. l!..-ll.
THE BEST YET
1 no on no lay aicDOOl i iruf-a, or wnu-n n.imf hi".
Lull and Oeorife A. l'elta urc-itom. an.l Jolin U iitin
niukr ia ftuhliiber. will. In UC7. .-ontHiii . nuiil i-.-n i
u the IiiUriialiiiul ieaMiiia. bv Hroia. -i uyier la
and A. t K end r l.k: a .mlar eK-lllon nt lit
lemon tt Ty weok, by tlif ll.-v. New n.au Hail, ot
l-ondon ; and a nrartltal iiilua4iou c I ilm l.--oti
truth, .by If . (Hay Tnimbnll. . J'hta il.in .nir.-a mf
avnJ beu-r leavio hatpa than can te oliiali.e.1 . -
Here. Tlie l imes la aent to new anhariilan.
uinnthaori trial. for-i"ornta: on veur. l-'.lv
Kor SHven cenU there will I ent a aa-cl ne:i .
of the M.;hlKra' Qnaiterly. the le-l h.ui.l )
leMMn h.-ip fiir a-holars puhlextie.l.
aluwliuou ot Ilia Waelh t,a..n I , i s,-i
Tt fI4ait fauoia leal of ai.y , ani.i.-'.fc; ll ;4 J .
ao IJVf a hil.-ii Aa.irf4a 4
JOi-S X. WAT ri-IJW. Iiii-iii4'... Mnay r
till. C'UiuUt Sliwct, Hukeli'! l-llta.
hll llllll ' Country, at ft fa r H-7". copl.-a on
JV,VVV in.1 r.,r .,( railar-a Hiiil
,l,rftm a'Lf l' ,lvll. .iMllo, :i.in.i llhlatra
l,.r ...7? :"l.Klv to I Ii-le-raon a: d-
1- ?'."".'i'.r of. J'orftM lit all .1-.
T077 "'M u.imr. M-ial Tar,,,. ,
(Tu "ix Httwr.4mnfrmn '"-Tff. I itdt
JS M, lis. .1. P. I'lTi sa, iHlnafr.aT rr.a,
r-" .-. -""i iiJrgt7
nj.imr" "l r-ir i i - ir i" "i ' t J - itii i i iiiMiiiiii m i m im