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flJTO CONGRESS SECOND ESSIOU.
Western Associated PrM Report. I
SENATE WASHINGTON, January 9.
By a unanimous vote and without debate, the Mouse
bill to abobah the Boari of Commissioners of tho Met
ropolitan Police ot the District ol Columbia, and to
transfer lta dnttes to the Commissioners of the District
Of Columbia, was paused.
Beaotutions ordering the arrest of Knos Rnnyon, of
the Ami of Martin A Bunvon, bankers and brokers.
Stem York,' and the recusant witness in the Oregon
Electoral Investigation, passed without division.
Consideration was resumed of the resolutions sub
mitted by Mr. Wallace yesterday, in regard to the
count of the Electoral vote, and Mr. Sheruiau spoke at
length in regard to LouiHlaua. claiming that the evi
dence before the Returning Board in that State Justi
fied the Board In throwing out the returns from cer
tain polling places on account of the violence and in
timidation which prevailed.
r Mherman said the Electorsof Louisiana had met
and recorded their vote for Oovernor hayea for Presi
dent, and Mr. Wheeler tor Vice President. Their vote
was duly authenticated and delivered to the President
ol the Henate, and was entitled to credit. He argued
that Haves aud Wheeler were legally entitled to the
vote of J,ouisiana for President aud Vice President. If
" Governor Hayes had been returned as elected wrong
fully be conld vain no honor from such a high office as
that of Presldeut. It was known that Governor Haves
had not struggled for otlioe, neither bad he purchased
it, yet. if it had been conferred npon him In pursuance
of theVousUtunon, be would exercise his power. He
was Dot to be tricked ont of office. He rMr. Sherman 1
would accept any plan for a fair and honest count of
the vote, and felt snre tht Governor Hayes rightfully
rece ived the vote of the State, he then read from the
law ot l-oulslana, passed lu 1872. requiring- the Keturn
In a; Board aaa throw out votes from precinct
or parlahea where tho election was carried by fraud or
violence, and argued that there whs not one scrap of
viileuce to show that the Heturmug Board acted iu
alsregard of the rights ot others. Wealth, social influ
ence, the personal safety of the members of the Board,
all had a tendency to make the Board decide In favor of
the Democratic party. There was nothing to lead the
members of the Board to decide lu favor of the Kepub.
llcan Electors, except the plain mandates of the law.
Be referred to the testimony before the Keturnlng
Board, and said such scenes ol violence as depicted by
many of these witnesses wauld not occur in any one
of the Northern States without bringing about whole
jskale bloodshed and strife. 1 he law was perfectly clear
that if these Returning Officers felt that there had
been intimidation snrtlcteiit to deter men from voting
as they desired to. they were In duty bound to throw
ont the vote of the precincts whare such intimidation
was practiced. "
Mr. hiuerman then quoted at treat length from the
testimony from Lieutenant Colonel Brooks, of the
army, Charles Coleman and many others to show that
intimidation, violence aud bloodshed prevailed in Lou
isiana, and said that all this violence was to compel
men to vote the Democratic ticket and elect fiamuel J.
Tllden President of the United States. This intimida
tion extended to Mississippi, where the Democratic
Votes were made by such means. The votes
thus made were to he opened aud counted for
Samuel J. Tllden. He arsusgfchat colored men voted
the Democratic ticket.
Alluding to the case of Mr. Pinkston. Mr. Sherman
Said he owed bis death to his cheera and approval of a
Republican speech at a Republloan meeting. HMr.
Bhirnian i was 8-senred that the testimony before the
Senate Committee now in Louisiana would show this
fact. C rimes had been committed all over the state,
but do one punished. The verv moment this svstem of
Intimidation is extended to other parts of the country
end poisoned elections In the Northern and Western
states, our Government would be at an end. because
law-abiJing uieu and property-holders would rather
submit to a despot I o government than have onr elec
tions controlled by the worst men in society. It was
because such men controlled the election in Louisiana
that he argued the inauguration of Mr. 1 ildenas the
greatest misfortune which could befall the count. He
did not fear Mr. Tllden or his four years of power, but
be did fear such means of electing nun. The only safety
of this Government was in a fair election and au honest
acquiescence lu the result. II Mr. Tilden should be de
clared elected by the vote of Louisiana his term of office
would he dishonored from the beginning. He would have
the blood of hundreds of men upon his garmeuts, be
cause the instruments of Lis election Were lifle clubs
and violence. Had the election thionghout Louisiana
been fair. Governor Hayes would have had a majority
Of ten thousand.
In Mississippi, Alabsma and Georgia, also, Influence
bad been exerted to prevent Republican voces frotp be
ing cast. He argued that Congress could not deprive
the Kepnblican candidates of Louisiana without de
feating I he will ot the people of that State.
In conclusion. Mr. Shnrm.m denied that the expense
ot the Republican Committee which visited New )r
leans was paid br the tiovernment. and said be went
there at the request of the President. Governor Hayes
did not know he was going until he was on the way.
He oid not utter a word or suggest an Idea to aid the
Returning: Howd in reachlug its conclusion. The peo
ple of I ouisiaua had his sympathy, and from all be
heard there was a yearning among the poor blacks tor
order and protection. He was proud to recognize the
general forbearance of the people of this country and
their wtlliugucs to acquiesce in the result.
air. Hokv said be hail just heard the must painful and
humiliating effort ever made upon the floor of the
benale of the Ciiitel states. He was amazed
at the speech of the Senator from Ohio I Mr. Sherman
a speech that was incomprehensible. If the fact re
lated by the Senator lroni Ohio were true. If the social
condition of Louisiana was as represented by him, then
the country bad retrogaded back to the darkest ages
of barbarism. If the people ot Louisiana were mnr
dVrers and assassins. It was not only a disgrace to the
neonle ot that Btate. but a disgrace to the whole Na
tion. The teetimouy quoted by the Senator from Ohio
consisted ot amuaviis laaen iu new uueans long aiier
tl.e election. Thcv were affidavits made bv villains and
perjurers. He (Mr. Bogy I wonld not reply to the
speecn ol mr. csnermau lo-uuy, oecause me lemiinoiiy
,V taken by the Democratic committee bad Just been
printed, and be bad not bad time to examine
It. but at some future time be would
esk peimlssion of the Senate to express bis views.
Idost ot the crimes iu lionisiana could bo explained.
Many of them were brought about from the fact that a
large number of colored people recently emancipated
from bondage, were not In condition to enloy the priv
ileges glveu them bv the Constitution. Packard, Kel
logg, mid such men.'who had no interest In the State,
were responsible for the bad condition ff things in
Louisiana to-day. Tbe white peopltt of that State were
as peaceable and law abiding as the people of any other
rotate. If it be true that tho Democratic party elected
Tilden by means detailed by the Senator from Ohio, of
course he should not bo inaugurated, but bo was fairly
aud honestly elected. The effort made here was to
w tench troin the people of Louisiana the free vote
which thev gave for Til ten.
Mr. r.ontwell inquired whether the Senator from Mis
souri I Mr. Bogy I denied the fact that crime existed as
Bet fortUby the Senator from Ohio, or whether he ad,
mitteWlie fact, aud claimed that crimes were commit
ted for other than rupli'ical reasons.
M r. Bogy replied triat he would be able to (rive a more
Intelligent answer after he bad examined all the testi
mony. Crimes in many cases were committed by col
orwl men themselves.
Mr. Houtwell said It was some relief to think that
. these crimes proceeded Trom political causes, Deoause
tin should dislike to believe thev existed as the normal
condition of socletv. If that was the case, there was
little to be hoped for. instead of being alaimed at the
statement of the Senator from Ohio Ur. fhermaul as
to crimes committed In Louisiana, he felt to some ex
tent relieved, becanse a year ago there was a more
alarming condition of affairs in Mississippi, and the fact
that it was not so bad in Louisiana showed that there
might te some improvement.
Mr. Hogv said he believed that the testimony taken
in Mississippi a vear ago. like that just taken in Louisi
ana, was greatly exaggerated. The worst men were
brought forward as witnesses. au tneae stories were
founded mi falsehood.
Mr. Bouiwell said if the Senator had read the testi
mony of Captain Wm. . Montgomery, taken by the
committee in Mississippi, he would have seen that he
was mistaken entirely as to the character of the wit
nesses. 1 1 the Indians upon the Western frontier bud
perpetrated such crimes upon the settlers as were per
jttratcd unou the blacks and ReDUblicans in Missis
sippi, the whole country would have rallied to their
Teller, it would nave been one oi tne marveis oi His
tory flint the people of the North, who had saorlflred
hundreds of thousands of lives and expended millions
of treasure for the perpetuity of the Union and free
dom of the slaves, quietly 1'iok-ed on lu this nineteenth
centnrv while all these acts of violence were being per
pettatod in ttie South.
Mr. Bogy said it would be one of the marvels of his
tory tlo.t in a flee country an effort was made by a
party and for parrv parous, s to blacken and disgrace
one-half of ttie people of this country. The Democrats
in M ississippt and elsewhere were the peers of the
Senator from Massachusetts; the people of the South
bail been compelled to take the law In Their own hands
to relievo themselves from the miserable governments
Bent tnere by the Senator from Massachusetts and his
friends. The administration of Governor Ames iu Mis
sissippi was a disgrace to the country. In Mississippi
now there was peace and prosperity, and
the black men, many ot whom were worthy
ot respect, were treated Tvith as much
tr more respect than the black rsXa were In Massa
rbusetts. The white men iu theoflih had been forced
to resort to violence, as people or Snn Krancisco had to
eonie years ago. It was not lawful, but it was the great
Aiuern an common law the right of self-defense.
Mr. Houtwell said that the senator now admitted the
fact that there was violence In the sonth.
Mr. Sherman sid that the Senator from Missouri
Mr. Bogy bad admitted that violence existed, a prin
clnle winch, it carried ont, would soon destrov this
Union. The Democrats, bv their platform, had promised
that the colored people should have the right to enjoy
the clot-five franchise.
Mr. shermau again referred to the scenes of violence
in the south, and said they wonld not be attempted in
the North. The neonlo of New York citv. wheu robbed
of millions by Tweed aud bis associates, did not resoit
Mr. Bogy said the whites In the Sonttiern ttates had
a rinht to rebel against a state Government forced
noon them by the Federal Government, and sustained
by Federal bayonets. When a unnoiltv governed the
majority, ami did so ar the point of the bayonet the PC'
itle tiuil a rltiht to rebel.
The resolution of Mr. Wallace, npon which the dis
cussion took place, was thou laid aside, and on motion
of Mr. lioutweil the House bill to perfect the revision
Of the Hiatute of the U.-itrod States was taken up, so as
to come up as unfinished business to-moriow.
Tho Senilis Uieu wont into executive session, and
rfOUSK Washington, January &
The Cneaker laid before the Hoase a commnnicsiflon
from Win. H. Morrison, chairman of the Committee on
Louisiana aflans, relative to the rerusai or w m. oiton
President ot the Western Union Telegraph Company,
to appear before said committee.
Resolutions reouiring the arrest of Mr. Orton passed
Extracts from the proceedings of the New Orleans
Investigating- committee, in yie case oi mo menon-is
vt the Loo. aiana Itetuiuiua; Board, wore submitted,
and the matter tef erred to the Judiciary Committee.
A bill was introduced by Mr. Wattersou to regulate
Commerce anions the States.
Mr White, of Kentucky, asked leave to offer a reso
lr.tion reciting that fears are entertained lest there
shall not be a peaceful settlement of the Presidential
question, and declaring that an v attempt to prejudice
aad excite the public mind in advance of the decision
ot the authority provided bv the Constitution is un
wise, nncatriotio and full ot danger, and that It is the
duty of an good citizens to peacefully and faithfully
abide bv the results teacbed iu accordance with the
Mr. O'Brien, of Maryland, objected.
Mr. Schlnicher offered a resolution calling on the
President for copies of the patters in possession of the
rotate aud War la-partments, relative to the imprison
ment ol John J. smith, au American citizen, by the
Mexicans; and alao, to the wounding and robbing by
. JUexicati soldiers of Samuel lliggins. Adopted.
Mr. Durham, from the Committee on the Revision of
Laws, reported back the Senate bill to correct the
statute to puulsh counterfeiting, so as to require in
tent to be shown. Pissed.
Mr. O'Brien, of Maryland, from the Committee on
limes and Mining, reported back tn Senate the Joint
resolution to authorise the President to appoint three
commissioners to attend an interustion&l conference on
Uto suhlect ol the relative vmuw of gold and silver.
with an amendment authorizing the President to pro
pose such conference to totefgn governments.
i ne morning soar exprreu ana ma joint resolution
Mr. Reagan, from the Committee on Commerce, re
ported back the bill repealing so much of the act ot
the 17tb of December, 187k, as provides for a pivot
draw in any bridge to be erected over the Ohio River
between Covington and Cincinnati. At tef discussion,
Mr. Reagau in favor of the bill and by Messrs. Kehr
and Sayier against it, the matter went over, and the
SENATE.. Washington. January 10.
Mr. Spencer presented a Joint resolution of the Ala
bama Legislature, asking Congress to approve the act
of that body for the coaotruction of a breakwater in
Mobile Bay. Referred.
Mr. West presented the memorial of tbe Kew Orleans
Board of Underwriters, fte , asking for an appropria
tion for the ltuprovemeut of the mouth of tbe Red Riv
Mr. Bontwell presented a resolution from the Boston
Board ol Trade, asking Congress to provide for the ap
pointment of a commission to meet the Commissioners
Irom other countries and consider - the expedi
ency of remonenzing silver coin, and to au
thorize the President to luviue foreign Nations to ap
point similar Commissioners for fixing the value of
si ver In relation to gold coin, and until such Intern a
ttonal convention, silver shall not be made a legal-tender
for any sum above ten dollars. Referred.
Mr. Edmunds presented the annual report Of the Li
brarian ot Congress. Ordered printed.
Tbe report shows that the number of bound books In
the Library Is 311.097. and of pamphlets 110.0O0. The
Law Library contains 87,727 volumes. Tbe number of
entries of copyright during 1878 is 14,8Ha. Materials
for a new General catalogue of tbe Library, embracing
over 20(1,000 titles, aie ready for tbe press, but no ap
propriation has been made for printing. Mow it is
necessary to consult twelve volumes to ascertain if a
pat ticular book Is in the Library. During the past
year the publication of the first volume of original his
torical documents relative to the French discoveries
and exploration in the northwestern portion of
the United States and on the Mississippi has been
made. The whole work will contain octavo volumes,
and will cover a vast collection of letters, official pa
pers and other documents, m the original French, re
lating to the discoveries and settlements under Cava
lier De La Salle and others in the territory now belong,
lng to the United States, fiom 1614 to 1762. The
necessity lor a new library building Is urged.
Mr. W lndom, from the Committee on Public Lands,
reported favorably the House bill to amend the act of
May 12, 1H64, for a grant of lands tn Iowa to aid the
construction ot a rail re ad In that btate. Placed on tbe
Mr. Wright Introduced a bill ertTidlng for two years
the act establishing the Board of Southern Claims Com
Mr. Ingalls submitted a remrntlon requesting the
Secretary of State to transmit to the Senate the report
of the Commissioners to adjust the claims between cit
izens of the United States and Mexico, under the Con
ventions ot 18RR, 1871 and 176. Plumed.
An amendment called upon the President for the re
port, "it in bis opiuion it la not incompatible with
the public interest."
Mr. Morton submitted a resolution to print five hun
dred additional copies of tbe testimony taken before the
Committee on Piivileges and Elections, regarding the
late Presidential election in Louisiana, Florida, and
South Caioliua, and m regard to the casting of the
Electoral vote in Oregon. Referred.
Mi. Wludom reported, with amendments, the House
bill making appropriations to supply dellclencies in the
Contingent Pond of the House, aud for other purposes.
Placed on the calendar.
Several bills of no publie Importance were intro
duced during the hour, and the Senate tben resumed
the consideration of unfinished business tbe House
bill to perfect the revision of tbe statutes of tbe United
HOUSE WABBrnGTOX, January V).
The bill reported yesterday, from the Committee on
Commerce, authorizing a bridge across the Ohio, be
tween Cincinnati and Covington, without a pivot draw,
was before the House all the morning. The bill was
finally rejected yeas 74. nays 13:i.
The bl.l authorising tbe appointment of a Commis
sion to attend the international meeting on tbe subject
of the relative value of gold and silver, went over
without action, and the House went Into committee of
the whole on the Diplomatic Appropriation Bill.
Mr. Wbitthorne, chairman of the Committee on
Naval Affairs, reported a bill authorizing tbe formation
of a mixed commission to inquire aud report as to the
future naval policy of the United States. Made the
special eider for the 23d ot tills month.
Mr. Holman's amendment reducing the snlarlea of
Ministers was discussed at length without action.
The House adjourned.
SENATE 'vt'ASHlKGTOS, January 11.
Mr, Spencer presented a petition from the citizens of
Alabama in favor of the Government assuming control
of tbe telegraph, and lor cheaper telegrapbio facilities.
Mr. Hamlin reported back the noise bill to establish
cer tain post routes, and said the committee bad consid
ered the disagreement of the two houses in regard to
the fast mail service, and had directed him to report In
favor of the Senate insisting upon its amendments, and
move that a committee of conference be appointed.
Agreed to, and tbe chair was authorized to appoint the
The Chair laid before the Senate the credentials of
E. H. Rollins, elected United Staiee Senator from New
Hampshire. Laid on the table.
Mr. Kdmunds, ol Vermont, said no one would ques
tion the election of Mr. Bolhns, but the ceitiflcate did
not set forth when the Legislature met and the time of
tbe election. Some time tbe qnestion might be raised
about credentials not setting forth all the facts.
Mr. Morton, trom the Committee on Privileges and
Elections, submitted a resolution discharging Enos
Runyon, of the dim of Martin A Runyon, bankers aud
brokers, of New York, from the custody of the Ser
geant at-anns, he having testified before the commit
tee. Agreed to.
Mr. Mitchell gave notice that at an early day be
would ask the Senate to consider a bill for the relief of
Dr. J. Milton Beet, of Kentucky, which had already
passed Congress, and been vetoed.
Mr. Conk Hug hoped that this bill wonld not be con
sidered until the Senate should be full, as It was a kind
of a test case in regard to allowing a certain class of
claims growing out of the late war.
Mr. Withers gave notice that If he conld get the floor
on Tuesday next he should call np tbe message of the
President. In regard to themilltary occupation of Peters
burg on the day of the last general election, and would
submit some remarks.
The chair announced Messrs. Hamlin, Paddock and
Maxey as the oooferenoe committee on tbe bill to es
tablish certain post routes.
The consideration of unfinished business was re
sumedthe House bill to perfect the revision of the
Statutes of the Unlt-d States. An amendment was
adopted reqniring ordinance officers and others having
charge of ordiuenoe supplier to make quarterly re
turns. The hill was tben laid aside informally, as Sen
ator Hamlin desired to submit certain amendments in
regard to post routes.
The Senate then went Into executive session, and
when the doors wore reopened adjourned.
HOUSE Washington, -January 11.
Mr. IToIman's amendment to the Consular and Diplo
matic Appropriation Bill, decreasing the salaries ot
Ministers and Consuls, was defeated, by a vote of 69
Tbe Military Academy Appropriation Bill was taken
up and passed without amendment. It appropria tes
'-bft,l01. a rednctiou of $12St,Mll from the estimates,
and a reduction of '-'4,944 below tbe bill of laet session.
1 n the reduction In t he West Point Academy In the
Pay Department, where $-'3,150 has been saved by
striking out longevity pay, and rry not paying assistant
Professors and teachers any more than their regular
army pay; $8,044 was saved In rednctlon of baud at
West Point, and 1.0."td on Item for repairs.
Consent was given for printing of testimony taken by
Committee ou Klection in tlortda.
A Joint resolution tor the appointment of an Interna
tional Silver Commission was considered.
Mr. W illard offered as a substitute an amendment
authorizing the President, In the event of a full lemon
etization of silver, should one or more countries unite
upon a Convention with a view to agree upon a uni
form relation of si lwer with gold, to appoint three per
sous to attend said Convention, and also authorizing
him to propose to such conntries as nse both gold aud
silver as legal standard of value such Convention,
The consideration ol the bill thun went oyer till
Mr. Wood, from tfce Committee on Ways and Means,
reported a bill to provide remedies for the overcharge
of duties on tonnage and imparts.
All amendments to the Consular and Diplomatic Bill
were voted down and the bill passed.
The bill was passed, and the House then adjourned.
SENAT Washington, January 12.
Mr. Thurman submitted a resolution Instructing tbe
Committee on the Revision of Laws to inquire into the
propriety of providing for the publication of a new edi
tion of Revised Statutes as corrected, and to include
laws passed- since 173, and also the Articles of Con
federation and the Constitution of the United States.
Mr. Paddock lntrodnced a bill to authorize the re
moval of obstructions iu the channel of the Missouri
River, and to repair and protect tbe levees at Omaha.
PlatUuiouUi and Browutville, Nebraska, and Sioux
city and Council Bluffs, Iowa. Referred.
It authorizes the Secretary of War to expend
$75.0110 in lemovlng sand bars and other obstructions
in the channel of the M issouri River, between Browns
ville, Nebraska, and Sioux City, Iowa, aud $.10. 000 to
repair aud protect levies at Omaha, Plattamouth and
Brownsville, Nebraska, Sioux City and Council Bluffs,
Mr. Chaffee introduced a bill to abolish the use of
stoves for beating passenger railroad ca. Referred.
Mr. Maxey submitted a Joint resolution to amend the
Joint resolution of July 3, ltiTti, authorizing tbe Sec
retary of War to Issue arms to cei tain Staf s and Ter
ritories so as fo provide for tbe isene of fifty-ball car
tintges for each arm Issued. Referred.
Mr. Krcllughuvsen presented a petition ot persons
representing the financial, commercial, mantifactJirlng
and business Interests of Newark, New Jersey, Making
that in counting the Electoral vote all party considera
tions be laid aside, and pure, unselfish patriotism guide
the action of Congress. The petition was read, and af
ter a brief speech by Mr. Frelinghnysen, referred to
the special comulitee of seven Souatora appointed to
consider the Presidential difficulties.
Mr. Gordon Introduced a bill to create a sinking fund
for the liquidation of Government bonds advanced to
the Western Pacific Railroad Company, and the Cen
tral Pacific Railroad Company of California, and to the
Union Pacific Kauroad Company, under the act ot July
1. 18ti2. aud tbe acts amendatory thereof, for the set
tlement of the claims oi tho Government In regard to
said bonds. Referred.
Mr. Booth called up the resolution submitted by blm,
Monday last, in regard to counting the Electoral vote,
aud spoke at length in favor thereof.
BMr. Booth, in the course of his remarks, said: I
have no words of condemnation strong enough lor men
wuo. In Una time of supreme difficulty, appeal to pas
sion, ferment disorder aud threaten violence. Every
consideration of patriotism and wisdom requires calm
deliberation and pindent fdibearance. Tbe responsi
bility ot a solution Is upon the Amcilcan Congress, it
'is as morally certain now, as it will be certain In fact
on the 14th of February, that the two bouses of Con
gress will differ as to the legal result of that day's pro
ceedings. With a certainty of a disagreement Uie eyes
of the people have instinctively turned to that august
tribuuai established to decide the highest questions of
law that can arise in this Government. Through that
tribunal I believe a settlement can be devised which
will commend itself tothe seuseof Justice and propriety
of all, and reconcile the losing party, whichever that
mav be. There are three theories In respect to their
power and Jurisdiction in this matter.
First That the President of the senate baa absolutely
the right conferred by the Constitution to determine
the vauditv of tbe votes of aacb State.
second That tbe votes of no state can be counted
without the consont of both houses ol Congress.
Third 1 hat the votes of no State can be rejected
without the affirmative action of both bonses.
There is still another that the House of Representa
tives has the sole power to determine the Presidential
count, which would be a most original discovery if it
were not a most nuiaue invention in American poll,
tics. The second and third theories would end leave
undetermined the votes of States which have sent
double returaa, and how many votes a 8tate is entitled
to that nun selected Ineligible Electors. He did not
agree to the proposition (hat absolute power to
refect or admit the vote of a State was vested
in the President ot the Senate. In bis Judgment, this
power is neither ministerial nor Judicial, but political,
and in the absence of express provision, la vested in the
Congress of the V nited states. He expressed tbe opin
ion that the certificate of returns; when regular, upon
its face, mak.ee a prima facie ease, which It requires
the affirmative action of both bouses to overrule, and
that when there are double returns, the prima facie
case la with that Government it facto.
At the conclusion of Mr. Booth's remarks, the con
sideration was resumed ot tbe bill to pertect the re
vision of tbe Statutes of the United states.
Mr. Hamlin submitted an amendment setting forth
in detail the fees to be allowed to weighers aud gangers,
and explained that It was for the purpose of making the
Revised Statutes agree with tbe law aa originally
The amendment was agreed to and tbe bill passed.
Alter an executive session, the benate adjourned till
HOUSE WASHIXQT05. January 12.
After tbe call of committees for reports of a private
nature, the House went into committee of tbe whole,
Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, in the chair, ou private calendar.
Mr. Knott, Chairman ot the Judiciary Committee,
reported in the case of Barnes, recalcitrant manager of
the New Orleans Western Union Telegraph office, that
the House has a right to compel the production of tel
egrams by officers of telegraph companies.
Mr. Barnes was brought before the House and de
clared that he is not now m charge of tbe New Orleans
office, but should be again be placed iu obarge of Uiat
office, and should the telegrams demanded be there, be
would williugly produce them.
Tbe witness made further answer, declaring that he
was entirely willing to produce the messages if he can
Mr. Knott then offered a resolution declaring that
tbe response of the witness was not sutllolent, and re
nianding blm to the custody of the Sergeant-at-arma
until he shall have produced the telegrams or been
discharged by order of tbe House. Adopted yeas 131,
Mr. Knott, from tbe Committee to Ascertain Hie Priv
ileges of tbe House tn tbe Counting of the Electoral
Vote, made a report from triat committee, re oo mm end
ing the adoption of the following resolutions)
"Resolved, first 1 bat tke Constitution ol tbe United
States does not confer on the President of the Senate
power to examine and ascertain tbe votes to be couuted
as Electoral voles lor President aud Vice President of
the U nited States. . . '
"Second That the only power which the Constitution
confers on tbe President of tbe Senate, In regard to the
Electoral votes for President snd Vice President, is to
receive the sealed lists transmitted to blm by tbe sev
eral Electoral clerks, to keep safe and to open all certifi
cates, or those purporting to be such, tn the presence
of the Senate and House of Representatives.
Third That the Constitution does confer on tbe
Senate and IIonAe of Representatives the power to ex
amine and ascertain the votes to be counted aa Elec
'Kourtn That in the execution of that power, 1b re
rpect to the counting of the Electoral votes, the House
has at least equal power with tbe Senate.
".Fifth That in tbe counting ot the Electoral votes
no vote can be connted against tbe Judgment and deter
mination ot tne House of Representatives.
" sixth That the committee have leave to alt again
and report hereafter further matter for the considera
tion of the House."
The report, together with tbe minority report sub
mitted by Mr. Burcbard, of Illinois, was ordered to be
Mr. Knott gave notice that he would call the resolu
tions for action on Wednesday next
Mr. Knott also asked that two additional members be
appointed on tbe Committee to Ascertain -the Rights
aud Piivileges of the House ot Representatives in
Counting the Electoral Vote.
Tbe Speaker appointed Messrs. Field and Lawrence
as such additional members.
The Speaker laldafouhe House a message from
te President statrTrgTioisWhe money appropriated by
the River and Harber Bill has been exiieitded.
After a speech by Mr. Reagan, in which be severely
criticised the action ot the President in regard to that
bill, the message was referred.
Consent was glveu to print the testimony tr.ken by
the Committee.on the Election In bouth Carolina, and
tbe House adjourn od till Monday.
BENATE Washington. January 13.
A resolution was passed to print 5,000 extra copies
of the testimony taken by the Corumlrtee on Privi
leges and Election, in regard to the late election in
Louisiana, Florida and South Carolina, and the casting
of the Electoral vote ot Oregon. -
A large number of petitions were presented during
tbe morning hour and referred.
Mr. Conkling presented resolutions of tbe New York
Chamber of Commerce, asking that measures may be
adopted for convening an International Monetary Con
gress, to fix the relative value of gold and silver.
Mr. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, presented resolutions
of Pittsburg Chamber of Commerce, asking au appro
priation for the construction of a trans-Alieghsny line
of water transportation trom the Atlantic to the West
via tbe Youghiogheny route. Referred to Committee
A cumber of bills of a private character were consid
ered, wheu the report of the Committee on Rules, pre
scribing new rules for the government of the Semite,
was taken np.
The comuiitreo reported an amendment to the third
rule, so as to compel the attendance of absent senators
whenever it shall be ascertained that a quorum is not
Cockrell was in favor of compelling the attend
ance of absent Senators, and said if tbe Senate could
not do this he favoredibe constitutional amendment
to allow the states to appoint substitute Senators, to
serve during the absence ol regular Senators, and draw
Mr. Ferry. Chairman of the Committee on Rules,
explained at some length the action of the
committee, and argued that a majority of tbe
whole number of Seuarors sworn consti
tuted a quorum, and not a mifjorlty of the whole
number of Senators allowed bv tbe Constitution. For
Llnstance, utiirtv -eight Senators constituted a quorum
now, a i) ii ii uie vucaucv imn xjooisiains buvuiu u
filled it would require thirty -nine.
Tbe amendment was passed over for the present with
the understanding that it should be again considered.
Pending the discussion, Mr. Jones, from the special
committee appointed at tne last session to inquire into
the changes which have taken place in the relative
value of gold and silver, the causes thereof, &c, said
tbe questions were broad in their scope, and, should
any legislation be bad npon the report of the commit
tee, it should not be until after the committee bad fully
Investigated the subject. The committee had tnougbt
proper not to make a nasty report. They had examined
a large numoerof witnesses in this conntry.and through
the Department of State had propounded interrog
atories to distinguished business men and financiers
abroad. Replies to those interrogatories were now be
ing received, and they were voluminous. Many of
them being in a foreign language, the committee had not
had time to arrange aud examine them. He therefore
submitted a concurrent resolution extending the time for
tbe Committee to submit its report from January 15
to February 15. Agreeil.
Mr. Wlndom asked leave to make a personal explana
tion, and had read, at the clerk's dosg, an arnolo
published In the Washingfcm Union, of this date, to the
effect that last snmmer charges were made against Mr.
William McMicken, Purveyor General of Washington
Territory, of alleged malfeasance In office, and that he
was retained in olllce through tbe Influence of Senator
Windoni: also, that he bad paid money to Senator
Windom for his appointment and retention in office,
but no action bad been taken npon them aud there was
a disposition to keep them quiet until after Mr.
wmdom's re-election as Senator.
Mr. Windom said he regretted to bave to make a per
sonal explanation, but the circumstances of the case
and the respectability of tbe paper In which the article
appeared. Justified htm In doing so. This morning be
CaiieU UJiOll lue irnBiiirium ruiivi ui mo inyri, uuu.
Mrtitrirnmcrv Blair, in reference to Its publication.
M r. Windom sent to the Clerk's desk and had read a
note from Mr. Blair to the effect that the charge made
tn the Union against Senator Wlndom, on authority of
II J. Chapman, would not have been published if his
I Mr. Blair'sl attention had been called to It, aa he did
not believe it to be true.
Resuming his remarks, Mr. Wlndoro said that the
honorable gentleman having charge of the paper pro.
IHised to explain the matter to-morrow. It was true
tnaC Cnaraee inu urru uiaur bkhiudi , i : i ii .ti i. : mi i ' in i
In the Department of the Interior within the past day
or two bv one H.J. Chapman, of Washington Territory.
or Oregon. Last summer there was a conference rela
tive to the removal of Mr. McMicken. Mr. Chapman
eaine here to get the atiDoln tmcnt. and charged Mr.
McMicken with malfeasance in office. He Mr. Win
dom having known Mr. McMicken many years, did
not believe the charge to be true. He wont to the De
partment, ana at nis request an investigation
was made. The result was that Mr. McMicken
was triumphantly vindicated. He then sent to the
rt,.rk desk and had read a letter he received
from H. J. Chapman, dated Washington, D. c, January
11, in which tho writer declared that McMicken was
an offender against tbe Government, and would bave
been removed last vear nair ma nenaior w lunom pros
tituted the influence of his office to have him retained.
The writer further declared that be was determined to
have McMicken removed at once, and would publish
run mutter, in order that the country might ludge
whether tbe man guilty t peculation in office or the
Senator which shared bis spoils was most to be con
demned. Iu conclusion, the writer stated that if Sena
tor Windom still continued bis opposition to the re
moval, at 5 o'clock next day he Chapman would let
loose the dogs of war.
Continuing bts remarks, Mr. Windom Bald his first
impulse npon the receipt oi tnis letter was to write a
note to Mr. Chapman, saying If he had any dogs of war
to let them loose; but knowing the low character of the
man, he considered it to be beneath bis dignity to do
so, aud therefore paid no attention to it further than to
mention to the Senator from Oregon Mr. Mitchell j that
if this chapman hoped to be Surveyor General of wash,
lngton Territory, he certainly could not lie confirmed
by the Senate while that letter existed. On Satnrday
last a man came to his room and uotl tied a friend whom
he found there that this publication was to be made
in tbe Union this morning, and be desired Sena
tor Windom to know Jf, as he
was his friend, that he might take means to keep it
ont, but he Mr. Windoni J did not call upon any one at
the Union office, or take any steps to stop the publica
tion of the matter. Mr. McMicken was in every re
spect a good man. Among the charges filed against
him was one that be paid bepator Wiudom mony for
having him retarfred m oflfT-e. He I Mr. Windom! this
morning called upon the grand Jury now In session lu
this city, and presented the case. The individual
Chapman would have an opportunity of proving the
charges be made, or would be indicted. He then sent
to the Clerk's desk and bad read a letter
from James Tllton, for najiy years Sur
veyor General of Washington Territory,
to the effect that Chapman's reputation for truth was
bad; that he is entirely unscrupulous in the pursuit of
his interest and his enemies, and that the charges made
by blm against any one would not affect tbe person
charged among those who knew Chapman. Io pre
senting the letter, Mr. Windom said that (he writer of
It was well known by nearly every one in Washington
Territory and Oregon. He was a lilo-long Democrat-
and not a member of the party to which ho Mr.
Wlndom belonged. Hon. O. Jacobs, formerly Chief
Justice of Oregon, also authorized him to say that tbe
letter of Tilton was not too strong. So
far as he Mr. Wlndoml was charged with
receiving any consideration, he had only to say that
every word was without foundation. He moved that a
committee of three Senarois be appointed to investi
gate that charge now on rile agalust him in the Inferior
Department, and that the committee be composed ex
clusively of Senators on tne Democratic side of the
Mr. Morrill did not think it wonld be proper to order
Mr. Gordon said he had no Idea tbat there was a Sen
ator on this floor who did not know that the charge was
false. The whole con u try knew ir; aud any investiga
tion by the Senate would dignify an aosaaJt upon the
Senator from Minnesota.
Mr. Hamlin concurred In the re-marks of the Senator
from Georgia, and said It would be an error to Investi
gate such a dirty character as tiis.
Mr. craffin said during tbe last session of Congress
this same Chapman made oaiarffes against the present
Governor of Washington Territory, when his nomina
tion was pending befoie the Committee on Territories.
The committee was unanimous lu the opinion that
Chapman lied, and recommended the confirmation of
the Governor's Bomtnation.
Mr. Dawe hoped the beoator from Minnesota would
withdraw bis motion for tbe appointment of a commit
tee of three to investigate the charge against blm.
Mr. Ferry said be hoped the Senator would not with
draw his motion, but he hoped the Senate would show
its appreciation of tbe Senator from Minnesota, and
the ratal! v of tbe charges against bun, by unanimously
voting agains t tbe investigation.
Mr. Cockrell said it be thought there was the least
shadow of truth lu tbe charge he would vote for tbe
investigation; but hedid not believe it, and thought it
did not require tbe report of any committee to vindi
cate the Senator, Mr. Wlndom.
The motion Tor the appointment of a committee of
three to Investigate the charges against Mr. wlndom
was unanimously rejected.
The senate tben resumed the consideration of the re
port of the committee on Rules.
Pending tbe discussion, the senate went into execu
tive session, and soon adjourned.
HOUSE Washington. January IS.
Mr. Wm. Orton, President of tbe Western Union Tel
egraph Company, was before the bar of the House, at
tended by counsel, Mr. Lowrey, to answer to the charge
of being in contempt of the House in not appearing be
fore the Louisiana Investigating Committee, and pro
ducing certain telegrams.
Mr. Orton pieadaan his answer, first, tbat at tag time
wheu be was subpetiaed be was suffering frotu bn ail
ment of auch a character tbat then and ever since It
was impossible tor him to take a long Journey; land,
secondly, that the telegrams ssked for had never heeu
in bis possession or control except as an agent of his
company, and that company, without any knowledge
or participation on his part, had taken from blm all
power or control over telegrams sent through its offices.
He disclaims any intentional disrespect to the commit
tee or to tbe House, and declares bis readiness to ap
pear before that committee on its return to Washing
ton, and give his testimony fully and freely. He Uiei e
fore asks to be discharged from custody.
The answer aud the whole matter were referred to
the Judiciary Committee, aud Mr. Orton was remanded
to the custody of the Sergeaot-at-arms.
- Mr. Coohrane moved to suspend the rules and adopt
the resolution Instructing the Judiciary Committee to
inquire as to the propriety of revoking any concessional
and privileges bald by the Western Union Telegraph
Company, under the acts of Congress, In consequence
of the contumacy of the company.
The motion was defeated yeas 121. nays 83, cot tbe
The vote was a strictly party one. except tbat Messrs.
Cutler, ot New Jersey; Leiloyne, of Illinois; O'Brien, of
Msryland: Powell and J. Reiily, ot Pennsylvania;
Wells, of Missouri; Whltehouse and Wihls, of New
York; vited with the Republicans against the motion.
Mr. Atkins Introduced a bill tor the improvement of
tbe Teonessee River.
Mr. White, of Kentucky, offered a resolution reciting
that fears are entertained that there may not be a
peaceable settlement of the Presidential question, and
declaring that auy attempt to prejudice or excite the
public mind lu advance of the autnoiity provided for in
the Constitution is unwise, unpatriotic, and full of
danger to tbe country. Adopted.
M r. Hntoher moved to suspend tbe rales and pass
the bill for tbe relief ot tobacco growers. It provides
thst tobacco growers shall have the light to sell leaf
tobacco free from any tax. tine or any other reatnetiou.
Defeated yeas 102, nays li'J, two-third nut voting in
Mr. Cauitleld moved to an spend thernles and pass the
bill providing that It shall be unlawful for more tban
one regiment of infsntrv. one company of cavalry and
one battery of artillery to be stationed at tbe capital ot
tbe United States, or that no portion of that force shall
be allowed within half a mile of the Capitol during tbe
sessions of Congress. Defeated yeas k)U, nays 17. not
two-thirds in the allixmativa.
Why It Fell Wrought a Well aa Cast Iron Crystal
lizes Screws Only Continuous Inclined Planes Ex
periments .Necessary at the Time of Inspection.
To tbe Editor of tbe Tribune: '
Sib There la no railroad In America which has
been built or conducted under more skillful care
than tbe Lake Shore, In Ohio. The name? of stone
and Witt nre known. They have made no mistakes
which could Invalidate work which they approve.
Mr. Payne la a man of equal cautiou, business
habits and executive ability. The managers of the
Lake Shore have excelled In their purpose to have
the beet and most substantial material that conld
enter iuto a railway system. There is st railway
in Great Britain or on the Continent which has
equaled their transportation with fewer serious
accidents. The popular Impression as to the com
parative safety of railway travel in Great Britain
and America is erroneous. The personal Inlurics
incurred In England alone during July, August
and September, 1875, nearly equaled the casualties
in the United States for the entire year. This fact
is to be considered alongside ol the greater mile
age of American track.
During several years of Instruction In bridge
building. and personal Inspection of American aud
Continental viuducts and bridges, I bave noticed
two elements which affect the Ho wo truss, and all
suspension systems other than those of wire
either of which would tend to an accident similar
to tbe recent crash near Ashtabula. Tbe first
grows out of the simple principle that the screw Is
but the continuous inclined plane. Hence it bus
been repeatedly fonnd tbat tbe strain upon verti
cal rods has worked the thread down and througb
the nut overhead; especially If tbe double nut has
not been used and carefully inspected.
In the Polytccbnio Building of Wabash College,
where the apparatus is elaborate, a flying-swing
once suddenly fell. Tbe cables were attached to
inch bolts, paoaiDg through heavy hemlock ties,
and these were locked by cast-iron washers and
heavy nuts. An examination showed tbat other
apparatus, gradually and by infinitesimal prog
ress, had worked downward. This discovery has in
duced frequent Inspection, almost always resulting
lu some slight correction. The fact that a nut
seems tight npon application of the monkey
wrench, does not prove that this slow process has
not begun. The oxidation of iron may check, but
only suspends, the inevitable tendency of tbe rod
Wo work down the thread of tbe screw. The ten
sion Is so great npou suspension rods that the test
must be made by comparison with the original set
of the nut. If It has moved up at all after the
weight has been fully felt, it suggests investiga
tion. The other element Is tbnt of crystallization, which
affects tbe fibrous texture of wrought iron as well
as the more passive nature of cast iron. The cast
iron, which tills tbe requirements of a column to
resist compression, would be absurdly applied to
tbe purposes of suspension; and yet tne contiutial
jar (not the strain) of suspension rods, under tbe
passage of trains, destroys or changes tbe fibrous
texture, and leaves a crystallized material of very
moderate cohesive restraint. Tbe lnte Edwin J.
Peck, Esq., of Indiannpolie, formerly President
of tbe Indianapolis and Terre Ilaute Railroad Com
pany, and of rare mechanical genius, had occa
sion to examino into the causes of the sudden fall
of one of their bridges, of tbe Howe truss pattern.
In spite of argument and discussion, be very
quietly produced the upper ends of several sus
pension rods, showing that they were crystallized,
and tbese broke under the hammer more easily
than ordinary cast Iron of the Indianapolis Iron
Works. The accident was thus explained without
The moderate'specd of the train (as reported) so
recently destroyed near Ashtabula, Ohio, assimi
lates Its pressure upon tbe track to that of a
freight train, and it is well understood that
a slow train which gradually . distributes
Its Inertia is less liable to break a bridge, which
would yield at once to a swift train having its
n-avmum force expended as It moved. This is a
faml lar principle. A regiment marching In ea
deno ) step will cause a heavy bridge to vibrate,
when 10,000 men In mass would not affect it ap
preciably. Having no data npon which to determine wheth
er tbe Ashtabula track was straight, and therefore
with parallel rails on a true plane, I do not seo
bow tbe partlug of even four suspension rods
would bring tbe disaster. It seems tbat tbe sec
ond engine, or a part of the train, must bave left
the track, and by this sudden pressure a whole
section of tbe co-related system went together,
and this carried everything. It is hardly possible
for tbe Howe truss tn fail unless a whole section
of the system falls. Its proper adjustment allows
a large murgln of pressure; and tbe American
standard, theoretically, is very high, viz: ten tons
of resistance to one of compression. This disaster
forcibly suggests the value of occasionally re
moving single suspension rods and breaking them
to determine whether crystallization has takeu
place. There is no ot her test.
Tbe question of temperature enters Into this In
quiry, out with less force than lu a matter where
oast Iron would be a substantial element to be con
sidered. It Is a fact tbat the beet wrought Iron or
steel rails, which break during extreme cold, are
more frequently broken by fast trams tban by
freight or slow trains. The principle baa been ad
verted to. It is tbe difference between a distrib
uted and a oonoentrated force. A prostrate man
with an anvil on bis breast will receive the blow
of a sledge-hammer without sensation; and so
does the slowly tranamitted force spare a rail, a
suspension rod, or bridge, which a sudden, swift
force would destrov.
Tbe Howe-truss system will not be Impaired by
one or more casualties; but tbe inspection must be
made complete by occaswtual experiment, and
either of tbe causes adverted to would impair the
value of any bridge winch involves iron suspen
sion. HENRY B. CARKINGTON.
Colonel United States Army.
Cbawfobpstille. Isi.. Jauuary i, 1877.
TFrom the Chicago Inter-Ocean, January 12.J
Yesterday a reporter called on Mine. Esslpoff,
and found Her very much fatigued and a little
bomestck tbe former the result of tbo severe
practioe she keeps np, and tbe latter brought about
by thoughts of the dear little children she bad left
in her own far country, who. she plaintively said,
with tears in ber darkeyes, had spent their Christ
mas (the Russians keep theirs on tbe 9tb of Janu
uary) without tlieir mother's kisses and greetings.
Mme. EsaiDoff. wbo. by tbe way, speaks little Eng
lish, but con verses freely in French, expressed her
self much pleased with her reception in America.
Her talent, which Is not at all hereditary, did
not display itself until she was twelve years old,
after which she devoted herself to tbe study of
music, practicing so incessantly tbat for months
she allowed herself only three hours' sleep at a
time. Tbe eflect of 6ueh ardtions study has since
6hon Itself in two attacks of paralysis, which
have so affected tbe use of her limbs tbat in
acknowledging; an encore she bends only from the
waist, a deeper Inclination making her liable to
lose her balance. She also suffers from severe
headaches, and nothing but au indomitable will
enables ber to withstand so much suffering.
At eighteen she m err led Esslpoff, wbo had
taught ber something besides musio. and to whom
sbe says she la entirely Indebted for her style ot
playing, which belongs to no particular school.
In private Madame EssipofTs appearance, with
tbe exception of tbe difference that dress and gas
light make, is meh the same as on tbe stage,
using-, she sayr no cosmetics whatever. Her com
plexion is remarkably fair for a brunette, ber neck
and arms very white, and her band baa a grasp of
Her manager, with eyes that snapped like a mod
turtle's. toId the reporter ttiut excepting when
Madame Insisted on It. he wonld not allow anr re-
porters to see her, for Von Bulow. who traveled
under bis management, lost him t30,O0l by seeing
a reporter while in a very naugbty state of mind,
which ue reueveu uy aousing everj uouy ana every'
ttiinir. Including people aud uianos. to such an ri
tent that, when it appeared in print, there was
gnasinug or teetu ana vows or vengeance by un
numbered outraged spirits. "No." he continued
with an imposing air, that would have been ratner
more becoming if be was a few inches taller. "Nol
It belittles genius in the eyes of the public when
thoy condescend to (be liuiuau be meant) abuae
people, aud l will never run such a risk again."
TFrom the Special Correspondent of tbe World, j
THE L0.M10N TH&iTEBS.
How the Brooklyn Horror Has Directed Attentioa to
IONnoN. December 21.
Yesterday the World and other New York papers
arrived wirn tne mournful particulars ot the burn
lng of tbe Brooklyn Theater, a cslamlty already
made known to us by telegrapb. The details add
much to the horror which was created
by the first announcement. Tho shocking
story is now almost as general a subject of con
versation here as it was in New 'York a fortnight
ago, and deep sympathy is expressed for the suf
ferers, mingled with admiration of theconrage
which was displayed on the awful night by Miss
Claxton and ber companions on the stage. It mav
be strongly doubted whether tbe neonle who are
ever ready to cast some reproach on tbe actor or
actress would bave shown tbe coolness and forti
tude which this little group displayed in thut tre
Sncuan event as this appeals to the universal
sympathies of mankind, and not the less so be
cause it points a warning finger to common
danger. Tbe accidental contact or a varnished
and painted scene with a let of gas. tbe rapid
spread of flames, a wild panio In which all tbe
higher feelings of our nature seem to be extin
guisbed these are Incidents which might
happen any night in Loudon, and tbe heartrend
ing narrative wbich you bave now sent to us
might soon be returned to you. For our theaters
are tn times worse tban yours in all their ar
rangements for ingress or egress the most de
fective of the New York theaters, which I take to
be the "Park," is better than most of ours. In
some ot tSeni the stalls are reached by a narrow
underground passage, along which only one person
can conveniently pass at a time. The I'rince of
Wales' Theater, for Instance. Is such a death-trap
toat nothing stiouiu induce me tocnter it with wise
or child. The Criterion Tueatcr is entirely under
gTonnd, and If the hotel above it canght fire, not
a man or woman in tbe audience could escape. At,
almost all tbe London theaters the people from
the gallery, boxes, pit and stalls all are brought
Into one lobby on their way to the street. A sud
den alarm of lire, witu smoke or fire visible to tbe
auilieuce. must inevitable end in a whole
sale destruction of life. For it Is poo-
sense to suppose that a multitude of per
sons will ever "Keep cool under the Influence
of a panic It la only disciplined soldiers who can
be brought to face deatu without winclug. as the
100 men did pu board tbe Birkenhead when they
were drawn up ou deck at the command, "Atten
tion I" and went down with the burning veasei us
it they bad been on parade. Courage ot the same
kind as theirs was shown by Miss C'laxtuti una
poor Murdoch; but a large and mixed concourse
of people can never be expected to display M.
Theater builders or managers buvo no right to de
pend upon tbat.
A member of my household, who is more fa mil
iar with theaters than I cuti pretend to le, ex
presses the opinion, after reading the iiocount iu
tbe World, that the loss of lite at Brooklyn could
not have been prevented by the exercise of "pres
ence of inind" or any such quality, but that the
fire breukiug out w here it did, and huviug so soon
leaped to the - :io or roof, the doom
of the poor ple in the nlltry wus iu
cvitabie. IX scenes had been well satu
rated in ont .i tbe preparations wbbjh render such
materials less combustible alum-water, for in
stance the progress ot the flumes might not have
been so apj ailing. Certain it is that unless build
ers and managers can invent some plan of greatly
lessening tho liability of tlioir tbeaters to sudden
destruction by fire, a very largo number of
persons will make up their minds not to
go near sue-h places at all. This will be the
effect over here of the Brooklyn dianaier hun
dreds of men wbo intended to take their children
to see a pantomime will now decline to do It. Tbo
risk may be very small, but a parent bus no right
to expose bis children to any unnecessary rUk,
however slight, wlietber of being burnt alive or
cruelly n, mined In a theater, oi of calcuing scarlet
fever or diphtheria. Aud you may depend upon it
that this view will be taken by luuhy tl.onsutiUs
besides your correspondent. L.J.J.
BEiLTI VS WISTKLSS.
An Incident or City Car Travel.
The following Incident occurred" in New York
city: About 12:30 o'clock yesterday afternoon a
very beautiful lady hurriedly entered car No. 40,
of the New York and Harlem Line, at Twentieth
street, and Informed the conductor tbat she bad
lefti valuable package In tbe car Immediately
abed, and anxiously a-ked whether there was
any way by which sbe could obtain it without go
lug to the terminus at the City HalL She ex
plained tbat she was- In a great hurry, and tlinf it
was a matter of great Importance to gut possession
of her package with as little delay as possible.
The conductor very rolitely told bet thut he
would endeavor to catch up with the other cur.
and at once went to tbe front plutform and direct
ed tbe driver to iticrease the bpeed of his horses.
By this time the sympathies of the imssencers
were excited in inn laay s Demur, nun an watrtieu
the progress of tbe chase with much interest. A
stout, well-dressed gentleman with a kindly face
and a gray mustache, perhaps remembering ibe
old saying that "a stern chase is a long chase,"
and seeing that it would bo some time before the
car would be overtaken, voluuteered to
catch it. At this time tbe rear car
bad stopped at the corner of Thirteenth
street, and having obtained a hutried le
cription of the lost property, be sprang
from the platform, and, gaining tho sidewalk, gal
lantly started in pursuit. The spectacle of a
stout, elegantly-dressed gentleman running: at
full speed down Fourth avenue, attracted consid
erable attention, and had it not been for Ins ex
ceedingly respertable appearance he would un
doubtedly have been arrested on suspicion, for,
even as It was. the policemen whom be met on his
way turned and watched Into ns if doubtful
whether it would not be proper to take him up as
a matter of precaution, lie eontitined on his way
unmolested, however, and with tbo exception of a
few collisions with small boys with sleds, met
with no accidents.
Iff tbe meantime the conductor of No. 4(1 was on
the front platform doing his best to attract the
attention of bis comrade on the "chase" by wav
ing bis handkerchief and blowing the driver's
whistle. His efforts were unsuccessful, however,
until Third street was reached, w hen the car was
baited. Tbe stout gentleman, who hail gained
about half aTdoek on the car which he hud lelt,
immediately jumped on board, and a uiomeni
later came out triumphantly, holding the coveted
package in bis hand. The pretty lndv who had
been watching the progress of the gallant volun
teer, so soon ns she saw tbat he bad been success
ful, tmprudentrv stepped from the rear platform
of the carwlulolt was In motion, and fell in the
street. At this juncture a tall, lenn, yllow-faeed
gentleman, attired in a long gmy uls'er. wirb an
immense collar and heavy cull's of astrnkflun.
sprang to her assistance and helped her to rise,
and escorted her to the corner. There she was
met by the stout gentleman, who, wltb beaming
face, gave her tbe package and blushlngly re
ceived her thanks.
From the New York Post, 1 1th. I
Tbe Price and Use of ;old.
During the present week the price of gold, ex
pressed iu our paper currency, has been as low as
los. and this la the lowest prieo since June 14,
1H',2. This low price results from tbe fact that I lie
supply in tbe market bae been increased largely,
while at tbe same time the demand has been di
minished. In explanation of this statement It Is
only necessary to say that our exports, exclusive
of specie, during the first eleven months of 1B7
(tbe returns for December not yet having been re
ceived) amounted to 1517,355,917, against Ws!,l3,
fi64 in 1875, aud that our imports, exclusive
of specie, were during the same time only U'.'5,
801,4m against $471,838,181 in 1875. Tho Increase In
our exports enabled us not only to diminish
our exports of specie, but late in the year to
import specie profitably. Tho falling oft iu
our merchandise imports diminished tbe demand
for gold to use In paying customs duties, nud tins
Is at present tbe principal domestic use for cold.
Aside from these commercial considerations It has
been favorable to a lower price of golr tbat the
Treasury stands pledged to the resumption of
specie payments lu W, while speculative Influ
ences have also been directed for tbe most part to
ward depressing the price.
T he situation to-das is this: We have beside tho
amount owned by the Treasury about 40.(kio'.ooo
gold; this Is in tbe New Y ork banks, where it most
ly is represented by certificates of deposit ifsued
at the Pub-Treasury. It is notable that while the
banks have cold deposits to the amount of about
$40,000,000, their legal-tender note deposits amount
ed lam week to less thun $:if,.aisi,ooo; in other
words, that the banks havo more gold on hand
tban paper leiral tender.
Gold can now tie used (1) as money to the extent
that tbe mercantile transactions in gold require;
(2) in payment of customs duties, and this is tbe
mam nse for It; and 13) tn export. It Is estimated
that the amount required to be held by the hanks
for the first purpose is an a verate sum of tl5.oon.ooo.
end for the first two purposes an average sum of
I'jo.OOO.OOO Is ample. It follows, therefore, that we
now have 20,000,000 of gold wbich is a burden on
the loan market. There Is but one way of relief
from tins burden, and that is to export If. At
present there is no foreign market where trade
needs or wants this gold. This bein so, tbe ques
tion presents itself whether there is ansjlomestic
use to which it can be nut beside proseirwses.
Clearly If tho gold can bo used here there will
be a demand lor it. and that demand will retain It
here. It Is equally clear tbnt if it is not needed
here for other purposes than those for which u
has been used since the suspension of specie pay
ments, it will remain here no longer t bun during
tbe time tn which it Is not wanted somewhete
else. If we hud used gold during the last fifteen
years, we should bave retained enough here to
serve the purposes of a currency. We have ship
ped our gold out of the country because, beyond a
limited amount, it was a useless article.
It has been suggested tbat onr merchants and
bankers should consider whether it -Is not now
possible to employ gold more largely tn the trans- I
aclion of the busincii vl this city. The trade la
tea and coffee is now done In gold. Why should
not the trade In cotton and grain likewise be done
la goltil By far tbe larger number of bangs bave
their entire capital in paper currency. If at least
a part of this capital should be put mtr
gold, wltb the understanding between
tbe batiks and repse-entnnve commercial
bodies that more businoss should be trans
acted In gold, would It not be a step toward s.ifej
and sounder methods 1 We know the objections
which can be uiged to this, and some of thorn de
serve to be carefully considered, although, they
are not Insurmountable.
As we have said, gold at present Is a burden
upon the banks because there is a narrowly re
stricted use for it. Extend tbe use of it, and wo
shall retain what gld we already have and draw
more gold here. A more gent ial use of gold for
mercantile purposes here would certainly ull'.ird a
moral support to tbe liea-uiy in Us ell. iris to re
sume specie varments, and would show thut New
York merchants aud New York liauks are earnest
ly in favor of a restoration of a sieele currency.
Aa Anecdote of Snmner. .
How Sumner tlrt met Louis sVapoleon he nserl
thus to relate. Haul buuiner: "I was then (in lis)
young, enthusiast io, determined a thorough Yuu
kee and had been a good deal Potted and caressed
In I July Hlesslngtou's circle. One evening, Louis
Napoleon arrived unexpectedly, and alio called
Count U'Oi'suv and told him we must be made
known to each other, sio It was Count d'Orsay,
thut prince of dandies. a mail who. It
he bad lived in uuttguity, would have beeu wor
shiped ns a si rt of deml god of fashion, who
gave a charm to everything ho di I by his consum
mate grace, and who converted dandyism info a
fine art it was this man wbe brought together
the representative republican aud the represent
ative of the Napoleons. I have always regarded
my conversation with the Prince as memorable. I
spoke with enthusiasm of the prodigious re
sources, the immense wealth of our coun
try. When I whs silent be replied, 'Eh bien!
What will you do with if! this immense wealth.
Vaults vou ro btutref (Will you fight each
other!) I replied, '1 hope we snail tlinl some! lung
better to do witn It than that.' But he replied,
'Voulft rnut vousbath-e' That night I said to my
self, tali evening has not been thrown away, for
it bus given me the uieusuro of that mau. A few
days later I chance. 1 to .be standing by Lord
Lyiidliurst at a paity, when be was joined by
Iord Hrougham. 'By the way,' said Lyudhurst,
this Is tbo first time I have seen you since we. met
the Prince at Lndy Blessiugtou's.' 'Yes,' said Ixird
Brougham, 'ad ass.' 'Ad ass 1' re-echoed
Lord LyiKlhurttr. I congratulated myself upou
having my judgment confirmed, nltbougU 1 had not
expressed my opinion in quite such opigiamuia'ia
language as the two ex Chancellors. In after
years, soon after Napoleon's escapade at Koueu. I
met Bancroft, who bud just returned from Europe,
and asked him what be thought of the prisoner of
Hum. He is an ass,' was the sententious reply."
Dangers to the Public.
We bnve within the last few months given many
illustrations of the perils which beset the public
by reason of the careless system of giving out
work indiscriminately which obtains in certain
trades. What are known as tbe sweating" and
"home work" systems among tailors are pregnnut
with danger to tiie general health, and It would lie
Interesting to know, even approximately, how
liliinv cases of small-pox in the present epidemlo
depended on tbe reception in tbe bouse of clothes
which had been made in infected rooms, or by per
sons barely convalescent from the disease. A medi
cal man writes to us tnis week to state tiiat a
short tinio back be bad under his care several
severe cases of scarlet fi'ver In the families of
workms tailors, piuicipully Germans, Iti tbe pur
lieus of Soho. at whose homes tbo work was car
ried on as usual, lu one case a young man sat at
ttie "board" making a vest anil trousers while In
tbe highly dangerous period of the disease known
as di'siii!itiuit!oii or "peeling." There were also lu
tiie same room two persons with symptoms oi tho
mnindy. "T ins family," writes our correspondent,
like many others in the neighborhood whom I at
tended, did work for the leading tailors mid cloth
iers in the neighborhood of Kcgcut street." 1 ho
nutural remedy for such a state of things would
be for tradespeople to provide workioe.ins in
which all their orders for wiiiring appurel would
be executed aud here tbe luiiitls employed would
be under liiiinc'lifite inspection. Falling iu tins, it
migiit be possible to etl'M an extension of tbo
Wol kshops' Art. Anyway, tbe duty devolves on
tradesmen at the present time of exercising a si
t'ervisioti over the making of CiOthcs, to the c-
lent of au RCiuainiunee with tbe workmen mi l
the homes heieiu rliey dwell. 11. on. Ion l.uucet.
From the Pall Mall Oazotte-j
Kelitfious Untied in the Holy City.
A well informed correspondent writes !o uf;
"Ihe present state of Jerusalem shows on h small
scum what that of Turkrj in Europe would bo tf
llnsuiu m.,.11 i.i..,l knl.-iiciti 'Kill ul-,, tte.it-,. o-1 to, ,.tjl
ciency as a police foiee of tbe r-giilur Turkish
iriiK4. ill me riu i 11 it in toe lull-1 rii i riiot -
Lion oi ion luikibu siiti.eis as tem-e uuiccis iiicii
alone holds back the rival churches from eoiuiug
to blows, and protects the Jews; fur Dm t'ofiiiiioii
hatred of a Jew by these rival Christians is not
smaller than tbnt of each other. A Jew guide
whom I employed there said be whs sure to bo
killed if he wlVfrto go into the Church of tbo
Holy hepulcber; nud bis unmislaktbie terror when
I iiiki'u mill liii-inri w iiu nil nnuwra nun nr nn
u ea.nest. Any one who bus beeu in the siien il
iiilldlng at Easter knows how well the Turks fuilt:i
llll'll II I IIIK uinji A tin jtunnitiiiB luivt , mini I no
guise of a convent, built a fortress Mitsi ln tbn
vtaiis to u ei 11,1 loin, it mi i nirt ri un nullum 1111. rut .
Allow Kussia to occupy l'.ulgai lu uiul she v. ill iti
likewise threaten Constantinople. When thesicl
man' dies their fortress gives the liiissians power
over Jerusalem, ubd then woe betide their rival
1M..... .....1 ll.n T... IA ,.,.1.1 I.i. in lu., n , u a
us to those mhubitiiig 'lurkey in Europe! '
The .11 inning l.lnli.
Mr. Darwin's "missing link" seems at last ta
bnve lieoii discovered m the New Britain ami Ire
laiari Islands, on the roast of New (tunica- Acitird
1 li af to the Sydney Mottling Herald a Wetlorun
missionary has been toid by tne natives that it
race of men with tails exist at a place called K li
nt. These bellies nre certainly not monkeys, as
tbev build, plant, fight, do. The tail Is hard uud
inflexible, and before the men can stt down they
have to dig h hole in the sand, ns thev woiil.l dis
at once if the treasured appendage were broken.
Tailless children are initiiedialt ly rlesi roved, us
thev would grow up ns obleets of ridicule. I he
missionary has not yet seen one '.if tbese miracu
lous creatines, but the natives have promised to
capfuie a "specimen." A less marvelous but in
teresting peculiarity of these islands is the custom
ot keeping young girls secluded in leafy cages un
til tbev are grown up. '1 liey are only allowed to
go out a'ter nightfall with their relatives, nnd
I heir feet ate nor aunwen to touch the cloiiinl.
bamboos being laid down for them to step upon,
ibis habit is considered a murk of distinction.
A VEitv important suggestion is made in the an
nual report, by Wells, largo A- Co., of tbe value of
ueciiius metals moved dm mg the vear 1h7u. Ap
plying the known propulsions of tbe dill'erent
metals Ml tbo bullion olitaiiie i Trom the chHT
mtm s, Mr. Vuai'liliiie, tbe superintendent, reaches
the following estimate of tbe actual production of
each metal for the past six yeais:
Co'd. ' f-ilver. I'.jmt fetals. Total.
lH7l..f:ir.,s:i-.iino jl'ii.'-'-h.ooo i'-'.ioo.oiei .tx.'.'Kl.iwin
1m7'2.. ;v.i.4.'i!.4.'i!I Jo.ri-'T.riou '.'.'.'.o (Hill i'j,'j:t p.i'j
l-7:.. 4o,4.-it;..v.iu 'js.;.ri.:,iiHi n.i.ui.ooo 7 J.'j.vs.tib.i
1M74.. 4i 1. 1 on. o4 ." :ai.4ii.-.ooo s. Mio. noil 7 1.411 ; .tsi ."
17 .. 41,74.147 :i4. 114:'., :U II ft, lull mill 8oc.i,of.7
l(Ti.. 41,3L'f,jiil 41,;"iOii,i7'-' o.Oio.UtMJ 'Jo.mTIT.I
This estimate differs materially from Ihosetti
er to given 111 Government reports, and Mr. Valen
tino says: " Vi e are confident tbat similar disoiiifi
ntictes or exaggerations as to the product ex the
United States exist iu the estimates usually ac
cepted for flie years I8711 to lsi'.l liiclu-uve, and
possibly all tbe way back to 1S4S1." Tins the Bul
letin is inclined to regard as a well-founded criti
cism, and iu the Public of August 17! Ii, we pointed
out that the officially reported production, com
pared with the statistics of exports, imports ami
consumption indicated an Increase of more t lis 11
Ko.otKi.ooo yearly Binee the panic in our stock of
specie. It will be interesting to see what reply
Iir. Lindermau may muke to the suggestiuu of Mr.
A NEW process of manufacturing edged toolr,
farming implements, Ac, has been put. nteil in
England. A rod, bar or plate of which the tool is
to be made is formed by making a pile of steel and
iron, and rolling or drawing the pile Into roils,
bars or plates of tbe section required, having tin)
inner core of steel cinbiiiced by a wrapper ot
Iron. When picks or huy-forks are in ado of tbeso
bars the ends are sheared, cut or forged to n po ut,
and the steel et'd hardened; but sometimes the
steel core is hardened througb Its whole length,
so that the tool can be reslinrix-ned without send
ing it to a smithy. Tbe compound bars may bo
made of any section of core or of facing to suit
particular purposes. Tbe tools made of them nre
said to be superior to iron tools with steel points,
being tout: her and lighter, nud with all tho advan
tages of full slcel tools, wit bout liability to break
age. It Is manliest that British manufacturers of
such implements ure learning some! limn from the
exumpie of their "American cousins."
Two odd bequests in Anto:ielH's will hare
caused some comment twoi.ty-live fijamcs fo tbe
Hospital of the Holy Ghost, at Itcine, aud it
siml.ar sum to the ITuly Places at Jerusalem.
Louis Veuillot explains w hy these wens mini.', in
flu- Pontifical btates It used to bo the la w t hat no
w i l was valid unless it contained these two leci
oies, ttio minimum sum of each being live francs,
or the testator bad been naked to tin so by il:
notary and had refused. So at Genoa a sunil ir
lieitieht bad fo lie undo to the Hospital of 1'i.n
natlone, and at Turin to that of tit. .Maurice and
Ht. Lazarus, the object In all eases belli;.' to aid 111
the support of those institutions. Antoneili, dying
at the Vatican, conformed to the old iibfge lu his
A Newpout (R. I.) lndy was shrieked one morn
inr by a ragged urchin's nut lis, and, raising tl.o
window, offered him a quarter If he would slip
swearing and go away, lie departed without say
ing a word. 'The next morning tip -re was a iietiw.ii
meiit of men and boys under her window, and
blasphemy was varied w ith, extortionate dumun.ls
for a subsidy.
The JnpsDese tiovernment have followed the
suppression of the last Insurrection by sentencing
twelve leaders to capitul punishment, two bun
dred and thirty-four to bard labor forlife. and
fourteen to forfeiture of rank and estate. A large
number were pardoned, and cue Luudrexl aud
sixty un cuuimitiod hara ktri.