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WAXTED-A HE BO.
I am about to make a confession.
Here, Id tbe beginning, I will folly explain to
you what It ia all about, so you needn't read it it
you don't like. It Is aim ply a record of tbe petty
'disappointments, I bave encountered In a search
through tbe -world for a live bero. Dead heroes
there are In plenty. These I adore as a Roman
Calt olio does bis patron saint, and they have
about aa much Influence over my real life aa tbe
saint does over the Roman Catholic Just about.
But dead heroes ere a lone way off. I never saw
any of them, and never expect to see them. I can
not aee the gleam of their glorious eye, tbe
quiver of the muscles in their grand faces, as they
peak some inspiring sentence. I can not watch
the sweep of their brave right arms as tbey do a
pie ndld deed which shall stand as a beacon-light
in history. I can only read what other men have
aid about them. ,
To me, likewise to other people, whose nature it
te to be profoundly lmpreesed by individualities,
it would be au Immense satisfaction aa woll as a
tremendous inspiration Just for once to have for
a next door neighbor a live hero, be the same man
"Society begins to be organizon by the feeling of
sew worship," says Herbert Spencer. A common
reverence for tbe same superior being draws peo
ple togetbor into one body. Hence come society.
sToverr.nient and burster! water pipes. Through
all tbe barbarlo ages, in all ages in fact, a bero
has been a necessity to human progress, the
grand. Hying human beings at tbe head of the race
are whut baa led mankind out of darkness into
light, tbat is, as far as it has got. Tbe Infinite Per
fection is always there to worship and adore, to be
sure, and It is well enough to say. "worship the
Infinite Perfection," but Infinite Perfection la so'
Infinitely far oft aud unknown. A body wants
something urand to worship, near by.
Among tbe many "survivals" of tbe barbaric
age ot man la the feeling, lingering in some
tireasts, at least, that it wouid be au unspeakable
belo to have some splendid, living Human soul to
adore and pattern after. That is what I mean.
I've always wanted a bero to orgmize myself by.
Ever since I can remember. I've been looking for
a bero who would do to take "on the face of tbe
It turns." To be sure, I've known some hundreds
of ordinary, humdrum, respectable folk, like my
self; but they don't count. My idea always has
been that somewhere in the world there must be
somebody who was at once splendidly intellectual
aud splendidly good, and hail all tha sweet, tender
and pretty social virtues aud graces thrown in be
sides. Well, I never found him or her. My search for
him or her has invariably resulted in failure, no
less disastrous and disappointing than the ex
peditions to the Opeu Sea at the North
Polo. But I've thought I had him
or her. several times. I missed it each time. In
looking back over my varied experiences in the
matter, the fact wblob now seems mere apparent
than anything else is, that throughout I developed
an unlimited capacity for being gulled. (My
lumber always said it.)
I've learned something by my experience, may
be. "Lirkin' and laruiu' goes together," say the
Hoosler Schoolmaster. But that is poor comfort,
and I doubt whether the lorcln' was worth tbe
Among other peculiarities of my experience
with heroes, l am conscious of a weak iuelination
to worship women heroes, possiuly because they
are so scarce. To me a great-souled, intelligent
woman is far more aiagulrluent than the like sort
of man. My first feminine hero was a famous
lady orator. (Don't goaud Day it was Anna Dickin
son, because it wusn'L. Anna Dickinson God
bless bcrl is as dainty as she is splendid.) The
story of my first meeting with the famous lady
orator will be amusing to you, but to me its re
sults have always had a sort of tragedy about
them. This famous womau's-righta orator was
very tilled and eloquent, and men gave her tbe
compliment which ttiey grudge to moat of ber sex
of ii a vi n it a brain for logic. Or course I admired
nnHieakatly this woman's rights woman with a
brum for logic. Well, the image I had been wor
shiping wasn't precisely a beautiful image, with
ftet of clay, but iliere was something else the
matter with its feet, and that was exactly what
-was the trouble with tbe image. As my idol de
scended from the carriage to the sidewalk, I hap
pened to see her leer. Undoubtedly the lady was
equipped with the whole armor ot right
eousness, but ber feet were also shod
In a pair of awful old, ruty "high
lows," ' and she bad a huge bole
in ber slocking, besides, peeping out above the
rusty "high-lows" like a kitten above a bale of
bay. Do eoitde.se ever wear rusty high-lows
and have bolus In tbelr stockings, I wondort It
was the first aud last time I ever saw her. but
whenever I rend in too papers, as I bave recently,
bow grandly well the gifted and eloquent Mrs.
Rtronpuiiiirt pleads the cauce crr sex, upon my
soul and honor I caa think of nothing but that bole
in Iter smoking.
Contemptible of mi, Is itt Well, "who's a deny
in' ol It t" But am I to blame I Is it any fun, do you
think, when you desire, above all things, to regard
tbe glorrfhs sperlac c of the eloquent Mrs. Stroiig
tnttid devoting her life to the amelioration of her
ex. to bo iilile to think only cf rusry "bigti-iows"
and unmcinled hose t Think of the shock to my
Then there was the Amazonian Miss X. You
didn't know Mifs X., mavbet and Ton are none the
worse of it. But I thought Miss X. was iriex-
firessible. Iu my blubfulutln moments 1 used to
iken ber to that niHginfleent bronze out at Mr.
probasco's. It is a splendid Amazon, or some
thing, on horseback, In the act of spearmg a tiger
Which lias attacked her, ana Una struck its okiws
into her borso's breast. All my soul comeslnto
my eyes when I look at it. I am thrilled with
thoughts unutterable at the sight of the glorious
creature aimlug the deadly -sure shaft at her mor
tal enemy. He would destroy her unless she de
stroved him first. ruoh an exultant power is in
the swell or the beautiful arm; such an all-con-quoiing
will speak iu the grand face! Tome,
tlmt bronze huntress Is the ni.t inspiring work of
art that was ever, or ever will be, oreated.
llml M06 how the Amazonian Miss X. soemnd to
me. Here wo a real flesh and blood woman who
was like the glniious bronze huntress, a woman
who would light to the death both the wild beasts
and the tarue beasts that destroy her sex. Here
was a woman w ith n soul full ot both science aud
tenderness one who saw deeper and clearer into
the mysterious recesses of hunnfn nature tliRn any
other woman 1 ever met. How I adored "ber, tobb
uro, and listened to her flue talk as Ntuna used to
listen to his goducss Kgeria, at the fountain. And
"Now. at last I've found my hero, and he's a
What a .loy it was to fled a woninn who didn't
believe the universe revolved around ber family,
ber church aud her doctor! I put a long white
mark down In a Utile blue book I keep. Here was
a woman who was too great-souled for spite, van
ity and treachery, aud who wasn't afraid it was
Wicked to believe in DarwiOt What grand talks
V used to have!
Well, tbe liourof testing by torsion came, as come
It will to us all. and when it passed all that was left
of my glorious huntress with tbe flashing eye was
Just a treacherous little scamp with a very com
hmmi, shallow mind and a soul no steadier than a
pen in a hot skillet.
Kic transit. Who shall give me back my glorious
liuntresst Was the "larniu' " worth the "lickln',"
Co you ilimkt
I am sure you have heard of the gifted Mr. A.
Among nil tbe famous people I ever met 10 my
life Mr. A. shines like .a star. Brilliant, intellec
tual and fascinating. Mr. A. Is a funic prince: in
every place that be adorns with his presence,
fcociullv there Is none like him; nobody. Wheu be
talks vou don't want to pnt a word in, but just to
it still and bear bini utter sentiments as noble as
Bocrates, and in a voice so softly musical tint it
would have charmed that ugly little philosopher
Into dead eileucc. And by means the
least fascinating of Mr. A. 'a peculiarities
la all the while that air of
tender melaucboly which Indicates a sort of dys
pepsia of the soul, so to speak. We met Mr. A. sev-
firal tiraos. Hiram Moses aud I. and I in partteu
ur. being the gullible and enthusiastic idiot that I
am. was iu raptures wltb Mr. A. My enthusiasm
bubbled over lu the presenile of a dry old friend of
Ours. The dry old frtnnd smiled fiendishly.
"He thrashes bis wife sometimes." said he.
Talked having tbe breath knocked out of youl
Theu followed one ot those ugly stories, the very
Bglieet part of which Is that they are true. Mr.
A. was like that horrible, yet fascinating creature In
liulwcr's "8lrange Story," a man without a soul.
His wife was the most wronged and miserable
Woman in the state of matrimony. Mr. A. mar
ried her for her money. Squandered it royally,
and left her at homo while he weut about fascin
ating people. He neglected ber4ind snapped her
off, and If she complained slapped ber ears for it.
Worst of all, Mr. A. was one of those disgusting
creatures who bad a "sensitive nature" which his
wife rouldn't appreciate. I always hnvo my opin
ion of men and women who have a "sensitive na
ture." lyletest the wbols despisuble kit ot 'em
that pack of spoons who believe in "kindred souls,'
Jlko this, you know:
"Al v spiral nntnr's lunard self
Has been and got divided.
Of course I can't be notbui' ClM
Put innardl v lop-sided.
I keep graxpiu' arter things
That's ueitiier here ooryander.
Jest like a goose that's yoked tor life
To bun as ain't her gander."
The gifted Mr. A. was that sort of a person, and
boxed bis wife's ears because she wasn't his "af
fiuity." I leave it to the honest judgment of your
common seuse. whether the wildest fancy could
make a bero out or that kind of thing. What
eould I do but drop my bands and my hopes and
mutter solemnly: "Pooled again, by the holy croc
odile!" Twas ever thus. I'm afraid to be acquainted
wltb any more splendid people close to, for fear
they'll all prove to be Just such humbugs. Even
ruy dead beroes don't always pan out on close ac
quaintance, I And. There is Martin Luther, for
Instance. For years I have clung to mr
Martin I.utber. Through thlok and thin
and now it transpires that Martin Lather In the
tart wasn't impelled by holy rage for tha Refor
mation at all. but by a rage not by any mean
holy; a rage wbirh was aroused because a monop
oly of the sale of Papal indulgences was taken
Jgoju Ibo oi'Uor ol luouu to which Luteer belojij-ed
and given to another order. That was what
warted the Reformation, I bare lately read.
I have bad bad luck with my hero-worship. I
have been no less unlucky in tbat minor sort of
hero-worship which draws pople together as
"The cop was gold, the draught was mud."
If I meet a lady who seemed to me exceptionally
bright and agreeable, with a big heart, a dancing
eye, and a laugh merry enough to charm away tbe
demon of gloom himself, no sooner do I begin to
like her, and miss her when she atays away, than
up bobs Mrs. Grundy, cruel. Puritanical, stingy
old tblngl lays her skinny claw on my shoulder,
"Be careful. You'd Just as well let Mrs. Merry
alone, fine don't have Monday wash day; sbe
don't scrub her sidewalk Saturday mornings, and
she sbe she "
And what is to be donet
Mrs. Grundy is sure to tell yon all the things
you'd rather not hear about people you like. If a
new acquaintance on the gentleman's side of the
house strikes you as being particularly attractive,
intellectual or interesting, presently Mrs. Grundy
follows you up with the black whisper that he has
committed a forgery, or ran away from his wife,
or something else as bad Heaven Knows what.
Mrs. Grundy points with her skinny Anger, and
"These are the people whom I command yon to
like and admire."
Behold! they are a lot of strait-laced noodles,
with no more flash or warmth about them than a
mud man or woman.
Now, I want to know why this is nearly always
thus. In nine cases out of ten the folks yon would
like to like are people you oughtn't to like at all,
while the people Mrs. Grundy says you ar bound
to esteem are mostly dull, narrow people, with
nothing at all likable about them.
Why is it, I say, that the nice people are nearly
always naughty, while your good, people are apt
to be ineffably stupid and milk-soppy. I am sure
you must have observed tbat it is so. Your pat
tern people are fearfully apt to be stupid, while
downright wickedness is often as fascinating as it
can be. I have noticed it so often that it has come
to be a fixed question in my mind whether a person
can bo gifted with all tbe social and intellectual
graces, aud at the same time practice all the moral
That's tbe sort of hero I should like to tee one
in whose nature no petty meanness stands in the
way of his perfect success as a nero. . A.
A JEWELER DESPOILED.
A Mew IHoile of Swindling Practiced A Valuable Set
of Diamonds Stolen from an Italian Dealer.
(.From Vanity Fair, London.!
Daring the last few weeks a perfect novelty in
the art of swindling has been brought out in a
town in Italy, and a similar ruse might be played
upon the very sharpest tradesmen in London an
account of tbe mode of proceeding may be of in
terest to tbe residents of Bond street and other
f arts. Pome time since a very gentlemanly look
ng man, accompanied by bis daughter, a good
looking young lady or about eighteen summers,
alighted at the chief hotel of the town. Tbey gave
themselves out to be English, and bad. among
other luggage, four large boxes, containing two
complete sets of drawers, like those used by offi
cers In camp. They chose a talon and two bed
rooms, one of whlon opened Into the talon. As
eon as they were settled these drawers were un
packed, and one set was placed against tbe door
In tbe salon, and tbe other on tbe other
side of tbe door in tbe gentleman's bed
chamber, the door la question being (like
most of those in Continental hotels! very
thin. For some time all went on very satisfactorily.
The gentleman was not extravagant.bat liberal,
and was most particular in calling for his bill
every week, and paying it to tbe moment. Before
he bad been many days in tbe town he paid a visit
to the principal jeweler and made some small pur
chases, in eaoti case paying oasb and showing tbat
he was well provided with bank notes. Tbe jeweler
was must anxious to press bis new customer, and
brought out all kinds ot beautiful articles to tempt
him, but at first bis purchases were moderate,
though liberally paid for. At tbe end ot a month
tbe gentleman paid a visit alone, and, after mak
ing another purchase, observed tbat bis daughter
was about to be married, and that he thought of
sending to Paris for a set of diamonds. The jeweler
could not allow such a chance to e'ip through his
fingers. He bad tbe most beautiful set in Europe,
tbe property of a Princess; be was sure that only
a Milord Iiiglepe could buy them, and bogged bis
customer just to inspect them. The price was only
four hundred thousand francs. The inspection was
made, but no decision was come to that day.
The next day another inspection was made and
Milord agreed to take them. The Jeweler was
delighted. Ke thought it would be best to ask If
he should send them round tbat evening, but he
received a perfeotly straightforward answer. "I
donor keep so much money about me. I must
draw upon my bankers in London. I will give
you five hundred francs to close the business, and
the jewels you can deliver against cash In tbe
course of next week." The deposit was paid, and
the Jeweler satisfied- beyond a doubt ibat be was
dealing with a most perfect gent'eman. Eight
days after be was requested to call tbe same
morning at 11 and bring the diamonds, for -djbich
be would be paid. He arrived at the moment and
found his customer In bis dressing-gown," sitting
alone at tbe 60t of drawers referred to, a front
flap of which turned down so as to form a writ
ing table. The Joweler advanced respectfully,
and laid the casket open on the flap in question.
"Milord" just examined tbe jewels, remarked that
of cotirso he did not wish his daughter to know
anything of the transaction at pit3ent, and
then proceeded to take out a hi rue hand
fill of beautiful ci lap notes. At that moment
tbe door opeued, and in bounded the yot'ng lady
iu question, as tiie jeweler afterward said, "fust
like a golden fawn,'"' Nothing was more natural
tliati that Milord sbouid close up tbe flap, and ask
tbe young ltfdy to go away, aa he wished to be
alone. But slie was a spoiled cbild, and would
have her own way. Bbe bad come to tell "papa"
tbat tbe tailor was waiting tor him in the next
room and he must go, aad that she was quite sure
tbe jeweler would like ber company better than
his; besides, she had a locket sbe could not open,
aud the Juweler must help her.
The Jeweler wr.s not proof against tbe playful
charms of the young lady; be saw his goods safe,
not exactly under bis eyes, but next door to it. to
he begged her father to go, and he would wait.
Milord" left the room, aud the poor dupo enjoyed
half an hour of delightful flirtation with the young
lady. Theie was something very winning in ber
ways, and then sbe was a young bride. The time
passed like a dream, and at la.t the young lady
passed oiT to go and hurry her father. The Jeweler
sat in meditation; his thoughts were at first all
engrossed with tbe sweet git i who had just left.
Then be began to wonder how long his cusHmer
would bo. Theu ho went and tried 'the flap
of the drawer. It was "all right." It was
locked. Ho he sat down and mused
again. A f ter some three hours he began to think
that he must be forgotten. So he rang the bell
aud requested tbe waiter to Just remind "Milord"
that he waa waiting, but to do it very politely.
The waiter replied tbat "Milord" and tbt Signorioa
bad gone out an hour ago. There was notbibg to
do but to wait, and wait he did. Neither
returned. Table d'hote passed, and although tha
poor man began to have a presentiment that some
tblufwas wrong, tbe landlord wfls consulted, but
was sre that his gnest was a real gentleman,
whose only fault was forgetfulness. 6o again he
waited until past the small hours of the night. At
eatly morning tbe landlord again returned, and tie
also began to think, tbe case suspicious. Tbe
Jeweler was furious. He made a dash at the
drawers, aud, with tbe aid of a poker, broke open
tbe flap. Ills next move was to take tbe casket.
He thrust bis bead into tbe compartment, and
sank back into the arm-chair. Ho saw before biin
nothing but a square open void, leading Into the
set of drawers in the next room. The landlord did
likewise, and so did the waiters. Then they sat
and looked at each other, aud at last ordered
restoratives fur the jeweler, who had fainted.
Boxing Night at Drury Lane Theater.
.London Correspondence by J. L. Jennings of the New
There are two immense galleries at Drury Lane,
one above tbe other, sloping far bark, and the
seats are carried up almost to the roof. These
galleries were densely packed with men and
women, most of the men aud boys in their shirt
sleeves, munching apples or oranges, while a
ferrety-looking man was -worming his way along
the densely packed rows with cans of porter.
This porter be banded up in pint pots, end tbe da
mn nil was so brisk that he had all his work to do
to supply It. There was a good deal ot pushing
and scu tiling going on everywhere, but all in a
good-humored way. Daring the Whole night I
heard no quarreling and saw no blow struck. Tbe
crowd ahuffed each other, and chaffed the police
men who were nationeJ here and there, but
everything was taken in good part, and tbe only
remark made upon it by a policeman to rue was,
"It would bo very hard if they eould not enjoy
themselves on boxiug night"
The moment the orchestra struck up, the great
sea of faces was turned eagerly toward the stage.
I must say that most of them were rather unpre
possessing faceB. some undeniably bad and even
villainous looking the women, too, were appa
rently of tbe very poorest class, aud pushed and
struggled for places quite aa effectively as the
men. There must have been over two thousand
people paoKed away in these galleries; the police
man lold me there were four thousand, but I can
not help thinking tbat my own estimate is nearer
tbe mark, although it may be too low. Down be
low the people in the stalls looked like pigmies,
and the dear little children in the private boxes
with their white dresses and pretty sashes, seemed
like dolls. How their merry laughter rang out
every now and tben, aud with what glee they
clapped their bands! They are tbe best part ot
tbe pantomime, if tbey only knew it.
Tbe orchestra now played some of tbe popular
street runes ot the day tunes rather "catching"
in themselves, though tied to words of wildest
ldiotcy. Among these the two favorites seem to
be "To4-fcny. Make Room for Your Uncle" and the
"Two Cuadiahs ' tbey are whistled by every little
boy and played by every street band. When the
orchestra struck up either of tbembe "gods" all
joined in with tbe words, and tbe roar of voices
seeroed to make tbe very bouse shake. The peo
ple in the boxes looked up at us in amazement,
bnt tha whole song was sung through, and any
tning more curious in its way I never beard, for
my frieuds around me were chiefly street-hawkers
and the like, and tbeir voices were by no means
of the most silvery quality.
Besides tbe Immense conconrse which filled all
the seats, a crowd six or seven deep were standing
tip at tbe back, and climbing up the pillar, and
clinging to little ledges which scarcely afforded
fcuUiylettt. lootboid for a cat, Pjym Uv iowe gal-
lery a series of narrow passages leads to the np-
?er, and as I passed along these I could not help
hi o king of wnat would happen if tbe terrible cry. of
"Eire I" were raised. It is Dot too ranch to say
that scarcely a human being sou Id escape. "We
have a bell here, sir," said one of tbe attendants,
"which would summon tbe firemen from the stage
In case of accident, and there aro two big cisterns
which would almost flood tbe place. Bat of course
we conld not prevent the people from rushing
over eaoh otber to get out, and that Is where the
great . danger is. But the firemen are always on
the lookout, and the hose is laid all round tbe
stage." Alt better iban nothing, I dare say, but it
would go for very little np here, in case ot a panic
A great shout here announoed the appearance
on the stage of the Vokes family, or tbe
"Stokeses," as one gentleman without a coat wag
pleased to call them. The crowd at the back eould
see nothing, and were obliged to depend upon the
information derived from those in front as to
what was going on npon the stage. "What's that,
Jiral" "It's a moke (donkey) come on the stage."
"What's he a doin' oft" "He's a kickln' of a po
lice man and upset tin' everything." A great wave
of laughter rolled over the building ana pro
claimed the success of this part of tbe entertain
ment. "Now, tben," said a ooetermonger to a
rough-looking fellow who was standing in front
of him with a young woman, "now, then, did you
take this here private box all to your
self to-uightl" No answer. The man at tbe
baok then became satirical, and raised a shout of
laughter by dubbing tbe dirty man in front by the
romantic name of Adolpbus. "I say, Adolpliust,"
he cried out, "here's a a-penny for you to stand on:
it will make vou 'Igber. How nice you've ourled
your hair to-night, Adolphust tbnt's right, put
your arm round her Valet," and so on, until poor
Adolpbus began to attract more attention than
the pantomime. Luckily the donkey reappeared
on the stage, and It was very clear that this anl
nal was the hit of tbe evening. Wbat he did I
am unable to say, for, so far as the stage was con
cerned, I could see no more of it than it I had been
iu New York
- 1 CRASH AT THE 00A50 CENTRAL DEPOT.
Over Two Hoadred and Fifty Panes of Glass In the
An accident occurred at 11:63 A.M., yesterday, at
the Grand Central Depot, which narrowly escaped
causing serious loss of life. The roof is composed
of iron and glass, the central section being raised
about eight feet above the rest. It has beeo cus
tomary heretofore to clean the snow from this
roof after each storm, but this winter it has not
been done, and tbe snow accumulating upon it has
froEon and thawed alternately until it became a
mass of ice nearly two feet In thickness. Tbe ac
tion of the sun upon this ice on the east aide of tbe
roof loosened it and it slid off npon tbe section
eight feet below, shivering more than two hundred
and fifty panes of glass, and sending their frag
ments crashing down upon the track and plat
forms underneath. Fortunately there was no
train standing upoq this track at the time
an unusual circumstance, aa it la the track
on wbiyb all trains enter the depot and dis
charge tbelr passengers. Adjoining it is tbe
track on which tbe Fourth avenue cars wait to re
ceive passengers. One of these cars was waiting
for tbe Harlem qulok transit tram, wbicb was tben
due. Tbe flanks of tbe horses were almost literal
ly cut to pieces by tbe shower of fragments of
glues which rained down on them, and it Is thought
tbat one of tbem will die. The conductor and
driver saved themselves by taking refuge in tbe
car. Tbe engineer of the approaching Harlem
train saw the falling glass, and stopped bis train
north of tbe depot. Many persons would probably
bad been filled if the accident had occurred when
the place was filled with people, as it would have
been a few minutes later. The paues of glass
were nearly nine feet in length, about two feet
wide, and half an inch in thickness. Directly af
ter the accident men were sent on the roof with
hammers, to break off any fragments still rcmal n-
ing. whlcji were in danger of falling, and boar da
will be placed over the opening. As soon
as it was understood that all danger of a repeti
tion of tbe accident was over, a gang of men was
set to work wltb shovels and stiff brooms clearing
tbe fragtpents of mingled glass and ice from the
tracks. The glass bad been shivered into pieces
trom two to eignt ounoes in weight oy striking the
stone flagging below, but many of the falling
pieces weigaea as mucn as nve or six pounas.
Tbe depot was not safe for nasacngers dnrlnir
the afternoon, as panes of glass were frequently
breaking in various parts of the roof and failing
down upon tne cars ana piatiorms below. The
fragments of glass were very heavy, with sharp
edges, and would have caused severe wounds. An
employe in the depot declared to a reporter tbat
accidents to tne rooi were oi irequeni occurrence.
Panes of glass were broken very often, and occa
sionally pieces of iron became detached and tell.
J. M. Tousey, Superintendent of the Hudson River
Railroad and also Depot Superintendent, said tbat
the damage from the morning's accident would
(lot exceed 500, if it reacbed tbat sum. Other
officials estimated it at 12.000. v. hue the workmen
were clearing away the glass from the tracks and
platforms, tbe incoming trains were stopped at
ine runner ena ot ine depot, ana too norse-cars
did not go Into the builditig. (Now York Tribune,
The Terrors of Shipwreck.
From an Account of the Kooning Ashore of the
Officers and passengers describe the situation
ot the ship as most precarious aud frightful. Tbe
great waves that rolled up one npon ths otber
struck the ship with merciless force, rocking her
as though sbe sometimes needed only a linger"
touch to roll ber completely over. Tons of water
swept the deck from stern to bow, and spray luat
mounted to the highest spars blended with the
rain in drenohing all on board. With every shock
tbo great vessel jogged further and further upon
the shore, uutil iroiu being bow onshore she lay
broadside to the sea, and the waves dealt resouaut
blows upon her plated sides to forcefully and vic
iously tbat old seamen say no other vessel afloat
could have lived the nlgbt through.
To pacify the frightened people in his charge.
Captain Ponzolz, ot 4 o'clock in the morning, sent
his yawl ashore with eieven picked seamen, under
Lieuteuaut Charles Brllloiilu. Until daybreak the.
Captain and tbe passengers listened for a word
from tbe boat, ana called to those who manned it.
in the meantime, under tbe cover of the fog and
the dreadful noise of the waves as they battered
the ship's sides, the brave men of the nearest life
saving stations were rigging boats and rafts, pre
paring mortars, and trying at tbe bent of their
ability to make the ship's people kuow tbat they
were on band.
Willium Ferguson, of Station 4, who was patroll
ing the beaen, had seen tne steamer rnn agrouud,
aud bad scamrered up the dark and wave-lapped
beach to collect tbe men of his station and ot B ra
tion No. 3. After all had been susnraoned Ceptaia
West took charge. He says be feared the men on
tbe steamor might attempt to put a boat out, aud
he and all bis men tried to mako tbem hear tbat
they had- better not attempt It. But, after tbe
surf boat, on its four-wheeled truck, bad been
rolled to tbe scene, and tbe life raft bad followed,
and wneu a line whs about to be shot to the
steamer, the Captain's yawl was seen going from
the ship aside. Past the ship's bow it sped, once
high on a wave crest, then iu the trougb of a bil
low, and at length, as had been expected, upside
down and empty.
Tbe etutlou men rushed into the water and
saved bine of the men, but three of tbetu-t-Gdl'luanie.
Lebourhls. Francois Bastard and
Francois Domilain lost tbelr lives in the water,
and tbeir frozen bodies were washed ashore in tbe
early morning. Captain West bad a desperate
time with one or two ot the drowning men, w ho
caught bis legs and pulled him from his feet into
tbe rapid undertow. Fortunately he was pulled
against tbe heavy ice tuat floated above the under
current; aud he regained bis footing.
Wben day broke a line was shot across the
ateamer'sJHiws. falling noon tbe deck amidsbips.
Tbu9 communication with tbe shore was gained,
and tbe life raft was sent to tbe ship's side. Cap
tain Ponzolz had not before seen the ingenious
carriage worked, and his passengers were afraid
to trust themselves in It. At length Mr. Cornell
Jewett and wife, of Washington, the only Ameri
cans on board, consented to make tbe first pas
sage in It. Both reclined in the coffin-like recepta
cles, and the lid perforated to admit air were fas
tened over them, and tbey were dragged through
the air aud under tbe wavetops to tbe beach.
Then the fifty-two other passengers followed,
laughing and acting like overjoyed ciiildreu when
tbey stepped from the raft to the shore, safe and
.. - "
iFrom a Woman's Latter to the Philadelphia Times. 1
Young Bennett, in most respects, Is tbe exact
opposite of tbe old ian who, about thirty-seven
years ago, rejoiced at tbe birth of a son and heir,
whom be predicted would become "a great editor,
and make a great nolss In the world." The latter
clause of the fatherly prophecy baa been fulfilled,
for when has the time been since bis birth tbat
Bennettdid not make a noiset He is as famous for
noise as be as for polo. He has a penchant for
smashing furniture, and breaking dishes, and
crasbing mirrors with bis boot beel. He is a born
blusterer. Indeed,it was partly a performance in
tbe dlsb-breaking Hue, when something went
wrong with tbe waiter, that called down the cen
sure of the Union Club court of condemnation
upon him. Bat otber young men smashed dishes
before Bennett was born.
Apropo of Bennett's smashing propensities. I
am reminded of a tradition of bis youth tbat says
that when bis father sent him to school, he stipu
lated with tbe teacher tbat his son should not be
subject to restraint. In faot, he was to be-allowed
all the liberty that be wanted. Tbe old Scotch
man, knowing the boy's propensities, said to tbe
teacber: "Mou, 1 want you to let James do as he
likes, and if he wants to break a mirror, wby, dom
It, let him break It."
Old Bennett made oapital of such Insults as
would gall his son to tbe soul, and it may have
been partly tbe memory of old family insults that
bad twined into the young man's lifeand hastened
him out to the bloody work that has undoubtedly
transpired before now. Bennett iu temperament
is much like his mother, yet tbey were antagonis
tic while bis father and be were the best of
His Impulses are usually generous, and many a
kiud action has he done for a friend, and even for
acquaintances, of wbich the world bears not,
amid the frivolousness of tbe outside life lhat be
has led. Many of ins friends are warmly attached
to him. and the faithful valet, Albert, wbo, it is
said, went with hia master to the dueling ground,
has beeu in bis service for nearly score ot years.
WHAT HE LOOKS LIKE.
The appearance j)l young Bennett, who is tbe
talk of New York, ia very striking. He la six feet
in height, ot Cne physique, though ioi vuumivc;
indeed, be is rather slender, but straight as stti
arrow. Bis complexion is florid, his eyes gray
and hia brown hair is thickly streaked with gray.
Altogether, he is collsd along tbe streets fine-looking
How Mamie Is Photographed.
From the Bunday News, Iiecembsr 28.
One of tbe latest novelties in applied science, it
seems, is to photograph musical tones, and in this
way to record by light sounds that are usually ap
parent only to tbe ear. The art of photography
has already worked so many wonders tbat few,
probably, will be astonished at any further feats
it may be able to accomplish. At Greeuwioh, for
a long time past, tbe magnetlo pulsations of tbe
earth have been automatically written down by
that most faithful aud trustworthy of clerks, and
at fte Kew Observatory we bear of daily records
being secured of tbe snn, whenever tbat of late rath
er bashful luminary can be prevailed npon to sbow
bis face. Tbe movements of the barometer and
thermometer are also noted nowadays by tbe
retina of a sensitive plate, and doctors may em
ploy tbe same infallible and sharp-eyed fell-tale to
register the puUe beats of their patients. It is,
perhaps, only in tbe natural course of events there
fore that notes and sounds should be found capable
of being written down by the same wonderful
agency. Dr. Tyndall showed us some years ago
bow flames were influenced by sounds uttered in
tbeir immediate neighborhood, and how they were
capable of appreciating various intonations in a
very marked degree: Indeed, if we re
member rightly, one flame that he exhibited
was to sensitive that, like a deii-cate-miuded
person, it lnvanbly weut
oat when some particular word or vowel was
mentioned. M. Koentg, of Paris, has already es
sayed to record by photography tbe change that
overcomes flames from this cause, but a German
physicist, Dr. Stein, has successfully accomplished
the "photography of tones" by a much more direct
method, dlia plan, it appears, is simyl to tlx
upon a violin string an upright disk or screen of
mica, with a hole in it. A brilliant ray of ligbt is
made to pass through this little bole on to a sensi
tive photographic plate, which moves along at a
rapid pace. Of course, if the disk and the tiny
orifice in it remain perfectly stationary
while the photographic plate Is moving,
all that will be produced in the end upon the
f date is a Ions aud even line, where tbe ray of
ight has acted. But as soon as tbe string vi
brates as soon, that is, as the violin bow is drawn
across it tbe little disk also trembles and vi
brates, moving up and down with great celerity,
and the ray of ligbt reflected upon the photo
graphic plate behaving in a similar manner, a
curved line is the result; and the number of these
curves deootes the number of vibrations which
are thus made visible and so easily counted. All
ordinary musical tones, it is said, cau be photo
graphed in this way, and Dr. 8tein has been able
to register several tones together, by fixing tbe
disks attached to a series of airings like lho.se of
a violin, one above another, so that four curved
lines are written down at once.
An Awful Storm at the Hock of Gibraltar.
Gibraltar., December 21.
The Gibraltar Chronicle, of to-day. gives tbe fol
lowing accouut of the tearful etorui here yester
day: "The severity of the storm which broke over the
Rock during the whole of yesterday has bad no
parallel for very many ysw.. The rain bos beoa
pouring down with greatr persistency for some
days, and yesterday morning the sky was still more
dark aud angry than before, with a heavy rain,
but about 12 o'clock from out the inky clouds came
a terribly vivid flash ot lightning which seemed
to fall on the end of the rtdge near tbe
rock gun; this was followed by tbe crash
of thunder which seemed close overhead, so
startling a peal was it. Many others followed,
with vivid lightning, but it was at half-past 2
o'clock wben the storm really reached its intensity.
Flash after flash of lightniug pierced tbe dark
clouds, while peal upon peal of tbunder crashed
through tbe air space and were reverberated in
heavy echoes from the heights of the rock, the
rain and hailstones of large size at the time also
pouring down literally in sheets, lashing the roads
and billsides Into a perfect foam, aud turning all
gutters and water cbannels into veritable tor
rents. Shortly after this heavy visitation by tbe
elements the sun made a feeble effort
to obtain the mastery, but ic was
but for a moment or two, wben the
heavy clouds again closed and obscured tbe wel
come appearance of tbat luminary, which has suf
fered an almost total eclipse now for several flays.
After a lull of about an hour the storm again
broke out with renewed fury; tha torrents of rain
pelted and hissed along tbe ground, while terrible
peals of tbunder and hashes of most vivid light
ning were incessant and this continued far into
the night the heavy rain continuing alter the
thunder bad ceased. To those who live anywhere
near tbe sea wall tbe solemnity and dread were
helgbteued by the dull, sullen sound of the break
ers, wbtcb, rearing their lofty crests in the Bay,
broke, against tne breakwater with a heavy roar
Lucille Western's Last Hours.
TFrom thNe"w York Herald, 12th. j
Luoillc Western, tbe actress, died at 7 o'clock
last evening in tbe Plerrepont House, Hicks street,
Brooklyn, from congestion of the lungs, bbo
opened in the New Park Theater on Monday night
last, plavlng Nancy Sykes, in her own dramatiza
tion of "Oliver Twist." At tbe thatluee perform
ance on Wednesday sbe was so hoarse at its
close as lo be barely able to sneak. In conver
sation with Colonel William E Sinn, the manager,
she said that she caugbt cold at tbe Walnut street
Theater, Philadelphia, on the Friday night pre
vious, through tho roof of hcrdressiug room leak
ing and letting in the rain. Sbe regarded her cold
as a seveie one. and requested that Miss Annie
Ward Tiffany play her part on Wednesday evening.
Yesterday evening, at five o'clock, she called ber
agent, Mr. A. C. Cambridge, and said, "What lime
is it I" He told ber. and she answered, "It's time to
go to the theater, lias the basket-boy cotce
yet!" He answered: "You are not in the
bill to-nlgbf;" wben she said. "Who takes
my parti" He answered, "Miss Tiffany," and she
replied. "Ob. yes: I remember now." She gradu
ally grew worse, arid at 7 o'clock called Mr. Cam
bridge to tbe sola on wbich she was lying, t-he
threw ber arms round his neck and said, "You
have been kind and true to me. Good-bye. I rest
at last." The next moment she was dead. The
pews was at onco sent to the theater, and Miss
Tiffany played Miss Western's part last night.
Lucy or Lucille Western was born in tbe city of
New Orleans, Louisiana, on January 8, IHU, and
was consequently thirty-four years old.
" H." writes to the London Times, "1 venture to
supplement tho article beaded Sleeplessness,'
wbioli recently appeared iu Tbe Times from the
Medical Examiner, because the modut oprrandi
was not sutllclently explained. I have known,
and, unfortunately, for many years have bad oc
casion to try. Dr. Cooke's plan, and, I think i may
say, with hardly cver-failmg success. Most per
sons have some particular position in which they
try to get to sleep. If they awake in tbe nightaud
can not sleep, let the favorite position be assumed
and six or seven deep breaths be taken. Iu
breathing our, or respiring, tbe last or seventh
time let it be done as slowly as possible. At this
point, tbe cyea being closed, not a limb, or muscle.
or eyelid must be moved, all must be still and mo
tionless as a marble statue, ine mina snouia oa
fixed as far as possible on some pleasing object or
train of tbongbt, but on no account on any subject
causing anxiety. This, if necessary, may bo re
peated, but iu most cases sleep follows in a few
minutes, ui course i assume mat it n a case oi
pure sleeplessness, and not attended witn aty
paio or disease. The plan is simple and unat
tended with the danger wbich too frequently fol
lows the use ot morphia, hydrate, and other
Meats Cooked by Cold.
It Is a fact of familiar experience that extreme
oold produces in oiganio substances effects close
ly resembling those ot heat. Thus, contact with
frozen mercury gives tbe same sensation as con
taut wltb fire; and meat tbat has been exposed Jo
a very low temperature assumes a condition like
that produced by beat. This actiou of intense
cold has been turned to account for economical
uses by a Hungarian chemist. He subjects fish
meats to a temperature of minus 33 degrees Fahr
enheit, and, having thus "cooked tbem by oold,"
seals them hermetically in tin cans. The results
are represented aS being entirely satisfactory.
Tbe meat, wben taken out of the cans, a loug time
afterward, la found to be, as regards its appear
ance and Its odor. In all respects as inviting aa at
first. It is partially cooked, aud needs but little
treatment more to prepare it f6r tbe table. A
German Government commission has made exper
iments with tbe process, and two naval vessels
dispatched on a voyage of circumnavigation were
provisioned with this kind of meat. An establish
ment has ben set up in Hungary for preserving
meats in this way. i Popular Science Monthly.
A Will That Stands Alone.
A bill which was introduced into tbe Senate tbe
other day recalls a will wbioh, so far as we know,
stands alone among testamentary documents.
The late Charles Fox, of tins olty, after providing
for the payment of his own debts, bequeathed all
the residue of his property to tbe United States io
enable them to pay their debts. Tbe exact
amount of tbe bequest has not vet been ascer
tained; but certainly the reduction ot tbe total of
Federal bonds will not be ao great as it would
have been if the late Commodore Vanderbilt had
imitated tbe example of Mr. Fox, and, treating bis
heirs with absolute impartiality, bad turned all
his real and peisonal estate Into tbe Sinking Fuud
of tbe United States. Tha bill to which we refer
accepts the Fox bequest and authorizes tbe Sec
retary of tbe Treasury to cause tbe property to be
sold and to pay tne proceeds to tbe Treasurer.
Snow in Surgical Practice.
Dr. Holmes recently removed a tumor from the
left side of Mr. B. F. Herrln.of tbe size of an ordi
nary apple. While the operation was in progress Mr.
Hcrrin was reading tbe news in a daily paper, and
was not aware tbat tbe knifo was being used n til
the tumor was placed on the table before him.
The met and of destroying sensibility was this:
Tbe Doctor took a ball of snow, added to it a table
spoonful of table salt, and applied this freezing
mixture to the rumor until the surface was white.
I Helena (Moctaoa) Horald.
Tdtb Kansas Pacific Railroad will be pushed on
from Denver to Salt Lake as soon as tbe frost is
out of the ground, tbe bondholders hoping to real
ize tbelr Investments by securing n portion of tbe
Uixvuh carry lug trade of thel'aoi&o Coast,
In Brentford town, of old renown.
There lived a Mister Bray,
Who fell in lore witb Lacy Bsll,
Aad so did Mr. Clay.
To see her ride from Hammersmith
By all it was allowed,
. Born fair ottsidea are seldom seen,
each angels on a cloud.
Said Mr. Bray to Mr. Clayj
You choose to rival me.
And court Miss Bed, bat there year court
No UioroQghfare shall be.
talea you now give np yonr suit.
You may repent your love;
I who bave shot a pigeon match.
Can shoot a turtle dove.
Bo pray berore yon woo her more
Consider what roa do;
If yoa pop aaebt" to Lacy Bell.
I'll pop it into you.
Bald Mr. Clay to Mr. Bray:
Your threats I quite explode;
One who has lieeo a volunteer
Knows how to prime and load.
And so I say to you unless
Your passion quiet kevps.
I, who have shot and bit bull'yM
May cliauce to bit a sheep's.
Now gold Is oft for silver changed,
Aud tlmt for copper red;
But these two went away to give
Each other change tor lead.
But first they sought a friend apleoo.
This plcasaut thought to give
Wben tney were dead thry thus should have v
Two seconds still to live.
To measure out the ground not long
The seconds then f.irliore.
Add having taken one rash Step.
Tbeytook a dozen more.
They next prepared each pistol pan
Agaiust the deadly strife.
By putting In the prime of death.
Against the prime of life.
Now all was ready for the foes;
But when they took their stands
Fear made taetu tremble, so thry found
They both were shakuug hands.
Bald Mr. C. to Mr. B.:
Here one of us may fill!,
And like St. Paul's Cathedral now.
Be doomed to have a ball.
X do confess I did attach
Misconduct to your name.
Zf I withdraw the charge, will then
Your ramrod ao the samel
Bald Mr. B.: I do agree.
But think: ot Honor's Courts!
Jf we go off without a shot
There will be strange rrportt.
But look, tbe morniDg now is bright,
Though cloudy it began;
Wby can't we aim above, as it
We bad called out tbe suiil
Bo up Into the harmless air
Their bullets they did send:
And may all other duets have
That upshot in the eod I THOS. HOOD.
THE LAW OF THE PISTOL.
Tlewi Of U Old Doelint Who Has Hot Lost Faith
in the Code. t
To the Editor of the New York Sun:
It is generally imagined that dueling In Ameri
ca, when practiced by gentlemen conversant with
the requirements of the code of honor, is governed
by the rules, regulations and traditions of tbe
duello previously observed in England, said still
authoritative on the Euiopean continent. From
this mistake bave originated erroneous impres
sions respecting privileges accruing to, or duties
to be exacted from combatants, principals
aud seconds resorting to the clilvalnc
wager of battle to determine extra-judicial dis
putes. Gentlemen in this oountryaie presumed
to owe allegiance to a code of honor, a radical
modification of pre existiug usages, originating in
our midst, and, in various aspects, at variance
witb foreign maxims. Tbe American Code or
Honor is a careful compilation of rules, regula
tions and observances traditional among duelists
of tbe past geneiation, rejecting, however, tbe
adoption of tnose deemed abhorrent to advanced
civilization, in this wis divesting a proper
ly conducted resort to arms from prior
barbarity aud sanguinary inteut. The Americau
code of honor was tbe production of John Lyndo
Wilson, a Governor of (south Carolina, who com
posed and published the work at his own expense,
with a view of disabusing tbe popular mind as to
the brutality and unfairness of dueling, at a
period when appeals to weapons in the determi
nation of personal disputes were matters of
habitual occurrence, whereby worthy citizens
fell victims as much to tbeir over-zeal as to
general ignorance of the code imperatively
authoritative over gentlemen of acknowl
edged social rosition. Wilson's pamphlet, modeled
after Jefferson's Mununl. constitutes an epitome
of the etiquette of dueling and of ruls regulat
ing the management of a hostile encounter from
tbe inception of a quarrel to its legitimate termi
nation ou the field of honor.
Previous to tho adoption of tho American code
of honor, dueling was ordinarily governed by a
looSe collection cf rules, familiarly designated as
tbe Code of Tipperaty, exceedingly indefinite
and difficult of satisfactory construction a
species of common law founded upon tradi
tions or our nnoestors. variously lnterpreiea so
as to cover all itnagiiiaMe emergencies. The Tip
perary Code, through Its laxity, iuvested cotlee
hotieo brawls, street uffravs ana indecent disorders
with the dignity of duels, and from Its unwise
translation to this country germinated tlmt
multiplicity of fatal encounters, erroneously
attributed to dueling, bringing the law of the
pistol Into unuieiited disrepute, and instigating
its suppression through stringent penai enact
ments. Nevertheless, as statutory acts are prac
tically ineffective Willi gentlemen, regarding the
dictates anil obligations of honor us superior to leg
islative prohibitions, the American code of honor
has been adopted for the guidance of those gentle
men maintaining an appeal to arms to constitute,
in extreme caes, tbe only grave, dignified and ap
propriate method whereby reparation cun bo ile
inauded for a wantouty wouuded honor.
Tbe female por.jou and tongue being held sa
cred, every lady was, and still is. presumed to
boast a representative knight, either of kin or a
personal stranger, whose duty demands satisfac
tion for injuries inflicted upou ber body or
reputation. Nevertheless, the code discreetly pro
vides that, to entitle tbe lady's champion to chal
lenge ber iusiilter or detractor, the offense must
bave keen public or Its coiiecquenccs patent to a
male relative or friend, as a woman be me re
garded as Incapable of falsehood, malice or moral
turpitude, her veracily or motives oan not be
questioned. .Moreover, as it 1 indecorous to I con
nect a lady'iH'iatue with the scandal or a duel, ber
champion, avoiding all dilemmas, reverses his po
sition, and, through proffer of a deliberate affront
to ber Insulter, lays himself opeu to a formal de
mand for saiisfactiou on bis owu accouut. Iu
this delicate mutter, the cau.io of the quar
rel being known, but nof.r alluded to,
it behooves tho fair one's avenger to
deliver his intended insult in the most courteous
manner imaginable. The most genteel manner of
accomplishing the feat would bo to accost the de
signed antagonist in a club-room, or otber place of
male resot, und to smite him on tbe check with a
gloved hand, the glove or gauntlet bearing a pe
culiarly bellicose signification in the lexicon of
chivalry. Tho presence of females or the appear
anoe of violence would prove fatal to the end
sought to be obtained, as upon no point aro the
provisions of tbe code mo ay explicit than in the
declaration that, when a mau descends to the em
ployment of brute force, of unusuul weapons, or
of ungentlemanly demeanor, be forfeits redress
from a court cf honor, and, buying qualified as a
pugilist, should enter tbe prize ring in preference.
Ap insult received, tho Issuance or a cartel, lu
pursuance of the provisions of tho American
code, becomes a matter of serious consideration.
No challenge should be issued unless founded upon
a demand for satisfaction of a well defined Insult,
deliberately Intended, which has impaired the
social standing of tbe presumptively injured party
beyond power of municipal law to redress. Before
assuming responsibility in acting as a second, the
friend applied to to bear the cartel should consult
with his . principal, gloan all facts
connected with the case, weigh them in
bis mind, and arrive at an unbiased con
clusion as4o whether tbe a Hair can not be amicably
adjusted. Again, be must consider tjie social posi
tion, the antecedents, tbe financial condition, and
the personal cbarncter of the challenged party, as
tbe code precludes tender of a cnrtel to certain In
dividuals peremptorily, while to others it extends
imtouuities by reason of consanguinity, of family
relations, of society aflillatmns, which are denied
to ordinary combatants. Once accepting the office
ot second, a friend actually assumes entire re
sponsibility for tbe management of tbe affair, tbo
principal being a veritable puppet in Ins bands, en
tirely committed to bis guardinnsblp a delicate
duty, wben conscientiously performed, but rarely
rewarded wltb grateful results.
Time, place and weapons are matters wholly to j
UC ueirl Uliuru irj tuo VUUO, .ilU IUIMJ (Jt.
suggestions from the principals, to lie adjudicated
upon in conference with a mutual friend, should a
vexatious disagreement perplex the two seconds,
pledged as tbey are lo maintain all preliminaries
in scrupulous secrecy until arrival upon the
ground, which sbouid be reached by hired convey
ances, eveo although the combatants should pos
sess vebloles of tbe.r own. Each party sbouid be
attended by bis surgeon, but no servants are per
mitted to witness the duel, " nor other persons con
nected with the household of either principal.
The American code, even at tbe present moment,
recognizes for legitimate dueling purposes but
three species of weapons; tbe rapier or small
sword, the saber or broad sword, aud the pistol,
and to the choice of one of these the decision of
tho seconds is circumscribed. Proficiency Id
fencing can be urged as a fatal objection to tbe
nse of rapier or saber when one principal avers
his ignorance in the art of bundling euner.
But against tbe pistol as a weapon no pro
test can be entertained, provided its make and
fashion accord with the re.qulremeuts of tho
code. The rapier, for centuries a portion of
habitual costume, and still conserved as a feature
iu State and court dress, has long since been
dropped from the list of Americau dueling
weapons, baving been used of late years only by
Creoles of Louisiana and by foreigners sojourning
In tbe country. Although not especially objec
tionable to tbe code, aa most certainly are rifles,
fowling piecea, revolvers, bowlo-knives and similar
destructive Implements, to suggest employment
of tbe small sword for present dueling purposes
would be regarded as an attempted evasion oi
tbe. cartel, or - craven endeavor to take
advantage of an unskillful antagonist.
In almost a similar light would M
viewed a choice of the saber, wbich, while tbe
i"w wubiuqidu us uiRLiuobi ve weapon lor
civilians, has been reserved wholly for tbe nse oi
gentlemen attached to tbe military and navaJ
arms of service, a cutlass being at times snostil
tuted for tbe regulation cavalry swoid, to acoon
suodate beroes of the marine branch.
Tbo favorite aud most legitimate dueltns
weapon of tbe present century Is Hie pistol, and
the one indirectly recommended by tbe cods.
Tho Tlpperary aode sanctions the employment
of holster pistols In a duel; but. since tho day
of Tnrpln aud King, few gentlemen deign to
practice with such highway implements, and
consequently, for dueling purposes, they bay
been superseded by tbat artistic aud costly piecO
of workmanship known aa tbo dueling pistol par"
excel mee, a caseof wblob. thirty years slnce.formed
au indispensable feature in every sporting gem Io
nian's armory. The most prized of tbeso weapons
were those manufactured by Man ton A Richards,
of London, and the most costly by Moore it Gray,
armorers to Prince Albert. Tbelr price for a oase
of pistols made to order, with tbe stock molded to
stilt the owner's grip, was about thirty guineas.
Bull excellent ones were made by Cooper, tha
gunsmith of 202 Broadway, at much more moder
ate rates, aud gold bubed at that. .
A challenge accepted aud pistols agreed upon, it
becomes a duty, incumbent upon eaoh second, to
provide his pnuoipal witb a caseof pistols and
their necessary appurtenances. Once obtained,
tbe second does not surrender ptssosion of it un
til arrival upon the dueling ground. While In his
custody, tbe second, in tho tirst place, experi
ments with tbe weapons with a view of ascertain
ing their exact charge, force of carnage and
peculiuilty in loading. This douc, ho takes tbem
to an expert gunsmith, who saverhauls tbe
pieces, takes tbem asunder, examines and
oils tbe various parts, and thoroughly
cleanses the weapons from every trace of
former uso. This precautidu Is in no wiso futile,
as it removes any presumption as to their em
ployment for practice since tho commencement
or preliminaries. Having cast tresii bullets, re
plenished the powder flask, secured suitable
caps, aud attended lo tho minor details of his
work, tbe armorer closes and locks tbo box and
Its contents, pbiees it Its leathern case, and
restores tbe armament to tbe second s custody-,
not to be tampered with until ou the field,
When antagonists own tbo Weapons produced
on tbe field, it IB usual to submit tbem to a
choice, but at tines the selection is deter
mined by lot, when tbe pistols differ as to form
ot stock or fashion of lock, in which the pull of a
hair-trigger oftentimes materially differs. Tbe
pistol selected for tiring is loaded by the second
for bis principal, an operation requiring leisurely
care, as the bore of a dueling pistol should be
smooth, aud the ball circular, requiring a patch.
Tbe cbargo is determined by fitllug the bullet
mould witb diamond grained powder, and the
patched ball forced home wltb a metallic ramrod,
driven by a wooden rsSiet. lief ore banding the
weapon to bis principiTTit is tbo second's duty to
inquire whether he desires the hair to be set, as
many nervous men doclino tbo use (if a sensi
tive trigger, preferring a steady pull. Ones deliv
ered into bis bauds, the principal has uo right to
set the bair or otherwise to tamper witb tbe
weapon, as en unintentional error on bis repre
sentative's part authorizes a peremptory demand
for a fresh shot.
Nearing the designated field, carriages should
be baited at sonic point, out of view ot tha
grounds and of run go of the weapons, whence
each party should progress to their destination on
foot, ii pproaeuiug from different directions, and
witlQever more than three in a group. The sec
ond arriving first on tbe field should make an
accurate minute of the time of bis arrival, and
then patiently await tbe coming of his antago
nistic colleague.- The time ordinarily uppoluted
tor a hostile meeting is at one bour after sunrise,
when practicable; still, should a compulsory delay
occur, the encounter should be postponed
until high noon, when tbe sun's rays descend
perpendicularly. Tbe reason for this concession
is tbat a short or wcas-.iigbrod mm la'iors undo r
disadvantage wben firing with tbe sun against his
faco, a position a combatant may bn compelled to
assume during certain hours of the forcuoon or
Should the adverse party nor put in an appear
ance within a reasonable length of tiinu alter the
liipte of the appointed bour generally computed
at Ufiy minutes th'! second ou tho ground cuts
a tall stick, in a clefr. iu winch he placet his card.
witu oato ana uour appended, ami plants his
beacon as near as j)smbie in the center of tbe
field. After this "posting," Virtually tei initiating
the meeticg. ho reque.-ds bis principal, having
honorably discharged Ins duty, to retiro with hiiu
to tbelr carriage, lu conipauy with tho surgeon.
Tho purty then proceed to the nearest post
town, and after drawing up a statement of tbe
facts in duplicate, to winch the figuaturea of all
present arc attached, tho second disputcLcs one
original by mail, :iddre.se l to a pi eminent x-rson
schilling in tho place w here the quiiri el originated,
aud deposits the other, supei sci Hud with the
name of the defaulting dueliM, l:i the local I'ost
orliee. Tiiid done, the duel cuu only be revived bv
commencing ah initio.
Hbould, however, the second and bis compan
ions first coming on the field oli.-ci ve tno advelso
party approach, it is his duty to advance politely
to meet them, leqilestwig his principal and others
nrocnt In reiii.-im where thev rh.-tneo l,i hf Mlnml.
lug. Kecmu' t.'ie new eouier, no dilutes all
with a bow, and cfter shiikiiiL' bunds wiii inlv with
bis oppoeing second, bid) linn welcome to the
m Id, and offers to conduct bnu and bis friends to
tbo party expecting tbem. Tne Invita
tion accepted, il.e group advance toward
tho center of the field, where Ibo principals,
upon iiicetiiiir, arc expected lo e.ilntr ciebothor
with a how. withjtit interchange of words, and
then to retire to a short disi.iuca while I no sec
onds, aided by tbe surgeon, complete nil pellml
imry arruiigt'iueiit'. m iic'oiiiplisbnieiit of wbich
a bright silver dollrir is bronchi into requ'sitioii.
Distance, po.-itiou and wotd aic ulti mately dn
teriiiiiied by clRiuce us the spinning coin flitter
in the air, and to the fortunate, second first ejacu
iatiug ."Woman 1" before the metal touches tho
grass, is assigned the task uf pciioriiiiiig these
After a level piece of ground Is litf npshi, the
second, to ma: k off diHtance, si.ic.'s a stone on the
sward, stamps It firmly into the earth witb a blow
of Ins heel, theiico treads off eighteen puces upon
an ininmtiHrr line miming due noi l h and south, at
the termination of which ii9 plmits uii.ilher stone,
anil, turning up n bis lic l. venues bis measure
ment by lepnririg hH trend. 'Hid stones, covered
by the too ot tbe u'lvnuced right boot, mark tho
boundaries of the inn.t iitrnila' respective posi
tions. Before assuming ins placi a pi iticnal was
required by the t'.xio of Tipperaiy to strip to bis
underclothing, and, if iiikih'ciI iipoii, lo submit
to H n cxuujinatnui. 'I'll is cust mi originated
l u the ilHenverv of tho fact that
a notorious Irish dnellt, known as "Fighting
Fitzgerald," wbo bad killod many men, whs hi tne
habit of wearing mail beueaib Ins ciiibro'dernd
shirt. In iul1s with rapiers a somewhat similar
provision can be liit-inied upon, us belli shins of
steel rings l-neih silken vests, padded Willi borso
bair, will turn tho point of a small sword or but
tonless foil. Ktil', wheu pistols are lined, antago
nists disrobe pai tinllv only to suit their own con
venience, although. tblrtyyearKsineo.lt waa a
fashion witb our duelists to tight coutless, vest
less, and wearing, instead, a drab silk ovcrshirt.
such as wus worn by Canadian gentry.
By the American Code of Honor, a principal can
be withdrawn Iroiu llitt field by bis second, upon
assumption of responsibility for the act, at, any
time prior lo the delivery of Die word "Firel"
while a second shot is ever n innlter of courtesy,
and not ot absolute right. A deliberate fire Into
the air, or the drawing ot blood, terminates a duel
according to the principles of the code, as, in tho one
case, a uiiiu siuistles a mandate fur honor through
expo-mro of bis life, and in tho other becomes in
capacitated from continuing tho struggle noon
perfect physical equnlll v. Men once upou a duel
ing grouud may, should their seconds acquiesce,
primer away at .each other until truck of doom;
still the Code of Honor neither compels nor sanc
tions such barbarous idiocy, reconciliation, not re
venge, coustituiiug the aim of true dueling.
fm Ar cir-u uuiii.iai..
New Youk, JTiiary n.
Notice to Jturllsta.
To tbe Editor of the New York Times:
Wlnlo the borriole details of the sanguinary con
flict at Slaughter tnp are fresh In ilia minds of
your readers, permit me to call tne aireuiion oc
intending duelists to the in ui fold advuiituges of
"Potent Parisinn Powder" and tbe "Pulverized
Bullet" over ordinary ammunition.
"Patent Parisian," otherwise known as "Bnrety
Dueling." has been tired in countless "nflairtof
honor" In Europe aud elsewhere, and so far it baa
given entire satisfaction. Tho sharpest eye will
fail to ciHiirguixh between 'Talent Parisian" and
genuine gunpowder. P.P. mokes quite aa much
noise, and twice as much smoke, but Its strength
is proportioned to ibn leugtb or tbo barrel to
which it is used. Accompanying each package of
tbls convenient oomnound is a scale showing now
lunch Is to be used per Inch, and accurate in
structions for loading, ileal leaden bullets can be
safely ased with P. P., as its explosive force gives
tne leaden messenger au Initial velocity wliloti
only amounts to a gentle start. 'J lie propelling
force being entirely exhausted by the timo the
bullet oozes from tbo mui.le, the deadly missile
drgiis peiicefully at Ibo feet of f he imiii who fired
It, IWc to be lept ated,as prescribed by the code,
until honor is satisfied.
With tbo "Pulverized Bullet" full charges of
real powder cun be used. The bullet Is mude of
charcoal dust, mixed with a thin sonilion of guns
arable. Tbe outside is coated with black lead la
such a mauner that It exactly resembles the genu
ing article. Tbe force of t lie powder, of coarse,
reduces this Improved projectile to harmless dust
before it leaves tbe muzzle of the murderous
weapon. Absolute safety is guaranteed to com
batants, seconds, surgeons. and outside spectators.
With "Patent Parisian Powder" and I he "Pul
verized Bullet" the awful carnage whicu reoently
reddeued the snows of Slaughter Gap with tha
best blood of New Yprk and Baltimore might bars
besn averted. . D. Dl'MMYDUM,
Bolo Afeut for P. P. and V. B.
A LADY sends to a Chinese laundry a washing
list, among tbe items in which is the following:
1 Frilled White Pettlcoat--No
When the washing is returned Ibo bill contains
tba following itema:
1 Frilled White Petticoat 20eDts.
No Starch lOcenLS.
A nam named John O. Dawes left Kern Rivor,
California, recently, with 2.000 sheep for tbo North.
V hile crossing tbe alkali lands near Tulare l.sua
be camped for the night, and in the morning when
he awoke be saw bis shejop all lying down hut one,
and on examination found tbat there was but thai
oue alive. Tbey bad lul-aiod lu, uie nigUtt