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AORIC ULTURA L.
The chufa interest ia now running
high again everybody wants to plant
chufas this year. We are glad of it.
That the chufas is a success as a hog feed
there can now be no shadow of doubt.
Persons who have given it a thorough
test are united in the opinion, so far as
we have heard, that good pork can be
made of chufas at from three to five cent
per pound. Not a few have published it
as their opinion that one acre in chufas,
on good land in the south will make
more pork than three acres of good land
in corn at the north. II all this is so.
then why do we not make arrangements
at once to move our smoke-houses home
we who all live have had them away
up somewhere in Illinois, Iowa or Ohio?
The notion prevailing in some localities
to the effect that chu'as are a pest is
nonsense. We have crown the crop on
our place for several years and find it no
more a pest than corn or oats. Mobile
J'olisli for Furniture.
To polish furniture, use equal parts of
boiled linseed oil and kerosene. Apply
with a flannel and rub dry with another
flannel. It will remove all white marks
and all the scratches, and should be kept
always ready for use. It gives a room a
fresh appearance to rub all the furniture
with this preparation. One feels well
rewarded for the labor. If any white
spots are so firmly fixed that the polish
does not remove them, it can be done by
rubbing with turpentine, and then hold
ing a hot shovel over them.
Small fruit in Gardens.
But few people seem to know the val
ue of small fruits to a iamily when
grown in their own gardens, lou com
mence with strawberries ; they continue
about a month. You pick perhaps six
to twelve auarts per day. You have
'them on your table as desseit, if you
please, at noon, and your tea-table is
loaded with them at evening, and you
want little else but your bread and but
ter. Your family consume in one way
or another about eight quarts a day, and
while they last no medicines for bodily
ailments are required, as a quart of
Htrawlcrries daily will generally dispel
all ordinary diseases not premanently Fet
tied in the system. After strawberries,
raspberries come, to continue about
three weeks; then we have blackberries
where the climate is not too cold for the
cultivated varieties ; then the currants
ripen, which remain with us till the
early grapes mature; and taking the
season through, any family with half an
aicie of ground in a garden can grow
small fruits that make country life de
lightful, and at the same time hundreds
of dollars can be saved in the supply of
the table, as the writer knows, from
forty years' experience.
How Much Honey '.'
A cow should bring each year to the
owner at least forty dollars; that is to
say, a cow should be worth to the farmer
in good, true, lawful money forty dollars
per year. A good, fair, average cow,
when cheese will bring fifteen cents per
ound, will be worth fifty dollars per
year to the farmer. We mean the west
ern cow ; we mean, too, when the cow is
well cared for, carefully milked and
properly fed.. When butter is worth
thirty cents per pound, which city folks
have to pay for good, clean, fresh butter,
good cow will bring more than fifty
dollar per year to its owner ; but, how
ever good a cow may be, unless proper
care is observed the cow will not pay for
her keeping. And yet a cow only wants
to have plenty of food, kept warm and
clean in the winter, with plenty of good
water, treated kindly, never hunted by
( or kicked or beat by man, and she
will ho worth double to the farmer than
wtien no attention is given to her com
fort. Specialty in l')t mi lug.
I-' very day it is becoming more and
more apparent that to obtain pecuniary
Hiicce.'s i 11 fanning brainwork is as es
sential as muscle-work. Farmers can
not be equally successful in all the
branches of husbandry. They should
have some specialty in which they should
strive to obtain the highest success and
still have other branches to fall back
iix)ii, if required. Tholawycrwho ex
jK'cts to become equally celebrated in
'admiralty law, constitutional law, &c,
makes a great mistake. lie may, by
giving undivided attention to ore of
these branches, become eminent in it
but if he divides hislabor among them
all he will not be distinguished in any.
The farmer may le successful in sheep,
or cattle, or hoes, or horses, or dairyinc,
or fruit-growing, or as a vineyardist, or
in grain-growing but if he undertakes
all of these he makes a great mistake.
Ilo.should select some branch suited to
his taste and strive to obtain the highest
success in it. He can doit if he will
strive for it post himself in regard to it,
see what other men in the same pursuit
are doing, nnd adopt the experience and
wisdom of others.
Hoir to fatten Stoeh.
An old farmer thus relates bis ex
perience in fattening beef and feeding
cows for milk; "My practice in fatten
ing beef and swine, a well as feeding
cows for milk, has been to pour boiling
water ou as much meal as would not
make the animal's bowels move too
freely, at night and in the morning
when the nuish is cool give it to the cow
or pigs. In covering the meal with boil
ing water in this way the starch of the
meal is dissolved, and the latent nutri
tive properties extracted, ami the ani
mal receives the entire nutriment of the
grain. I have for two years past fatted
two ordinary sized cows, feeding only
meal and hay, and only three hundred
pounds each of tVe former, and each
yielded upward of forty pounds of rough
tallow. Sn.lt was given once a week,
and occasionally a tablespoonful of wood
ashes. In my experience une hundred
pounds scalded and fed as above is equal
to two hundred pounds fed dry.
A Varlett Diet for fotrls.
There are no animals more omnivorous
than fowls ; fish, flesh, herbs and grains
being devoured by them with equal
relish. We say equal, for though they
commonly pounce upon meat with
greater avidity than upon grain, this is
generally because it affords a rarity, and
a flock kept for awhile almost entirely
on animal food will show the same greed
for a few handfuls of corn.
The fondness for variety shown by
fowls is jis significant of real needs as we
have found it to le in ourselves. In
purveying for them a judicious variety,
selected from the three geneial divisions
fresh vegetables, grain and animal food
is at all seasons absolutely necessary
for young and old, in order to make
them perfectly thrifty. True, they will
not starve on hard
corn and water
a profit so kept.
neither will they pay
Cranberry Pie. There are various
ways to make these, some make them
open like a custard or squash pie. This
is good, but not so good as to cover like
an apple pie. Do not stew the berries
before baking, but slit each berry with a
knife, as this will preserve the freshness
of the fruit, a most important matter. A
coffee cup full of berries, and an equal
quantity of white sugar will make a medium-sized
pie. Those who like a sweet
pie should have more sugar, aL?o more
berries, if desired. Bake as usual. A
little flour sifted over the fruit gives it a
thicker consistency. One thinsf should
not be forgotten add a little water.
To Broil a Fowi---Split the fowl
down the back ; season it very well with
pepper, and put it on the gridiron, with
the inner part next the fire, which must
be very clear. Hold the gridiron at a
considerable distance from the fire, and
allow the fowl to remain until it is
nearly half done ; then turn it, taking
that it does not burn. Broil
it to a fine brown, and serve it up with
stewed mushrooms, or a sauce with
pickled mushrooms. A duck may be
boiled in the same way. If the fowl is
very large, half roast it, then cut it into
quarters, and finish it on the gridiron.
It will take from half an hour to three
quarters of an hour to cook.
Coffee Cake. One and a half cups
made coffee ; one and a halt cups sugar ;
one-halt cup molasses ; one cup of chop
ped raisins ; one of currants; nearly one
cup butter; one teaspoon soda; one nut
meg ; a little citron, cinnamon, cloves,
spices of any kind you have. First
stir together sugar, molasses, spices, fruit
and butter and pour on the coffee hot.
Add flour to make stiff as fruit cake. It
improves with age.
Tea-Cakes. Two quarts of flour,
two tablespoonfuls of butter or lard,
two even teaspoonfuls of soda, the same
of cream of tartar, one pound and a
quarterof mgardissolved intwoand ahalf
cupfuls of sour or sweet milk ; if thelast,
use a double portion of cream of tartar.
Bake in small moulds, after seasoning to
your taste. One large nutmeg has been
found sufficient to impart an agreeable
Buckwheat Batter. Keeping buck
wheat batter is often very troublesome,
especially in mild weather. It can be
kept perfectly sweet by pouring cold
water over that left from one morning
and which is intended to be used for
raisiog the next morning's cakes. Fill
the vessel entirely full of water, aud
put in a cool place ; when ready to use,
pour off the water, which absorbs the
THE EARLY I StC Of COAL. GAS.
Great was the amazement of all Kng
land when at the close of the last centu
ry William Murdoch discoverd the use
of combustible air or gas. So little was
the invention understood and believed
in by those who had not seen it in use
that even great and wise men laughed at
the idea. "How could there be light
without a wick?" said a member of par
liament when the subject was brought
before the house. Even sir Humphrey
Davy ridiculed the idea of lighting the
towns by gas, and asked one of the pro
prietors if they meant to take the dome
of St. Paul's for a gas meter. Sir Walter
Scott, too, made himself merry over the
idea of illuminating London by smoke,
though he was glad enough, not so long
after, to make his own house at Abbots
ford light and cheerful on winter nights
by the use of that very smoke. When
the house of commons was lighted by
gas, the architect imagined that the gas
ran on ,fire through the pipes, and he
therefore insisted on their being placed
several inches from the wall, for fear of
the building taking fire ; and members
might be observed carefully touching
the pipes with their gloved hands, and
wondering why they did not feel warm.
The first shop lighted in London by the
new method was Mr. Ackermann's,in the
Strand, in 1810; and one lady of rank
was so delighted with the brilliancy of
the gas lamp on the counter that she
asked to be allowed to take it home in
her carriage. Mr. Murdoch was, how
ever, too busy with other pursuits to
continue to study the use of gas, and
though he was undoubtedly the first to
apply it to practical purposes, many
others laid claim to the honor, and other
people quickly reaped the benefit of his
cleverness and injrenuity. In this he
shared the general fate of inventors.
Coal- Trade Journal.
It is believed that the Canadian gov
ernment will renew its efforts to colonize
Anticosti island that narrow strip of
land which lies between the coast of
Labrador and Quebec. The surround
ing waters teem with fish, and the land
is said to be fertile in most parts of the
island. At present there are nearly a
hundred fishermen living in rude but
comfortable cabins on Anticosti. These
have earned an ample livelihood by cur
ing fish and taking them in skins to
Gaspe bay, where their supply mer
chants are located. A Quebec steamer,
the Napoleon III., runs to the island
once a month with fresh supplies for
the lighthouse keepers and employes
and for the agents of the Anticosti colo
nization company. Three years ago a
report wan circulated that gold had
been found there, but it was entirely
Dot;s and Wolves. Unlike the fox
the wolf when overpowered by numbers,
Incomes cowed and dies meekly. A wolf
surrounded in this way suffers himself to
be killed by exhausting his strength in
the struggle. But woe to the luckless
cur that meets him alone in the forest
unless of a size to inspire respect, or of
strength to exact it. The wolf takes
kindly to dog's flesh, notwithstanding
the dog's horror of wolf flesh ; and, when
rendered bold bv hunger, the wolf ap
proaches the village, his lure is not so
much the farm live stock, which he
knows to be well guarded, as the stray
cur which he expects to find at large and
unprotected. In some parts of Europe
scarcely a winter passes without a visit
from the wolves, and the smaller dogs
are nearly always the first victims.
Sweeping through the village at dusk or
daybreak, tbey snap up and bear off,
without stopping, some howling mongrel
unable to get ot of their way in time.
..The Washington policemen have
been provided with helmets, greatly to
their disgust. The Star mentions one
small guardian who was mistaken for a
..The southern people need expect no
fairness. From Maine comes the voice
of Frye : " Sizzle 'em !' From Illinois
shrieks the terrible Jane : " Swizzle
THE ASHTABULA HORROR.
Miss Shepard Her Story of the Disaster.
Train No. 5, on the Lake Shore road,
was very nearly six hours behind time,
and did net reach here until about half
past two in the afternoon. It had on
board three eye-witnesses to the terrible
scene of Friday evenine at Ashtabula :
Miss Marian Shepard, of Ripon, Wis.,
Mr.;R.Austin, of the Railway Advertiser,
New York, and Mr. Joseph E. De Haven
on his return to Chicago from Geneva,
Switzerland. A Tribune reporter called
on Miss Shepard, shortly after her ar
rival, who detailed the following account
of the- accident. She hid suffered no
bodilv iniuries. eominsr off with a mere
rf - j i
scratch on the wrist.
She said : I left Albany last Thursday
night about two o'clock, and had a berth
in the sleeper. "Palatine." There were
twenty passengers on the car ; two ladies
when we started and two more after
wards. A very severe snow storm set in
at Rochester, and we all expected to be
snowed in. At Ashtabula bridge we
were three or four hours behind; this
was between eight and nine in the even
ing. 1 tninic we were running lasier
than we did a few momenta previously.
The people in the car were talking, eat
ing, or playing cards, and the first warn
ing of any impending danger was given
us by a candle being knocked down, the
glass in the lamps being shattered and
the bell rope breaking. The other lights
fell ; there was a bump, then
A HORRIBLE CRASH.
A gentleman near me said. "Oh ! my
God, we're going down." Then we com
menced to fall, and we went down, down,
down. Some remainei in their seats,
grasping them, while others rose. It was
quite dark now. I stood up in the cehter
of the asile, holding on to the seat, and
thinking I would be less liable to be
injured by the breaking glass and the
splinters from the fcides ot the car. As
we went down everything was as silent
as the grave, but when we had struck, a
terrible shriek aros? from the wreck.
There was another crash at the same
time, but not so loud as the first. When
we went down, splinters, glass etc., were
whirling around in the car, the berths
were slipping down, and there was gen
eral confusion. Something fell on me,
but it was nothing very heavy. It was
dark and I could not see. Some gentle
man also fell over me, but recovered
himself a moment afterwards. I could
not tell who it was, as it was dark. Some
man said the car would be on fire in a
minute, and we must hurry. Another
said : "The water is coming in and
we will be drowned' On my way out,
a perfectly uninjured man grabbed mc
as I groped my way along on hands and
knees, and said : "O, help me ; don't
leave me ; save me !' and ever so many
such things as that, but 1 couldn t see
his face. A woman wanted me to help
her husband, who was jammed in be
tween the floor and a berth. I tried to
get him out, but could not. Some men
called out and said they would come and
help him. Then I went to the door,
walking over the furnace in my course.
There was no fire caught in our car.
HOW TO GET OUT ALIVE
I could not imagine. The cars around
me were either ablaze or covered with
such masses of rubbish as to almost com
pletely hem me in. But I saw a man
climbing up the rubbish, and I followed
him. I got on to the side of the car,
which had turned over, and crawled
along on it. It semed to be filled with
people, jammed together, screaming and
crying for help. There was another
man behind me, and both tried to help
me along, but was too slippery, and I
found I could do better crawling along
by myself. When we got to the end of
the car these men Mr. Taylor, of St,
Louis, and Mr. White, of Chicago help
ed me down. When I got down I found
myself in the water, snow and ice up to
nay knees. Mr. Tyler was bleeding
about the head, and face and hands, with
a dreadful gash over his eyes. Mr.
White was unhurt, and told me it was
his eighth railroad accident. Under the
corner there was a man whose head lay
lowerthan the rest of his body, and his
limbs were all crushed by the car. He
asKeu us to neip mm, ana we aid so as
best we couid, until others came and car
ried him away, suffering intensely. I do
not know who he was. All this time the
Ashtabula firs-bells and the bell of the
engine that had passed over were ring
ing furiously. The blinding snow fell
around us, illuminated by the light of
the fire which had attacked the wrek.
The banks looked as high as those near
Niagara, at first. The bridge had broken
off short at each end, leaving nothing
but the abutmenf. By this time there
were plenty of men around to help us,
but there was
A PERFECT PANIC,
very few having any presence of mind at
all, many who could have saved them
selves as well as not had to be dragged
out of the cars, or they would have
been burned to death. The women
really showed the most courage, and yet
there were few of them saved. We were
helped up the hill to the engine-house,
pushing through the snow and ice, and
climbing up the steep, rugged banks of
the creek. The injured were brought
in, some of them horribly mangled, but
very few of them unable to speak. There
were three ladies there a Mrs. Graham,
of New York, Mrs. Bingham, of Chicago,
ll J 1 W WW
anotner iaay, ana myseii. juy escape
was most remarkable, my only injury be
ing no more than a scratch upon my
wrist. Mrs. Graham was only slightly
injured. Mrs. Bingham had her left leg
and spine hurt, and the other lady, whose
name I don't know, was also terribly
Before we had got up the hill the
whole train was on fire ; we heard the
SHRIEKS OF THE WOUNDED AND DYING,
and the whole scene was as bright as day.
Men were working as hard as they could
to help the sufferers out of their fiery
prison. A physician came in about half
an hour, and we took 'buses and went to
the village. We were drenched through
and through, and our clothes froze to us.
I was taken to the Fisk house. Three
men were brought in badly wounded,
one tf them, a Frenchman from St.
Louis, most horribly. Nobody around
there could speak French, and we could
not learn his name. He moaned most
piteously all the while.
Our car, the Palatine, was better pre
served after the fall than any of the rest.
The others were a mass of splinters, iron,
pieces of glass, etc., and fragments and
sections of the bridge were all mixed in
with, the cars. There was no assistance
whatever from the fire department, but
I was told that there were tanks of
water there at the engine-house which
could have been used by the fire-engine,
and we wondered why they were not
used. I only saw one of the company's
officeni there, but he was doing every-
thing he could to assist the wounded.
Our car was the third from the last,
and," from the easy way it fell, I judge it
was fairly on the bridge and fell with it.
The last car fell down endwise, the rear
end resting on the abutment. I think
the second car was the one I climbed
over, nd I think everybody in it must
FL ORIDA'S G OLD EX FR UIT.
rtrmnae. Culture in the Peninsntar State-
Hour Rapid, Fortunes are Hade.
A gentleman who writes from Palatka,
Fla., to the Atlanta Constitution paints
a glowing picture of the orange groves,
and thus dilates upon the wealth they
It is hard to say how much an orange
grove is worth. Mr. Bishop, president
of the fruit-growers' association, eaid
" I am really afraid to say what I hon
estly believe an orange-grove of 1,000
bearicg trees is woith." " One thousand
bearing trees is s lifelong competency for
any man," says Capt. Dummit. John
Robinson says that an orange-grove may
be safely purchased on a basis of $100
per tree that is $10,000 for one hundred
trees, or $100,000 for a grove of 1,000
trees. J. L. Adams put the lowest esti
mate at $50 per tree. Mrs. Harriet
Beecher Stowe says that her trees have
averaged $15 per annum for each tree for
five years. Mr. Hart, the largest grower
in the state, puts the average yield at
$20 per tree. A tree will yield, after its
fourth year of bearing, 1,000 oranges a
yeai. These oranges can be sold at from
one and a half to three cents apiece. A
good quality will command as much as
foar cents net a great deal depending on
freight advantages. These trees Will
bear for fifty years. It is safe to say,
then, that a good grove of 1,000 trees is
worth anywhere from $30,000 to $70,
000. The great question of importance,
then is, " How long does it take to es
tablish a grove?" The Sicily oranges,
as we all know, produce fruit in fourteen
years from the time the Beed sprouts,
and will beat for seventy years thereaf
ter. The Florida oranges will produce
fruit much earlier in eight years. In
ten years he Will have ah average yield
of one hundred to the tree, or 100,000
oranges to his grove, with from $1,500 to
$3,000 on the trees. In five years longer
or in fifteen years from the planting,he will
have five hundred oranges to the tree, or
500,000 oranges glimmering in the green
foilage of his grove worth from $7,500
to $15,000 on the trees. He will thus
have by ryi original outlay of, say $2,000
in ten years an income of $2,500 a
year, increasing of itself to $10,000 per
annum in the next five years. Mis prop
erty will be worth at a low estimate $50,
000 to $80,000.
A man who is in a hurry for an income
selects one of these wild gloves. Then
cutting the tree smooth off about six
teet irom the ground, ne inserts a num
ber of sweet orange buds between the
bark and the wood ef the stump; cover
ing them carefully, so that the air can
not get to them. These buds sprout
readily, and in three or four years he has
a fine grove of sweet orange trees grow
ing on sour orange stumps. These trarls-
formed trees are the hardiest and health
iest that can be found. Another short
cut to a mature orange grove is to buy
young orange trees and have them trans
In any of the leading orange
counties, a man can buy four year old
trees at one cent apiece and have them
transplanted for twenty-five cents apiece.
These trees will bear in three years from
the transplanting, and in five years will
produce 1,000 oranges to the tree worth
from fifteen to twenty-five dollars before
they are gathered. This a favorite
method of starting a grove and creates
quite a demand for young trees. There
are a great many men who grow seed
lings to supply this demand. An acre
will produce 1,500 seedlings that in four
years will be worth one dollar apiece.
As the profit is so enormous, the labor so
light and the reward so certain, in
orange planting, it may be asked why
Florida is not "one solid orange grove?"
I reply that it is very rapidly becoming
so. The number of new trees set out
in the past ten years is simply incredi
ble. These new trees have hardly be
gun bearing as yet; when their fruit
does come on, the world will be aston
sehd at the amazing fertility of our
"American Italy." Some idea of the
extent of the new groves may be had
when I call to mind that within a radius
of ten miles of Leesburg, in Sumter
county, there are 52.000 trees that will
be bearing full fruitage in three or four
years. At eight hundred oranges to the
tree, a very low estimate, there will be
furnished annually, three years from
now, from this half a county, 40,000,000
of oranges. This is but one of a score of
similar orange centers. Mr. Bishop au
thorizes the statement that in the past
ten years there have 900,000 new orange
trees set out, or wild trees reclaimed
in Florida. This will involve an addi
tion to the then crop of 160,000 of
oranges. But the development is now
going on faster than ever. It is proba
ble that 40,000 new trees will be set out
this year; some say 60,000. There is
hardly a planter that I have met who
does not know of two or three men who
are putting out groves ranging from two
hundred to one thousand trees.
PROPERTY BHiUTS AMOXG THEES
QVIMAVX. Of every seal caught at a winter sta
tion small pieces of flesh, with a propor
tionate share of blubber, were dis
tributed among all the place-fellows. Tn
mis way tne very poorest could never
want for seal meat or lamp-oil, provided
the usual capture of seal did not fail.
There could be no Esquimaux Jack Hor
ner, sitting on the edge of the house all
alone, and munching the seal which they
had been fortunate enough to harpoon.
iieyona tne connnes oi tne aistrict in
habited by such a community any one
was at liberty to set up his house and
hunt and fish, and every one, whether in
a comnsunity or out of it, had the right
to all drift-wood he found and was strong
enough to carry up on the shore above
high-water mark, taking care to put a
stone upon it to mark it as his own. If
a seal was harpooned and, escaped with
the harpoon sticking in it it belonged to
the harpooner so long as the bladder was
attached to the harpoon. If two hunters
at the same time hit a seal or bird it was
their joint property, and was equally
divided. Whales, however, and other
large animals, as walrusses and bears,
however captured, were considered com
mon property, as being of that size and
strength that, except in rare cases, they
could only be secured by the united
strength of the community. In cae no
seal or other food were brought home to
a house those families in it who were best
off for provisions invited the inmates
but not the place-fellows to share thei
meal with them. In no stipulation doe4
the common right to share all the prop
erty that another had beyond necessary
articles stand out so prominently as in
that which provided that if another man
borrowed the tools or weapons of another
and lost or iniured them he was not
bound to make any compensation to the
owner, for it was based on the notion
that if a man had anything to spare or
to lend it was considered as superfluous
and not held with the same right of pos
session as his more necessary belongings,
but, on the contrary, as something to be
classed among those goods which were
possessed in common with others. In
fact, we are led to the conclusion that
the right of any individual to hold more
than a certain amount of property was
jealously regarded by the rest 6f tb
community, who did not scruple to bor
row it and waste it. No one could de
prive any man of his weapons or his
clothes, but if he possessed more than a
certain amount of that property, his
right passed away and became vested
rather in the community who could use
and wear it than in him who could not,
There was no room in the Esquimaux
code for the huudfeds of coats and waist
coats which fashionable tailors send in
to the account of sillv voune men. This
common-sense view of the accumulation
of property ied to a very natural result,
Superfluous clothes or weapons rarely
existed, and even in the case of kayaks.
though a man might possess two of these
necessary boats, if he owned three the
third must be lent to some relative or
housemate. According to this view of
political economy, anything that was
not was regarded as idle and wasted and
liable to forfeiture for the good of the
All About Fnrs.
The niost Splendid and costly furs'are
ussian sable, sea otter, black, and Silver
fox. The Russian sable is the finest of
all the martens, and, since it is not very
prolific, its skins are costly. The best
and darkest are obtained in Y&kootsk
Kaihtscbittka and Russian Lapland. The
fur varies from a rick brown to a deep'
jetblack, with points of hair tipped with
whitfe Thi cnnstittttPH its ripctilinr
beauty, but it has also the peculiarity of
being nxea in me gKin, so tnai it win
turn with equal freedom in all direc
tions, and lie smoothly whenever pressed
The best sables are almost monopolized
by the imperial family and nobility of
Russia, and only a few nnd their way
nto Other countries. Sme, privately
procured in fcibena by Jewish traders,
are brought annually to the Lfeipsic fair,
A muff of "crown Russian sable." is how
Worth ill New York from $1,100 down to
$300. Sets (by which is meant a muff
and boa) of sables not of the very high
est quality cost $500 to $550. A boa
and five-striped muff costs in up town
New York stores $800, and sets f a
lighter shade sell for 4,300. The finest
of the Hudson Bay sells for $300, fiv
stripes in the muff, and the boas this
season are two yards long. Only a con
noisseur can jndge between the magnifi
cent Russian and Hudson bay sable, the
latter has lost Caste in the fashionable
world. It is not less beautiful than the
Russian, yet the cot of the Russian
makes it desirable like all other unat
tainable things in life. The silver fox is
as exquisitely beautiful as it is fragile
From its velvety depths, the long, silvery
hair appear as if each wer6 a tiny spear
tipped wim silver ; it nas the soft flutll
nessot thistle down, and is as light an
vaporous as marabout. A set of thi
costs $200, yet scarcely lasts a season i
beauty. Next on the list of valuable
furs comes the beautiful fisher-tail,
dark, nearly black, long and very soft
' fllr- Muffs ?nd boas cost .from 80 to $150
a set iu up-uiwn iew lone stores, ana
trimming cost frsm $16 to
$25 a yard. Sets of sea-otter are valued
at $150 to $250. These high-priced furs
are bought only by the rich, and are not
generally fashionable. Seal skin retains
all of its popularity, and by degrees ladies
are beginning to understand the use and
abuse of this beautiful fur. The natural
being a dull ugly brown, all seal fur has
to be dyed. The American dyed seal
is far inferior to the English dyed, as
the former will rub off and lose its gloss
and ncn beauty, lo detect the differ
ence, the inner ground dye is Vefy dark
having a burnt appearance, and altogeth
er the fur has a peculiar dead black look.
ihere has been a great improvemen
lately in the art of plucking arid dying
seal skin. Of the two species, Shetland
and Alaska, the latter possesses far more
durability, but he Shetland is sofer
and more silky. There are also many
grades of this fur ; the fine qualities are
easily recognized by the deep brown
black shade with a golden ground ; the
tnick tur is even, has tew or no glisten
ers (meaning little stumps of the original
seal BKin, not properly plucked), and is
soft and velvety to the touch. To ex
amine seal, pass the hand against the
grain of the fur. There are a few im
portant facts to be taken into considera
tion by those who wish to purchase seal
skin fur, which, despite its fair rivals of
the chinchilla iamily, will remain a lead
ing standard fur. Otter and beaver are
dyed to resemble seal so closely it is
necessary to practise the keenest scrutiny
in order to prevent mistake. The fur of
the beaver is longer than the seal, but
not so ciosq or nne, and has not the bril
liant black color of the seal, though in
point of durability is certainly prefera
ble to the lower grades of sealskin. The
otter a just as rich in color as the seal,
though the outer shade has a tendency
to take a bronze tinge ; yet many ladies
prefer, and only a few years back the
nner grades were more expensive than
the real Shetland seal. The Shetland is
the finest species of seal used for furs.
It is longer than the Alaska seal, and
finer and softer to the touch, though not
so auraoie, because or its fineness, t me
seal fur has a deep brown-black shade, is
thick-furred and even. Seal skin has
been said to have lost its hold upon tho
American market. This is not true. Ne
other fur can take its place for cloaks
and coats and ladies' jackets. Even sea
otter, which, dyed in London, is much
handsomer for muffs and boas, is too
cumbersome for sacques. In fact, seal
skin is in greater demand this fall for
acques in greater demand than ever
or large and expensive ones. They are
made larger and longer, and in more
graceful shapes than heretofore, and,
though the most of them are plain, some
are splendidly trimmed with bands of
the fur of the black and silver fox. sea
I otter, brook otter and beaver. They
? i i i i '
uaie wcuuie comparatively cneap.
The most beautiful sacques (though per
haps not the most desirable), made of
" pup Shetlands' " skins, sell for $300.
The best Alaska sacques bring $125 to
$250. Seal sacques, American dyed, can
be bought for $80, to $90 and $100.
They look well for a time, but the largest
New York houses decline to invest in
them because they will not last. Seal
sets of the first quality (muffs and tip
pets) are offered by the Gunthers at $50
and $60. If fur warehouses were Dot
already stocked with seal skins, these
prices would be raised in view of the
diminution of the production. The
ruthless murder of seals in Shetland has
almoit depopulated their abodes, and the
decimation of seals, both old and young,
which is going on in Alaska must shortly
I arrest the propagation there. The num
I ber of seals which are found in other lo
calities specified near the commencement
of this article are relatively small. The
delicate and silkea fur of Shat little ani
mal, the chinchilla, which burrows in
the valleys which intersect the hilly
slopes of the Andean region from Chili
to Peru, has returned to Javor within the
last two years, and is fw in extensive
demand. Jt is long, of a clear gray color
upon the back, soften ng to a grayish
white beneath. It is -used for muffs,
tippets, linings to cloaks and pelisses, and
trimmings, and is m st becoming to
young ladies and girls. The Arica is the
finest, and the Boliv:,an ranks next, it
costs about the same as seal skin and is
used in sets as well as forsacque and
cloak linings for exttavagant tastes. A
chinchilla muff and. boa cost from $50
to $60, and are warranted by fur-dealers
to "make any lady look yotlng." Er
mine has ho longer a considerable mar
ket here. For street Wear it has been
entirely given up, except for children.
tt is fitfully used t line opera cloaks,
and some of the principal furriers are en-
eavoring to put it tor that purpose into
more extensive sate. Mint is as iasn-
ionable an it erer wm outside of New
York, biit no one in the city buys It.
All mink furs, taken in the right season,
are durable, but they quickly fade.
Ttfpw York and Canada miliars are the'
darkest and best, and seU of these, which
once were sold for $125 to $150, can now
be bousht for $100. The fur of the skunk
described by the trade tA the Alaska
sable atld suddenly popularized a few
.mi zz. t: rv. i
years ago, is. sun m imuiuu. y ucu it
was nrst introduced even us vne
smell could not repulse its fi.d-
mirers, and now that a process
has been discovered for completely
deodorizing it, it will continue to sell be
cause of its irlossv beautv and its cheap
ness. Eiiglish died furs of the American
lynx are equally liked. They are black
and handsome, but frail. A single seaso
will finish a set of them, which, like a
best set of Alaska sable, is cheap at $20
to $25. One of the most comfortable
and luxurious tises to which ftirs are put
is the lining of warm winter silken
wraps. Sicilienne wraps, fur-lined, are
even better than silk ones and more last
ing; Riciliehne dobs hot shine like silk
after a year's wear, and i is now largely
imported by furriers. Sicilienne sactjHes
and silk dolmans are lined with the skins
of Siberian squirrels, whose beautiful
gray backs and lighter colored bellies
make a pretty smiting contrast, oucu
sacques, with border of Equirrcl edgln,
are set off by oxidized clasps, and arc
fixed at $125 to $160. Quantities of furs
are now used for trimmings. The manu
facture of fur trimmings is greater than
it has ever been, partly because people of
moderate and small means can afford
them as ornaments, while they cannot af
ford to buy full fur sets. Of these
trimmings there is almost an endless va
riety, tne richest J&eifig of the skins of
the black martin (Hudson bay sable), the
black and silver fox, the gray fox dnd
the cross. This fall, too, great numbers
Of fox edgings are being sold, taking to
some extent the place of trimmings by
eking out the fashionable lengths of
WIDOW VAX COTT.
tier Innocent Z-lltle Dfitimtt to Illustrate
the Truth She Preaehes;
The widdw Van Cett gave a descrip
tive arid pahtomirtiic illustration Of
Moody and Santey'3 hfmt, "Ninety
and nine," in the West Thirtieth street
Methodist meeting house, New York,
last Wednesday evening. She looked
over the preacher's detk at an imaginary
flock of sheep, and personating a shepherd
and pointing with her finger, began to
count, " one, twd, thf dC," etc. Paid she,
" There are only ninety-nine sheep. There
ought to be a hundred. One is tilissirig.
Where is it ? " The widow looked here
nnd there, and to the right and left.
Her face expressed find her manner be
tokened the utmost anxiety. Suddenly
she assumed a listening attitude, and
said: "I hear' the bleating of a sheep
far off on the mountain side. It is the
lost one out of the fold, in the cold and
stormy weather. I must go and get it
before it perishes with hunger and cold."
Then Mrs. Van Cott took a few quick
steps as though going after the lost sheep.
fhe stooped and made believe lift the
imaginary sheep. Throwing the annimal
over her shoulder, she marched back
across the platform, rejoicing that tne
lost had been found. She said : " So
the Lord rejoices over one sinner saved."
Curiosity was again excited by the lady
preacher putting her hand in her pocket
And withdrawing it with wme imaginary
silver coins in her palm. She counted
them. There were only nine, when
there should have been ten. Then in
pantomime she feigned holding a lighted
candle and searching on the floor for the
lost coin. She mimicked a woman sweep
ing with a broom. At last the missing
piece was found, and tne widow's face
was radiant with joy. Mrs. Van Cott
made the same application to this
story that fihe did to the " Ninety and
A KEMABKABLEcureof a case of mem
branous croup in New Haven in a little
boy two years and nine months old is
reported. The recovery of the child
seemed impossible, and a surgical opera
tion was decided upon. A hole was cut
in the windpipe and a bent tube insert
ed. Inside of this tube was one of
smaller size, the two being necessary in
order to keep the one through which
breathing was carried on free from the
obstructions of blood and membrane
which were given off in coughing. The
tubes were in use from the Tuesday noon
until the Thursday of the following
week, and for five days the only nour
ishment administered to the patient was
a little milk. His recovery is remarka
ble, considering the exhausting charac
ter of his disease ; but perfect success
attended the hazardous operaition.
. . " An eel is not as slippery as a poli
tician, but it can live on water longer."
When a candidate for high office is so well
liked and so popular with the masses as to
make his defeat difficult in a fair and hon
orable fighl mean and cowardly men are
not wanting who delight in manufactnring
lies and slandering his good name. There
are also those whose selfishness prompt them
to prostitute their honor, pervert truth, and )
ignore ngnt, nr me ease oi injuring a
competitor in business, whoe prosperity
they envy, and with whose business sagacity
they have not the talent to successfully com
pete in an honorable way. These thoughts
are i-uggested by the mean, cowardly attacks
made upon me and my medicines, by those
who imagine their pecuniary prospects in
jured by the great popularity which my
standard medicines have acquired, and the
continued growth of my professional prac
tice. Narrow-minded practitioners of medi
cine, and manufacturers of preparations
which do not possess sufficient merit to suc
cessfully compete for popular favor, have
resorted to such cowardly strategy aa to pub
lish all sorts of ridiculous reports about the
compositions of my medicines. Almanacs,
" Receipt Books," and other pamphlets, are
issued and scattered broadcast over the land,
wherein these contemptible knaves publish
pretended analyses of my medicines, and
receipts for making them. Some of these
publications are given high-sounding names
pretend to be issued by respectable men of
education ana posiuuu, ic ui
nennle the more completely to blind the
reader to the real object in their circulation,
which is to injure the sale ot my medicines.
'The Ponular Health Almanac" is the high-
sounding name of one of these publications,
which contains bogus receipts, without a
oTnin of trnth in them. Not less devoid of
truth are those which have been published
by one Dr. L., of Detroit, iu the Michigan
Farmer, and by other manufacturers of
medicines, in several so-called journals of
Pharmnrv. Thev are all prompted by jeal
ously and utterly fail in accomplishing the
object of their authors, for, potwithstanding
their free circulation, my medicines continue
to cell more lareelv than any others manu
factured in this country, and are constantly
increasing in saJe despite the base lies on
cocted and circulated by such knaves. - The
Mnn1 find that these medicines possess
genuine merit, accomplish what their manu
fturer claims for them, and are not the
vile, poisonous nostrums which jealous, narrow-minded
physicians and sneaking com
pounders of competing medicines represent
them to be. Among the large number of
pretended analyses published, it is a sianiu
cant fact that no t wo have been at all alike
conclusively proving the dishonesty of their
authors. It is enouuh for the people to know
that while thousands, yes, I may truthfully
say millions, have taken my medicines end
have been cured, no one has ever received
injury from their use.
1 R. V. PIERCE, M. D.,
Proprietor of Dr. Pierce's Medicines,
World's Dispemary, Bufl'alo, N. Y.
Southern Farmer, Weekly, Mem
phis Term. Two dollars per annum. Spec
imen free. Whnt the Shelby conr.iy Grange
says of it : " Resolved, That we consider the
Southern Farmer an able and sound Ag
ricultural and Orange paper, and as such we
commend it to the members of the Order
generally. J- K. Foltz, Secretary.
Ox the death of one of England's most
eminent physicians, all his effects were sold
by auction, and among other things was a
sealed packet, marked "Advice to Physic
ians." which broUebt a great price. The
purchaser on opening the packet, read as
follows : " Keep the head eool, the bowels
open afld the feet warm." If physic Is nec
essary, use l'arsons' I'nrgauve rins; iney
re the most scientifically prepared pill that
lias appeared in the last hundred years.
Attre Throat, 'oas;h, CoM
And similar troubles, if buffered to progress,
fesftlt in serious frulmofiary affections, often
times incurable. "Jiromi' sBronchial Trorhts"
reach directly Oi seat of the disease, and
give almost instant relief.
At oiit -pqust, Cragin A Co., of Phil
adelphia, Pa., have promised to send any
of our readers gratis (on receipt ot lo
cefits to pay postage), a sample of Dob
bins' Electric Soap to try. bend at once.
We received a very pleasant letter of
thanks from our old friend Kendall, ttinee
his return home, for a bottle of Johnson's
AnNlrrie Iinirnent which we gave him, and
which he feays iiai efttirel cured him of the
troublesome and dangerous cough he had
when here. . .
CHEAP LIFE IXSl'RAJtCE.
IVentT-five cents will buy a box of Dr. Ti'tt's
Pills, kinl UicJ ill reMore the functions of the
liTer, stomach and buwe.j sovrces from whicb
nearly erery disease originates. If teM organs
act well a long and healthy life is assured.
A Vnlnnble Gift. By an arrangement with
the Puhliiher, we will send eTery reader of this pa
ter a swnle Package of Transfer Picture tr e. Send
3 -cent aial&tfttit p&ttze. . T!ffy are highly colored,
beautif ul.and easily transferred to atf y object ,o aa to
imitate the most beautiful painting, .afft'tiui wanted.
J. L. PATTEN A CO., 162 William St., New Tors.
Floflr $ 3 75
Wheat 1 10
Bacon Clear Sides. . 10
Hay Best 18 00
Whisky Common... 1 00
Robeftstm Cotlnty. 1 75
Botirbon... 5 00'
Lincoln County... 1 73
Highwines 1 13
Cotton Qrdidary ... 8
Good Ordinary 10J
Low Middling 11 J
Seeds Glover 8 CO
German Millet 60
Missouri Millet. ... 1 75
Hungarian 1 75
Buckwheat bt!h. 1 75
I 8 25
. 1 12J
Fiotlf...... .:.:;.:.:,$ 5 00
Wheat-Red and Amb'f. 1 00
Corn sacked 43
Hay Timothy 9 00
Pork Mess' 16 50
Bacon Clear Sides.. 8
Potatoes Irish bbl. 1 60
Cott on Middling 11
Molasses . . .
$ 4 25
Flour $ 5 25
Wheat 1 19
Oatsr 30 J
Mess Pork 16 75
Lard..;.,; ...... v
Whisky 1 00
1877 Music Ms for 187
A CAPITAL BOOK FOR CH0IKS
felSdilXO ci.a.vs:n ani
In tlilH fine Inwik will i found tlie newest urn! beat
ncrii mil tic ly L. O. K.MKUSwN. liootl Hinatn
School tmwp, with atiiiimHTit excellent ma erml in
rctire. includiiiK a rimii)er of (le. nlwo Tutii
hII the M'tre. nnl a luriee numWr of fine A ntheiUM.
Should he in the hinds of every hoir iiivntber.
01.34 Cts., or 91 9.00 prr Dfi.
By L. O. KM EKSON. lian tho same Sincine School
t onroe hh that in the ALTTATr N, hnt with a n-ni-1
jRrKr nuinlwr of Oloes. rMHl-rins it a tileo Jtook
Also a fan number of acrrd Tunes.
75 1'ta. or 87.50 per Dob.
Either book mailed, post-paid, fur Ketail Price.
OLIVER OITSON A. CO. Boston.
C. II. Dltaon A Co., J. K. Dltnon A 'o..
711 Broadway, Successor to Lfe 1 Walker
New York. Phila.
FRANK LESLIE to BOOK AGENTS
The People Will Not Be Deceived.
Every family requires an Authentic Hiatory of the
and wiintd theone tfcat wan planned In-fore the on -n
ing of the Fair nnd required the lahnr of my large
corps of Artists. I'lmtoirraplHTii, Kneravers and
Irrtiiirhteiiien for ten month to execute the ilhirttra
tin, every one of which whu made exprt-njly for
it ure only authentic illuKtrati n giving a complete
panorama of the KxpoHition from its inception to itn
clone pictures of active life within the Crntmuial
Ground Art Kxhihits nurronnded by viritorn, giv
ing at once a correct idea of dimensions by compri
Hon State Days and their attendant pageantry
Character sketches true to life m tact such k vivid
portraiture as gives the reader a perfect knowledge
oi an iTtint lire oi (ne cxiiunuim.
Every one on seeing specimen pages and prospectus
FRATK LESLIE'S HISTORICAL REGISTER
I n voluntarily ex pre a deire to poaaess it the se
cret of theextraordinary siiceena f onr Agent, who
universally pronounce it the eauiest book to s-ll they
ever hit nd led. 20. HO and Stf subscribers a day are re-
ports from scores of Aleuts. The hook contains 3.3A
niiinimoth pages ejual to l.MJ octavo pases, and
would 3iak thre such lnok as are announced as
Centennial HiHtories, Mvo mpp. Our 1,kio exquisite
Kngravings cover a surface etiai to 1.3m full octavo
nnaes. In fact, our work is emial in size to threvo
honk of fioo tin . with 4fiO full naee illustrations in
each, and printed on piper three times the weiiht
aud cost, used in ordinary octavo books.
Address for price, -terms and territory,
Frank Leslie's Publishing: Hosse.
537 Pearl street, fiew York.
we will get T0THAYEBS B waam
un hist R FLVJE im
V. U. TTivr. Mnntirfirtnriiiff Jeweler J')Mr
W.lrtiHL IH.Bo.di.jM.lr. 'loeks (l all
kinds- iimnnd ttrttin A fine Klnsjs. Ink ffulti ring
l.lntpvl. eal Hlnra 4 to XI rlnllnr. A epiiuin
Klein .Move- ft M m Pi AFIne Boiled
men. I MIS k1! I kk 1 1 Plate iinUl
Silver 'wte, . I (JL . 1 1 1 1 hninn, (ients
Guaranteed, for UX Al W U (S to 10 : Ladiea
86 to 20; guaranteed to wear lor years. Goods sent
on selection. Adjusting of all trades of watrhes. Old
Rold 4 silver taken in trade. peelele from IMc
to I a dollars. V. It. I M I. It. IWI.ITf J.w
eler. 3IO Neeunal fit reel. Slfmphlt, Tenn.
And Wal! Olors ready mixed for nse Any one can
a ply them, t'heap. IVautiful and Durable. Also,
Painters'. Artists , and Wax-flower Materials oi ev
IrV iodow-frlass. Oil, arnish, IVrusb.es, Fash, Ioors
biinds, you will jret cheap if you bur at s North 'o
leeestreet, Nash ville,Tent..'H AS.H !A UTH I KK'S
A LUCRATIVE BUSINESS.
mrr WE WANT BOO MORE FIRST-CLASS
SEWINC MACHINE ACENTS, AND SOO
MEN OF ENERCY AND ABILITY TO LEARN
THE BUSI N ECS OF BELLI NC SEWINC MA"
CHINES. COMPENSATION LIBERAL, BUT
VARYING ACCORD INC TO ABILITY, CHAR
ACTER AND QUALIFICATIONS OF THE
ACENT. FOR PARTICULARS, ADDRESS
Wilson Sewing MacMne Co.. Heap.
Sr.' t 8:9 BSSASAr. Xr Torlt, or Xv Orlai La.
OI'T-KLU.tl I JIM EX ELY TIIE
OESCKJBEO AU 1LMSTUATEO.
The only rtuinlete. rirhly illustrated low prire
work.?7U paee.. only S3. SO. Treats of the entire
history, arand hiiildines. wonderful exhibits, -url-
osittea. etc. Indorsed lf the omrfals and r'eriry.
I So mrent. appointed in 4 vrtks, Kerort apleaa
414 aueeraa. A.4Hi wainlest. For full partiru-
l.rs wrrte quickly to m t lilius., 14 I Me t
Fonrfli Street. CIlH-inpati. Ohio.
I -1 1 I A V Re not deeeUed by rremsture
VALIUM, hooks aaruminit to lie "otttcial." etc.
at day at home. Agents wanted. Out ft t aud
terms tree, TKUt A CO., Augusta, Maine
Contains ; A complete list of Newspapers
and other Periodicals in the United
States, Territories, and Dominion of
Canada, arranged alphabetically by
towns, giving name, days of issue, poli
tics, or general character, form, size,
subscription price per year, date of estab
lishment, editors' and proprietors' names,
The object of the AMERICA! KF.WSPA
PKH DIRECTORY is not very tliflerent fmiu
thi- of 'he wMl-known mercantile agencieH
which exists iH a?? the JeaduiR cities. The
latter keep their subscribers Jftornneil of the
character, habits, reputation, business abili
ty ami nuanciai strenptu oi persons witu
whorff the? are likelv to have business trans
actions, enabling them thereby to to regulate
hose transactions as to secue probnbly
prwhtanie ahnps,' or to avoid sueh as win ce
likely to result in ulfimate rtnnoyanoe or loss.
The DIRECTORY convevs '.h best cb
tainetl information conceruii.r the charn"tr
and Value of newspapers. Its patrons ate
thfi n who.etend money ill advertising
(a large a.'.'d mfY,'rfaSt class) and it is from
them that the pubfi-hers of the M RECTO
RY in their capacity of adfrMrig agents
derive their support. It is to thcrti and
not tn the newspaper publishers that tlief
tfwe fte dtify of. faithful service. The theo
ry that advertising aeencrle are the servants
of newspaper, and shottld advance their in
terests first, is aftnihitated1 fyy the system
long adopted b publisher, almost withmit
eJfetfition, of ignoring any idea of protecting
the so-canea ngeney ana maintaining the
rie;ht to appoint competitors n the same field,
without the consent of those .rlreay weeup
As the most important part of the infor
mation supplied by a mercantile Jitney con
sists of rport of the financial strength f
persons about whofa tn'ormation is asked, so
is the circulation of a neu scarier generally
considered the point upon which informa
tion will be of most value to the advertiser.
There sre, among merchants, some who de
ny the right 6'f a Klefantile agency to inquire
into tlieir private arinir.s, nn'l who decline
girinc any infprmatlon upon which a report
rooV K li.e-. ht. the mer,til ....,
dots not, on that acCtroftt, neglect to' make a
report. , It gets from other Soirees the best
tfbta-naMe infotmation, aud upon t):a its
estimate is ;rk.t'. although it cannot be
denied that the reticts,,1i of the party
in question is almost alWaf! attrib
uted to a knowledge upon his pint
that a true report would be preja
difal tf ri" credit. The report made is.there
fore, likely to te less farornble than it might
have been had the Uitofinnton asked for
been cheerfully and frankly furnished.
S lso there are among newspaper pub
lishers some who den.Mhe fight of any one
to inquire into their aftairs. H has been the
policy of the publishers of the DliZrXTORY
to omit all information about circulation
whenever plainly and unequivocally com
manded to do so. In such cases the matter
is disposed of by annexing to the report the
words "(jftf to tlaling circulation." In every
case where the above command is not plain
ly and unequivocally eonveved to the puli
lishersof the J HJSCTORV, they make up
their report in the same manner pursued by
the mercantile agencies in est:matintr the
financial strength of a merchant.and like the
institution referred to, then decline to reveal
the sources iir.m which they have obtained
t is nndonbtedly true that no pu!!iC'Htion
of this cnira'rter is privileged, and that in ail
instance where a iner'hnt pr a newspaper is
seriously injured by an unjust ft materially
incorrect report the courts furnish a remedy,
and both mercantile agency or Directory
publishers will be held responsible for actual
damage shown to accrue to an injured party
from a report proved upon trial to have beeu
This is a liability which the publishers of
the DIRECTORY cannet escape; it is there
fore one which they hold themselves at all
times ready to meet.
The greitest possible care is taken to make
the DIRECTORY reports correct 7 Every
publisher is applied to very systematically.
All information is taken in a form which ex
cludes any but definate 't.-itements which
cannot lie misunderstood, whie eery eff.irt
is matle to protect honest publishers agr.inst
such as would resort to lying or perjured re
ports to gain it ii unfair advantage.
It has rarely been found that a cause of
complaint has arisen against any report
which has appeared, in either of the seven an
nual volumes of the Directory already issued,
which has not resultei either from the ne
glect of a publisher to respond to appeals
for information or an eflort on his part to
substitute other and different information
instead c f answering the plain questions
upon the blanks furnished for the purpose
from the DIRECTORY office.
Fullihpr8 of newspapers who deHire
to furnish the directory with a statement
of circulation are supplied with a blank
which takes for granted the following
ri it st.
Every publisher is either willing or un will
ing to have his circulation published iu the
If anv publisher is unwilling to have his
circulation published, the publishers of the
Director owe it to their patrons to state
why the information is withheld. This they
tlo ly inserting tne worus: uujeets to stat
If willing to have his true circulation
given a publisher will desire thnt none but
true circulations shall be published for com
That none but true circulations may be
published, it is necessary that none b-it ex
plicit statements tie accepteu Irom any.
A statement intended to convey explit
information must Ve so worded as to prevent
the possibility ot its meaning lieing miscon
That none but true and explicit statements
may be accepted from others, every publish
er will see the necessity of giving his own in
regular form, if at all. If one is allowed to
vary the form a little, another may vary it
more. If none vary it, all will be fairly
The blank is entirely unobjectionable to
those who desire to furnish full and explicit
From persons who are not willing to fur
nish an explicit statement, any otiier would
be worse than useless.
To persons who decline making any Mate-
ment, the form adopted is an unobjectiona
ble as any other.
If a publisher makes no statement of cir
culation, it is fair to presume that it is from
indmerence or neglect, neither ol which on
his part will excuse the publishers of the Di
rectory lor lniperiections in their hook.
For all such cases the editor of the Directory
has instructions to estimate the circulation
from the best information open to him.
The Directory estimates the circulation of
no newspaper until after an application has
been made to its publisher for the actual
figures, and sufficient time allowed to elapse
for the statement to come to hand h:.d any
such heen lorwaraeo.
It is believed that no publisher of a news
paper expresses dissatisfaction with the cir
culation accorded his journal iu the AMKRI
CAN NEWSPAPER DIRECTORY who docs
not desire to impress the public that his edi
tion is greater than it is in reality.
The reason given bv several publishers for
net furnishing an authoritative statement of
their circulation for publication in the
AMERICAN N"EVPAI'KR DIRECTORY
is that many advertisers believe the circula
tion to be greater than it really is, and that
tliis is an advantage to the publisher which
would be lost it actual lacts should be made
An unusual number of publishers of the
leading daily papers are this year furnishing
the AMERICAN NEWSPAPER! DIREC
TORY with the actual figures of their circu
lation. In addition to the above information, the
AMERICAN St" !m A rr.H DIRECTORY
for 1876 contains classified lists as follows:
Pi:RTOPir.LS Pl'BLIPHINrt OVKK fi.tro
iiphs EAt'll iSSfK: KELiniot'H m:Isp.
PEKS ANi FERI'iDK'ALH; NEWSPAPKKI KD
PKIIlOMI'A I.S PKVin KIl lo Alillll I 1.TI KK,
HOKTICCLTTRK ANDsTOfK 1(AIIV(;; VKI.
NE AND SCKIifRY; CDD'A'I ln.NA I. INST I.
Tf:TID. OK PKVOTKI) To l'.rn i AT lot L
MATIHIV AMl!"MK.NT AMI I NsTK l ' I l".N
OK rillt.PBF.N. FREE MAMiSltV, dlili FEL-
LOWSHII", 1 B flit M . Al l H.lll.s III
PYTHIAS; fOMMF.m E A N I HNAV E. IN-f'K-
ANCE. KKL ESTATE. MTKM'KAMi ME' HS.
'S LAW, CHINTMiS AMI I I Ht.lMII.KS.
PORTINK. MCKIC. FASHIONS AMI WOMA.S'!
M'FFKAttK: A I.so, N EM sI'A EElts A III I I I! I-
HiITA S PKIN1 EH MOM.I lot 1 l-AKI
THE ;EKJIN, MtF.Ni h. sia mh a ii a .
e'PAVIMI. MOI.I.A .-N i-ll, I 11 .1.1.-, r., .r-ri,
BOHEMIAN. KlIITI Ult, I'OLIsM AMI HE
One Thousand Pages Price, $5.
GEO. P. KOWELL & CO.,
Ncwsnaper AiTeriisiDti pis,
41 Park Row, wew xotk.
flj - fftrtmnfrrmtH)i toaatsranTamins for
3LLLf Taylor Copying House, Horbeater.N.y.
(fr Outfit f-'rff. Hest rhaftre yet, Write all
4)0 onseioF. NASON, III Kasau Kr., New York
aOCT A to A-nts
L. 1 LKTtfJEtt.il Vej tot
Day. Employment loral?. CkromoA Not1It
i ! alogue f ree. 1'eUoo 4 tw. ,1 1 9 i mmu it. ,N . Tt
tinwrn tr t K P. IT. r mUhimt nms
Ualle. (JOE, YUSUKk VP .m.Lonu.Us
ppoitiiln Aaent. f.-r a vsliisM"
X V lllanul'aeture.
T tr f fa CTfTt a to Agents, flamples. .
OOD zOl i I. O. VICItLHY, Augusta, Mi-
DrUrtl VrD1''li"l M.in. 7istyle. lit. Ost.fr.rn
nfclULftH VYestrkn Hvh W.ii. flilrao. 111.
tf fp a week-In your MB town. Te-rma and 5 outfit
4)00 free. 11. H AI.La.fT s i'.O., Portland, Maine.
Vdilreas Hnlns('ol.-a;eand Telirarh Institute.
Kalutnar.no, i't., lor Journal aud rsuuiauskip.
WATCHES. A Great Hensation. a,."wJ
Watch and Outfit free Is AyeMt. better .'un
Addraae A. tUtLTKH At '. Chicaao-
or tHeir son want A thf jt WV tfHl
a mrt-r. i t ' in awn m. j u !
H fvw sjtuMV tfrrWr ft M a) lirrit
t Hip farm, Vtm-tr own rouiiMf. jtniirwf n-ont, . w
tiUtfuvd. I'artii'rVve. . V f:ui. tit. Jevuij, ku.
V.retjiM Pulmonar Jiir. th irret $w
Knslrt.'l "ire fr coughs, oohN casampt ou
Cutler, A CO.'m Wortmi, only aenulnff.
Madn hv r;t? sferrt In tJ:y 1 mw
arl (Hi :ini '? . A ddrriM,
anlh.-Aaenta wanted. fc-srtaalllna;
es ifl the orld. lnesample lr-e. Ail-
A 1 1 It !.. Detroit, Mich.
IIAIIIT TI MED AT IHOI B
No pnhlirllr. Time eliort;
trm. moderate. tetirr-
Ir. V. B. Mari-h.yiilwjr, Slirh-
"Ifff'lT'mr V'"-ai ywitli Menrfl an Ksrt U'rk
WlllN H. 1 Orttnts. Htal.-sneand samrle. It r. fc.
1?1 Ull Hi i S . M fen r..H; Wash .M.. lioston. M s
.nth trarTiiia ej-
,1.1. tiem M Ik,' ., Louis. .Mo
) a m
A f fl V K 1 ,n h.-v I H " ftrriitara
free. !.'. 4 Artluir;
tullord, 1".'' l-'nlton ft.,
it sore mvt. by Ac-nu wllliw
NIVe. H -'
.. J. II. Bl:H "KU- SSONK. B"M
. Trn -Mew loeolieil outers w
ealr. 1 " " ..'.- .nnali.
I nlon lin.l
the market . ? plenuMl'V
MAX AIKI.I.Ka new
I with mauy
thmret. r-pienui" " , . r.t ronnuis
"""""" .. ..1 .., evi rv tlsre.
Term, nil d Ir-
rnUisfrre. J.M Mod lart t "
7.':0rtnut et Hill
end fetiml.'. """fi'
I, it. hie.. .ouorl'l
latrr. fiimnils.l ""1" "i
.ales, and Vsmetrmem rai-i
alia rasam. ........
i-r the ;'a.l.a-
f i .11 !. I...II.. II
nnlee-.-el real ftret
tnthe funner. ill tle-ir ow
fila Sued. I'artu-unr. tree.
Hint:--. IIIIMH-." pii sni.
J. Win.; u. St. l-i'Ui..Ali.
I-rof. IluU'e Mae rmpounrl
d .V. in even .. nr money eheerlnllf re
funded. '. cent. rr pa. k.j", f""P,'i ,c
M cents. C. W. iu' . AJilsud.
TKI'TII I MIGHTY
1'r.aW.r Wan.-. lh ' 1
IUm d HimH. - II f" "
.tti r.iif bxfM. rsium f
ae t hi aaaMl '- - "
mt rear t.nmt aial.el . !
s,ll Aral .. ' il.. 'at. sat
P .4 muTivrx. 4
M. I sm v
A BOOK for the MILLION.
.rnirni nii'MPC lr'l',",p,lrtm,!;'",'"j
I Ctirmiir llfeiwt. t'l
. ( ..mu il.T(
M..N f Kt-I-uti recriui
ut.laiiip. -VI.lr.-iV ,-, x. mi hi lvn.l. Slo
lllFpcnwr f:. " '
r. I e c t r I c I f r
ft ail . I"
TTT 1 YTTFfl SALESMEN t- Irsrel ami
WIN"'1' lii.liisi.iir I til.r'-iik.il.le r
II iJ.ll (il.if- I, ami. lii i. Mctilt'T
Punier. A iiL.tinil-- E ' iiioiiishers, l.aml'
till .ell ti
r.irti.-rM. A til
Kaliiiemslx-rs, l.amn ;ixl.
.v. .; al.KIO
IiellH.-. I.H.'.f t'i C-'i
l.-.t ..-IlillL. I.''.'-
II. II. KUIIM
.,r h'-lel sri.l tra.eiMiv r
t.l invii. ! Icl.lllnai. Nu ri.k.
.in the A meri'-a aiai Let .
A4U..1 IM 'INNATI. I'HIO.
MOftPHiKE HABIT 'i-iiy
. iiit-.l 1T Dr. ll.-' k a only
i ..A 11.... ....I.
j M .UURUIIIUMl. ... iu .i;.
until cured. fall on en' ad-lnta
OR. J. C. BECK,
Mi ioh. Street, tlSCISSATI, OHIO.
AUEXT "JTt:i for lh KKW
(Uvea lull ilit"rtua1ii.i. .n all his-1" "f K"m, V.'.'? .
Hi .tut l -Ii .if fll's Mini rar.n
rhlil.-H It III.
.1 valiiitl.lean.l praJ'tl'-nl II. Hi
ll Im. i.. l.liiu-. am I I k lea-ai
Iii.r fur tiirtiier.
evi-r lUll.llnll.-.l .
In.i-t vii till, i.ie iHri.-.. - --
...il .I., rt ti.t.i H.i.l t. enis, atl-
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. Nn l.iiin l.riar rli-lm
lain ra.li. ill" Itee.l'in a auar-
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rme ati'l ..ti.t.irtl"-? aprill-
vjftty. Hllre. lie e. f -
JB sil l rnv full nrlvr lur all Ilia- (I" "
stilt. I'l l. n.slliKl.- Ilk t-r-n I .. I: f.-r L.-tli sf. lea,.. rii
l.y mail, pi at-paiil. "ii r-r ipt ..1 prlie. N. I H
Truss will c-nre itinr' lt-ipliir-M tlinii any of l.tusa l'
1, if-Ii extravHK-ant i-tiiim. lire rnn.lt-. I trrillals fr.aj
Com-rnv Trl.u ( 7 III ! romlwav. hi' !
WE CODEC BOOK
i.irisr wai iiari i- A..n f i i cAnt EXIani
I OOO I'' K-Hral l- ' l.f . lJ trtr .t I O I V't4. . t.( r tulf
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fV. U tri. l i .-n ll-.Ms-kr.-i.inf. Br fll"
It it. ,D" : St 'i'.I I thn it I'.ffl c-oifiimDliia of '
fioiiv-r'iTr " 11 H' n-t-'e, it'H f I 'fl r,,,..f ,
1. -'..in -.r tx I - nil J I I.I 1 A.'.fV h U. Tub i fiU min.
VfjCKET f-DITICN, Grnl Frrc. f OB 2a dTAMP.
A GREAT OFFER
FOR THE HOLIDAYS!
.in . .. -i v.. ins i TIIF.S and
I llilMlltlalo leliriiar,' la. el l.t.-
lull ll A a. Oaf KI s.a. n.-ar a ran ..--Iimi'l.
lira! i-ls.a uisker.. luelufllnar W -Tl.K
'.alluarr irl.n l..r ra.li. r Install
mriil..ilinrrr lu-lnien ll.'lid .eHr-i rl
IVtltllVI'tsii-l Mtl till and 1 -.l. Ill
l-l tMlsimil lt U. S. ! mow unit: Or-
nana hi a Ilia- Im nriiiti-. asrraalr.1 la.r al s .
aa-aa-a. AI.M . Si tt l l l. Illulrals-al al-
ala.ataaa-a lailil eal. HlM-a-al alla--aaant to t '"
rr, ,1in.W.-. , . I.iii. N'-n. r . I ."'"f M , " --
.Vfliala-at liiall i..-lra-. IIOK (4 F. WAI. It
fc hi. ili.nul..rlur. snri Ilealara.au
raal I Kli st . Ijilyii "aquars-. . w.
"in" AGENTS WANTED FOrt HISTORy
It enntwins H30 flu" epuravitis .f luillillnits ami
si enes in tlie (.reHt Evliil.ltimi, Mini is Ids nn'V ail
tlientic ami .-ottiplet.- Iii-lmv t " i.lie.l. It treats
nf tlie uraml liiiil.lina. i.ii.I.-i In I eilill.lts, iiin-
...it i.-e. ureal event., etr. Verv.lieen ann .en.
.'(tht. me ATlll s.il.l 4.. . opi.-s ill ..ne l.v. S'-ti'l
.-f work. A l'li.'ss Nalioi.nl I'ubllaiaia; to..
f..r r exits teruis fi At-.-lil. an-i s ni-i .n .. i ii
tt. 1.111111.. Mn.
I iir.-liiil-l" itnl wi-ttliless l.aa.k a rm
tin- Exli.l.fti.i i at'- lieiltu eiirtiliiteil.
Il.l tint l.e il. reiv. il. S. -tli.lt tlie Li nk I.II1T
ins .-74 f.nw ami 'S.'m line
ia the t.vt '-a
Ind calor. I
SILI2XT SfiWINO 3IACIIIM:.
S?nd Poutal Card for Illustrated Trice List, Ac. i
"Villcoxfc.UtsS. M. Co.,
r Cor. Bond KU) 058 IlroaUwaT. uric
C C fn t Ofl r"r Ai
Hlplea worth t
4U IU J)alUrea
ree. vrl.swi A Co. ,1'ort land, Mama
lirilKK lCITli T
IIVI RTIHI Ra,
lilr.ar aia.r vau aaw I l.e- larll.e-aaaent
la lliia ii.pei. M. . I. s.
Buy tho llcnuine ''fsCO vil" HOC.
It is acknowlofieil by nil to tie the tint.
r iTctico T1ULI-MAS2 LAIZL.
Jtetvare ot ' 'fcoovn, rArTEBNs"-o cullel'
ANl iWe :T:..iI.... ; i,.telhael,eer. ear
li.ltV. h, rama.en.a- f-r The "'"'il-. ,'.
Y x perteiiee I. nor -. e,.,.rv-lhe on v "l'l'"" J
i na"a in H enrre.-iitl l..i.ine.. '"''I'V.: ". ileai
LV fur pail.rr-Urs Addr-s has. laesp
''o., 11 Warr'ii "w '"k-
afWi.-- St.. a..
S '.lllna .) I" F iTLBa, N-lna wirn, pnvs: I grsl
sSrSiX 73 .
.-"-' '(ti r.- IM..-I.M3 alierf ""' r
n i . sirfig ar.-lii. -h.-a lull. T.-.tl.'l""'"'
"'2?iSl -' r-tri-r-I.NcW urlt. .
ilress j. ...... . ..... '..
i i c. 1 r. ' u
m;,v vjiicox & omits
la baaa 'T 1 of .v.
t ' . i TV" '"1.'.' :rv:"--' i. i
I ' .'-J I :PLANT lci';..r.01 j j