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A POEM BITOJI rAINE.
la th regions of iha ciuuds, where tba whirlwinds
My castle of fancy was built ;
The turrets reflected the Mue of the sties,
And tha windows with the sunbeams were gilt,
The rainbow sometimes, in its beautiful state.
r.nmno.'d the mansion around ;
Aud the figures that laacy io clouds can create
feuppliad me the garden and ground.
I had grjfos and fountains and orange-tree erores,
1 had all that enchantment has told":
I had swaet shaly walLs f.r the sods and their
I had mountains of coral and gold.
But a storm that I felt not had risen and roll'd.
While enwmr.t in a slumber I lay;
And when I looked cut in the in-jrulng, behold !
My castle was curiisd away.
I taswd oTer rivers ami valleys and groves,
I he world was all in my view ;
I thought of my friemis, of their fates, of their loves,
And ofiou, full ofien of you.
At I?nTli it came over a beautiful jicene,
Vhii:'.i nature In silence had made;
The place waj but small, but 'twas sweetly serene,
And checkered with Buhahine and shade.
I tnz'd and I envied with painful god will,
Ami grew tired ot my seat in the air ;
When, all of a sudden, my castle stood still,
As If some attraction was there.
Like a lark from the sky it csme tl title: in -down.
And place,! tneexictiy in view ;
Vhen whom )iuiM I meet in this charming retreat,
This corner of calmn sj, but you.
Delighted Io fiud you in honor and case,
I f. It no more eerrow and pain ;
And the winter coming fair, I ascended the breeze,
And went back to my castle again.
M'i'jazinc of American History.
"O mammy, if he only was an orphan,
T would Hay yes to-morrow ; but I hate
hale the idea of a mother-in-law."
"You might poison her, my dear,"
dryly remarked Mi. De Groot, a stately
old lady, with snow-white hair, and any
amount of Mechlin laee about her throat
and wrists over her soft black silk dress.
"Hut really, you dreadful old dear,
you know it will be awful," sighed .Sue,
passing her little hands wearily through
the dark fringes nlwive her forehead.
"My dear." said Mrs. De Groot. "vou
are speaking in a very ill bred way ; but
let that rest. I have no idea that vou
will ever be troubled with Mr. Grey's
moiuer. iou win not marry him. A
girl who is daunted by a mother-in-law
1 . t .1.
nut not tue son enougti to marry
tnie s pretty face flushed. Poor little
soul, she had never yet known what love
was; but she liked Mr. Grev well enough
If.. . 1. 1 n
i ii- ;n ii ncti, Kinny, pleasant man
whom she hail always known; and when
he had asked her to marry him she did
not know why she should refuse. She
hated to hurt his feelings; and suddenly
she remembered his mother, a disagree
able old lady, who ruled and reigned
over all her family, and onlv did not
tyrannize over John because he lived the
life of a bachelor in the city and boarded
l.ut here was a reason for Pue, and
her mother's words sank deeply into her
consciousness, the gathered courage to
say no, and a year alter found heiself
ah-oriK'd. heart and soul, in a rr:il love
affair, and accepted Harry Tempest, a
young and rising lawyer, with a kind,
generous, frank nature, and a dark,
handsome face, without remembering
that he had not only a mother, but a
widowed mother, who lived with him,
aud could not possibly he ignored or set
aside, since Harry was an only child. It
is true Sue had never seen her, for, du
ring her six months' acquaintance with
Harry, Mrs. Tern jest had been at the
west nursing a sister who was at death's
door with consumption ; and if Harry
bd not said much about her to Sue it
was that other and more absorbing themes
naturally occupied them.
Mrt. De Groot smiled when Susan laid
her fair head in her lap and recited to
her the tale of her engagement, lor she
had seen the end from the beginning,
and had shed her own tears privately.
She ha l other children besides Sue; but
tin's was Ircr darling, her baby, her pet
always ; and such a pang as" mothers
know went through her heart when she
saw the inevitable separation approach
ing, hut she had the courage and the
goodness to smile and sympathize when
the girl poured out this genuine passion,
and threw heself, with blushes and tears,
into the arms that could never fail her
while they were instinct with life.
After the confidence was done with,
and Sue had quieted both tears and joy,
Mrs. Dc Groot bethought herself ot the
last time there had leen such an affair,
or the likeness of it, on the carpet, and
said with the faintest smile, and accent
at on.-e gentle and mischievous: "Has
Mr. Temiest a mother, Sue?"
"( ye.i! She isn't here now. I never
saw her. She is in Chicago with her
What are you going to do about her?"
asked her mother.
"Gii, mammy, i never thought about
her; and she lives with him. How sorry
I am ! But I guess slie will be nice."
"She may be very nice to Harrv, my
dear. N was Mr. Grey' mother to him."
I'm sure she can't be so disagreeable as
old .Mrs. (trey, pouted Sue, who was a
nine snoiiru, id tell tiie truth.
'fMi.-an, said Mrs. De Groot, with
considerable gravity, " I want you to
look tins thing in the lace. You area
young girl going to anew home, with
new people wiiom as yet you know noth
ing about. Now take a Tittle bit of ad
vice. Look at yourself, now at Mrs
Tempest, when you come to live together.
You know you have had an easy life,
with nolxuly to thwart vour plans and
purjH)ses. .ow negin to see it vou are
really a lady, or only a pretense."
I. V . I t . . .
iou iinuK i ougut to bear every
thing, do you, mammy, and never peep
"So; but I want you to treat vour
mother-in-law as one lady should treat
another. Don't recriminate if she talks
t you, for that is vulear ill-bred in the
extreme. Don t give up your just posi
tion, either with your husband or in the
family. Kespect yourself. Sue, and you
i orw respect irom omers. '
. . . . . ..
uuear: l wish there weren t any
mothers-in-law in the world?" peevishly
'Then I should be exterminated with
the rest, smiled her mother.
"But you are so ditlerent, mammy."
"I had an awful lesson, Sue, when I
was young. You know your uncle Tom
married JVsy Schuyler when he was a
very young man, and she wasonlyseven
teen just my own age. You remember
her picture in the library at the Hills?"
"O yes, that lovely "delicate little
creature with hair like spun cold, and
great dark eyes, and such a bud of a
mouth, half smiling like a pleased
"That is her very counterfeit. She
was the loveliest creature I ever saw.
Her father died before she was born, and
her mother only lived for the baby, and,
from the hour she came, just worshiped
her. She was named Euphrosyne, alter
her "father's mother, but she always
called herself l'osy, aud grew up with
that name attached to her. I never saw
such affection as Mrs. Schuyler's for that
child; it amounted t passion. She never
trusted her from her sight; she woke in
the night to 1 v.k at her; she was frantic
with terror if illness threatened her. She
had an artistic nature, but itssole ex
ercise was inventing dresses and orna
ments for Posy. iVemember being at
the hills as a child, and going to Posy's
room a large airy room, with two great
windows looking southward ; the walls
were white, with a deep cornice of every
tinrinrr 41, in-.-... ....:... . . 1 , .
i-.;.j- ...nri, jNuuieu u ine me dv an
Italian fresco-painter: the white carpet
was etrewn with roses and violets, the
white-wood furniture decorated with
honeysuckles and elematis, painted by
Mrs. Schuyler herstH inciint,inff wreaths
and tendrils, with clusters of rose and
ivory .bloom and wide blue blossoms
looking just fit to pick ; there were cur
tains ot white, soft woolen fctuff, looped
up ia creamy folds by au enameled tern
leaf on either sid?; aud e verything eise
carried out in the same floral fashion,
even to the lily of pearl shell which held
her rings on the toilet table; but more
curious than all was the child's wardrobe,
which she displayed and I admit after
the frank custom of ten-year-old-girls.
There was a rose dress, the "softest cash
mere, witli scollojied bands overlving
each other on the skirt in deepening
tints to the waist, and the sleeves were
just edged with deep green velvet, which
bound the throat and waist. It was
with clusters of rose and
and wide blue blossoms
not look fanciful on her unreal beauty.
Then there was a pansy dress, purple
velvet, with a gold buckle at its belt,
and the skirt fallen in rich pleats that
seemed to form a rounded outline below
like the edge of a flower. There was a
thumbergia costume, the skirt and
sleeves of the delicate buff which that
flower monopolizes, and a bodice of dark
brown velvet like the blossom's throat."
"What folly!" exclaimed Sue.
"Yes: but very nrettv follv. And I
have not told you the half. There was a
lily dress, of China crape; a violet, o!
purple silk, soft and glossless ; and act
ually a cardinal-flower, of vivid scarlet
cloth, that I thought then too splendid
to be born; but it was only lor a skating
dress, Posy said.
"She grew up very delicate, exquisite
and fr.igile, but more and more lovely.
And then lorn saw her and tell in love.
It was stranze to see Mrs Schuyler. She
took Tom's state of mind with great
calm, as if it were only natural and to be
expected. Posy had never been in so
ciety; she was very young yet; but Mrs.
Schuyler would have expected, if not de
manded, the same homage from every
one who saw her idol. But when she
discovered that Posy loved Tom and
wanted to marv him, she was heart-
smitten. She could not entertain the
idea. She carried Posy away directly for
a round of summer travel ; but the girl
pined so visibly, grew to sad, pale,
languid, that her mother was terrified,
and brought her back to the hills di
rectly, and sent for in to make a visit
there. So that affair was concluded, and
Mrs. Schuyler gave her treasure into
other hands to save it, grudging all the
while a day s absence, an hour s preoccu
pation, devoured with jealous pangs, yet
trying to stifle them that Posy might be
utterly haimv. But when thev really
settled into every-day life she insisted or
their living with her at the hills, and so
secured ner own misery, lorn was a
good fellow and a loving husband, but
he was a man and a man of business, and
he had his aitairs to attend to, his own
anxieties and troubles, and, like the best
of mortal men, he was now and t hen in
considerate and snappish. Posy loved
him with all her soul, and would have
condoned his offenses and forgotten his
slips of tongue if her mother had not
made so much of them. She was like a
tigress if anything seemed to approach
her young to harm them, and she flew at
Tom, as he impolitely expressed it, like
a mad cat, U he ever spoke impatientily
to his wife or forgot one attention due to
her. He bore it awhile very patiently
for Posy's sake ; but human nature is
not all enduring, and by and by he used
great plainness of speech, to say the least,
with Mrs. Schuyler. Then Posy became
very unhappy. She was consumptive,
like her father, and her life always trem
bled on as delicate a stem as a harebell
flower. She might have lived on for
years in peace and sunshine, but the
stormy atmosphere of home gave her no
rest. "Her mother still interfered with
all she did, even when she saw her
dr.Kiping day by day. If Tom took her
away for a journey, the mother insisted
on going too, and Posy could not have
the heart to refuse. But traveling was
no rest to either mother or child, and it
was torment to Tom, who began to com
prehend the situation. Poor little l'osy
she faded before their eyes like a weary
baby, tailing asleep one day in torn
arms, and wearing after death so radiant
a look of rest and peace that I have
neverlforgotten it. Mr..'Schuyler followed
her quickly, worn out by grief and
remorse ; for Tom, in the first agony of
his loss, told her what Dr. Kvarts said,
that peace and quiet might have saved
their darling. Tom hated her name to
his dying day, and never married again,
because lie said one mottier-in law was
enough for a lifetime."
"But, mamma, that was an extreme
"Certainly ; but all the more a warn
ing. I have never forgotten Posy, and
it is to her my sons-in-law owe my
unnatural forbearance," said Mrs. De
GroAt, with a smile.
"Weil, dear, if Harry's mother is aw
ful I'll try to be good to her," sighed
Sue. But then came a ring at the door,
and Sue heard a voice. It was her
mother's turn now to sigh, as herein ran
down stairs, her heart in her beautiful
eyes, to meet 1 Iarry.
So time went on, and by and by Sue
was married. Mrs. Tempest came to the
wedding, and proved to be a little lady
with cheeks like roses, and starry-eves,
even amidst the fine lines of age and un
der the shadow of silver white curls.
Keen but kindly those eyes shone on
Sasan and took her measure, and Mrs,
De Groot congratulated herself on the
prospect for her daughter, and said
"She is s lady, Sue," her highest formula
After the orthodox wedding journey,
during wuicli the pair were as uncom
fortable and weary as most people are on
such occasions, they came home to find
Harry's little house bright with comfort
and neatness fire in the shining grates,
flowers on the tables and shelves, a din
ner of wonderful savor and elegance
waiting for them, and a real motherly
"How lovely it is to get home!" Sue
confided to her husband.
"I hope home will always be lovely to
you, t?ue, was the beaming response.
"If I only can get along nicely with
, your mother, Harry! said Sue, with a
wistful sort of frankness. Harry sat
down in the nearest chair and laughed
"Poor little soul! Has it got a mother-
in-law on the brain already? So it shall."
"Harry !" exclaimed the indignant Su
san. "My dear chil l, if 'the Mum,' as that
delightful little chap in Verdant Green
calls her oppresses you, use my revolver
at once. 1 never will betray you never!"
.nu nere tne wretcn went oil into an
othet fit of laughter more irrepressible
than the lirst.
Sue flushed to the temples. "Harry,
what are you laughing at?" she de
manded. "I'll tell you, dear, on Christmas day
in the morning. That's exactly two
months from to-day. Put it down in
your taVlets along" with your dentist's
appointments ;" andgivingJSue a veiy in
considerate hug, which nearly shook
down the structure of puffs and braids
she was adorning her head with, he left
her to finish dressing.
Poor little Susan ! life lecame a disap
pointment to her. Mrs. Tempest never
went into the kitchen, never sniffed at
her new daughter's inexperience or ig
norance, interfered with housekeeping,
or found fault with the housekeepers.
She was simply a guest in her son's home,
ready to give advice and assistance,
when it was asked, with wonderful wis
dom and judgment, but neverintruding.
If her children wanted her society they
could always have it for the asking; if
they did not she was neither hurt nor
angry. She knew all that a third person
is not always welcome, however dear;
and she remembered what woman so
often forget that her son was now a
grown man, with his own home and
family, and deserving a certain respect
as such ; not a boy to be lectured, scold
ed, humored, and snapped at as if he
were ten years old, and still under
She learned, too, to love Sue, the
sweet-natured, high-spirited, and im
pulsive creature, tor herself, as wall as lor
Harry's sake ; and Susan before the two
mouths were gooe had called her
"mother" with all her heart, and learned
to find in her the same comfort and help
she had drawn from her own parent, if
in lesser measure than the life-long and
natural tie afforded.
' O mother!" exclaimed the one day
as Mrs. Tempest sat beside her soothing
her with tender ways aud eolt bands in
the anguish of a racking headache, "how
cauld I ever think mothers in-law were
Mrs. Tempest laughed. "My dear
Susy, mothers in law are just like other
people. If a woman is sweet, sensible,
patient, unselfish and good she will be
loved in any sort of place or relation ; i!
she is domineering, high-tempered, selfish,
or disagreeable in other ways, her own
children will not love her or anybody
e!sr. It is not the relation that'ia in
fault, but the individual. Haven't you
found that out ?"
"I don't think I've found out any
thinj but that I love you deai., it i
are my mother-in-law leplied Sue,
with a very tender kiss. v.
"Yes, you have, Sue," ptit in Harry,
who had entered the room froS? the door
behind the bed, with an ominouSdooking
Krtttla orrrl Idi in liia knn1 "Vflll'Vft
found out at least a week before tbAtdme
why I laughed the day we came hom at
your prophetic troubles. The idea f
anybody dreading my mother! Dr.
Mathews says you must have this,madam,
for your headache : a specific, he says it
is. So suppose you drink a health di
rectly to mother-in-law ?"
"o, sir if you please, I mean."
"Meeknessl" said Harry, in a stage
But Sue went on "I'll drink a health
to my mother in-law with all my heart."
Long may she wave 1" chorused Har
ry. Jiose Terry Coole, in Harper's Bazar.
Properties and Uses of Water.
Water is the most abundant and the
most necessary ior living beings except
air. What water is mankind never
knew until ninety-five years ago. In
1781 the experiments of Lavoister com
pleted those ot Cavendish in 1776 and of
Volta in 1777, and revealed the true na
ture of water. Humboldt Gay-Lassac,
ana Dumas have since confirmed and
developed Lavoisier's discovery. We
now know that water is not "an ele
ment." as Thales and Aristotle taught,
and as all believed for more than twelve
centuries; but that it is composed of two
gases, oxygen and hydrogen. Nine parts
ot water consist of eignt parts of oxygen
and one of hydrogen. When chemically
pure, water contains nothing else. Pure
water, however, does not exist in nature
It dissolves salt, it melts away rocks, it
absorbs the gases of the air.oxygen.nitro
gen and carbonic acid ; it contains com
mon salt, sulphate ot lime and calcareous
matter in one word, it contains all that
is soluble upon earth. Moreover, water
not only nourishes plants and slakes
thirst, but it almost entirely constitutes
the tree of the forest, the fruit and seeds
of those trees, and the bodies of every
Ihe extent to which water mingles
with bodies apparently, the most solid is
truly wonderful. the glittering opal
which beauty wears as an ornament is
only flint and water. Of every 1,200
tons of earth which a larmer has in his
estate 400 are water. The snow-capped
summits of our highest mountains have
many million tons ot water in a solid
form. In every plaster of paris statue
which an Italian carries through our
streets lor sale there is one pound ot
water to four pounds of chalk. The air
we breathe contains five grains of water
to each cubic foot of its bulk. The po
tatoes and turnips which are boiled for
our dinner have in their raw state, the
one seventy-five per cent, and the other
ninety per cent, of water.
If a man weighing one hundred and
forty pounds were squeezed in a hydrau
lic press seventy pounds of water would
run out, the balance being solid matter.
A man is, chemically speaking, forty-five
pounds of carbon and other elements,
with nitrogen diffused through five and
a half pailtuls of water, thus mingling no
less wonderfully. A sunflower evap
orates one and ore-fourth pints of water
a day, and a cabbage about the same
Without water the whole earth, Hima
layas and Andes included, would be but
a gigantic heap ol dry powder, on which
not even the most lichen could exist.
With the disappearance of water all or
ganic life would perish.
It is a mistake to suppose that water,
because it contains animalcuhe or con-
fervte,is necessarilly unwholsome. HoW'
ever repugnant it may be to use water
containing these loreign bodies, it is only
when they are dead and putrid than dan
ger arises irom their presence.
The color of water has frequently been
discussed by physicists. Arago said
" The reflected color of water is blue and
the transmitted color is green ; " and ex
plained " the green color of waves bv
considering them as prisms of water, of
which one of the faces reflects white
light, which isreiracted by the following
wave and thus goes forth green." Bun
son asserts that water chemically pure is
not colorless, but is ot a pure blue color
M. Wettstein. after minute chemical re
searches, states that the green color is
due to the presence ot organic matters.
Generally speaking, ram water, which
falls in remote country districts is the
purest ; then comes river water ; next
the water of lakes; after these common
spring water; aud then the water of
mineral springs. The waters of the
Black sea and the sea of Azof, which are
only brackish, follow next ; then those
of the Mediterranean and inland seas;
and last of all comes those ot lakes,
which, like the Caspian sea, the Dead
sea, and lake Aral, possess no known
outlet. The ocean of the equatorial re
gions contains the greatest percentage ot
saline matter due, no doubt, to greater
evaporation; and the north Atlantic con
tains more salt than the south Atlantic,
probably due to the prevailing influence
ot the guli stream. One of the purest
waters Known is tne water oi the river
Loka in Sweden, which contains only
one-twentieth of a grain of impurities in
a gallon. The watsr of the Mississippi
contains forty grains of mud per gallon.
Water is the great mechanical power
in nature, and is merely the sun's agent.
It is a bountiful gilt of the Creator.
Almost the first thing that is mentioned
in the bible is the well of water which
Abraham digged and woeping Hogar af
terward saw in the wilderness ot Beer
sheba. Moses is represented as appearing
in the fulness of his power and majesty
when smiting the rock to let the living
water gush forth. The koran, in its
description of Paradise, numlers "foun
tains pouring forth plenty of water"
among its main attractions. The two
fountains in the gardens of Alcinouswere
deemed-worthy of being sung by Homer.
In the ruins of Pomjeii and "Hercula
neum fountains were seen in neatly every
situation ; and from the number of leaden
pipes also found, it seemi that every
house was proviled with oae. Hawthorn,
the great novelist, is peculiarly happy in
describing the fountains of Koine. " The
pleasant, natural sound cf falling water,
not unlike that of a distant cascade in
the forest, may be heard in many of the
lioman streets and piazzas, when the tu
mult of the city is hushed ; for consuls,
emperors, and popes, the great men of
every age, have found no better way of
immortalizing their memories than by
the shifting, indestructible, ever new,
yet unchanging upgush and downfall of
water. They have written their names
in that unstable element, and proved it
a more durable record than brass or mar
ble." A writer says that the French
and Italians are more celebrated for the
taste and beauty displayed in their foun
tains, whether "they be simple iet (Ferni
or elalorate pieces of architecture sub
servient to the purpose of supplying
their cities with water.
In the United Statt s, within the past
twenty five years, the swift progress
which has been made in population and
wealth has quickened the demand in all
large cities and in many smaller towns
and villages for a copious supply of
water, not only for all the exigencies of
public health and domestic and indus
trial use, but also for purposes of brautv
and delitrht bv means of public and pri
vate fountains. Philadelphia, with its
famous Fairmount water works and its
excellent fountain society; Baltimore,
with its extraordinary water-power.
"sufficient. to work a million looms," and
its imcom parable lakes, reservoirs, and
conduits; New York, with her Croton
aqueduct : 'Brooklyn, with her vast re
servoirs on Ridgewood hill and Prospect
hill ; Boston, with her lake Cocoituate ;
Chicago, with her immense tunnel under
the level of lake Michigan; Salt Lake
city, and, in short almost all American
cities, are vigorously carrying out the
wise suggestions niada ty Benjamin
Franklin, so long ago a 1763. " in the
old world even the highways offer, at
legular distances, fountains of fresh
water to the weary traveler and his
thirsty cattle, while with us the large
cities begin to be adorned with public
fountains, the gift of benevolent persons,
among which one in Cincicnati s'ands
pre-eminent, as its water is artificially
cooled in summer by passing through
many miles of pipes packed in ice, so
that it never rises above forty degrees."
Villages and even secluded farm-houses
might well be encouraged to follow the
example of our cities, lor Hi tesi.in wells
can bring an abundance of water where
natural sources are lacking.
At Urenelle, near .Fans, an artesian
well was bored down 1,600 feet, or nearly
one-third of a mile. The water rose
eighty feet above the surface and flowed
at the rate or ninety leet per minute.
At Rochefort, in France, is a well 2.676
ieet deep, or more than half a mile. This
js the deepest well in Europe. At Louis
ville, Ky., there is one 2,068 leet deep.
At Charleston, S. C, there is a well 1,
250 feet deep. There are many other
deep artesian wells in this country.
Iv early; 2, WU years ago Uharmis ana
AntoniusMusa prescribed cold water in
ternally as well as externally, and that
in large dosee. Water ia a most effica
The water-wort of Troy compare fa
vorably with those of most other cities
in the country of th same size. They
were established in 1X33, but the law
forming the present conamission was not
passed until 1866. A watr-works com
pany was organized in the village of Troy
as early as 1812, but after an unsuccessful
attempt to make the effort a financial
success the plan was abandoned. -..The
cost of the present water-works to date
aggregates about $480,000, not including
oruinary repairs, xne storage cauauivj
of the various reservois and lases is
nearly 800.000,000 gallons and the daily
consumption between 3,000,000 and 5,
000,000 gallons. The height of the. dis
tributing reservoir above the level ot the
Hudson is ninety feet, while the Bruns
wick lake is 300 feet above the same
level. This growth of the city and the
demand for increased su pply demonstrate
the fact that the founders of the present
water-works erred in not taking water
from the Poestenkul in the first instance.
Aphorisms of John Bright.
In a speech delivered by the Right
Hon. John Bright before the "Rochdale
workingmen's club and chamberof indus
try," at Rochdale, on January 2d, he
gave utterance to the following words ot
" v hatever is good we owe a great
deal of to those among whom we asso
"It would be better if nobody drank or
"I am not in favor of a law which shall
say that no man shall partake of intoxi
"There is a good deal or partronizing
still practiced when man address the la
"Mr. Ruskin is the great critic, who
has said many things worth being remem
bered and many things that ought to be
"Many people think that because other
countries don t allow us to send our
goods free into their markets we should
not allow them to send their goods free
into ours; that two bad things are bet
ter than one. They remind me of a man
who, having had one box on the ear, com
plained that no one would strike him on
the other side ot the head.
"Our laws must be based on freedom
and justice, which, bless alike him who
gives and him who takes."
"When there are two men running
after one master wages are inclined to go
down, but when two masters are running
after one man wacres go up. '
"In the present dav everybody has a
newspaper if he chooses to possess himself
ot it; and a newspaper now contains an
accurate account'of all that is going on
in the world.
"The English, with nobody like to at
tack them, are making hundred-tons
"It will be for the parents of this gen
eration to-decide whether the next gen
eration shall not be in advance of this as
far as education is concerned."
"Class distinctions in every branch of
our social life are being day by day abol
"At th;8 moment there are no con
spiracies. Your workmen's club is not
club to get up some movement against
the law or the monarchy.
"There were times since Queen Vic
toriacame to the throne when there was
a crreat deal less of honest and true loy
alty than is to be found in the country
at the present momeut.
"The influence of propert7, so far a
it is a just, innuence, exists now, and is
exercised now; and any exercise of it be
fore the ballot was conferred was an ex
ercise which was a tyranny upon whom i
"The grand, noiseless triumphs of peace
nna out scanty memorial at the hand:
of history; blood shines moie upon he
"Uepend upon it, it you support
the school, the school will compensate
The Yak of Northern Thibet.
This handsome beast 13 of extraordi
nary size and beauty, measuring, when
lull grown, eleven Jeet in length, exclu
sive of its bushy tail, which is three feet
long. Its height at the hump is six
feet, and the head is adorned with pon
derous horns. The body is covered with
thick black hair, which in the Md males
assumes a chestnut color on the back and
upper parts of the sides. It roams in
unrestricted freedom among the inhospi
table wastes of Northern Thibet, but is
fo und also further north. Although en
dowed with an acute sense of smell, its
sight and hearing are de'ective, and even
on a clear day, and on level ground, it
cannot distinguish a man at any great
distance; but it will scent him half n
mile to windward. Wild-yak shooting is
a dangerous pastime, for when wounded
it will often attack its pursuers. Such
is the toughness of its hide and strength
of its bone, that a bullet aimed at the
body very seldom wounds mortally: and
one fired from a first-rate rile fads to
penetrate the skull unh-s it hits the
brain-pan. If it were not for its stupid
ity and indecision, Prejevalsky says that
it would be a more formidable foe than a
tiger. He describes his slaughter of one,
at which he and M. Pvltseff and one ol
his Cossacks fired volley after volley with
their rifles, and although he frequently
fell, he rose and charged them until he
stopped, and it was then too dark to
continue the lire. Xext morning they
found him dead, with thirteen bullets in
his body and three in his head one
having fractured the skull. On examin
ing the body of another yak which he
killed, he found that seven bullets had
lodged in his chest, and stuck there like
a row of buttons. And yet the ferule
kept cha'ging until he fe'l dead The
Mongols are terribly afraid of the wild
vak; but their gluttony sometimes over
comes their fears, and for the sake of its
beef they go out in parties of ten and
deliver a volley from their matchlocks
while safely hidden in some anibu-h.
We need not dwell upon the extreme
usefulness of the yak when domesticated.
Next ti the camel, it is the "ship of the
desert;" and, indeed, surpasses that ani
mal as a bea.stof burden in high latitudes,
for the camel cannot climb precipitous
passes where the yak is quite at home.--Blackwood's
Rules of BaKC-Ilall for ls77.
Our American game of base-ball is rev
olutionized again, the nati-nal league
having resumed the lively for the dead
ball. This is to le made by an authorized
firm a "soft-job" for somebody and to
come in a sealed box, to le broken by
the umpire on the field. Other import
ant chances in the rules are: The home
club in all cases goes first to the bat. A
player not going to the bat within a
minute after being called by the umpire
is declared out, as also when he runs to
the fiist base inside the foul line. When
a runner is struck by a hit ball he is out.
The object of this last would seem to be
to allow every advantage to the "out,"
and it is further decreed that the runner
must go round and back f fielder who
obstructs his path to capture a ball."
Every Man, Woman and Child at i
this season thould take Dr. .1. II. McLean's
Strengthening Corilial and lilood Purifier,
because it purifies and enriches the blood,
gives vigor, t-trength and vitality to the whole
body and system. IV. .1. II. McLean's office,
3H Chestnut street, St. Louis.
That Sioux Indian talked sarcastical
ly enoucrh to the irovernment official:
Why don t winte man put Injnn on j
wheels, like brave at tobacco store
so he '
ran W wheeled around easv?'
FARM AXD HOUSEHOLD.
The agricultural society of Iowa of
fers a premium of $1,000 for the best ten
acres of timber plantation, the premium
to be awarded in 1881. a nere are iour
contestants for this magnificent premium.
The society also offered two hundred and
fifty for the best hve acres oi orcnara in
1875 two contestants. Since 1874 there
have been planted to timber in that state
It is said that the Bellefleur apple pro
duces better if grafted on large seedling
trees. Otherwise it ia not worm plant
ing. The Rhode Island Greening drops
its fruit of late so badiy that orchardists
wish they had Spys or Baldwins in place
The mesquit, a small wee iouna aoun
dantly in some parts of Texas and west-
ward to uaiiiornia, is &aiu wj-icm a gum
resembling gum arabic, and quite as yal-
ohlo- and it is also reportea mat quan
tities have been gathered and exported
during the past season.
I hft Inro-est vieiu oi coru couies iruiu
Alabama."bne W. T. Turnley claiming
that h haa nroduced two hundred and
twenty one bushels per aero, but whether
in pars oi shelleu corn we are not in
formed : but either is a large enough
vield to make one slightly inquisitive to
i-nnw how it was done.
The Connecticut valley tobacco crop
has the best COlor for several years, and
has cured finely,. The average was about
the same as last year, i rices are ex
pected to range from hlteen to twenty
.onto hnr. mv rule IOivft, owing to a
prevailing idea that those who sell early
nhtfiin tli bpst prices
A colony of about tnree nunorea
families of Pennsylvania are about lo
cating in Arkansas, Detween uonway
and Ozark, on the Little Rock and
Fort Smith railway, where land is sell
lnw nr. from three to twelve dollars per
acre. Another coiony oi oixiy umra
-i c ,.:-i..e. :f
tiro on their wav from Russia to north
No man who cares anything lor his
animals, or who expects to raise stock
for nroht. can be lndinerent as to vrnai
thev eat. Tn order to guard well this
point larmers must see to it, mis season,
and pick out all corn affected with smut,
because this, according to all veter
inarians, is undoubtedly Ipoisonous
to stock, when e.Uen in any considc-rabl
Canadian sheep breeders are snipping
. . . . . i . ;
to Ensrland large numbers of fat sheep.
Two steamers recently arrived at Liver
pool with 1.130 live sheep on boird, de
signed for the English market, and to
afford a support of the best mutton at
low rates. The twenty per cent, duty on
the introduction of sheep from Canada
into the United States, it is said, will
pay the expense of transportation, so
.that the Canadians can put their sheep
into the English market almost as cheap
as thev can send them to New i ork.
The French legislature has decided
that sh culture shall form a part of the
programme of all farm schools. This was
a branch of rural industry formerly
much cultivated in this country, esp
ciallv in reference to carp, wlr.cn is a
mosl prolific and easily propagated fish.
Weight for weight, it brings nearly as
hisrh a price as beef, and no farm stock
can manufacture flesh so rapidly as caip
Any pool of water can raise the lry ; at
two years of age they must be transferred
to larsrer spaces of water, and even then
can command at the rate of two hundred
francs per 1,000 head
Savs the Vicksburg Herald: "We
have been shown a beautiful sample of
cottonf which was raised on the 1 ucatan
plantation in this country, mere is
nothine remarkable alxuit the staple of
the cotton or its beauty, but there i
something note worthy in the fact that
one of the most refined and prettiet
young ladies in the county picked 2,000
pounds of it, v ith her own delicate fin
gers. Young men who are afraid they
cannot afford to get mariied, need not be
afraid of her, for if one thould marrv her
and not have the energy and capacity to
support her, she will turn out and sup
Chii.biaik Liniment. One dram su
zar of lead, two drams white vitriol
powder and add four ounces of water;
shake well before usiDg; the best time
for application is in the evening; it is
not to be used on broken chilblains.
Cough Troches One ounce Spanish
licorice, two ounces rehned sugar, two
drams linelv powdered gumarabic, and
extract of opium, one scuple. Beat the
whole together, with mucilage of gum
tragacanth, make into small troches, to
be dissolved in the mouth when cough is
Molasses Pie Cover a plate with
paste as Jor Jpumpkin pie; spread over
this crust three taianoontuis oi nour.
and a spoonful of butter cut in small
pieces, and five tablespoonfuls of Orleans
or maple sirup, iho latter is tne best.
Rake in a moderately heated oven.
When nearly done, stir till the ingredi
ents are well mixed, then let it finish
A Lai'Sdky Secret. The following
receipe for doing up shirts will le found
of use to many housewives: Take two
ounces of fine white gum-arabic powder;
put it into a pitcher and pour on it a
pint or so of water; and then, having
covered it up, let it stand all night. In
the morning pour it caiefully from the
dregs into a clean bottle, and cork it and
keep it for u?e. A tablespoonful of gum
water stirred into a pint of starch made
in the usual manner will give to the
lawns, either white or printed, a look of
newness, when nothing else can restore
them, after they have been washed.
The Disease of Mendicancy.
The current number of Scribner's
Monthly has a brief but timely paper
upon mendicancy as a d if ease, treating
it in its various forms of dead-beating,
tramping, and general pauperism. The
prevalence and rapid growth of the dis
ease invest the subject with unusual
importance, since at the present rate of
progress it is only a question of time,
and of veiy short time, how sjoii mendi
cancy will reduce this country to the
condition of Sicily a: .d southern Italy.
The writer to whom we have alluded
very truly says: "Leprosy is not more
incurable than mendicancy. When the
disease has once fastened itself upon a
man when, through long months or
years, he has willingly and gladly lived
upon the industry of others, and roamed
around without a home he becomes a
hopeless case, and nothing but the strong
arm of the law can make him a self
supporting man." The writer might
have gone further and shown that the
natural result of confirmed mendicancy
in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred is
crime. The mendicant commences with
a lazy and shiftless habit of life, either
neutral ;n its origin or transmitted to
him from hereditary sources, a3 any other
disease may be. 1 le hangs aiound public
resorts, jobs about from place to place,
frequents free lunch saloons, travels from
town to town without any fixed purpose
except to sponge a living with as little
work as possible, until this mode of life
becomes a fixed habit. He shrinks from
work of any sort. He tramps through
the rural districts in harvest, hoeing, or
husking-time, but he is never found in
the field, although he might earn his
board and considerable more. He will
not work as long as his living can be ob
tained without work. When the op
portunity oflers he picks up little things.
and steals on the slv.and it does not take
long for stealing to become a confirmed
habit. When this happens he enters the
business of professional thievery, his
depredations depending upon his tun
ning and courage. If he have any natu
ral sharpness, he becomes a sneak-thief,
stealing clothing from halls, or light
parcels of goods from stores, or picking
pockets in crowds. If he have courage,
lie becomes a burglar, invading houses at
night, or a highwayman, assaulting and
robbing travelers upon the public thor
oushfares. even in the broad daylight.
Thus gradually the mendicant becomes
a felon, the subject of the penitentiary,
and tho object of gubernatorial syninathy
aud benevolence. Chicago is to day
afflicted with just thisc'assof mendicant j
we have been describing, ji'.eyuaei.ocic-
ed here in swarms lo stay through the w in
ter, traveling in the country leing ditli-!
cult as well as unprofitable at this sea
son of the year. Thev hang about
kitchens and front doors, ostensibly seek
ing lor wort, which they will not do
when it is ottered them, but in reality
seeking opportunities for stealing. They
are iounu in puonc places, on the Btreet
cars, wherever there is a crowd, watch
ing opportunities for robbery. They in
test even the most public streets, and
commit personal assaults almost with
utter impunity. This is the condition
we are in, growing out of the attack of
mendicancy as a disease, now raging like
What is the remedy ? Evidently to
treat it as a disease with heroic remedies.
It will not cure itself. The experience
of the English authorities in dealing
with it has valuable suggestions for our
own. In Great Britain mendicancy had
become so universal and so dangerous
that a most stringent vagrant law has
been recently passed. All strollers with
out visible means of support who can
not establish beyond question their
means of obtaining a livelihoed. or who
have been arrested a certain number of
times, are thoroughly investigated, and,
it they come with the terms ot the law,
are co'mmited to the workhouse. Of
course this may swell the ranks of the
paupers contined in the workhouse, but
it lessens the ranks of the mendicants
and gives society a sense of security, and,
as a rule, if the tramp be offered the
workhouse and Bridewell or honest labor,
he will choose the latter. Ihe success
of the Euglish plan commends it to our
own legislature, and we would recom
mend that some of our legislators pro-
cure a copy of the English law and
how far it may be applied to remedy the
horrible condition of our own cities.
The cities and the country towns alike
need and demand protection, and if they
do not find it before Ion? will be at the
absolute mercy of these swarms of stroll
ing vagrants and migratory thieves.
Thev multiply vcrv rapidlv. If there
are 10,000 tramps in this state this year,
there will be 20,000 next . rear. Ihe
alarming character of the outlook" le vn.t
overdrawn in this statement which we
take from the article in Scribners.
It is not a tranm, here and there, such
as we have at all times ; but it is an army
of tramps that can be brought together
on the slightest occasion, for any deed of
rascality and blood which it may please
them to engage in. Ihe. evil has come
uiwn us so noiselessly so almost imper
ceptibly that it is hard for us to realize
that we are tolerating, and feeding lor
nothing, a huge brood of banditti, who
will ultimately become as monstrous and
as disgraceful to our country and to
christian civilization as the banditti of
Greece or Southern Italy. Chu-ago Tri
The Average of Sickness.
The latest effort of science in the di
rection of averages is found in the lectures
of Dr. Reginald S?outhey on " Individual
Hyciene. Dr. fcouthey divides human
lite into eight peiiods, which embrace
the commencement and culmination, the
beginning and the end. The first period
is babyhood, which comprises the hrst
year of existence; the second is infancy,
Irom one to seven; the third is childhood,
irom seven to lourteen; the iourtn is
adoleseenee,from fourteen to twenty-one ;
the fifth is maturity, from twenty-one to
forty-nine ; the sixth is middle-age, from
forty nine to sixty-three ; the seventh is
old age, Irom sixty-three to seventy
seven ; the eighth is decrepitude, from
seventy-seven to eighty-four. Dr,
Sou they, like the ancient healer, Hippo
crates, is wise enough not to attempt the
average of babyhood, infancy, childhood
and adolescence. If the doctor is a mar
ried man, however, he must know that
the true average of the illness of baby
hood is two hundred and sixty-six days
out ot three hundred and sixty-five. In
infancy and babyhood the average de
pends so much upon the condition of the
green apple crop and the proximity of
creeks and ponds that the scientist was
doubtless puzzled to obtain a percentage
of sictness lor those periods which would
not seem either arbitrary or absurd, lie
has therefore skipped over the first twen
ty-one years of existence and commenced
his table at a period before reaching
which a goodly proportion of mortals
cease to be sick at al.', and get rid of the
doctor by going into the grave. Many
scarcely start on the journey of lite be
fore they give it up as a bad job and re
turn from whence they came. Others
stagger along in a rickety wav for
fiw vears, and then stop in d?smst
Those who attain the age of maturity
have a better chance to explore the mis
eries ot existence, lhesewill be inter
ested in the result of Dr. Southey's re
searches. The following is his table
showing the number of days of sickness
annually one may eapect when at a cer
At 20 years 4 days
At 20 to :o years 5 or Cdars
At 45 years 7 days
At 0 years , 0 or 10 days
Ai 55 years. 12 or 13 days
At 60 years Io iays
At 6.5 years 31 days
At 70 years 74 day
If Dr. Southey has made no mistake
in his calculations, the average illness of
mankind is not alarming until the age of
seventy is reached, and as there
are very few who attain the biblical
span of threescore years and ten, the
seventy-four days of sickness attached to
that period will not add a great deal to
the income of medical men. Five days
of sickness do not seem to add a great
deal to the young man of twenty, or ten
days to one who has reached fifty
and the shady side of life. It is true
the figures denote averages, and while
some escape altogether, ethers are ill for
months of the year. ( hmigo Journal.
Scenes on Russian Railroads.
North or south there is scarcely any
difference between the aspect of a Rus
sian station. For hundreds of verstsyou
have been jolting through a flat or slight
lv undulating series ot enormous snow
clad plain. Stunted birch, fir and larch
are all the flora vou perceive. You never
set eves upon a town one, I mean, with
smoke curling from the chimneys, with
women peeping from the casements, with
children playing on the doorsteps, with
docs or poultry at the street ends.
For strategic reasons the railwav has
been made to run as straight as an arrow
from a Tartar's bow from one great point
. . i i -. . ?nl
to anotner OI limitary vantage. xuey
sav that when the czar .(Nicholas was
det'erentially'consulted as to the direction
which the St. Petersburg and Moscow
railwav stould follow, his majesty simply
took a pencil and a ruler and struck
straight line on the map from the new to
old metropolis of his empire ; and the
consequence of fiis inflexible militarism
as applied to civil engineering is that
the ma oritv of Russian towns are two
or three n.iles distant from the railway
stations which bear their name.
The platform and its appurtenances are
isolated in the miust oi a snowy waste.
Round about vou are gathered a few
sheds and wooden cabins, together with
vast niies of rousrhlv-hewn logs lor tuel
That is all. save the signal-boxe', which
look either like gibbets with packing-
cases instead of corpses : upcnded from
tl.Pin or ickiP cases without gibbets
Wompn are often employed in signal
ing, and wretchedly unwomanly they ap
pear, bundle! up 111 noousanu gaucruiiiro
t Kli..pnskin reach inz no lower than the
knee, with their legs swathed and muffled
to almsst elephantine proportions in can
vas bandages, cross-gartereu wuu strings
f nnrnnnpd leather. These, with heavy
dosof wood, complete the costume of
the anomalous creature, who mecnantcai
ly waves a tattered felack or a ragged
yellow flag as the train passes, and makes
us wonder whether M&ther Eve could
ever have realized the possibility of her
daughters being put to such base uses as
The New York Herald says that ihe
success which has attended theimpot
tant work at the moath of the Missis
sippi river reflects great credit upon
Capt. Eads, and encourages the hope he
ntertains ot securing a channel thirty
! feet deep for the largest vessels. V ith
j such a channel New Orleans will take
Kr nlar-ft anion? the chief commercial
porta of the United States, and
era of prosperity opens for the
A i.rrrr.E boy was looking at a picture
of Tunch. when he said. " Ma, ha wears
his nose en bis back
In the Tunnel.
The train on the Western & Atlantic
railroad had stopped at a small station,
and a beautiful young gentleman, with a
linen duster, a pair of tight boots, and a
.. . . i . . i .1 i
smile, naa lea inte me car a oiusning
damsel of eighteen, with a ravishing hat,
and a piece of court-plaster underneath
her lovely mcuth. Jhey took seats,
gazed at each other, smiled and talked,
and every old gossip in the ear had her
eye upon them. He opened a book and
turned the pages, while she looked out
the window. Tunnel Hill. Ga., in sight.
The train dashed through a section of
inner darkness. When the other end of
the tunnel was reached -she was looking
out the window, while he was turning
the pages. But the court-plaster was on
his chin not hers; the edges turned up
and the center not smoothed down ; it
seemed to have been hastily deposited,
All the old gossips made no note on't,
She looked at him, saw the court-plaster,
rubbed her own chin, blushed and whis
pered to him. He put his hand up to
Lis chin, brought down the court-plaster,
took out a cigar and fled to the smoking-
car. In the distance rose the grim defiles
and lenin" curves of Tunnel Hill, Ga.
The conductor entered the ear with his
new steel punch. The car-boy shouted
Down-east READ.-Une and one
half pints sweet and very fresh
milk, luke-warm; three tablespoon
fuls yeast in the milk, a scant
teaspoonful soda if the yeast is sweet, a
full teaspoonful if it is at all sour, and a
little salt; add flour while it stir easily,
and a little flour on top at last, to pre
vent the cloth from sticking; cover and
set it it in a moderately warm place to
rise over night. One pint.of milk makes
a large loat, and halt pint makes a dozen
n.scuits. in the morning roll your bis
cuits and cut them, then place before the
fire to rise halt hour before bak
ing. Allow your loaf after it is in the
pan to rise irom hall hour to one hour,
turning it round, so that it may rise
evenly. This receipt is equally good for
Remarks the Norwich Bulletin:
The Home Journal objects to the wear
ing of diamonds when traveling, because
it is vulvar. It is a position which we
assumed years ago, and we are glad to
say that no one connected with this
paper has ever been guilty or suen vul
garity. We have occasionally taken a
ride with a lawyer, but theie are Home
iWthsto which we cannot sink."
Use of the most noteworthy provis
ions made by cardinal Antonelli in his
will is in regard to his servants. It is
arranged that those who had served him
twenty-five years shall have their wages
continued to them for the rest of their
lives; those who had been with him fit-
teen years shall have two-thirds of their
wajrea : and other servants one-third.
After a little girl had attended her
first Sunday school session she asked her
mother what kind of a bear was a "con
secrated cross-eyed bear?' Her mother
could impart no information until she
happened to glance into the S. 8. song
boot, when she told her offspring that
the animal in question was "a consecra
ted cross I bear."
When' King Theodore, of Abyssinia,
committed suicide, the Knglisb. officers
fouml and brought away a little Imv
the son and heir of the dead king. The
lad hasbeen educated in Knglanil, in fa:t
the queen has in a manner adopted him.
The prince of Abyssinia is now at Kugby,
visits the roj'al household during his
holidays, and is studious but not smart.
Cream Cake. One and one half cup
fuls of flour, three heaping tf aspoonfuls
baking-powder, seven ecres. This makes
three cake?, in large round tins.
CIoikI Kaiinern of the Alps.
Among the most exquisite scenes wliich
delight the eye of the Kuropean traveler are
those wonderful mse-colorel cloud-banners,
floating from the Alpine cliffs Hut il issulv
in the s unlight that N.ilure h.iii-s nut these
beautiful tokens. So it is only in the glow of
health the sunlight of our inner hems'
that nature reveals these physical rloml-
banners, the " rosy cheek " anil " cherry lip,'
to praise wnicn every poet ol the earlii has
invoked the Muse to aid him. But they are
as rare as the cvnical Hood conceived Christ
ian charity to lie. Worufn, oager to retain
this charm, resorts to French art and nmne.
The e&ect is similar to that which would lie
produced by substituting auctioneers' (lugs
for the delicate glowing cloud hanneis of the
Alps, If woman would aid Nature instead
ot adopting art, would seek health instead
of vainly trying to mask disease, she would
not onlv win the greatest charm of M'oman
hood, health, hut she would avert i.uch mis
ery both Irom hersell and others. Ir. 1'ierce s
Favorite Prescription has received the high
est praise from thousands of pale, delicate,
suflering womeD. One bottle often afford
more relief than months of treatment by
caustics and otner medicines, it is harm
less in any condition of the system, and its
use often render.! the modest invalid exempt
from that most trying ot ordeals a personal
consultation with a physician. It is the duty
ot every woman to become launliar with the
causes and symptoms of the many diseases
to which her peculiar organization renders
herliaiilc, and also to learn the proper means
of preventing these mnladies. The People's
Medical Adviser contains an extensive treat
ise upon " Woman and her Iliseases." The
Author also advises courses of domestic
treatment, which will often render the ser
vices of a physician unnecessary. Kvery
woman should read it, A copy ot the Ad
viser can be obtained by addressing the
Author, Dr. K. V. Pierce, at Buffalo, N. Y.
Price $1.50 (postage prepaid). Favorite Pre
scription is sold by druggists.
The popularity of Messrs. James S. Kirki
i o. s snaps, manuiactureu in hicago, is
shown by the unprecedented sale which their
goods have reached during the year 176'. This
by far is the largest soap manufacturing con
cern in the I'nited States, producingand sell
ing in all parts of this country, from the lied
Kiver of the North to New Orleans, and from
Portland, Me., to San Francisco, 25,000,000
pounds annually. No so-called greases enter
into these soaps. On'ypure refined tallow and
vegetable oils are used, containing no adul
teration, r air and square weights always re
liable. This is why their soaps are so popular
with all good and economical housekeepers.
If Congress had employed an much
scientific skill in the arrangement of its
" Reconstruction Policy " at the close, as the
War Department did in the beginning of the
war. in arranging for the manufacture of
what was called Sheridan's Cavalry Condi
tion Powders for the use of the Cavalry
horses, no doubt the L nion would have been
restored long ago. t,rrhawje.
Bacon Clear Hides
WhisRy Common. ,
German Mil let.
a m rt f
Flour o m
Wheat Bed and Amber- 1 3?
Corn Sacked- ...
Bacon Clear sides
Potatoes Irish, DDI..,
..'- 24 00
.... 19 60
00 8 50
1 10 & 1 YVi
50 (4 (!
3 ) 00 2 2 00
1 00 1 15
1 75 3 00
5 00 H 5 50
1 75 3 00
1 13 1 15
8 60 9 50
1 75 2 00
1 75 a 2 00
1 75 2 00
(a) 1 5)
43 Co 45
9 00 (u) 10 00
17 60 18 00
33 (a) 35
1 60 1 65
i 05 (a i io
. 4 75 (c 00
1 49J4(i$ 1 49
rHi nil if HMM IIM II HUM 40 W 40
-.. 32 ZVi
00 (ti 07
TTatph's Universal Cough Syrup
has been in use 15 years.aad has always been
warranted to cure, and is now bow dv ovei
6,000 druggists, who say they eldom have a
bottle returned. Many of the best physicians
in the country prescribe it as the best reme-jy
for coughs, colds and CROIP within their
knowledge, neasant to lane, sure w .-"
and should hesold by all druggists. It should
be in every family, especially tnose wiui
croupy children. Try it, and you will always
keep it. Two sizes 50 cents and ii.uu. rut
tip by D. W. Hatch & Co., Jameston, N. Y.
Presidential Mansiox, Washington
D. C. April 23, 1875. Messrs. llelnhenstine
& Bentlv Gent: For the past seven years
my wife has been a great sufferer from rheu
matism, lier noctor8 lulling to srive ner
relief, she used three bottles of l'urang's
Remedy, and a permanent cure was the re
sult. VVrn. II. Crook, executive clerk for
We noticed in one of our exchanges
this week the statement of Dea. John IIds
kins, of South Jefferson, Me., whose son was
cuied of incipient consumption by the use
Anodvne Liniment. We refer
to this at this time as tending in rorroooriue
the statement we made last week in relation
to this Liniment as applied to consumption.
( HEAP LIFE ISNI RAXf'E.
Tnt.ftve n.nt. will Imv a box of Ir. TlTTT'rf
Pills, and ther will reetore the lunrtion. cf the liver,
stomach and bowels the sources from which nearly
every disease oriKinats. II these organs act wen a
long and healthy life is ussurnl.
Hi i .
R. 6. CRAIG & CO.,
Garden, Field and Grass
BEINLY PLOW AGENCY.
Fruit I Qwiil Trees
TEAR, PLUM, CHEIlllY,
APP.ICOTS, QUINCE, Etc.
SPRUCE, FIKS, PINES,
ROSES, VINES, Etc.
Strawberry, Easpterry. Gooseberry ad j
SrUpernon & Concord (IrajiP limits.
Pyracantha Hedge Plants
Send for Catalogue an 1 Price List to
R. 6, CRAIG & CO.
Music Books for
ACADEMIES AM SEMI VARIES
THEH!GH SCHOOL CHOIR. :,!
lilre.l ii prmi-il nn.l pri
7,f!-- I hk iii ii iiiulti-
til.l. i.f cIi.m.H, hum lia i.
imuft iti 'J, il, ii lid 4 pai tf.
l.y Kiiutsii X Tilil'Mi.
Kqiialiv n I ;ire tin .. I. Icr II nit r of M in & Inc.
$l.i t.v Kmer. n .V Til-l.-n. fit 'tier i-iiM. .11.1
or Ihree Kcni.il.- Voice-., .v . ?v Tihlcll. all. I
lleeltl'a Sictl leaTarl. i7' ctrt i xvtiii !i ln.g c&cr
ci.cM iii Italian fi le.
7 ..i .-r di.. f
I SillL'illX Srli...
1 I la.- l...ok f-,
I nr. cnuunti -ti
ln.ok. i ulni
f ;lfiii liol-tii in fill. -l with ff-n
inz finiRH tor nintiM'ii r--
Ainf rif nn Wfhool yt ntv I Conifers. ffik I .T-
t- . i:....k II. . . in. j;...k Ml. -,,-.) ur-
Well -Illit'le l.r.ltleil lint' f. tl'I'T. ''V i'mrMi.it
.1- Tihl- n.
n rntlt'ct i'"(ti 41 -l(f-i fill f:irr"-l sting?, mil li m-.
now iii"r i"i nrrin'H'ulIy into lino) v i.m-
meti'l l hr-e hook of imu'oiii in.. ii l i-mitv, rmrS 'bliH Ii
N hK-l s.iii Look. t 1.14-. :'. cn. i feula-
Inir It lv-r. :t-" ctn. i 4oim1 An, rtf.
Kitlicr took iimleil, pist-p.iil fur Itetnil Pri(,
OLIVER DITSON & CO., Boston.
II. Jlllaon .V Co , J. Illlaon A I II..
711 Brnndwar, lMlc,-e.ii.i- ( I ce 4 Walker,
ftrnp, IIiiiL'larN and
vci,if, st n ,.,tta ,.f
VJiiiHt i;.nirineil . "our
SjJ". iii.t,,r. ., r." ;.
m i, Inl. i.i' Mc hilv
l.ll.lc. Inst KlIKll-ll llll--
Mcel l.urr.'I.Hi-ir.H.-tiiiL'.-v I
ill.l.r. let-nite il-clt.
ti i 1.7 ... I.iii.J il Ii . mi f
r ln.. iiil' lin.icr en hel
lo receive ti!i-tril'.-- ..r
I I "C I Kill M. I H'K XI'. l t''.
..l.i I III it' ll 'IT. Ilvel V
rct..tnr uarralilcl- l.'e
v.'v.-r a 'id In. i cl :.). i t l.v
cpi.. fji.l'i U"V.. ei rt
il.H.cl.v III. III. p..M pllt'l.
'.'i', I "al t -i!xcM c a n tlx t Ii
H'-nt !v mail. A "
Iluol'llr. Kreat ve.lil
III- arc. - 1 1 li I ii tr nioli'-y. .J:i: ate
i.i t--l i tic. n ia I ilii i I v . c n i ticii. u
and enf ire KHt la. t lull t all.
II. II. l:'ISK. f l.r.n.k, i. llll.
BEALS & FOSTER,
Xo. 41 I'ttth Mloir, .Vf.'ll' YOltli,
ilKNKKAI. Aiil.N 1-iilt
THE AMERH'W JE.VSr.llER 1M0X LISTS
OF CO-OPERATIVE VEWSPirERS.
Advert. Mn (le-tirin either of t.e I.UU i m l
rnhliHheil in thojr i.m n rttv ) ninv rnmiMiiiiicHtc with
MeMm. II K A LS A HtsTKH lirTt, an Ml up1th ill
hereafter agH thr-mitl. hi; InttHin.
A. J. A I Ii froMiilrnl
American ew Hpuprr I'nion.
All ahollt Itrt S.'il, limilte, Ite.i!rreri, I'ruiii;.
I'BW, hi) 1 its pni!e nie iwn in t!ie S N A S
FA H M K K, h lo.pncc Weeklv. in it I 'it li vein-. I'.t-
ajtt piiil, 3 mniit Mm. fr t. AiMreh
J. U. Ill i'.-O.V I.-IIK.. tHH
IIf nnirklr Inker, h hitrh nlitce utwiii iilth ul-
tural jui iialr, N. Y. Tnhnne We have t-oiifiil
ereil it a m mitt- thf hent i f mtr exi-hunt", hih a
orthv reprenentn'ive ot th eft . - J'l art icn 1 Kur-
nir, flul ur hHiin;n rrieui'H flionl'i feel .riijtJt
pride iu the. ti i tr Ii -iHrn-ter iiti'l rrlmg worth !
I'.ieir State Htrrn ultnr . I p p'r. Va tn'tmi 4- Murk
rial e rheei ftrjly I'liMiif it w H U l.eine ne of
the lett eilitetl of our Western itKricti'l iir;tl r
hHne. ,K lfit f i (he Tiruef, N. 1 .
And WrI! Color reurty mixed for u. Any one run
apply theru. (heap, r.'-Hiitiful Hinl lUiruhle. Al-o.
Painters. ArtistH1. aud Wax-fl
rdow-jElaK, tiln, artiih, tnih .m, Haii. )orn,
n4n, yon will et rlieap if y.-n I ny t 11 North i ol
e Btr't,Nahville,Tetin.. i llS.II i A CTil I Kli'H
Nnorll.lt Rl Ii.iiiI.I.- an. I .Sinirln Knrrel ahnl
Olllla, I-l.-l llillr. I'lirarl Hll..la. an. I Hie
lioteil llntili-r a ti-l ICilli-a. . nd lor I iit:il..vue.
J M'hVKN.-i A- V.. I lilmri-e I'l 1, ."l;i.
To Continental and Security Life
Insurance Co.'s Policy
TT 1 T
Mr.. Sljennar4 Itntnntim. Artiiarv nf New V..rL
offer the henettt ct htn kHTien e and petition to
am (X'Iict holders of the fthovn named lompni'-n,
and will rt an their attorney in settlement ot iin-ii
claims, without any charge for lii iteivtceH. i'n
upon or addreHM If . M. fKIKMi, Mohile. Ala.
fit A X K IKHMf S
1 hr 'lit-aifxa nn.l Moat I'nlrrfilolpa .HuaT-
aiiai in i. Worlil
IM rase., llll inu-lrat:ona. 2.1 .eiiti. niontlilr.
l:utlii.l ' Indian Cinpna," l.v A. II. f;ierni-y ;
lolballil'Miv I.a....u..i p. . - ln. I "-TI.. Ii.wi.
Wilt Mmt."a cliliniifi. l..rv "Th. I.trit....! An.
cut liom-." ft.:. TUi Muiiiizii. I. fuli of i-i-l-
leut Hot el, Travels and (-'urlou ao ! 'iitfreiiB
Matter. hu4 ti cent to HHi'K LLsLlt. ew
i oi k. and get a copy Ljr ruto.ru ojjiI.
And How to Load for all Kkds cf Game.
Kv W. W. CIIKK.S Kit,
Author of " SI. wlnm ltri-li l,..i...-r. Spoil I Ii it an. I
Military." rown Ko. -llh Irlli-i-rfl. MI.SV.
Send f Circular (HO K road mi J . m York.
JIK Intian-l anil aril to Iiralrrt our
nlauip gooJ". Si" lrllllaiic. Salary lilirral.
huiup prniar.-lit. II..H-I A IravJl i-mi-n't
paid Monitor ola.a :., laJ ite St.. l lui Intiall, O.
new iiiii.rHKHi ir max ruiuinrya ami
! $10425 1
Uv turf mvif y A;r'nt wltin miU'hrom.
Ci3 jIi, I'l. tin AuJ I'll I one i Ci I-. !-. lUO.
plci, w"-ni Mmt p. .i. I If
J. ti. Dl i i (.'nu ;
bl I I i-'Kll' b'JnHiM M.IMf
I SEEDS I
aaw X At
tan. . ... t. w-..... .
T 1 1 f The only mi re remeI y . Trial itrkra.
AS I HfflA K L.6MITHNl(HT.aeTlnd.)
AfitNTB wsnted, on aulary or commiHulon New linl
Dei.V Ad.lre.. J. U. Co.. fct. Loin.. Mo.
7. ..,! Ini-rrili'il. (Snvernmriit rlnlB
J eriMi B ,,. ,. ......... ,i d : rfriiM Im r. I nil
as 4U t "to n to.. " M
- . . u
'alHlnpueand Snni lU K KK
SOft Alf to A?ent
JdtJ Catalogue' L.KLKTC
i pie tree.
'ILK, II Dey St..
S55iS77 P- 0 rYKKUY, A.-u,a, Me.
l2 r s a iy. no wrn hiakf.it. Son ''"
n r 1 1 n 1 1 1 r n s ' h"t 70 r'em- "' rat-
H til U L V L Hwr.STr.liNGi'li WoHliB.ChioaKO.Ill.
ft r . werk In vmir own town Tetmssnrt 4Sontfit
2bbfree. II. 11 A M.ETT A ,
a week. St ci
!) ShtiipN-s frc
r-ilnnd K.-v-CliecU Oulnts. The bn
111., llnfHR. jriii' "iw ' "
Best ia tt WorM.
T. l-OHIAM A CO.. iVI.febPt.
Ouflt ud -.Hinat
Jill terms iree. TRL'K A CO., AuK'.'t
frCtn fflflPfl""1 home. r-ani'N,
- f"XT T."." hn.liv male with o,ir ftenrll
31 J - T 1 '"! Key Check "'"n, l"'"'r"
. - I1..l..,t...ri i.t'r.tll.
v-r...j nri. f..r nillf is. Mlufc
Culler. Jon. A Cu'h,
H A TCHf.lt.
A Cfcit Hensat.n. Bamp.
Width ant O::"!' A" A'-..
Gold. Address .. 'l 1. "
z 1 r o rnce
V.cin (I- u.u.i
Ktnilf'K S PAttl LLC. mail
fli A Vcr nil Ktl-t.sc. to khI Aienla
leuililuate and r-le:innl ln-'il-. I'"'l" "J-'r
A.l.lr. " J- WOKTii a o . M. 1...U,-. M...
, l.fncl -ivcd, and heal Increase.!;
(111 in ner" " "''. ' " ,,,.i,.r iwnh t.-iimcni-
1 i.u' Ilit rHIINI I'll.. --
ill) lo Henry C
If.T.I. V Fail-om -
Wan 1 ty , ,er...:n. ...,. i;v;r
rii'lo.l .iri-ajr...l WorU-u :..c,..,.sll.
.it .i.l.T f -r
min mi nnn itr''"! " ".7.7.
m 10 HUM TrJ,iTr
st ,. . I.. ntni.Mv i'antafc
l.. K-n lwllHr l-er ! 'V
t-rtl. tr at til. J
LI A lln-iii' "
T. W I I.I.I A WW
4'iiielniiat 1. Otilrt
wlllacree to.l.-t; Lute ''7'" r'r.r.?:
. :.,.. .1,11, h lnrl.ne III -lii" i" P
. II .1.1.'... hernial A
rrof. Ilnira Ma ale """"
- 1. thc.cly .r-l"r.l,..ll,oi..- k.ucol IUI
at J ,iii..n- W i i.-i i" c "" '""2
Ji en li.e Ih- .1 furr (,ll."il l,,J,.rTI la II
rn ri..-. n,"n.y n.nn, .
c. n' pr l.urlilJ. p.i.lpai'11 3 IW
1 V. JilNI.N A-l.lai.0. ilaal.
! r- c I
n- I '1
r. t in u. i Kl
, i.ci. i.tloi.ier
lH. I i-imiim-.ai
,ir m I t Ire- ol at.
, 1. .,. V!ll:t,
tn tt, JJ..-W ora..
I Di j r r m i
.: I fra
rr Ml ''
A. BOOK for the MILLION.
I ii. .-.-""a, anfwr.
1 a. vlavi
V ' lV F- f wrm .aw-M wf
1 I MT11T f fl lB-ti.' tiiet-'eol T-e -'
AllMl I J. Vt-,,l -.rw..,lttl...Ull w. ei.
iUu,':uF--" MhfL.SU tr
Orrrmr r'i . ' -icr. 6. c : ( s ? .C it i
r,7L.,.r -i J rV in n.-J be
3 iu.& eta '
i llll'll l.y IT. I.e. a a vwi
Umm n ii ml utre K.-misly.
M II AKUK
trcaliueut nutil rui-d. fall ' "r eddreaa
DH. J. C. CECK,
213 John !
The IW-al Trttaa wllhntit
1, tnI'M' rlneier in ienle.1.
-., limnl.ilK Inn. I cl a rer
; , ... radical cur. - l ilt itBTliar
alilc.. f ri.nif.'ltiil-l". "
i ire an I .ti-Iact..r appli
' ,V "vc.!llaV.-..,.kn.l
i". n T 1 1 D F
pay lull Prlii- L.r an in -
. . .... . t ... i.. ,.i. ...!... us. rcn
wliiclielrafiiiraficl.iim.areMa.ie. ' " "' " V"J
fnnieroT Iran .. 7 17 tir..ad N- "
'( hrl'Me.T ;Mw.-:t .iw ' wiw f. J
nrnoVrd.ieci'n.'--, ' '""
I. .KIT. I11..H7 T. i ' . '. If-
Confet1er;itr-. Or.-.rrr, -K
r.. At. I. I I' I -
HI . I I . r. -. I, r. - I . .. i.
illi;.v. . ii...:.:. . " , He
i. . r
I V mi l
.ti t: -t.i.n. WiB-
, it itui
.Y - tiii:
TI... ....It . . imi.I-1.'. r. Mr IH.iMnil.-l prir
w.. i. 7Jll r'i"-. '. H.MI- Tl.-ata ..MM
i.i........ ... ....I I. ml. I H i-.. ..n..-rfnl l.il It
i. m-.M. ...1. -i .1. "'v1".- "vM'.".'!,'
ilil am-.-. - '.'" il'. , ,V,r J"'I j;"u'.';
. . ' . . I...! .... I I V I III. IhIh Ii
I i lrirr.
"It'l I'HM 1. 1. l .. 1 .. ,
.. . ... ......ii. 1. 1. i.u
. . . . .
rtl- t..i I . in.il. i. I'. I 'I.'" . .
il I l: I, ..,:, ii.r i" i ' ' "in-'
It rotitiiirm H3' tine etirtivt: un of tiutluinit mtnl
Hi e nen i -i the (tr . II I I III hi Moi. hti1 in (he ol..' J-U -
thentir hm'I roniph ie 1. 1 t..n- r-iihii-hf .1. it trenlHI
th- ki iiiul I.u i M i nfc--, on I.-i ful t hi. M tn ioiiieK,
L'l.'.il f eiiti, I t . Vet V ' I""" lill'l Ht nifht Otm
A yen t ioi I C4, pi ft in t.i,. !. f-imI t r niifitri
! rtio t' Aciif" h'ol a f.tll !- 1 1 r.i ion iif Hi"
work. A'hlichx 'ulioiinl IiiIIIhIiIi'K 4'o. M.
I. u-, M.
'll Tli.V I" n rii. .nx f niol worthier, hookn ii
II IIW I. tiie r ii oi" l iim i ir -tiiuled.
. I'o Hot he erei.f1 f -- tha the nlj hliy tuU
..11 .1.1. 1 It- al..l .li ll liril pr-.-
MflltlK I pH'-en it I'l
ji i it r "
A GREAT OFFER
FOR THE HOLIDAYS!
K III f m In-ilir llWtll Tr,H .ad
I lie 1 1 l I.I Ii N.i I rlii'iiiii-.i Inl. ill.ow nt
I nil I'l 4 IC. M. urn n.i.l iffimil.
ii.l. firl-flnaa iimkiK. Iul iKllnaT
T. fCV r. I Ion fr j.rl'l'a I'.ir rajatl. ..r I fiat m II
mnl.s It n ii r I.I-I'. ir. ll.-ri-l ... ty lorU
IVAflKV ;r:tf.l Mil' '' I' It Hill I'
I'l IMI.I iiikI tc II 1 'l 'II I ON 4 II I 1 . Of
Ktmaari .hi ltl iti.-.t-. rniiCi'.i fr !:
yn - A I- l;M V I III llliiln.lrl In.
u'ltiriip lllll-fl. 4. 11 l.l'i-Hl iIIimiiii. I Trh.
. i. Miui'lrr., 7,hi. -.... f-i ..V". '-' fl.--t
lnliiil lii'l rl.r. Mill: tit: IVlllBn
V .Yltttit. r'. i.i-i-t a itit.l llt-nlrra. 40
a Ml l liUM.. I l. Ion . iiiiti S. V.
'""'"'SUE via r-'lJ'
-' .-.!'. ,li
V. B. THAYER,
MuTiufuctiirifiK Jeye,raiid Johler in U'Btrl.fr,
riamindi, JetAehy, 4';,,( r.ii f.f nil iiiHiinhn trire,
1'irinioiid He tti ti if mid line Iitiirj. 1 k rnu K"hi
riniti at I. if a pu t . -i.t liuiw, I ft l d Jhih. V
have a F'iiuitie Klriti inorein nt inn -iii nl it vaa
Kiiaranten at 1 ft -fc dollnrN. Fin rllel p1itcoh(
chain, pent-i, ft to lJoliaift; hihei it ii 20 dollurfi;
trim ran teed to wear for jenri .ooim iit n ler
t("ii. AdjUKlinir ofHtl ImU'I-of vm Ih-h. old t'.l
and silver tak"ii in Jrad. V. l it At 1,11, the
live JW'-Ier, leiiiplilt, Trnn.
STEi & CO.
rr:Scii'l for jIls?K!tL I Catalosna
NKW U1I.L1 O.V Ai UllillS
;( the world
Tr4 Mnk In ti yf"- " o(kvci) amln.
SILIiNT SEWIXO MACIIIXE.
Send Postal Card for IllnntratpJ Tries Lift, 4c.
AVillcox & iibb S. M. Co.,
(Cor. Bond St.) CSS ltroaviwar- .Vw York.
vlfaia- aa J uu w ttir ttt t . I Im ur
lu Ibla p)iT.
H. R. I .
H LUCRATIVE BUSINESS.
or- WE WANT SOO MORE FIRST-CLAS
SEWING MACHINE AGENTS, AND SOO
MENOFENERCVANO ABILITY TO LEARN
CHINES. COMPENSATION LICE R A La CUT
VARYING ACCORDING TO ABILITY, CHAR
ACTER AND QUALIFICATION Of f Max
AC5NT. TOR PARTICULARS, AuU'liiit
Wilson s-swins Uvlm Co.. (fca
m p R a n f n
6, XtlOM wUh
1 af . 9 J . va