Newspaper Page Text
UbM States Senata Executive Session.
W titer AasAcUted Preii Beport
BENATE WA8HTXGT0H, March 6.
Hi. Wallace submitted a resolution that the creden
lial ot L. Q. C. Lapiar, Senator-elect from Mississippi,
be taken from tbe table, and that he be sworn.
Mr. Anthony moved that the Senate adjourn. Re
jected yeas 15, nays 36, many Bepublloans Toting
frith the Democrats against an djooroment.
Hr. Dawes advocated the sweanog In. holding that
Mr. Lamar presented himself with the proper ceruh
eate Mr. Blaine armed that tbe report In the Mississippi
(ase mi slit show that the Legislature which elected
jLamar was not s legal body, but be should be sworn In
now. and all this was a matter for subseauent loauiry
ly tbo Senate. It wss a dangerous thine to stop a Sen
ator taking the oalh who presented himself with proper
After further debate, Mr. Rpencer said he was op
posed to seating Umir. because the Legislators
which elect ixl him was a fraud. lie then eeut to the
Clerk's desk and had read ss s part of his remarks
the report ot Mr. Boutwelis committee on Mississippi
Mr. Hamlin, from the committee to notify the Presl
flent that the Senate was organtr-od, reported that the
President won id coinmuuicato to-morrow In regard to
After renting the report of Mr. BontwpIVs committee
tbe dismsslon wss continued by Mesr.rg. Morton, Wad
lelgb Dawes, McMillan and others, when Mr. Upencer
Hiored to amend Mm resolution of Mr. Wallace so as to
refer the credentials of Mr. Lain a r to tbe Committee on
JTivlleges and Klecnons.
Mr. Tliui man said no matter wbat was contained in
Mr. Boutweli's report, there was nothing aft'ectiug the
jrt;w fade title of Lamar in the tsenate. Tbeie was
not one word in that report which touched the ques
tion before the Senate, and it was ontnf older to call
tiuoo the Henste to sit here an hoar to listen to the
Mr. Morton said the Senator from Ohio Mr. Thur
xnan Isid down the doctrine In regard to a vrima facie
esse, but he Mr. Mortonj begged leave to remind the
benate that, one year ago, the rsenutor stood on the other
aide in tho case of I'lnchback.
According to the doctrine of the Senator there could
lie no investigation as to the Legislature which elected
Lamar, but iheie could be as to the one which elected
Finobback. He fMr. Mortonj had not chanced
Iiis ml ml. bat held to the sime doctrine now
that bo did in the Pint hback case. There
bad been a sudden revolution on the part of
the Democracy. He believed the Senators objected to
should be called In the rozclar order in which they are
named. The Senator from Lonlslana Mr. Kellogg was
liere with s lejril certificate, but objection was made to
wearing bim in yesterday. On the voty grounds upon
fbi"h bo was stopne'l from taking bis seat yesteriiny,
n the Senate, the Senator from Alabama Mr. Spencerj
liad tbe right to interpose an objection to the case of Mr.
Lamar. It seemed tonim Mr. Murtouj that this was an
attempt to have one doctrine in one case and another
doctrine in another case.
Mr. ThmuiiiO ssid ho wonld be sorry to believe that
tbe faculties ot the Senator from In'iiana were failing,
but he muft say that the faculty of memory In that
(senator, judging- from bis rerm.rxs. showud weakness,
which might well give concern to his friends.
He Mr. ThnrmanJ said that iu the
Ooldthwaite case and in the Fincbbarg
case, and again now, that where a mau bad been elect
ed by that body, which w as con fessed y t r.o Legislature
of the Slate, and btottght. wilu him the credentials pre
scribed by law, there was not, in the whole hmtoiy of
the countiv, a precedent which would prevent bim be
ing swum in. lint it made vast difference as to
whether a man had been elected by a Legislature or a
mob. Aocoiflnig to the report of the Committee on
I'nvlloaes ai d Flections of the r-euate, the Legislature
which elected Piucbbsck was not the legislature of
Louisiana, and it was upon that ground, and that
jn-onnd alone, that the rsenute said bis credentials did
jiot make a prima facie case.
Mr. Morton said the election of Mr. Pinchback was
certified to by the Governor acknowledged as such by
every department of the Federal Government. The
legislature which elected him was the acknowledged
lA-eixlatuie of the state, and hail enacted hundreds of
Btntnts; bsaides it was recognized by the Supreme
t -mirr .f the istare. He arguoil that tbo report iu the
Mississippi cane might show that the Legislature which
elected M r. Lamar was nut the lawful Legislature of
the Stalo; whit took place to Mississippi during the
campaign of 1H75 presented a scene ol carnage: that the
election was a Irind and an outrage from beginning to
end. It was not within the power of man to furnish
an excuse lor outrages committed in Mississippi In
IHT.'t. The campaign was sn armed ore. and a Kepubli
cao majority of HO.OOO was overcome by violence by
every species of intimidation, un Lawful pressure and
Mr. Illalne said bo had been In the Senate Just long
enough 10 know bow unpleasant It was to bsve a
record. He wss glad to see bis friend from Ohio, Mr.
Tburaianl cumins over to the right, but he begged his
ft loud from Indian Mr. Mortonj not to get wrong
Inst at the moment his lrieud from Ohio was gettiug
Mr. Morton asked wbat objection the Senator had
to Mr. Kellogg being eworu in.
Mr. Hlaino replied be had prepared a resolution on
that very subject. Let this case be disposed of and the
(senator would see how he stood In regard to tbe Kel
Mr. Motton said so far as bis record was concerned,
lie proponed to late care of It. The Senator from Maine
would have qnlte as mucu to do to take care ol his own
Mr. Christiancy reid from the testimony taken by
Mr. HouiweH s committee, to tbe effect thst no branch
of the Srate or Federal Government bsd ever ques
tioned tha legality of the Mississippi Legislature. He
aiguon that lis legality had been recognized by the Su
preme Court of the State. No doubt there had beeu
liitimhliition in some parts of the State, but a majority
of the members of tbe Legislature . were
legally and peaceably elected, and they
iiad a right to pass on the returns
of tbe other members, iu cane of contest, from districts
where violence existed. He argned that this case was
not like that ef Pinchback. as iu th.it case a committee
of the Senate had reported there wns no legal Legisla
ture in the Htnte. He could see no objection to tbe ad
mission of Mr. Lunar.
Mr. Morton sold tbe Senator rrom Michigan argued
that the Snpieine Cnnrt of Mississippi recognized the
legality ot the legislature. So did the Supreme Court
ot iamisiaiin. by repeated decisions, recognize the Leg
islature whichelecled Piochhark. He contended that
If it had not been for violence and fraud In the State a
majority of tbo Mississippi Legislature would bavo been
Mr. Howe inquired if there was anythlne on Ale In
tbe Senate remonstrating against the admission of Mr.
Mr. Wallace replied there was neither remonstrance
nor adverse claimant in the case, and the gentleman
was here unchallenged either by remonstrance, adverse
claimant or petition.
Mr. Howe said that if no one else condemned Mr. La
mar he did not know why he should. He I Mr. Howei
Toted for the admission of Mr. Pinchback, and be be
lieved an error had been committed in not admitting
him, but be coold not correct thst error now by voting
gainst M r. f -'Hilar.
Mr. McMillan announced that he would vote for the
admission of Mr. Lamar as be voted for the
admission of Mr. Pinchback. He sw no difference be
tween the two cases, and in voting for Mr. Lamar he
Would do so without affecting bis judgment on the
qnestlon of the legality of the body which elected bim.
tie would pass upou that question when it should be
Mr. Spencer moved to amend the resolnf Hon of Mr.
Wallace so ss to provide thst the credentials of Mr.
Laoiar be referred to the Committee on Privileges and
Mr. Morton sain if It was right to seat Lamar. It was
a gieat wrong not to seat Pinchback; but trie whole
Democratic puny yoteu against mm. rus wnuie pur
pose was to call the attention of the country to this ex
The amendment of Mr. Snencrr to the resolution of
Mr. Wailaco was rejected -yea 1, nays 56 as follows:
Yet Mr. Wadleigh.
Barn u oi,
H ercf ord.
Cameron, ot Pa.. Jones, of Flo.,
Chaffee, Jones. Ol Key.,
Christ iaucy, Kenner.
Coke, Kirk wood,
lavis, of III., McMillan.
Davis, ot W. a., McPborson,
Mr. Sencer. who wonld have voted in the affirma
tive, was tinned with Mr. Mecriinou, who would have
yoted in die negative.
The oiislual resolution of Mr. Wallace was then
greed to yeas. 57, nav 1, Mr. Wsdlelch.
Mr. Itollms, who votd on tho former roll-call, was
not in the chamber when Ids name was cailo.iou- the
Otiglnsl resolm ion.
Mr. Lsmar was then escortrxl to the flcek of the p re
Biding o:3:-or bv Mr. Davis, of Went Virginia, and the
oath of oil! CO was administered by Vice President
W heeler. 0
Mr. Blaine submitted the following:
Kesolved. Thst the oath of olllce reqn'red bv law be
now administered to William I'ltt Kellogg, whos cre
tent1als from tho statecf Louisiana, were presented on
the V.0ili of .laiinarv. 1877."
Mr. Bayard asked the Senator to withdraw that reso.
lution for ihe present, that he mitrot submit, one to
liave tleueral John T. Morgan, fiouator-elect from Ala
bama, sworn in, whose case was similar to that of
Mr. Blaine said the case of Mr. Kellogg came before
either Mr. Lamar or Mr. Morgau iu order. Therefore,
it bad better he acted on now.
Mr. lisvnid then siilimitted the following substitute
for the resolution of Mr. itlaine:
"That the credentials of William Tltt Kellogg, claim
ing to be a Senator from the suite of Louisiana, do
now He upon I4ie table until the appointment of the
Committee of Privileges and Klectious, to whom they
can be referred."
Mr. Blaine said: T do not desire. Mr. President, to
detain the senate by any lengthy presentation of Mr.
Kellogg's cane, regarding him as 1 do ss regularly
and duly elected Senator from the State of Louisiana.
1 conid wish that there would be no objection to bis
being swum in. I believe that he was elected by the
legs! Igislature ef Louisiana. I believe that be was
elected by anil represents the legal government of
LouUians. and I do not see now. to-day, and that is the
main point 1 desire to present, how any Senator who
voted in this chamher, that the F.lectoral Tote of. Louisi
ana was legally and pronerty cast for B. B. Hayes and
yourself, Mr. President. Is permitted to doubt
that s. B. Packard la equally of right the
tiovomor of that state. There may bo some
technicality. There may be some keen form of loglo
which 1 have not yut heard, and which I do not think 1
ball ever be able to comprehend, by which a man who
had nearly a thousand votes more than 1he Klectorsl
ticket received, was not elected Uovernor when tho
Kiectornl ticket was chosen, aud 1 frauk.y repeat that
I am not permitted to donbt, no man is permitted to
doubt legally to-dav certainly the other side of
the Chamber is not peimltted to doubt legally that the
JCJectoral voteof Jiuisiana u as properly cast for Hayes
mllWheeler. It was decided so lv Ihe tribunal oreatet.
by that sn!e ot the Chamber. The Senator from Connecti
cut Mr. Kitonj bows to me. He and I are guiltless ot
thst tribunal. I laughter. 1 but with tbe single
exception of the Senator from Connecticut every gen
tleman on that side of the Chamber in tho Congress
Just closed voted to establish that tribunal, and it
came in with pieanrt, and shouts anil congratula
tions that the dov of the political millennium had at
asi dawned, and that we have now estab
lished a tribunal distinguished above all human
Instrumentalities for Impartiality, and to whose
decision ti would all bow In a most
ready spirit of cordial acquiescence. They took
the qne.ition into consideration, and beard It c'anorstcly
ftrgaod,anaaovidod,M i buue? ngutiuiiy, Uut ilie
Electoral vote of Louisiana belonged to Hayes and
Mr. Tburman-r-Will the Senator allow ma to In tor
Mr. Blaine Certainly. . . .
Mr. Thurman Tbe Electoral Commission decided
that It could not look behind the decision ot the Re
Mr. Blaine Precisely; but It did decide.
Mr. Thurman I am not through. The decision was
that, as it couH not look behind, it therefore would re
ceive no evidence. But does the Senator say that the
Senate of tho United States is not made a Judge of the
qunlifloattons and returns of Its memberl
Mr. Blaine (Interrupting) The beoiator la too rapid.
I am coming to that point.
Mr. Thurman (disregarding the Interruption) That
the benate can not look behind that Heiuruing Board 1
Mr. Blaine I am coming to that in due season. The
Senator will permit me to say, however, that the F.lec
toral Commission of which be was an hooored member,
did decide that the Louisiana Returning Board was
constitutionally and legally competent to count tbe
Electoral vote of that Stale. Am I light!
Mr. Thurman A majority did.
Mr. Blaine A majority constitutes the Board.
Laughter. Then I understand tbe Senator from Ohio
to admit that tbe Eleoioral Commission did decide that
tbe Louisiana Returning Board was a legal and consti
tutional body, competent to do wbat they did do. and
that they were unable to review or reverse
it, and that the same Board was com
petent to declare who were the Presidential
Klectors of that State,' dec hired also who were the
Legislature of that State, and the legislature per
forming a mere ministerial duty declared who was
Governor of that State, and I stand here, I stand alone
to say that tbe honor and credit anil faith of the Repub
lican party, in so far as the election of Hayes and
Wbeeler is concerned, are as indissoluble in maintain
ing the rightfulness of the returns of that body as the
illustrious houseof Hanover that sits on tbe throne of
England to-day la In maintaining the right
fulness of the revolution In lG&i. Vou dis
credit Packard and you discredit lisyea. Von
bold that Packard is not the legal Governor
of Louisiana, and that President Hayes
has no title to his seat, and the
honored Vice-President who presides over
our deliberations has uo title to bis chair. I say, there,
fore, that on toe action of the Returning Board, which
the Senator from Ohio admits was determined by the
Klectorsl Commission to be a competent, legal and
constitutional body, rests tbe authority of S. B.
Packard to exercise the tiovernorsblp of that State,
and on the authority of tht Board rests the Legisla
ture of that State, and by tbe Legislature of that State
Wm. l'ivt Kellogg was duly elected Scuator by tbe
Government of that Stute. Thus determined he comes
here, c mi missioned as Senator, bearing the great seal
of the State, as I maintain, and I do not, unless chal
lenged noon that point, desire to go Into any of tbe de
tails of the election.
Mr. 1 Inn mail Do I interrupt the Senatotl
Mr. BlMiiie Not at all.
Mr. 'Iburmau Does the Senator understand that
that Returning Board counts the votes for Govern or,
ami declares who is elected Governor!
Mr. Blaine Too Legislature did that.
Mr. Thnrman -Theu the senator is in groat error.
Mr. Blaine No, I never s-.iid any such blng, bnt
tbev were based on the same returns precisely, aud the
same Returning Hoard connted the Tores for the mem
bers of the Legislature, ami also counted and trans
mitted to the Legislature tne votes for Governor.
Mr. Thurman Yes.
Mr. Blaioe That is only one degree off In lineal de
scent. It is a dittereuco between son and grandson.
Mr. Thnrmnn I beg to say to the Senator that the
Electoral Commission never decided that the Retnrn
luif Board was a constitutional Board for counting sny
tiiinir but the Electoral vote for President and Vice
Mr. Blaine Do I pnierstHnd the Senator from Ohio
then to maintain that tho Returning Board wss good
euouh to count in the Klectors lor Piesident, but not
good enough to determine who was Governoii
Mr. Thurmnn It the Seuutor asks my opinion, I
say it was not good enough for anything, except to be
bung, ttreat laughter.
Mr. Bluine I believe tbe gentlemen In Louisiana
whom tbe Senator from Ohio represent in this
opinions bold that the Electoral commission deserve
about the same thing or at least eight of them.
Mr. Thurman A majority. Laughter.
Mr. Blaine I want to hold the Senator to the point
that the Legislature, the Governor and tho Presidential
Klectors of Lou't'.ana all derive their legality and their
right to act from tbe samo source and the same count:
that if one Is discredited, the other Is discredited; and
that the Klectors having been accredited by the highest
tribunal known to tbe Constitution and laws, be is pre
cluded from raising a doubt on that question; anil ilia
therefore that I maintain that without nny elabora
tion of argument; that resting, us Mr. Kellogg
does, his claim to tbe Senatorshlp here on
as broad a Dasis sud uuon precisely the same founda
tion that the presidential Klectors rest upon, he is
entitled to be sworn in, and I say to the Senator from
Delaware, whom I am always deairoi'sof treating with
courtesy, that I believe tho right of Mr. Kellogg is
Just as absolute as that cf Mr. Morgan, and, therefore.
1 couiu uot nuu luai i. was uuuer uuy uoiigaiiuu to
yield the one to the other.
Mr. Bayard 1 did not signify any obligation. It was
mere matter of practical convenience.
Mr. Blaine I know that there has been a great deal
said here and there. In the corridors of tbe Capitol,
around and about in by places, and in high places, ot
late, that some arrangement had been made
by which Packard was not to be recog
nized aud upheld: that be was to be
allowed to slide by, and Mr. Nicholls was to be accept,
ed as the Governor of Louisiana. I wt iu to know who
bad authority to make any such arrangement) I wish
to know if any Senator ou this floor will state In his
place that any person, speaking for the Administra
tion that was coming in or one that was going ouu bad
any nybt to make any such arraugemeutl I deny it- I
deuy it without buiug authorized to speak for the Ad
nnuistratiou that now exists, but I deny it on the
simple, bread ground that it is an impossibility that
the administiation of president Hayes could do it. 1
deny It on the broad grouud that President Hayes
possesses a character, common seuse, self-respect and
patiiotism. all ot which he ba-i. in a high
measure and in an eminent degree. - I deuy
it on all tbe grounds that can influence
bumau action. en all grounds on which men ran bo held
to personal aud political and ohiclal lespousihllity. I
deny it for him, ami I f hull rind mvseit grievously dis
amioluted and wounded and humiliated if my denial is
not vindicated in the policy of his Administration. Km
whether It be vindicated or whether it be
not. I care not. It is not the duty of
a Senator to inquire wbat the policy of an
administration may lie, bnt what It ought to be. and I
hope a Kcoubitcan Senate will any that, on this point
there shall be no authority in this land large enough or
adveutuious enough to coniDreunse the honor of the
National Administration, or the good name of the
great Republican party that called th.if Administration
into existence. Applause id the galleries, which was
promptly checked by tho presiding ofhubr.
Mr. Hsyard then took the floor, but before proceed-
in gwitn ma rcmarits, yieiueu zor g motion to au
The Senate adjourned nntil to-morrow.
SENATE Washington, March 7.
fmmedintelT after the reading of tbe lonmal. Mr.
Wallace moved that tbe Senatoi-elect from Oregon, La
layette Grover. be sworn. A the Vice President rose
to administer the oath. Mr. Hamlin said the Senator
tram Oreiron fMr. Mitchell was not in his seat, and he.
therefore,' objected to the oath being administered, as
he understood Mr. Mitchell bad some papers bearing
on tne case.
Mr. Wallace said, as Senator of the United Stites,
he presented the Senator-eitct from Oregon, and hoped
he won Id be sworn iu.
Mr. Hamlin said, as Senator cf the United States, he
objected to bim being sworn.
The oath was uot administered.
The Senate then resumed the consideration of the
unfinished business, being the resolution of Mr. Blaine
to swear in William Pitt Kellogg as United States Sen
ator from Louisiana, aud the substitute submitted by
Mr. Bayard, to refer the credentials to tbe Committee
on privileges ana r.iccuou.
Mr. BavaiiL who was entitled to the floor,
said bis reasons for moving to reter the
credentials ot Mr. Kellogg to the Committee ou
Privileges and ejections weia tnose warrantee oy tne
nnbrokeu ushtos of this body since its organization.
The credentials of Mr. Kellogg did uot cteate prima
facie evidence, because they were signed oy Stephen rs.
Packatd. wbowasuot Governor of Louisiana, either
tie jure ot defacio; on the contrary, the Senate must tike
cognizance ot tho public fact that Francis T. Nlcholls
was the Governor of the State of I ouls
iana and had a legal Legislature acting
in accord witli bim. 'that tbey had control
of every part of the State, except .-.bout one acre upon
winch stood a hotel used by Mr. Packard as a
St ite nouse. Ho then referted to the use ot the
military in the South, and said there was an mlmissiou
of the outgoing administration, tardy but honest,
that ihe use of the military to nnhold Slate govsfn-
uients bud beeu tried, but with uo good results, its
then quoted from a telegram or tne late i-rosuieiit, to
the etVect that a government which could uot maintain
itself without the aid of the strong arm ot the military
should be permitted to go down. He Mr. Itayardj
viewed that laugnagc as a narsnhrase of the language
of the Duc'aratiou of Independence, undec which our
people took up aims to make tnem tree.
I Kx-Piesiilent Grant, who came into the Chamber
eoou alter the sennto met, was au attentive listener to
the above remains. I
The Kleciotal commission hold that they could not
look into Ihe charges of fraud against the Returning
Hoard of Louisiana. There ws in that decision a
blow to his fondest hopes nud belief in law. Ho
then referred to the remarks ef Mr. Kdmunds,
In the PiuchlKicX esse, in lw75, and said that the seu
ator bared his objection to Mr. Pinchcack on the ille
gality of the Louisiana Returning Hoard. He theu re
plied to the argument of Mr. Blaine, to Ihe effect that
the derision of the Electoral Commission was binding
npon the Senate and contended that that decision had
uo force in law to control the action of the Senate. Tne
remarks of the Senator from Maine yesterday led Mm,
with much abruptness, to challenge the position of the
President of the United States. The new President
seemed to recognize, as, at the last, did hts predecessor,
the true condition of affairs in Lcuisluna.
Mr. Bayard then quoied from the inaugural address
of President Hayes in regard to Southern affairs, aud
said they were wise words, he Mr. Bayurdj rocog
mzed. in tbe distressed coiulitlou cf tbe country, the
need of that which the President had proclaimed in re
gard to tbe Southern States. The peace of Louisiana
w as the peace of all, and her destruction was tbe de
struction of all. r
lie argued that tbe recognition of the Packard Gov
ernment and the forcible overthrow of the Nirholls
Government would not only Bhock the very eoois of
the people of Louisiana, but would cause a thrill in
eveiy bosom in this land. He asked for Jiuisiana to
dav tl'e same measure of law and justice that he would
ask tor Massachusetts.
Mr. Bayard again referred to the. remarks of
Mr. Blaine, made yesterday, and said he recognized In
them the same err for fectlooal aggression
that had been heard for'years past. It iell upon bis ear
like a tire bell at midnight, end he earnestly hoped it
would not be beard by Ihe President and his constitu
In conclusion be deprecated this sectional aggres
sion, and hoped there would be au eud to it now.
Mr. Blaine argued that the same Returning Board
which gave tho Klectoral vote ot Louisiana to Hayes
aud Wcecltr returned a Legislature Republican in both
Its branches, and s. B. Packard as Governor. The
Igisiatuie assembled, ss provided by law, snd elected
Wm. Pitt Kellogg United StateB Senator. His election
was legal and valid. He then referred to the remarks
of the Senator from Delaware (Mr. Barard). and to his
course on tho Klectoral Commission, and said that Uie
Senator as a memoor or tne i ommission never once
vim1 witn tfii maliintr of the Snin-cme Court J111I201
on that Commission, who were considered non-par-
MrfBayard OtL yes. The Senator has not followed
the facts of thatAse at all.
Mr. Blaine So far as test questions cime (I do not
what the little courtesies aside may have been) on all
test questions known to the public I thlak the Senator
is nn i form ly on record against a majority of the
M r. Bayard The Senator has not road tho record,
ao-l does not seem to know much abont it.
Mr. Blaine I except cronin's case. I think the Sen
ator old drop partisausbin on Cronin's case.
Continuing his remsiks, Mr. Blaine said: Now,
Mr. President, this is simple on-ettn- It is a slmnle
invitation to tuis sido ol tie CUwler fcgai tUo oilier to j
abandon the ground on which the people ot the United
State accepted the eleotlen ot Hayee sad
Wheeler. Vesterdsr I spoke of back-door
whispering and talk In corridors, and asked
t any senator knew tbat there was any sort or under
standing. I asked then, and I ask now. If there is any
gentleman on this floor who stands as Toucher or spon
sor for the understanding. There has been put lu my
hands at this moment a telegram which I feel author
ized to read, nay, which I am requested to read, and I
think it may throw some iigm on tne snojeci. j pro
fess to be a plain, blunt man. I do not want any hide
and seek on this subject. I want positions to be clearly
taken and franklT avowed. I read this telegram, not ex
actly bearing on the Louisiana question, but kindred
to it, and possiuiy gannrea aispatcnes are circulating in
New Orleans this moment for tbe surrender and aban
donment of that State. The dispatch Is handed to me
by a gentleman now on this floor, and claiming to be a
Senator elect from South Carolina. It is as follows:
COLUMBIA, March 6. 1877.
To Hon. D. T. Corblnt
I have lust had a long Interview with Haskell, who
brings letters to me from Stanley Matthews and Mr.
Kvarta. The purport of Matthews' letter la thst I
onght to yield my rights fur tbe good of tbe country.
TLis Is embarrassing beyond endarance. If such action
Is desired I want to Know it authoritatively. I am not
acting for myself, and I can not assume sncb responsi
bility. Please inquire and telegraph me to-night.
.... , ..ii . , . m i.l , iv n
I ask who has been doing the whisDering in the corri
dors, and the answer comes from Columbia, fa there
any Senator on this floor who desires to stand sponsor
tor thst ui spa ten or ror tne policy tnat it covers, is
there any Senator here who proposes to abandon tbe
remnant that is left of the Republican party between
the Potomac and the Rio Grande, and consent tbat it
shall go down for the public good, as Mr. Stanley Mat
thews puts It. Being a little of a partisan, differing In
that respect from the Senator from Delaware. 1 am not
ready for that. I no not propose, either, at the berk of
Mr. Stanley Matthews or Mr. Kvarts, to say that the
public good requires that the remnant of brave men
who bsve born the flag sud brnntof battle In the south
ern States against persecuticus unparalleled in this
country, shall retire for the public good. I do not pro
pose ii. I am here to do battle with any one, in my
humble way. who espouses that policy. I lay that
gage down for any Senator who stands sponsor to the
suggestions ol Mr. Stanley Matthews and Mr.
Kvarta on this question. Nor am I to
be dislodged from my position by a quotation
rrom tne late president or tne r nireo states, or wnom
I would only sneak in terms of personal resnect.be-
csnse tbo late President nt the United states having.
like every one of the rest of us. the right to channe
his mind and aiter his views of puhlio policy, did not, in
the nispatch read by the Senator from Delaware,
maintaiu the same attitude which he maintained in the
dispatch which I will now read. The following dispatch
was leceived on Sunday evening at tbe headquaiteis
of the Department ot the Gulf:
"Washixgtox, January 17, 1877.
"To General C. C. Augur, New Orleans:
"It has been the policy of tbe Administration to take
no part In tbe settlement ot the question of the ri;rht-
rul government in the stars ot .Louisiana; ar least, not
uutil the Congressional committees now there have
made their repot tx. nut it is not proper to Mann quiet
ly by and see the State government gradually takeu
possession of by one of the claimants tor Gubernatori
al honors by illegal means. Tbe Supreme Couit set np
by Mr. Nlcholls can receive no more ieognition than
soy other equal number ef lawyers convened
on tne can ot any cuicr cmzeu in
the State. A Returning Board existing in
Hccordauce with law, having judicial, as well as minis
terial powers over the count of voi-os, and In declaring
the result ot the late election, hits given certttleaies ot
election to the Legislature ol tbo Sta'c. A loiml quorum
of each honeo holding euch ctrttrtcates met and de
clared Packard Governor. Should there be a uectcsity
for tbe recognition of either it nio9t be 1 S'-ksrd. Von
may furnish a copy of this dispatch to Packard sud
N u-holla. U. S. UHA.NT."
The riesident. it will be observed, stated the cas?,
in January, v, ib the facts nil before bim, Just as 1 have
state! to-oay. and he elves a very cerr- ct por trait ire
of the NicJiolls Judiciary, fo highly lauded by the Sen
ator from Delaware. The Senat-d from Delaware said
that tbe few innocent icmarks which I made yestei-day
souudeil to him like lire-bells iu the night they
seemed destined to rekindle the lires of sectional ag
gression. That senator and myselt lepreseut liifioieiit
schools in politics; wo come iiom different sections: we
have represented dideient ideas before the war and
during the war and since the war wholly aud entirely
different. While I have the greatest lcspect and kind
est regard for him personslly, I do not rropoee to take
his ad vice on this question. I do not propose, for my
self, as long as I may be lntrnsted with a seat on thia
floor, that, whoever else shall halt or grow weak in
maintaining it. so long as I have strength I will stand
for tbe sontberu union of men of both colors; aud
when 1 cease to do that, befoie any pieseuce. North or
South, in ofiiclal bodies cr heTore public assemblies,
may my tongue cleave to the loof of my mouth, and
mv right hand forcet its emitting.
Mr. Morton said he supposed that the qnestlon before
tbe Senate was a que sib.n of law, but law wss about
tbe only thing which be had not heard discussed. Tbe
Seuator tiom Delaware Mr. Bayard made some refor
euco to it, but In what he said be was mistaken.
Mr. Morton then quoted from ths lecord in the case
of Kellogg, and lead from the Constitution of Louis
iana to show that it was the dnty of the Legislature to
canvass the votes for Governor aud Lleutenuut Gover
nor. He then read from the law pre.srilbliig the du
ties of the Returning Board, and arguod that there wss
a quorum of the Leaislature present when the votes for
Governor and Lieutenant Governor were canvassed,
and it was declared by the Legislature that Packard
received 74. votes, and Nicholla 71.19H. He then
referred to the action of tho Legislature in electing
Kellogg, and said he received a majority of all the
voles. He submitted that The record as presented
made the chain of title good. Kltsf. that Governor
Packard was declared duly elected by the proper au
thority in Louisiana: again, that Wm. Pitt Kellogg had
been duiv elected seuater from that State in accord
ance with the act of Congress. He
was not disposed. therefore. to push
the argument on this subject any lnrther, deeming it
unnecessary. I want to say one word, aud I shall keep
the Senate a very lew minutes,. in legarit to tne general
character of the remarks suhniiited by the Senator trom
Delawnre. There is constantly tsik of fraud. It is
charged that tbe people of Louisiana had, by a large ma
jority, voted for Nicholls aud Tilden, but that they were
defrauded out of their votes, and thess charges ate con
stantly made here and elsewhere. The time nas come
to meet that charge. We intend to roll it ba k. The
evidence Is uuou record that does burl it back in the
teeth of the men who made it- The facts are upon
re.cord and indiepntsblo tbat the so-called majority for
Tilden aud Nicholls in the State of Louisiana is false
and fraudulent, und that it was obtained by murder
aud every species ot violeuce and lutimlibttion.
In talking about frauds these groat crimes are
constantly iiruored. Of hundreds and thousands of men
who have been slain in Louisiana for political purposes
in Uie last few ycarsoo mention is made. Of the mur
ders, the whippiugs.iklie torturr s aud inhuman treat
ment that so largely inevaiied during the late cauvass,
no mention is made. Ail that Is ignored, and tho fruits
of tnese crimes ere treated as rmi, honest properly,
which they bave a right to protect and enjoy. What
was done dowu there, as we claim, and as tho evidence
shows abundantly, is simply, under the laws ot Louisi
ana, to deprive them of the fruits of murder and crime,
to give expression to the honest vote ami to the honest
majority of the people ot Louisiana. Constant rerer
euee is made to tbe introduction ot the army,
as if that was a crime, while no reference
Is made to the causes which brought tbe army
into toe State of Louisiana. No reference is made to
tbe crimes, to tbe threats, to the nanger and peril that
caused that army to be sent there: sent tbore for the
highest aud holiest purpose the protection of life, lib
el ty aud bnman rights. Tne sinning of the army for
thase purposes is treated us a crime; while the great
crimes that took the army ihere are ignored as if they
had never existed. The Returning Board of Louisiana
has been the subject of constant denunciation; even
the very exlsteuee of rbe Board la treated as a crime.
Mr. President, there Is a Returning Hoard In every
State in this Union of some character. Every State
designates some ofllcer or olhcers who are
deputed by law to couut the votes. There roust
be. In my State there are several of them
all the State oftluers; in oilier States a single officer, in
other States two officers, and in some States like
Nebraska the legislature Courits the votes, bnt there
must be somebody or some tribunal or authority in
eveiT state to count tbe votes. In most of the states
these Returning Boards bave only miuisteii.il powers;
they bave no discretlouaiy or judicial power; they
have no power to take evidence, and to throw
out votes on account ot fraud or violence.
Iu other States they bave some Judicial powers,
and these powers are greater cr less in
different States, according to the condition and de
mands of a State, fn a state like Louisiana there is
no protection for the people but in a tribunal that is
clothed witn power to rage testimuiu', and to throw out
fraudulent returns, or returns obtaiuej by murder and
crime. When White Leaguers take possession uf a
pai ish, all the polling places have their own officers.
They make all returns lawful upon their face. The
papers are unobjectionable, and the crime will succeed,
and the authors of it will enjoy ihe fruits of their crime
uuleas there be some tribunal where there can be evi
dence taken, the ciime proved, and if established, tbe
fruit of their crime rejected aud destroyed. It was
this necessity that catted Into existence the Return,
fug Board of the . state of Louisiana. No. sir.
the Board is not the crime, but the condi
tion of the State, and the politlcsl necessities of
that State aie ciiuiea widen caueu me isoara luto exist
I am not here to-div to dlscnss past records anil
declarations of Henatiirs and others. I merely occupy
the time of tbe Senate briefly in calling intention to
the Ihw, but If this discussion continues 1 shall ask
I udnlgence of the Senate to go over ihe record of the
last campaign iu Louisiana to show where the frcutd
rests, where it began and wbat it accomplished: and I
shall undertake to show tbat the campaign of 1H7H was
aiiculv a icpolition of the terrible crimes of lKthJ. ol
1.ni;h, nt 1872 aud ol 1374. Knough, Mr. President, for
Mr. Mitchell said he nrterstoo'1 that, before he came
Into the Senate, this morning, the Senator from Maino
Mr. Hamlin j objected to the swearing in of Mr. Grover.
Senator e'ect from Oregon. He Mitchell 1 had several
petitions from citizens of Oregon, objecting to the seat
ing of Grover, and ho. therefore, presented them to the
Senate. It was a duty not sougltt by bim, aud wss one
of tbe most unpleasant of bis life, nut it bad been im
posed upon him by his constituents, and he could uot
shrink from it.
The petition against the seating of Mr. Orover was
then read. It charges that he procured his eiecrion bv
bribery and corrupt use of money; that be unlawfully
and coiriiptiy Issued a certificate of election to Crouin,
and falsely testified before the Senate Committco on
Privileges and Kicctious to susruin ins art.
Mr. Wallace submit led a resolution that the ere
dentinla of L. F. Oiover, a Senator from the State of
Oregon, be taken from the table, and that he be sworn.
The Vice President That can only be by unanimous
Mr. Morton There Is another matter pending. -
The Vice president Aodof equal privilege.
Mr. Sargent moved that the petition be printed, but
Mr. Davis objected.
Tbe question being on the substitute of Mr. Bayard,
for the original resolution of Mr. Blnino in the case of
Kellogg, it was then agreed to yeas U, nare 2D.
The substitute was as follows:
That the esse of Wm. Pitt Kellogg, claiming to be a
Seuator trom the State of Louisiana, do now lie npon
the table uutil the appointment of the Committee on
Privileges and Kiections. to whom it oan b referred."
The vute lu detail was as follows;
Bailey. Faton. Mclnmald.
Ha.niim, Garland, Mcl'berson,
Barnard, Gordun, Maxey,
Bogy. Harris. Morrill.
Booth. Hereford, Randolph,
iiurnside. Hill, Ransom,
Cbrisliancy, Johnston, Saiitsbury,
Coke. Jones, of Klorida, Thm-man,
coukltng. Jooes. of Nevada, Wallace,
Davis, of III , Kernan, t White,
Davis, of W. Va, Lain ir. WHuers 33
Allison, Hoar. Plnmb.
Anthony, Howe, Rollins,
blame, Juealls, Hnraeasv
i'rnce. KirKood, Saunders,
Cameron, ef f.. McMillan! oiiarou.
Mr. Morrill, of Vermont aald he TOted for the ub
aritnta. thnneti ha believed Mr. Kellogg was fairly en
titled to hie seat. The Louisiana Committee had not
yet reported to tho Senate, and the matter was of suffi
cient importance to be investigated by a commitiee.
He also thonght tbe Oregon esse was worthy of Investi
gation, ana would veto to refer that case to a com
The qnestlon being on the original resolution of Mr.
Blaine as amended by Uie substitute ot Mr. Bayard, It
was agreed to yeas 42, nays 21.
At 2:20 a message waa received from the President
of tbe United States, by Mr. Kogors. his Secretary.
Mr. Patterson submitted a resolution that tbe cre
dentials of David T. Corbin and M. C. Butler, each
claiming a seat as Senator from South Carolina, lie
npon the table until the committees are appointed, nnd
that their credentials shall then be referred to the Com
mit We on Privileges snd Klecllons. Agieed to.
Mr. Morton moved to go inta executive session.
Mr. Bsvard requested the Seuator to withdraw that
motion, that he might offer a resolution to bave Gen
eral John T. Morgan. Senator-elect from Alabama,
M r. Morton declined to do so.
Tbe motion for executive session was rej30ted yeas
30, nays 31, as follows:
Allison, Doraey, Paddocr,
Anthony, Hoar, Plumb,
Blaine. Howe, Rollins,
Bruce. Ingalls. Sargjnt,
Bumside, Kirkwood, Saunders-,
Cbaffoe, McMillan, Sharon.
Christisncy, MitcbslL Sherman.
Conover. IlorillL Teller.
Davis ol Illinois, Morton, Wsdleigh,
Dawes, Oglesby, Wiudoni 30.
Bailey, Gordon, Maxey,
Baroum, Harris, Patterson.
Bavard, Hereford, Randolph.
Beck. Hill, Ransom.
Bogy, Johnston. Saulsbury,
Cockrell. Jones of Florida, Thurman,
Cooke. Kernan, Wallace,
Davis of W. Va.. Lamar, Whvte.
Dennis, McCreery, Withers 31.
Mr. Bayard then submitted a resolution that the cre
dentials of John T. Morgan, Senator-elect from Ala
bama, be taen from the table, and that he be sworn.
Mr. Suencer said bo desired to sneak open this resolu
tion, but was not able to go on to-ilay. Several Senators
insisted tnat ne snouid go on. After a oner discussion
Mr. Mori ill reuowed the motion for an executive ses
sion, anil it was aeroed to.
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of
executive business, aud when tbe doors were reopened
tne Benate aujouruoa.
8KNATF Wafhinoton, March 8.
The motion to reler the credentials of Mr. John T.
Morgan, Senator from Alabama, to the Committee on
Privileges and Klecrions was negatived, and the origi
nal resolution "that he be sworn," was then unani
mous y adopted, and Mr. Morgan wss sworn in.
The resolution to seat Mr. L J Grover. senator
elect from Oregon, was tfien called up by Mr. Wallace.
Mr. Sal gunt submitted tbe following as a substitu to:
''Whereas, ULder the Constitution and laws aod the
practice of the Senate Lafayette Grover, claiming to be
a senator from the Stale of Oregon, bis credentials
being regular and in due form, and there bebig no con
testant for the seat, is entitled to admtsaiou to a Heat in
this body on a prima facie case by such credentials, not
withstanding tbe objections contained in the petitions
of clUzecs of the Statu ol Oiegon against bis aduuaaiou;
Resolved. That the credentials of Lafayette Grover
be taken lrom tbe table and the oath of oihco be now
administered to bim.
Resolved, further. That the petitions of the citizens
of Oregon, containing charges aaiuftt Lafayette
Grover, lie on the table until tho Committee on Privi
leges and Klectlops is organized, when they shall be
reft rreo to such committee, together with the creden
tials, with Instructions to investigate such charges and
rep irl s to their truth or falsity."
Mr. Wallace accepted the substitute.
Mr. Conkling moved to amend by inserting In the
preamble, eiter the wort's 'N o contestant for a seat."
as follows: "And there beiag In sail State bnt one bs1y
claiming to lie legislative, and but one petson claiming
to be Governor, aud there being no doubt or dispute as
lo tbe existence of ouo legal, rightful State govern
ment." The amendment wss accepted by Mr. Sargeut.
Mr. Conkling said that he had beard it alBi uied tbat
tbe same reason which entitled Mr. Graver to be
seated on a prima, facie case entitled Mr. Kelloug
to be seared ou a prima facie case j-ester-dav.
If that position was sound in law
and sound in trutu, it proved conclusively the
caprice of those who voted to refer his ciedeuti.ils
yesterday. He denied there wss any analogy; that
there was any resemblance between the two cases.
1 he Oregon case was one in which there was a Legisla
ture an ascertained constitutional legislature and
necessarily but one. It was a rase in which there was
an ascertained and acknowledged Governor, aud
only one Constitutional Governor, because the Con
stitution did not acknowledge a dnal Kxecutive in any
State. The facts in the case of Grover made uu a
vrimafJeic case and too claimant was entitled to bis
seat. Afterward auy investigation could be made
as to alleged vice lying behind his certifi
cate. Ihe Senate knew, the world knew, that
in Louisiana two rival bodice, hotly contesting,
restrained from violence sod tumult by tho arm of
power, had been asserting each against the other
that it was a lawful body, the lawful Legislature of the
State. It was equally uotoiious that two Governors
haa been sworn in, sud each was insisting taut ho was
the lawlul Governor, and exerting the prerogatives,
the attributes of the Kxecutive of the State. The
essential question In regard to it was whernor there
was a legal Legislature in lontsifina, and
whether there was a lawful Governor, and that
question the Senate would be called uuou
to decide, whether a lawful Legislature ex
isted In the State or not. It did not stand behind tbe
certificate of Mr. Kellogg, but stood befure it. in front
of It. It was proposed that the Senate should decide
the case yesterday, without even being permittejl
to see one word of the testimony taker, by the committee
of the Senate, and while a copy of that testimony laid
i' poo tbe table ol the printer: for one he was not ready
Hi decide in such baste. He could not forgi t that the
late Chief Macristrate of the United States, not more
illustrious for his gi eat deeds than for his common sense,
was nut able to ascertain, with all tbe light he had
alter three months' examination of the subject, that
Packard bad beeu elected Governor of Louisiana, or
tbat the Legislature which was supported was the le
gal Legislators of the State. When tho late Kxecutive
of tbo Nation had been unable to ascertain that fact,
it seemed to him Mr. Conkling I it wouliltio reasonable
for tbe Senate to wait until there should come from the
public printer tbe testimony already taken. It Pad
been stated in tho debate that the case of Kellogg might
be treated as in some way decluad or determined by
something done bv the Klectoral Commission. He
then referred to the decision of the Commission In the
Louisiana case, and argued that the Commission held
tbey eonld not go behind the certificate, because ttelr
power was limited by a clause of the Constitution in re
gard to counting the Electoral vote, but the Senate, iu
determining upon the qualifications and rela
tions of its members, must inquire wheth
er there was a legal Legislature in the
State; whether there was a Governor satisfying tho
Constitution. The present alleged Governor. Packard,
had never ssirt that he was aware of having been recog
nized by any department of the Government for any
purpose. He did not even certify to the Klectoral vote
from Louisiana, as that was certified to before bis claim
arose. The Klectoral Commission decided it bad not
the power to look behind the certificate, and now tbe
argument was mode that because tbe Commission
could not look behind the certificate, the Senate could
not. Tills question bad some significance, too, in tbe
light of tho events swiftly passing before us.
Addressing tbe Vice president, be said: The other
day yon saw. on the eastern portico of tbe Capitol,
oveilooking an immense concourse of people, tbe oath
of otrice administered to the Chief Magistrate of the
Republic, in whose election, under the forms and sub
stance of law, all parties and all factions, whatever
their convictions may be. peacefully acquiesced. Stand
ing tribe endowed with the power of Chief Magistrate,
be uttered to his countrymen something ot the prin
ciples, tbe purposes, the inspirations which would
actuate his Administration.
Mr. Conkilug then quoted from the Inaugural address
of President Hayes, in legaid to Southern affairs, ami
resuming bis remarks said: Can It be that the Chief
M agist! ate who uttered those words docs not design,
wfrti a conscientious aim at riKht, to fl.id out, to ascer
tain, to declare, who in truth, ou the 7th of November
last, was chosen Governor of Louisiana: who. Hi truth,
of the, contestants in the various legislative distui ls.
were entitled to sit and constitute the Ia-gislatnre of
Louisiana; to constitute that body, despite of which
there can be no other with a character higher
ibau a mob. and a chief Magistrate
freshly anointed with his great duties
does mean, as we are bound to believe be does, by tbe
modes provided lu tbe constitution and laws, to ascer.
tain the very truths of the election In Louisiana, shall
it be said that, ou tbo threshold of his atlmirustrctton.
as he entered the door of ollicial life, the Senate, In or
der to he consistent, and allow Mr. Grover. a Senator
fiom Oregon, to be .rw.-rn in, must proceed, without
any investigation of a committee, to close the door In
the tace ol the President, or leave him. if bis Judgment
requires him to do it. to attempt to recognlz? one State
Government, sltliongh the Senate had recognized
another, or bow before a hasty assertion of tbe Senate,
made without investigation, snd before being closed by
a Judgment, no matter how repugnant to bis Judgment
it might bet
In conclusion Mr. Conkling again alluded to the
Lonisiana case, and ssid he thought it was consistent,
to refer the grsve sud actions issues lu tbat case to the
Committee on Piivilegoe snd Klectiotis, and lo n f use
to refer the credentials of Governor Grover, involving
entirelv different principles.
Mr. Morton spoke of the facts necessary to constitute
a prima facie case, and claimed that the case of Mr.
Kellogg was regular ou its face. He came with a
tiropcr certificate, siguec oy me governor, ami, mere
ore. hail a prima facte case, winch was not invali
dated, because there was uuotlier body In the State pre
tending to be the Legislature, or auuther person in
tbe Scotc pretending to bo the Governor. It had
been argned here that because General Grant did not
recognize tho Packard Government, the Sousto ahonld
not do so. He had as much respect for tbe late Presi
dent as any other man, but he failed lo s, o the force of
the argument meutionej. Tho views of the late Presi
dent could not be biongbt here to inllcence tne Senate.
Mr. 1 hiirmau said thst ihe charges against Governor
Grover in the petition presented by the Sens tor from
Oregon Mr. Mltchellj were general in their character,
nnd as vacuo ss It wos possible for taugoaco to make
them, but Governor Grover desired him to ssy that be
cour ted the fullest Investigation and he would, there
fore, vote for tbe resolution offered by the Senator
from California Mr. Sargent.
Mr. McMillan argued that Packard had a complete
and unbroken title to the olllce of Governor of Louisi
ana, and was de jure Governor of thai Slate.
Mr. Saulsbury ssid it had been stated that the people
of the city of New Oi lcans wore an armed mob. A
more unjust or erroneous statement had never been
made. He commented on tbe Packard government,
arid argued that it was a usurpation. Packard had nn
title to the office, and was afraid to show himself ont
of the St. Louis Hotel, occupied as a State Honse. He
Mr. Ssnlshurv believed the iani-s of New Orleans
would drive tho whole Packard government ont of tbe
city, provided It was not aided by the Federal power of
the t. nited States.
Mr. sauisbtiry resuming, argnod that no one was
so poor as to do Packard honor, and it was madness to
attempt to imposo npon the people of this country a
man bflrncided in a hotel as tbe lawful Governor of a
He was not surprised at the words of peace uttered
by President Hayes; thoy dtd honor to bis heart end
honor fo bis bead, lie Ittaulsbury was not In favor of
b:s election, and did not lielieve be was e'ectcd, but
now that he had been clothed with the duties
of office. ' he was gisd to aee that be
appreciated the high antics impos-d upon him by his
oath. He was surprised at tho attempt made on the
floor of the Senate to bull-ooze the incoming Adminis
tration, and the snnnunremeut that its po,1(jg must uot
lie paeilic. He trusted President Hayes would be deaf
to Ihe appeals of iai lisans, aud pbi-y the high behests
of a sLat-jSnun. . ,
Mr. Bow referred to the ease of Packard, and said
be was not ao outlaw, bnt he could not
show niroseir on the streets ot New Orleans,
If the neonie of New flrliuini lw-hi1in v
why should Mr. Packard be afraid to show himself be
fore tnemt lints oeen said that he claimed ao office
to which he was not entitled. Tbe same thing bad
been said abont the President of the United tates, and
yet in this law-abiding city that President waa not
afraid to show blmseif. This fact seemed to him l M r.
Howej to distinguish the character of the people of
Washington from the character of the people of New
Mr. Blaine sent to the Clerk'a desk the following let
ter, and had it read;
Washington, March 8.
-To Hon. J. O. Blaine:
DKAR SIR Hon. William M. Evarts begs me to aay
to you tnat ne uia not indorse the letter of Stanley
Matthews to Governor Chamberlain to the extent Im
plied bv a telegram of Governor Chamberlain to me.
and that the letter was presented to him by Haskell, of
sontn Carolina, ana ne wrote upon it substantially as
follows: That he bad read the foregoing letter, nud
that he desired to see the tronbles in south Carolina
composed." He desired to hear from Governor Cham
berlain npon the subject Very respectfully.
D. T. COB BIN.
A130, the following telegram, received by him to-day:
"New Oklkavs. March 8.
"To Hon. J. O. Blaine, United States Senate:
"Sonator Bayard Is mistaken. In every parish ontslde
of tbe city, except the five bnll-dnzed parishes, in oueot
which our tax Collet tor has Just been muidered, my
government is recognized by all save a few pretended
Nlcholls officials, s. B. PACKARD."
Mr. Thurman asked if the Senator from Maine would
not give the Senate the Stanley Matthews letter In re
gard to South Carolioa.
Mr. Blaine said he would be clad to do so If he had it,
bnt it was io Democratic hands. It was procured by
Mr. Haskell, who is chairman of the Democratic Com
mittee in South Carolina. He understood a similar
letter had been sent to New Orleans.
Mr. Blaine quoted from the remarks of Mr. Key
while he waa in the Senate in regard to the esse ol the
Oregon Klertor, to the effect tliat be regarded t he a
tion of the Governor of Oregon os wrong, lint that It
was not more lepieheuslble than the action of the Re
turning Boards in Louisiana and Florida, and that he
(Mr. Key snpported Tilden and Ilenflncks, and be
hoved tnem to nave been honestly elecied.
Tbe first resolution and preamble submitted by Mr.
Baruent lu the case of Mr. Grover were agreed to with,
Mr. Bavard said he war anthsrtzed to store that it
was the purpose of Govenior (inner to offer a resolu.
tion, if be bhould be atimittod, calling for the fullest
investigation of all the charges against him.
Mr. Salgeut then wirhorew the sec mil lesolution, snd
Mr. Grover was escorted to the desk of the presiding
officer by Mr. ttogr, and the oath ef office admiuisteted
by tbe Vice President,
Mr. Thurman said at the former session of the Senate
the credentials of J. B. Kustis. claiming to be Ser n or
frum the state of Louisiana, were refeired to tbe Com
mitlcoon Privileges and I.lecth'iia. The committee
reported against tbe rlirht of Kustis lo the seal, on the
ground that tho vacancy bad beeu lillod by the eleeliou
of Pinchbacs:. Siibaeqii' ntly the Semite decided Hint
Pinchback was not elected. He tb'Tefore submitted a
refioijMen that tba cretlenriais of Mr. Kustis be tskeu
from the teb'.e f.i;i! referr- d to the CemtciCee ou Privi
leges and Flections. Laid over until to-iuu'.iow.
The senate then went into executive session, and
when the doors reopened, udjourued.
SKNATIC W..silINr;T0X. March 0.
After Ibe reading of tbe journal f'f yesterday, Mr.
Sargent submitted a resolntion tnat the senate appoint
the standing end other committees. Aurced to. Me
also submitted a resolution to suspend i he Korty-.,!xtb
Rule, lequinng the a.opoiiiitiieiit of Cumnussioneis to
be made by btiilot. ami it was agieed to. The standing
and si lecr committees were then announce.!.
M r. Thurman celled up the i evolution submitted by
him yesterday, to relur ihe cred.-ni ials of .1. It. i-lcsri..
clairiiiug a seat trom Louisiana, to the committee ou
Pri vileges aud Flections. Agieed lo viti.ait a division.
Mr Grover, of Orevon, stiornitleil the foli iivliig:
" Re.-ioi veil. That the thnt.ien mem trials hem pre
sented to the senate hr the Hon. J. II. Mitchelt, pur
porting to be signed bv Citi7.ns of r"gon. reciting that
it was currently leported and reucrally believed that,
the election of L F. Grover its Senator of the t inted
States was procured by bribci v. con ii'itnn ami other
unlawful means, in the I.egisiat itre ol tha state of Or
egoa, and that said 1-'. Grover did cotruptiy arid
fraudulently issue a cenifh afe ol F'.lector to oue F. A.
Croalu, as I'leeiileiitial Kledor, on December ti. l7f",
and that said L. F. Giovet did bear false witness b. lore
the Committee on or nhont January ti. 1.-.77. be now re
ferred to the Committee on Privi.e-jes and Flections,
who shall thoioughly investigate and lcpoit upon the
foregoing charges, with power to scud lor pel sens aud
Agieed to without division.
The smate. then, on motion of Mr. Sargent, wont
Into executive aitssion, snd when the doors were le
opened, adjourned until to-morrow.
6F.NATK Washingtox, March 10.
The Vice President presented a conimuuicaiion from
William Orion. President ot the Western Uniou Tele
graph Company, requesting the return of the messa
ges (about thirty thousand) delivered to thn Chan man
of the Couimitteo on I'nvileces and FU.ctl uis some
weeks ago. lu accordance with the -rder ot the Senate.
Laid on the tabic.
Senate then went into Fxecntive session.
When the doors were re-opened, the Senate nd-
Jourued till Tuesday.
FINDIKG3 OF THE COEONEE'S JUEY.
Ci.evklasd.O., March 9. The following Is a por
tion of tbe etatcmotit of tho Coroucr's jury in the
Aalitubula bridge cat-e, anil should have preceded
the verdict, which was ttousmitted Inst night:
"It Is from a careful consideration of the evidence
elicited from pro.'esvionala and rxperrs that our verdict
is made up in ihe matter of the bridge, and should it
seem severe upon lb" rsilwsy coniptny, or iiimui any of
its past or present etncials.it is because ihe truth, as
shown by the evidence, demands it at our band. Vie
can uot do loss and feel that we have discharged onr
"Mr. Amass Ston", President of the Company at the
time of the erection of this structure, had been for
years a pionuiient and successful railroad contractor
snd bollder ot woMlen if owe truss bridges. With tho
undoubted intention of buililuigastrong. sale Kud liuiii
bie wrought-ii-ou bridge upon the Howe truss plan, he
designed this slcuclure, aud dictated the draw
ing of the plans and the erection of the
bridge wuhont the approval of any com
petent engineer, sud auainst the protest of il.e
man who made the drawings under Mr. Stone'a direc
tion, assuming the pole and entiro resiMinaihility him
self. Iron bridges were then iu their infancy, and ibis
one was an experiment winch ought never lo'havebeeu
tried or trusted to siiau so broad ami deep a chasm.
This experiment has liceu al a fesi iul cost of bumau
lib, and human suffering. Unquesiionab.y Mr. sione
had great confidence iu bis own abiliiu-s. snd believed
he could build, ami had built, a structure which would
prove the crowniug irlorv of an active life, and an en
during Dioniiint'ii I to his usme. The testimony of com
petent and skillful engineers is, that subjecting au iron
bridge to a seveie siimn as a lest, before using it iu
carrying on ihe liaflic of a railioad, is o,' no v.Uue as
showing its ability tu b-ar repented attains. It only
allows that it bore the test tbat time and it. may have
peiinaneutly cuptiled it. so that its final failure was
only a quesiioo of time. The sure rule is to bave a
largo margin uf salely as bhown by a careful computa
tion and distribution of the strains. That the oilicials
ot the railroad io:ra;dad the bridge as taie we have lo
doubt, as two of them were on the train that went
d-iwn, and all wcie more or less frequently passing
The verdict waa as follows:
"We. the undersigned Jurors, impaneled and sworn
on tbo ttoth day of December, in the year l7t. at the
Township of Ashrabnla. lu the Couuiy of Ashtabula,
and Stale of Ohio, by Kdwsrd W. Richards, a .Just ice of
the Pesce in nnd for aid Townshin of AshUibula. ncr-ing-cs
Coroner for the time being, to lrtouire and true
presentment make lu what manner aud by what cause
Clarence N. Gage and M. P. Coggweit came to their
deaths, and others then unknomi, w ho came to their
deaths at the same time and place, whose names, since
ascertain ;-d, are L V. ltsrt. I C. cr-.iin. Gecrgo A.
Purtington. Boyd L. Russell, S. D. Wiiite, Charles F.
Vogel, lAwrence Laoetfjan. Mrs. Geoigo, Ma'tie
George, Miss Maggie L. Lewis. Mia. Gtmrgs Palmer.
Mrs. Lucy c. Tiiouuis, Vni. Clouinicus, Victor Mes
bjuiu. Iaac Meyer. Itmiio Meyer. M r. Mai v Kr.-'Uie.
Annie Keller well. Mis. K. Conk, l-.i1.nbeiii Kuppa,
Marfba Ti.llto Volk, F.ooeit SI. iniiai. Miss
Litib- Negus and Dr. George I. Huboard.
wboio remain wero taken frum tho iirVnn
of a wrecked bridge and train of railroad cats In the
vai;ey of Ashtaiitila creek, near Asiilaliuia station, on
the line of the lake Shore and Mjnuigaii southern Rail
way, In said township of Ashtabula, ou tue IH'lli Hiid
31st dsys of December, 1 hTH, on the 1st Osy ot .luuuaiy,
177. ic.entffird bv fiit iids ael removed for iiit-rriiejii;
as also the bodies and parts of leslles beiievco to Ik- the
remsins of twenty-seven so burned tliat tbey coulil not
be Identified, offer visiting the sretn of the accident,
viewing the bodies and bearing the testimony of wit
nesses, do find as follows:
T. '1 bat al about hall-past 7 o'clock l:i the evening of
Friday, Decern tier -H. I7ti, tie iron budge on Ihe lull
loadol the Luke snore aud Michigan sonihei-u Hall
road Company, spanning Ashlabuia Cleek, near Ash
tabula Station, on said ruilicad. did mve way uud'-r Ihe
two locomotives and cxpioss car loiuilug the forward
porfbiu of the cst liouiiii passenger train on the sai l
railroad known us No. air! fell us the leading lu.
comotivo laissed on the wnt atiiitiueut, leaving a
Chasm about sixtr leet ill Ol'pill oetween lire soot men ts
of said bridge, into which tin? baggage aud passenger
cars in said tram luliowmg said exprrss car writ preci
pitated. ''2. That in their fall t:i?c-irs were partially destroyed
by crushing, and their destt uetton wus comoieu d bv a
conll igiatiou immediately following, kiniiii d by die
from their s:ove3.
"li. That the fall of the bridge was the result of de
fects and errois made iu designing, constructing and
crecriug It: that a irreat itch et. and one which sppeat s
in uisny pat Is uf the structure, was the ill pcndi in e of
evety liieuihei for its efficient action upon the proba
bility that all, or nearly an, tho others would retain
then' position and do the duty for which they w,cro de
signed. Instead of giving to eu:b member a positive
c-iiinectioo with the test, which nothing but a ilnect
rupture could sever, the members of each truss wi re,
instead of being fastened together, raised oue ofKm the
other, ss Illustrated by the following particulars: The
detU-ieiit cross-section ef portions of the cliimls and
some o! the main braces, and lr.suflicient strength ami
bad arrangement of bulb: the horizontal und vui tical
transverse bracing in too construction of
the angle-blocks, as finally mortified, with
out snfhctent lugs or ftupges to keep the en-Is of
the main and countcr-biitccs from slipping out of
place; iu tbe construction of the packing and yokes
used in binding togttherihe main and eouiitcr-biHces
at the points where tbey crossed each oth.-r. in 1'ie
shimming of the top chords to compensate tho defi
cient length of son, e of their memlieis; in the placing,
during tho process of erection, of tii,ck beams where
the nun required thin ones, sud tbiu ones w here it re
quired thick ones.
4. That the railway company ns"d and continued to
use this bridge for about eleven years, during nil of
which time a careful Inspection by a competent bridge
ongiuoei could not have failed to discover all atoose
delects. For tho tiegl'K't of such carelui inspection
tbe railroad alone is icHponaibie.
"5. That the resjxmsihiiiry of this teatful disaster
and Its cops-quern loss of hie tests ujmiii the railroad
company, which by Pa chief executive oiIi'xT planned
and erected tltta bridge.
"(I. That the cars lii:o which said deceased passen
gers were earned into aatd chasm were not healed by
healing ppparntus so coustrort'vl that the lire in it
would be imnieitiMlo'.l' extinguished whenever the cars
were thiown from the track snd overtnm d. 'I hat Ihe
plain provision of toe law places the responsibility ol
the origin of the fire upon the railroad campauy. (see
act of May 4, lxbti.)
"7. That the renwinuibillly for not nutting ont the
fire, at the time It made its first appeatauce lu tho.
wreck, rests npon those who were first to arrive at the
scene of the disaster, and who seem to nave been wm
overwhelmed by Ibe fearful calamity that they Iwt all
presence of mind, and failed to make use of the loeaoa
at hand, consisting of a steam-pump In the pumptag.
honso, aud the flre-eaglue Lake Erie and Its ho
which might have been attached to the steam-pomp la
time to save lite. The steamer belonging to the Fin
Department, and also the Protection fire-engine,
were hauled more than a mile through a blinding snow
storm aud over roads made almost impassable by drlfte
of snow, and arrived on the ground too Isle to save hu
man life; but nothing should have prevented tbo chief
Knglneer f'om making all possible efforts to exUngiiiak
what fire there remained, lor Lu failure to do this u
"8. That those persona, deceased aforemeotlonel,
whose bodies are iuentitled. and those whose bodice and
Carts of bodies were unidentified, rains to their dciths
y the precipitation of th aforesaid cars In which they
were riding. In the chasm in the valley ot Ashtabula
Creek, lelt by Ihe falling of Ihe bridge ss afotesald, the
crushing and burning ot cars aforesaid fur all of w bloat
tbe railroad company Is responsible.
"Given under our baud ut tbe time and place of said
inquisition above nieuttoued.
"II. L. Morihfwiw.
'iir.SHT H. PMtnr,
"T. i). FAri.ir.NKU.
' 'GKO. W. DlUKINnOg,
"F. A. PKITIIUIMC,
"tPW. U. FlKlh'K,
"EDWARD W. RICHARDS. Acting Coroner.
"ARUTAbULA. OHIO, Marcli H. In77.w
The Future of Business.
Unllimore Sun (Pern.), March 7. Tho question of
tbo I'n s ileticy being now settled, it becomes
every good citizen to turn from the excitement ot
politics to the consideration of the business Inter
ests of the couutry. Recotuly there have Imen
signs of a revival of industrial actliiliea. They
Lave boon chiefly tcutativo movements, as it were,
to try tbe condition of tbe markets, iiuil, so far ss
tbey have gone, the manifestations of a return of
confidence aud Ihe lining of the dchil weight that
still presses to some extent upou all branches of
tajide have been fiivnriiblo. But confidence., when
when ouce shuttered, Is of slow revival, and those
wb.) expect In tho caiiu of politics any sudden nut
break of prosK-rity will be disappointed. Tina
much is certain u heal thy reaction from the crash
of 17:1 litisset In. Tuo economies which all olassoa
of people have bnd to practice have brought His
prices of all commodities dowu tu thuir natural
level, und perhaps a litlio below It. Wo have,
ll.eroforp, reached tho jotut from whit h n tow de
parture limy be taken with safety, und steady
progress in legitimate enterprises made. 'Ihe
mills Hiul factories, so long silent, nre even now
belugquictly put In running order, and la some the
smndies ate naifi w liniins unit the looms al work.
Hut of those treat speculative vanfiirei; requir
ing a vast outlay of capital aud giving employ
ment id foutideries nud much. tie shops nud in the
forest to tunny I'.iotisaiuis cf men, ibe country
will hear but iitlie for n bug nine yet to roinrv.
'1 lie manin for building long lines of rstlios.it
tm oiuli grcnt stretches cf nn;oi ulat. tl territory
iins worked out its own rnr? in flip ruin of a iimttl
tnde of Investor s. Capital seeking me will now
be diverted into more rcs'ricted channels, but
offering l.pt'er m'Ciu it v mm a reasonable iitnotiiit
of prolit. We bavo sithVroil all tne evils that fol
low in the train of nil inflated currency, the reck
les.i and unreasoning Nprrnlaliv c spirit it fostered,
the extravagancies it encouraged, tlio feverish ex
citement. Bud Die inevitable cellaise. We Hie
now entering u;oii thai last stage of conva!Moeno
v.-ji-n ail tlie lienltliy forces am St work, and it
ui-cJs nothing but care nnd camion fn potter! Ihfi
process of restoration. lA-eiybody is Intel eslcit
in prctuoMng this result. FvotybiHly can help to
forward it. Con bdence Is I he flrsl and chief rciiii'stlo
ciinfiileiiee in I lie intelligence nnd er orgy of Hie
people iu iWo'oj ins the resources "f the country.
It is confidence Ib.it unlocks capital, anil wbeu
the coiifiilenco of the few becomes I bo conliileiioa
of the iiiativ, all lnnucn.'a of trade and In. mucks
will gradually ue.miuie ut-livo again, and wo shall
have fairly set out on a new ctueer of prosperity.
That tnue'now seems to be coining.
Whore Snnlicy ot His ".Ninety and Nino"
II no II.
When we were going to the north of Scotland,
after having been iu tile sontliorn part of that
country und the northern, part of Ktiuland, and
having sung our hymns very much over there, I
felt very much thn need of a new hymn. And one
day as wc were returning lo KdinhurtJi from (llaa-c-.w,
to hold a farewell meeting there. Just lict.ira
getting on I lie train I v.et'i to Ihe uews stand and
bought twr, or three papers oine secttlnr, sotua
religious and in one of iheui I found theso verses;
"Tin re were ni'ie'y end nine that safely lay
In the shelter i f Ihe t ild," Ac.
And 1 said to Hrotber Moody: "That's just tho
Lviiiii I have been wiMiting." 1 think i lie Lord haa
really sent it to us!" Next, day this lilflo ti, no or
chant that it Is scl lo came to in". W went Into
the noon meeting, ami denr Dr. jlotiar, who hag
writ ten so inimy bi iiiitiful hymns "l was n Wan
dering Sheen and did not lovo the Fold," nnd "l
Heard ihe Voice of Jesus say, Coino I nto Mo
aul Ice.si" !ie wss l here, anil tho thought ciitna to
tne, "Wo must sing now thn new hymn thai Ilia
Lord has 8-lit us " The time hud scm eel y formed
it.-oif In my head yet. but f Just cut the
words from the pup ,r, put it in front of mn on
thn organ nnd becuu fo King tluru, baldly
knowing where the tune was coming
frinii. Hut the Lord saiJ "sing It," and as we were
s-niiig it His spirit aiou upon us. Mini what s
blessed tiK-fting we had! And away In tlio gallery
t here sat n indy she couldn't speak tons then,
the meeting was so ornwled but she wrote to uie
f lulu Dundee und said: "I thank you for huvlug
snug, tha other la , my deceased sister's words.
Shti vriile them live yen;s sgo. She Is in li'-aveu
now." I wrolo to her ami s ml to her: "I id yutir
sister write any uioru like tliatl" and sho sent ma
r.onic other pieces, und i bave lliein, and one or
two i,f I liein have been set to uiUMe and sung. Flit
Una one seeing to have received tho lle-ni:ig cf
(!o l especially. That Ini'.v was a tn'Miiber of tlio
I'iCfibj lertan ('hiircli In Molroao, Scotland, hut
now she is with the Good Shepherd In bouvcu.
ftciinditl in lliich Life.
A London correspondent of a Liverpool news
paper, writes: "Humors of niiiither Kcnnlal in
riigu rue are iei i-oia i nix i uroic-u ton upper eiriiin
of society, nn.l will shortly bo public property
n mi public In;!;. It is, however, only nrase of nn
toty repeating itself with u slight variation, unik
Hitf file event n little more loiiiniilto thiin usuiiL
A lmly of eighteen, hand-nuie, wealthy Mud Ihe
'nileiiiied' of it brilliant match. Las 'bolteo' I use
ll,n to, .-.'! ,,iit .f,,rkniii!it(itit I,, tin, 1 1, 1 r.,u 1 1 1,
eupation of the tibdiictor or eloper, or whatever
you oisy please r-ociii ii'iu v.niiui-r unioio. no
whole circle of ber rotations are nt I bis moment
standing ngluist at the girl's rvnd wickedness. I
don't see much in it myself. The groom is young
and handsome and pool; thn betrothed is ol I. iiely
and rii-h; nnd to get out of au engagement lu which
she wus no party, nnd upon which she would
never huvo entered of ber own free will, she has
run away with and married n m ill whom, per
haps, she would not olbeiwise liavo soiiclit. but
whom she bus learned lo love out of sheer ba'rerl
tor another. There in this particular stoi v. how
ever. I am ixiiiud in stop, for tlie groom turns out
to be a inarrieil man wild t wo children. '1 lie mur
der will be all out ilireeily. os tbe wife proper haa
mstitiired proceedinireHor the loss of Iter husriaitii:
that l.s to iav,lt viilfc out in. less some very ef
feclti il gi.I.len otitlium !s a'.ipllej to the wounded
act vci'3' power fully In nnstukes of this kind ho-
lore. lilll, HH Aril'lllH.H liril Hillll oi in- .opi nion
wive?, Iho niHtler will r.ui uire a deal of 'sot Hint.'
To commence wl'h, thoio's uo doubt about tbo
truth of the story."
Too Good a hnnce to Lake.
Prlrnit Fire 1'riss When n ameer's hoy yester
day delivered n biislu-t full of packages lo n lady
ou Columbia street, her quick eye detected the let
thai sue hud received only eleven orungos lu plaoo
Of n dozen.
"Voung innn. you ate thst other oranga aa you
on tne 'ilopg!" she exoiaiuie.l, as she luooitntuil tha
' Never novrr," he earnestly replied.
"Well, wbeie 19 it then!''
"1'erhnps they counted wrong, ma'am."
"Well. I'li go right oai.U with you and sop."
"I didn't eat ibat oiatige," he began, after
little reflection, "I uf I'll loll you how it was.
Iiiiwn here, about two block', I mw un old chap
out iii hisgHiilcri w ith his bnt banging on a pl:n;j
tree ns he sawed at a liiiib. lie was tho bn.l
hcH'Ic'iesT man I ever saw, ma'am."
"Well, what mis Ibat to do with the nrnocet" sho
"Lots, ma'am heaps. If yon was :i hoy, it nil
you saw such a head, nud yo.i knew you conlJ mt
It iiml get H-.VHV ail ltht, wouldn't you put uu
orange Hgi'.i HI"
"Il win, very wicked." sliesoftlyansworo.il.
'Well, I dtililio bill 'twas; but IT you'd seen that
old gent on ton his je's aurt uiuUe a Jump, nnd if
you'd hear:; tutu veil out hs Ii i came down and
grabbed for his haf, why, iiin'uin, you'd lend ma
another or,:uge to pop at soui - him as f go buck !"
?ltm. Ilii)s's Toilet.
JlTttM Dlxjmli h. -Her dark hair, guiltless of
crimps, was brushed low over her forehead, nud
euriiioutiteil by u f:ood sl.od black bonnet, I ruuiiHsl
with white feat horn and Ihco, a few simple Unworn
behind and a knot of I in. o for lace trimming. Hoc
dress was h plum but clrgHut black tilk, with trim
ming of velvet arid vale pcicutie. faultl 'Hs white
Kids, camel's hslr shawl and blaeS lace veil. Thn
only bit of Jewell' upon her person was o heavy
gold scarf pin, cnhlluiiig a knot of rare old luce at
her I In out.
Mrs. Sherman's Toilet.
Herald IHspn'rh. -Next to Mre. Hares sat Mrs.
Senator Sherman, unumi r model ol quiet taste in
dtess, n lio never indulges lu uu approach to dis
play. She wore upon this occasion a plum black
Mill, with velvet sleeves anil tniiiliiiiigs; a)
black velvet bonnet, w lib a single red lose over
the forehead, and a haiiiKi.nie shawl, her only
jewel a rale cauieo. Tbe White Ifouso for tlio next
four years bids fair to be anything but a scone of
exii-avngniit folly lu ill ess Willi such staid ladio
at the head uf society.
Tub Aston have given notice to all their tenants
and they oro numbered by hundreds Hint alter
the 1st ol May next n todiietiou of ten per cent,
will be uiado upon their reins. This IslliotbKd
reduction of a similar amount which tbey have
made sliico the panic, uiaUliiu iu u.11 thirty per
A Rorton man ofTcr-xl Mr. Moody ll.ooO to onra)
hi iu of iiilt-iiipoinnce. Tho revivalist dn'.n'l know
how to save a man piecemeal. Ho had only ona
Infallible prescription, which was "to be bora
Punch. Joint acCOUht a butcher's hlM