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FA KM AXD LiAHDEX.
Tieee ma .tlent.
It is a little singular that, in these hard
times, when every one is trying to fcodo
mize, that more cheese U not e iten. So
much has been said and wiittt-n ly chem
ists about the relative value of cheese
and meat that we all iuutt have een
some comparisons of their values as food.
with the balance always on the side of
cheese, when each is reckoned at its
usual market quotation. Another argu
ment in favor of cheese is that it requites
110 cooking or other preparation, but is
always ready for food. Bread is termed
the staff of life. Most properly, it seems
to me, we might add to it cheese and
milk. It might b3 useful, to confirm
what chemistry declares, if some one
interested were to try the experiment
of a diet composed largely of cheese, in
some of our charitable institutions,
reform schools or poor-houses. We have
them all around us to support, and if we
could maintain them equally well, or
perhaps better, by some changes of this
nature, would it not be an object to do
so? If our taxes wore a little lighter
could we not bear it comfortably ? When
a poor, unfortunate beggar culls at my
door for food, I cive him bread aud
cheese. He manifest many thanks for
this, and I have repeatedly heard the
remark, " Nobdy gives uie cheese!"
Culture or the Hansel Warxel.
The mangel wurz?l is one of the most
profitable roots for cow, sheep and store
nogs they are ";ood for pig. The crop
is easily grown on proper land, which
should be dry and rich. Low, moit
lands are not suitable for tr.-owing root
of the best quality. Th5e coils produce
a large yield, but ii mangels are grown
they are almost destitute of saccharine
matters, ana otner Jcin.is ot roots are
poor compared to the same kinds grown
upon firm, rich soil.
Dr. Loring states that 15,000 bushels
of mangels are worth more to a man for
his cattle and sheen than a hundred
bushels of corn, and there is no doubt
For these beets should be plowed in
the fall or early in spring for the best re
sults, and then most thoroughly manured.
If one expects or wants a large crop he
must give plenty of rich food. Salt is
relished by the whole beet tribj, espe
cially my mangel wuizls. Itnbouldbe
mixed with the manure and applied
with that. As much as forty bunhels
to the acre have been used on in.'ingU
with good effects. No one need hope
to grow large crops of roots such as we
read about now and then, unless .his
ground is like a rich garden ; and then
when such large crops are off, the land
is poor again. The time for sowing
mangles is during the fore part of June
on good warm land. If sown earlier
they often grow woody, and sometimes
The amouLt of seed required, per acre
is about four pounds, worth now at the
retail stores about sixty to seventy-five
cents per pound. The long red is the
sort usually grown, although some pre
fer the globe variety. The rows are put
about two feet apart, but they raav be
closer where the t-p-.ice is small and hand
cultivation is given. In the cultivation
of roots the soil mu-t be in the finest
tilth, the lumps all crushed and ground
to powder. A roller will not always do
this, as it presses the lumps into the
ground without breaking them. In some
parts a Bort of cheap clod crusher is made,
and it is a very good thing to have on
every farm, whether roots are grown or
not. It is made of throe or four planks a
foot or so wide and eight feet long. They
are drawn so as to take a sweep of eight
feet, or as wide as the planks are long.
The front under-edgc of each p!ank is
beveled off a little so that the lumps and
earth will not be pushed foiward. They
are fastened together by trotting some
strong pieces serosa at each end, which
are made slightly rocking on the under
side. A chain is hitched at each end,
and the team to the chain, then jump ou
and go ahead. This grinds the lumps
fine instead of pre.ing them into the
ground. Some, straight slabs from a
saw-mill are almost as good as nl an k.
Detroit Free I'rm.
Il verslflert Fnrmlnit.
The author, Col. John II. Dent, one
of Georgia's most intelligent and success
ful farmers, now far advanced in life,
contributes this excellent article to that
valuable pap?r, the Southern I'lautation ;
and w3 command it to the attention ot
yy last w:is ciutioning against such
large crops of cotton b;'ing planted, ac
ruinous to the agricultural welfare of the
south. The 1'lant.atiou ot the 51 h, in
the editorial department has an ed'torial
headed, " A twenty acre farm,'' wherein
is shown by planting five acres iu corn,
five acres in cotton, five acres in wheat,
five acres in fruit, vegetables and truck
patches, by a system of high farming,
what can be done. The amount of crops
indicated are seasonable iu the estimates
made, and any energetic, industrious
young man can make such crops on fair
farming lands. The editor lurther re
marks, "contrast that result with the
account of the city gentleman, who has
everything to buy. Kven though the
latter may get a good salary, he will not
have as much ready money left at the
end of the year,' and the writer may
have added, or the farmer that is culti
vating a four hundred acre farm, and
making cotton his sjei-ial crop. The
twenty acre farm is an illustration ot
diversified farming, and it is as true as
any certain fact, that the only way to
farm succensfully is to diversity the crops
and in accordance with my exjerience
it can be "profitably done on a tarm ot
two hundred acres in cultivation, but
where it is done on a two hundred acre
farm, at least eighty acres should be put
down to .mall grain crops, sixty to coin,
fifty to cotton, and ttn acres to truck
crops my father maintains that two hun
dred acres is a farm Nrge enough for any
farmer to cu'itivatt with hired labor, it
he wants to iarm suci etv-fully.
This brings me to the subject, diversi
fied farming, which I have advocated
and recommended ever since the emanci
pation of slavery. The tanner's capital
now chiefly consist in his Iarm and stoc k,
and his interests is in improving his lands,
and making them moie productive and
valuable every year. Tins can only tie
done by diversified crops, and stt cK to
furnish him manures, for if he allows his
farm to run down and $vl 1 ( productive,
his capital is being diminished, and his
income less as much. A provideut fanner
will keep an eye to keeping of his lands,
knowing that his success is dependent on
their fertility ard any re fleeting farmer
will soon discover that it will take the
best of management, and most untiring,
energy and industry, to keep up a two
hundred acre farm.improving in fertility
and keeping it in repairs. On a two
hundred acre farm it w ill take at least
neven good mules or horses to cultivate
it properly one yoke of good oxen lor
hauling, tour good cjws, five b eedino
sows, and twenty sheep. That is ample
stock for tuch a sized fa rm, but it can
support more if deemed necessary. This
stock Bhould be stabled and r enned of
nights to save the manure. Teu god
hands are sufficient as laborers, provided
ou ha ve the mot improved plow and
if the farm is owned by an active, ener
getic, progressive young man, hire your
hands for money wages, and manage the
whole youralf. I'ut should the owner
be advanced in life, and incapable of
active superintendence, get the most
reliable hands you can secure, and farm
on share system, but keep an eye your
self to its whole details. This is my system
being old and infirm ard I have suc
ceeded as well as ny, and 1 have hands
that have been in my employment for
four years. Now we will discuss the
advantages of diversified crops. In the
firtt place diversified cnu afford the
advantage ot rotation and without rota
ting the crops it ia. impossible to keep up
the fertility of lands, or keep" them from
washing or gullying. Corn and wheat
draw more heavily irom the land than
any crops we plant, or in other words,
they are the . most exhausting crops,
unless it be sugar cane and sorghum
hence corn or. wheat should never be
planted on any field but one year, when
it ought to be followed for two years by
some other crops, say oats and cotton ;
let oats follow corn, and cotton follow
wheat, and corn lollbw oats, and (ben
ten acres for truck farming can be
rotated after corn, but keep your lands
under rotation all the while, so as to
keep them from running down or wash
ing. Cotton is not exhausting to land
as much as corn or wheat, but the long,
clean culture it requires subjects it to
washing from rains even through the
winter months, for there is neither
grass or weeds left from the clean
culture it receives to tie the land
together and prevent its washing.
t prudent larmer keeps an eye
to the preservation and building up his
lands, and to do f o be must adopt diver
sified crops and . the rotating system.
Again, no farm can be made self sustain
ing and a success without raising all the
supplies needed on it. rour bread.
your meat, your milk and butter, your
vegetables and stock of all kind must be
the product of your farm. If you do
this, nity acres in cotton will give you
more money of your own than 1000
acres in cotton, and no supplies raided ;
and how mucti more cheerful and pros
perous a farm looks, when we see on it,
urowing, corn, wheat, oats, potatoes.
turnips, clover and grasses, a fine garden,
and fruit orchard, ana to see fine horses.
colts, cows, calves, sheep, hogs and poul
try of all kinds. Such looks like farm
ing, and what farming was intended to
be. and when you see such a farm, you
will ascertain that its owner is a free and
independent man, and lives in comfort.
and all around him lives contented, and
his cattle are all fat and sleek, thrift
and prosperity is all around him. Such
is the only farmer that prospers, and
whv because he is the true farmer that
understands his bus-inc", and farms ac
cording to the rules of farming he don't
make farming a speculation, bat he
makes it a practical success, relying on
his farm for nis support and income, and
an who win adopt and pursue such a
course will make farming prosperous
Farming must be diversified all cotton,
and no grain, cias. stock, poultry and
gardens neglected will break any farmer
that (arms on s.uch a system.
Srr.AWBERRY Salad. Pick, wash,
drain and toss crisp, tender lettuce
leaves, shred them up fine in the salad
bowl, and pour over them some straw
berry juice, and serve at once.
A Nutritious Composition. Take
rqual quantities of sago and cocoa, mix
them, put a tablespoonful in a pint of
boiling water, and boil the whole to
gether for a few minutes with constant
Strawberry Gem Tarts. Make
large-sized gems in tho usual manner
from the fine Graham flour, b?ing care
ful not to make them loo hard. When
done let then stand ten or fifteen min
utes to steam, then split open and fill
each half with strawberries with or with
out sugar, add a spoonful of strawberry
juice if it will hold so much, and serve
Asparagus Rolls. Boil the aspar
agus, as 'usual, in boiling salted water :
when tender cut up the tops and all
that is eatable and warm over ir. milk,
butter rubbed in flour, yolka of raw
eggs beaten, a grate of nutmeg, and a
small pinch of mace- qualities regulated
by the amount of asparagus ; have some
milk roils with the crumb scooped out.
having taken off the top crust, fill the
cavity with the boiling asparagus, and
place the top crust on at once ; must be
managed quickly, so as to go to tho table
Rhubard Jelly. PeeL and cut up
quite small some fresh rhubarb, put it
into a preserving pan with a very little
water, and the thin rind of half a lemon
to every pound of fruit. Boil until re
duced to a pulp. Strain the juice, weigh
it, and allow one jund ot pounded
sugar to every pound ot juice. Boil the
juice, add the sugar, boil, skim, and
when it jellies on the skimmer pour into
pots, and tie down when cool.
How To Shape Rolls. Roll on the
dough when quite light, and cut with a
good sized cutter or tumbler. Dip a
clean feather into melted butter and
brush lightly over the dough that is cut
"ut; then fold each circle into a crescent,
or half moon shape: prick on the top,
and place in the flat biscuit pan to rise.
When very light, bake in a hot ovien full
twenty minutes. The oven should be so
hot that one could not hold the hand in
it long enough to count twenty.
To Cook Salt Copfistt. Shred
enough fish to make a pint: put it into
two quarts of water and set it where it
will keep warm, but do not let it boil, as
boiling hardens salt fish. If wished for
breakfast, put it to soak the night be
fore. In the morning pour off all the
water, renlacing it with one pint of sweet
milk, and set on the stove. Mix one
tablespoonful of corn starch with one
tablesrtttontul of cold milk in bowl, beat
into this one egg, and when the milk on
the stove is just ready to boil dip from it
a few tahlespoonfuls, stirring it well
together with the egg and corn starch in
the bowl ; then pour all back into the
fiidi, add a small tablespoonful ot butter
(or less), let all boil ip at once so as to
thicken, and serve on buttered toast.
Despite the bitter cold, flowers are the
luxuries: of Russians in winter. They
are everywhere, lhe bouses oveiflow
with them flowers receive you at the
door, and go with vou up the stairway
Irish ivies, festoon balusters; jardiniere
adorn the landings on every floor. In
the embrasure ot the windows bananas
spread out their broad silken leaves;
talipot palms, magnolias, camelias
growing like trees, mingle their blossoms
with the gilded volutes of the cornices
orchids hover like butterflies around
lamp-shades of crystal, porcelain and
curious! v-wrought terra-cotta. From
ti c .iorn-sbaped vaea of Japanese porce
lain or Bohemian glass, placed in thi
centre of a table or at the corner of i
sideboaid, spring shfaves of superb
exotics. And all tbis floral splendor
thrives as in a botbouse. r-very breath
of cold air is carefully excluded. The
windows are invariably double, and the
siace between the sashfs is covered" with
a layer ot fine sand, designed to absorb
mo'sture and prevent the frost from
silvering the pane". Twisted horns of
paer containing sa't are let in it, and
sometimes the sand is concealed bv a bed
of moss. There are no outside shutters
or blinds, for they would be u.-elesssince
the winnows remain closed all the win
ter, being caiefully fillf d in around the
edges with a kind of cement. Heavy
curtains of rich material still further
deaden the eff ct of the cold upon the
glass. Shivering in the street, you are
at the pole ; within doors, you are trans
port d to the tropics.
The ingenious gentlemen who adver
tise perfumes under fancy names, such
as the delicate delectable, or the ineffable
zephyr, at balf-a-crown a bottle, resem
ble wine merchants ia this respect,
that they are clever in mixing. The
last new delightful scent which Adolpbus
joyfully secures for bis love is only an
old mixture with a new name to connect
it with a bwat-race or a popular opera.
The practitioners of mixing render the
public a considerable service by provid
ing new pleasures and suggesting to those
w ho have a superabundance of cash bow
tin y may best bestow some of it to ad
vantage. The object of this note is to
propose to the ladies of the household
the mixing of tertumes as a pastime.
With a few staple commodities to begin
with, and a little care in experimenting,
somi remarkable results may be attained.
As a rule eau de cologne is a pod basis,
and may be detected as the principal in
gredient in many fancy perfumes. One
mixture that will surprise ne less than
delight tbo?e who make it, is t mix
patchouli and lavender water in equal
proportions, and againaix them in vary
ing proportions, and you will have a se
ries of scents to which you may give
farcy at pleasure. The Gardener' Magazine,
L iTCBKET'S DECUXE.
Tka Steady Dlaiatefrratlaai mt lhe Oar
Pawcrfal Ottnaai Kaaalre-.
In the first half of the sixteenth cen
tury, during the reign ot Sultan Sulie
mao, the Turkish empire had gained
control of its greatest reach of terri
tory. At that time the armies of the
sultan had gone bo far west and north
aa to have their encampments pitched
under the very walls of the city ol
Vienna The capital of Austria was
really in great danger of falling a prey
to the rapacity of the Turks. The then
kingdom of Hungary had almost fallen
under the power of that masterly ruler.
Roumania, Servia, Greece, the islands
in the ..Ejran and the present posses
sions in Asia and Africa were all firmly
in his grasp. Turkey was then notably
one ef the most powerful empires, as it
is now one of the weakest and most
loosely-constructed governments, known
to civilisation. It gave manifestations,
at that time, of its greatest vigor. The
reign of Sulieman was its golden age.
Compared with other periods of its own
history, Turkey was a cause of great
alarm to all Christendom.- The world
stood in complete awe of her power.
The Turks were, at that time, in control
of the best part of three continents
where man bad made his greatest achieve
ments in arts, literature, culture, refine
ment, religion and civil government.
This region was the very paradise ot
human grandeur in the whole history of
ine nrst great triumpns el power on
the part of the Turk were achieved in
the destruction of every visible siirn of a
former civilization, and the reduction of
the inhabitants of those beautiful coun
tries to a condition of primitive helpless
ness and vassalage. Having fairly ac
complished all this, his only anxiety
seems to have been to keep his subjects
in this abject condition of helplessm ss
Austria was the first power that offered
successful resistance to the victorious
Turks in their encroachment on the
west. From this time onward the
Turkish empire began gradually to
wane. After a century's sway over
Hungary, the ancient kingdom of the
Magyars was re-established; and the
Turks removed their encampment far
away from Buda gradually retreating
to more limited quarters. The black
sea, which had been for centuries com
pletely within the limits of the Turkish
empire, was in part given up; and little
by little Russia, continuing her encroach
ments on the north and east, has gained
peaceable possession of two Bides of that
great inland sea.
In 1815 Servia's repeated revolutions
against the power of Turkey came to a
successful termination. Her home rule
was acknowledged by the porte, and has
also been maintained to the present time.
In 186 Moldavia and Wallachia were
reorganized under the name and title of
Roumania, with the right and authority
of managing their internal affairs on the
condition of paying a nominal tribute,
and in turn acknowledging the
sultan as their feudal lord. A few
days ago Servia and Roumania both
declared their independence of the porte,
and they are now ready to support
their position by the arbitrament of
the sword. In 1821 gallant little Hellas
struck for revolution and indeendence,
and, after several year of dire conflict
and extreme suffering, in 1821 her inde
pendence was a so acknowledged by the
porte. Thus, within the limits of about
two centuries, there has been chopped
away from this once formidable empire
territory enough to furnish homes for
about 25,000,000 souls.
lunis. ligypt and Syria are today
held by only a slender cord. Any sud
den revolution may burst the tie that
still holds them subservient to the em
pire. Nearly all of Armenia has within
one month yielded its control to Russia's
victorious arms. At the present rate of
progress, it will not be long lefore a large
part of the southern shore of the Black
sea is destined to be in the power ot
Russia by the right and rule of conquest.
What shall we say of Epirus, Thessaly,
Macedonia and Bulgaria? These are only
waiting for a good opportunity to carry
revolt to a successful termination.
This is indeed a sad, yet truthful, pic
ture of the condition of the once-power
ful Ottoman empire. Can it long survive
the present attacks threatening on every
hand ? Chicago Journal.
What a Spaniard Thinks of the Capitol.
The Epocaof Madrid gives up a whole
page to a letter from Senor Alfredo Esco
bar describing the capitol at Washington.
it may De worm wnue tor our reaaers to
know what an intelligent foreigner from
a land in which the art of architecture
hr.s wrought some of its grandest and
some of it gloomiest marvels thinks of
the pride of ashington. He does full
justice to its exceptional site, but or the
building he says " the Capitol at Wash
ington surprises, but it does not fascinate.
Born of different schools of art and dif-
erent nationalities, and in a country
where art has no temples and the useful
takes precedence over the beautiful, it
could not be expected to be either a Par
thenon or a Vatican. But
when the critic passes judgment on thi
first verses of a child he does it indul
gently, and the capitol is the work of a
nation in its childhood. The
esplanade in front is as grand as the es
planade of the exposition, or as the grand
stand at Epsom. Seen from afar or from
the west, the capitol resembles the royal
palace at Madrid, used as a basement for
the escurial ; seen from the east it re
sembles the Madeleine at Paris thrice
magnified and crowned with the cui!a
of St. Paul's at London." Senor Kco
bar thinks little of Greenough's Wash
ington, and still Jess of the other sculp
lures about the building, but he cordially
admires the great bronze doors of Ran
dolph Rogers cast by Muller at Munich,
and thinks them the best of all the de
tails of the building. Ho is severe upon
the low and narrow entrances, and upon
the absence of anything like a really
grand and ample stairway, and thinks
the dome more appropriate to a railway
station than to a national legislative hall
of the first rank. But, as he rather sar
castically observes: "American travelers
who visit the capitol never dream for a
moment of troubling themselves about
the merit of the frescoes which adorn its
cupola. The guide-book tells them that
these frescoes cover five thousand square
feet and cost buy thousand dollars, and
that is all they care to know.
It Rome, London and St. Petersburg
possess finer domes than Washington,
neither of them possess the electrical
batteries which illuminate the night ses
sions of congress. To be sure, any dome
in the world might easily possess these,
whilst Washington could not get posses
sion ot such frescoes as those which adorn
the Vatican, nor yet of such a dome as
that of St. Peter's, even if Washington
should build a brand-new capitol.
Writing to the Newspapers.
Never write with pen or ink. It is al
together too plain, and doesn't hold the
mina oi ine euuors ana printers closely
enough to their work.
If you are compelled to use ink, never
nse that vulgarity known rs the blotting
pad. If you drop a blot of ink on the
paper, lick it off. The intelligent com
positor loves nothing so dearly as to read
through the smear this will make across
tweuty or thirty words. We have seen
him hang over such a piece of copy half
an bour, swearing like a pirate al! tbe
time, he felt that good.
Don't trv to write too nlainlv. It. U
sign of piebean origin and public.scbool
breeding. Poor writing is an indication
of genius. It's about the only indication
ot genius that a great many men possess.
Sprawl your articles with vour eves shut.
and make every word as i flexible as you
can. We get the same price for it from
the rag-man as though it were covered
witn copper-plate sentences.
Avoid all painstaking with proper
names. " e know tne inn name of every
man, woman and child in the United
States, and the meiest hint of the same
is sufficient. It is a great mistake that
proper "name should be written plainly.
Always write on ,hoth" sides of tbe
pater, and, when you have filled both
sides of every page, trail a line u and
down every margin and back to the top
ot the first page, closing your article by
writing the signature just above the date.
How we do love to get hold of articles
written in this style ! And how we
would like to get hold of the man who
sends them! Just for ten minutes!
Alone! In the woods, with a cannon in
our hip pocket Burlington Hawkeye.
Circassians ia Tarkey.
The Circassians in European Turkey
are now estimated at 200,000, and they
are the terror of their neighbors, whether
Turks or Christians. Their depredations
go on unchecked, through fear or repri
sals. Their interest at high quarters,
through the introduction of their beauti
ful girls to the principal harems at
Constantinople and elsewhere, is so
great that it is found difficult to get
convictions against them. They well
know their own power, and unless strin
gent measures are taken to stop further
immigration, and to enforce the law
strictly over those who are colonized,
they wiil prove a thorn in the side of
Turkey for many a year to come, and a
great bar to progress.
A Circassian village impressed me
with the fact that I bad been among a set
of men with remarkable force of charac
te", out whether they posses a
sufficient amount of self-control, to
enable them to become, as a na
tion, civilized members of soci
ety, is a doubtful question. One day,
the chief of a village who had been
absent during my visit returned my
call. He was a dark man of middle
height, dressed in the usual long, dark
cloth frock-coat, with trowsers and long
boots, the tops embroidered with silver.
He wore a fez for a cap, and I noticed
that his feet and hands were remarkably
smalL His weapons consisted of a pair
of beautiful silver-mounted flint and
steel pistols, and a "silver-hilted dagger.
He was a cheery, independent character,
with a sufficient amount of dignity, and
he made himself quite at home. His
sharp and somewhat fierce eyes ranged
quickly over everything that was in the
room, and there was an expression in
them that bespoke but little respect for
meum and fun m. He was, in fact, the
very picture of a robber chief. He was
a man of great influence among his race,
and from him I learned that the Ciicas
sians in Turkey have an organization by
which they assemble a number of armed
horsemen en any point in an incredibly
short space ef time, and that by giving
the signal be could in two days nave one
thousand at his own village.
It bo happened that at tbis very period
a dispute was going on between the Turk
ish autoorities and his own village with
regard to the slave question. A body of
zaptiehs (native mounted police) had
been sent to the village to enforce justice,
upon which two of them were seized by
the Circassians, tied up and flogged, and
sent back to their government employers,
with the message that a worse fate would
await any more of these troublesome
officials who should think of intruding
their officious persons within the sacred
precincts of the village. This was rather
too strong a dose ot rebellion for the
Turkish governing Pasha, so a body ol
two hundred and fifty Turkish cavalry
were sent to the village to enforce order
and the law; but the Circassians knew
well that they were coming, and the
Turks, on their arrival, found one thous
and Circassian irregular cavalry ranged up
before the village. It would evidently
be a serious affair, and might cause,
trouble, so the Turkish force retired for
"orders." The Circassians, Treinforced,
moved their ground to a strong position,
and a powerful force of Turkish troops,
consisting of the three arms, was sent
against them. The Turkish commander
was loth to fisht, not from want of cour
age far from it but he knew what
influence some of these Circassians had.
at court ! He therefore tried concilia
tion, and summoned them to sum nder.
otherwise he would be under the painful
necessity or ordering a charge. There was
nothing the Circassians would like bet
ter so they begged the Turks to "come
on 'and try it. 1 here was no help for it.
so the order was given to advance, and
forty Turks were immediately placed
tors de combat by a volley from the Cir
cassians. Another parley now ensued,
and negotiations were prolonged until
the (Jircaasians were allowed to disperse.
and the affair was to h? settled at Con
stantinople, but I afterward heard that
the whole business had been hushed up.
I endeavored to be present at this melee.
but there was so much difficulty and
mystery in gaining information from
either side as to time and locality that it
was over on my arrival. The numbers
concerned were probably much exagger
ated, as they always are in Turkey.
Jjokt s J urkeu.
When to aU
Dr. Austin Flint, a distinguished phys
ician and physiologist, does not believe
in the old rule, " Rise from tbe table be
fore the hunger is fully satisfied." On
the contrary, he holds it to be an erro
It has been said we must "eat to live
and not live to eat." But alimentation
is more than a necessity : we must eat
for something more than life, mere exist-
ance. He must eat to secure tbe full
advantages of health, both ol body and
mind. The child often consumes more
food than the adult man; the indolent
moie than the active worker. The aver
age quantity required at any age cannot
be a standard for any inidividual.
There are two sources of practical
knowledge in regard to food : one m the
instinct implanted in the individual,
the second is the individual experience.
Of the two, the first is tbe more trust
worthy. Extreme hunger denotes an abnormal
condition, while appetitdenotes a normal
nisnilt station of the needs of '.he system.
The complete requirements of health are
that the debire for food be heeded with
out delay, and that this desire be fully
The maxim that one should arise from
tbe table with a good appetite is full of
error. Another prevalent error is that
fod should not be takfo except at cer
tain fixed times.
The conditions of perfect health are :
Firsa sufficient appetite; second, the
gratification of normal appetite Iwfore
the want of food reaches the abnormal de
gree expressed by hunger; third, the
satisfaction of appetite by a proper
amount of food.
Dr. Flint indorses tiie remark of a
country physician, ninety years old, who
said, 4 1 have always eaten when I
wanted food, and as much as I wanted,
and the best I could get."
A great many dyspeptics have been
made Dy attending lectures on health.
It was a popular error to suppose that
the chief end of man is to watch the prop-ess
of digestion. From four to six
hours only should elapse between each
meal. Sjme writer has said, " The
stomach is like a sehoolbov ; if not kept
well cccunied, it isapt to bein mischief."
The New Loan.
The popular subscription" to the new
loan are being made with greater rapidi
ty than was anticipated by the s?cretary
of the treasury. At the outset he esti
mated that $15,000,000 would be taken
in this way, but he now thinks that the
total will considerably exceed that sum,
and may go to $20,000,000, or even high
er. It is probable that tbe orders on the
last few days of the thirty t uring which
the bonds are offered for sale at par, will
be greater than those for alt the rent of
the time. It naturally takes a little
time for the merits of the loan to become
fully appreciated. The advantages of
investing idle funds in the new bonds
will scarcely be fully got before tbe pub
lic by advertisements and newspaper ar
ticles until the thirty-day limit has
Thiers has a beautiful library of
twenty thousand volumes, and it is
lighted from the top. His eighty years
have hardly slackened the rate of his
labor. He is up by daylight, brews his
own coff e. and is closeted with M. Bar
t hole my Saint Hilaire when the- busy
quarter around him is still silent. He
is a great economist of his time and
health, and sleeps twice in the course of
the day. His drinks are milk andeoflVe,
and he eats p!ain meats. When he
wants to gather strength for a long effort
in the tribune, a copious glass of coffee
appears befor? him.
PITH AXD POlJiT.
It is said that Oakey Hall can now re
turn without fear of arrest. All right ;
Europe is no placo for a man who has to
put on eye-glasses to distinguish the dif
ference between his plate of beef and the
A Recent lawn party inChicago, was
dispersed by a hail storm. ' How some
folks can be so reckless as to hold a lawn
party and not supply the guests with
warmers and buffalo robes, is one of the
mysteries found nowhere except in
Cincinnati lately lost a justice of
the peace who used "to banish prisoners
to Kentucky far sixty-one days, instead
of sending them to jail.
Rise ye at five o'clock a. m. and walk
out and commune with nature. Just
about the time you get to communing
a voice will call from the back door :
"There! you didn't bring home any
meat for breakfast ! "
" What," asks an exchange, " are the
causes of drunkenness?" Well, we
can't answer for all of them, but we be
lieve whisky causes a great deal of it;
whisky, sir, resolutely stuck to will
cause about as large a drunk as anything
we know ot, although a judicious mixing
up of various drinks will accelerate
matters if a man is in a hurry.
' O heavens, save my wife I" shouted
a mau, whose wife had fallen overboard,
in the Hudson river, recently. They
succeeded in rescuing her. And her
husband tenderly embraced her, saying:
"My dear, if you'd been drewned, what
s'lould I have done ? I ain't going to let.
you carry the pocket-book again !"
A philosopher aaysevery married man
should have a dog in the house. A dog
will scare off robbers at night, eat up
scraps of meat, and when you come home
out of humor and find supper an hour in
arrears, you can give vent to your wrath
by kicking the animal clear cross the
Our forefathers were content to spread
their frugal repast upon the bare bark
that they striped from the forest trees,
but the aristocracy of to-day not only
insist upon having as x teen-dollar exten
sion table, but stick up their noses if
poverty compels them to use a sheet for
There was only one cigar left in the
box, and there were two young hopefuls
struggling tor it. The nrst little boy
clutched it, but he said consolingly to
his brother, "Never mind, Dick, I'll
smoke it till I get sick, and then you can
finish it." And the heart of the other
little boy was comforted.
(Jneer Picture orMerrIe England"
In the Fifteenth Century.
It is a strange picture full of deep
shadows this England of the fifteenth
century, as portrayed by the clumsy
bands of chroniclers, and those more
faithful limners, the writers of the Pas
ton letters. Amid the frequent appari
tions ot armies maybe dimly descried
the growing independence of parlia
ments, and the importance of units of
labor, banded together and protected by
charters often bought at a high price
from necessitous sovereigns. The laborer
was perhaps in material comfort not very
much worse off than he has been since,
but then there was no peace or repose
from incessant tumult. Owners of
beeves and sheep and fields of golden
grain were only too glad to get their corn
cut, and their beasts slaughtered salted,
and safely bestowed behind four walls,
whence marauders might not win them
without a costly struggle. The annals
of the Paston family tell us that a state
of private war between a gTeat lord and
one or more of his liegemen or neighbors
was regarded as no unusual phenomenon.
If the small suffered from frequent op
pression, tbe great were no better off,
tor those who escaped the field of battle
were only reserved for the headsman.
Such intelligence as existed was devoted
to the career of arms the church having
sunk into ignorance and sloth, in which
the spectre of Lollardry by turns stalked
abroad and slunk into byways, awaiting
the day when the voice of Luther should
repeat in thunder the timid murmurs ot
Wicliff and his followers, whose utter
ances could by no means be done away
with and abolished. An age of igno
rance was naturally superstitious. Adam
of Usk tells us of the burning of the
first heretic in Smithfield, and we also
see that worthy ecclesiastic, lawyer, and
politician oae of the foremost men of
nis time marveling at tbe spontaneous
ringing of the four bells at the corners of
St. Edward's shrine at Westminister; at
the strange flow of blood from the spriDg
into which the bead of Llewellyn ap-
Gryffud had been thrown ; at the comet
which foretold the death of Glan
Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan ; and
the apparition in the air of the arjis of
that potentate, to wit, "a serpent azure
swallowing a naked man, gules, on a field
argent." But as darkness, like light, is
rarely absolutely complete, it is possible
to descry through the mirk the brilliant
soldier of Agincourt, Sir John Fastolf
lrom whom Shakespeare was once
absurdly supposed to have drawn his im
mortal Falstaff Humphrey, Duke of
Gloucester, John Tiptoff, the " butcher
Earl of Worcester, and Antony Wood-
ville, busily engaged in collecting manu
scripts; a work to which the Duke o
Bedford contributed in lawless but whole
sale fashion by seizing tbe royal library
at Paris, and carrying it off to this
country during his reeency. All the
Indnstry of Vulgarian Women.
The correspondent of a London news
paper writes: "Every house has lU
rude loom, of a make so primitive that
ope wonders how such good material is
produced by it, tor tbe Bulgarian cloth
though rather rough in texture, is of
excellent quality, and will wear for
years; a finer kind is, however, produced
in the towns and at Kaz in, in the vila
yet of the Danube ; I was assured that
they could imitate any qualitv or pat
tern of cloth that might be given to
them. The other woolen articles made
are chiefly carpets, generally in long nar
row strips ef bright color, something ike
the Spanish blankets; rugs of different
patterns, cushion or pillow cases, and
bed coverlets : these are sold either in
the provinces or to the Constantinople
market, and I do not think that there is
any export for them: indeed, as the
sheep of Roumelia give only about two
pounds and three-quarters of wool to a
fleece, the amount produced is probably
barely sufficient for mternal consump
tion. One of the most striking things in
these villages is the apparently ceaseless
industry ot the women and girls, every
one of whom, whether seated on the
door-step, walking in the streets, or
going to the fountain with her pails over
her shoulder on a yoke like a milk-maid,
always carries a hank of wool tied on a
distaff under one arm, and twirls a spin
dle. In Kazan I walked for twenty
minutes without being able to find one--
uterally one woman or girl above eight
years of age without this accompaniment.
and mothers carrying tbir little babies
in a sort of bag on thier backs, no as to
have their hands free to use the spindle.
Eils Of iiOSSlp.
1 have known a country society which
withered away to nothing under the dry
rot of gossip only. Friendships, once as
firm as granite, distolved to jelly, and
then ran away to water only because cf
this ; love that promised a future as en
during and as stable as truth, evaporated
into a morning mist that turned to a day's
long tears, only because of this ; a father
and a sen were set foot to foot with the
fiery breath of an anger that would never
cool again between them ; and ahutband
and a young wiie, each straining at the
hated lash which in the beginning had
been the promise of a Ged-blef sd love,
sat mournfully by the side ef the grave
where all their love and all their joy lay
buried, and all because of this. I have
seen faith transformed to mean doubt,
give place to grim despair, and charity
take on itself the featuresof black malev
olence, all because of the fell- words oi
scandal, and the magic mutterings o
gossip. Great crime work great wrong'
and the deeper tragedies of human lite
spring from the larger passions; but wolul
and most mournful are the uncatalogued
tragedies that issue from gossip and de
traction ; most mournful the shipwreck
often made of noble natures and lovely
lives by the bitter winds and dead salt
waters of slander. So easy to say, yet so
hard to disprove throwing on the inno
cent all the burden and the strain of
demonstrating their innocence, and pun
ishing them as guilty if unable to pluck
out the stings they never Bee, and to
silence words they never hear gossip
and slander are the deadliest and
cruelest weapons man has ever forged
for his brother's heart. All the Year
A ralhatlle Priest's Narrative mt It
r tae r reseat Oatkraak.
Rev. T. Mesplie, for thirty years a
Catholic missionary among the Indian
tribes of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho,
now stationed at Fort Boise as chaplain
of the United States army, gives tbe
following intelligence in regard to the In
In October, 187, he was at the Una
tilla agency to meet the chiefs. On that
reservation a council was held, at which
abeut filtv Indians were present, includ
ing the principal chiefs of th? Una ti lias,
Caysued, and Walla Wallas. There
were, at that time, residing upon the
reservation, seven hundred Indians, ine
whole number whose nominal home it
was could not be less than thirty-seven
hundred. The remainder were scattered
throughout the surrounding country, a
majority of them being at rriest itapias,
on the Columbia river. At the council
the Indians were very nearly unanimous
in the wish to cede tbe Una til la reser
vation to the government, and be al
lowed to go into Walla Walla valley,
where they had been invited to come
and live by Chief Joseph. The chief
signed depositions to this effect, which
they intrusted to Father Mesplie, which
were by him forwarded to Senator
Mitchell, to be laid before the authori
ties at Washington. The Indians rep
sented their reservation as being con
tinually trespassed upon by the inhabi
tants, of the adjoining white settlements,
who would sell the Indians whisky,
and otherwise injure and demoralize
them. If required to remain there,
they would find themselves compelled
to fight from some cause. This wish of J
the Indians received no attention At
Washington. Some two months ago
Homeless Wampoo, one of the chiefs who
had been present at the council, and who
is the principal chief of the Unatillas,
passed through Boise City. The chief
told Father Mesplie that at this time
the Unatillas were dissatisfied, and had
made up their minds to leave, as the si
lence and neglect of the government had
left them nothing to hope for from that
3uarter, and that they would join Cbief
oseph in the Walla Walla valley, who
was already resolved to go to war. He
added that if the government had attend
ed to this matter in time everything
might have been amicably arranged, but
now it was too late. The Indians would
certainly go to war. Five weeks later
Homeless Wampoo again passed through
Boise City, on his return home, when he
told Father Mesplie that war would
commence, no thought, before be could
reach borne, as he had met runners from
the Nez I'erces, who came to confer with
tbe Bannocks and other tribes in this
region. The information thus acquired
Father Mesplie says he communicated to
the government. Bray man and other cit
izens here. In speaking of General
Howard. Homeless Wampoo said that
the Indians laughed at the geneial and
his fine speeches, saying that they would
never persnade them to give up Walla
Walla valley, which they resolved
to keep at every hazard. Father Mes
plie says that the chiefs and tbe
principal men who inaugurated the war
are rich and influential, and they will be
able to draw to their support all the dis
affected Indians belonging to the various
tribes, and that these constitute a major
ity in every case. He is of opinion that
the war will be general and prolonged, as
the Indians have been long deliberating
l . : I.. J i . i '
luiu preoariug jor ii, aim nave sianeu (
everything upon the issue, rie lurther
rays the Jez Perces number in all about
three thousand, and of this number one
hundred and fifty will remain friendly,
or inactive. He estimates the number
of warriors which the Nez Perces can
bring into the field at one thousand.
Cour de Alens, Father Calato, and some
other chiefs, sincerely, no doubt, pledged
to be friendly, but he thinks tbey will
le found in the same category. The
greater number will join the hostiles.
Of warriors, Cour de Alens can furnish
five hundred ; the Shokones and confede
rate tribes inhabiting the upper Colum
bia basin, twelve hundred ; the Col ville
Indians and their allies, fifteen hundred ;
Zackimas and confederates, eighteen
hundred ; Unatillas, one thousand ;
Warm Spring Indians, eight hundred.
Beside these, there are the Flatheads
and their confederates in Montana, with
whom the Nez Terces are in close alli
ance, and these will be able to furnish
twelve hundred warriors. He obtains
bis data from accurate knowledge
acquired by long residence among the
Indians. 1 fe regards tbe liberty allowed
the Indians to remain off the reset vation,
and the unrestricted intercourse allowed
between them and the whites, as the
principal cause of the present outbreak
The Snllan and his Tooth.
There is no doubt whatever that the
sultan earnestly exerted himself to prt
vent war, but, finding bimsr If obligp f to
choose between revolution, with probable
loss of power, and measures which were
sure to make Russia declare war, he chore
the latter reluctantly and with serious
foreboding. Tbe character of this man
may be estimated from the following in
cident : He suffers from a decayed U-oth,
and, having been advised to consult a
dentist, summoned one. Tbe dentist ad
vised the extraction of the tooth, and, at
tbe request Of the sultan, explained the
modus operandi. The sultan summoned
a slave, and directed the dentist to ehow
him bow it was done. The slave lost his
tooth, but tbe sultan was unnerved by
the sight of blood and deferred the oper
ation on himself. It is stated on the best
authority that the dentist bas already
been summoned eight times, and that
eiprht rdaves have lost ore or more teeth
each, but that tho sultan still suffers
from Uotbache. This incident might
well serve as a parable to illustrate the
way in which western Europe has dealt
with the rotton fabric known as the Otto
man empire. The Nation.
This was Joeeph Mazzini's idea of Life
with a large L as rebearjcdinabitberto
unpublished letter: " Life is an aim an
aim which ran be approached.not reached:
It is not mine, now to give a definition of
the aim ; whatever it is, theie is one,
mint be one. Without it, life has no
Bense. It is atneisucai ana, moreover,
an irony and a deception. Life is no sin
ecure, no recherche du banheur to be se
cured, as the promulgators of the theory
. .... -ii i . i
naa it, Dy guuioune, or, w metr ict en
ergetic followers have it, by ranway
shares, selfishness or contemplation.
Lile is, as Schiller said, 'a battle ana a
march ;' a battle for Good agsinst Evil,
for Justice against Arbitrary Privileges,
for Liberty aiainst Oppression, for Asso
ciated Ive against Individualism; a
marcn onwara to ien, mruugu wict
tive Perfecting to the progresdve reali
zation of an Ideal which is only dawning
to eur mind and soul. j
The Grand Haven Herald reports
upon seventy-three fiuit places in that
vicnity, all o' which were in a prosperous
condition. Among these fruit-growers
there are 20,000 peach trees; 9,&0 ap
ple trees ; 1,000 and over ot cberry trees;
1,000 aud over cf plum trees; 1,000 and
over of pear trees ; 5 acres of grapes ; tw
acres of raspberries ; 8 J acres of black
berries, and 25 acres of strawberries. In
the township 3000 acres are set with
small fruit. Many of the lruit-growers
at this and other points along the lake
own only small placea-from ten to twenty
acres, which are set out in fruit.
uauaaal religious rite waa cele
at A'exandria, Va., . the other
day, namely, a baptism in the Potomac
river by imniervion,' according to the
forms of tbe Protestant Epicorai church.
The peopbytw waa a lady.
The "fire fiend" seems to be again on
his travels. Besides the minor con flaga
tions of every day occurrence' Bridge
port, Connecticut, reports one with the
loss of a quarter of a million, and Gal
veston, Texas, another where the loss
The Rare Wltaeaa." "
"The nineteenth century is the age of
novels,'', remark a literary historian be
might have added with equal truth, " and
novel impositions." Studied politeness has
been passed off on ns for native refinement
the forms of devotion for ita essence, and
peculation for science, until we look ask
ance at every new person or thing, and to aa
assertion of merit, invariably exclaim,
" Prove it '." In brief, Satan has made him
self so omnipresent, that we look for his
cloven foot evtry where even in a bottle of
medicine. Imagine a lady, having a com
plexion so sallow that you would deny her
claims to the Caaeassiaa type if her features
did not conform to it, purchasing a bottle of
tbe Golden Medical Discovery. The one
dollar is paid in tbe very identical manner
in which Mr. Taylor might be expected to
purchase a lottery ticket sfer hia experience
with " No. 104,163," with this difference, hi
donbt would be the result of personal expe
rience while hers would be founded on what
a certain practitioner (who has been a whole
year trying to correct her refractory liver)
has said concerning it. At home, she exam
ines the bottle half suspiciously, tastes of its
contents carefully, takes the prescribed dose
more carefully, and then proceeds to watch
the result with as much anxiety as a practi
tioner would count the pulse-beats of a dy
ing man. She takes another dose, and
another, and shows the bottle to her friend',
telling them she " feels better." Her skin
loses its bilious tint, her eyes regain their
lustre, her aceustomed enei'gy returns, and
the fact that she purchases another bottle ia
a sure witness that she has found the Golden
Medical Discovery to be a reliable remedy
for the diaease indicated. Tbe lady wisely
resolves that in future her estimate of any
medicine will be based upon a pertonal knowl
edge of its fffeett, and not upon what some
practitioner (who always makes long bills
rbymc with piils) may say of iL Dr. Pierce
is in receipt of letters from hundreds of the
largest wholesale and retail druggists in the
United States stating that at the prevent
time there is a greater demand for the
Golden Medical Discovery aud Purgative
Pellets than ever before. In affections of
toe, liver and blood they are unsurpassed.
, "Xaklaf M Reaea."
People who neglect their minor ailments
rarely live to make old bones. The secret of
hale and vigorous old sge lies not only in tak
ing car'of ue's health in early life, by the
observance of sanitary rules,but also by judi-
-ctous ruediration wben the premonitory
rmptouis of bodily disorder manifest tbem
elvcV indigestion, bowel and liver com
plaintsare' fruitful causes of injury to the
constitution.' These diseases should be, there
fore, checked without delay. Tbe best med
icine for the purpose is Hoatetters Stomach
Bitter. Thisstandard preparation discipline
the digestive organs, gives renewed impetus
to tbe bilious secretive f unction,and exerts a
beneficial influence upon the organs of urina
tion. It has no rival as a remedy for and
preventive of chills and fever and bilious re
mittents, infuses vigor into the debilitated
frame,8Dd is an excellent appetizer and ner
vine. After an experience o over twenty
five years, mayleading physician acknowl
edge that the Oraefeibtrg Marshal? i Uterine
Catholieon is the only known certain remedy
for diseases to which women are subject.
The Uruefcnberg Vegetable Pills, the most
popular remedy of the day for- biliousness,
headache, liver complaint and diseases of
digestion. Hold by all druggists. Send for
almanac. Graefenberg Co., New York.
Information worth thousands to those
out of health. Self-help for weak and nervoua
sufferers. Facta for those who have been
dosed,drngged and quacked. Tbe new Health
Journal teaches all. Copies free. Address,
Electric Quarterly, Cincinnati, O.
The Home Stomach Bitters has be
come not only a household word, but a house
hold remedy; its reputation being unsullied
by adulteration, and its tonicity as great aa
when first manufactured. Prepared by the
Home Bitters Co., St. Louis, Mo.
Pond's Extract. Large sums of
money are spent by the afflicted to find re
lief from Piles. The Extract is a certain cure
of Blind or Bleeding Pile.
Pakties vUiting Mempkis will find elegant
apartments 'urnioned.with board, at the new
residence ot Mrs.C.C.Bayliss, 63 Madison St.
Bacon Clear Sides. .
Whisky Common . . ,
7 50 a 10 50
1 70 a
62 a 65
55 a 60
10 a 11
16 00 a 20 00
85 a 4 00
1 75 a 8 00
5 00 a 5 50
1 75 a 8 00
1 13 a 1 15
Lincoln County. . .
Cotton Ordidary . . .
Cattle Good to extra$ 4 a 4
Medium butchers.. 3 a 4
Common 2 a 2$
nogs Selected i a " 6J
Fair to good 3 a 31
ssheep Good to
choice 4 00 a 450
Common to fair. . . 2 00 a 3 00
Flour $ 6 50 a 7 00
Wheat-Red and Amb'r. 1 75 a 1 90
Corn sacked 51 a 53
Oats 40 a 45
Hay Timothy 9 00 a 12 00
Pork Mess 14 00 a
Lard 10 a 11
Bacon Clear Sides.. 8j i
Flour f 5 25 a 8 00
Corn 59 a 63
Oats 46 a 48
Hay 16 00 a 18 CO
Pork 14 2 a 14 V5
Sugar 7 a 11
Molasses 45 a 60
Whisky 1 02 a 1 08
Cotton a 11
The Attention f llTerir im called to our list of
ScDd Ur f atmloguf.
CCT AMD ELEtTROTTPES.
No extrc..nr rruts, trademark a. nnmnal dli
piny or advertinfinnnta iiiMtrted cro two or ranro
enlttitiUH: tmiu lwmty-mix rota ar required for th
wlMtltf tinnilter of news on per. Cut Mould not t
over two aud one-eighth tncaefl in width. ' .
rKon rr rtiokiv.
Advertinemeutt ii all caiww, aeut to all cf theee
papernon th day they am rereired. and afpear iu
tbe following ibhucs witimut any delay.
( H4HA(TIR Or TIIK .PArKal.
The BewppaDem are of the hotter rlaafl: the auality
of paper fnniialiou them in nf a higher prira than that
nued toy other conrern ; thay are better edited by
bltfher priced nien.haviof( irreater experience. Their
aMprejrate and average circulation ia lancer.
A If IXTCRKMTIBIU KTATfMK.HT.
To aend an adverttaiDir order to l.lvU uewaaeper
would require an internment of 9 4.Vw fr eoatage;
atationery would co.t nearly aa much, the laiwr or
addreaaiuo: l,Mv envelnpa la eanaierable ; to write
I, lex order would be a great tank; to print tttem
wonJd coat e-methiuaT. our rice for a Ave Hue ad
vertiMtnfDt in the whole l.w p&pera. on wee a. in
43.9 3. or much la than tba coat of poatajr and
KOTIt rN I9f HEWN tOCaVMMH.
To have an adrertiaement set up tn the form of
readme matter, and inserted in t e new clnnuii of
newspaper--, f very effit-ieut m"d of advert imng.
Tbea lint of newspapers oftVr advantage In this re-pe-t
m'hich bo other uewepaper or I tat of news-
Manufacturers and mercfaajita desir-
ing to publ'sb s description ol Iheir war or estab
lislinienls wiil tind this plso very serviceable. By
publishing a series of brief notices, they can soon
make tit" me its of th tr gotMis fsmilisr to the po
fie of. ha legions in which these papers are pun
The ctrcnlstl ns given are from the American
Newspaper Jire.'tory for leTft. and in hnndreos of
cases are too .mall. For instance, the t'hicsgo Led
ger, whii-h eppesrs at S.OOS) circolation, actually
isfu"s ia.ana eet-kiy.
This is tbe only ll-t or operative newspapers
wlicn has ever exhibited to the advertiser tbe circu
lation of the separate pspera and on this list the ac.
rnal character of each paper, whether the best or the
culy paper in a place, is plainly indicated in every
caae. bend for catalogue.
Of the pspera can le found In the ofllce ef Beels A
Foster. 41 Path How. New York. A partial flle. to
gether with samples of all. may he lonn.l at
Worth Street. New York ; lit Monroe Street. IJbi
csgo. III.; tW Kast Water Mreet. Milwaukee, M ia.;
IT Wabasbaw Street, M Paul. Minn.; Ita Race
Mreet. t inrinnati, O ; MI Second tr-et, Memphis,
For ratahgue address
DEALS & FOSTER,
4tfnrk Rttr. SEW TO UK.
a DAY ICRS mads by
A ea a etUikg our t bremes,
t'aayoBk. Picture and t hre
mo Cards. 1X3 aeaples
w-.rru ss. aenr. pusl-paia,
for KS Cants, illustrated cvt-
sioeuo Tm- j.R.BFrreao'aaoiia, Bs
(sL Ikstablished isSO.J
Made by 17 A rents In Jan. 77 wW
my L3 new articles. ramules free.
. Address f, M. UiUyt, ( Alcogs
Tut OstaTBiooo ggsjri
Rev. J. P. LTJDLOWWRITES:
178 Baltic Stiuxt. Bnooai.ru, I" Y.,
H. K. KTKrrxn, EaQ. :
Drnr Sir Frmo )rannal benefit rwlwJ by ita
aa wrll aa from peraonal kuowledxe of tuoao
whoaa enn-a ttirrrtoy hare aeemcd altnuat miracn
iom, I can inrwt heartily anil aincercly recommend
tba VKOaTlNKlor thecomplalnta wblrh It in claimed
to curt." JAMF.3 P. LL'DIOW,
Late Pastor Calvary 1111.1 Chnrrh,
SorraT Polakd, Mt., Oct.
Ma. II. R. BTrrsica:
frrar tirl liarn been alck two year with tbe
I.lver roniplarnt, aud during that time, have taken a
irreat many different niedk iuea, bat none of turni
did tne buy (rood. I was reatleva nigbta, aud bad ni
appetite, rllnc-e taking ttio Vkoktihk I rcet well and
relish my fixxl. fan recommend tbe VErTiKK for
what It has doue for me. Yours respectfully,
Maa. ALlltUT IUCKEU.
Witness of (lie above:
MHUEUliUK M. A t oil AN',
Rer. O- T. WALKER SAYS :
rov?or.K-K, IS. I., K.l TANIT Btbeet.
II. R. Rtktiwii, Kmq. :
I f eel bound to express with my eignalnre tbe high
value I placewpnu your Yfuktjkk. JlvJamllyhave
nsed ItfortheUst (wo years. Iu nrrvTxia debility
It is invsluable, and I rnrouiineud it to all who may
need ail invigorating renovating tonic.
O. T. WALKLR,
I'oruirrly I'astor Bowdoin-aquare Church,
Tt taur Bioeo fuainca
Rocth Salkk. kf asm.. Nor.
Ms. B. B. Stkvkns:
,fr Kir I bar leen troubled with Scrofula,
Canker, aud IJvercotnplaiut for three year Noth
iug ever did uie any good until 1 commenced uaiug
tbe Veoktiuk. I am now getting along first-rate,
and still using the Veoetike. I consider there ia
nothing equal to it for aitch complaints. Can heart
ily recommend It to everybody.
Youra truly. Mna. LIZZIE M. PACKARD,
No. IS Lagrange Mt., South fcjskiu.
GOOD FORTHE CHILDREN
UoeTOit Hoax, If Ttleb Btbekt,)
Uostox, April, 1870. I
H. R. Stkvkns:
firar Sir We feci that the children in our bnrae
have been greatly I cucntod by the Vkoetik you
have so kindly given us trotn time to time, evecuUly
those troubled with the Hcrofula.
Una. N. WORXKLX, Matron.
If. It. STEVENS, Boston, ltafts,
Vegetdno is Sold by all Druggists-
Tar Sew continues to be the strenuous advoeate of
reform and retreooliment, ami af the substitution of
siatesniru.hip wisdom, and integrity for hollow pre.
fence, imbecility, aud fraud tnthoadmtiiistrstion of
public s Hairs, it contends tor the government of the
people by tbe people and for the people, as opposed te
gevernment by frauds in the ballot-box and in the
counting of votes, eo forced by intlitarr violeace. It
endeavors to supply its readers s tHdy not fsr from
a million of souls with tbe most careful, complete,
and trustworthy accounts of current events. snl em
iloya for thie purpose a numerous and careiully se
eded stall of reporters nnd correspondents. Its re
ports front Washington, espec'eCy. are full, accu
rate, and re.rlees : sud it doubtless continues to de
serve and enjoy tbe hatred of those who thrive by
plundering tbe Treasury or by usurping whstthelsw
d'ies not gie tbem. while it endesvors to merit the
confldeui.e of the public by defrnding tbe rights ot
the people against theem roarbmenta of unjustified
The price of the dailv SI'N la SS cents a month, or
). a year, post-paid ; or with the Sunday edition
$7.7 a year.
The Hnadsy edition alone, eight ragea. )!. a
The Weeslv Sen, eight pagvs of ttbroadcolumna.
is furnished at 9' a year, post-paid.
Srr.i iAt. Notice. In ordr to Introduce The Men
more aidely to tbe paid ic. we will aeud the WKKK L Y
edition for tbe remainder of tLa year, to Jan. I, In7,
post-psid, fur Half a lhdlsr.
Address. Till. MM, M. X. fl.jr.
BEST AND CHEAPEST
Fuhlished at the f'seital of the Southwest. Tbe
Ore-aoofTHK PKOPLK : snd the nnromproniising
foe of HIM, 8 snd FSAt I.
Democratic at all times and uudersll circumstances.
PEBTKAR. P'ostauk rBEE. La
test Telegraphic Home and lor
eign New.. rtori. Miscellane
ous metier, t.'rop Mews, Ac.
11 C"opiM ibr $ I .
Sample t opics .cut
Free. Send Moner bv Regis
tered Letter or rost-omce t'rner at our riss.
Address TH K tOV'Rl F.R M PAN V.
MEXICAN MU8TAHQ LINIMENT
FOE MAN AND BEAST.
Established 3-1 Yars. Alwas cures. Alssy
ready. A Iways handv. Has never ) t failed. TAtrr.
Mofii A'les U0eH if. 1 be whole world approves
the glorious old Mustang the fleet and fheapaat
Liniment tn existence. J cents a bottle. The
Mustang Liniment cures when untblug elae aill.
ftiLK BT ALL MKDK INK VENPtKM
Tosiesses a iiiurb greater poaei in featoiing to
healthy state tbe mucus membrane ol the urethra
than either Cubebo or t'opsiba. It evr produces
sick nes. Is cert in and speedy in its sc'lnn. ft is
fsstsupersediugevcry other remedy. Nixty i apules
cuies in six or eizht days. No otb r medi ii.e cau
Owing to its great success, maay substitutes hsve
been advertised, such as Pastes. Mixtures, rills,
Balaams, etc., all of which have 1 ea al audoned.
Mfunrtmm, Ilk Vm.'m Holt t'epsulee con
taining Oil of Sandalwood, sold at all drug stores.
Ask for circular, or sand for one to 1 an I 31 Woos
ter street. New York.
A H sasehtlf Wlttswait TarraaK'a ellser
4 pie-vlewl within rescu 1st ks s i Important rsfe
guard of health and life. A tew ditseat f tbiastar
rrd remedy for Indues Ion. coi stlpalb n and bil
iousness, relieve evsrv disttes iiig symptom and
prevent daaseious conseouencw. r f T sale l.y tba
entire drug trade.
An Advertisement occupying space ef
will be inserted. one yesr iu
For Three Hen-ire I and Fifteen Dolls is. or One
Week for a.17.a.
Mend stamp for Catalogue f Kewsnapera (ehirb
gives bx alien, name, circulation and Character) to
41 Park Raw.
If KW TOIK,
Osgood's Keliotype Engravings.
Th ekatiosai JkamaeAobf erwasnwaf a. 1'rie
On JHOmr tmeh. Bend for emtmlom".
JAMES Ii. OSGOOD & CO.
$1.00 BOSTON, MASS.
Tut &stT Btpoa ftmintw
Tit f-TAT Bloom ?vmn jr
Tut &stAT BtBoa Puainrs .r
1 A. positive rssacdy fee I rssaap- anrt all disrases of
I the fcms". tslasiawx sua TJrtaae-w Or
I ,m7M aafs tleaaaa is porsly vacuole ...
I Smsiel avaprwasly tut the above diseases. It hss
I cared thousands, tvarv bottW warranted, heed as W.
I . Clarke, rovldeaca, & I . for Illustrated pamphlet.
ntlUH CnWEBTEBMOpw Woaia.Chlosr,rs
COPT a OIT W Ar-iu.
gajQ Oatalogna. L.TL7
4Qn elV. POWTOMAKEIT. flmawkliijas,
OM Btoaails- L4sadl Warraatta heught. Highes '
cash price paid by tMLMOBsA t'o..Wsshington. 1. c '
CJ KfUf&VJ Wee V nta.
$l Outfit rre
4t A f A WKKK. Catalogue ana Hamplea FKi.g
ll.TON a CO.. I In Nassan Mt. Ns
f I 1 alar at borne,
Agent wanted. Outfit aud
J) I sf terms free.
TRPE A lb, A a rust. Maine
asEMiaj. -i'ol,"ehnid' necessities for eummsr
t 1111,11 PRATT. Clnetnnstl. .
a year t Air"11'
tVt .VAf Km jrr. For tri'liti
with box catlridg-.
Address J. How n A H"U.1. l.v Wood st Pittsburg. Pa
WATUHKH. A Ureat Heneatuns.
WalcA and Outfit mm m AgtmU. better tbea
Address A. twi'LTgUA Ces. Chloase
A MONTH AGENTS WA NTKfl-a best
selllug articles In tbe world; one sample
A.idress J Y BKONHON. Petroit. Mich-
TTTnvil.J Mso 1. 1 travel and take orders ol slei -W
UniPrl cbsnts. rslary aia year aud all
II II 111 Mil traveling eip.ns.-s paid. Addrtss
II UUIUU ;t,M Maii'l-gor. el. I is. Mo.
TO IT w.ll -v(frrr tm,itrlbi'tfKtTiof ntir rirtru
.it.. will PH-ntl yon a I IIRH IN W
fHAll K, and pntTf.M -column II tiir'
aV'a-aFf tor Dion. 1 nrltnaltl rtm. In itaiv BMMatataTP
AnU w..li.v. KKN AL JO..lWton hi mm
HORPHIBE MIBtT apasdily
cuied by Pr. Merk a noly
known and stirs Reaaedy.
treatment antll cured. Call oa or address
DR. J. C. BECK,
IIS Joha PC-wt CiSCLSaATI. f.fj:
Kf't-VfTIt: SIKflH'tli I!ajTITt'T. ''hsr
tret IMA fi.a Mtlileiils.- WsMSS't Istl-
sal I'ellete, aasl searal eI Irery.
(1 I VKMextra Isriiitlee (or s thorough meili'-sl ed.
T nrstion to both men sud women, by a graded
cHirse iu toe col ere a it bout i he need of oftti e In
struction. For fun intoruistlon s.ldress
lollN M. r) I VUr.H. M, !.. t inclnnsti. O.
LEADING SCHOOL OF THE
Dr. V. V.. Wsrf ' N-mlnsrr forYouuf La4i.-s.hssh
ville, Tenu. Forty-six graoaatfs sIi-mmI on the staae
tins June. Ad van tsars many and all hrst- lass.I'rraa
s.mples nd ex penses mortcrste. Averag grade of this
, en lore lass (7. French spoken dally, i sllsthenlc ilrlll
dally .Careful matronags and hygiene. Flue chur hee
iu the city. For new catalogue address the principal .
Maize Flour Toilet Soap I
Maize FloujiToI.et Soap!
Maize Flour Toilet Soap!-
nw Mprtini(X)iinl,lt Knot hi)
)(i naiDi whiton. tlikin. hmm omlrrhil tiMiMuif
1 fUDHj-ior wuhIiIiih pT(HMrtiHi,iBiit im rfiimliy iitMf
for I I cluth. nurtH-i y hM -m'riil tollf . It ldilRlil -
fullv 1 -rfiiiiiw.i. inrl
rrir. I it,rfo tn i.tfit-mr. i.t l.y mi
Ucinrii . Mi KKoNf-:. VAN II AAI.KN A U..
ric. J ("(riatfrwl tn
. ty the mmiti-
iHroiKM wnm niioni Co flii'l an b'uiMt itiao- If
tlir i- nuf fjycli in hoda or vicinity. n bt will
take the troiiM to chII our Morn. Im liftll b-tv
tt(itC- of llatrh B l invf 1., nuf h f nip. to life ni
IT mrkith; that U, norurv, do pay ! H tia bm-M
thiii riniHly lor five ym,nnd " BHttuflitd.rropi what
mir rufitotuvrit mv of U.I bat it ia a aluaril uiHrf it
oT ita kind M ha alao uf d it mirarlvfa. and ft-td
it ,vr-faiJlai in rb rure , roiifclia and rolda ; a'ao
a aur relief for a-tlnna. Irv it, and If n r,i
coUffl ol it the niirnt ) will rbrfiilly rwftindM.
PAKttoM A O)., tSudna, VSnynM o., N. T.
A Llrbt for aClgsr. Cir
srette or liea esn le oh-
alned at an time. tlstehes asesjwlresl.
For sale by K. HttrFHA.
3a tlarkel at.. Nt. Laale, Ma.
Smoke I'm Ai-ticleH.
WV.. : i-v V
"""" aadrelllswlrscdt atalogae.
If- rrr'AXHIRTS-only one
mialttv The Rest.
. I-.I.. I .rll.-n.xl. Ilrrss HlllrtS.
I'm he nniahed aa ea.v si hmiming a Uandksrcbiel.
Theveiy lest. six for ap.oa.
Keep's Custom Mhirts made to measure,
Tba very heel, six for .W.
Aa elcant .et of genlue (ioKl-plgte follsr and
rdeeve buttons given a illi rsrh ball dox. Keep'sMhllts
Keep's Hurts are rieliverd F II F a, on re rlpt of prl e
In aar part of the I'mon- no ex prefer hirrse to par.
hamate, with fall riirertions lor self. measurement
Pent free to any address No stamp reiiulred.
N-I direc.lv wilb 111 Msiititsrlnri-rsndget llottotu
Prices. K eep Msnufsr I uring Co.. 1 Mercer lt.,N T
- this ajrw
I m r.4 sigsrlss Irsss all ssasrs. Is
hsp sssss, alia Bsir Asjssuas Bell
la NfiHf, sd.pu lis.ll as all psss
osss sf ta. Mr. waus as ball M
ibs sss prseaes back th. ine
laattnee lust aa a aaraon
would with the f)na-ir whs
Haet ee,il tss Hsrsis Is BM
S.4 s rsrtlssl ssrs wrists. It Is sasm
Ssmhl. ss4 obMe. S..I , stall. rtrosiers frss.
EOOLttTON truii co.. Marshall, aaion.
A V F. A K . AI.KNTH WAWTFO
on our UrsaS 4 shMssIIss
f-i ssprelas. representing
wanted every wh ! tl be blarseal 1 1, 1 war rer trie
Hal made frsm t h u wben s II slur I l'oli nfsll. A I so
airetitKWsiitedono II nlliMIIO NTef,r
rIMI.JH.iiperirl. rllotlors Wlthinvaluehle II
lustratod aids snd ui ' tb bitotings. Tlseaa assaaa)
kesllksWs- IS. I nil psitii ulsr tree Address
JKUS K. IMill IB a I 1'.. I' ul. linkers, l-blladelpbia
Dunbnin A Hons, Manrfacturern
H'arrrsssis, IS Knet I lib Nf.,
IFtabliabefl 1h,H. NF.W TIIKH.
LaT rices Reasonable. Term stagy. .41
DR. WAITER'S HEALTH CORSET.
tilth Khlrt Hsippertrr and
Secures Health and t'rmrowTof
Ibxly, with tins' e and llEAt'TT nf
Komi. Three (.ermrnla 111 one.
Approved by all t hyslcian.
A 14 V. N T H W A NTKr,
"tin i.b a i y maiL in f'on'li, i
S: .11. 1 1 ".6. To Ag nis al
26 i nis less. Order sire two
Inchwa smaller Hisu waist meg-
'a Warns Bros. 7B3 F-cr 4-v fl T
"The Best Polish in the World.'
WHITNEY & HOLMES
Fine!. Tuned and Mod Durnlje
Mew Mtyle-s. Ste w Bm la ktsps.
Wan aa ted Five years. Mend lor l'rire Lists.
ahltstv at llwlamr-eOrs;aare -tataey. III.
FEVER i AGUE
f or nil HturniMtm f.'Msf hfi Mntnrittt Pttit
eniNA of lhe Ulo.tl,
A Warranted Cure!
O. It. Jj'INIjAY Ac CO..
Arts Orlrmtut, I'rop't
mrVOR BALE BT ALL DRUUUIrJT.1.
This jrrevsjent affliction la generally looked npo t
aa a trivial matter. It atees grrat trUsehlnf.
Excretion Is checked while absorption continues.
All imparities are left In the bowels to be absorbed
In tbe blood and poison the system, producing dys
pepsia, headache, piles, disordered action of the
acartJUTer and kidneys, boUs, fever, rheumatism, Ac.
Prrmnrumtly cure chronic constipation and all
the ills that result from a want of proper stools.
They possess tonic, alterative and cathartic proper
ties andwill regulate tbe bowels wbea all other
medicines fafl. produce appetite and canse tba body
to gain. In solid flesh, bold everywhere. Trlri
Sic Otneo 8" Muiroy Rt-. New Yurie.
r I-(t H n per day at homa. Samples worth W
2)3 IU aOZU Iree. BTiaaOB A CO .PertUnd.ssaine
Wiir.w wm n to Aowr.RTiajr.ua.
al.aas say rsa saw lata aa e-rtleerx-wl
lllklspspsr. as. ff H. 87
BABBITT'S TOILET SOAP.
UsrirsIM a is.
T Sil ml l Ba'S.
Ne srutVitJ sis
iWf-pi ed,ff t
oovcr cosies s t
a. T. ne"" .
owe ass P""""
sti s" "
f la the w ., .a.
fikiie The nNIYT TwTLET SOAP
0sy ia. t .-Ml mWs . U sms is iu sstuf-
f- a. ' . sio rua.
Worts tea Uuiss tu el Uj S .r) sx lkr, ses imuiIv in " '"""V
sssieU testslsisg t ssk M aa. sacs, erst L-M w any S4
SrsMSB rslPtor II .j-nl. AJdr.
niartjrT alar aata lathi-