Newspaper Page Text
G. T. HCGBE3.
Barnett Sl Hughes,
Attorneys at Law,
lro on pt Main street, formerly occupied by
Thonia AI'.ariK tt. June .In-lini.
II. S. THOMPSON.
GREEN & THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law,
t ' pru i" I iri in all
Ud adjoining CMinti'
the Tdrionn courts of Maury
s. ft&.Spectal attention Kir
-7. 13. I30IVI,
Attorney at Law,
Will prm ti- c in Maury and adjoining counties,
jan 2l-7ii-iy .
C. W. WITHERSPQON,
Attorney at Law,
V ill tojx, wit li prninr-l n-M I a nil 1.cen FiisinK .
nl i um 4. to dic Mtc in Maury ami Mij.iniHff c miii-tri-v.
ti : t Hlf niion t nllt-ction aim t-ettlemcutfl
nllic Vhittlmrnc niirk. jan.2-1y.
P. H. SOUTHALL, JR., j
Attorney at Law,
nt,r,' iul :itien!i((ii giwn to cullprtiuits. otli.-c
tV llltt Ik. I li l'lo. k. nincKP. !7i.
A. 21 . l.OtiNEY.
V. J. SYKES.
LOONEY & SYKES,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancey,
W. P. HOWELL,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
Hpe ial attention eirrn to tuc collection of claim.
OHici : V hit 1 hi h lllork. jaitMy
YV. C. TAYLOR.
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
Vluuii'i:i, Twinf sei'.
OKHNT: :-Vith .'M. Dowell A
t borne block.
tIEOntiE C TAVLOli,
n. U. SANSOM.
TAYLOR & SANSOM,
Attorney at Law
Soli citor in Chancery,
vt ill jraliVe in Maury and ailjninin? comities,
tiol in ih'- Sniiii'iiif kii'1 rVtlernl t iuirtsat Nashville.
pe-lnl ;ittlili'u eivi-n to tli collection of clviiiia.
fe ofli, i-: V.rlh .Miiiu Mn-ct, sei-owd ilnor from
Kelson lloii.e." Jan. lth-l7fi.
JND. V. WKIOIIT.
J. V. PEW.
WRIGHT & DEW,
Attorney at Law,
Solicitor in Chancery.
hitthorne Mock up stairs.
Si ; .
A. M. lit tJIIES.
A. M. IU GIIES, Jr.
A.M. HUGHES & SON.,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
ill miotic in tlio Court
i-f Maury n m Adjoining
piiiitii. n1 Ntirnnt ariJ r
viU. I tin ptrirt-M 1hu, fiu will ! eivv-u to nil
tnin ''iiti uiiPtl t IhtMr curt. Oflire South niilo
VHit Mnin Str t, 1M Un-r fr'ru tlie S-marv.
J. W. P'KISSACK,
ATTOKM-Y A.VB COIXSELLOR AT L.UV,
on.c1 : I p stiiirx, nliovt lot fTir.
Win cue Mrirt Htt'-tition to hII t-nwin ontruKtP.
o him, in Hriv oi thi fH-nrts of Maury, W liliamnun
nnl Hi1.lLn:ii f-ii'it !.
( o- ction hii'I fttlfiii'nitn of nil kind. attompl to
with prom pt ih-h.
Will hold mi ollice at Spring Hill rvcrr Snturdny.
may 1-th Is. r.
iIT T. Tl'l'KKU.
W. F. TI CK Kit,
J. T. & W. F. TUCKER,
Whoscl.-ile anil Kefail
A X D
Northeast Corner Public Square.
CrOLUMBrA, : : : TENNESSEE.
.JTST'Deiilers in Cotton tud nil kinds or
produce. Liberal advances made on good
in store. nov.lH 1875-ly
jen;,lemcii who visit this establishment,
will ulwxra find the hest arlista in Columbia.
Hair tuttiiitf, ishavinv: and Shamt-ooninir
done in tl.frint srvlc. All the Proprietor
aska is a trial.
Tram-lent rt refluor. tnni
Si.oo T i.t.OO PER DAY.
(Small rooms $2 50 a day when called for.
Has rrin.ivcd from Now 'orlt to Colnmliia, Ten-n-
. tur.- In. will. In tho fiitiuo, piac-Ue his
ir,!.-vi.n. I'.-rnn l p mn ai nil hours, whrn not
mm. s.-iii:iliy t'? w. ai the ortioe of Pr. Towler,
North M ii'i sin i-l. I'.Jim.li n x-.. ,T-ai
PURE BRED POULTRY.
I:ii-t Wlro Cochins,
Tf nr-tl t ui;l fTcr fr liiilr a fw vm? fine
i:rifH I. t ti.eabcvH ikrtci ie. 'tocli dirxi.tl j In m
W It T"l'I. Al a f' rT' e lulit ami
.':ir!i 1 r -tufa ' rk'l!s. jfr lmt' l,h:e In M-a-c.
it. tri..n h.l ! th- hIk. vnru'lu-i. My K.twlii hh
i,-i i in hM"rhtu ar.li.'an'l brt,1 ptirt. liiiu'i r.i
i.Mktiln ai.J iiullrlurtiou yuiirttlitv'l.
A. A. UPW'OMB,
f Vt,:v.7i.-1 . Coluuibia, Tuu.
J. N. JIAHXETT.
By ALFRED S. HORSLEY,
Judgment oi ths Peorjle.
Paring Hie past eight years the public have care
fully observed the wonderful ciin-s accomplished
liy Allen' Strengthening Contial.
Iroui iia use many in utllicted sufferer has lieeu
restored to perfect health alter having expended a
cm all fortune in procuring medical advice and ob
taining poisonous mineral medicines.
Its medical properties are alterative, tonic, solvent
and diuretic. Them is no disease of the human
system for wnich Allen' Strengthening
Cordial cannot be used with perfect safety.
Aliens Strengthening Cordial
It will eradicate from the system every taint of
Scrofula anil Sci.ifulous Humor. It has peimncently
cnrel thousands of helpiem cases where all other
known remedies failed.
Allen's ' Strengthening Cordial
j Is the great blood purifier, cires Syphilis, and re
moves I implea and li union on the face
Kea.on should teach us that a blotchy, rough or
piinpk-d skin depends entirely upon an iuternal
I anse, and uo outward application can ever cure the
Tumors, Ulcers, or Old Sores
i Are caused by an impure stateof the blood : cleanse
j the blood thoroushly with Allen' Strength
j entng Cordial and the complaints will ttuttip
Allen' StrettutUenlna Cordial cures
Constipation, Dyspepsia, Faintnessof Moinacb. It
Is not a stimulating fitters which creates a fictitious
appetite, but a gentle Tonic, which assists nature to
restore the stomach to a healthy action No person
suffering with Sour Stomach, Headache, Costivcxess,
Palpitation of the Heart, Indigestion, Low Spirits,
etc., cao taae tnree uoscs witnoul relief.
Allen' Strengthening Cordial cures
Ke nale weakness; it cts directly upon thecausesof
these complaiDts, invigorates aud stiengthens the
whole systom. acta uixm the accretive organs aud
Allen' Strengthening t'onliat has
' never failed to cure mercurial diseases, pain id the
. bones, as it removes from the system the producing
cause. tHlt Kheum ami .-cam Head reaiiuy yieJil to
the greet alterative effects of this medicine.
Allen' Strengthening Cordial has
never bceu known to iiui 'a giving iRimetliate relief
in all diseases of the Kidneys and Urinary organs.
This medicine challenges the most profound atten
tion of the medical faculty, many of whom are pre
scribing it to their patients.
Allen' Strengthening Cordial acts
as delightfully on the wilder babe, the most uelicate
la 1 y, and intirm old age, as on the s Jong man ; im
parting health and vigor to the nerves and brain,
hlood-vrssels, heart and liver. When taken you
can feel it life-giving power course through every
arter,, destroying all diseases in the blood aud giv
ing health, elasticity and strength to the whole or
ganization. Allen' Strengthening Cordial is ac
knowledged by all tTasses of people to be the best
and most reliable blood purifier in the world. It is
a never falling remedy and can be relied upon. How
many thousands upou thousands have beeu snatched
as it were from the brink of the grave by its miracu
lous power. Who will suffer from Liver Complaints,
Dyspepsia, Disease ot the Stomach, Kidneys, Bowels,
or Iliadder when such a great remedy is within reach.
Volumes might be filled with proof from all parts
f the civilized world to preve that no remedy has
ever been discovered in the whole history of medi
cine that acta so promptly. Even in the worst cases
of Scrofula a good apetite, complete digestion,
airength and a disposition for exercise, are sure to
follow Its use. If the bowels are costive, or head
ache accompanies the disease, the use of Allen's
Liver Pills will remove it. Over eight years' exeri
ence and the increasing popularity of Allen's medi
cines are conclusive prooi.
Price 11.00 per bottle, or six bottles for J5 00. If
your druggist or store-keeper does not have it, we
will forward half a dozen to any address on receipt
of the price.
Prepared only by
St. Joseph, Mo.
For sale by all Druggists.
ALLEN'S PILE OINTMENT
THE ttMtlOMXAC AXI OJEXttXE
r 11 EPA It A TMOX.
tabltshed that liberal minded men in the medical
profession throughout the Union recommend it to
iheir patients rs the very be.t of all remedies for
I'iles. Hundreds of the mo t pninful c;:srs f Piles
have tieen curei by its use iu a very short tiii.e.
Ho medicine has ever obtained a higher or more
deserving reputation than Allen's Pile Ointment.
Allen's Kile Uintmeuf is a remeJy of uuiversal
usefulness whenever an oil cerate salve ointment or
t mbrocHtion is ieiuired, iu cases of fJurns, Scalds.
Blisters, t-prains, cruises. Abrasions, Cuts, Ulcers,
alt Kheum, letter, Ixzenia. KinR Worm, Fai tier's
Itch. Frosted l.iiubs, Chilblains, Cbapjicd Skin,
Fever Winters, Bel So e, vre Feet, Bunions,
Vegetable Poifoning, Bites of In?e ts, etc.
There is no known remedy that gives such lasting
relief as Allen's Pile Oiutment. It is a new, de
lightful and woudeiful remoly, desinned and war
ranted to snereile all other Ointments yet dis-
A lien's I'iic Ointment is entirely diticicnt from
any other Ointment in the whole world perfectly
baimless for the infant or aged ; it is cooling and
grateful to the burning brow, throbbing temples and
fever-parched system ; it kill banish pain aud allay
inflammation more rapidlv than any curative com
pound in this or in any other country.
Price 50 cents a box. or six boxes for $2 00. If
your druggist or store-keeper doe not have it, we
will forward half a dozen to any address on receipt
Prepared only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE GO.,
St. Joseph, Mo.
For sale by all Pruggists.
Allen's Liver Pills.
Ppifectly tstele, elegantly enatetl. For the
cureol all disorder of the Stomach, l.iver. Bowels,
Kidneys, Bladder, NerTous liseflAea Headache,
Consli)a1ifQ. OistiTeuesa, IndiKentloa. Dyspepsia,
and nil Biltona Disrasrs. such aa Constipa'tiou. In
ward IMItM, Kul o,ib ul HIoihI to the Head, Aridity
of the Stomach, hausea, Hearthtirn. Di-cust lor
Kood. KullneM or Weight in the Stomach, Sour
Kriu-tationa inkinn or f luttering at the lit ol the
Moiuach, SwiuiuiioK of tlie liead. Hurried and Iif
fieult Breathing, Klultering at the Heart. Choking
or SuQiicaliiig &-nsa'ioLa when in a lyin pintuie,
Iiiune.-ot V ision, Dots or Wehg liefore the Sinht,
Fever or dull pain in the Head, Difficulty of tr
aiiirrtlon. Yellowness of the skin and rJyei, Tain in
the fide, t'hest, l.tinhs, and Sudden Mushes ef
Heat rlurnimr of the Klesh, etc
Allen' MJrer Fill msy always be relied
on mi a safe and elteetual remedy, and may I e taken
ly both sexes at all times with beneficial results.
Dv their use the weak are made Strom; ristrer
after enting, iDward Weakness, Iji euor, Want of
A ifiietite. are at once removid br a dose r two of
these Pills. Thousands of peivioiis who Iisto u?ei
these Pills we hare vet U hear the first complaint
from one who has tried thcau. They always uive
ALLEN'S LIVER PILLS
uegtilate the organs of the system, restoring func
tional harmony and securing the secretion ot the
proper conMituents of each oigan. By the r action
the liver secrete its allotted proKirtion of bile the
lunpi caibon, the skin sweat, the kidnejs unnp,
etc., and ara always reliable as a purgative.
The aged, and persona sui teeted to Constipation,
Parnlys-K. aud Wrakne-s of the Bowels, Kidnevs
and Bladder, etc., that have to lesort to Injections,
by taking two or turee of Allen't Liver Pills, will
enjoy natural discharges, and by the occasional use
of them have ngular operations In the e cases
their strengihening and nutritious principles are
exhibited ; every dose will add l ew strength to the
Bowels, Liver, Kidneys, etc., that may he worn or
dep'et-.'d fcY age.
id these Fills, a want that science has ever failed
to supply is secured, and this is a thorough purga
tive that can be given in safety in cases of eruptive
fevers, as Small-pox, Erysipelas, bellow Kever,
r-carlet and Typhoid Keveia. VS hen the Mucous
Membrane becomes ulcerated, tlw Pilia act thor
oughly, yet heal ulcerated and excoriated parts.
They are made from ext act from new ingredients
- entirely vegetable, superior in every respect to the
ordinary powders and anhstaneea of the common
advertised Pills, and have a sme, certain and uni
Price cents a box, or aix boxes for $1.25. If
your druggist or stire-ketpr dins not have tbeni.
we will forward half a doz-.u lox-s to any address
on receipt of the price. ITepared only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE CO.
t?T. JOSETB, MO.
THE LARGEST STOCK IN THE CITY OF
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
Old Domestic Whiskies, French Brandies, and lmt)orted Wines and Liquora.
SySpecial inducement offered to Merchants in want of Supplies. I have a full
stock of .Buist's Briggs Bro., and Ferries' New Garden Seeds, which will be fur
nished to the trade at wholesale rates. Call and Examine Stock anc? Prices.
IE. W. C-A.3XI3L1:,
Cor. Main and Mechanic Streets.
We have in stock a
first-claps assortment of
Also Harness from
SfiJIJi.OO to gtioo.oo
Onr work is first-class; the prices lower
than the same kind of work can be bought
north of Columbia.
June 20. 87-ly. KITHX & TUItPiy
MONUMENTS AND TOMBSTONES,
All of the best Italian Marble,
Alto, I have the Jatest stylos of Designs.
All work a cheap ax can be done else
?here. Manufactory on West Main street,
loar the Tjistit'-'Ve. mh38yl
Caoital : : : 3100,000
Does a General Banking and
J. 91. TOffltR, Pmldrnt.
f.rcil S FKIEKSON. Caslrer.
PORTER BRYAN & ALFORD,
Wholesale Dealers in
TOBACCO and CIGARS
Proprietors ef the Cele!. rated
"PORTER RIFLE" CIGAR,
Iabllc Kqimrr, NASHVILLE.
jnne 2nil TS-lJ
T. A. HARRIS,
JlT. PLEASANT, TKXN.
Will ha iu Columbia every Monday. Bus
iness connected with this office left with A.
M. Hughes, Jr., or at his office, will receive
prompt attention. oct.6-if
EU01NE R. SMITH, M. L5
Office at Masonic Hall.
Frcm 8 to 9 am.; and from
7 p. ni.
1 to 3 p. m , and
sept 15 7i.
E. V M P0WEI.L.
IYTDOWELL & WEBSTER,
Attorneys at Law,
roLi nni t, tessissf.e
" Sep-l.V 17.1
Stniitli III nli Street.
Hoard, "Jer Day.
"rrtacea, bnggiea or saddle tioraea rnrofsbed oa
indication to tne proprietor,
JAMES L. GUEST.
THE QUARTERLY REVIEWS
The Leonard Scott Publishing Company, 41 Bar
clay fltrwt, New toik, cntinue their amboriaed
reprints ot the fani leaiiinir (Juarterlv Heviews.
r. ii in iii.it jc f. r. v i vi nig .
LONDON ol AHTKHLY RKVIKW (( U.usirvative),
WKT.MINTKH RhVlKW iLilwrall.
BRITISH t!l:AKTKKLT HEVIEW (Evangelical.)
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine
The British Qnarterhes give to the reader well
dinostad idformallou neon the great events in con
temporaneous history, and contain masterly criti
cisms nn all tn-u is fresh aad valuable in literatme,
as well ss suuuiiMrt ot the triunitlis of science and
art. The wars likely t wuivulse all Kur.-pe will
frm to ics for discussion, thtt will be treated with
thoroughness and atii.ity nowhere else to be found.
Blackwood's .Msgaaiue is lamous for siorie, eftsas,
and sketches of llie hifftic-t literary merit.
Tl-.RytN i Inrlottlnw 1'oa.tnarei payable strj. t
ly in auvauce Yot auy f.ne l;view, f.oir dollar
per annum : tor anv two Rview, arven i l-s ; tor
any three Iteviewa. ten d.dlirs; for at' fonr Bavtewf,
tlve il'dlars; for Bliickwooil's Maintain-, four
dollars; for olaikwood and one i;ev! ,ttea doi
lsrs; (for Blsckwood aud two bet lews, tea 'Tllars;
for HUckwood and three Keviewj. tliirteeo dollsrs;
for Blarkweod and the tour Kevie s fifiet-n dl ars.
I'n w.-A dis-.iunt of twenty per cent. . ill t
allowed to cl t s of fonr or ui"rt- pe-sous. Thus:
four copies of Blackwood or of one tl-view will be
em to one address for twelve dollars aud eighty
cents, four copi-a of the llur Keviews aud E:ac t
woud for f',rty -iicbt dollar s. and soon.
Prfhivws. w subt,criter (applying ear'y) for
the year 1.--, 7 mav bars, witl out cu iree, tbuoumbets
for the b.st omi tor of 1676 ot such (criodiciU as tby
msv euhsat'oe for.
Nnithor premiums to snbscrilrt n'T discount tt
rlnln csn 1-e allowed iinlss the uionev is r mitted
dir-tt t" tho rr.hJii!iir. N- i': ?'n,uiii wlvon t clubs.
Mrrti!nr w.th lui tUtr partii.ulvi t m iy te had on
The Leonard Scott TublisliDg Co.,
4 l ltarclau Street, JVeie lor.
FORTY YEARS BEFORE THE PUBLIC.
DR. C. M?LANE'S
roit Til CURE OF
Hepatitis, or Liver Complaint,
BYSttfSIA AND SICIt HEADACHE.
j STnptoms of a Diseased Liver.
PAIN in the right side, under the edge
of tlie ribs, increases on pressure ;
j sometimes the pain is in the leftside ;
the patient is rarely able tolie on the left
sale ; sometimes tne pain is ten under
the shoulder-blade, and it frequently
extends to the top of the shoulder, and
is sometimes mistaken for a rheuma
tism in the arm. The stomach is affect
ed with loss of appetite and sickness ;
the bowels in general are costive,
sometimes alternative with lax ; the
head is troubled with pain, accompan
ied with a dull, heavy sensation in the
back part. There is generally a con
siderable loss of memory, accompan
ied with a painful sensation of having
left undone something which ought to
have been done.. A slight, dry cough
is sometimes an attendant. OThe pa
tient complains of weariness and de
bility ; he is easily startled, his feet are
cold or burning,and hecomplainsof a
prickly sensation of the skin ; his spir
its are low ; and although he is satis
fied that exercise would be beneficial
to him, yet he can scarcely summon
up fortitude enough to try it. In fact
he distrusts every remedy. Several oi
the above symptomsattendthe disease,
but cases have occurred where few of
them existed, yet examination of the
body, afterdeath, has shown the liver
to have been extensively deranged.
AGUE AND FEVER S
Dn. C. M?Lanes Liveii Pills, in
cases of Ague and Fever, when
taken with Quinine, are productive of
the most happy results. No better
cathartic can be used, preparatory to,
or after taking Quinine. We would
advise all who are afflicted with this
disease to give them a fair trial.
For all Bilious derangements and as
asimple purgative they are unequaled.
ItEWAKE OF IMITATION. Q
The genuine Dr. C- JU'Lanes
Liver Pills are never sugar coated.
Every box has a red wax seal on
the lid, with the impression Dr.
MV Lane's Liver Pills.
The genui ne MV Lane's Liver Pi lls
bear the signatures of C. MVLane.
and Fleming Bros, on the wrappers.
t"In ,ist on your druggist or store
keeper giving you the genuine Dr. C.
Mi Lane's Liver Pills, prepared
by Fleming Bros., Pittsburgh, Pa. Q
Tv'Sold bv all respectable druggists
and country storekeepers generally.
To those wishing-to give Dr.C.MCI.ane's Liver
PlLI-sa trial, we will mail post paid to :uiy part of
the United St:ites. Qne box of Piils tor twentv five
Cents. KI.KMl.NCi HRllS.. IMtsh r-. I':..
Who Ate Itoger Williams!
Macon City, Mo., May 21, 1877. What is
meant by the question, " Who ate Itoger
Williams?" Answer in yonr paper, and
oblige Another Inqitrer.
Last week we did not know Roger
Williams had been eaten, and so an
swered. Since that time a friend has
given us information of the event, and it
occurred in this wise : Koger Williams
was a native of Whales, was a "Puritan,
and thp founder of the colony of Rhode
Island. lie died in Providence 1683.
Many years afterwards, the priate bury
ing ground where he was interred was
searched for the remains ef himself
and wife, for the purpose of erecting a
monument over them. Very little was
fjnnd. The shaoe of the coffins could
only be traced by a black line in the
earth. The rusted hinges and nails and
a round wooden knot alone remained in
one grave, while a single lock ot braided
hair was found in the other. Near the
grave stood an apple tree, the larger
root of which pushed its way to the pre
cise spot occupied by the skull of Rocer
Williams, and, turning, passed around it
ai d followed the direction of the back
bone to the hips. Here it divided into
two branches, sending one along each leg
to the heel, when the roots turned up
ward to the toes, the whole bearing a
striking resemblance to the human lorm.
These roots are now deposited in the
museum of Brown university. It was
thus found that the organic matter the
flesh, the bones, of Roger Williams had
passed into an appla tree, transmuted
into woody fibre, bloomed in fragrant
blossoms, and bore luciwus fruit, which
f.om year to year has beeu gathcied and
eaten! Those, therefore, who ate the
apples from this tree ate Roger Williams.
Columbia (Mo.) Stalrsman.
Capt. Gunson, of the ship Patierdale,
relates a thrilling story of the escape oi
one of his ship's boys from the maw ot a
shark. The ship was in the tropics, with
wind enough to keep the canvass from
flopping, and one of the apprentices
was over the weather side, cleaning off'.
The captain, standing on the poop
deck, noticed that the boy was careless,
and warned him to look out for himselt
and not tumble overboard. The fhip
was coing about three knots n hour, and
the sea almost as calm as a mill-pond.
The lad, in a moment of carelessness, lost
his balance, and fell from the platform
slung over the side. The captain saw
the accident, and threw him a ladder,
which the boy grasped, and clambered
up on the rounds as the ship left hiin
No sooner had the boy settled himself
on the ladder than a brace of large blue
sharks ranged u p alongside, and actually
reared their heads out of the water in
their eagerness to taste the young sailor.
The boy screamed lustily, and grew half
frantic from terror. The ship was hove
to, and a boat was lowered. Still the
boy hung unto the ladder, trying to
keep his legs fTee from the snapping of
the vicious sharks, which seemed actu-
i allv to jump out of the water to get at
; I ? a r. a. . . ; i
Dim. Aiier some iweniy-n ?e miouw?i oi
1 "vmmi Vv 1 en ovkA n a Wi-la t war- a u 1 s nTTA ar1
and he got int it. As soon as tho hoy :
UVI S I LP 17 DUniacurw. a l-M&V w S3 4V n.t ru. i
found himself safe he lainted. Jtwasa
fearfully narrow escape.
Geraniums and tube roses love to blow
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JULY 20, 1S77.
TRANSLATED FROM SCIIILLEB BY BULWIR.
IleavT and solemn,
A cloudy column.
Through the green plain they marching com
Measureless spread, like a table dread.
For the wild trim dice ol the Iron game,
Looks are bent on the shaking ground,
Ilearta beat low with a knelling sound ;
Swift by the breast that must bear the brunt,
Gallops the Major along the front.
And fettered they stand at the stark command.
And the warriors silent, halt.
Proud is the blush of morning glowing.
What on the hill-fop shines in flowing?
"See you the foeman's banner waving?
We see the foeman's banner waving ! "
"Uod be with your children and wife I "
Hark to the music the drum and fife-
How they ling through the ianks, which they reuse
to tne stn.e?
1 hrilling the sound, with their glorious tone,
1 hrilling they go through the marrow and bone I
Brothers. Ood grant, when this life is o'er.
In the life to eome that we may meet once more f
r See thesmoke. how the lightning is cleavine asunderl
llark I the guns, peal on peal, now they boom in their
From host to hoit with kindling sound,
The shouted alenal circles round ;
Freer already breathes the breath !
The war is raging, slaughter waging.
And heavy through the reeking pall
The iron death dice fail I
o t w
Close Is the brunt of the glorious fight ;
And the d iy, like a conqueror, bursts on to nipl.t t
1 rumpet ana nie s.reiitng choral alor-g.
The triumph already sweeps marching in song.
Fa-ewell, fallen brothers I though this life be o'er
there's another, in which we shall meet tou once
A ii Interesting Paper oa I tie HutJer-t by
Ron. J. T. Tregevava t, t Art-ataiaaa
Cotton Uroninir .Stalee font pa red
w ttb nanofartarlai fctntea.
The Hon. J. T. Trezevant, of Arkan
sas', in a serif s of articles on the products
of the souih and the manufactures of
the north compared, published in the
Memphis Appeal, writes as follows :
Perhaps the facts found in th follow
ne tables, from the census, report ot
1870. mav eerve to stimulate the active
interest already manifested by some of
our leading citizens. That the facts
may be soen in their most striking light,
I have compared the thre small states ot
Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode
If and with the three larper ones of
Georeia, Alabama and Mississippi. Tbese
last illustrate the cotton-growing inter
ests ; the others, the cotton-manufacturing
interests. The manufacturing states
have a cold climate, aDJ a foil net suited
to the hieher conditions of agriculture.
The cotton states have a sft, deiifchtful
climate, and a soil so fertile as to pro
duce, in unlimited amount, under good '
culture, all the grains, grasses and fruits,
besides rice, sugar and cotton. When
we consider that the one item of cotton,
in some form or other, has freighted and
still freights more ships, sinks more
miDes, builds more machinery, organizes
more moneyed institutions, creates more .
commerce, and clothes more people than
any other product of the earth, wemay
well wonder why those who grow it do
not also measurably control it manufac
ture. The tables below are so arranged
as to invite attention without confusing,
and under eacb, I have ventured to makeJ
such comments as seem proper.
Table No. 1 cives the area ot the states
named above, with the population of
each, the population per square mile, the
total wealth of each, and the weaitn prr
capita, according to the census of 187w.
have added Tennessee to the nsi, aa
Memphis is her great commercial focus.
S ? 8
S S 2 t: S
S f g
s a S
' - S
The above table suggests several ques
tions : First Why the cold and com
paratively unproductive states of Mas
sachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode
Island are so much more populous than
the three states of Georgia, Alabama
and Mississippi, with a rich soil and gen
ial climate, where everything supporting
life grows in vast abundance? Why is
it that rocky, bleak Massachusetts, with
but one-eight the area, has nearly ten
times as many people to the square mile
n rlplicrli t fn 1 rl ilo I iAnroriarmt.h r'the
"Old Thirteen?" Why is it that cold. (
stormy, sterile Rhode Island, with her
five counties, has nearly ten times as
many people to the ejuare mile as fertile
Mississippi? Again, whv is it that the
three New England states, with all their
disadvantages of soil and climate, have
from four to eight times more wealth,
per head, than the named southern
states, with all their superior
advantages of soil and climate ?
It cannot be on account of any pecu
liarity in the two people of the two
sections. The south has always equaled
the north in statesman, jurists, orators,
generals. The answer to the foregoing
question, is lound in the following tables,
two, three, four and five. They speak
for themselves, and show what a people
can do when resovled to do :
Here it is sure that in 1870 Massachu
setts had nearly six hundred million
dollars invested in manufacturers, and
the three states more than eight hundred
millions, thus invested ; while the three
cotton states had but fifty-two millions
thus invested ; Tennessee having nearly
as much as Georgia. Alabama and Mis
fissippi combined. These manufacturing
industries ot the three Yankee states
create a demand tor all kinds of food,
and hence the small farmers and gardeners
there, have markets right at their doors
for everything they or the thousand of
factory-hands need in the way of food.
This constantly growing demand always
keeps food up at pood prices, and the
producer is never distressed, as with us,
for want of a purchaseribr his beef, mut
ton, pig, fowls, milk, butter or vegeta
bles. " Everything raised out of the
eround has even a more ready sale than
tb fabrics of the factories ; and thus the
trade among small dealers never Ian
guishes. even though the mill-owners
mav sometimes find it dull. One kind
of goods produc s a demand for another
and dinerent line. Jlaaons, ana carpen
ters. and painters are employed in
erectinenew bui'.dinin for new machinery
to be furnished by the iron men, and the
; i I I S
1 ' o q" sf a" a S
! 1 3 s" s 2 a"
- g x -
j I 5 ? 5 S S 5
i -n a 8 f S
S" 2 S s n ' s
o a s
! J " S
ii . 1 S 5 I 3 S S
i t f c o pI - e
! S rt "
S I I 5 I I 5 I
t i i ; i; g i; ;
A 2 fi s - -
i 1 , i i
1 t -a c C
x ; I f- - i J c
' " I g 1 ' 1 S
' I a o a 5 a h
packing of goods creates a demand for
oozes, lumber, nails, and additional
workmen. So of the oil and, waste about
machinery, all req uiring men. and women,
and children, and material, and food.
and clothing. The wide-awake Yankees
have not invested all these millions in
manufactures, foundries, machinery, etc.,
without feeling certain ef a good interest
on their capital : for this investment has
been Bteadily increasing instead of dimin
ishing. Will not like investments here
produce like results ?
if o" .-)
srt X i
I have selected this table because one
of the larcest branches of the Memphis
wholesale trade is in cotton goods. It
shows where they are mostly monufac
tured. A month aso I aiked two of our
well-known and hading dry goods firms
where they bought their Georgia cotton
goods, and the reply of both was " in
New York." These merchants have a
large and steadily-growing trade with
the retail merchants of Tennessee, Ala
bama, Mississippi and Arkansas, and if
such goods could be manufactured here
the wholesale trade of these merchants
would soon be quadaupled. Look at
the amouutof operatives, and the amount
paid out for the raw cotton. With cot
ton factories here, would not a demand
for other factories, greater or smaller,
spring up J Jtias not tne traae in straw
berries here built up a larse manufacture
of boxes, baskets, etc., and given an ad-
itional demand lor lumber and work
men? Here is
s a s s
- It is presented because Memphis has
some ot tne largest ana most rename
boot and shoe houses in the Mississippi
valley-houses whose constantly growing
trade shows that they possess the
full confidence of the retail merchants
trading here. Massachusetts had but
280,000 cattle in 1870, Georgia, Alabama
and Mississippi had unward of 2,500,000.
Yet, the dry hides are sent from the
south to Massachusetts, where they
are tanned, dressed and made into boots
and shoes for the very people who slaught
ered the animals ; and now the hair from
their bodies is often sent back to us for
plastering purposes. It should create no
surprise if the bones were gathered up
and sent to the Yankee mills for conver
sion into powder to be used for fertilizing
the very fields the cattle once grazed
upon. Should we not convert most of
these hides into boots and shoes? And
would not such an industry start others?
Would it not start other and different
manufactories, and thus add to our pop
ulation by diversifying our industries?
To ask such questions is to answer them.
Now let us look at
I i I
2 S i
S .? g
2 S S
i i 2
? g 2 S
2 a S f
The object in presenting this is not bo
much to illustrate the great importance
of manufactories as to show how carelessly
we use the advantages we have. Is there
any good reason why the milch cow of
Connecticut should annually yield sixty
seven pounds of butter, while the cow of
Mississippi yields but fifteen pounds?
Is there any good reaetm why the cow of
New York should annually yield eighty
pounds of butter, while that of Tennessee
yields but forty, that of Georgia but
twenty, and that of Alabama fi fteen ? Is
there any good reason why Massachusetts
should sell 15,000,000 gallons of milk
from her 115,000 milch cows, while
Georgia sells 110,000 gallons from just
twice as many cows? The butter crop
of New York, in 1870, was worth $26,
000,000 at twenty-five cents per pound.
The cotton crop of Georgia, that year,
was worth but $25,000,000. The butter,
cheese and milk of New York, for that
year, were worth $42,000,000, if sold even
at present prices. The cotton crop of
Georgia and Alabama, for that year, at
present prices, would bring but forty
three million dollars. The agricultural
bureau at Washington reports a larger
yield of hay, per acre, in the south, for
years past, than in the north ; yet Mas
sachusetts, not one-eighth as large a
Georgia, produces six hundred thousand
tons Tor her horses and cattle, while
Creorgia produces but eleven thousand
tons, r.ittlc Rhode Island, with but
five counties and ene-fortieth the area of
Mississippi, produces ten times as much
hay as the latter state.
The city of Louisville is the most for
tunate localitv. probably, in the United
States, and it ought to have a larger
population than Chicago or gt LouU.
Great fires and destructive tornadoes are
unknown here. Epidemics are rare,
and make but little headway, even
when tboy get a pretty fair start. Were
it not for consumption, the mortuary
report of this city would be hardly worth
puhlis-hing. Then there is its geograph
ical position for buBinefs its great rail
road to tne South its water-route to the
gulf. Come down and see n, you people
in the north with capital to invest.
History of tne a. tar-Wpnncle - Unnnrr
liow It Came to be Adopted aa tne
At the breaking out of the revolu
tionary war each coleny clung to its own
color; Massachusetts to her green pine
Appleal to Heaven," which motto was on
Putnam's red flag, displayed on Prospect
Hill in Juiy, with the Connecticut state
motto beside it ; South Carolina to her
blue banner with a white crescent in the
upper corner near the staff, which the
heroic Jasper recovered and planted on
the battlements of the fort on Sullivan's
island during the furious bombardment
by the British fleet of Pir Peter Parker.
There was probably no flag at all carried
by the patriots at Lexington, and it is
doubtful if they displayed any at Bunker
Hill. Accounts then published aro silent
on the subject, and no flugs are shown in
contemporary prints, though a poet
speaks of "waving streamers," and it is
said some of the volunteers carried a red
banner inscribed " Come if you dare."
When late in 1775 congress prepared to
create a navy nothing seems to have
been done about a titer, and commanders
of vessels followed their own device s. A
favorite one was the rattlesnake, with
the motto: "Don't tuch me," other
flags carrying a mailed hand clasping
thirteen arrows. Indeed, the ratt!orifike
came near of an election to the Ameri
can escutcheon in place of the immortal
cl icken thief, the eagle, one writer per
haps Ben Iranklin supporting the
choice because the snake was purely
American and an emblem of wisdom and
vigilance, became it never attacked first
nor surrendered, being attacked, and be
cause, while its rattles were distinct,
they were still firmly united and steadily
increased in number. Let us Consider
what a fourth of July would have been
with orators condemned to apostrophize
the rattlesnake amid the whizzing of
Late in 1775 Franklin and two other
gentlemen appointed to create a national
flog met at the camp at Cambridge and
adopted the king's colors (the red cross
of St. George on a white field and white
cross of St. Andrew on a blue field), with
thirteen stripes, alternate red and white,
being the flag already adopted by the
East India company. No record is found
of congress having taken any part in this,
nor is it known when the new flag was
adopted by law. The origin of the
stripes is not satisfactorily explained. It
has been held that the new flag may have
been suggested to Washington by the
banner of the Philadelphia Light llorse,
which escorted him hither on his way to
Cambridge. That banner bore a canton
of thirteen stripes, blue and silver; also
that Washington took the idea from hii
own cat-of-arms, as sbown in Brighton
church, or from the Last India companv s
flag aforementioned, or from the tri color
of the Netherlands. The "grand union "
flag was hoisted at the camp at Cambridge
Jan. 2. 1776 : it also waved above the Vir
ginia convention which declared the colo
nies tree and independent states.
Paul Jones claims to have been the
first to hoist the flag of America over a
regular man-of-war, the Alfred, though
John Adams, of course, disputed this,
claiming the honor for a Massachusetts
man. Mr. Woodman thinks that proba
bly this flag of Paul Jones was the new
striped flag, though Cooper leans to the
belief that it was the pine-tree flag with
a rattlesnake and motto. The first naval
victory uiider th stripes was certainly
won fey Barney, in the Lexington, April
17. 1776, when after a severe fight he
captured a British vessel off" the Virginia
shore. In July the brig Andreas l)oria
obtained the first salute for the flag at
St. Eustatia. The Dutch governor was
atterward removed for returning her
compliment. In the autumn the Repri
sal, carrying Franklin to Franco, first
showed the flag in Europe. A rf cord of
the time speaks of the capture of an
American privateer soon after the loss of
New York which only carried twelve
After the declaration of independence,
when the king's arms were taken down
and burned, it was not possible for his
emblems to remain long on the flag, and
ensigns of various devices are described
as in use during the land battles, while
the official banner continued to be the
"grand union flag." It was on the 14th
of June, 1777, more than a century ago,
that congress votd that the American
flag should be " thirteen stripes, altern
ate red and white; that the union be
thirteen stars, white in a blue field, re
presenting a new constellation." This
flag, however, was not a new flag then
designed, but rather the formal adoption
of one already in existence nearly a
twelve-month" There is as much per
plexity as to the origin of the stars as
there is concerning that of the stripes.
It has been suggested that they were
taken, as well as the stripes, from the
Washington coat-of-arnis, on which they
appear in chief, or from the constellation
lyra, which contains just thirteen stars
and is the symbal of harmony and unity;
but Washington himself makes no men
tion of the matter, and the act seakB
expressly of " a new constellation." Mm.
Ross, an upholsterer of Philadelphia, is
claimed to have been the first maker of
the stars and stripes, and also its pardal
designer. In June, 1786, a committee
of congress, accompanied y Washington,
ca'ledupon her and engrged herto make
a flag from a rough drawing they brought
with them. She suggested some changes
in the design, especially that the stars
be made five-pointed instead of six
pointed, (following the French form,
while adoption of the English practice
gave us the six-pointed star on our coin
age), and Waehingtjm himself drew the
new sketch in her back parlor. Mrs. Ross
afterward was appointed flag-maker to
the government, and she was succeeded
by a relative, who continued in office
till about thirty years ago. It is men
tioned as a bit of gossip concerning
Washington and the flag, that not alone
were the stars and stripes on his ooot-ot-anns,
but tBe colors were all in kis
christening robe, now in the possession
of Mrs. Lewis, of Woodlawn, Ya., which
is of white silk, lined with crimson silk,
and decorated with blue ribbons.
The banner did not come immediately
into general use, for in the middle of
October, 1776, Cant. Richards is found
asking the Philadelphia council what
colors should be used by the fleet. It
was probably flown at Trentnn, for Peale's
picture shows it, and the artist com
manded a company in that battle. It j
was displayed at the first fourth of July
celebration in Philadelphia, 1777, and in
the February of the following year it
was first saluted by a foreign jower.
Paul Jones, in the Ranger, conveying
some vessels into Quiberon and obtaining
a salute from the French admiral. Four
years later he hoisted it over the firt
American ship of the line, the America,
August 2, 1777, the first land victory
was won under the Stars and Stripe" on
the occasion of the British attack on
Fort Schuyler, the flag being an extem
porized one, made from the garrison's
shirts and from a blue cloak taken at
Peekskill. The home-made banner was
hoited over five English colors ciptnred
in a sally. In January, 1781, Rathburne,
in Providence, with fifty men, swooped
on Nassau, N. P., took the fort, spiked
its guns and hoisted the American flag
for the first time over a foreign fortress.
Five vessels disputed the honer ef first
giving it to the winds in London. In
1789 92 the- CilumbiA, Capt. Gray, o
Boston, carried it for the first time around
the world, and planted it on the Pacifi c
coast, at the mouth of the great river to
which he give the name ol his vessel. The
Franklin, a Silem vessel, first displayed
it in Japanese waters in 271-9. In 17'Jl
congress added two stars and two stripes
VOL. XXIII. NO. 1,
to the flag (the rhange taking effect in
May, 1895,) for Vermont and Kentucky,
the act being passed only after consider
able debate, its opponents believing that
the flag should be preserved in its origi
nal farm in perpetuity. The war of
1812-14 was fought under this banner.
In 1818, a bill reducing the stripes to
the original number of thirteen, and
directing the adoption of stars equal to
the number of the states, a new star to be
added on the fourth of July next suc
ceeding the admission of each new state,
was passed and approved. This was the
design of Captain Samuel C. Reid, who
in 1814 defended so heroically the brig
General Armstrong against a superior
British force in Fayal roads, though his
suggestion that the stars be arranged in
one large star was not formally adopted.
The stars in the unions of flags used by
the war department arp generally thus
arranged: in the navy flags they are in
variably set in parallel lines. The blue
union used seiiar-itflv is the union iack.
The revenue flag, adopted in 1799, has
sixteen pernendiclar stripes, alternately
red and while, with a white union bear
ing the national arms in dark blue. The
union used separately is the revenue
jack. In? ynclit na is the s:tmo as tho
lational K;ir, out on the blue union it
bears a white foul-anchor in a circle of
From the Guardian.
A partv of gentlemen from the citv of!
Cincinnati, teachers and students of the
TTidi Schools and T'ni vprit.v. lieimr in-
terested iu the study of the geology and
paleontology of lennessee, touna them
selves, a few days since, in the beautiful
city of Columbia, in the center of a region
of the greatest scientific interest. Having
had the pleasure of meeting Profes-or R.
D.Smith, of the Columbia Atheiui'iim, at
the meeting of the Cincinnati Society of
Natural History, and knowing the Pro
fessor's enthusiasm on scientific subjects,
a visit was made to the instituticn over
which he presides; and the tacts there
observed, and which we believe to be of
the highest interest to all people in
search of educational facilities aud in
terested in the development of such
facilities in the South, will form the sub
ject of the following brief commuuition :
As we especially pride ourselves on the
work which is done in the public schools
f Cincinnati, with which we have -long
been connected, and of which we know
the minutest particulars, we believe that
we have a very fine standard ot compari
son by which to judge of the work accom
plished at the Athena'uin.
Prof. Smith favored us with the oppor
tunity of perusing the examination
papers of several pupils, which evinced
the most thorjugh training in the sub
jects which were therein dicussed, as
well as exhibiting the ability to state
scientific facts, in terse and concise lan
guage. The examination papers in geol
ogy and literature, were gems of compo
sition, and miniature treatises on ihe
subjects mentioned. As scientific train
ing is now becoming a prominent and
necessary part of every complete educa
tion, we are pleased to say that a high
standard of work is evinced by the exam
ination exercises of the young ladies of
the Athenseum. In this connection we
wish to make a suggestion in behalf
of this school, and in the interest of
scientific education in the South.
Professor Smith has a line cabinet,
of fosil, shells and minerals, composed
of collections which he has made person
ally, and of donations from pupils and
friends. Such a collection as he U get
ting together dots not probably exist in
any other school lor young ladies in the
country. The specimens are carefully
labelled with the name, authnrof species,
locality, where found, and donor s name
in full; thus giving evtry contributor,
however humble tho contribution, a
proper recognition in the cabinet. Ihis
fine collection the Professor is now busy
arranging, and, as many vacancies exiist,
rot represented by the mint r.t's and
foi-eils of the middle and southern States,
we would efpeciallv urge upon the
friends and patrons of the Atiiei,:i tim, to
assist Prof. Smith in this work. Espe
cially valuable will be contributions of
the shells and fossils from Alabama
and Mississippi; also thoe of west and
southwest Tennessee, which are of the
greatest interest at this time. As the
Athenrrum Museum is in a conspicuous
apartment, with ample cases, a very fine
cabinet may be made up by the voluntary
contributions of the friends of the Kchool,
in which every contributor's narno will
b- remembered with grateful thanks.
Collections so placed, open to public in-
spection, find under an entntisiast use
Prof. Smith, may be productive f hint
ing good, and refl'ct credit upon all who
contribute to them.
It may not be out of phiee to say a
word about the musical training of this
truly model school. Several elegant
young ladies, graduates of tho institu
tion, were visiting the Professor at the
time of our stay in Columbia, and we
had the rare pleasure of listening to
music which we have never heard ex
celled, even by the liest pupils of the
Cincinnati Conservatory or the training
schools of the East. To say that it was
a rare pleasure, is the most feeble form
of compliment that we can use. We are
assured that the Professor's statement,
that special attention is given to musical
training, found conclusive proof in the
elegant and perfect performances of
these accomplished young ladies.
That a thorough system of education,
which will produce arlurc, must be in
the hands of cultivated ladies and gentle
men, no person will deny ; and that the
essential feature of education should be
cvlfvrr, no longer needs words of proof.
Thee conditions are certainly recognized
atjthe Athen.T-um, and the results at
tained must be most highly gratifying to
the patrons of the institution, and to the
gentlemen and ladies in charge.
So highly pleased were we with every
thing about the school, as to be forced to
admit, that here we have found all the
circumstances combined which go to
make up the sum total of a first-class
school for young ladies; and we trust
that a liberal patronage will reward the
efforts of the Prolessor and his coad jutors.
Colcmma.Te.vn., July 2, 1877.
Mow Bnt Sure.
The slow fighter was a tall,
raw-boned specimen of the Pike county
breed, and when he arrived in the mining
camp the boys began to have fun with
him to "mill him," as they call it in
the parlance of the mines.
He stood it or a long time with perfect
equanimity, until finally one of the party
dared him out oi ooors u ngnt.
He went. When they got all ready
and souarpd off. Pike county stretcned
out his long neck and presented the tip
i; ! . . .: I.. I.'.
OI 1)18 tlg JlOrf fcClli ('tnigi r io ins
tormentor : " I'm a little slow," he said,
" and can't fight unless I m well riled ;
just paste me one a good 'an right on
the fnd ot that smener:
His request was complied with.
" Thttt was a good 'un," he said, cai mly,
f'bnt I don't feel quite riled yit"
(turning the side ot his head to his
adversary " please chug me anjthcr
lively one under the ear."
The astonir-hed adversary again com
plied, whereupon Pike county, remark
ing that he was " not quite as" well riled
as be would like to be, but would do the
best he could," sailed Into the crowd,
and for the next ten days the " boys"
were engaged in mending broken jaws,
repairing damaged eyes and tenflerly
resurrecting smashed nose. A". O. 'm
of our day does
He inariies the
nn) .tier in the mines.
widow of a California forty-niner.
A Tolee From Ih C'oloffiae.
That vas diabug In meln pod ado field,
Dat eats so much alt ho' he is so l-etle,
Vhat's dst you raj 7 Mein Got I Meln Got I Mel
Isdiadat awful Colorado beetle?
Veil, veil, adeau to meln podado field,
I'll seet me down und like a Yankee whoetle,
T like Yankee cut mein sticks und run,
Viii e all i eat by dis woracioua beetle.
Violeta wen't grow in thicago.
The gladiola and the fuchsia talk it
over in Memphis.
The hollyhock is only happy in tho
front yards of St. Louis.
Not many women are blacksmiths, but
most of them can shoo a hen.
The century plant doesn't like Phila
delphia, but manages to grow there.
Seaweed dies on approaching Cincin
nati, and southern vegetation withers at
Russians, Poles, Servians and Rou
manians have little eyes.
' Lager is so lively that it comes in hops
whenever you call for it.
The British national penny bank an
nounces $2,000,000 deposits.
The printing of one and two dollar
notes by the United States government
The sunflower fisdits nobly at Indian
apolis, and the pigweed ktrives by the
The English Quakers hive become re
dured to altout 17,000 poisons, from
60,000 a century a?o.
There are in this country nineteen
libraries containing each o0,C00 or moro
Fix culture in Florida, which has been
so grentlv neglected during the wnr, is
i now attracting the attention of capital-
I A uart of tieachos for every mnn,'wo-
man snd child in the country, is the esti
1 nnteil crop from Delaware alone this
The military authorities in Par's nro
; enumerating the hordes and mules which
could, iii ca-e of need, Ik; preyed into
twenty-four pound turtle recently
red near Norfolk, Conn., was strong
! enough to move alxiut from place to pluco
while bearing on his buck a man weigh
ing two hundred poumis.
It has been discovered in Paris that
the little yellow murks r,n certain brands
of Havana cigars, which cause them to
be g-eatly prized by smokers, aro created
by the sprinkling of scid.
While Mr. Adam Miller was plowing
his larin in Kindcrhook, he brought to
the surface a large turtle, which wac
alive, and had marked on its shell:
"May yO, 1781, H. A. D."
Thirty years ago a Shebygan Wis.,
school teacher si rue lr a boy on tho head
with a ruler. One day recently the boy,
now a men of forty, met the teacher and
pounded him. The wheel of time never
Among the curiosities of the Columbia,
N. Y., college library aro the old arm
chair in which Gov. le Witt Clinton
died and the arm-chair in which Benja
min Franklin was wont to sit.
A voting gentleman who ventured
weet "in the prevailing fashion of neck
wear, was immediately utilized by tho
thrifty grangers, who smeared his collar
with coal tar and set him up as a grass
Glass bottles were first made in En-
Lland about 1558. The art of making
ottlcs and drinking glasses was known
to the Romans eighteen hnndred years
ago, as they have been found among the
ruins f Pompeii.
To-day Berlin is covered with the
wrecks of speculative credulity. Many
of the millenaries of a fw years ago are
in a state verging on absolute .jioverty.
Over production and over speculation
have caused the crisis.
They tell us of a Kentucky schoolmas
ter ivho had his wilo for a pupil, and
found it necessary t chastise her cne
day. Next day a notice appeared on
the door, saying: "School closed for
one week ; echool master is ill."
The little town of Salem, N. C, with
two thousand inhabitants, has fathered
and sent to market during the past threo
years moro than thtee million pounds of
blacklx mes, lor which the gatherers re
ceived nearly half a million dollars.
War heltm a gt"at many trades. A
i paper concern in Ohio has an order for
.".() tons of piq er for cartridges for Tur-
kev, and a Pennsylvania town is snipping
six hundred tons of sp'-lter to Europe ait
fast as it can le made, for cartridges.
Tun flower loving citizen, who has
sjK?nt all his leisure time this sea .ton in
laying out llower liotls and otering the
ame, will have his reward this summer,
when his daughter's lcnur. will carry off
his choicest varieties lor button-holo
A farm htborer near Seilhae, in ! rancc,
while ploughing somewhat deeper than
usual, found his blow arrested by what
lie thought a ftump. It proved to be an
ox-hide filled with gold pieces of the
reign of Francis I., worth ?;0,000 for
their weight alone, without reckoning
their Fprcisl value ii rare coins.
Tho German government is preparing
the organization nnd equipment of the
Landoturm, which comprises all able
bodied men from seventeen to fifty years
of are not belonging to the Line, Re
serve, or Land wch r. The Lwdsturm
has not been summoned since 1818.
The full capacity of the salmon curing
factories in Oregon, on the Columbia
river, for one season, is 51,810,000 cans.
This amount will not bo reached this
summer. If hatching statioijs aro not
entablifhed, this season, says the Oregon
Astorian, will be tbe last profitable one.
A grand-niece of Ixrd Nelson is sueing
for the possession of certain valuable
jewels given her by the emperor and
empress of Russia during her fhirty
years' residence in that country, and
entrusted bv her to the son of vice-
Admiral Sir William King Hall, It. N.,
and pawned by him.
A Russian charges $5 to print odo
hnndred visiting cards. This is about
ten times as much as the American prin
ters charge for a fimilar job. But then
it takes the former ten imes ss long to
set up a Russirn namt, and although the
card is two feet long he is sometimes
obliged to run a fw syllables of the jaw-breaker-on
the other side.
When lovely woman stoops to folly in
Greece, she has the same inalienable
right to perforate her betrayer that she
possesses in the United States. Miss
Canavassogion destroyed her destroyer,
a captHin in the Greek army, shooting
him in the public street. She was
promptly acquitted and conducted home
in triumph by a large and enthu-iastic
Pabimak omnibuses date back to 1082,
when the Marqui of Soutches and the
Duke de Boannes obtained a concession
to run them. They took immensely at
first, but somehow lost popularity, and
passed out of existence until 1828, when
they reappeared with the new name a
really happy thought of omnibns. At
first there were one hundred, which was
deemed an enormous numler, but it
soon increased. In 1855 there were 347;
in lSGG, when the various companies
were consolidated, neariy 700.
Last month a physician was aent for
in Rome to visit a patient. On going to
the address indicated, he was told by a
lady at the door that the sick man wan
not there, but at another house in a dif
ferent street, whereupon, proceeding to
the second locality, his surprise became
great on learning that the patient waa
waiting for him upon a hill (San Pietro in
Montorio) in quite another section of
the city. Finally, he found out that a
practical joke had been played at his
expense, and carried the matter into
court, where the judge sentenced the
frolicsome lady to pay for the three visits
Cabep or Life. Business soon yield
themselves to care. No sooner do they
enter the world than they lose that taste
for natural and simple pleasure ao re
markable in early life. Every hour do
they ask themselves what progress they
have made in the pursuits of wealth and
honor ; and on they go, aa their lather
went before them, till, weary and sick at
heart, they look back with a sigh of
regiet to the golden times of their childhood.