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I ' 1:1 regard to yonr dates, and to having all signs
i 11 ( i U.uly written.
ACIMCl LTUKAL AND DOMESTIC.
T!i-i r.altirnore frnit dealers think they
rave discovered a method of ripening
Unit which is somewhat better than
i:.it lira's. Upon this point there will
t r; l!illy be a difference of opinion arr.ony
.:t sumers. but the process la an interest
i r one. The fruit is hung in a room
v. nich is made perfectly dark and as
i.t.'trly airtight as possible. The room
then heated by means of pipes to the
;-:iicr temperature, and the room h
!.r ;t closed except when opened for in
; tv cti'in of progress. The experiments
. :;ir have been with bananas, and it
i.. s bi'cn fojnd that two or three days
tn.ly are required to ripen them.
The Knpplj or Tanliln.
Tnosj who fear for the destruction of
;:r f jref ts resulting from the demand for
! ( m!ock batk will take comfort in the
- in ce.-sliil attempts to obtain tannin from
:iier f-ouic-s. It has been estimated that
; i' cord of hemlock bark produces one
i. rrel of pood tannin extract, worth ?20.
I in now found one cord of alder will
1 i. 'hie the rame amount: and one ton
i" -v.c-1 fern gives the lest tannin, ?22
'rth. besides a value of 87.50 in an in
; i ior kind. There is said to be consid
. i.; We activity in Hancock county, Me.,
;i lii? new industyof extracting tannin
i r tn sweet fern.
If a cord of hemlock bark contains $20,
.-. i -rd of oak bark has at lea3t a quarter
;,.-re of this tannin principle; yet,
n-.'hing is more common in large dis
i r'cls of Tennessee than the waste of oak
t;i's and timber, bark and all.
Xatnre and Klr-a-trlrli.v.
We learn that a new hypothesis as
inihe nature of electricity has been of
(i. d by I'rof. lienard, of Nancy. He
-insiders an electric current to be pro-
ii'.-ed by longitudinal motion of the
..:cr particles, which at the same time
i :-vea preneral forward motion. When
tl.n molecules of a bodv are surrounded
1 y a rreator eiher atmosphere than the
ti iriiiiil, the body is in the condition
v!:k'h we call positively electric ; when
l'i. ether atmosphere about each mole;
;i!e is less than the normal, the body is
in r:iiivc-Iy elee'ric. He has sought to
cq.iiiin various electrical phenomena
thus: for example, the magnetization
steel needles by electrical discharges,
rvfrarding which Havary has 6howu that,
iiorording to the position of the needle,
i! acts in one direction or the other.
The cause of bone spavin may be either
! the following: Overworking animals
v.-hiie too young, the bones being then
tut ; using calked shoes or on account of
il-.e d?.m or sire having been subject to
i lie same disease. Treatment clip the
t.riir otl'tl'.e epavin for some distance all
round, (hen apply about half an ounce of
lilnindide of mercury in fine iowder,
oivdered catharides and rodine, of each
"i drachm; lard two ounces. Mix
thoroughly, and rub in four minutes.
K- oeat every three weeks for three ap
plications, and allow from three to four
months' absolute rest in a comfortable,
roomy box stall.
Corn Tor Keed.
1 ii selecting corn for seed, it is often the
t i -ctice to merely choose large ears from
i'e general crop. It is suggested thattlm
m not the best method, for, while the
j'iaiit may be strong and vigorous and
bt-sr large ears, the corn may have been
v.rtilized by pollen from feeble or ptunted
j ! nits near it, and the seed may retain
.w.d repeat these adverse qualities in
y itc of the rigor of the plant on which it
jrrev. It is t-nid that a better plan would
to plant some of the seed in a small
I 'lul by itself, at a distance from the main
crop, and to give this patch plenty of
i. om and high culture. When the tassels
:: j pear in this seed bed every plant should
m examined, and all feeble stalks should
": pulled out or cut off below the tassel
i- I'.irc it lias an opportunity to bloom.
Hy this Arrangement both the plant on
w Such the ears grow, and the pollen scat
tered from its own and neighboring tas-!-!,
wiil be alike strong and vigorous, and
ili feed will partake of the strength of
lflh its parents.
f . r t o S 1 o i- u Mannicriiifnl In New England.
T.'ip New Kngland Farmer has an in
(rf t i:ig article on the care and keep of
: her ! of cattle in Vermont, from which
v,e clip the following:
The aim here is to breed a cow that
: i.n'.l stand high on the record, but, at the
:- 'mo time be perfectly healthy, and of a
1 .i;d.?ncy for milk production rather than
i f exclusively. The great unsightly
i simps and bunches f fat which we
r.i:iictinies find laid over the hips and
iimps of some of the Short-Horns,
Making them look too clumsy to be cora-ti-rtable,
were not observed here to any
i:;.irktvl degree, especially among the
i-iore clioico-bred animals. At the time
i f our visit nearly all the animals wera
m a largo open yard, well littered with
- r:w, and where they were lisurly
talking about or lying quietly chewing
liieir ru.ls in the warm sunshine; and
r i kindly are tliey all treated by their
: tend-ints that of the whole fifty not
ne could be found to show the least fear
i man, whether an acquaintance or a
stranger, but many of them would fol
i"v lis about in our vn, wmig as
i lainly as actions could ask. for a stroke
a pat of the baud over their smooth,
I leasant faces.
Th barns, which are substantial and
commodious, are pictures of neatness and
Min'ort. Few of the prisoners in our
penal institutions, we fear, fare as well
: do these animals, with their whole-
::i food, pure air and clean beds.
'I wire a vear every animal js thoroughly
v .',-hed all over in tobacco stem tea, in
v. Inch is mixed one and a half ounces of
i-ibolic acid. This keeps them entirely
:m o from all kinds of external parasites,
't Uev are ted three times ver day bv the
'ock every time; no animal is kept
v. ailing for his food beyond the usual
tune, ami no more is given than will be
!rn up clean. The hay Is cut and
i .rhtly moistened with warm water, and
: little bran or meal sprinkled on. The
j .portion for each animal averages
venty two pounda of hay, three pounds
; bran, and one pound of meal per
'iv not" a heavy lood for animals of
i' it s'zo. From experiments which have
1 -'ii and ar being made, the proprietor
i of the opinion that these large animals,
I account of their quiet dispositions
.i hereditary tendencies for laying on
il sh. cnu lie kept quite as cheaply per
;.'imal as some of the smaller but more
i i vous and restless breeds.
'1 he stables are partly under ground,
though warm are not dark or damn,
'i ,; w.ills are so thoroughly built, and
i . do rs and windows so well arranged
: protection from outside influences,
i .t. the temperature during the whole
. ,;iin'. from November to March, has
m mi lyvaried more than sixteen degrees.
, ... from six lelow freezing to ten
: , e even when the thermometer in the
1 air indicated twenty degrees below
No firhent isnsed for warming the
i i.iWes, nor is steamed food in very good
, here. Part of the animals are
m ! wi'.h chains and part are confined
1 .-rii stanchions. Both methods are
1 hut chains are considered, upon the
ii ic, preferable. Ptraw for bedding is
i. -1 very freely, and the cattle are as
ii in winter as in summer when at
ure. In pleasant weather water is
t . - 'i in the open yards, but in stormy
' ! .;r it is carried to them in their
Abnl the IIon.
M..nlu- U fVin "val,lTt(T-ta "
: ;ii'rnb'e of dinbea bashel,
A nl clothes as white as tinow ;
I ueijv Ih tue ironiog-day."
com, or iuk, ui umi ,
i Wdnewlajr Is the "eewing-day,"
o see the clothe are neat ;
h - d Tiursdar la s leinure day-;
A r.d Friday brooma begin
In .va'p away the household dirt
Tore Sunday's ushered In ;
An.) Satur ' la " baking-day."
li--, pudding cates and hrea1,
And men the eary week Is dune,
And we way go to bed.
Osiox Sauce. Peel four small white
onions and boil them until soft ; drain
and chop them up fine; mix them with a
cupful ol hot milk, and two teaspoonfula
of butter, a little salt and pepper, then
boil all together for one minute ; serve
1 1 1'CK J.EBERR Y CAKE. Two CUpfuls
of sugar, one of fcutter, five eggs, one cup
ful of milk, one teaspoontul of soda, one
small lemon, a little nutmeg, a wine-glass
ful of brandy, three cupfuls flour; dredge
a quart of huckleberries thickly with
flour, and add the last thing.
Sweet Clover Ointment. Take the
clover and boil with lard. If there be
any positive virtue in the plant the hot
grease will extract it. An alcoholic
tincture of the plant would extract its
virtues, and evaporated down lard might
13 i-A ck berry Vixegar. To three
quarts of berries put one quart of vine
gar; 1ft it stMid for three days, then
strain it, and to one pint of juice put one
pound of sugar ; put it into a kettle over
a slow fire ; 6kim it as it boils ; let it boil
for half an hour; cool and bottle for use.
Blackberry Mcsh. Take a pound
of ripe blackberries, and first bruise them
and add a very little salt; put in a porce
lain or earthenware pan, and add one
teacupful boiling water; Btir in a bowl
two heaping teaspoonfula of sifted flour,
with just enough cold water to make
perfectly smooth ; add to the berries and
stir quickly, until thickened; take off
immediately else will burn. Eat cold,
with sugar and cream.
To Cax Pineapples. Pare and cut
in email pieces, take out the core (or
center), then fill the jars with the fruit ;
to each quart jar dissolve a teacupful of
white sugar in a teacupful of boiling
water, and pour in on the fruit, which
should fill the jar ; then put the jars in a
boiler of cold water (putting a nail under
each jar, so as not to crack the jar), in
which they should stand with the water
a third from the tops of the jars ; boil
twenty minutes, and seal quickly. This
is also an excellent recipe for canning
peaches, Bartlett pears and cherries.
A Modern Cincinnati.
Those who have read of the old Roman
who left his plow, and ruled the nation,
returning again to his humble farm,
must be proud to think how many in
stances of the same kind our own history
furnishes. Washington was a Cincin
natus, and here is an account of another.
At the session of the South Carolina
legislature, ii 1814, the members were
perplexed for a suitable man to elect
governor. The difficulty did not arise
from any scarcity of candidates, for then,
as now, men were ambitions, but from a
want of the right sort of man. The mat
ter became worse as the time wore on,
and the election of some objectionable
candidate seemed inevitable.
One day, however, as several of them
were conversing upon the matter, Judge
O'Neall, then a young man, and present
by invitation said, "Gentleman, why
not elect General David It. Williams?"
"David 11. Williams! he's our man
he's the man ! " they all exclaimed, as
they began to scatter to tell the news.
The day of election came on, and Gene
ral Williams was elected by a large vote.
A messenger was at once dispatched
with a carefully prepared letter to inform
the general of his election, requesting his
acceptance, and hoping he would name
the day on which he would take the oath
of office. After a long ride, the messen
ger stopped at the general's residence, in
Marlboro' district, we believe, and in
quired if he was in. He was told that
Mr. Williams was over at his plantation.
The gentleman paid he would ride over,
as he had a note to deliver to him as
soon as possible.
When about half way, he met a fine
looking man, dressed in plain homespun
and driving a pair of mules. " Am I on
the road to the plantation of General
Williams ?" asked the messenger. " Yes,
sir; it is about a mile further on," was
the reply. " Is the general at home ? "
"No, sir." "Where is he?" "I am
the man." " Don't deceive me. I have
an important letter for Gen. Williams.
If that is your name." said the doubting
messenger, "here it is,'' handing the let
ter to the general.
Mr. Williams opened the letter, and
found, to his utter astonishment, that,
without his knowledge or consent, he
had been elected governor of South Caro
lina. He took the messenger home, and
entertained him for the night, and nam
ing a time on which he would be in Co
lumbia, the messenger returned. On
the appointed day, a few minutes before
twelve, a man, dressed in homespun, and
on horseback, rode into town ; hitching
his animal to a tree, he made his way to
the capital, where he found a brilliant
concourse of people.
But a few knew him personally; still
there was something commanding about
him. lie took his seat in a vacant chair ;
and when the clock in front of the
speaker had struck the hour of twelve,
the general arose, and delivered the most
masterly speech that had ever been de
livered there. The farmer -statesman
entirely electrified the assembly. He
made an excelllnt governor. This thing
conveys a beautiful idea ; here was a
farmer elected ; he accepted, and from
the plow went to the governor's office to
preside, in a stormy crisis, over the des
tiny of a sovereign state. Long live his
The Meek Detrolter.
There are some meek-faced and tender
hearted men in this city of Detroit.
There is one in particular, who owus a
house and lot in the eastern part of the
city. Anotheritizen, whose face doesn't
betray meekness, owns a vacant lot next
to him, and a few days ago he wanted to
buy the meek-faced man out and build a
factory covering both lots. The figures
were too high, and he went away feeling
mad and revengeful. Coming across a
showman who wanted to set up his tent
and exhibit a wild man and other inter
estiug specimens of life and death, he
gave him the free use of the lot. It was
stipulated that a hand-organ should be
kept going, bells rung now and then, and
if the wild man uttered yells occasionally,
so much the better. When the meek
faced citizen saw the tent put up a ten
der, forgiving smile crossed his lace, and
he made for a printing-office. About
the time the showman was ready to open
the doors to the anxious public the meek
faced citizen was ready with his signs
" f Jentleraen, walk in and see the great
Kickapoo kangaroo from Kalamazoo!"
said the showman.
" Tack ! tack ! " and up went a tipn on
the fence reading, " Look out for small
jHx!" A second and third followed,
and the meek-faced man was putting up
the fourth when the showman closed a
bargain with a truck to move him down
town. He wasn't over fifteen minutes
packing and loading, and when the lot
was clearetl again the mrek-faeed citizen
sat on his doorstep and mused :
"He who wants to cell out let him
sell, and I wonder how much ahead thev
are V'lh troit Free .
(iarroling a Woman in Spain.
Prudencia ISaint Vera, a woman of
Sicedon, Spain, was lately garroted in
Barcelona for murdering her child. On
the day previous to her execution she
was singing joyously in her cell at an
early hour when the sheriff entered. She
listened with trauquility to the reading
of the first part c-f htr sentence, but
trembled nervously as he proceeded, and
as he c'.osrd she fainted. Sisters of
Charity restored her, and t-he was con
ducted" to the chariel of the prison. She
struggled violently, protested her inno
cence, Fcrcamed, and rolled upon the
ground in convulsions. The night was
passed in the chapel with similar mani
festations, but toward morning she slept
through exhaustion. On waking she
listened to the mass with hsggard eyes,
confes-ed unemotionally to a priest, and
mechanically took the communion.
Prudencia was then tied in a wagon, and,
foil iwrd by a gloomy procession of peui
tents and monks, she reached the scaffold.
Eeing lifted into the fatal chair by the
executioner's assistants, a few seconds
sufficed for the fatal collar to choke her.
For the rest of the day, according to law,
the corpse, with the tongue blackened
and projecting, sat exposed in its black
robe of execution. i
THE KOBLE KEZ.rERCES.
C'anaca or the Trouble In Idaho The In
diana and Their Home Character
of the Troublesome Xa
The Nez Perces Indians occupy a re
servation uncommonly rich in timber,
hunting, tilling, and grazing lands, even
for an Indian reserve, which is generally
a small paradise, the choicest region
owned by the government. It contains
in the neighborhood of 74G.651 acres, and
is situated in Idaho, between and em
bracing the Clearwater and Salmon
rivers. The reservation is surrounded
by Indian tribes which cherish an ancient
hatred of the Nez Perces, who a tew
years ago vanquished the encroachine
ioux and effectually kept at a respectful
distance the Flatheads, Snakes, or Sho
shones, and the formidable Blackfeetand
Crows, not to mention other smaller
tribes. One of the causes for the hatred
given by the Nez Perces occurred many
years since. Those who have read Wash
ington Irving's entertaining narrative,
" Bonneville's Adventures," will remem
ber the many narrow escapes the coura
geous captaiu had from predatory bands
of Indians in his famous passage of the
Indian country from the Missouri fron
tier to Astoria at the mouth of the Col
umbia river, forty years or more aao.
The Nez Perces were very friendly to
Capt. Bonneville's command, and paid
them many graceful attentions. They
fed them when they were at the point of
starvation, and actually gave them
horses and a guide when they resumed
their march across mountain and plain,
prairie and chasm. The neighlwring
tribes have never forgiven the Nez Perces
for aiding and abetting the encroaching
march of the white men, and hate them
for it to this day, though the Nez Perces
made themselves obnoxious, in other
ways. They were not wanting in oar
barity, and could give lessons in roasting
captives at the slake, the tear-'em-to-pieces
trick, and other diversions. Of
late years they have apparently recovered
from their weakeness for the pale-face
and have made trouble for the govern
ment on various occasions ; but whatever
diabolism they may commit within their
reservation, they are securely caged
within its boundaries and there is no
fear of their escaping, for to do so would
be braving the lion's jaws. They are
purrounded by their enemies of yore.
On the south are the Bannocks and Sho
shones; on the east and north, Bannocks,
Flatheads, and Blackfeet; while on the
wooded praires to the west, in Washing
ton territory, roam the Tigchous and
Walla Wallas. The reseravation con
tains about from three thousand to three
thousand five hundred fine specimens of
the American Indian. their physi
ognomy is marked by the Roman nose,
the intalible indicator of courage, resolu
tion, and tribular intelligence, large
eyes and oval face (flat, stolid, faces, with
pug noses, are rare among them), and
high foreheads. In stature they are large
and symmetrical, and are athletic and
proficient in acrobatic sports. They are
excellent equestrians, and are good war
riors. Their dress is incongruous, con
sisting of the Caucasian hat, shirt and
coat, nd the Indian breechclout, leg
gings, and moccasins. Their mode of
living is hunting, fishing, and raising
vegetables, all the drudgery and mental
labor being performed Dy the squaws, in
conformity with the recognized ancient
Indians custom. The Nez Perces tribe
is divided and subdivided into many
ramifications, of one family each. Every
family cousins, brothers, parents, grand
parents, etc. has a separate camp gov
erned by a small chief, designated Coech
cochemeowhat, which signifies the local
or family chief. The Ceochcochemeo-
what in turn is subservient to the chief
regnant of the Nez Perces tribe, a crafty
old fellow very appositely named
lawyer. This shrewd old varlet is con
sidered a wonderful man by his tribe, as
he can speak tolerable English, and ac-
tuallv has been to H ashington and had
" heap talk " with the great father. The
Nez Perces belonged to the Sahaptin
familv and called themselves Numepo.
The two words, Nez Perces, means
" piercede nose." But this tribe has never
committed that mutilation. The Paloeses
and Walla Wallas are cognate tribe3.
They made a treaty of peace which they
adhered to lor years, lionnevilie s tavor
able impressions of them in 1832 led to
the establishment of a mission under the
American board in 183G, when the tribe
numbered four thousand. A school was
founded, laws made, and agriculture
attempted, but the mission was suspended
in 1847, after the murder of Kev.Mr.
Whitman by the Cayuses. In 1857 only
fifty acres were under cultivation. The
prevailing portion ot the tribe remained
friendly in the Oregon Indian war ol
1855. and performed good service in
saving the lives of Gov. Stevens and
others, and covering uol. bteptoe s re
treat. The sentiment of the tribe at
that time is shown by the answer of the
chief to Col. Wright's question as to
what they wanted. " 1'eace, plows, and
schools." In 1854 a treaty was made,
disposing of part of their land, but a por
tion of the tribe never agreed to the par
tition and the "Treaty Nez Perces"
alone went on to the reservation. In
1859 gold was discovered, and the influx
of white and Chinese miners led them
into drunkeness and disorder. The best
land in the section is said to be contained
in the Lapwai reservation. This and
the Kamiah reservation contain in the
aggregate 1,925 square miles, in 1874 the
Methodists had revived the mission, and
there were 1,550 Indians and 350 on
small farms outside the boundaries. A
stone church had been erected, 18,000
acres were under cultivation, and the
property in horses and cattle was esti-
i . . , ii . ii .-1 . i -1
maieu at ?idn,ov. o oeiir evjuence
of the progress of the Nez Perces need be
given than the fact that school-books
and the New Testament have been printed
in their language.
The reservation lies in Nez Perces and
Shoshone counties, Idaho. Camas prairie,
a very rich and desirable expanse of
country, neing the nucleus of the reser
vation. The well-known tract is situated
on the Salmon river, about sixty miles
south of Lewiston, and is about forty
miles wide. In summer it is covered
with vast herds of cattle driven there to
fatten on its luxuriant herbage. It is
occupied by a few "ranches, with an
occasional small farm. Its fertility of
soil and excellence as a cattle range is
attracting many settlers and is rapidly
becoming settled. This is one of the
causes of the present outbreak, as the
Indians resent this intrusion. The Sal
mon river, the southern boundary of the
reservation, has its source in the Salmon
river mountains, in central Idaho, and
after running north veers to the north
west, forming the boundary between
Idaho and Nez Terces counties, and
empties into Snake river north of Camas
prairie. The Snake river forms the
eastern boundary of Washington and
unites with Clearwater river. At the
confluence ot the two rivers is situated
Lewiston, a thriving town in mining
times, but somewhat dwindled in popu
lation at present. It is the head of navi
gation of the Columbia and Snake rivers.
Mount Idaho, whither many of the de
feated soldiers fiedj is the county seat of
Idaho county, near the Salmon river.
Lapwai the other place of refuge, is
situated some twenty miles north of
Camas prairie. It is a mountainous
country, and very difficult for militaiy
operations. White Bird creek, where the
settlers were massacred, is about thirty
miles from Mount Idaho and twenty
miles from Camas prairie, between those
points, and is a tributary to the Salmon
As previously mentioned, many Nez
Perces refused to go on the reservation
when a portion of their land was sold.
These reluctant Indians have since been
known as the " Non-Treats." For some
time, for causes which will be herein
after explained, these latter have been
endeavoring to induce the reservation
Indians to leave the grounds, and loin in
the annua hunting and fishing excur
sions. A report ot the secretary of the
interior, sometime since, said : " The set
tlements made in t he Walla Walla valley,
which has for years ten the pasture
f round oT the large herds of horses owned
y Joseph's band of the " Non-Treaties,"
will occasion more or less trouble be
tween this band and the whites until
Joseph is induced or compelled to settle
upon the reservation." This prediction
has been verified. The Salmon river
Indians, a branch of the Nez Perces,
joined Joseph's band. Joseph is a
renegade, an ultra "Non-Treaty," and
has for several years been very trouble
some, to such an extent that Gen. How
ard, commanding the department of the
Columbia, found it necessary to torce
him u pon the reservation. As mentioned
before, the Presbyterian missionaries ac
quired the title to the land in the Walla
Walla valley from the Nez Perces. They
in turn sold it to a settler named T. J.
Langlord and several others. Contro
versies arose over the validity of the
title, and after much legal warfare the
secretary of the interior decided that the
land justly belonged to the Indians, and
dispos-jessed the occupants. This created
turbulent feelings between the settlers
and the Indians, and several years ago
an Indian was killed in a brawl over the
title to the land. Joseph swore ven
geance. In 1863 Police officer Ilutton of this
city and five others entered the reserva
tion, and were the first whites to prospect
for gold there. At that time Joseph was
a""member of the council at Lapwai.
The party discovered a lake in the Blue
mountains and named it Silver lake in
honor of of their interpreter, Silverman.
In 1873 a man named Larriott entered
the country and prospected on Grouse
creek, which is near White Bird creek,
where the massacre occurred. He wa3
warned out of the country by the In
dians, who threatened that he would be
the first man to be killed. This threat
was fulfilled, as Larriott was the first
settler to meet his death at the hands of
the Indians. San Francisco Chronicle
An Atroant of the tint Steamboat Trip
Ilelneen New York and Albany.
In the Suffolk Gazette, printed at Sag
Harbor, on the east end of Long Island,
( ctober 12, 1S07, i3 a letter from Robert
Fulton to Joel Barlow, giving an account
of the first trip of the first steamboat en
the Hudson river. It is as follows :
To Joel Bablow, Philadelphia.
New York, 22d Aug., 1S07.
My Dear Friend: My steamboat
voyage to Albany and back has turned
out rather more favorable than I had
calculated. The distance from New York
to Albany is 150 miles ; I ran it up in 32
hours and down in 80 hours. The latter
is just 5 miles an hour. I had a light
breeze against me the whole way going
and coming, po that no use was made of
my sails ; and the voyage has been per
formed wholly by the power ot the steam
engine. I overtook many sloops and
schooners hearing to windward, and
passed them as if they had been at
The powerof propelling boats by steam
is now fully proved. The morning I left
New York there were not perhaps thirty
persons in the city who believed
that the boat would ever move one
mile an hour or be of the least utility.
And while we were putting off from the
wharf, which wa3 crowded with specta
tors, I heard a number of sarcastic re
marks : this is the way you know in
which ignorant men compliment what
thev call philosophers and protectors.
Having emploved much time and
money and zeal in accomplishing this
work, it gives me, as it will you, great
pleasure to see it so tu.ly answer my ex
pectations. It wi!l give a quick and
cheap conveyance to merchandise on the
Mississippi. Missouri, and other great
rivers which are now laying open their
treasures to the enterprise of our coun
trymen. And although the prospect of,
personal emolument has heen some
inducement to me, yet I feel infinitely
more pleasure in reflecting with you on
the immense advantage that my country
will derive from the invention.
However, I will not admit that it is
half so important as the torpedo 6ystem
of defense and attack ; for out of this will
grow the liberty of the seas ; an object of
iD finite importance to the welfare of
Ameiica and every civilized country.
But thousands of persons have now
seen the steamboat in rapid movement,
and they believe but they have not
seen a ship of war destroyed by a tor
pedo, and they de not believe. We can
not expect people in general to have a
knowledge of physic, or power of mind to
combine ideas and reasons from causes to
effects. But in case we have war, and
the enemy's ships come into our waters, if
the government will give me reasonable
means of action, I will soon convince the
world that we have surer and cheaper
modes of defense than they are aware of.
Yours, etc., Robert Fultox.
In a late style of marriage announce
ment only the names of the bride and
clergyman appear. As civilization ad
vances, the groom becomes of Jess and
less importance on such occasions.
A lawyer and a minister, both impecu
nious, boarded with a certain widow lady
at the South End, Boston. Neither
could pay his board. The lawyer married
the lone "woman, and the minister per
formed the ceremony, thus squaring ac
counts. Here is abitof fashionable intelligence
from the Kansas City Times : " The
daughter of Mr. Proddy, of Twelfth
street, has returned to her lather's house
from a visit east ; and O how many fond
and foolish boys rejoice over that Proddy
gal's return. "
" Charles, dear, " said a lady to her
escort at the Boston theatre, as the
bewitching Aimee glanced tantalizintrly
out of the corners of her eyes at a row of
Harvard boys in the orchestra chairs,
" Charles, dear, I'm afraid she is saying
something very improper. Find me the
place in the libretto, will you ? "
In the ages when our ancestors were
savages the men went on a little ahead,
in journtys, to tight the way through for
the women, who came behind with the
children and luggage. A "survival" of
this ancient custom remains to the pres
ent day among the lower classes, with
whom, when the husband and wife go
anywhere, the husband walks on about
six feet before, while the wife follows be
hind and lugs the baby.
A negro woman in Africa, walking
alone with her two children, saw a hun
garylion approaching. She bade the chil
dren run and hide in the bushes. She her
self stood still, fixed her eyes on the
lion's eyes, shook her fist at him, and
commenced scolding him. She scolded
fearfullv and continuouslv, still shakinc;
her fist and keeping her eyes fixed on the
lion. And she scolded so tremendously
that at length the lion beat a retreat and
skulk -d away, actually scolded ofl.
A little girl who eat on the front steps
of a house on Montcalm street was asked
by a strange girl why she didn't have on
a better dress. "I can wear silk if I
want to," quietly replied the little one.
"Your folks ain't as rich as them folks
over there, " sneered the big one. " Yes
we are, and a good deal richer. They
was beating their carpets yesterday, and
we was beating ours, and we had twice as
much i dust as they did ! " That settled
the big one, and she moved on.
A prominent pisciculturist lately sent
a very valuable present of trout spawn
to a San Francisco magnate who is more
remarkable for wealth than refinement.
The river's idea was that the trout might
be hatched, and would thrive in a small
artificial lake which was a feature of the
millionaire's grounds. He was much
gut priced at receiving the following note
some days afterward : " My dear friend
Them water-peas as you tent was way
up and was excellent fried. I had con
siderable railway people, and one or two
bankers to dinner the night they came.
We never would have knew what the
vrc?rus were ouly for Maria, who had
just graduated at a female school, and
knows a sight. She told ns as them peas
were quite common, and that they grow
under water same as you sent 'em. We
all send kind regards, and would be
pleased to have some more water vege
tahh s when you are sending to the city.
It has been made against the law for
a postmaster to give a man's letter to his
wife. But the thing mustn't stop here ;
now we want a method to prevent her
from sorting over the contents of his in
fcide pocket, and perusing his various
correspondence while Morpheus is hold
ing him in his arms.
What kind of robbery is not danger
ous? A safe robbery, of course.
An exchange speaks with apparent
enjoyment of grin-visage war.
A CROSS dog will make the top of a
hemlock board fence feel soft as downy
Why is the bank of France like the
Mohammedan religion? Because it's
something to which you and I don't owe
" No." she said, and the wrinkles in
her face smoothed out pleasantly. " No,
I do not remember the last seventeen
year locusts. 1 was an infant then."
A man usually makes as much fuss in
steering a lumber stalk of asparagus to
his mouth as an old woman trying to
thread a cambric needle with a linen
Young men of the middle classes are
so little disposed to marry these times
that parents of marriageable daughters
will have to resort to the seductive
Can the chap at the theatre who in
sists on beating time to the orchestra
with his feet be spoken of as a "man
who has no music in his sole ? "
It is probably some satisfaction to a
mule to know that while he cannot soar
as high as the lark, he can sing just as
loud, and kick very much sorer.
Some one said to Hugo ence upon a
time : " It must be very difficult to write
good poetry." "No, sir," replied the
poet, " it is either very easy or utterly
"Ah," said a man to his son, "hearty
breakfasts kill one-half ot the world, and
tremendous suppers the other half." " I
suppose then" retorted the boy, " that
the true livers are only they who die of
Either black vour boots at home or
bring the exact change. The mystic
spell which binds a man to the curbstone
half an hour waiting for a boot-black to
return with change for a quarter, shows
departing intellect or deficiency ot edu
cation in the ways of boot-blacks.
When a correspondent goes to a full
dress party in a short coat, inked at the
elbows, shining pantaloons that bag at
the knees, a cheviot shirt, and no gloves,
he nearly always writes back to his paper
that the dresses were vulgar to a shock
A canary-bird, thirty-four years old,
blind as a bat and bald as an egg, can
split his face down to his shoulders and
shriek for three hours without taking
breath, in tones that make the man who
owns him wish he knew where he could
trade him off for a good three-ply whistle.
It was "court week" in a country
tavern, and a late comer was given one
of a dozen cots which had been put up
temporarily in the psjrlor. There was a
grand chorus of snores from the other
cots. After an hour or more of this up
roar, one of the most resonant snores
brought up with a snort and was suddenly
silent, when a Frenchman, who occupied
a cot in an extreme corner of the room,
exclaimed, " Thank God, von ees dead !"
The Jew still walks the earth and
bears the stamp of his race upon his
forehead. He is still the same being as
when he. first wandered forth from the
hills of Judea. If his name is associated
with avarice and extortion, and spoken
in bitterness and scorn, yet in the morn
ing of history, it gathers round it recol
lections sacred and holy.
The Jew is a miracle among the na
tions. A wanderer in all lands, he has
been a witness of the great events of his
tory for more than eighteen hundred
years. He saw classic Greece when
crowned with intellectual triumphs. He
lingered among that broken but beauti
ful architecture that rises like a tomb
stone over the grave of her departed
The Jew saw Rome, the "mighty
heart" of all nations, sending its own
ceaseless life's throb through all. the
arteries of its vast empire. He, too, has
seen that heart cold and still in death.
These have perished, yet the Jew lives
on the same silent, mysterious, inde
structible being. The shadow of the
crescent rests on Palestine, the signet of
a conquerer's faith still the Jew and his
religion survive. He wanders a captive
in the streets of his own once queenly
Jerusalem, to meditate sadly and gloom
ily on the relics of ancient power. Above
him shines the clear sky, fair as when it
looked down on the towers of Zion ; but
now, alas ! beholds only a desolate city
and an unhappy land. The world is his
home. The literature of the ancient
Hebrew triumphs over all creeds, and
schools, and sects. Mankind worship in
the sacred songs of David, and bow to the
divine teachings of Jesus of Nazareth,
who also was a son of Abraham. Such
is the Jew. His ancient dreams of em
pire are gone. How seldom do we real
ize, as we see him in our city streets,
that he is the creature of such a strange,
peculiar destiny. Neither age, nor
country, nor climate, have changed him.
Such is the Jew, a strange and solitary
being, and such the drama of his long
and mournful history. Chicago Ledger.
The Lords of Creation
A correspondent of the Pittsburcr
Chronicle reads the following lecture to
the husband of the day :
Why don't somebody tell the husband
of the day that he must come home to
his wife with a smile instead of the in
evitable scowl upon his face ? That if
he will be about half as j-xjlite to his
wife after as before marriage, she will be
grateful and astonished. That he must
not be too tired to do a little thing tor
her if she asks bim pleasantly. That it
would not hurt him or his "dignity " to
take the baby in his strong arms for a
time while hid wife rests her weak and
weary ones. That he must spend less
money in the purchase of cigars and
chewing tobacco and sornetirng else,
so that there may be more saved, or ex
pended upon home comforts. That if
the mutton chops happen to be not quite
to his liking, he might consider that his
wife was probably so busy with some
thing equally, or more important, as to
have been unable to attend to the chops,
and if he would pleasantly say, " My
dear, I suppose you were too busy to look
after the supper I know it is all right
when you are not," they will be all right
next time, if such a thing is possible.
That he must learn to eject tobacco juice
beyond instead of upon his shirt front.
That a moustache dripping with cream or
coflVe is not the most artistically beauti
ful sight in the world. That he must
once in a while, say twice a year, or three
times I don't want to startle all the
married men into apoplexy offer his
wife a reasonable amount of money for
personal expenses. That when an
amiable man loses his amiability over a
cruet-stand, or a key, or a shirt, or a
table-cloth, or a mustard-pot, he ought to
be well there ! Who ever saw an
" amiable husband ?''
What a "(Jood Fellow" Is.
The word "good" according to the
Tittsburg Lediier is one fitted to sub
jects of the widest difference and oppos
ing nature, and is finely fitted to lllus
trate the fact that the object of words,
instead cf being the expression of ideas
is really to conceal tbem. A good ellow
is far from being a fellow who is good.
He never has his eye more than" half
open, is good-natured, and a gentle and
mild a? a mouse. He takes '' the world
and all its hollow crew " pretty much as
he finds it, and never contemplates any
improvements in it, as tearing it to pieces
to make it run better, as babies do with
watches. The typical good fellow will
be sure to aeree with you on all subjects,
religion, politics, etc. He resembles a
tame bear, being somewhat clumsy, but
capable ot being led elsewhere. He will
tell you good stories and you will listen
to him, and if not be will kindly listen
to your bad ones. He will eator drink at
any time or place. He will never bs the
first to break up a party, but will sit by
until midnight, entirely oblivious of his
wife and children. A good feilow is
3uite in his glory when he is either half
runk or asleep." He cares for nothing,
but is at everybody's service ; he bears
no resentments, but is obliged to every
body but his own family, whose existence
he scarcely seems to be aware of. His
mindj like his body, seems to have ac
quired a chronic habit of quietly sitting
down and calmly " waiting for the facts."
He is a nose of wax, to be pulled or
squeezed into any shape. He has no
mental or moral character. He is not a
good man nor a bad man, but is a good
fellow; he has neither wit or wisdom,
but is a good" fellow ; he has done noth
ing that anybody can recollect, but is a
good fellow ; in short, a complete nonen
tity, a hideous failure, but nevertheless
a good fellow.
THE XKW SEAT OF WAR.
Balffarla and the Hainan Panel-The
ftu-ateclc Feature or the Country.
General Geo. B. McCIellan, at present
in Europe, writes as follows to the North
American Review :
The portion of the Bulgarian plain
between Trajan's wall and Bazardjik is
desolate and destitute of wood and
water, so that troops marching through
the middle of this desert must con
tend against the total absence of the
necessaries of life d u ring a march of abou t
one hundred and twenty miles. The
rest of the Bulgarian plain, between the
Danube and the Balkan, is very differ
ent. The soil is a rich loam, and in the
wet season well-nigh impassable. The
roads are bad, and .there are no bridges
except such as have been constructed of
late years on the main roads through
Shumla and Varna. In the winter there
is much snow, the summers are hot, the
autumns dry. Until the early summer,
the ground is everywhere carpeted with
verdure ; the slopes of the valleys are
covered with trees, the streams bordered
by green meadows, and wherever cultiva
tion extends there are abundant crops of
grain, in the autumn vegetation with
ers and water is scarce. The population
is crowded into large villages, where
there are abundant stores and provisions.
The inhabitants are agricultural and
pastoral. The towns are either on the
Danube or at the foot of the Balkans.
In the former the Moslems, in the latter
the Christians predominate. The Bul
garians are inclined toward the Russians
by their Slavonic origin and Greek
faith, and hate the Turks, who have long
plundered and oppressed them. The
only railways in Bulgaria are the short
lines from Kostendji to Rassova and
from Varna to Rustchuk. Once across
the Danube, the Russians are masters of
Bulgaria to the Balkan range, except the
ground covered by the fire ot the fortresses
and intrenched camps.
To hold Bulgaria the passes of the
Balkan must be secured; to dictate
peace in Adrianople or Constantinople,
these passes must be carried and tra
versed. So that when they have over
come the difficulties of the Danube, the
Russians next find the Balkan athwart
their path. At its western extremity the
Balkan unites with the range traversing
Albania and Dalmatia, and connects
with the mountain system of Herzego
vina and Servia ; near Sophia it sends
out to the north an offshoot which con
nects it with the Carpathian range, and
ii is mrougn mis onsnoot mat the .Dan
ube forces its way at the Iron Gates.
The greatest elevation of the main
Balkan range is to the west of the sources
of the Jantra and Tundscha, that is,
west of Kassanlik and Tirnova, where
the summits are covered with snow until
midsummer. Thence to the sources of
Kamtschik the elevation is not over 5,000
feet, and farther east not more than 4,000
feet. The prevailing character of the
range is that of richly wooded round
hills; it is only in the valleys that
masses of rock are found. The southern
slope is by far the most steep. On the
northern side is a parallel range of foot
hills, differing much from the main range.
These foothills are of limestone, with flat
tops, often falling off at the sides in per
pendicular walls from one hunderd to
tw hundred feet in height, and forming
singular defiles. Toward the bottom of
the valleys the face of the rock slopes
more gradual as it descends. The hill
tops are not easily accessible, and are
covered, not with the magnificent trees
of the main range, but with dense brush
wood. For long distances from the foot
of the lower range the plain is. covered
with an undergrowth of oak, which
renders the movements of masses of troops
across the country difficult and almost
impossible. The idea in former times
that the Balkan was impassable arose not
so much from the height and inherent
difficulties of the range as from the fact
that no really good roads existed, and
that within a distance of five or six
marches many small difficuties were ac
cumulated which had be overcome by
all the troops in succession. .
The most westward are in the vicinity
of Sophia, where two main roads cross
the mountains. One comes from
Ukschub, where roads unite from Mon
tenegro, Herzegovina, Bosna and Servia,
and passes through Dubnitza to Tatar
Basardschyk. The other comes from
Sophia, where the road from Belgrade
and Nisch unites with that from Widin,
and also leads to Tatar Basaidschyk ;
thence the united road lead to Adriano
ple and Constantinople. Sarimberg,
about seven miles west of Tarar-Basard-schy
k, is the terminus of a railway through
Adrianople and Constantinople, with a
brancn to Jbnos, on the Lgean sea.
These passes present comparatively few
natural difficulties ; the roads have been
improved and fortified of late years.
The next important pass is that through
which the road from Tirnova to Kas
sanilk and Adrianople is constructed.
Another road leads from Tirnova to
Seddino, and Samboli to Adrianople ;
this road is connected by a branch with
Kassan and Karnabad, as well as with
Aidos, the two last being strategical
points. Karnabad is connected toward
the north by roads through Kasan with
Tirnova on the one hand and through
Osmaubasar with Rustchuk to the lelt,
and through -Rasgard with Turtukai on
tke right; to the south roads lead to
Adrianople, to Bourgas and to Constan
tinople. Aidos is connected toward the
north, through Prawady with Shumla
and Osmanbasaron the left, with Varnato
iJazardjik and hilhstria on the right;
while on the south it is also connected
with Bourgas, Constantinople and
Adrianople. Most of the roads through
Karnabad and Aidos to Varna and
Shumla have of late years been made
practicable for artillery and fortified in
The most important Turkish fortress
in this region are Widin, Rustchuk,
Silutria, Shumla and Varna. Were the
TurJts in condition to assume the offen
sive, Widin would beet great importance
as facilitating their crossing the Danube
and gaining the rear of the Russian posi
tions north of that river. Rustchuk and
Silistria have already been alluded to;
they were originally imperfect works of
masonry, which have from time to time
been extended and strengthened by the
addition ot numerous earthworks. They
are too strong to be taken by direct as
sault, unless by surprise, and must be
attacked with heavy artillery or masked
by corps of observation. If simply held
by garrisons they can produce little
effect upon the general result of the cam
paign, except in rendering the passage of
the Danube difficult in their vicinity.
It can probably be assumed with safety
that the Russians have sufficient force to
mask them while operating elsewhere.
Shumla is at the northern base of the
foothills of the Balkan. The town is in
a horseshoe, formed by projecting spurs
of the hills, and the fortress has gradually
assumed the dimensions of an intrenched
camp. It does not directly close, or
command by its fire, any pass over the
Balkans, for troops in mass can march
around and behind it in every direction.
It is of great importance only when the
strength of the army encamped within
its lines is so great, in relation to the
active columns of an enemv, that the
latter can not leave a sufficient force to
mask it while pursuing the chief objects
of his operations. Varna is strong by
its situation and by its exterior defenses
It is important as controlling the termi
nus ot a railway, as enabling the Turks
to land troops and supplies in the rear of
an enemy seeking to crofs the Balkan
from the north, and as being the best
harbor between the Balkans and the
The Old Base-Baller.
The doctors didn't think Mr. Vright-1
field could last much longer. He was
failing rapidly, and they thought that in
a few days he would pass away quietly
and painlessly. He was able, on pleas
ure days, to be carried out on the sunny
porch, where he would sit in his arm
chair, and listen to the shouts that came
from the distant base-ball grounds, and
his eyes would brighten as he heard the
old, familiar sounds. Sometimes the boys
would come down and talk to him, after
the game was over.and it would make him
cheerful and happy for hoprs afterward,
and he would chatter about the grand
old games they used to have when he
was center-field in the " Wonderfuls,"
and the season he played behind the bat
for the " Fearfuls, and the year he was
short-stop for the " Dreadfuls." and the
season he stood at the second base for the
" Awfuls." But still he grew no better,
and he babbled about the old times, and
the new rules and regulations, and
mourned over the changes, and wished
he was young and strong again, and
could play just one more game before he
went out forever.
Well, the boys heard of it, and one
Saturday afternoon they went down and
laid out the grounds as well as they could
so as to bring the striker's face right in
front of the invalid's chair, and told him
they were going to let him play be
hind the bat for both nines in a
little practice-game. Well sir, the old
man braced right up, and he made his
wife take off his coat, although it was
enough to kill him right there, before he
would let the ball go to the pitcher. Then
they got started at last, and the pitcher
tossed him an easy one, and the man
at the bat just tickled it enough to make
an easy foul et it, and dropped it right
into'Mr. Wrightfield's hands: but the
old man saw through it aud got furious
and, when the umpire called, "Out on
foul ; man to bat," he wouldn't have a
bit of it, and yelled at the pitcher as
loud as he could with his feeble, quiv
ering voice, "to eend 'em in red hot, and
put a twist on 'em." He was not going
to play a minute if they was going to
baby him, he said, when he had forgotten
how to play baseball a dozen times be
fore any of them ever saw or heard of the
Well, the upshot of it was, that they
had to humor him to keep him from
going off into a fit of hysterica, and the
next ball the pitcher shot in came like a
meteor, whizzed past the striker's head,
and. when the old man took it, it broke
two of his fingers. He just yelled with
delizht, and the boys' eyes just stood
right out of their heads when he Etood
right up on his feet. Then they rushed
in on him and socked him in the pit of
his stomach with a brick, hit him on the
head with a locust club, stepped on his
toes, jammed his fingers in the crack of
tne aoor, inrew uirt iu um cvcb, hm
him in the shins, and poured arnica all
over him. And, if you 11 believe it, that
man got up the next morning, covered
himself in a thousand places with court-
plaster, and went to the office, and has
been at work ever since. Simlia gitnili-
bus curaniur. Burlington Hau-ktye.
Put Lire into Your Work.
A young man's interest and duty both
dictate that he should make himself in
dispensible to his employers. He should
be so industrious, prompt and careful
tbftt. the accident of his temporary ab
sence should be noticed by his being
missed. A young man should make his
employer his friend by doing faithfully
and minutely all that is entrusted to
him. It is a great mistake to be over
nice or fastidious about work. Pitch in
readily and your willingness will be ap
preciated, while the " high-toned" young
man who quibbles about what it is and
what it is not his place to do will get the
cold shoulder. There is a story that
George Washington once helped roll a
log that one of his corporals would not
handle, and the greatest emperor of Rus
sia worked as a shipwright in England to
learn the business. That is just what
you want to do. Be energetic, look and
act with alacrity ; taze an interest in
your employer's success ; work as though
the business was your own, and let your
employer know that he may place abso
lute reliance on your word and on your
act. Be mindful; have your mind on
your business, because it is that which is
going to help you, not those outside at
tractions which some of the " boys" are
thinking about. Take a pleasure in your
work ; do not go about in a listless, for
mal manner, but with alacrity and
cheerfulness, and remember that while
working thus for others you are laying
the foundation of your own success in
A writer has compared worldly friend
ship to our shadow; and a better com
parison was never made, for while we
walk in sunshine it sticks close to us, but
the moment we enter the shade it deserts
Woman's silence, although it is less
frequent, signifies much more than man's.
The sweetest, the most clinging affec
tion is often shaken by the slightest
breath of unkindness, as the delicate
rings and tendrils of the vine are agitated
by the faintest air that blows in summer.
He submits to be seen through a micro
scope who suffers himself to be caught in
We should use a book as a bse does a
North Carolina has paid for fertilizers
within the last twelve months $3,000,000;
eorgia $2,000,000; Virginia probably
ltevlte tne Drooping: Knergrles.
When the jihyHieal energies droop, revive
them with that safest aud most active of
tonics, Hostetter's Stomach Bitters. By a
timely we of thin ealntury an.l agreeable
medicine, you will save youself from jiohi
ti ve Uense : tor be assured that the languor
aud loss of streneth and appetite which
troubles you is in fact the precursor of some
malady of, perhaps, a serious nature. Appe
tite, tranquility of the nervous system, and
pristine vicor, will assuredly be restored if
the Bitten are used systematically, and the
alimentary disturbance, which in nine cases
out of ten jrives rise to debility and nervous
ness, be entirely removed. .Regularity of
the bowels, active biliary fecieiion, the
expulsion of impurities from the blood
through the Kiiinevs, are aiso nmonir tue
beueficeut tfiV-cls of tbn admirable restora
tive. I have sold Hatch's Universal Cough Syrup
for five years. It has by far the beet sale of
any cough remedy I keep. The sale has
n;adily increased from its first introduction.
IUving seen it so thoroughly tested, I teel
isife in recommending it to mv enstomers.
M. V. SHEHMAN,
S). S idus, Wayne Co., N. Y.
p. s. I have customers who say they can
not live without it. I will refer any who may
inquire to the parties direct. M. V. S.
Wilhoft's Tonic! Unfailing and
Infallible! This sreat Chill Tonic cures
Chills without the intervention of doctors
and their bills. No consulting visits no
prescriptions t be tilled no huge bills, en
tailing pecuniary embarrassments, added to
loss of health. It is the friend of the poor
man, becauso it enables him to earn a living,
and of the rich, because it prepares him to
enjov his wealth. This great boon to man
kind is cheap, safe and prompt, G. Ii. FlN
LAY & Co., Proprietors, New Orleans.
Fob sale by all Druggists.
Rheumatism Quickly Cured. Du-
rane's Rheumatic Kemedy, the great Internal
Medicine, will positively cure any cise ot
rheumatism on the face of the earth. Price
$1 a bottle; sir bottles, $5; sold by all Drug
gist. Send for circulars to Helphenstine,
fc Bentley, Druggists, Washington, D. C.
Tnere'a aemelblig la Warn.
Juliet to the contrary notwithstanding. The
name of Dooley i now synonysious with
delicious, li;,'ht, healthy biscuits, rolls, grid
die cakes, pastrv, etc. The genuine Dooley
Yeast Powder U sold enly in tin cans; the
fac simi'e signature of the manufacturers' is
printed on each label.
IF " peace hath ber victorie-n no "ea re
nowned than war," we may certainly class as
one of them that valuubi preparation known
as Home Stomach BiTTens, i eticg as it
does the requirement alike of the healthy
and the invalid. Prepared by the Home
Bitters Company, tt. Louis, Mo.
Tond's Extract, for over twenty
five yems, bus been recognized in medie'il
writinp as the great specific for Pain, Con
gestions, Piles or any S jreness.
Parti ks visiting Memphis will find elegant
apartments furnished, with board, at the new
residence of Mrs.C'.C.Baylis, W Madison St.
After an experience of over twenty-
five years, many leading physicians ark.no w-
eafre inat tne uraejenoerg mwrtnau t ieriue
Catholicon is the only known certain remedy
for diseases to which women are lubject. The
Uraefenberg Vegetable PUU, the most popular
remedy of the day for biliiounness. headache,
liver complaint and disaases of digestion.
Sold by all druggists. Send for almanacs. '
Graefenberg Co., New York.
IIO IV TO ItECEITE.
If your hatr or whiskers are grey they can 1 in
stantly changed to a beautiful blai-k by Ti-tt's Hair
Dye, and deceive the closest observer. This article
possesses qualities never known before. 18 Murray
St., Kew Tork
MAR KKT IIKIpQRTS.
Klour 7 50 0 10 50
Wheat 1 35 1 Cr
Oats 55 0 60
Lard 10 &
Bacon Clear 8ides 8 Yt. Ti
Hay Best. 16 00 $ 20 00
WhisKy Common.. 85 4 00
Robertson County..... 1 75 (0 3 00
Bourbon 6 00 j$ 5 50
Lincoln County... 1 75 Ci 3 00
Hifchwines I 13 O 1 15
Cotton Ordinary.- 10
Good Ordinary 11
Low Middling 0 11?
Cattle Good to extra $ 4 4i
Medium butchers 3ra 4'A
Common 2 (4 2li
Hotrs Selected 5?iQ) 57
Fair to good 3 (a 3Ji
Sheep Good to choice... 4 00 ($ 4 50
Common to fair 2 00 3 00
Flour- 9 6 50 7 00
Wheat Bed and Amber- I 30
Corn Sacked- 52 (d E4
Oats 40 45
Hay Timothy. 9 CO 12 00
Pork Mesa- 13 75 Cat 14 00
Bacon Clear sides 8J$ tj
Flour...- 5 25 8 00
Corn 60 & 65
Oats 47 (0 48
Hay 16 00 (4 IS 0J
Pork 14 tO ( 14 75
Sugar 7 Q 11
Molasses 45 ( M
Whisity- 1 05 C4 11?
1877. NEW YORK. 1877.
Tins Sl'N eontinupn to le th wtrejuou ftdvnent of
reform and retrenrhmtnt, mid of th mbMitution of
Btatfruanrihip, wUdoni mid integrity for hollow pro
tenet. imlMTilitv. and fmud in the admiu.ftrti n of
public RfTftira. It rontciidfl for the trove nment of the
people ly the people nod for th peopln itHoppom-t. to
(rovernuient hy fraiim in the Kali t-tox and u tb
conutin? of Tot, enforced hy military violence. It
endriTom to nuvply it tender- a hodv not far from
a million of nouU with the mopt careful, conip'eti-,
and trustworthy a'rronnt of current event. nd m
plo fr thin purrone a nmiieroiin and cun-full
fee ed ntaff of re port era aiirt correspondent. I la re
ports from Wa4ii njrtoti eperilly. re full, accu
rate, and fearleaa and it douhllen routiune to de
sVrva and enjov the hatred of thone ho thrive ty
f plunder-ill tne Treasury or by UHiirptntf what tha
ww doe not eive them, whila it endeavoy to merit
tup confidence of the public by defndinie the nirhM
of tha people fzintit the eiic oachmenla -f nnjusti
The price of the daily FUN in .5 rents a month, or
He a year, poat-paid ; or, with the Sunday edition
07.7O a year. A
The Sunday edition alone, eight page. )?I-20 a
yetr, pnt paid.
The WreKi-T Srw, eipht page of Ml broad column,
la furnished at 1 a year, p-t paid.
fprcrL Noticf. In order to introduce Tur Srw
more widely to the public .w e ill ei,d Tli E W KKK
LY edition for the remainder f the year, to Jan. I.
Ih78. punt-paid, fcr Halt a I'ol'xe. Try it.
AtTlre-M life" 1T. . V.
MEXICAN MUSTANG LINIMENT.
FOR MAN AND BEAST.
Establiiihed 33 Years. Always cores. Always
ready. Always handy. Ilasneveryet lallod. Thirty
militant or Uxttd it. Tho whole world arproves
the glorious old Mustang the Bent and Cheapoat
Idniment in exiatance. 36 cents a liottle. Tho
Mustang Liulment cures when nothing elne will,
BOLD BV ALL MKCItINK VENDKRA.
Thnnmndi or mot br hnvo pine) nn .pronl
tl fir belief tttttt for all conilnint8 of t he tnin Ii
nd luweli to which ihihtren arc Mibject,
Tarrant's Effenescent Seltzer Aperient
in the raoMt iiiiexn- ptiortuMe nf rorrecti-. and
nltrHt vet. Tm rraHolin for this lelif are ohviotiK.
1 1 f"rmn a delirioi a and mint reti rulnim di aiiLht.
re ievHs the l owHn of all acrid n:attr without r-am,
allityrt fever, indnceH fd'ep, Ht ntfft hei.H diK'Mim,
neutralize!) arid in the HtoiiiMi jt. cure flatuh'.-n v,
art rh a Kntle Mimulant. toiica tho t nder aervcH,
and never Kripnn the piinf. What familv run
afford to he without such a ri'no. rce in nirknesa ?
bold by all druK;iti.
The Cheat Blood Puritier
A HOURCi; Of VKt.Al AKXIKTY.
rtnmni. Ma" , Junf :.. 11-72.
My dancbter ban received Krent l.elirtit trt.ln the
n of VKKT1SK. Il.T d.vliniiiK lii-nllli was a
aourr of pri-at anxitty In all he-r Ii inn.1,.. A f.v
bottlraof the VrntTiM. ri.Htoi.-d hi-r ln-Hlth.i-tri-nfitli
and aapctitx. N. II. TII.HKN.
lnftirunre and Heal tftntt' Agni.t,
u. 4VSe-arM lliilldint;,
Vegetine is Sold by Ah Druggists.
LAEIE3 Elseiet Im
lutica e::e CCEAL
CST. Ercjrtpia ti
Tetditt Ercp:, Sett
rjt'.p::! to 2;der
cf this Piper fcr T5 eev.s
Thros Cetj fcr CO cen'.i.
In fnrrMi-v ..r Sli.m.
L. A. THOMSON,
C'.iiton flace, Hew Yori
-Maize FlotrTojlot Soap!--Maize
Fiour Toilet Soap!--Maize
Fiour Toilet Soap!-
A Rr?at diflrTry! h nfw i.H(.riiinixiiinrit 'Hthf
oftn hiiti whitt-rm t h ! in. hn i-f nl helitm
an! HUpf-rior w ai-hinv prop r 1 1. m mi-I i.t.uiMy united
for t.'f rut h .nurnTv and g- n 1 1 -i ! t . It i dfliKht
lulivf nfiinieti, nnd Hold everv w at a irmdrat
pr'r'c Ketfintf red .iipliit nfH' r. 17. by th(m;tnu
tacturerfl. McKEoNK VAN II A A;KN & CO.. I'hila
Osgood's Heliotype Engravings.
TKe chnieemt household ontamen.lt. I"rtoe
One Dollar each, fiend for catalogue.
JAMES B. OSGOOD & CO.
$1.00 BOSTOK- " $1.00
Is". I. HI Ktfll ai'sl "
la 1r-firrd tlir"lTAllAillTI HIUNK "
l.f umr pori-on who iii.b it "rlrMrrdiirl.
Nrw phaiuplet. tree. N. K. Ul'UNHAM, ik. i'a.
VOKSIIW wanted, to tk order a tor .loh I'mit
iii7. 81c i-ornmUMi'.ii. Kr wpeiniMii und
toiiiiL s.-iid tnip to J.T. K EA l,. ianeyllle. Ky.
FOa KIH2I7 DATS 2 --
i - ran y atenred br all wba renel'a a aopr "f Uil wrt i paner. on ai.mrllan.ia with Um by,
' tJi flZZlf lnJiaalMWrera of Par. On. KlulaM Hllter.Plaud Ware, will anad Ui-f
alpntft, r "-... .w. kusir,r I..UI.1
Iramve on eaoh poon n desired tnlUal. Yom mn r-viirt to out out tfaf
fotlt-wlog HUnrwtr. Cewupoo ua - t
to lrclo with tour order tb notniusU ehArge
ibitialsi. pttchlDsT. loiint. tn4 mwpnm hrr. Th Hpoooa will tm wrnt hf xprvM m
muit (If rou hire bo xprra offier). sU4 dci.vTMi In your hfttuli wtthoot furtlxr OoU
A tho 7l oot trlf cover cxprKM and DffrsvlDff ehrgm, lh H(ooo will f-t roa
DOttl&jt' Th 8pooni u guftrftotAd to b of tb bnl B.Urriavl, (n't ju-J to th ot
piiver lited wrBMi,u tb lonowidf letter from um navuucuM nufer riuui vw
puiy wtu lottifj :
Omn Vatiowai. Bnui Pi.Ana Po., philKitlnbl... r.
To whom it may Conoern- Tbo 8jonufj im' oat voder ihu svrror.mf-ot wo
CUtirmDtoe tvro of Om beti qu&Jur, trm Iwtvil pUted with pur olek1! hr7
wblio metol koowo), and doable-eitrt. plata of pur Oln H--r'1rrt PHrer md a on
top of ttio Dlckel, thai rcadetiDff tbem tho very best ftllrrntd War wt-u'-tared.
In nooatv will thoy b a.4d at rUII tj o for Vfmm than 3.&n per aet. Our tow.
eil wboleaaio prtca Is A6 per sroaa (IS doMO). Wa will honor no oro-r wtalh
eontain toe Hilrerwara Coupoo, and wa wlU not booor tb Coopott after ai7
from th data of UOa paper.
On roeIp of Chta Cowpov, o-etber with 7fi eenw u oorer "T-tjoainrtr
anrrarlnr; and boslna 6hvM, w hereby arw to -ad to aoy ad4lra m aa. n vmw
pvua Coia tiuodard doabie -extra plated
aa en ears Speaa earrar. any Uealrid Initial. H ebar at t h T"T" "J
tb. 78 u .Ta, aad tk. poma .Ul b. oellrenrd ai d.-.i.D.tloa tre. of aa,
VtarMII. lKlme.il W-.TIOWALfll.VKK
8bral4 H tw Mrad. aar of m.
tln tit lh HfsHMul m oarmetlt or to fTHinwinsr, rvmt :- . ni
"Swi buU.a?Sa.da?.na.ll p.-. beat de.M. nl.kel a.d rtlvr,
PlaSl SjiwuSl prlea. HIM feraa. doobl. Blrk.l aad altmr plau-4.
is .u.'; Jat.tl prto.7St.SO. If all tb-. -1a ar. 4e.lrl li.cleM tb. teotl
ebarawi. wblta wlU ba 71 ela. nr trna. SJ ter knlta., ul 96 .la for fork,
total SJ 70 tbu. wnnil for TO wbat would oo.t ye. It In .njr
Mhar war B.mambor. under Uila arrangement eaeh artlrjls,
exoeat knlvea, will b oarraved wltu. any tiuuai dcairod wiUl j
out extra ooau
By Cba termi of tblf ooo tract, tbla liberal arrmnremerit holds foot for
only niaoty days from tb date of tble poper. tberafor It U to tb Intereat
of aJl who ara ntlUed to Ha benefit to eea la at the ara not d-barrM by
rwaa of tha expiration of th Um spaot0d. All latter or derm ( bilTar
waxe thoald ba addraMad direct to tbo
NATIONAL SILVER PLATIVG CO.,
Letters eontaiaing tabaoiiplloni muai b aent direct to tb effio of tbla
rinl If rn'Ifihotp.lOn.TOiitvloa. VI Ct.fr, A
n LP UL E H Wrm .n k r, cw Wunm,hico, ijfc
n ilnjr at borne. Aiteuts wanted. Hutfltanai
Urn fre. 'iRPh A " . Angu.la. Maine.
r? A lW tr Ag-nntn. Maniplr n-oa.
Catalogna. L.t LhTCII KB. 1 1 l'T Bt..tT7
StyfmUmT. HOW TOM AKF.IT. tMmMMtwm
. V Ailnhlr. !(K. YuMJK A CO..N. xhim.Mo
" Week to Aeoptc 110 OullUfrn
OOP Z U F. O. V I CKt. K V . A UKinta.
24. fl Wr.KK. 'atalnvnaii5RmrlrillCIC.
rri.Ti.K (!.. I lt N., Kt.. New York
vr.in. u oii'ii"il iH-ro-Kttip inr atiannier
j a. M-a-n. 1 1 1 1. 1 ' .Y r u VI I . ni'lmmtl, I
C0 WA Tt:nt'S. A Orest Mr-nar.tlcn. Hamflt
Walrt awl ftettll trrs u, A'jetli. HetMr U
REVOLVER FREE with l-ex rurtridf?
Add reus J.ltoa n A r-on.rv-.l t Wood ft. I'lttihMr.t'a
CE tn COfl lr "y at ho-e aS-nnmm worth A
JU iu JZ O free, Stiniw . 'n.. Port hmd. Motna
CQCn A Nril-AI,iiNTMVA.VItl)-IltM
XUJU 'llm aiti'lfH in I lie woi lil ; uneiampla
mi re jay r.linxi?i. ivtr.ilt. Ml. h
F?5rB Mai l.v :7 Ai-'iili- I'l-I in. 77 w!
FfJS E my I.; in j. ii. Ii -aiiiil-. free
V f A.l.ir -i . SI. l..n. ,., fkuve
Aui-l.--. Ii' ifjit mtui a
i iv . I i.r trriim n'l.
fir f ( .V .1mui,M'.
our ae.tfer ook. I . S. AtufKJI'o, M. Loum. Mo,
1 irMhl nnti'ii rl nr tin mi r lnrvr wnnmliut
1 ruptured, iiccid'ul'iilv injiiifd t-r dlaie'1
N'h Iff. A
1. ( ol. N. N . r llM Kl.Al.D. U H.
riutni Attv. WNMhinvfcn '
J fort ii tv e t uinf . liook aent
iuu vim t f iuimiiK ocr vnnnjc
Aildreaa It A X T K K A C .. Jt..rkeri. 17 U rtlUt..N. V
I YOr will ;i trn-e to if ! rlmte m ni- r I our clrrn
i'lMt-.wrwiil ..ml you h 'fir ! I 4Jf.LT
r K 1 r..Hiii n lM-t':Ko.t i-( oiiiniti Mine, paper
t'rr tor 3 in oh. I n 10 . n. to ray rxmtnett
A("-M- wxnre.1 K I. M A I. A '. '.. ton, Mnm
lU Mini: made by
Atf'-ntK nt-11tnp our hromoa
Cnjor.K, I'ic t n r and Chro
mo Turd. H!l aamplea
vtor. !i V.). aent, pout-paid
r i nf I lltiatntt.
T. II. lit fr lMHf ft0..
TKt'TII IH MIUIITTt
Man, mi. iiw .m P.-MM.
-Cm." SH- n.a, Hms. r Wav I "BaAsV"'
"violin STRINGS !
Centiino It. ilmn Violin St ritma, alao (or Banje or
liuittir, I.', and .n h. or 1 to y a 1 . Sent by
mail on re"ip! of price. )h1iih ! Send curd forrata
lo(4u. f. Nnrnvfr, In. porter o Mu-.-hI luritru
mM!ti and Slnnm llM t !u ni'-ero St.. rw York.
rORFHINE HABIT tperiiy
iin.d l.y iii-. 1'imVs nnly
B Ml 'Ifj rtfJE
fur treatment rntil cunJ. Cull no or address
CR. J. C. PECK,
112 John Street, tiMl.VMT'. OUltt
(t Cf f e VKMI Alil-NTS WANTKD
Xil t III "ii ! r .r;iml liimhlnalloll
T"" fro.ii itia. rt i-ri-K'-iiling
150 DISTINCT BOOKS
wan tod every n hi-ri-.Theblirirnl l I -er lr
SitlMN niHile linni tin v hrn n H mi hk'N' l"v' mil. Al
aaenii nl .1 i.ii u r H 4JMt ti I.' a fr'AMII.Y
Hill.. Mij-'T'cr ioiil! i.ttir-. VI lilt liivnlunl'j II
lilMfriili' 1 Mi'ln hii.1 hiiptI I'lliilintTM. Thw ImmIi
hnil Hie Wm lil. l-nil :irliu urn liw. Aillraa
JullNK !' I'ThK 4 " l'nHi.nr. riillail-lplil
LEADING SCHOOL OF
Hr. i:. Vrr H. iniinny fr Yotttiff Ladlea,
V mk!i v i1!m. To mi . "t t -r i x mi HdiiH ft tMid n the
r.tii; tlii June, ad . nut iKft ninnv and ail tlrat
cl im . l?n h- nude nod e .eii"" moderate. A Traita
ft itd of 1 1n H nior t !;i-n I nmli ni .ken daily.
Oh ,-t !o hi.- w r ; 1 1 d.ih. 'arfil tu t r'imi and
Ii iri'Mie . Kin rliiirWn in (In 1 1 . r'or le w cat
ft" it a mlilri II f t'i"i' 1
A nnttu- r. a. ii i.-r J r-y
ho 14.l.ti. .Mitii.lfr aixl I'rln
I duruM Of
sans. lluit IComrdy 1- .lUM-ty ttrtaLl- rwi
uri-twril rxuri'Mfely f r t'.. nlxivi ilir-. It Km
L'urnl thou.Hjuiil-. r.irrv ln..' ttirim-. wnaw n
f I I t..r i:.utrat-d nftlillitilrt.
If your drunrit ilnn't un if. In- wiil untrr It tr 70
-..i. ,!, Ik
MkU fus marts
K :.- fell I Hi only oiii iiniililT Tha Heat,
hi-. p ii i'Kli-nl I'm I ' -Biii'lf l'i- Milrta
(nil I r ti tii-ti ) n i:is f' limiiliiiiid n llauilsrclilol.
Tin- vcm l "-t. mi f. I S-7.IHI.
Ki- ' i'ik-Ii n. Miii t" ti t" meaMire.
1 lit- v.tv nix 1 r .M.
An ''Ii puril Ht-t !! (ffniiini- tiol'l-r-liite ollnranll
! ItuitiitiK iii vi-n v ii Ii - n li ' !. . Ki'p' XhlrU.
Kh' Mnrla a redelivered YUl'.V. on reret pi of rlc.
I II ,1111 pull i.f'lliH I nli.Ti liin-xen-mlilirKOltepar.
Hiiiiipli'K Inr full ilir.rtl"T f - l-iiii'iiiniMnDl
Si-iii lr' ! iiiiv luMri-Kc. Mump I 'tilreil.
Iii'h til tf-1 1v il Ii lli.- ii. it ii ii In. 1 ur.T mi.1 s"t Ruttvm
I'l ii. Ivr. p MhiiiiIm. -tin I live (.'"..HMV M. rrarWt.H.T
IHt.r. V. (t.X'.S KI.W1V 4MM H4W
Oftllt: ll.k. rr .r-l pifwlj
riiM-vii u in: i:ai i i h iit-:i-
AVIIK. IIHtrlTTH' ll-:l.,Ht-:. 1SKCI
lt.l. : H WM.fc. M.lKI'I.KIt
M:s.V hikI nlilriiivHii.i fiiM-. Ollle I "Ml
I i.lnn SI . Ila'tlmnrr, .'ll l"rl-' .Ve.TJl
ItC' Iff. llll Mil iHllttltl lKIIl Ol.t
lore. fr.r l it I'.M I- - iiamu il ltul,llul
BABBITT'S TOILET SOAP.
! 1, t : i ' llollft.n! lb Bath.
. ''.H'.IN.. irulVijU u4
' I 1 ' 1 'i"'l,llv "lri K
r K 14 1 ovt-r ci-tumtm -itf
,l ntl.ii;.d fnr tlx
I I it-T' 1 "' i-w,o tuft1'
ft. T. Ui'n'M H
anrf oi-w ..IT. r . it
tml'He The FIT-T TOILET SOAI' In Ibo
Uf l I'"" rt'inui'l tn.t n.'rt .n fit Pn.r'
tor Use In the Hursnry it tins No f.Q.ual,
Wnnh ln i. ...... ilH,.t in.- n H..T .i'l l...il ."' I"
SM,.I t-. ...i.inln.i.i: i -I ' "
dres on il 'V i :.. ." !!
. T. BABBITT. Nw VorK City.
tlT l.t m. ly all tuutiiiiu. j 3
A p-mitive rrni"dy f..rnll dieeiiM- of the HMnfri
IUMrtrfer and li:iar- Oriiaiia: nln id In
Itropalrnl -iiiIjiIii. Il " verpr .Iniemlrk
new, I" lerlniil ml M-wdy 1:1 lit B'tion. It la
fait iiperflini! -ly othei n ni-Iv. ."lIy rapaiilea
riiio Iii ai or einht tin-, h. No other me.licliia can
Itrimrr of I nillnllon. f"i . im iiic t" It" Tal
Bii. iei. iii.inv have l.ieii i lTei.d; .iii ara mit
daiiU'-r.'ns. raiii-iny pile", etr.
IHtlMla x. Dil l. A- t u'tt i:. inline Soft Cap
enl' .ot .11, in.: nil . I !-.iii...lw.uil. o!. at all drug
afor- . Ak ..r r-r.-iilai . oi b.-ii 1 f..r . in- to 3i aud ST
vVo...t. r elieet. Ni ! Ymli. ,
GLOVE - FITTI NO
rrm'i"n The friends of fhlt
rtp?-; rH--T,. iiMHiwan incntstT
Price . much riducadl
. ... t n . i n n nrt I
C.a thai lha nam of
' 1 nW'TI JU. unu inu
T r i.l ij.rfai t anwH ara
s'amtia on every umn umi
Sweep 1m vour own toa-fl. 'I erma Iidf-loutS
free. II. II A I.I I I AiK. '.. rill. lid, Malna.
fllKW UKITIMJ lO lliir.llliainn
Iu IIibm piipri-.
Elegaat Taw Simr-Wars ,
ICI rsa. WlMlytl Hlla.r Himvkis nrf
inpuj, iui t'
of 7ft oenu to pj ett of uftrt.i
nll.wrmi.. .. r:
fellewtoc artlrlM will !"
wi, ra. .fViKi
...... -.. .fe-ij'Xt-tVsVn'V.fl
r-:.; - -?- til
W - V VV. ll '
V.W V H
X V tit , '
X 'Y :
V- f .11 it , . -
x . -ir a-' y
X. '", , i.'
l.t . '