Newspaper Page Text
I. N. BAltSKTT.
O. T. HUGHES.
Barnett & Hughes,
Attorneys at Law,
rp mi Wcfit Main Mrwt, formerly orrnpicd ty
Trioiis .tlSnrni'tt. June 3ll-iim.
n. S. THOMPSON.
GREEN & THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law,
prn tiff in all thfr vRriutm court of Maury
Jtn.i ailfjiiine rountiea. HJM'cial ntt.-titimi kiv
l' olirt tintiH. Jtr Ii-7-ly.
-I. 33. I JOIVl,
Attorney at Law,
"Will Martin- in Maury mi'l adjoining counties,
C. W. WITHERSPOON,
Attorney at Law,
Mill Htit inl wiili prmitfi"i4 to hII l.rtrnl Ittiitif-ss
ill i nvti , ti Ins -a ! in 1;mrv n nt hIj iiuhi v un-
SIjh I Hlt.-Iill.in o rnllf. hull Klltl A-tt'i-m'!ltrt
wv-unu v 'l,iltl...r:if i:..rk. jan.-ly.
P. H. SOUTHALL, JR.,
Attorney at Law,
( 'oiunihia, lYiuicKsre.
.spri j.il ill. tili.i
W 1 1 f t ! .t IK- III . k.
rir tl r)!tr tiill4. IMtir
A . M . I.OO.N V.X.
W. J.M Ki.
LOONEY & SYKES,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancev.
Nov. felumliia, Tenn.
W. P. HOWELL, j
Attorney at Law j
Solicitor in Chancery,
r- ml ;itl'iii ittri siroti to tho col I rr t ion i.f clai in.
ittli.e . ViittliirHf J.lock. jaiitly
W. C. TAYLOR.
Attorney at Law
A N P
Solicitor in Chancery,
HIHIK; Willi VcPo-ll A Webster. Whit
llinme It r k. LPcc. Ist-t.ii..
I.KliKiii: ('. TAVI.o!
It. II. SANSOJI.
TAYLOR & SANSOM,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
ifil in tin Niipri'iiit mni b !' ra 1 'onrtu h t Nnh ill.
,Sp, uttf iition jv'n t tljf rolUM tiori of rUimi.
f"Or,irp : NiTth Main .Strvet. m- oh1 lUutr from
Ni-lcfii HotiH,." jan. I'th-lhTh.
JN. . WltK.IIT. J. V. VKS
WRIGHT & DEW,
Attorney at Law,
Solicitor in Chancery.
'olumliin, Ten ne ssee,
n w 'tTi hit tin ! n Hl(( k up fftnii k.
f I'lHi IICO Ml .lHI1tV flllM HH HUH ie 'iMUItl.'A.
a.m. !..;..,. a.m.iu,.,.ks..,r.
A.M. HUGHES & SON., j
Attorney at Law j
Solicitor in Chancery, j
Columbia, Tennessee. i
Will pi act 4 in t lo urts of M.iurv h ril ;ibininc
j .-niiiH f, ;in'1 Snpr mm-jiimI K'tl't ii H ' turf at Nash
ill". Tin- ftrn l"t a'l rit..ii will be givfii to l
I'iiiih ntrii-il I - t hir cart'. otti S.in h niO
W'fut Main Street, I'd d-ior from the Njuare.
J. V. M'KISSACK,
ttokfy ) mm.m t law.
ffice :-l sftiirx. h)m IWi (ifTire.
Will si- stri- t att'iiti-n t nil biiHtn-s -nt ru-tt
bun. in iiu of th ietll'lH of 1aui . illiaiiirli
nnd al.itinn ciimt
o ii-f i.M a nd -' itlt-nn ntH of hII kinds, attt'ieb to
TTh ei t.tn pt in-
M ill hoi. I an otltre at Spring If ill cery Satunlay.
mav IL'th l-?t'.
.tuHN T. TtTKKIl.
U . V. TITKKK
J. T. & W. F. TUCKER,
Wlio.sclalo ami i.etail
- A X n
Northeast t'onn r Public Siinre,
COLUMBIA, : : : TKXXKSKE.
irfPoali'rs in Cotton ntij nil kinds of
jirixliioe. I.ibernl nJvnnceN made on rooiIn
in store. nov.19-l.S75-! v.
ticnttcancii who visit thia establishment,
will always find the best artists in Columbia.
Hair Cutting, Shaving and Shampoontni;
dne in elegant style. All the Proprietor
asks ia a trial.
Transient rates reduces from
TO 83.00 l'F.K
(Small rooms $2 ."it) a day when called for.
Ilasremorisj from New York to Columbia, Ten
nesse, heie he will, in the inline, piact4 e his
profession, lie ran be teen at all hours, when not
professionally eiiguge.l. at the office of lr. Towler,
North Main Mreel, Columbia, Tenn. Nov. 17-TS-ly
PURE BRED POULTRY.
I it iilr C?..liinK,
A N 11
Tli-uiiderntBl "P"i fr al a f- ry n
I r.ckei el of t he oov arief ie. Ptoi k th 1 1 I ly Irom
". If T'1'I- Alw a f-w vM-y i: ! Jiicli r huI
ila'rk Bralii ork-rtW. VttizX 'T ,n ,-hiiiK in nra-'
con. from jell of f to- atiov hI (Jii. m ri.wi ar
k-o tn friarai ym nl id nire. 1'iiicit imm
on.iblc :ili'l h.tt I-!- 1 1 i tfiininiitred.
A. A. 11 I'M OMR.
It ,,.-.T-! . C luiiit ia, Tt-un.
By ALFEED S. HORSLEY,
OM f I!
Judgment oi the Peotle.
Paring the past eight years the public hnvi care
fully observed tli wowlerlul curts accomplished
ly A IIii'm St re ii fft he Hi tiff Vontial.
From its uo romiy an kftiiclcd sutlerer huH been
restored to perfect health alter having expended a
small fortune in procuring niedical advice and ob
taining poisonous mineral medicines.
Its mediml properties are alterative, tonic, solvent
and diuretic. There ia no disease of the human
system for wnich Alleii'n Strenfftheitiitfj
t'onlllll cannot be used with perfect safety.
Aliens Strengthening Cordial
It will era-liratft from th nrstPii. every t.:n! of
Wroftila aixl Scr f iiIouh Humor. It ha jwrmanent ly
riirr! thoiiHRiulH of helplefs rases where all other
kuown re u ies fallcil.
Allen's Strengthening Cordial
Is the crp.it Mood purifier, CMrcs isvphilis, and re-
I moves I iiuple ami Humors on the Fm-e
! Iteason should teach us tht a blotchy, rough or
' pimpled skin depends entirely tion an internal
j cause, and no outward application can ever cure the
Tumors, Ulcers, or Old Sores
Are raitsrd by an itnptirl statnf thcl'lood : -leansc
the llooi thoroughly with AtfiM St t' ii ftt it -r
!! 'riii4tt antl the complaints will Uwip
Kar. AUetH Stri'tifthrniiiff (orriiat curra
Coimtn-ation, IysH-psia, Jr aifiJite.-n of Atomuch. It
Is not a MimulalinK Liitteis which creates a fictitious
npitetile, tut a gentle Tonic, which assise nature to
icst ore the toInach to a henlthy action. No periii
siill.'Tin with Sour Ktotnarh, ifnailache, Costivene,
Palpitation of the Heart, Indigestion, lw ipiriu,
etc., can lake three doses without relief.
AUen't St$'iiftheniitff t'wiliat cures
Fe oaie weakuesj ; it ads directly ujou thecaiiscsof
thew complaints, invigorates and stienthens ttie
whole system, a-ts uMti the secrelive organs and
! Atfen't Ht mtfthettiitft WvVr has
never failed to cure mercurial diHcaoe. paiu in the
loiies, :is it removes from the sy&teiu the producing
cstuxe. fcall Kheum and Scald Head readily yield to
! the great alterative ejects of this medicine.
Attat'tt i'o filial has
never I ecu known to i mi! Ui giving imiucniiate re'ief
in 11 ditws of the Kidneys nnd V'rinary organs.
Thin meflicine challenges the mot profound atten
tlon of the medical faculty, many ot whom are pre
wrihiim it to their patients.
Allen't St i'cttfft 14tinif 1'onliat arts
as delightfully on the lender lale,ttie most delicate
la i y, aud infirm old age, as en thesiong man ; im
parting health and vigor to the n erven and brain,
I I ood-vessels, heart and liver. When takeu von
can feel iu life-giving Kwer cmurse through every
artery, destroying all diseases in the Mood and giv
ing health, elasticity and strength to the whole or
ganization. Allen Stmifftlteiiinfj 4'ortliat is ac
knowledged hy all classes of people to be the best
and niont reliable blood purifier in the world. It is
a never failing remedy and can be relied upon. How
many thousands upon t hoy sands ha-ve been snatched
as it were from the brink of the grave by its miracu
lous jMiwer. Who will sutler from Liver Complaints,
Jyspepsia, Disease of the atotuach. Kidneys, .Bowels,
or Bladder when such a great remedy is within reach.
Volumes might I tilled with proof from all parts
f the civilized world to nrve that no remedy has
ever ieen discoveietl in the whole history of medi
cine that acts so promptly. Even in the worst cases
of Hcrotula a good appetite, complete dfgestion.
sfrength and a disposition for exercise, are sure to
follow its use. If the lKweis arc costive, or head
Re he accompanies the disease, the use of Allen's
Liver fills will remove it. Over eight years' ex eri
ence and the increasing opularity of Allen's medi
cines arc conclusive proof.
Trice 1.00 per bottle, or six littles for f.j.nn. If
your druggit or store-keeer does not have it, we
will forward half a dozen to any address on receipt
of the price.
Prepared only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE CO.,
fT. Joseph, Mo.
rr o .u ituh.
TIIK f f.l.V l AXMt f.-EXl'IXK
Tlir rcpiitalion of this M"1frine ir, now M wHl -tal'lislml
t lint litM-ral minil-il men in the niediral
frofewion thronifhfMit the I'liion ret-ommeiul it lo
lhi'ir patienta a the very be?t of all remedies for
IMIpn. ltndrri1 of the iwost painful cawa of 1'il1
lia-e been cnreil ly iti use in a very short time.
No medicine has ever obtained a htghor or more
deserving rrfnttation than Allen's Pile Ointment.
Allen's Pile niutmenf is a remedy of universal
lisefulnesa whenever an oil cerate calve ointment or
emlro'ation is ieuired, in eases of Burns, S-aldst
Blistfis, Sprains, r.ruisis, Abrasions, Cuts, fleers.
Salt Uheuiti, letter, fcczema, Kinn Worm, Barter's
llrh. t'roflled J.itnhs, t'hilhlains, t'happeil Skin,
Kever Hlisters, lied So e-, tore Keet, itiinions,
'ei?etalile Poisoning, Hites of Insrs ts, etc.
'i'tiere is no known remedy that j:ives such lasting
relief aa Allen's Pile Ointment. It ia a new, di
lightful and wonderful remedy, designed and war
ranted to Mutei-si-de all other Ointments yet dis-
Allen'a Pile Ointment is entirely different from
nnv other Ointtiieiit in the whole wur!d perfrs-tly
! harmless for the infant or a;ed ; it is i-ooliTig and
I yriteful to the bin ning tirow, throlitiiug temples Hud
frver-parehed system ; it HI tcnisli pain ami allay
inllaiiiiuatioti more raniillv than any curative com
INiund in this or in any other country.
Price .VI cents a 1kx, or six boxes for 82 en. If
your druggist or store-keccr doei not have it, we
will forward half dozen to any address on receipt
Prejwred only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE GO.,
St. Joseph, Mo.
For Nile by all Druggists.
Allen's Liver Pills.
Teifectly tasteless, elegantly coated. For the
ure ol all disorders of the Stomach, l.iver. Bowels,
Kidneys, bladder, Nervous Piseases, Headache,
Constipation, Costiveness, Indigestion. Iiysfiepsia,
and all Kilious Diseases, such as Constifiation, In
ward Piles, Fullness of Hlood to the Head, Acidity
of the Stomach, Nausea, Heartburn, Disgust for
Food. Fullness or Weight iu the Stomach, aiour
Kructations, Sinking or Fluttering at the Pit of the
Stomach, Swimming of the Head, Hurried and Iif
tieult Breathing, Fluttering at the lieait, Choking
or Suffocating Sensations when in a lying posture,
Pimnetsof N ision, IHits or Wei liefore the Sight,
Fever or dull pain in the Head, Iiitficulty of Per
spirytion, Yellowness of the Skin and Kyes, Pain in
the Side, Chest, Limbs, and Sudden 'Flushes f
Heat. Burning of the Flesh, etc.
Alleii'M l.irer I'M may always he relied
on as a safe and effectual remedy, and may t taken
by both sexes at all times with henenciul results,
liv their use the weak are made strong Distress
after eating. Inward Weakness, Languor, Want of
Appetite, are at once removtd by a dose or two of
these Pills. Thousands of peroons who have used
these Pills we have yet to hear the first complaint
from one who has "tried theui. They always give
ALLEN'S LIVER PILLS
iiegulate the organs of the system, restoring func
tional harmony aud securing the secretion ot the
proer constituentsof each organ. By their action
the liver secretei its allotted proportion of bile; the
lungs caihon, the akin sweat, the kidneys urine,
etc., and are always reliable as a purgative.
The aged, and persons subjected to Constiiation,
Paralysis, and Weakness of the Bowels, Kidneys
and Bladder, etc., that have to resort lo Injections,
by taking two or three of Allen't Liver Pills, will
enjoy natural discharges, and hy the occasional use
of tiiem have regular operations. In these cases
their strengthening aud nutritious principles are
exhibited ; every dose will add ne"w strength to the
Bowels, Liver. Kidneys, etc., that may h worn or
depleted by age.
In these Pills, a want that science has ever failed
to supply ia secured, and this is a thorough purga
tive that can lie given in safety in cases of eruptive
fevers, as Small-pox, F.rysipelas, Yellow Fever,
.-c:irlet and Typhoid Fevers. When the Mucous
Membrane becomes ulce:ated, these Pills act thor
oujhlv, yet heal ulcerated and excoriated parts.
'J hey are made from ext-acts from new ingredients
entirely vegetable, superior in every respect to the
onlinary powders and substances of the common
advertised Pills, and have a sale, certain aud uni
Pi ice cents a Imx, or six Isixes for $1.2. If
vnur druggist or store-keeper does not have them.
will forward half a dor-n boxes lo any address
on receipt of the price. Prepared only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE CO.
i JSt. Joseph, Mo.
I F0RTf TEAKS BEFOBE THE PUBLIC.
3s. C. M9LANE'S
SYMPTOMS OF WORMS.
HTHE countenance is paleantl leaden-
colored, with occasional flushes, or
a circumscribed spot on one or both
cheeks ; the eyes become dull ; the pu
pils dilate ; an azure semicircle runs
along the lower eyelid ; the nose is it
a swelliugof the upper lip ; occasional
headache, with humming or throb
bing of the ears ; art unusual secretion
of saliva ; slimy or furred tongue ;
breath very foul, particular!' in the
morning; appetite variable, some
times voracious, with a gnawing sen
sation of the stomach, at others, entire
lygone ; fleetingpainsinthestomach ;
occasional nausea and vomiting ; vio
lent pains throughout the abdomen ;
bowels irregular, at times costive ;
stools slimy ; not unfrcquently tinged
with blood ; belly swollen and hard ;
urine turbid ; respiration occasionally
diflicult, and accompanied by hic
cough ; cough sometimes dry and con
vulsive ; uneasy and disturbed sleep,
with grinding of the teeth ; temper
variable, but generally irritable, &c.
Whenever the above symptoms
are found to exist,
DR. C. MV LANE'S VERMIFUGE
will certainly efiect a cure.
IT DOES NOT CONTAIN MEKCVRV
ii any form ; it is an innocent prepara
tion, not capable of doing the slight
est injury to the most tender in fant.
The genuine Dr. MV Lane's Ver
mifuge bears the signatures of C.
MVLane and Fleming Bros, on the
w ra ppe r. : o :
DR. C. M PLANE'S
These Pills are not recommended
as a remedy "Ibrall the ills that flesh
is heir to," but in att'ections of the
liver, and in ail 3ilious Complaints,
Dyspepsia, and Sick Headache, or
diseases of that character, they stand
without a rival.
AGUE AND FEVER.
No better cathartic can be used pre
paratory to, or afler taking Quinine.
As a simple purgative they are un
equaled. It E WAKE OF IMITATIONS.
T li e ge n u i n c are never sugar coated.
Each box has a red wax seal on the
lid, with the impression Da. MV
Lane's Liver Pills. q
Each wrapper bears the signatures
of C. MV'Lane and Fleming Bros.
Sold by all respectable druggists
and country storekeepers generally.
Wc have in stock a first-class assortment of
l'AKIv l'l LUTON'S,
Also JInrncss from
sjiliJ.OO 1 sl000
Our work is lirst-clnss ; the prices lower
than the same kind of work can he bought
north of Columbia.
June 20. K7-lv. KUHN & TURPI N
MONUMENTS AND TOMBSTONES,
All of the best Italian Marble.
Al). I have the ;to.t style of Dosigns.
b All work an i h.:ip kh can bo done ela
rbcrn. Manufactory- 0:1 Went Main etreat,
lear the liiatit.r. mh28yl
FIRST MWMl BANK,
Of 4'olnmbla, Tenn.
Does a General Bankinsr and
M. TOWUR, Ir-ldBl.'
M'l'H S KItlKKSON. Culiier.
South .fix I i si reef,
Board. jcr IHit.
TipM, btiRRit or uddle borM farnJsbm cm
ppliratton to the proprietor,
JAMES U QUEST.
EUGINE R. SMITH, M. D,5
Office at Ma.sotiic Hall. 'ftice hours:
Fr in S to 9 am.; and from 1 to 3 p. ni., aud
7 p. in. sept I.--7ri. .
K. ' .M IHiWKI.I..
M'DOWELL & WEBSTER,
Attorneys at Law,
'!.(' M HI. 4, IKSt.JIMt:r.,
I Srp lVIS
1 AT 11
THE QUARTERLY REVIEWS
The Leonard Scott I'uMifhina Com puny, 41 Bar
clay street. New York, coutiune their authorized
reprints of the foui leading Ouarterly Ke views.
epinbck;h kkvikw tAvhiio.
LONDON QCAKTKKLY KKVIEW xnservative),
WKsTMlNSTKK RKVIKW (Liberal).
BRITISH QUAKTEKLY KEVIKW tEvaugelicai.)
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine
The Britixh Quarterlies jrivo to the reader well
diffetttttd idformatioD upon the great events in con
tm poraneou history, and -outain maaterly criti
cirtnm on all tn.it ii fresh aad valuable in literature,
as well situmiar.' of the tnuiMj)li of flriruce and
art. The wart likely t ctmil? all Europe will
form to icn fur dim-union, that will be treated with
a thoroiiifh nes.i and ability nowhere eo to ! found.
iMackwood a iMaffazine iit fanioutt foratoriea, essay a,
And nketrbea of the highest literary mei it.
1 i luriaaiuK roniace) payame fitri- t-
ly iu advance Kor any one Kevirw, four dollars
per annum ; lor any two Reviews, seven dollar; for
any three Iteviewa, ten dollars; for all four Kaviewp,
tvvHve dt-llar; for Blac-kMoodV Sfaffaxin. fnr
dollars; for black wood and one JJpth-w, seven dot
lars ; for lflackwod aud two Kevi-vn, ten tlollars;
for Blackwood and threw KevirwB, thirteen dollars ;
for Blackwood and the four Ho views, fifteen dil ars.
I Lr its. A discount ol twenty per rent, v nl l,t-
allowed to cl- Im of four or more p'ion. Ttiuf:
four copies ol Blackwood or ot one lie view will be
pent to one address for twelve dollars and eighty
ceuts, four ropi of ihe liur Reviews aud BlarK-
oou lor lorty-emnt loiiar, and so on.
rKtsiirsis. New subM-Tthera (applying early) for
t)f year I77 may have, wit! out chsrife. theouiuleis
for the lunt piarterof iMTrt of such reriodioals as they
may sutst -nito tor.
rlnls can 1 allowed unless tha money is r mi'tted
dirert to the publtqlieca. No premiums piven t chibM.
rirrulars with fin thor particulars may be had on
Neitner premiums to r
The Leonard Srott Publishing (V.,
4t Itarelay Street, X'eir 1'orA-.
PORTER BRYAN & ALFORD,
Wholesale Pftaltji in
TOBACCO and CIGARS
rrorf'tis f tlio .lel)rteil
PORTER RIFLE" CIGAR,
juno 2nd 76-ly.
T. A. HARRIS,
U. S. COMMISSIONER.
.Mi. PLKASANT, TENN.
Will hi in Columbia every Monday. Bus
iness connected with this oflice left with A.
M. Hughes, Jr., or nt his office, will receive
prompt attention. oct.5-tf
(rent Hebrew Bankers and tlie Silver
The WaHhineton correnpondent of the
New York Graphic outline" a new and
curious theory broiiched in Washington.
He savs :
A combination to depreciate silver has
been projected by the great Jew bankers
of the world. These people have studied
the whole question ol currency in a very
practical way, and understand itnotonly
much better that the community at
large, but better also than the Christiana
associated with them in business. They
realize that the demonetiztion of silver
menns an era of low prices. In other
words, the artificial enhancement of the
price of gold reduces the measure of
prices all ever the world. By their di
rect action upon the governments of the
Scandinavian states, Germany, and the
United States, these great bankers suc
ceeded in partially demonetizing silver.
The low price which has resulted, and
the destruction to ths trade of the world,
they have taken advantage of in the
purchase of all manner of staple proper
ty. When they have secured enough
they will again become converts to the
desirability of using silver, which will be
remouetized all over the world, where
upn prices will rise, and these gigantic
operators expect to sell out at extrava
gantly high prices. These rich Jewish
capitalists find it necessary to influence
only a few people in each administration.
As bankers Ihey have direct access to
secretaries and treasuries and finance I
ministers, and the people who manipulate
the press of the world. Upon various
plausible pretexts they get laws passed
demonetizing silver; which being effected,
they take advantage of the ruinous fall
in prices which occurs all over the world.
From this they know there will be a re
action in favor of the two metals ; and
they will profit, by the addition in the
market value of what they bought at
low figures, and sell out. It will be
noticed that the Syndicate represents an
immense Jewish interest, who have been
the most active monometalistt since the
beginning of the controversy.
The Turkish Troops on the Danube.
" I do not wish," writes a correspond
ent to the London Telegraph from Kust
chuk, " to boast of our troops here; their
fighting hereafter will tell its own tale ;
but I may remark that thoss who believe
them to be emaciated, ragged, and miser
able, are terribly deceived. I am aware
that it is the fashion to imagine them
underfed and ill-clothed ; that it is popu
larly supposed that the Turkish soldier
lives like a Bushman upon what he can
grub up from the ground, and that, if
ever he gets a full meal, it is after having
gone on tor a long time with very poor
meals indeed. But let me give you an
idea of how they are kept. I will take the
amount of food served on the last night
for to-day's rations to the battalions of
infantry here. There were 55,000 pounds
of bread, 12,000 pounds of meat, 5,600
pounds of rice, 700 pounds of butter,
and 0,200 such like delicacies. To every
horse, too, was served out 8 pounds of
barley and 11 pounds of hay, and this,
le it remembered, was no extraordinary
ration. The fact is that for the present
we have plenty and to spare, though how
long it will last is of course not for me to
tay. All I wish to remark is that at
this moment we are in excellent fighting
trim, and if we have no vodka to wash
down the excellent bread which is served
out, it is because the Turks are teetota
lers of the strictest sort, and need no
stimulant to make them fiht well.
The report of the bureau of statistics
for the ten months ended April J50, is an
encouraging one. A comparison lor the
whole time with the corresponding
period of 187(5 does not exhibit any im
provement, but this can be plainly dis
cerned ir. the imports for the month of
April. The total value was $42,070,424,
against $;(,1 5,f2t for ihe same month
last year. When viewed for the ten
months, the decline is seen to have con
tinued for most of the time ; the figures
are !f.'5")7,52,545 of merchandise imports
in 1S77, against 389,06'JJ84S. The
domestic exports for April, 1877, were
547,780,775, or more than $100,000,000
better than those of April, 1876, $40,
704,668. For the ten months the
domestic exports were valued (eold
values) at $."03,733,06S, against 4:J9,
lir,2(jy for the corresponding months of
the fiscal year 1876 an increase of f6.',
818.0S4. The heaviest increase in im
ports was in sugar, ef which $12,Oo),000
more in value was imported; the imports
of teas and coffees fell off $11,000',000.
Tbeexports of corn increased $10,00(,0K,
while those of cotton fell away $1:1,000,
000. There was a great enhancement in
the value of petroleum exports, which
rose from $21,300,000 to $46,000,000.
Bacon and ham exports increased $10,
000,000; lard, $.",000,0(M ; and leaf
The jocose tracing of the " first fami
lies" ot Virginia back to Pocahontas
seems to have a solid foundation. One
of that lady'B descendants has just com
piled a genealogy of the family, and his
investigations reveal the singular fact
that nearly every family in the state, of
any duration of residences, may be inter
linked lineally or collaterally.
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1S77.
Jjo'. lazy Sitinuir, awarlhy, in the sun
Lies paDtiDg, with bare breasta, un the hills,
Swathing her limbs in hazes warm and dun,
Where splendors into dusky splendors ruD,
And sultry glory all the heaven o'erfills.
Not a white dimple stirs amid ths corn,
Not a low ripple shivers through the leaves ;
Since, wrapped in go id and crimson Rleatns unshorn;
Came, flashing through the east, the regal morn :
No throated twitterings gurgle rouud the eaves.
Flooded In sunny silence sleep thn klne;
In languid murmurs brooklets float and flow ;
The quaint farm gables in the rich light shine,
And round them jasinined honeysuckles twine,
And close beside them sunflowers burn and bl.w.
Amid the growing heat I lie me down,
Aud Into visions swarms the utoted air;
(ileams up before me many a famous town,
Pillared and crested with a regal crown
Outshimmering in an orient purple glare.
Lo! lowlr Tadnwre burning in its sands
tfaalb'-ck and fiubyloo; 1 see slow streams
Uli ling by mssiue ana minaret see gleams
Of seas in suniet slips of strand,
Aud drowsy Bagdad buried deep in dreams;
See swarthy monarclis flushed in purple rings
Ot silken courtiers: through halt-oiien doors
C ttch the fpice odors, snd cool of Springs
Leaving forever in a ltinze of wings;
lice light forms dancing over pearly floors ;
Sleeping peraglio's ppire and tremulous dome
Winkinc in drowsv splendor all the dav.
See forest haunts wheie thick the lion's loam.
See thirsty panthers splashed in bloody foam,
iap terrible as lightnings on their prey.
Or stand with Cor In on a mountain p;ak
Above the Azltccity see unrolled
freui-threaded shores ot Montezuma weak,
Mee the white temples swarming thick and sleek
Aim sunny streets stretched up by towers ot gold;
See silken sails float by, ambrosial.
l.uueu with spices, up a I ersiau glen ;
Or stand on Lebanon. 'Mid cedars tall,
Or hear the soft and silver fall
Of water down a jut of Iarien.
But lo ! a waking shiver in the trees,
and voices 'mid the hav-cocks In the glen ;
The sun is setting; aud the crimson seas
Art? shaaon tnto splendor by f tie breeze.
And all tne nusy worm is up again'
THE BOY HERO.
It was on Saturdav morning, the fif
teenth of December, that little Paul
Lavere ftat by a low, smouldering fire in
the only apartment of the cot that had
any furniture in it. lie was only thir
teen years ot age, thuugh his lace had an
older look. There were lines of care
upon his high brow, and the nether lip
had a peculiar compression unusual in
one of his years. lie was small in stat
ure ; but with much nerve, and a de
cision of character that manifested itself
in every look and movement. His eyea
were bent on the embers now,anu he was
in deep thought.
jSear him, in a great arm-cnair, sat nis
mother. She was pale and thin, and the
low, deep, hoi low-throat, told too plainly
there was need of a physician. She was
not over five and thirty, though, like fcer
boy, she looked older. The lines of care
and sorrow were deep and long.
The furniture ot the room consisted ot
a small table, two common chairs beside
the one in which the widow sat, and one
small bed. The rest of the house was
emntv. Nearly all the furniture they
once jiossessed had been sold by the hus
band and lather oelore ne died, and wnat
few articles he had left, beside these in
this room, had been sold to pay the rent.
Of ornament there was none unless we
notice the old mu?ket that hung on two
wooden brackets over the door. That
would have been sold long belore, had
not Mrs. I,avere clung to it with all
her power of entreaty and prayer. It
had been her father's musket, and he
had carried it bravely and honorably
through the blood stained fields of Tren
ton, Princeton, Brandywine and Ger
mantown ; and when dying he gave it to
his daughter. The poor woman clung to
that as the last memento of her better
" Paul," spoke the mother, in a weak,
faint tone, "is there no more wood?"
" I can easily get some, mother, when
you are able to spare me. I have some
gathered up by the roadside near the
" Then yeu may go now. I ehall get
along very well until you come back.
So the boy put on his cap, and started
off with the sled. He was gone nearly
an hour, and when he returned he bore
wood enough to last through the rest of
the day; and during the morrow. Abet
ter fire waa soon kindled, and then Paul
moved out the little table, and placed a
loaf of bread upon it. He made some
tea, and when that was done he asked his
mother if she would eat.
" This is all," he said. " Not another
crumb of food is there in our house. But
let us eat ; I can beg more. I am used to
This was bitterly spoken this last sen
tence, and the widow looked for the mo
ment as though she would chide her son
for it. But the look quickly passed
away, for she remembered that for many
weary, weary weeks he had supported
It was toward the middle of the after
noon that the door of the cot was opened,
and two men entered. One of them was
Mr. Notworth, the owner of the dwelK
ing. He was a tall, slim man, with
sharp, angular features, thin, grizzly hair,
small red eyes, a large mouth, and a nar
row, contracted brow. He was a hard,
cruel man ; unfeeling in the extreme,
and seemed to know ot but one incentive J
to action --and that incentive was money.
The other man was Xotworth'a tool a
stout, burly elown, ready to do anything
his master bade him, so long as his wages
" Well, Mrs. Lavere, the other week
has gone, and now I want iny house."
Thus spoke the landlord, in a harsh, im
" Oh, good sir," the widow returned,
clasping her thin, white hands, and rais
ing them toward him, "I am not able to
move now. Let me stay here yet awhile
"Can you pay me the rent?" asked
" Not now; but perhaps Paul may find
" And why hasn't he found work
" Because he could not leave me, s:r.
I have been very sick, and should have
died but for his attention. Oh, sir, let
us stay "
" No ; not another nour ! I am net to
support all the paupers in the town! I
have a family who wish to move in here
at once. You can go to the poorhouse ! "
" Alas ! we must come to that soon !
I had hoped we might escape that I had
hoped it for my poor boy's sake. I had
hoped that health might come back to
me, and then my boy and myself might
both work. Oh, we could pay you then I
But I am not able to now. I am very
" Nonsense ! you're well enough to go
to the poorhouse. I have brought my
man on purpose to help you there ; he
will haul you on a sled pait of the way."
" But, sir the poor-house is five miles
off! Oh, I could not live to reach it in
this cold weather! Wait until it is
warmer until I am stronger. Oh, I will
try to get well as soon as I can .' ,;
" I tell you I won't wait another hour
no, not half an hour ! If your husband
" Oh, for the love of Heaven, sir,"
grasped the poor woman, clasping her
hands again, "do not speak of him ! He
has gone to meet his God, and he has
"Pooh!" muttered the unfeeling
wretch. " What do you mean by that ?
I sy your husband brought ye down to
this by his own acts ; and d'ye s'pose I'm
a goin' to pupnorc ye? No, no! Now,
out ye go! Ve can go now as well as
ever. I tell ye the house I must have,
and I will have it! Ve owe me for two
months' rent now, and ol course I 11
never get it ; but ye won't owe me any
more. I've let ye stay here just long
enough now move ! "
The widow bowed her head, and busted
" Oho, ye're comin' that, eh ? Here,
Crow, take her up and carry her out.
Put her on to yer bled, if she can't walk ;
perhaps we'll get a sleigh when we get
up to the house. Take bcr right out.
It's comin' to a pretty pass when a man
can't have his own house -and after two
whole months' notice at that!"
Paul Lavere had been standing all this
time by the door, where he had gone to
let the visitors in, and his frame had been
shaken by emotions such as he had never
before experienced. More than once he
had been on the point of taking the tongs
and springing at the monster, but a sense
of his own weakness withheld him. But
he could bear no more. When those last
words dropped lrom Notworth's lips, he
moved quickly to the other door, and
snatched down the old mksket. He drew
back the hammer, and the sharp ciick
arrested the landlord's atteution.
"Stand back !" the boy cried, bringing
the piece to his bbouMer, and aiming it.
" Lay a hand on my mother,- and I'll
shoot you as there is a God in heaven !
My gun is loaded, sir. I loaded it in the
hope3 to shoot a duck for my mother.
Don't touch her! In Heaven's name,
don't. I would nt have your blood on
my hands ; but I do not lie ! "
The boy was as pale as ashes, but not
a nervs in his body trembled. His large
black eyes were burning with a fearful
intensity, and hU lips were compressed
until the prints of the teeth within were
plainly to be seen.
Of course a man with such feelings as
Notworth has displayed could be nothing
but a coward. His man Crow fell back
in a moment, for he saw too plainly the
meaning of the boy's face.
"Put down that gun!" grasped the
" Not until you have left, the house,
sir," replied Paul, in a hushed tone.
" Leave us now, and I will make some
arrangements for a new home ; but place
your hands on my mother, and you die."
Of course the wretch stormed, and
threatened, and swore ; but he dared not
tempt the boy, who looked on him so
" Well, Crow," said he, at lengtli, after
he had lound that his coarse threats had
no effect, "we will go now, and when we
come again we 11 have them with us as
will have the law in their hands."
" Oh, mother, you do not blame me?"
cried Paul, springing to his parent's side
after the men had gone.
" No, no, Paul," the widow returned,
gazing with pride on her nobler boy, " I
cannot blame you ; but I fear they will
do something dreadful now."
"Fear not on that account, mother.
When I took down your father's gun I
had another resolution formed in my
soul. Wait, for I will try one more
thing for aid. I will try the assembled
Christianity of the town."
The Sabbath bells rang out clear upon
the lrosty air, and people put on their
bes garments to go up to the house of
God and pray. The sleigh-bells jingled
over the smooth road a9 the more favored
one flew by, and every and anon a more
humble church-goer stepped out into the
deep snow to let the equipage pass. By-and-by
a thin, pale face appeared in the
entry of the church.
" Hain't you got no better clothes'n
them to wear to meetin', boy ?" the sex
" No, sir ; I have none others."
" Well, never mind. Here, I'll show
you a seat."
Shortly after this Mr. David Notworth
entered the church. He was habited in
black, and the deacons all bowed to him
as he passed them. He did not Fee the
poor boy under the eallerv.
It seemed a stronge coincidence that
morning that the minister should have
preached the sermon he did. He took
the whole of the thirteen chapter of
" Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians"
that chapter which is devoted to char
ity. It was a noble theme, and the
speaker was a warm-hearted, zealous
man. On the present occasion he al
lowed his zeal to mount into the upper
fields of pathos and stirring appeal ; and
he made it a dais case that all the
phases of charity are necessary to Chris
By-and-by the sermon was closed, and
the last hymn was sung. Paul started
to his feet, and had moved a step for
ward but he came nigh fainting beneath
the task he had imposed ujon himself.
In a moment more the benediction would
be pronounced, and .then it would be too
late. He gave one deep throe bethought
of his mother and his heart waa strong
once more. The clergyman was on his
fee twhen the boy sprang forward. On
he went, up the aisle until he reached
the pulpit steps.
" One word, sir ! Oh, one wrd ! In
the name of Him whom you serve, hear
The man of God dropped bis hands
upon the cushion before him, and gazed
upon the boy in speechless astonishment;
regaining his composure, he said, . .
"What is it, my son?"
With one mighty effort Paul stilled
his wildly beating heart, and then raised
his head. He knew that then was the
time, if ever, for the people were anxious
to hear him. He raised his hands, clasped
firmly together, toward the pulpit, and
in a wild, frantic toBe he muttered,
" Oh, sir, I have heard j'ou preach to
day such truths as I know are of God,
and I hope they are not mere idle say
ings here. Oh, pardon me, and listen.
I mean no wrong I only ask you, as you
love your God, to hear me." Here he
turned toward the astonished people, and
his voice had now become more calm and
clear. " You, many of you, knew my
father; you know he is dead. But blame
him as you will, you can not blame my
mother or myself. We were not to blame
that he became low and degraded; we
were not to blame that he became a vic
tim of the fell destroyer. My mother
prayed for him on her knees, and never,
never, in bis most degraded moments,
was she cold or harsh. He died, and he
left us jioor very poor. My mother has
been sick sick even unto the shadow of
death, and I her only nurse. I would
work if I could leave my mother, but I
can not. I can beg- I have beggedI
have begged the food that has sustained
us. Last night a man came to turn us
from the house we occupied ; he would
have turned my mother out into the
cold, chill, wintry air, had I not, boy as
I am, made him afraid to do the deed.
But we can not live there always so.
We owe our landlord twelve dollars for
rent, and he has sworn with an oath that
he would turn us out of doors by force
of arms if we do not leave. 'Twould kill
my mother to be moved now. Do this,
and so may God bless you ! "
This had not been spoken connectedly,
as we have written it, but at spasmodic
intervals, broken by sobs and weeping.
The effect was electrical. JSever belore
had such a thing been heard of, and yet
few seemed to think it outof place. Most
of them were too much moved to think
ofanything but the story they had heard.
That same boy mieht have told them his
simple Rtory in "the street, and they
would have passed him idly by ; but now
it came home to their hearts It seemed
almost a test sent by God to try their
faith in the doctrine they ha 1 that day
heard. Only Mr. Not worth seemed
amrrv : but thounh c-verv eve had been
j turned upon him, yet he dared not speak.
! F.re long the minister came down, and
! placed his hand upon the Ixiv's head ;
i and then, iu a clear, impressive lone, he
" ' Inasmuch as ye have dour it until
the least of one of t"hse, have ye done it
unto me.' My friends, let us all take
counel tepc ther after we are dismissed."
He then pronounced the benediction ;
but only David Notworth left the houso.
What was done in that meeting can be
judged by the results. That very night
a doctor came to the widow s cot, and
with him came a nurse who was to re
main. On the next day a large sum of
money, and many articles of comfort,
were sent in. Ere long Paul was taken
into the family of a wealthy mechanic as
an adopted son ; and ere the snows of
winter were gone the widowed mother
was well again, and was gladly taken
into the same family with her son, where
she passed the happiest hours of her
. It ia a simple story, but where will
you find a braver boy than was Paul
Lavere ? Think you he was brave when
he faced those two men for his mother's
protection ? So he was. But that re
quired not a moiety of the stern, calm
heroism, which f?ent him, a pale, feeble
boy, into that sacred temple", there to
face the multitude, and, in defiance of all
precedent,. to pour out the story of his
mothers's sufferings. But his soul was
strong with filial love, and he conquered.
People honored him for this strange in
dependence, and as he grew up a noble,
steady, virtuous youth and mau, he was
respected by all who knew him. Yet the
smile and the loving embrace of his
mother, with her tearful blessings upon
him, were by far the dearest return he
met for his work.
)f Mr. Notworth ws will only say he
died unwept and unmourned, and a
spendthrift son quickly squandered his
THE CZAK'S CAVALRY.
A Noll It oly of Dlcu Rrnsroon. Wbo
Fight ItKllflerenll.v Vfouiileil or
on Foot Their HorM-a
Mr. Mac.Gahan, of the London Daily
News, who recently witnessed a review
of the Russian troops near Turuu Magu
relli, writes as follows of the cavalry :
The artillery moved off and the de
tachment of dragoons came up. The
Russians do not claim to have any tech
nically " heavy " cavalry of the line.
There used to be a whole division of
cuirassiers which were very heavy cav
alry, but there remain of cuirassers now
but three regiments, and these belong to
the imperial guard. But the dragoons I
saw were virtually heavy cavalry cav
alry indeed as heavy as any in Euroje.
Horses seventeen hands high, neither
clumsy nor wtedy, stroneboned, close-
coupled, powertully-quartered, noble
crested, with small, well-bred heads, and
the stamp of immense power and leonine
courage pervading the whole frame.
Men tall, square-shouldered, clean
flanked, rather heavy-limbed, perhaps,
but without clumsiness men, in fine,
of the stamp of our dalesmen, who fur
nish the best troops to our household
cavalry, only for the most part of greater
breadth of shoulder and massiveness of
limb. I will frankly aver that it has
never yet befallen me to see troop horses
so grand. Then I saw a handful of Uhlans
the men, take them as a whole, run
ning a little smaller and lighter than the
dragoons, but only a trifle so the horses
of equal substance; and another handful
of hussars, the men perceptibly slighter
and shorter than the dragoons, yet still
big men, the horses hardly so tall, but
with almost as much power. The Rus
sians, as tbey have technically no heavy
cavalry of the line, so they have techni
cally no light cavalry of the line; the
Cossacks constitute their light cavalry.
It is a fair question for discussion whether
it is wie or otherwise to have all the
retrular cavalry thus massive, for really
no other expression conveys so truthluL
an idea of their character.
The Russian cavalry saddle is a very
rudimentary, yet serviceable article for
practical works. It consists simply of a
wooden frame raised on two wooden pan
nels, which fit the horse's back, lying
lengthwise on either side of the back
bone. The only leather about the saddle
are the flaps, which come only a little
way down, but extend the whol length
of the panne!s. Both pommel and cantle
are higli and cut out. so as to allow a
current of air to circulate along the
backbone between the pannels. In front
are a pair of immense wallets which are
stuffed with belongings of man and horse.
Above the wallets is carried a sheepskin
pea-coat, above that again the cloak,
neatly folded, not rolled, and the whole
is covered by the horse-rug, which en
velops the wallets and their superstruct
ure, and lieing carried back to the cantle,
furnishes also the seat of the saddle,
there being no leather seat, as in our
military saddles, above the wooden frame.
Behind the wallets, or rather, perhaps,
behind the top of the Kmmel, the dra
eoon carries rations for two days, bread,
rice, salt, &c, in canvas bags made for
the purpose. Behind him. across the
cantle, hangs also in canvas bags on
either side his horse's ration of grain for
two days, with two days' allowance .f
hay, packed very close in hay nets, hang
ing down on either flank. On the pannel
ends behind the cantle is carried a small
round valise, much of the same shape as
that used by our cavalry, but without a
flap. In this and in the wallets the
dragoon carries the following kit: One
uniform tunic, one white tunic, three
shirts, two pairs draws, one sleeping com
forter covering head and neck, one pai
of boots, and one pair leathers for making
new legs to boots. Each third man
rarriesa copper cooking-pot which fits
exactly over one end of his valise.
Above the valise is half a tent d'abri,
with one of the stakes. I should have
said that above everything in front are
strapped the picket pegs and ropes, which,
however, seem lo be very litt e used.
Underneath the saddle frame is a felt
blanket folded four-fold, which does duty
for our numna. It is refolded daily, so that
a fresh surface is always next the horse's
back, an admirable preventive of chafing.
One inch-broad leather girth maintains
the saddle In its place with the aid of
another passing under the horse's belly
some distance further back. A surcingle
keeps the rug in pnsition, and straps it
down on to" the frame. There is no
breast-plate or crupper to the Russian
saddle, but a leather band crosses the
horse's chest to keep the saddle in posi
tion. The headstall is simple, strong,
and eminently practicable; there is no
gimerackery of many buckles or brasses.
The dragoon, who wears a kepr, a blue
tunic, and pantaloons, with boots coming
up to the knee, carries a breech-loading
Krink short rifle, not a carbine, in a
leather case slung on his back, with the
butt on the right side aud the muzzle
above the left shoulder. The non-commissioned
officers carry no rifles, but are
armed with revolvers. The private dra
goon has no pistols. He carries a sabre
without a basket hilt. Indeed in the
Russian army there are few baket-hilted
swords, in" a leather scabbard lined with
wood and tinned with brass, and bound
bv brass rings. On the sword scabbard is
ni-o the leathern sheath of a bayonet, for
use with the rifle when the dragoon is
lighting on foot. For the Russian dra
goon is a dragoon proper, according to
the original acceptat inn of the term. le
is armed and trained to fight indifferently
on foot or on horseback ; you may call
him a mounted infantryman when he
on horseback, but I should prefer to call
hint a dismounted cavalryman when he
is on foot. The Ruseian dragoons march
in sections of threes, and at th order to
light on foot, the rent re ot threes takes
charge of the horses of his two comrades,
the sous capitaine of the squadron taking
charge of the horsp detachment, and
while strivintr to avail himself of as much
cover a possible, keeping also as near as
(lO's'tble to the force fighting dismounted.
To sum up the Russian dragoon has
nothing about him that jingles as be
rides nothing that by sparkling could
show his whereabouts afar oft. He is a
plainly-dressed, workmanlike, practical
looking soldier, with a genuine l3vc lor
VOL. XXIII. NO. 2.
his horse, and it appears, a real pride in
There are no studs as in Russia for the
supply of horses to the cavalry. Each
regiment has a remount officer, who has
the duty of buying young horses and ot
taking charge of the remount dejxit,
where thirty-six men of the regiment are
stationed to look after the youngsters.
The remount officer buys horses between
the ages of one and three years. He
has all Russia to select from; but the
horses for the most port arc brought by
owners and dealers to the depots, which
are located chiefly in the governments of
Tatnbof and Varousin on the Volga,
since in these governments horses suited
for cavalry purposes are more plentiful
than in other parts of Russia. The limit
of price permitted to the remount officers
is 133 roubles for horses destined for the
cavalry of the line ; for the liberal impe
rial guards the limit rose to tfOO rou
bles. At the age of four the young
horses, which have previously been
handled but not broken in, are dra'ted
into the reserve squadron, where they
remain for a year, during which time
they are broken in; and at the age of
five join the reoiment and service. A
horse is supjiosed to last seven years from
the date of his joining the regiment, so
that the remount otlicer has to furnish
young horses nearly to the amount ot
one-seventh of tlie total service strength.
The reserve squadron in peace time is
about one hundred strong, but in war
time it is increased t twice or thrice
this strength to meet dralts made upon
it to supply vacancies of men and horses
in the field squadron. Cavalry recruits
whocomefrom all parts of Russia, but
are chiefly drawn from little Russia, the
eople ot which are extremely good
horse-masters and fond of riding, ate sent
direct to their respective regiments, and
are considered fit to lie dismissed from
recruit drill in three months. Formerly
the period of training was nine months,
but now they work harder, it seems, and
are sent to duty sooner. I think a man
is likelier to be a good duty-soldier at
the end of nine months fair training
than at the end of three months' forcing ;
but then it appears tuition is sedulously
kept up after the dragoon is sent into the
ranks, aud the accelerated training is of
course a desideratum in war, or when it
is desired quickly to increase thestrength
of the army. The cavalry soldiers' term
of active service is nominally ten years,
with five years in the reserve; but in
practice he is sent home after having
served four or five years, with liability to
be called from this long furlough at a
days' notice. Non-commissioned officers
may go down or remain with the regi
ment at their option ; if they engage for
a second terra of pervice they receive
additional pay. Private soldiers arc not
allowed to re-engage.
Engineering .Moving Water.
We have some idea of the amount of
water that must pass through a corn
plant, a wheat plant and a cotton plant,
to organize a pound of each of these im
portant staples; and we regard with
lively interest the waterworks with which
cities are supplied with water as throw
ing light on agricultural e ngineering and
the future supply ef fertilizers to the
country. An enormous engineering
work is in progress to supply Baltimore
with water, the present supply being
bid in quality and inadequate in quan
tity. The new source is the Gunpowder river,
nine miles from the city, and the water
is to be brought through a tunnel seven
miles long, cut through a mountain. This
will be the longest tunnel in America,
circular in sbaje. and twelve f:'et in dia
meter. Five miles of the distance is
very hard rock, and the drilling is done
by manual labor, Mwcr drills being im
practicable in such a small space. The
rest of the way will be bricked. Fifteen
shafts have lieen sunk. The cost is esti
mated at $3,000,00(1, about l,."oo men
are employed, and the tunnel will pro
bably be completed in three years. The
employes are mainly negroes, who live in
miserable log cabins; and the contractor
says that his greatest difficulty is not of
an engineering kind, but conies from
drunkenness among these men. Liquor
dealers infest the temporary vilh-ges with
portable bars, and sell vile whisky so
cheap that the laborers buy extensively.
Few have any conception what moving
water will do in this country in three
generations from this time. If congress
will do nothing else for agriculture, it
ought at least to establish one institution
to teach agricultural engineering as
thoroughly to 300 pupils as military
science is taught at West Point. We do
not object to the scientific education of
cadets aud military officers, but we do
affirm that engineering skill applied to
irrigation will be quite as useful to man
kind as it can lie in war. Educated offi
cers often make superior farmers, and
oneof the greatest lawyers in the city of
New York is doing a creditable work by
improving old fields in Virginia. When
shall we learn that knowledge is power ?
Amei ican Volcanoe-
Since we now have an active volcano
in the United States, the subterranean
disturbances of our neighbors will begin
to be of eome interest to us. Many ol
the Mexican volcanoes have been silent
ever since the discovery of America, and
others are on record as having flamed
out for the last time shortly after the
Spanish invasion. Among those that
have been the longest quiet was the
mountain Ceboruco ; but in 1670 it broke
forth alter a sleep of centuries. It has
been noticed that earthquakes, formerly
frequent in its vicinity, have not taken
place since its last eruption, and there is
a notion that the vent given by the
volcano has served as a relief ti pent up
gases and materials that otherwise won I1
hai-a r3iiaerl (list li rh:inr If this thcorv
holds good, California may lie saved from
another earth-shak ing ty tne activity i
the yet unnamed volcano in her south
wpim mmer. The eruption is said to
have taken place alniut sixty miles
north ot l uma. mat, place always nan
a queer reputation. There is a story of
the ghost of a dead soldier being interro
gated by the spirit-rappine process as to
whethei his present abode was hot.
"Yes," was the reply, "it's awful hot;
but it isn't any hotter than Fort Viimn.
A"'""' York Tribune.
Alcoholic A litest licsin.
Some interesting experiments made in
( Jerniany in the production of hicul anes
thesia, show that if the hand be immersed
for a short time in ice-water, severe rain
is caused, but that no such pain is pro
duced on immersing the hand in the cold
alcohol, not even when the iemerature
of the alcohol is as low as live degrees
cent. Glycerino was found to jiossess a
similar property. Either occasioned
pain, and quicksilver more acute pain
still, causing the speedy withdrawal of
the finger when plunged into this liquid
at a temperature ol three degrees. It was
next ascertained that, on the finger leing
held for a long time in alcohol having a
tcmfierature of five degrees cent., no
pain whs experienced, and. although th'j
tin;-r perceived the faintest touch, sharp
pricksgave no pain. This seems to show
that the application ol eold alcohol, one
ol the most simple as well as safest pro
cesses, has the eff-ct of depriving the
part of the sjiecial sensibility to pain,
without, however, impairing the delicacy
of the general tactile sensation which, as
is well known, resides in the superficial
It is said that one-half the horses sold
by public am tion in Denihon, Texas, are
Boston spent $4,200 enterUinintr
Wine is made from oranges extensively
in St. Augustine, Flerida.
The ferries in Boston are all owned by
the city, and a proposition to abolish fares
is favorably regarded by the officials.
The national brewers' association pro
poses to ask congress to prtvent the
sttes from passing prohibitory liquor
A recent investigator says that there
are 13,000 Jews in Jerusalem, of whom
over 6,000 are wholly dependent on
An American, according to the London
World, speaking of the state of France,
said, " Hell itself, sir, could not l suc
cessfully conducted on such principles. "
The Daily Dub is the name of a new
paper at Elgin. It's the only name that
would rhyme with "mud," and was se
lected instead of "thud" or "bud."
The authorities of Portland, Maine,
have prohibited the sale of "ginger
pop," and the grocers anticipate an or
der restraining the sale of yeast cakes.
Young Joseph, the leader iu the new
Indian war, snys the government has lied
to him six times, and that he shall take
twenty scalps for every lie. Hold onto
: If ten Turks could find a Montenegrin
soldier fast in a bear trap, they might
possibly whip him, but stil the chances
in his favor would be good enough
for an even let.
A farmerni Mount Sterling, Kentucky,
ha- obtained a fine sample ot sugar from
the bloom of the common mpular tree.
It is granulated in appearance and snowy
New York has also been building cat
amarans, and the other day one of them
ended over and shoved tlio crew head
first into the mud. They can capsize on
dry land as well as anywhere else.
A woman pitching a baby cab with
one hand, holding tip her skirt with the
other, and carrying her parosol in her
teeth is a sight which can only le wen
since the new fashion broke out.
A ( or ssr.i, being questioned by a judge
to know "for whom ho was concerned,"
replied: " I am concerned, my lord, lor
the plaintiff, but I ain eniplovcd by tho
It is calculated that if chickens could
be hatched in three days the hens of
America could put in one hundred and
fifty-six more days on every year. Their
early attention is respectlully solicited.
Admiral Dot came near being uliot in
a painful spot by n bullet red hot from a
pun in the hands of a man who was not
hatching a plot to kill little Dot. Allof
which happened at the circus the other
In Ijondon invitations to parties, balls
and receptions contain a request that tho
invited will keep the all'.iira secret. The
regulation has probably been adopted to
save party-givers from Uires who go
around begging invitations.
The Chicago public library contains
."1,1'J8 volumes, and is valued at $80,0(10.
The expenses for t ho jear just closed
were .2-'i,!n;. Tlieic arei -lo.o.V.l names
on the list of borrowers, and the nunilK r
of visitors to the library and reading
room during the year was 7oO,00o.
It won't do for a young hvly lo poke n
sun umbrella at the wheel-house on a
billy goat, especially it her dress fits
tight, the goods are thin, and tho
weather's hot. One did yesterday, anil,
when she picked herself up out of the
putter and went off muttering wordi to
herself, she discovered that her dresa
was busted in forty-one different direc
tions and in fifty-two places mostly
frwin the neck to the knees.
Prof. Monier Williams, of Oxford, is
expiring in India. lie has found u
shrine raised to a European who was a
drunkard. The natives annually sacri
fice at his tomb brandy and cipars, to
propitiate the intensified e vil jwjwerthey
believe he lierame at death. At another
place he found the Mirinc of a white man
who had been during lift- a great sports
man. His personal habits, however, are
indicated by the fact that the offerings
made at his shrine are also brandy and
The Legion of Honor.
The grand chancellor of the legion of
honor has hail a list drawn up of the
members liclonging lo the legion on the
lirot clay of this year. At the date thpro
were 7o wearers of t lie grand cross, 2t;7
grand officers, 1,317 commanders, ,-i:!-l
ollicers, and .'1,I20 chevaliers or com
panions, iu all "!', -'(S members. A cer
tain number of these are in receipt of
annual pay; -II wearers of the grand
cross receive $600 each, or $2 1,600 ; l.ri
grand officers receive f 1 00 each, or $7 I,
O0O ; '.i:'.2 commanders receive $'.'(i0, or
$186.2oo ; 6 officers receive $200 each, or
no ; 4.M7 officers receive $loo each.
r $181,700; 146 chevaliers receive $TO
aeh, or $ln,220, and 2'.i, '.'! chevaliers
receive $ 0 each, or tT, !'. l.d.io. nms
there are in nil 36,020 mt mbers of tho
legion who receive annual pay of to tho
amount of $2 272,770 ; while there are
23,188 civilian members who receive
nothing its pay is only granted to thrn
who have served in the army or navy.
The law pissed live years ago to the effect
that only one nomination should bo
made lor every two vacancies hasulready
liegan to take effect, for on the 1st of
March, 1872, thetc were 7:5 wearers of
the fraud cross as against 70 now ; 307
grand officers as against 267 : l,.r87 com
manders hs against I, I', 1 7 : 8,h76 eifficers as
against 6,431, and .rH., !..", chevaliers as
against .rl,120. The total number of
members at that date was 6'.', 1 76, so that
the extinctions have exceeded the nomi
nations by ".t.H'iO during the live years.
Since the downfall of the empire tho
increase in the numbered' members Las,
however, been very considerable, for be
tween the publication of a decree by the
government of nat ional defense for the
exclusion of civilians, and July, 1873,
there were nominated IS grand crosses,
71 grand ollicers, "W commanders, 2,1 16
officers, and 10,770 chevaliers. The
military medal, which is confined to non
commissioned officers and privates, in
worn by .r3,oo persons, and e-ntails an
annual expenditure of $1,000,000.
Turkish Cavalry in 1H2s.
The horses, esecially those of the
Asiatic Spahis, were small but fiery, well
broken, capable of en luring fatigue and
privations. The Kurdish and Oappado
cian horses were accustomed to be pick
eted, and to liear the mid-day heat and
the mid night cold. They were only
watered once a day, and kept in condi
tion without barley, when fed on the
coarest fishier. The light and easy
fitting palanu or saddle, made of felt, re
mained on their backs day and night, so
that tlie horseman was ready at any
moment lo mount. The bit was very
severe for so well broken an animal, and
was intended to stop the horse suddenly
in mid career, or to wheel him round in
a moment. The bar of the bit was ofUn
five or six inches long, nnd instead of the
curb-chain that was a ring. The round
shoe was admirably suited to its purjsine.
The; steel was for get 1 old ; whs thin and
light, lasted five or six weeks, and pro
tected the hoof admirably on stony
ground. Although thoy use no crupper
the Turkish horseman rides down th
most precipitous places, covered with
brushwood or trees, at lull gallop. lion
w Ha in 1 S26-20. Von Mollkf.
The Chicago Inter-Ocean publishes its
financial experience. It was establishes!
in March, 1872, and during the rest of
the year it lost $62,.171.7.r. In 1873 it
lost 34,847; in 1874 there was a balanow
of $60,84'J on the wrong side. In Octo
ber, 187-r, it was sold to a new company,
but not until it had lost, in less than ten
months the sum ot $61,116, und in the
rest of the year it added $14,005, making,
$s.r 122 for the whoie year. Id 1876 the
loss'was $V.i,313. This makes a total ia
less than five years of $302,.V5, in which
is not included by deterioration of ma
chinery and fixtures.
The kickine tendency of mules han
made the ioiuU for a great many fun-y
stories, but there is a rious side to th
subject. No kind ol itms are more
common in southern newspapers than,
those telling of serious injury or death
caused by mule' kicks.