Newspaper Page Text
1. H. BABNETT.
O. T. HUGHES.
Barnett & Hughes,
Attorneys at Law,
Wfloe on West Mala Street, formerly occupied by
Tboma A Barnett. June3iMim.
WALKER GREEN. H. B. THOMPSON.
GREEN & THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law,
Columbia, Tennessee. "
11 'practice in all the various emirte of Maury
aad adjoining counties. aHpeclal attention
ea to collections. June 16-76-ly.
J. 15. BOND,
Attorney at Law,
Will practice in Maury and adjoining counties,
jan 21-7ft-ly .
C. W. WITHERSPOON,
Attorney at Law,
Will dtfi'nd with promptness to ail Legal Business
'entrusted to his cere in Manry and adjoining c un-ti-m.
Strict attention to collection and aettienieuta
.f .11 kinda.
WOffici) Whitthorne Block. jan.2-lv.
P. H. SOUTHALL, JR.,
Attorney at Law,
jMTTifll Rtfutinn tvn to collarlinn. Offlr
WUitthorn Block. ma 3ft. Ja7.
A. M. LOONEY.
LOONEY & SYKES,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancey,
W. P. HOWELL,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
rciel attention sivon to the collection of claim.
rhc: Wliittnorm-Block, janlty
W. C. TAYLOR.
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
OFFICE: With McDowell A Webster. Whit-
inorne diotk. tuee. lKt-6it.
GEOBGL C. TA YLOK.
K. 11. SANSOM
TAYLOR & SANSOM,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
ill practice In Maury and adjoining roiintl,
and It the Supreme ami 1 edeml Courtsat Nashville,
ttfcial attention uiven to tha collection of rl.iniK.
"flice: North Main fctrect, aecoad door from
Nelson House." Jan. 2tli-l7fi.
JSO. V. WRIGHT.
J. V. PEW.
WRIGHT & DEW,
Attorney at Law,
Solicitor in Chancery.
Idej.Ornce Whitthorne Block np stairs.
A. M. HUGHES.
. A. M. HUGHES. J.
A.M. HUGHES & SON.,
Attorney at Law
Solicitor in Chancery,
Will practice in the Courts of Maury and adjoining
Acuntlee and Supremo and Federal Courts at Nash
ville. 'l iiemrn-te.it attention will he given to all
tieinesH entrusted ti their care, oillce South aide
West Main Street, 2d door from the Suuare.
ATTORNEY AID IMXSELLOR AT U.F,
Office: Up stairs, above Tost Office.
Will give strict attention to all business entrusted
to him, in any of the courts of Maury, Williamson
and adjoining counties.
Collection and settlements of all kinds, attended to
Will hold an office at Bering If ill every Saturday
may 12th Is:.
JOHN T. TUCKER.
W. F. TUCKER.
J. T. & W. F. TUCKER,
Whosclale and Retail
Northeast Corner Public Square,
COLUMBIA, : : ; TENNESSEE.
Sir-Dealers in Cotton and all kinds of
produce. Liberal advances made on goods
in store. nov.l9-1875-ly.
Gentlemen who visit this establishment,
will always find the best artists in Columbia.
Hair CuttiDR, Shaving and Shampooninu
dne in eIeCant style. All the Proprietor
asks is a trial.
Transient rate reduces from
,00 TO s)S.OO PER DAT.
(Small rooms $2 M a da when called for.
Haa removed from New York to Columbia, Ten
nessee, where he will, in thcfatuie, pracUie his
nrntesmon. He ran be seen at all hours, when not
prolessionnllv engaged, at the office of Ir. Towler,
North Main Street, Columbia, Tenn. Nov. 17-7-ly
PURE BRED POULTRY.
Tha onaarsi rned offer for sale
few vara fine
CockareJs of tC
raja or luaaoova variance.
etoek directlv from
w. &. f-UJuJ
Also a faw vary m od light sod
dark Brahma CecBepal. Egjjs r hatching Id eea-
aon, troaa all of thaaoove variatias. Air fowle are
kept In separate raris.nd brad pure. Price reae
onablaand satisfaction guaranteed.
A. A. .IPM'OMB,
ept J9.7-iv. Columbia, Tenn.
By ALFRED S. HORSLEY.
Judgment oi the Peoule.
During the past eight year the public hare care
fully observed the wonderlul cures accomplished
by Allen' g Strengthening Cordial.
from ita uaa many an amictea sutrerer has been
restored to perfect health after having expended a
araali fortune in procuring medical advice aud ob
taining poisenous mineral medicines.
Ita medical properties are alterative, tonic, solvent
and diuretic. There is no disease of tha human
system for which Allen' Strengthening
uoraiai caanoi oe ueeu wiiu perieci Biuety.
Aliens Strengthening Cordial
It will eradicate from the system every tuint of
Scrof ulaand Scraf ulous Humor. It has permanently
cured thousands of helpless cases where all other
kjnown remedies failed.
Allen's Strengthening Cordial
Is the great blood purifier, ore Syphilis, and re
moves 1 1 triples and Humors on the face
Reason should teach us that a blotchy, rough or
pimpled skin depends entirely upon an internal
cause, and no outward application can ever cure the
Tumors, Ulcers, or Old Sores
Are caused by an Impure stateof the blood: cleanse
the blood thoroughly with Allen'H Strength
ening Cordial and the complaints will disap
pear. Allen's Strengthening Cordial cures
Constipation, Uyspeimia, Faintuess of f tom:ich. It
is not a stimulating bitters which creates a fictitious
appetite, but a gentle Tonic, which assists nature to
restore the stomach to a healthy action. No person
suffering with Sour Stomach, Headache, Costiveneas,
Palpitation of the Heart, Indigestion, Low Spirits,
etc., can taie tnrse aoses wiinout reiiei.
Allen'H Strengthening Cordial cures
rsaisie weasness ; it acts directly upon the causes 01
these complaints, invigorates and strengthens the
whole system, acts uoa the secretive organs and
Allen' Strengthening Cordial has
never Jailed to cure mercurial diseases, pain in the
bones, as it removes from the system the producing
cause. ait Rheum and Scald Head readily yield to
tne great alterative eiiects 01 this medicine.
Allen's Strengthening Cordial has
never been known to tail n giving immediate relief
in an uueaaes 01 me moneya ana urinary organs.
1 nis medicine challengas the most profound atteu
tion of the medical faculty, many of whom are pre-
scriDiug 11 10 ineir paiieuia.
A'ten'a Strengthening Cordial acta
as delightfully on the lender babe, the most delicate
la 1 y, and in firm old age, as on thesuong man ; im
parling neaun ana vigor 10 ine nerves ana uram,
blood-vessels, heart and liver. When taken you
can feel ita llie-giving power course through every
artei y, destroying aliuiscaaes in the blood aud giv
ing nentn, elasticity and strength to the whole or
ganisation. Allen'H Strengthening Cordial is ao
Knowieugea ry an lasses 01 eopie to oe tne beet
and most reliable blood purifier in the world. It is
a never failing remedy and can be relied upon. How
many thousands upon thousands have beeu snatched
aa it were from the brink of the grave by its miracu
lous power. Who will suder from Liver Complaints,
Iyspetia, Disease of the atomacb. Kidneys, tSowels,
or Bladder when such a great remedy Is within reach.
Volume might be filled with proof from all parts
of the civilised world to prave that no remedy has
ever been discovered in the whole history of medi
cine that acta so promptly. Even in lbs worst cases
of Scrofula a good appetite, complete dft;etion.
strength and a disposition for exercise, are sure to
follow ita use. If tha bowels are costive, or head
ache accompanies the disease, the use of Allen's
Liver Pills will remove It. Over eight years' experi
ence and the increasing popularity of Allen's medi
cines are conclusive proof.
friee J 1.00 per bottle, or six bottles for S3 00. If
your druggist or store-keeper does not have it, we
will forward half a dozen to any address on receipt
of the price.
Prepared only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE CO.,
St. Joseph, Mo.
For sale by all bruggints.
ALLEN'S PILE OINTMENT,
THE ORiaiXAL. AXI GEXUIXiS
Thf reputation of this Medicine is now so well es
tablished that liberal minded men in the medical
profession throuehout the Union recommend it to
their atient8 aa the very bent of all remedies for
Piles. Hundreds of the most painful cases of J'iles
have been cured by ita use in a very short time.
No medicine has ever obtained a higher or more
deserving; reputation than Allen's I'ilu Ointtneut.
Allen's l'ile Uintmenf is a remedy of universal
usefulness whenever an eil cerate salve oiutment or
embrocation is required, in cases of Burns, Scalds,
Blisters, Sprains, druises. Abrasions, Cuts, Ulcers,
Salt Kheum, letter, Kczema, King Worm, Barber's
Itch, Frosted Limlm, Chilblains, Chapped Skin,
Fever Blisters, Bed So e; t-ore Feet, Bunions,
Vegetable Poisoning, Bites of Injects, etc.
There is no known remedy that eives such lasting
relief as Allen's Pile Ointment. It is a new, de
lightful and wonderful remedy, designed and war
ranted to snpersede all other Ointments yet dis-
Allen a Pile Ointment is entirely dinerent from
any other Ointment in the whole world peifectly
harmless for the infant or aged : it is cooling and
?:rnteful to the burning brow, throbbing temples and
ever-parched system ; it ill banish pain aud allay
Inflammation more rapidlv than any curative com
pound in this or in any other country.
Price 50 cents a box, or six boxes for $2 00. If
your druggist or store-keeper doei not have it, we
will forward half a dozen to any address on receipt
Prepared only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE GO.,
St. JosErii, Mo.
For sale by all Druggists.
AlMs Liver Pills.
Peifectly tasteless, eleaantlv coated. For the
rure ol all disorders of the Stomach, Liver, Bowels,
Kidneys, Bladder, Nervous Piseasea. Headache,
Constipation, Costiveness, Indigestion. Dyspepsia,
ana an ninous diseases, sttcn as constipation, in
ward Piles, Fullness of Blood to the Head, Acidity
of the Stomach, Mausea, Heartburn, Ul.'gust for
Food. Fullness or Weight in the Stomach, Sknr
Eructations, sinking or Fluttering at the Pit of the
Stomach, Swimming of the Head, Hun-icd and Dif
ficult Breathing, Fluttering at the Heart, Choking
or Suffocating Sensations when in a lying- poxture,
Pimnetsof 'Vision, Dots or Webs before the Sight,
Fever or dull pain in the Head, difficulty of Per
spiration, Yellowness of the Skin and Kyes, Fain in
the Side, Chest, IJinha, and Sudden Flushes f
Heat. Burning of the Flesh, etc.
Allen's lArer Pills may always be relied
on as a sale and eOeetual remedy, and may be taxen
bv both sexes at all times with beneficial results.
B'v their use the weak are made strong listre.s
after eatidg. Inward Weakness, Lavouor, Want of
Appetite, are at once removed by a dose or two of
these Pills. Thousands of persons who have used
these Pills we have yet to hear the first complaint
from one who haa tried them. They always give
ALLEN'S LIVER PILLS
Keculate the organs of the system, restoring func
tional harmony and securing the secretion ot the
proper constituenteot each organ. By their action
the liver secretes Its allotted proportion of bile the
lungs carbon, the skin sweat, the kidneys urine,
etc., and are always reliable as a purgative.
The aged, and persons sulgerted to ConstlpaUon.
Paralysis, and Weaknea of the Bowels, Kidnevs
and Bladder, etc., that hare to resort to Injection's,
by taking two or three of Allen't Liver Pills, will
enjoy natural discharges, and by the occasional use
ol them have regular operations. In the-e cases
their strengthening and nutritions principles are
exhibited ; every dose will add new strength to the
Bowels, Liver, Kidneys, etc., that may be worn or
depleted by age.
In theae Pills, a want that science haa ever failed
to supply is secured, and this is a thorough purga
tive that ean be given in sahaty in cases of eruptive
fevers, aa Froall-nojr, Erysipelas. Yellow Fever,
r-ear let and Typhoid Fevers. V hen the Muoous
Membrane becomes ulcerated, these Pills act tbor
nughly, yet heal ulcerated and excoriated parts.
Tbey are made from exti acts from new ingredients
entirely vegetable, superior in every respect to the
ordinary powders and substances of the common
advertised Pills, and have a safe, certain and. uni
Price 25 cent s box, or six boxes for il.SS. If
your druegixt or store-keeper does not hare them,
we will forward half a dozen boxee to any address
c receipt oi the price. Prepared only by
AMERICAN MEDICINE CO.
St. Joseph, Mo.
FOBTI TEARS BEFORE THE PUBLIC.
DR. C. MLANE'S
roa rns etas or
Hepatitis, or Liver Complaint,
DYSPEPSIA AND SICK HEADACHE.
Symptoms of a Diseased Liver.
DAIN in the right side, under the edge
- of the ribs, increases on pressure ;
sometimes the pain is in the left side ;
the patient is rarely able tolieon the left
side ; sometimes the pain is felt under
the shoulder-blade, and it frequently
extends to the top of the shoulder, and
is sometimes mistaken for a llieuma
tism in the arm. The stomach is affect
ed with loss of appetite and sickness ;
the bowels in general are costive,
sometimes alternative with lax ; the
head is troubled with pain, accompan
ied with a dull, heavy sensation in the
back part. There is generally a con
siderable loss of memory, accompan-.
ied with a painful sensation ot having
left undone something which ought to
have been done. A slight, dry cough
is sometimes an attendant.The pa
tient complains of weariness and de
bility ; he is easily startled, his feet are
cold or burning, and he complains of a
prickly sensation of the skin ; his spir
its are low : and although he is satis
fied that exercise would be beneficial
to him, yet he can scarcely summon
up fortitude enough to try it. In fact
he distrusts every remedy. Several oi
the above symptomsattendthedisease,
but cases have occurred where few of
them existed, yet examination of the
body,afterdeath, has shown the liveu
to have been extensively deranged.
AGUE AND FEVER.'
Dr. C. Mf Lane's Liver Pills, in
cases of Ague and Fever, when
taken with Quinine, are productive of
the most happy results. No better
cathartic can be used, preparatory to,
or after taking Quinine. Wc 'would
advise all who are afflicted with this
disease to give them a fair trial.
For all Bilious derangements and as
asimple purgative they are imequaled.
eeh ake or IltlirA TIO.VS. j
The genuine Dr. C MVLanes
Liver Pills are never sugar coated.
Every box has a red wax seal on
the lid, with the impression Dr.
Lane's Liver Pills.
The genu ine Mf Lane's Liver Pills
bear the signatures of C. Ml' Lane.
and Fleming Bros, on the wrappers.
("Inoist on your druggist or store
keeper giving you the genuine Dr. C
MLane's Liver Pills, prepared
by Fleming Bros., Pittsburgh, Pa. q
f,Sold by all respectable druggists
and country storekeepers generally.
To those wishing to give Dr. C.MCI.ane's Liver
Pills a trial, we will mail post paid to ;iny p;trt of
the United States, one box of Pills for twent v-five
cents. FLEMING BROS.. Hittslvirs-. IV.
E. K I'HN.
We have in stock a first-class Assort meDt of
Also Harness from
!liJ.OO to $100.00
Our work is first-class; the prices lower
than the same kind of work can be bought
north of Columbia.
June 20. 87-lv. KUHN & TURPIN
MONUMENTS AND TOMBSTONES,
All of the bebt Italian Marble.
AIho, I have the fetewt styles of Designs.
IKe All work a cheap a- can be done else
there. Manufactory on West Main street,
Zar the InntU-e. mh28yi
FIRST NATIONAL BAKK,
Of Col a nb la, Teusn.
: SI 00,000
Does a General Banking: and
T. W. KEESCE, Preside sit.
LCCICS FHItBSON. Cashier.
South I1n I ii SI reel,
COI.CM tIA, TEHNE88KB
Board. ier Day.
''-rtarea. bnggles or saddle Borsea rnmietied oa
application to the proprietor,
JAMES la, an EOT.
EUGINE R. SMITH, M. C9
Office at Masonic Hall. Office hours:
Frcm 8 to 9 am.; and from 1 to 3 p. m., and
7 p. m. aept 15-76.
E. C 31'DOWELL.
M'DOWELL & WEBSTER,
Attorneys at Law,
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,
THE QUARTERLY REVIEWS
The Leonard Scott Pubhshin Company. 41 Bar
clajr street. Now York, continue tbeir anthorisd
reprints of the few leading Quarterly Review.
it r. i e. w I i
LONDON QUARTERLY REVIE
r RE v
BRITISH QUARTERLY BEV1KW
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine
The British Quarterlies ave to the reader well
digested idformation upon the ere at Tenia in coo
tniporaneous history, and contain masterly criti
cisms on all tnAt is fresh and valuahle in literature,
as well as suramarv of the triumphs of nolt-noe and
art. The want likely te convulse all Europe will
form to ics for discunion, that will be treated with
a thoroughness and ability nowhere else to befound.
Blackwood's Magatine Is famous fur eforfe, eaaays.
and sketrhes of the bitrhept literary merit.
TtHTIS flnrluriJusr iotv payable stri t
ly in advance For any one Review, four dollars
per annum : lor anr two Reviews, seven dollars : for
any three Reviews, ten dollars; for at! four Reviews,
twelve dollars; for Blackwood's MaguEine, four
dollars; for li lack wood ai;d one Review, seven dl
lars : for Blackwood and two Reviews, ten dollars:
for H lack wood and three Reviews, thirteen dollars;
for fi lack wood and the four Reviews, fifteen di I ars.
t'LCBS, A discount of twenty per cent. ill tie
allowed to cl):ts f four or more persons. Thus:
four conies of Blackwood or ot one Review will tx
sent to one addrens for twelve dollars and eighty
cents, four copi of the ur Reviews and BlacK
wonti for forty-right dollars. nd 90 on.
pKfcMims. New subcribT8 (applying early for
the year lri77 may have, without charge, the numbois
for the lust on irtor of lh76 of such f eriodlcaisae they
mav subscribe for.
Neither premiums to subscribers nor discount t
clubs enn be allowed unless the nionev is r mitted
direct to the publishers. No premiums kit en t cJuls.
Circulars with further particulars may be had on
The loonard Scott Publishing Co.,
41 Barclay Stre f . Xeir York,
PORTER BRYAN & ALFORD,
Wholesale Dealers in
TOBACCO and CIGARS
Proprietors of the Celel'rated
PORTER RIFLE" CIGAR,
. Public Kqnarw SaJUnTIUF.
nne 2nd 76-ly.
Grenad ne is full dress for all but
Moonlight-blue Is the new shade for
New linen collars and cuffs have the
edges embroidered with red, blue or gray.
Pale blue batiste dresses are the novel
ty for midsummer.
Linen collars are hieher and turn
back farther from the front than for
lhin white dresses are to be worn over
skirts of pale blue or rose colored lawns.
Black silk dresses for summer wear
are trimmed with knife pleatinzs of
Black canvas grenadine made over
silk and trimmed with knife-pleating, is
the fashionable dress for summer mourn
ing. Linen dusters for ladies retain the
Ulster belt in the back, but are less
baggy than the ungainly garments worn
An excellent novelty isashoe-buttoner
with a long handle above the hook, so
that it is not necessary to stoop down to
button a boot.
The latest style of ladies slippert and
low shoes are real lvely. Amorig the
prettiest is the box-toed slipper of the
finest kid, with a dainty French heel,
straps ot the kid, on each side of which is
a buckle reaching above the ankle, Know
ing the bright colored stocking between.
The mousquetaire cuffs of lace to be
worn eutside the sleeve have been her
alded for some time and are now found
among the importations. They are six
inches deep, and equare, or else they are
closed in gauntlet shape for the hand to
be slipped through. At present they are
only shown in the white and colored
torchon laces that are worn with summer
costumes. Accompanying these are
broad collarettes that fasten behind and
have long jabots in front.
Among the recent importations, coi
fures are black, and white Spanish, and
lama laces are among the most- notable,
They are from twelve to eighteen inches
wide, obtusely painted in front and back,
with long rounded lappets, to tie under
the chin. For out of doors evening wear
at summer resorts they supply, with an
elegant article, a want lonar frit by our
fashionable ladies. A still moreconvec
lent article, ot larger ano more compre
hensive style, combines both a light
mantilla andthe head dress, and the effect,
when gracefully arranpod, shows the
wisdom of the Spanish ladies in adher
ins; to the mantilla.
You should never judge by appear
ance's. 1 he other any a weazentaced
little man, wearing a $3.50 suit of clothes.
went to one of the big hotels, and regis
tering his name as from Texas, asked for
a room, and it break last was on the table.
The Olympian clerk gazed at him
scornfully for a moment, and languidly
" Any baggage ? "
" No," replied the guest.
" In that case, replied the clerk, " the
rules of the house compel me to insist on
payment in advance.
" Very well," said the guest, without
hesitation or appearing offended, " take
two days' board out of this," and Irom a
wad ot greenbacks as big aa his arm he
produced a $100 note.
I beg your pardon," stammered the
abashed clerk, " but we are so often taken
in, and your face not being familiar to
" So offense," cheerfully answered the
guest ; " burliness is business, and rules
are rules. Jt does look a little odd to be
without batrgage, but as cattle dealers
ain't much on style, and '' t
"That's all right," said the clerk.
" Put np your money, we know a gentle
man when we fee him. Jim, show the
gentleman to 146. Call for the best in
the house, General."
The old man stwed away an ample
breakfast, got the clerk to give him
small bills for a fifty, and asked where
Billy Coolbaugh, the banker, had his
office, inquired when they had dinner,
desired the clerk to tell Mr. Farwell, if
he called, that he would be back at two
o'clock, then went, and hasn't been seen
since. The clerk subsequently discov
ered that the $50 was bad. The sad event
cast a gloom over the hotel office.
Santa Anna's Daughter and General
General Santa Anna was in command
of the Mexicans at Orro Gordo. He
was utterly defeated and compelled to
retreat, with heavy losses in prisoners,
material, killed and wounded. Shields
was dangerously wounded in the fight,
and of course left behind at Jala pa.
When he became convalescent he was
informed that a lady living opposite the
house where he lav had been very kind
and attentive, and had been of much
help to his attendants. As soon as he
was allowed to walk out he went to thank
her, when he learned to his surprise that
she was the daughter of Santa Anna. In
the course of the conversation that fol
lowed, he remarked : " But did you
know who it was that you were minis
tering to all this time ?" " Not at first,"
she replied. " I discovered after a time
that you were General Shields, who 1
had heard was killed." Perhaps, bad
you known at the first that I was one
who had a large share in defeating your
father, you would net have relieved me."
She drew herself up with the air of an
old Castilian. " Sir," fehe said, " had you
with your own hand killed my father in
ftir fight in fair fight I would have
done for you in your extremity just as
much as I now have." And she looked I
it as well as spoke it. JV. Y. Tribune.
O Robin, plpo no more of rain I
' lis four da va since we aaw the attn, .
And still the misty window pane
la loud with drop that leap and run.
Four daya ago the sky was clear,
Hut wnen my nioiner neara you call,
That's Itobln'i rain-son?. dear :
well he knows when vain will tail 1"
fair was the morning, and I wept
Because she wonld aot let me stray
Into the wood n fur flowera, but kept
Mr feet from wandering away,
And I was vexed to Ivor you cry
So sweetly of the coming storm,
And watched with brimming eyca the sky
(irow cold and dim Irom clear and warm:
It seemed to me you brought it a 1
With that incessant, plaintive note;
And still yon call the drops to fall
Upon your brown and scarlet coat.
4fow nice to be a bird like you,
And let the ran coma l attwin; down,
H or mind a bit to be wet through,
Nor (ear to spoil one's only gownt
But fine I cannot be a bird,
Street Robin, pipe no more ot rain !
Your merrier music in preturred ;
Forget at last thai .vd rein Jo 1
And tell ns of the sutcce, dear
I m wild to be ahr-' V;'n,
Seeking for blowmis i' and near;
O Kubin pi re no more of rain 1
Ceha Thozlrr, iH. A'icAoIua for August.
THE BITEU BITTEX.
Raid I y Bitten Tha Bnnlan Piercing- the
Ottniia Empire la Ml una; to in alrlc
Mravhle Itesrlptlun of Tuesday's
Battle and the Shattered Con
tlltlon of the Vanquished.
A correspondent eends from Poredin
near Plevna, a graphic account of Tue
day's battle, which conveys a vivid idea
r the extent of the Kussian disaster.
The correspondent is with Prince
Schkoskoyski'a command,' and says that
now all hope of success anywhere was
dead, nor did the chance offer to make
the bst of the defeat : Prince Schkos
koyski had not a man left to cover his
retreat, lhe lurks struck without etint
they had the upper hand for once, and
were determined to show that they knew
how to make the most of it. They ad
vanced in swarms through the dusk upon
their orimnal nrst position, ana captured
the Russian cannon before tne batteries
could be withdrawn. Turkish sheila once
more began to whistle over the ridge
above Radishova and fall into the village
behind, now crammed with wounded
The streams of wounded wending their
painful way over the ridge were incessant:
the badly wounded mostly lay where
they fell. Later on in the darkness a
baleful sort of "krankeutrager" swarmed
over the battle-field, in the shape of
Bashi-Bazouks, who spared not. Linger
ing there on the ridge until the moon
rose, the staff could hear from below on
the still night air cries ot pain
and entreaties for mercy, and yells
of bloodthirsty, fanatical triumph. Jt
was indeed an hour to wring the sternoet
heart. We stayed there to Jearn if it
might be what troops were commg out
of the Valley of Death below ; were there
indeed any at all to come. The Turks
had our range before dark, and we could
watch the flash of the flame over us and
then listen to the scream ot the shell as
it tore by us. The sound of rifle-bullets
was incessant, and the ecort and retreat
ing wounded were often struck. De
tachments at length began to come
draggling up, but it will give an idea of
the disorganization to say that when a
company was told off to go and recover
some of the wounded in Radishova, it
had to be made up of men of several
regiments. About am o'clock the
staff left the ridge, leaving it littered
with groaning men, and moving gently,
lest we should tread on the prostrate
wounded, we lost our way as we had lost
our army. V e could find no rest for the
soles of our feet, by reason of alarms of
the 15 as til Bazouks swarm .ng in among
the scattered and retiring Russians. At
length, at one o'clock in the morning,
having been in the saddle since 6 o'clock
on the previous morning, we turned
into a stubble-field, and, making beds of
reaped grain, correspondent and Cossack
alike rested under the stars ; but we were
not even then allowed to rest before four
alarms came that the Bashi-Bazouks
were upon us, and we had to rouse and
tramp away. The only protection of the
chief ot what in the morning was a fine
army was now a handful of wearied Cos
sacks, tieneral lrudener sent word in
the morning that he had lost severely,
and could make no headway, and had
resolved to fall backonthelineof the river
Osma. There had been talk, his trooj
being fresh, of reviewing the attack
to day, with his co-operation, but it is a
plain statement of tact that we have no
troops t attack with. The most moder
ate estimate is that we have lost two
regimenls 'ay fivj thousand men out
of our three brigades a ghastly number,
beating Eylau or Friedland. This takes
no account of General Krudener's losses.
We, too, snail retire on the Osman river,
about Bulgareni, and, to the best of our
weak strength, cover the bridge- at SU
tova. One cannot, in this moment of
hurried confusion, realise all the possible
results of this stroke so rashly courted.
Not a Russian soldier stands between
Tirnova and the victorious Turks in Lo
tia and Pleyua, and only a weak division
of the eleventh corps stands between Tir
nova and Shumla. The army look on
Schkokoyski's force as wrecked and no
longer for the campaign to be counted on
as fighting material. It is not ten days
since the thirtieth division crossed the
Danube in the pride of its superb condi
tion. Now, what of it is left is demoral
ized and shattered. So on this side of
the Balkans there remains but the ninth
corps, already rpughly handled, once at
Nikopolis and once at Plevna, one divis
ion of the eleventh corps, and the Rust
chiik army. Now, if the Rustchuk army
is marched to the west ' against Plevna,
then the Turkish army of Rustchuk is
let loose on the Russian communications
t Tirnova. One cannot avoid the con
clusion that the advance over the Bal
kans is furiously compromised. TheRus
sian strait is so bad that scattered detach
ments have been called up from out of
Rou mania, and a Roumanian division.
commanded by General Mauna, which
crossed a day or two ago at Nikopolis,
has been called up to the line of the Os
ma river. An aid de-camp of Grand
Duke Nicholas was present at
the battle, and at once started for
Tirnova with , the evil .tidings.
We are iust quitting this bivouac and
fairing back on Bulgareni with all speed, I
leaviDir me ouiiiarwu villages to me
tender mercies of the Turks. As I close
I learn that on our left General Scobeloff
was very severely handled, having lost
three hundred men out of his single in
The correspondent of the Daily News
with Prince Schockosky's force, tele
graphing from Simnitza, under date of
August 1st, gives an account of the re
treat. He thinks the whole force lost
between six and seven thousand men in
killed and wounded. A brigade of the
Thirty-second division suffered most
heavily. Besides the terrible loss of men,
it sacrificed the imperial banner of ene of
its regiments. The whole of the thirtieth
division has been smitten sorely. AH the
three brigades of Schockosky's command
are for the time in a state of disorganiza-
. J: . L r At
tion. A aispaicii irom Alexandria says
it is reported and generally believed that
six thousand more Egyptian troops are
going to Constantinople. The road was
cumbered with broken and retreating
troops, wholly destitute of order; officers
without soldiers and soldiers without
officers, without cohesion and mostly
without arms. At a narrow bridge near
Bulgareni there was wild confusion and
complete. Tumbrils, ambulance wajrons,
provision wagons, oncers, eaieschea,
hrirM And cartR- were filled with Che
I wounded ; all were jammed in indit crim-
AUGUST 17, 1877.
inate chaos. There had been wounded
found all along the road, but the bulk of
the wounded began a little way beyond
Bulgareni, and extended in an unbroken
line for seven miles along the road to
Biatova. They were mostly carried in
ox-carts, the severe cases in ambulances.
and a large number tramped on foov. Im
mense numbera.of wounded had tramped
the whole way from the battle-held, and
were already entering sistova at six
o'clock yesterday evening. They rsust
have walked fohy miles in twenty-four.
wounded as they were. Nearly all of
these wounded, however, consisted of
men who had somehow managed to walk
out of the battle ; bad cases were mostly
leit where they tell.
Opium and its Consumers!.
The recent heavy importations of
opium at this port have led to consider
able comment, and various causes have
been assigned. A Tribune reporter ob
tained at the custom house the following
figures, showing the amounts imported
during the present year and its cost :
January , 16,577 $ 80,7(51
rebruarv S.ldO 26.191
March 7,304 34,951
April 1,800 9 000
May 29,576 125,291
June 60,000 275,100
During the fir.-t week of July fifty-one
packages were received, averaging 150
pounds each, at a valuation of $42,075,
Said a heavy dealer: " When the war be
tween itussia ana Aurney broke out h
great siieculative fever rased here, and
scores of men with unemployed capital
invested heavily, based on a probable
war tax by lurkeyo a closing of the
port at which most of the opium was
shipped. The price was then run up to
$8 gold, in bond, or $9 in currency ; but
the port of Smyrna being so remote from
the seat of war, the market has since de
clined to $5 60 gold, the most of the out
side speculators lost their all in six weeks'
time. One man, a very c!ever fellow,
invested his last dollar. I Urged him to
sell when the top price was reached, as
suring him of a profit of 2,000, but he
persisted in waiting for more, and is now
Smyrna and the contiguous country in
Turtey contain all theopium plantations.
The present crop is reported as unusually
large, with a probable yield of 9 000
chests, or 1,350,000 pounds, which is
largely in excess of last year. A consid-
eiable amount conies to America, the ful-
!owine being the receipts for two vcarsat
New York and Boston : 1875, 1,776 cases :
1 37C. 1 ,259 cases. The receipts at Phila
delphia are unknown, but are set down t
500 caes a yeai, mostly used by two
large houses for the manufacture of mor
phine. The new crop is being srathered,
and may be decreased or entirely de-
troved bv a cold snau or heavy rains.
The tatlc of gathering this year falls upon
women and children and old men, all the
able-bodied men beiDg off to the wars.
Opium is aa low as it has been for twelve
years, only once in that period having
declined below $5 gold, duty being paid,
when there were several large crops in
succession, lhe consumption in this
country is about 2,000 cases, or 800.000
pound" a year. Wholesale druggists, and
those who deal in opiuln as a specialty
ascribe the large increase iu the amount
to the heavy manufactories which have
sprung up within a few years for the mak
ing of tinctures and morphine. ' At the
same time they reluctantly admit that a
much larger amount enters into personal
use than heretofore. '"Notably is this
the fact," snid a dealer, " in the
southern states. Since the close of
the war, men once wealthy, but impov
erished by the rebellion, have taken t-j
eating and drinking opium to drown
their sorrows. Ine rut'i American
and East Iadiau countries and California
consume a large amount of opium also,
owing to their great coolie population. It
is further conceded that in certain quar
ters in this city, on Baxter, Division,
Water and other neighboring streets, it
is used to an alarming extent. One re
tail drug store on Division street does a
very large business in this liue, retailing
it in small quantities, from five cents a
dose up, and every few moments poor,
half stupid men and women may be seen
emerging trem his rear duor with cups
and tin vessels containing the black paste
which is to furnish them hours of for-
getfulnees. "An opium eater," said the
druggist, "will use himself up in about
live vears, and usually in three years he
will become idiotic and fit for nothing
but the hospital." Some few manufac
turers employ opium in the preparation
of a bogus Turkish smoking tobacco or
cheap cigars, which ar mostly used by
the Chinese. The market at present is
largely overstocked and is rated a3 noun
rial, in a jobbing way, at $4 to $4.50 gold
in bond. iv. r. inbune.
At Prosperity, a station on the Green
ville and Columbia railroad, dwell in
reach ef the sound of the whistle four
No. 1. This ladv, as all the others.
lost her husband during the war, and
was left in straightened circumstances
Did she sit down and grieve at her fate?
By no means. She has raised four chil
dren, besides fine crops, and to-day she
has much of last year's cotton and flour
on hand, is free from debt, and is able to
pay cash down for what she wants.
ISo. z, looks complacently on au ot ber
last crop of cotton, and, with a sense of
perfect rest and absolute fulness on 3,000
pounds ot flour, neither ot which she
has sold because she had no use for the
money. The only thing which disturbs
her rest now is what to do with her new
fodder, every place being occupied with
the old. She, too, like a true woman,
has raised children and set them up under
their own vines and fig trees.
No. 3, struggled through the years
which have rolled on since the late un
pleasantness, raised six children, eivine
each at majority $500 in cash. Last year
she bought a tract of fand, tor which
$1,400 in good money was paid. Has
corn, fodder, and other things in abun
dance. No. 4, like unto the others, has made
a splendid fierht, and brought up a large
fimily in the way they should go; has
of last year's crops abundance, pays cash
in trade, and loans her earnings, out on
interest. Newberry (S.C.) Herald.
An Elopement and a Tendetta.
About two wteksago a terrible tragedy
occurred on the Calcasien river, a
little above the southern line of this
Earish. A young lady named Gunter
ad eloped with a young man named
Bass. Her father and brother pursued
them to the residence of a neighboring
magistrate, where a few minutes before,
they had been marrUd. The father -entered
the house at tone door and the son
at another, and immediately the former
discharged a double-barrled gun, loaded
with buckshot, into Bass' breast. The
latter, though" mos-tatlyr wounded, re
turned the fire by two shots from a' revol
ver, both taking effect in the elder Gun
ter's head. Both parties fell to the floor
and young Gunter plunged a bowie-knife
repeatedly into Bass' body killing him
instantly. Young Gunter then took up
bis father who is likely to recover from
the pistol shot in the head, as they were
glancingshots and fled. Being pursued
by the sheriff and a possse, he turned on
his pursuers with a revolver, and was
shot by the posse, dying from his wounds
a day or two after. The elder Gunter is
in the custody of the sheriff. Lake
CharUt (Fla.) &ho, -
The average husband has already com
menced to see how pale and careworn bis
wife looks, and to suggest that she go
and see her mother,
TllF LIBOR TROUBLES.
Tha Cams of the ereat Railroad Mrlke-
A Kennedy SaraTeatod.
The railroad strike in the east has
reached the dimensions of a civil war
with its accompanying horrors of mur
der, conflagration, rapine and pillage
Before this condition becomes general,
and the flames kindled at Ualtimoro and
Pittsburg spread through all the rail
road centers f t'i tuaty, it i!l be
well to consider this mat-.cr reflectively,
and see it there is not a remedy, ihere
are two sides to every qutstiou. The
railroad strikers are to blame for much,
but not for all. Jtor their acta of unn-
cessary and brutal violence, for their
murder of militiamen and Irgal officials
who were fulfilling their sworn duty
in trying to preserve public property
ana treight, iar their burning ot ware
houses, cars and depots, fjr the pillage
ot stores, the lriDune has no words ex
cept ot severe condemnation, it has no
sympathy with violence or mob rule,
- Now let us look at the other side and
see if there is not something to be con
demned, louring the past two year
railroad companies have found their
business shrinking up. Prices have
fallen off. Freights have been reduced.
Stocks have had their values reezed
out of them. They have been unable to
pay dividends to theirstockliolders, ients
for their hired roads, or interest on their
bonds. The result has been that they
nave sunereu irom tne enects of the gen
eral depression even more than other
branches of business, and scores of them
have gone inte bankruptcy. At this
crisis of their affairs, when prudence,
judgment and conservatism were needed
in tne management, tuey nave enormously
A. .1 1 1
aggravated their troubles by entering
upon a frantic, reckless, cut-throat com'
petition with each other, by which they
have cut down the rates of moving the
products and merchandise ot the country
to the bare cost in many cases of running
the trains. The amount received for
one train-load of freight has scarcely paid
for the wages and coal, and left nothing
for repairs, wear aud tear, capital, and
other charges. It ha9 been a war of com
petition to the knife and the knife to the
hilt. Combinations and compacts have
been made only to be broken the next
instant. The western cross-cut bankrupt
roads have maintained a Punic faith.
They have broken every engagement.
They have involved other lines in the
conflict, and even the great trunk
lines have not maintained their
scales of rates, but, actuated by the
same insanity as the rest, have engaged
in the mad and disastrous werk of trying
to Steal each other s profitless business
The great water highway from tha head
ot juakes superior and Michigan to the
mouths ot the est. Lawrence and of the
Hudson have also engaged in the same
reckless work, and freight his been car
ried below cost to increase or retain
business. The railroads have not only
competed with each other destructively,
but have also sought to cut off the busi
ness and steal the freight of the water
courses, ihis miserable process ot
throat-cutting has been going on for two
yesrs, and has been intensified during
the past six months, until the transporta-,
tion business has been plunged into utter
confusion, and a crisis haa tome. Hav
ing destroyed their profits, to save them
selves from still greater losses if not to
save their actual property these compa
nies have fallen upon their employes mid
razeed their already two-or-three-tiraes-reduced
wsgea down to the starvation
line. Trackmen, switchmen, and labor
ers who load and unload ti sins are cut
down to $1, and in some cases to 90 cents
per day; brakemen and firemen to ?1.3r;
and engineers to $1.50. These men, in
the majority of cases, are married, and
have wives and children to support, and
house-rent to pay; and they claim, with
truth, that it is a physical impossibility
to live upon such waeres. They ask,
with pertinent force, if they receive t'J
per week, and have to piiy $6 per
week lor their own meals while on
the road, how tbey are to pay rent and
feed and clothe their families on what is
left. As they cannot do it, they refuse
to starve, and resist. One blow has
brought on another, and the fire has ran
idly spread through the combustible
The strikers are not only in a war with
their employers, but with still another
class back of them the men whom the
roads have heretofore discharged lor want
ot work, who are living upon odds and
ends and charity, and are in a desperate
condition. With these wholly starved
men, who are willing to take the places
of the strifccrs. even at starvation prices,
the half-starved men are at deadly war.
It adds to the exasperation of the
strikers that they have discovered that
the new scale of wages is lower than the
general average of wages of mechanics
in cognate departments of business
where no danger exists. This' has
added fuel to the flames. As all the
elements of exasperaticn have increased,
so have the ranks of the sinkers been
swelled by accesons of idle and discon
tent! men from other branches of busi
ness, by tramps who have come in fr.m
the country, by the communists, and by
thieves and the riff rutt of the cities,
who see in these uprisings of vnv.it is
called " labor agaiust capital " their
golden opportunities for plunder and es
cape in the confusion.
This is the situation. W'fic.t- is the
remedy? The first and' most important
duty is to quell mob nile, to stop vio
lence, pillage, and iucendiari ni fit all
hazards, and to restore law and order,
and place the saiety of tli-' ccnra l com
munity in the hands of the duly consti
tuted authorities, instead f tx.nri. g it
to the blind, passionate, unreasoning fury
of the mob, which hai neither discretion
nor discrimination. This done, an equally
imperative duty devolves upon the rail
road companies They must cease cut
ting each other's throats as th"y have
been doing for the past twelve m-inths,
and must make their agreements bind
ing. The community does not ask of
them to work for a remuneration less
than, the cost or value of their service.
It does not ask them to carry freight or
passengers for less than living rates,
or at rates that compel them to
reduce the wages of their employes
down to the starving point. The first
step far them to take is to ra'se
their charges, not exorbitantly, but fairly
and reasonably, and then, restoring the
last two cuts of wages, let them alone,
and await the great crops to handle and
the changes in the fiscal affairs of the
country that will tend to restore business
prosperity, and place values on an im
proving basis. The reduction of the
men's poor waces does not benefit them
so long as this insane competition is k.ept
up. Every reduction of wages is fol
lowed by a reduction of rates, and if
wages were fowered to a cent per day,
rates would be put down to zeio. with'a
premium offered toshippers. The quickest
solution of the present problem, a partial
remedy at least, so far as we can ee, is
for the railroads to make a schedule of
rates on the " live and let live basis
They m:ut charge enough to pay their
men such compensation as to enable
them to pay rent and fuel and feed and
clothe themselves and their families. Be
fore this can be done, however, mob rule
and violence must be supprrssed, what
ever may be the cost or the consequences.
Summer Resorts Condensed. '
Tiio summer retorts are generally less
lively thin they w:re list seasoD. Nj
scam has a Cuban woman visitor who
wears nnm nis wo-tu to,,,ri..-y. earning
shoee with mita! .oI s are wora at New
port. White waiters eraployed at
one hotel at Long Branch, and one at
VOL. XXIII. NO. 5.
Saratoga. The talk about a political
meeting at White Sulphur Springs has
helped to fill the hotels there. The very
latest fashionable thing for a young wo
man to do on a crowded Saratoga piazzi
"is to start and amble along in front,
suddenly give her head a tos-s over her
left shoulder, as if expecting some one,
proceed a few t-teps further, stop, look
down in a reflective manner, then turn
and go back as fast as her pull back will
permit, looking as busy and as abstracted
as if she had two minutes to pay a note
at bank." A Cape May correspondent
says: "The plank promenade lining ihe
sands for a niilo er two and leading
closely by the verandahs of the chief ho
tels, is rarely equalled in its delightful
facilities for starlight meditations, for
serious love-making or the coqueteries of
evanesc-'nt flirtation." There is more
camping out than usual in the Adiron
dacks, and the flit s are more numerous
and active, too. N. Y. S'in.
The unthinking majority of the pub
lic, of course, believe that Oshkosh has
hb. actua.! existence, nnd b:na fide inhabitants.-
There are those, however, who
notonly look upon O-skosh a intrinsically
improbable, but who insist that altogether
too many thingh happen iu that alleged
town. It is true that map makers per
sistently locate Oshkoh upon the map of
Wiscousiu, but r.o one who has ever
studied' African geography has any
faith in the map niakers. Who has ever
yet seen a man or womau who pre
tended to live in Oshkosh ? Such a per-
it i i
son IS yet to DC tuscovereu, mm rtneii
fi.oind will bo regarded as a unique nnd
priceless curiosity. Wisconsin people
when asked questions concerning Osh
kosh alwavsturned the conversation into
other channels, and persist in declining
to discuss that hypothetical and suspi
cious town. No eastern man nas ever
visited Oshkosh and returned again to
civilization. When a man asked a
Chicago hotel clerk for any information
' r- l , , I - . . . . 1". 1
as tO "USllKOHn, UB is uuuuiiiii;
understood to be asking for "hot-
scotch," which seductive fluid is
promptly brought to him, sno tne price
thereof entered iu his bill, even if he
happens to be a Methodist bishop
actively engaged in preventing the
appointment of intemperate per
sons in connection with the
Dead wood postal service. Some years
. . i i
Bince a determined iuassacuiioccm wmi
set out upon a journey in searcn oi
Oshkosh. lie fully believed in its ex
istence, and was confident that he would
return a successful and famous man.
He cenetrated as far as Waukegan with
out much difficulty, and bis last letter,
dated from that place, announced that
he believed himself to bo within ten
days' march of his mysterious goal.
Thereupon he vanished iuto the wilder
ness, and not a word was heard from him
during the next three years. At the
end of that time he re-appeared at his
Massachusetts home, no haggard and
worn that ho had hardly strength
enough to tell his wife s new
husband that he had better sort out his
private children and remove to some
other State. From that day to this the
traveler has never mentioned the name
of Oshkosh. The curiosity of an entire
New England village has never b- en
able to drag from him one word of infor
mation as to the alleired Wisconsin
. 1IT1...1 1. ...., !,.,!
Oshkosh, and was imprisoned by the in-
' ... 1 . .,
habitants until he look a solemn
never to reveal their names, or whether
he found that ihere was uo such town,
aud lacked the courage to confess that he
had been foolishly crcduUus in searching
for it, we shall probably never know.
Now, when we consider these signifi
cant facts that uo avowed native of
Oshkosh has ever been seen ; that no trav
eler has ever reached and described
that town, and that its name is so im
probable as to invite ourdislelief, it is
not st ran ire that our bett critical minds
refuse to believe in it. The very fact
that a vast quantity of extraordinary
things are constantly said by unscrupu
lous papers to have happened at Oshkosh
is extremely subpicious. Why should
tint unseen Wisconsin town have almost
a monopoly" of remarkable events? If
Mr. Stanley had a-flerted that he had
found Dr. Livingstone at Oshktsh, no
one would have believe 1 him ; and yet
the people believe in O.mkosh, although
scores ot far more incredible things con
stantly occur in that absurd place.
As to Sheboygan, on the other hand,
there is positive evidence of its exist
ence, however doubtful the town may
seem to those who hear its name for the
first time. There was a man at the Phil
adelphia centennial exhibition who ad
mitted that he came from Sheboygan,
and was constantly asked to dinner and
otherwise lionized by every map-maker
who visited the exhibition, Then there
is the authentic anecdote of the de-vout
Ifoman Catholic Irishman who died at
Sheboygan, and, of course, mentioned
that town to St. Peter as his last place of
residence. "Sheboygan !" remarked the
saint, with an incredulous and injured
air; " Oh, no, you mustn't talk in thst
way. You came from Chicago or St.
Louis, or some such place, and natunlly
want to conceal the fact;Jut you really
go too far when you try to palm -off any
such preposterous place as Sheboygan
nn ma." But the worthy Irishman per-
Kisted. and finally produced a letter of
recommendation from his confessor da'ed
at Sheboygan. Whereupon the saint ad
mitted him without even reading the let
ter, remarking, as he did "o. "It's no
matter) my dear son, what you may or
may not have done. A man who has
lived at Sheboygan, and been known to
his fellow-men as a Sheboygannian, has
earned a full exemption from purgatory. '
This veracious aneciote is alone suincient
evidence of the existence of Sheboygan,
and our faith in that fact need not be
shaken by the suspicious way in which
Sheboygan and Oshkosh are often classed
It is probable that the myth of Osh
kosh originated in the effort of some
wild western humorist to surpass the
worst- efforts of aboriginal nomen
clature. After Waukegcn became an
actual town, certain Wisconsin settlers
of more than usual effrontery attempted
to make their village even more notorious
than Waukegan by calling it Sheboygan.
In order to ridicule these unpardonable
names, some Western editor invented an
imaginarytown and conferred upon it
the unspeakable name ot ushKosti. i .y
deirrets the name became so well known
that the map maters leit compenea w
put it on their maps, and thenceforth it
was generally accepted as a geographical
fact. In much the same way the
name of the Bogardus kicker, a purely
imaginary machine, became so familiar
to the readers ot western newspaper mat
thousands of people have now as firm a
belief in the existence of the Bogardus
kicker as they have in the existence of the
steam eneine; and one of the first things
which every French journalist who
visited the Philadelphia exhibition do-
sired to e was " that machine the mos-t
wonderful devised by Sir Bogardus." S
persistent w the bold oi popular tradi
tion upon the masses that in all proba
bility Oshkosh will appear upon the map
of Wisconsin for fifty years to come, and
three-fourths of the Wisconsin people
will believe that; it is as real as liostonor
New York. No earnest man can be sat-
isfied with this state of things, and aa
effort mu6t ooner or later be made t
di-abuse the popular miad. JV. Y-
Tha Vw F-nTlanders have adopted a
patent fishing-rod, which can be tratib-pes-d
almost instantaneously into the
moet innocent lo -king of walking sticks.
Tn t.h latter capacity the rods are muc.i
In demand for Sunday strolls.
FACTS ASD FASC1ES-
A brother of "Old John Brown"
died recently at Reedburgb, Wis., aed
seventy. If John Brown's soul is still
" marching on," that of his brother will
have to move lively to overtake it.
A 6CDDEN draught of hot air passed
through a cotton field and peach orchard
in western Texas a few days ago, scorch
ing and killing every green thing it
touched for a space of one hundred yardii
Sellers of liquors in Oregon are not re
quired, under a new law, to be licensed;
but every drinker must pay f 5 a year for
a license, and whoever sells to an unli
censed person may be imprisoned. The
names of procurers of liiienses are to be
published every six months.
A minister going to visit one of his
sick parishioners, asked him how he
res'ed during the night. " Ob, won
drously ill, sir," he replied, " for mine
eyes have not come together these threo
nights." " What is the reason oi that ? "
said the other. "Alas! sir," said he,
" because my nose was betwixt them."
What are you driving at nowadays,
Pat T " " Faith, said Pat, " I'm hard at
work." "That's good, Pat, what aro
you doing?" "Well, I'm laboring to
increase the public interest In me."
"How isthHt, me boy?" "Well, ve
see, Mike, I'm just getting Li debt
wherever I can all about the town."
A HoLMPAYsnuRo man icoently ob
tained a divorce and declared : "Onco
more I stand erect, and assume the god
like attitude of freedom and a singlo
man." Then he went home, got into
bed, and in an hour woke up with a bad
case of cholera morbus, yelling: "Quick,
Maria! Quick! Get a mustard plaster
or I'm a goner."
A Chicago young man's wife enter
tained him with selections from Wagner,
after which he expressed himself as
resigned to go to bed, where he slept
very soundly. Toward midnight cats
assembled in the buck yard and yowled
frightfully. 1 lie sleeper did uot get up
and throw loot jacks at them, but turned
on one elbow and whispered inhisdreami",
" Sing it once more, Klvira; sing it oncu
- From 1800 to 1870 the population ol
England increased from ten to twenty
eieht millions, and that of the United
States from five to thirty-eiht millions,
and it is moderately estimated that among
civ'lizel nations the population now
doubles in each period of fitty-four years.
The advances made in hygienic science,
and the comparative mildness of modartt
warfare are mainly responsible for this
rapid increase, frightful in view of futuro
consequences. It is a subject of not a
little anxiety among provident English
men to day, hew the filty-six millions of
mouths which, in a short half century,
will be craving for food within the narrow
borders of that country, can be satisfacto
rily filled, and it is enough to keep a phil
anthropist jierplexedly awake o' nights,
to reflect on the difficulty of feeding tl
dense population of the earth a couple c f
thousand years hence.
There is a boy hero now at the Hot
Springs in Arkansas. He lived in Atlan
ta, Ga., and was taken out of the streets
there, squalid and starving.and suffering
from an hereditary and incurable diseaso
transmitted to him by vicious parents.
He was obliged to suffer the amputation
of one of his feet; but, as soon as bo
recovered, he signified bis determination
to depend on charity no longer. Having
received $10as capital by borrowirg from
the agent of the Benevolent Home, be
soon made money with which to pay thU
back and put a mug S loo in hanir. men
disease overtook him ajrain ; his remain
ing foot went like the first one; hi
money was soon sient, and be was
reduced to death's door. As soon as he
recovered, he went bravely to work, and
repaid all his benefactors. Now he has
gone to the Hot Springs for his health
with some money in his incket. and an
unconquerable will never to submit or
yield even to circumstances.
Each man is created a sociable being,
and we find hiia to day (without stop-
Pg to inquire into the why and w
,.f adji lrintl(inl Mil AW1IT1 it A
"" " , . . i r
social system. As such be has bis duties
and responsibilities. They are multiplex
and varied, and ujon the manner in
which he discharges them depend his
own happinet-s, tha happiness of thos
closely related to him, and, to some ex
tent, the eace and comfort of cociety iu
general. In this wonderful social com
pact, it would seem that one individual
is of little significance. It would like
wise serin that one pipe or reed or key
of the grand orpans which make melody
in our churches from week to week
might le spared, without the loss being
felt, and yet their disrningeuient would
have the most serious effect np'-in tho
rie-ired harmonies. It is thus in tho
life of men. A single jierson can creata
social discord, whether he has an ad
mitted influenca or not; but there are
very few men who do not posi-e" a direct
influence to some degree, and while this
is the case there is no use of attempting
to rsenne responsibility; to avoid our
I moral obligations ; our duties to our fel-low-man.
ueen Victoria's Israelites.
The town of Taunton, in England,
contains, according to tho btst census, s
population of 15,400 souls. Two of these
souls are its mayor and vicar. The
mayor's name is Jacobs, and the vicar's
name is Mr. Smith. Mr. Smith has
distinguished himself from several other
gentlemen bearing the same cognomen,
by writing to Mr. Jacobs tho following
extraordinary letter :
" Tai-ictow, July 7, J877.
Sra It appears to be very generally
supposed that you, who have become our
mayor, are an unbuptized person, and
consequently not a Christian. If, as I
hope is the case, there be no truth in
this supposition, will you authorize me
publicly to say so. and thus relieve very
many persons in our town from an
exceedingly painful and distressing
impression ? It would also be an act of
justice to ihe aldermen and councilors
who have elected you, to free them from
the imputation under which they now
rest of having knowingly chosen for tho
chief officer, and, in some sense, repre
sentative of our town, one who does not
believe in Him whom they themselves
profess not only to believe in, but to
worship as their Lord and God. I pro
pose to publish this letter, together with
any answer you may send to it. I am,
your obedient servant,
' FKEDERfCK SMITH,
" Vicar of St. John', Taunton."
To this fulmination the " unbapti'-d
person, and consequently not a Chriit
lan," replied as follows :
Taunton, July 9, 1S77.
"Revkrend Sir I have received a
letter bearing your sienature, and but
for recognizing your writing should have
deemed it a forgery. I am proud to
avow myself a member of the Hebrew
faith and of a people who in free Enirland
have attained some ot the highest official
positions in the land. I am equally
proud to know that my Christian neigh
bors and friends have not peim'tted
religious differences to influence them in
the choice of their first mayor. I shall
ever retain a pleasing recollection of the
high distinction that has been conferred
on me, and I shall rot permit anything
to mar the pleasure I feel in subscribiriK
"MYER JACOBS, Mayor of Tsoaton."
A Town of Dwarfs. '
A writer in the London Times de
scribes the effect of exewdve intermar
riage on th inhabitant of BroUss, a little
town in the provinces of Santander,
Spain. Until eighteen or nineteen year
sfco the villiage was quite shut off from
the rest ot the world. Iu inhabitants,
from their ever-recurring intermarriages,
had become quite a race of dwarfs. Oa
market days the priests might be seen,
with long black coats and high black bats,
riding in to purchase the simple provi
sion for the week's consumption, men of
little intelligence and no learning, sprung
from the low st ranks. About eighteen
years ago the Galician laborers, or Galie
roes, from the mine of Gal lei a, swarmed
into the town f r lodgings, etc., and sii.o
their colonization the population has in
creased in strength, suture, education,
intellect and morality. Their In tejllect.
also, have improved Intellect which
have been stunted, dwarfed and ruined
by their frequent intermarriages.