Newspaper Page Text
AFTEB THE COtMlli.
Mr. David Gray, editor of the Buffalo Conner, haa
an article oa "Tne Lat Indian t'oancll on the
ene-eV ia STcribn tr, for July, closing with the
following pjcm :
The fire sinks low, the drifting imoke
Iios softly in the autumn haze,
A tul aiient are tbe toirues that spoke
Toe apeecu oi other days.
G jie, to, the dusky hoots whore feet
But now yon listening thicket stirred ;
T7 lfcared within ita covert meet
The squirrel and the bird.
Tbi story of tbe past is told,
But thou, O Valley, sweet and lone!
Glen of the Rainoow I thou Shalt hold
lis rwmauce as thine awn.
Thought of thine ancient forest prime
Shail sometimes haunt thy summer dreams,
Ai l snipe to low poetic rhyme,
The music of tby streams.
Wh mi Indian summer flings her cloak
Oi brooding azure on tbe woods,
Taj pathos of a vanished folk
snail tioce tby eolitudee.
T.ie blue smoke of their ores once more
Far o'er the bills shall seem to rite,
And auuaet'a golden clouds restore
The red maa's paradise.
"a -arise pounds of a forgotten tongue
-.!! cling to many a crag and care,
I -.ih of falling waters sung,
Or n u'luur of the wave.
Ail oft in midmost bush of night,
-thrill o'er the deep-mouthed tarmct'e roar,
Sb ill ring tbe war-err from the height
That woke the wilds of yore.
Ewe -t Vale, more peaceful bend thy skies,
T ia air are fraught with rarer balm ;
X people's busy tumult lies
liuitied in thy sylvan calm.
O swn l thy peace 1 while fancr frames
Holt idyls of thy dwellers fled,
T iey loved thee, called thee gentle names,
Iu the long summe:s dead.
-u heA is the fire; tbe drifting smoke
tla- vanishf-d in the autumn hazes
ijie, tx, O Vale, the simple folk
Who lovt thee in old days.
Bat. for their eakes their lives serene
Their loves, perchance as sweet as ours
O, lw thy wooili for aye more green.
And fairer bloom thy dowers I
MAKE YOUR OWN WAY.
David Speers waa taking his afternoon
moke. Perhaps the long clay pipe
ooked a little incongruous with the
.andaomely furnishecf room and the
iai-ivc silver plate on the mahogany
ide-Laard. But, for that matter, he waa
n incongruity a little, common-loek-'
man, not very well dressed. Cer
Hiily a very wide contrast to the hand
me, htyliah looking young fellow who
itrrupied his re very with a very frank
" Good morning, uncle. Can I talk a
.hile with you?"
' That depends, Robin, on what you're
-aim to talk about."
" You know, undo, that Alex Lang
rvl I have long been friends."
" I Imve heard eo; I don't know."
" Well, wo have. To-day Alex came
tell me that he is going into the car
: t weaving business in Kilmarnock. lie
-tenda to buy Thomas lUackie out."
" He'll need some bawbees for that."
" His father will help, and he asked
ne to join him. What do you think
" How long have you been wi'llastie?"
" Five years.''
" And how much have you saved ?"
" Well, to tell the truth, uncle, noth
ii; at all. What with Jessie mariying
i.t year, and lio?a this, and the presents
had to e;ive, and other expense, my
'.vir.gs all went away."
"11 urn phi"
" I thought, perhaps, that as the busi
ens win Huch an old, sure one, and as
o! h the Langs would be interested in it,
on would lend me 2,000 for such a
vomleriully good chance."
" I have made it a rule never to lend
u.mey to young men."
" A very unkind rule when it touches
ue, uncle. You were never unkind to
" I am not unkind to you now, either,
" Oalv two thousand, uncle! And
-melt a chance !"
" Guid Heavens, hear the lad ! ' Only
'vra tliousmd !' Did ye ever earn twa
thousand pounds ? Did ye ever save twa
ihou.ind pounds ? When ye have,
liobin, come to me, and I'll talk wi' ye
.iov.ir, lending ye tne sum.
"Hut, uncle, the thing ia not a new
venture : it is sure to pay."
"It is gaun to ha'e new masters, an'
men at sixty are na sacsure aboot things
pnying as lads of five an' twenty ar."
fx the younc; man went away much
disappointed, and not a little angry; but
oilier frienas looked more favorably en
The 2,009 were borrowed, and Robert
lute ana Aleck Lang boupht the old es
tablished carpet weaving house.
The first year the concern, in spite of
falling priws, did very well. Robert's
etiare ot the prohts not only gave him a
Kouri living, Dut paid liis interest, and
allowed him to lay up marly 100 toward
clearing olT his borrowed capital, and the
next yvar things were still brighter.
Jn tne fourth year of the enterprise
iioui'M't itue called again on his uncle.
''Good evening, uncle."
"( k 1 evening, Robin. How's busi
'First-rate. I don't come to-night
"What for, then?"
"I am g ing to be married. I wanted
to Ull you ab:ut it."
" Fliat'Ma mair kittle riakthan Blackie's
"I think not, uncle."
"Who's the lassie?"
"What fortune has she ?"
'Just her beautv and her noble na
turo ; she is of good family, too. and has
luid the best of education. Why, uncle,
the can do'most anything paints, draws.
play the harp, sings like an angel, and
"I'm feared she'll be a kind o' matri
monial luxury, Robin. But she's a bon-
me la-i-ie ; I ha'e seen her. Yet I doubt
it elm's lit for a puir man's wife."
"You'll come to the wedding, uncle?"
It was a very grand wedding, and
l'.ivid fcwers made quite a sensation by
giving the bride a check for 500. In
deed, Jessie seemed to have quite cacti
vated the old bachelor, and he soon began
to hkmm a great many oi iiis evenings in
her pretty home.
Thre years passed happily away.
In Robert's home there had been some
pleaant changes : and hia uncle danced
a pretty baby Jessie occasionally on his
Knee, or looked admiringly andwonder-
inely at his own wee namesake in hia
cradle. Down at the mill things were
apparently equally prosperous. All the
looms were at work, and the very welfare
t i" Kilmarnock as a community was sen
sibly connected with the businesa of
1'iuig x uao a carpet fliiii." liut a
preat deal of this success waa only
orparent, for it hung upon chances en
tirely beyond tho control of the young
partners in it.
lscy had been compelled to borrow
Jsrjre'y, and had big interest accounts to
mi t i, and a great deal of their paper,
Wing from houses unknown to local
banker, had to be cashed at very heavy
discounts. All these things were much
a::iin.-t tht m, yet so great waa their in
dust ry and energy that they might have
turiivd all " happy circumstances," and
won in spite ot the odda against them, if
yarns tiai not suddenly taken a tremen
dous and quite unlooked-for lall.
This, of course, was followed by a nuin
1 r of failures, in most of which they suf
fered. Not all their efforts could now gather
together their numerous lines of enter
piis and they found it equally impossi
ble to curtail them, and so, after a few
months of desperate, anxious wstruge.le,
thu firm became bankrupt.
()'. 1 David had long foreseen and reso
lutely refused to meddle in the matter.
A coolness had therefor grown up
between uncle and nephew, and when
the end came David waa not among those
who offered Robert and Aleck advice
aid s vai nathy. The young man behaved
well." Thev surrendered everything, but
creditors d'id not fail to stigmatiae as
dishonorable and unbusiness-like and
Ierui;'tive and risky the nature of the
trade done by the broken firm. Aleck
at once sailed for Sidney, where he had a
brother, and Robert took his wife and
children to her father's, while he endeav
ored to find a situation. But week alter
week parsed, another winter was ap
proaching, and nething had been done.
Oac-1 again David waa interrupted.
This time it was hia pretty neice Jessie.
His face soltened wonderfully when he
met her 1-rga, Uorfal eym."
Oh, uncle," she saw, " we have tore
need o you."
' My purs little woman, sit down and
tell Davie what be can do for you."
Jessie's tale waa soon told her tears
told it best.
Robert a heart had quite failed him ;
they were almost penniless, and they
had worn their welcome out at her
"Then you'll come here, you and
Robert, and Jessie, and wee Davie ; an'
we'll see what your man is fit for. If he
canna find hia feet wi' a wife like you,
I'm sorry for him." '
iso the next day the family moved,with
their small belongings, to David's house,
very much to the annoyance of Mistress
Janet, David's housekeeper. Thia lady,
indeed, soon made things so unpleasant
that it was evident to ail parties there
could be no delay in decision, and Robert,
almost in desperation, resolved in trying
hia fortune in the new world. David,
pressed by hia housekeeper's grumbling
and by his aflection for his nephew, knew
only of one other way he could advance
Robert money for a new effort.
" But it would be the ruin o' the lad,"
he said, thoughtfully. " I'm doubting if
he's learned his lesson yet; he should
e'en go to school again."
So he praised Robert's suggestion, and
offered to pay the passage of the whole
family and give him 100 to start life
with." The tier waa accepted, and in a
few days they were on the ocean, not one
of them aware of the real interest and
affection which followed them.
" But they'll write to me," said David
" They'll write, for they ken I ha'e
plenty o siller."
Once on a new track, all Robert's en
ergy returned. Provided with a letter
to the proprietor of the Mattatook carpet
mills, he found his way there, and readily
obtained work. A part of his hundred
pounds was used in furnishing a little
cottage, and Robert enjoyed a degree ot
peace and comfort to which he had long
been a sti anger. The next ppring a
lucky event gave him a special promi
nence. A large mill in the neighborhood
imported some machinery for weaving a
peculiar kind of rug, and no ane could
be found in the locality able to make it
Robert heard of the dilemma and of
fered hia help. The loom waa familiar to
him, his buccess easy. lie had found his
place, and hs knew it Day by day he
made his skill and energy felt. Jle rose
to be overseer business manager part
ner. Still he varied very little the quiet
simplicity of his home. Jessie and he
had found how little they really needed
for happiness, and so, year by year, what
ever they saved th$y invested in land
which grew ia value while they slept and
worked at other things, and ten years
after Robert's first investment he found
himself, by the simple growth of the vil
lage, a very rich man. Just about this
time David tent them a very urgent
request to come and see him, and, a3 he
offered to pay all expenses, it waa ac
cepted. The old man was now nearing
eighty, yet he was wonderfully hale and
bright, and mot them at the steamer,
apparently little older for the ten years
that had elapsed since he bade them
" good by" on the very same spot. He
liked liobert's way at the very first
"He has tha look of a man wi' siller,
an' he bears hi nisei' well."
Another thing made a still more favor
able impression on David. Robert was
not anxious to Fjeak on business.
Indeed, David had at last to ask
" You'll ha'a done weel, I suppose ?"
" Very well."
" You'll no be needing only help
now ? I have money lying idle."
"Thank you, uncle; but! have 10,000
lying idle myself. I thought of invest
ing it here, if I can find just the machin
ery I want.
"You're gone to manufacturing
"Yes; I know all the ins and outa ef
the trade there is a good opening in our
town. Yes, I am thinking about it."
"You'll not be wanting a partner, eh?"
"If I can get the right kind."
"Would I do?"
"Well, yes, laddie; an' needna scorn at
me. I'll put a hundred thousand to your
fifty, an' we'll ca' the firm 'Rae &
"You could not leave Scotland, un
cle." "Was I thinking o' sic a daft thing?
I'll trust my interests i' your hands. I'll
ha'e my full rights, mind; an' you shall
ha'e a fair allowance for doing my wark
as well as your ain. We'll put every
thing on paper, and I'se hold you strictly
to the bargain."
The proposal made half in banter final
ly assumed a very real shape, and it was
agreed that when Robeit returned to
America he should start a new manufac
turing firm under very different auspices
to his first venture.
But the past was only once alluded to.
and then David introduced the subject,
" You'll be thinking. Robin, very likely
o' . the day when I wouldna lend you the
two thousand pounds.
" You were quite right, uncle ; do man
ought to borrow money until he knows
the difficulty of making it and of sav
ing it; young men can't know these
thing-; they belong to experience."
" You had that lesson to learn then,
Robin, an' thought they might as weel
learn it o' ither folk as me. One fool
whiles teaches anither fool, and both grow
wise thegither. Sandy McUlure lent ye
that twa thousand, and ho was nane the
wsur o' the lesson ye gave him. There
would be fewer young fools if there were
mair wi.-e elders."
So Robert's visit waa a great success,
and the old man shed the last teara he
ever shed on earth when he bade the chil
" You'll tate care o' wee Davie for my
sake, Robin," he said, tenderly, holding
the lad proudly by the hand, " for when
I'm no longer to the fore you'll let my
name stand i' the firm till he's ready to
take my place ; so then the hundred thou
sand wiii aye be in David Speer'a name."
And to-day the house grows and pros
pers, though old David has long been (
gathered to his fathers. Robert's early
failure has brought forth a late and splen
Hearing Sounds in the Sun.
It is not precisely correct to say that
the sounds made in the sun yesterday by
the terrible storms that rago around the
"spots" were heard in this city, but
something like it is true. The telephone
is a little box of magnetized iron with
soma insulated wire coiled around it and
a disc of thin sheet iron firmly placed a
thirty-second of an inch from one end.
The sounds heard can hardly be said to
be imparted by vibration, for they may
le conveyed through a clumsy disc two
inches in diameter and a quarter of an
inch thick, which can hardly be said to
vibrate with such delicacy as to enable
one to distiugui.-h the different tones of
different persons. 1 et those tones can
be heard. Now the telephone is affected
by the magnetic disturbances or storms
which are frequently taking place on the
earth. And, a short time ago, a great
magnetic storm, which made itself known
also through a brilliant aurora borealis,
completely silenced the telephone for a
time, as it sometimes does the ordinary
telecraph. Such storms accompany dis-J
turhances in tne ppow ot tne sun.
Prof. Btdl one day laid aside the tele
phone at his end of the line, and filling
his ear with water laid the end of the
copper wire thereon. Ho heard the
words uttered into the telephone at the
other end of the line !
When the telephonic wire ia put up
entirely independent ot the ordinary
electiie telegraphic wires it werks best,
but even then there are delicate sounds
like light sparkling, crackling or frying
for that best describes it. Now these
sounds are strongest when the sun's at
mosphere ia most disturbed and the ter
restial magnetic currentsare consequently
most agitated. What is it that is heard ?
LAwryear we paid foreign countries
$0,000,000 for woolen goods and $11,
000,000 for manufactured goods. When
we have in the country 20,000,000 more
sheep than we have now we shall only
produce the wool we use ; and yet there
is no country on earth where sheep can
be raised so profitably aa in the United
States. B't we are coming every year
nearer to supplying our own martew
with the wool tney demand, inis.o
the wool clip of the country waa nearly
200 000,000 pounda, while in 1SG0 it was
only 65,000,000 pounda. 1
A SOUTHERN SKETCH.
My Po Utile r' Ciskllon 'Iaues JaC"
BY PLEASANT BXDEBBOOD.
Mr. Lytle, the Dingyburg Justice ef
the Peace, holda court in old shoemaker's
shop, or more correctly speaking, in a
shoemakers old shop, which bad been va
cant ever since the last knight of St.
Crispin in the village had pegged out.
Now Mr. Lytle dispenses justice after a
peculiarly original fashion of hia own,
never dreamt of Blackstone'a philosphy.
Indeed the liberties he - sometimes takes
with the recognized forms, and standard
books of the law, are as novel as they are
startling. I am almost tempted to be
lieve that he accepted his ffice more for
the sake of the fun growing out ol it
than anything else ; still he understands
human nature so well that he has
managed thua far to give entire satislac
tion to all people, regardless of age,
race color or previous condition.. He
varies his learned vocation by doing a
little farming, a little horse-doctoring, a
little poetry and a little " amatenr " tai
loring for " the boys" around town. In
return for his volunteer services as
patcher and mender he ia liberally sup
plied by " the boys " with shaving soap,
tobacco and Sunday fcchool papers. He
ia not at all near-sighted and never thinks
ef using eye-glasses except when he
wishes to add to the dignity and " over
whelmingness" ot his appearance.
When holding court he aasumes a sav
age frown and dons a huge pair of green
goggles, as actors put on costumes suit
able to the characters they are to repre
sent. One day lately, as he waa execu
ting an intricate piece of darning for
Babe Svmons you know Babe, don't
you ? Used to live down in the " Jeems
settlement " well, as 1 waa remarking,
Mr. Lytle peered through his cobwebbed
little window with hia sharp, black, and
not cobwebbed little eyes, and spied
Uncle Josh, or, to give his Sunday name,
Col Josh way Jyars, a respectable man
and brother, coming panting up the hill.
Rightly conjecturing from the colonel's
exci'ed manner that he was bent on
retribution at the hands of the law
sgainst someone, the judge carefully laid
aside his t-mile and Babe Symons' half
darned sock, and from the depths of an
old number twelve boot, which served as
a receptacle for spools, nutmegs, tobacco,
a small bible, pills and innumerable other
articles, he pulled his enormous green
goggles, and before the colonel had en
tered, the loose-jointed, good-natured,
lounging tailor had disappeared, and the
erect, ferocious-looking justice of the
peace had taken hia place.
"Mars Lightning," began Col. Jyars,
whose chief talent consists in warping
names and the English language out of
joint, "I'se come to have Anarky 'iested,
"Come to have your wife arrested 1
Why, Josh, I'm astonished ! What
" For 'sault and battlery, Mars Light
ning. Anarty she Iroed a goadfuu o
soft soap in my eyes, den broke my por
little fo' gallon 'lasses jug over my haid,
she did, an' I'm agoin to put her in jail,
" tv ell, Josh, I expect you were to
blame. Aunt Anarky seems to be a
mighty good-natured old soul. You
-were drinking, and began the row ; hey ?"
" You call dat nigger god-natured
when she's been broking 'lasses jugs over
mv haid replied Josh, evasively.
" How many drama had you taken?"
" My po' little brat new 'la?ses jug!"
said the colonel, wiping away the tears
he tried to shed.
" This honorable court insist on know
ing who struck the first blow," said Mr.
.Lytle, growing tragic.
"En' to think o' Mars Lightning call
ing dat bigotty ole Anarky good-na-tered
"In the name of the City of Dingy
burg and State of Louisiana, I demand
you to inform me vrho began the fight ?"
" Look ahere, Mars Lightning," whined
Josh, tacking round on a new course,
"look at woundses, ssh 1 'Zamine my
haid keerfully an' you'll find a piece of
my poor little fo' gallon 'lasses jug stick
ing in my quanium, sah."
And sure enough, loosely embedded in
hia head, and dripping with soft soap
and molasses, waa a small piece of hia
"fo' gallon jug."
" That'a pretty bad, colonel, but that
piece of stoneware ia perfectly loose ; let
me take it out for you."
" No, jedge, don't take it out ; it'll
make ole Anarky feel wuss'n a beatin' to
see it. Lef it dar, eah 1 Dat piece o'
jug's got to stay right dar till de jedg
ment day, shoh !"
The "jedge" then felt in the old boot
for his little Bible to swear the colonel
on, but, failing to find it, substituted a
ragged Robinson Crusoe.
" Now, Col. Joshway Jyars, if you will
solemnly swear upon this sacred book
that you were not inebriated, and that
Anarky struck the first blow, I will
arrest her for ' 'fault and battle-ry.' "
" I never swears, Mars Lightning ; not
even when dat iurn-hoofed ole mule
kicks me clear 'cross de gin lot."
" But I cannot get your evidence with
out your oath."
My nebbidence 1 What fur you want
my nebbidence ? I come here for to get
dat nigger Anarky 'rested for 'sault an'
" I can't have her arrested without you
" I'se a member o' de chuch an' swearin'
is agin my principuls, jedge."
" I know what's the matter, you began
the scrimmage yourself, you were drunk
"Me drunk! I say ! Me fight! ME
corned from de ole J? irginny stocracy to
be excused of sick redoubtful conduck ? "
" Y'es, and this case will end by my
having you fiued twenty dollar', or put
you in your little jail 1 " exclaimed the
justice, losing his temper as Le gained his
appetite, for it waa now past his usual
" Oh Loddy 1 Oh Canian ! For hebben
sake don't took me up, Mars Lightnin'!
Dat bigothy ole Anarky would laff her
self inose to death ef you found me or
had me 'rested 1 " And an ashy pale
bloom, like that one see3 on a raisin,
overspread his sable countenance. " Ob,
Moses Gerliah I O ! Mars Lightnin', ef
you'll jes let me off dis time I'll
tell you de whole trufe, suh. You
see it rained yisterday an' I was
'fraid de damp would strike in,
so well dat is I tuk sebben, eight
little drams, den I eat a piec3 o' cole pie,
and the pie made my head swim ; cole
pie alius does; den I had to ter take a
lew mo' leetle mou'fles (mouthfuls) o'
whisky to perwent de dyspepsia from ag
gregatin', an' Anarky, she say I den hit
her wid bote de free Dottles 1 nad emtiea.
I reckon de damp wedder had settled on
my consecution an mae me melinous,
an' de cole pie moutn't a set well on my
lungs. Cole pie nebber does, sah. W ell,
de lust thing I knowd down comes a tor-
senk o sof soap, kerslosh in my eyes, an
down come my poor little fo' gallon
'lasses jug kersmash on my baid. It
didn't hurt my haid so much, but jes'
ter think o'brokin' my poor little 'lasses
jug 1 I didn't see that fool Anarky 'jes
den, cos when I got de 'lasses and sot'soap
an' scraps o' jug outen my eyes she
warn't dere. So ef dare's any prossa
bility o' me being tuck up, sah, I will
adeviate the posescution, and say she
nebber done it."
" You withdraw the charges, then?"
" Yaas, sah."
" Well, if you have entirely forgiven
Anarky I'll forgive and let you off this
time ; have you ?
" Yaas, sah 1 Ise plum recomcised to
her, 'lore hebben, I is?"
" And will promise to love, cherish
and obey her, make her fires and furnish
her with snuff, henceforth and forever ?"
" I do," answered Josh solemnly.
" Then in the name of the State of
Louisiana, Metropolis of Borlooooga-Gha,
this court is dismissed." said the judge
with severe dignity, and the colonel,
awed and humbled by the majesty of the
law, started home, walking slowly, and
with his head held on one side to prevent
the piece of stoneware from failing out.
As soon as he wss outside the door Mr.
Lytle stowed hia goggles and his dingy
d 'g-eared Robinson Crusoe back in the
old book and went to dinner. But Col
onel Johfcway Jyars had not proceeded
far before he let his angry passions rise
again, and he muttered " Til pay you
for it yet, Anarky, 'fore Hebben I will 1
You possum-footed ole Texas nigger,
you ! You hippypotamus-heeled ole
Anarky, you ! brokin' my poor little fe'
gallon 'lasses jug on my haid, you 1 On
de haid of Firgihny 'stocracy 1"
What Strikes Cost the Locomotive En
gineers. Stikers, under the rules of the order,
are entitled to $60 a month until em
ployed, and as there are now 396 of thia
unfortunate class on the payrolls, it costs
the brotherhood $23,400 a month to sus
tain them. A special asssessment of $5
a member waa levied last week, in addi
tion to the regular dues, to help support
the unemployed. This assesment ia made
payable on demand, under penalty of ex
pulsion, and of course i3 promptly met.
This has created an ill feeling toward the
brotherhood among many engineers, who
deem it a hardship to be compelled to
contribute towards those who are idle
without just cause, and they particular
ly object to being further assessed to pay
the grand chief $3,000 a year for incen
diary speeches and provoking needless
strikes. The brotherhood is regarded as
about broten, " for," said the detective,
" it is nearly bankrupt and the members
are resolved hereafter to study the wel
fare of themselves and families, and not
participate in any more strikes.
Mr. Arthur recognizes as an inevitable
result the downfall of the locomotive
brotherhood, and he ia now busily em
ployed in perfecting an organization
which he believes will prove much more
formidable than either of its prede
cessors. It includes engineers, con
ductors, brakemen, and firemen, to re
ceive degrees in the order named. "The
object of this trainmen's union," stated
the detective, "is shown in a private
circular issued by Mr. Arthur, a copy of
which we have. It ia proposed to form
an alliance of every branch of railway
service, and bind them together by the
most solemn obligations to stand by each
other and make a general strike in the
fall if their demand lor higher wages is
not complied with. The employes of
thirteen roads are known to be enrolled
in thia new society : The Pennsylvania,
New York Central, Erie, Lehigh Val
ley, Delaware, Lackawanna and West
ern, Lake Shore and Michigan, Northern
Central, Pittsburg, Fort Wayne and
Chicago, Cleveland, and Columbus,
Cincinnati and Indianapolis, Indian
apolis, St. Louis, Cleveland and Pitts
burg, and Philadelphia and Erie. A
membership of 1,200 in the United States
In response to a question as to whether
the detectives had been able to trace Gut
rages to the brotherhood, as an organiza
tion, the detective stated . " Mr. Wil
son, in a letter to the brotherhood after
being deposed, openly charges the mem
bers with having encouraged violence,
and says that men who were known to
have turned switches and placed ob
structions on the tracks, endangering
human life, have sat in general council
and been listened to unrebuked. In the
investigation of the outrages perpetrated
on the Boston and Maine railroad, evi
dence was furnished of men being selected
by the lodges to secure employment on
the road by representing themselves as
non-union men, and, if successful, te de
stroy the engines and ruin all other rail
road property they could. The evidence
iB conclusive that all plot3 for misplace
ing switches and tearing up rails during
strikes originate in the lodge of the
brotherhood, and the persons to perform
the task are selected by lot as waa done
in the Mollie Maguire lodges."
If there is any room for choice
in selecting the spot or a flower
garden, select one that is sheltered
from the wind and exposed freely to the
morning sun. With the proper amount
of care and watchfulness'llowera can be
made to grow anywhere, and no one,
even if confined to the smallest of city
back yards need be deterred from making
the attempt; but most flowers love warm,
sunny spots, where the chill northerly
winds can not reach them, and, if the
garden is favorably located, a large part
of the work und disappointment attendant
upon floriculture may be avoided. As
the laying out of the garden must depend
largely on special local conditions, and
should be guided by individual tastes, we
shall not attempt to lay down any gen
eral rules futher than to suggest that the
complicated and eccentric forms at one
time so popular are no longer consideed
in good taste,and that the plan of arrange
ment is best which combines the greatest
simplicity with a due amount of variety
in the shape of the bed. A thing es
pecially to be avoided, except in ribbon
beds and "Mosaic" planting, is the elabo
rate geometrical figures which the aTerage
books on flower culture are so apt to
suggest to their readers. In preparin the
grounds, raised beds with deep walks
should be dispensed with as far as pos
sible; t hey suffer from the intense heat of
the summer, and the rains wah down
their edges,, giving an untidy look and
sometimes laying bare the roots of the
plants. Grass edges, unless well cared
for.! are obiectinable on account of the
difficulty ot keeping the sods from spread
ing; and this is true of all running-vine
edgings, except ivy. For a large bed a
border of common flax, easily raised from
the seed, is very pretty if kept well
trimmed andthedwarf box is unsurpassed.
The prettiest of all beds are those neat
ly cut inta the grass plot, and left without
other edging. In these the brilliant hues
of the flowers contrast well with the soft
emerald tint of the grasa. It may be a
slight objection to these beds that the
dew on the grass makes it necessary to be
v.ell shod in attending them in the early
morning when flowers and the work of
gardening ate most attractive. The walks
between Deds may betrodden down and
hardened with coal ashes and gravel.
The most desirable soil for flowers ia a
mellow loam, and that will be much
affected by excessive wet or drought.
As it is useless to grow flowers in poor
soil, the work of fertilizing and ameliora
tiou must claim the earliest attention.
If the ground be clayey and adhesive,
dress it with sand and well-rotted ma
nure in sufficient quantity to make it
mellow and friable. Spade it and mix it
well. If the soil be sandy and loose,
spade in clay and manure in the same
way. Wood ashes are as good for all
kinds of soil, as they loosen those that
are close, and hold moisture in those that
are sandy. Every flower garden should
be well manured every autumn the ma
nure covering the ground during winter,
and being well spaded in the spring.
Drainage, natural or artihciai, is ab
solutely essential to successful flower
gardening, no soil that remains saturated
or many hours alter even tne neaviest
ram is ht for the growth ot flowers. De
fore it can be eccessfully cultivated it
must be thoroughly under drained.
Concerning Battle Pieces.
An old soldier has been passing some
homely criticisms upon one of Mra. But
ler's battle pieces. He says the men's
faces look too clean after a day's firing.
For our own part, the greatest fault we
have to find with the battle pieces of our
great artists is that in too many cases the
uniforms appear to have been made with
some vague intention of fitting the sol
diers who might wear them. We don't
know how it may be in other countries,
but in the United States army a quarter
master who would furnish a uniform
that would fit an infantry soldier any
better than it would a cow, would be
instantly dismissed from the service.
This ia a strict law, and there has never
been a strict dismissal under it yet.
Yoltaire's YIew or a Tnreo-KussiaH
A hundred thousand mad animals'
whose heads are covered with hats, ad
vance to kill or to be killed by their
fellow-mortals covered with turbans. By
thia strange procedure to want to know
whether a tract of land, to which none of
them have any claim, should belong to a
certain man whom they call the sultan,
or another whom they call the czar
neither of whom ever saw or ever will see
the spot so furiously contended for; and
very few of those creatures who tbns
mutually butcher each other ever beheld
the animal for whom they cut each
It is said that garroters have to eerre
an apprenticeship or two years eerore
they can go out on the street and
tackle an alderman with a short neck.
Tbe Wages the Railroad Men Struck
The strikers on the Baltimore and
Ohio have put their demands in writing
and they think that the figures ought
to be higher than ever before. In fact
they demand higher wages than the road
ever paid. When the war broke out in
1861 engineers were getting from $1.33
to $3, firemen $1.11 to $1.75, and brake
men $1 to $1.33. The wages against
which they stiuckwere $2.25 to $2.93 for
engineers and $1.35 to $1.50 for firemen
and brakemen. Thia is a little lesa then
in 1861 for the engineera, about the same
for the firemen and ten or fifteen per
cent, more for the brakemen. They
demand 13.50 to $4 for engineera and $2
as a minimum for firemen and brakemen,
which ia about one-third mere than in
1861. Vice-President King's answer,
though courteous and polite, ia not
entirely candid. He refers to the panic
of 1873 and the consequent tailing off in
traffic, and says that the Baltimore and
Ohio company waa the last company
which competes for the great trade of
the west which made the reduction of
ten per cent. This is intended to convey
the idea that the Baltimore and Ohio
had since the panic been tbe last to
reduce tbe wages of ita employes.. Thia
ia fallacious. During 1873 they could
make ten or eleven days a week at $3 a
day, by extra work. When the panic
came a reduction was made putting the
regular pay at $2.50, taking off extra
time and the extra half day for Sundays.
In A ugust a further reduction of twenty
per cent, or fifty per cent, was made, and
the firemen got $1.75 and $1.50. This
shows that the reduction has amounted
to over fifty per cent, since 1873, and
the work has been increased by length
ening the trains and reducing the num
ber of brakemen.
The strikes on the Pennsylvania was
against wages almost as high as the ex
treme demands ot the Baltimore and
Ohio employes, and quite as much, if
their statement ia true. Under the re
duction engineers got from 48.88 to
$92.23. If the men on the Baltimore
and Ohio only made eighteen days in
their best months these wages on the
Pennsylvania were certainly greater
than the former asked for. The Erie
was the next road where the men began
to starve. Some of their men were
making more than the fondest dreams
of the Baltimoie men, and were doing
leR work. Nevertheless they could
not "buy bread for their families" and
they struck. The New York Central
was paying less than either of the
last two named roads, though more than
the Baltimore and Ohio. The run was
about the same. On tbe Lake Shore the
wages were lower still, being as follows:
For hundred mile runs, engineers, $3.28;
fireman $1.19, and brakemen, $1.35.
These might be increased by overwork.
On the New Jersey Central wages were
the highest known, though the road was
in the hands of a receiver. The hands
struck for the only reduction made
since the war, and that a slight one,
three months ago. Even under that
engineers got an average of $110, fire
men $66. and brakemen $45 during
June. The Lehigh Valley was about at
an average. It was paying more than
the Baltimore and Ohio before the re
duction. The Delaware, Lackawanna
and Western scale did not vary much
from that of the Lehigh Valley. The
following gives a summary ot the average
wages on the principal roads concerned
in the strike:
i 1 11
2 2 ".
rake t men.
Haltiiuor and u iz M
Pennsylvania 3 2
N. V. Cen. and rlutl...
L. S. and Mich, b
lntral of N.J.
Iiel .Lack and W....
Chicago, bur. and Q.
C. R. 1. and Pacific.
Ji. N. H. and 11...
Boston and Albany.
From thi3 it appears that the lowest
wages of all are paid by the Baltimore
and Ohio, which pays the largest divi
dends and has the largest surplus. The
highest ia on the New Jersey Central,
which is bankrupt, the pay on the New
York, New Haven and Hartford paying
for longer runs. The average is nigher
than on the Baltimore and Ohio before
the reduction. Philadelphia Times.
The Mother's Influence.
In the article the late ex-Senator
Pratt was dictating at the time of his
death, thia incident of hia own life is
related : " It was late in the fall of J35
that, having collected for the. different
mercantile firms in Cincinnati, about
$2,000, I waa sent on horseback by the
Lawrenceburg road to deliver to the
several parties interested the money so
collected. As I waa passing the branch
bank, then recently established, on the
morning of my departure, the cashier
hailed me aud brought out some bundles
of bank bills folded up and stowed them
away in my saddle-bags, and handed me
letters to the banks to whom the packages
were to be delivered. lie stunned me
by saying they amounted to $20,000
There was a moment, a supreme and
critical one, when the voice of the
tempter penetrated my ear. It was
when I reached the crown of those
imperial hills that overlooks the Ohio
river when approaching Lawrenceburg
r. i, . ? rri , a
irom lae interior, mis nooie stream
was the great artery of commerce at that
day, before a railroad west ot aiassachU'
setts had been built. What a gay spec
tacle it presented ; flashing in the bright
sunlight, covered with natboats, with
rafts, with gay steamers ascending and
descending, and transporting their pas'
sengers in brief time to the Gulf of
Mexico, the gateway to all parts of the
won i. 1 had but to sell my horse and
go aboard one ot these with my treasure,
and I was absolutely beyond the reach of
flursuit. There were no telegraphs then,
pashing intelligence by an agency more
subtle than steam, and far outrunning
it ; no extradition treaties requiring for
eign governments to return the felon
The world wa before me, and at the age
of twenty-one, with feeble ties connect
ing me with those lett behind. 1 was in
possession of a fortune for those early
days. I recall the fact that this thought
waa a tenant of my mind for a moment,
and for a moment only. Bless God, it
found no hospitable lodgment anv longer.
And what think you, gentle reader, were
the associate thoughts that came to my
rescue? Away, over rivers and niouo tains,
a thousand miles distant, in an hunble
farmhouse, on a bench, an aged mother
reading to her boy from the oracles of
- . m t n t
tiod. Joieuo jommercim.
A Simple Care for Drunkenness.
A Brooklyn man writea to the Sun:
I drank more intoxicating liquors from
the year 1857 to the last day of 1873 than
any other person I ever knew or heard of ;
and in the meantime, knowing this sure
cure, did not practice it on myself, but,
for fun, did practice it on many othera,
and effected permanent cu res. The rem
edy of the cure is this: When a person
finds he must have a drink, let him take
a drink of water, say two or three swal
lows, as often as the thirst or craving
may. desire. Let him continue this
practice. His old chums will laugh ;
but let him persevere, and it will not le
a week before the appetite for any kind
of stimulant will disappear altogether
and water be taken to quench the natu
ral thirst. If at any time the victim
should feel a craving, let him take the
first opportunity and obtain a swallow of
water, and he can pass and repare all
saloons. When he goes home at night
he will feel satisfied and sober and have
money in his pocket. I commenced this
practice the first day of 1873, and never
think of taking a drink of stimulants."
Change of Scene.
Midnight on North Hill. The de
clining moon gleams from the starry
heavens like the smile on the face of the
jack o'-lantern. A young man leans
against the end of the vine-embowered
porch beneath the window of his dear
and sings, "Oh, for a touch of that soft
white hand, on my fever-throbbing
brow." And then her father, emitting
himself stealthily from the front door,
stole up and touched the young man just
below the' tournure with a number nine
boot, and the moon went down in aseaot
blood, and the pall of darkness blotted
Out the fAA .wBngicm Hrwkm.
Tnv Trolian Kriminrln ra fl larv aet.
Thev haven't captured an Englishman
for nearly three months.
FARH AND HOUSEHOLD.
Pbarmavrr oa tbe ram.
A writer in the Germ an town Telegraph
thus pleasantly hits ofl a common mistake
of farmers :
Some farmers are continually in trouble
with their live stock. Now a horse, now a
cow, then the hogs, the chickens, the
dogs, and even the cat, gets out of tune.
I am often asked what to do in such
cases, but as I never have sick animals, I
can seldom give advice. However, so as
to uphold the natural dignity belonging
to sixty-five winters, I generally cate
chiie my inquirer a little in this manner :
Hew do you treat yonr Btock? "Oh 1 well,
I now and then give them a purge to
clean them out ; somtimes a little sulphur
or saltpetre and condition powders."
Why? "So as to keep them in good
order, you know." So you give them
medicine when they are well, do you ?
" Yes ; almost every one does." And
what do you do when they get trick?
" Why, then I go to some of my neigh
bors to come and see the animal ; we look
at him, feel him all over, and" Well,
and then what? "Somebody guesses
that maybe a little saltpetre or turpentine
might be good." Yes, and then down
goes the dose, I suppose. ''Of course, we
do all we can." Now, you will see, I
have got my neighbor flat on his back,
and this is the way I let him up : Well,
you are a comical doctor. You know
exactly what kind of medicine is good for
a horse when he is well, but when he is
sick you have to run all around foradvice.
Now, don't you think that your well
doses are the cause of your needing sick
onea ? Off goes the hat, and up goes the
finger nails ; there is a new idea creeping
in. " Thank you, sir ; after thia I'll
save my physic till my stock need it.
The Preaervatlon of Efrsr.
The Journal of the Medical Aacademy
of Turin, in a rece'nt number, says : The
sura and simple method of keeping eggs
sound by smearing the shells with linseed
oil has long been practiced. The oil
forms a sort of film over the shell, there
by preventing the f wo immediate causes
of decomposition evaporation from and
penetration of air into the egg. A recent
experiment in point deserves notice. A
dozen new-laid eggs were rubbed over
with linseed oil applied with the tip of
the finger; another dozen were coated in
like manner with popjy oil; two more
eggs were left in their natural state. The
whole twenty-six were then laid close
together in three rows, in dry sand upon
a shelf, where they were left undisturbed.
At the end of three months they wer
weighed, and again at the end of six
months, when they were opened. The
two eggs left in their natural state at the
end of three months had lost 1 1 per cent,
of their weight, and at the end of six
months 18 per cent., and were found to
be half empty and the contents rotten.
The eggs coated with poppy oil in three
months lost 3 per cent., and in six months
4. per cent, of their weight. The eggs
were still full and devoid of unpleasant
smell. The eggs rubbed over with lin
s: ed oil in three montha lost 2 per cent,
and in six months 3 per cent, only of
their weight, and when opened were
found to be full, with the smell of fresh
The lnatlnrt or Sloaiulto.
The mosquitoes, it has been discovered
by a learned professor, are possessed of
great powers of observation and penetra
tion. Down st the seaside we have
noticed this fact ourselves. When a big
trunk was landed from an express wagon
into the entry of a hotel, the nimble in
sects usually made for it and crawled
through the keyhole for' the purpose of
taking notes. If the clotkes within be
tokened that a fat person was the owner,
the mosquitoes would stay within and be
carried up to the room, where thev would
lav for the fat person until bed time. If
the garments belonged to a thin person
the. insects would pile out through the
keyhole in double-quick order. This is
an actual fact. Philadelphia Bulletin.
Taklns Care of Sbeep.
A correspondent of the Country Gentle
man has the following to say with regard
to the care of sheep :
The sheep, from habit, requires ex
ercise. It is accustomed to hilly and
broken lands, and prefers them to the
plain. It loves to range and is adapted
to it. Pure air and freedom to range,
with a variety of food (feeding, indeed,
on almost anything), are the natural
conditions, and can not be dispensed with
without loss of energy and hardiness.
Our sheep, however, are getting lesa and
less exercise. Instead of foraging during
the winter, as ia done in the milder sec
tions of the country, and to some extent
in the colder, our sheep are housed
closely, especially in such winters aa the
last, getting no exercise, with lack of the
fresh air which they are by nature accus
tomed to, and often fed h'avily with
corn. They become plethoric, the ewes
unfitted for the duties of maternity, the
system incapacitated, and many obscure
evils making their appearance. Worse,
still, if the other extreme a lack ot
food ia permitted. In either case the
sheep is thrown out of its natural course,
and this continues for half of the year.
The confinement is cruelty, and is sure
to tell. They do better subject to the
cold rains and snow storms, with plenty
of food and a chance for shelter, than
with this unnatural confinement.
The true way, that hits exactly the
principle that governs, is to give a
chance both for freedom of ranging and
shelter. In such a case it will be found
the storm is sometimes preferred, forage
made if the snow will admit. Even some
shepherds have made paths for this pur
pose. Let it be remembered that it is
not only fresh air that is required, but
exercise. The sanitary condition of our
Rtock should be a first principle, good
treatment sustaining it, not the mer3
crowding with food, but attending to the
various requirements which nature or
With respect to shelter left optional
with the sheep, it will be found that
roominets, with good air and light is an
inducement to occupation, while close
quarters arc viewed with shyness and
suspicion. Who does not know that
sheep will often suffer out in the storm
rather than enter a close, confined place 1
This same principle rejects the massing
together of many sheep. They love to
be herded, but spread over a great ex
tent of territory, or what seems preferable,
disposed in small grou pa. This certainly
hsm been found to'be the most advanta
geous, especially for the larger breeds of
sheep, whica originauy wsre less actus-,
tomed to large breeding, and also requiro
more attention. A few sheepof the long
wool kinds kept properly are fenndtobe
the most profitable, and should be pos
sessed by every or almost every farmer.
They yield ready money in summer from
the saleot their lamos anu wooi. iuu uu
thrifty, fine appearance ought to be an in
ducement to secure (if no more) 12 or 15
head of ewes, the male a superior sheep,
as he will be'if well kept. In thia way a
first class stock may be constantly on the
arm. realizing a yearly income which,
it not lartre. vet gives a large per cent.
of the profit ; and it ia this increase of
iroht on tne investment, in iuo umercut
epartments that make farming profitable
As many of these should be carried aa
possible, or as are at least, convenient.
The great success in life is the beginning
with little, and working up expanding.
The farmer has the advantage of many
departments, each oPwhich is a nucleus
for expansion if occa ion favors, which the
experienced cultivator knows how to
take advantage of. Thus, from a few
sheep, large flocks have originated, mak
ing sheep raising tne priucipni taing, cir
cumstances lavonng it, ao any one
branch may be enlarged. With small be
ginnings there is little risk, and they are
apt also io receive more attention, so
that in tbe aggregate there is more success
with resp-v to general farming, and sheep
are included in this.
rrf nl ramlly VIoU.
T?rrrnv FOR CHILLS ASP FEVER
Three cents' worth of sulphur in a pint of
rwwt whiskey : ehake well, aud take a teas-
spoonful night and morning for a week ;
then once a day. Care mast be takf n not
totHke cold aftr uirjg tho sulphur.
Fnnn for Mocktkbir3. One me.
dinm-tiizctl boiled potato (without salt)
and the yolk of one nard boiled egg, chop.
ped together very fine when warm. In
cold weather this may last two days, but
in summer it should be made fresh daily.
Cube foe Cough and Spittino Blood.
-Take three ounces of comfrey roots
and six handfula of plantain leaves, cut
them finely, crush and beat well together ;
strain them through a clean cloth or sieve ;
weigh it ; add the same weight in white
crushed sugar ; boil to a syrup.
To Wash Window. Have a pail
partly filled with tepid water, throw in a
teaspoonfiilof powdered bo.ax, have one
small chamois dipped into the borax water,
to wash the windows, then with a dry
chamois rub the window dry and polish.
In this way windows may be cleaned in
a very few moments, and not wet the
carpets or tire of the person.
To Keep Egos. Make a solution of
borax water, a heaping teaspoonful of
pulverized borax to a pint of boiling water;
let it stand until the solution becomes
warm but not allow it to get so cool that
the borax will crystalize; dip the eggs
quickly then; keepin acool place; the bo
tax will crystalize a-ound the eggthere
fore keep out the air and preserve the egg
To Cleax Corsets. Take out the
steels at front and sides, then scrub thor
oughly with tepid or cold lather of white
castile "ap, using a very small scrubbing
brush ; do not lay them in water. When
quite clean, let cold water run on them
freely from the spigot to rinse out the
soap thoroughly. Dry, without ironing
(after pulling lengthwise until they are
straight and shapely), in a cool place.
To Clean Silveb. Table silver should
be cleaned at least once or twice a week,
and can easily be kept in good order and
polished brightly in thia way: Have
your dish-pan hf If full of boiling water;
place the silver in, so that it may become
warm ; then with a soft cloth dipped into
the hot water, soaped and sprinkled with
powdered borax, scour the silver well; then
rinse in clean hot water ; dry with a clean,
Oil Staiss out of White Cloth.-
Make a strong solution of borax water
one tablespoonlul powdered borax to a
pint of boiling water ; place the cloth on a
cltan board or table and rub the oil stain9
well. usin a clean brush dinoed into the
7 O I I
solution ; if the spots are of long standing
a very little soap may be used with the
borax water; rinse well with clean hot
water, using the brush for that purpose,
then rub dry with a clean soft cloth.
Floor Mats. -Very nice, fine mats
may be made by stretching common coffee
sacking on a frame just the size of mat
required (a good frame may be made of
1 . i i n .11 -1.1 j
iaiu or spiit uux'iiijiiaiiuies naiieu togeiu-
er at the corners) ; into this draw, with
coarse, crochet needle, strips of any mate
rial, delaine, cloth, prints, &c. ; cut bias
or straight, alout one inch to one and
one-half inches in width, and leave the
goods standing, in loops on the upper side;
when finished take from frame, turn
edges of sacking on wrong side, and line
with another piece oi' sacking. Would
not this sacking answer the question of
some weeks past aa to what should be a
good f jundation for mats made of raveled
tiearral Howard Vt tilting- for Rvinroror-
rtifni TV but hp PrnpmM fo do wbn
N Mil lord Arrltm-lu ih .llmnllme
Old Joe l Havlnr Kver.Tlblnff
Portland press dispatches state that
General Howard is at present at Kamia,
awaiting the arrival of Major Sanford.
As soon as that officer ioins him General
Howard will take all the available force
and push vigorously after Joseph and
White Bird, who have already crossed
the Bitter Koot mountains, by way ot the
Lolo trail. He will go through to Mis
soula as speedily as his command can
move. He will have in the neighborhood
of five hundred men. Another force under
command of General Wheaton will leave
Fort Lapwai and, moving north, pass
through the Spokane country and cross
over into Montana through the bahon
Pass. After crossing the mountains the
troops will push down to Missonla, where
they will join General Howard. It is
expected that Howard s and Wheaton's
detachments will reach that point simul
taneously. Wheaton will command
about four hundred and fifty or five hun
dred troops, and his detour through the
Spokane country will be made at the re
quest of Indian-Inspector Watkins.
There are a number ot tribes squatted
through that region who wish to be
placed on the reservation. Inspector
Watkins has been authorized to se
lect a suitable reservation and locate
the Indians. His principal object
in passing through that country ia to
make a personal inspection of the char
acter and disposition ot the Indians, the
nature of those regions and to designate
where reservations are to be located. It
is also thought that the marching of a
large force of troops through there will
have a very beneficial effect on the In
dians. Most ot them are peaceably dis
posed toward the whites, while some are
inclined to be turbulant. The detach
ment will not kare Lapwai for a week
or more, and any straggling bands of hos
tiles which may have broken away from
Joseph or White-Bird, and attempt to
reach the Spokane country, will be inter
cepted b'y Wheaton and cut off. This
movement will, it is believed, crush out
the strength of the ho3tiles, and bring
peace to the whole region of country
west of the Bitter Root mountains, and
with the capture or annihilation of
Joseph's and White-Bird's bands of rene
gades, bring the war to a close. Colonel
Green, with a fotce of cavalry, will re
main in and about Kama, to protect the
settlement, and to cut off all straggling
squads of Indians he can find.
Captain Wilkinson received a dispatch
in regard to obtaining the Warm Spring
scouts to accompany General Howard,
through the Lolo trail, to the mountain.
The Indians have mostly gone after fish
and game. I have called a council for
Monday, the thirtieth, and will send
word Wednesday night' as to the result.
If any scouts are obtained they will come
to Dallas as soon as possible, and be con
veyed to the front. General Howard,
having dispensed with a part of his
scouting force, is very desirous of secur
ing a number of Warm Spring scouts.
These scouts, it will be remembered, per
formed gallant and effective service
during the Modoc war.
Mounted Infantry Officers.
The necessity of mounting all captains
of infantry companion, if there officers
are to perforin their duties efficiently, ii
bi'intr again dwelt upon by the French
military press. In the French army, aa
in nearly all other continental forces, a
company on a war footing numbers 2r)0
men ; anl, it is urged, that it is simply
impossible for its captain, however active
he may be, to pioperly superintend its
working if he has to move about on foot.
Extended in t-kirmiwhing order, forma
tion which has now become its normal
fighting order, or employed as an advance
or rear guard, a company of 250 men
covers a long stretch of ground, and can,
it is argued, only be adequately control
led by a mounted eflicer. After a march
again, the captain of a company ought to
look aftor the coinfort of his men, visit
them in their bivouacs, satisfy himself
that they have received their proper ra
tions, and see that all camp duties are
properly performed. But if he is fa
tigued by long march on foot, he will be
but too likely to perform this work in a
perfunctory manner : and, consequently,
his company will suffer. Morever, now
that a short service system prevails in
Ucaiir ctci J ajuivmiiaiiiiT. wio va w.uj
of a company will generally bo the oldest
man in it, and therefore not so well able
to endure fatigue as the young men under
his command. For all these reasons it is
srenerally recognized as necessary that
the captain should be a mounted officer.
In the German army, he is provided with
a horse, and in time ef war even two. In
Austria and Italv the mounting of all
captains has only been temporarily post
poned from considerations ot expense, and
in France, a captain, when on the line of
march, or during maneuvers in the field,
may tide, if he chooses to provide himself
with a horse at his own cost ; but unfor
tunately the small pay received by them
does not allow many of the French offi
cers to avail themselves of thia permis
sion. Pall Mall GautU.
cinaon rt. AnthfMiT will canvas Colru
rado the coming autumn for woman suf
Writing for the Press.
Waste no time on introductions.
Don't begin by laying out your subject
like a Dutch flower garden, or telling
your motives for writing. The keynote,
if possible, should be struck in the very
first sentence. A dull beginning often
damns an article ; a spicy one whets the
appetite and commeuda what follows to
both editor and reader. " Above all stop
when you are done. Don't let the ghost
of your thought wander about after the
death of the body. Don't waste a mo
ment's time in vindicating your produc
tion, against editors or critics, but ex
pend your energies in writing something
which shall be its own vindication.
John Q. Saxe, the poet, claims to be a
lineal descendant of Hans Sachs, the old
shoemaker poet of Nuremburg, who was
an ancestor of Marshal Saxe, whose glory
culminated in one of hia descendants,
" George Sand."
RHECMAT1SM QUICKLY CCEED. Du
rang'a Rheumatic Kemedy, the great Internal
Medicine, will positively cure any case of
rheumatism on the face of the earth. Price
$1 a bottle ; six bottles, $5; sold by all Drug
gists. Send for circular! to Hefphenstine,
fc Bentley, Druggist, Washington, D. V.
Pond's Extract, for Varicese Veins,
flemorroehages or any Pain. Fbyaiciane
allophatic,homo?opatbic and eclectic recom
mend it. Ask of them. .
Vf tamt Csn be ( nrrd
Need not be endured, although what can't
must be. Among the bodily ilis susceptible
of complete removal by that benign tome and
alterative, Hostetter's Stomach Hitters, are
general debility,maldrial feverF,constipation,
dyspepsia, liver disorder, and nervousness.
Its remedial capabilities are, however, by no
means limited to these maladies. Its proper
ties as a blood depurent render it extremely
serviceable in expelling tbe acrid impurities
which produce those painful disorders, rheu
matism and gout, and its invigorating and
mildly stimulating effect upon the kidney
and bladder constitute it a usefu. medicine
for impelling those organs to a complete per
formance of their functions when they are
weak and inactive. In fact, there is Ruarccly
any disease of w hich weakness is an accom
paniment, in which this admirable medicine
cannot be used with advantage.
After an experience of over twenty
five years, many leading physicians aokuow
edge that the Gratfeniierg Marshall's Uterine
CatAolicon is the only known certain remedy
for diseases to which women are subject. The
Graefenberg Vegetable Pills, the most popular
remedy of the day for billiousness, headache,
liver complaint and disaaseg of digestion.
Sold by all druggists. Send for almanacs.
Graefenberg Co.. New York.
nM Bear II In Mind
that if your grocer does not have, and will
not get Dooi.ey's Yeast Powder for you,
you can send 20 cents for quarter, 35 rents
for half, or 90 cents for one pound can, di
rect to DOOLKY & BROTHER, New York, and
yon will receive it by return mail. Always
use it for the deliciou Vienna rolls.
Hatch's Universal Cough yrup has
been put to a six years' test in our trade,
with the following result : It gives the best
of satisfaction to all our customers, and Ihey
testify to that satisfaction by buying far more
of it than ot any other cough remedy, al
though we keep in stock a large number of
that class of medicines, in fact all that have
been heretofore considered most salable.
SLAUGHTER & WELLS, Waverly, K. Y.
Variations in temperature have a
marked effect on human constitutions, ab
normally checking the secretions in some,
and forcing tbe excretions in others, making
a corrective or regulator neoessarv, which
can be found in Home Stomach Bitteks.
Prepared by the home Iiitters Co., St. Louis,
Safe, Permanent and Complete!
Wilhoft'a Tonic cures Chill and Kever.Dumb
Chills and Bilious Fevers those Titans that
kill their thousands where this remedy is un
known. It cures Enlargement of the Spleen.
It cures Hypertrophy of the Liver. It hurts
no one. It cures all types of Malarial Fevers
and is perfectly protective in all its effects.
Try Wilhoft'a tonic, the great infallible Chill
Cure. G. K Finlay & Co., Proprietors, New
For sals by all Drpgoists.
A FAIR I'lIOPOHTIOM.
Ir. Tutt authorizes his agents to refund tbe
money in erery case where hia Hair Dye falls. Per
fect satisfaction guaranteed. It acts like magic,
easily applied, and is peifectiy natural, hold by all
respectable druggi-gs. 18 Murray Street, 1. T.
f 5 hO
Bacon Clear Sides. . 8
Hay Best 17 00
Whisky Common ... 85
Robertson County. 1 75
Bourbon 5 00
Lincoln County... 1 75
raTighwinps 1 13
Cotton Ordinary . . .
Cattle Good to extraf
Medium butchers.. SJ
Hog Selected 6 J
Fair to good 3
eheep Good to
choice 4 00
Common to fair. . . 2 00
Flour.. f 5 25
Wheat-Red and A mb'r . 1 40
Corn sacked 52
Hay Timothy 9 00
Pork Mess' 14 25
Lard 101 a
Bacon Clear Bides. . 8 a
Flour f 6 25 a
Suzar. . . .
Cotton . . .
Tmeflterl In Wall at. ,ntrkm makes
fnrtunff tmery month. HoftL Mnt
'fr- rat plaining PTfrytlnnir.
ADdrrufi KAXTKK A CO.. Aankcrs.17 Wllit.,N. V.
0"-Y .FIVE DOLLARS
FOB AN ACRE!
Of the Bet fund in AMEHU'A, ner tht Grfa
T'ni m !.( inc Kaii. ad.
A F.ARM FOR $200.
In eaay ravnianta with low rat'. a of Internet.
8KCURK IT NOW !
Full Information aet free, adtlreaa.
. P. DA VI".
Land Airent, l'. P. R I!., Omaha. Neb
Are invited to inTeetmate Tlie American Kewapapar
t'nlon Lint nf Newapapere the Urgtt eemhinalinn
of pnpmr. in the Vnited State. -and compare the prlrea
with other lieta. It it the ehevpe.1 aid lett odrerr.e.
iV metfiwm in the eemntry.
List of 1085
New Trl. ivrapir I'aloa -.let.
CliiaK Kempaper I'alon Llai,
Ull waakee Hewiea eer I'alea L-et,
Mt. Pael ? WP a per Celee -.ia.,
ClarlBaatl Btewepapcr l alea Llat,
Maat-wra Hswepaper I'alaa 1. let.
The prireei advertialtic are now about o&e-hel
of laat year'e ratee and areaa followa:
OSC INf'n OF HPAf'K-M AiJATI? LINES-WILL
1E INSXKT-B ON- WEEK IN TUB
New York New paper Tnion Liat for
Chicatro S'ewapaper Tnloa Llat "
Milwaukee htwipapar Union Llat
Bt. Paul Newapaper Union liat ' .
Cincinnati ftewepaper Union Llat '
Southern Kewepaper Colon Llat
.. - M
.. 7. tut
Or the Kntire Llat ef
1085 Newspapers One Weel for $87.50
4 Oae lark adrtrtleement will be Inaerted ene
rear in the entire Hat of ions newepapera for
Or about S-v Pr WT T"r-
Mr-Send for Catalogue. Addreea,
DEALS & FOSTER.
& C in (tOfl Per dT home. Bamplaa worth 1
J)J) l(J JU trw. HTlHKni A Co..FortliKl.Mlna
HK tiO t"Tf Week to AiMita. 110 0rU
jQ&jiO P. O. VlChTfcBY. Aus-uata, Me
1 'f.. l Nanaan St.. Ho-w Tor
., v,- -nU wanted. Outfit aa
rm'iS ThDK' aZ M"
J1)A lT. HOW TOM AHt IT.
tSuLtVj Am lall.. VOF. ViiSd K CO. .ft
THMaHtHV Toolaand MatrrK'J" i
mt, Ofo. K. Smuh A Co.. I'. O. "
a week ia your own town. Tenna and !" out!
trw. H. HAlLKTr ACQ.. I'ort land. Maine.
KtlVULVXllt itxLlt with Ik irtrlda.
A ddrcM J. Mown 4 Son.ia.alK W otdit.rntl'nr.la.
ItOrn A MONTH AIIKSTSWAF1Fl-"kil
Xi3DlJ aelllBg rtlrlfa ia thoill; .ni !
ZX. Addrma JAY B KONHON. D-troit. -Hlcl.
a year ti Areil . Outfit mnd
S!'" Jrrr. h OT llTllia Hl-
drt',K..T. Mt'rfA A-1 .. Si.Lw4.Mo.
?Iad liv !? Arrlitu iTiJaTi.TTwIOi
my 1 1 iir'warlirlr. farii(ile free.
IJKtiSIONS procurtd r.r no ry. ri.r'yerr aoone
rd, ruptured, arcidf ntallr Injured or rill
f..,ldier. Addre... ful. N. . I ITZUEKALP. V.8.
C IkIui Att'y WanliinK'tm. f
TJT A wrnPlaF'nir li'rrd in one Uy. Boat
ATAIll V, banco fer aa-enta ever cflered. Addreea
Hf .1H, ATLANTA, ti K.
OUR AUTOMATIC FLY BRUSH
Kuim nve hoiira and una nu i.o-.liliiK. A iinoi
lw to tn A lA. tikiiu i,r.lfr. ler ' Jfr
jtTHin. ii iu pie. and ordir - Imok .ami n H .K ME It
11 INKS, ew Midway. Tredi rirk '- . Md.
New Map of Texas
Giyinff dietanref mi ell f!"f rallronde.flnMied and nil'
ninaheil. population or ''. aim mum
u-tle informatien. Krul n liete on rt-reipt or .m
Ad.lreee. J. . l.Aftr.I. l.nranan. ie.
A MY Willi! mad br
A -en UiHir eiir ( hromoa.
Craven". Picture and thru.
mo tarda. 15 ampln
w.rMi w.V ent. poei-pald.
for HA en. t. I lliiatretod Oat
aloffue fr. II
III MOKII'a feoajM,
Ion. ' tetatdleliej K
TRCTIt IU MICnTTf
Pevteenw kUrVBOi. I rWt
Im a..4 WmnrA. WJ-U Apr LaeMa,
riU -r oa. -.. aaM
axk mt .. yvl v- wn
fJ T. Lea. ptone e
AaUma. IW I A. TI K
wanFwwc HABIT m"!
( uit-a t.y Vi IWU only
1 .....1 r.mxAv
I VI KO (HABOE
treatment pntil cartel. Call on or kddraat
OR. J. C. fiECK,
112 John Street. CLNtlNNATOHJt
llarWftllwl f-r- art
etu. A fie, yrn A
B. T. BmUMt t Se
Aoee a j-ta-'f
anil offVr, In Xh4
rutilla Tarn riWFOT TOILET AP la tbe " "
For Use In th Nursery It jin No
Wutlh kn tuuetluuvT)r uieUitr and fatuity niCuil-uo-l-ee
Sample Una, omtaintBg I rakr, 4 oat. tacil, aenl Baa le aay a
drew ea rec.u.t of IS rmu. All"--
B. TifiABBITT, Nw York City.
rR.c. w. ttKMovwrr.i.EnTAworiiA-
omK tll.l are prepar. A eipre-altl
rnreHltn III: 4 l a 4 II I :. KH t M HlUjI-
a nr.. iii.vri-Tir MKii;iin. a.li
IttKllt. ii;voi . a,l.r . '
MAVanil wllleureiiBT . !. 1J .
KiKltw (.. Kalllninrr, JI4. lrlt Mo..l
mk- I !. IStilil l nil l "if .lalaanil tuaati w
--. Kt IIKDMtt IfitMurtl Haak, llail-
llaiare, yi il.
the Kltlneya, tllandfr and I'rliiiary Or
aaiia. II unfa Urmtily t pun if njiublt aid
I ... f. .. auva lllaraaaa. 1 1 tiaj
A I . . ..I L Ih VAHKV .IU I. I I 1
rured thoaeauda. .rrj U"ttie warranted, hend to W.
t. Clarke. I'n.Ttdenre, P. 1.. lor iiluttraled liemphleC
If T"or dmrjrttl don't ltva it. tie will ont.r tl pr Tim.
The b"t I.lnnld f".lor la the worM. and lee eul- eoe awarAeaT
Ceotenoial Friia yeitel. Ii i.i-iu l.uiter a (.44aa raUowe-w
Ufee June irmea butler, pralurlia better aaM aed at hiee
prtre beaiAea tmpeetlBf bull.-r iu eeUir alel fl..oe ea4 kaeple.
Ia far auuerlur to onu. caimle er aa; otber eoler Baaufee
7" .. .J7.k. an I. e.,,,I..L,r thai will ant eoloe kauerwUlt. It
a4aed to cream before rhiinilra. 1 poena will eeioe iieei r"" '"
or hotter. The b.l and ohrapeat to r-cU.r ehlle bojtMt. 1 will
e-od. oa recetiit of m. oej. rre. by eanreee le ey ettleeBaetef
viu...i.,oi a .er. 1 lb.. fJi: 1 lb . rarweera au
tofeuier sad try It. Areata U'aatM.
KS. B. HUTU, i7 leek Meeet. l-aileeUtpkla. "aw
ul out and peeeoree.
vLnle tun'- tu the work, nrii'ilY yottrepere momenta.
We Imvii agent wl.o are miking over Bw F'
.. . i . i...-. ..a. a it . ho niiHi.-e at nrire ran meaa
money lt. At tlie r-iee.-nt lime
liiuileaoia-llyai.il rapt lly at m
It n.Kle nollitni! t try I' l imiui'
v ratiDiit fre
iriiua an J
Outntfree. Adilteaa t in e m.i.
II. JI A I.I.KTT 'o.;JVrlNrMeJnei
Kl r atting a Mtily mieiinalilr The Ileal.
heep'a Patent I'm t !y-iinri Hreiea Pilrle
t an le iitii-l.ed aea-y e- lii iinuinK a IlauOkerakiei.
The veiy let, an lor 7.H.
Keep'e I'r.eioin r-iiiit- mule to rneaaure.
Jaeveiy le-t. i ti r
An elfir-nt ael oi ne.iiitne l.ohl-plet" ' '?.,
Meete Hit (tone ki vit h e. h ' ilor. Keep a rthlrta.
Keep a MilltB t-redeltvi re. I 1 KKK on re elpt of prloe.
In any purl of the I i ion no en pieee i liaraea to par
inpli lor lull din -r l im.a ee -memreDenl
Cent lire to any ml No at:ilnp l e.illre,l
Ileal duertly villi t lie nninulM. tnr. r endifel Hottpni
I'rtr. a Keep M all n Im I n M lie ' .I'" !' w
pT tfir,. $20. $25.
;fe'.euciDi, niiDinl C
t .Be-!.;": "v : .-K.N!' Hn. ' II!' I I. All.
' - . . . ., 1 L. I t . a r m. '
I : je .l Ire, t'.e hint -nanni i-w
a - r ' .VaitlMn, I nil . '
Osgood's Heliotype Engravings.
The choiceat hottBrhold ornament: fricm
One Jtollnr each. Srtul for catalogue.
JAMES If. OSGOOD & CO.
BOSTON. MASS. .
, . iej J.- ts
MEXICAN MUST AKQ Li?..F.ENT.
FOR MAN AND BEAST.
fatal. lieli' l 1 V' trv .M enr.-e. Alarafa
re-tiir. Almay.ln.n ly. H'H n.'vor ) i l l:tlld. TMrtn
million, hov tr'i'l . 1 li wlmln orU apprtea
the ftlnrioua uM MuatanaT the Heel anil Cneepeol
Ijlnimont in eaiatonro. Ii centa a bottle. The
Muatang I.inini ml cure- when nothing 'ae trill.
eoi.u ny am. iwrM isk vendkih.
the inenee or mi.
3 are now ruitrineej uy
7Pa a .rem licit redlW
r.a.. .ha. raenulna and
A The bM Konoi taada.
jr Sea that the name of
T LJ m eLf-ftea anfl tfft
Iraite Mark i CaOWN 1ft
'ttamoed on every Cortet -Steel
Tarranfs K.tTervrSti'Rt ScHkt Iperient.
t ion thai it ia. le v.-id at 1 rr.tnparuun, the luoel val-
llaloe l-nilly llie.tutlie if t 11 - ae
II KM VtKITI. TO AIITI KTiat.ua
leae ii you taw llao aaertlaeaieal
la I te aaper.
A poaltiea remedr ferall diaeaaee o he KMa
Bla4er aud 1'rli.arr raa ; alao f-od
lr-iK-l romplMlnla. It never prodnree.lrk
neaa. ia .ertain and Pdy lu Ita action.
laat aupcrte liag every other rem.df. KUIT
a-... e.tl.ar medicine oaa
rura in aixoreirj
! Brw.ar.-r.-M-M. lor. owln, It.
j aure-e.. many n. ."' ff.r-d ; er-m.
d-e-ue, enu'ink! pile. .
' . ... . ... aeaalne left r-"
ante. ...i-lnlnii " s.ndlwd, aold at all
.tore. Aik for c.rruHr. or .end fur one to
vVooetar .treet. New Voik. j
a 1 . f.- . V
ttlll iT r -ifj
rn & " '2 t - . . -L. far ft.
m a Ul,i , ,i-ID eariieil IMI.I-ee
11117171 Jt i-bii Ik. fua.le in tlireii in.ililha l.jr
V l.etifetll- r a.-. In any part f.f lb
A I I I lonulrv viln. ia wtlitrf t..w-.ra atalllr
T ix r week in vi. nr own "e n. loo need t
i. .... i..... v. r ..ialit You ran aire eonr
e Mvahit. .honlil ba eareftillv
In5 nion.e M T .Vv I. I Urate Internal It.arhtn.
Vrh p"h tr-P-; it. no. working..-
iiJ.I. -l.ei. out . 1 or-! r. ! II" eullar province of
Tliathornudill-e. ltll - mm ll rie.naea. wiinni
iVrli.tua tlie l.'.wele, the tone an I aiaor wl.l. ti It
l..!n.. ta-." tt,etnniiil.i,tlapprtlnefl -rta. Itae. ol-
nit refre.l. nopeiaii"n in level :t he re lof it aflorda In
lit -il irhe; tt a ant i Li tl""" propertiea.atid It.aut-nir
. . a ..nerel .riert ivm. nieti Iv liitf the aaaar