Newspaper Page Text
1. N liAKNETT. O.T.HUUHES.
Barnett & Hughes,
Attorneys at Law?
uiicr: m West Main Street, formerly oc-rupi-.il
ijy Thomas k Harnett. IJan. l-76ly
WA IA Kit UKEEN. II- H. TH )MPJS.
Green & Thompson,
Attorneys at Law,
Will practice in all th various courts of
M-oirv hii.I (Ml joining counties. KeeliU at
tention given loooectloDs. Jan. l-6-ly.
J. B. Bond,
Attorney at Law,
( oIlllHl'l.l, I CIIIICSSOO.
,-iiciiee in Maury ana adjoining
Jau. 'Jl-7-ly. i
- C. W. Witherspoon,
Attorney at Law-
t 'nhllllhiu, TcliliesHee.
Will :il I i nl with iioiiir-tn-ss to nil le;;nl
I5u -in ss en) i listed io Ids t-are, in Maury bikI
m I imi ii i im l onntifs. Mrlct nt ten I ion to col
ln ' inn hi. il Kt'ttlt-nifiiis of all kind, uttice:
WlMtl borne Hlocfe. Jan. i'8-7-ly.
P. H. Southall, Jr.,
Attorn y at Law,
Klven to collections.
llii-j: - Wlnl iliorno lllock.
A. M. I.n'iNKV. W. J. SVKtS.
Looney & Sykes,
Attorneys at Law
Ami Solicitors in Chancery,
1 1 1 1 1 i .-1 . : : : Tennessee.
W. C. Taylor,
Attorney at Law
And Solictor in Chancery,
'!). . : With McDowell A- Webster. Wliit-tliiiiii'-
llliM'k. Jan. l-Tii- y.
I i . i T. Yl-olt.
1L II SANWIM.
Attorneys at Law
And Solicitors in Chancery,
Cnlllhlhia, Tolllll-ssee. ;
Wi'l ir:icl in- ill Mnnry and adjoining ;
c iii ii I l s, :iinl in I lie Supreme and Keilernl j
'.iutis;.t NhkIiviIp. Speei-il attention eiven I
In till' 1'iilll'Cl Io'l Ol Clllilll8. lllil!-: Solltll '
. nil- 1'iili.u' Miiro. Jan. J?-7l-ly.
John V7 Wright, ,
Attorney at Lav;
Ami Solictor in Chancery,
( 'ohimlii i, 'IYiuhvsoc.
I I'll !
i : Wliittliorne Block, I p-slairs.
A . M 111
A.M. Ill (JIIFS, Jr.
A. M. Hughes & Son,
Attorneys at Law
And Solicitors in Chancery,
Will practice In the Conrtaof Maury and
:n!i iiiiiiu' iuiille, and Miipreme and Fed-
r:'il nuns hi Nashville. The stilctest at
i in i' n will l" Kiven to all business en trust -i
.l in tiu-ir caie. llliif-: -South Kide West
..Mm i ii l red, "Jud door from the Miuare.
ICC. Mix I W I'.l .1 ,. W.J. WKIWTEIt.
McDowell & Webster,
Attorneys at Law
( 'oliillllii.l, 'IVlllM's-l'l'.
J. T WILLIAMSON
Attorney at Law,
An-. -I 1.-77.
Km;.. M. McK.W. II. T. KH.l'Klts.
McKay Sz Figuers,
-vi-j'oitrs i:vh - a.t - X-.A.W,
Vi; pi ii. I i.c in Mnury and adjacent conn- ',
li.s rn"iiil alleiil'on uiven to bnsliies i
eni i ii'-u ! lo I In-ill. - ii- kick: llrown block, I
ii i si. ii s. No. 1 1 ' soul h side public sijuare.
An;. I" IS77.
Aticrscy it 1" ad Soilsitor is Chancery,
i 'oluiiih.ii, Jenuessee
.'ii-..' i iii the Soul li side of
M 11 ll Wilkes A Ulll.CM'k.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
mi M i l:,
Will :il!en. o all business entrusted to
Iiini lie witli prom I'lness. Kcl, is in Tbild
.Naiional li.iiik ol Nashville. niayls ly
A'tornry find Counselor at Law,
v ill iilleiid slriet'y I niisiiicss 1'innisicii
. , v.. I Hie collllH of Mautv
mil. inline eeiiulii's.niul ill I he Supreme and
l e.l.ral Couils at Masiivine.
jiii. I Keiileineiits f all kinds
W hillhoine r.lnck.
Joctoi PXarl an
1 1 is ri'iiiovi d lioin New 'oik to Colum
bia. TeniM'ss-i-, where he will In the future,
i.l i'i-I ice h is prob ssioii. He can be seen at
.,11 hours, when not prolesslonally enfsl,
cl i he ollice of lr. Towler, North Main
IM reel, Columbia, Tenn. nov. 17-7H ly.
South Main Street,
J'i iiik s,st r.
TJ-invtl Two Dollar Par Day.
-. luiL'Lb's or Middle horses
I en iipplicatloii to the propnenr.
.IAXIKS I,. tiCKsT.
First National Bank
t M t olimiliiii, Tt'tino-Hi'.
i pit. 1 1. $100,000.
Does a General Banking and
W. KEESEE. Tresidcut.
Kl I '.Ksi i, Caslnei.
1 1 1 1 1 i
1.. 1,1 nv.
T. W. Tl urix.
h ive ill -loi U a lir
I'll MIT I
ph. v: IONS,
KA I S,
Ai i I l.trm-.- ftmn
I tin 'I lb
nk K iii.l-eii.: the prie'-s lower
. s iMif k ind ol w.i k cn e boucht
i i i il 1 1 in bin . Ktll.N'V Jl ril'lK.
Je t;-i .
PURE BRED P0OLTRY.
Brown Leghorns, !
a srKt lAi.n v.
. inn .i'iKiI oilers for snle n lew very
, i. .. -l-"l Hi'1 nlxive Vlll ietlew. S.-k
n'v in inV'. I - 'J !!- A Iso n lew very
Ull0IIl- I'ruline. I '.lel.eti'lM
I, , n
HU' " " - ............
lor liiib bin
in peusoii, iioiii nii lii.i
My Fowls are kept in wep-
. .... ,i. ni bred pure, riicea reason
.. I .rluclloil K'.uirnt-ii
Hull u'.liimnKx i .
A. A. LIPSCOMB,
IC Hi -
By ALFRED s; HORSLEY.
mmmA wmm mfr mm
SELECT SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES.
WOODBUEN, WARREN CO., KY.
; Terms, Per Session of 20 Weeks.
j Bonn I, Washing, Knei, l-ilits, Kuril ixheil
i Knomft mill ill Iciiilaiife on iimiium $:0 IV
I Tuit ifin, tli rotis hoi) t tlu p1! lieu .iire
of Kliidy , liK'linliii the Aim ii iiI ami
I Modern l.nnt;uiieK, 1'iKI
I Incidental Kee, 1 00
j Tuition in Music on 1'iano or (iuitar,...S'Jn in
I l's of Instrument In practice ." IKI
j llrawiii); ntid ruiiillni:, daily le-sons,... I "i ii
i tr.lwec kly le5ii)iis,.. lu 11
MinisteiV daU2h!ers will l." charged only
fl'ly dolinrn pr Keseinii Mil limit llie 'Xtni.
' Snhhnlli whoil is held in tile Colleiie
I'hnpel cvi'ry Sunday morning, and preacli
' Inn in the allerniMin tjy ministers ol ilillci
! enl denomination.
Fifty dollars must, he paid in advance, the
balance of! lie dim ires at the end of each
of 'ach term.
The Kail Term will begin on the
First Monday in September, 1877.
: T? 1 a R s . ' i
Q UE I
AVinclow Sliacles, lCtc.?
STOVES, TINWARE, ETC.,
. As low as they can be Miid.'aml fr Kooflus, ult"ilni and Repairing, call at
No. 9 South Main Street, .... COLUMBIA, TENN.
If con propose to h'lild or improve your rronerly, cill and exaiuino our new stock; of
MAK:U-.l.Kl M A I I-.I.S. Tliey are handsome and cheap.
juiy t, is,
PIANOS, ORGANS MUSIC
TYV;iJv i il V 51. V
i B L ESL
And all kimls of PI iin ainl F.nn-v St i( imi.TV, at pr i-vs to suit all
toiiK-rs. tr-V" A-rt'iil also fur llio lini'sl anl vioitst toin-il Or-c;.ti:s--TllK
SMITH AM K11ICAN.
CALL AND SEE HIM
Tin.1 lliuli r. iii 1 ha i"
liavinij ail'l- '
To (lit1 People of M itn an 1 a.ljiiiiiiii.
1TUCFS Tl Si' IT
31 ss. .i. cr.
l',.i l.iei lv i;li 1 . I -: 1 1 1 iV; Mi Iavui, will
will ciiiiiiii.u1 lo ir.i'li- ill' him. We an- aireiils fur the OLIVKIl
CHI ,I.K1 ri,i)W, ami keep a siok on haiul.
CORPS OF TEACHERS.
t'AHELL, A. 15., Pkksiuknt.
Miss I.011 Arnold, Miss Mollle Karr,
Miss Sallie Wlli-ox, Mra. 15. K. Cabell,
aud lri. K. Fields.
All the teacher reside in the name build
ing with the pupilo. Tills favars the exer
cise ol that care and soliciiiirte ol winch
riiuni; livdiea should not lie deprived while
nbsent from the paternal roof. The rooms
are ueatly careiited and conveniently fur
nished, ami supplied with leather IhsJs and
pit ows, solt double blankets, heavy coin-
I torts and com lorlable wood fires. Thoush
I Mcxlern l.Htimi.nncs (French and Ceniiani,
! are marked in the cataiOEiiea at SKI each,
yet they will lie included with the Ancient.
' For lurth r ia rl iculars address,
15. F. CABKI.L l'resident.
r or W. F. VV iiitk-shu-.s, Proprietor,
Wood burn, Wairu Co., Ky.
w. it. Jiiam ce i;u.
ll7(i'.'c.v' uml Itctnil &calrr in
KINDS OP HOOKS!
AT BOTTOM PRICES!
WA LL PAPER,
CIU'.APEU THAN ANVOXF !
-NO. 20 PUBLIC SQUARE, COLUMBIA, TENN,
w. a. McGregor
.iih li.i-il llio t-lmknf i:isai,i,& M IAVKN,
to it mi-i'leial'ly. air lin piivil to luniih
Counties Whoksiilc itnl Ketail, at
siav wilh us. uixl 1ioimh his olil frielKl
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,
UB I FOR
FULL STOCK OF STAPLE il!D flllC! GROCERIES !
-Imported and Domestic
Wines and Xjiq uors.
Cor. Main ami Kiht Sts.,
IPrepatt'c for WSnatar
FOll CONVKNIKXCK I HAVK OPKNKI) AN OFFICK AND
Iktwtrn Sixth anl Scvtulli Sine! -, mi (ianlin Slrtt-t, Jiitle Fk-in-iiiy's
JJIm-k. Call an-l s Ui t ymir Coal.
Full wi'ij;lits iiaianUtsl.
An-. L1-1S7T. N... l', FLKM1NS'S 1W.OCK.
ll.tvinx "U'terniilli'il totlo.-o lUi -
AT COST FOR.
LESS THMf COST!!
Coiilaiiiiii. a i-iK'tiVn I lint- of
Whito Goods, Dress Goods, Staple and
Boots, Shoes, &c, &c.
Those wisl.inir lo nnrrlmso anv eoo.Is in our
wisnm lo.lebUMl to lis Kv nnt or account will
July 'jr -im.
km, Medicines I
rpcQa Bnnnnrtnrs. RiinnlfiRr Braces. Fancvatid Toilet
X. X UOOUi. UUJ v .. fc-T w -
Articles, Books and Stationery, Kerosene Oil,
Lames and Chimneys,
Garden Seeds, Glass,
And Dye Stuff, Etc, Etc.,
Ture Wines and Liquors br Medicinal purposes, Patent Medicine?, etc.
Picture Frames, etc.
Tlmve moved mv Kt.wk of ThioIis, Pictures, Hil l In fart, everything to lie fonrid In
rst -cla Uook .stole to luy Old Stand, neit
GOME OWE !
To the People's popular
JOSH 6. BAILEY & CO.
NO. NOIM H S:i)i; PLP.LIC Sf L A Iil".
(T I.EE BIIYAN'S OLU MAS It)
rugs, Medicines, Chemicals,
Perfumery, Fancy Toilet Articles,
pure" wines and liquors,
for MeJlcai rurposes, tosluei with ai ticlcs usually kept on tale la a
FIRST - CLASS DRUG STORE.
Special Attention to riiysician's Prescriptions, which will be filled at all
IIF-ACMONT HUtJHF.S I wiih
many friends, he having had nivirly
(as many of his- old friends know),
befors the war, for five, years.
OFFERED TO MERCHANTS.
! BARGAINS !
ino. - - - . i'
olK r our eiiliiT Slock if
line will do well In . cill immediately,
please cill and selt.le a? onee
Ucais, Perfumery !
Paints, Oils, Varnishes
WALL PAPER, SHADES,
door to the I'osiomce, opposite nelson uoom
COME ALIi !
low price 15ook (Store.
the House, and willlieglad to serve life
four years cxierieiicc, and Mr. Itailoy,
was con neoU-d with Messrs. A liryan
AUGUST 31, 1877.
rS.FASAT0S7 SCHOOLS A17S TITZS
SITISS. A Taper on thtir Relation to each other,
Bead bsfora the National Education
al Association, at Wularille, An- -gust
15, 1877, lj Prof. W. S.
Wefcb, cf CnUeola In
The Preparatory or Hijrh wehool in
America, the (jiraniinar wlimil in Kiiir
lainl ami the tiyinnasiiuu of Cerniany
H-etipy the same relative Nisi t ion to
the eo'llees or universities of their rc
sjMH'tive eotintTies. In coiinectimi
with a eollejje it is ealleil the jirejiara-
tnry or Mtil-enllerf leiartnietit. In
the' ltvt system of eilm-ation itn eurri
euhnii ei'iinprist's, in matlK-niaties
Mritlmietie, tilehra, geometry and
trigonometry, with its application to
navigation and stirveyiti";; hi I -at in,
grammar, reader, Cttsar, Sallust,
Ovid. Virgil, pnise eonipsition, as in
elutU1! in Jiiiighiinrs or Harkness'
jrrnniniHr ond Arnold's i-onijiosition,
throuKh first part, or their equivalent;
in (Jreek, grammar, four Ixiok of
Xeiioplrou's Analmsis and two in Her
odotus, and Jones' or Arnold's Urtt-k
Prose Comjiosition, or their uiva
Iwot. . go nl paralli-l eourst-iii Knglish
will of eoiirse he ineluded. The work
of this school ii a thorough drill in the
forms uml principles of language, and
in tin- fornuilie and prineijilestif niath
ematies; which drill simply means the
constant repi'tition if those forms and
priuciph sail and their repeat-! a)ipliea
tion. To enter a preparatory school m
lioys hould In1 familiar with the four
fundamental rules of arithmetic, and
should read fluently. It is in its dis
cipline und course of study intended for
lioys. A college or university with a
moreextended course in these, together
with other studies, takes up the work
where the preparatory school leaves it,
and continues it. Its course of study
and discipline tire adapted to tnm.
The purpi' of this paper is to discuss
their relation, whether they should Ik1
com I lined under one administration
and management, or should lie entire
" The true principle, it seems to nie,
is the concentration of university
work with a diffusion of preparatory
TheexjH'nse of a university makes
an endowment an indisjiciisahle pre
requisite. This involves concentra
tion necessarily and precludes the ios
sihility of cstalilishing one in every
county, much k-ss one in every com
munity. The university should not innke list1
of its endowment to coniicle with the
schools of those friends who furnished
the endowment. When they do,
they decapitate the schools hy taking
from them their liest scholars, and roh
tliein if those enthusiastic students,
whose character and scholarship im
part life and vigor to the teacher and
There are in every community a
f.w amliitious Imys with an elevated
ideal standard of 'excellence, who hy
dilitreiicc are dailv approximating that
tand ird, who-e thirst for knowledge
, ., - f-i . ..
Is incrcaei ny evi-ry inaiigiu. i nese
indents (Miistiliilc the nucleus around
which the school clusters; the heart.
so to speak, ot the entire timiy, anil
when the university competes with
the school, and these Imys enter it,
the energy and life of the schools are
gone. The friends of ediicat ion should
protest against the colleges competing
1 . . .. '. i. .1
with their sciiooi, ami siioum un
hold an eiidownient if it is to lie used
as a iHxitnerang to ties troy their own
Ithringsthe greatest gMnl to the
greatest iiuinlxT that (he university
ami the preparatory school lie entirely
diseoiineiteil. ly i-omliining them,
the U-st educational aiv:intagcs sire
furnished to the few, and the nunilier
w ho have fair opportunities are ma
terially diminished, while, hy discon
necting them, fiir opportunities are
prcscnUsl to the many; and this meth
od in no way diminishes the nunilier
who have tlie highest advantages.
When the life-giving owcr of the
m-IiooI is lost hy having its liest patron
age diverted ui the colleges, this life
givhig power is not aiMed to the col
lege; I ni -a use the Imys join the sulior
1 1 in i lie deKirtmeiit, and their influence
is not felt iim a factor, liecnuse they are
Their association is with the worst
element of the college, hecnuxe they
are the jiuhlic chartieters who are most
frequently and most pniniineiitly on
exhihitiot'i. The good students are at
work, and are seldom scon hy the pub
li... Hence the model student of the
vill.iL'e schools too often returns front
.-..lleire to tlissaniKiint the exinrta
tion of friends, and are representatives
of colhiro culture, as it is always said
that he was in college, not that he was
In school ill connection with a col
Voung men govern themselves
Jmivs mil I suiH-rvision, restraint and
s-iiiinulsioii. The discipline adopted
to one is imtadaptcd to (he other. In
schotil the teacher stands in Iwu ixi
v".x. addn-sM's his pupils hy their
id veil names, and adopts such a code
of laws asvou would find inany well
regulated family. In college the pro
fessor stands in ih-' ni'iffixrmruH, 1111-
dres-sj-s the young men hy tluir sur
names, with Mr. prehxoil, ntil adopts
wiu.h it iimIc of laws as will lie found m
u ell-governed State. While chnnic
t..r Is iii its lormativt' state ii is uiiu-
. " . . . . ! l'l
, nlt to determine the relative vnlue of
discipline and H-holarship. While
there can lie irood uisciiiiiue aim line
ri.r scholarship, there cannot he inie-
rior tlisciplihe anil good .scholarship.
Discipline 's then a necessity for. hoys.
College take hut slight suih i visioii
over their Kfuiluiifs when ofl ot recita
!oii ulia I l:i- no roattaiutii iiiMin them
witli reference to alun nee front tlu ir
r.tl,istsnt even at night. The
.indents are never called to account
fi.r fiiilurc in their lessons, and rarely
for failure to attend recitation. They 1
ur -tliiniiiilisl to their wtirk only hy a
sense of lu.v, tiesireto ex-el, and hv
the prosjHt'tive examination nd grad
ing which ure far in tJie remote future.
Thev select tm-ir own ooaniiug-iiinise
.! , liriiie-e them at will. When a
vomer man is ready to enter college,
he is h voting man; his parents, his
companions treat him as young man,
and lrofossors in college must likewisi
inul lit in as a young man. J here is a
l de when h HIIH nninie the
ivVV'k. theri-spoij-rilitlliietiiif iiiauhiHxl,
t.l whv not Ulfn hU miianrr! into
college?' The lw drws a jine lie
ween Ills miijorny aim iumioiii,
..i....:..i.. .u.rf.u.th I.ilr.rv ns I lien
""...?..'. i. Li.i;.. f Vi ' ;.:.. tie.t
are iiian vn .'-''. n. - -
.....rid to lie oh
ti... ..ti...f v.. - ,r..r
lino il Mi'llis io nil-, com. i .- .i"o-i-..
... ..... ..I.l I u. ...l...,-ul
.1.... il.n U.vhiiiii! of a college course,
w here tha sanianl t a t levated one,
and rigidly adhered p.
JVivs ready to lioglu a pi-eparatorv
,iirs' ure tint tender in ago lo lie al
L.ucd such large liU-rties. They ni-oil
M.,.urtuiiiii iu school and out of
f..J Thev must In1 reiiuirtsl toin-r
form their alev ure not old
enough to know wpit Inut fur) hem,
aud at thai age tliey can uoi uihuv
iu. Hiifficieiitly uliuili attil hy a sense
..f ilutv or a desire tr tuiccllenee,
They must pften I' iletained as ik-lin-
oihmiIh, aU""f,i,,t-,, ",r Miorti-omings
and misiliHiK Penalties, tHi, must
tie inrtieUiJ for infraotjoi t)f law or for
omission or iimy. i "i !pyvri
n.t thev lj severe. na mai they i
.M.rtnin. In colh-ge the only iH-nalties
r. rei.risif and dismission. Iu sc hool
Uivs shiMild not lie dismissed until af-
i.w.rnl suasion and reproor, the vir-
of nostra lifs and severer punish'
menu ha? liali'jhil. When
UirxC two chases are coiuliinet uH(or
colleen !isw-ili:, te Jwys generally
sutler in mom'K nnl Bth'ilarship, and
u-iinr trrafrd a tntfh uiey necome
iutrfu'ly aflLctal witl au uudueseusti
f lf-imivirtance, a di.sts . of the
the lirain, mii eiilargemeiit of the head,
which prevailsesticcially in institutions
of this character, To see a venerahle
professor, whose head is silvered o'er
with the fronts of mnnv winters, al-
dresH u little lioy as Mr. and usk him
to please siiell Imker, or if he will
kind enough to ilwlineywtf, is a pic
ture too ludicroiw to lie dwell umhi hi
the presence of this learned Imdy, and
should lie reservetl for Haqier's Week
ly. Not onlvdo they fail in discipline,
hut they 'fail in that mrticular in
which teachers accomplish their great
est good they faH to create a thirst
for knowledge, to excite enthusiasm
in their younger students. The rea
son is ohviotis: they are overworked
ami feel no enthusiasm. To develop
projmrHtory schools to the highest d
groe of excellence, every inducement
to excellence must lie presented to the
teacher. The college is the only arena
upon which to display secimons of
his handiwork. Kvery department of
human lalmr takes a pride in exposi
tions of the I iest results of its skill, and
the school is no exception to this rule.
The teacher, as an artist, desires to
ln ing liefore the puhlic secimens of
his work. The college is the arena
for Mich exposition, or otherwise his
merits must lie measured hy the opin
ion of his pupils, who often limes do
not appreciate his lalior until long
after his working days are over, and
lie fails in the prime of his manhood
to reap the rewards of his fidelity.
Frequently the skillful, conscientious
teacher giies to his last resting-place
feeling that his life was a failure,
What inducement has he loenter this
arena when the judges in the case are
theinsolvt-s comiotitors with him It
Is to the interest of the college that
Imvs prepared there shMiid reap the
honors, hut the judge who awards the
honors is not impartial. He tiasses
judgment upon his own work.
"When self the wnverlns balance shaken
It' rarely ,rlut adjusted."
The temptation is to give preference,
for his own work, hut the temptation
should lie removed, and an impartial
trihunal estahlisheil to decide the mer
its of iniicting schools. As long as
the suli-collcgc is' in existence, the
teachers of private schools fool that if
they do first-class work it will not lie
recognized. In other words there is a
monopoly that imralyzes rather than
A strong argument in liehalf of the
principle of concentration of universi
ty work with a diffusion of preparato
ry work is that those countries which
liive acquired most reputation hy
their educational institutions, and
have ainiiniulatetl most exfiorieiiee
through centuries of successful educa
tional enterprise, act upon this princi
ple. Wherever sufficient capital is ac
cumulated for school pnrjioses, the
university cuts offits preparatory de
partment and elevates the standard ol
scholarship necessary for admission
into its lowest class, tnir punne
schools in the cities and largo towns
have acted iijioii this principle, and
thev have failed to si -el ire the patron
age' of educated jieople wherever they
have fa lies I to proiieriy grade meir
What must those colleges do that
depend for the salaries of tlu ir profes
sors almost solciv Uiou me income
from tuition lees, and cannot attord
to out off any paying patronage-.' It
from the arguments deduced and innn
the accumulated oxjiorieiu-e of men,
the cause of education is suhscrved hy
dicoiiuceting the school and the
college, let such an institution choose
lietwoell lioing a college or a school,
mil let it live or die on the principle
f the survival of the fittest, the in
terest of a lew professors and one- lo
.... . . . i ... -i... .......... ..r
caliiv niusi yiom 10 ine jiinu inns- "i
education at large. As the medical
profession attempt to si educate the
iienple III regard io ine iossioiiii u-
and limits of (he science ol medicine,
that they willl no longer lie influenced
hv those quacks who pretend to ac
complish iiiqiossihilitios, and as min
isters of the gospel aiiempi to so eou
cato the iieople in PiMe doctrines that
tlicv will not Ik1 led astray hy the
heterodox, who teach damnahlo here
sies, so should icacners 01 iiiriwimui
. . .. ... i. .
schools, and proiessors oi rein couches
attempt hy private conversation and
puhlic sinieelies to heget such a healthy
punne wniiiiiriii in ihiii,iii"ii.ii io..i
ters as will force institutions of learn
ing to conform to those methods and
those standards which the exierioiioe
of mankind has shown to lie indisiieii
sahle to the attainment of the liest re
sults in education.
Theteaehersauthonty is delegated ny
the parent, and he stands in the laee
of a parent; heni-e his is iiot-es-sanly
a family government, which y
divine appointment is a monarchy.
For this lamilv government the
numher if pupils is neci ssarily liniiteil
itherw iso the one man mwer is mi
impossihility. Just as in families,
some men have the -apacif j to gov
ern larger ones than others; so as to
n iiixiii a dennite iiiiiinxT in pn his
for the school is inqiossililo. The
nunilier must lie proportioned to tin
'!' crowd ureaf multitudes, ot cnil-
.1n.il loi'ellier and riouiro tit them
tlmt iierfoct tinier which is tleserihetl
. . . . ... -i... i..i.
llV its advocates IIV UlC icmi ciot-n
u.irL mid to rem u re ol them lo sii
at their desks, w hen they can do liet
..r work under a tree, to exact ol ev-
one at the same time the saini
motions, is not like a family, nor
w o niiliii-al. nor dHs it tend to
ileveion llios1 imurm .-i i..,-
which distingiiMi rathertliaii riiiin e
to a "eintcniptille dead I evel."
The -olleire or university is -om-
IMistil of meiiand goveriMsl uihiii tin
urinciplcH that underlie the govern
ment of a well regulated Slate. Hit
one-man iniwcr hen- is the most
ohji-ctionahle of all mode o
nieht: KvHUU eolllitrM1
of all huh leu ol govcrn-
litieiillv. ure monurehl. the govcrn-
meiit of their college and universitit s
is vi-sieit in trustees and a faculty. As
in nolitical ecouoniv. the nuiniier I
iMsiple that can lie well includi-d innli r
the same form oi irovei niiieiu ihimi'-v
definitely determined, so tin
t.iioilriip of niiai thatmav MH-ccssfnllv
attend a university aihnil of iii.leliniti
.vo.iiisi.ui. i' l rill ii it linn "in
i iii niaiiiriiv oi I'liuiii' iei .iii.i iiim
. . -. . r .1 I .1....
a"l..lll r.liiii'whieh fit a man to attend
i iiiiivcrsitv. the larger the numlic
the greater the U'lielit deriveil. "As
iron shaqieiieth iron, so the f;uo ol
i:in shariM-neth the faei-of hi-friend."
From a different standpoint, then.
I lie sill III hHiint of numliers. I have ai
rivt-il at the prini:iilo w jlh which I sel
- I out. that it IS liest lor
oesi or ine i.uiiiu
I have ii concentration of university
- - i.i:.. .. i....
i ui.il ami ihsii ior mc iiu.uiv o non
u diffusion of preparatory w ork. I he
nreiiaialorv dePiirtlliellt of liuiliy col
urns is fastened UIHMl them hy till
verv conditions of their life am
growth, and to ask them to give it n
is to nsk ila in. as they Ihink, to sur
lender their hie. I jilt what is the du
teoia university that has t class
Minerva like into the ranks, lullv
. ..iiionisl hv the endowment of stum
munificent' founder ? That a grave re
s'iH.isjhi,ty efs iljHin such an msti
lltioll. llflhC Mill deny! thai it xhouli
have the lioldni-ss tu'eai ill the right
.lir.s tioii ami not lie hil hy the d
maiidsof thuiilnowUig1 It a jusl ex
neetiition of the friends of education
In the name of the toiling tutors
our i-ountrv, we ile.nand that such an
instiiiioij Khali Ctahjsh a standard
let it ho hmh ut hH-, aacqnliiig to eon
dition and fciimaindingsi hut lot it In
i st.iinl.ini. and let all w ho do not
reach its requirement U rigidly ex
..i.i.loil. Tmmediately a new life is in
fused into the teachers of the land,
new educating lover is plait-d in their
1. ..i';.!-, nod in t11 V'iisj lln'.V will
more (hail oiiHiensa e her for the tern
iHirarv sai-rinee of mimliers. Her in
I Uut-ugu b uot tQollueU to the. huudreU
VOL. XXIII. NO. 7.
that enter their name upon her ro
and call her Alma Mater; hut she has j
many hundreds of foster chilereii who I
porhaiM never more than hear her j
name." Sound this in the tar of your f:-
naneial trustee, w 1h UivhIos the ex- j
licnscsof the eolh-ge hy the nunilier of
matriculates and erica w hence this
waste aud extravagance. j
Iet the higlK-r institutions of learn- ;
im. ljwt.. tli., i,r,iiuiriliiri' u'lliMklu llfll
complete with them, ljet them en-f1.
courage the teacher hy exhibiting
appre'iiition of Ins laUtrs, IftlK-sein
solutions have prestifre tor scholarship
Hll'illlllisi nilfill llliiciiuil en lin n
. i ....i i i ... .1... .....
..... ... ..... ...I .... ...!. . . n .
cic au7isiiin.i,ini iu inv nm u-mp 'm-
teacher if the suliordhiateschool.
When a yiHing man in college, com-iH-ti-s
HiHi-essfulv for the honors, his
scholarship and character represent
vi-ars oi wateiiiuiness aim ton on ire:
,K.rt of Ihe teacher. When his naW
is piiliiislxsl as the successful itniqiefl-
101 wnj no . ohi, . i 'u khi ...y o
h tho .M hiKilto which he is m.U l. til
ior ins iraiiiiiig,aiiiitiiiMii nmis- i.i.u
is liased the elevated
standard of the
Tin1 niilitaryjehieflain -has his tri
umphal proi-ession and his laurels; the
teacher, who often times exhihifs
more firmness, , persis(cnoe, ' strategy,
more gallantry, more real heroism,
more genius in his eonftiet with igne
niiii and iH'tulaiK-e, sinqily aks ri--i-ognition
at the hands of those who
reap the rewards of his victory.
When the college at Princeton nn
iiouiKisI that il would puhlish the
naiiu-w of the schools from which their
Ust scholars came, the announcement
sent a thrill of joy across intervening '
States to the heart of a teacher in an
:..i..,..i . rn.,.r.. ,.),., ft.r. .... tl.. ,o
...... , ..l...-. , ....... ... i
diiarter of a ceiiiurv
had a I Mini 1 car-
nestly in the whisil-nHMn and who
was a genius in his profession. He
had never hoxsl to have his name so
much asmeiiliomsl at that Institution
of learning. Hodireohil Ihe minds of
his pupils to the merits of this college,
and ho had the gratification to sec his
name announced in their catalogue in
connection with more than one young ; savsj ho Soul h "would not now i"U n
man who was the lest scholar iu his) j'r. Tilden wiih a forty ioi p !, on
class. This enahleil him at once to j aoeouul ol his leitei in ojip i-n i"i I"
take front rank as a teacher, and it is thosi-claim-. Ileili'ii tloi- d.-claied
scarei'ly ni-ocssary to add that lie was ( the nurse of the North:
diligent in distriliuting theire.italogui-s ( Wanl lo say. in cuiielusi'iii. Ill it
among Ihe educated of his Stale, , the hai iimny and pie.serviilion of Ihe
thorehy increasing his own ialninage '. epuhli-an pari y i- inili-peii-ilile lo
and theirs. The principle of i-orrelat- j ihe pro-ieriiy andsafcty of Ihe I'nion.
ing stieeessful hcImhiIs and granting - This is now moi-e so than it ever was
scholarshiis to them cstahlislnil hy ; In fore. Then-i a solid South a.ua'mst
that nohlost of fraternal Item-fact Wins, ' , us. I low lon il w ill la-t 1 do ii.il
Vanderhilt I'nivorsity has infusoil j know, hut understand Hii- is Ilioi-ilua-iicw
life a ml new vigor into the school timi to-lav, and that tin- Soiiih expect
of niiinv States.
A disellssioil folio wis I the leetiin
Mr Wi-hli. :i larm mimlx-r of Ihe !
uieinlM-rs M-eupvingthe tliHir in rapid
succession, with sjiiti-hen from three
to live miniiU-s iu length.
A Eerrible, ImprotiBle Story.
I Mny field i Ky) Utrm. crt, Aug. Hi.) .
Several wi-oks ago an eleven-year-
old daughter of a Italian) county far-j
mer mysteriously disapjieari'd, and all
Hurts to tind out her whereaiHiin-
wore I run less until ion days aiier in-r
lisjippearanee, when a iioighlMirmg .
farmer, w hile out searching for hi-
ow, hea nl the cries as of some one in
listress, and follow ing Ihe dini-lion of
Ihe sound found Ihe lost child in a
louse thicket with lxith hands tied
together with a rojio. one end ofwhleh
wa- tied to :i irif. Near the tn-e were
some old el"tli- umu which the child
lept. Ihe tanner inqiuretj ol the
hild how she hapiieuod to Ik- there in
that eotalitioii, when she told him that
t negro man had drought her there.
m that he came every night and
hrought her something to cat and
h ink, and that In- violated her jier-on.
The fai mer fold the child to remain
iiie iiiilii night and he would pro-
u re as-islaneo, and When mo negro
ame hack lhal niulit thev would
sis ure him. w men nicy inn. ii lien
Ihe gill wasaskid what niusi Ik- done
w ilh him she ssi id to ' '--kill him alive."
which thev procccdi-d lo do immodiatc-
lv. 'I'hev eoininenecd at the crow n ol
his head and siipnd the skiu to Ins
feel. He only survived almiit live
minute- after the oiioralion.
A Sleepless Man,
raiKersbuii! t or. Lluciunnll Commprelal. ;
The man who does not sleep, Sauu- j
lers, now n-.-ides near this place, j
Some tune in 1SI.1 or IWiJ fsauiidols j
enlisted in the Fourth Virginia volun
teers. For several yea in he had not
lent at all, so he said. Hut it In-eoni-
ing know ii dinetly in crnip that lie
made such pretensions, it arous.il the
curiosity of many ol the men and
ittices. thev si-t a watch innm him.
I am told hy a colonel that he and
thers lost a great many nights' ni-cp
in endeavoring to euir.qi r-annici?,
hut during Ihi' whole time that he
leinaiii'il a uiemlKT of the l ourth lie
was never caught napping. He t-Ul
maul night alter night and week after
wii-k, mid hy sh-cpy-hoaded soldiers
to take their turns, mil never was
light asleep. He hauled coal several
Weeks in suoii-ssion, only stopping
long enough to eat and change horses,
mid plowed in the field with five or
six stalwart men until lie wore them
out completely, hut never seemed to
tire, liuring'tho yiiir IWi-'l, I think il
was, ho went to Philadelphia and was
examined hy the lending physicians of
the country. They sat up with him
iu relays of five, night and day, ami
kept ail almost constant stn-am ofnai.
vorsalion with mm, ann at ineieriiiiii-
atioii (if iweuty-niue days discharged
him with a eortincaie, nut eoiiui give
no explanation of this freak of nature.
Many stories oi tno imiiriiig energy
and activity of this man are told, and
all agree w ho know him that thisanli
ihhIc of Pip Van Winkle is the ino-t
sleepless mail they ever mot.
Mr. Saunders is now .mi years oi age
, '. ...... ...i...
and says no lias not uoi nmmn vinn
-hi p is for eighteen years. Ho him
self can not aei-ouiit lor it, as he says
the change in his physical organiza
tion iM-cumil within three days, and
that he was never sick in his lite, and
hHik imilicine 'nit once, and that was
when he had tl cntarih, almiit three
years ago. He Is a halo, hearty man,
'and hids fair to live many .years yel.
He is -conscientiously opiosii to mak
ing a display of hiin-s i,or no douht he
would long ugo ha ve I m-ii In-fore the
puhlic as one of the human curiosities
of the world.
Key's liiw England Speech.
A Wa-liiinlou telegram to the Cin
cinnati r.ti'i'im r oi Sunday says:
There is a gissl deal of locling
among .Southern men concerning
Judge Key's four-line sjsn-h at llen
ningloii, wherein Jie nllinli-s to the
erring Southern hrelhrcn. The iini
vorsal oommeut is that it was uueallnl
for, in h.id ta-te, and nol at all eal-u-l.dul
to oMiti-rap1 su liouiil fil ling.
'Then, too, it js an admission mi KeyV
pait that he fn Is that ho is only al
lowisl lo rem.iiu iu the Cahinet h
sufleranee, and is u-iil as il.qi-lrap to
catch Southern applause. It shows,
tim, that wluK-ver iudiioftl Hayes to
select him knew that he would ho a
putty iu the hands of his Cahinet asso
ciates. It is eoiisidenil asa remarka
hle reconst ruction through two iIosa
of New Iviglaml hoMpitulify.
The Ii-sdeii rnwrat says:
"As to our candidate for tiovemor,
Hon. W. C, NVliifJIluriie, we have id
ready sjNiUeu. We Im Hcvo him to la
the very host man in the State for the
Mr-itioii, and shall give him the hearty
and earnest support of the J)rmtM-rat."
Samuel . I, Til'lev Pw-ident-eli- ol
th" Cnitisi States, is sojourning in
Lo ii Ion, Kngland. It. Ii. Hayes is
run lintr his otriot in Wa-hintou foi
Ejt She Served Two Has tors.
The sweetest onitory that I have
listened toon tlieclitf or in the forest,
was when I awoke from a twilight
dream which had overt-ikon ine as I
sat loaning ugaiust the; h.isc of a mini
ster tree. They were njMtii the op
iosite side, and I could not run. Said
she: "SiiK-e we were children I felt a
deep interest and friendliness, in your
welfare, and since I came to know the
hlessodncss of hoiK1. I have lunged to
shtre mv joy wi.h you. Will you
I give your heart to your Maker."'
i Hesaid: "I can't do that Molly. I
.. would if I could, iH-eau.sc you w i-h il.
U , i . ... .,U ,.iiii,r i 1 1 1 ei 1 1 t.nr
frn ii uiii'ii iii-i - -
meetings of the '.-"" '" xj if, and il
vou reallv don't want to keep il your
self, if vou really don't in the I. as i are
for it, v.m mav'give if to w hoever ,oii
like, tor I shall never have any use (or
it. I would like, you know, to share
a hles.-i dness of hope M-ry likely much
the same as yours if you would only
arrange thin'-jso that I mii-lit have
vou all the time to divide the joy with
I ll lll.'ll I I11IIM- Villi lllfilll. . 'ill I
v. 'i ....,
I II II.H' "
1 .tion .
- ' . . . ... , ... . .1 .... I
She said. ' I John: lino men ineie
was ;i luiu'iliii. and if he di-ln'l kiss
j i i
I ner ann sin
ilidn't kiss Ihih. liy
k' lli .lid " :ind tin wot h Is are lull ol
lliein' Then she said. Vou nui-t
loll pa how vmi loei, aim u- -.i.-i.
' "Isii'l it loo seen aHer gelling a new
! heart to tell a fellow 's ex' i ienee."'
lell im how vou liK'l." and h- -ai'l:
, , ,, ..v... .,1 .,n
It I- pi-iiier
' , , v,.;.v l .,.,.-.-
He said- " Sol as happv
,f , j , , 1)(V , ,.,
ln - yml., n,.,,;,,,,!!.!
In 1 1' I ml.
question ill a
pathei ie and appr
iciisivc lone, and
I ihe replied. "Il is
all I In- same.
I'll see iliat (Ik
ihiiI I.. ild el-
I Then (hey went oli' I i inl-'tm !a,
and get an 'eailhlv hles-ing Irom him.
for John is in the leather mi-iiics-, aim
Cemt r Morton Epeal:
Si-ualor Morton made a
the epll'lieills ,.f ( lieynll
dav, full of the noeii-Mincd
holds that Ihe I V-liKN-ral i'
pi-ei Ii to
ii s l ii I S
mli h 1 1 1 --1 1 1 - riiai
S.IIIIIIIV ol Jlsl
I. ,. . mi. I hat I here is peed oi a so
... , -I...,
Norlh to ward oil ine i inv
may le cxs'ied to re
'...it I, ..ro roll ira I i ill. Hi
nil from a
Im Iicx is the
South is willing ennuv.li to '-ive the
North the olliees provided they may
iiavelhe m-iisiir.-. Ih .se in. -a-mes
consist of Ihedcniaii'l ih t iliecitam
lv Ik- made r-.r a rcpaviiu nt ol m1
b.v in. iii i-ed iliiiimr ihe war. lie
... ...;..i.l ..., 1 1 ,w.i 1 1 n nii.i 'nii'e III
the iiiiiiro-iehin-r iMililic.-il cunli-l. Il
is imiiortant . Ihorefore. that ll"- Norlh
should st.-iml lii-'ctliel : 1 1 I.-I 1 "'I -hould
! stand together iii ilu irii at lllgk:lc,
! that wo shall nol no nil thai we have
i won. We must piesorvo the cnnslilii-
liolllll llinellilllleld-; We liill-l plesei ve
) Ihe fruit- nf the w ar; all our inleii-l-,
i ImiIIi l)enio-l-als and Iti ini'ili'-ans are
lulike. The South we hav e forgiven
them. They cost halt a milium "1
liv..-. mid -ix 1 1 1. ll:l in I lllilli'ill- of d"l-
larshv their crime-. There i--eareely
a family in all this laud in which llieie
is nol a' vacant chair. P.nt we forgave
i Iheni all that. All we a-k l- lhal llu .v
I shall U'giMHl cili.eii-. Wo claim Ihe
rigid to go there, live and have our
own opinion-, and aeec-s to cm-i v
privilege that wo give iheni when
, they eome hero. With lhal we w ill
i ho sati-tii 'l, aiil w jlh nol liing el --."
M Louis l!r piili'K mi.
Ale the Ohio I.Vpulilieaii- i--.ii d
iua eon-piracy t" I r 1 1 r li.t- lie
l.'epti'iii.-an pal ity" A' -avK in. que -lion
with rial imn-i l n. Thi ro are
ll-ae. s of ll il"(. Ihe V ell lir-I lliill.1;
Mr. I layi-s did uticr cnniig iuio Ihe
Pri-ifileiicy wa- lo repudiate ihe Sotilh
crn Miliey' of his j. al ly . -iii-l : opt the
Solilhein' piliey "I Ihe I '' lien rat-; and
in Ihe very tir-t speec h thai .Indue
West, Ihe' liep.uhlieau candidate l"f
t ivernor of Ihio, make-, lo- rcpuili
ates Ihe n-slllilptiell ill t "I a leilllili-
can Coi i g n , jind lake- his -hind
squarely oil the Hlio IN nioe'-.lii- plal
I'.itiu, w hich dcmiind-ii r ;! "I il.
We may teinalk lhal I In- n p' lil oi Hie
i-.'sinnpiioii act i-one "t tin i-iu - in
Ihe Ol-io can vass, Hie I i uioeraf- and
tho-- K'-puhli' iilis lor w Iioiii I ho t in
einnati tHr.itti speaks uiging it, w Idle
I hose I!epiihlieaiis lor w Iioiii Ihe f'in
eiimati ( 'tmnitrjriul siieaks, epiose il.
and in-isi on the i igonuis cm ctitioii i
I Ihe mea-uie. Judge We-t lakes sides
., i.i, i,. ..,. s ,i i. CrjHn
t .,, hiieans. Ilesjivs:
Th,. time fixed lor n -suinpi i n ia
i ( , ,. v ,,, viar ili-tanl. I
do nut h i ci i i
how il is pcjho Jul-
the authorities tieoii-iiininaie loiunp-
tioii on the day fixed without the nmsl
serious cols qui nees, lllilo-slho 'p"i
silioii house shall ciuiie lo Iheir ui'l,
which is nol at all piohal h-.''
This is true, hut it is not I'cpuhlicaii;
it isthoiloctiiiiool lhct ihio li inn nil-,
and is a fresh jiiisif of Hie iiaiinle of
leading Ohio lo-puhli'-aiis for gelling
off tlieir ow ii.i'latfoi ni on Unit of their
Jctn IlUiEgs cn Tets.
Pets ov all kind- arc a noo-aneo.
Pot a mule w ilh a khih uml he pa-h-lint,
hut pet him wil 1 1 oals and he w ill
kick out one end of kica-liuii. I'ct
dogs are fullov fleas, aul'ct muukcys
are full of the devil. All pel children
are tyrants, and a js-t deak.m w ant
as much watching as a s t coon du.
Pet ideas are quite ri-ky, ami m I opiu
y tins, like s -colli 1-1 land ilolhing, an
worth just w hat vou can git fur ihein.
A s-t wife soon gits to In- explain, and
a M-t luihy rules the w hole holl-i hold.
A ju t holH- luinis lo im- n i-KV. aim u
I h'I sorvaiit hokums cunning at Ihccx-h-iisc
of his honi-sty. Pel liiinds an
ihe hardest to keep, and w In n vu do
lo.o them they turn from I ny lo
gaul, and h-Isov all kinds are fastidi
ous. A H-t clow ean'l tell what his
next mischief will Im , and ov all pcti
none are more nasty and er than si
M-t arrot. Nothing in ihi-i woild
w u. made to i quire il. Pi t hohhlen
arc plenty and ca.y lo inoiint, hut nu
lla id to si iek to, and ihe ililehcs all
along life's, turnpike are illli-d with
Ihe riders. A t lam alwiivs mak s
a krosM i-am, und w hal has Im i ii unco
H-ltil can never In- happy agin with
out it. Live iets ov nil kinds are sine
to U- lazy, ami from la-jug sa y is hut
a short slop, and s shine lo Im- taken.
Ton iniiteh jM-tlhig til ings luxuriance.
i'ii-t. and then ruin. 1 have even
-con gardiu san jH-ttod si much
it all inn to top and to viie-s.
kals are, fust, an insult to ilu-
and, next, are an insult to tin
that N-ls tin :n; and there i. no
cxi-u-s- for iMiurdinga js't m1I
lugging them ainuud lli.ni lie n
Ixianlnig uttd toteing a Im d'nigg,
They Kiiy Hayes is eoniing Smlh.
Welllet him come on il h- wanl-j I".
If he has money enough lo pay Ins
hotel hills and will Ih-Iiuvi- civil, our
folks w ill lie glad for him In coin.-.
Hut if he is exHi-ting these people i-i
throw up their hats and yell like fool-,
and got drunk like the M"ple up
Norlh when a Pri-sidenl come- along,
he will In- i hsa pi mint el - Hull's ail.
There is a lillle talk alM.utii Itepiil.W
ciiii ticket in Virginia, hut il i- likely
lo amount to nothing. 'The llemo
eratio Jiarly is united under Col. Holli
dav, and ll Pcpul.liei.n eandidato
would Iii1 a mere tormalitv with a nta-b.i-ity
of from ID.ihki to ;l,iiOi against
I-crshurn, Tenn., is excited over a
pig that was Ijoru mi the 7tu iust.,
with ia huiiiiut head.
r jt. 11-70 ly.