Newspaper Page Text
-EYtt CONGRESSEXTRA SESSION.
Western Associated Pies Tieport.
"SENATE Wash-sOto. November 20.
' During tbe morning hoar several bills were lntro-
uuoed and referred.
Air. Wr hy from tbe Committee on Printing, re
sorted wnti ameudmeota the reeolntlon to print 2,500
aoptea of the narrative of the Nottt Polar Expedition
by tbe United Bute steamer Polnrta. Agreed to. -
By Mr. M Pborson. by request To provide for cheap
transportation of freight between tide water ou or near
the Atlantic, and the Mississippi Valley.
Mr. Canterou, of Pennsylvania, presented a memorial
of tbe Select aud Common Council of tbe city-ot Ene,
Pennsylvania, In favor of an appropriation bj Wn
gress for tbe erection ot a public buudlug In I bat city.
Tbe bitl to enable tbe Indiana to become eltiaens. was
considered and discussed by Messrs. Thunnau, Ingalla
nil w hvle.
, Tbe discussion lasted ttU 2 o'clock, when further con
sideration of the Dill waa postpone! until tlie 10th of
December next. Tbe bona to then went into executive
When the doors ieopened. Mr. Tcurman submitted a
resolution that tbe Committee on Fnviioges an t Elec
tions be discharged from tbe farther c. numeration of
the credentials of. Al. C Butler as Senator lrom South
Carolina. , , ,
Mr. Cookling suggested to bis friend from Ohio Mr.
Tbunnanj that -Jie resolution be withheld until to-morrow
morning, unless something waa to be gaiued br
taking It up this afteiuooo. TQe motion to discharge
the commute' waa unexpected, and aeveial Senators
wbo would like to be beard In regard to tola matter
were not here to-day.
Mr. Tburinan aaiil he merely desired to bare the res
olution taken up now ao as it would eotne op
aa nnfloinheti - business to-morrnw. If there
ahonld be other business thou of more
Importance, a majority of the Sennfe conld lay tbis
resolution aside. He aaid he offered this resolution
with reiuctauoe. because he kuew tue members of tbe
committee would be apt to regard it as a reflection upon
them, but the state ot South Carolina had b-it one Sen
ator on tms floor since the 4th of March la-it Flvo
weeks of the present aeeaton had elapsed and no report
Dad been mane on the crodentia's ot Mr. Butler. He
did not propose to go into the merits of the case now,
but as far as be had been Informed, there was no con
troverey whatever between tie contt slants from South
Carolina. Messrs. Butler aud Corbio, about the facta,
so there was no necessity of points outside of the
record lo learn tacts. He had also been informed that
It waa not the desire of either contestant to go outside
of the record, or to take testimony alinndr. Thla delay
In the South Carolina case waa a reproach to the Amer
ican Senate. .
Mr. Wnrtlelgh, Chairman of the Committee on Prlvl
levee and Elections, argued that It waa not a question
of privilege lo move to discharge the commit lee from
Xurthet consideration of the credentials of
. on claiming to have been elected a Senator.
No member of the committee who knew what the work
bad been would stand up lu the Senate sod say The com
mittee bud bt-en trull tr of tardiness. The oases of Kellogg
aud Hporloid weie tits hist takeu up by the committee,
' because thev thought it wsa right to do so, sort they did
nut think it would bo proper to lay aside these ea-es
and take up another. In ma opinion, thla desire to take
' th'S esse from the committee was caused by the fact
that the work of the committee on tbe Spoffard-Keilogg
esse was nearly clotted. In one or two nays the committee
would be prepared to derioo th it case. Upon the Re
publican side of the Chamber the senators supposed
that the Butler msrter would be examined into and re
ported npon by the committee, and not a Senator bad
prepare,! himself to diecune it lu tbe Senate, nanus;
rolled upon the committed to present the wh"le esse.
Hence the morion of the Senator from Ohio Mr. Tbur
nianl was unjust to the Kepublicau Seuatoi-s. The Com
mittee tin Privileges sud Elections hjd shown no desire
' todeiay. and he hoped they would be allowed to report
epoo this case, or at least time should be (riven for Sen
ators ou bis Bide of tho chamber to prepare themselves
for discussion. He felt it to be his duty to object to
he consideration of the resolution to-day.
Mr. Tutu man said the Chairman of the Committee on
- Privileges and Elections had stated that the committee
telt it to be its duty to consular tho Kellogg esse first.
Why the committee considered that eate in preference
to the Enstis case, he was at loss to know.
Mr. Mitchell said when tlie Committee on Privileges
and Elections flrat met, a motion was penning- in the
Senate to discharge tbe committee from the further
eoDaideratlon of the Euatis case, ana Therefore It waa
thought best to take up the KeJlugg-Spofford case, and
not consider tbe Eustls oeee while the motion to dis
charge the committee waa pending.
Mr. Thurman said it waa be who made the motion to
discharge tbe committee from the further oonsidera
tioo of the F.ustis case, and after diacussion withdrew
the motion himself. It was all done at one aesaion ot
the Senate, and therefore conld not have been pending
when the committee took ap the Kellogg ease.
-Mr. Saltsburv. member of the Committee on Privi
leges ana Elections, said the motion of the Senator
from Ohio I Mr.ThurmanJ.in tbe Eustls case wasmaaeon
the 16th of October, aud tha committee on Privileges
and Elections did not meet nntil tho 19tb, so that all
cases were before the committee when It met. In re
ply to the chairmau ot the committee Wadlelgh I, be
aald a member of tbe committee had called the at
tention of the members to the fact that motion
would be made to discharge the committee from further
consideration of Mr. Butler's case, and therefore Sen
ators on the other side ot the Chamber kaew it, and
bad time to prepare themselves. The chairman- had
aald the committee had been diligent, but he t eTr.Sauis
. bury 1 mnat aay that the oommittea bad had ample
. time to dispose of Mr. Eustls' ease and Mr. Butler's
eaae, and anil conld have made the same prog-res It bad
i In tbe Kellogg Spofford case. In tbe committee be
. made a motion to take up the case ot Mr. KlUUs, bat
' it was lost.
Mr. Wadletgh renewed bis oblention. and further
consideration oa the resolution, went over until to
morrow. Tbe Vice President appointed Messrs. Davis, of West
Virginia. Beck, Allison, Incalisand Cameron;-of Penn-
ay ivania, aa special committee to examine the books and
accounts of the Treasury xiepartment in regard to tbe
alleged discrepancies, Ac, authorized by tha resolution
of senator Davis, agreed to yesterday. -
HOUSE Washington, November 20.
After the reading of the Journal the Honse went Into
eommit tee of the whole, the Speaker lu the chair, on
the Parts Exposition Bill, tbe pending amendment be
ing to strike out the clanse providing that tha allow
ance to the Commissioner tfeneral shall not exceed
(Vi.OUO.snd the allowance of tha twoaddltional Comtme
aloneis shall not exceed S 1.000.
After debate the amendment was rejected.
Mr. Liottrell offered an amendment, providing that
the Governors or each State shall nominal) aud the
President appoint two honorary Commissioners, and
that the President shall appoint twenty,
four additional honorary Commissioners,
who may report on a special subject,
and servo wlthnnt pay; and providlug further, that
In case tbe authorities of any State shall appoint a
Commissioner to represent the interests of Hitch State
at the Exhibition, said Commissioner shall bave the
same status In the Commission as honorary Comniia
aioners provided for by the bill, and ahali not be en
titled to any compensation.. Aaopieu.
Mr. Msyham moved to strike out the whole of tbe
fourth section of the bill, which appropriate $150,000
lor neeeasaiy expenses.
Mr. Klair. of 2sew Hampshire, asld that some metn
i bars were witling to vote SlOHl.OOO, but were not will
ing to vote $1.10,000; In other words, be arid that tha
great Yankee Nation got up on lta ear and said that it
' would be damned if it would give $160,000 for each
, of Indians, spoke of tbe Commission-
era to tho last Pans aud
1 Vienna .xpnir.ioue aa men
who were rollina- In weal in, ami oe poiuiea particularly
' to Mr. Hewitt, of New York, aa having an income
which was probably larger than tha capital of any other
member of the House.
Mr. Hewitt, in a tone of great India-nation, dsnonnoed
the remark of Mr. Hamilton aa against the rules of
Mr. Hamilton (paying little attention to the reponse)
poke of some of the Commissioners to Vlem.a and
Part as drinking champagne until they were nnder
the mabnyanv, and as bt-lug a disgrace to the conntry.
Finally the Committte rose, and tbe House ordered
that all debate on tha fourth arcUon of the bill ahonld
Tbe House then again went Into committee of the
whole, end the various amendments that were after,
ward offered were disposed of without discussion.
Mr. White offered su amendment nirootlna? the Com
missioner of Agriculture to collect and prepare aaitsv
able specimens of agricultural products of the several
States and lerrltories for exhibition. Agreed to.
Mr. Hoi se moved to Increase the appropriation to
' $100,000. Relected.
Mr. Wright moved to red rice theamonnt to $30,000.
Beiecled-Ht to 12U.
Mr. Wilgbt then moved to make tha amount $79,000.
Also rejected, without division.
After fiutber argument the House again rose, and
ordered the oebate ou Mr. Hamilton a substitute to
The House then went Into committee ot the whole,
and Mr. Hamilton's substitute, allowing represent
ation but making no appropiiatiou, waa earned 160
The object of tha majority In voting for this proposi
tion In committee of the whole waa to defeat the amend,
ment offered by Mr. Cox, of New York, and for which
Mr. Hamilton's waa a anbstitute.
The vote w then taken on Mr. Cox'a amendment,
aa thus smended, and it waa rejected 99 to lzi.
This effectually disptieed of both Air. Cox'a and Mr.
1 he committee then rose and reported the bill to tha
Mr. Monroe moved tha previous qoeatlon.
Mr Cox, of New York, appealed to his own side ot
the House not to second toe previous question, which
wonld preclude bim from offering bis anienlment in
the House. .
The previous question was seconded 125 to 99 and
the main question wss ordered.
Several amenoments auoptea in oommittea or me
Wnoie were agreeu i ).
Tben tbe bill w-s passed syes 139. nsys 124
The foliowtna ?s tbe text of tbo bill ss passed;
"Whert-aa. 'J be United States have been Invited by
the Keoiibiio of Franoe to take part In a universal Ex
position of the productions of agncultnre. manufac
tures and tao flue aria, to beheld m Paris, in la7o;
"Reaolved, by the Senate and Honse of Representa
tives of the United States of America, lu Conrrreas as
sembled. That said invitatiou is accepted, sod that tbe
Oovernora of the several States end Territories be and
are hereby requested to Invite the people of their re
apectivs Stales and Territories to assist in the proper
representation of the productions of our industry, and
ot tLe natural resources of the country, and to take
such further measures as may be neoeseary( in order
to secure to their respective States sud 'lerrltories ad
vantages to be derived from tlua benenoent nnder-taKina:-
"Skc. 2. That the President be authorised to appoint
a Commissioner (ieneial lo repreeeut the United statea
in the proposed Exposition, and nnder the general di.
rection of tbe Secretarv of state to make all
needful rules and reamlattona In roforenoa to
contributions from this country, and to
eootrol expenditures Incident to a proper ' In.
atallatlon and exhibition thereof, and to the prepara
tion of reports on the Exposition, and that toe Preal
dent may also appoint twenty addltlouid Commission
era, provided tbatno two of said Commissioners shall,
be appointed from one 6t,ire; of whom tbree shall be
practical artisan expert three shall be skilled rcpre.
aentativea of commerce and manufacture, fourshal.
be practical agriculturists, nine siiall be scientific ex.
, perls corresponding to end specifically assumed to re1
port npon the nine arroups luto whirr; the Exposition
will, under olHcial regulations, be divided, and one to
report npon the Exhibition at larva aud the general re-
suits thereof. That the allowance to aald Commission
er General for salary and personal exoenses shall not
exceed $3.0tx) for his wbole tera of orlloe, and the al.
lowanoe of the twenty additional Comuusaionera for sal
ary and poraonal expense shall not exceed 1,000
each, not including such clerical services ss
mav be allowed bv the Commissioner Oetieral, and the
Oovernoia of the several Statea shall Dominate and the
President mar appoint two honorary -Commissioners
from each of the seversl States, Slid the President may
appoint twenty four additional honorary Commission
ars. among whom there sbsll be at least one resident of
each of the Territories, which asld honor rv forumls- i
aioaera may report special aublcvU, and shall aery
-without pay or other expense: and, further, provided,
that in case the authorities of any State or Territory
ahai appoint a Commissioner or Com ml ad on era to rep-resent-tha
Interest of snch State or Teiritoryat said
Exhibition, said Commissioner or Commission,
ers so appointed shall bave tbe same atatus In ths
Commission as honorary Commissioners provided
for herein, bnt shall not be entitled to either pay or
compensation out ot money hereby appropriated; pro
vided always that no poison appointed by virtue of this
resolution sbsll bave any pecuniary interest, directly
or Indirectly, in any article exhibited for competition,
or act as scout for any exhibitor, and no more than one
of the Coni mission era entitled to compensation, uor
mote than five of the honorary Coramisaionera, shall be
appointed fioro any one State or Territory.
"SEC. 3. That the President be authorized !b bli dis
oretioo to aesign one or more of the public vessels to
transport to and lrom Franae. free of cost.articles which
may be offered for exhibition by tbe cltixeus
of the United States, and that the several departments
of the Government which ccntnhuted to the Centen
nial Exhibition in Philadelphia may place nnder tbe
control of the Commlseaioner Geueral for exhibition
snch articles as shall bo deemed desirable to ninke a
proper collective exhibit on behalf of the Government
of the United States, and said Commissioner General
ahall eause the same to be returned to the several de
partment at the close ot the Exhibition, and the ex
penses thereof shall be defrayed out of the moneys
"SEC, 4. That In order to defray the necesary ex
penses above authorized, and for the proper installation
of the exhibition nnd expenditures of the Commissioner
General, made under direction of the Secretary of Slate,
aud with his appioval, and Dot otherwise,
there be aud is hereby appropriated out of
any money in the 7'reasnry of the United States not
otheiwiae anproptiated. the sum of $150,000, or ao
moob thereof ss may be necessary for the purpose
herein specifled. which sum shall be expended under
the direction of the Secretary of State, aud the Com
missioner of Agriculture shall collect and prepare suit
able specimens of agricultural prodaots of the several
States and Territories (or exhibition.
sgc. 5. That It shall be the dary of The Secretary of
Stale to transmit to Congress a detailed statement of
the expenditure!; which may have been incurred under
tbe provisions of this resolution, together with all tbe
tcports called for under Section a, which repoita
shall be prepared aud arranged with a view to con
cise atalementa and concurrent reference."
Mi; O'Neill presented a petition of all bnt one of the
Philadelphia National banks, and of certain trust and
savtngfund companies, against tha unlimited coinage
of silver coin, Heierrod,
SENATE WAflHiKOTOS, "November SI.
Several private bills were considered, and at 13:20
Mr. Conk ling moved to adjourn, but at tha sngaestion
of Mr. Hamlin withdrew it. and the Senate went into
When tbe doors were reopened the consideration was
resumed of tbe reeolntlon submitted, yesteruay, by Mr.
Ihuruian, to discuarge the Committee on Privileges
snd Elections ftoua further couslderstion of the creden
tials of i. C -Butler aa Seuator lrom Sooth Carolina.
Mr. Mitchell said that ihe Senator from Ohio iMr.
Thurman 1, in his remarks yesterday, said that he did
not understand why tbe committee felt in duty bound
to consider the casa of Kellogg before that of Euatis.
He IMr. Mitouell) tben stated that tbe Kel
logg esse was taken np because when
she committee met vhere waa a motion
pending before ihe Senate to discbarae the committee
from further consideration of the credentials ot Mr.
Enstia, and they thouirbt it would not be decorous to
take up that case white such a motion was peuuing In
The Senator from Ohio Mr. Thnrman ! and the Sena
tor from Delaware 1 Dir. Saulsburyl both said that he
tM.r. MltchellJ wa mistaken in his facts, and the Sena
tor from Ohio stated that he witodrew tbe mutton to
aischaree tbe committee upon Ihe same day be made It
Mr. Mitchell then quoted from tlie Record to tbe
effect that the moi ion to discharge tho committee wsn
made on the ISth oi October, and waa not withdrawn
ontil after lengthy discussion on the 19th, and the com
mittee first met on the lDih before the nioiion was
withdrawn. He submitted-ths t the Record showed
thai he was correct in his statement of facts. He de
fended the sction of the Committee on Ptlvlleges aud
Klectioua. and argued that the oommiltee
had worked faitbtully. Should the resolution
of the Senator from Ohio be adopted it would be regard
ed as a censure of lbs committee by the senate. He sob
milted that there waa no oontrovei sy in tbe South Caro
lina ease, and it waa one of fact. In his Judgment tha
committee and the Senate could examine and decide
every one of these cases before the holidays. He would
labor to do so b'luself.
Mr. Hill, a member of the Committee of Privileges
and Elections, said as a member of that committee, be
would vote lor the resolution submitted by the Senator
from Ohio. He did not think the resolution of the
Senator from Ohloeonld be considersd as ulsoourteous
to the Committee on Privileges and Elections. Accoiding
to bis views of the case, be thonaht the resolution a
proper one. In his opinion tho committee should hare
considered tbe credentials in the order of thoir date,
wmch wonld have brought Eustls' case flrsr, Bntler
snd Corbin's second and offered Kelloga-'a case third, but
the committee decided to invite Kellogg and
Spofford lo present their cases first, and of course
Messrs. Butler, corbm and Eustis conld not pnaent
their cases until invited by tbo oommittee to no so. A
maloritv of the Committee on Privileges aud Elections
resolved not to abide by the settlement made by tbe
people ot Louisiana, bnt decided to open all those ques
tions, of which the earth ought to be sick, about Re
turning Boards, fraud, violence, and everything else.
He IMr. HI ill. on the 25th of October, moved, In com
mittee, to take np tlie case of Mr. Eustls, but was no
successful. He believed tbe case ot Mr. Eustis should
have been conaldered without delay, because l-ouunsna
bad no Senator on this floor, and there were Important
nominations affecting tbat Stale pending before the
Senate. Besides, there waa no contestant tot the seat
of Mr. Enetia.
Mr. McMillan, a member of tbe committee, asked if
thst very question wasuot now before the committee.
Mr. Hill replied tbat it whs not. He knew the Sen
ator from Minnesota (Mr. MuMillanJ bad tried to get
It there, but no one voted with htm, and there could be
no contestant for Mr. Eusiis' seat unless contraiy to all
usage Ibe Senate should re-refer Mr. Pinchback'a
case to the Committee. He knew there had been a
communication from Mr. Plnchbsck before the Com,
mitt ee, bnt the Chairman was directed to notify him
that be bad no credentials theie. and bis claim could
not be considered. Was it right that a gentlemen
whose eredeuttals were before tho Committee, whose
seat was not contested, should tie compelled to lie
around tbis Senate Chamber and this city for months
because a contested case bspieued to bave been taken
up first. Was an unlitigated case to be postponed nntil
a litigated case could be disposed off Tbe State of
lxiuiaiaua had a right to be represented on tbis floor,
and it would be better to reject Air. Eoatia than to
keep him waiting. He waa perfectly willing
tbat this South Carolina case abould
be settled npon the facta contained
In the brief of Mr. Corbm. tbe contestant of Mr. But
ler. Both gentlemen aareed to tbe facte, but differed in
their conclusions and legal propositions. Ths brief
filed by Mr. Corbio waa a frank, manly statement ot
facts. There waa not a single legal proposition in the
corbin-Bntier case which any senator would call diifi.
cnlt, and it should be d'apoaed of without delay.
Mr. Wadleigh said the question of what had been
done or what ahonld be done in tbe Eustls case baa
nothing to do with the resolution ntsw before the Sen
ate. Tbat case had been made the pack-horse upon
wblchto load the charges against tho Committee oo
Privileges and Elections. Mr. Euatis hsd not asked to
bava his ease taken np by the committee. In March
last, when his credentials were referred to the commit
tee, Mr. Enstis requested tbat they should not
be considered tben, and he left tor - Ionlslana on
Important personal business. Had his case been con
sidered then, during bis absence. Democratic Senators
would nave raised the cry that great injustice waa done
him. Be repeated that the KellogK-pontird case would
aoon be finished, because all the material facta had been
aa-reed upon. He aald no member of the Committee on
Privileges sod Elections had ever hinted or whispered
that a motion wonld oe made to dlscbsrs:e tbe Commit
tee on Privileges snd Elections from further considera
tion of tbo Butler case, though it had been said that
such a morion would be made lo Ihe Eustls case. Tbe
Senator from Ohio IMr. Thurman I submitted this reso
lution bersuse he believed there were certain things
outside this Senate which wonld give him some advan
tage. Ha then referred to scenes of violence In I-ouiai
m, and said he had been la that State and saw the ter
ror which was exercised over Republicans.
It was like ths tenors in force during
tha Oaya of the French Revolution. He
knew it waa by armed force that the Packard srovero
ment was overtumetL snd such proceediuas did not
foreclose the right ot this Senate to inquire into all tbe
cirenmatancea attending tbe election of a Senator, even
tboogh force and meuacs had disappeared like the
morning dew on tbe grass.
Mr. Hoar, member of tbe Committee on Privileges
snd Elections, said it waa on account of the expected
early topoit in the Kellogg.Spoffortt case that tbia at
tempt waa made to displace tbe Butler case from Its
propor place before Ibe committee, snd get it
before the Senste. He referred to tbe action
of the Democratic Senators In. voting to
refer other cases to that committee for Investigation.
and said it waa s glaring inconsistency on tbe part of
any gentleman to aav thsthieither the case of Butler nor
Enstis required any scrutiny.
He argued that ibe Committee on Privileges and
Election had worked faithfully, tbat the evidence In
the Kellugg-Spofford case was all iu, and the commrttee
waa now ready to deliberate on its verdict. He argned
that there waa a controversy over Ihe facta In tbe sontn
Carolina case, and there wss a necersily for inquiry.
In conclusion be moved to lay tbe resolution of Mr.
Thurman on the table, but al Ibe requestor Mr. Bayard
witbdtew the motion for tbe present lo allow that Sen.
ator to state his views for voting In favor of the resolu
tion to dlscbai re tbe committee.
Mr. Bayard aald the t onatitutinn of the United States
provided tbatno State should be deprived of its repre
sentation on tha floor of tho Senate, therefore thla reso
lution to discharge the committee from further consid
eration of the credentials of Mr. Bntler wss a qneation
ot the highest privilege, and It waa the duty
of the Senate to see that this most Important
provision of the Constitution was not violated. There
were three vacancies in the Senate now. aud the cre
dentials of one of tbe applicants IMr. Eustis hsd been
pending two yeaia. Tbeie waa no contestant for hla
seaf, and he sbonld bave been admitted. He then re
ferred to the South Carolina case, and said he had read
the statements of both Mr. Butler and Mr. Coibita, and
he belioved that they both agreed tbat their cases
miabt be disposed of upon the basis of the printed Uriels
submitted by them.
Mr. Bayard then referred to the Congressional Record
to show that when ihe bill to readmit the State of
Texas into the Union was pending, in 186d, Mr. Sher
man, then Senator from Ohio, moved to discharge the
Committee on Judiciary from further consideration of
that bill; that immediate action nucht be ba t upon It
by the senate, and on the following day the Senate, by
a vote of yeas 39. nsys lo. did discharge the committee
deispite the pretest of the chairman Mr. Tmmbuill,
and by a vote of yeaa 47, naya 11, ' passed it
Two dare afterwsrda the two Texas Senators
Messrs. Klsunigan and Hamilton appeared and were
sworn in. The State of South Carolina had a right to
representation oo this floor, of which she bad been de
prived wiihr.ut her consent. In conclusion, he nrged a
prompt settlement of sll these contested rases, in Jus
tice lo tbe Stales, la Justice to the Senate, and lu Jus
tice to tbecountrr.
M r. Hoar then renewed bis motion to lay the resolu
tion of Mr. Thurman on the table, and the yeas and
aara weie ordered on this motion.
Mr. Thurman said that in the eight years of ex perl,
ence he had had in this body, be never knew of an op
ponent of a resolution makinc a motion to lay it on the
table, without allowing the mover of the resolution to
answer the objections made to it. This waa the first
time that be ever knew that right to be interfeted with.
Mr. Hoar said he did not understand that the mover
of any Incidental motion, snch as to discharge a com-.
mittee from the lurtoer consideration of a subject, bad
any privilege of closing a debate, though he wonld
ultbnrawhia motion to lay on tbe table, tbat Senator
Thurman might speak.
Mr. conkling ssid the experience of this day bad
oeeu extraordinary. The Senate had listened to an al
tercation between Senators as to what took place In
the committee, ail of which wss unparliamentary. A
Senator moved ta lay the resolution of the senator
from Ohio en the table, which was entirely within the
nsage and prupnety of the Sehate. A Senator moving
a resolution representing no committee, but doing so
of his own volition, could not draw onto himself all tbe
attributes ol chairman ot a committee entitled to
close a debate on an Important measure. Tbe yeas snd
hays had been ordered, ou motion lo lay tha resolution
on the table, and he submitted that the Senator from
Massachusetts (Mr. Hoar" had no right to withdraw
that motion. Now for one he. wanted to see the aeuae
ot the Senate taken aa promptly as possible npon what
he regarded aa tbe very extraordinaiy motion to dis
cbarge tbe Commrttee on Privileges and Elections
from tbe further consideration of these credentials.
As the vote npon Mr. Hoar's motion was about to be
taken Mr. Thnrman moved mat the Senate proceed to
the consideration of execntive business. Mt. Con Kim
and others Oh, let us hays a vote on the motion to lay
it on the table."!
Tbe motion for the executive session waa agreed to
yeas ao, naya aa as touows:
Davis of 111..
Davis of W. Va..
Cameron of Fa-
Garland, - -
Jones of Ney,
Messrs. Ransom, Armstrong, G rover, Iternan, Cock
roll and Maxey, who would have voted in ths amrma-
Cameron of Wisconsin, Edmnads and ferry, who would
bave voted in tbe negative.
Tbe Senators, in announcing palm, stated tbat al.
though tins was a motion for executive eessiod, they
reararued sucn monon as one or political sigoincauce,
and therefore withheld their votes.
When Mr. Hamlin announced tbat Messrs. Blaine
and G rover were nai red. he said that both were absent
from the city; and probably would not be bete this ses
Tho only Senators who aid not rota or were not
paired, were Mr. Patterson, of South Carolina, and Mr.
While the doors were being eloeed, Mr Allison, from
tbe Committee on Finance, reported, witn amendments,
tbe House bill to authorize tbe free coinage of the
standard allver dollar, and to restore lta legal -tender
Qualities. Placed on tbe calendar.
As soon as the Senate went into execntive session, a
motion to adjourn waa agreed to without trauaactiDg
HO USE WASHtKOTOy, November 21.
A bill was Introduced by Mr. Gibson, antborizing the
sppolntmeut ot a commissioner to piovioe tor tue iui
nrovement of tha MlHslsainol River. Referred.
Tho House then went into committee of tbe wbole.
Mr. Wntrht. of Iowa, in the chair, on the Deficiency
Mr. Sinsleton. member of the Appropriation Commit.
free-, VAUfsmeu iue tiiu ir-Kiun ui win . i-
Mr. Foster called attention to Ihe fact that this waa
the secoud Deficiency Bill bronght bi foie the House,
the former one appropriating $2,500,000, the prest-ut
one $1,250,000. Tbat was another illustration of the
ecunoni v of the Democratic Honse of the last t ear.
-Mr. Beebe, ot New York Did not the naval dt-ficiency
f row ont of the fact that tbe money apm-opnatrd at
he last Congress had been misapplied by tho executive
Mr. Foster -Not at all. There ia a great difference of
opiuion about that.
Mr. Singleton railed attention to tha fact, that of
$1,600,000 appropriated by the present Dili, $680,000
was a reappiopriation.
Mr. Foster replied tbat that wn one of the tat tics of
the Democratic party, oy wnicn tney nopea to deceive
the oonutry. East year the Democrats bad stated they
had aaved $30,000,000.
The books were made'up, aud showed a saving of less
than nineteen millions. Be thought that an item of
$250,000 should have been Inserted for the completion
of tlie new State Department building. The bill waa
then read by Clauses for amendment. The first pal a
graph waa for tha payment of the awards of tbe Court
of Claims, to the amouut ot $094,045. The paragraph
specified individual cisbs and the amounts.
Mr. Garfield moved to strike out all ot the paragraph
except the total amouut It would seem If the oases
and amountrrwere specified, as it conareas were oxer,
clsiug revisory power over these Judsrmenta.
Mr. Singleton replied that the paragraph followed
the book ot estimates; there waa no reason why the
case and amouDts should not ba specifled. particularly
as some ot the Judgments drew interest, and that the
interest had to be computed and provided for.
Mr. Garneld That is a matter for the Treasury De
partment. Mr. Singleton also gave aa a reason why the gross
sum of money snouto not. ue appropriate; mat mere
was an outstanding Judgment in favor of the Union
Pad do Railroad Company, which, by agreement, was
not to be oald nntil a certain time, and if a irross snni
were appropriated. It might happen that the tudgment
would ue paid.
Mr. Atklna claimed it to be the right and the duty oi
Congress to provide specifically for these judgments. If
the proposition of the gentleman from Ohio were adopted,
then the power of saying to whom the money was to
be naid wonld bave naaaed from Congress, and ludtr-
-menta that are being made every day might be paid In
preference to those already matured.
Finally, the discussion closed, and the amendment
Mr. Yeatea offered an amendment appropriating
$17,500 for continuing tbe work of propaaatlog and
distributing shad and other food fishes. Agreed to.
The Item for postmasters' salaries having been
reached, Mr. Wadde.ll gave notice that the Post-office
Committee wonld report a change of tbe present law
by which the compensation ot Postmastera Is graded
by the amount ot stamps sold by them. He offered an
amendment appropriating the surplue of last year'e ap
propriation for "star" service, which means the carry
log of mails by other conveyance than railroads or
steamers, to the same service for the current year.
Mr. Blonnt, a member of ibe Appropriation Commit
tee, opposed rbe amendment as an attempt to reap
After a long discussion of Mr. Waddell's amendment
it waa agreed to.
Mr. Cox. of New York, offered an amendment making
such appropriation ss may be required to pay tha wages
of the laborers, workmen and mechanics employed by
or on behalf of the Government In excess of eight
hours' labor per diem , as preset ibed by law.
Mr. Singleton opposed the amendment as being with
out head or tall, and utterly Indefinite.
Mr. Blount appealed to his own side ot the House to
stand by the Committee on Appropriations in resisting
this and similar efforts to load down appropriation bills.
He reminded them that they had gone before the country
claimina to have effected a reduction of $30,000,000 a
year, but if the Appropriations Committee waa to be
overridden from day to day that good record would be
wiped out, and all tbe steps taken in the way ot re
trenchment would be retraced.
After further debate tbe amendment was rejected,
only twenty-one members voting for it.
Mr. Cox demsudpd tellers.
Tbe Chairman stated tbat not enough members bad
risen to order tellers.
Mr. cox All right. The galleries will notice the
Mr. Pry ft, of Maine, then bronght np tha question of
the alleged discharge by tbe Doorkeeper of crippled ana
disabled Union soldiers who bad been on the Doorkeep
er's roll, and remarked. In the course of an Impassioned
speech on tbat subject, tbat when the President of the
United States saw fit to take men who had been In the
Confederate aerviee, and who to-day are Democrats, and
put them lu positions of reaaxnsibimy aud power; and
when tbe Republican party of Lhis oountry commended
th President for ao doing, it mlebt poaslbiy be that the
Doorkeeper should. In the Inlet est ot pacification, be
allowed to discnara-e crippled and disabled Union
soldiers and put Confederate soldiers in tbeir places
Mr. Cabell Doea the gentleman from Maine consider
that the President has done wrong lu dqlng what be
has done in foimtng his Cablneil
Mr. Frye I do.
M r. Kulinger (of Pennsylvania) And so do I.
Mr. McMahon replied to Mr. Frye, and aaid that al
though there were three tbonsand disabled Union sol
diers In his district, he never beard of any of them get
ting a position in any of the departmenta of tbe
Government. Thla talk about disabled ULlon soldiers
on tbe Doorkeepers' roll amounted only to thia: That
some members bsd go some favorites of thoir own ap
pointed. Are there no Union soldiers in the oountry,
he asked, except those who voted the Republican tlt-k-etl
In his district the boot had been put on the other
""fir. Conger The other leg !a bnrted. r Laughter. J
Mr. McMahon went on to aay that the Doorkeeper
had not yet fixed np bis permanent roll. He Mr. Mo
Mabenl was not surprised at tbe Inquiry aa to what
kind of soldiers have been, or were re be appointed, be
cause, with the recent experience in the selection of tbe
Csbtnet, It was a matter of some uncertainty as to
what kind of soldiers bad been actually appointed,
f laughter. 1 If sympathy for Union soldiers was to
take a substantial anape, and If Che gentlemen on the
other side would lay down the rule that all crippled or
ulsabiea cmon eoioiers tnrouguout rue couuiry were
tohnre theli abate of the 80.0(10 or 100,000 offices, it
would be time enough for iliem to speak about the little
pitiful patronage of the House.
Mr. Sparka denied that the Doorkeeper
had turned out crippled Union soldiers
and put in their places other men wbo were not Union
soldiers. He hsd turned out a lea Republican Union
aokliere, and bad filled tbeir places with crippled Dem
ocratic Union soldiers. Just as the peoole ot the Fifth
Ohio District had selected a one-leg sred General lo repre
sent them i Mr. Rice, snd ss the gallant Democracy of
New Jersey bad elected as their Governor that gallaut
U nlon Democrat, General McClellan. iApplause.1
1 he discussion was carried on for some time amid
great uproar and confusion, and finally a proposition
offered by Mr. Foster directing tbe retention oi these
ulssbied aoldiers wsa ruled to be out of order, aud tbe
ruling was, on appeal, sustained.
The com nil i tee soon afterwards rose and reported the
bid and amendments.
The vote on the amendment as appropriating $700.
000 for star service In the mall contracts waa ordered
to be taken by yeas and nays, and resulted yeaa 108,
naya 129. So tbe amendment was rejected.
There was an efiort ou tlie Democratic side of the
House to base Die bill finally disposed of this even
ing, apparently in order to get it out
of the way of the A ntl Resumption
Bill, but there waa no disposition manifested on tbe
Republican side of tho House to aid tha Demoora ta in
Several motions to adjourn were made and voted on
by yeaa and naya.
Tbe North Carolina and Tennessee members, who
desired tbe reconsideration of the vote on tbe Star
Service Amendmeut. were the most active In their ef
forts to delay the final aotlon on the Deficiency Bill.
Eventually, the Committee on Appropriations hsd to
yield the point and let the bill go over without final
action, xoe noose aojoorneq.
8ENATS WAsHisOTOh. November 2J.
The morning hour was used up In discussing tbe mo
tion of Mr. Thurman to amend the Journal of yester
day's proceedings ao it would not show the pending
question wss the motion of Mr. Hoar to lay ou tbe table
the reaolntioa to discharge the Committee ou Pi-ivl-lea-es
aud Elections from further consideration of the
Bntler credentials. He argued that Mr. Hoar bad
withdrawn that motion by unanimous consent.
Mr. ConkllnaT, after soma preliminary remarks, ssid:
Mr. president Ibis prooeedlus of yesterday waa not
accidental or careless. I am positive In affirming that
it was not heedless or accidental. The motion to lay on
the table was not a stay motion, 'i be Senator from
Maasachnsetts bad, I think, considered it Other Sena
tors had considered it, also, it waa not bv accident
tbat I lost not one moment when the motion was made
demanding the yeas and nays upon it; my purpose was
to put the motion to lay on the table, beyond the reach
of recall, or power of withdrawal by anybody, i bave
no hesitation In avowing my reason for this. There bad
been. If not rntuois, whispers of new aud stronger slit,
ancea it is to be hope 1 tney are holy alliances there
had been whispers of ellianceepenning lor some time,
and which weie yesterday suspected to have ilpened
into the certainty of all alliances relied npon to
ttansrer a majority rrom one sine loanottter stueoi tue
Senate. I le t it my light to ascertain by the earliest
nfttthod who were tbe allies, the reset ves and the re
cruits, and how msny there are (it seemed that tbe
motion to lay on the table not being debatable, it would
produce;a very early disclosure of the coxliuooj and
how it was that the control of tbe Senate was to pass
away from the majority, aa heretofore constituted,
and like the etar ol empire westward take lis way. I
asked for the yeas and nays to toe end that this mo
tion to lav on the table should be voted npon. and that
we should thus know by whose votes It Is that success
Is hoped for lo the mot' on to discharge the Committee
on Privileges and Elections from a case never investi
gated there or here, and to bring It here to be carried
by main force and by the force of numbers, when it
had been ascertained somewhere that the numbers
oould be procured.
HI r. Bayard said the Senator from NewYoik Mr.
CnnkHnai had spoken of wjisper throughout the
Senate Chamber of holy or unholy slllance. He I'M r.
Bsvardl coulu only say that he had never heard such
whispers, aud so far aa hs anew, there were no al
liances upon which he did not Invite the fullest light.
After further discussion Mt Tbuimau withdrew his
motion to correct the Journal.
Ml. Windom, from toe Committee on Appropriations,
reported, with amendments, tbe House Joint resolution
in i elation to the Pans Exhibition. Placed on the cal
endar. The Berate then, by a vote of yeas 30, nays 32, re
fused to lay on tbe table the resolution of Mr. Thnrman
to discharge tho Committee on Privileges and Elections
from further consideration of tbe credentials of M. C.
Bntler ss Senator from South Carolina. Mesais. Davis.
of Illinois, conover and Patterson voted with the Dem
The question then being on tbe adoption of the reso
lution, ,m r. r,umunus movea to autcua ute resuiuutw m
as to dischartre the enmmitree from the further consid
eration of tbe credentials of Kellogg aa Senator from
Louisiana. Instead ot M. C. Bntler, as Senator from
South Carolina. Uoon this motion a debate followed.
The motion wan relected veaa HO. nava 31 ths vota
beina the same as ou the motion to lay on the table.
witn tne exception of Mr. conover, not voting.
Mr. ConkUoa then submitted an amendment, aa fol
"Resolved, That the Committee oo Privileges and
Elections be directed to report lu tbe matter of tbe
credentials of Wm. P. Kellogg and Henry M. Spofford,
claiming aeata aa Senatora from Louisiana, and that
meanwhile the rase of South Carolina ue postponed.
Xtfjl IIS7U j duo tl. uai ot.
When tbe name of Mr. Patterson was called In taking
the above vote, he said be would vote for the resolution
as a separate proposition, but he could not vote for it
ss a substitute for the resolution ot the Senator from
Mr. Edmunds submitted an smendmentto discharge
rhe committee from further consideration, of the cre
dentials of Kellogg, Spoflord, Butler and Corbin. Re,
lected veas bO. navs 32.
Mr. Edmunds moved that further consideration of
thla wbole subject be postponed until Monday next.
Rejected yeaa SO, nays 32.
At 2 P.M. Mr. Edmunus moved the Senate adlourn
till Monday next, which resulted: yeaa 31, naya 31, as
Allison, Edmunds. Morrill,
Bruce, Hamlin, - Ogleaby,
Burn side. Hoar. Paddock,
Booth, Howe, Rollins,
Cameron, PaW Ingalla. Sargent,
Chaffee, Jones, We v.. Saunders,
Chrlstiancy, Kirkwood, Spencer,
Conk ling. McMillan, Teller.
Conover, Matthews, Wadleigh.
Dawes, Mitchell, Windom 31.
Bailey. Gordon, Merrimon,
Barn nm, Harris, Morgan,
Bayard, Hereford, Patterson,
Beck, Hill, Randolph,
Cocluell, Jonnstrm. Sautsbnry,
Coke, Jones, Fiav, Thurman,
Davis, Illinois, Lamar, Voorheea,
Dnvut. W. Va., Met 'retry, Wallace,
Dennis. McDonald, Whvte,
Eaton, Mcfheraun, Withers 31.
Mr. Conover. who had previously voted with the
Democrats, voted with the Republicans on tbe motion
to adjourn, making it a tie vote. Vice President
Wheeler said the vote being equally divided, tbe Chair
votes in the amrmative, ana tne Henate stands an
Jourued uutu Monday next. Applause In the gal
HOOK WASBCfOTOir, November 22.
Bills Introduced and referred:
By Mr. Mills Authorizing the Secretary of the Treas
ury ro pay to owners the value of all ooltoa seized by
ireaaury omciats since atay wu. iba.
Also, lor the payment ol all debts contracted by the
uovemmeni in certain suites since ine close or me war.
Br Mr. Franklin r or organising tha Territory of
By Mr. Davis To exempt steam plow machinery
from payment of duty.
By Air. Stone, ot Iowa Creatine tooetal savinrs
Mr. Crittenden asked leave to offer a resolution call
ing upou the President for information as to the failure
o! the Union Pacific Railroad Company to operate its
road aud branches sareeably to the provisions of the
several Pacific Railroad acts. Objected to.
Mr. iia.e, as a question ot privilege, offered
m resolution dischcrgtng the committee on Elec
tions from lurther consideration of the contested
electioo case of Belford vs. Patterson, from the State
of Colorado. He stated that the case had occupied tbe
attention of the Honse for ten daya, and then had been
re I erred to the Elections Committee. That had been
done twenty-seven days ago, and nothing bad been
heard from that committee, and aa far aa he could learn
there was no indication of any majority report coming
from the oommittee.
Mr. Taylor made a point of order that thla waa not a
roe opeaaer overruiea tne point oi oraer.
Mr Stephana, of Georgia, concurred In all ths gentle
man from Maioe iMr. Hale, had said. This was a
question of very high privilege. He thought the com
mittee should lepoi t at a very early data, bnt be sue
geeted that the reeolutlon be amended ao aatt direct
the committee to report by ttaturdav next, or they
abould be dlschareed tiom consideration of the subject.
Mr. Harris said that the committee expected to re
port t,ne mat uay oi tne Teguiar session.
Mr. Cox, of Ohio, said it the House should take this
case from the Elections Committee, as it had a perfect
rlaht to do, he could not see bow that committee, hav
ing lost tbe confidence of tne House, could further act
lu any case. (Applause on the Democratic slde.l He
thought it due to the Democratic members of tbe oom
mittee to make a short explanation ot what had oo
curred in the committee. A Republican member or the
committee Mr. HiscockJ who had been absent froir
the committee, and whoso mind wss in doubt about
some matters connected with tne Colorado case, had
suggested to cira Mr. Cox) to request tbe committee
to delsy Immediate action and consequently if there
had been any delay the Republican members were re-
sponsible for it. f Applause ou the Demociatlc aide.
t ne resolution neing amended as suggested by Mr.
Stepnena, Mr. Sayler moved to lay it on ths table.
Agreed to yeas is;, nays 4.
Mr. Wood stated be had intended to call np to-day the
resolution reported by tbe Committee on Wavs aud
Meaua for the final adjournment of thia aesaion. but aa
the Senate had adjourned fill Monday ba would not
call It up before then.
The House tben resumed tbe consideration of tha
Deficiency Bill, tbe question being on reconsidering
ine vote oi yeeterttay i electing tne araeoumcn t ouereo
bv Mr. W addell. aouroD.-tatlo SVOO.OOO for the star
service In carrying malls.
Tha motion to reconsider was laid on the table yeaa
44, KIT! lit.
i ne Din waa men passed.
The sneaker stated that the anerial order, the bill to
repeal tue Resumption Act, now came up, and that the
fenueman irom tjuio i nr. awtngj waa entitled to an
our to close the debate.
Propositions to allow members wbo bad offered
amendments to occupy some time In explaining tbem
weia made ana objected to, and the regular order ua
Mr. Patterson asked Mr. Ewlns? to vleld to him to
offer aud explain tbe amendment and no objection be
ing maoe. ne proceeoeu who aome preliminary re
marks, which were soon Interrupted by objections.
Finally he was allowed three minutes by Mr. Ewlng.
and be went on to say that bia amendment. It accepted
by Mr. Ewior. would make the bill quite satisfactory
to hia own aide ol the House, and, as he hoped, to the
other aide His smendment was to strike out the first
and second lines of tbe bill, ths enacting clause.
I Laughter. With that trifling amendment he would be
Mr. Garfield aaked unanimona oooaent tbat the
time of his coilerurue Mr. Ewingl should be extended
aa long as he desired to speaa. rie thought that that
was al conrteey due to hla colleague.
uojectiun was maue.
Mr. Ewlng theu commenced. He aaid it was a char.
acteiiatlc of a popular government that the people gave
their exclusive thought to one leading subject. Thus,
before the war. slavery waa the controlling question:
during the war it was bow to maintain the Govern
ment; since men it waa now to govern me south
ern states; now the question of paramount interest
was the question of debt and currenev. It wonld have
been happy for the people if they had considered these
Questions earlier, they would bave been saved, amontr
other things, Ihe passage of tbe sot ot repudiation and
extortion of 18i0, by which the contract on which
sixteen hundred millions of the public debt was made,
waa changed, to the detriment of the people, and to the
advantage of theholdeisof tbe public securities, with
out a consideration, to a sum of not less than five hun
dred milliotis; and they would bava been aaved tbat
stealthy and rascally act for the demonetization of sil
ver, and me clowning scheme of the money power for
oppression or tne people, toe Resumption law. ue
weut on to argne tbat when the Resumption Law was
passed Ihe volume of cnriency in circulation was only
$7;i:i,00O,0OO. and that tbat waa only &J AO per capita
more than was in circulation In lWiO, which ma col
league iMr. Garfield had held np to admiration as the
J ear of sound business aud sound money. Tbst act
ad put in tbe bands of capitalists the control of the in
dustries of the Government.
Proceediogxo discuss secretary sbermsn's construc
tion of the law on the subiect of reissuing leaal tenders.
he aald that that aetitleman was veiy apt lo change his
views, because in IS08 he told tlie people of Ohio that
the payment of United Stales bonds In coin, while on
their lace they were to be paid In lawful money, wonld
be repudiation and extortion; and yet, within six momhs
afterwatda he bad reporred In the Senate that act of
repudiation and extortion falsely labeled, "An act to
strengthen the public credit. If It were possi
ble. Mr. Ewlng continued, to substitute $354,000,.
OOO of sold for greenback money, and if tbat gold so
substituted would remain In circulation Just aa the
greenback money, there would bono very great mischief
done by-the Resumption Act, further than tbe useless
tucrease of tbe bonded debt to tbe amount of $3ri4.000.
(mh). But the trouble waa tbat an attemuttu make
$354,000,000 in gold take the place of areeuback mouey
in .the currenry waa utterly Impossible Gold could
not remain in circulation In the present condition of the
country, and every greenback redeemed was so much
withdrawn rrom tne euecuve currency, and its
proportionate effect was tbe redaction of
values. He aald tbat before the greenback
era there never ha been kept afloat In
this country more than $214,000,000 ot paper
money, with $285,0tKMiO0 of coin, and now,
with $73:1.000.000 of paper money, there wss
not $150,000,000 of gold in the United States. Since
1800 the mines of the country bad produced $1,257.
OOO.OOO ot tho precious metals, aud yet there was not
In Ihe country three-hftha of Ihe little volume of coin
tbat there was In 1800. Where bad all the gold and
ailver gouel It had gone to pay the debts of tins coun
try, snd there wss where would go all the coin that
conld be scraped together In the Treasury or Ihe
hank. 'I his was the great debtor Nation of the world,
rto Nation owed outoide of lta own bordere half the
amonut which America owed. More than balf of the
b-inded debt of the country was held abroad,
and there were state, citv. railroad and other
debts duo abroad, the scare (rate coin Interest on
which ran from $100,000,000 te $150,000,000 a year;
$30,000,000 10 $50,000,000 a year was paid for ship,
pins, and as much more for expenses of foreign travel,
so tbat tbe annual drain of coin from this country was
from $175,000,000 to $250,000,000. How was that
pain I Not by balance of trade, as might lie said, be
cause that balance for tne last seven years bad been
$4,000,000 s gel fret this country. Ibis luiereet was
therefore, ss a rule. Dot paid bv the balance of trade; It
was paid partly by shipping $56,000,000 a year of
Discussing the preparations for resumption, hers
we are, said he, within thirteen months ot resumption,
with $733,000,000 paper money to be fl oated, and with
less titan $40,000,000 acvru in oiled gild In tbeTlTeasury
and banks, lie declared that if thla country wore ou
tiroly free from debt, specie payment oonld not be re
sumed without contraction of tbe currenry by at least
one-hall. Where, he asked, were gold and ailver
to be gotl Could they be got in foreign marcetel
1 bat hod never been done, and never cou Id be
done The silver and gold mines ot the oountry oould
not in tweuty-five years furnish all tbat was needed,
even if gold and silver could be kept here. Whether
this mad scheroo of resumption were repealed now, or
were forced on until popular Indignation .tore It to
pieces, resumption had to be waited for until it became
poosibie, aud until tbe volume of coin bad been accu
mulating 10 the country larger than thelvolnmeot
paper money. Equalization would not be resumption.
Paper money might be brought to par with gold, and
still there wonld not be resumption.
Replying to Mr. Uarfielti's argument that none would
want coin on resumption day, aud taking up Mr. Gar
field's illustration cf the farmer who sold hla farm tor
$10,000 and would not take his pay lo gold, but lu bins,
he said, "It la not a question whether me people want
gold or not, it Is a question whether the Jim Fisks,
the Jay Goulds, the bankers, the brokers, the import
ers and the savings banks want It; snd they certainly
will want it faster thau the Secretary of the Treasury
will be able to give gold to them,"
At thia point lo tbeapeecb, Mr. Ewing's hour explr ed
and Mr. Garfield moved that the time be extended.
Objection was made bv Mr. Chittenden unless pro
portionate time should be allowed to the other aide, out
the Speaker decided that the objection came ton late.
Mr. Ewing therefore proceeded with his speech, and
spoke of theeuormotis depreciation of values, which he
attributed to the Resumption Act, and which be esti
mated at one-third ot the whole. He characterized tho
resumption law as a practical confiscation by law of
thirty live hundred millions of property. Three
fcurths of all classes of people in this country
were debtors, aud it was their hard earned
accumulations that were beiug wrested ftom them by
tbis robber law. He spoke 01 the loss ot the laboring
classes as amounting to three millions a dav, or nine
hundred millions a year, and mentioned a statement
made to bint recently by the President of the Dayton
and Southeastern Railroad Company in Ohio, to the
effect tbat huuureoa of men had been offering to work
on the road for bread and meat; nothing, said he, for
clothes, nothing tor wives and children, nothing to lay
up iu sloie for winter, merely enough to keep the poor
human body that was doing the lAborablo ro exercise the
necessary force. "Oh, Goo, that biead should be so dear
and flesh and blood so oheup." Sensation and ap
pianse Tbe law, he continued, was not going to stop with
tbat fall of values. Whoever hugged the hope that the
bottom had been touched, had ouly to look at the facta
to know that lower aud still lower giouud bad to be
reached. A further fall of values bad to be witnessed.
There had also to be witnessed an increase of poverty
aud suffering, tbe practical confiscation of property
and repudiation of a Large part ot the public debts of ths
country. He appealed to tho money men, whether they
would poisial In thoir scheme of Infatuation. Ha l
ther not heard enough to warn them that they had bet
lerstopl W bat meaning had the labor note tbo: wers
almost civil war six months sgnt The loenniug tf
them was that labor bad been trampled upon as mucj
as it wo j!d stand.
Go, said be, to any of our citlea, and see the hundreds,
and thousands, and tens oi thousands of pale, wan.
ragged, hungry people. I have seen them clubbed out
of the pstks of New York City at uiabt; men who weut
there hoping to lie down on the grass and get a Uttlo
fresh air and a cool resting place. Too thing has been
oushed lust aa far ss It wiil bear. What ate we to galu
by iuHicung such losses on our lodustty aud labott
What is the great advantage to be accvuiplisbeor
It costs this couutrv. in the loss of pitxluctive
industries, iu the unjust transfer ot wealth from the
debtor to the creditor, iu the unjust Increase of taxallou,
in the loss of labor to wage people, more than ail
the wastes of the rebellion combined, and what are we
to gain br adding to tue enormnua sacrifices of the re
bellion a self-iullictetl sacrifice even more ctupenilousf
Whr. we are to got back the banking system which
existed before the war. modified a little, a little better
111 one respect than the old state bank sysleiu. but
nvslsm the verv t-enins of vhii-h will be a l:inlt.: a svs-
torn which in the verv nature of things can not bs sta
ble. He spike ot the law for the payment ot tbo bonus
in gold as an act ot the repudiation of two
tbouaand millions of contracts, whose values rusted
on It, aud declared tbat the repeal nf the law and
putting back of those contracts to what was the uu
derstsuding of tbe parties at tho time they were mad :,
was ao act tlemauded br everv consideration aud Indi
vidual interest of National I ouor. If the repeal of
that law was repudiHtiun, the hapless sntterers would
be not the ueopfe at large, but men probably who had
Instigated the passage of tho law. He quoted Edmund
Burke to the efin-1 that it is to tbe property of the ciu-
sn, and not to the demands or the creditor 01 rnefetare
mat the oriclual faith of the Nation Is glvon, and that
the claim of the ctisen is pilor in time, paramount in
tine, and superior iu equity.
Ju codcIusiou, be said no greater question than this
was ever presented to sn American Congress for lis sc.
tiou. It touches the happiness, the prosperity and the
future of t'iree-fonrtbe of tne men. women, and children
in thla land. Thousands of meu have been enven by
tha Resumption Law to insanity or suicide; houdieds
of thousands bave been cnt down from competency to
poverty; millions have been deprived of employment
for their labor, on which rests' the dependence ol their
families. It ia now too late to right that wrong, but
we may avert any greater wiong from them
and millions by prompt action 00 the part
ot Congress and the President, ' I do not
appeal to that money power which seeks fortune over
the wrecked rapploee and accumulations of its leliow.
men; a power to which our nnhappy civil war gave
birth, which has grown so enormous throuch unjust
financial legislation, which now "bestrides our narrow
world like a colossus," which subsidises tbe press,
which captures statesmen and parties, and makes tneiu
its snueervieut tools; which hounds down and vUlfies
evei v puolie man wbo daree to raise bis voice against
It. Tbat power, m tbe flush and arrogauce of its
enormous and ill-gotten gains, has a heart
ot sions, not to he touched by human sympathy
and compassion. I appeal to tbe masses, to their laitn
fnl representatives. 1 thank God, of both political par.
lies ou this noor. rue true aim or tne uovemineut is
the vreatesr good to the greatest onmuer, and whoever,
by legislation or or herwlsc, changes the value or a con
tract Is aa accursed aa he wbo removes his neighlwn's
landmarks. For twelve years past financial legislation
iu thla country has bet a dictated, one wonld tbiuK,
in Lombard street or wan street, and ine people
bave been plundered bv every fresh enactment. They
have suffered the fare of the giant Gulliver, wbo waa
tied down bv Ltlloatians. Thank God. they are now
about to rise, to burst the bonds which their petty foes
have fastened upon them while sleeping, and to walk
abroad again In tbeir own majesty Applause
At the conclusion of hla spefich, which was listened
to with the cloeesr attention aud interest, on both sides
ot the Chamber. Mr. Fwing yielded the floor to Mr.
Fort, wbo moved that The House aoiourn.
Mr. Hale endeavored to have me House adlourn nn.
til Monday, but bis proposition was ejected, and the
House adjourned uutll to-morrow.
HOUB Wabiiikotoh. November 23.
A voto waa taken, to-day. on the various amendments
to the bill for the repeal of the Resumption Act. Tbero
were fourteen amendments, and the speaker ruled tney
were all before the House, and must be all voted 011.
Tho first vote was ou Mr. Fort's substitute to repeal
all that part of tbe Resumption Act which authonasd
the redeioruou and cauoeiiailou of the greenback cur
rency. Agreed to withont division.
Mr. Hubbeli'a substitute for the bill waa rejected
yeaa SO. nays 153.
It proposed to modify tho third section of tlie Rs
The regular order being demanded, Mr. Chittenden
stked tbo unanimous eonseut tiiat, after Mr. Fort's
speech, be Mr. Chittenden should be allowed to apeak
ttiteen minutes for "Sodom and Gomorrah.''
Ml. Thompson objected.
The Speaker snggested that the other gen tlemen
were not objecting.
M r. cnittt-naeu men arose to a question 01 pnvuege.
The Speaker The gontlemao will state It.
Mr. Chittenden I nrooose to read from two numbers
of the Record personal assaults upou me which certain
ly present a question 01 privilege.
Mr. Ealng appealed to Mr. Thompson to withdraw
bis objection, and it was accordingly withdrawn, snd
it was agreed that Mr. ChUt.-udeii should have fifteen
minutes' time alter Mr. Fort, who was en tilled to tha
floor, bad closed his remarks.
Mr. I-ort proceeded to address tho Houss in advocacy
of his substitute for tbe bill to repeal tbe Resumption
Act. It Pad been a question with him. ho said, whether
he ought to reopen the debate after it had been so fitly
closed yesterday by the geulloman from Ohio. It had
been thought, however, that come worda ahould come
from tbo Republican members of the Committee ou
Banking and Currency. It was because he was a Re
publican that be favored the measure before the Honse.
What was seou here to-tlsyl Tbe legal tender, wh'ch
had overpowored and conquered Ihe people of the
South, had now representatives 01 that people mar
shaling themselves in solid pliaianx in its supptut.
while the legal tender was disowned oy lis trienas sua
kindred In tbe hall of Its-birth. He was opposed 10 ail
the amendments that had been offered, on the giouud
that it resumption wers to be repealed it
should be done by a single proposition only.
Tbe Issue had been presented by tne bill 01
the committee, and by ma owu substitute, plainly
and untruuimeled. aa to wbethor the Resumption
Act of 1S75 should or should not bs repealed. He be
lieved that there never could be resumption by law. If
resumption came it had to come by prosperity, and bv
prosiic-rliy alone. He asserted that the money men of
Wall street were to.dsy breeding and nursing "wild-
cats" lu order to flood tbecouoiry with them as soon aa
tbey got the greenbacks retired.
Mr. ERiues reminded Mr. Fort that there waa no
proposition pending to withdraw a single dollar 10
Mr. roit 1 know mat, out 1 am arguing mat mat is
to be tbe result, and that Is what ia declared by the op
ponents of the measure.
Mr. Eames It has not been assented to by those In
fdvor of resumption.
Mr. Fort went 00 to say mat ne ninsneo tor nis ienow
Repu bin ans. He knew that It waa aaid that be was
going over to the Democrat", waa he. indeed! v no,
then, were bis fellow Democrats followlngi They wers
following tbe lead of Ihe man (Mr. Uswllt. ;d New
York 1 who had led the last Presidential campaign on
the Democratic side. If hla ticket had been elected he
ould be to dav undoubtedly secretary of the Treasury.
Mr Hewitt It was elected.
Mr. Fort- ( do not know out it waa. The people have
determined to retain tne legal-tender currency and will.
f necessary, change the House nf Representatives, the
Senate, and, if ueed be. the Pjeaideut.
Mr. Chittenden proceeded 1x1 criticise Mr. Ewing'e
speech of yesterday, and contrasted with It the follow
ing extract from a speech made by Mr. Ewiug In Co
Iambus. Ohio, lu 1875:
Now. there Is no discretion with tbe secretary
abnot this. He is compelled to take up the fractional
currency with silver as rapidly as practicable. The
mints are now ruiyilng night aud uay, coming ailver
for thai puipose. and I predict that under that law, if
executed, the people of this country will be left within
a year f 10m this time wttnout one dollar of fractional
mooey. whether paper or silver."
That prediction as worth about as much ss the pre
dictions which that gentleman bad treated Ihe Iioiise
to yesterday. Thatgeutiemau hsd represented a conflict
between cauital aud labor as one that would only end
and ought only to end in the destruction ol capita', and
be had spoken of cspital and capitalists as if thev were
demons of American prosperity, sud civilization; had
pointed bis finger at New York aa theSodoiu sud uuuior
rah of robbers and bloated bund -holders, and hsd risen 1
In gradations ol eloquence as II bo discovered tbe smote J
ot their torments snslug 1111 forever and ever. fLuugh
ter J. Aa an evidence 01 the absurd notions prevailing on
tho subject of currency, he stated that a former Demo
cratic Representative fioia New Y'ork City 1 meaning
Richard scbelil had told him iu Ihe spring of 1875, that
he was in favor of digging a ship cauai from New
York to San Francisco, in order to give employment to
the Idle labor of the countiy. and tbat he would
set pi in ling presses to work sud print
off greenbacks to pay the Inborors.anil that was tbe only
remedy. He also lead an extract from s newspaper re
port of a rag money trass-meeting al Nasbvule, whets
resolntions were adopted favoting the Issue of ten
millions of grerobscks monthly until the distress of lbs
countiy was removed, opposing contraction, fsvoriog
the remouetizjaon of silver, und Ignoring both politi
cal parties. Ho asserted that If Cpngress could be si
ionrued for twelve months gold and greenbacks would
beat par with each other within sixty daya
"And l ow." said lie. 'I rome to Die qiicstion of per
sonal privilege. When I went over to the Democratic
sids 01 the House the other day there was so much con
tusion that I did not hear file very unpleasant remarks
ilsugbter of tlie gentleman from G orglaiMr. r el (oil J.
now read aa extiail Uvm his speech."
- Mr. Chittenden thereupon read, with a good deals
excitement en hie part, and amid shouts of Isughter osl
tbe part of the members, that paragraph from Ma,
Keltou's speech describing the storm at sea, and point
ing at himself Mr. Chittenden; as the "wrecker wait
ing for bis prey.
There I stood, ho confirmed, all unconscious 4
being msde the representative and embodiment of at!
the horrid capitalists and bloated bondboldeia who live
along the sea. 1 shouts of laughter. Now I ask tons)
gentlemen who have hurled their blows at me ss a
r' wrecker," and who are pleaaed to re nest that kind ol
"staff," aud to circulate It in the newspapers so mat
auouyiuuiia letters aie sent to me shout it 1' laughter) ta
look at me. Roars of langhter.j There is nog
a 1 man on thla. floor who la as mnott
Interested as I sm in maintaining the interests of the
debtor class. What has the genlleinsn from Ohio TMr.
Ewingj to do wit h thenil Nobody owes Mm sny money.
(Laughter J What does he know about the Intereatsor
ueoessitiesof tbe debtor clsss ot tmscniintrvl Tha
books of the firm in which ruv all Is Involve! have te
dav upon them accounts of from three to eight tboav
sand of debtors scalteted all over the country. Tina
sho ild be a Lesson 10 the members of Congress wbe
come here to talk Impudently, wildly, viciously, wlca
edly (each adveib was pronounced with emphasis and
ha-li-d wlih shouts of lansnterl. about the swrul capi
talists snd awful representatives ot New York, whloa
suffered more lu loaning Its money to the West ana
south than any other city on earth.
M r. Speaker, I am ludehud to tbe Houae for this oa- '
portunity. 1 Laughter, and ahouts of "go ou;" "pro
ceod.'T 1 will 001 tieepass auother mnment: I should
throw no additional light on the so bloc t 1 laughter,
and I am weary. I have only to express my thanks.
The Speaker ruled that all the amendments were be
fore the House, and must be voted on.
Mr. fpnuger desired to withdraw the one which Tbe
bad offered, but objection waa made by Mr. Oar II eld,
and tbe objection was sustained.
The first vote was taken on the substitute offered tie
Mr. Fort, and was agreed to withont division, ft re
peats all that part of tbe Rusnuiption Aot which au
thorized the Secroiary of theTieasnry to dispose e
United States bouds, and to redeem and cancel 'rreeta
Tiie next vote was nn the ubetltuie offered by str.
II abbe II, modifying the third section nf the Resump
tion Act. It was taken by yeas and nays, and isv
suited, yo-ts m. uays 158.
Several hard money meu voted for Mr. llubbcH'a
substitute (as they hnd done for Mr. Fort's), not be
cause thev favored either of them, bnt because (ss Mr.
tint held intimated) they hoped thereby mote surely to
defeat ihe bllf.
The next vote wss on the amendment offered by Mr.
Pound, repealing tne limltiUou or the National bank
note circulation; relected withont yeaa and naya
The next vote was on the amendment offered by Mr.
Cox, ot Ohio, piovitiing for the gradual redemption erf
legal tenders from the 1st of Jsnuarv, 1878. at 7 cents
on tliedoilsr, up lo the 1st ot January. 1881, al par m
coin; rejected, with only 17 in Ibe aflitm-itive.
The next vote was on the amendment offered hy Mr.
CauiRilDcs, postponing redemption nntil the coin In
reserve in the 'Irrastuyts snfficieul to authorize it;
rejected win oat ,1 division.
The next vote was on an amendment offered by Mr.
Hewitt, of New Y01 k, requiting the accumulation na
the Treasmy of flttr million) a year nntil the amoiuit
shall bo cqtiiil to half of tbe outstanding legal tenders,
after which ledenitition is to commence Rejected
A like disi-osition was made of the amendmente ot
tered by Meesis. I-'den.of Illinois, Chittenden, Keifec.
Deenng end Aidnch, oil of which were rejected with
The next was sn amendment offered by Mr. Stenger,
refeailng the it-sumption t.ay clause in the Reenmption
Act. it was taken by yeas aud naya, and resulted
yeas 17. nays "'JO.
The aniendtneiiis offered by Messrs. Clarke, of lotra,
P.ittersou and Willis, of New York, and Morrison, were
severally rejected without division.
The next amcudrr-t-Lt was one offered by Mr. Ward,
to add a new section to the bill providing that debts loc
wagt a rhali be 1 ayable only in com or in legal tender
Mr. (1st field demnnded the yeas and nava,
snd railed (satcastirally) on tbe laboring
mau's friend to vote for it- The connC
on ordering the yeas aud nnya waa 46 to 18 4 a tie aa
on the filth order of yeas anil nays.
The Speiker voted no, thns defeating the call, bat
tlie question was taken by tellers, and the yt as and
divs were ordered. A vole was then taken by yeasana
There was a good deal of merriment indulged In dur
ing Ihe vote, which Mr. Conger rliatai telized (satiri
cally) as the most lmoortnnt vole ot the dav, and belore
Lstht result was announced nianyof tbeuirimleracuiruTee
tneir votes so aa to be ou fhc rliriitMde or the 'ishortug
mau) question. At last, when the iinpurt-anWelation ot
the amemlment to the bill itself beg.ut to be n-ahserl, tha
merriment toned down into senouaness, sud the friends
of the bill, who hsd voted In t'je affirmative, began to
change to the negative Mr. Joaes, of New Msmpshlre,
changed his vote so often. and had sura
diilicuitr In fixing bow be was to vote,
that the Huuse laughed heartily at his efforts ia
tbat direction, und the Spsaker, in order to give the
members an opportunity nf correcting their votes, or
dered ths list to be read a second timn.
Alter thes.cond reading of tbe names, Mr. Jones (of
New Hampsblrej again chanced bis vote from aye to
no. Mr. Butter voted no, snd Mr. Krreit changed hla
vote from aye to no. Mr. Walker, wbe had lieen paired
with Mr. Page, voted no, snd 1ns vote wasoffset by Mr.
Page, who voted aye. 'ihe last rbanga was by Mr.
Haves from ave to no. 1 he final result was. alter mnon.
delay, occasioned by the numerous changes, announced
as yeas. l '7i nays, 129.
The Speaker then announced that tbe next vote
would be ou the bill as amended that ia, on Mr. Foil's
substitute for It.
The Speaker exerted himself successfully to have or
der restored and observed, snd wldle lhis Inst vole was
beluff taken there waa absolute silence In tne hall, ex
cept f he voice of the rt ailing cletk iti calling namea,
and except the ayes and hoes of members in response.
Some ten or twelve pairs were announced, among iheta
Mr. cox (tit New xorsi with Mr. Heercr; air. K elensra.
w ho wonld bave voted no, witb M r. I.ynde. who would
have voted ave. There were also some half rtossu ab
sentees unpaired. Including Messrs. Caswell. If axelfon.
Darrall and strait. Tbe resnit was announces yeas,
I'J'i; nays, 120. So the bill was passed.
TEXT OF THg BILL
The following is the text of ths bill as passed:
A bill to repeal all that part of the act approved Jan
uary 14. 185. kuowu as the Resumption Act, which
authoiized the e-t-crolary of the Treasury to dispose tsl
U 111 let Statesbouda aud redeem aud cauoel gt euubaok
That all that portion of the aot annroveel
January 14, 1875. entitled "An Act to provide lor the
rtesuniprion 01 specie i'aytnonis " wnicn read as roi.
lows, to-wit: "And whenever auil so of teu as circulate
iug notes shall be Issued in any anch banking associa
tion so increasing its capital or circulating Holes, or se
newly organized as sfoiesald, it shall be the duty of tha
Secretary of the Treasury to redeem ths legal tender
United Mates notes in excess odIv of three biindrod
millions ot dollars to tbe amount of elgbtr per oeutuia
of .the sum of National bank uotes so Issued lo nor
such bauklng assoclstlou as aforesaid, and to continae
such redemption ss such circulating notes are Issued
Uutll there sualt be an outstanding sum of three hun
dred million dollars of such legal tender United States
hctea and no more; and on and after ihe
first day of January. Anno Domini, 1870. ths
Secretary of the Treasury shall redeem la
coin tbe United States legal tender notes tut-u out
srsndmg, on their presentation for redemption, st toe
office of Ihe Assistant Treasurer of lbs United states.
In the city of New York, in sums not less tbsn fitly
doitsrs; ann, ro enaoie ute issoieutry or me treasury se
nrenare snd provide for the redemption In this act
authorized or rruuired. he is authorized to use any sur
plus rrvenuns ftom time to tirue In tbe Treasury not
otherwise sppropriated, snd to Issue, sell aud dispose
of. st not loiis tban par in oolu, slthsr of the descrip
tions of bonds of the United States described in the
act ot Congress approved July 14, 1870, entitled, ab
Aot to Authoitzeioe Koiunnmgoi me nstiousi ueut,
with like qualities, privileges aud exemptions to tho
extent necessary to carry this set Into full effect, snd
to use the proceeds thereof for tbe purposes aforesaid,
pe. anu tue same is tiereuy repeaieu.
ine ioiiowiug is tue vote iu uetati:
Baker (Ind ),
Van V01 lies,
While (Ind J,
Caldwell (Ky ).
Caldwell (Term.), llatcbor.
II mi lor,
- Jones (Ala.).
Ken n a, -K
Hewitt (N. Y.),
Jones (X. III.,
IO 1 k wood,
Baker (N. Y.),
Rice (tdsss ).
Stone (Mich ),
Williams IN. Y.lu
Williams (Pi is K
Williams (Oie i,
Wlins IN. Y..
Ciark (N. J.),
Clark (la ).
Da via (Cal.),
Mr. Butler, of Masssehairtta. occupied himself In
looking at a newspaper, and did not vote at all.
The Speaker laid be'uie the Houss solas turty applU
caitons for leave of absence.
Mr wood, nf Mew York, objected to alt of them, ex,
cept to thuse in casus of slcksasV aud said loat hs asVr