Newspaper Page Text
EYtil 'CONGRESS SECOND. SESSION.
Westers Associated Press Report
SENATE WabHikgtoh, December 8.
' At TO o'clock this morning the Senate met uid went
Into executive s.-ssioa., aud whan the doors were re
opeued at 11:10 adjourued. At noon tbe regular ses
sion was begun and Messrs. Anthony and W byte were
appointed a committee to Join a similar committee on
Uut part of tbe House to wait ou tbe President and In
form bim that a quorum of both, bouses were ready tJ
receive soy communication be mizbt be pleased to
make. Tbe hen ate tben took a recess.
Upon assembling, tbe Vice President presented the
animal report of -the secretary of Wan also, tbe annual
iruort of the Secretary ot thoSeuate and eergeanl-at-aruis.
f-oon thereafter Mr. Itogers, private secretary of tbe
Pr.-Httl. rjt, appeared with the message, and it was tiu
luediati ly read and ordered printed.
leparlment and other reports were tben presented,
and the Senate aidouined till Thursday next.
IIOU.-E.. -Vahd'gton, December 3.
The members assembled at 10 o'clock, and extended
the recess ml 10:15 o'clock, when tbe .Senate resolu
tion to adournal 11:50 wasroncutTed in.
Mr. Idbreli moved to suspend the rules, and pass a
bill authorizing the producers of. tobacco to sell one
hnodied doiiaia' worth of the same without paying any
tax. Kejecicd veas nays 102. '
Mr. Tbiot kmortoti moved to suspend the rules ,and
adopt a resolution instructing the Military Committee
to Inquire into tbe expediency ot inURteting Into tbe
United fStat-a service two regiments of Texan uioiintod
raogers. to be used for the protection of -the Mexican
sua luiinin frontier of Texas. Kejccted.
Mr. Kuhdp moved to-suspend the roles and adopt a
resolution declaring that tbe Piesidenr. by refusing
the use of the army In support of tbe pretended Gov
ernments in Hooib Carolina and Louisiana, and thereby
according to their peop.e tbe right of local eelf-goveru-ment
In accordance wllh tbe Constitution, has faith
fully performed bis duly in that bebaif, ana Is Justly
entitled to the respect and confidence of the Americau
people. 1 be yeas and nays being ordered, Mr. Conger
moved the House adjourn.
Mr. Garneid I hope we shall Dot have any dilatory
motions, but vote tbe resolution down.
The yeas and navs were bom g taken upon Mr. Cen
ter's motion, and tbe time was consumed until the hour
fixed upon tor Dual adjournment. '
At noon Uie Speaker called the House, to order and
tbe second session ot the Forty-tiftli Congress was be
gun. Tbe roll call showed 221 members present.
The usual commute was appointed to' inform the
Pie.8iil.-nt that Congress was in session and a abort re
cess was taen, when tbe message was banded In and
read, occupying one hour airdtweuty-tive luinhtes. - -
Keierred to tiie committee of the whola ou tbe state
of the Union.
Mr. springer- offered a resolution sailing for tbe
Coirespcndeme with the Venezuelan Government
since tue 11 rut session of the Forty-fourth Con cress in
relation to the Vonozuelan mixed cotuuiisiAon.
HOUSE Washington, December 4.b
rdr. Price asked leave to offer a resolnrion reciting
tho alleged charges that the nineteenth Joint rule,
which prohibited the sale of iptcx.icetiug liquors io the
C'upitot boildiug. was beluit violaied. and instrucliog
the officers of the House to enforce the joitit rule.
The .-speaker said that, as he believed the Joint inles
vere still iu force, be bad endeavored to bave'the saie
of Injnor stopped; and thar the keeper of the House
restaurant bad been notified that if it were not stopped
lie wouio violate his contract. He was entirely in ac
cord with t-be resolution, though the oineeis of the
Bndse were in no wise to blame for the violation of the
rale. The resolution was a.Wpted.
Mr. Diiiliaui ottered a concurrent resolution that
when the House adjourn ou the liHU it be to meet Jan
uary 11. Referred.
Bills introduced and referred:
By Mr. Townsend. of Ohio To aid vessels wrecked
or disabled lu water contiguous to tne Umled states or
By Mr. DibTcll Levying tax op income.
By Mr Bauer, of Indiana Joint resolution propos
ing an amendment to tbe Constitution prohibiting the
payment of any claims for damage growing out of the
Inking, ose. or destruction of pioperty during the re
bellion. My Mr. Hartwell To substitute greenbacks for the
Issue of National banking associations, aud to pay the
fa 1 amount for all bonds deposited by them in the
Treasury, in accordance with the terms of
. the contract expressed on tLe face of - the
said bonds, the bonds so redeemed "te be canceled.
By Mr. Crittenden For a brauoh mint at St. Louis.
By Mr. Hnbbell Uiviuing Michigan into three Judi
Bv Mr. Flrsworth "Providing for general amnesty.
By Sir. Schleicher To ascertain the losses sustained
bv citizens of Texas by reason of Mexican depreda
tions. Mr Tucker, from the Committee on Wars and Means,
reported back tbe bill remitting the tax upon alcohol
used by scientific universale and colleges in preserv
ing specimens. Passed.
Mr Ke.tgan. chairman of the Committee on Com
merce, reported baea the foint resolution directing the
Secretary of VY gr to make' such preliminary examina
tion of tbe head waters of the 8t. Croix. Chippewa aud
'Wisconsin Rivers as may determine their extqnt aud
the practicability of resoivoirs on the same. Passed.
Mr. Frye. from the Judiciary Committee, reported
back tbe bill prescribing an oath of office which elimi
nates from the statutes the law prescribing the taking
of the Iron clad oatb. Passed.
Also a Mli repealing "section 820 of the Revised Stat
utes, which provides for tbe disqualification of any
Juror who has without dnress or coercion taken up
arms in defense of any insurrection or rebellion against
the United states, or who has given aid or comfort
Mr. Schleicher, ( hafrman of the Committee on Rail
ways and Canals, reported a resolution directing that
ail matters relating to the improvement of tbe naviga
tion of tbe rivers which have been referred to tbe Com
mittee od Commerce, be committed to tbe Committee
on Railways and Canals, as it was tbe committee to
Which such matters belonged.
The Speaker ruled that tbe subvert matter of the
resolution never bavng been referred to the Committee
on Railways and Canals, that tbe committee had no au
thority to report such a resolution.
A lorg dl-cusaiou ensued, with no action.
IIOCME Washington, December 5. -
Mr. Williams offered a resolution for adjournment
from the loth of December until the loth of January
The question whether business referring to internal
Improvements should be considered by the Committee
on Commerce or the Committee on Railways and ca
sals, after further discussion, was referred to the Com
ailttee on Rules.
Mr. ToWDSbend, ot Illinois, from the Committee on
Patents, repot ted a bill to repeal the existing statutes
for tne reuewal of patents, and declaring it unlawful
lierea'ter for Commissioners of patents to renew or ex-
t.nil bmv ntl. nl fnP fthv H t 11 1 an hilrp H A Minted
that tbe object of the bill was to take away from the
statpte book a law which was dead and inoperative,
tbe Commissioner of Patents not having now the right
to make renewals.
Alter some discussion the bill passed.
Resolutions allowing clerks to certain committeea,
and for the extra payment of discharged employes who
had been borne on the Soldiels' roil, were adopted.
Democratic cauens was held immediately.
SENATE WftSHrSGTOK. December 6.
Daring the morning hour a number ot petitions were
Mr. Hurnslde submitted a resolution calling noon
the Pi esident to transmit to tbe Senate, If not incom.
patiblewith the public interest, the correspondence
bad with our. late Minister to France lu reaard to the
r nioco-Ptusalan war; also tbe correspondence on the
same subject with our Ministers to England and Ger
many. Aitreed lo. .
Mr. Feriv presented a petition of the cltiaens of Mich
igan lu favor of tbe passage of a bill to authorize the
coinage ot a standard silver dollar.
Bills introduced and referred:
By Mr Thiiiman To provide for Circuit and District
Courts ot tbe United states at Toledo, Ohio.
fly Mr. Horsev To organise the territory of Tisho
mingo, and for other purposes.
By .Mr Bnrnside f or the protection of the widows
- and orphans and heir? at-la of cM-.tcrs of tbe army.
By M r. Matthews To exienu tbe time for presenting
claims for collecting, drllliug or organizing voluuteeis
for the war or rebellion.
Mr. Allisons who has charge of the Tlouse Rill to au
thorize the free coinage of tne standard silver dollar
and torestoie lis legal-teiiderchaiacier, moved tomake
it tbe special order for Monday next, after tbe expira
tion of Ihe momitig hour, and'be continued from day to
aay until disposed of. After a long discussion Mr. Alli
son cnaucisl his motion so as o take the bill up Tues
day next. iu.Mead of Monday.
Mr. Movnli moved an amendment so as to make it the
spei ial order lor January 11, ItsTd. Rejected yeas, 13,
Anthony, Eaton, Morrill,
Bavatd, Hamlin, . Randolph,
Blaine. lint, . Rollins,
Hnrnlds. Kellogg, . ' Sargent. -
Chnstiaucy, laiuar, Wadleigh,
Dawes, Mcpherson, Whyte IS.
Cameron, of Wis.. Jeues. of Fla.,
ChatTee, .Junes, of iSev
Coke. Ki i k w ood.
Davis, of Ills.. .Mccieaiy.
Davis, of V. Va., McOouaM,
Feiry, Maxey. .
The motion of Mr. Allison was then agreed to yeas,
41; nays. Id.
Davie, W. Va.,
Jones, IS ev..
M ct reery.
M axey ,
Messrs. Conkllna1. Hoar and Saulabnry. who would
bave voted In tbe affirmative, were paired with Messis.
Armstrong, Cocktell and McMillan, who weald have
Tote 1 in tbe negative, .
During loll call, Mr. Wallace, of Pennsylvania, said
bis colleague. Mr. Cameron, was paired with the Sen
ator from Maryland, Mr. Dennis, but as to bow either
of them wpuld vote he did not know.
- Mr. Tbnrman said he was paired on a'.l political ques
tions with the (senator trotn Vermont, .Mr. Kilmiiuds,
w bo was detained at hia bpme by slckuess. ' He i .Mr.
Thtiruian did not consider this a political qu.siiou
np.'ii w hich the pair should be -.bseived. If any sen
ator tbouicbt it was) he would wilhiliaw his vote.
Several Senators lib, this is not a tolitioal question.
Mr. Morrill said -he did not oonsider It a political
q'testion. but be had doubt as to bow his colleague
v onid vote. "
Mr. Whyte said he was palrer) with the Senator from
Alabama I.M r. tippucer i on Kustis' rase, but uotbing
was said whaU'Ver about tue siivei quesiion.
Mr. Blame said: During my liluens I was paired
iritu tue adUiti Uoia JaiesUippi i ilr. iAuiurl, who.
with a-reat eourtesy and kindnessconsented to' main
tain the pair nntll my recovery and reappearance in tbe
Senate. The Senator from Colorado i Mr. Teller w as
Faired at the same time with the Senator from Oregou'
Mr. Grover J. That pair being ludd finite on political
questions, when the question of the Douislsna and
South Carolina Senatorsbips came np, the Senator
from Mississippi and Colorado desired to record their
votes, and witn the'eoncurrtmee of aay colleague, these
Senatora were mutually released, and I was considered
paired with tbe Senator from Oregon till the
close ot the le.te session. My return terminates
my pair wllh the Senator from Mississippi Mr. Lamar
and the Senator from Colorado, f Mr. Teller, resumes
his pair with tbe Senator from Oregon, (Mr. Grover. J
I make this detailed statement lest my voting to-day,
without explanation, might be uuauuderslood, aa the
Senator from Oregon has not yet returned.
Mr. Teller said bis pair wita Mr. Grover was on all po
litical questlous, but as this was not a political ques
tion he felt at liberty to vote.
Mr. Cockrell said be wonld not " bave paired
on this quesiion with any .one had the
terms of the pair been understood, but the
seuator from Massachusetts fMr. Hoar spoke to
bim about a pair, and be promised to either pair with
him himself, or faruish.one. To this Mr. Hour agreed,
aud the extent of the pair was left to his colleague Mr.
Dawes j, who thought it should be observed In this bill,
anil, therefore, he did not vote.
Mr. Matthews submitted the following concurrent
resolution in regard to the payment of bonds in silver,
end at his request it waa ordered that it lie on the
table and be panted:
-Whereas, by the Act entitled 'an Act to etrengiben
tbe public credit.' approved Marcb 18. 18Kt, it was pro
vided and ueclaied tUat tlio faith of the United IStates
was thereby solemnly pledeei to pay iu culu or its
equivalent, all interest-bearing obligatioua of the
United states, except m cises where ' the law author
izing tbe issue of such obligations had expressly pi o
vided that the same might be paid in lawful money or
other currency than gold and silver; and .
"Whereas, ail bonds of the United Mates authorized
to be Issued by tbe act entitled 'An Act
to authorize the relnnmng of the National
debt,' approved July 14, 1870, by the terms of
said aet were declared to be redeemable iu coin of the
then present standard value, bearing interest payable
Semi-annually in such coin; and.
"Whereas.- All bonds of the United States authorized
to be Istined under the act entitled 'An Act to provide
for resumption of specie payments,' approved January
I t. 1K70. are required to be descriptive of the bonds ot
tho United States described in said act of Congress,
approved July 14, l7i. entitled 'An act to authorise
tbe refunding of the National debt;' and,
"Whereas, At the date ot the passage of said act o
Congress last aforesaid, to wit: the 14tu day of July,
1S70. the coiu ' of the United Stites of the
standard value of tbat date included the sil
ver dollar - of the weight of 412 a grains,
erch. as declared br an act approved July 18. 1837, en
titled 'An act supplementary to an act entitled 'An act
establishing a Mint aud regulating corns ot the United
states. to be a legal lender of payment, according to
their nominal value, for any sums whatever.' 'there
fore, be it
"Kesol ved. By the Senate (the Honse of Representa
tives concurring therein), that all bonds of the l ulled
Stares issu!-d or auttioilzed to be issued under said acts
of Congress heieintofore rcited, are payable, priucipal
aud interest, at the option ot the trovciunieut of tne
United States, in silver dollars of the comaiee of the
Cnio d iStaies, containing 412'n grains each of stand
ard silver, and that to restore to its coinage Mich silver
coins as legal tender inpayment of hhhI bonds, princi
pal aud interest, is not iu violation ot public taith nor
in derogation of the lights of the public cieditor."
Mr. Ch.iifee called uo tbe resolution sulur.itteil by htm
on too 8th of November, calling upon the PieiUeht to
inform tne Senate what leiral impedimenta, if any. exist,
which prevent him from executing tbe la ws in regard
to tbe Union Pacific Rallioad Company aud its
branches, anq modified the same so as to alle'ire that
tbe blanches of tho Union Pacific are the Kan.-jis
Pacific. Denver Pacific, and Central Pacific of Cailior
nia, toe Hr.riiugtQn aud Mlssonri River, ami the Sioux
t ity Krancn. instead of declaring positively that they
are the branches.
After a brief discussion the question was taken on
the substitute for the above resolution suinuitted ou
November SO by Mr. Paddock, ihe preamble of whicu
omitted the names of the roads said to be branch roads
of the Union Pacific, and it waa rejected without the
During the oebate Mr. Paddock stated that this whole-
quesiion ot wnat consular! tne nraucn roans was now
before the Courts, rfud that the Senate should not lucei.
fere. He argued that tbe whole scope of bis resolution
was similar to that ot the Senator from Colorado I Mr.
'bailee!, except tbat it omitted, this legal question:
What were the branch roadst
Mr. Tburmau said that, unless tbe fSovernmenf forced
the Union Pacific to vro rate with the Kansas Pacific,
it wonld never get a dollar 'of the money due by the
Kaunas Pacific, tor that oompanv could nut find money
to pay its taxes to the Government unless the Union
Pat-itio should, pro rate with it and do it Justice.
aThe preamble and resolution of Mr. Chaffee was then
agreed to without division.
The Senate then at '2:35 went Into executive session,
and when the doors were reopened adjourned. .
HOI'SS Washington. December 6.
Majority- and minority reports were made from the
Committee on F.leclious in the Colorado case, entered
'i'he Post Roite Bill was passed.
M r. Joyce asced leave to oner a resolntron reciting
the attempts of the people of Cuba to obtain their inde
pendence, and directing tne President to remonstrate
against tbe barbarous manner la which the war has
been carried ou -bv Spam.
M r. Hale objected before the reading; of tho resolution
Mr. Hlair a-ked leave to offer a resolution directing
the Committee on Foreign AlTairs to inquire into tbe
coudltlon of tbe insurrection against Spanish authori
ties on the isiaud of Cuea.
Messrs. Hale and Ellsworth objected.
"SENATE WASHlNOtON, December 7.
Mr. Sargent, from the Committee on Staval 'Affalra,
reported, with amendments, the House bill for tho re
lief of tne sufferers by the wreck of the United states
steamer iluion. The amendment provides forthe pay
ment to the beira of tho lost, twelve months' sea pay;
to the heirs of Captain Guthrie of tbe lite saving ser
vice, one yeai's pay, and to the heirs of those belonging
to the wrecking steamer B. aud J. Baker, lost in al
tera nilng to save those on tbe Huron. $100 each. The
amendment-was agreed to, and the bill passed.
At the expiration ot the morning hour Mr. Mitchell
called np tbe bill, recently introduced by him. to extend
the time for the construction and the completion of the
Northern Pacific kailroad, for the purpose-of uavtug it
referred to the Committee on Railroads, and in explana
tion ot tbe bill spoke at considerable length.
Mr. Thurman spoke briefly, and the bill waa referred
to the Committee on Railroads. .
.By Mr. Harris A Joint resolution authorizing and
directing the Secretary of the Treasury fu cause the
Custom-boose (at Memphis to be constructed of Teu
nessee marble. -
Mr. Teller submitted a resolution, citing the agree
meut enteren into between the United states and the
confederate bands of Cte Indians for the cession of
certain lands occupied by them to the Govern men t, ana
calling upon the President to inform the Senate
whether the payments provided for them have been
made, and whether the lands ceded bave been occnpied
by citizens. Laid on the table; also, a resolution calling
upon the President to inform the Senate as to the cost
of the late war with the Sioux ludians, tbe casualties
of the rank aud Tile among tbe troops. Agreed to.
Mr. Kdmnods called np the resolution submitted by
him the 26th of November, directing the Attorney
General to communicate to the Senate, as soon as mar
be. a list of all the criminal prosecutions commeuced in
the Courts ol tbe United States in the District of South
Carnliaa since the 1st of January, 1870, for offenses
svaiiiFt the life, oroperty. civil rights or right of suf
frage of anv person, with the names of tbe alleged
offenders, a statement of the disposition of such prose
cution, and the dates thereof. Agreed io.
Mr. Conk ling presented a petition ot Anstln Packard
and others, of New York, in favor of appointing acorn.
mtrsion to communicate with other nations, with a view
of having a railroad bulltacross the continent of Africa.
Mr. Anthony, of Rhode Island, from the Committee
on Pnuting, reporte!. without amendment, the Senate
resoiutiou to print 3.00O extra copies of the Presntrent's
messat-e and the reports of the Departments. Agreed to.
A nuinbertof bills were presented and referred.
Tbe House resolution to aCjourn tor a. holiday re
cess from December 13 to January 10 was agreed to.
Mr. Matthews called up the concurrent resolution
submitted by him yesterday. In regard to the payment
of the priucipal and interest of Government bonds in
silver coin, ami after it had been read he said it was
his intention to submit some remarks this afternoon in
regard to the resoiutiou before moving lta reference, to
the Committee on Finance. At the request of several
Senators he would allow It to 'lie over nntll Monday,
aud would then call it up, and bave something to say in
The Senate: at 2;45 went , into executive session, and
when thedoois reopened; adtonrned until Monday.
HOUSE ..Washington. December 7.
The fnllowliig bills were Introduced and referred:
By Mr. Stephens Amendatory to the act incorporat
ing the Tejtas Pacific Railroad Company.
By Mr. Cox, of New Vork To organize the life-saving
By Mr. Stewart For the relief of settlers on certain
lauds iu Minnesota, heretofore granted for railroad pur
poses. The resolution in regard to putting the records 9nd
files of the Houso In a place of safety against tire was
ir. Wood. Chairman of the Ways and Means Com
mittee, reported a concurrent resolution for the ad
Joiunnient of Co.-igrese for the Christmas holidays from
ihe 15 b of Decern oer until Jannarv 7.
Mr. Butler suggested tbat -the House adjourn nntll
the loth ol January, became tne 8th .was a good old
Democratic holiday, the snnlveisary of Jackson's vic
tory at New Oileaiis. and the House would probably ad
journ over that day at any rate.
nr. wooo reptieo. 11 ms ineuu wuuiii loutiw mi lfeiuo
craiic precedents he would nave no objection to the ex
tension of the resolution. Atneuded as suggested.
Passed. The Sncker then called tho committees for
repoita of a private nature.
Tbe House theu went into cmnm'ttee of the whole,
Mr. Burchard, of Illinois, in tne chair, on private cal
endar. -At 3 o'clock tbe committee rose, and reported a num
ber of private bills favorably to the House, and they
On motion of Mr. Knott, the Senate amendment to
the bill for the relief of the sufferers of the wreck of the
Huron was concurred In.
Adjourned till Monday.
SENATE Washington, December 10.
' During the morning hour the resolution reported by
Mr. Dorsey, instructing tbe Committee on District of
Columbia to inquire, and report by bill or otherwise,
the proper form of government for the District, was
Mr. McDonald said it had been his intention to offer
resolutions !n respect to Ihe memory and public services
of bis late colleague. M r. Mort'in, before tbe C hristmas
holidays, but upon consultation with other Senators
and various members of the other honaeof Congress,
he bad coucludul not lo-prcse&l such resolutions until
after the res-ess. lie tberefwe gave notice that be
would submit them on the 17tJi of January next.
A number ol bills were introduced and referred,
among ihem one by Mr. -"lump, to declare certain lands
heretofore granted to railroad compauiee forfeited, and'
to ojhmi the same for settlement. . .
By Mr. Jobuston-Ameucaloiy of the supplementary
act to incorporate tbe Texas Pacific Ratlioad, aud .to
aid its construction.
At the expitation or tne morning pour, nir. waoieigti.
Chairman of the Committee -on Fnvi'ege and
Elections, cables. np ihe resolution reported
from that comnntteo, last week, declaring Mr. J.
H. Knells rntirU-d t h's s-jat as Seuator troni
Donisiaua from January 12, 1870. for the term ending
Mmrh 3. 1.H71). and Mr, Incurs, who signed Hie minor
ity lepoit, spoke in opposition to the resolution ciaim
lug tbe papus presented by Mr Kustis were defective.
After a oriel discussion tne resolution or Mr. v ao-
lelgh was agreed to. Yeas 41, nays 8. Those votinir in
tbe negative weie Messrs. Allison, Cameron, of Wis
consin, Hanbn, Howe, Irgalls, McMillan, Morrill aud
"ou the announcement of the vote, Mr. F.nst's was es
corted to tne uesk of the Vice Piesldent by Mr.
Tburhian. and the oath of office adtainisie-reil to bin).
Ail. .McDonald, at his owu request, was tcu4ud li oui ,
further service on the Committee on Territories, and
Mr. Jones, at his own request, was exoused from
further aervtoe on the Committee on Publlo Buildings
and Grounds. . .
Tbe Vice President appointed Mr. Enati as s mem
ber of those committees.
The Vice President then laid before the Senate the
special order for to-day, being a bill to enable the In
dians to become citizens of the United States.
Mr. Ingalla said he had been spoken to by several
Senators, who desired morn time to censider lc and he
moved that It be made the special order lor the 15th of
ja-juary nexr. &o oruerea.
The Vice President appointed Messrs. Anthony, Sar
gent and White as members of the. Joint Committee on
Piinting on the part of the Senate. He also appointed
Messrs. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, and Bayard as mem
bers of the Board of Visitors on the part of tbe Senate
to attend tbe next annual examination at West Point
Mr. Coosrell.from the Select Committee on Mississip
pi Levees, reported with amendments tho House toint
resolution relating io reservoirs to promote tue naviga
tion of the Mississippi River. Placed ou tbe calendar.
Mr. Cbristiancv introduced a bill to provide for cbal
lences to iorors in trials foY bicamv and oolygamy in
the Territory of Utah, and to amend Section 4 of the set
or june z-t, 18 14. in relation to conns auu juuicuu u ul
cers in the Territory of Utah. Referred.
M r. Teller called np the resolution submitted by him
last week calling upon the secretary ot the interior for
Information in regard to binds ceded to the United
States by tbe confederated band of Ute Indians in
Colorado, aud whether payments are made to such
Indians iu pursuance of the agreement made with
tbetu. Agreed to.
Mr. Matthews then called np from' tbe table the con
current resolution submitted by him Thursday last
declaring the right of tbe Government to pay the prin
cipal and interest ot its bonds in sliver dollars contain
ing 4121? eralhs of standard silver.
M r. Matthews said that the General Assembly of the
Slte of Ohio at its session last wiuter adopted a reso
lution favoring the restoration of the ailver dollar. This
resolution was passed with great nnanimity, there
being but three negative votes In tbe House ot Repre
sentatlvea and one in the Senate, aud he bad no doubt
that it expressed theoonsiaerate and deliberate opinion
of the people ot that State on the subject with the'
same nnauimlty as waa evinced by their representa
tives m the passage ot the resolution. - He had been
moved io part by tbat resolution to submit the one
now before tbe Senate, though his -resolution did not
cover the whole ground. That of the Ohio Assembly
expressed the oninioo-that such restoration of the sil
ver dollar was uemanded by true financial wisdom, and
(.declared it would be In pursuance of proper public
policy to do so. if was not his potpose now to aiscuss
the latter proposition as to what would be expedient
aud politic for the Government and the r.iople to do,
bill what would lie right to ao. la bis opinion it would
be right tor the Government to do so, and be used the
word right in its legal, equitable and moral sense. It
was his' purpose to-day briefly to show that by the letter
and spirit of the law the Government bad the right to
resUire thf) silver dollar, aud would be Justified In doinfr
so; and-further, to show that outsido of tne law. taking
iu view all Ihe circumstances of the case, every inci
dent of tiunucUl legislation, the restoration of the
dollar would not be in violation of the declaration of
public honor, public Juctice or public equity. He theji
quoted from the aet "to strengthen the public credit,"
approved March 18, 1800, and argued tbat the word
coin, as used in this aet. must not be interpreted to
refer to gold coiu alone. If 4i muse be so interpreted,
theu tt would be Just as dishonorable and lust as illegal
to pay the United st iles Treaaui y notes now circulat
ing as money in anything else but eclri coiu as it would
be to pay the bonds with anything tmt such coin.
There weie senators here who were familiar with the
circumstance -attending the passage of this la iv and
the history oS the legislation antecedent to its passage.
The question that it was designed to solve was not a
doubtful one ihe greenbacks had been made a legal
tender for all rtebjs ami demands: public, and private,
except or interest on the public debt and for customs
Tue question bad, therefore, been agitated as to
whether the principal of the debt might not lawfully
be paid in greenbacks, and to meet Ihe qnestiou, to an.
swer It in the negative, the Public Credit Act or 3800
was passed. In bis opinion, the original indebtedness
of the count fv could never bave been liquidated with
auy other currency than coin tlollars. it would not
have been settled with mere promises to pay. in lieu of
coin dollars. That act was intended to settle any ques
tion of paving the principal of these bonds, and it did
seem to bim that if it had been contemplated that
these bonds should be paid only with gold money, it
would have been so stated; that, in'utidertakins to set
tle a doubt, this statute will not have raised a new one.
The act of 18liit declared tho GivernmeLt wonld pay
coin dollars, and what did com roeanl At that day
nothing was coiu in this r'onnti y except that which by
law might be coined as money, and there was on tbe
stat are books at that time another law, which pre
scribed how many grains of gold there should be in
gold com. and bow many grains of "liver in sliver coin,
and from tbe beginnlrg of the Government down to
tbat time the stiver dollar, was known to the people of
the conntry as one of 'our coins. .'
He next quoted from tho act of 1802. the fifth section
of which provided that the duties on Imports should lie
payaole In cciu. and tbe coin so received should lie set
apart as a special fund fr.r certain purposes. Ac. He
arirnnd no to the act of 1873. which dropped the silver
dollar from the coin of tbe Uulted stats. silver dollars
were receivable for customs doties. and were pledged
lor the payment or tne interest on tne puouc rent.
He next quoted from tbe act of July 14. 1S70, to au
thnriftA the reiundiug of tbe National debt, aen said it
waa intended to detiue with Ihe utmost precision the
medium for the redemption of those bonus- The measnre
of value of those bonds was most explicitly declared.
Thev were declared "to be redeemable in coin of the
n resent standard value, and bearing interest payable
aemi-anually in sneh coin." There was no ambieuity
about those terms; there waa no doubt about
what those words meant. The act was as tree frorn
any possible shade of doubt as words could mako It
it referred to standard coin toen in existence, an-1 no
matter how much such coin might be depreclaied. or
debased, sppreeiateo or increased in vaiue ov toe ex
ercise of tbe sovei eign power of the Government, still
that should not affect the risht of tbe holder of these
bonds. When they matured, the Government would
neitver to them so tuauy pieces of gold or so many
pieces ol silver , aa were kuown to the law when tbe
bonds were issued. He argued that alt Uie bonds by
their terms, by tbe platn aud proper meaning of the
words on them, were reaeemaoie in tne coins Known
lo tbe statutes of the United States at the time such
ttonrts were authorized.
1) e then referred to the Specie Resumption Act of
1875, aud suite I tbat prior to tbe passage of that act,
but subsequent to the act of 1870. to wit, by the act of
1873. anew coinage waa established which dropped
from tna list of authorized coins Jf the United state
what had always been known to ourlaw as the silver
dollar. Now. In law or In morals, what difference did
tbat make) The United States, as nuo of the , arties to
nmimiL could not of its own motion chance Ihe con
tract; therefore that act did not affect tbe holders of
bonds. The recital contained m nis preanioie ana
resolution a logically and legally Justified conclusion
tbat It waa necessaiy- for tbe Government to
reti ace Its steps and restore the law as it waspnorto
1873. put back tbe silver dollar as H stood - a legal
tender tor tbe payment of ail bonds. And to do so
would nor. be in violation of public faith nor In doro.
eatioo ef tbe rights of the public creditor. The Gov
ernment, in order lo keep itself lu position to perform
the contract according to Uie letter aud spirit, should
restore tbe silver dollar and keep it Just as it waa
full and complefe legal tender. Senators were not act
tug for themselves; thevwere not dealing fortbelrpn.
vate or individual Interests; they were heie as repre
sentatives of a great public Inlet est; they were hero as-
trustees of tne Nation, trustees ot us nonor as wen as
of its pecuuiarv interest, bnl bound to act as trustees
according to tbe universally acknowledged principles of
right aud law. What right had Senatora to give away
one particle of tnat great public domain of rower
htnh Ronaittnbed nubile light: they were conserva
tors of -it. The Preeideot of the United state could
only speak for the people in the limited channels
marked out tor him bv ihe Constitution. When he
Mr. MatthcwsJ heard the talk thai it was tho expecta
tion of the purchaser of -a bond, that because he paid
gol 1 for ihem he must'receive gold for them, be asked
whe had given out such expectation where hd people
so spoken throne h -what channel, thiough what
agency) Let he record be produced.
Theiewete considerations of another, nature which
invited diseussiou, aud into which perhaps Ihe Senato
ought to go Into which perhaps some who would take
part in the discussion would necessarily go; bnt he
wonld only briefly refer to thera. It had been said that
silver had deoreciated In value. How was tbe loss
meaauredl .By gold. Why not say gold had appreciated
Mr. Eaton Has not stiver depreciated in tbe pur
chase ol everv product!
Mr. Matthews I answer that, silver can to-day buy
more 'of every known product of labor than
ft could - in July. 1870. Here. lu Asia,
nowhere in 'the world has silver depreciated
the bieadth of a hair; ou the contrary, it has main
tained its position J t can bny. to-oay, more land, more
houses, more calico, more anything, than it could in
Mr. Faton said be agTeed with the Senator that it
nnolri in Anieilca. but It would not abroad.
Mr. Matthews What have we to do with abroad!
What have wo to do wllh the Inquiry whether lands
and houses abroad have appreciated in value or not)
Who is there who does not know from actual personal
observation that everything has gone down and that
gold alone has irone up! Nothing could prevent persons
from seeing that but the blindness of these who had
Joined tbe conspiracy to exalt gold as the king of
M r. F.dmnnds said, taking the remarks of the Senator
to be true abont silver and gold, why wonld not his phi
losophy apply as well to coppor and goldl
Mr. Matthews Wedid net agree to pay In copper.
Mr. Edmunds then asked if the senator from Ohio
was quite sure gold had appreciated, and if the price of
silks in France, in gold, was as blgb as rive years ago.
Mr. Matthews, resuuiuig his aruninent. said he had
the testimony of his own personal experience, ihe tes
timony of the list of bankruptcies thionir b in t the coun
try, tiie testimouy of the list of Sheriff's sales, t the
effect that eveiy'lhiug but gold has depreciated iu
value. What else meant all this cry of discontent? what
else meant all this murmur of dissalislaction 1 The dis
tress of Ihe country now was bevond all bintortv-ai com
parison in our country, and to-day It wonld take but a
fw more turns of the wheel to throw the gieat mass of
our people Into bankruptcy.
In conclusion, Mr. .Matthews argued that If this ap
pr?.iation of goid should oontiuue. the best investment
possible would be to lock It up aud await Itaapprecia
tion. Mr. Morrill said if tbe Senator from Ohio had Intro
duced thi icsolutiou and asked its leference to the
Committee ou Judicisrv, he might have understood his
purpose. The question raised by bis resolntion was a
leiral one. W henever the main question came up as to
the lemonetizalion of silver heiir. Morrill! would be
prepared to exoiess his views upon it, sml he hoped to
be able to show that it would be cheaper and belter for
the United states to pay its debts in gold. The Seua
tor from Ohio I Mr. MatlhewaJ had set out with tho
deolarattou that we bad an equitable and legal right to
pav our bonds m silver. It umst be known to that
Senator that for toriy years the eonotiy bad
not coined silver dollars exeert for" exportation,
and only a small amount for such purpose. During all
this time the Government bad been in receipt of gold
fiom customs duties, every dollar of which was pledged
forthe payment of the public debt. Could it be possi
ble now that Congiess could say a debt so contracted
could be paid in anything else but golut He quoted
from the aet of the 2"itli cf February, 1802, to estab
lish a Sinking Fund. Ac. and said If that act should be
carried out Ihe whole debt of the Government would
be paid lu a veiy short time. It did socio to him that
the pnblic faith bad been pledged to pav the "bonds in
gold coin. Our Secretaries of Ihe Treasury had riven
such pledges, slid their acts had never been lepuitiate.l
by Congress. He qnoted. from Section 1 ol the Four
teenth Amendment to tbe Constitution i f tho United
States. In repni.l tp the validity of tlie'public debt, and
sai.i that amendment was adopted to prevent
those from the Southern strdes questioning Its j
validity, and not to flsbt the hervtdes of Ohio. New io
this tune of leconciliJtnru. Wbeo -the Southern Repre
sentatives had been rebaptized in patnotism.be ap
pealed 10 ii.eru to reject ine pioposiiioo 01 tne icuaior
from Ohio. There were various oilier point of that
Senator's speech lo which he would like to refer had he
lime to do so: but one-point in pjrlica.ar beconldnol
pss. The ScPator Mr. Maithews spoke of locking up
ihe money .n o ii"r rj pain tnereoy. too r.e nor kiiow
that there never had beeu a lime in the bielory of Ihe
Dovernmeai w hen ninet y conld be ootnned mere rcid
Hy or at less interest. He moved the re'ereuca uf -the
resolution to the viouimiitea on Judiciary.
Mr. ConkJing aald he, wished to submit an amendment
before lta reference, and that waa t strike
out . the words "Be it resolved by
tbe Senate, the Ffouse of Representatives
concurring therein." and insert In Ilea thereof tbe
words, "Resolved by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives." He said his purpose was to make It a punt
resolution Instead of a oonenrrent resolution, so that if
It was adopted tt would go to the President for bis sig
nature. The National Executive had deposited with
bim one-sixth of tbe legislative power, and in a case of
such importance ss this he tuobght there should be an
expiession of full legislative power.
Mr. Tburmau argued that it was perfectly competent
for either branch of Congress to declare Jts opinion as
to what was the law Of tbe land, and it was perfectly
competent fnr tho two houses of Const re ss to do so by a
concurrent resolution: a'ld. lt Congress entertained ari
opinion aa to the existing state ot the law, that opinion
should not be nullified by vet of the President. He
wanted everybody to understand the opinion of Con
gress, and t.ien fhe President might act as ho saw Ot
hereafter; but be did not ask the President for bis
opinion now. The resolution submitted by bis colleague
fMr. Matthews raised simply the question of law.
There was no necessity lor referring it to a commit
tee. There - was nothing upon the subject
bnt one or two statutes, and no report any conainitiee
could make would lessen the debate in the Senate one
hour. He was giarvelously curious to know bv what
reason auy lawyer could arrive at any other conclusion
than that expressed in the resolution of his colleague.
fiir. Edmnuds said the qnestiou with bim at the pres
ent moment was what would be the effoct-of the pas
save of this resolution upon the public credit. It pro
posed to declare the opinion of tbe two houses of Con
gress, not as a law; and what effect woald that have
upon the actual condition of things! Wonld it not be
more candid, if Congress was to say anything affecting
the public oiedit, tbat it should be done by law, in a
manner that would be binding hereafter? - Such a reso
lution aa this would do nothmg in effect. It woull not
injuio tbe rich bondholder the lifoated bondholder
was generally able to take care of himself but it would
Injure the widow, the orphan, the labeling classes, who
had invested money in Government- bonds, and enable
speculators aud gamblers lo gambleon tbe public credit.
He favored the amendment of tbe senator from Now
York. . ...
Mr. Thru-man said he bad been nine years in the Sen
ate, and if there bad been any financial legislation for
the benefit of the-widow and orphan or laboring classes
he bad failed to. aee it. The senntor from Veimont
warned the Senate that this resolution would endauger
the public credit. Since the Senator spoke be I Mr.
Thurniaul had opened his New York paper.
Mr. Edmunds What is the name of the paper
Mr. 1'huimau It is the New York World, which
I know the Senator from Vermont reads dally with in
tense admiratiou. 'Daughter.
' Continuing his remarks be said the Senate last week
made the silver hill a special order for to-morrow, and
lie saw wbeu be opened his paper that gold was one-
sixteeufh lower than for the week. He turned tucn to
Government stocks, and found that everv bond of the
United st-ites had risen in vtilue since that bill was
made Che sp.M'ial outer.
Mr. Monill How much has ailver fallen since the
Bland Bill passe.:f
Mr. 1 liunuan rep'ie!: You hove demonetized silver.
ft is not quoted. The Senator assumed that gold was
an upmeasurable standaid of vaine. with wh'ch every
thing else must be compared. There never bad been in
his iMimble Judgment, of all the humbugs he ever knew
ol, more oi uumpug man aoout tuis Oliver rsiu.
Mr. Edmunds I think so. too. I Laiiirhrecl
Mr. Thuiuian. cout.'iiuing, said there was one class of
people who thought H tho bill should pass all tney
would bave to do would Ire to hold
no thejr -hats and silver dollars would
rain into them, and there was another class who
thought th- public credit would lie ruined by it. Theie
wa.-i no reasou for any such .supnositiuu. Anv sncb
idea was fallacious. He commented on the report of
the eciet'ry of the Treasury in fegaidtd the lemoue-
tzation of silver, and aigned that it would be an lujury.
to tho Government but a great beueflt to the whole
peoples Should the silver Bill pass fo-dav, every dollar
of the pnblic indebtedness could be funded at lour aud
one-half per cent.
Pending discussion tne senate, at o o clock, ad
(oui ned, iy a vote of yeas 30, nays 28. Bot a test vote,
ss many Senators known to bi iu lavor of the resoiu
tiou. voted for -an ao'oui Diueut on account of the late
ness of the hour.
DOUSE Washincto.v, December 10.
' Under the call of the States the following bills were
intr.wlnced and referred:
By Mr. Joyce Adjusting the snlarles -of postmasters
on the basis of Ihe nauiiberof stamps canceled instead
of the number sold; also, a reilution proposing au
amendment to the Constitution, providing tbat the
term of office of President be six wars: also, a Joint
resolution iu relation to the contest between Spain and
By Mr. Willis, of New Vork For erennns and extend
ing tbe export trade of the Untied Slates, also simpli
fying existing laws, imposing and collecting duties
ou imports, removing all ambiguities, leduciug rates
on imported merchandise, resioilng the uuty on tea
and eotfod, and enlarging the free list.
By Mr. Thompson Directing the Secretary of the
Interior to institute proceedings to test and perfect
certain lands, alleged- to have been conditionally
granted to tne Northern Pacific Railroad.
By Mr. Turner For tax on Incomes; also, regulating
the instillation of -whisky irom apples; also, reducing
tne salaries of certain public officials, li provides lor
a ledoction of iwenly-five per cent, of all salaries ex
By Mr. Crittenden Appropriating f B0.000 forthe re
moval of snags from the Mississippi. Missouri and Ohio
By Mr, Rea Proposing an amendment to the Consti
tution providing for the election of Senators by the
dirwt vote of the people.
By Mr. Glddinga Forthe construction of a railroad
aloug the Ilio Giande, for the purpose of establishing a
military and commercial highway.
By Mr. Keller A resolution amending the rules of
the House so that it will only be in order to suspend
the rules npon the second and fourth Monday in each
month, ana during tne last six days of tbe session.
Mr. Wood, chairman of the Committee on Ways and
Means, reported the usual resolutions lor the distribu.
torn of the President's anunal message among the vari
The subjects referred to the Committee on Foreign
Affairs are the war between Russia aud Turkey; tbe
renewal of tbe treaty between the United States and
Italy; the questions as to naturalization and com
meice between the United States and Germany; tbe
French Exposition; the extradition article of tue
tteaty of 1X4J between the Uulted States and Or-.-at
Britain; a treaty with Great Btitaiu for the protection of
tra'de-marks; the recognition ot President Diaz, of Mex
ico, and the difficulties on the Rio Grande bolder; tbe
insurrection in Cuba and the iuterferenoe thetein with
the rights of American citizens aud other unsettled
questions with Spain, the unsettled claims of American
citizens against Venezuels; tbe relatious with Central
aud Sontb American states, aud the proposed recog
nitions! tbe Government of the Hamoau Islands.
Mr. Hewitt, ot New York, moved to amend tbe reso
lution in reference to the Committee on Foreign Af
fairs, by adding tolt the words: "And tbat the Commit
tee on Foreign Affairs take iuto immediate- const lera
tion tho best means of removing the existing and im
pending causes ot difficulty between Mexico and the
Unlted states, aud of ciHafirmina- and enlarging the
commercial relations between the two coo hi lies by
means of treaty or otherwise, and have leave to report
the result of its deliberations by resolution or other
wise, to the Honse at the earliest practicable dsy.'t . .
He went on to eav that The peculiar language em
ployed bv the President In speaking of this matter'
attracted ray attention. When the message was read
I ventured to call tbe attention of- tbe House to the
peculiar phraseology. It is a follows: ' While I do not
anticipate any Interrupted friendly relations with
Mexico, yet 1 can not but-look with some solicitude
upon a con tin nance or the border disorders as exposing
tbe two countries to initiations of peculiar feeling and
mischances of action, which are naturally unfavorable
to complete amity. Fiimly determined that nothing
shall be wanting on my part to promote a rood onder
standing between the two Nations. I yet must ask the
attention or Conaress foactuai occurencea'on the bonier,
that tbe lives and property of our citizens may be ade
quately protected and peace preserved."
Mr. Hewitt, continuing, said that this passage looks
in two directions: either toward peace or toward war.
and. ir by anv possibility we should be pluuge I into
bostiliiit with our neiiihbor.it will be alleged that
Congress had due notice, and should have taken actiou
In tbe premises. This consideration has induced me to
examiue with some care the message of the President,
which was transmitted to this House ou the 18rh o f
November, and which was referred to the Committee
on Foreign Aff airs. - The perusal of the documents ac
companying tbat message win convince tne notise mat
our reiauoua pir.L. . u n
very critical condition. Already several ' de
turbmenta of troops. acting under orders
of the President, transmuted to Genrral Ord, bave Ire-
va:led Mexican termirv against lue protestor iu
facta Goveriim. lit of that eountry, which, although ir
bas been in power longer than tbe present Administra
tion, has not yet been foimslly recoemzed by our Uov
ernnieiit. At this Dresent time a detachment of Ameri
can (loops is upon Mexican soil, but where, no one
knows; and it it suouio turu onii mat it nas ircvu cap
tured, or that a conflict has taken place between It and
the Mexican troops. Whereby blood has been
shedt it must be acknowledged that the
danger of war will be very imminent,
if not unavoidable. We can not abut our eyes to these
oniier The couuti y does not want war. Itdesiiesa
tinio ol rest to recover f-om the losses of war. Jt desire
.an opportunity to eirengtueii iiseii in onier io meet the
obligations which, it nas incni-red during a. long aud
rter.rnctive struirielo. A new war will add to these ob
ligations, and make the burden of debt and pressure
Ol taxation lllioterao.e. iiai. mc wmuo v tiesir.-s :s o
in.ike them lens, and there is uo method of redmang
these burdens so effectually as to enlarge our Hade
with neighboi lug countries. Mexico offers a most eu
cagiug field as well aa the nearest aveuue for
such an extension ot trade. ' Our people desire
to cultivate j-eacetul relations with a customer so near
and so valuable, and all will agree that the establish
ment of better couinieiciMl rela:ions will be the sorest
guarantee of peace. If a system ot pi acetnl exchange
of comiuodliies npon teima of .reciprocity could be
established along the bordei of the Hio Grande,
instead of tho present system of raids and reprisals,
hostile collisions would soon be replaced by friendly
competition, and angry recriminations .by kindly greet
ing. This Mexican question must be met ami solved
In some wy, ejttier by war. which uono desire, by a
protoctoiate, which has beep discussed and coudemoed
bv the general Judgment of the country, or by closer
commercial relations, enlarging tho ties of mutual In
terest and cementing fhe natural harmony which
should exist between Nations producing pi oilucts so
dissimilar as to Invite ami compel exchanges favorable
to both. We bave no right to take the risks of war
when paths of peace are open to ua. At least a the
stronger and older Nation we are boond by obvious
eonei.ferations of magnanimity to exb.tnst eveiy effort
towards a peaceful solution of existing troubles,
and the substitution through Iroatles of recipro
city ot mutual Interest - for anfngonism of
passion and pinnder. Tbe danger Is that
if this Congress should adjourn wnthont devising some
peaceful solution we may find ourselves, when we come
back again, compelled to vote npou questions of supply
for military operations, which, me can not ru'use to
make without imputation opon.otir pa'riottsni and pnb
Mr. Hale I hope the amendment offered by the gen
tleman from New York I Mr. Hewitt i will -tie adopted.
It is in tbe right direction. 'Ihe country does not want
war on any issue that has been raised, or I bat there is
likoly to l4i raised.
,M r. Koadan agreeu tnat it wan not en to nivoKe
war. and that It 'was the duty of the Government if
ihe w.iy was open io resort to peacetui nione. ami ro
improve the commercial anil Irlen.iiV relatnais of the
United States and Mexico raiher than to resort to any
elan looking to war. He lntim itod. however, that tbe
existeficeof wiaiis known as the "free zone" in Mexico
as an one set- to co.jiinerciiir iii.erc-ous".
M. Cox. of New Yoik. favorel (he amendment.'
"Jr. Steoheus said: I have looked ur.oo tuis nueatlon
of bor.1i.r troubles iu Texas with !c p Interest. I be
liove the fceiiiig pe: vades this whole country that if
war can be prevented H ought tone. The t.t'mni ;teo
on Foieicn Affairs may do mu- li iu counsel withlbe
Kxecutiv td biini about, soioesoit if negotiation. I
am not prepared to say whet tier it is right to r. cognize
the tie fi'i'Jo governmeut of filaz. Iain not sufficiehily
acquainted with the fact. Let the 'oninmtee on For
elcii Aff.nrs have this matter specially and eiiM'bjtic
al'y roleired to it,-and let the committee counsel with
the Fxtcotivc. I teel ai-sured that this Administra
tion is as much in f ivor of re ace as the gentlem n fmno
New York, the geutiemau from Maine, njyeeif,or seven-,
tenths of the American people. Let the Executive,
however, be aided in lta counsels by tbe wisdom of the
Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Mr. Bnrcbard argued that the original resolutions re
potted from-the Committee on Ways and Means were
In the usual form, and gave all the necessary power to
tbe Committee on Foieign Affairs. No gentleman
wonld deplore more than himself any action ot cou
grees or of the Executive which would plunge the two
sister Republics of the United States and Mexlcu Into
war, bnt he did not believe that there was anything in
the President's message looking in that direction.
Mr. Gal field suggested to Mr. Hewitt to modify hie
amendment bv ountriog that part relating to the trea
ty, as it was clear that waa not nny part of tbe buaiues
of the Honse. He recognized that the present
relations between tbe United states and . Mexico were
on delicate ground, aud that therefore nothing should
be omitted that would tend to lessen tbe daugers or
apprehension ot war. The. question waa now in the
banda of the Committee on Military Affairs, a fart
which was in Itself an mdcation that it bad gone to
a point where the military was to be consulted. He
thought that the mattrr should first be considered by
the Committee on Foreign Affrurs. and that it should
not be sent to tho Committee on Mili
tary Affairs until something more was re
quisite than came . within the 'nrlsdictiou
of the Commutes on Foreign Affairs. He did not be.
lieve tbe Executive had any idea of aggravating (lie
chance of war, bot tbe apprehension was that the peo.
pie of Texas, feeling keeulv. as they had a right to feel,
the difficulties to which they had been subjected by
Mexico, are tiot precisely in a pacific frame of mind,
and from that might come a danger of war. liethere
foie thought it wise that the Committee on Foreign Af
fairs shonld not only consider the subject., but that such
a resolution as that proposed by tiie gen tleo.an from
New York Mr. Hewitt, modified as he suggested,
shonld be adopted. He believed u would teud to allay
apprehensions on the suotect.
Mr. Potter said that he also had heard of the op.
prehensions of war with Mexico, to which tne gentle
man from Ohio fMr. Gar Held bad referred, but the ap
prehensions which he Mr. PotterJ had-beard had not
come from the same quarter. On- tbe contraiy, over
siuce he Jiad been in Washington there had
been an undercurrent of rumois which had
feached him occasionally, to the etfoct that the Ad
ministration was anxious to get the conntry involved
in a war with Mexico, and be was giaa tobeartiom
the gentleman iroui Ohio that he bad been mtsuifoi med
iu that regaid. He was very sure the country did not
want war with Mexico, aild did not W'isn to treat a
weak sister Republic with less geuerosity than it
treated a great Slate.
Mr. Mills expre.-aed his dissent to most of what he
had heard In the discussion of the subiect- He admit
ted tbat uiDlouiacv was proper between civilized Na
tions which hail strong Governments upheld by their
peop!ebut that was not the condition ef sor.teiv m
Mexico. The people there recocnized no Government
Siuce a ReDub.ic had been declared in 1821 there bad
been forty rulers lu - Mexico, and that country had
broken the treaties ith tho United states, and he pro
tested against another treaty being made only to be
bruken. . The Government ef Mexn-o was in a constant
stale of ebullition. Was it not mndnoss to treat with
such a people aud such a Govemmeui . He was not in
favor of wur; nobody was. Ihe American people roved
peace and order, but tt loved security of life, ami it win
nonsense to be shouting. "Peace, pace," through the
hails of the American Congress, when the committee
of tbe House b .d reported mat. for the last ten or
twelve yeais, there had beeuaetateof warfare on the
Mr. WmhI, of New York, accepted Mr. Hewitt's
sbit-udmeut, but he did not believe the Executive de
sued war. Jle fMr. Wiiwi thought that the President
ony desired to preserve iirealoi pioperiy ou ino is.ioor.
The country warned neaee: It wante ' to t:ike advan
taue of the present peaceful condition of the country to
revive its niriuHiry and enlarge its power. Mecoiiiu
not for a moment think that bete was the least danger
of war. -
Mr. Hewitt modified his amendment, as suggested
by Mr. Gaificlu, and theu it was asrieeo to.
Mr. Conner offereil an amendment, referring to ihe
Committee on Commerce so much of the President s
message as relates to the commerce of the United
states and its shipping interests (which occordiuif to
the original resolution, were referred to the Committee
on Ways an.l Means), as well as that portion which re
fers to the improvement of livers and .harbors. I he
amendment was ngreeO to. and resolntiuua lor the dis
tribution of the message were adopted.
The End of the World.
Xeie York World Adapted from the Frmeh, of
Course. liumanitv knows no more ot mo prona
bie duration ef its existence than difes any one of
us or the DutuDer of years n naj yet tu live. Are
we at the soup or nt the tints 1 Who ran assure
ua that the coffee Is not sonji to be served 1
Tho world has bad a beginning, therefore It will
come to on end. When I That is I tie question.
And, above all. will the world fiulsh by an acci
dent, by a perturbntloii of existing lawsf No, it
will come to nn end through tbe action of laws al
ready ascertained, aud will die, as one lays, of tier
But of what sorf -of death I Agrt Illness? YH,
of Illness; of illness induced by excess. Wben we
compare tbe world with what it used to be, we at
once see that the most extraordinary development
is that of organic life npon tbe globe. From tbe
highest su'uiuiisof I bo mountains lo the protonud
est depths of the valleys, millions upon billions
of animalcules, of minimis, of supeator plants,
bave been toiling; for centuries, even a tolled tbe
foraniiniferte whiotl fjuve built up bait of tbe con
The work was pnshod with aiifflcient rapidity
before man appeared on tbe earth. While tbe hu
man race remained grouped around two or three
points little attention was paid to ibe subject. The,
world gradually entered upon lta Industrial phase.
The tendency of men and of beasts has heoo to
wnrds an alarming increase: after a ceutury the
woi 1.1 will begin to put on flesh Tben will begin
tbai formidable period when excessive production
will lead to excessive consumption: the. excess of
consumption to an excess of beat, ana the latter to
tbe MH'iiiaueous combustion ot tho earth ami of its
1 una nit mis.
For about 1.000 years nil will go well. Industry
will advance wlfh giant atrldea. The coal beds
will first be used: then the oil wells, tben the
forests; iben people will take to burning the oxygen
of trie atmosphere and tne hydrogen of tbe sea
There will tben be upon the anrfrrce ot tbe earth
about 1,000.000,000 or steam .engines, eaea on an
average of l.ooo horse power. Ana while the roa
chines are Incessantly vomiting forth torrents ot
inaiilif ictured goods, from lire agricultural shops
pre -s forth a throng of sheep, oxeii, turkeys, swine.
ducks, calves, and geese, all ciiokiug with tnelr own
fat. With a more abundant and nutritious aliment
the fecundity of the human races ami of the in
fertor rape may naturally tie expected to In
crease. Houses rise story upon story; now the
gardens are suppressed, ana now the towns beciii
to run to each oilier. At tue same time the popu
laiion anrings forward. All usoleaa animals-have
disappeared, and nothing is-left but oxen, sheep.
rattle, horses and fowls, without horns, hides,
tails, or hoofs, reduced by the art of tbelr feeders
toaslugo where each becomes a A'gantir beef
steak led by. four internal stomachs. Rarely a
hundred and fifty thousand years have goue by
and It Is done. America. Kurope and Africa.
thanks to the coral-worker assiduous toil," have
disappeared, nothing remaining but few Islmids
formed by the last surviving summits of the Alps,
Pyrenees, and Carpathians, dec. iho human rare.
retreating slowly before the sea, aproads Itself over
the vst plai:is just abandoned by the ocean.
There tbe human r ice is destined to perish. Tt
lives upon a calcareous soil; it turns constantly
into lime an euormous mass of animal matters.
The production of animals continues to grow till
at Inst production exceeds and bullies consump
tion. Then bones the forra'ition upon the bark ol
tbe earth (us one might suy) of a p 'llicule of au
arm ecialne body of tirlrui that can not be remov
ed. In fine, the world is saturated wi'h life, aud
Tbe thcrnioiuuter goes up; tbe barometer roes
down. Howers fade: leaves turn yellow; parch
ments crackle, and all turns old and brittle. -
Animals are f hluned out in the process of evap
oration. Man, in bis turn, grows lean anil dried
no. and all temperament finally abut in one Hie
bilious the last lymphatic havinc offered bis
daughter and r20 000.oO0 to the latest heir of a series
ot au unblemished scrofulous subject, wbo roll
bnuseir bound, tbrout'b family prole. 10 rcj-jut the
offer. The heat increases aud, the water supply
decreases. The water-carriers by. degrees rise
themselves lo Ibe rank of chief iced-run-bearcrs.
The office of holding a glass of water lo the Sov
ereign lips becomes one of the greatr-st charge
or the State, and all tiie littleness, all tti infamies
that to-day we -ee committed for a golden jewel
nre done then for a tumbler of wuter. Ice be
comes worth twenty limes its weight in diamonds.
Tho Kmoeror of Australia. In n excess of mental
malady, orders an lee which devours bis civil list
for a year. A scientist amasses a tii'Hiitic fortune
by attaining, through ehcniioal processes, a gel.'on
of frnsb water. The streams dry np. and the crabs
come tumbling after tbe threads of tho vanquish
lug 'water-courses. Strange pulsions, unheard of
wraths, murderous loves, mad sensations, turn all
life into an Irreiriiliir series of furious
detonations. or raiher a continued ex
plosion beginning at birth and only ending
with death. The rivers and streams begin to
disappetr, seas turn lukewarm and at last aim
mer. The fishes, aspiiyxmieil, first lurii up, Ki-ir
bellies; theu come tbe a leu:, detached from the
bottom by the heat; then, come half cooked,
wholly cooked, and overdone whales, seu-se.r-peuts.
devil-flsli, till tbe smoking ocean is turned
nits, one enormiMn chowder. For niroly a ecu fury
afeniful smeil of conking permeates the earth;
tlierr fhe ocean has p.-isaud away aad only left a
deposit of fish-scnie in tbo midst of a torrid
Tn.vn cotnotb the end. Undfr tho trtplo mfliietice
of heat, asphyxia, and desiccation, little by little
the human race disappears; man dries up and
scales away, aud upon the slightest shock resolves
iuto frafrments. The only .vegetables which sur
vive are m. tailiferons plants, only cotxed to blos
noui by dully sprlnklms with vitriol. To quench
bis devouring Ibust, to reanimate bis calcined
nervous system, to liquify his coagulating albu
men, man can' nnlv resort to ni'Minrio acid or
aquafortis. In vain! At each breath of h breeze
that" agitates this anhydrous atmosphere tboif
bhihU of human crealnrej are instantaneously
desiccated, and the Knight on his ste. d, Uie lawyer
at the Kir. tbo uctobat on Ins rope, tbe workman
ut bis window are converted into uiuuiiuihm.
Then nawns the Last Day. There nre only
thirty-seven ot them, speciers wandering among
a world of mummies. Joining hubus, iney begin
a furious reel, kdJ at each turn a dancer fails dead
with a drv rattle. The last man Is loft, facing this
wretched heap where 1 es all that is left of tho
buigan race. He casis a single glance upoiruhe
rruili. bids it fatewuil iu the name of nil, and from
hi poor scorched eyes fulls a leiir the latest tear
of the worid.
1'oufl I A trembling blue-flame rises; two, tliree
a thousand. The whole world flares' up for a mo.
UK-tit and goes out. AU Is over. Tbe world la
Sad. ley, cold. It rolls through tue silent deserts
of infinity; and of all the beauty, glory. Joy, tears,
loves, there remains but a wretched little calcined
stone, wandering atbwurt the luminous fpheiea
ot i.ew wot Ids.
Farewell, earth, tavewell, touchlug tnemoiiea
of our history, of our genius, of our sorrow, of our
love. Faiewell. nature, whose sweet nnd ser. ne
iuajekiy consoled us for o tuauy euffenus.- i'aic-,
well, fresh and somber woods, where of lovely
summer -nights, beneath the silver moon,-wa
beard tbe nightingale sing. Farewell, terrible and
charming creatures, wbo led tbe universe with s
tear or a smile, and whom we addressed by names
so dear! Ab, sinoe nothing of you remains, all U
Tbe world Ss dead.
. -A belle 'of the Footlights.
How a Blonde Banjoiat Went West, and. After Trying
to Be a Wife to Two Professionals, Married a Ureas
Clown with Whom She Ketlred to Kural Life.
Eansai City Timet. Some three or four year
ago. wben the old Walnut street Theater was la '
full blast, end-each night welcomed a new star
and added to tbe attractions of tbo theater, thero
cime from tbe East ft charming, wild, laughing
female vocalist with a bonjo. .Ella Warner waa
tbe favorite, and night after night the Walnut
Street Theater shook and trembled witi ilia
applause awarded the young and vivticloui
blonde from Cincinnati. . Hut there came
abont an ugly meeting. It was one which
might have siolled a plsy lo ordinary life,
but with two well trained actors the surprise waa
a profound ferret until the curtain fell. Ella
W arner and her busbaud, George Fi aiie. were cast
fur a scene In which a new man from Su Louis
was to take a part. Tiie new man had failed to
reach the city iu time for rehearsal, aud made his
first appearance, on the sfuge after tbe curtain
went up. When Ella Warner responded to her
"cue" nud came oi-on the etaco he met ber Urate
husband, George Guliek, from whom she had bona
divorced. Tiie surprise was mutual, but neither
pretended to recognize Ibe other. Tuey had been
lovers lu a blight suburban town In Southern
Ohio, and two little children attested the felicity
of their married life. Munuger Williams, who
theu had tiie Walnut street Theater under Ins con
trol, found it impossible to keep the divorced bus
band and wife, and in due time George Frane and
his wile, Eila Watner, went to Jopllu, and from
ihei'ce drifted lo Ciucinuati, where they arrived,
brokeu In spirits and fortune.
When Mr. and Mrs. Frane arrived In Cincinnati
after their Western tour they were in pecuniary
distress. They had letters to a well knowu variety
theater tncie, and soon after their arrival they
made application for positions. Wheu they wore
introduced to the stage manager the v weie sur
mised lo find in him the discarded and divorced
husband, (iullck, whom tiny bad met in Kansas
Cilv. The stage manager listened grimly und
exultant ly to their siorv ot distress, and responded
by offering Ella Warner, bis former wile, a posi
tion on the stage; but for ber second husband,
Frane, he had nothing. It was hard, bii' the hus
band nnd wife -accepted tbe proposition. Ktia
became a "star" under the auspices ot her til at
husband and girlhood's lovo, while - her second
liiistiHiid was a loafer, bnlf staiving on ibe streets.
While the old Kansas C'ity lavorite was winning
favors and fame as a banjoist aud songstress, tier
second husband was being distracted with jealousy
and despair. KHa Warner, thrown constantly into
the company of her flrsi husband nnd tier children,
seemed lo forget her later .ove, wbo was out ef
work aud a wan. icier ou the streets, riho maJo
her homo with a noli aunt of tier first husband, in
fineini.'nti. and became pne of the fiiutiy. iheu
Fr.-ine, the second busbfiml, left in a fit of jealousy
uifd despair, and Ella appealed for a divorce for
the purpose of marrying the first husband. Hula
cloud ebot athwart tins sunny sky. Just when
Klla had secured ber divorce Iroui l'r uie tier first
busbnnd Dceiime liitattnited by a new face, and
married another Just when Ins first wife was ready
to -marry bim. Tben her fond iiopes were blighted;
her bright picture ot (Ionics! io bnppnn ss oblit
erated; a barrier was' thrown up between ber anil
ber children, and she agtilu launched forth 1am
In htir travels, this favorite of tbe footlights met
and was courted by rttlckney, the famous circus
clown. They were married, aud retired io rural
life li Kansas. There tbe heroine ot tbe foot
lights gathered about her the children of Gulirk,
Fiane and tirkney, all hers, and all well cared
lor und equally beloved by ber. fbe was in this
city a few days ago, with her husband, Mr. Htiok
ney, both of them retired from tbe tai;e, audi ark
happy In a mutual love. Tbe una and downs of a
variety theater girl are many, but few have born
t hem as well as tbe once Kansas City arm lie,
Ella Warner, tho lian,)oni.
National Association of Trotting IIor
New Yokk, "December 5. The ' first annual
meeting of the National Association of
Trotting Horse Breeders was ".held . to-1ny.
Tbe report for Ihe year showed tho Lxecutiva
Committee held twelve meetings, and that the
Association numbered ninety -five mendiets. The
Treasurer's report shewed: Total receipts, la.sso;
disbursements, $9,727; balance, $3, 153. Tue follow
ing officers were elected for ibe enr.mug yean
"President. Major Mel,well. of Kentucky; Vice
Presidents, Edvrm Tborne, General Tll'ou and M.
P. Bush, of Buffalo; Secretary. L. I. Packer;
Treasurer, Clark Bell; Board of lireelors, Cbas.
Backmnn, Shepard F. Knapp, of "Se w l'ork; Hon.
M. Jewett. of Ohio; Samuel J. Morgan, of Con
necticut, and Henry N. riuiitb, of New Jeisey.
At the atleiuoou session or the Mntiunul Associa
tion of Trotting Horse Breeders, the iiiiiiil.nr of
Directors was inoreased from five to nine, and
Colonel West. Mr. Mally. J. 1). Willis and G. 8.
Moulton elected Directors.
Tne- question of determlnlrii; where the next
fall rare meeting should be held caused a long dis
cussion. It was oeeided that thomcetiuu should
be held in either Buffalo. -Cleveland, or Ilocliester,
aceording.ta the accommodations effoxed to tha
Executive Committee by the above places.
A uioliou was then made thut. tb's Association
connect or unite itsotf with the National Associa
tion for the Promotion of tbe Interests of tha
American Trot uujt Turf.
(Several members opposed fhls bitterly, and de
nounced the Trotting Turf Aftsorintion, saying
that it bad condoned frauds aud become a by
word throughout tbe country.
Afteralouif discussion, in which all present
Joiue.lt the matter was laid on the table by a lara
Adjourned tine die.
A ' PreNcatinienc.
Springfield lletniolian.n March last, while tha
lll-fate.l i'mted States steamer-Huron was lying, in
thn harbor of Port Iloval. South Carolina, I, lemon
am Arthur H. Fletcher, tier executive officer. Ief
tne Vessel on a twenty four hours' leave of ab
sence. and, failing to return at the expiration of
that time, tbe ship sailed for another port without
him. A few days after Mr. Fletcher returned to
Port Royal, reported to ComuiiHiore J. II. I Clitz.
"senior naval officer present." and slated tu turn
that for some time past ho bud a presentiment
that, if be went to sea In ihe liurnii fur the pur
pose of finishing tbe cruise (two years), be Would
be wrecked. This feeling took complete possession
of bis mind, and lie used every means l o gel de
lac bed. but the N.ivy Department rerused to order
it without a better reason. When be found ihut
all his efforts bad failed, be lert the Huron In the
manner stated, with the intuition l.ot to return.
For this he was rlaoed under arrest and tried by
court inariial at Washington Navy yard in August
Wast. - In defense lie mane a statement,, in sub
stance as above, und culled Commodore Cm 7.. ('om
nia ndni' George 1". Kyau, of the Huron, and otnor
idlicers tn prove fbat, before leaving" tfm ship, bfl
told them of the dread in fact horror he had of
finishing the criilnu in tbe vessel. This Is a niattor
of recoid, on file tn the Navy Department, and,
though such a Hue of defense was laughed nt wheu
made, tne fate of the Huron will cause mnnv su
pcistittoiis people to I limit that Mr. Fieicher's
premonition was fully proven lo be a true oue by
the wreck off Kilty Il iwk. North Carolina.
The Largest Rcll in tne World.
- At the tempsu or riaro, u Kyoto, Jajvin, Is seen
the largest bell m flic world, hanging in a tower
on the hill, and is ad perfect in tone as tbe day it
was suspended. By uieastirenieiit 11 .exceeds I iio
gie.nl bells at Peking. G'tJiiiu. and at Kussia, both
of which are also said fo t o cracked. V. In re. Iho
hell whs cant, und by whom, Is lost in tho shades
of uutoiulty. Chinese and Winscrit' cbai actors
ciu-er the cut're siufiico u! tbo bell, but no modern
japauese scholar or priest cm trunsiste lb em.
This hell is twenty four feet in height and rixtcen
niches thick at the run, and when tliepilestv
sound it (at 8 o'clock every evenlngi Its maji-slio
boom. bo. nil, is heard many miles down I lit) v-ill'vy.
None of tUo I'M Is in Japuu liuva "clappers," but
are sounded by suspended levers of woeil. useit
like a battel lUK-rain, and smsiiif too beJl on tho
Scorn not the meerschaum.
n iiri'oiaiice of Its clt.'iims. Through lids email lecd
flid Mlllou. now Fib) iheo. consume th.' wt l-d!
The poet 1 euuvaon h.ith oft invoheii
1 he M n.-e with glowing upo. iui.l I ha kory Joked
And wrote an I san in Njcoiii,i..ii mood;
liawlboine with fids fliilli cheered Ins so.llllde;
A thon.-aiid lllo. s this pine tialli I owoll smoked;
Full ofl bave Aldricli. isto l.lnrd. I avlor. 1'iallcb,
And many moie whose verges fl.wl nlmul,
l'ulftd the Viiginiau or llavai a leif;
Anil when the poet's or the aitist's blanch
lirops n siiNt.iliiing mnt, boa aweet to pour
consolatoiy wind ai-jsl tiA bii ft "
f"ONk WHO KNOWS .V HICCKOV 2! K WnlTEft"!" "Isfe
t(ood Dye, rweeiheart.w
flood bye, sweetheart, our day of bliss.
Mealed bv Jove's pine and sacred kiss,
Is ended, ai.d In tears we ton t.
The dteam Is o'er, gs,l iiyn, sweetheart.
The fiist bright rosea that you gave
N11II ho.d Ifie siimuiei's bloom and glow;
While in tb:; carrirn ii-To t.'iev grow
Fast fails the winter's frost and suow.
Oh , friend, beloveff more than life,
A pall is ou the earth end sky.
I sec. thraagfi bitter. h:inlitiu tear.
The worus I wn's. "rtw. etiie.irt, good bye."
1 may not moot thee as ol oio.
And yel bow can we live spurt I .
O.Hl knowelti beat. 1 iod helil us both.
To iivu aud ssv. "Good bye, sweetheart.
U M. J0UDAW.
A nt Thin; in Hundcnfls.
1'tirii Letter. I'nder tlje Empire Nauolntm III.
sacred bo.ly-gu.n d was n.iuiiin-cd entirely of l,or-
jncans. and nowiMavs rnen, nicu nre iniicii useu is
atrb licpiiriltcnn committees, pontic ti ineotirirs
at election lini". and ais" to coo with tlii nior
ilHiiucroii c usses of rri tiinuiK who arc likely 'in
offer violencd when arrested. I hoy never o irrf
handcuffs, but a loutiu pic io or woo l iiiu ui two
limbo long and u yurd of wliiproid. w;tu w.licn
they ran tioa uiiiu's bauds bell nd Ills uiick by mi
Utile lingers no iiige,nions4y t!Ut evcrr atiM?-'!!: to
free bimsclt makes Iho string out Into bis flj-u.j