Newspaper Page Text
THE HERALD AND MAIL.
Friday Morning, January 11, 1878.
Tkxxksskk Bonds were quoted in
New York, Wednesday, at 34 J for old
and 3o for new.
The New York cotton market was
firm, Wednesday, middling upland
closing at 11 Jail I. .
Coi.n ojened ami closed in New
York, Wednesday, at 102', with Kale
during the day at 102$.
Twenty-six i-ixons left llhea
county, East Tenn., fr Texas, la-st
Thk Virginia toliacco men are work
ing hard to get the tax on tobacco re
duced. The Northern tobacco mo
nopolists are moving heaven and
earth to keep the tax up.
Thk Senatorial contest In the Ken
tucky legislature promises also to be
a bitter one. The second ballot re
sulted C'-erro Ciordo Williams 51;
J,indssy, 51; MoCreary, 21 all. Demo
crats. Tjik Democratic Ix-gislature of Ohio
is having a lively struggle over the
Senatorial race. The prominent as
pirants are IYndlcton, Kwing, Mor
gan and Payne. It is hardly xssille
to get a weak man, with such a list to
Tin: greatest crime of the century
was the stealing ofthe l"residency;
the greatest criminals thoe who stole
it; and the most pitiable object of
scorn and contempt is him that ac
cepted the spoils. Until this disgrace
is wijx-d out of American history, lie
rnihlican government will remain a
Thk Chamber of Commerce has nj
pointed five representatives from
Memphis, to act in conjunction with
delegates from other cities, to visit
Cuba in the Interest of direct trade
tween the Mississippi Valley and the
West India Islands. The delegah-s
appointed are Mcsers. S. II. Duns
comb, J. C. Johnson and W. W. Av
ery, of the Chamber of Commerce,
and Messrs. William lloselle, of the
Appeal, and I Icrbert S. Jt uidflinc, of
the Aratan-fie editorial stalls. The
delegation will leave to-day for Ha
vana to lx als-rit two or three weeks.
J low V.. T. Tai,iakki!i:ii, Speaker
ofthe Iiower House- of the General
Assembly of Tennessee, made a speech
at 1 'iila-ski last Monday, on the State
debt question. He first spoke of the
regular session, of the lease of the pen
ilentiary at a clear profit of ?7iJ,ltH)
per annum, of the repeal of the ten
per cent, law, of taxation of railroads,
telegraph and the sleeping-car com
panies; and of the passage of the first
general appropriation bill for future
current expenses, showing that the
current expenses had been reduced
over the previous two years about
5wH,0'X). He said (Jov. Brown's ad
ministration reduced the debt ?Jil,IKMi,
i;), ;tnd the creditors projtosed to fur
ther m J uce it a little over eleven mil
lion, an t he was in favor of accepting
.their proposition. He read a state
.ment of the market value of the Ionds
from 1S:.' o l.viO, shorting that their
iiveragi' market quotations in the
New York market was alout 07 cents.
He was latterly opposed to repudia
tion. T:u;oId subject of hell or future
ji)tn,.!shnu'nt is exciting great interest
n the l:rJf' cil'us. The discussion was
tarti-d by an English minister of
prominence, taking position against
vcila-ting jiH,i.d')iient. Henry
Ward i;ceeher, always i;yngry for
s'.iii'-sulji- t tliat will excite interest
;md p inion, took up the cry on this
:i V 'l'the AtlantU', htui went much
farther in his denunciation find re
iiuiniitt iiHi f the old-fashioned hi-il
f li is fathers, i'rominent clergymen
in the large cities have been inter
viewed, and have give.u ljjr views
u tiie siihj''-(, h majority w(iekig to
.some sort of Ii'-II, and mmiio believing
hi tli' oll-fashioiied hell. Dr. Me
I'c niii 8ili'i'i',,l l,v giving ft verso
Tr n;i M.iltlioV. the strongest ami full--et
and sh.rt'st Jl"-.cription of hell we
have seen. J r. Young1 gnve the next
l-st, thoroughly orthodox-; Jljshop
M-Tyeiie was also good, Jut not quite
x(i explicit a tin- first two. The hello!
Drs. Hargrove, UeiW-y, and others, is
more sifu-r the fashionable styU. Jlr.
Hovt, Piwbytcrian minister, decline!
U give Ills opinion. An old Georgia
nej;"o heard they wert talking of
alnilishing hell mm u religious crevd,
and lie ohj; ' ted seriously, paying that
it was as miici": as we could do to tfet
along now with Hit- Sherill' and hell,
and if the letter was iiiIilied you
' joidd do nothing with the nojrru
litf' wouM cause a ienitentiaiy to be
J.uiii It every county, and a jail in
vvciy p.V'ie mile.
H. V. Ki .mT7 i"J, the newsy, but
Hot alwavs reliabh' foirespondcnt of
the Cincinnati Cmii(iCi"r, writing
from Ka-t T iines-e-, sa.VM wiQ is a
strong feeling in favor of Key, Iti-ptili-li.
an Postmaster General, running for
Governor cf Tennessee, on the Mate
credit ticket. Key is a renegade or
fiie worst type. He said in his place
in the r-nate that Tildcn was elet-tt-i,
jind d. noiiii.ed the Republican party
for stealing the -U of louisiana and
Clorida. J I o said if Mr. JJaytvii took
his seat he would be a usurer and a
fraudulent Prceideut. Ju two months
afterward he accei-tcd u place in
Hayes' cabinet. And yet even if Key
runs for (iovcrnor, and the Democrats
run a r. pudiationist on a repudiation
platform, the former will be elected.
There an enough men in the Demo
er.itie party to defeat a repudiation 1st,
even if they have to take a Republi
can, or even a renegade. Jiod field
"Tiie trouble alwiut making Key n
candidate for Jovcrnor.is simply that
hcishithe Cabinet, and eoiild Hot
leave without embarrassment to the
President. This very diili.ulty is of
itself an answer to the oft-repeated
rumor that he is to resign shortly,
'within a fe.v weeks,' as the news
venders say. And the same difficulty
arises in connection with the proposi
tion to make him a candidate tor Gov
ernor. T U'couie a candidate he
would no doubt have to resign his jm.
niiioii in the Cabinet, and would not
this, as I h.ivo suggested, place the
J 'resident in an cmUurassing situa
tion? There would lie n place to till,
njd under the cireumstancce, a place
not easily filled. If a straight JtVpulw
licau wa put in, the try would as
cend to heaven, or as far in that direc
tion us a p.iti Jan's voice can reach,
that the Presi'U'lil had abandoned Ins
'Southern H'u y,' goi rid of JiJ South
ern representative and. put iji a
straight partisan. On tlu otlierhmvl,
JiOuUl lie utUini.t W W the plawj
with a Southern Democrat of the Key
ntrqe, where would he rind one? In
what Southern State ia there, a
Democrat, a Confederate, if you please,
of Key's prominence, who In bo unob
jectionable to the supporters of a Re
publican administration? In looking
over the political ehesn-lioard we are,
perhaps, justifiable in the following
conclusions, namely: That the State's
honor men will have a candidate for
Governor at the upproaening election:
that this candidate will lie supported
by the State's honor men without
sjHJcial regard to party; that the repu
diators of the Colyar and Savage
stripe, and in fact repudiators of all
stripes graded from 33 J cent on the
dollar down to nothing, will have and
support a candidate of their own love
ly creed; that there will be a call for
Key (anil a loud call) from the State's
honor men, and that he will have to
come to the conclusion in thw matter
before the frosts of autumn."
Hon. Montgomery Blair has thrown
a iHimbshell in the Maryland House of
Delegates, by introducing a memorial
to Congress, asking for an investiga
tion of Hayes' title to the office of
President. A. Ieb, a Republican,
moved to lay the memorial on the
table, which resulted: ayvn, 13; noes,
4o. It was then referred to the Com
mittee on Federal Relations, and will
doubtless finally pass. We quote an
extract from the memorial:
"That, in consequence of this de
cision, tne present incumbent of the
Presidential chair was seated In virtue
of returns, which were notoriously
false and fraudulent, ami ho, in effect,
admitted by Mr. Justice Strong, whose
vote seated him, also by the incum
bent himself, in disregarding those re
turns as respect State otticers, whose
titles to office were also based on them
and were in every respect identical
with his own."
A Question of Interest.
Whether Mr. Hayes will fall on the
side of the Democrats or on the side of
the anti-administration Republicans
is a question that grows in interest as
the time approaches when he must
decide. The Chicago 1'ribtme throws
a little light in the following:
In estimating the probabilities of a
rennanent breach between President
layen and the faction of politicians
w lio are seeking to drive him out of
the party, ttie fact must not be lost
sight of that, in leaning on the Dem
ocrats for support, President Hayes
would only bo following out the
cardinal principle of parliamentary
government as it prevails in all consti
tutional governments except our own.
It is the very essence of responsible
government, as understood every
where except in the United States,
that the iKlicy ani personnel of the
executive branch shall conform to the
majority sentiment ofthe parliament
or congress, U cause the latter directly
represents the people. It is known
that President Haves has a stroiiK' in
clination to this Republican theory of
government, lie is restrained now
by the traditions and customs of this
country and the ties of party, but it is
not likely that his conscience would
trouble him if ho were forced to
abandon party usages and traditions,
and yield of necessity to such an ac
quiescence as Marshal McMahon has
leen forced to make in France against
his will aud in spite of a majority on
his side in the senate. It is a question
for the implacable calml to determine
for themselves whether they are not
likely to push their warfare upon the
administration further than is wise or
safe, and produce results which, dis
astrous to themselves as partisan
spoilsmen, may be the beginning of
an lmjMirtant revolution in the Ameri
can political system.
Lamar an! 111.
EvaiihVil e Courier.
Messrs. Lamar and Hill should be
permitted to retire from public life at
the close of their respective sessions.
Roth admit that they do not represent
their constituencies on the money
question, and both, so far as that
question is concerned, are representa
tives of New England. I,ct Georgia
and Mississippi get ready to send rep
resentatives of Western and Southern
jioljcies to the Senate.
Victok E.MWXK!,. first King of
Italy,.dicd Wednesday. Ho was I Kirn
i n 1 S J. W h i 1 e hei r-a pj a re n t i l e foi ig h t
in the campaign against the Austrian,
which, terminating in the disastrous
battle of Novara, which calmed hjs
father, Charles AlU rt, King of Sar
dinia, to abdicate, lie U'came King
in 1S49 under the most unfavorable
circumstances, but he knew the value
of iioiie-if and able statesmen, and the
illustrious Cuvifiir vradually laid the
foundation of a career wl;!ch gave
Italy her present place among nations.
Iji 1K-31, Mided by France, Victor
Einauue jnflicted" disastrous defeat
upon the Austrian.' mol nij;!el Jiom
hardy to his domtnirmsi JJLii'wus pro
claimed King of Italy in lSid. Five
years i;Ut ! Me H"" of Prussia, his
'army was defeated at i'uniifY.n and his
fleet at Iiissa: lut iht) the success of
tljt )r'iijaps at Sadowa restored
Voiittin h Italy, tjip unification of
which Kingdom he flompkHed in 70'
by making R me his capital. Hi
rule was mild; lie was brave to a fault,
passionately fond of the chase, and
had a notorious penchant for the fair
Thk half-educated person v.h Is
trawling in Tennessee aud writing
to the Cleveland leader, sees much
that awtmi'shes him. He says: "I do
not In-lieve Uie?o U a n;nn on Cum
berland Mountain who would Hot
think It his dutv to partake, preachers
not ciroptffl, emet a preacher the
other day who said, on meeting us,
that he 'hoped we were tenqierance
men. I informed him. we were, but he
found out so, fur in a ilav or two we
met 1dm again at ono of hjsnicmber's
house, and when the member i.aseJ
rh 'moonshine' that noble servant of
the prtOi-' and God imhiled freely
and also gavfl to his son, a boy of lif
icen or sixteen; he then handed it to
Vjckpktt. Jfrrohli Some time
iluring the last wet'k of Ik'cemlier
there was received at the United
State Treasury, Washington City,
from Vicksburg, au ojd tin box which
had Iipcii buried in the ground a 11UJU
Imt of years by M)c owner, and lately
exhumed by him, containing $il,(KHi
111 the first issue of the Government
jmHMibaek Wild National bank notes.
The moiuy bad become so rusted by
contact with the bo and averted by
mildew as to lie in great i lunger of
dropping to pieces, and was conse
quently' forwarded to the United
States Treasury for redemption. The
exchange ;r ood money lias leen
Tit Kin: will le four ccliscs during
the present year two of the sun and
two of the moon, and, the tith of May,
a transit of Mercury over the sun's
disc. Only one of the eclipses will be
of any interest in this part ofthe
world a total echpse of the sun, July
t;h. visible to all Darts of North
iii.rien. The line of totality will
pi. ii iir.mirh Kumschatka. IJchrinir
Strajts. Alaska, Rritish America, Wes
tern Moiiidija, western vtyommg,
u'uiiom ( oior:ntn. i.MSMmir about one
decree southwest of Den ver City, and
aero Texas to tne uuu oi .ueiw,
Tup n.lS t r tiir. st. Txmls Glabc-
I)cm-rat is hardly needed in Knox-
ville: "Indies, do not convert your
parlors Into bar-rooms on New ear's
,a,i...t t voiir brother or
your husband coming home drunk,
don't contribute towaru seniiiisoiiit-
I....I.. I,r..tl.ur .ii- titixlmiwi home
t n n I , k i n i'H'i i'i . ... ...... .. .
druiik on that day." Knoxvillc Trift-
IjOI'isvii.i.k Courier-Journal: "A
Nnshvilh paper intimates that it is
none of Kentucky's business whether
Tennessoe repudiates her debt or not.
But it is s une of our business. Such
otleiufs are rank ami smell toheaven,
and tlocs Tennessee supjHise that Ken
tucky is going to he along-side of her
in such a smell without even so much
AS lnoldtofl her jiosc?"
GOLD AITS SILVES.
The Plain lor TJcltizg the Two UeUls for
Washington Special to tbe Philadelphia
The Hon. Alexander II. Stephens,
chairman of the House Committee on
Coinage Weights and Measures, has
necome a convert to the theory ad
vanced bj' a Mr. Hubbard that it is
possiblo to solve the gold and silver
question by tying the two metals to
gether in a metal dollar of two hun
dred and fifty-eight grains, to lie com
posed of two hundred and twenty-two
grains and a fraction ot a grain of sil
ver, twenty-five grains and a fraction
of a grain in copjier and nine grains
and a fraction of a grain In gold. The
gold value of such a dollar would lie
at the present figures a fraction over
ninety-four cents. Mr. Stephens has
written a letter to Dr. Dindermann,
the Director of the Mint, requesting
him to have dies prepared and some
specimens struck oft' of this goloid dol
hir. This request has been complied
with, and orders have lieen sent to the
Philadelphia Mint to have the dies
prepared at once. The few Represen
tatives who have liecome converted to
this theory, that it is possible and
practicable to unite gold and silver In
a metal dollar, are very enthusiastic
and confident that they have discov
ered a plan which will keep gold " and
silver in circulation. The advocates
of a single standard ridicule the pro
jf'Ct, and say it is absurd to even give
the matter serious thought. Senator
Wallace some weeks ago introduced a
bill in the Senate providing for the
coinage of this goloid dollar, and it
was referred to the Finance Commit
tee, but has never been reported upon.
Gelations of the Two Races.
The following excellent little article
on this subject is taken from the
Colored l'cojrfe'ft Jour iu it. It was
written by a colored teacher:
Kvery true friend of the South must
rejoice in the fact that the relations
lietween the two races are liecoming
more friendly and confidential. The
twelve years which have passed since
emancipation have afforded time for
reflection, and lioth parties are calmly
surveying the situation and studying
how to mutually co-operate for the
liest interest and welfare of all. lioth
can now see that here we have made
a mistake and there we have lost an
opportunity of promoting the best in
terests of our common country. But
the lessons of the past have prepared
us for more harmonious co-operation
in the future. The future prosperity
of the South must depend largely upon
the harmonious co-operation of the
two races. Our interests are identical,
ami whatever promotes or hinders the
advancement of one race must neces
sarily affect the other.
The whites seem disposed to meet us
on the half-way ground. They cheer
fully recognize us as equal citizens,
pay taxes to educate our children, sell
us their lands on easy terms, assist us
in erecting our churches and school
houses, and encourage us in many
other ways. Then, let us prove by
our conduct that we are worthy of the
confidence which they repose" in us.
Let us lie industrious, honest ami
economical. .Let us respect ourselves
and we will merit and receive the re
spect of others. Ixt us strive to ac
quire education ami wealth, the two
great elements of power, before whose
IKitent influence prejudice will soon
disappear. And, itliove all, let us
slum those degrading vices which are
dragging so many of our people down
to ruin. Wo cannot afford to be
drunkards, we cannot aflord to be
gamblers, we cannot afford to practice
debauchery. That some of the whites
practice these vices is no excuse for us
for we should imitate their virtues and
slum their vices.
S. H. Smotiieks.
A mass meeting was held at San An
tonio, Texas, Saturday night, at
which resolutions were passed setting
forth the grievances of the Texas lior
der people, and protesting against the
effort making at Washington to cre
ate the impression that there is no dis
position on the part of Mexicans to in
vade Texas wit h predatory intent. It
is plain to be seen that the Texaus are
to be charged with getting up sensa
tional stories aliout liorder troubles.
A number of officers w ho have had
personal experience with the raiders
are going to testify at Washington
and state the facts, which may coun
teract the injustice done the Texans.
If the Administration is afraid' to lie
manly with Mexico and demand lioth
protection for American citizens and a
cessation ot border raids, jt should, at
least, we that a sufficient numlior of
troop aro stationed along llie liio
Grande to protect Texas, Not a sin
gle outrage crpetrated by the revolu
itonary junta at the City of Mexico on
Americans has ever lieen apologize'.!
for, and no indemnity has been de
manded for raids since Diaz usuriied
Chicago Fhhl: "We are authorized
to slate that Nellie, the Field Trial
setter-bitch, which won the Mjpy and
Champion Strike at Hampton, and
devided third with Countess in the
Champion Stake in the Nashville
trials, will jits mauled ftgainstuny dog
ofanyagein Amej:ic4, or' the World'
for a trial on quails jfqr from $10Q to
S-MHji a miJu, Thjs wP pan assert js a
bona fide ohallengo, any qua whddng
to accopt it will be promptly met.
Cit Axm.KK's letter was written after
consultation with Gen. Butler, Conk
ling, f ryeand others, and it is the first
shoi in t war tduit will Jast, until Pres
ident Hayes is conqielled, either to sur
render to the Republicans or is driven
out of his party. A Cabinet officer re
marked Saturday that if the Radical
Republicans wanted tnpompe Pres
ident Hayes tofjeny h.is Iia"yt they
were taking the proper course to bring
Tenxestk Bonds are now down to
32 cents. They will probably rule at
about 30 cents until tho financhd at
mosphere (f the State is purified by a
good, sound I('nii.H;l-otlfi Cftuvpnljon
and the election of a reliable Legisla
ture. There can hardly lie any con
siderable transaction's in lionds at
present rates. Sjwculators on "mar
gins" mere gamblers have been
ruuuing the market sepri iio.
JnOK SiiKiisf an Paqe, e-fovern-or
Sherwood and K. A. Meigw, of Min
nesota, are in Tennessee In search of
information for a desirable location
for a settlement. They intend to take
Janre colony down Wlien a location
can be determined upon,
Nkw Youk JTr raid: The Tennes
see Legislature has come to the con
i.lusi;m that it can not aitord to ac
cept the 'fifty pel nei,t. compromise of
fered liv the bond-holders and resolved
to adjourn. The policy of repudia
tion is a very short sighted one.
Tin: Tennessee legislaturp passed
but fine bill durinsr its two extra ses
sions, and that was a bill providing
for the payment of the mileage and
per diem of its members, Thh is the
only debt which they did not try to
(repudiate. DaJUts (Texa) Commer
Afti'.k two extrat sessions the Ten
nessee legislature adjourned without
effect bur a settlement of the public
debt. This is considered a hard- blow
nr tho I)enMTatie parfy. But still it
is liclter than repudiation, Dallas
( Ttxax) Commercial.
The difference between the Iemo
crats and Republicans, so far as the
Administration is concerned, s very
plain. The Democrats think Hayes is
a good doal Is tfor man than they bad
any reason to beltevo hi would le,
while the Republicans know that he
is not half so bad as they Imped he
would prove. .S?. Louis Jiepttblican.
No on k w ith a thimbleful! of sense
will lielieve the statement of Chandler,
of New 1 laiupshire, that Southern
Senators and Representatives Uir
gained with Senator Sherman and
otiuT representative of Hayes, to aid
in the iuauiruratton of the latter, cer
tain conditions proposed by Southern
men and accepted fur Haye. -Mont
Eepufclicans Vast Face the ilxiaic.
The Sesolntica for a Sweeplcg Imrestlga
tioa to he Vlgorouslj Pressed.
Ben. Entler Freparitg to Unload that
Eatful of Bricks.
Washington, January 7, 1878.
When the house meets Thursday
the first business in order will lie
Wood's resolution for investigation.
The Republicans have been consider
ing ways aud means of defeating it,
but have not been able to agree upon
any definite plan. They will proba
bly make an effort to delay action by
filibustering, and it may liecome a
question of physical endurance for
two or three flays. Wood stated be
fore the recess that when the House
reassemble;! be would have tlA resolu
tion passed if it took flays and w eeks.
It will be remembered that the Re
publicans defeated action before by
withholding their votes and thus leav
ing the House without a quorum. As
the Democratic majority is very small,
it liehooves every Democrat to be pres
ent, as if tho Republicans are united
in action, they may still break a quo
rum. H a dozen Republicans could
make peace with as many Democrats
and stay away from the Jiali, and an
the Reiiublicans refrained from voting,
there would be an apparent Avant of
a ouorum. If the resolution is de
feated by olisentees, the absentees will
have the responsibility to shoulder.
The Republicans shrink from investi
gation, ami will take every advantage
to prevent it.
ONE OF BUTLER'S BRICKS.
The latest gossip here is that, upon
the reassembling of Congress, General
Butler will introduce the following
"Wiikkkas, serious and apparently
well authenticated charges ot corrup
tion have been made by a person who
oucht to know, by reason of his offi
cial connection w ith the Republican
National Executive Committee, as
well as in his capacity of an investi
gator sent by them to look into the
conduct of the counting of Electoral
votes in the South, it lieeomes the du
ty of Congress to enquire whether
any unjust or illegal measures have
been resorted to for the puriiose of
fraudulently presenting to it certifi
cates upon which its action was based
in deciding the election of President of
the L nited States."
Representative Springer, of Hlonois,
says he knows that General Butler
has such a resolution prepared. Gen
eral Banks, Ben'9 colleague, who is
.here, seems to have a strong belief
that Butler will introduce such a res
olution. From the tone of General
Banks' conversation, the inference is
very strong that he is also in favor of
such investigation, aithougn ne does
not say so in so many words. If the
resolution is passed of course Butler
would lie made Chairman of the Com
mittee, which w ill give him opportu-
i i 1 I . . l .j. 1 : i
nuy 10 uuioau luai utiuui oi ducks.
JV.VV DAVIS BOOK.
Literary circles have been much
surprised, as well as disapiKiinted, by
the fHrther postponement of publica
tion of Jellerson Davis' long-promised
and often-announced volume on the
late "war, which has for so long a time
lieen in the hands of the Appletons. It
has been surmised that this delay is,
perhaps, attributable to the continued
existence of .some who might be de
sirous of commenting on some por
tions of the work, and capable of so
floing in such manner as to largely
shake its character for accuracy. Mr.
Davis should do away with this im
pression by ordering the immediate
publication of his Uiok. it he wishes
any historic character to attach to it.
The Republican party owes it to it
self, to the country, to its honorable
record in the past, and to its hopes in
the future to stand by the national
credit. Indianapolis Journal.
The Republican leaders are prepar
ed to make peace w ith Hayes as soon
as the latter surrenders the sjsiils into
tueirhands. 1 lie war is over thespoils
nothing more. Detroit Free Press.
Ix our judgment the revival of the
income tax will destroy any party that
favors it, and tbe condition tif the
country neither calls for nor demands
sucn extreme measure. Lvieveianu
We believe all our Representatives
in Congress from TentieKsVo are m ta
voi' of the rem. unitization of silver,
and a very large majority are in favor
of a system of greenbacks, Knox
When the recom of 1877 is made
up it will be found that the failures
exceeded those of the previous j'ear,
and that the gloomy prospect is the
UrriLle l,ut nature! 'result r.f the Vul
policy of contraction. Atlanta Con
Hfituiion, The open letter addressed by "Wil
liam E. Chandler, of New Hampshire,
to the Republicans of that State is
such a frothy, unsubstantial production
that Jts effect would Ik? harmless even
if it had, a more important authorship.
New York Herald,
In the Senate air. Hayes can count
his friends on his fingers, and in the
House the showing is not much bet
ter, This does not prove that Mr.
Hayes is a bad man, or that he is nec
essarilj' wrong on the questions of
the day. Little Jlock Gazette.
It lieeame more patent every day
that the Congressmen and other pol
iticians who are engaged in the anti-
Chinese agitation are merely pandering
to the passions of the rutuanly hood
lums of the California cities. Pitts
burgh Commercial Gazette.
Is this unpleasantness a sign of the
activity of the vis vttae the principle
of life or it is theconvulsion by which
death is preceded? Are the leaders in
the Senate, in their folly, dissolving
their party, or in their madness des
troying themselves';! Toledo Rlade.
The Democrats stood by Johnson
as they did by Tyler; and the National
Democratic convention which nomina
ted. Horatio Sey more, inlSGS trj'ogised
the patriotisiu of Andr- .y .iohnsonis
administration. This iKilitical history
is alKjut to be reneatet in the fate of
R. B. Hayes. Memphis Appeal,
A vnomxEXT retail grocer house In
this city hungout a placard announcing
silver tor sale at two per cent discount.
This firm gives one hundred cents'
iicrtb of troods for ninety-eight cents'
worth of m.-iliev. Tii the natural r-nurso
of things all retailers Who do business
on a close Margin will have to increase
their prices to cover the discount on
the cuinbrous an' depreciated coin.
Coxgkessmex w ill make a mistake
if they spend time discussing abstract
ouestions of finance. These are worn
tWeaiJbare. It js action, that Is neoded,
not talk. This action, however, should
lie in the direction of a jiennanent
policy, Makeshifts would he of no
avail. What tho country wants is
policy to work to. . tme that will
be ojien to change when Congress
meets acrain. Jt is the absence of such
a policy that is now depressing business
fbreinix meu into uanKrnipicy ana
crushing enterpise. Cincinnati Ga
zette. Now the Democratic party is a dis.
dishonest and dishonorable, party, and
it has never lieen any thing else. Its
first utterence corresiHinding to the
birth-cry of a child -was a lie. It was
born with a lie in its mouth, and it has
never tittered an honest "yes or "no"
since. For thirty years it stood on the
rostrum preaching LiU-rty, and all
the while it had Liberty by the throat.
It preached Americanism and all the
while conferred with foreign capital
ists and did their bidding.
It filled the country with
bluster, the nation to the verge of quar
rel with a friendly power, and then
sneaked out of the pinch just as all
braggarts do. When it swore it would
die for the I'nion, it was harfioring a
conspiracy against the lrnion, and so
on, jramut of lies, of bluster and of
and of treason it has sounded false notes
all the days of its life. Philadelphia
orui iMuericuii. I
Wednesday, Jan. 9, 1S78.
Flour ruled quiet and steady, only a
light movement existing.
Wheat ia very good request, bnt off
erings are ligut.. Prices are firm and
There is a firm inquiry for corn, re
ceipts of which continue very small
and inadequate to the demand. A
firm feeling exists in prices.
The provision market ruled quiet,
with no quotable change in prices.
The country produce market was
generally dull . and easy. Eggs de
clined and closed very weak.
A fairly active trade existed in gro
ceries at firm and unchanged prices.
The following sales of wheat were
reported on 'Change: 3o0 bushels at
51.17J; 1,100 bushels at 1.20.
The market ruled quiet and steady.
The receipts reported to-day were
LIVE SI0CZ KAEZET.
St. Louis, Jan. 7. Hogs wcre easier
with only a nmderate demand; prices
tending downward; light $3.(iOoi3.7.V,
packing $3.804.05; butchers to extra
f4.00(a;.4.10; receipts 10,000 head.
Cattle in good demand at full
prices; prime to choice native shipping
steers $4.505.I2J; good to choicc$4.00
(ni.5(; fair to choice butcher steers
$3.00(i,4.50; cows and heifers $o.(K)
3.75; receipts head.
Chicago, Jan. 8. Hogs receipts 41,
000 head; shipments 2.400 head: fair
demand at lower rates; mixed packing
$4.K(n'4,15; light $4.tV'.4.10; Choice
snipping ?i.io(c,i.zn. Market closed
Cattle receipts 2,300 head; ship
ments 900 head; choice to extra ship
ping steers quiet and steady at S4.00
(o.45, closed dull; butchers were a
shade better; cows $2.254.00.
Cincinnati, Jan. 8. IJve hogs were
dull and drooping; cimimoD$3.5t!(i :i.0;
light $3.95fS4 10; packing $4.0otW.20;
butchers $4.25 4.30; receipts 11,880
head; shipments head.
St. Louis, Jan. 9. Hogs active and
a shade lower; light 3.50a3.70; packing
3.75a4!00; butchers to extra 4.00a4.12j;
teceipts 15,000 head.
Cattle buyers asking concessions;
demand fair for well fatted; prime to
choice native shipments steers 4.7oa
5.12; good to choice 4.d0a4.50; fair ao
choice butcher steers 3.90a4..0; cows
and heifers 3.00a3.75; receipts 1,300
Chicago, Jan. 9. Hogs receipts 43.
000 head; shipments 9,400 head; all
grades a shade lower; mixed packing
4.00a4.10; Iight4.00a4.10; choice heavy
Cattle receipts 3,400 head; ship
ments 600 head; shipping dull, weak
and a shade lower at 4.(Ha5.50; butch
ers were fairly active and unchanged;
steers 3.25a3.7j; cows 2.50a3.75.
Cincinnati, Jan. 9. Live hogs were
dull and lower; common 3.40a3.7o;
light 3.75a3-95; packing 3.90a4.05;
butchers 4.05a4.10; receipts 14,000
head; sliipments 780 head.
Liverpool, Jan. 8. Cotton, moder
ate inquiry; middling G 1; middling
Orleans K !M 6; sales 8,000 bales, in
cluding 1,000 balesfor export anil spec
ulation; American 0,150 bales.
New York, Jan. 8. Cotton was
quiet; middling 11 faU lc. Futures
closed firm and steady at the follow
ing quotations: January delivery 11.23
(".11.24c; February delivery H SIO?
1 1 .38c: March delivery 1 1 .51 W 1 .52c;
April delivery U.KV ll.fio; May de
livery 11,77(" 11.78; June delivery 11.88
( 11.89c; July delivery ll.95all.97c;
August delivery 12.ulal 2.03c.
New Orleans, Jan. 8. Cotton was
quiet; middling 10?c; sales 5,050 bales;
net receipts 9,831 bales; gross receipts
11,487 bales; exports coastwise 1,517
bales; ttock 340,250 bides.
Memphis, Jan. 8. Cotton was in
good demand; middliug lOjjc; sales
3,000 bales; receipts 710 bales; ship
ments 2,12! Iwdes; stock 2,4!0 bales.
St. Ixmis, Jan. 8. Cotton wasijuit;
iiiiiltjliiig l'(5c; low middling lojc;
sales ii'M bales; 1 receipts' IXH) bales;
shipments 13,000 bales; stock 3ii,W!
Mobile, Jan. 8. Cotton was easier;
liljddh'nif IOjcj ne.f. receipts 1,500 bales;
sales: ,oW "bales; exports coastwise
700 bales, 4
Charleston, Jan. fi. Cotton was
easier middling lojallge; net receipts
1,802 bals; sales 1,000 bales; 1orts
to r ranee. o,uuo oiue,
C!.... v v
! "tii i, Jan. 8. Cotton was quiet
., miiiuiiiifiiujcj net receipts
2,;i'J9 bales; grva receipts 2,039 bales;
sales 2,5Mi bales; exports coastwise 1,
81 0 bales. '
Galveston, Jan. 8; Cotton was eas
ier, uiKUUUirf loi; net receipts 841
bales; gross receipts 880 bales.
Cincinnati, Jan. 8. Cotton was dull
jyoiiisvme, Jan. . cotton was
quiet at logo.
Liverpool, Jan. 9. Cotton was dull;
middling 6Jd; middling Orleans 6 9-10:
sales 8,0( K) bales, including 1,000 bales
ior export and speculation; American
New York, Jan. 9. Cot Ion was
firm; middling lljallje. Futures
closed steady at the following quota
tions: January delivery 11. 2Sal 1.29c,
February delivery U.44al 1.45c; March
delivery 11. 58a 11. 59c; April delivery
n.72all.73c; May deli very 11.84all.85c;
June delivery 11.97all.9e; July de
livery 12.03al2.04c; . August delivery
EN9LISH SEAIN MAEEST.
Liverpool, Jan. 8.- The Mark Lane
Express, in its review of tho British
corn trade during the past week, says:
"Sustained by 'political apprehension
and strengthened by an increased con
sumptive demand the present position
of the wheat trade is strong, and in
spite of large arrivals of foreign wheat,
prices have been eteadjly maintained,
ripecujation is wanting, but a healthy
stimulus has been found in the supply
ing the legitimate requirement of
millers, who have purchased without
reserve at rather higher prices. Maize
remains about the same firm on epor
owing to the limited supply and easiet
oft etiast, under the pressure of nume-r
ous arrivals of cargoes at the ports of
call. The market has advanced a lit
tle for Snring con, und a blitfht im-
provenienr in" value demand is noted
The Mark Lane Krjyress crop re
turns for the year 1K77 snow tnai, ex
cept hay, all (be vroihitvl-'n niut.h
.:CV t!".e average. The wheat crop
has been most deficient of all, six of
409 returns representing It as over the
average, and no less than 309 describ
ing it as below. According to the ta
bles, it was even a worse cro;
mat onio, woj.cn r.Tuj the lnost de
ucieio .Gp previouy had for 15 years,
The liarley crop, too, was the smallest
grown within the same period,
Contrast the two sections, and if
peace, law and harmony are tests of
enlightenment, the South has lietter
claims to the term. The ex-Confeder
ates wjll hear comparison with any
oountry in point of advancement iu
all that makes a people happy and
prosperous. Since the late revolution
the South has developed free labor,
utilized it, andj against the influence
of combined Northern Republican in
fluence, made it efficient and reliable.
What the present party leaders,
the Coiiklings, Butlers, Blaiiies.Chan
dlers, and Edmunds, purjiose we
confess we do not know--al though we
have read carefully all they have re
cently said or written -lieyond keep
ing the offices for Republicans, and
aliowimr the Senators aud Represent
atives of the party to distribute them.
If anybody will examine what they
sav about the South he will find that
it cou-ists whi Uy of somewhat vituper
ative reminiscence, and contains no
trace of a policy whatever. The Na
tion. v 1
SAMUEL R. WATKIEJS,
No. 7 West Tlh Street,
Colum - Tennessee,
WlIOIJESALE AXD RETAtL DEALER Is
Tobacco and Cigars,
Grain and Grass Seeds, Flour of all kinds, Sugar, Salt, Pickles, Preserves,
Oysters, Soap, Mackerel, Butter and Cheese from the best Dairies,
Choice Syrup and Molasses, Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Canned Fruits
in Variety. Also, a complete assortment of Goods usually kept in a first
class Store. I also keep on hand a full stock of all kinds of Coal. Blaek
siniths will find it to their interest to buy of me. Coal and Goods deliver
ed any where in the corporate limit? free of charge. Give me a call.
January 11, 1878.-3m. SAMUEL II. WATKI5S,
Good Ordinal y ,
Corn, per bn
Wlitat, per bu .
Choice, Xew Orleans...
In barrels 1IW240
M.iokorel No 1
Ma'kertil, No. 3
While per lb
Rico per tt
Cheese per 11
Iloiiey per lt
ItHisiiis per n ,
Currants per lb ;.
Candiea per Iti
fcmrch per Iti
Brau per cwt
Miorts per cwt
Hominy per lb
Nails per m
Ctiestuuto per bu
'J'olet, per dozeu
Shaving, per dozeu....
Timothy and Ilerds Grasspr. ton 15002000
Flour and Moal
Java fnr-e per lb
1 jijiiKiyni pvr lb
K:o per lb
Itio roasted per tt
A. Coffee Mixr per 11.....
C. Yellow sugar per lb...
g.lirlglit N.O. p-r lb
Cut Ixmf per lb,
Crushed per lb
Granulaled per lb
S T A T V, M K N T
Bank of Columbia,
December 31, 1877.
Notes, Hills, Bonds, eu
cash atciii-- ou-i;;;;;;;;;;
92W0 7.Ti .S
f 50 000.00
C. P. CECIL, Cashier.
W. T. INORAM, President.
3. W. H. Ridley, J. It. Williams,
rt. W. Pitzpatrick, J.J. tiranberry,
W. A. Wilson, C. P. Cecil,
W. P. IngTa-n.
TS the District Court of the United States
X lorthe Middle District or xennes-ee, iu
tne matter of Witberspoon Sanders, J.
W. Wilnerspoon and H. B. Senders, are
hereby notified that there will a third i?en
nml niptingr tif the creditors of said bauk-
rupts, on the 17th day of January, 1878, at
12 M., at the ofllce ol Joun Lawrence, one ot
the regist' rs iu bankruptcy, in s il t Dis
trict, lit Nshvillo, Tenn. The object of the
meeting is to determine If any and what
dividend shall be declared under the pro
visions of t lie 27th section of the ba.11 erupt
act ol March 2, 18H7. W. J. DAL1&,
January, 11, 278. Assignee.
THE firm ol Watklus A Glfford is this clay
liv mutual consent, said C4if
ford bavins sold his Interest In said Arm to
Knmuel R. Wotkins. S. R. Watkins is alone
mwiwl to collect the debts due saia
Hm, Ui,.l he will Day all debrs due from
sald lfrm. SAM R. WATKIN8,
January 9. 1878. G W. OI KFORD.
I take this method of Informing my
friends that I have this day sold to Sain'l
d uutirint inv Interest in the house ol
Watkins A Oiflord, and I trust that they
.in .n,,iinii 11 nuironlze the house as lib
iiffiniiio future as they hav In he
January , 1878.
II.B.Titcomb vs. B. A. Rogers et aU
TY virtue of a decree of the Hon. Chance
I rv Court, at Columbia, Teunossee, reu
dered at the April term, 1877, in the above
styled cause, I will proceed to offer for sale,
at tbe court house door, in the town ol Co
lnmbla, Tenn., ou Monuay, iuo mu uay 01
L-,...r.,or,- ix7!i to the highest and best bid
der, at public outcry, tbe following describ
ed liousn and lot, siiuaueu auu ueiug iu
the town of Co'uuibla, Tenn., on the north
sideofMlxih Stre-t. (formerly Free Street.)
and one of the Dale Beginning at a
I styk- la "'Vaet, the south-west ooruer
" r t u.'riirht's lot: running
IV l titiVMrV Writtht's west lo-.ip,dary
nne Zy nve few- ?eet, to Vhe alley sen
,1 ih liilo IcW lrom Macedonia:
ntirhth'eVuth niantmof 84id
allv. say one nunuri -
J. Pale's.luiu; tue-
with said line,
.. .oo,,ir,l feet, to Sixth (formerly
Free) Street: thence east with said street.
sav one hundred and fifty, tolhe beginning
containing by estimation two acres, more
or less, with all tbe Improvements thereun
to belonging. Said house ami lot will un
sold on a credit or one aua two yearn, uu
frirmm Mia miiiIIv nf rtvlemntlon. which
right or equity is hereby cut off and forever
barred, x. i. f-r.x r.iv,
Jan. 11, 78. Clerk and Master,
$20 REWARD! $20
"TfE will pv the above rownrd for One
V Iron urvy Aisre Mule, 3 years old,
branded "V,"atid knees bruised from ship
nlnir. The urn n was lost or stolen from W.
U. Lipscomb's piisiuif. some H.ne In No
v-inner. HOWARD CARPENTER.
January 4 2.
J. W. Wlthervpoon and wife, et al., vs. tUI-
T amiparlnf from afHdavIt filed In this
pause that the fiefetiirhntH, Albert C. Kan-
lers. Harrv w. zanders ano rrannis u.
Sanders ate re.-idiits of the State of Texa
and non-residents of tile Stste of Teuneiwe:
It is thcreforo ordered tnai tney euiw ni-n
at'Iearanco herein tn-iore or wuoiri me
next tbre- davs of the next term of tne
Chancery Court, to lie held at Columbia, on
the first Monuay in April next, mm
lead, answer or demur 10 complainant r
in or ih same will Do takn for confessed
m to them, and set for healing expart, and
that a copy of I his order wlil be published
fot fn r consecutive weeks In the Herald
nd Mail. ,, .
REPORT OF CONDITION
FIRST NATIONAL BANE
At Columbia, In tbe State of Tennessee,
at the cloqe of hunt uetut.
Dec 28th, 1877.
Loan and discounts ,
U. 8. bonds to secure circulation...
Other stocks, bonds and mortgages
Due lrom approved reserve auem
Due from other National Banks.....
51 ',0 0.00
Due lrom (state Hanksaud banaers
ileal estate, furniture and fixtures
Current ex penses'and taxes paid..
Checks snd other cash items..
Bills of other banks.
Fractional currency (including
Specie (including gold Treasury
Redemption lund with U. H. Treas
urer (50-4) of circulation)
Due from IT. M. Treasurer, other
than 5 0-0 redemption fund
Capital stock paid in 9iOO.ooo.iX)
Kurplus fund 15,011)00
Undivided prolils S,074.ti!)
National Bank notes outstsudliii;.. 45.ooi.u0
Indivldualdepositssiil'jecl inchtek !o,7!io Sj
Demand cerlilicals of deposit. 1S.3U3
Due to other National Banks 520.04
Due to Ktute llniik and Bankets.... 104.45
Stale of Tennessee, County of Maury, ss.
I, Lucius Krterson, titsliler of the
above-named bank, do solemnly swear that
the above statement is true to the best of
my knowledge and Del I el.
Huhscribed and fWOrn to before Joe this
lOin day of January, I87N.
JOSEPH A. VALKEK.
correct Aiiesi :
J. M. T0WI.Ell.-i
'J . W. KKfc.sj.jt-, I Directors,
Jan. 20, 1877.
Nelson House !
Mays & Dodson,
Columbia. - - Tennessee.
RATES $2.00 VVAl DAY.
Wenlso have a Livery Ktabio connected
with the house, wii.h ue aud elegaut lurn
ouia, whicli will be lurulslied promptly by
applying lo ihe Proprlcloi-s. jaul 1-77-tf,
T. F. SEVIES, Principal.
5. B- EDMIST0X, Associate
T-,. A ..... Ar ...... , ...
o.'o """r' .1 will open in
K77 Tuition roZ Monday, Set, ,hd,
... . .Aiiueuit-ni. iuc!oiiihi
. :7 jerterm will be charged each 1
"'. A,i nillsdue at liio end ol each school
uiiintli. For pupils entitled lo benefit, ot
public fund, no charge will 00 made lu m-e
school suidies. For circulars containing
furtht-r lniormaiion, apply to
T. K. SEVIER, Principal,
or H. B. FHi ISA'ON , AsMiciate Principal,
THE next session of Miss Rebrcca Frit r,
sonsschool will c.immeueo jAJffARY
2, 178. l ermsoj I u It 'on lor I'o weeks as
10 lows: Etmlisb tuiiion from S7..") to S20.no;
Latin, Frencn, Drawing and Kiu broidery,
each, f 15.01; Music on Piano, S20.U); li.cideut
l Fee, 81.00. Jan4 liu.
rOETI IE IRS BEFORE THE PUBLIC.
DR. C. MLANE'S
for tub cons or
Hepatitis, or Liver Complaint,
STSrlPSIA AND SICIt HEADACHE.
Symptoms of a Diseased Liver.
PAIN in the right side, under the edge
of f.he ribs, increases on pressure ;
sometimes the pain is in the left side ;
the patient is rarely able tolie on the left
side ; sometimes the pain is felt under
the shoulder-blade, and it frequently
extends to the top of the shoulder, and
is sometimes mistaken for a rheuma
tism in the arm. The stomach is aff ect
ed with loss of appetite and sickness ;
the bowels in general are costive,
sometimes alternative with lax ; the
head is troubled with pain, accompan
ied with a dull, heavy sensation in the
back part. There is generally a con
siderable loss of memory, accompan
ied with a painful sensation of having
left undone 6omethingwhich oucht to
have been done. A slight, dry cough
is sometimes an attendant.The pa
tient complains of weariness and de
bility ; he is easily startled, his feet are
cold or burning, and hecomplainsof a
prickly sensation ofthe skin ; his spir
its are low ; and although he is satis
tied that exercise would be beneficial
to him, yet he can scarcely summon
up fortitude enough to try it. In fact
tie distrusts every remedy. Several ol
but cases have ocn - .--a
then - 1 red where few ot
.. existed, vet examination of the
body,after death, has shown theLiVER
to have been extensively deranged.
AGUE AND FEVER.'
Dr. C Mf Lane's Liveii Pills, in
cases of Ague and Fever, when
taken with Quinine, are productive of
the most happy results. No better
cathartic can be used, preparatory to,
or after taking Quinine. We would
advise all who are afflicted with this
disease to give them A fair trial.
For all Bilious derangements and as
asimple purgative theyareunequaled.
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. &
The genuine Dr. C. Mf Lane's
Liver Pills are never sugar coated.
Every box has a red wax seal on
the lid, with the impression Dr.
MLane's Liver Pills.
The genuineM? Lane's Liver Pills
bear the signatures of C. MVLane.
and Fleving Bros, on the wrappers.
Eyindst on your druggist or store
keeper giving you the genuine Dr. C.
Mi Lane's Liver Pills, prepared
oy Fleming Bros., Pittsburgh, Pa.
mbolu by an respectaDie amegisu
ind country storekeepers generally.
To those wishing to gWeDa.C.MCI.ANE's Lives
Pit lm trial, wc Will mud DOM taid toiinv nan n'
eh Uait4 State. one box of Pill fnrtwemv five
csau, f W!,VV lW4.ritUUurK, Pa.
Mil IIP Wi! M I
SPRIMG TRADE OF 1878 !
We have a Full Line
Vises, Bellows, Screw Flatcn,
xeH, Hand Saws, Hatchet.",
Bits, Grub Hoes and Mattock,
Traces, Collars, Back Bands, Hame Strings, Double Tree,
flow Lines, riow
r A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
Jau. 11, 1878.-3m.
South Main Street,
Tlip most snirb f nriioutu fiirniKliwI on
ratex. HpcciHl Httentlfin paid lo iioar.iliiK
omnikn-sj fioin our Hiabie, anil nil filern
Wos. 5, 7 and. 9 East Main St., Columbia, Tennessee.
(Hack 4 Moortj'a Old fcland,)
Will horp nlwuyfon linnd FIRST-CLASR HAMiI.K AND IIARXKKM HiiUki-k iu-,-GIKH,
'A Kit I A tiKiS AMI A KOI CU KS. fci.l, wewl )llfe , rVbuiSltl ' I " ''.,
rii.1 eoi.iiiiodloiiM roonm (or Morln vf-hiclun of all hliulH, anl lor Im.ri.IHii o,.y P.
cf.iMi.41oD with tl.l Hlnl-l.- tlifre are two large Hhe,lH loV t), SitlX Wt.
?,'L"ritT x"!,.,1l."-" .''" J' 1,,,u,ny L'iKlai .till IjoI.Ih the rii.H of th "t ,"aI Pki
liI.EO.MMIi;,-," and. Urnau-, with t hM bublu. : Ail caIIs lofl at e Uer Libto "
c-ive i roinpl Kil-ullou from Lucie lummy ni auiun m,ir.
Howard Carpenter, or lililie Moore, their Agent, c.n he lonn.l at all tlmea al. thl.
llU, InirlVhll.H nmikl i.tlf.t... . 1 1 1 ,"t'" III If Hl-
this Klablc al all hours itui lug the night.
...T . r: ; ... .. .1
I,,.. 1 1 1. 1 1 1
ANDEEWS, BAEKLEY & CO.,
'kKO. 7 SOUTH
H A R D
PLOWS. STRAW CUTTERS, CIDER MILLS,
iu;i:m:it and leather beeting, etc.,
WliC'it will lie sold ai cheap aHtlifcrlicn'icst.
of Seasonable Goods.
and Rasps, Hammers.
Augers, CLki-ln, Braces aud
Point, Guns and Pistol- Wagons.
GOODS, AND PRICES AL
BOTTOM. Public Square,
cS - Fccd Stable
tho (.liortwt mil !, nnil at tlir ni(t rrmwinnlilo
mih-k ami hlorlnn veiilrlt-H. We run a liim of
It-fi at the HoUil or KIhIiIu will rec-l ve prompt
& PEED STABLE,
mutit iurai, i k i. can 1. r.m
. . - - .
r i vii