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XLVTH CONGRESS-SECOND SESSION.
rWesteru Associated Presa Report!
HEX ATE. . . . . . W abhikgtor, Janaary 15.
A number of bills were introduced and referred,
Immi; them the following:
By Mr. Dorsev To authorize the payment of feed of
counsel for the defense off poor persons in Courts of the
By Mr. Ivis To promote immigration to uie i maa
fctikt mu( fikr-tiiM Tkt-it- i4 m of Imnotrrants.
Jiy Mr. Windiun For the restoration of wage a in
Government printing office.
Iy Mr. Sifneer To exteml.fTfacmtate and cheapen
land and water transportation for freights and piisscn
gers, jid to promote industry and labor, without ftir
t in approprtAtlou of public property or tooreoee of pub
lic debt. ,
Mr. Christiancy presented a resolution of the fetate
(ii-aiw o( MirUiMmi, in favor of the construction of a
Khip canal acrn the lower pouinsula of Michigan. Be-
' MiMorrill submitted an amendment to the preamble
of the resolution of Mr. Matthews in regard to the
rii'ht of the Oovomment to pay the bond in silver, re
cti in at length tho provisious of various acta of Con
gress, plcoging the faith of tho Ooveruiueut, itc, and
pui.l in the long recital of the act iu the pnwnide, aa
p.iihniittttl by the Seunbrr irom Ohio, then) sefuned to
be ti ranije omissions of Home of thu statutes; ho hoped
the Senator would accept thin aniendnieiit. Ordered
Hf submitted the following
"Kesolved. That the Secretary of the Treasury be
directed to inform the Senate, the amount f Govern
ment bonds sold since March 4, 1801. giving the
amounts of each issue, with it date, thiiH sol I, the net
amounts received from the mile of each issue- ami cur
imrv in w hid: tin same wai paid : and the commission
paid any syndicate, pel son or persons, for placing tho
a:min" the nmikcl or pui -cluudug tho same, tuul in
what cut reiiey tUoy were paid."
Mr. Mitchell submitted a resolution directing the Sec
ret aiy of the Interior to transmit to the Senate a copy
of the. report off Indian Inspector Watkins, recomnieiid
ii 1 1- the eafuhlishiug of a larire Indian reservation or ter
ritory for the use anil occupation of a portion or all the
reservation Indians now in various reservations iu tho
State of Oregon, and in the Ten itories of Waslungtou
and Idaho, tvether with Mich rireomineiidatioiiH as the
tsecittaiy of the interior may deem proper to make in
reference to such proposition. Agreed t.
The Vice I'n-Kideiit laid In-fore rhe senate a commmii
ration from the Secretary of War. transmit timr the pe
tition of ( olonels 1 4. t. fcaston and Stewart Van Vliet,
I,k ntt-iiaut t hnels A. K. Kdtlv, Hiifntt Snt, J. J.
Ifinha-m. A. J. Persy and H. i lltntes, for the restora
tion to their proper " placed on the army resistor.
Mr. Kelloe submitted a resolution directing he .Sec
retire of the Senate to pay John Jtay ami William L.
MeM'illen compensation and mileage of Senators for the
uiuoLpirefl term of V illiam Pi It' Kellogg iii the theFor-tv-Kecond
"Mr. Thurman called up the rewuntion mibmitted by
liim yeteMlay, iuHtructiiiff the tommittee ou Military
Atoms ioinfi'ufr whether auy. and it any, wtiat h -risl-tioii
is iieceKnary or expedient to inereaso the annual ap
piojHiatioii for arming ami equipping the militia of the
Sia'es and Territtritfsa t4 ciTespond with the inci-ease
In po',Tiiiatiori siuce the passu tre of tlie act of 1MH, and
also to settleceiiain war claims of the State of Ohio
against tho Government. After somo discussion an
ameid:!ient was agreed to. pni Miiiirtltat said commit
tee shall make tlie same tmjniry l-espectinir the war
claims and credits of other stales of the I'nion th.it
fiii-nisheii troops tu aid of tho Government during' the
late relM-likm; and as thus amended the resolution was
M r. M c( 'reerv presented a memorial to thtomnrit tee
from the Hoard of Trade, Imisviile, favoring reiiuciug
tii on manufactured tobacco. Hef erred.
Mr. liamiin. frtun tho C'ominit tee on Freirn Rela
tions, repotted favorably on iloiiw bill to anthori.e tue
Secretaiy of State toatfix the Great Seal of the United
teiatcs to a document entitled, Admiiiist:atioii of the
I luted States 4 .ovc mm tiit at the beining of its second
Cell ti: iv." Passed.
At the cxpiiation of the morning hour, the resolution
of Mr. Matt hews, in regard to the payment of bonds iu
silver, was taken up as unfinished business, and theu
laid aside informally, that Mr. Voorhees miht address
the Senate he resolution submitted by him before
the holiday ifTccluring it of the highest importance that
the ttnaucial credit of the Government bo maintained.
In order to do so. the Government itself, in ail its de
partments, should, iu good faith, keep all its contracts
. ami obligations entered into with its own citizeus.
Mr. Matthews, iu expressing his willingness to have
Ms resolution laid aside for the present, gave notice that
lie would ask the Senate to vote on it Monday next.
M r. Voorhees then addressed the Senate upon the res
olution submitted bv bim.
Mr- Vo4rJie s sutd thar the asitation of the qnewtion
of tinawe will never cease until the people are satisfied
the vast debt it in process of extinction upon tho priu
ctples of justice to tax-paying laltor, or until, on the
other hand, they are subjuVated into silent submission
and the Government itself becomes changed in spirit
and form into a moneyed ariMociacy. I-uuuciatioii is
now the principal weapon ned by those who are ranged
on the side of grasping wealth There is no epithet, how
ever base, that i not iu daily use against all who ven
ture to believe, as I do, that to a great extent the whole
titiancial system is an organized crime against the labor
ing, tax-paying men and women of the United States.
The great plea of tho present hour for the continuation
of wrong and injustice, in that wood faith requires it.
Those who hud monstrous evils embodied in tho laws
of their country, ami wish to eradicate it by peaceful
legislation, are at once and with the utmost fury as
fwiiilted. as the violators of the public faith, the ene
mies of the National honor and worse, if possible, than
common swindlers. This plea, so lond now in mrr ear.
haM been Invoked in beltalf of every wickedness that
e'er cui-sed the world. The iisuner invokes it to
pntfeot the throne he has stolen as msm an he is seated.
The tyraut invokes it to shelter hit prerogative, and the
nobility invoke it in order to live with ease aud splendor
ott the labor of others.
Mr. Voorhees reviewed the financial legislation
since lSo"2. ami said experience had shown the
lepal tender to bo the best money that was
t'Ver circulated. Every Government bond which
diil not on its face stipulate payment iu
coin, was made payable H'V t lie express words of the
law iu legol-teitder notes. This euactmeut guaranteed
to the American people the right to pay three-fourths
of the National debt in National currency. It was the
la a-of the contract. When all tho Five-twenty 1 studs,
amounting to over fifteen hundred millions, wer pur
chasrd from the tiovemment ly the bmidhtHders, ami
aid for in this currency at par when it wjis quoteil
nun forty to sixty per cent, below par in coin, every
one umfeisto4.il the law to be as I have stattNl it. At
the time of its passage, in fact, the great
struggle then was whether even the in
terest on the bonds I have mentioned
should be paid in coin. No one in the debate made the
Slightest pretense or intimation that the princijial of
the bonds was payable in coin. During the full tei m of
the seven eventful years that followed, there is not a
plat form of either political party in any S ta le iu the
Union which makes such an assertion.
Mr. Voorhees uibuhsl to Secretary Sherman's letter off
IH'S, favoring the payment of the lioiida in the same
kind of mouey as bought them, and his subsequent
action in procuring the passage of au act for the pay
ment of the bonds iu coin, which he
said was an own repudiation of tho solemn
contract, and fastened an extortion of not Icsh than hve
hundred million dollar on the atagerering industries of
tlie country as the speculative profits of the operation.
In the whole financial history of the civili.ed world no
Jiar-dlel can be found to this audacious deed of broken
aith. deliberate treachery to the people ami national
dishonesty. It stands out by itself, towering high
above all common frauds ami dwarfing thern in compar
ison to its own ast proMrtioiis. It will bear the names
off those who enacted it to distant generations amidst
the groans, curses and lamentations of those who toil
on liimlamlou sea: and more deeply engraven than any
other name will be forever found that of the Secretary
of the Treasury, sis the author of what he himself said
constituted The two fold crime of repudiation ami extor
tion. Mr. Voorhees in supistrt ot his jKtsitioii, quoted
the language of Senator Morton in 1HH1, as follows:
A (uiinbiTiatiou of s?Mk Jobbers as ilestituto cff con-wh-nce
as pirate, and inspired alone by gi-eed for
money, successfully thundered at these doors, and tiu
aliy dVceived t bis iovcrnineiit into the nmsP stupendous
net ot bad faith and legalized Tobbery ever practiced
Umn any in'ople since t hedawn of history.'
He next took up the Fundintr Act of 1H70, charging
that it was the offspring of ftie apprehension that the
work of repudiating the contract for the payment of tho
five-twenty IhmuIs might not be quite complete. Thus
it was provided to issue newieoin bonds in place of the
vi initial ones. Tint amount wived in interest is trifling
when compared witli the loss by the whole transaction.
Mr. Voorhees then argued that by the laws of March,
lHtiil. and July, 1 s70, t lie ImumIs out standi ng and after
wards to bo issued were payable iu eoiu not in gold
alone nor in silver alone, but in coin. He quoted Mr.
Sherman, m 1 Hos. as explicit ly favoring t his view. Mr.
Voorhees commented at some" hmirlh on the passage f
the Is wot February 12, 1H7;4, which, he said, doomed
the dollar of our fathers, and its emu'tineut was :w com
pletely unknow n to the ioplo and. indHd, to four
fifths of t'ongrcss Itself, as tho pros Mice of a burglar in
n house at midnight to Its sleeping lumatks. The silver
dollar was ehmitt-.ifod frtmi our mom-y a stein uuder
the rover of false pretenses.
Mr. Voorhees priK-N-dod to sliow that of the entire
trading ami commercial populations of the earth, more
than four times as many people have chosen silver as
have chosen gold, and more than five times
as many have chosen silver as have chos
en gold and silver together. The laboring
classes desire money to be plentiful, while those who
wisn to fasten their idle wealth ou the productions of
labor, clamor for scarce and dear money. It was in the
lnteivMt of the latter powerful class tliat silver was de
monetized. He referred to the act of January 14, 1S74.
for the resumption of specie payments, and said the
law of February, 1 taking away silver money
from tho people, and the law of January,
1S7", fixing the day. now less than a jear
in advance, when greenbacks shall also perish, are
twin monster of evil, born of the name parentage, and
linked together for the destruction of all money save
gold. He ividly portrayed the effect such legislation
would have upn business ami labor. He spoke of the
iuiHssibility ot resuming January 1, 171'. and attrib
uted the vast shr inkage in the value of property, ami
the universal distress, to the policy of contraction, and
said: "dining the four years when the volume of cur
rency averaged one thousand millions, the business
failures of ihe entire country reached only 2.1 07. less
In number than occurred in any three months of the
year just closed. During tho period which is now stig
matized as one of inflation, windows of business house
were not darkened, and business men did not go as
monmvi s about t he streets. The laborer did not go hme
w ithout bread to support his wife and children. The
helpless millions dUt not cower and tremble at the ap
proach off the winter, for lack of fOod and shelter.
Tlte iwiblic peace was not broken by riots in resistance
to staM stum wages. TheUooi-ts were not principally
occupied In enforcing collections. foreclosing mortgages,
ordering she nils' tuilea, or in punishing the destitute
rise speaker next turned his attention to tTio National
banks, and said the system of National banking nOw in
use is the most elaborate and complete scheme for
making the people- pay tribute to wealth in order to oh
tain a circulating medium, ever known in the financial
history ot the world. There Is not a dollar iu the hands
of the people on which they have not paid a tax fir the
privilege ot having it put in circulation by tho Govern
ment. The National bank is middle-man" Ik'Iwim ii tho
Government ami the people, and is enormously paid
for tloing what the Government ought tflreetly
todoitsrlf. On OctolM-r 1, 177. there were 2.0SO Na
tional b.ink.4. with resonrt es of $1,74 L.WKl.Ono, and on
those resources the interest raid by the people was
M,r. Voorhees said he represented those who demand
ed: First--The restoration of the silver dollar, exactly
as It stood before if was touched by the Act f Febrri
ttiy, JM7;t. Thev desire that it shall have unlimited
coinage, not fearing that it will become too plenty for
their wants, and that it be made a full lcal-tcnder. be
lieving that it is as good now, with which to pay all
debt, public and private, as it was during eigbty-orm
years of American history. Second The repeal, un
conditionally, of tho Act of January 14. 1875, compell
ing tho resumption of specie payments iu January,
179. holding that the quest ion of a ret uru to a sperm
basis lor our currency should be controlled
entirely by the business interests of the country.
They do not believe that the country should be
dragged through the depths off ruin, wretchedness and
degrada'ion. in onUr to reach a gold standard for the
benefit atone of the income classes. Third That I he
National bunking system be removed, and circulating
niedinra provided by the Government for the people,
without taxing them for the privilege of obtainiiuc H;
aiwt they ask that the amount thus placed Id circulation;
shall bear ixtuiiable and Judicious rrwporttou to the
busuteee traasactioua and population of the United
Matea. Fourth That the currency authorUedand cir
culated on the authority of the Government shall le
made legal tender in the payment of all debts, public
ami private, including all dues to the iovernmeut, welt
knowing that it will thou bo at par with gAd, or, more
likely, at a premium over it. Fifth That hereafter the
i financial policy f the country bo framed permanently
ni their interest, that they shall not bo discriminated
against in future legislation, as in the itast. and
tliat. their prosperity, and not the more growth of
income to retired capitaUoLs, slutU bo the primary duty
I u conclusion, Mr. Voorhees quoted from articles he
hail noticed in certain eastern newspapers, iu regard to
the righti of bondholders, tho duty of the laboring
elasKes.' and the policy that should be pursued by capi
talists to onunteract the ettw ts of anticipated legisla
tion m the silver question, and said:
"Sir, I have uo word of menace to utter on this floor:
hut iu behalf of every laborer ami every owner of soil
w hom I represent, 1 waruall such as alue their invest
ments, that when these (Utctriitea of despotism are
sought to bo enforced, this fair land will again be con
vulsed in agony, and the fires of Ulerty will blaze
forth again, as they did one hundred years ago. in de.
fense of the natural rights ot man. Applause In the
galleries. May the wisdom of, our fathers ami benigni
ty of i Kir G4m1 avert such mi issue; but it it shall come,
iff infatuation has seizod our hearts, the result will only
add one more iustauce to the long catalogue of humau
crime sjuI foil v. where avarice, like ainbiiioti ovot-lttiis
itself, and, in its unholy attempt to rob others of their
possessions, ioiea ua own." Lureat applause ui tue gal
HOUSE Washington. January 15.
The folio-wing bills were introduced and referred:
Hv Mr. Dnunell To declare the jurisdiction of tho
United Stares over the harbors and navigable waters of
the t niteu Mrnt-s.
Jty Mr. l-ilair For the reduction of postage.
Hy Mr. Kobbius A resolution directing llio Com mi t
toe on KiUc to inquire into the expediency of the rule
requiring the Record to print the votes taken by yeas
and nays' uuder four heads to-wit: Yeas, navs, paired,
and absent unpaired. Also, Into the expediency of the
rule forbiddiiif; pairing bv members.
Mr. Davis, of North Carolina, asked leave to introduce
and have reierred to the committee of the whole, a reso
lution reciting the unequal taxation imposed on the
Uiiiereni i-Mares uv tne inrernai r?ovenue iax.amt uuvct-
iug rhe Committeo tm Vayaud Means to inquire into
tio exju-uicitcy in uoo:iuiiig ikuu itx.
Mr. Covert objected.
Mr. Willis, of Kentucky, offered a resolution for the
appointment of a select committee, to ascertain whether
me treasury uepanmeur nas comptiei wan me act n
Congress requiring appointments in said Department to
be equally distributed among the several states and
Tern tones. Referred.
Mr. Franklin asked leave to offer a resolution declar
ing it to be the opinion of the Hotise that United
States notes shall be legal tender inpayment of the
duties on imports.
Mr. Frye objected.
M r. Covert ottered a resolution Instructing the Board
of Supervising inspectors of Steamboats to examine
info aud report upon the merits of tho various life-saving
Mr. springer awked leave to introduce and to put upon
its passage a bill to prevent the further contraction of
the currency. It provides that the volume of legal -tender
notes shall not be contracted or reduced below the
amoiMituf ;i5tKKMJ.tMM), au.l tliat any surplus ot such
notes received or reeeemed by :ho iTovernment which
may be in the Treasury in excess of the sums required
to meet the appnpriuti.ms maile by Congress shall be
used by the Secretary of t he Treasury in t ho purchase
of eoiu for the payment of th coin obligations,
Mr. Garfield objected to the jnvsent cimsideration and
it waa referred to tho Ranking aud Currency Commit
teo. Mr. Cox. of New York, from the Commute on
Foreign Atl'aiis. rtmHtcd back the bill siisjN-uding fir
ten years the further operation of Section 5,."i74 ot the
Revised Statutes, w hieh provides that when a citizen of
the United states shall discover a guano islaud he shall
not sell guano except to citizens of the United states.
The provisions have already been suspended for nve
Mr. Jones, of Ohio, from the Committee on Public
Kuihiings and Grounds, reported hack the resolution di
recting the Mih-committett of said committee to proceed
to the cities off Chicago, Froviih-nce, I'iltsburg, St.
Iouis, iiuisville, Detroit and Cleveland for thfr puristse
of asuertainiug the wants of the public service iu regard
to the public buildings in thos cities.
Mr. Stenger raised tho point of older that the resolu
tion, as it involved the expenditure, of public money,
must go to the committee of the whole.
The stteaker sustained tho point, and the resolution
was accordingly referred.
Mr. Keagan. Chairman of the Committee on Com
merce, reHHtei bso k the bill amending certain section
of the Revised Statutes concerning commerce aud the
navigation of strain vessels. Referred to the couimittee
of the whole, and made the special order for Tues
Th Hnse went into committee of the whole on
the state of the Union, Mr, Hooker in the chair, for gen
Mr. Price addressed the committee in advocacy of the
remonet wation of the silver dollar. Ho claimed it ao a
thing which did not admit of doubt that at the time
when silver was demonetized, the silver dollar of 41 '2
grains was more valuable thau tho gold didlar. He
argued that it was to the interest s! the United
States to make both gold and silver legal-tender
fr all debt, public aud private, particularly now when
this country was such a large producer of silver, aud he
attributed ilie great depreeiati4n of real estate in Ger
many to the demonetization of silver by tliat count ly.
He contradicted tne theory that the vast increase in t he
pHMlnctioo of silver in this country hail been ttie cause
of the fall in value of that metal, and allege I in denial
id that, India. Japan and China alone had taken in the
course cf trade during the last year 105,OiH,0Mfl off
silver, which was about $'J5,0H,OOO more than the en
tire silver product of the world. He criticised the ser
mons of Boecherand Fmfhingham. and in conclusion
said: "We are laboring to get back to tho dollar which
has been tried iu every comtitiou aud umler
every variety of ciicumstauce in this coun
try, and lias not been fmind wanting. We are
directing our footsteps iu the pathway lighted by expe
rience. We are not pioneers we are only, seeking for
old oaths made luminous by footprint of 'the fathers
of tne Republic. They beckon us onward they say to
us: This is the way walk ye in it, He who has been a
watchful student of history can not mistake his way.
li we be attentive listeners, we may hear from every
parsing breeze that is watted to us from the marts of
commerce, from the fields of husbandmen, from the
hum of the Loom, and from the ring of the anvil, words
of encouragement to pursue steadily tlie aiiveiy pat h
way that shall conduct our Nation to a goal of financial
The committee rose, and the House then adjourned.
SENATE Washington, D. C, January 16.
At half past 12 a vote was taken on the pemling ques
tion to refer the resolution of Mr. Matthew s, iu regard
to paving the bonds in silver, to the Committee on tho ,
judiciary, and it was rejected yeas 19, nay 31.
The vote iu detail was as follows:
i on k ling.
Kd in uiids, Morrill,
Hamlin, Paddock, I
Hoar. Jiollimv I
Kernan, Sargent, I
Md'heraon, W'adkitfb19. ;
Cameron (of Pa.), Howe,
Cameron (of Wia.) Johnson,
( 'on over,
Davis (of IU.),
After some discussion, further consideration of Mr.
Matthews resolution was by unanimous consent, Mst
poned until Friday next at 1 o'clock, to-day being as
Mgned for eulogies'upon the late Senator Rogy. and to
morrow for eulogies upon the late Senator Morton.
At the expiration of tho morning hour, business was
suspemb-d, aud Mr. CtK'krell formally announced the
death of the late Senator Rogy. of Missouri, and eulo
gies were made by a number of "Senators.
Tho speakers were Messrs. Cock roll, Maxey, CTiris
tiancy, Johnston. Kernan, Merrimon, Sargent and Arm
strong. The Senate then adjourned as a mark of respect
to the memory of Senator Rogy.
HOUSE Washixoton, Jan nary 16.
Mr. "Lynde presented a communication from Klizabeth
Thompson, of New York, tendering as a gift to the Gov
eminent Carpenter's painting of the first rending of the
Kmancipaf ion Proclamation by President Lincoln and
Mr. Garfield offered a resolution accenting the gift
and tendering the thanks of Congress therefor, and di
recting the Committee on library to make arrangements
for the formal reception of tho present TuestLiy. Feb
ruary l'J. Adopted.
Mr. Pea, from the Committee on Commerce, reported
back the bill authorizing the Construction of a bridge
over the Missouri River at or near Glasgow, Mo.
In replv to a question bv Mr. Sayler. Mr. Rea stated
tliat the hill complied with the general law in relation to
bridging Western rivers.
M r. Garfield ottered an amendment, providing that
nothing iu the bill shall be construe I as modifying the
law now existing in regard the navigation ut rivers.
Adopted, and the bill passed.
Mr. Knott, from the Judiciary Committee, reported
the bill giving Kentucky concurrent jurisdiction with
the United states Courts on Government grounds near
After explanation by Mr. Pnrham. the bill passed.
M r. Conger, from the same committee, reported a bill I
to provide for stamping unstamped diKuimenta. Passed. I
It authorizes the holders of unstamped documents to
affix the necessary stamps in the presence of a Judge or
i irrtt or i ourt oi record, wno snail mane ceniucaie to
Mr. Frve. from the same committee, reported a bill
to make persons charged with crimes and offenses coin
net en i witnesses iu United States Courts.
Tho morning lionr having expired, the hill went over
without action, ami me ftnuse went mio rouimiuee oi
the whole on the state of the Union, Mr. ialen in the
Tho hill appropriating $40,000 for the removal of
snags a no. oi ner ousirnci ions irom me m isisipi'i. i
sin ui and Arkansas Rivers, and appropriating $),lHHMo
opeu the navigation off Red River above Shreveport,
was takeu up and passed.
The committee rose, and Its action was affirmed by the
A message from the Senate, communicating the pro
ceedings of that ImhI.v in regard to the death of Senator
Rogv, was laid before the House, and was then pout
poned till Weduesday next.
SEXATE-.-.LAsnixoTOif, January 17.
Rills were Introduced ami riffi'rred, as follows:
Rv Mr. Howe To punish forcible obstruction to inter
state commerce by railways.. Referred to the Commit
tee on the Judiciary.
Jiv Mr. Ferry Providing for the classification of mail
matter ami rates of postage thereon. Referred to the
Committee on Post-omccs.
Mr. Hamlin called up the Joint resolution appointing
President Noah Porter, off Vale College, a memler of
the Roard of Regents of the Smithsoniau Institute triVa
James R. Dana, resigned. Agreed to.
Mr. Wadleigh said the family of the late Senator
Morton found among his papers his views as a member
of the Special Commission in regard to Chinese imnii
c nit ion, and the Senate having given the late Senator
U u e to present his views in w riting. when the majority
rqsrt was submitted on the 27th of February, 1S77.
He fWadleighi now presented such views, and moved
that thev be printed. Ho ordered.
A fter the morning business had been disposed of, Mr.
MclXmald submitted resolutions of respect to the mem
ory ut the late Senator Morton, and made suitable re
marks upon the liie and character of tin deceased.
Nowhere, he said, would his loss le. felt so severely as
among his friends and followers in his native state. Ho
spoke of the warmth aud strength of the affections of the
dead Senator, ami if he had faults, let them be buried
with hitu. i-ct his friend and associates remember and ,
cherish only those kindly feelings and sentiments which
his higher and bettor qualities inspired.
Mr. Thurman spoke of the late Senator as the man,
ot as ttie politician, holding that in auy sphere of life
ho would have been a remarkable man. He waa not a
scholar, but his siooche were distinguished for earnest
uesa. In social uitcrcourse he waa univeraally courte
ous and amiable.
Mr. Coukling spokeof the practice of ancient times,
when thtme nearest the dead sjoke at their fnnerals and
extolled the virtues of the loved ones, and referring to
the certainty of death, said the dark valley,
with its weird and solemn shadows, although
illumined by Christianity, is still the ground which man
ahudders to approach. He then referred to the service
of the late Senator, and the usage in the Seuate of pay.
ing a tribute to those of its members who have gone
before. When a Senator, worn ont with la
bors which observed no honrs, crowned with
honors well earned and duties well
done, beckoned by the shadowy hand, retreated from
tho din of life, and the gates hail been closed lehiud
him forever, it was decorous that those who were so
soon to follow should pause and testify to the public
esteem in w hich they held hira, and tne approbation
which tlK'y knew lie deserved.
He rose only to add his tribute off admiration
for the sort Sees aud genius ot the reiuarkuble
man whose death was mourned to-day. As a party
leu tier, ho w as ton great for any State or any party to
readily supply his place. As a vigilant reyireseuUMive,
he had uo superior iu either house rrf"viTTVTis. Crip
pled by bodily infirmity, his mind never faltered or
natrged. No liitor discouraged him ; no contingency ap
palled him ; no disadvantage dismayed him; no defeat
disheartened him. Those who encountered him in de
bate would never forget his abiiitv. his courage, ami,
above all, his indomuable heart, ito would go down to
a far hereafter not as one win embellished his name
by a scholastic and studied use of wort's, but rather ad
one who. day by day, ou the journey of life, met realities
ami affairs, and grappled them with a grasp reso
lute and quick. lie needed no epitaph but
his name, and though brass might
corrode and marble mould, men would still remember
Oliver P. Morton as a leading and mauful defender of
tho Republic in tho Republic's most dire and henue age.
Mr. Morgan said that upon nu occasion like this, when
a Nation was paying its respect to the dead Senator, it
was not fitting that ihe section winch he represented
should be silent. Alabama laid upon the tomb of the
late Senator a bough of her evergreen magnolia,
crowned with the white emblem of peace, aud with it
extcuded to Indiana her heartfelt sympathy. He then
SMke of the prominent Units of Mr.' Morton's character,
ami said that, though his nature was intensely combat
ive, his ear was ever ready to listen to the bugles of a
truce. He was no conspirator. His nature was alwve
that mean level. He was au open, bold and defiant an
tagonist. His opponents always knew where to find
him. He lived during the most corrupt era of our his
toiy and ha I every opportunity to grow rich by stealth,
but he escaped every suspirioii of dishonesty, lie was
an honest man.
Mr. Rruce alluded to the attachment tho colored poo
pie had tor the dead Senator, and said, perhaps no pub
lic man. except Abraham Lincoln and Charles Sunnier,
w as lH-tter kuowu to the colored people, ami more loved
Messrs. Kdmunds, Rnrnside, Booth. Anthony, Wad
leigh and Pudihtek having spoken, Mr. Voorhees con
cluded the eulogies.
He said senator Morton and himself became
p4 ;soiial as well as political friends in
early life, and although in after years their
political opinions were as widely separated as the poles,
their personal friendship remained mi broken. He spoke
off the life of the late senator as one worthy of imita
tion, having become a great man by his own efhirts. if
he ex mid not be President himself, he did much, to put
others iu that office, and to Ojctate their policies.
The Seuate theu as a further mark of respect to tho
meiuury of the deceased, adjourned.
HOUSE Washington, January 17.
Rills were Introduced and referred, as follows:
Ry Mr. Davis, of California To restrict Chinese im
migration. By. Mr. Knnpn Extending the operations of the
Light-house Hoard over the Illinois River.
Ry Mr. Klam For the IretTer organization of the
United States District Court- of Louisiana; also, to au
thorize 1 he construction of railroad bridges near Shrevo
port and Ouachita.
Mr. Petldio asked leave to offer a resolution reciting
the insecurity of savings institutions, ami the dim m
ishod confidence in them, and authorizing tho Secretary
of the Treasury to appoint Postmasters iu towirs of
5,kmi population and upwards agents for the sale of
United states bonds in the denominations f H or less.
Mr. Wmh1 remarked that tiiat subject was already be
fore tin) Committee of Wavs aud Means.
Mr. Waddell said that it wasulso before tho PoHtoffloe
Committee, aud be moved tliat the resolution be referred
to tliat committee.
Mr. Wood objected to the offering of the resolution.
Mr. Hewitt reported a bill grrntinjr pensions to sur
viving officers, soldiers :nd sail vs. or their widows, off
the Mexican, Creek, Florida and Black hawk Wan.
Oi tiered printed.
Mr. Watson introduced a bill to extend the provisions
of the laws relating to soldiers and sailors of the war of
The House then took up the business of the morning
Hon r tile bill reported yesterday by Mr. Frye to make
jM-rsons charged with crimes and offences competent
witnesses in t. nited states Courts. Amendment were
adopted extending the art to Territorial Courts, Courts-
martial, ami Courts of Inquiry, and inserting the words
"and his failure to make such a request shall not create
any presumption against him." The bill waa parsed.
It is in these words: "In the trial of all indictment,
informations, complaints, and other proceedings, against
persons charged with the commission of crimes and
offenses ami misdemeanors in the United States Courts,
the Territorial Courts. Courts-martial, and Courta
Inquiry in any State or Territory, including the. district
of Columbia, the persons so clmrged shall, at their own
renueHt. but not otherwise, be coniiieteiit witnesses.
and hU failure to make such request shall not create
anv presumption against mm."
Mr. Banning reported a bdl directing the Secretary of
War to pay to officer aud stddiers engaged in the war
with Mexico the three month extra pay already pro
vided for by act of Congress. Parsed.
Mr. Cox reported bark a Joint, resolution extending
fhaiiKs to Henry m . Stanley, African explorer, ior solv
ing the most important gvographical problem of theagtf,
which was uuaidmouslv passed.
Mr. O'Neill presented a resolution of the Union
League, off Philadelphia, against all legislation prows.
ing the repayment of certain 5 per cent.. 4 la ier cent.
and 4 per cent, bonds, which were disposed off .by the
Secretary' of the Treasury at par for gold cdu, in silver
coin of less value than gold.
Mr. Bright oriered a resolution directing the Secretary
of Die Treasury to inform t 1h House of the amount of
interest paid bV the tioveruruent to the National banks
ou Ismtls held as securities for issues of currency to
The House then went into committee off the whole.
Mr. Reels iu the chair, on the state of the Union, am
was addressed by Mr. Rlair, of New Hampshire, on the
financial o ties t ion.
9 At the conclusion of Mr. Blair's speech, the Speaker
taut oriole tne Mouse tue message irom ine 4'iiaie com
mimical inir il resolution ou the death of tho late Sen
at or Morton, and Mr. Hanna gave notice that he would
rail iiiem up to-morrow.
SENATE WAMtrxGTOT, Jamtsrry 19,
Bills were introduced and referred as follows:
By Mr. Win te To re in -ill Section l.yi7of the Revised
Statutes, fixing the standard lor vinegar. Referred to
the Committee on Finance.
The Vice President laid before the senate a communi
cation from the Secretary ot War. inclosing a report
of Major (i. WeitzeL Corps of Kugiueera. relative to the
mauageweut or tue iouisvuie auu 1'uruanu tjainu. ve
Petitions were presented from Ohio, Pennsylvania and
Delaware against anv reiuciionoi uunes or lmporrs,
ami remonstrating against the restoration of duty on
tea ami ceffoe. Rfermi.
Mr. Wnlhwe presented a petition or the officers or the
jsaijoiiai iiatiKsoi uncy, I'enn., in lavor oi remoneu
zation of silver. Referred.
The ice President lanl lefore the Senate a communi
cation from the Attorney General, giving the uunil.r f
civil proserutituiH m the I niteo states ( ouits in ?MtutU
Carolina for ffenses against civil rights. Referred.
Mr. Terr v presented a memorhil fiim the Michigan
State Orange in favor off the construction of a ship canal
across the lower peninsula in that stale, itererreo
Mr. cninorou, ot Wisconsin, presemeu a resoirmnn
of the Wisconsin ikgiiatuie iu favor of the improve
ment of the St. Croix River. Referred.
Mr. Christiancy, from Committee on Judiciary, re-
portel adversely on uie senate mil t enlarge rue
jurisdiction of the Court of Claims, and it ras imleh
bv Mr. oortiees ny requesr. reviving ana comma
Ing the Court of Commissioners of the Alabama Claims.
and for the distribution of the unappropriated mouet's
oi the Oeneva AwaiiL Bvfvrred to the Committee ou
tlte J udiciarv.
Air. coitkiiug preseniea several pcriTwms oi ineciii-
zeusof Alliany. N. Y., remonstrating against- the pas
sage of the Rland Silver Bill. Iaid on the table, the
bill having been rejMirtcd to the Senate. In presenting
the memorials, ne sam tney were signen nv men retire
seutiug not only money and property, but ; enterprise
also, and they expressett the opinion that, the passage ot
the bill would tie prejudicial to the honor ami credit of
the tiovei nuieiit. He also presented the memorial of
the Albany Board of Trade agaiust the passage of tliat
bill. Jamon me lauie.
At the expiration of the morning hour the Senate
stimed consideration of the unfinished Inisiness, being
the resolution off Mr. Matthew s, declaring the right of
the iTOvemmciit to pay the interest ami principal ot the
bonds in silver, and Mr. Meiriinon spoke in favor the ro
Mr. Merrimonfsaid the subject waa worthy the most
serious consideration, and trusted that a free and frank
expression of views would lead the Senate to a wise
and wholesome conclusion. He would never consent
that the honor and gtssl faith of the Government should
Ik Impaired lu the slightest degree. The naked ques
tion before the Senate waa whether the Government
could lawfully pay its creditors in silver of the standard
of value off Jufv 14, 170. He reviewed the financial
legislation since t&2, and quoted from various arts to
show that all IhuuIs issue?! were payable in legal-tender
coin of the United States. When these acts were passed
there were but two species of coin established by law,
gold and silver, aud as the contract stood between the
Government and its creditors, the Government could
pay its creditors in both, or either. The law at the time
provided for the coinage ot the silver dollar as well as
the gold dollar, and liad it tieen Intended to exclude
tho silver dollar when the bonds were issued, why
was not a provision inserted for that purpose!
That the Government had a right to pay its bonds in sil
ver was clear. He could not see how any such action
could tie looked upon as repudiation. He spoke of the
business prostration ami suffering throughout the coun
try, and argued that it was the effect of unwise legis
lation. The financial legislation since the war luul lieen
calculated to enhance the value of the bout la of the Gov
ernment in the hands of it creditors. The volume of
puier currency in circulation had ben regulated by the
Government, ami not by the requirements of business,
since the panic off 1873 nothing had flourished save the
Mr. Maxey renewed his argument againfft the de
monetization of silver, and said that the Constitution
ltmdf recognized the double siamlard. He argue 1 that
the act demonetizing silver was not understood when
passed. He quoted from the KiHHtchen trf Secretary Sher
man in the Senate, to the effect that Congress- had the
right to restore the silver dollar whenever it might
think proper, aud in his (Maxey'sl opinion the time had
now come when it should bv restored to the' coinage of
the country. He w tin hi vote for the pending resolution
cheerfully, ttceause he believed the welfare off the peo
ple imperatively demanded it.
Pending the" discussion the Vice President laid be
fore the Senate the message from the President inclos
ing the report from the Attorney General in answer
to the resolution of Mr Chaffee, calling uimu tho President-
to infoim the Senate w hat legal impediments, iff
any. exist which prevent him from executing the laws
in accordance with the onngations accepted ami agree
ments ntadu by the I'niou l'aic Railijd Company and
its branches with the Coiled states. Tho Atbwney
General states that he has heard tlie argument by the
parties Interested, and tliat the sublret has been dis
cussed jn an amicable suit in tlie United States Circuit
Court for Nebraska, ami is now awaiting decision. He
says: l do not find any specific aut hority vested in
the President which enables him. in his Kxecntive ca
pacity, to oblige tho Union Pacific Railroad Company
to desist from an unlaw ful use. of its road, if such ex
ists; nor is he empowered to ascertain whether
the law is being violated. The railroad acts contemplate
that these questions are for the Courts to determine;
whether additional legislation should he had so that
remedies other than Judicial can be applied in such
cases, t a qnrstxui for Congress to determine. Should
tegai proceettingH in behalf off Uie public seem necessary
in order to determine the question involved, it seems
desirable that legislation be had which would prer.lmte
all questions a to the power of the Attorney General to
nroceed in the premises. Meanwhile, the civil suit re
ferred to will be decided before- auy such proceedings
could be put fn motion. Until the rights of these com
panies are Judicially ascertained it is not advisable to
nave them defined through any criminal proceedings
nnder tlie act off June 20, 1874. The communication
and report were referred.
A meseage was also reeeived from the President, In
closing extracts from the annual rejsirt of the General
of the Army, and couiniunicatioiia from the Commissary
and Quartermaster Generals, in n-gaid to the cause and
cost of the waa: with tho Nez Perce s. Referred.
After an executive session the Senate adjourned till
HOl'fE Washingtox, January 18.
Mr. Durham reported the Military Academy Appro-
Sriation Bill, The bill appropriates $272,15. Made
re sjtecial order for Tuesday next.
Mr. singleton mrrodured a bill exteT"- jnris
diction of the Southern Claiius c- ..ossion. Referred.
Mr. Springer, from th .-.ion Committee, presented
a majority re" ru of that committee iu segard to the
cont " ' election case for the Fourth Listrictot Cali
fornia. The report declared the DenaKratie contestant,
Peter D. Wigginton, entitled to the seat.
Mr. Hiscock, from the same committee, submitted the
minority report, declaring the contested. Romiialdo
Pacheen. entitled to the seat. Printed ami recommitted.
Mr. Mills, of Texas, iiitrtHluccd a bill donating lands
to the several States and Territories which may provide
colleges for the education of females. Referred.
Mr. Freeman presented a remonstrance of the Union
League of Philadelphia against the pa ment ot United
States bonds in other than gold coin. Referred.
The Speaker proceeded to rail the commit tees for re
ports d a private nature, under which call a number of
private bills were referied to the committee of the
The House went into committee of tho whole. .Mr.
Caldwell, of Tennessee, in the chair, on the private cal
endar. The first bill on the calendar w as one for the relief of
W. H. Newman for property destroyed during the war,
at Alexandria, Ya.
Mr. Jones, of Ohio, said he opposed all that class of
claims, and sent up to the Clerk's dsk and had read
lettered Samuel J. Tihten during the campaign. In
which he declared his opposition to all such claims, and
stated if he should he elected ho would deem it his duty
to veto auy bills for payment for losses incurred during
the war. This was :jio" first time tho couimittee of tho
Honse had oftened the ohu to that large class of claims.
Mr. Springer said Mr. Tildcu referred to claims aris
ing from acts caused bv the war. while the cast in
question hud nothing to do with the operations of the
Without action on the bill the committee rose, and
Mr. Hanna railed np the Senate resolutions in regard to
tho death of Senator O. P. Morton, and eulogies on the
lite and public service of the dead Senator were pro
iiouiioed by Messrs. Hanna. Browne. Hunter. Calkins.
Wilson, Hardeniiergh, Garfield, Imnuell, Williams, of
Wis., and Hazelton. They occupied three hours in de
livery. The resolutions were adopted, aud the 11 u use
adjourned till Monday.
SET? ATE WashiXOTOV, January 21.
Mr. Conkling presented a large number of petitions
from citizens ot Vlster. LivingsUui. Orange and other
counties of New York, iu favor of the reiuoueti.ation of
silver, laid on the table, the bill having been reported
tu the Seuate.
Mr. P.enii submitted a concurrent resolution declaring
that, it is unnecessary and inexpedient to iuiMiso the
Maxen at this time asked for by the Secretary of tho
Treasury to provide thirty-seven utilliou dollars for a
sinking fund, ami directing the Secretary not to pur
chase anv more bonds for the liquidation of the public
th bt until directed to do so by Congress. Laid over lor
the present, ant! ordered that "it be printed.
The Vice President laid liefer the Senate a communi
cation from the Secretary ot War, iu regard to the pu
liraf ion of the history of the late war, ami suggesting
that a committee in- appointed to examine the work al
ready doue, and arrange for the form of publication, ticc
Also, a communication from the Secretary of War,
transmitting, iu answer to the Senate resolution of Uie
Hhh inst.. a reistrt of Major Suler s corps of engineers.
upon their survey of Uie Mitutouri River, at Omaha. Re-
Mr. Ferrr presented a resoluion from-tho Michigan
State Grange renuMistrariug against the passage of any
bill reducing the duties ou foreign wmus aim in iavor
of the passirre of a. law for the protection of purchasers
of patent articles, itcicrrvu.
Mr. Cameron, of Wisconsin, "presented Tne resolution
off the Wisconsin Legislat are asking an appropriation
to complete the Studgeoa Bay and Lake Michigan Ship
Mr. Beck presented a pctiUmi of citizens of Kentucky
ior a rv'.iiir tiou oi i inc on umpw w
Bills were introduced and referred to appropriate
fiinri1 tfs km follows:
By Mr. McDonaldTo establish a mint for the coin-
iige of gold and silver at Indianapolis Ind.. and appro
priating certain grounds fir the saute, and also money
ior Uie purruase oi uv ikxwijuj mwniinj,
Rv Mr. Cameron Authorizing the coinage of a stand
ard silver dollar, ami providing that gold and silver
Uiimlv tmI not otherwise shall be a legal-tender.
By Mr. Kustis 'reauthorize the establishment of a
mail steamship service between the United States and
Uie Kiupiie ot BraziL
By Mr. Coukling For the relief of Wm. A. Hammond,
late Surgeon Grnenil lTnited states Army.
By Mr. Chaffee A declaration of the merjiing and in
tent of tlie fifteenth section of thcl'acUic lUtiiroad Act of
July 1. lsdif, c.
Ry Mr. Dawes Directing the Secretary of the T rea s
ttry'to purchase the Froctlmen's Bjuik b'uihliiig and ad
jacent property, owned by the Fi-eedmen"s Savings and
Trust Company, in Washington, Hie price not m exceed
275,fKKi, and the money to be placed in, the United
Statea Treasury to tlie credit off the Commissioners ot
said insolvent company for distribution amuu Ua cied
itora. By Mr. Plumb To provide for tlie improvement of
Osage River iu Missouri aud Kansas.
Mr. Howe submitted resolutions from the Milwaukee
Chamber of t ommeree in favor if affair and eqnirvble
ttstributin of the balance of the Geneva Award Fund
Referred. Mr. llnmside submitted s resoiation directing the
Commit te on Jmliciary to examine tire laws relating to
the til ml reviews id cmiits-umrtial ami report to the Situ
ate uiKrti what tdticial rested tire tluiy to itview the pro
ceedings in the case off Colonel Runkle, U. S. A.
s'iiator Anthony moved tliat the case of Snrgeon
Draper also be sent to the Jndieiarv Committee.
Senator Kdmmuls suggested tlat Senator Thnrman.
who was absTit. had favored its reference to the Naval
Committee, and asked that it be lctt there until he was
present, which was agreed to.
A lengthv debate ensued between RumsKle, Coukling
and otlrcnC and Mr. Runtside finally withdrew the reso
lution, and also a motion made by him. a few days ago,
to reconsider the vote by w hich the Judiciary Commit
tee, on motion of Mr. Coukling, last week, waa instruct
ed to inquire into this subject.
In withdrawing hi wvrtrou Mr. Bnmside gave not tee
thathewouhft, to-morrow, submit resolution so a to
have the Judiciary Committee inquire into tlte legal
quest ion of tlie case, aud the. Military Com nil tee into
Us military character.
The Vice President laid before the Senate a cmnmuni- ,
eatVm from the Italian Minister notifying the Seuate j
tlrat the commemorative service of the late King Victor
Kmmanuel will be held at St. Alovsius Church to-mor-
pnw, ami seats wiji ne reserve! nr nejiators wno may
h(mtr the occasiou with their presence.
At the expiration of the morning Hour the Senate re
sumed consulenitioii of Uie resolution wff Mr. Matthews,
declaring the right ot the Grveniinent to pay bonds in
silver, ad Mr. June, of Florida, spoke in favor thereof.
Mr. Jones sitoke at some length as to tlie jKiwer grant
ed Congress by the Constitution to coin money, regulate
its value. Ac. and argued that at the time the acts n
MV9, to strengthen the public credit, ami of '70. toan
tlHiriz Uie funding of the National debt, were passed,
tlietdlver dollar was the legal tender coin of the coun
try, and Congress had no power to exclude it from the
coinage of the country. If any coin should have been
abolished ou account of be dig unstabUi iu value it
should have been gold. He spoke of the advantages
of silver mtmcy, and said there was a large channel in
the business f the country which silver alone emild
till. It was emphatically the mt)iiey of the iteople.
Ine4mclnsiou he a4ivH-ateit the adoption of tho resolu
tion of Mr. Matthews,lMcauH he Uiought it was for the
ti'tie interest if the coiuitry
Mr. Co: k roll said he proposed to review the law aud
facts embodied in the resolution of the Senator from
Ohio, aud argued that the bonds were payable in both
gold ami silver. He had prepared to submit to tlie high
court-of National honor aud pnllic faith, alwmt which
he had heard o mucli, a itfon on the part of the boml
hlders as plaintiffs, against the United State of Amer
ica as defendant, demanding payment iu gold ai me.
ami au auswer by the I niteti states ot America
setting up their right to pay tlie bonds, principal and
interest, in silver cun ot 41 2 Hs grains to the dollar.
Also, a replh stion in- the bondholder denying this right,
and giving reasons fitr deummling go 11 alone.
Mr. Cekrell then quoted extensively finm various
flnam ial acts of Congress to show that the Government
had tlie right topav the bonds In silver; also reviewing;
the argument in behalf of the single standard alone;
but before he Imd iqtoken long, he yielded to Mr. Kd
munds. upon whose moUon tho Senate went luto
W heu the doors were reopened. Mr. Thnrman sub
mittal the following:
Whereas. The President of the senate ha laid be
fore it a letler to him from the Italian Minister, stating
that commemorative services for his Majesty, the late
King or itatv, icror binmanuei, win iaxe pi see on
Tuesday, in the Church ot St. Aloysius. and that seats
will be keut for the honoralde mehibers of the Unittsl
States Senate who would honor the ceremony by their
ui-vsfuor: therefore bo it
Kesoiveu, j nat w iieu ui wiihib wijimni, u ie io
1:30 i. M. t-morrw, iu order to allow Senators to at
tend said comiuemorative Services." Agreed ttx
HOUSE Washixgtom, January 21.
Under the calt of Statea the following bills were intro
duced and referred;
Bv Mr. Nrcrjss To prevent the manufacture, impor
tation fir sale of intoxicating drinks in the District off
Bv Mr. Willis, or y .m ani-nonze ine Killing or
fur seals and other fur-bearing animal within the limit
Also to provide, ior the organization ot the navy dur
Bv Mr. Ketcham. of N. Y. Proposing an amendment
to the Constitution, providing that no claim against the
C niUMi Mate siiau ever fe aiti uuicsm uie sume hiimii
haAe been nreseiited to the nroiMr miiunaj wiimn ten
vears from the time the claim shall have accrued.
By Mr. Shallenbarger Authorizing the coinage of
silver dollars, and declaring gold and silver Jointly, and
not otherwise, to he run legal tenner.
Bv Mr. w at son i o reguiare lnier-iscate commerce
and prohibit unjust discrimination by Common Carriers.
15 V -d r. M arsn t or iue u-amuec tu cue iuuuui bureau
to the War Department.
Rv Mr. lJnoui;cLricting uie admission oi cadets
at w est Point.
Bv Mr. unison rw ine esrannsnment or a man
steamship servi tetween the United strifes and Brar.il.
Bv Mr. TownnfiMi, or mo rrovmiiig loracominis-
sion to examine ami adjust all outstaonline chums against
the District of Columbia.
Bv Mr. Blackburn Kxteuding the time for the with
drawal of distilled spirits now in bond until January
Ilv M r WnuV of Niw Ynrlr "Por a tiint committee
of C'ougress tt inquire into the causes of sickness iu the
District of Columbia.
By Mr. Riddle To reduce the tariff and internal reve
nue taxes by a suspension of the sinking Fund faw
until, under the operation off said law. there would accu
mulate an amount which has been applied to the ret hi c-
iou of the NaUon.il debt in excess tbe reiiuremeut
of said law from J u ly 1, 1 S62, to J uly 1 . 1 h77.
By Mr. Browne, ot Indiana (by request) To incorpo
rate the National Railroad Coin nan 3', for the pm-pusr of
constructing a railway from the Atlantic seaboard to
Chicago, st. Louis ami Council Bluff .4.
By Mr. Fort To prevent the further destruction or
retirement of United Mates Trintoiry notes, and to keep
them alter resumption as the paper currency of the coun
try. Jiy M r. Leonard Declaring the sense of Congress in
regard to nubsidies.
By M.. Buckuer To suspend for five years the opera
tion of the law requiring the purchase annually oi oue ,
per cent of the debt of the United States. j
Bv Mr. Davidson Kstablishing a line of mail and
emigrant steainehipe between FeruamLmA Florida, and
By Mr. Oliver Proposing an amendment to the Con
stitiition, providing for the issue ot legal-tender notes,
ami regulating the amount thereof.
By Mr. LuttrelL by request Authorizing the Post
master General to contract for ocean mail service.
By Mr. Ryan For tlte relief of actual setUers on the
Sac and Fox Indian lauds.
By Mr. Kidder ii an tuig lands to aid in the construc
tion of a railroad from Bismarck to Black Hills; also,
for the relief of settlers in the Black Hills.
By Mr. Young For the erection of a fire-proof build
ing for the National Museum.
By Mr. Blair For the erection of a Congressional Li
By Mr. Banks To extend the commerce off the United
States with Mexico, ami provide for ihe completion of
the Southern Pacific R. R.
Bv Mr. Morse To repe-.i the duty on lute.
Mr. Clark, off Mise-..n, effere! a resIufin directing
the MiHn .uittee to inquire into the expediency
.merring the Signal service Bureau fiem the War
.o the Treasury iHrpartment. RetcrreL
Mr. Glover asked leave to offer a resolution authoriz
ing tlie Committee on Kxpemliturea in the Treasury
In-part ment to sent I HUb-comiuitten tu such places as it
may hud necessary, for the purpose of taking test!
Mr. Patterson objected.
The speaker laid before the House a communication
from the itaiiau Minister, imiiing tho attendant-- ot
the members of the House to tho funeral services tor
the lat King off Italy, Victor Kmuianuel, to be held at
St. Alovsius Church, Washington, to-morrow morning.
Mr. Southard moved to suspend the rules and pass
the bill authorizing the payment of customs duties iu
legal tender notes, alter the 1st of January, ls7i.
Before the question was put tho hour of 2 o'clock ar
rived, and the House proceeded to tho consideration of
business o t!io District ot Columbia.
Thejoiut reslulion of the Missouri Legislature for
the removal id the Capitol was reported back adversely
and laid on the table.
The bill to punish embezzlement iu the District riff Co
lumbia, and to protect the District records, was passed.
After a motion to adjourn, which was defeated veas
0". nays PJ;V-Mr. Southard's motion to suspend the
rules ajid pass t he bill making customs dut ies payable
in greenbacks after Janurry, lS7t came up for a vote.
The motion to suspend t be ruksaud pass t he bill w as
defeated yeas 104, nays not two-thirds lu the af
firmative. The House then adiourned, no report having been
made frotif the Committee on Foreign A flairs on the in
vitation, of the Italian Minister to afteud religious cciv
monies to-morrow iu meiuorv of the late King ot Italy.
A Terrible Story.
The Mutilation of Russian Dead by the Turkish
Troops Putting a Companion Out of Misery.
Fromu Private Letter of a liitsxiun Officer Ut a Jiel
atice iu t'leeelnnrf. Four days later ottr
First Brigade, to whioh my regiment le
longa, waa ordered toward Tells li, eight
miles from Unbuilt. Our first squad
ron, commanded by uiy friend S., moved forward,
accompniiying a regiment of infantry and two
ligjit Held Idt ccs. They met overwhelming forces
of Turks, and after a heavy struggle fell ?mck to
await rein force ment a. We were ordered forward,
mid S. being disabled I took charge of tho second
squadron. AImhiI three miles uhcfid ve overtfHik
the remuuiit of our tl! fated iirst siii;ulndi of five
hundred men haidly" one hundred and
forty remuiucd, atl six otliccrs were
missing. We stopped but a nioiiu nt,
tuul then cantered 011 ahm? a path that
every moment grew more ami mtire thickiv
sliewti with dead. Wounded we wtw
none. The ueniest bodies were only partly stripped
of tht ir clothes unit their heads cut off, but tin
further we rwle the ghastlier ;rev the aiht. Tho
dead Turks lay as they had fallen, but our poor
comrades had been robbed and mutilated, some in
a uiiuiner too horrible to describe, ( anting to a
place where the road somewhat widened, about
two miles from Telisii, we hulled, ;;nd after driving
away and cutting down in a short skirmish a patty
of Turks who were busy robbing our ik-ad, we
stopped to form before going on. As I rode ulon&
the front, fdmuting out orders to the men, an agon
ucd crj- fr help arrested my attention. 1 hokd
round. Nothing but heaps of dead everywhere.
Of these none needed me. But hark! Once more,
and agn in, these piteous cries. Hastily dismount
ing, 1 threw the bridle over my sound arm ihmL ran
toward some latches from behind which the sounds
proceeded, and there, in a smnil pool of clotted
blood, lay that which I ut first iaihul Ut ret t
niAi as a human lieing, thtuigii hmuaii it certainly
was, in it piteous cries and the s'emingly gloved
hands that clutched air and earth in their Hrony.
Tlie rot from tlie waist upward waji one mass iif
raw, quivering Mesh the face feat nrelcwi, eyelids
and eyes cut out, the mau ttayel ulive, all but the
hautls, w hose white skin at first gave the iiiipr'
sion of their being gloved. This glutstly object Uiy
a few steps from a dead horse, one of our own regi
ment's golden bays. Faint at heart I benrover the
HiitTcrcr, evidently one of our own men. but now
mangled beyond recognition. He prayed for death
witift bis poor torn liis, nmi in a minute mere W.,
our surgeon, and two more of our ottievtrs were by
my hide. I made room for W., who Mopped for a
few seconds over our comrade, and then rising,
sadly shook his head, murmuring "No help."
A sudden impulse prompted ine to seiAS the poor
helpless ha mi in my own, and pressing it, whisor
a few words oi comfort. At the sound of uiy voice
came the sadder apiM'u): Xicdai, for old frtend
shiira sake send a tmUet through my heart." This
voice sounded so siranyely familiar, and yet I
could not recognize it. n'ho are voiii" ''Alexis
"Alexia, my old schoolmate, who bad but a
few honrs ago shared my breakfast by onr bivouac
tire and then rode away handsome and lold at tlte
head of our gallant first squadron. Ho hail fallen
wounded, helpless, his horse shot under hini, am!
the fiendish Turks were slowly torturing hi 111 to
deat u when our approach drove them away.
Clasping my hand in his he still begged for
death. My revolver waa empty, discharged in tlie
scullte a few moments before. I looked at W.,
who suddenly drew out his, and shuddering in
every nerve, obo-ed themnzzle against rts breast.
and with averted face tired twice in succession.
while 1 still preMeil the pmh hand in mine. We
wrapped him up iu my cloak. nd placing him
m the shallow ditch, rolled a bowlder over him
aud then, with our b him Is Mill moiM w th his bbod,
we a wore to each other never to empty t lie last
chamber of our pistols, but always to reserve a
shot for ourselves and friends, should any of m,
wonuded, have to lie left belaud. May a quick
death, a soldier s death, tie ours. Ah 1 rode nwav I
thought of Sh young wife and of mv own. a few
weeks bride, ouo widowed, the otluT likely to be.
ami my heart Iinritcd with imlignatiou within me
as I tiHiught how, in the face of wtirinre wnircd by
tlie Turks with Mich tiendish, savage atns-it v. anv
civilized Nation, any p;i(er edited iu a Christian
ninti, should nave the in-art to waste tiietr sym
put hies upon tlie Moslems.
Tudlelien on the Fall of Plevna
Pall Mali Gazette. A correHiondciit of tho Voa-flim-hc
Zeitung, writiti)? from Tiitcbcnitza on the
15th of Dccomlier, communicntetf to that ptqier an
account of an interesting conversation with Gen
eral Tod le ben. on the Kiego of I'levua. The corre
spondent describes tho Cicucral as a calm, rcflcct-
ive-hsiking man, very different iu appearance and
miinncr from the Uot-headcd ami thoughtless Rus
sian otliccrs by Whom he la surrounded, and HpeaJt
ing German fluently.
"When I came here," he said, "I was continually
tormented by anxiety lest Osman should ntaltei his
sortie too soon, 1m fore the foriuieatious were st rong
enough. I w;im froui tho beginning oppost-d to the
theory of taking hisstroug pobitious bv storm. It
waa not I, hut htmgr, that eontiiu-rcd him, tboii:h
this was only rendered iMmsiblc by surrouudiii;
him so firmly and etlectivcly nm wus at h ugth done
by our trenches. lMevna teaches tlte lesson that
tho modern system of defense is quite different
from w hat it used to be, aud possesses enormous
advantage against au aasailaiiU You have in tho
osees five or six I'levnas.
In order to 1m? able to surround a naturnl posi
tion or au iiitrenchcxl camp, and at the same time
to continue to execute great strategic, plajis. it is
necessary for the assiiilajit to bring twice aa many
soldhrs into the flebl as are retpilred by the de
fetnljiig army. To take such fortified positions by
storui is witn m otter n u rearms lmpoasime, or, at
least inopiKirtiuio. One should never require more
of an officer or a fuudicr, however bravo he may
be, than it is possible for him to do; but the de
mands mnoe upon our otliccrs ami soldiers iu tlie
storming of Plevna exceeded the hounds of possi
bility. I-vcii when such a Mratcgical adventure
succeeds, it is a mistake. Thoughtless men may
say, let ten thousands troops fall, so long as we gel
the lMsiUon; but they do not consider that, if Uie
position is hist, not only that ten thousand men
fall, but fifty thousand are demoralized.
"My chief care was so to arrange matter that
wherever Osman might attempt a sortie a sufli
cieut masa of troops M1011UI 11 1 once Ihj concen
trated to oppose him. With this object I had a
double row of trenches aud redoubts made round
Plevna, so that while tho first was being attacked
at any point the concentration might be made lw
hiiid the second." The correspondent having asked
the General whether he thought that Osman might
under favorable circumstances have saved part of
his army. Todiehen rcplicil; "Xo; Unman made, tho
s irtie with 25, OOO men, the whole force under his
command except some 5,U0tor tJ.tMXi reeeres. If
he had attacked us w ith only half that force it
might have been said that tho cause of his defeat
w as the numci icul sujieriority of his enemy. Os
man knew this, and attempted a brilliant and dur
ing attack with his whole army; but success waa
"In my opinion Osman made a great stratcjocuf
mistake in not attempting his sortie sooner, ami I
never could understand why ho did not at once
evacuate Plevna after tlie capture of the po-slf ions
at Toliche. Kvcn so late nt six weeks ago lie would
have had a chance of saving part, if not the whole,
of his army; but be let the opportunity pass, ami
we labored inc'saiitlv to close, liim in moro ami
more firmly. When such a position as Plevna can
not be relic ved from without, the liesiegtMl army
should eudeuvor at onee to withdraw from it. as
tlie besiegers can strengthen their ein-lcof fort men
tion a every day until the garrison is forced by hun
ger to capitulate."
Lnnrfon Standard. There have lccn so many
funny portraits of Osman that I will venture to
give want I may coll a correct likeness of him,
based upon two months of intinir.to intercourse.
He is short of statut e, wna saimw complexion.
dark hair and eyes, with quick, suspicious glance.
Lifcenll Turks, ho can maintain a reserved aud
silent attitude, but nt times ho indulges in conver
sation with great freedom of maimer, and though
ignorant of tiny language but his own, is quite an
courant of general Euixqican politico. He lb not a
scientific officer in the ordiunry acceptation of th
Shraae, but, unlike every other Turkish commun
er I have met, Haaesscs the rare merit of recogt
nizing merit in others, and was the only Ottoman
commander surrounded bv a fairly organised staff
His chief of the stuff, Tahir Pasha, spoke French)
fluently ami correctly, aud had been educated
abroad. Hut it is to Tevflk Hey, now Pasha, that
much of the bonce of the defense of rVi' iia. U &uo
How John Morrittey Nipped a Georgia Blossom.
Kew York u. Oil Mr. Moirissey's arrival
in Savannah, his friends say that he put up
at the Pulaski House, an old and some
what famous reaort. for gouthero chivalry,
lie had no particular acquaintances iu
that city, and walked up to the clerk's deck ami
wrote his mime upon the regiMcr like any other
traveler. The proprietors assigned him line rooms,
and did their best to make liim comfortable. The)
news of bis arrival was announced in the daily
newspapers, and created much interest. Naturally
uuoltstrusive in his demeanor, he shunned publicity,
but was affable and courteous to all who made his
acquaintance. He took bis meals at a table re
moved from general observation, mid hail no com
pany. The huiie eyed hini somewhat curiously,
and he was silently lionized by all, but beyond this
nothing was said or done mat would lea1 liim to
suppose that he waa a man of more than usual in
terest. One day, howew r, the traditton.il Groight
blossom appeared at the hotel. He came from up
country, ne::r the Muscogee district. and was on hi
annual spree. He was sis feet high, well built.
aii I in his own country was a man of.
considerable consequence. Away from home he at
tracted general attention by the loudness of i.ia
voice, the violence of his actions ami his odd ui
pcarance. He hoard the guests of the hotel coiai
mcntitigon Senator Moi risM-.v and imr'ciiit d that
his own light wits eclipsed by the unobtrusive gen
tleman from New York. The Miir-eoee blossom
nuute no effort to conceal his chagrin. He roart
in the corridors over the cotton crop, and oMenta
thuisly aired himself iu the ladies parlor. AU 111
vain. No one gave him the slightest consideration.
Disappointed ami exasperated, he cuteicd tho
(Lining hall ami sat down at 11 prominent table, ap
parently determined to create n seifotlioii. Senator
Morrissey was quietly eating his dinner iu hisusual
place. The Georgian, recognizing an acquaintance
across the room, began a conversation with him,
"cracker" fashion, in a lond voice. The folk drift
ed upon politic!, the recent election in New York
serving as n pivot.
"New York City," said the. IMnseogpe blossom, i&
the slum-hole off imlitichms. No respectable man
can hold office there." Kuisiug his voice, "Why, no
man can be elected to the Legislature from New
York City unless he is a thief or a gambler."
The object of his remarks was so palpable that
every eye was turned upon Mr. Morrissey. Th
Senator did not raise his ey s, but finishnl his meal
ies though totjilly uncouseioiis f the coi. i-satuui.
Incensed by his silcneo, the Muscgei' blo-som ho
came so personal in his allusions that several la
dies left the dining room. After dessert .Mr. Mot
rissey walked out to the office and lighted a cigar.
One of the proprietors of the hotel began to apolo
gize for the scene in'the tiniin' loom, but f he Sena
tor interrupted him by saying: lnnft nie your
self tho slightest uneasiness. You certain;, are not
responsible for the drivel of a blackirmud, ami I
hope you will say nothing more a. Unit it."
While the Senator was leanim? upon the cigar
stand the gentleman from Muscogee came down
the corridor ami purjMiely brushed again -t him in
imssing. Mr. Mornssc y tapped linn n the shoul
der, saying; "I b'g your J'ardon, sir; but I ovor
lnanl your remarks at the dinner-table coucemfmr
Now York ami New Yorkers. Probably von were
not aware that I am from New York Oit v?"
'Oh, yes, 1 reckon I was," said the Mnseogeo
"Then." continued Senator Mniriso'V, "when
calling the city meiiilrers of the New Yctrk legisla
ture thieves ami giimblers you, were uot awuru that
I was one of thoo officials"
"Oh, yes, I ivckou I was." rciHru ted tlte Muscogee
blossom very unconcernedly.
"Probiibly you know w Ih I am, and your remark
at the table were meant for mei" said the Senator.
"I reckon you're right." replied the blossom, with
refreshing insolence. "They were just meant for
you, sure, ami no one els.
He stood with his lingers In his pistol itockct
Morrissey never raised his hande. For two seo
mds he remained motionless us a statue, and then
the Muscogee Mohhoiii fell to the fftwir bleeding and
senseless, a flower wtthont a stalk. The Senator
liad used one of the tricks of his enrlv davs, and
"hucked" huu. Uke lightnlm; ho had hurled hie
heatl against the skull of the Ueorgum, aul the lat
her dropped like a pig of lead. He was curried to
his room insensible, aud fox hours it was n oueiion
of life or death. One of the doctors told Mr. Mor
rissey that the injured man cnuld not live twenty
four hours. "I congratuhite the ritiens of
Georgia," h rydiHl. Six hmirs afterward, tlie
ihn'tor met the Senator, and said tliat the man
would recover. "1 condole with the eifiens of
Georgia," was his response. "I shall gi to Jack
sonville within a few days; but if 1 am wantel, a
telegraphic dispatch will receive prompt atten
tion." The next day, as Mr. Morrissey entered the din-ing-ball,
he was shown to bis table, by the bend
waiter. Tlie table was a bed of rare ami hemtfifiir
flowers, the gift of the holies of the hotel. Tho
Senator was so confused l this delicate attention
that he could uukke 110 response. Hut manner, how
over, spoke louder than his words, and when ho
went to .Jacksonville, his departure was universally
CASSIUS M. CLAY'S SLAVES.
What Ha Say Concsrning the Alleged Sale mf "Hit
Xew York f7rff)Air. The followlnglcttcr has been
received andwe publish it In order that the read
ers of the Graphic may hear "the other si tie of
tlie story concerning the alleged sale of Caseins M.
Clay's slaves, notably his "old mammy:"
M111XK Hall, Madikom County. Ky., I
January , 1h?. y
My Dkar Ptir I have received the Penvcr (Col.)
Tribune, iu which is au article from the Gruphic,
calumniating me, its usual, its correspondent being
;l woman, I snpp.se, Kii-abeth le S. WihmI." 1
have not thouuht it worth while to follow up tho
calumnies of those Radicals whom I have so much
more reason to overthrow thau to refute! This
woman lies out of whole cloth when she says:
"Mr. Clay is said to have emancipate! his luvos with
out reservation. He did no Hin h thing, tm 1 he contra
ry, ho ilid very much as MussiM-huscttM bd w hen she
tfrsf emharked iu the emancipation business (hat is
received dollar for dollar of their value ut the auction
Now, all the world here knows that T did emanci
pate md only every slave tliat 1 Inherited, btitsome
whom I bought to bring wife and husband and
The slave Kachael, to whom, perhaps.sbe alluded,
was n trust-slave, and by my father's will I. us x
oeutor, was ius'.ructcd to s-Il the criminal ones.
Rachael's daughter, Kmily, poisoned two of my in
fant cliihlren at Ioxingtou. Ky.; she was tried, and
tlie testimony not leiiig sufficient, or the prejudice
against me Is ing tisi stnuig for justice ou tin; part
of the slaveholders, nhe was acquitted.
T sold them both South. I fold all her children
they might accompany her ft wo of them arc now
my neighbors ami often wot k for ine, but only one,
Solomon a finished rogm wt with her. No man
or woman who knows me will Is-lieve tiuit I ever
lie. I never told Kachael that she was to return;
ami that Kachael never told her any suck
thing. I never nursed a black, and in no sense was
Ku-eiiael my "niiiiiiTtiy." Now, see to what insane
extremes malice will drive an infuriated wtonaiil
What I did was by compulsion. Mrs. !o S. Wood's
aunt not only liought Kachael by her own showing,
but sold her a train! Very tvuyf C. M. CLAY.
John lj. A. Krxiv Ktsy., lienvcr, Col.
(The charges mad1 in the paragraphs represented
by stars arc unfit for publication in the Graphic.
The I-nst Picture of Uncolri.
Mr. Noah Ih-ooks. an intimate friend of Lincoln,
write as follows iu the "Midwinter" Scribncr
about the last photograph of the President, a draw
ing of which, by Wyatt Kafon, has been engraved
by Cole us a frontispiece to the same number of tho
One Saturday night the President asked me If I
luul any ohterfi'in to accompany him to a photo
grapher's ou Sunday. He said that it was impos
sible for him to go mi auy id her duv, and be w -on Id
like to have me see him "set." Next day we went
together, and as ho was h aving the house he stop
ped ami said. "Hold on. I have forgotten JXvorett!"
Stepping ha! jly buck he brought with him a folded
paper, which he ox pi tmeil was a printed copy or
the oration that Mr. Kvercft was to deliver, in a
few days, at Gettysburg. It occupied m-.i. ly the
whole of two pages of the Koston Journal, and
looked very formidable indeed. As we walked
away from the house Lincoln said, "If was very
kind in Mr. Kverett-to semi me this. I suppowo no
was afraid I should say something that he wanted
to say. lie needn't have been alarmed. My speech
So it. js written, is it, tneni" 1 asKea.
Well, no," was the reply. "It is not, exactly
written. It Is not finished, nirywuy. I have writ
ten it over two or thr times, and I shall have to
give it unot ner lick before I am satisfied. I!ut it Is
short, short, short."
1 found afterward that the (icttvsbnrg speech
was actually written and rewritten a great many
times. Tlie. several draughts ami UilcrHm-alions of
that famous address, if in exi.-deure, would he an
invaluable memento of its great author. Lincoln
faok tiie copy of Kverett's oration with him to the
photographer's, thinking that he mi.'ht luive time
U look it over while waiting for tho oierufoi-. tint
he chatted so constant I v, and ar.ked so many bptes
tions about the art of plioloi-riiphv, t hat lie scarce
ly ofs'iicd it. Tho folded paper is seen lyitif.' on tho
bHble. near the President, in the picture which was
made that day.
yew York Trihintr. It is s.id of Joseph Jefferson,
the actor, that his most vital personal ti .ut is a love
of truth; onee upon a time ho was heard to exclaim:
"The blessed tri t.u! I tell mv children, 'I'm- God's
sake, tell tho truth! tin; greatest armor a mau
ever put on him."
Whilk lie was count im; over the collection money
on Sunday last the th-aeon oi a Washington churelt
found mi obi and faded piece ut paper, which heitnr
unfolded, proved to be his own nearly outlawed
note for thirty dollars ami Interest, which the bohlp
er, unable to collect, hud tinned into the ticubury.