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ILYTH CONGRESS-SECOND SESSION.
Western Associated Press report
8KNATK Washingtojc, January 22.
A number ot,petitiuns from New York State were pre
eented ami referred, favoring tlie remonetlzatton of sil
"ver and the repeal of tlie Specie Resumption Act.
Mr. Morrill, from tbe Committee on Finance, reported,
with an amendment in tbe nature of a substitute, a bill
to remit taxes on Insolvent savings bank. Placed on
A number of bills were introduced and referred.
Tbe report of the Joiut select Committee on Chinese
Immigration was referred to the CouiniilUie on Foreign
Mr. Howe presented a memorial from the Milwaukee
Chamber of Commerce, lu favor uf an appropriation to
complete the breakwater at the entrance of the harbor
at Murmnoi Hay. Referred.
Mr. Dorsey presented a petition from the cKisenaof
Hot Spring, Ark., in favur of an amendment to the act
in relation to the Hot Springs reservation, to enable
those occupylug property there to purchase the same.
Mr. Withers presented a petition representing 6.000
dcptstltor in the Richmond brunch of the Fi-eedmen's
l-aviug Bank, asking Congress to reimburse Uteir
lueses incurred in the iuetitutiim. Referreii.
Mr. Maxev, from the Committee on Military Affairs,
reported, with amendment. House MM on- the payment
to the officers aud soldiers of the Mexican war three
month extra pay. provided for by the act oi July la,
1848. Plained on tlie calendar.
Mills iulsl"ed and referred:
Bv Mr. Harris To provide for the appointment of
a District Judge for the Western District of Tennes
see. Bv Mr. Butler To reeal Section 347 of the Revised
Statutes of the United states, the same being (Section
122 of the National Hank Act. Imposing a tax of ten per
cent. nKtn tlie circulation of State banks.
The Vice President laid before the (Senate a communi
cation fi-om the secretary of War in refrard to reimburs
ing the stale uf Texas for the expenses luriirred by said
State in rejK-lliug Invasions by the Indiana auil Mex
on motlouof Mr. Conkling it. was ordered that the pa
pers now on the tiles of Hie Senate relating to the case
of Major Kimkle b" taken from the tiles and referred to
tlie Committee on tlie J ndiciary.
At tho expiration of the morning hour the statue of
William King, coiitrilmfed by Maine to the National
statuary, was accepted, and M r. liauillu tind Mr. Blaiue
Mr. Blaine alluded to the reinnrks of his colleague as
to William King having leeu chosen by Maine for the
distinguished honor of her tii-st rcim-scntatlve in the
National gallery, Isscause. first of all. he was influential
in ei-ecting the 1)1 strict of Maine ill to a free and independ
ent State, and said the connection of the District with
Massachusetts hail become exceedingly distasteful, and.
miif lit say iiitnleralile to a majority of our people, and
a sentiment amounting well nigh to rancor and hatred
rould Is- satisfied with nothing less than separation.
This dislike, which was mutual and hail been growing
for years, w us strongly iuflamed by the war of 1812 and
the resulting lsilitlcal differences. Massachusetts was
tleeily hostile to tlie war. and did all iu her power to
embarrass its prosecution. Maine stiwsl firmly by the
Administration ot Mailison in upholding the honor of
the Hag. The majority of her people regarded the atti
tude of Massachusetts toward the General Govern
ment during that struggle as thoroughly
unpatriotic. if not treasonable psrticipancy
in the Hartford Convention, or any sympathy with its
priMecdings, or its aims was political death and well
nigh social ostracism to any man in Maine. The con
trary spirit prcvsilcd in Massachusetts, and the ven
eralile William W. Kidgewav. who represented tlie
Maine District in Cokkivss, and voteil for the declara
tion of war against (ircat Britain, w as seriously threat
rued with mob violence as he passed through Massa
chusetts on his wav homeward.
Mr. Blaine proceeded at some length in a similar
strain, and concluded as follows: "Through all these
trying and troublous scenes, in which it was neces
sary t control the public sentiment of two peoples. It
to difficult to state, it is quite impossible to overstate
the sagacity, ability and address, the force in word and
leadership of William Kiag. Maine followed him
with implicit faith, and Massachusetts came finally to
dread him after she hail long hated him. Iutluonctug the
two populations with eqnai skill governiug one through
love and the other through fear ue became finally com
plete master of the situation, and attained the end for
whieh he had labored for so many vears with patient
fidelity, with commanding ability and with consummate
Mr. Dawes Mr. President, before the Senate passes
the resolution, it is possible that some words from Mas.
sachusetts mav lie iiardojiod. 1 know that it is an in
trusion to undertake to ask the attention of the Senate
outside of the arrangements of the Senators, from
Maine, npon this interesting occasion, but I do
feel that it is not only proper, but that it is
my ilut v, poorly as I may be able to discharge that duty,
to express in the name of Massachusetts my great re
gret that the eminent virtues and distinguished
character of the first Governor of Maine could
not hare been spread upon the records of tho Senate,
aud the evidences of that character and the estimate in
which he was held by all who knew him, gathered as
well from the records of Massachusetts as from those of
Maine presented here. Without attempting to take np
1 1 n umlwni of an itlreiulv AvTilred n nil hurled TSilirlrsl
animosity that Massachnsetts as well as Maine regrets,
and that Massachusetts has doue quite as luuch as
Maine to obliterate. 1 would not aluite one Jot of all tliat
has Is-cn said by the Senators from Maine in respect to
the distinguished first Governor ot that State, once a cit
izen of my own state. But I regret that to-day
there can be found in Maine any one who csb not read
the history of the times in which he pel -formed so prominent-a
nart except through nreiudices and bitterness.
and injustice of pariy animosities that distinguished
those days, but have long siure passed away. Without,
aesimig to mar tue oeauiv auu character oi sucn an oc
casion as this. I feel that it Is my duty to protest in the
name of the State 1 repcescnt here against the Impres
sion that what has been said iu reference to her this day
is the true history of her connection or her relations
w ith and her treatment of the colony of Maine or the
oisiingnisnen mon in mat. colour, wuo wrought out. in
the end her independence as a Slate.
Mr. Hoar said:
M r. President, I have hesitated upon the question
whether the requirements of good taste would be best
sat islled by remaining silent or by speakiug at this
time. I certainly agree with tlie eulogies which the
(Senators from the state of Maine have uttered in regard
to the distinguished public character whose statue she
has placet! in the old hall of the House of Itepreseiita
tives. Mr. President, the state of Massachusetts does
not desire to wipe out her history from the
annals of the American people, or to screen
auv portion of it from the Jiidginuut or knowledge of
mankind. Like other generous and heroic natures,
great iu virtue, great in courage, great in the largest
benefactions to humankind, she is great enough to
have her faults and her tailings known a nd to acknowl
edge them. It is true that there are some things iu the
utterances of some of her loaders duriug the war of 1H12
which she regrets to-ilny, and which should lie re
gretted. What states In the I'niou would not like to
wipeout something of their history? 1 regret that the
fsenator from Malue should nave been so disturbed by
Mr. Blaine Mr. President. I do not understand either
of the senators from Massachusetts to dispute t lie exact
ami literal truth of the statements 1 felt called irjHtn.to
wake iu reciting briefly the history of Governor King.
Mr. liawes 1 statd that 1 dhl.
Mr. Blaine I thought that Senator said he did not
want them now revived.
Mr. Pawes I steteil that doubtless the senator from
Maine could pick out or gather out from the history of
the relations Wtween Massachusetts and Maine isolated
instances and Isolated extracts, such as he eecined to
have so much more a taste for than that which so
alKiuudi-d in all their history of generous and high-tout-d
Mr. Blaine Then I have merely to say, Mr. President,
that eveiv statement, every quotation, every fact, every
incident in relation to Governor King. which I stated, in
upon Massachusetts authority, and to have given any
thing like a sketch of Governor King's lite without gi v
ing his contlict with Massachusetts touching the separa
tiou oi Maine and her creation into an independent
Mate, would have been to write the life of Abraham
Lincoln without mentioning the great retielliou whicli,
as President of the rnited States, he was so largely in
strumental in suppressing. I do not know that I do-
sire to have the least controversy upon a point of
this kind upon an occasion sucn as
this. but 1 thought it came with
lather 111-gnice from tho Senator from Massachusetts
I Mr. Hoar i to taunt me with Irving to ingratiate mv
self with a certain class of Senators, wiiru he hims.ilf
lis heen a great apostle of modem recoiicillat ion. hank,
eiing for an embrace, representing an idea of u certain
lolitical isiwer elsewhci-e. that every imssible thing
should be doue to solicit favor in that direction. I have
not mvselt been classed exactlv in that- line, and 1 do
not think that 1 am the one who would step very
far forward to create smiles on their faces. Msme did
not make an unpatriotic record. If Massachusetts
made it. it is not the fault of the Listorian or the speak
er who retails it.
Mr. linwes Will the Senator tell ns wtipn Massaclm
setts, ss a Stsfe. ever made an nniiatriotir record, either
in the war of 1812 or in the older warof the Revolution,
or in any war w hich lias foliowedl There have been in
dividuals in Massaehu setts, so there have ticen in
Maine, who have not lieen patriots, but if Massachu
setts ever made an unpatriotic record the Senator from
Maine, when he charges it, should toll ns when and
Mr. Blaine I will tell yon. I will tell .yon now and
here that Massachusetts refused to pass and tabled a
resolution thanking one of lies ow n naval oflicers for a
victory, !ccuiie it was gained in an unjust
war. " She refused to thank the adnilraMo
and gallant commander ot the Ilorut-t, for rapturing the
British man-of-war Peacock. That stands lavoiu'own
legislative journals. II you want the record. I can give
vou more grave instances until the sun sets, anil for a
(senator from Massachusetts to rise here and pretend
thut his stste did not bristle all over with unpatriotic.
records, going clear u p to the vertre of treason, and ui
the opinion of some patriots of that day stepping one
point oe-vouu it, is a uegree of bravery wuicn ii
ave bee'n well to hsve shown iu war. "and not reserved
to this day. (Great laughter, and a voice on tlie Demo
cratic sine, --mis is rieti.
Mr. Dawes Mr. President, the extent of the offense
which the Senator from Maine can bring against Massa
chusetts In the war ot 1S12. was that she lacked a dis
position publicly to return thanks.
Mr. Blaine -So. stop right thero one moment. Mas
achusctts refused to let her soldiers nun ch beyond the
Ismiulnries of l.er ow n State, and refused iHiiutedly to
tho oeueral Government to respond to a call for her
Mr. Dawes defended his State, and said Massachnsetts
was npiHised to the war of 1812. Her position then she
Is not ashamed uf, and she does not undertake to belie
Listorv; but. sir, with exceptions hen1 and there, like
everv "other State in this Union under like circumstances,
lie was true to the Union, and her gallant soldiers and
sailors laid down their Jives In her defense. Sir, ii was
not the war of 112 that, troubled the Senator from
Maine in delivering his eulogy upon Wm. King. That
was not it. Thiij-e was anotlier trouble, and it was a
trouble which (Tie Senator from Maine ought t have
foipitten. It was a feeling between distinguished men
In Maine and distinguished men in Massachusetts grow
ingout of a discussion fur rents of the question of scpa
ration, that bred ill uature and injustice and intenusr
nte speech, and it was the lust thing that
Massachusetts expected when the senators from
Maine were to present the atatue of her first
Governor w ho. when he was a part of Massachusetts,
wus honored and esteemed quite as lunch by her people
as by those of Maine it was the last thing thai Mas
sachusetts expected on stu-h an occasion, that the bur
den of the presentation on the part of the Senator frum
Maine Mr. Blainel should be the taking np of all that
Intemperate speech, and quite ss much will Massachn
aetts lie surprised, and Maine w ill be surprised Hint he
attempts to Justify it by liuiiling op the course ot Mas
aachusetts iu the last war with Great Britain.
Mr. Blaine discussed the relatiens between Maine'and
Massachusetts regarding the Knropcan aud North
American Kail wav, and then referred to the Ashburton
Treaty of 1842, sayiug that Maine was regarded as a
victim to that treaty, lie continued: I say to the Sena
tor from Massachusetts, as I sav to the whole conntry,
that if the Ashburton Treaty were to be tried over
gain, it would never go through the feeuate
of the I'nited Mates, never. It would never lie as
aeuted to bv the .State ot Maiue except under a
compulsion that was moral at that time, and which
won'.l have to be phvsiral if tried again: ao that we owe
to iliiwUiiuctU at' thai day a 1om vl uui IcuUorj aud
a redaction of our prestige and power, which nothing
ever since has nuvle up to us in any form, except that
llMIMt. tnima Mmlitiiinal art ft. tut BT, alnuMt tinneleMS
claim a Main railroad might have if we could beg It
tnrongh Congress. Jjuightcr. J
Mr. Hoar Mr. President, the Renatar from Maine
saw tit to allnde to me as a person jtrepared to no every
uoseible thins', to nse his uhrase. to bring about a recon
ciliation between Uie two sectiimsof tldsoonntry that
have heretofore been in conflict The Senator does me
great injustice. There are a great many tilings I never
have proposed to do. even for that most deslrhle con
summation. I never have prinposed anywhere to
abandon or forego the exercise of a aingle
constitutional aarnonty Tor tne protection oi any mans'
rights nnder the Oiustitntion of this country. It is true
that after right years uf the administration of President
Grant, during most of which our party had a two-
thirds majority in each branch of Congress; after the
Kn-Klnx legislation, intended to protect the homestead
of the poor, had made ita way flirongh tbe House of
nepreseniailvcB against cue iiuiiuub uvn uw Dyeu
er s rnair
M r. Blaine What date does the Senator refer to 1
Mr. Hoar I refer to the Ku-Klux legislation of the
year 1871, when tlie Senate held ns against a docen
resolnt ions of adjournment, and finally a message from
President Grant compelled the passage of the Ku-Klux
Mr. BLsine T have no verv distinct recollection, e.
cept that the fsenator from Massachnsetts (then a Bep
resentative In the House) kept iu very close and conn
dentin! Intercourse with me in every step of the whole
proceeiuiigs in regain to it. 1 remeniner
Mr. Hoar Not in anv st-en of that kind, and mv votes
and speeches show the position that I fisik. I have not
thought it expedient, when all the States but one or
two had passed from the control of the Republican
party, to continue mere empty and impotent menace iu
tne interest oi any personal amuition or canuiuacies ior
Mr. President, there Is another nossible thing which
I should not lie ready to do to accomplish any politi
cal end, however desirable, and that is to
have made such- a speech, appealing
to sucn sentiments ana to sucn rassious.
as tne senator from Aiaine toou occasion to make upou
this nisir lu presenting the statue or its nonoreu cin
un. He knew that the aiinlansc And smiles and acani-
escence which he w as to obtain from his attack on Mas
sachusetts he wss to get from men who dislike her not
in consequence of any want of patriotism in the war of
laiz, oiu iu consequence ox ner rcce.ni loyally aim ser
vice to the freedom of the hmuan race on "one side, and
honest aud uure administration of this Government on
tho other. Now. for the sake of hringiiigabotit any po
litical consummation, I should not feel prepared to do
a thing like that.
The Vice President The question is, will the Senate
agree to the resolution I
Mr. Blaine One word simply. The senior senator
from Massachusetts Mr. Dawes I sisike of the great
surprise he felt at my remarks. I took occasion yester
day to notify lsith Senators that, in the presentation of
Governor King's statue to-day, I should feel compelled
to narrate those portions of U'is history which brought
him In conflict with Massachusetts, and to speak my
nillKl plainly lu regard thereto. 1 did not nesire to take
the gentlemen in the least by surprise, and I gave them
Mr. Dawes It is due to the Senator from Maine to
say that he served such notice as that on both Senators
from Massachusetts, but we did not dreum that tlie
Senator from Maine was capable, on an occasion like
this, or falling into the line of remark which he did pur
sue. He sought the records of Massachusetts most
diligently to nud what there was possiDte in uie treat
ment of Maine, or of the distinguished person In ques
tion, to Justify any allusion to Massachusetts
otherwise than in a feeling which Massachusetts ever
attributed to her daughter, and therefore it was that I
expressed most sincere surprise at the time as to tlie
temiM-r and character of the address delivered to-day,
notw ithstanding the Senator had told me that he would
maKesome allusion to Aiassacnuseiis.
The reMolntiou offered bv Mr. Hamlm accenting the
statue, was then agreed fo. and the Senate went into
executive session, and when the doors were reopened
HOUSK Washisgtox, January 2Q.
Mr. Clymer occupied the chair in the absence of the
Mr. Turner asked leave to offer a resolution for the
appointment of a special committee to inquire into the
cause of the present cruel pecuniary depression, arid to
determine wliat constitutional measure, consistent with
the public faith, can be taken to give relief to the people
auu resrore pnmpeniy.
Mr. White, of Pennsylvania, obtected.
Mr. Tucker, from the Committee on Ways and Means.
reiiorted back ajoiut resolution extending the time for
me wunarawai oi uisiiuea stiirus now iu isimi mini
July 1.1878. He explained that the resolution simply
extended the time for the withdrawal of distilled spirits
from bond until after the time the committee should de
cide whether the tax should be reduced. It forecasted.
however, in Jio manner the action ot tne committee.
JH.r. Hale making the point of order, the resolution
was referred to the committee of the whole. I
Mr. Hale, from the Committee on Appropriations, re
ported the Fortification Appropriation Bill, lteterred
to the committee of the whole.
Mr. Fwing. from the Committee on Banking and Cur
rency, reported a resolution instructing that committee
to ascertain the amount oi goia ana suver cnn ami mil
lion owned by the United States, the amount of bonds
wtiich have been sold by the Secretaiy of the Treasury
for coin, the amount of gold and silver coin, bank notes
and legal tenders held by banking institutions, and such
other facts as will tend to inform the House when aud
by what method it will be practicable and consistent
with the public welfare to resume specie payments.
Mr. Willis, of New York, from the Committee on N'
val Affairs.reported a bill authorizing Bear Admiral Jno
J..Alnv to receive a decoration from the King of the
Hawaiian Islauds. Passed yeas lib. nays 101.
Also the bill to equip the expedition to the Arctic Sea
was commit leu.
MV. Mourw. from the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
reported a bill authorizing Spencer F. Baird. Assistaut
Secretary of"the Smithsonian Institute, to receive from
the King of Sweden a diploma constituting him a mem
ber of the Norwegian Order of Saint Olaf. Passed.
On motion, Mr. Garfield's Joint resolution apiinting
Noah Porter, of Connecticut, to till the vacancy in the
Board of Itcgents of the Smithsonian Institute, caused
by the resignation of James D. Daua, was taken up anil
The House then took np tho bill to amend the existing
laws concerning commerce aud navigation and regula
latiou of stc4in vessels.
Mr. Beagau.who roisirted the bill from the Committee
on Commerce, stated that it was substantially the same
bill as passeu tne House in tne last congress.
After disuosinff of thirteen naifes of the printed bill
(which consists of twenty-six pages), the bill was laid
The Senate Joint resolution accepting from the State
ot Maine tne statue ot w liintm King to no piacea in tne
out nan ot me House oi KeproseniauTes was taxen up
After several speeches, the Joint resolution was passed.
anu tne uouse aiijuurneu.
SEXATK ..WAsmjiGTOS, D. C, January 23,
A large number of petitions were presented by Sena
tors from the Workingiueu in various parts of the couu-
in , 11-iiniiiKiiaiiMK nKmiiM uie? rendition ot unites uu
certain goods, and the restoration of duty on tea and
The Committee on Naval Affulrs was discharged from
Tnrtherconshieration of tne question ot the reinstate
ment ot Surgeon I,. J. Drniier in the navy, and the Com
mittee on the Judiciary was directed to make the inquiry
in me ttunkie case.
Mr. Sargent called np the Senate bill to provide for
the removal of the Naval Observatory, and it was dis
cussed uulil the exxdration of the morning houri aud
Mr. Sargent nrosented the petition of 3.000 citizens of
California in favor of Government aid to constructthe
Texas Pacific Bailroad, so as to have a couifietiug hue
xrom uie I'acinc io uie .uauue icean. rteierreti.
Mr. Morgan presented the memorial of a conference
of merchants aud others recently held at Cliuttaiusitni.
Tenn., favoring the iuipiovemeut of, Musselshell shoals.
l eimeesee mver. iteierreii.
Mr. Ferry introduced a bill to regulate the com
pensation oi Postmasters, and for other pui-Kses. lto-
ferred. It provides as its main feature that tlie com
pcuKatiou of fourth-clsss Postmasters shall lie based
iimn tue siamps cuuceieu iu meir omces, uisteuu oi uie
Mr. Cockrell submitted a resolution to print 12.000
copies ot the eulogies on the lite and character of the
late seuntor ifogy, ana Air. Aicuoualil suiimitteti a
similar resolution to print an equal uiuubcr of copies of
tlieeulogies on the lute Seuntor Mortou. KefciTed.
Mr. Blaine introduced a bill to coin a silver dollar of so
manv irrains as the Director of the Mint shall from
time" to tune prescribe, to be legal tender in sums of live
dollars, aud lsvoud tire dollars the tender ehall be half
lu silver and nan in goiiL ordered pnntcu ana ue on
tne tame lor tue present.
The Senate then resumed tlie consideration of tin
finished business, being the resolution of Mr. Matthews
to pav the interest and princlpnl ot the tsuuis in silver.
and Mr. Cockrell continued ltis remarks iu favor of the
Mr. Cockrell argued that silver was still a legal-tender
coin of the Cuitcd Slates. Tho customs regulations of
1874 provided that the silver dollars, though no longer
coined or issued, were recei utile lor duties on lmiHiits
in unlimited sums, and auiisimaiy silver roiu was re-
rclvaole to the extent of five dollars. Mr. Consul.
late Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, In a letter
directed, in 187.". to tho Surveyor of Customs at St.
Ituis, stated that silver dollars wore receivable for
duties on imports to un unlimited extent; that is, the
Government officials proclaimed the silver dollar as a
legal teniter. He argued that the dollar in the United
Stales bond meant the silver coin of 412 h grains, or the
gold coin of 25 8-10 grains. Silver dollars
had been practically as tmucb. iu ciirula-
tion as money since 18ul as gohL Neither
metal had been actually used and circulated as
money in the business of the country since that time.
Mr. tdckrcll then quoted extensively from statistics
snowing tue coinage oi goiu ana silver, anu cauea
particular sttentlou to the following figures: The coin
age of silver dollars in 1868 was $r.4.8NI. in 18! $281.
H"0. in 1870 s.88.308. iu 1871 $ti57,f29, in 1W72 $1.
112.9i1. ami uu to the time that silver was domouetized
the coinage amounted to (i77,155. Mad the coinage
been coutlnued that year it wouiu nave amounted to
$l.f71.102. These facts were not mere assertions.
They showed a rapid and wonderful increase In the sil
ver coinage. The gold coinage in 18H8 was $1Q,550. in
1809 3v",0"25. in 1870$"'3.:K, in 1871 $X.S4(. ill 1872
!H.o:t. iu 1873 $25.20. in 1874 $323,920, aud in 1875
it fell to the enormous sum of '-'(.
Mr. Bayard inquired if the Senator, in preparing his
table, bail not counted each piece of silver coined as a
dollar. Did not the table show tliat the value of gold
coined was five times us much as that of silvert
Mr. Cockrell replied that his tattles were correct. He
knew that assertions had lieen published in newspapers
and luade in speeches, and went forth as facto, though
4 hev were not true; that the Government officials had
falsified the facts. He then argued that all subsidiary
silver coined prior to the act of April 1, 18."3, was full
legal tenner lur an neuis, piioiic anu private, i-rior to
that date, the half-dollars, quarter dollars, ten and five
Cent pieces were proportionately of the same value as
the silver dollar of 412vi grain's. AH subsidiary coin
issued prior to the act of April 1, 1853, "was to-ilay vest
ed with unlimited legal tender isiwer. and the Govern
ment must receive such cuiu in payment of all customs
Mr. Bayard said tlie Senator would recollect that In
1853, when 6 7-10 grains were taken out of every half
dollar, it was because they could not lie kept in the
country. They were swept ont of this country, where
they wore undervalued, and went to other countries,
where they were properly valned.
Mr. Cockrell said in the Western conntry there were
many silver halves and quarters, coined prior to 1853,
still in use; many of them hud been locked up for years,
and were bronglit out since the close of the war. He
argued that the bondholders had no right to question
the power of Congress in regsrd to coining money am!
regulating Its value. They had no right to complain,
because no matter what liapiiened, they would still lie
pal in coin of the standard of value of July
14, 1870. He then refei-red to the assurances ot
Government officers that the bonds would be ptdd
n gold, and he argued that these officials had no right
to modify the plain words of the law. They could not !
change tlie terms of the contract. The officers of the
Government were administrators of the law, and not
law-makers, and no one knew this better than the pres
ent Secretary of the Treasury. j
He then quoted from the recent report of that officer j
urgently recommending Congress to give sanction to
his assurance that the bonds would be paid in gold. The
secretiiv had dared to give unauthorized assurances to
uondiioldeia, but lie baUuot dared to issue a auifa'le bond
contrary t law. T claim now that the United States
It Hist iay its bonds in gold, on account of tne assurance,
ot the Secretary of the Treasury, was scarcely less than
a crime. The cry of repudiation, violating the Na
tional honor, impugning tbe faith of tbe Government,
and so on, had been heard far and wide from the East
em press, and from the bondholders, their allies and
frienils. Western men in favor of the retnonetisation of
silver had been stigmatized as lunatics. He Cockrell
was as firmly devoted to the maintenance ox the Na
tional honor as any of these Pharisees, and he hurled
back with scorn and contempt their imputations. He
stood upon Uie floor of this Senate as one of the Sena
tors of tlie great State ot Missouri,
and demanded lor the people the en
forcement of the contract. He boldly assert
ed that to pay the bonds In gold and silver, or In silver
aioue, hhiii jfei irt i uunjpiiauce Willi uie wunu in too
law. and with all the recognized principles of honesty
and National honor. He charged the crime of repudia
tion npon those who upheld the bondholders. Tlie peo
ple whom he represented, with the bayonets of truth in
their hands, would drive them into a decent observance
of the plain tenua of law. The bondliolders,by their false
cries. were attemntln to fasten their hiirh
crimes and misdexneanora npon those wno
desired to comply in good faith with the letter and
spirit of the law. Tlie tax-payers of the country had
their lights, one of which was to pay bonds In silver,
and they would never surrender that right. The people
could not and would not pav gold alone. He heartily
approved the resolution of the Senator from Ohio, and
it was tbe imperative duty of Congress to-day, not only
to pass this resolution, but also to restore the free coin
age of the stiver dollar by passing the (silver Bill.
Mr. Kundolph spoke in opposition to tlie resolution,
and in favor ot gold as the single standard of value. He
referred at length to the various Government bonds,
and argued that the Government had the right to pay
the bonds issued prior to 1873 in gold or silver coin, at
its option, while as to the remainder of its
bonded obligation, payment must absolutely
be made in gold. lie would endeavor
to show while it Is onr lawful right
to pay in other coin, onr interests would not be sub
served by pavments iu silver. He argued that it hail
tieen the studied purpose of the Government to persuade
the mind of capital tlut coin meant gohl. No resolutions
of Congress and no opinions of the Secretaries could
have had. or ever did have, a breath of influence upon
the minds of the lenders. Compared with tbe long, un
broken practice of the Government itself, aside from
the considerations of interest or policy, we had never ot
one time, nor at all times put together, within our his
tory as a Government, the silver coiu to make jiay
nicuts with. Counting all the silver coiif sine! 17!2 it
amounted to four million dollars, an amount insufficient
to pay the iutcruet of our present bonded debt of t he
United States for fourteen days. When we made
our obligations we tsik no thought of payment in silver,
dreamed of no chance like the one now sought for. and
meaut by coin that metal which the Government hail
ever liefore paid to its creditors, that the Govcmuicut
had alone ever possessed in quantity sufficient to pay
with, and that coin wtiich the whole comuteicial anil
tliAunrial world with whom w-e have to deal were then
dealing, ami known oiriy as onrcoln of payment. Should
we make a law remoue't iziug silver, and" that coin of
4121!! grains remain relatively ns much cheaper -than
gold as it now is, of what advantage w ill our remoneti
zat ion be to the people beyond that given to those now
in debt it would possess. As to all new obligations,
they would lie made expressly payable in golil, or
so charged for In higher rates of interest or higher
clutrges for commislities as to make the cost to
the borrower of money or purchaser of mer
chandise relatively the same as if the transactions
had taken place on a gold basis. He argued that since
the Silver Bill had liecu under discussion large loans of
monev have only been had by inserting gold coin pay
ment in the bond. Tlie laws of Congress, though they
be piled mountain high, can not change the higher and
immutable laws of supply and demand, or the speedy
exit of capital from the protection of a Government
that menaces either its honest value or its righteous
possession. He argued that the remonetlzation of silver
would be a loss to the people and t the Government,
and would not lessen the public burden. If silver is
made a legal tender, and remains the cheaper coin, aud
is to be paid out by the Government, then all will agree
that we mav not longer refund our debt, now being
done at four per cent., at the same rate of interest,
or sell onr bonds at the price we obtain for them now.
Just to the extent, therefore, tliat the Government
pars a higher rate of interest or sells its bonds for a
tower price, it Is the loser; the public burden is not -lessened
but is increased. For all practical pui-poes. snd
substantially for those of commercial ones also, silver
as a legal tender coin of the people passed out of exist
ence more than twenty years before the passage of the
celebrated demonetization act of 1873. Its use by the
people hail been confined long before the war to the
ever convenient and always to be circulated subsidiary
coin, the half dimes anil dunes, the quarters and half
dollars of every day use, the people's money, in
reality money of convenience to them, but not money
for their hard-earned savings to be kept in.
Referring to the art of February. 1873, demonetizing
silver, he denied that it was smuggled through Cou-
f ress, and said it was clearly understood. He argued
tiat the silver dollar was demonetized because It was
worth 3 Hi cents more than the gold dollar, and would
not remain in the country. He believed a double stand
ard was not only detrimental to the Government, but
was in itself substantially impracticable. The Nations
of the highest civilization, those with which onr affairs
are largest, have either adopted a single gold standard
or restricted the coinage of silver, so as to amount to
about the same thing. We could not take Fast
Indians or Chinese for onr guides in finance. He
next dlscnsseil the power of Congress to coin money,
suit regulate the value, and referring to repudiation,
said he believed there was no pui-pose upon the part of
the iieople at large to do aught that would lay them
open to a Juitt charge of repuiliatiou. He sjsike of his
deadlv hatred of that crime, anil said lie did not ques
tion tliat all honorable men hated it- If in passing bills
to rcmonetize silver w-e fire adjudged by the liroad
world, from whom much of our capital has heretofore
come and must hereafter largely coine.guilt v ofdonbtf ul
action regarding our obligations, the lieiiafty, whether
rightfully or w rongfully indicted, will fall, after all,
with more distinct severity upon private enter
prise than ulHiu the public "credit. If upon these
the blight of broken faith, real or
implied, shall fall, then. Indeed, will we have added to
the cup of onr present misfortunes. He spoke from
personal knowledge when he said that foreign and do
mestic capital refuses to give American enterprise cred
it this very hour because of this debate. With a single
standard (if gold we may safely enter uiiou couiMdition
in all the maiketa of the w-orltCfor this is the one stand
ard undisputed. With the double standard halt of the
world's markets are beyond our efforts. He then sMke
of the Inconvenience of silver in large amounts, the
cost of transiHirtmg It. Ac. He bad no sympathy for
money kings, but he would cater to no passing passion
by hurling epithets at any class of our fellow-citizens,
though thev have the misfortune to be ricli.
The capitalists were not bondholders: the real holder
of our Government Istnds was rarely the great capitalist-
To him the interest is too low, even iiisiu the best
of them. The registered bonds of the United states
tell the story. Fxamiiie the Issiks and you w-ill find the
uames of executors, trustees and guardians of estates
not great estates, but small ones you will find the
uaines of widows, whose slender means permit no haz
ard of income. Vou will rarely Tind large amounts in
any name, and still more rarely, if at all. in tlie name of
caiiitalists. Thcee are facts thiit no rhetoiie. will dispute.
Iu conclusion he uiguetl that Government bonds
were held by the saving institutions of the counfrv,
t hose special depositories of the provident poor. Life
Insurance companies, which were among the most
beneficial of modern institutions, had their reserve
fund invested iu them. The school fund In his own
State was largely invested in (iovernnieut bonds. He
lielieved three-fohrths of the Government bonds were iu
the hands of, or held for, the benefit of poor iieople.
- At the conelusiou of Mr. Bandolph's remarks, Mr.
Lamar took the flisir, but yielded to Mr. Ransom for a
motion for nn executive session.
Mr. Conkling said the senate should have an under
standing as to some time when the vote upon the reso
lution of the Senator from Ohio Mr. Matthews could
betaken. The mover of the resolution desired to have
the vote as sistn as possible, and lie Mr. Coiik'iitgl
therefore suggested that some hour to-niorrow be fixed
f or t he vote.
Mr. Davis, of Illinois T suggest 3 o'clock.
Mr. Morrill inquired if the proposition included all
Mr. Conkling replied in the affirmative.
Mr. Morrill said he would have to object, because his
colleague, Mr. Fdiuuhils, not now in the Chamber, de
sired to sfieak uisin his amendment ottered some days
ago. mid lie .Mr. Atorruij also ucsireii to apcait a tew
minutes uisin the amendment submitted by filiuself.
Mr. Coukliug said this being a mere preliminary res
olution, not even aiming at the character of a statute,
wa: occupying a vast deal of time. There it stisnl,
blocking tfie way of legislation, with the Silver Bill be
hind it. nud he supposed it would be next considered. All
this tlebatc would be iu order on that bill, and unless
the Nenateshould make some agreement un all-night
sessiou might t-ke plsee. which could lie avoldetl.
Mr. Meri-imoii saitl thero were four or live gentlemen
on his side of the Chamber who desired to speak, and
he should regret to see them cut off by fixing an hour
for the vote to Ish taken.
Mr. Allison said much of the argument made on the
resolution could be matin on the silver Bill, which
would come up next, aud he suggested that the Senate
vote on the resolution aud pending amendments at 3
o'cliK'k Friday nf termsin.
Mr. Bavain saia mucn ornate on tne suver inn nan
been anticipated in the debate on the resolution, though
he hoped there would Immio haste in fixing the time for
a vote. The two measures were closely connected, and
the importance of the subject could not beover-esti-
niated. should debute be hastily terminated on this
resolution it might be so terminated on the silver Bill.
Agieat deal hud been saiiL but it was chiefly on one
side, and he favored the fullest debate.
Mr. Thurniau raid he had said nothing on this rest) In-
ticin. though he might have said something, because he
entertained very clear convictions that it contained
nothing but naked truth, though It did not embrace the
whole subject. Congress had been iu session three
months, aud it was time to do something practical. It
could not be determined what would be the law
of the land In regard to silver until a vote should
be taken on Jhe Silver BUI. He did not believo the fi x-
ing. of the tiiue to vote on the resolution would be cut-
mr on any senator, because tne argument coum tie
continued on the silver Bill. He believed the best in
terests of the whole country required the remonetlza
tion of silver, and that all tne fears which had Iswn ex
pressed in regard thereto wore wholly imaginary. He
favored the speedy settlement of tlie question.
Mr. Blaine suggested that the Senator from Ohio Mr.
Matthews! postpone his resolution until after the Silver
Bill should be acted upon. This resolution stood right
across the path of practical legislation.
Mr. Matthews declined to postimne his resolution. He
was anxious to havea voteutsinit. and was willing to nn-
dergo as much personal Inconvenience as any other Sen
ator. He, therefore, gsve notice that If a" majority of
the Senate would stand by him he proposed fo have the
sessiou continued on Fridsy until the resolution and
pending amendments be disposed of.
The senate then went into executive session," and
when Uie doors reopened, adjourned.
HOl'SE Washisgtox, January 23.
Mr. Franklin presented a resolution of the merchants
of Kansas city in favor of the reinuuctizalion of silver.
Mr. Kitswortn tntronncea a oui relieving name de
posits from internal revenue tax. Beferred.
The House then considered the steauilstat Bill, the
paragraph having been reached, readiug. "Kach master,
chief engineer aud first-class pilot, licensed as herein
provided, shall pay for every certificate granted by any
Inspector or lusiectoi-8 the sum of ir8, aud every chief
mate, engineer and pilot of au inferior grade shall pay
for every certificate so granted the sum of $4."
Mr. Marsh ottered an amendment, maiuug tue ice lor
eei-tirit-Mfefl reissued 1.
Various other-amendments in tne same nirection were
offered, discussed and rejected, and finally the amend
ment ottered bv Mr. Mursii was aiioptea.
other amendment being made and rejected, Mr. Lnt
trell offered an amendment, which he wit lidrew ufter
some discussion, providing that no American vessel
sliall employ, in any capacity whatever, a Chinese or
Mr. Luttrell's amendment having been withdrawn.
Mr. Savler said "That is all I w ant- I want this steam
boat bill to pass."
Mr. ward ottered an amenamear- requiring ocean
steamships to carry mortal's and other appliances for
casting shot lines on shore in case oi shipwreck.
Having disposed of all but four pages of the bill, it
was laid aside, and the Siseakcr presented the resolu
tions adopted by the Senate in honor of the late Sen
ator Bogy. . ...,..
jiDogies were pronoun cea uy ja-csein. vwc, tuuvuu,
Waddell. Phfilin. ICnott. P narks, of 111.'. Throckmorton
' Clarke, nf Mo., Fills. Rea. and Crittenden, after which
the resolutions were adopted taasl tbe House adjourned.
BCNATK Washikctok, Jaonary S4.
Mr. Hamlin submitted a resolution directing the Com.
mittce on Appropriations to examine into the affairs
and management of the Free 1 men's Hospital in the
District of Columbia. A greet I to.
Mr. Bumside submitted a resolution directing that the
Judiciary Committee notary colonel a. f. HuuKie wnen
his case is taken up, and providing that he may appear
personally or by counsel before the committee, and be
heard In regard to his case.
Mr. Kdniunds stated the practice of the Judiciary had
always been to allow parties to hie writ ten briefs stat
ing their case.
After some debate, it was decided that the Judiciary
Committee won Id not hear oral statements from parties
or counsel in either tne Kunkie or Draper case.
Messrs. Howe and Cameron, of Wisconsin, presented
a resolution from the Milwaukee Chamber of Com
merce, in favor of extending the time for completing
tne ."sort hern racinc naiiroad upon certain conuiiiuus.
Mr. Anthony, from the Committee on Printing, re
ported favorably on the resolution to print copies of the
eulogies on tne late (senators uoruin auu JKgy.
Mr. Beck submitted a resolnt ion instrnoting the Com.
mittee on Printing to Inquire into the expediency of
aiMUis mug tue separate index lor tne lougressiouai
Record, and Issuing an index with each volume.
Mr. (Sargent called up the Senate bill to provide for
the removal of tlie Naval Observatory, and submitted
an amendment therefor, in tho nature of a substitute,
which authorizes the Preshk-ut. by and w itli the advice
and consent uf the Senate, to appoint a commission oi
three ucrsons to select a site for a Naval Observatory,
and reiMirt at the present session of Congress npon the
cost oi vie same, anu also uie cost ux removing uw tti
stitution. A trreed tn.
Mr. Morrill railed np the House bill to change the
location anu name oi uie jniners atiouai ihuia, xitttiu
wimmL IU. Passed.
Mr. Beck gave notice that he would to-morrow, during
tne morning Hour, call up tor uiscussion tne resoiiiiiou
auumitteu uv luni a lew nays ago in rrgani to tue cuia
ing Fund for the nuvment uf the public debt.
At the expiration of the morning hour the Senate re
sumed eoiiBlil.j-ation of the resolution of Mr. Matthews
to pay the iuterest and principal of the bonds in silver,
anil mt. ijfiuar sfsise 111 refrain inereio.
Mr. Lumar first read the resolution of Mr. Matthews
and next the amendment thereto submitted by the Sen
ator from Vermont Mr. Fdmunds, and said: I shall
vote, Mr. jTvsiueut. against uoi u tnese resoimions, oe
cause I believe that the issue thus made up and joined
docs not set forth fulrly and fully the true issue in vol v.
ed in the givat change" w hich la proposed to be wrought
lu the monetary system of this conntry by certain meas
ures now calling for the actiou of this body. I concur
in opinion as a law ver that at the time of the passage of
the act of lHtiB these bouds were payable lu greenbacks
u et'l til l ft it tne itiettti const 1 lit ttott ot tut' kihiiim., an
it was originally executed. It would not have been a
matter of auy importance, it would not have been a
question either of iuterest or inquiry whether they were
payable in greenbscks or gold or silver, had the Govern
ment performed its promise of redeeming its greenback
currency and making it convertible. Then the two
would have lieen umiu an equality, and the holder of our
National securities would have felt no more interest in
the question as to whether they wonld be paid in gold
or silver than the holder ot English securities is now
interested in the question of the psvment of F.nglish
bond in notes of the Bank of England or in gold; but
by reason of the suspension of specie payments, by rea
son of the fact that the Government hail not performed
its promise to redeem those mdes, thev were depre
ciated; depreciated by act anil default of the Govern
ment; and the question arose whether it would stand
upon its literal contract ami pay it obligations in cur
rency depreciated by Its own act and its ow n default.
The legislators of that day concluded it was equitable,
inasmuch as these issues were depredated by beiug un
redeemed aud non-redeemable, to pass a public act pro.
claiming to all the world .that ttiey should lie paid
in coin. They were confronted by financial necessity,
by financial terrors. Had some Senator at that time,
pending tlie discussion, like my friend from Ohio,
enamored of the Judicial asjiects of the question alone,
recited these- prev km laws and these circumstances un
der which the bonds were Issued, aud projs.seil a reso
lution declaring to the world that no mutter what the
Interest ot the H?ople or Government might be; no mat
ter what financial lsilicy might dictate; no matter w hat
question of expediency was resolving, that the Govern
ment can pay these bonds In Treasury notes, in green
back rnrreiicy, what then would have been the effect
on tlie finances of the countiy! What then would have
been the effect on tlie attempt to fund your public debt
at a lower rate of interestl Its effect then would
have been precisely what effect tin lesolntion
will be if it Is adopted. The resolution of the Senator
from Vermont Mr. Kdniunds, in my opinion. Is amena
ble to the same objection. I do not believe it wise, or
politic, or statesmanlike for the two honses of Congress,
in advance of any legislation, in advance of any settled
policy, to proclaim to the world their pimition upon a
fmrely legal issne, npon a purely Judicial point, bandy
solated from all the other imiiortant aspects of this
sweeping and nulled revolution in our mouetury s stem,
involving, as it does, au utter overturning of ail our
existing financial schemes. However it may do in logic,
it will not do In practical legislation to formulate and
lav down- and commit vourself to anv promise nntii the1
other terms of t-lte proposttiou are well detlued anil
estaiillshed. 1 tiiuiK. tuerciore, mat sucu a resoiinion
would no lie wise. There is another objection to it.
There is iu all these resolutions utsut that side, under
circumstances of their presentation, an implied com
mittal against the policy of the remonetizationof silver.
Such a committal, ev'eu bv implication, is. iu my
opinion, at this time inopportune anil ill-advised to an
cillllieill liegree. X lirnrtr luni t nere in met noil o t i t-
monctizing' silver Indeed, there Is more than one
methisl so as to place that metal npon a solid and last
ing foundat ion as a part uf the currency ot this coun
tiy. I believe thnt it can be incor
jh) rated into your actual system of finance,
and that, too, iu such a manner as will conduce
to the prosperity of the country, satisfy popular demand
without anv slnsk to the great interests involved, uud
even with Ispnetit to the public service. By concert of
action sud cisqieratiou with all those Nations who are
favorable to the rciuouctizatiou of silver, 1 believe that
a legal ratio 1stween these two metals can tie fixed so
as to make what is called a double or alternative stand
ard practicable; ut least so as to advance ail practical
IiunMHes of commerce una trade ami tuisiness. it must
h' u fair aud au honest ratio, one iu whieh legal relation
corresiionds to absolute relation between these two
metals, .and there must Ik; concert aud co
oiierutlon in - order to Insure this result.
1 ' -. T n-1.1 . , .. .. .1 ..-.: ..... I ,1..., T .... . .. . .,
an adviK-atc of monometallism, either of gold or silver,
and while I am in favor of going as far as propriety will
Mrmit to the establishment of a dual system, with a
airness of relation between these metals, in the circula
tion of this country. I do not believe that the hill which
was reiMirtcd f rom'the House, and that which is rciMirt
ed as a substitute by your committee, will accomplish
that object. I believe the result of that bill w ill be, not
bimetallism in America or Kuropc, for its peculiar and
all-overshadowing feature Is that one uu tal. and one
metal alone, shall be the exclusive ruling clement of
American currency, and that metal shall be silver; and
I sav. with all respect to my friend from Tennessee Mr.
Bail'ev. that if the tiuaucit-rs of Germany and Knglaud
hail combined together to devise a scheme w hich should
drive the current y of silver from the markets of Kurois
forerer. and establish a silver monometallism iu this
country, they could not have luvented one that would
lie molt efficient thau that w hich has been reorted by
the committee, unless it is the one for whieh it is a sub
stitute. M r. I Jiuiar cited various authorities in support of
his views, cud said: I construe the whole tiling in ar
raving the authorities in favor of the bimetallic system
on this point, showing that the effect of such legislation
as is here proposed. ill consolidate the currency of all
Kurope ou a gold basis, and remand America to the
Asiatic mode, and that of those isairer countries of Ku
rope that are condemned by their very necessities to
receive the rejeeted coin of grest commeivial Nations.
I do not say this maiiv spirit of hostility to the restora-
tion ot silver, but the tact is true that that metal ik-cii-
pies a subordinate iiosttiou lu the currency of the
ruling Nations of the European continent. Itisdeniou
etized practically among 2oO,liOO.iNHof tbe population
of the glotie. That is.it is entirely demonetized as a
legal tender in Luglsud and Germany, and its coinage
has tHen arrested iu the Latin Union. Vnd it is demone
tized lu the United states. Silver can not to into
France to be coined, and a five-franc piece, which is tne
onlv silver coin that is a full tender thei-e. is very scarce
at this time in Fi slice. How came France to "stop the
coinage of silver and partially demonetize- that metal
within her limits! France was not au Empire at the
time she did that. That same furnace of war which
fused the Gciiunii confederation into one Empire siinply
melteit oil the niiienaiisiii oi trance, aim Drought out
her pure and unalloyed Republicanism; and when she
became a Republic, and w hen GcnnaJiy flung her tie
monetizution of silver ut her, tbe " proud
Republic filing It Hack In oisilalii anil pcrtormed a nnau
cial maneuver which gave her a greater tiuancial suc
cess over hei-.baughiy rival than that rival had won over
Iter iu the ruder game of war. It was not followiutr her
example, buf it was meeting the financial step Germany
made bv her demonetization of silver w tth a measure of
a like character. Is it supposed that this silver, w Inch
lies there idle, which France rejected and the Latin
Union relected. will not be noisled across to ns: that
hungry America will snap at the otter and swallow it
dow ul Well, sir, if we do, it will be on the same princi
ple tliat the uoy swallow itl tnu oonar w m-n lie got a dot
lar. He said it" was not because he wanted the dollar,
or cared particularly about tbe world, but he wanted
to show what a strong stomach be had.
Mr. Lamar argued that tbe effect of this measure w ill
be to drive the gold ill this country to foreign countries.
and asked when; was the wisdom and policy and states.
mauship oi suusiiiiiiiug in tins ciiuiii iv n suter circula
tion for a gold one. In w hat single attribute is not gold
the superior of silver! It is not the ubsence of silver
from tho currency, growing out of demonetization,
w hich causes the general distress throughout the laud.
nor would there be a large volume of currency but for
the absence of silver. The absence of silver as legal
tender, aud under free coiuage, constitutes no relation
to the scarcity of money, inasmuch as money Is more
plentiful lu those Nations where silver is demonetized
thau in any other Nations un the face-of the earth, and
in Austria and Russia, silver countries, money is scarce.
There is iu no time or place a clear road to relief
from the consequences which have come upon ns. grow,
ing out of tlie operations of war, anil the effects of
such measures as are proHised. W holessle relief has al
most without exception 1s-en to produce not tbe effect
expected, but through indirect effects the very reverse
of what was anticipated. Before 1873 we had silver
coin and legal-tender unlimited, and yet the greatest
contraction of our currency was iK-tween 1806 and
1869. Silver was demonetized in 18i. In that year
our circulation was, in round number. t38.(KK).(HHj.
In 1874 our circulation rose to 77ii,0O0,0O0, and this
was after the demonetization ot silver.
Tbe remonetlzation of silver will not arrest the con
traction glowing out of resumption. The policy of le
sumptiuu Is simple from various circumstances.
Many thing lsiint to a speedy resumption of
is-cie pavnnut. whether anybody wants it or not.
Everything points to a speedy equality between the
values of gold and greenbacks. If nothing in our legis
lation pre ents it, I think that the equality will come
very simiii. in spite of everything that is Isdng doue to
prevent sis-cie. payments from being resumed. Tho
natural condition aiid effect of onr business relatious
are bringing the two together: and when the greenback
and gold dollar are equal, it doos not necessarily follow
that we resume specie payments; but that circum
stance will immediately uulock the door nf the stock of
gold in this country, and put -it iu circulation. It will
make it a part of the cun-ency of the countrv. Sup-
Isstc that Jcstwhen we me uulockiug the disir that has
:eiit cold out ot the currency of the country so long.
and when we arc iu sight, we lock it up again by the
passage of tbe Silver Bill. Higher prices, caused
by a depreciated currency, do not benefit the
latiorer or the farmer. The lalsirer receives the same
amount of pay w hich he received before, but he re
ceives it in depreciated currency, while he has to pay
for every thing he purchases at liigh.-r prices.
The Senator from Ohio Mr. Matthews), iu answer to
a question from the Senator from Connecticut Mr.
Eaton, as to the priee in gold In the markets abroad,
said. "What have we te do w ith abroad!" Sir, we of
tbe South have everything to do with abroad. The
Srreat production of the South has its price fixed at
.iverpool in the gold market, and that dominates the
price of the same prtsluct w ith the manufacturers of the
Sol lb. Then with the profit that they get at the sale of
gold values in Europe they are compelled to pay
their exienses for the necessaries and comforts
oi life at the highest rate of a depreciated currency.
CienUciucn talk about Uie evil ul a cunliaclcd tuxieu-
cy There is nothing comparable to the dis
tress and the all-devouriiig feeling of disgust
when people are compelled to sell tn a hnr market at
low prices and pay for even-thing they buy In a market
of high prices. It will continue as long as we have here
the currency that exists or the one that is now proposed
to be substituted for It.
Mr. president, we have two great American tirodncts
tn tills country; one is the cotton product- That pro
duct commands gold everywhere on tlie globe with the
single exception of the etwt where it is produced. We
S reduce more gold than we do silver, and yet the pro
ud of gold and the product of cotton ran not come to
gether upon this continent- I do nnt intend to discuss
tbe question whether the Government has a moral and
legal right te pay it bonds in silver dollars containing
4 12 Si grains to the dollar. There is so ranch of that
magic bewitchment In the dialectics of the construction
of contracts and bonds, and in the laws upon this
subject, thst we are apt to overlook prac
tical resnlts. I prefer to pnt invself along
with those who maintain the right upon tbe" letter of the
contract. Silver was demonetized by the sovereignty
of tne Government of the United States, and. according
to yonr own argument, its depreciation this day is
owing to demonetization, and no other cause. You say
Ton stand npon tbe letter of yonr contract. Conceding
all that you contend for, and that it is a applicable to
the bond issued since 1873 as those issued before, are
yon not standing upon the letter of the contract like a
worm in the bark that is gnawing away that which
threatens the life of yonr National credit! tieutlemea
speak about- rehabilitating by law, and abont paying In
the itfifu fw in which it was before the demonetization.
Sir, doe not the obligation go farther! If you are going
to restore silver to the standard of gold. Is it not vour
duty to restore It actually! Are you not bound
to put it where it wa in point of
fact. ns well a where it wis in point
of timet I do not believe that any tsurh distinction ex
ists in this country as all capitalists on one stile and
all producing classes on the other. It 1 Impossible that
it should be in a country of institutions like these.
Mr. Lanir made a feeling allusion to the Southern
Senators of the past. Hunter, Mason, Slldcll, Benjamin,
Toombs and Brown, and, w ithout mentioning his name,
toJefterson Davis, and said: Mr. President We, the
successors of t hese men. are here to-day bv a policy
which is a notew-orty fac in the nineteenth century.
We have come to niiiigle with Beprcacnt.itive from the
States of this Union in a common council for the pood of
this conntry. We come no louger as representatives of
cnpital interests of tbe south. We come not as the
allies of lutMiring men of tlie North, ibut as la
tsirers ourselves, every one of um, aud
all of our constituent, taught the tern
lesson of tbe necessity of earning our subsistence
by the sweat of our face. But, ir. we come with ouc
conviction unchanged as to the necessity of the lalsir
ing class-s being protected in all their rights and in all
their interests, for when they sink, the social fabric of
society must sink and crumble with them. But we
come believing they are honest, that they are patient,
that thev are self-reliant and true to their obligations,
and that" w bat it is their duty to do. they will feel it is to
their interest to do. Wo have differed nisin this great
question, but of one tiling the world may be assured
tliat no Southern Senator representing "the Southern
Iieople will give a vote, uisin the one sitle or the other,
which is not designed to protect the lalsiring classes of
this country alike with its capital, oron the other that
will observe nntamlshed the sacred hour of America.
Applause in the galleries.
iie ouestiou beingon the amendment of Mr. Conk
ling to make the resolution against instead of a concur
rent one. Mr. Conkling spoke briefly In favor of that
amendment, and saitl ns the Constitution of tbe United
Statts deptsdted w itli tbe President one-sixth of the
whole lawmaking power of the Government, he thought
it should have the sanction of the Executive as well as
of tbe two bouse of (Vsagresa.
Mr- Tbumiau opposed the amendment, snd said there
were certain matters which could propt-rly lie treated
by concurrent resolution, ami among them
was the declaration of an opinion by tbe two houses
when thev might deem such a declaration proisr. It
was mit his purjsise to siKfak UfKiii the silver qmstiou
until the bill itself should come before the senate, but
there was one thing to which he desiied to refer.
Seuattir after Senator had declared the act of 1873
demonetized tbe silver dollar. It diss uosnch thlnir.
The silver dollar was demonetized by the Revised stat
utes, but tln-y were mit intended to change any existing
law. They were simply a compilation of tlie laws as
they existed at the date of Its adoption. The silver dol
lar "of 4122 grains was full legal tender for all pnrposes,
aud had not lieen legally demonetized. Tlie ar
gument ltatl been made that silver dollars were not in
existence at that time, aud therefore tbe bondholders
did not expert to Ue paid lu silver. As well might such
an argument 1 made against gold, ls-ratise there was
but little ot that coin In use. The Coinage Act of 1873
was a step in tbe direction of demonetizing silver, but
it was not actallv demonetized Ite-fore tbe adoption of
the Revised statutes in 1874. It had lieen argued that
Injustice would Is- done to tboe who purchased Isinds
since 1873 if the Guverotiieut should nav its Isolds iu
wilver, but tie Mr. Thurniau would endeavor to show.
wnen tue uui ltseir snouiti come up rorcousmeraiiou,
that the payment of the bouds in silver would not do in
justice to any one.
Air. ft email aia it naa nern argnea
thut our bonds were held by those
who were wealthy. He made no distinction on account
of wealth. Every man iu this country slumld have
equal protection before the law, ts? he ptsir or rich. He
Mr. Keman denied, however, that the lsitids wen held
by the rich. The report of the Superintendent 4f the
Bank Department of New l oi-k for Is , 7. showed that
tbe class of bunks wtiich were trustees of thorn- who
had small savings held about uue-t wentieth of all the
bonds bv the Government. The bonds were held by all
classes of our citizens.
Mr. Thiirman said he had never Indulged iu any re
marks as to who held Govemmeikt IhhuIs. No matter
wlsu held them, they hail a right to be paid. He argued
that the rcmonctiza'tioit of silver would place it side be
side with gold in less than twenty-four hours, aud no
injustice would tic done to auy one.
Tbe ilebate was continued" In a colloquial manner
by Messrs. Edmunds. Tliiiriiian and Kcrnun.
The Senate, on motion of Mr. Davis, of Illinois, ad
journed. IIOI'KE Washixctox. January 24.
The House proceeded to the eonsidorat ion of the bill
ameiming t fie laws concerning commerce and naviga
tion and regulation of Meani vessels.
Mr. Townsciul moved to strike out the section which
provides that whenever damage is sustained hy any pas.
sengeron a steam vessel through fire, explosion or
other causes, such casualty occurring without the fault
or knowledge ot the ow tier of the vessel, said owiu-r of
tbe vessel sliall only bo liable to the extent of his iu.
tercst in such vessel.
Mr. Townsend said that under that section he might
be roasted alive on the Hudson River on a steanilsiaf
owned by Vandt-rbilt. who was worth his millions, and
yet that 'gentleman could only Is- held liable to the ex
tent of the value of the bulk'of the vessel.
Mr. Beebc oflercd an anieinlii'.eiit, providing that any
person sustaining lnsw through tlie carelessness or
willful misconduct of the mste. engineer or pilot, might
sue the owner of the vessel for damages. He said that
according to the provisions ot tlie bill, the owner of a
vessel was held responsible only to the extent of tbe
value of the hull, w hile it allowed the agents of the
owners to be sued lor an unlimited amount. He was
snrprised that the gentleman who had charge of the
bill Mr. Reagan should bring into the House a bill
which was confessedly In lavor of property. It was
time that something should be done lu the interest of
Mr. Resgan dented that he was representing property
instead of the s'ople. but be was opposed to liemagogu-ei-y,
and he trnstcd he would bu opposed to it till he
went to his grave.
Aftcrfurthcr discussion, the amendment proposed by
Mr. Beets was rejected ayes 81, nays lt2.
Mr. Field moved to'.tmeiid the paragraph by Inserting
the words "ou indictment and conviction of such care
lessness," Ac. Agi-eed to.
Mr. Hooker moved fo strike out of the paragraph the
words, "but if such explosion, tire, shall is-cur without
the fault, privity or know ledre of the owner or owners,
bis or their total liability sliall not exceed the value of
bis or their interest in such vessel."
A long iliseussioii ensued on this proposition, which
was finally lejecteiL Mr. Hooper's uiucudnient was re
jected. Mr. Townsciul, of New York, moved to strike out tlie
entire paragraph iu l elation to the liability of the
owners. Jstst yeas 94, uaya 37.
The paragraph as amended Is as follows:
Suction 4.4I3. Whenever damage is sustained by any
lassenger iu is-rson or i'ioK-rty fnuit explosion, tire, col
isioii. or other cause to which his negligence ilms not
contribute, the master and owner of sucii vessel or
either of them, and the vessel shall Is: lialde to each and
eveiy person so injured to tiie full amount of the dnm
age, "if it hupiM-ns ihniugli any neglect or fnilmv to com
ply with the piuvisions of this biU, or through defects
or imperfections of tbe steaming apparatus or of the
vessel which could bare been detected and
provided against bv reasonable cure, but If such
exjilosioii, fire, collision or casualty shall is-'-ur
w ithout negligence, fault, priority ot knowledge of the
owner or owners, tbe total lisbilitv of such owner re-
sjKx;! ivclv shall in no case exceed au amount equal to
the amount or value ot ins or tueir iuter"st in sucn ves.
sel at the commencement of the voyage or trip, uud auy
Hrson sustaining loss or injury as aforesaid, without
guilt or negligence on bis part, through the. carelessness,
negligence or willful misconduct of any master, mute.
eugiueerorpilot, on his neglect or refusal to ottcy the
laws governing the navigation of such steamers," niuy
sue such master, mate, engineer or pilot, and recover
damages for any such Injury caused by any such master,
mute, engineer or pilot, siid such officer, on indict
ment and conviction of such candessiuss, negligence,
willful misconduct, neglect or refusal, may also be im
prisoned not cxriedti!g t bree j-ears.
Mr. lMrkwood moved an amendment to the section,
fixing the salaries of stetmboat 1 nsiMt'tor. classifying
tbein from $1,700 a vearat New York and New Orlesus,
down to $700 at Puget's Sound, Apalacblcola aud
Pending the discussion of this amendment, the House
having disposed of all but the last paragraph in the bill,
SENATE Washikgtos, January 25.
Thr bill to remit taxes on insolvent savings banks
was discussed brieflv and postiMiiied until to-inorrow.
Mr. Rollins submit ted the following as au additional
sect ion :
That, in making further collections of internal rev
enue tuxes on bank du)Hisits, no savings bunk recog
nized us such bv tbe luws of its State, uud having no
capital stock, sliall, ou account of mercantile business
deisisits heretofore received. itiHiu w hich no interest bn
Is-en allowed to parties makiug such deisisits, be denied
the exemptions allowed to savings banks huvittg no
capital stock, and doing uootber business titan receiving
deisisits to be loaned or invested for the
sole benefit of the parties making such deposits.
without profit or coiujM'iisation to the-hanks, if such
taxes pnid the lawful tax uimui tlie entire average
uuiouut of such business or mercantile deisisits. Noth
ing In this section shall be construed as extending said
exemption to deposits hereafter made, or In uuy wuy to
affect the liability of such deposits to taxation.
Mr. Rollins, in explanation of litis amendment, said
the Government would suffer no loss whatever should
the amendment lie agreed to. It hud Imsii prepared at
the internal revenue office and sent to him.
Mr. Harris presented a petition from distillers of
Tennessee, in favor of a reduction of the tax ou whisky
to titty cenis imt guiion. Reiuiicu.
Mr. Blaine said a few davs since be intrtsluccd a bill
for the reiuouetizalion ot silver. Ho bad puiisisely
left the liumtstr of grains iu the dollar blank, because
he bail not felt willing to vote for a dollar of 412"n
grains. He would move to till tbe blank at a future
iLiv. Meanwhile, by some blunder, he hail been credit.
cifwith the brilliant conception of leaving the manlier
of grains in the ilollar to be determined by tbe Diieetor
of the Mint anil the Secretary of the Treasury. What
be had left to those oflicers was the right and isiwer to
publicly fix the price of silver bullion per stundiird
ounce, as nearly ss possible, at the mai Uet rale, and
this he conceived to Is- the best regulation ou that sub
ject. He moved that the bill bu reprinted, tliat its
provisuiu m lias respect ue eorrecujr suneu, oyur
dereil. A bill d rertinv the Secretary of the Treasury to
cause the Custom-house at Memphis to be constructed
of Tennessee marble passed.
At the expiration of the morning nour. conaiiiciation
was resumed of the resolution of Mr. Matthews de
claring the right of tbe Government to pay bonds in
silver. Tbe amendment of Mr. Coukliug making tbe
resolution Joint iustcad of a concurrent one. was rejected;
yeas, z.-t, nuvs stt.
The following Is Uie vote In detail on Mr. Coukling't
Anthony. Dawes. Morrill,
Ruiuuiit, Ka.Uin, l'atluock.
Allison, Knntis, Maxev,
Armstrong, Ferry. Merrt'tnoa,
Bailey, Gonlon, Morgan.
Beck, O rover, Ogleshy.
Booth, Hereford, Plumb;
Cameron, Pa., Howe, Ransom,
Cameron, Wis., Johnston. Saulsbury,
Coke, Jones. Fla, Sannders.
Couover, Kirk wood. Silencer,
Davis, III., MrCreery, Teller,
Davis. W. Vl, McDonald, Thurman,
Dennis, McMillan, Wallace,
Dorsey, Matthews, Withers 39.
Mr. Cockrell ssld he had received a telegram from Mr.
Whyte, of Maryland, announcing he was detained at
home by sickness, and requesting hlin Cockrell to pair
with him. Under Uie ciministaucc he consented to do
so. Were tlie Senator from Maryland present be would
vote "ave," ami he Cockrellj would vote "no."
Messrs. Hoar, Butler and Hill, who wonld have voted
In the affirmative, were paired with Messrs. Harris,
Patterson and Oartield, who would have voted lu the
Mr. Plumb announced that his colleague Mr. Ingallaj
was detained from Uie Senate on account of sickness
In his luinllv.
The question then recurred on the amendments of
Mr. Morrill, submitted ou tho lfith inst.. but he with
drew it for the present, that the question might be
taken on tbe amendment submitted bv his colleague
I Mr. Edmunds, on the 14th inst.. with the understand
ing that his Mr. Morrill's amendment should be next
Mr. Edmunds then spoke in opposition to the resolu
tion of Mr. Matthews, and favored the amendment
offered by himself.
Mr. Eifin u nils said the Interesting thing about this
whole business w as that the Senate had just declared
thst it w as not fit to make this a Joint resolution. As It
now stood the, Senate, one of the coordinate branches of
Congress, thought it might have an opinion in case tbe
House of Representatives said it could have
such opinion. That was an admirable com
mentary on tlii whole proceeding. lie con
gratulated tho senator from Ohio Mr. Matthews
iihiii the masterly strategy by which be hail put the
Senate into thlsextraonlinury position, lie bad ulwuys
thought the Senate might have au opinion wit bout ask
ing the House of Representatives. In opening his argu
ment, Mr. Edmunds said he would refer at some length
to the state of the law, and if be bapiM-iietl to be a little
prosy, he hoped tbe Senate would paldon him. From
17112, when the first Coinage Act w as passed, to 1834,
the double standard existed xn this country on the
theory of exact equivalents. Ho then referred to
the Coinage Act of 134. aud after quoting tiom the de
bates In Congress iihiu thut act, said those were hard
tunes as well as these.
Mr. Jones, of Nevada, said he would like the" Senator
Mr. Eiiuiuiids to lsiint to history showing tliat Its id
time existed In ls:s4 or 1835.
Mr. Edmunds said that if bis friend Mr. Jones would
turn to tbe records of Congress tor tliat s-rtd he would
find them tceuiiug with petitions from iieople in all part
of the country for relief from the tiuaiitiul siiflenng
then existing. Continuing his remarks in regard to the
legislation of i 834, be said the separation of tbe two
metals, gold and silver, hud Is-en sieudilv growing.
They had lieen steadily draw lug apart iu their relative
Mr. Jones of Nevada inquired if In 1850 and 1880
the values of gold and silver were not much nearer to
gether than thev were iu 18:14 and 1835.
Mr. Edmunds replied that it was very likely. The
United states, siuee 1770, had lHen gradually p ingress,
ing in vfrvtliiiig which tend to make up a well
ordered Nation, and yet there was a is-riisl of four
years, alsmt 1812, when we went backward,
aud there was another ts-rlod more recently
when we went backward. lie argued that simple
declaration of the statute would not equalize the value
of gold and silver. Congress might as well say that a
bushel of imtuloes should Is- equal ill value to a bushel
of corn. The farmera of the West would smile at uch a
proisisitioii, ami the respective values of corn sod po
tatoes would remain Just as they were la-fore.
Mr. Jones lnqimvil of the Sena'tor from Vermont if all
the troubles of 1837 were not attributable to the re
moval of the deisisits bv General Jackson, and were not
petitions presented asking for the restoration of such
M r. Edmnnds replied: Of ennrse the stump orator
and newspaM-rs then, n now, cited out to fasten tbe
cause of all the distress iisiu this or that thing they did
not like. Continuing bis argument, Mr. Edmunds said
the Legislatures in 1837 hsd discovered that no amount
of law-making would give any value to silver at all. He
begged the Senutr to bear iu mli;d that the law of the
United States forrvycars ago ceased to Impute value to
either silver or gold. Tlie legislators then found out
that the word "value" related lo the oiM-iMtious of men
of society anil of commerce, and a statute could not sdd
ouc bit to the valueof auvfliing. He next KHJke
of the art of 1841 authorizing tbe coinage of
the gold dollar, and said there was a necensity for coin
ing that dollar, bees use there were no silver dollars In
rircuhttion. He next referred to tbe coinage of 1853,
and said when the act of 1834 was passed there wss but
a trifling difference Is-tweeii gold ami silver, but that
difference had continued until gold coin overruled silver
anu nrove it away inun the ieopie. i lie House or Rep
resentatives then deliberately declared In favor of gold
com snd rejected silver as the measure ot value. Gold
was tbeu. as It bad lsen for years ts-fore, the only trne
opeaotiug standard of vulue'lii the United stutcstftsnfl
yet Senators argued now that It was proper to go back
and upset history and legislation. Audrew Johnson
wss a ineuilier of tbe House of Representatives In 1 Nf3,
and he then argued thnt debasing silver coin wiu!d
Isft injurious In the laboring man, and there wu a rood
deal In w bat be said. Now, if the working mau should
be compelled lo lake two half dollar for bis day's work
worth alsmt eight y-fuur or eighty. five cents, he would
be injured. The very' men who were now urging the
renioiietizHfion of silver, should they stay iu the Senate
ten years, would be among the Jirst to undo the pro
posed legislation of today. When tbe late civil war
IM-gan, and a tremendous inflation of paper currency
took pluee. silver coin hud long since pass, a out of ex
istence, lind the statutes recognized the faet. He then
referred to financial legislation since 18113, and said thst
Induce the passage of the J-gal-tender Act, when war
loans were Is-ing forced on the people, Thatldeua
Stevens, chsiiiiiun of the Commit tee ou Ways and
Means, In the House of Represent at i ves, argued tliat the
people who advanced their earnings were entitled to
lie psld in gold, because years Is-fore that gold
was recognized ss the only standard of value. The act of
18i;i, under whieh the Is. nils were issued, provided tliat
they should be paid lu coin, but It w-as uiiderstisMl thst
such coin should In- gold. The word coin Imputed not
silver dollars. It imputed half-dollars, quarters. rops?r
snd nickel, and if the Nation whs going to stand iiHin
the letter of the law w hy not give noliee that it intend
ed to pav the bonds in copper, which was a coin ot tbe
Mr. MattlH-ws said no coin but gold and silver was
a legal tender ulHive five dollars.
Mr. Ktliiiuiins replied thut this wa not a legal-tender
act. It was an act pledging tbe gissl faith ot the Gov
ernnieirt. If be should di-uw tin- act oi 18('.l now, with
his present opinion, be would use the terms gold and
silver Just as they wei-e used hi that act. There was
a part of tbe debt of the United stales, according
to the letter of tbe law. which could lie paid in silver.
Every interest coujton lesli than hve dollsis might be
paid in silver. Eveiy dollar note could Is reilct-unl in
silver coin. That coin could be used for all small debts.
Mr. Blaiue said a very large Mirtlou of the public debt
was held iu one -hundred-dollar pieces of scrip, on which
the Interest was $2 5U. payable semi-annually. Did he
understand the Senator tosay that- Ibis Interest was
payable in silver half dollars, w'bile tbe man wiio held a
registered Isuid of l.iNHI must Iimi e goldl
Mr. Edinuiulsreplledtliat tbe letter of the law was
one .tiling find the spirit of it, another. The
Nation would be in a sail condition
to resort to a literal construction of its statute, against
w hich no one could have redress except hy HplH-aJlug to
to fhe conscience of hiii-Ii .Xii'i'm. The honest llli)Mirt of
the pledge of tin- public faith was that the bonds were
payalde In gold. It would lie lu violation oflhoNa
tio'ual honor to pav the small iHicdhi'lder lu silver unless
such silver should tn- equal In value lo gold.
Mr. Mstthews quote-! from the sjicecb that Mr. Ed
munds luudc ill the Semite ill 8dt.to the etlect that
the bonds were pa.vulile ill gold and silver.
Mr. Edmund said no doubt be did so srtrue. but the
silver question then w as oi no isisslhle moment. The
qnoltoii wss whether the ilt-bt should lie paid lu coin or
pas-r. There was a party in tins cnuhtiy which
claimed that the debt was payable in greepliiicks, uud
noiloiibt in reply to their in gumeiits he claimed that
the debt was payable iu both gold and sll er.
Mr. Blaine spoVe of the Isiudliolders of the country, snd
saitl be still watited it made sh-ciiic whcilicr there wss
any mtH-u color for paying small coupons in silver thau
there wss for paying ' large uues. The mm1o of the
country wanti-d to know it.
Mr. Edmunds said he wa-'t not like the distinguished
Senator from Maine, talking to the couulry; he was
talking to the Senate.
Mr. liialiui Rut the bondholders live In tbe countrv.
Continuing his remaiks. Mr. Edmund saitl be was
quite ready to give his opiniiu, and that wss that iu the
present uttitiidt- of the history of our aflairs. the iov
crniucnt was Just as liiucli iu huuor bouitit to pay
the two-and a-biilf-ilillar coujhiu in gold as it
was the thirty-dollar one. lie tin ir quoted
at length from the act of 18t;n. and argued that the
United suites had no legal or honorable light to pay Its
itebts ill u silver dollar w Ideh was not worth as liiucli us
fold. He next refcrivd to the act of 1873, demoiie
izing tbe silver dollar, and argued that it wus uiuler
stiNsl when it w as passed, und it provided tliul gold coin
sbouiu Is- the unit of value.
The questiou ls-lug on the a:iie uilmcnt of Mr. Fd
muiids lo the resolnt ion of M r. M at tbew to provide for
the payment of the ImiihIm iu gold com or its equivalent,
r.nd thut any other payment, wit limit the consent of the
creditor, would be in violation of the public taltti Mid In
derogation of his rights, H w as rejected - ycus 18, uaya
44 us follows:
Anthony, liawes, Mitchell.
Baliiuni, Ei.tolt. Moirill.
jtavunl, Edmunds, Ramlolpli,
Ruinside, Ilalulill, Rollins,
Chiistiancy, Keniun. Sargent,
Coukliug, Mtl'herson, Wadleigu 18.
Allison. F.ustl. Maxey,
Armstrong, Feny. rilmon.
Bailey. Gordon, Morgan.
Beck. ;mvcr, Ogb-sliy,
Bisith, Hereford, Psildisik,
Bruce, Hill. I'limib,
Cameron, of Pa., Howe. Ssiiiulera,
Cameron, oi w is., jonnsion. spencer,
t haflce, Jones, of Fin , Teller.
Coke, Jones, of Ncv., Tliurruau,
Couover, Kirswtssl, Vtsirhees,
Davis, ot 111., MiCrecry. Wallace,
Davis, of W. Va., McDonald, Wlndoiu,
Dennis. . McMillan, Withcr-44.
Messrs. Butler, White and Hoar, who wo."! have
voted in the affirmative, were paired Willi Messrs. 1 st
tei son. Cockrell nd J Ian is, who would have voted in
The question llien recurred on the amendment- of Mr.
Mon ill. submitted on the 15th Instant, to tlie licet Uiat
It would be dt-truiiciitsl to tbe economical interest of
the Government and the people to pay Isuals In silver,
and Mr. Morrill ssike. in upMirt thereof. He said this
resolution uf the senator from Ohio, no mutter from
what motive it was iutnsluceil. could have and would
have no other eflect than to damage public credit, and
be could not uinlcistjtnd from what motive it wss
bronglit forwartl. esjiei-ially when be saw In the plat
form of the Republican party of Ohio, adopted in 187i,
that the National lienor must be maintained, and
recognizing gold as the true standard
nf value, he could not conceive how
it was possible that the Rcpuhllcsii Senator from that
State sliould come here no stsiu a'terward and projsise
such a resolution as this. If he (Mr. Morrill was In
favor of Uie so-called silver Bill, he could not vole tor
this resolution with It preamble as now drawn.
The amendment of Mr. Murxlil was rejected yeas 14,
'the question then recurred on the amendment of Mr.
Chffee, submitted on the 12th of Deceiulsr. which,
after au explanation hy Mr. Chaffee, was withdrawn.
Mr. Wlnilom said be voted for tbe amendment of the
Senator from New York Mr. Coukliug to make thl a
Jolut resolution, and he voted against all the other
amendment; he now Intended to vote agaiust the orig
lual resolution, ajd In doing so be Cld not propose tn
iudivatA) what would he Uie vole Ui-ou Uie nil vex bill