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ltelf. when It should rorric before the Hcnate; he wm
opposed tu this fruitless expression of opinion. If Con
gress l.ail c-onfiuetl itself to prurtit-al legislation, instead
of dWtctitauug tin-aiices. the business of Congress would
liae'eiicen more prosicf-tirift. -
Mr. Blaine Haiti he woul-1 Vote' against the 'resolution,
an. iiiliisopiiiiou.it would lint strengthen the public
credit norths- interest of the public creditor.- Accord
ing to the letter of the statute these liouiia.were payable
in either coin, but lie iii'ciidort to hIiow. if he conlil,
wheu ther-ilver Hill should come before the senate, that
It was not to the Interest of the United Mates to take
advantage of the letter of the law, and par thrin la il
wr. He wa oppt-sett to the preseiit i-Miver -Bill, but
was in favorof the rt-inonetization of silver ou a basis
which lie would have the hoiior to prt'i-ose.
Mr. Hill Haiti lie could unvote for the resolution, be
cause ltsrtirmeri that the debts of the L'nitert t-tsle to
day were pavahle in silver dollars, when there were no
silver dollars. II the silver dollar could be rcmoiietiztsl
in any waysoasto make it ei-ual to the cold tlollar a
gtsxl thing would be done for the country, lie believttl
tliat silver could lie made equal in valne to gold in three
way: i irst, by rucssurhig its weight; second, by limit
ing it coinage, and third, by limiting its Jetr.d-teutler
lsw ex. Ho could not vote to coin the silver tlullar. ami
again throw upon thin county a depreciated dollar that
cheated everything It touched.
Mr. Edmunds moved to liidetiiiltely postpone the fur
ther cmixidersMon of the resolution.
Mr. lioiiion said he w ould vote for the preamble and
resolution ol the Senator from Ohio, because lie believ
ed the recital of fact contained therein was true, anil
the resolution suggested a policy which he believed to
be honest, wise and lust-
Mr. Patlilock said he wnnltl rote for the fnll renion.
etization of silver, but would not vote for this resolu
tion, now before the Silver Hill became a law.
The motion of Mr. Kdiniimis to indefinitely postpone
M was relet-ted reus Tl. nays 43. -,
Tlie oucstioii being on the passage of the resolntlon,
a submitted 1V Mr. Matthews ou theUth of December
last, It was agreed to yeas 4:1, nays 2'i, ad follows:
H ere lord.
Cameron, of V.,
Cameron, of Wis., June, of Fla.,
Jones, of Nev.,
i vis. of m.,
Davis, of W. Va.,
11 am! in,
Anthony. Faton. Morrill.
liaiiiiini, ttiiiiuiiils, I'atlilticK,
IlayariL Hanilin, Hanilolph,
Blaine, Keriian, Kolliiis,
JJurus-ide, Lamar, Sargent,
cin-istiaiicv. Mcl'herson. V atileluh.
Cuhkliug. Mitchell. Wiuiluiu 22.
In addition to pair above mentioned. Mr. Hill an
nounced tlutt he wax paired with Mr. t.Hilainl, and if
that Neuator wan present he would vote in tlie atlirm
ative. ami he 'Mr. Hill) would vote in the negative.
A nncsiioii then reeiirrttl on the pieainlde submitted
by Mr. Uriwanls on the 14th inst., and it was rejected;
yeas, 17. navs41.
A vote was now taken on the preamble anbmitted by
Mr. M on-ill on the 15th insu, and It w as rejected with
out roll call. .
Mr. Ktlniiinds then moved to amend the preamble sub
mit led b.v Mr. Matthew a, bv insertinit the follo iiitt:
"Ami whereas, bv tlie provisions of the Coinage Act
of l,s?:i. passetl on the l?ili tif Kebruary'of that year,
anil of the Kcvised statutes which took effect ou the
1st tiav of lus-enilier, that year, all the provisions tit tne
law authorising the coinage of such sliver dollar were
Mr. Matthews said he would accept that, amendment.
Mr. Thuniiiin hojietl his colhiiMie w-oihl not accept
It. He was not prepared to nay the Ihw was repealed.
The question involved Ihe construction of the statute.
T'leiewasno necessity for this amendment, and he
Imped the Senate would stand by the resolution and
'- preanible as submitted hv the iStnator from Ohio.
Mr. Matthews said if there beany diilerenco as to
the const ruction of the law, he would not accept the
The ameiiilment of Mr. Edmund was rejected yeas
20, navs M.
The qnestton llMn reenrred upon the preamble an
unbtnitted by Mr. Matthews on the (ith of Ueceui
ber, anil it w as adopted without anicutuueut yeas 4 J,
wheu the aliove vote was taken. Mr. Withers, who
would have voted in the affirmative, was paired with
Mr. J'.antlolph, who would have vtited in the nepative,
anil Mr. Mcl'herson. who would have voted in the ne:-'
alive, was tint of the Chamber temporarily when his
name was called.
The preamble and resolution having been passed. Mr.
Allison moved that the Senate take up the House bill
to authorize a free ooiiiatre of the standard of the silver
dollar and to restore its leal tender character.
The Vice President That come up by a prior or
der. Mr. Spencer, from the Committee on Commerce, re
ported favorably on the House bill to remove the ob
structions in tlie Mississippi. Missouri. Arkansas and
Bed Hivers. anil for the protection of the public prop
erty. Placed on the calentlax.
Mr. Morrill then took the Boor to address the Senate
oiathe silver Bill, but yit-hied to Mr. Ferry. anuVon his
HIM 1011. the Neuate went into executive session. When
the doors were reopened the Senate ailjuurned until
irOl'SE WA31IISOTOX. January 25.
Some bills hftvlnir been Introduced and referred, the
House considered the bill revtsine the steamlHiat law s.
Mr. Harrison offered an ameudnieiit, declarimr that
ofhoers.pllots and enKintsrstif all steam vessels,and none
lint citizens of. or persons actually residing in the
Vnitetl st.-ktes, shall be licensetl as pilots and engineers.
He said that over 5i.0HJ had petitionetl the Itonse to
protect issir men from beinjr defrauded of their rights
liy foreipners not resldinp in the ctmntry. Lare num
bers tf men were itile to-day in the lake ports, while
Canailinus were eioph3etl bv owners of vessels.
Mr. Kinlev moved to strike out that portion of the
amendment declaring that only citir.eiiH or actnal resilient-
shall be pilots and eiiRiheers. After discussion
- the amendment was withdrawn, aud Mr. Harrison's
The bill was then passed yeas 173, nays SO.
Mr. stncleton. Chairman of the Committee on Print
ing, reported back to the Senate the bill authorizing the
Public Printer to purchase material In the open
market, with an amendment providing that such pur
chases shall not exceed tiftr dollars for any particular
article within the term of six months, which anientl
ment was agreed to, and the bill passed.
M r. TucKer moved to set aside private business,
for the purpose of going into eommittts- of the whole, for
consideration of the bill extending the time for with,
tlrawal of distilled spirits, now in latnd. until July 1,
The yeas and navs la-iug orderetL resulted yeas
1411, nays H4: and the 1 louse therefore resojved itself
into committee of the whole. Mr. Carlisle in the chair,
f;eneral debate having been limited to one honr. It be
ng nec-ssary before considering the bill referred to by
Mr. Tucker to set aside those bills w hich have priority
cu the calendar, several bills were passed over.
The opponents of the bill made an attempt to proceed
with the consttl'-ration of the bill grunting pensions to
eoldi'-rs of the Mexican War, but were unsuccessful.
The bill extending the time for the withdrawal of tlis.
tilled spirits now in lsnd until July 1, 1S7S. havingbH-n
reached. Mr. Tucker proet-eoed to explain the bill. He
eaitl that there was great agitation throughout the
couittrv on the question of reduction of tax on whisky.
The qiiestloti was, should the House during that agita
tion save from bankruptcy anil ruin the golden geese
who were to lay the golden eggs for the tiovemment,
He thorght the bill was a very gtMsl one. It had Is-en
drawn U by the commissioner of Internal Itevenue.
who had agreed that some action shoulu be taken by
Mr. Hurt-hard also supported the bill, though he de-
rlared that he was opH,sed to a reduction of the tax 011
whisky. Hedidnot helieve that the Hovernmeht could
nflortl it. He tliil not IM-Meve the House would vote for
H bill w hich would reduce the tax on whisky, anil in
crease the tax on tt-a and coffee.
Mr. Hale,' In opNislug the bill, said that this was not
the hist raid matte upon the Treasury by an economical
House, aud it would not be tht last. It was simply an
attempt tin the part of a certain interest to take from
the Tieasury some seven million dollars which is neetl
sl from day 'to tlav for the revenues of the country.
How would that deficit be made up! W hat other tax
voiiltl Is- Increased!
Mr. Wilson, of West Virginia Can not the deficiency
be raised by a tax on intvmies I
Mr. Hale tcoiitinuiiig) said that that was the remedy
ff the gentleman fi-om West Virpinhv. That gentleman
llirt atciied the renewal of the income tax. Another
frentleman might pmiHise a direct tax on real estate;
another to increase the tax on iron, and so on. There
were to day hundrcils of interests trembling on the
verge of bankruptcy. Wert the whisky men any worsts
off than those who had bought real estate three years
ago! These interests were getting no cneoiirage'mciit
from tin- 'oiiniilttie on Wavs and Means, which in mud
Iiaste reported back this bill the day after it was imio
ilucctl. Mr. Price said that the country would look with sur
prise upon theaetion of the ifouse to-day. which 1 had
rcfusetl to consider a bill granting pensions to the
aurvivorsof the Mexican war. anil had procet tied tocon
filler a bill which would take millions from the Treas
ury. Mr. fiarfiold also allnded to the bill as belnr class
legislation, and thought it was not wise to give any ad
vantage to one interest when so many were Buttering
throughout the counti-v. Tlie plain Knglish of the re
aoliitlon w as that, whisky men should 1h allowed to keep
their whisky in bond until Congress Hhotild reduce the
tm. and iermit them to walk off with millions which
rightfully lielongi-d to the Uovernnicnt. in their
pockets. He was opinisetl to the reducing of
the tax on whisky, and was in favor of adding
a section to the bill under consideration, de
claring that no reduction would lie made bv which
means the revenue would tie reduced, and the Whis
ky men would be put out of the agitation In which they
now wett-. If this bill was passed, would not the Iron
men come here and ask to be saved fiom the danger
threatened by a reduction of the tariff on iron? Would
not all other interests come ami thus make the revenue
laws a scries of plasters nud patchwork!
Mr. Conger opposed the bill, and pictured the ridicule
with which the country would look ujhui a Congress,
which miitle no attempt for the rcliet of priMlucers of al
cohol, w hich w as used for purposes of science, and yet
.liy class legislation came to the rescue of producers of
lable whisky. He also called attention to the fact that
in ortler to pass this bill, the House had passed by and
ignored tin- claims of soldiers who hud fought for the
(leteiise of their country.
Mr. lilackhuru protested against the effort made br
the gentleman from MalnejMr. Hale and other Rentle
inen to consider the bill as in any way Is-arlng on the
mit-attou et a reduction of the tax. It' was not necessary
for him to protest again tt the attempt to infuse Into the
fliseitssion something of apai-tisan character. The gen
tleman from Maine need not read his homilies to the
iiemocmtic side of the House, for which he Mr. Hale
termed ait unwarranted raid on the Trcasurv. It him
ftssail the gentleman who had drawn Tip the bill the
Commissioner of Internal Horenue. The bill affected
an Industry vital to the revenue of the country. That
Industry f umished to the National rerenue service halt
f the amount necessary to meet tha Interest on the Na
tional debt . He pits-ceded to compare the taxes paid by
the New Kugland states with those paid by the South
ern and Southwestern states. In .order to show
nnequal rates of taxation. Keferrlng to class legisla
tion lie declared that the legislation for a mimlier of
-rears past had been nothing but class legislation, br
which the lalKiilng people of the South had been
dragged down. .
M r. say ler read a letter from Cnmmlsatonar of Inter
nal Revenue Kaum, in tevor of the bill.
Mr. Tucker then yielded the floor to Mr. Kllswortli,
-who it was sntqiosed favored the bill, but who saitl that
aiuce he had discovered that if the bill were not passed
a numlier of distiller wnnld have to go info bankruptcy
lie was opposed to It. He wanted to see them become
Vankrupt. He was told thnt the country obtained mil
lion of revenue from that branch of industry. That
was a disgrace to the oouiitrv. He was opposed to
Talsina a single dollar by It. Abrint five hundred mil
lions of dollar were expended yearlr for that stun which
ruined men and destroyed homes. H would be glad to
every mm shop closed, especially thoae in the Capi
Mr. Tucker remarked that the frsntletnan from Maine
fMr. Hale) had as id thar was a party la th House
Lhut wa intending a raid on the Treasury, lie wished
that gentleman to say whether ho Included him yir.
Tucker! ia any such party. .
Mr. I tale replied that the gentleman from Virginia
wasjust hw advotituig. an interest vhih was attrtoj.it
ing a raid 011 the Treasury. Whetliw he knew its
object he "Mr. Hale did Hot know, nor whether he rep
resented that uitereti. -
Mr. Tucker I wish that- when the gentleman says
that I am advocating any interest nietiitaliug a raid
on the Treasury, to understand that I belting to no such
party. I know that the gentleman's Inauiuationa look
to Southern nieu.
Mr. Towuseud. ittiSmr Vork (In aloud voioe) That's'
right. Sound the Southern 111, lire tlie Southern
btuut, ai.il then well have a row. Laughter and ap
plause tin the Keuublicuu side.
Mr. Tucker I would say to my friend with the know
ou his head ami a volcano in his heart Tlaughter when
he titlks aboht firing the Southern heart. I would say to
him. mole in sorrow thau in anger, that the n res of
passion on the Southern hearthstones are burned out.
Applause. Xo, air, the geutlitiuan knows me ttsi well
to suppose that I Vould raise any sectional auivosily.
He knows me well enough for that, and he should
not talk about soundiug the Southern bell, lor he
knows that if the Southern bell tinkles ever so fahitly
it will tire a Northern heart. Applause.
In the midst of great confusion anil amendment re
ported by the Couniuttee of Wavs aud Means was read
and adopted, which amendment is to add the words,
'and atvknowleiigiug their liability under the terms of
said bond for the period for which said extension is
granted, a if the same was Inserted In the body of said
Sir. Tncker then moved that the committee rise and
reistrt the Joint resolution to the House, with a recom
mendation that it do pass.
This motion was. however, cut off by an amendment
offered by Mr. Foster, declaring that a reduction of tax
ou distilled spirits is inexpedient.. He said that he of
fered the amendment in gmsl faith. A number of grades
t-f taxation had been tried, and it had been found Uiat
the tax of ninety cents on a gallon (the present rate)
bad been prtsluctive of the greatest amount of revenue.
The tax on distilled epirit-s was collected lietter and
closer now than it ever bail ls-en at any previous time.
The condition of the revenue would not- penult the
reduction nhat had been PitiiKieetL He did not
ls-lieve that the distilling interest of the
country desired any change. He thought he could
safely "say that the honest distilling interest not the
seciihiting interest would hall with Joy the adoption
of the amendment which he hntl offered. Tho little
State of Maine had bts-u disparaged ou account of the
meager tax which it paid on whisky, but. inasmuch as
the consumer actually paid the tax.' it struck him. from
his observation herein Washington, that the state of
Maine paid as HHieh w hiskj' tax as tho State of Ken
tucky did. Laughter.
Mr. Cos, of Ohio, declared himself in favor of the
lowest tax that would yit-ld tho most revenue, and
thought that point might be aecertained by a sort of
Mr. Ilnticr offered an amendment providing thnt tho
tax on all tlisfilletl spirits in Ismd should be paid at the
wiiiie rate as existed w hen they were placed 111 ImuhI.
Mr. sayler That does away with the whole Joint res
olution. Mr. liutler It is sahVon one side and is debated on the
other, that there is no intent to make this a speculative
measure. The mautitaclurer says, "We owe the Cliited
Slates so much money for tax.' and we ask to be given
till the HOth tif June iu-xt to pay it wit hout Interest."
My amendment says, in consideration of the state of
the count ry we will do so, but you shall not have in ad
dition the i-igUt to pay us a dim-rent anil lesser sum on
account tf our lt-uiiy than you would have to pav if
wo did not give voti this extension of time. I think
that the Committee of Ways and Means should re
jHiit a measure providing that all gtssls Imisirted or
ismded during the time that the revenue changes are
under consideration shall pay the tax. ami nouo other,
existing when they were imported ami isiiided.
Mr. tilovt-r lio I understand the gentleman to say
j 1 11.11 tills niiiftkv 111 iM'llil Nlljiu i'a iilttei cents m
.gallon ai tlie enu 01 tins extension 01 iiiur. eeu uh'itkii
111 the meantime that tax should bo reduced to liity
Mr. Butler Certainly, or to ten cents.
Mr. lilover That would be a worse calamity than
the one we are trying to avoid.
Mr. iintler Then step up to the question and meet it
fearlessly. If vou don't mean that, then say so.
Mr. Sayler That is precisely what we do mean.
Mr. liutler I heartl tliis resolution ailvia-ateti on the
other side. Not ou the ground of change tif tax. but
simply on the ground of getting time lo pay it In. Well,
we w ill give the time.
Mr. Sayler The gentleman from, Massachusetts has
misstated our position. Not intentionally, of course.
Mr. Huiler t h, pardon me! I have no passion or
feeling about this. 1 shall be very glad to give this re
lief to the whisky interest, provided it can he done to
the manufacturer and not to t he sis-ctdator. Jftlie
manufacturer wants time to pay that tax ami a rebate
of interest. he can have it; but if this is a mere afiof ulutive
measure in favor of the speculator in whisky, who
w ill bny it iu bond and hold it for speculation, ami who
will send a lobby here with millions behind it for the
punoc of lobbying through a reduction of tax then I,
for one. do not wish to lie subjected lo that temptation.
Laughter and much c-oufusioit, most of the members
standing in the area ami aisle.
Mr. Sayler protested agaiuat Mr. En tier being allowed
to occupy the tltsir for moi-o thau tive minutes, that
time being allowed by the rules to a nieinlier to seak
for an amendment, and the same tune belli allowed U
s-H-ak against it.
Mr. ltntler parried this point by stating that tlis
member had obiainetl the floor and had yielded to hlin
his tive uiinu tea, anil that laxities he would sjs-ak ou
laith sides ol the qucstioia Laughter.) He went on to
say that he was kH'klng nMin the quest ion as a business
prositiou; that a rule, such as he had already sug
gested, should be reported by the Committee on Ways
ami Means. The Treasury was getting siiort of money.
The whisky men would 'not take their whisky out of
bond while hoping for a reduction of tax: the wisilen
men would not take out their gtssts so long as there was
a chance lor reduction of the titrltr, and so with every
other interest, and tlie result woulu lie that for the
next stx months the Treasurj would Is- without money.
1 ne reason for the fall in the' gold premium was. that
hardly any import duties were tieing paid. But if 'on
gress'were to say to all Interests whisky, manufactur
ing and Importing that they shoidd not speculate on
the action of ColiTess, and that the duties existing
wheu the gissls are placed in bontl. or when they art
put on shiplMiaid iu a foreign country must lie paiil, ami
none other, there would be no such difficulty us a waut
of money in the Treasury.
Mr. Banning Kepresentlng as I do, with my col
league. Mr. Sayler. the largest whisky-prtsluciiig and
tax-paving district In the country. 1 wish to
call the attention of the House to the fact that the agi
tation of the question of tax on whisky and the uncer
tainty attending its determination bv Congress is un
settling values, destroying trade, and will, if It is not
stsin settled, deprive" the Government tif one of its
largest anil most n-liable sources of revenue. It has
already produced the greatest depression in the trade.
High wines are now quoted at one tlollar ami three
ceuts per gallon: of this ameuiit the Oovemiiient gets
ninety cents, h-aving to the distiller only thirteen cents,
a sum coiisiilt-iitbl3' less than the actual cost of pro.
diiction. The House can readily see bow disastrously
this condition of affairs must result. If long con.
tinned. The distillery interest will be utterly
tlestroved and this great source of revenue cut oil.
What trade asks and an intelligent consideration of the
Interests ol the Covemment tleu.amls. is immtsliate ac
tion. The passage of the pending resolution can not
harm the Government, and it -will be a relief to the
ladders. I hope it tuav pass, ami that the ultimate
question of the amotuit of tax mav be speedily settled.
After further scenes of confusion and excitement the
committee rose without any action on the amendment
ottered bv Messrs. Foster and Butler.
Mr. Kindt, from tin-Judiciary Committee, made a re
port on the subject of the airest and imprisonment of
Mr. Smalls member from South Carolina, to the effect
that there was in that no breach of piivllege of the
Uouse. t Uilered printed.
Mr. Swann prescutetl a petition of the Tobacco trade
of Baltimore, in opposition to any change in the tax on
tobacco, and urging on Congress a cessation of agitation
ou that question.
The session to-morrow will lie for general debate only.
HOI"fE Washixotov, Jnnnary 2(5.
To-dav's session having been for debate only, as if in
committee of the whole, the Speaker appointed Mr.
MavluMii chairman for the daw
Air. Durham then took the floor and made a speech in
favor of the remouetlzation of silver and the repeal ot
the Kesumiitiou Act. In the course tif his speech Mr.
1 mii ham said he would vote for the Mattiiews silver
resolution, and for auv bill which would propose a re
duction of the tariff. He .would also lend his aid In re
pealing tlie bankrupt law.
M r. Bright also sjske in favor of the remoiietiation
of silver, anil called attention to the fact that he was
the tltst person in 1875 that had brought that question
Mr. Iieeiing favored a return to the donblo standard
Mr. Humphreys spoke 1n the same strain, and denied
thnt there w as a particle of the spirit of repudiation in
Mr. Tipton said the people were demanding the Imme
diate passage of the remoneti.atioii and re-ieal measures,
and that, were it not done, the West would send to the
Fortv-sixth Congress men w ho would not tie satisfied
with the passage of those bills, but who would also re
peal the National Banking Law.
(SENATE WAstirsnTO-t, Jnnnary 28.
The greater part of tlie morning hour was occupied In
the presentation of iietitloii reuioustratiug against the
reduction ol certain tarift duties aud the restoration of
the tax on tea and coffee, all of which were re ferret I.
Mr. Voorhecs nreseiitetl the net it ion of l.CtM) citizen
of Albany. N. V., In favor of the rcmoiif fixation of silver
and the repeal of the specie i'esuniption Act. Keterrett.
Mr. Beck presented a -ictitinn from citizens of Ken
tucky iu favor of a reduction of tlie tax on tobacco. He
ferretl. Mr. Wallace, of Pennsylvania, presented a petition
from the tobacco dealers of that state reiuonst rating
against any change Iu the law ou tolwcco, unless it be
absolutely alHdisiied. Beferred.
Mr. Bis'ith presented a petition from the citizens of Cali
fornia opposing any further legislation to aid the South
ern Pacific road.
Mr. Kiistla presented a memorial from Ixmtstana
sugar planters, asing Congress to pass the Ievee Bill tin
the basis of the report of the Commission of F.nglneers ap-
Hiiiited to Investigate and report a permanent plan for
the reclamation oi the alluvial basin of the Mississippi
Mr. Anthony, from the Committee on Printing, re
port ed favorably on the House amendment to the bill to
fiirtherreguliite the purchase of material for the pub
lic printing and binding. The amendment was concur
red in and the bill passed.
Mr. Horsey, from the Committee on the Plstrlct of
Columbia, reported adversely on the petition asking for
an investigation in regard to the sale of intoxicating
liquors In the Iistriet, and the committee was discharg
ed from Its further consideration.
The bills Introduced and referred were as follows:
By Mr. Pluiiili Providing for the disposition of public
timber and timber lands of the Vnitod stntc. Also a
bill to amend the Army Appropriation Bill for the fiscal
year ending June oil, "ls7o, iu regard to compensation
io railroads for tioveniment transisirfation.
Mr. Ingalls Introduced a bill to reimburse the States
of Kansas. Texas, Nebraska and Colorado for expenses
incurred by said states in repelling invasions aud the
suppression of Indian hostilities. Beferred.
Mr. Beck gave notice that he would, to-morrow, call
np the resolution submitted by him last week, declaring
It inexpedient either to maintain or lmptstt taxes at this
time for the puriKweof pi-olding for the :17.1!6.(M5
asked for by the Secretary of the Treasury for .the sluk-
'"fiou.se bill to remove obstructions from the Missis
slppl, Missouri. Arkansas and Bed Itlvers, was taken
up and passed after a brief discussion.
At the expiration of the morning honr consideration
was resumed of unfinished business, being the House
bill to authorize the free cuiuage of the standard silver
dollar, ami to restore it legal-tender character.
Mr. Morrill loko at great length. He argnedthat
to sustain the silver standard It would cost annualy
alsiutone per cent, fnrabraslon.whlle that of gold would
not exceed one twentieth of one per cent. A double
standard put forth bv the I'nited state on the terms
now propositi would be only ao in name a to paying
the debt In silver.
Mr. Morrill held that It wonld cost one and one-tonrth
per cent-, more to coin silver than goitl. and one per cent,
annually to maintain It would be lost. He alluded to
the disastrous effect on our cretUi of such payment, and
said to allow duties to be paid In silver would be a strik
ing boon suddenly granted to foreign industry without
any advantageous equivalent. I
To use depreciated 'silver In payment of pension
ers aud war cretlitoi would be shaving them only to
give the shave to later and leas-deserving -foreign cred
itors, eager to supplant our people by furnishing larger
supplies of foreign pru-lilcts. Those who tirsl received
a dcprerinttid currency, not owing debts where it can
and will be promptly applied, would liesr all the ltss.
The labor-of this coiintrv is entitled to be paid In the
best money the world affoitls. Prohibit the circulation
of all small bills, then silver ot gold virtnallr would nil
tlie vaenuni. and specie resumption might not only be
facilitated bnt maintained with little nppreheu
sion of interruption. There ' has ls-en so large
an increase of the stock of silver as of
itself to effect a positive rednctkm of
its value, and this resnlt has ls-en confirmed aud made
irreversible by new and extensive Kuropean disuse of
silver coinage. He Indicated the advisability of obtain
ing the cooperation of other loading Nations in fixing
upon a common ratio of value between gold and silver
ls-fore embarking upon a course of independent action,
from which there could be no retreat, lie also argnetl
to show that even In the lowest iK-cnuiary sense of
proht the Government of the Uniteit States could not
be the gainer by proposing to nay either the pit Idle debt
or Cnlted states notes in silver; that such a payment
would Violate the pnbllc pledges as to tlie whole, and
violate the existing statutes as to all that
part of the debt cont racted siuce 1S7, and for which
gold lias leen received; that the rcmouctizatloii of
silver means the banishment of gold, and our degrada
tion among the Nations to a second or third rank; that
it would Is? a sweeping ten per cent, reduction of nil the
duties umu imports, requiring imposition of new taxes
to that extent. It would prevent the further fundtug of
the public debt at a lower rate of Interests and give to
the present holders of our six per cent, bonds a great ad
vantage: anil that instead of anting resumption it would
oulv innate a currency already too long tlepreciatetl.
and consign it to a still lower tteep; that instead of lielng
a tonic to spnr idle capital once more into activity, it
would lie its bane, destructive of all its vilalray, and that
as a permanent silver standard if wonld not
only be void ot all stability and the dear
est and clumsiest In its introduction ami
maintenance, but that It would reduce the wages of
lalsir to the full extent of the difference there might be
between its purchasing power ant! that of gold. In
conclusion he saitl: Should the bill Is-coine a law of the
land without the fundamental amendment, and theevils
I have anticipated not in verified, there is no one who
would rejoice more thau myself ; bnt I can not shut my
eyes to tne teachings of flume eminent men who have
adorned our own history In the conduct of our National
affairs, and I can not avoid the conclusion that
wiiiie we may coin dollars containing as little
silver as we please, yet they will not se
cure more than a local recognition, nor exempt
ns from freqnent and great disasters, and at last we
shall have none of that money which represents the
combined wants of poor and rich, not less than thoae of
the great coninereial interests of the human race.
At the conclusion of Mr. Morrill's remarks, Mr. Wal
lace, of Pennsylvania, took the lloor, with the under
standing that lie would proceed with his argument to
morrow. Mr. Allison presented a commnnication from the See
retaty of the I nterior in relation to the removal of the
Kiekapisi Indians from the Isiitlers of Texas aud Mexico
to t he I ndian Territory. Beferred.
HOUSE Washinotox, January 2$.
A great nuinla-rof bills were presented and rcfcrrei",
among them the following:
By Mr. Wliiithorne To secure the pay and wagca
due tho employes of railroads engaged in inter-State
By Mr. Atkins Making disclosures of private tele
grama a misdemeanor in the Histiict of Columbia.
Bv Mr. Kiddle providing that in the collection tif
taxi s of distilled spirits the only allow aune to the man
ufacturer shall be oue-half gallon for wastage.
Bv-Mr. Lathrep Amending the act authorizing the
refunding of the National ilclit, and providing for the
issuing of -I per cent. Imnds.
By Mr. ltuckner To retire the circulation of National
banks, to substitute therefor treasury notes receivable
for all dues to the Croverinuciit. including custom du
ties, and to atHilish the tax on banking institutions.
By Mr. ulovor To improve and reform the civil ser
vice in the Kxecutlve Department.
Bv Mr. Stone Htsiiatiug that certain lands granted
to Michigau to aid iu the construction of certain rail
roads, have reverted to the Tiiited States, aiid donating
tlie name to the Michigau and Ohio Itailwav Company.
By Mr. Brogdou Securing to all the States an etjual
measure of patronage in the civel service of the tiov
einmciit. By Mr. Leonard Fixing the number of Eepresenta-tivt-s
iu Congress at one hiuiibvtl and fifty.
By Mr. Cox. of Ohio, bv request To enforce the Judg
ment and decrees of the United States Courts ill other
districts and Stales than those by w hich they have been
By Mr.C'mumings To equalize the bounties of soldiers.
By Mr. C'a-iwell Abolishing the tax on bank deposits.
By Mr. Keiina Joint resolution relating to the repeal
of the Besuuiption Act, ami the remouetizatlon of sHver.
By Mr. Banning To reorganize the army, to consoli
date certain of its Staff licjial uncnts, and to reduce tlie
cost of its aupiiort.
Also, to regulale the pay of the army.
Mr. Yeates presented the resolutions of a meeting of
a number of citizens ot North Carolina, denying the
charges made against that state rty Lieutenant Wal
tlron iu regard to the wreck of the steamship Huron.
At the expiration of the morning hour, Mr. Baker, of
Indiana, moeil losusiiend the rules antt adopt au anti
subsiilv resolution. A motion to a.ljoui u was iiuuitsli
aiely interjected by Mr. Butler, aud a vote thereon was
taken by veas and navs.
Themoiiou to adjourn being defeated, the question
recurred on adopting tlie anti-subsidy resolution, and it
was adopted veas 1711, navs H.".
It declares that, in the Judgment of the House.no Bnb
sidies in money, boutls, public laud indorsements, or by
pledge of the public credit, should be granted or re
newed by Congress to associations or corporations en
gaged in. or iirojHising to engage in publio or private
enterprises, but that all appropriations ought to be
limited to such amount and pui-iMises only as shall be
imperatively demanded by the public service. The
following la the vote iu detail:
Baker", of Ind..
Baker, of -N. Y,
Caldwell, of Ky.,
Clark, of Ky.,
Clark, of Mo..
Clark, of Iowa,
Cox. of Ohio,
Cox. of N. Y.f
Davis, of Caia.,
Harris, of tia.,
Hewitt, of X. Y.,
Hew in. ot Ala.,
Jones, of X. If.,
Jones, of O.,
Lutt 1 ell,
Pat terson, of Col.,
Bice, "of O.,
Itohiuson, of Ind.,
Smith, of Pa.,
Smith, of Ha.,
Stone, of Mich.,
Stone, of la.,
Tow nsend, of O.,
Tow nslieiid, of 111..
White, of Intl..
Williams, of DeL,
Willis, of "N. Y,
Harris, of Mass., '
Jones, of Ala.,
( -as well.
Davis, of N. C,
Evans, of Pa.,
F.vans. of Ind.,
F.vins, of S. C,
Klce, of Mass.,
Iloliertson, of I.a.,
Williams, of Mich.,
Williams, tif N. Y.,
tiitams, 01 Ala.,
Patterson,of N.Y., Williams, of Or.,
Pt-diUe, . ri 1111s, 01 h.y.
Kcaga'u, Y'oung 85.
moved to suspend the rules and
take from tlie shaker's table anil pass the Senate
concurrent resolution for the payment of I'nited state
lmntts, principal ami interest. 111 goiu or snvui, auowu
as the Matthews silver resolution.
m jiui-HmM ninvMl ihe vtouse ntliourn. TTe desired
that his colleague (Mr. E wing J would set the time for
debate ou the resolution.
m r Butler We do not want deltato.
Mr. tianield We have passed a bill on this subject
w ithout a word of neuate. 1 uo not propose ro mane
any factious opposition to (retting the sense of the
House, but on a question so deeply affecting the public
credit, reaching far out beyond the mere ttsjlinical legal
question to which the resolution refers, we ought to
have a fair discussion.
Mr. Kwing The bill which has passed the Jlonseis
pentliug in the Senate. It may come back with amend
ments, when debate on the subject will be hath
M r. 4-:ai-tie)d Do you want au ainenibuentt
Mr. tiartield subsequently withdrew his motion to ad
journ, anil the vote was taken on passuig the resolution,
which resulted yeas la, naya 7tf. The following ia
tho vote in detail:
Hants, of Ga.,
Hewitt, ot Ala.,
A Id rich,
Baker, of Ind.,
Caldwell, of Ky.,
Patterson, of N.Y,
Pat terson, of Col,
Hire of O,
Robinson, of Lav,
Robinson, of Intl.,
H uniphrey, '
Jouc-s of A la.
Jones, of U-,
Mc Ma lion,
Smith, of Ga.,
Stone, of Mich.
Stene, of Ia
Thompson, , .
Townsend, of O..
White, of Pa
White, of Ind.,
Williams, of Wis,
Williams, of Ala-,
Willis, of Kyj
Baker, ot N. Y,
Clark, of N. J.,
Davis, of Cal..
Kvans, of Penn.,
Harris, of Mass.,
Hewitt, of N. Y.,
Jones, of N", H.,
Rice, of Mass..
Smith, of Penn.,
William, of Mich.,
Williams, of N. Y.,
Williams, of Del.,
Williams, of Or.,
Willis, of N. i.
The House then adjourned.
A met ting of the silver men and resumption re
pealers was announced to take place immediately after
The Catholic Church of Ireland.
A Bold Denunciation of th Ultramontane and
an Invitation to Build up an Irish Catholic Church.
from the Xmr York fun of 3lri(tai. Temper
ance Lyceum Hall, at 342 Water street, where; Fa
ther McNaniara has organized the Catholic Church
of Ireland, was crowded last evening, and there
was not even staudiiif; room uuoceupitd. The win
dows fronting ou the street were open to admit
fresh nir, for the room was Bdffocatingly close nnd
hot, and the sidewalll was crowded to the edge,
with a mass tf men nnd women who, despite the
rain aud mud, maiiitulued tilt h- iKi.sitions until tlie
meeting wits over. They got occasitmnl glimpses
of tho interior as the door was twned to let some
member of the congregation ont, and caught such
words as floated otit through tle wiutlow. Women
stood in the doorways and lounged in the streets,
in many Instances accompanied by drunken men.
They sing songs ami made coarse Jests, but none
interrupted the. meeting.
The meeting was opened at half past 7 o'clock.
Father MuNitiiiura spoke alsitit ten minutes ou
what he called tlie unjust treatment that Irish
Catholics had received at the hands of the Italian
priesthood, who hntl used them, lie saitl. only for
selllsh purposes, nnd to make money out of them.
In cverv instance where anything- was to be done
for the Cliurch, or for Italian ecclesiastics, the Irish
people were- called on to furnish tlie money, and
were afterward ignored. Kveu iu building the
Cathedral in Fifth avenue, the speaker said, poor
Irish men and women were called on weekly to
contribute from their hard earnings, and then the
money was sent to Italy, to be paid to Italian
workmen. The audience liberally applauded this
The remainder of the time until 8 o'clock was
filled with recitations and the tt1uginof patriotic
Irish songs, and then religious services were com
menced. Father McNumura, who hud retired a few
minutes before, reappeared clad in rich rolies of
white silk, beautifully embroidered in many colors,
forming flowers. HJis dress was the full vestments
of an officiating Catholic priest. Approaching the
nltar, he devoutly crossed himself, and blessed his
people. He then saitl that he would oii tlie serv
ieeswlth prayers in the language that ought to be
prized by them, that which their fathers h.-itl nst-il
centuries ago iu worshiping the Holy One, thnt
which, now nearly forgotten, he should try to re
vive, the "dear old Irish tongue." The prayers and
responses were in Irish.
Standing before the altar the Father said he had
called the people together nsit to advance any new
doctriiie, but to restore in its purity the olil-fiteh-ioncd
Catholic religion of the Irish, of many, many
years ago the religion that hail leen seized on by
arrangers, who hud no sympathy -with the Irish,
and who used it only for political purposes mid
their own personal aggrandizement.
'The Italian priests do not even know our lan
guage," said he. '-nor do we know theirs. There is
110 sympathy lietweeu us, ami yet they claim to lie
our spiritual masters. The Catholic religion did not
come from Italy. The Apostles vera Jews, ami the
Virgin Mary was a Jewess. Christ was laim iu
Nazareth, in a stable, and in polity
not in the Maze of ' splendor nnd the
Iionip of Rome, a ' display maintained to
icep iu luxurious indolence a small army of
Cardinals, Princes and ecclesiastic itotentHtes,
and which the whole world was called uion to
pay for. On the 29th of Septemlx-r last a proclam
ation was issued, and planted boldly in the City
Hall Park, where it could be rend by all, exeom
muuicatiug the Pope, and all that class of ecclesi
astics who seek to govern the Cliurch, not for its
own good, but for their own glory and ftir is-rsonul
power, place and position in this world a class ot
priests that dared from their altars to curse the
Irish people for loving their native land and try
ing to save it from strangers. These foreign priests
have governed with an iron hand, and the Irish
have olieved blindly; but they will do so no more.
The end has come. Italian priestcraft -wfll have
isiwer no longer, and the Irish Catholic Church, iu
all its old-fashioned beauty aud simplicity, will be
Then moving from the altar to the edge of the
platform, the preacher said a brother would read
tlie articles of religion of the Iifsh Church, wliich
he. asked should be attentively listened to, and, if
approver!, so heartily seconded that there could be
110 mistake about it. He asked:
"Where were you liortif"
All together. "In Ireland."
'Wlnit is your religioui"
"Have yon noticed particularly how the Popes
of Rome have hold control over the Irish priests
A voice "Yes; and they have sold ns out."
Cheering and applause" followed, nnd tho Father
said: "You are right, my friend; they have sold
us ont, but they won't have tlie chance to do it
The articles were then read. In substance ns fol
lows: That the Irish Catholic Church recognizes
the serious iiijtiry that Papal influence has worked
to Irish Catholics all over the world; that the wor
ship of the Pojie lias approached idolatry, and that
in paving their devotions to him the people have
nlmost forgotten to worship (ihI: that thev will no
longer contribute money to the supiiort of a disso
lute and worthless set of Italian ecclesiastics. That
the deei-ce of infallibility was a fearful net of blas
phemy against Ood. That Italian priestcraft got
control of the Irish people by intriguing with
the wealthy lnnd-ow tiers of I-'ngland who had their
own seltish ends to gratify. That it is not religion,
but a blind superstition which makes men fear the
excommunication of the Pope. That they protest
against the assumption of spiritual authority by
the Italian priesthood over a church which did not
originate iu Rome, but existed in Ireland many
Here some one in the room nttered some hardly
intelligible word in favor of Rome. Instantly
there was a scene of confusion. Cries of "put him
out" were heard. Tlie men begau torise from their
seats, ami the women to become, frightened. It
would have fared badly with the interrupter had
not Father MeXamara (inictcd tlie audience by
calling out loudly: "Let him alone; he is evidently
tlie meanest kind of an Irishman, too mean for you
to bother with; he has been given a glass of whisky
or some other eiiunlly iiii-un brilie, to coine in Here
to raise a disturbance. Hut let him alone, pay no
attention to him, and he can do no harm." The
reading of the articles wasthen resumed as follows:
That tlie Irish Cliurch look for the fountain-head
of their religion, not 11 Koine, where the Cardinals I
live in sensuous ease, out 10 me nmuirv wm-ia
Christ was liorn and suffered and died. That it is
the dntv of all sincere Irish priests to cut ltsise
from Italian ecclesiastical power, and "bring the
people back to their simple, original Irish religion.
That the people love their own Irish priests, and
rjill mum nil to come over at once and ally them
selves, without a day's delay, with theirown people
to protect their own Nation. That tlie memlcr of j
tUe lrtSU CUlircil lilt-tine menisci t o not iu
any church, or receive the sacrament at the hands
of anv priest who recognize the authority of the
Italian ecclesiastic. That the Irish pnests who
contiune to recognize the spiritual power of the
Italian priesthood shall be declared excommuni
The articles received a noisy approval.
Thr Bne Canal is doing a profitable and Increas
ing business, aa the following figures will show:
Years. Vessels passed through. Tolls.
1M73 1.4H4 .-..777.--flO
170. 1.457 S-K-
1377 1,663 6,W2,X?9
The coloring of leave in full and winter de-
fends upon three distinct physiological processe.
he yellow color Is due to the decomposition by
light; the brown to cold, which develop chloro
phyll; the red is due to the presence of anthot-ynn,
caused sometimes by light, and generally denotes
the commencement of rest ill vegetation.
Most of the water used In Paris is drawn from
arteeian wells. These wells are being constantly
constructed under the direction of the Hoard of
Public Works. One ia now being bored which will
be tioO meters deep.
Clarke, of Ky
Clark, of Mn, .-
Clark, of Itiwat
Clvuier, . .
Cox. of Ohio,
Cox, of N. '
Davis, of If. C,
Kvans, of Ind.,
Kvlns, of S. C,
Pases Prossc"s Unmittakabls Feeling of Distrust in
EngiRd-A-Succs of ths Armittie Nsgottations
Not Yet Assured Turkey Anxious tn Force Hostil
ities Between England and Russia Passage of th
Dardanelles the nly Troublesome Question, end
a Belief that Russia is Ready to FigMfortbe Right
of Way Advance of ths Russian Armies Checked
by the Grand Ouke Rumor that Greece Will De
clare War Against Turkey Otneisl Version of the
Preliminary Peace Conditions.
KO CKRTA1XTY ABOUT rEACE.
Loxnojt, J.innary 2H. Although the wnr
fever haa greatly aliateil since Friday, there
is, as yet, no certainty that peace ha
been fsecrrrefl, for tip to the latent
reports 110 agreement as to an armistice
had yet been reached. Indeed, no one would
be surprised if the Turks should now endeavor
to gain more time, in the hope of forcing -
ENGLAND AND ntSSIA INTO HOSTILITIES.
The general feeling in Turkey is almost as
severe against England as against Ruusia, and
there is even strong reason to believe that
Turkey will hereafter
BIDK WITH KUSSIA AGAINST ENGLAND.
Although the question of the passage of the
Dardanelles is nearly the only only one which
needs the consent of Europe, it is be
lieved that a direct understanding ex
ists between "Russia, Germany, Austria
and perhaps Italy, to consent to the opening of
the Dardanelles, aud that Tnrkey will secretly
pledge herself to make uo opjiosition. The
Commercial's St. Petersburg correspondent
states that on that point Russia will
NEVKK YIELD TO KNGLAXI) AGAIN,
and that she would rather go to war about
it now if it was to be necessary, than to have
her fleet shut out of the Black Sea at England's
dictation. She is in lietter condition to obtain
this important advantage than she is ever like
ly to be again, while
ENGLAND IS IN WIIItSE POSITION
To resist the Russian claim thau she had liei-n
for many years. For these and other reasons
there is 110 great certainty among dijiloniates
and politicians that the war has been averted,
and many ls-lievo that the situation is now at
its worst for England.
THE KNGLISH FLEET
On its arrival at the mouth of the Dardanelles
received countermanding orders, aud has re
turned to Uesika Hay, only four miles distant.
Knmors have arrived here tli.it the
RUSSIAN ADVANCE HAS 11EKX CHECKED
Py an order from Grand DukeXicholas, but the
("ommcreiars eoiTesiwuiilents at Hucharest nnd
Constantinople do not continn these reixirts.
GREECE ABOUT TO DECLAKE WAR.
The only news of any consequence come
from Greece. The lalter is said to bo a! Hint to
declare war against Turkey and overrun Tlies
saly and Epirns, which she will demand to lie
ceded to her. .
Has consented to withdraw his resignation, and
yesterday he attended a Cabinet Council which
was suddenly called. The extraordinary fact
of a Cabinet meeting
BEING HELD ON SUNDAY
Has not been reassnring to the peace party. I
am informed, though not ou reliable authority,
that the Governmeut will withdraw
its motion for a supplementary credit
of . 6,000.000 to-day, in consequence of the
Cabinet decision yesterday, but all the prepar
ations for the vote have lieen made by the
leaders and whips of both parties; so that it is
probable that the money will not be asked for.
LIBEKAL MEM BE ItS OF PARLIAMENT
Have decided not to opjiose the morion directly,
but to move an amendment jxistpouing its
consideration for one week. This amendment
will not involve a vote of a waut of confidence
in the Government, and may therefore draw
some Conservative votes. A most exciting
sitting of tho session is expected to-uight.
FEAltS OF A TURKISH REI1ELLIOX.
A Constantinople correspondent telegraphs
that fears prevail there that the Turkish pop
ulation will reliel and depose the Sultan when
the terms of peace are made known, or if the
Rnssians approach the citj-.
Western Associated Fress Telegrams.
DELEGATES AT ADIII ANOPLE.
London, January iK. A Constantinople cor
respondent says the I'orfnjhas received a tele
gram to the effect that- the preliminaries of
peace have been signed, anil that the Turkish
delegates and the Grand Duke Nicholas would
reach Atlrianople on Saturday.
The same correspondent states that Enuland
hail the l'orte'a tierm'ssion to enter the Darda
nelles. THE CONDITIONS.
Tlie Post publishes the follow! ncas an official
version of the preliminary conditions of pence:
First Autonomy tor liulguna OMuindanes
not defined), under a Governor to lie appoint
ed according to the stipulations of the Constan
tinople Conference, the Turkish military
forces to be withdrawn to certain localities to
be agreed upon.
Second The independence of Uouniania,
with compensation tor the territory near the
mouths of the Danube, which bhe will make
over to Russia.
Third Local autonomy for Hosni.1 and Her
zegovina and the indeitt-utl'-iice fif Servia, with
territorial rectification. This "rectification"'
of the Servian frontier may mean the transfer
of Seworink to Servia, but in deference to Aus
tria and the other Powers, the question is left
Fourth AiMT.indizement for Montenegro on
the basis of the xlntu quo of helium, subject
to the approval of the Powers.
Filth The cession of liatouru, and the pay
ment of indemnity money, territory, or some
equivalent to be determined tixm.
Finally The Sultan to undertake to consid
er how to protect Russian interests in the
passage of the Dardanelles.
Fating IIorse-Flci.li la Pari.
Pari Tjftler, Drcembrr HI, Lrmtlnn Timr. The
consumption tif horse-flesh iu I'titis, which com
menced in 1 '( In the face of great prejudices, but
which steadily advanced and derived a great stim
ulus from the siege, has this year averaged l.ooo
animals per month. The Parisian, iu (net, consume
nil the horses in the city which are past work, and
have even to obtain some from a distance, while
iu the large re-urns hippophiigy is also gaining
ground. Its advocates are, iu these circumstances,
naturally auxfotis that other countries, especially
those where meat is at a high price, Hhould supple
ment their supplies of fotitl by the flesh of the iioi-se,
which. they contend, is more nutritious than beef,
and could lie had at half the price. With a view to
promote its introduction into the KmrllNh dietary,
M. Kmile Kecroix. who first, ns a soldier, tasted
horseflesh from necessity In Algeria, untl has since
lieen one of the most anient propngimnists 01 lis
use, ou Saturday evening, invited the representa
tives of several Loudon journals to a tiuiiier. at
which horse-llesh was served up in a variety of tonus
soup, boiled, roast, saiisai?es, Ac. ftome of the
guests were prepared to find that In this, as in so
many other cases, a tas'te hail to lie acquired, ami
that "the first trial was not conclusive. Tlie meat
however, was really palatable. While well cooked,
it was intentionally served up 1 11 a plain way. so
that there should seem to have been no attempt, to
disguise its flavor by condiment. It wa slightly
firmer and darker than beef, but I ran quite bene ve
that M. Iecroix ha repeatedly had guest who
snpjsisetl themselves all along to lie dining off
la-ef. Horses are never slaughtered for the table
before being lncapnhle of further work, and in Paris
the precaution is taken of insiM-cting them before
being killed, as well as after, but even were no such
procimtion taken, M. Iecroix hits satisfied himself
by personal exx-rinicDt that liorae sutt'ciing froiu
various complaints may be eaten Willi impunity.
A Trick In Real Kstate That Cost Queen Isa
Pari OnrrtispfmActtr liiHlon A tf eeW liter. Th e his
tory of how Queen Isaliella cstue to buy I'Hotel
Ilasilcwski, Avenue du ltoi de Home, chances to be
known to uic It is probable thatevcu HerMi)ety
ignores the trick played upon her, anil it is known U
verv few. As I can Vouch for its authenticity, my
readers may, perhaps, like to know that sharper
evist i-n t-t"tiee us well as in America. My tory
runs thus: Monsieur X (w ho deserve to have hi
name written in full) wa perfectly aware t.iui
when Queen Isabella was forced to leave Spain die
took with her. in gtasl, solid money, forty millions
of francs C?3,oOO.0OO). Being a clever uiau, with
out a sou. he w rote an excellent letter to Her Maj
estv, stating that he wa unknown to her, but that,
cmiiprehending how, iu a dilncalt itnatiou like
hers, devoted friends were often nsefni and neces
sary, he dared hope he would appreciate his da
sire to place himself ana all be ioh
seesed at her service. He .expressed
great regret not to have a larger sum at
his disposal, but said that 500,000 franca ($100,-
OOO) were on lie cotild spare for the moment, anil
begged she would dcigtl to accept them.. Of eomsq
Her Mn.iei.ly had 110 need ol the motil-y, but u a4
touched by such getier.iMi v, anil ilesiietl that Mr.
X shiiultl be presented to her. Monsieur X became
aware that the Queen desired to htreorbtiv a hotel;
he- knew likewise that Count Ibisilewski wirtlu-il to
sell his for the Mtm t,f l,-'i!ti.tSK frfinc (.f.' lO.(SMI);
so he went to the Count and saitl: "You ask 11 Inngu
prie for your hotel, but 1 think I can get it for vou;
only you must let rue hnve it, to keep or to return,
tor nltceii day. I hae not that sum by meat
present, iut in a fortnight it is more than probable
I will, anil If you accept 111 v pro)MMitioii the 1.-J1MI.-0011
francs shall Ik- paitl tlowu." The conditional
pniers were drawn up, ,,i Mr. x lost no time iu
calling upon thequeeu. who wns aiw av most grate
fully UHiosctl toward him, ami be mailt' so good a
story a hout the wt.mlerftil hotel, its remiukalilv
low price (I.OOO.OtMJ francs), ntitl above till the.
necessity not to let such an otvasiou slip by, that
Her Majesty then anil there nuthori.ed him to buy
it ftir her. Ami thus it came to pas that Monsieur
X, who had not a sou, became possessor of 4ihj,UOO
Death of the iisverner of One
tnnrkable ('nmisiMnitie ou
Lepers ana Their Island.
of thr Most He
the 1' lobe The
San Frattcitro Chronicle, January 12. Our Hon
olulu exchanges announce iu brief the death of
William P. liagsdnle. Governor of the Leper Sett le
nient, on the island of Molokai, Haiitawich Islands.
Tlie decease of so noted aud remarkable a niau in
the prime of life deserves a more extended obituary.
"Rill Rngsdale," as he was popularly known, was a
Hawaiian by birth, his mother having been a native
ami his father au Aiiiori. an. By prolensinn he was
a lawyer, Ms-akiiig Knglish a fluently as Hawaiian,
ami tlie most noted orator of the Hawaiian King
dom, whites and natives incliuicd, anil among tin;
latter there an- many cfuispiciious orator. The
manner iu which Kugsdnlc. tliscovered that he had
the ii-prosv, as told by himself, is most interesting,
and especially from a at-it-htitic point of view. Tlie
deceased resided for it litiuiber of years oil the
island of Haw aii, and had an otlicu at HUo, capital
of the ishiiul. line night he was studying up a
law case in which be w as deeply Interested, w lieu
the chimney Iroiuliis lump fell 011 the table. Al
though tile chimney was hot a tire, "Hill," in his
excitement, picked it up ami set it in its place with
out experiencing the least inconvenience, such as
would liiitimilly it-stilt to u rt-allv souinl ien-on
hatitiliug a retl-hot lamp chimney, tie n-li.-t te.l for
a moment, looked at bis hand, but could not dis
cover the leant sign 1 hat it had been Ininicil. Ho
then took oft' and put on the chimiiev res-aieillv,
ami with the same result. This cxjicricncc con
vinced him that he wan among the atllietcd, and he
lost 110 time in communicating with the aiiihori
tus. An examination was made, and medical au
thority declared iliat he was alllit U-tl with leprosy.
Dr. Trousseau, for years a physician at Honoltilii,
but now n resilient of the island of Hawaii, ni.-ulo
the principal examination. I p to this time no per
son on the islands ever dreamed Ihst. Hill Kagsdalo
had the leprosy, nnd some doubled even alter
the examination if s he was so alllicteil.
liill, however, was personally convinced
that lit-was so alllietetl. Tin? police did not arre-t
him. however, owing to his exalted position. as was
coiiimon with those susiiet'tetl of being lepers, so
he voluntarily tli-livcred himself up 11s a victim of
the terrible disease. He was then sent to Molokai
iuil installed as (Jovcmor of tlie Leper Hctflcmi-ni,
m I11. I1 jKisitton lie held for 11 number of years up to
the time of ids ileal h last month. Himui alter his
isolation from tile world ami ids frb-mls tho dis
ease, unfile itself mine sppnreut, and there were
none so itirreiluloiiM us to liclievc that he wa not
forever nlllictetl witlfthc leprosy. During his inl
miiiistraliou of nltairs lit was as siict-essfnl as lie
w.fs popular. There were nnd are about him) lepers
on the settlement, but by his t.u t anil kindhc aiicii-111-ss
llagstlalt-niiule the most e.xtriMirtlniary nnd
saddest community 011 the face of the earth as
cheerful ami happy as the unfortunate
could be. Hy Ins aiKicc the tJoveriniieiit
made many reforms, and the lepers recognized him
as a father. )ne of t he most peculiar nnd startling
phases connected with this episode is the fact that
51 r. Kugsilale, w ho was u unurieil mail with n fam
ili. took up with a young native woman on the set
tlement of Molokai w 110 toil in love with him. r-hi-was
remarkably handsome, of splendid ih. sitpie,
and had already buried two husband or lovers
for both terms are substantially the same with the
Mawiiiians free from missionary influence. Kofh
her husband, ns we will call them, died of leprosy,
yet the wiio, aa she must be termed, was nccr ai'
lllrtcd w lib it. She fell iu love w it h Hagstlale, and
the y continued to live in the most s;rfect harmony,
the wife not having the least tear tit being subject
to the frightful attlit-tioii of her husband. Mhestill
survives him. ami is ln"pcrfcct health, or at least
was so not long ago. It may be here remarked that
there are some seventy-live Individuals on the
lt-is-r settlement who are, not 11 111 ut t-tl with
leprosy. These have voluntarily exiled them
selves ou account of tlie tleep love and
altt-ctioii they have for their frit-nils who are h ie
er. They mingle freely among the orrow-stricli-t-11.
c-ating out of the Maine calabash of jhiI, drink
ing from the same cup, chatting and talkliiiz to
gether ou the same mat, nttd even sleeping togeth
er. Still With this promiscuous intercourse some
of the healthy i-crson, indeed the majority of
them, never catch the leprosy. In a word, they
have no fear at all of it. Who the successor of the
deceased leper 'tiveriior will lie is not known. It
was believed at one time that l'eter Kao, a cousin
or uncle to Queen Kmiim, would be Governor, but
by influence this leprous chief has been allowed to
leave the settlement and is now a resilient of Hon
olulu. I'ctcr Imd a nice cottage at Molokai, ami.
as Itccomiiig bis rank, had servants to watt upon
him. Ihoing Ilis sojourn there lie enjoyed life as
well ns tumid bo expected, ami had the.'gootl w ill of
the lepers at larire. No-,v that he is free, and ltacs
tlale dead, it will la- difficult to find t he pnijs-r man
to fulfill so delicate a duty. The Huwaijan author
ities have many faults uud shortcomings, but the
Immunity they exhibit toward the les-is. iu pro
viding aiid caring for them, is jci tally to their
credit. The settlement is underfill l-aboo ; that is,
no human lieipg is -permitted to etitt-r the dreadful
locality without a special permit from the Hoard
of Health of Honolulu. It is very dillieult to get.
this permit, so that not one foreigner in a thousand
ever call visit the leper world of .Molokai.
Havings ef French Iaibor.
Philatlrlphiii 'reo. Jtimniry 1!). f'enerally, in
K.uropcaii countries, the practice has been, when a
political crisis takes place or is expected, for the
middle-class nud working- lass w hose proviiU-m-o
has enabled them to save money and place it out lit
interest in saving bunks, to withdraw If when it
lsiliticul rmtit tVrUil bv the irovcrniiig power or a
revolt by the governed masses apis-iirs imminent.
This has hitherto been usual, almost ci ltaln.ill
France, particularly in Paris. The country people
ill r'niiice do not eiitei tain a very favorable opin
ion of tint savin Co banks, being under pei-js-t ital
dread that in some revolutionary movement all tho
iiioney dejioslteii in them may be setetl ami con
fiscated under some iroveriimi-iit.il pretext. Ho, in
the country, the savings of prudential lalir ore se
cretly hoarded in hilling places ut holm", gcncrii'ly
ill the tangible shape of live franc piece, while in
the cities, and especially in I'arts, the savings banks
are relied oil. It miidit have been ihi.Lgitit-d that 111
the recent political crisis in France, which contin
ued through seven months May-December, 1 77),
and more than once iipM-ureil likely to culminate
in an oriranie-tiiange in the verv- principles, ns well
as the rulers of the Kepulillc, tin- uttrrierx lor
work-people) of Paris would take the usual course
of wit lull awing their deposits frolu the savings
It apiienrs. hy nil official return lust published by
the "reiich loyi.inmeiit. that lit Ihe end of 1 s,7 the
1'nris Savins Hank had ls7,(h0 depositors, ami
47,'J7.1 sS francs deposits 1111 inert-use, coin
pnred with the year lOI. of 21,t:t depositors,
and I. fiT'-i francs of deposits. Then-lore, it is
argued that whts-ver in Paris was alarmed at the
IMilitical crisis, tlie steadiest among the industrial
class wa not. Here, also, is tho satisfy lug I act
that, taking the population of Huns at,
2,000.000 in round number. nearly
tine-ci-'lith, chiefly working people, have laid by
over ir'.ll.ooo.ooo. Nor is this n novel or exception
al case, for it wfll be remembered that during tho
Hecoml Kmpiie, w ben loiils Napoleon wanted to
raise a large stun of money by loan, without having
recourse to the regular tluancicrs of Paris. J-ondon,
and Amsterdam, lie invited France to contribute
t he money, in small sums, which w as done ont tif
the savings of the middle mid working classes, and
thrice the amount required was eagerly ofTrrctl.
On subseiiieiit and similar ocrnsioii the npH-al
hail the same result, anil from this source came a
large portion of tlie tive milliard of francs (1,
tMM. M HI.OOO, or a hoi one-half of the entire present
debt of the United Mates) exacted by fiermaiiy
from France, In ls71, as "indemnity" for
the cost of the war an exaction, no dni-bt,
which will become a Justifying precedent w hen
I'tisnia w ill impose haril terms of peace niton tho
Hultau. That the workers of I'aris should have
laid by savings, from their lint very high wages, to
1 he amount of ninety-four million dollars, is most
creditable to them, nnd not 11 little at variance
with the prevailing idea that they are improvident
At unusual number of attractive illnstrsted Arti
cle are found in the Felininry. or "M id winter"
.umber of rieribner's Monthly, which npc ar- fit
tingly clothed, so to speak, in u garment suggest ivo
of healthy out-door cold nud happy in-door warmth.
1A"e have already mentioned the front isple-ee repro
duction, bv I". Hyatt F.nton, from a photograph of
Abraham Lincoln, tli last, it i believed, for which
he ever sat, ami which well recalls to ns the noblo
himieline of the man. This, alt hough followed 011
the next page by the sonnet on Mr. Lincoln,
by It. H. Httsldard, really accompanies the llrst in
stallment of some "Personal Keiiiinlsi i-in-cs of
Lincoln," by 'onh Hrooks a paMr full of pleas
ant facts anil anecdotes, that was well worth writ
ing, and is quite interesting. Three articles, which
are most attractively illustrated (and then tin lis
themelve are quite attractive, each In It own
way.) are tlutt on 'Mooi Hunting," bv Charles
Ward ; "A California Camp." by Mr. Mary Hallis-lc
Foofefsowell known as the artist who, last year,
illustrated Hawthorne's "fk-arlet loiter"), tho
writer contributing her owu illustrations,
and the "Hummlnir-hird of the Culifor-
Waterfalls." by John Minr. other
notable article are n discussion f the colleen
rank of distinguished men by C F. Thwlmf.who 111 it
disproves bv examples a somewhat widely ac
cepted belief that the men unsuccessful in colleen
generally win the race in life; "Washington Only
Sister," a pai-r intituling some Interest nig letters;
"Keeent Church Decorations." by Clarence Cook;
anil one Of John Burroughs' fresh and wholesome
sketches, entitled "Following ths Halcyon to
Canada.'' Besides these there ate several pleasant"
I-oenis, one or two readBble stories, and the usual
agreeable editorial matter by lr. Ilollaud, It. W.
UUiler and otuera