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LOUDON, TENNESSEE, OCTOBER 20, 1852.
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PrBLIHED WEEKLY BY
JNO. W. & SAM'L B. O'BREEIT,
Office on Cedar Street, Eat of the PMje Square.
TERMS. Two Dollars in advance; Two Dol
lars and Fifty Cestb in six mouths; Three Dol
lars at expiration of year.
Advertisements inserted at $1 per pquare for the
first, and 50 Cento for each subsequent insertion.
Professional Cards, (five lines or less,)
" " (more than five lines,)
Quarter of column or less, -Half
One column, .....
Announcing candidates, feuranee,)
Address the Publishers, Post Paid. '
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1852.
The rapid growth of rnr new and flour-
Z .t a. T 1. ! 1
waning TOwn oi ixuaon w-- -jo generat
remarK cy gentlemen ot otner localities, wno
attended the large and enthusiastic Whig meet
ing held here on the 14th. The splendid Brick
Ware and Store Houses already erected and in
course of erection the splendid first class Hotel
and other public houses of respectable merit
and the large number of private dwellings that
have sprung up as if by magic in he last six
or eight months, was beyond general expectation.
They saw completed to this point, one of the
best Railroads in the world, connecting with the
Southern coast. They saw the "Iron Horse" in
his pride and streugth. They saw the noble
Tennessee discharging a volume of water larger
than the Ohio which built up Cincinnati and a
half dozen other cities of commanding impor
tance. They saw Steamers coming in to our
wharf. Tl'.ey saw a hardy, enterprising class of
citizens. They saw the commencement of Man
ufactories in the new Steam Saw Mill of Messrs.
Harvey & King, which has just commenced ope
rations. All concentrating here within a few
months. No wonder at their astonishment.
But hundreds of hammers and plains and trow
eLj and other implements of industry were lay
ing still for our patriotic c itizens had determin
ed to devote a day to the Nation's welfare. Had
all these been going ahead as usual and min
"fiing in delightful chorus, and had our workmen
been blowing rock in the various wells and
quarries as usual, making the surrounding forest
reverberate almost equal to the thunder of a
bombardment all would have thought of a truth
that the hardy spirit of industry and enterprise
was here, and those who correctly weigh .cause
and effect, would have gone home convinced with
us that this is destined to be in a very short time,
a large town, if not a city of much commercial
and manufacturing importance.
Scott in East Tennessee. Having .recently
visited Jv -rrtJuntWM,-"i;5,I'r:lnItnTB 8-1
in.nearly every neighborhood through which we
passed, we feel able in all candor to say that
Gen. Scott will receive a larger majority than
it is usual for the Whig party to get Our visit
was about the time of the meeting of the Phila
delphia Webster convention, and we found a
few good Whigs who stood off thinking that Mr.
Webster would become the popublar candidate
We however believed at that time that Scott's
majority would be as large as the Whigs receiv
ed at the last election for there were many Dem
ocrats in every county who were for the gallant
old hero. Now, that there is no earthly chance
for Webster, there is no choice left but Scott
and Pierce, and we honestly believe that there
will not be upon the day of election, more than
a half dozen Whigs in East Tennessee who will
refuse to vote for Gen. Scott 1
Come friends, let us go into his support with
a hearty good will. They may say that he has
not equal claims with Fillmore and Webster to
the Presidency but no one less stupid than an
As3 would pretend to compare Pierce's claims
with those of Gen. Scott, who is undeniably the
greatest military chieftain in the world, and can
gain more victories with less loss of men and
property than any other man.
J6g5 Some of the Democrats complain ' that
when Gen. Harrison was the Whig candidate
no honor was paid to Chippewa and Lundy's
Lane: and that when Gen. Taylor was run noth
ing was heard of Cherubusco or Chepultepec;
and now that Gen. Scott is the candidate, Buena
Vista and the Thames and Monterey and Tippe
canoe and ill those old battles are forgotten.
Not at all ! But it is never too late to do good,
so that if we have paid no honor to the long se
ries of brilliant victories of which Gen. Scott
was the gallant Hero, filling up the history of an
half dozen Wars, it is time we should do so.
Will our Democratic friends, after having wept
over their neglect so long, now refuse to honor
k them and the gallant old Hero whose valor won
them. Let us give each his portion in due seasoul
Ug, As mean a thing as we have known the
Democrats to be guilty of during this canvass,
is to transform themselves into Anti-Scott Whigs
and write letters to newspapers stating that they
cannot support Gen. Scott, It is an easy thing
for reckless partizans to manufacture letters of
this kind and publish them as from Anti-Scott
Whigs, but it will be hard to get Whigs who
will father them. If a Whig wants it generally
known that he cf.nnot support Scott, he will
come out like a man with his real name a Lo-
cofoco, wishing to make a false impression, will
write himself down an Anti-Scott Whig.
Another National Convention. Mr. Webster's
Boston friends, not satisfied with his nomina
tion at Philadelphia, and in Georgia, want an
other great Convention to be held at a time and
place hereafter to be designated, to nominate
him and somebody else, for President and Vice
President It is too late.
BgU Gen. Armstrong, editor of the Union,
was elected Public Printer just before the ad
journment of Congress. His party could not
have selected a more perfect gentleman on whom
to bestowed their patronage.
JKa? Mr. Stanley, of North Carolina, made
a speech in New York on the 3d instant, which
elicited great applause. In denying the charge
that Mr. Clay was opposed to the nomination of
Gen. Scott, he remarked' ''Mr. Clay had a great
love for Mr. Fillmojp,al have; bnt when Mr.
Clay heard the guns booming from the square in
Washington for the nomination of Gen. Scott,
some persons in attendance upon the dying
statesman proposed to go out and stop the firing.
'No,' said Mr. Clay, 'No, let them fire on ; the
sound of those guns bring nothing but joy to my
saf" Hon. Thos. F. Marshall has been ap
pointed as the Whig candidate for Elector in
the Lexington district in the place of Garret
Davis, resigned. - Mr. IS", enters upon the duties
X)f ihe muct whtch wether.
with his transcendant ability, will tell a tale in
November that the Democracy will not wish to
hear from old Kentucky.
fiia? We are pleased that Mr. Marlixg, ed
itor of the Nashville Union, who was shot in a
recent difficulty with Gen. Zollicoffer, is recover
ing and will be able to resume his editorial du
ties in a short time. The ball, which has been
extracted, entered Mr. Marling's face a little to
the right of his nose passed immediately above
the throat and was found lodged in the back
part of the neck, about two inches behind the
ear having penetrated some six or eight inches.
Daniel Webster approved of the Hartford Con
vention, and of the conduct of the burners of
blue-lights, by acting with them. And so he is
a blue-light, Hartford Convention federalist, spite
of the Banner's contradiction. Nashville Amer
ican. JE We were astonished to see the above in
the American just at this time, when it is almost
treason in the estimation of Democrats for the
Whigs to vote for a gallant old soldier who has
been fighting the battles of his country for forty
years, instead of for Mr. Webster. We can only
account for it upon the supposition that it was
written before Scott's nomination, under the im
pression that either Webster or Fillmore would
be the nominee, and that it got into the paper
by accident. We do not know how it is else
where, but here in East Tennessee, the Democ
racy have taken a great liking to Mr. Webster,
and the corporal's guard of Whigs who have de
clared for him. But this is a new-born love to
say the least of it, and in order to test it, we pro
pose that both Whigs and Den.erats all unite
on Mr. Webster and elect him. If they back,
we want to hear no more of their anxiety for
Mr. Webster. We shall think that they desired
him to run in oruer to hean abuse unon him. 1
and factious greed, from which, even his present
position as a powerful auxilary to Gen. Pierce
cannot shield him. With what virulence would
he have been assailed had he been the nominee!
The blackest devil in hell would have been a
shining saint by his side.
ggg- The passengers of the Steamer Inde
pendence on her late trip from San J nan to San
.Francisco, fitted up an effegy of the owner with
the inscription "Vanderbilt's Death Line," and
marched with it through San Francisco. Served
him right, and just as the owners of all the other
Steamers ruuning to California should be served.
tiS Hon Wm. Duek. American Consul
Valparasii, Chili, was lately robbed of $.j00 by
some person who broke into his office while he
was at dinner. Mr. Duer was the only gentle
manly Consul we met with during our late trip
to South America, and we hope he has recov
ered his monev.
James E. Byers, Y.&., jun. Editor of the
Maysville (Ky.) Eagle, was killed on the 23d
in an affray with James B. Casey, of Covington,
on one of the steamers running between Cincin
nati and Maysville. Casey was discharged on
the plea that he acted in self-defence.
'Tn his (Pierce's) remarks, he distinctly avow
ed that he was as much opposed to the institu
tion of slavery as any man in New Hampshire,
and made use of language very much like, if
not almost the same as, that I have seen impu
ted to him in the New Boston speech by the In
dependent and Manchester Democrat." Mnpp's
Letter to the Richmond Enquirer.
The Japan Expedition. The N. York Times
says that it is rumored that the proposed expe
dition to Japan, under Commodore Perry, will
be abandoned, at least for the present the Gov
ernment not being able to spare . sufficient mini-
berof vessels to justify the undertaking.
JJ A Magnetic Telegraph is being con
structed, and will be completed in a short time,
from New York city to Sandy Hook, a distance
of 20 miles down the Bay, and just at the point
where outward bound vessels emerge fairly into
the great Atlantic
fiMr. Kennedy, who was nominated by the
Philadelphia Convention for the Vice Presiden
cy on the ticket with Mr. Webster, has declined
serving in that capacity.
Bgf The proprietors of the New York Times
pay an annual rent of five thousand five hun
dred dollars for the building they occupy as a
JB The State Treasurer of Iowa has given
public notice that there are funds in the Treas
ury sufficient to redeem all the outstanding State
Warrants of any date or denomination.
SST The population of Chicago in June last,
was 38,733 making an increase in the last two
years of 10,113.
5?" Dr. Townsend, the famous sasaperilla
man comes out in favor of Gen. Scott.
The Yorkville (S. C.,) Miscellany has taken clown
the name of Pierce and King begun in good time.
REMINISCENCES OF HENRY CLAY.; r
BY TnOMAS RITCHIE.
From a long letter, published in the Richmond.
Enquirer of Friday last, written by Thomas Rit
chie, Esq., formerly editor of that paper, and
latterly of the Washington Union, containing
reminiscences of Mr. Clay, we extract the fol-
Now, mark mv relations to Mr. Clav and
mark too the course which r he pursued at thW
fearful crisis. Remember, that I had opposed
for so many years his earnest aspirations. - Re
member, that no press in-this country had so
pernaciously thwarted his election to the Presi-
our intercourse had been suspended for years!
V4V 1 V, T L'uu A t.lV.11 Ilt1VA A I lilt V A.t A. IvU l T I
and that he must have come to ashington, wit rw; tor acquainted than yourself with the whole
unkind and even embittered feelings towards; ! question and with the sentiment of the South;
me. More than eight weeks had passed, a j and because, if you could agree upon anything,
Washington; and I had not said a syllable td that gentleman was in so conspicuous a position
propitiate the popular and highly distinguish! iin the House 6f Representatives, that he could
man. . On tne contrary, when he came foji.the most effective assistance to any mean
to present his resolutions for compromise, p jwuw'yhien beriiiglit approve."
ed as they were by one of his memorable I Ir. Clay agreed to the time and place thus
speeches, the "Lnion criticised them ircely
and placed him in the ungracious position, that
he had brought forward a scheme which was no
available compromise an olive branch, which
did not deserve the name and, putting him
aside, that "we must now look to clearer, and
more generous, and more intrepid spirits to save
the Union Iroin the horrors which he so eloquent
ly predicted." Now, mark the beauty of his
conduct. See what magnanimity he could ex
Libit and how completely his love of country
could override his private, griefs and his party
feelings. The very mornin;; after the preceed-
mg article appeared in the Union, jlr. Clay
transmitted the message which is related in the
following narrative: '
Nkw-York, July 10, 1852.
Thomas Ritchie, Esq., Dear Sin By some
accident your esteemed favor of the 30th ult,
did not reach me until to-day.
In cheerful compliance with your request, I
proceed to give a brief statement of circumstan
ces within my knowledge, previous and relating
to the interview with the lamented Henry Clay,
to which you refer.
You will remember that during the eventful
congressional session of 1849-50 in which the
compromise measure.i were passed I was con
nected with the official corps of reporters for
the U. S. Senate. In fulfilling my professional
duties it was my privilege to spend many hours
in the rooms of the distinguished statesman
whose loss the nation has been so recently called
Early in the month of February, 1830, Mr.
Clay expressed his profound regret that you
misunderstood his position on the agitating ques
tion then under discussion, and had deemed it
your duty to assail what you understood to be
his views in the columns of the Union. Satis
fied that a free conference with you would cre
ate a better understanding and secure your aid
and co-operation in the ratification bv Congress
of his series of resolutions on the subject of ag
itation, he intimated the wish that I should
brin about a confidential interview with you.
I shall never fonret Mr. Clav's look and man
ner when the probability suggested itself to his
mind lhat his motives for seeking an iuteryiewj
which he had been so long and decidedly oppo
sed, might be misapprehended. His proud
spirit shrunk from the suspicion that he sought
indemnity against assault upon his own acts or
fame, on his own behalf.
But, he said, the work m which ne was enga
ged was far above and beyond all personal or
f arty considerations, and he could not hesitate,
le remarked: "Mr. Ritchie has abused me in
his paper, which he had the right to do. He
may abuse me again; which he has the right to
do. But the country is in danger; the Union
threatened. I wisji to. see Mr. Ritchie, that we
may confer together on the best means of sav
ing this glorious Union. For myself, I care
nothing. So far as Mr. Ritchie doubts my mo
tives and condemns ac ts springing from a source
he mistrusts, I have nothing to say. But, for
the sake of our common csuntry, I would con
vince him of the necessity for some decided,
thorough, united action, to save the country, and
aree with him upon the means best calculated
to secure that result. I think I can show him
the plan I propose is worthy of his support, anu
that I would have him aid me instead of con
tracting my aimes. When these thrcatning difi
cultiesare disposed of, let Mr. Ritchie judge
and speak freely, as he thinks appropriate, of my
poor self; I shall not complain. Now, however,
I would have a brief lull in the storm, that our
bark may be trimmed for the gale. That ac
complished, I care nothing for what follows.''
The date of this communication will show, if
I mistake not, that the plan of several distinct,
yet united measures, as a 'Compromise," had
not at that time been promulgated cr formed.
I called upon you and stated Mr. Clay's wish
es, repeating as litterally as I could his most im
portant words, then fresh upon my memory. I
need not say that you met his proposition with
frankness and cordiality. You said Mr. Clay
had acted as became him, and that you would
yourself have done the same thing by him if vou
had supposed the country had approached so
very near to the abyss as lie apprehended; that
you were indeed awfully impressed with the
crisis which was at hand; that every considerate
man must admit that the Union was in -danger;
and unless some measures we adopted to save
it. in imminent danrer anu that you would
i- most cheerfully meet Mr. Clay at any time andin1 r'carl-v in he words' ?? "'Uow As f,,r f
ft,TJT.Srsix,.tt- ?mn;n mne wMmortfiillir on-1 I am ncrsonaUii concerned. 1 can have no oo-
Trppmtinr the natriotic motives by wnich ne
was actuated. Nor do I forget that this decis
ion on your part was not made without a due
sense of Mr. Clay's colloquial powers. You
freely admitted his great tact in discussion; but
said at the same time, with a smile, that you had
your own oppinions on tlte subject, and had free
ly expressed them; but whatever might be Mr.
Clay's powers, he would not expect you to yield
them until your judgment was convinced; you
would, therefore, meet him for the purpose of a
free, frank and friendly conference. You sug
gestcd an interview at Mr. C.'s rooms at the Na
I addressed Mr. Clay in writing, informing
him of the result of my mission. The following
is a coppy of the reply, the original of which is
still in my posse ssion. ;
"Dear Sir 1 thank you for your prompt exe
cution of the commission which I confided to
you. I will see Mr. R. with great pleasure at my
lodgings on Sunday next, between the hours of
1 and 3, as suggested. Or, if, on further re
flection, he should prefer it, I will attend Mr.
Pyne's Church on Sunday next, and immediate
ly after the conclusion of Divine service, I will
go to Mr. R.'s private lesidence.
If the latter arrangements should be prefer
red, be pleased to inform me. Otherwise, I
shall expect Mr. R. at my lodgings.
" With great regard, - H.CLAY.
"Mr. J. W. Simonton.
"S. Chamber, 8th February, 1850."
" I called upon you the same evening, and
showed you the foregoing note. You stated at
once that it would never do for Mr. Clay to pass
from Dr. Pyne's church to your own house; that
whenever he went, he was the 'observed of all
observers;' that such a visit would give rise to a
great deal of idle curiosity and speculation;
and that it was far better for you to visit him at
his pwn public Hotel. If he had no objection,
therefjre, you-'proposed to call upon him at the
National Hotel at 4 o'clock in the evening of
Sunday next, '(our conversation, I think, being
vu vimay.) xou aiso asKea oi Mr. tne tavor
ofbringing a friend with you, not for the purpose
of having a witness of the interview, nor a re:
corder of the transaction; but because that
friend I understood perfectly well at the time,
and SO told Mr. Clnv. thnt vnn rffprrml tr tVio
Hon. Thomas H. Bavlv. of Virmim.l was nlsn
i Mr; Clay's personal friend; because he was bet-
j . - j
designated, and sent word to you, through my
self, that you might bring as many friends with
you as you wished. The interview, thus arran
ged, was held at the time and place appointed.
Of its events and results you can speak most
Trusting that the foregoing statement fulfills
the conditions of the request by which you have
I remain yours, with sincere respect.
JAS. W. SIMONTON.
Our fellow citizens of the North will see, from
this whole movement, the awful presentments
which Mr. Clay had formed, of the dangers
threatening the stability of the Union from the
On the evening of the 10th of February,
Gen. Bayly and myself waited on Mr. Clay at
his room, in the National Hotel. It was one of
the most remarkable interviews which ever took
place in the city. He received us with the most
winning courtesy and kindness. He treated me
as if no unpleasant relations had ever existed
between us. I shall not detail all the particu
lars of our conversation. We began by going
back to our early acquaintance, the friends we
had known, and even the frolics which had amu
sed us in Richmond. We passed on to some
subsequent events in our lives, and he assnret
me, that though we had been parted fi-r ;ars,
he had never lost sight of me that he had con
stantly read my paper, and that when the mail
arrived at Ashland, Mrs. Clay was in the habit
of selecting it first from the budget before her.
He expressed the profound interest which he
took in the leading questions of the day, and
the anxieties he felt about the Union itself. He
regretted that I had formed so unfavorable an
opinion about his resolutions, and said that he
had been 'hurried' into their presentation by the
strong appeals I had addressed to Congress.
(See the preceding narrative.)
We then proceeded to a critical analysis of his
resolutions of Compromse. We commenced
upon the policy which it was proper to pursue
in relation to California. We devoted some
time to the recognition which he had virtually
given, in his resolutions and speech, of the
Mexican Law, in respect to slavery in New Mex-
acqTuelc e inlhrs fealurp, because the recognition
of the validity of the Mexican Law, by an act
of Congress, "was equivolent to the Wilmot Pro
viso. Upon this point there was a great deal of
ingenuity and learning exhibited on the part
oAjen. Bayly, as well as Mr. Clay, in which
Gen. B. sustained our view. So frank was our
conference, and with such courtesy did he de
mean himself, that Mr. Clay even received, with
the utmost patience, the observation I threw out,
that as it was necessary to strike the Mexican
Law from his resolutions, I had been thinking
how that object was to be accomplished, and
that I would respectfully suggest to him to fof
low his own precedent during the Missouri con
troversy, and move a committee of 13 to whom
the trh'ole subject should be referred, and settled
at once never again to be disturbed. On the
question of Texas, Mr. Clay conversed with
great frankness. He saw there was great dan
ger of coleision between the government of the
United States and the people of Texas and he
spoke at some length of the boundaries which
Texas should possess, and the amount which
should be paid to her. Upon the passage of a
law for the restoration of fugitive slave-, he was
most emphatic and decided. It was an essential
part of the system and it would be idle to at
temnt. anything, unless it were effectually to be
nmvidod " for. He touched upon the sale of
slaves imported into the District of Columbia
And iu fact there was no branch of the subject
on which the three persons present did not free
ly express their opinion, my friend (Jen. Bayly
taking a most active and efficient part in the
whole conversation. There was but one senti
ment among them on one point and that was,
it was necessary to settle the whole subject at
ones and forever, in order to secure the peace,
the union, and the permanent prosperity of our
i As I rose to leave the room, I asked Mr. Clay
if I did -iot understand him as saying, that the
whole question was to be settled at once, by a
fair and liberal compromise "Everything or
Xothingf- He cordially assented to this idea.
I then "frankly asked hiin, whether, if nothing
else could be effected to save the Union, woul'i
he agree to the adoption of the Missouri Com
promise? He as frankly replied, substantially,
jection to the Missouri Compromise line, but I
do not think it will be agreed to, and if it be
agreed to, and if it be satisfactory, 1 will acqui
esce in it for the sake of the public tranquility."
After finality telling him that I would see him
again, if it were necessary to renew the conver
sation, we took our leave.
I have never seen any one conduct himself
with more frankness and dignity than Mr. Clay,
during the whole of this interview. I left him,
deeply impressed with his love of country, his
devotion to the Ujiion, and the concilatory spir
it in which he was attempting to secure it.
How superior did he rise, above all private feuds
and party considerations! With what indefina
ble Zealand with what an indomitable spirit,
did he pursue the great plyect he had in view!
But his numerouspeeches, elaborate as well
as impromptu, bear witness to his energy, abil
ity, and devotion to the Union. The labors of
the day, and the vigils of the night, were conse
crated to this object until at last his constitu
tion began to give way, and the foundation was
laid of "that fatal disease, which has sent him to
the tomb, a martyr in the public serv ice.
Yet Mr. Clay was as fortunate in hLs death as
he was in his life. He died amid all the conso
lations of Religion, with the respect of his
country, and the sincere regrets of many a man
who had been once his political enemy. He
died, after having seen the compromise, to
which he had devoted the last year of his life,
adopted as the platform of both conventions of
both political parties. . .
fiSy Zachariah' Chandler is the Whig can
didate for Governor of Michigan.
BY W. C. LODGE.
Angel whispers! will they never
Cease to tell of golden realms;
Isleg of beauty, smiling ever
In the mystic sea of dreams!
Lands of flowers and gems and spices,
And an atmosphere of love, . .
Where the dark-eyed girls entice us
Ic the fairy fields to rove.
Angel whispers, softly bringing
From beyond the star lit skies,
Echoed of the sweet songs ringing
Through the vales of paradise:
Visions of bright fountains gushing,
Xeetar, washing golden sands,
And the red wine rivers rushing
Iy the pcurl and amber strands. .
Loving spirits sent unto ns,
Clothed in sinless robes of light, '
And with seraph tones to woo ns
To the regions of delight;
Voices of ex'iurisito sweenies,
" -i would cl&t-p your view lets forms;
By your wings of airy flcethesa "'
Still elude my outstretched arms.
Angel whispers gently stealing
Whers the hush of death surrounds,
With their holy halm of healing
For the bruised spirit's wounds;
1'reHthing a delightful story
Of bright immortality,
And a laud of love and glory,
Far bevond life's troubled sea.
A Fearful Narrative of Death axd Dis
ease. The San Francisco Journal contains the
following narrative of the suffering encounter
ed by the passengers on board the S. S. Lewis,
and others who kft New York in the steamer
Northern Light, with through tickets for the
The steamship S. S. Lewis, of Vanderbilt's
line, arrived this morning, twenty days from
Juan del Sur, with a portion, of the passengers
who left New York on the 5th of May in the
Northern Light. They have been sixty-three
days in making the trip from New York, and a
hard time indeed have they had of it. The
passage across the Isthmus occupied seven days,
the water in the river being very low. In some
instances the boats had literally to be dragged
by the passengers over obstruction to naviga
tion. At San Juan del Sur they were compell
ed to wait about throe weeks for the S. S. Lewis;
and here there was an amount of suffering, sick
ness and death among them absolutely fearful
The rainy season had just set in; the whole
earth was a mass of mud; multitudes of passen
gers, having spent their money all in New York
for through tickets to California, were entirely
destitute of means; and the agents of the line
at San Juan, although knowing, as they must
have done, that those men were at hand, and
that there was no boat to take them on their
way, had done nothing to ensure their comfort
had not even provided a roof to shelter them
from the rain. The consequence, as might have
been foreseen, was an amount of sickness and
death so fearful that the bare statement of it is
enough to make even the most thoughtless shud
der. Almost immediately on the arrival of the pas
sengers bv the Northern Lhrht M. JSan Juan,
ana lever began to do their vrr.i among Them;
and after a few days the sick, the dying, and the
dead might befcen at any time lying around on
the bare earth. We have" been told of one poor
fellow, who, having a couple of blankets, made
of them, with assistance of two sticks, a sort of
rude tent, under which he crawled for shelter
from the rain, Jay down on the wet ground, and
died. Poor wretch! He doubtless left his home
in the East w ith hopes and sanguine expecta
tions, little dreaming that his career was to have
so speedv and so dreadful a termination as this.
Those who were so fortunate as to have means,
did what they could fir their destitute fellow
passengers: but the number of the latter was so
numerous, that the amount of assistance which
could be rendered to each was of necessity very
small. The ladies, we are informed, were espe
cially active in relieving the sick and needy; one
in particular, whose name we could give if we
wer".ot fearful that the publication of it might
somewhat ihoek her womanly delicacy, was
duri:i2 the v Hole time of their detention at San
JuaiCa very sistr-r of charity to the destitue
sick. She went among them like an angel of
mercy, administering to their necessities, speak
ing words of hope and comfort, and alleviating
their sufferings by those little attentions which
onlv a woman knows how to bestow. Many a
rough adventurer called down blessings upon
her; many a countenance over which death was
already stealing, lightened up with a grateful
sjnile as she bent over it. She was entirely
fearless on her own account; she forgot herself
in her solicitude for others. We rejoice that she
has escaped au attack of disease that she has
arrived in this city in good health.
A few days before the arrival of the S. S.
Lewis at San Juan, a portion of those waiting
forher alout 120 in number took passage
in the Italian brig Rostran. Most of them were
entirely destitute; those having S. S. Lewis
through tic kets, were taken for those tickets and
$ ! 5 in addition. What use the parties purchas
ing them intend to make of the tickets thus ob
tained, it is somewhat difficult to conjecture.
Many of those who took passage in the Rostran
were so sick that they had to be carried down to
the vessel on cots, or in the arms of their fellow
passengers; one person died while they were
putting him on board. It is fear.ful to think of
the tale of suffering and death on that brig,
which those who may survive the voyage will
have to Hrie on their arrival here.
When the 3. S. Lewis left San Juan, one hun
dred of her passengers were sick; and when she
entered the harbor she had fifty sick on board
many of them very sick with Isthmus ferver or
dysentery. One man was dying when the ves
sel came into port.
Of the passengers who left New York for
California, on the 5th of May, in the Northern
Light, 34 are known to have died on the way, 20
at San Junan del Sur, and 11 on the passage
from that place to San Francisco.
How many of those who have arrived here
alive have landed only to die; what will be the
extent of the mortality on board the Rostran
and other sailing vessels on the way from San
Juan with portions of the Northern Light's pas
sengers, or how many of those who may survive
all the dangers, and privations of the fearful
voyage, will carry with them through life the
effects of it, in the shape of enfeebled or broken
constitutions, it is useless even to conjecture.
What we know is sad enough, without drawing
on the unknown for more.
Jliyh Rents. We are informed that $21,000
per year has been offered for the store now about
to be ejected at the corner of Liberty street and
Broadway, thirty feet front and one hundred feet
deep, and refused; the price asked is twenty-five
thousand dollars. The basement and sub-cellar
of the store now building at the corner of Broad
way and Thames street has been let by Messrs.
Bulkley and Claflin for 7,000 per annum; and
the rent of the store at the corner of Jassua
and Liberty street is $12,000. A". 3'. Express.
HON. C. H. WILLIAMS. '
We copy with pleasure the following from the
Savannah Journal of the 27th August:
We are glad to learn from a source that we
can implictitly rely on, that the course of Messrs.
Gentry and Williams has at length come to a
point at which it may be defined with some de
gree of satisfaction both to their friends and op
ponents. We understand that Mr. Williams passed
through our town last week, on his way to Ba
ker's Springs, and that during his stay ona .
night he conversed freely and fully upon the
subject of the election; and gave his friends to
understand unmistakably that he is yet as good
a whig as ever, and as warmly devoted to the
great principles of the whig party. He said
that he could not himself support Gen. Scott
after w.hat had transpired, but that it might be
distinctly understood by all, that he should not
vote for Gen. Pierce, nor would he do anything
to embarrass his friends in voting for Gen. Scott.
Mr. Williams believes that Gen. Scoti will be
elected, but, as he supposes, "from his present
feelings, he shall not be a candidate for re-elec
tion trom his district, he has no more interest
in the result of the Presidential election, than
the humblest voter in it. He therefore shall not
persuade any one to occupy his position of in
activity, but upon the other han-t urges the im
portance of diligence upon the part of the
whigs, to go into the election with their usual
fervor and devotion to the cause, and thinks if
they shall do so, they will succeed in electing
their candidate and, of course, along with him
the policy for which they have been contending
under the guidence of their late lamented Clay,
Mr. Williams alluded with marked displeas
ure to the false statement that has been made in
relation to a conversation that it was said he
had had on his return home on the cars near
Nashville, in which allusion had been made to
the dying declaration of the lamented Clay. He
remarked that it was very ungenerous, that the
ashes of one for whose loss the nation was in
mourning should be disturbed by unhallowed
hands, and lugged into the party questions of
Mr. Williams is further represented as saying,
"It was most cruel to lacerate the feelings of the
family of the illustrious statesman, by imposing
upon them the unpleasant duty of vindicating
the privacy of his death chamber, and his fame
from the heartless aspersions of political min
ions." There was no truth in any of the base
insinuations that had been made either as res
pects the prospects of Gen. Scott's election, or
as to the course which Mr. Williams had pre
scribed to himself in the canvass.
Gex". Scott. We have seldom read a more
eloquent and noble tribue to General Scott, than
is contained in a communicatioa which appears
in the New York Courier and Enquirer of a
lafe date. The writer, after enumerating the
priceless public services of Gen. Scott, proceeds
"It is true that WinSeld Scott is a military
hero. But is he nothing more? Is he not thro'
outof the grand heroic stamp in all that regards
mankind? Who more wise in public council?
dent and prompt on the battle field? Who more
careful of the soldier's blood? Who more for
getful of injuries? Who more magnanimous to
jersonal enemies? Who more generous to pub
lic ones? Who more constant and confiding in
private friendship? What man can say he has
maliciously wronged him? What woman that
an impure look or word fremi him has offended
her modesty, or that he ha laid an unchaste
hand upon her? -No altar, religious or social,
has Winfield Scott ever profaned! With the
Prophet Ruler and Patriot of old he can fear
lessly challenge his people to say what man has
suffered wrong or violence at his hands.
But some man will point you to what he calls
the foibles of Winfield Scott. If he has foibles,
who has not? What is the identity of each man
but his foibies? Take these away and you leave
not a being, but an abstraction of virtues and
vices. In a long life of bublic duty, longer con
secutively than any man now living, discharging
trust after trust of the most varied and often of
the most complicated and delicate character, ix
what one has he failed? What public inter
ests have these much magnified foibles marred?
Not one. Success, uninterrupted success, has
attended every affair of the people which he has
had to manage. How his own interests have
sped he has little recked so that his country's
were secured. Who shall gainsay the truth of
this? The writer of this repeats, call Winfield
Scott to the bar of public scrutiny, and let im
partial justice decide. No! no! there is nought
here thus far for Americans to regret. There is
nought but for what sober reflectioic will
show them they have deep cause for gratitude to
the Great Dispenser of events. Nought but to
lead them to pray that they may ever have
a Winfield Seott in their hour of need."
Randolph and Clay. At one time, Mr. Ran
dolph, in a strain of most scorching irony, had
indulged in some personal taunt3 toward Mr.
Clay, commiserating his ignorance and limited
education, to whom Mr. Clay thus replied:
"Sir, the gentleman from Virginia wa3 pleas
ed to say, that in one point at least he coincided
with me in a humble estimate of my philolog
ical acquirements. Sir, I know my deficiencies.
I was born to no proud patrimonial '.'state from
my father. I inherited only infancy, ignoranre
and indigence. I feel my defects: but, so far as
my situation in early life is concerned, I may
without presumption say, they are more my mis
fortune than my fault. But, however I may de
plore my inability to furnish to the gentleman a
better specimen of powers of verbal criticise,
i will venture to say my regret is no greater
than the disappointment of this committee, as to
the strength of his argument."
Let tlte South Remember That Gen. Pierce,
while in Congress voted to deny to a slavehold
er the privilege of removing certain slaves into
the District of Columbia, which he had owned
as a citizen of the neighboring State of Virgi
nia. In the month of June, 1834, a bill came
up in the House of Representatives to authorize
one Edmund Brooke, to bring from his former
residence in Virginia, two negro slaves, John
and Alfred, into the District of Columbia, where
he then resided. A motion was made to lay
the bill on the table which failed Franklin
Pierce voting in the affirmative. The bill was
then passed by a vote of yeas 106, nays 47
Franklin Fierce voted in the negative. Pad.Jour
Self-Education. We all of us have too edu
cations, one of which we receive from others;
another, and the most valuable, which we give
ourselves. It is the last which fixes grade in
society and eventually our actual value in this
life, and perhaps the color of our fate hereafter.
All the professors and teachers in the world
would not make you a wie and good man with
out your own co-operation; and if such you are
determined to be, the want of them will not
prevent it Randolph to his niherc. "
r . . . j i