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LOTJDOH" FREE PBESS.
LOUDON, WEDNESDAY, OCT., 27, 1852.
BEAUTY BY JOHN W. WHITFIELD.
Beauty blushes in tho rose,
Blooms in every flower:
Breathes in every breath that blows,
Falls in every shower.
Dances on the rainbow's height
O'er the lowly meadow;
Glitters in the morning's light,
Lurks in every shadow.
Sparkles in the maiden's eyo
On her lips Bits playing;
Murmurs in her very sigh
Mingles with her praying.
In the lisping infant's voieo
In the roaring river
Beauty dwells and 'tis her choice,
There to linger ever.
From the American Farmer.
Value of Clover to the growth of "Wheat
As an opinion has been recently put forth,
in a late Agricultural Address, adverse to the
benefits derivable from clover, as an improver of
the soil we shall copy from our "Thoughts on
the Culture of Wheat," as published in Vol. vii.,
July, 1831, page 7, for the benefit of our numer
ous new subscribers, as well as the old ones.
By the extract which follows, ihe importance of
clover, generally, as a meliorator of the soil,
and especially as being adapted to the culture of
wheat, will be made too manifest, to need any'
additional comments from us.
"We shall therefore, now present the views of
Dr. Daniel Lee, upon the subject which comes
directly home "to the bosoms and business of us
all:' It is an extract from a paper from his
able pen, which originally appeared in his jour
nal, "The Genessee Farmer, on p. 56, vol. 7,
and was republished in the May number, for
18ol. It is an extract from one of a series cf
able articles "on the culture of wheat, showing
from his own chemical researches, the intimate
relation that subsists between clover and this
We give this on two accounts,--first, because
it contains most important facts and informa
tion, and, secondly because Dr. Lee is one of
the most accurate analytical chemists in the
country.' lie says:
"There are7 . 7 lis. ofashiu 100 lbs. ( f dry cle
ver. If this crop be taken from a field for a
number of years without making restitution, it
will be found quite exhausting, notwithstand
ing the power of clover to draw its organic
nourishment from the atmosphere. " An acre of
stout clover, when perfectly dry, has been known
toweigb3G94 lbs. containing 2311bs.of ash. This
is some 80 lbs. more than is removed from an
acre in a fair crop of wheat. It is useful to
study the mineral clements'of this plant in con
nection with those of wheat. In 284 lbs. of the
ash of clover there are of
Po.-'phoric acid 13,00 lbs.
Sulphuric ncid, 7.00 "
Chlorine, 7.00 "
Lime, 70,00 "
Majracfia, 1S.00 "
Potash and Soda, 77,00 "
Oxide of Iron and Alumna,
Throwing out of the account the 71 lbs. of
carbonic acid,"we leave 213 lbs. of earthly mat
ter. An acre of wheat needs, to form both seed
' and straw, 17 lbs. of Phosphoric acid. An acre
of good clover will furnish 18 lbs. That quan
tity of wheat needs 2 lbs. of Sulphuric acid.
An acre of clover will supply 7 lbs. The for
mer needs 1 lb. of chlorine a substance that
formsCO per cent, in common salt. Clover will
furnish 7 lbs. Wheat (an acre) needs 16 lbs. of
lime. Clover will supply 70 lbs. Wheat needs
13 lbs. of magnesia. Clover will supply 18 lbs.
Wheat needs 24 lbsof Potash and Soda; (and
an excess). Clover will furnish 77 lbs. Wheat
needs 121 lbs. of Silica; of which clover can
furnish only 51 lbs. Except Silica or sand, it will
be seen that an acre of ood clover yields all
the several minerals needed by a crop of wheat;
and some of the most valuable ones in large
excess. - In its organic element? the supply is
not less abundant.
Carbon Oxygen Hydro- Nitro
Cloverhasin 30933 1750 1390 135 73
Wheat crop, 1435 1202 171 32
"It is particularly worthy of note, that clover
yields more than twice as much nitrogen as both
the wheat and straw require. It is proper to
state, that to make 3G93 lbs. of perfectly dry
clover, one must have 5C7 o lbs. of common clo
ver hay. But in ploughing in clover for wheat
we gain all the stubble and roots, in addition to
what the svtl: J clips in mowing."
The preceding facts, brought out through the
analytical skill and research of Dr. Lee, we
highly important, and entitle him to the pro
foundest gratitude of the Agricultural commu
nity. In Fpeaking of the inorganic requirements
needed by a crop of wheat, Mr. Pridc-aux, an
. English chemist and author, of repute, estimates
that they can all be supplied to the soil, for an
acre of wheat to bo grown thereon, by an applica
f)0 lbs. of Pearl ashes
40 " of fait,
80 " cf bone dust.
40 " of Sulphuric acid, and
50 " of Magnesia.
He states that the following quantities of inor
ganic matters are abstracted from an acre of
soil by a crop of wheat of 33 bushels of grain,
and 3000 lbs. of straw:
By tho grain. By the straw. Total,
lbs. lbs. lbs.
"Potash, 7,15 -22.44 29,59
Soda, 2.73 0,29 3,02
Magnesia, 3,63 6,89 10,52
PKohhacid 15,02 5,54 20,56
Salphn acid 0,07 10,49 10,56
Chlorine, 0,00 1,97 1.97 .
But it will be perceived, that he has omitted
in his tabular statement a most important sub
stance, to wit, Lime, which we have shown, up
on the reliable .authority of Dr. Lee, amounts to
16 lbs. in an acrs of wheat, the which omission,
in the formula given below, we shall attempt to
supply. It may be 6rid, that in Mr. Pridcaux's
formula, he provides the lime, in the bone-dust.
True, there is lime in bone-dust, but as in mat
ters of manuring, nothing should be hazarded to
the slow process of decomposition, which can
only be carried on actively under a favorable
condition of the season, and as we are desirous
of simplyfying our receipo, we will prescribe the
following for a dressing for an acre of land to
be put in wheat, as affording the inorganic food
required by the plant":
12 bushels of unpacked hardwood a-.hes, .
2 bushels of salt (that of the packers as
good as any,)
2 bushels of bone-dust, to be dissolved in
Sulphuric acid, and
j a bushel of plaster.
In the 12 bushels of ashes there would be
found some three bushels of lime, in a state
equally as well adapted to all the purposes of
vegetable wants, as would be any other kind of
lime, whether burned from shells or lime-stone,
saying the one or two per cent of phosphate,
which are found in shell lime, and that would
be found in ample quantity in the bone-dust,
besides the quantity existing in the ashes.
Lime axd its cse in Ageiccltcke. Lime is
one of the most abundant substances in nature
usually as a carbonate, consisting pfoGJ parts
of carbonate, and 42 of carbonic acid, in 100
of the mineral. In burning, the acid escapes in
the form of steam. It is then quick lime. Af
ter exposure to the atmosphere, it absorbs wa
ter, slacks and falls into an apparent dry powder;
it is then hj-drate of lime, and is in the form in
which it is generally used for agricultural pur
poses. It is the most valuable, when used di
rectly after it has fallen into powder. If long
exposed to rains and dews before being spread
upon the land, it loses a great portion of its fer
tilizing powers, which principally consist in its
action upon vegetable matters, causing them to
decompose, and in its neutralizing power upon
acids, which abound in some soils.
Ihe quantity of LinTe to the Acre. In Great
Britain from 100 to 400 bushels are applied at
once, at intervals of ten, fifteen or nineteen year3
the term which leases run. In this country,
the most common practice is to apply 30 or 40
bushels once in three years, which is the prefera
ble mode. We have seen it applied with good
effect, however, at the rate of 800 bushels to the
acre. This was upon a very stiff, cold clay.
Three hundred bushels would be about ten tons
to the acre, Ten inches depth of soil would
weigh about 100 tons. That would give one per
cent of lime. A case is reported in England, of
soil upon which 120 bushels of lime had been
used, being analysed, which apparently contain
ed the same component parts as that along side,
which had not been limed for a great number of
years. Yet the limed land produced twenty tons
of turnips to the acre, while the unlimed portion
only produced two tons, tops and all. This was
upon red sand-stone laud. One of the effects of
lime is, it gives the soil power to absorb ammonia
from the atmosphere, and retain that which is
disengaged by the decomposition of vegetable
matter and manure in the soil. Hence the im
portance of applying lime with green crops, or
usinsx coarse manure with the lime.
Indications of icant of Lime in tlie Soil may
be seen in heavy crops of straw, and light crops
of grain; and in root crops where they seem to
run to fingers and seed. Experiments should be
made by every farmer with lime, upon various
crops in a!l his fields, to ascertain whether lime
would be beneficial to him. Very few places
will be found where it will not be so.
To apply Lime to ihe Soil, spread it evenly
upon a crop of clover about to be plowed under,
or sow it upon the surface with the wheat, and
harrow thoroughly. It should never be combin
eu with manure, unless the whole is immediately
To tclmt Soils is Lime Applicable? Every
clay soil, every peaty soil, and every soil in which
vegetable fibre does not readily decay, because
that is a sign it contains some anticeptic acid,
which prevents decay. This is the case in peat
beds and swamps. Sandy or thin soil may be
overlimed and injured; because, in causing the
decay of vegetables, it sets free the ammonia
the very substance of fertility required. To pre
vent this, more food must be given for the lime
to act upon. No farmer, who knows what the
action of lime is, upon all soils, will ever do with
out it, as an accessory to his manure. It is a
component part of all crops grown by the farmer.
When applied to land which has not borne wheat
for many years, it has at once restored it to fer
tility for that crop. Where it has failed once to
remunerate the farmer using it, it has proved of
the greatest benefit a hundred times.
Use of Lime icifh Peat. The slow decompo
sition of Peat is an objection to its use. By the
term, we mean all swamp muck partaking mere
or less of that character. All peat contains re
sinous matter, which prevents decomposition.
By adding lime, the resin is combined and forms
soap, and the fibre then decays as rapidly as any
other vegetable substance.
Lime in ihe Soil. Many farms which once
produced good crops of wheat because there
was lime enough in the soil to supply the requi
site quantity to the grain, have ceased to be pro
ductive. They still produce a large growth of
straw, but not a remunerating crop of grain.
In some instances, such lands have been restor
ed to their former utility without applying a
bushel of lime. Do you ask how? Simply by
plowing deeper. In the hard, untouched and
exhausted subsoil, there was plenty of lime lying
hid, which only wanted stirring up and expos
ing to the action of the atmosphere, and bring
ing within reach of the roots of the plants, to
produce the same effect originally derived from
the top soil before it was exhausted. Our con
stant advice will be to use lime, plow deep, sub
soil and drain stiff lands, increase your crops,
and grow rich, which you will do if you read
and heed. The Plow.
Ilotc to raise Six Tons of Hay per acre. It
was stated some time since, at a meeting, at the
State House, in Boston, that in Massachusetts,
they had raised 6 tons of hay to the acre. The
New York Farmer calling for information as to
how it was done, the following response was
given, by the New England Farmer.
"Six Tons to the Acre Take a first rate
piece of land, Mr. New York Farmer, plow it
sixteen inches deep, spread on twenty-five loads
of good and well-composted manure; plow that
in, three to six inches deep, level and sow twelve
quarts of herd's grass, one bushel of red top and
six pounds of clover seed to the acre, and with 1
heaven's blessing upon it, if you don't get six
tons to the acre in two cuttings, why then you
won't get a3 much as we believe Mr. Clapp, of
Greenfield did, to whose statement you refer, and
which we heard and reported in these columns.
It's a large crop, sir, but it is often produced
in thi3 'cold and barren New England.' There
is nothing like knowing how.
Plaster on Wheat in the M. Many farm
ers in New York, sow plaster on their wheat in
the fall. One of them, in Niagara county gives
the following reasons: Wheat, when plastered
in the fall, contains more root, and is thus ena
bled to stand the frost better; it has the assis
tance of the plaster at a season of the year
when it is almost impossible to go over the fields,
and when it is most needed namely, the very
early spring: it gets its growth and ripens in good
time; whereas, when, applied in the spring, the
wheat continues to grow late, sometimes to the
injury of the crop a superabundance of straw,
falling down, rust, &c, oftentimes being the con
sequence. From South America. The Panama papers
by the Falcon brings us some items of later in
telligence from the west coast of South America:
Chili. Gen. Flores had arrived at Valparai
so, and taken up his residence in that city. We
understand he was received with much hospi
tality. e are told that after Flores was refused per
mission to land at Callao, the agents of the
steamer finding him completely out of money,
and unable to pay his way to alparaiso, decli
ned giving the General a free passage: and the
passengers on board theljuito were obliged to
raise sufficient, by supscription, to purchase a
ticket for him; rather a hard story that of Brit
ish liberality. We scarcely thought the compa
ny would have charged such a man as Flores
for a passage, even if he had plenty of means to
pa v for it.
The news from the mining districts are high
ly flattering. The exportation of silver from
Copiapo during the month of July, had ascen
ded to 33,909 marks, and during the first six
months of the year to 160,647 marks; total for
seven months 204,346 marks, not including
about 130,000 marks of silver ore.
Several miners in Copiapo have collected spe
cimens of some of the richest ores, to be presen
ted as a mark of esteem to Rear Admiral Fair
fax Moresby, which will be presented to him in
the month of October as a token of respect,
and in gratitude for the sen-ices he has render
ed to the mining interest during the laie cricis.
Thirty-one thousand dollars of the silver re
ceived by the Quito are for England, in pay
ment of the Anglo-Chilian debt.
It was proposed to commence the opening of
the railroad from Valparaiso to Santiago in Oc
Peru. The question of the Islas de Lobus
from the topic of conversation of the day in Pe
ru, and measures have been passed in Congress
to defend the property of the Republic against
any foreign aggression. It has been resolved
that three steamers of war should be brought
and placed under the command of Gen. Deus
tun, to defend their interests.
They had the war steamer Remac and anoth
er vessel of war stationed there. No vessels
were loading there at the time the steamer Bo
gota touched at the islands.
The Jexxixg's Estate. We have been re
quested to call attention to the subjoined letter,
having reference to the Jenning's estate:
Messrs. Editors Having received the enclos
ed letter from Thos. II. Clay, Esq., son of Hen
ry Clay, I beg that you will give it a place in
your columns for the benefit of the parties who
Respectfully, EDWIN FARRAR.
September 27, 1832.
Maxsfieu), near Lexington, Ivy.,
Sept 14, 1832. J
Dear Sir Your favor of the 6th hist., is be
fore me. I received this morning a letter from
Wm. Staunton Moseley, one of the Heirs, (if we
are heirs) to the Jenning's estate, who furnishes
me with the following informotion, left by his
giandmotbcr, Mrs. Mary Moseley, consort of
lhos. Moseley, ben., late Mary atkins and Ma
ry Hudson, formerly of Powhatan county, Va.
Her grandfather s name was George Hudson
of England. He married a Miss Elizabeth Jen
nings in England, somewhere about 1753 and
CO. They emigrated to America a short time
after marriage, and Mr. Hudson held the office
of Tobacco inspector at Richmond, under the
Crown; but subsequently settled in Hanover
county. George Hudson died in 1774, and
Elizabeth Jennings Hudson, his wife, died ten
days before the surrender of Cornwallis: they
left only two children, daughters.
Mary Hudson (Elder.) She married John
Watkins, of Hanover county. They had the
following children, to wit:
1. Elizabeth Jennings Watkins, who married
a Jas. Lockett, both dead, but have children.
2. Geo. H. Watkins (died without issue.) -
3. Dr. John Watkins (dead) a son living in
4. Mary Watkins (dead) writer, Moseley, her
grandson, on the father's side.
5. Samuel Watkins living in Marion county,
6. Sarah Watkins (dead) married W. H. S.
Field. They left three children.
7. Martha Watkins married Lewis Young,
dead, but have children living.
8. Phebe Watkins married John Moss, (dead)
but left children.
And Elizabeth Hudson (younger.) She mar
ried first, John Clay of Hanover or Chesterfield
county. Their children: v
1. Henry Clay, (3 sons living.)
2. John Clay"(died without issue.)
3 Porter Ciay (1 grand son living in St. Lou
is, Clay Taylor.)
4. Sally Clay (died without issue.) Married
second time, Henry Watkins.
5. John Watkins (dead) left 8 children.
6. Frank Watkins (living.)
7. Nath'l-W. Watkins (living.)
8. Martha Watkins (dead) left 2 children.
These then are the decendants of the two
Misses Hudson. Your Grandmother and my
(Moseley's) great grandmother, the daughters of
George Hudson and Elizabeth Jennings, who
she thought left England about 1760.
"My grandmother Moseley was of the opinion
that the marriage and births of the eldest chil
dren of both families could be found registered
in Hanover county, or at Richmond. She said
she could well remember having heard of many
presents and articles of luxury received by her
grand parents in England from their relations."
' Then follows a list of the Heirs of his Grand
mother Moseley, &c.
I am requested by Mr. Moseley to assure Mr.
Abrahams, that they are willing to pay their pro
portion of the expense, and that he will vouch
for his father, his aunt Mary Clarkson, and his
uncle Geo'. Moseley. Will you have the Regis
ter or Records at Richmond and at Hanover
Court House examined? Perhaps further infor
mation, important both to you and us, may be
My father's last speeches were not political.
I have contradicted in several letters, which
have been published thoughout the country, a
denial of what was published as his advising
mc notio vote for Gen. Scott
I remain respectfully, your ob't serv't,
THOS. II. CLAY.
Mr. Edwin Farrar.
Help One Another. It is tho law of Providence
for the allotment of mankind to bo various. Tho
general wisdom of this arrangement is apparent in
the adoption of all classes and in the ability of tho
Gospel to give contentment in life. It is tho duty of
all to render to each other that assistance which God
may put jn our power to grant In tho language of Sir
WaUer Seott,the race of mankind would perish Aid
they cease to aid each other. From the time that tho
mother binds the child's head,till the moment that
kind assistant wipes the death damp from, the brow
of the dying.we cannot exist without mutual help.
AIl,thcrcfore,who nccdaid,have a right to ask it from
their fellow mortals; no one who holdd the powcr.of
granting can refuse without guiit
The Military History of G ex. Scott. We
have been furnished with the following letters
from the War Department, written in reply to in
quiries addressed to it by D. D. Gill, Esq., of
this city. They show that Gen. Scott is the on
ly surviving Major General of the war of 1812,
and that he was promoted to the rank of Maj.
General by brevet by President Madison, for his
distinguished sen-ices in that memorable contest:
Adjutant General's Office. )
Washington, July 22, 1852. f
Sir In reply to your letter of the 13th inst,
addressed to the Secretary of War, I have to in
form you that Gen. Scott was commissioned as
the Major General of the Army by the late Pres
ident Tyler, to take rank from June 23, 1841.
His commission of Major General by brevet
dates from July 25, 1814, and was conferred by
President Madison, "for his distinguished sen-ices
in the successive conflicts of Chippewa and
Niagara, and for his uniform gallantry and good
conduct as an officer in said army." There are
no other Major Generals in service "whose com
missions bear the same date"' with that of Gen.
I am, sir, very respectfully, vour ob't sev't.
L. THOMAS, "Ass't Adj. Gea'l.
D. D. Gill, Esq., Baltimore, Md.
Apjutaxt General's Office, )
Washington, July 22, 1852. j
Sir I annex, in conformity with your request
of July 16th, "a list of all the officers commis
sioned by President Madison as brevet Major
Generals, with the date of their commissions:"
Henry Dearborn, Major General, 27th Janu
Thomas Piuckney, Major General, 27th
James Wilkinson, Breed Major General, 10th
July, 1812; Major General, 2d March, 1813.
Wade Hampton, Maj. Gen'l, 2d, March 1812.
Morgan Lewis, " " "
W. H. Harrison, " " "
George Izard, " 24th Jan., 1814
Jacob Brown, " " 1 "
Andrew Jackson, Brevet Major General, 9th
April, 1814; Major General, 1st May, 1814.
Winfield Scott, Brevet Major General. 23th
Lleazer W. Riplev, Brevet Major General,
25th July, 1814.
Edmund P. Gains, Brevet Major General, 15th
Alexander Macomb, Brevet Major General,
15th August, 1814.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obd't sev't,
S. COOPER, A. A. Genl.
D. D. Gill, Esq., Baltimore, Md.
Adjutant General's Office, )
Washingotn, July 31, 1852. j
Sir In reply to your inquiry of yesterday's
date, you are informed that Major General Win-
held Scott is the sole survivor of the ofheers
mentioned in my letter of July 22d. I am, sir,
very respectfully, your obedient servant,
S. COOPER, A. A. G.
D. D. Gill, Esq., Baltimore, Md.
A Just Man. A just man i3 always simple.
He is a man of direct aims and purposes. There
is no perplexity in his motives, and thence, there
is no jarring or discordancy in his character.
He wishes to do right, and in most cases he does
it; he may err, but it is by mistake of judge
ment, and not by perversity or intention. The
moment his judgement is enlightened, his ac
tion is corrected. Setting before himself always
a clear and worthy end, he will never pursue it
by any concealed or unworthy means, We may
carry our remarks for illustration, both into pri
vate and public life. Observe such a man in
his home: there is a charm about him, which no
artificial grace has ever had the power to bestow;
there is a sweetness, I had almost said, a music
in his manners, which no sentimental refine
ment has ever given.
His speech, ever fresh from purity and recti
tude of thought, controls all that are within its
hearing, with an unfelt, and yet resistles sway.
Faithful to every domestic, as to his religion and
his God, he would no more prove recreant to
any loyalty of home, than he would blaspheme
the Maker in whom he believes, or that he would
forswear the heaven in which he hopes. Fidel
ity and truth, to those bound by love and nature
to his heart, are to him most sacred principles;
they are in the last recesses of his moral being,
they are imbedded in the life of his life; and to
violate them, or even think of violating them,
would seem to him as a spiritual extermination,
the suicide of his soul.
Nor is such a man unrewarded, for the good
ness that he so largely gives, is largely paid
back to him again; and though the current of
his life is transparent, it is not shallow; on the
contrary, it is deep and strong. The river that
fills its channel glides smoothly along in the
1 ower of its course; it is the stream which scarce
y covers the raggedness of its ied, that is tur
bulent and noisy. With all this gentleness, there
is exceeding force; with all this meekness, there
is imperative command; but the force is the force
of wisdom; and the command is the command
of love. And yet, the authority which rules so
effectually, never gathers an angry or an irrita
ble cloud over the brow of the ruler; and this
sway which admits of no resistance, does not
repress one honest impulse of nature, one mo
ment of the soul's high freedom, one bound of
joy from the heart's unbidden gladness, in the
spirits of the governed. Giles.
Editing a Paper. The veteran editor of the
National Intelligencer says:
Many people estimate the ability of a newspa
per, and the industry and talent of its editor, by
the amount of editorial matter it contains. It
is comparatively an easy task for a frothy writer
to pour out daily columns of words words up
on any and all subjects. His ideas may flow
on in one wishey washey everlasting flood and
his command of language may enable him to
string them together like a bunch of onions;
and yet his paper may be a meager and poor
concern. But what is the toil of such a man,
who displays his leaded matter largely, to that
imposed on a judicious, well informed editor who
exercises his responsibilities and duties, and de
votes himself to the conduct of his paper with
the same care and assiduity that a sensible law
yer bestows upon a suit, a humane physician
upon a patient, without regard to show or dis
play. Indeed, the mere writing part of editing a pa
per, is but a small portion of the work. The
care, the time employed in selecting, is far more
important, and the tact of a good editor is bet
ter known by his selection than anything else,
and that we all know is half the battle. But as
we have said, and editor ought to be estimated,
and his -labors understood and appreciated by
the general conduct of his paper, its tone, its
temper, its uniform consistent course, its princi
ples and aims, its manliness, its dignity and
propriety. To presen-e these as they should be
presen-ed, is enough to occupy fully the time
and attention of every man. If to this be ad
ded the general supervision of the newspaper
establishment, which most editors have to en
counter, the wonder is how they write ta all.
Kational Flarj. The following is ihe original
resolution adopting the stars and stripes:
"In Congress, June 14, 1777 Resolved, That
the flag of the thirteen United States be thirteen
stripes, alternately red and white; that the
Union be thirteen stars, white, in a blue field,
representing a new constellation."
As new States were added to the Union, from
time to time, new stripes were added to the flag,
tilt the number had increased to fifteen or twen
ty. At length about thirty years ago, the stripes
were reduced by act of Congress, to the original
number of thirteen. -
A Yankee Trick: It was a pretty evening in
May, that a Yankee pedlar might be seen with
his wagon going along the Road to Petersburg.
It was about eight and a half o'clock he stopped
at a small tavern near Petersburg. In the morn
ing when he came down to breakfast, the land
lord said he would not let him go until he played
a trick on some one. The pedlar went quietly
to his pack, and took therefrom a box of rings
"Du yeou want tu buy any of my gold rings
set with diamonds?"
"How much do you want for a box?" said the
"Ten dollars," says the Yankee, (thei-e were
four in the box.)
"Well," said the landlord, "I'D take them,"
and laid down ten dollars. The pedlar put the
money in his wallet, went to his pack, got a bun
dle which he unrolled, which proved to be a
quilt. When the landlord's wife saw it, she
"Oh, James, buy that, it will exactly match
tho one I bought last year."
"Well, what do you want for it?" said James
to the pedlar.
"Twenty dollars," said the Yankee.
"Well, I'll take it, said the landlord, and laid
down a yellow shiner.
"Now" for the trick," says the Yankee, "I'll tell
you what it is it is to make a barrel of whis
key into five different kinds of liquors. 1 Now,
you have got a new barrel of whiskey in your
cellar, have you not?"
"Yes," said the landlord. :
"Well, come ahead," and away they went
down the trap door into the cellar. The Yan
kee asked for an auger, with which, when he
got it, he bored a hole in the head, and told the
landlord to put his thumb in the hole till he bored
the other. The landlord did as he was told, and
the other was soon bored. The Yankee said,
"put your other thumb on the other hole while I
go and get two plugs." Away the Yankee went
out, and the landlord never saw him again. The
landlord called and called again for The pedler,
but he did not come; till at last the landlord's
wife heard his cries, and went down, Tie told
her all. She went and got two plugs to put in
the holes; they went to see where the pedler was.
They went to the stable; the wagon, horse and
pedler were gone. The landlord and wife went
into the house. In a few days they found .that
it was their own quilt that the Yankee pedler
had sold them, and that the rings were brass, and
the diamondsVere bits of glass. Ex.
Commonplace Woman. We know not who
is the author of the following paragraph, and
have forgotten where we found it; but it con
tains a truth which is well to bt remembered
now and then:
"Heaven knows how many simple letters from
simple-minded women have been kissed, cher
ished, or wept over by men of far loftier intellect.
Therefore it was no marval that the childish
epistle of Hope Austead was read and re-read
with lingering eyes and throbbing heart So it
will always be to the end of time. It is a les
son worth learning by those young creatures
who seek to allure by "their accomplishments, or
dazzle by their genius, that, though he may ad
mire, no man ever 1oys a woman for these things.
He loves her for what is essentially distinct from,
though not positively incompatible with them
her woman's nature and her woman's heart.
That is why we so often see a man of high geni
us or intellectual power, pas3 by the De Staels
and the Corinnes, to take ino his bosom some
way-side flower, that has notting on earth to
make her worthy of him, except that she is,
what so few of your 'female celebrities' are a
The allusion to Mad. De Stael reminds us of
the admiration and aversion, with which she
was regarded by Byron. "She writes octavos,"
he used to say, "and talks fiHos." "She was
the most intellectual woman of them all," aad
"her company was delightful -for half an hour."
A Ludicrous Mistake. A Cincinnati grocer
house, finding out that cranberries commanded
six dollars per bushel, and under the impression
that the article could be bought to advantage at
St. Mary's, wrote out to a customer, acquainting
him with the fact, and requesting him to send
"one hundred bushels per Simmons," (the wag
oner usually sent.) The correspondent, a plain,
uneducated man, had considerable difficulty in
deciphering the fashionable scrawl common with
merchant's clerks of late years, and the most
important word, "cranberries," he failed to
make out, but he plainly and clearly read, one
hundred bushels of persimmons. As the article
was growing all around him, all the boys in the
neighborhood were set out to gathering it, and
the wagoner made his appearance in due time
in Cincinnati, with eighty bushels, all that the
wagon bed would hold, and a line from the coun
try merchant that the remainder would follow
the next trip. An explanation soon ensued,
but the customer insisted that the Cincinnati
house should have written by Simmons, and not
perSimmons. Louisville Times.
Very Cool. The Boston Bee is responsible for
the following story as rich an instance of ver
dancy a3 we have lately met with;
A gentleman from the country, stopping at
one of our hotels, entered into conversation with
one of the boarders, asking questions about the
Fair at Quincy Hall, &c. After some few min
utes' conversation, the boarder drew out his cigar-case
and asked the countryman
"Will you take a cigar, sir?
"Wa al, I don't mind if I 7etr," was the reply.
, The cigar was passed to him, and also one
which the boarder was smoking, for the purpose
of giving him a lipdit. He carefully placed the
cigar first handed him in his pocket, then took
his knife and cut off the end of the lighted one,
which had been in the mouth of his generou3
friend, and commenced smoking the remainder,
"It ar'nt often a fellow from the country runs
afoul of so clever a fellow in the city as you are.'
Not long since, two ladies were on a down
ward trip, on board a Missouri steamer. One of
them had a baby about three months old. She
said her husband had been gone to California
about two years and a half.
"How old is that baby?" said the other.
"About three months old."
"I thought you said your husband had been
gone to California two years and a half 1"
"Oh! yes, he has; but he tcrit to me." Ex.
A Distinction. "I say, Pomp, wt de 'sanc
tion 'tween poetry an wot da call plank werse?"
"Why, I tell ye, Nebuckernezzer! When I
Tumble ober mill-dam,
Come down slam,
Dat3 poetry, but when I say
Tumble ober mill-dam,
Come down ker splash, -Dats
plank werse." .
A Lady's Opinion. Mrs.Swisshelm,in speak
ing of the two candidates for the Presidency,
makes use of the following language: "Person
ally, we have always preferred Gen. Scott to
Gen. Pierce, we like a man to be what he pre
tends to succed in making himself what he
aims to be. So a military chieftain is better
than a man who tried to be a hero and could? nt."
A handsome young girl stepped into a store
where a spruce young man who had long been
enamored, but (fared not speak, stood behind
the counter selling goods. In order to remain
as long as possible, she cheapened everything,
and at last she said, "I believe you think I am
cheating you." "Oh, no," said the youngster,
"to mo you are always fair." "Well," whispered
the young lady, blushing as she laid a slight em
phasis on the word, "I would not stay so long
bargaining if you were not so dear."
HEAD! BEAD ! f
I WISH to employ a number of agents to sell J. S.
Bonham's "Improved Garment Cutter" in all the
States except Georgia and N. Carolina, and I am of"
fering great inducements both by thi sale of tho
copy-right of counties tind States, and by agency 4
The simplicity of the system is such that it can be
learned in a time surprisingly short; 12 scholars may
be learned in 4 days. I furnish each learner with i
complete set of Patterns and book of directions frr
cutting Coats, Pants, and Vests of the different styles
and sizes. Persons can get the use of these pattern
from tLe book of directions without oral instructions
,by a few days application. I could refer to several
who hare sent for them by mail, and are now '
cutting garments nceeully. This system is now
being taught in this State, Kentucky, A&ima,
Georgia, and North Carolina, and is gaining a popu
larity not equaled by any other system in use. The
ladies (for whose benefit this rule is published,) have
given it a liberal patronage. Feeling thankful for
past favors we would respeetfully solicit a more ex
Hear from those who have learned my system of
GEORGIA. Walker county, July, 1852.
We, the learners and patrons of J. S. Bonham's
Improved Garment Cutter, -do hereby certify, that
from our own knowledge and the information obtain
ed fn-m others who have tested the system, that for
correctness, simplicity and convenience, we believe
it is not equaled by any other system extant, but is'
decidedly superior to any other with which we have
become acquainted; and as a safe Garment Cutter in
the hands of the judicious learner or practical Gar
ment Cutter, we recoraend this system as worthy tho
patronage of an intelligent and an improvement go
ing community. In witness whereof are our name
J. L, Evatt, Miss Nancy Tanner,
Miss Martha A. Cox, Miss Martha Morris,
Eli Cox, Mrs. Caroline Morris,,
Mrs. C. Thedford, Miss C. D. Camp,
Daniel Majors, Mrs. Sarah Canip.-
Miss Mary F. Waters, Miss Martha Conleyy
Mrs. Ann C. Waters, Miss Sisily Ann Evatt,
Mrs. Mary M. Evatt, Mrs. Susan Park.
James S. Miller,
One set of patterns, book of directions and tape
measure, and the tecessary instructions $5. Pat
terns, book and tape, without verbal instructions $3.
Persons who would like to be in possession of my
.garment cutter can get a set of patterns Ac, mailed
to them (post paid) by sending me their address ac
companied by three dollars.
LIST OF AGETTS.
R. D. Tourolma, is agent for me and is authoriz
ed to sell any or all the unsold counties or States in
the Union, and will teach the rule to any who may
give him a call opposite the residence of J. Cowan,
Main st, Knonville, Tennessee.
Albert G. Cardex, is our authorized agent for the
State of Kentucky. His address for some time will
be Sommerset, Ky.
M. M. Docglass, Esq., Proprietor of the Pattern
trade in Georgia, wishes to employ agents in that
State. Address him at Calhoun, Geo.
T. J. Kittrel, nine miles west of Lebanon, and
T. C. M'Donald, 6 miles from Livingston are agents
for Tennessee, west of the Mountains.
Bksj. F. Doghty and W. N. Price, for the Caroli
na?. C. B. Drake, is authorized to sell the right of tho
State of Virginia and Upper East Tennesse, including
all above the counties of Knox and Sevier. Look
out for Drake he is coming with the best system cf
garment cutting ever taught for the use of the ladies.
For Particulars address me post paid at Louisville,
Tennessee. JAMES S. BON HAM,
Oc20-6wl Pvblihrr it Proprietor.
MANIFEST OF STEAMER LOUDON,
From Vitttbnry, Pennsylvania, to Xashcille, T eunmtee.
BY JOSEPn JAQUE3.
Consigned. Destination. Article ShipjieiL
S P Paynts, Maysville, 9 boxes merchandize
JanwayARichersa,. " 6 " 1 trunk 1 bale
Matthews & Co, " 2 " merchandise
Rocy & Dowiu, Pourtsmouth, 2 " drugs
McDowell, . " 1 u merehandizt
W Armstrong, ' Ripley 2 " Tea
John McRea Augusta, 1 barrel wheat
J Petret it Son, Raccine, 1 box merchandize
Wm Hanies, Ravenswood, 1 " drugs
J Hall A Son, Marietta, 1 " "
SwindlcrAHains, Hockingport, 5 barrels groceries
J D Leehraer, Cincinnati, 55 box's inorcha-.i.lizo
" " 5ca.k?, 15 l.nl.v.
" " 10 doz. spads, 5 kegs
J J Steven, " 9 boxs iuer'ie.".SbaU
Lathy A M'Eurney, " 3" " merchandize
" " 2 casks, 9 bals'carpeta
" " 22 bales,
" "2 hluU hardware
Sned, Libbey A Co., " 20box?.-i merchandize
" " 2rolI?carpet.2bbloil
Camet, Russel,A Co, " 6 boxes meichandise
" " 4 bales dry goods
Pant A Murdock, " 4 boxes merchandise
Wainet A Gahar, " " , 2 " 5 sacks, 1 chest
Kendescapt A Co, " V a " merchandise
J Henshaw, " 6 " 7 bales, oil cloth.
Samson A Co, " 1 hhd hardware
Tweed A Andrew, " 11 boxes merchandise
" " 5 trunks, 5 box glass
" " 5 bales
J B Clark, " 1 barrel
JIM " 11 chests tea
Johoson A Jackson, " 2 boxes
S II Pats " J do "
R Andrews, " 5 keg3 nails
R M Sanders " 2 boxes drags
Anderson A Son, " 6 d do
Bishop, Wells A Ao, " 2 do do
N W Thomas, " 31 hbdsacon
Tyler A Dandson, " 4 box looking glass
J Skittar, " 2 do merchandise
Ransom A Whitty, " 5 do do
John Greenwood, " 23 bales of goods
Goodin A Mahood, " IS bundle gass pipes
John Wells A Co, " . 20 box merchandise
" " 2 bales, 1 cask
" " 2boxriflebbls.lbbl
" " 27 boxes glass
Day A Mattock, ' 5 box merchandise
P Naff A Son, 15 box axes
G A Colrat, " 5 do merchandise
G A White, . " 3 do do 15 bales
D R Brown, " 19 bales goods
Godfrey A Field, " 2 box mer'dse, 5 bbls
J S Chaneyworth, " 66 do do 2 box axes
23 different marks j 5 casks, 33 bales
Taylor A Odien, )" . 159 boxmer'dsa,77bals
37 different marks j " 21 trunks, 25 box tea,
" " 2glass,6hhdshar're
" '' 10 box axe-, 20 caks
Bartly Johnston, Louisville, 6 do mer'dse, 3 bales
Gardner, A Co, " 8 do do 2 hhds.ware
" " 6 bales goods
J J Caldwell, Jeffersonville, 14 box glassware
" " 25 do merchandise
David A Hunter, Louisville 16 do do
Cleveland A Hues, " 6 do 4 bales,15cask
John? ton A Richards " 17 do merchandise
Louisville Mail Boat " 12 do 1 bale goods
" " 7 bales leather.
J L Shelby, Shelby Point, 30 boxmtr'fe,tO bates
" " 20 kegs,20kegsund
Ford A Barnes, ) Ford's Ferry, 50 box merchandise
9 different m'ks j 1 0 do glass,6 keg nails
" " 20 bales dry goods
RichardsonAFord Dycansburg 29 difFnt pack, good
Til Lucky, Canton, 44 do do do
J McLine, ) Limeport, 57 do do da
lldifrntmks J " 20 kegs nails
J J Miller, " 38 box merchandise
Lued,Elsback,ACo Nashville, 13 do do 1 1 run fe
ll Paws " 3 do do
H T Yeatman, " 2 do do
A J Duncan, " 25 do .do 4 trunks
Johnston A Wear, " 1 do brugs
Wates A Roberts " 9 packages paper
John Daniels, . " 8 boxes, 1 barrel
Shepard A Gordon, " 3 case hats, 1 box
J York," " 2 box books
Waynes A McGill, " 2 do looking glasses
Karcis A Whitma, " - 4 do hats
Samuel Lea, " 8 do coil rope, 2 kegs
L II Gordon, " 1 do merchandise
M L Gordon, " 2 barrel oil
Eighty-five cabin passengers way and through.
Eighty Deck Passengers to Cincinnati.
- Landed at Nashville, Tuesday 7th Sept, with only
13 inch water on the Cumberland Shoals.
THE undersigned, have this day mutually agree!
to dissolve their Partnership, heretofore existing
in the Printing Business at Knoxvillo. Wm. G.
Bhowslo w is hereafter the sole Proprietor and owner
of the Knoxrille Whig Office, and all that belongs
thereto he pays all the debts of said ofiiec, and all
claims due the office, aro coming to him. Joh.'c W.
O'Bries is the sole Proprietor of tho London Fre
Pre OJice, and assumes all responsibilities, as Edi
tor and Publisher, and all dues to that office are to
be paid to him. W. G. BROWXLOWv
Sept 11, 1852. JOHN W. O'BRIEN.-
. To be really and truly independent is to
support ourselves with our own tsertions.