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Loudon free press. (Loudon, Tenn.) 1852-1855, January 15, 1853, Image 1

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YOL. I.
LOUDON, TENNESSEE, JANUARY 15, 1853.
no: o.
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I . ,,..-J- '- --r- n.i-'.-'. ' ' "
PUBLISHED WEEKLY Br
JKO. W. & SAM'L B. O'EBIEN,
Office on Cedar Street, EH of the Public Square.
TERMS. Two Dollars in advance: Two Dol
lars A.5D Fifty Cents in six months; Tiires Dol
lars &t expiration of year. '"
' Acvertisfukxts inserted at Si per square for the
first, aid 50 Cents for each subsequent insertion.
YkARLY RATES.
Professional Cards, (five lines,) $ 5
" " (morethan five lines,) 10
; Quarter oC column, 1SJ
- Haif column . 37 J
- One column .. 75
Announcing candidates', adranee,) . i. 53
jXS2 Address the TuMishers, Post Paid.
LOUDON: -
SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1803.
The Ktw Ritual. We are gratified to an
nounce that, at last a new Ritual has been
framed, for the use of Subordinate Divisions of
the Sons of Temperance. We rejoice at this
information because, it will bring about an
awakening influence, and will be productive of
much good. The commitec have gotten thro'
with the examination of the manuscripts. Xo
one of the competitors secured the entire pre
mium, as no one furnished a Ritual which was
satisfactory In all its parts. Rut the committee
have arranged a new Ritual from several in
their possession, which they deem of such mer
it as to challenge the admiration of the Order.
We have the utmost confidence in the w isdom
and discretion of the committee, and have no
fears but that the new Ritual will be every
where hailed a3 a blessing to the Order. Let
os have it as quick as possible. We need it
badly. Let it be printed and sent out forth
viih. Tennessee Oman.
The Isthmus. Gold in Chepo. On Satur
day last we had the pleasure of an hour's con
versation with Maj. Doss, the head of the gold
hunting expedition which left here some month
or two siuee on an exploring and prospecting
tour about the Isthmus, near Panama. Major
Doss returned to the city on Thursday, and
from him we derive considerable interesting in
formation, in addition to what we have hereto
fore published at different times, relative to the
discoveries that he and his party have made.
The Major informs U3 that he has thoroughly
examined the rivers in the neighborhood of
Chepo, which place is about forty miles to the
eastward of Panama. The main river, itself
called the Chepo, has several important branch
es on all of which there is gold., On the Rio
Terable, the party first commenced their opera
tions, by building themselves a suitable house,
and laying out a plot of ground for a garden,
. in which they planted various seeds. Their
next operation was to commence darning the
river, which they succeeded in doing, when,
from heavy rains, a torrent of water poured down
ftoni the mountain and swept their river works
away. Previous to this disaster, however, they
hid succeeded in making some w ashing, the
produce of which was highly satisfactory each
. pan-full of earth yielding from twenty-five to
fifty-cents.
One of the party, Mr. Sennett, washed out in
one day, five ounces, which was the largest
amount obtained by any one person in that giv
en time. Four times did the party dam the riv
er, and as many times were their works carri
ed away thus convincing them of the perfect
futility of attempting to prosecute their labors
during the rainy season. But Maj. Doss and
others of his party are thoroughly satisfied that
when the dry season sets in which will be in
a few days there will exist no impediment
' whatever to the successful and profitable wash
ing of gold, not only on the Rio Terable, but in
all the mountain streams descending to cither
ocean. In fact, in his travels, the Major got
over the other side of the mountains, and struck
the head waters of the Chagrcs river, where he
discovered more abundant evidences of gold
than any where on this side.
In no place did he discover large lumps the
largest being of the value of from one to two
dollars but from the quantity of small particles
plainly to be seen in the black sand of all the
utii in-- is uiui in iuc cuiivicuuii mui in iiie
beds of these rivers, which can be laid bare in
the dry season, deposits of great value may be
found.
As & memorial of his travels, Major Doss
brought to the city, a sugar cane of very large
dimensions. We measured it, and found it to
contain fifteen long joints, the largest of which
was seven and a half in circumference; ten and
a fourth inches in length of the longest joint,
and the whole cane, from which several smaller
joints have been cut off, measuring ten feet.
This was cut from the sugar estate of Don Car
los Leconte, situated on the Chepo or Rayona
river; and was taken, not because it was the
largest, but because it presents a fair average of
the tize of the cane growing on the plantation.
" From the Major's description of that section
of the country, which, remember, is only about
forty miles from Panama, situated on the bar,
and having navigable streams in which vessels
of a hundred tons can ascend many miles, we
look upon it as one of the most desirable agri
cultural locations of which we have any knowl
edge any where. The country abounds in the
coffee, the copavi, the caouchouc, the Pernvian
bark tree, and many others of medicinal and
other valuable qualities. The Major has furn
ished us with a calculation, that seems exceed
ingly plausible, by which he demonstrates that
on a cash capital of from two to five thousand
dollars, a person can locate himself there land
being free and by planting coffee trees, which
will yield fruit in two years; orange trees, which
will yield in the same time, and their fruit be
manufactured into oil; he will be in the receipt
of a large income. Panama Star, lilJu
'Bishop Hacket's happy motto was,
God, and be cheerful."
''Serve
FALLS OF THE OHIO HOW FORMED.
We. published recently an interesting sketch
of the lecture of Prof. Sillimax on the Falls of
Niagara. . We find in the Louisville Journal a
notice of a recent lecture by Dr. Yaxdell, also
delivered before the National History. Society,
upon the Falls of the Ohio, at Louisville. The
geology of the valley of the Ohio was dwelt on,
the lecturer presenting some striking facts in its
history as shown by geological evidence. The
valley forms the principal break in the original
table land which once extended over a vast area
of coirhtry, at a height still indicated by the
summits on the hills on each side of the river.
The falls are conijxjsed of ledges of limestone,
and bclor.jr to the Devonian ffroup of rocks.
The Journal say-jXhe.xivw' Las laid bare an
ancient coral reeT, not surpassed in extent and
the variety and beauty of its fossils by any simi
lar one in the world. The limestone is easily
decomposed and worn away by the water, so that
the corals, which are much harder and often
silicified, are left projecting from the general
surfiice in bold relief, and sometimes erect upon
their stems as if they were alive. We have
seen here Facosiks more than a yard in diam
eter with their honey-comb structure perfectly
displayed. The delicately beautiful "chain co
ral" is found of similar extent, together with
several species of the cup-shaped Cyathopylia,
and these corals are intermingled with masses
of the stems of lilv encrinites. So perfect is
the preservation of these corals that no one but
a geologist could distinguish them from the
recent corals of the West Indies. 'Yet so old
are the fossils that are referable to an era antece
dent to the Alleghanies, the Alps, and the Pyre
nees, nay, even to the time when by far the
greater part of the materials composing these
mountain-chains were slowly elaborated be
neath the ocean.' Lyell. Higher up are found
chambered shells (O! thoceras.) some of which
reach the enormous length of six feet, a great
variety of encrinites or stone lilies, aud the
somew hat less numerous remains of the highest
forms of auimal life of that period; the trilobate?,
animals somewhat resembling crabs, and occa
sionally the teeth of the cartilaginous fishes,
which were analogous to sharks. Beautiful
specimens of these fossils were exhibited by
Dr. Yandell, selected from his extensive cabi
net.'' The Journal closes its account of the
wonders " revealed by science and the wear cl
water ia the valley of the Ohio, by giving the
conclusion of the lecture in nearlv the words of
Dr. Yandell: Cleveland (Ohio) Herald.
"There was a period when there were no rapids
here and no river. In ages incalculably far
back, a wide sea occupied the place where we
now dwell. From its tranquil waters were de
posited those sedimentary rocks to the depth of
many thousand feet. Up from its frequent
shoals grew forests of beautiful zoophytes, un
folding their many tinted petals to the sun.
There swarmed myriads of shell-fish, whose re
mains form the compact limestone from which
the edifices of our city are built Among these
febler races sported the curious trilobites, the
terror, it may be, of this ancient ocean. Then
flourished the orchoeeras, whose many-chambered
shell enabled it to float or sink at pleasure,
while its powerful prehensile organs, arranged
like fingers around its mouth, made it the rival
of the trilobite. Towards the close of the era
in which our limestone deposits took place, a
creature of a new and nobler form was intro
duced an animal with a brain and organs of
sense lodged in cavities of a distinct head.
The fish at length appeared, not such as those
which now inhabit our river, but one of uncouth
form, with broad scales, and skeleton of carti
lage instead of bone. From the bottom of the
shallows encrinites, the lilies of the ocean, rose
by long flexible stems which swayed to the mo
tion of" the waves, or enabled the animal to
reach the shell-fish and trilobites which consti
tuted its prey.
The current of the ocean at length took -another
direction and came loaded with another
sediment. The lime eminently favorable to life
w as replaced by clay from which animals derive
no nourishment. The pellucid water was load
ed with mud, and its myriad inhabitants ceased
to exist. During this period the black slate was
deposited, in which we find only a few straggling
shells, the remnants of the race which preceded
them. After a time the sediment was exhaust
ed, and the ocean bore clown a fine sand, the
detritus of older rocks, which forms the sand
stone of the knobs and rests upon the slate.
And when again the ocean became charged with
lime, without which the hard parts of animals
cannot be formed, aquatic creatures once more
peopled the waters. Then there was an abun
dance of crinnoids and shell-fish, and many new
species of fish. At length the deposits ceased,
and as the continent began gradually to rise the
ocean currents commenced the work of e'enuda
tion, hollowing out valleys and trail porting ma
terials to form distant and newer rocks. When
the land finally emerged the wearing action of
water still continued. The riuleta gathered
from the rains of a thousand hills, united to
form the Ohio and cut its broad channel. Thus
were formed the falls of the Ohio, from w hose
exposed rocks and clustering myriads of organic
remains, we are able to read their history in
times so far remote from the origin of man."'
Good Taste. The following very happy and
equally true sketch is from the London Quar
terly: ''You see this lady turning a cold eye to
the assurances of shopmen and the recommen
dation of milliners. She cares not how original
a pattern may be if it be ugly, or how recent a
shape if it be awkard. Whatever fashion dic
tates, she follows her own, and is never behind
it. She wears very beautiful things which peo
pie generally suppose to be brought from Paris,
or at least, madefy a French milliner, but which
as often are brought from the nearest town and
made up by her own maid. Not that her cos
tume is either rich or new on the contrary, she
wears many a cheap dress, but it is always good.
She deals in no gaudy confusion of colors, nor
does she affect a studied sobriety; but she either
enlivens you with a spirited contrast, or com-
- ' - -.1 J" 1 T.i .
poses you witn juaicious numiony. oi a scrap
of tinsel or trumpery appears upon her. She
puts no faith in velvet bands, or guilt buttons, or
twisted cordings. She is quite awiire, however,
that the garnish is as important as the dress; all
her inner borders and headings are delicate and
fresh, and should anything peep out which is
not intended to be seen is quite as much so as
that w hich is. After all, there is no great art
either in her fashions or her material. The
secret simply consists in knowing the three
units of the dress her own station her own
age, and her own points; and no woman dresses
w ell who does not After this we need not say
that whoever is attracted by the costume will be
disappointed by the wearer. She may not be
handsome or accomplished, but we answer for
her being even tempered, well informed, thor
oughly sensibte a complete Juiy."
. A Pithey Prayer. Dr. Lyman Beecher is
said to have prayed, once as follows: "O Lord!
grant that we may not despise our rulers; and
grant that thev may not act so that we can't
help it."
Mev op our Tx-iiv'O. W. Holmes, the sen-
tleman that "never clarcs to write as funny asJ
- ; '
he can," is forty three. Wm. Hewitt is fifty
seven; he published verses at the age of thir
teen. Humboldt, is eighty-three. Leigh Hunt
is sixty-eight. Fitz Greene Halleck is fifty
seven. Washinnion Irving, son of an erain.eE
New York merchant, 13 sixty-nine years of fcgej
in his nineteenth year be began to contribute to
his brothers paper, the Morning Chronicle.-
Douglass Jerrold, forty-seven years of
the son ot the manager ot the &hernes3 theatrf.j
the sea was his first Joyjujd-fbj! a-frt--
.
hc served as midshipman on board a manof
war. G. P. R. Jan.es is about fifty years old; it
was Washington Irving who first recommended
him to a career of authorship. Sheridan
Knowles, sixty-eight years old, is the son of a
famous Irish schoolmaster who was a cousin of
Richard Briusley Sheridan. Mr. Knowles
wrote his first play in his twenty-first year; his
plays are thirteen in number, he now enjoys a
government pension of two hundred pounds a
year. Lamartinc is sixty-two; his father was a
major in the French cavalry, under Louis XVI.
Abbott Lawrence is in his sixtieth year. Hen
ry W. Longfellow, forty-five years of age, is the
son of Hon. Stephen Longfellow. Portland,
Maine, is the birth, place of the poet; he was
appointed Professor in Cambridge in his twenty-eighth
yean " " '..
Macaulay, theson of a wealthy African mer
chant, is hity-two years ot age; his essay on
Milton was written in his twenty-sixth year for
the Edinburgh Review. Macready is fifty-nine;
his father was a theatrical manager. Herman
Melville is the son of an importing merchant
of this city; he is twenty-nine years of age; his
grand father was one of the Boston tea party;
he began his wanderings in Lis tr!-!lt?cuth year,
as a sailor before the mast; he is the author ot
seven populaT works. Mcternish is seventy-
nine. Ik. Marvel, thirty years of age, is a na
tive of Norwich, Connecticut, a graduate of
Yale, and resident of New York. J. K. Paul
ding whose collected works fill seventy-five vol
umes, is seventy-three years old; he is a native
of Dutchess county. New York.
Trentice is a Yankee, born at Preston, Conn.,
fortv-eb ht vears old. He has been editor of the
Louisville Journal since 1831. Prescott, the
historian, is in his fifty-sixth year. Powers, the
sculptor, is fifty-seven; his parents "were plain
country people, who cultivate a small farm" in
Vermont. Seward is fifty yours old.
TalforJ
fifty-seven. Tenyson, son of a clergyman, is
forty-two. Ticknor, sixty-one. H. T. Tucker
man, thirty -nine. Victoria is thirty-three years.
'"She has," says our author, "a large and rapid
ly increasing family which seems the distinguish
ing mark of the Hanoverian dynasty." Home
Journal.
THE REWARD OF LABOR,
In this country, the first of Janr.arv is pav-
dav. Contracts mature, salaries are due, andl
notes and accounts are payable at this time.
The dread of a dun is this moment resting upon
thousands of minds. On the other hand, the
not less anxious apprehension is felt by as many,
that the dues, for which credit has so long been
given,, will not be paid. From one or other of
these causes of disturbance, there is scarcely a
mind so fortunate' as to be altogether free. This
state of things is produced very much by the
want of punctuality of the paying portion of the
community. Rare as the virtue of promptness
is in business transactions, it is, in many cases,
as much the result of habit as of principle.
The habit of being prompt and faithful to one's
engagements nu-.y be cultivated or acquired by
proper attention. And the absence of business
punctuality does not always agree with the want
of principle. Some men fail in their contract
or are tardy in their performance more from
carelessness and inattention than from any crim
inal or immoral cause. They do not appreciate
the effect of such short coming upon themselves
or the disappointment it may operate to others.
In fact, the danger is, that such indifference and
looseness in the observance of engagements may
degenerate into absolute fraud, or the criminal
desire to procrastinate and avoid duty. The
observance of punctuality in the discharge of all
obligations is of the highest importance to a
commercial community. The want of it disar
ranges all plans and upsets all calculations. It
is a divine proposition, that Hhe laborer is wor
thy his meat,' or reward. And he is not only
entitled to receive it, but he has a right to de
mand and expect it as soon as it is due. No
man has the moral right to withhold the wages
ot the worker, when they are either in his actual
iaa'JVaw!
possession, or might be by proper diligence. InJg t0'the throne of prace, and implore divine
failing to meet an enaement, it is not enough
to say that one has hot the means in one's power
at tne time, ins w ant ot them should not be
the result of his own carelessness or neglect.
The utmost diligence should be used to meet
every undertaking. Nothing short of this can
relieve the sensitive , conscience of the sense
of obligation. J ustice to others, demands noth
ing less. The merchant, for instance, has his
own creditor to satisfy, and expects prompt pay
ment from his customer. The mechanic's rent
falls due, and he cannot meet it, unless his debt
or pay the amount he may long since have ear
ned. The mechanic and'the merchant, and the
creditor of both, may be made to sulfer by the
failure to fulfill obligations, upon which they
have calculated. There is no economy so safe
and certain as the prompt and full discharge of
every undertaking. The man, who makes it a
Soint to perform all he promises, will rarely un
ertake more than he can discharge. But he,
who is indifferent whether his pledge be redeem
ed or not, or whether he respect the strict rights
of others, is apt to run blindly into engagements,
trusting to some stroke of eood fortune for their
performance, or that 'something will turn up' to I
n..t:AnA i.: i ii e .i j I7--T
cAuit-uic uiui iiuuurauiy irom mem. j.asnviue
Gazette.
Free Trade in the Post Office Business. The
new letter envelopes, with, the single and double
stamps, will soon be ready. Then every steam
er, every railroad train, every stage, every ex
press line, and every man, is made a mail carri
er by act of Congress. Letters in the Govern
ment envelopes, can be sent in any wav, by any
route, and by any conveyance.
A punster poet, gives an excellent portrait
of old Ben Franklin, in a single line
"A man of genius ruled by common sense."
j 'Daniel Webster in the Stale ' Deinartment.
j if it- , . .. . . .
" coster a nauius, while attending to his ot-
fice duties as Seeretarv of State, are thus
sneicnea n JLanman s i'nvato Jjite of the great
-1... i i . -r . .y .
statesman:
" He was usually among the first at his post of
duty in the Department, and among the last to
leave. The first business lie attended to was to
read his mail, and this he -accomplished in a
short time, and after a peculiar manner. The
omy letters that lie read with attention were the
official ones, and, where the questions- they
brought up did not require investigation, were
generally disposed of immediately; all political
inters v.-p mPfPlv ulnnrwl nt n,l "ihon filed
V O- J 7 .
ay" for future consideration: these of a private
add personal character wero also "laid aside," to
be attended to or answered early on the follow
ing morning, at his residence; while everything
of an anouymons character was simply opened,
torn in pieces, and committed to the basket of
waste paper. The amount of business that he
sometimes transacted during a single morning
may be guessed at when it is mentioned that he
sometimes kept two persons employed writing
at his dictation at the same tiie; for, as he u-
sually walked the floor on such occasions, he
would give his chief clerk a sentence in one
room to be incorporated into a diplomatic pa
pr, and, marching to the room occupied by
his private secretary, give him the skeleton, or
perhaps the very language of a private note or
letter. In addition to all this he made it his
business to grant aud:ence to all who might
call upon him receiving dignitaries with dignity,
and all friends, strangers, and even office seek
ers, with kindness and cordiality; and in this
connection it may be well to state that those
who made short visits were generally the most
successful in attaining their ends, especially if
said ends were"thcir country V'or office.
Paper o:i Room Walls. Bed rooms should
never have papered walls; they should either be
painted,' or if of common plaster, simply white
washed, two or three times a year. Painted
walls allow of their being washed frequently,
which is positively necessary for health and
cleanliness. This cannot be performed on pa
pered walls, therefore, let all consider-that 'there
should be none of' them.' Various reasons
might be adduced to back up what we have as
serted, but we think this is not necessary; the
annunciation is just a pin: sly stated fact, a self
evident one. In papering walls, some upholsters
and others, as we have known, sometimes em
ploy corrupt paste, under the wrong impression
that it makes the paper adhere to the wall much
better than when fresh. Flour paste and glue
size are both employed to put on walls fbr paper,
and both arc equally pernicious w hen put on in
what is called a sfiit'r staff. It is quite common
for newly papered rooms to have a most un
pleasant smell, and when the paper hanger is
spoken to on the subject, he will make the ex
cuse, "oh, a few days will set all right the
smell will soon go off." A putrid odor from a
newly papered wall is an evidence that the paste
V corrupt that it emits a gitss--an tmana uuiv
gerous vj ueatui, uiiu ui.u uuu u3 ntu
noses to detect, or of what use are they at all.
There is nothing so sweet as fresh air, not all
the perfumed waters ever made can purchase a
substitute for the pure inodorous atmosphere for
a room, by using them as a substitute to banish
the evil smell of putrid paste from newly paper
ed walls. The offensive odor will not depart
until the paste is perfectly dry. It is a very
bad plan to paste new over old paper on a wall,
merelv to save trouble by pulling the old off.
There" are instances on record of disease and
death being caused by gass arising from the
decaving paste of old papered walls which had
become damp. Rooms should be thoroughly
dried after being papered before they are inhab
ited. Some alcohol put into paste prevents fer
mentation until it dries. No person should al
low old paste to be used for putting on paper,
and then it should be dried as sooii as possible
afterwards. Scientific American.
Time. "Consider each day as a blank leaf,
which you are to fill for eternity,'1 is a sentiment,
which, in substance, we have seen several times
expressed. It is full of meaning. A blank
leaf, upon which we nre all to write; rather, up
on which we are every day writing characters
for eternity. Life passes; childhood, youtti,
manhood, old age, press hard upon one another.
Every bour will set down something that will
enhance or diminish our happiness hereafter.
Pause, reader, and reflect; thou art not writing
characters in the sand but in the Book of God.
Thy whole life is but a book, a kind of day-book
n-hh ia rnnstnntlv filling up; all which is here
written is carefully transcribed into the Book of
God; and before assembled worlds, in ine pres
ence of angels and the justified, everything is to
be revealed. What is done in life, all thy words,
thoughts, actions, are sketched in the book of
remembrance; and no bad action can be blotted
out but bv the blood of Christ. Many have
lived away the summer of life, little heeding this;
filling up leaf after leaf with what they will
dread to tee unfolded in the appointed day. By
these be warned. Shun the rock against which
others have dashed. To-day, thou hast filled up
another leaf. It is written, and cannot be re
,. ..;ion WW r-int thnu do? This onlv: haste
aid, that thou mayestfill up the remaining leaves
of thy little volume with such characters as thou
, i 1 1 1 i . 4 1. noma till O n
snait uengni to sec vmura m L"j mm"., ....v.
the Lamb shall open the book for judgment.
Age of Axamals. A bear rarely exceeds
twenty years; a wolf twenty; a fox fourteen or
sixteen; lions are long lived Pompey lived to
the age of seventy years; a squirrel or hare sev
en or eight years; rabits seven. Elephants have
been known to live to the age of 400 years.
When Alexander the Great had conquered Pho
rus, King of India, he took a great elephant
which had fought viliantly for the king, named
him Ajax, dedicated him to the Sun, and let
him go with this inscription "Alexander, the son
of Jupiter, hath dedicated Ajax to the Sun."
This elephant wa3 found with this inscription
350 years afterwards. Pigs have been known
to live to the age of thirty years; the Rhinoce
ros to twenty. A horse has been known to live
to the age of sixty-two, but averages twenty or
thirty. Camels sometimes live to the age of
one hundred. Stags are long lived. , Sheep
seldom exceed the age of ten. Cows live about
.fifteen years. Cuvier considers it probable that
whales sometimes live one thousand years.
Mr. Mallerton has a skeleton of a Swan that at
tained the age of two hundred years. Pelicans
are long lived. - A tortoise has been known to
live to the a;re of one hundred and seven.
' A friend informs us that split gold dollar pier
ces are rapidly circulating, and cautions us to
be on the lookout for them, but wc prefer "to be
on the lookout" for those which are not split,
I Science and Jarictdture.-Lools. 'at that
. . . . . . . : . .
wide valley, with its snow-clad summit at a chs-
tance on either hand, and it3 elas;
now-
.4 : - : j . . . .
j ing cribbed and confined in the lowest bottom.
Smiling fields ol -well trimmed hedge-rows,
and sheltering plantations and a busy popula
tion, and abundant cattle cover its undulating
slopes. For miles industrious plenty spreads
over a country which the river formerly usurped
and the lake covered, and the rush tufted over,
and bog and mossy heath and perennial fogs
and drizzling rains rendered inhospitable and
chill. But mechanics have chained the river
and c'rained the lakes and bogs and clayey bot
toms, and thus giving scope to the application
ofjjll the.varied practical rules to which science
has led, the natural cliraata lux been subdued,
disease extirpated, and rich and fertile and hap
py homes scattered over the ancient waste.
Turn to another country, and a river flows
deeply through an arid and desolate plain.
Mechanicis lift its waters from their depths, and
a thousand artificial channels directs them over
the parched surface. It is as if an inchanters
wand had been stretched over it the green
herbage and waving corn, accompanied by all
the industries of rural life, spring up as they ad
vance. Another country, and a green oasis
presents itsef, busy with life, in the midst of a
desert sandy plain. Do natural springs here
gush up, as in the ancient oasis of the Libian
wilderness? It is another of the triumphs of
human industry, guided by human thought.
Geology and her sister sciences are here the pi
oneers of rural life and fixed habitations. The
seat of hidden waters at vast depths were dis-j
covered by her. Under her directions, mechan
ics have bored to their sources, and their gush
ing abundance now spreads fertility around.
Such are the more sensible and larger triumphs
of progressing rural economy such as man
may well boast of not only in themselves, but
in their consequences; and they may take their
place with the gigantic' vessel of war a3 mag
nificent results of intellectual effort.
Gone to Tennessee. Mr. E. F. Punderson,
an old man and respected citizen of Clevleand,
left our city last evening for his new home at
Bersheba Springs in Southern Tennessee.
About two years since he made a purchase (in
company with his old business partner, Mr. L.
llanderson.) of a large tract of land in Grundy
county, and they are now going on to their plan
tation to till it with all appliances of modern im
provement. Mr. 1. takes with him full set of agricultural
implements from the house of Dewitt k Cor also
a lanre stock of verv fine fowls amonr which
were white and red Shanghai, Cochin-China,
Dorking, and other chickens, for his own plan
tation. This new point to which many old residents
of this section have recently emigrated, seems
to be eliciting more or less enquiry concerning
its climate and soil. The thousands of acres of
unfilled land in South-eastern Tennessee are
coming into the service of the bold and enter
prising Yankee. The bleak winters and rarible
climate of the "more northern" sections of cur
Republic naturally turn the attention of many
to seek a more uniform and mild temperature,
and we donbt not but that Mr. Punderson has
found the climate congenial to his taste -jnst
far enough removed from the low. marshy, deltas
of the larger rivers, and from tha bleak and icy
plains of the Norths
Mr. Punderson leaves many old and tried
friends behind him who part with much regret,
but he is of that gentlemanly turn which invari
bly makes friends wherever he goes. We wish
'Pun" all possible success in liis i:ew enterprise.
Clereland(Ohio) llrald.
Free development of Man. If I were to ex
press in a line w hat constitutes the glory of a
State, I should say it is the free and full devel
opment of human nature. That country is the
happiest and noblest whose institutions and cir
cumstances give the largest range of action to
the human powers and affections, and call forth
man in all the variety of his faculties and feeling.
That is the happiest country where there is most
intelligence and freedom of thought, most af
fection and love, most imagination and taste,
most industry and enterprise, most public spirit,
most domestic virtue, most conscience, most
piety. Wealth is a good only as it is the pro
duction and proof of the vigorous exeecise of
man's powers, and is a means of bringing his
affections and enlanriu:? his faculties. Man is
the only glory of a country and it is the ad
vancement and unfolding of human nature
which i3 the true interest of a State.
Dr. Channinff.
Theke isa Giaxt ix ocr Midst!
"In bulk as huge
As whom the fables name of monstrous size,
Titanian, or earth born, that warred on Jove;
. Briareos or Typhon, or that sea beast
Leviathan."
The far-famed giant from Nova Scotia arrived
here yesterday on the steamboat Georgetown, en
route for Havana. We visited this strange spe
cimen of humanity, framed by Nature in frolic
mood for the astonismcnt of the world.
He has not yet attained I113 full growth, weigh
ing somewhat short of a wagon load, and stan
ding in his stocking feet a little lower than a
two-story house. Goliah, of Gath, wa3 a baby
io him, and he could put Gulliver in his breech
es pocket. In taking his natural rest, he has to
go to bed by installments one linib at a time
and in his walk stoops to hear the morning
lark. Being yet in his infancy, it is thought in
the course of tinfc it will take all ' out-of doors
for him to walk in. He was born in the High
lands of Scotland, and probably squared his in
tended height by the ' peak of Ben Lomand.
Afterwards he removed to Nova Scotia, where
he attained his present proportion. He is cer
tainly the most interesting phenomenon of the
present century. His cheerful and polite address
are also points of interest to those who make
his acquaintance. ' lie intends holding a series
of reception levees at Odd Fellows' Hall, where
the admirers of strange sights, as well as the
scientific, will have an opportunity of seeing
this greatest of human wonders. N. O. Ores.
Maine Liquor Law. A Temperance Conven
tion has been held at Macon, Ga., at which
resolutions were unanimously adopted in favor
of the enactment of a law allowing each county
to determine, by vote of the people, whether
liquor shall be sold within its limits; and also
ia favor of taking the vote of the people of Geor
gia to determine whether a general law of the
State shall be adopted to prohibit the sale of
liquor within its limits.
Home. There is a world where no storms in
trude, a' haven of safety against tempests of life
A little world of joy and love of innocence and
tranquility. Supple:?" are not there, no jeal
ousies, nor falsehood with her rlouulc ??5n,V
nor the venom of slander. Peace "embraceta
it with outspread wings. Plenty broodeth there
When a man entereth it he forgetteth his sorrow
and cares, and disappointments; he openeth his
hart to confidence! This world is the well or
dered home of a virtuous and amiable woman.
Putty Dispensed With. Some downcast op
erator has got a way of setting glass without
putty. The window sash ia ua&de-, entirely xJ
wood, the outside permanent. The inside is '
framed in such a manner that the parts can be
readly removed for the purpose of inserting the
glass, which is placed between slips of India-"
rubber, which,' when the parts of the siish are
replaced, causes the glass to be perfectly firm.
The moveable parts of the sash are secured to
their place by a knob screw, which make a
pretty finish.
How to Keep Poor. Buy two glasses of ale
every day, at five cents each, amounting in one
year to $36 50; smoke three cigars, one after
each meal, counting up in the course of the .
year to $51 73; keep a big dog, which will con
sume in a year at least $15 worth of provision,
and a cat $3 more. Altogether this amounts
to the snug little sum of $110 23 sufficient to
buy six barrels of flour, one hundred bushels of
coal, one barrel of sugar, one sack of coffee, a
good coat, a respectable dress, besides a frock
for therbaby, and a half a dozen pair of shoes
more or less. Just think of itf
"Wife of President Elect. Mrs. Pierce, the
wife of the President elect, is one of the most
accomplished 1 idies of America, and one who
will reflect honor npon her station, as the mis
tress of the national mansion. She is the
daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Applcton, form
erly President of Bowdoin College. Her earn
est religious character and elegant manners will
exert their appropriate influence in Washing
ton. New York Observer.
Cotton' is Kixg. Charles Dickens, in a late
number of hi? "Household Words," after enu
merating facts of cotton, says: "Let any great
social ccn?:;si?a visit to the United States, and
England would feel the shock from Land
to John O'Groats. The lives of nearly two
millions of our countrymen are dependent upon
the cotton crops of America; their destiny may
be said, without any sort of hyperbole, to hang
upon a thread.
Should any dire calamity befall the land of
cotton, a thousand of our merchant ships would
rot idly in dock; ten thousand mills must stop
their busy looms, and two million mouths would
starve for lack of food to feed them."
Benefit of Advertising. An old man in N.
York, named Padleburn, worth $150,000, who
thought he had not a relative in the world, ad
vertised in the papers for any one claiming kin
dred to come forward, when in less than twenty
hour? he wa3 visited by no less than six aunt3,
fourteen uncles, fifty-four nephews, ninety-three
nieces, and one hundred and forty-eight cousins.
Boston Post.
The Ilabun Gap Railroad. We learn from
a reliable source that Mr. Lythgoe, since return
ing to the survey, has satisfactorily established
the fact, that the road may be located so as to
run near to Pendleton, and that the route is
much more favorable than the particulars of
his first survey indicated. He has also discov
ered another route over the Stump House Moun
tain, by which excavation, which would cost
one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, may be
dispensed with. ; We promise ourselves that in
the opening of this route to the West, the day
of Chuileston's- presperity is drawing nearv
This road will cost money, but, from the day it
strikes the Tennessee valley, its stock will be as
good as any in the country, and the' State from
Pickens to Marion, and from York to Charles
ton, will feci the fertilizing influence of its flow
of commerce Charleston Standard.
Not one in a thousand of business men prop
erly appreciate thebencfit of newspaper adver
tisements. A thousand circulars with the post
age paid, cost them $25. These w ill reach and
be read by just the one thousand persons to
whom they are directed, and by no more. The
same amount of money paid for advertising in a
daily paper with a circulation of twelve hun
dred copies, will insure its being read during
the year over two millions times. The most
miserly could not' ask for a cheaper fame.
Cleveland JleraJd.
The New York Journal of Commerce states
that an effort is making on the part of the friends
of Mr. Fillmore and of the American Coloniza
tion Society, to constitute him a life Director of
the same, by raising one thousand dollars, to be
appropriated to assisting emigrants to Liberia,
while a suitable tribute of respect is thus - paid
to the retiring President. Mr. Fillmore is among
the most decided friends of the Society. .
An Irishman was once brought before a mag
istrate charged with marrying six wives. The
magistrate asked him how he could be so harv
dened a villian. "Plaze your worship, said
Paddy, "I was trying to get a good un.
"Sal," cried a girl, looking out of the upper
storv of a small grocery, addressing another girl
who was trying to enter at the front door, "we've
all been at camp meeting ' and converted: so
when you want milk on Sundays, you'l have to
come in the back tcay"
Singular. The three candidates for Mayor
of Pittsburg are Printers. J. B. Guthrie is the
Democratic candidate; Heron Foster, editor of
the Dispatch, is the Free Soil candidate; R. M.
Riddle, editor of the Journal, is the Whig candidate.
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