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LOUDON, TENNESSEE, FEBRUARY 14, 1855.
- ri DI-ISHEn WEEKLT IT
JHO. "W. & SALI'I B. O'BRIEX.
tyffi.ee on Cffinr Rifei pnat nf th Vtihll Snnr
.:- . ' 1
: TERMS:-Two Dollars iu advance: Two Dol -
xa.ni sro Firrr Certs in x months; Thiiee Dol-
Lars at the expiration of the year,
Advertisewknts inserted at $1 per square for the
" ; cents ior eacn sunsequcni niseruuii.
Professional Cards, (five lines,) $ 5
Ai c 1 : Trt
Half wlainn!..Z..;;;;!;;!l"!!Zl!Il!! 37 ; Jhe Unit"ed tates.or any of them, on the follow- i out of nothing in that tin. Another class be
One column...""...'""." 75 n'A conditions, and with the exceptions follow- , lieve that our planet was in existence for tbou-
Announciog candidates, (advance,) 3
Address the Publishers. Pout-Paid. .
. . . .
WEDNESDAY,:::::::::::: FEBRUARY, 14.
:::::::::::: FEBRUARY n.
S&- A bill
to repeal the Usury laws, has
1 in the Legislature of Louisiana.
8- Judfjo Lir.ov, of the Supremo bench of,
Alabnma, died at Muulton on 2lst inst.
It is said that Lady Fhankux has re-
boen ot .
S&" Lieut. James II. Rowan has
dered to the command of the United State
Iiaiubruhje, vice Lieut. HrxTEit dismissed
5c"? An Association of Mechanics is now
forming in Trenton, New-Jersy, f';rthe purpose
of einigra'ing to the West.
In Uo.'Mn and vii-iniJy. this war, sixtv
ii nd vessels h.-iv. be'"! oui't.
J G j 5 ton age 72,1:52.
gig?" I.aring 1 s.l there was 1 l.Sl 1 !
rhiladiiiphiu, 2,41 Sin Xev; York. 5.
J.a!tinur, and 1.4 1 3 in lies' m.
C-rv The Memphis navy van! property lias
been sold at auction, in resi.iei.ee loss, and the
amount realized by the sale is 5il, j74, 02.
, . x- . .
n.vTTsins .mmk: 1 uiicn says mat tne
inventor of the steam engine was a man of
What kind of soil is best adapted for the cul
tivation of rye? Very dry; for every person
knows that in dustry must prosper.
It is to be feared that they who marry where
they do not love, will love where they do not
Snooks was advised to yef '.is life insured.
"Won't do it," .- lid he. '-It would be mv luck to
live forever, if I should
U- A paddy, wr.tmg fnu.-i the west, says !
ork is so plenty that every mm you meet i h ,
" U-t ce f j nlousy is tha- of a b.
'-red lier l v-r, because, in speak im
of his vo)..cC, V said he 'hugged tho shor--!''
To Sew Nerc and Stiff Cloth Easily Pass
a cake of white soap a few times over it, aud
the needle will penetrate easily.
A fellow in the jail wished he had the small
pox, so he could "break out." He has tried
evertthing else, but he can't come out.
53 A man who owns a small house,a small
farm, a small wife, a big dog, a good cow, two
or three fat pigs, aud three children, ought to
If you wish success in life, make persever
ance your bosom friend, experience your wise
counsellor, caution your elder brother, and hope
your guardian genius.
Heavy Robberuv. The office of Peyton
King, receiver of money for the United States
land office, at Monroe, La., was entered lately
in the dav time and robbed of $10,200.
Sgf A Bill re-chtrtering the Bank of Cape
Fear has passed the North Carolina Senate.
It will also pass the House. The charter is 0
amended that no note of a less denomination
than j will be issued.
BSflt is thought that Mr. Breckcnridgo
will start for Madrid in a fortnight, and that
he will go out in a national vesoel.
Bostok Banks. The increase of specie in
the banks of Boston, for the past week, was
The increase in deposits was $.'Jo3,.
WoN-i.cRFi-i. Speed. At a skating match
recently held at Madison, '. isconsin, a mile
was run in one minute and fifty six seconds, i
starting included. Jt is saia to ue swiuesc
jtime on record, and is equal to ordinary rail
.way express traius.
1 I 1 . - .A.
Tar fomvivn Ci l nv! The OllCCn of Spain
has expo-d to public view, m Mad. id, a mag- ,
niheent tiara, vs.lued at zuu,uuu irancs uuenueu
Ben nrofnt tn P.inp Pins, in hor.orof his decis-
" i r . ... '
jon respecting the "immaculate conception!
Xarroio Escape of 200 Passengers.
Louisville, Jan. 30.
The ferry boat, when crossing with the pas
sengers this morning for the Jcffcrsonville and
Citicinnatti train, was carried down by the ice,
and lodged on the fali. and th- iee immediate
ly gorged around her iu immense piles.
that all on
solved to expend the last remnant of her fortune j thority whereof such alien was at the 'time of mentiened beinj solar days, they were ind'rfi
in fittin out another Arctic expedition. i his itnmiOTation hither a citizen orsuhiect. ! uite vrriods of timcnmv nf iUm nf rMt
-...a .....un. - -
da life boat and oroceeded to his rescue, and ;
(ucceeded in brining the bov and two young
: ui'Ubiu8 . - 13 i
- -- --- -"o
Udies ashore safely.
board would be lost, but aiter -real exertion jury committed unuer tne laws oi me oimeu
and many hair breadth escapes, with the assis- States.
tance of life boats all were 'safely brought to ; Sec. 7. And be it further enacted. That it
land. The boat will be a total loss. thill not be lawful for anv court ether than the
An interesting little son of Mr. Dunning, the district and circuit courts of the United States
clerk of the Jacob Strader, was on board the to take cenizance of applications by aliens for
ferry, and during the moments of suspense his the benefits of this act, and that no such appli
father was almost frantic in regard to his safety, j cations shall be heard at any other than the
Wm. McKellum.the mate of the Strader.launch- regular terms of said district or circuit court.
The following is a copy of the bill introduced
' - tt i" r L on. I. !
i ,n ine uouse 01 representatives, on .
: ult., by Mr. TaTLOR, of Tennessee, "to establish
: a uniform rule of naturalization, and to repeal
, certain acts heretofore passed on that subject,
i mm jor other purposes:
jy lit rpi 1- 1
. . permitted to become a citizen
' v t' ,
mana not otiu-rwise:
, a- . i c -
or Amr:ntinn. hrfure snm rli'rif-t rir r-irrmt
urst. I h it lie snail nave .tee.ared on oatn
I court of the United States, or of some Territory
lnere0It ftt least one year hotore Ins admission
; thereof, at least one year before his admission
1 to the benefits of this act, that he has resided
twenty one years continuously within the L niied
States or ?l,e 1 crritor:;-s thereof, and still is his
- iljtentioB to become a citizen of the United
Second. That he shall in open court, and
1 in the. presence and hearintr of the jude or
t j H'Bi, y" oatu or ainrmauoi., renounce
:.. j . i. e .. or? .?.
i . t ......... I'.'.' v.. IL.1I.IM1. , v. ui.
I Third. That at the time of his application
! for the benefit of this act, and after the expira-
Hon of twenty one years from his first arrival m
TT:tl chUn ,i. ...
! affirmation, before the court aforesaid, that b.-
will Miji.ort th-i Constitution of the United
a,e,. am, inft, ne aoos not admit or Oei.eve in
ii- ........ j . .. OUIIJUI lt, IH li:ill JUl
anv civil or oth,.,-power to release or absolve
l.;.".. i , l. i i. ,.r.. it :
Ki.ti iinm mi (Jail! til illlClttllVt..
., .... .. , , ,
l-.'rth. 1 hat said annlirnnf kh:,ll f.!.n T..
clan-, on caih or aliirmation. I hut he has not.
d-if!!!;.' his residence inthe United States, been
lo;;iid ifinity oiany crime ot the trnide.of felon v.
Filth. That he shall, on oath or ullirmation,
-ta!e tl:e time of his fir.it arrival in the United
S:. o.; place of his uatitify, the last place
of i,;- rcsitioiice, Uiid his railing or occupation
!;.-i'-re ii!:m:gr.itiii'-to t!ie United States; the
name of ihv vessel in which he came to the
lTniie 1 Stfitcs. (if he came by water.) and all
the different places of his residence since his
! "., J 'ecouris.ia.i not aum.r such
t rr .
j Bi.eu 10 ine neneiits it this act unless it is sat
j l-taetonly proven that said applicant has been
I a resident of the United States or its Territories
i lor ;il least r,o triors nm.'i.MinM.. I.
I . ...... vi niii i.ii.ij , mm,
he is a
person of good charater,and understands
me iiiignsn lanjruaije,
Seventh. That the declarations of said ap
plicant.and the testimony required of witnesses
hereinbefore prescribed, shall be main in wri
ting and signed in open court by the ppli-ant
ana witnesses respectively, ai.d a nnni te there
oi ue entered on record lv the clerii ot s.id
court, and the original pnivrs he tan-fuilv In-
belled atid preserved. " ;
Eighth. That if the applicant aforesaid was,
o t ,1. ... ..P l : . . I : . . i a - i ...
(over the age of eighteen years he shall oa np- I
... iiu.u ui ma itimui in uie unitea stains,
plication for the benefits of fe n't, produce to 1
the curt the official consular certificate herein j
required, or a properly auihenticatcd copy '
i V 1 Ill CO lit'
its los- a.r.i ev - i
ti tri,: wj tmTh,e c -' w .
time c.f his adiuission to citizenship.' ' "
See. 2. And l it furthrr enacted, That" it j
sh-iil r..)t he law fid kr aw owner, cap'a:n, mas- !
t -r. K"ent, or commaniler ol anv ir.i-rcnaiiiman s r tV , . , . .. ,
' r ' , ,. j . , p.. ; lire- e are Lot dependent on the sun for light,
or other vessel sailing under the 1-nvs d the .- . ' '
United States, or of any foreign vessel vamms as he nas clearly stated, but he does not seera
to the United States, to bring info any port, or j to understand its true theory v It is produced
into the waters of the United States, or to land i hy the vibrations of a subtle medium diffused
on any of the Territories of the United Slates ' ,l'iroll.hout spa(rt:. Our planet is self luminous,
any alien or person of foreign birth, unless sin h , . -, , , ,
shall have complied with the following iirvi.s. but m a degree less so than the sun, for there
ions: Such person, if over the age of eighteen is one glory of the sun, another of the moon,
i il l - i . .. , i . . -.
years, snan caiiioh a ceruncaie, propeny an-
thenticated from the United States consul or
nnm ni Aifiin1 u pre r f n f t h ii Y ft frri w lu ! ci ii. ri
persons embarked, certifying that such person :
has adduced before him satisfactory evidence, 1
by reliable witnesses,that such person is of'yood j
character, and has not been, within three ver j
next preeeuinir. an inuiiiit: ui anv jan peniieii ,, .... .... , . n i i . j i -
tiary, prison, or other institution for criminals, i see at al, A tribe of Africa3 aUo-the Bos- j admitted his own er any otaer person s connex
paupers, 0,insane person. And any such own- ; jesmen-remain m their caves during day and j w can C) be ,ecnred
er, captiHn, agent, or commander who may v,o- ; search for their food dunngnight. trom habit, ; , , h u difficnU t0
late any ot ne provisions oi tnis act snail oe
Hoeined "-niitv of a misdemeanor, and unon con-
viction thereof by any court of competent juris-
diction shall be punished by a fine not to ex
ceed five hundred dollars and imprisonment not
to exceed six months for each offence.
Sec. 3. Ami be it further enacted, That any
such vessel as aforesaid which may enter the
Dorts or waters of the United States as afore-
said, having such aliens on board the same, J
:fc2 ! be name tor an costs aim cnarges incur ,
J . .1.. .... ..r- 4in Vi rrumis in tVii.ir rimin
reu in un? i.-iu.:. . ..... ... ...... ........ , . . .
tryt and all such costs 2d charges are hereby i 05 requiring tens of thousands of years to ac
declaredto be a lien on the sail vessel, and, in complish, which could not have taken place in
default of payment thereof, shall be liable TO ' jlie Ohort period of six thousand ear, i ii be-
cor fiscal ion. . '
vS,ff 4;. A!l'i tl further enacted, I hat ,t
shai be the duty of all consuls anc coiiiir.t rcml .
agents of the United States in foreign countries
to make diligent inquiry and examination into
such tflum, it any, as may be made hy the au-
thority OI tne country or pon ni '.hum inc
severallv reside, to send to the United States
the paupers and criminals of such country or
port, and to communicate such information
respecting such efforts as they may from time
to time obtain to the fctate uepanmein; imu n.
: ' . a. . -. j
shall further be the duty to examine tne proois
which mav be adduced to them by aliens, as au
thorized ill the second section of this act, and
to grant certificates only in such cas where
the testimony produced shall be clear and sat
istactory. ........ . , . .
du collectors of the vark)lis
And be it Jurlher enactca, inat n
rt3 f(f the United States to cause to be sent
liaeVr fr.im whence thev came all persons who
shall hereafter emigrate to the I nited States,
if over the a-.re of eighteen years, who shall fail
to exhibit to said collectors respectively, at the
ports where such persons may arrive, the certi
ficate of the consul or commercial agent, as
Sec. b". And be il further enacted, That
wilful and corrupt false swearing by any appli
cant or witness touching1 any matter or thing
sworn to oraffirme.l. under the provisiousof this
... -i , i p
. . . . ., t . j .....
act, snail he punishea as in o:ncr cases or per-
7 . - , ..... 3
Sec. 8. And be it futher enicted, 1 hat a I
acts and parts of acts of Congress conflicting wuh
.r . 1 k..oW
or contravening iuio uti are mm icj-v......
THE AGE OF THE WORLD.
A question of great importance with divines
: and men of science at the nresent lKat
; of ,he ae of our pW, d differ4.nt
j ch ' ' h . ' . . '
i cnanges wnich uac taken place upon it, as re-
ated ;n Genesis. One class contend that the
I , . . .
, different act3 or creation took rdace o-smv a
1 . . ,
of six solar days, and that all things were made
j 8ailds of je:rS j.rior to the first act recorded in
Genesis, that it had undergone vast ch
viirncni.i, ni.iv i . au undergone vast chan-'cs
and that it hud been Ion s in confusion a.A
- e. um commanu went
Was bereft of life, when the command went
'forth 'Let there be l.ht." This class al ),.
jlcve tjjat tne successive acts described in Gen-
. . . . . . ..
e,S1S took P'"10 ,n S1X common davs, furnishing
tie world with tne exact orders of cniort.ft?itfa.WrLh nmonrr.us. and irkoe.'in- alive." a-
t4herdestilefh--ATroTTier class believe ti:.t
f the successive acts of creation mentioned if,,
. . .
Genesis, took place in the exact onier there de-
but that instead of the days there
length-perhaps sixty thousand years This '
! ,,tter Jss etbrace If , t f !
latter c.ass embrace the greatest nuuibt r ofi
I., , . . T , . ;
; i learned geoiorist3 ana Uivines. in the last
! number of the Bibliotheca Sacra, the R-v.
j John 0. Means, of East Med war. Mass.. pre-
.... . . -i
! senla lis view3 at ' t ,
i 1.1 ,1 1 . .
'. ai,d ts4kt's lhe ,atlCr view of ,be qaestion,
i nnmr-K- ih:it ili ilr. ..,;.,.i :.. .u. . ...
I " "iiii.uui;! Ill IIIU 1113
f r, - -p . t .
eha titer .! uenesis. if inttnire cd u inn V
' d-fiiite ncrixL of fimr. wm.U
I US J " .-N...V. li
; science and th-: Si-riptures in every pnrticulir.
lie emj.Ioys stron,' arguments in favor of this
view of the q ics: ion. Thus, the sun, moon,
and stars, are said t, be created on the third
day, therefore, the t.vo previous clays could not
be one of our solar d iyj, embrcaing one revo
lution of the earth on its axis in twenty fjur
hours, with the sun to rule the day a;id the
.... ...1.. .1 l. TI
. - f .. a.
iin'in in luiu ine 111 i! 1. j in.
W '.irifiimanf w 1 -1
rt.,t -l,... .1 .
"u hc cause 01
I I f rT P...I . II... .. . . .- 1 rr
j f " BU" "tait-u. lie sees no
d'-nculty ,n tins. lie snys, "the material uui-
i:.r.. ... 4..I: K i . . i i ,
. hi .a mil ui ji"iii reaur 10 lie WorKed at
! auy W(irJ. Chemical action
on a vaster sc
,!, , , , p ii . . , . ,
111. .11 I11...1 I .III I lit 1U . ... ISIIII n .Inn ...... ...
ment. and floods of lii-ht
- I ...
.'ire poured forth.
Combustion is attended wiih li-ht as well as
heat' "It iiimv s.jund sti-.'.n.rH ' !... ......:
:e, ii m.'itMi savs.
' 't0 s.,v .,.,, ,i.
Ii 'ht is to be
found, not on the earth but
it. Tile wh ile !
'f the sun's rays n hich reach the enrih,
ered to a focus, would M.t he so ti.ffnsel v
jiuih mrt-P ..( ft... ,.i..i.
'1' n- . s..ns pruy
l"ril Wlun" lne crust ot tne earth, is a
!uI)t' '":re, at least two th.-Hand miles J.iiLtii--
sis by setting tip another.
tive prcofs of the earth being a crusted
ami another ot t te earth. Jlan s eves are con-
strutted to see objects only by a great quantity
vl u,"e ,W,,,i but 80,,,c 1"!asl!i ftni1
bare their eyes constructed to range the forest
and field by night as freely ns man doe3 during
dajf while during sun liht they can scarcely
we they have become nocturnal ;
roamers men-owls-thus showing that natu
ral light Delongs to our planet; the unceasing
throbbings of its particles produce continual
liht; this was the way, no doubt that light was
produced in the early days of the earth.
Hugh Miller brings forward some stiong ar-
guments in favor of the great use of our plan-
. nfl,i m4inl;nna - nnmiinr 11f,i;.0i !,.
lijved by those who adhrre to the s i!ar six days '
iro't.Ition of )Iie Gt.m.sU n8rra,ive ,,f the '
creatiou. Sir Ches Lvkix belieVes that it ;
must have taken G ,000 years to form the delta
of thp Mississippi, and 35,000 years for the Ni
agara river, to form its present channel from -
the fans to yueenstown. nearly an tne cm.- j
neut geo.og.s oeuee putney Ma;or Generai of the East Tennessee Militia,
they have facts to prove it, so strong, that they i vftcant hf the rpsi;rn!4t;.)n of Gen. Wm.
cannot be gainsayed. Mr. Means reasons i R CasweMj it"wiH le gratifying to his numer
strongly to prove that the meaning of the word j merous frjen3 in oH Roane, who are everreftdy
day in the first chapter of Genesis is an indefi- ra, nnA . . Pnj,.r(,i 'h dist.n-
lite period of timet and makt,s out a. Tery ;
6fr0 case ;n faVor of the world beni? perhaps j
a m'itt;.n n.n nf a to onwirniniT in tha Mosaic !
account 0f creation
Danville Raii.koap. The Danville Va
savs the bonds of this Road are selling very ra
pidly. The sales bad several days ago reached
the "sum of f 1111,000. mid they were still in
ib ii.nn.1 Tiixw rk then will sro on. and the
present ye ir will see the Railroad comple.
ted to Danville. i
5Qf 1 he know Nothings carried the muni-
cipal election at Wheeling, Va, on Monday.
J. PaCLL was chosen Mayor.
Lieut. Mackt has just received a new honor,
iu being elected an associate member of the
Royal Academy of Sciences, in Belgium.
! S- It was a fine touch of native humor, in
certain practical, jokers, to pull down the sign
Uur uoue, trom its p.ace uerore u g n
Itknn anil not it nn nvnr the crAVfiVard.
? -- - - -f
Frcin the New York Evening Post of Jenuarj 26th,
An Important Movement Developed.
Beware op Fore tux- Ixflckxce I- Our
readers will bear witness that this is a warning
with which the columns of the Evening Post
ore not familiar. We have never before indul?-
: ed in the pxnressinn nf n.r.v annphenoirn nf
i . j ....... . - v. - - J I I V
' dan fTPT from tho niton amiirr'iti.. t. t k.. TTnTtAil
rt w vuv -u ,,uii-iinnm vwbii vmreu
treated it as an important source of national
weal'h ana prospt-ntv.
But wc can no longer shut our eyes to the ex
istence of dangers from this source, which hith
erto we have deemed only worthy of a smile or
a sneer. The facts which have wrcucht this
n.,ln" lu "nr convictions we will now proceed
. l.rieny 1 1 state.
i W e have ascert .ined, to our entire aatisfac-
' I mil th.l Ihnru . .1 .. CAA.nt .. . , 1 . . . . . . ..
eveiv village in the Ur.ite
j enir:; ,ft(J if7 bandin toet
mysterious nencies in nearly
ited rratcs, now actively
.t. t -
; nou"tI..iH all the national prejudices midpre-
i "re,K'es political, so( .:;.! and religious, which
niej may nave orougnt wits tticm to our shores.
It seems to be the principal object, of this or
ganization to prevent alien residents from be
coming interested in and identified with the
American institutions and peoj.Ie. at:d from
P , T-'u "e?"-,,c
-9 U"r Wh'C,h ?
hlishin this result thev ipy
' , l 1 ...7 "V,
I'twLiu niiiiintru aiie;i!tiite l ir.e t;overn
were bom. Inaccom-
rlect no opportunity
i 01 iomenung tne most malignant antipathies
i a."d J?a sies in the breasts of alien residents;
they induce them to believe that thev will be
rued ot employment that their lives and
s. euUj,,,rr ,,T.yan secure ana mat tne.r cnurcues
,111 . 1 i 1 t
JvilM.e wrested trom them by the courts, or per-
naps burned hy mobs. The secret instruments
i . , .
j ol tins orjunizafion liavc secured prominent
positions in our legislative assemblies meas
ures of their devising occupv a very considera-
hie share ot the time of our representatives
its mem hers exert a powerful and often a con-
trolling tnfliieuce at our political meetings, aed j to assure the purpose of one intending to do
there aie those among them who do not dis ' justice to sav that talent has been displayed by
guise their exp.., tatio of eleva-ing one of their the B()!ird? " j do most earnestjy contend that
order to the Presidency at the next election. . . , . ... .
Rut. all their plans, as we hare before stated, ! ,l ,s ".ot' I10r (oes lt come Wlth,n ths 3c0Pe of
contemplate a separation of feeling and ,f in-j what is intended to be a slight tribute of re
forest between our native and foreign horn pop- spect to those to whom the writer feels indebt
iilation, and in furtherance of this object they ;
bill into the" United Sutes Senate, which is
"HI into the United .Vates senate, winch is
...... ,. . ., . ., ' .. , .
i oesiirneu 10 nmii tne nrivne.-'ps ot cii'zensnin
' I ........ - I
. t() rprsiKs who have resided in the country f.r
j a ptTiod of at least twenty one years. This
! ..tc..K.M... :. .. i .. .i . i.
i huiummhmi n novocaivn uiiou grouims ,
, ! of pretended patriotism, but no oiie who re-
. J.l 1 I
, uui " J'mi ii.-t iii.cnneiiiM ior a sne'ie moment
11 :. . .. ? I
, ,,,,, ()) svt
th- dnrker purpose which lii-s
; b.-hiii.l if:to blm! the firci.'ners iu'eth. r bv the
""'ifs of a comtn :i i ij istie, a id a eonim 'i pii
: vatnm, and at t!. S;nn.. ,,1(, , diminish, it not
li.strny, it!l i!ii.;r.-t . trw j.r.sper.tv ot th-ir
adapted coin t r v. Titev rettsoit rorrectlv. that
if tiie li;t!i' t:i::! on of er.rrants from the old
couutrv u iin h: j.iiMiiv k a home in the U-
ni'e I .jr:te. . re re( ;,reii to wait twenty one
leli.re ihi v were adowed a, iv influence in
msi'in tin.- !awfi to wh-ch they were required to
mbmd, or ih e.t:.er.din.' the revenues tovvr.rl3
they en required to contribute, in a
' !" 'f "-u' ers would become so
't n in or mtnst,
i. e.a,, iii moments notice.
iliis intoleraii!; or2an'ation. we havu good
reasott for believing, already numbers several
nundred thousand members. v hat renders it
the more dangerous, as well as disgraceful,- is ;
j disgraceful, 'is !
. r i . , , . , .
the fact that each member ts admitted under !
tho most solemn and impressive oaths to con
ceal not only its objects and doings, but the
names of all who belong to it.
Of the vast army who compose this Foreign
Legion, then? is not a soul who dares admit
that he is or ever was a member if it. Upon
this point they arc d imh, even under oath in j
our courts of just ii?e. Though it is well ascer- !
tained that members of this organization occupy
sei; in both branches of the United States
Congress and in nearly every Statj Legislature
in the republic, we are not aware o a single
instance in which unv member of the order has
SCe how any person could submit for any worthy
' . .- ' J J
or honorable purpose
We presume what we have disclosed of their
proceedings will satisfy our readers that what
ever their purposes may be. the result which
thev are laboring to accomplish are most mis
chievous; that they arf at war with the spirit of
our institutions and wiih the true interests of
our country. whi?h depends in a very great de
gree upon the contributions of imported labor
We must content ourselves to day with thus
briefly directing attention to this mysterious
and formidable enemy, which, in animpenetra
l.'n d!i":' is distributed amon? onr people
like Spanish bri-ands at a Mavpole f-sttval,
ready ,.t the fi-st si o. d of their commander to
. i. ,.,fi..i i i oi tlm r.plvJlotTPQ ind
If C(lL Davi1, IL CfMMiXGS will permit bis
nnme tQ b? Rg ft can(li,iate for the office of
h d . Cem) GcrMs blo0(3y
ICE vvixii OF A mi.i.. a rrencn ouicer ,
near Sebnstoivd was knocked down bv the wind I
rr tt? T t T"? 1 it
of a cannon ball, and received a shock so se-
vere r.s to cause a paralysis of the tongue, pre
venting his speech. He was restored by re
peated shocks of electricity. Exchange.
The above is certainly a singular case so far :
ns relates to the effect produced, and the means
by which the French officer was cuied, but the ;
! w,na 01 il ,,a" nas Pr,,"- "nous em cts .
l,efbre. Sir Gilbert. Blano mentioned an in- i
stance which occurred in a battle in the West;
; Indies, of a ball passing close to the stomach;
i r ., , , . - , . .
Uu a sailor and pioducing mstar.t death;and an-
ol,er man in the same ship was prostrated from
; a jj cause, and remained fur a long time with- ;
out sense or motion. In the eniragemeut be- I
tween the American and British fleets on Lake
Champlain, in 1814, Capt. Downie
officer, while animating his men. fell dead in
j 0 , ,
It Snowt. s
feT MRS. S.4RAI1 S. S0CWKLL.
' It snowsl and lips are wreathed in smi!t3,
And rosy cheeks are plowing,
And young hearts throb with glad delight,
For 01 at last 'tis snowing I -
It snow?, and brighter flash the eye
Of each fuir village maiden,
As visions float before her mind,
Of gliding s!eih3 well laden.
It snows! and toys are tossed away
This is no time for playing;
And merry voices gayly cry
0, we shall go a aletgh'iiI
It snows! and troops of noisy boys
From school are homeward lieing,-
With laugh and shout and glad hurrah,
And snow-balls thickly flying. .
ii snows! it snowsi ana youwiiii.eartii
r' -ire HUttd. with joy ami gladttiss la
Would that the snows of wintry age
Could know as little sadness!
Shiloh, Dec, 1854.
From the Joneshoro' Journal and Visitor.
ss-s. Editors: After reading the excel
lent report, of the chief Engineer and Presi
dent of the E. T. & Va. Railroad it will be
seen that the ultimate success of this great work
is certain. The question very naturally arises
! to one inclined to do justice, to whom are we
j indebted for an enterprise the blessings of
; wMch are to be so creat. to us the reonle of
L'ennessee. The management displayed
' 1 . 1. T 1 .1
i J the JJoard warrant us in the assertion, that
i .. .. . . ' .
there ha3 been no ordinary degree of talent
and energy displayed in the financial part of
,. . ,r , , , . .
i tbls FeAt work' But 1 woulJ askt " enouSh
" wasi 3irs ll,t,e 8,,ort of martyrdom that
t,i.i,. i. i i.. .t. v..
m iwii iu uuuu. iuc :riuur iub e-
cured the charter in the first place, and when
! ,hal one act c.l!n, 9 t0 be un&t!tooi as it will, it
no'.ih of itself to send a thrill of joy
i lhrftl:'ll ti. iil:il ill Ptforr l.iit. lunrntejuan ni.ll
, - r - - ---j -
make him proud that Tennessee could produce
such men, since that time, no sacrifice on
their part has been spared, and you are to re
collect that this was no New England to build
a road such as this, through. The facts in the
outset of this work you might compute about
as fd'.o.vs. There wa3 about one half the peo-
pie this road was to benefit, in favor of the pro-
ject, which is a very liberal calculation, then
; strike off one half as objecting to the present
i i,,, ancj y0l, niive one fourth left to build
' , J ' f ,
-y-vp---- - .-
- '.Dka' tiiWOtrectors
-.tr; '"c.eiy iifrfe this, body hat made not
only shows wisdom but the purest patriotisin--they
have been peculiarly fortunate in the se
lection of a chief Engineer and their phi'a'.thrc-
... i.., . , i :i - i .t.
l-'T I. co I 1. 1 in . ilJiiu'iiui' iii.ili i.i p i
rJ . .
circKmterence of JJo-lurs and cents, lueirs ,
K . 1. ....... ilm ..... nal.!At!jm tVU-a tti..i(. '
1IC13 ... en in. puiuob 'abl IVUJUli ulii; .l.l.
liberality was touched they pledged the last cent.
That their action have been disinterested will
be seen by the fact that many of them have al-
ready lived out their score and long before they
ca be re, by the profits of the road the
clods of the valley will be resting upon them.
Then for one would I like to seethe statute
of the noble President of this company hewn
from the finest marble by tlie most polished
sculptor and placed on some commanding em
inence of his own adopted H ashiugton, togeth
with each member of the Board. This must
be done. These gentlemen are entitled to and
will receive no common marks of our esteem
and gratitude. ScLLivijr.
A PERSIAN PRECEPT.
Forgive thy foes. nor that alone;
Their evil deeds with good repay;
Fill those with joy who love thee none,
Aud kiss the hand upraised to slay.
So docs the fragrant sandal bow,
In meek forgiveness to its doom;
And o'er the axe, at every blow,
Shed iu abundance rich perfume.
EST A correspondent of the AshevilIe(N. C.)
Spectator, writing from Raleigh, says: The
French Broad Railroad bill has passed the
House, as you have heard, by a vote of 68 to
27, and its prospects in the Senate are good.
E concession that could be asked by the
friends of the Central Road was made. The
gauge of our Road from Asheville to the Paint
Rock is to correspond with the Central Road,
and in case the State should wish it, this Road
is to be taken at par value, and become a part,
of the. Western extension. These terms, in
addition to others found in the bill, will make
our Road, in the opinion of a majority of those
. . , j
formed on the subject, of great and de
the Central Road. The
bill introduced into the Senate by Mr. FfSiIEB
for extending ths Central Road West, after va
rious imeiidments and modifications, passed its
lust reading in the Senate to day; by a vote of
32 to 16. It provides to extent! ..est irorn a
point at or near Salisbury, to some point in the
g where it atop3 fl,r
e Prcae '
. . .;..,..,.: r:
We regret to learn from the Linci.iriati ua
zefe 0f MomJay, that the health of Mrs. Harri
goy (the widow of President UABRrso.v,) was
fuiling aain. She was then not as well as she
wa a fortnight previous.
J.It Ii stalW ID UEO. -'"
K.n htisettr;. was dressed in au eniira uii oi -
merican Manufactures on the otcaaion
The tate Scene lu CongTf a.
The late scandalous scene in Congress; curs
ing, giving the lie. and a regular fight in that
body, has prepared ns hereafter, to submit with
meekness to anything that foreigners may say
of the uncivilized and savage character of oar
Americans. We have heretofore felt deep in
dignation when such scenes occurred, even
though the actors in them wre publicly repri
manded for their conduct. But this last out
rage has addJ the last drop to the cup' of bit
terness. Indignation has given place to- the
most profound humiliation and raortifieation.--In
what deliberative body in the world, except
in France during . her revolutloniry frenzy,
could such a scene occur, ns that which, in tha
j American Congress, has lately disgusted and
I nauseated a wronged and ovtra'Ted antionf
V . . . 7 I .
i mvic n i.u iiiv ucvuiuiu ju uiirmity w, un.-
iah Parliament, without grief and pain. Not
long ago, one of the speakers in the House of
Lords referred to a statement of his opponent
as "a misrepresentation." Even this was
harsh and unusual in that assemblage. "Tb
noble lord," said one of the speakers, who fol
lowed him, "has characterterized a statement
made here as a misrepresentation. Misappre
hension is the word in use among gentlemen."
Place by the side of this the recent outrage in
Congress: "You are a liar," "you are a d - d
liar," and the actual blows, a regular pugilistic
encounter, and other members hurrying up,
some of them anxious to take a pait in the row,
and none of them, so far as any public action
has been taken on the subject, seeming to think
that the reputation and dignity of their country,
lay trampled in the dust.
We confess that, after this, when the story of
our shame shall be trumpeted through Europe,
when even the Russians look upon us as a less
civilized people than themselves, we shall feel
as if there were some warrant for the disparag
ing idea, and that we have no right to be offen
ded with those who bring the charge. Still it
is unjust and unfounded. ThcM men are not
the representatives of American intelligence and
decorum. Tne same House of Representatives,
when Ci.at and Stevenson' were speakers, was
a dignified and respectable body. Our people
have certainly not retrogaded in civilization.
In the private intercourse of gentlemen, at
least in the Southern States, there is as much
courtesy aud urbanity as in the most refined
circles in the old World. We are not savages;
the North American Indians are not yet in pos
session of the continent, even though barbari
ans have possession of the capital.
What is to be the remedy? We knoT not.
Obviously, the two offene'ers ought as a matter
of course, to be at once expelled from Congress.
A mere anolorv for such an outrao will not
t ntnn fir th? i'Z-r. i .j:... .-..t
will heal the injury inflicted upon the reputa
tion of the country. But this will not be done,
and, no pen ilty being attached to such trans
gressions, we may expect a recurrence of like
scenes at any time. We shall not Le surprised
her n'ter a; a ythin pti,h members ofCongres
may do. If they choose to get up a general
melee every day in the week, or to commit any
other atrocity unheard of before in a represen
tative body, they may do it with the assurance
they will astonish nobody. Nevertheless, they
have done more, but such scenes as that be
tween Laxe and Fabi.et, to bring republican
government in general contempt, and . make
the name of America an object of derision and
scorn throughout the world, than all the hired
foreign tradueers of Ameiienn character and
institutions coul I evf r have tff c ed. Dispatch
Roman Catholicism aud Xatlvlsm.
It will be ascertained whether or not the Ro
man Catholic church is tolerant, by the expec
tpd debate in the United States Senate on Mr.
Uxderwood's resolutions providing for the re
ligious freedom of American citizens in foreign
countries, and the result on the Pope and Car
dinals. Gen Cass has moved that next Mon
day be assigned for the consideration of tfc
subject and the motion has been agreed to.
A resolution to amend the Constitution of
the State of New York was offered on the 8th
ult., in the Assembly, and laid over under the
rule. It is as follows:
"That the following amendment to the first
section of article second of Constitution of
the State of New York be altered by striking
out the first sentence of said seetion, compris
ing the following words: 'Every male citizen of
tbe age of twenty one years,' and insert as fol
lows, in place thereof: 'Evert male of ths age
of twenty one years who shall have been born
a citizen of the United States of America, or
who shall have been a resident of the United
States of America for the full term cf twen
Amending the constitution is rather a alow
process now a-days. In order to co so, t-
amendment must pass each louse by i majori
ty of all the members elected, then lie over un
til the next l egislature, to which Senators ara
elected, is chosen, jriss each house of the new
Legislature b a majority in each, and theo.
be submitted to the people, when, if it grtj a
majority of the vot cast, it becomes a part or
the Constitution. Thus from three to fouryears
will j'mpse from the proposition to the eonsura
ation. It is stated that Mr. nocsrox, chairman of
the committee of ways and means in the U. S
House of Representatives, is about to propose
a redaction of 20 per cent, from the ratea es- .
tablished by the tariff of 1846. This would,
change the schedule to 80. 32, 24, 20, 16, 12, 8
and 4 per cent, instead of 100, 40, 30, 25, 20,
15. 10 and 6 as now eitablished. A few im
portant transfers are made in the classification,
which, of course, will prove exceptions to this
uniform reduction. Silks, which nw pay 25,
will be included in the 24 per cent, list; linens
i nd blanket will pay 20, as at present Wool,
u i n i'.ufictured, will be classed eltherin ths 8
or-4 per ceuu schedule, instead of 30, as (
,Jul McCLUWG COLLECTION -
LAWSON -McGHEE LtBRARY
KNOX VI LLC, TENNESSEE