Newspaper Page Text
BY I. W. & S. B. O'BRICX.
FEBRUARY, 14, 1S55.
14th of February.
In accordance with an ancient custom, this
day is to be celebrated in honor ofSu Valextixe,
by our "youth and chivalry," at the residence
of Mrs. Carmichakl. A wa at our elbow,
says that the word "chivalry" is "admirably
in place and happily used"in the above connec
tion, it will carry a wheelbarrow of pleasant
anticipations to the minds of quite a respectable
corps of elderly young men, who would be ex
cluded from the festivities except under that
head." Luck's a fortune, after all.
Ray David Ma key Esq has retired from the
editorial" chair of the Murfreesboro Telegraph
and R. S. Northcott Esq, has taken charge
of that papc r.
t2f" The rail road bridge at this place is
now nearly completed, and will soon be ready
for the track laying:; the spans are all up, and
the work is steadily progressing, notwithstand
ing the difficulty of obtaining a sufficiency of
lumber.' The road between this and Knoxville
is nearly all praded, and two or three miles of
track down. We see also that the work on the
E. T. k Va. road is progressing finely, and
the Company expect to have the first section
of forty miles, ready for the cars shortly aftr
the E. T. & Ga. road is completed to Knoxville.
fiy Prof. Cook will meet his Music Class
on next Thursday and Friday evenings.
The lliwassee Presbytery of the C. P.
Church meets at Concord, Knox county, on the
2d of March next.
jgS? See the advertisement of Abraham Coop
er & Co. proprietors of the Iron Rolling Mill at
this place. The iron manufactured by these
gentlemen is certainly of a good quality, and
they deserve necessary encouragement of the
public to enable them to make the enterprise
pay them something for their trouble and the
heavy expense to which they are subject.
Bowman's Ferrt, on the Tennessee River
has been again opened for the accommodation
of the travling public.
3 At a Temperance Meeting in Cleveland,
m the 5lh inst., D. C. Kexxer, Rev. W. E.
Caldwell and Jos. McCoxxell, were appoint
ed Delegates to the Temperance Convention, to
convene in Nashville, on the 22d inst.
S&" The Cincinnati Price Current says
Wheat is scarce and in demand at $1:60; Yel
low Corn COc. to 65c; Flour $6:90 to $3:15;
We find the annexed letter in the Virginian,
which w3 permitted to copy it by consent of
Abinrdon Division No. 97 Sons ofTcm. The
letter was beautifully illustrated with a donation
&fTxjkjrarj Sri tewH pjeeraJUJlfes',
in the munificence of the following lines:
Abixcpov, Feb. 5, lr?5.".
Mr. Brov-nli.tr: Sik: Permit me, through
you to present to the Abingdon Division Sons
of Temperance the inclosed small dffhation.
My sex are debarred the privilege of active
duties in your benevolent Order, but we are not
denied the privilege of aiding its onward march
by our prayers, our counsels and our means.
Knowing that peculiar difficulties surround the
Order at this time many desertions and great
temptations I deem it a privilege to thus con
secrate a portion of what God has given me
to the furtherance of the rood cause; more
particularly as I have experienced in person and
in family the holy influence of your priiteipW.
With the kindest wirhes for your prosperity,
permit tne to subscribe myself Your friend,
J$aT The Charleston Courier says the stock
f Bacon is light, but there is, at the same
time no demand for the article quoted; Hams
6 to 15; Shoulders 6 to 6?; Sides 71 to 8c. In
Flour there is no change, demand, limited,
worth $9 to $9:50;Corn,country is selling at $1
05; to $1.10 including sack.
The bill chartering the Willmington
and Charlotte Railroad Company has passed its
third reading in the N. C. Senate by a vote of
29 to 15, and is now a law.
The work on Grace Chcrch in this
place is now finished and services were held
there on last Sabbath. It is beautifully plas
tered and famished in a manner by no means
discreditable to those under whose charge it
has been erected.
We learn that the Members of Tennes
see Lodge, No. 20 1, Free and Accepted Ma
eons are about to take charge of the education
al interests of this place for the purpose of es
tablishing a School with Male and Female de
partments, in which a liberal course of Eng
lish education will be taught, embracing the
languages. Here, now, is a chance for some ca
pable, energetic and reliable man to get a pood
situation; for there is not the least doubt in our
mind that such a school if properly, conducted,
aside from the vast amount of good to the
country, would yield a sufficiency to build up
and sustain a good school.
tQU In Nei Orleans on the 3d in;!,. 20.000
lbs. dry salted Bacon, in casks, were sold at oj
cents ft hog round; 15,000 lbs. Shoulders in
bulk at 4$c, and 15,000 fts. at 4c.
The new Steam Boat now being built at
this place, for the coal trade, begins to show
her dimensions We hope soon to see her
The up Mail train on the W. & Atlantic
road failed to make the usual conuexton with
the E. T. & Ga. road at Dalton, on Monday.
Such is the press of business in this
place, that, should it increase, another day will
V have to.be added. torte-week to enable our bus-, St. Louis of $1 , .38'J,000j one from Philadelphia j river, in the direction of Missouri; with Louis
. incss reea to get through. J Mint of $125,000. Tille.!' Citci'.Dati, and with Knoxville.
Our next Governor Hon. A. G. IVatklns.
From the "Daad ridge Herald."
A writer in the -"Nashville True Whig" of
the 2d instact, proposes the name of the Hon.
A. G. Watkixs, of this county, (Jefferson.) as
& candidate of the Whig Party for Governor, at
our next August election. Col. Watkins'name
inthii section of East Tennessee, lias been re
peatedly used in connection with that impor
tant contest, and wo have heretofore refrained
from any expression npon this subject, fearing
that we mi ht be accused of sectional partiali
ty in his favor. But as his claims have- been
brought before the public from a different di
vision cf the State, and through the columns of
a reliable and excellent Journal, we feel no hes
itancy, as an honest journalist in declaring that
it is our candid conviction he is the most relia
ble and safe politician that has yet been pre
sented by any Journal in the State, for that re
sposible and ardurous trust.
With a due appreciation of the motives of
our brethren of the Press, who have presented
the other distinguished gentlemen, we believe
they will concede, that hi probably has not a
superior, as a candid, able and eloquent stump
dehator in the State, that he wields a greater
degree of positive and popular strength, than
any other man in East Tennessee, and that in
the approaching canvass it may and probably
rjU be -absolutely essential, that some one from
East Tennessee, should meet Mr. Joiixsox.
As a Whig he is bold, energetic and uncom
promising, notwithstanding, a contrary opinion
has occasionally been propagated by a few par
ty hacks, who dreaded, but could not overcome
his wonderful and worthy influence with the
people. In the contest for President, his social
duties and resposibilities were such that he
did not, and could not without vio'ating every
duty of a domestic character, enter warmly
into the contest, although he was in favor of,
and did vote for Gen. Scott. If he was the
bosom friend, and desired earnestly the nomi
nation of Mr. Fillmore in preference to Gen.
Scott and was mortified that Scott was nom
nated, where is there an honest, faithful and
consistent Whig at this day, who will say, that
in this he was wrong?
We earnestly desire to have an interview with
Col. Watkixs, before laying his claims before
the public, and know his sentiments in relation
to this contest: and although we cannot from
any intimation which we have received from
him, or his friends, conjecture how he will treat
the calls, yet like Cincinnati , we doubt not
that the liberal and enlightened spirit of devo
tion to friends country, which he hfis always
manifested, will prompt him to assume the
robes of that hard political struggle willingly.
And if he doe?, such a complimentary anil
overwhelming majority has not been given to
any candidate for Governor of Tennessee since
1810, as will be cast fur our worthy and dis
tinguished friend A. G. Watkixs.
In conclusion we will say, that far above
others, heretofore mentioned, he stands unim
peached and unimpeachable as a "'clean rec
ord," and consistent whig. He is unexcep
tionable to any sectional party, or parties. His
high moral character which i? without a blot or
stain, will forcibly and irresistiolv entitle him
t the confidence a
sire V- - - 'T'li H-i'd-i
w ho de
le, far !
k ! rTr. tf
ot tin? Cap;:;'', in
i. ''" th .1.1 p -:ik
f;;ct tl at ike
n. -, r i!.v. head oi
' ive been
conir;ir ?ors for
dresstng anu acUmg the marble, now have on
their rolls two hundred and sixty four marble
cutters, of whom one hundred are carvers.
Their work, owing to its richness and beauty
excites deserved admiration.
The Beautiful Marble for the interior of the
wings or addition to the Capitol; is, a corres
pondent informs us, obtained in Hawkins coun
ty. East Tennessee, where inexhaustible quan
tities of the material is found, line as the so
much admired specimens in the Washington
National Monument. It is, in fact, si plentiful,
thai not uiifreqtienlly pavmenis, fences, and
chimneys are made of it, in that section of the
State This beautiful marble, according to the
opinion of those who ouht to know, would be
worth, in this city, and farther north, en dollars
a cubic foot; not only on account of its appear
ance but susceptibility of the highest polish.
Western and Atlantic Railroad.
From the following letter, which has been
. i , e ... .. i - i .,i
handed us for pubheahon, says the .Naslmlle
Luwn, it will be seen that the loss of the E
towah bridge will occasion no delay in travel,
and but a delay of twenty four hours in freight:
Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 3, 1855.
Dear Sir: The loss of our long bridge at
Etowah, will have the effect only of delaying
freights twenty four hoiirs, and advancing rates
5 cents per 100 pounds: both of which combin
ed, we hope, will not lose us the spring trade of
your merchants. Every exertion will be used
to maintain a regular transmission of freight
fortunately we had an ample rolling stock west
of the bridge at the time of its conflagration.
Respectfully, Jas. F. Cooper, Sup't.
V. K. Stevexsox, Pres't N. & C R. R.,
The following gentlemen have been appointed
Directors for the Branch Bank of Tennessee, j
at Athens, for the current year: !
Mc Min n count if W m . II . R a l l e w. J a s . C .C a n -!
lock, Joseph- McCcli.ey, Jxo. McMaiiox, W. j
G. Hortox. Jxo. McGauuey. W. Mayfi-ei-h. i
R. M. Fisheb.
Knox J. C. Ramsey.
lioane S. T. Turxer.
Rhea D. E. Gillespie.
Meigs Caleb Moore.
Polk-- w. J. Hughes.
Bradley Wm. Gra xt.
Hamilton Lewis Sseppard.
Monroe Jxo. Ramsey.
U. S. Treasury By a statement from the
Treasury department it appears that the net
amount in the different depositories, subfect to
the draft of the United States Treasnry, on the
29th of January, 1855, was $21,947,123 39; of
which sum there was in the depository at Wash
ington, $49,199 13; Boston, $3,543,523 95; New
York, $,682,315 91; New Orleans, 835,896 58;
St Louis, $4,356,095 52; Baltimore, $63,026
36; Richmond, $15,6 10, 60; Norfolk, $22,697 :
23; Wilmington N. C, $17,415 46; Cincinnati. :
Ohio, $25,079 41; and at Phlidelphia Mint, $3, ;
085,S54 16: Among the transfers ordered, was'
...... r. v... v,..t- i ah iiorm. r-,.,
Railway Review South-West. -
From Cincinnati Railroad Record.
The South Wost comprehends Kentucky,
Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Missouri, Ar
kansas, Lousiana, and Texas, one of the largest
portions of the Union, and rapidly increasing.
Its demands for railways are very great; yet,
there has been less railway progress in these
states, than in any other. The reasons are ob
vious. The immense territory occupied by
these states is thinly inhabited, and except in
Rinal! sections, has little snrplus wealth. A
great nnmber of railways however, have been
begun, especially in Tennersee, and Missouri,
where the respective states have granted aid.
Some of these roads are actively progressing;
but if the commercial depression continues, it
will take some years to finish them. The fol
lowing is the present condition of railways in
these states, viz:
1. Ok Kentucky. In Kentucky, there has
been much more talk than work, m the wy cf
railroads. This i3 principally owii.g to the
fact, that this state, unlike Virginia, Missouri,
Tennessee, S. Carolina, or Georgia, has granted
no state aid to railways. And unlike the North
ern Stacts, has no such density of population,
and nianufacturingestablishments, as will cre
ate capital and business for railways, without
state aid. The slate has been governed, in re
lation to its public improvements, by the "pen
ny wise and pound foolish policy." The con-
sentience is, Kentucky is the least progressive
of all the western state. With n mneraU$ljUthn Missi9si ppi A x
Wealth, which can scarcely be estimated; wirh ftst Feliciana........ ..26 "
a targe nouy oi icruie lanus, ana witn a water
navigation, and water power, beyond almost any
state, it anffers these resources to waste for
want of commercial enterprise, r.nd is content
to see other states surpass it on every side.--Its
COMPLETE. IX PKOURESS.
Louisville and Lexing-
ton 97 mi!e3.
. 47 "
. 36 "
. 45 "
Covington and Lexing
ton : 93 " .
Maysville and Lexing
ton " .
Lexington and Big
Sandy " .
Lexington and Dan
ville " .
Louisville and Nash
ville " .
Maysville and Big San
Nashville and Hender
son " .
Louisville and Cincin
Mobile and Ohio
Roads 11 190 miles Gil miles.
There are many other roads in Kentucky
contemplated; but we have put down only those,
which seem to ba uitd .-rtaken with some prob
ability of success.
The road from Paris to Lexington is includ
ed in the Covington and Lexington.
The Lexington and Big Sandy road h pro-
On, the Lexington and DanciUc road, the
largest portion ot the work is done.
The Henderson road is progressing very well
The Louisville and Nashi ills line is reported
to be in progress.
The Mobile and Ohio in Kentucky, has a
very large portion of its work already done.
Kentucky needs and must have, four great
First, A line from Paris or Lexington to
Knoxville, Tenn., so as to complete the Great
Central line, connecting Covington at the Ohio
river, with all the south, via. Knoxville.
The continuation cf the
r :TT1 1 . v l. ..: 1 .
1 l3ltIU, .1 VTli I HIT. rt i; w n - rn., - - .
Fourthly, A great East and Wen Liri-,ir.-.
the Mississippi river through Lexington to the
Biv Sandy. ,
Parts of afl these lines are made; but Ken
tucky is slow to move, and takes a generation
to complete anything. Si;e should icakc ),and
coin her iron, coal, salt, and soil into gold.
2. Or1 Texxessee. Tennessee is the most
various, and in some respects, the best st.'ite in
the Unimt. She unites the north, the west, and
the south ali in herseif, and has a climate which
passes from Alpine snows to tropical heats;
from rats and heans, to cotton and tobacco;
:'nnn mountains of iron to alluvals of corn.
This state, so great by nature,has begun to take
a lively interest in hi-r own welfare, and is mov
ing ahead very rapidly. The copper mines ri
val those of Lake Superor: her corn competes
with that of Ohio; and Memphis, with her cot
ton bales, begins to think herself the Metropolis
of the Lower Mississippi.
Tennessee has recently granted slate aid to
the amount of $10,000 per mile for iron; and
from Si 00.000 to 5300,000 each per bridge
j ovr '. r,v?ra- "er creau is good, and tins
a in wot prooaoiy cnaoiy ner 10 complete un ine
; raiI wavsIwhith 3wlljJa tJ le complett in a rea.
j sonable time. Some twenty or more charters
j for railways have been granted, under which,
lhe companies formed may claim the state aid.
Some of these, we believe, are not vet underta
KP 1. t I . 111 V. I II' I M' i:ivf sin? Kiiriw furrp
i ah r...i.:.i i l. i..i
, jn-e comprehended in the pHowin list:
j complete. IX PEOGRUSS.
! Nashville and Chatta-
,151 miles miles.
Western and Atlantic. 10 ...... "
Eri.-it Tennessee and
Georgia 82 " 29 "
Memphis and Charles
ton: 63 " 4iJ "
Shelbyville Branch 8 " " "
Mobile and Ohio " 1181 "
Nashville and North
Western " 160
East Tennessee and
Virginia " 125 '
Nashville and Hender
son 45 "
Blue Ridge " 125 "
Nashville and Louis
ville " 35 "
Nashville and Mem
phis.... " 225 "
McMinnville and " 25 "
Nashville and Cincin
nati -r " 45 "
South Western " 83 "
Winchester and Ala
bama " 35 "
Cumberland Gap, Cin
cinnati and Charles
ton " 60 u
Aggregate 17 roads.. .314 " 1,154 "
There ar? several roads in East Tennessee,as
there are in Kentucky, aiming to make a con
nection between the South and Cincinnati; but
we have put down but one in each state, as it
is not probable more than one will be construc
ted to accomplish the same purpose. It will be
seen, from the above list of railways, in Ten
nessee, that there are three great systems in
1. To ro'inpet Mpmnriii! n ia Knnlli nrttl.
Charleston, S. C, or the East with Nashville
and the railways that will centre there, and on
the North with Louisville and Cincinnati.
2. To connect Nashville, radiaiinn on every
.-.Am ; ri i..t.. i i.; .i. f:: J-
3. To connect Knoxville with Charleston,
with the Virginia system, with Cincinnati, and
with Georgia. There wiil be, in Tennessee,
three great centres of railways, corresponding
with the three natural divisions of the state.
Reside thtse, there is a North and South lino
to be made through McMinnville, connecting
Cincinnati with Pensacola, which will be equal
in importance to any in the State.
3. Op Alabama. Th-3 following are the
line3 finished or undertaken in this state, viz:
complete, in progress.
Montgomery and West
Point 88 miles miles.
Alabama and Tennes
Memphis and Charles
Alabama and Florida..
Alabama .and Missis-
Mobile and Ohio 62
Aggregate 6 road... ..249 u .
The Ohio and Mobile Rond, really the Ion-1
. : ii. .. it u. i -. . ' i. I
jltai in i uk j . o: uirsou une tine, now iijijh unfil
es completion, and although but a short dis
tance in Alabama, is of immense importance to
The next srreat line will be the one which is
to connect Pensacola with Cincinnati, and will
run nearly through the centre of the state, in
the general direction of the Alabama river, and
striking near the great bend of the Tennessee.
4. Of Mississippi Rauxoaps.
complete. ix progress.
Vicksbursr and Jack
son 4b miles.
Raymond Branch 7
New Orleans and Jack
Mobile and Ohio
7 Roads 103
The Ohio and Mobile ha3
iU greatest link
in this state; skirting almost its entire western
The New Orleans and Jackson will connect
New Orleans with the heart of this state.
The Central will run through the best cotton
region of Mississippi.
The Sonthern Mississippi wiil run east and
west, connecting the Mississippi river with the
heart of Alabama.
5. Of Loi'isiaxa.
COMPLETE. IX PROfiRESS.
Carrollton 6 miles miles.
Clinton and Port Hud
New Orleans and Jack
son 77 "
New Orleans and Ope-
lousas " 175
-UCAICUII UUU fcl
r: nir tt "
Roads 6 138 " 175 "
New Orle'ans relying too much on the Mis
sissippi river for its commerce, has lost twenty
years of growth,by not commencing soon enough
a railroad system. She is now concious of that
fact; but must work hard and long to redeem
6. Of Missouri.
Hanuibal and St. Jo
Pacific (Kansas) 60
Pacific (South West)...
Affrre?ate Roads 5. ...60 " ...
All theee roads have received state aid, and
will unquestionably be comp'eted in reasonable
time. In all probability, the Pacific Kansas
1 route, v. ill be one of the routes adoped for the
i .1 ? i, .Mississippi to the Pacific
e - miles.
Fort Smith and
Aggregate Roads 3.... , u ...
Arkansas is in its .infancy, as to rai!roads;but
the above roads' have a large amount of lands
appropriated, a.i well as town and country sub
scriptions. There is no reason why they should
not go on to completion.
8. Of Texas. The state of Texas, owning
the vacant lands in the state, has made most
liberal grants to whoever will undertake the
construction of railways there. There are more
than twenty charters grmted for different routes,
giving from ten to twenty sections per mile.
There are only three or four of these charters
taken up, with the promise of success. They
are as follows, viz:
complete, ix progress.
Ilarrisburg and Brazos miles 73miles.
Galveston and Red
River " 67 "
Henderson and Burk-
ville " 100
Pacific " 700
Ajrjrre'rnte Roads 4.... "
The grant to each of these roads, f nd numer
ous others, is eight sections (5120 acres) per
mile. The grant to the Pacific Company is 20
sections per mile. This charter is claimed to
be held by the Walker and King Company.who
have commenced operations; but the legality of
that contract ii yet underminded.
The following is the summary of railways in
the south wcat:
STATES. ROARS. COMPLETE. IX PROGRESS.
Kentucky 12 190
Tennessee.. ..17 299
Alabama 6 244
Mississippi... 7 93
Louisiana 6 61
Missouri 5 60
miles 641 miles.
" 1,164 "
" 474 1 "
" 629 '
" 248 "
" 410 "
" 895J "
" 940 "
Roads.. .59 652
It will be seen, that in the south west.
great body of railroads are yet to be completed.
The Tennessee and Missouri are quite sure to
be completed; being aided largely by the states
and these states being in high credit, notwith
standing the financial difficulties of the times.
the mads in the west and south west will be
completed, with very few exceptions, and will
present a good result, of which he world has
nereioiore uau uu eaumiui;.
B, The Washington Union elaborately de
fends the Central Ameftcan Expedition, and
intimates pretty clearly that it has nothing to
fear from governmental interference.
BgA- Capt. Hcdgix of Chattanooga, was re
cently very deliberately promoted to the rank
Nomixatiox of U. S. Sexator Wiscoxsix.
Charles Dcrkek, Esq., was nominated as the
Republican candiate for U. S. Senator, by the
Legislature of Wisconsin.
Re-Electios of Sewabd. In the Legisla
ture of New York, on Tuesday, on the vote for
the election of U. S. Senator, the result was as j effort was made to stop the flames by blowing
follows: up a portion of th? bridge, bnt it failed.
In the Senate Seward 18, Dickinson 5,Wm. "This was the longest and most costly bridge
T.Allen 2, and five others 1 each; House Se-, n the road, it3 length being 1920 feet, and its
ward 69, Dickinson 14, Seymour 13, Hunt 7 original cost atout oue hundred thousand -doh-and
11 scattering. ;lars."
Scorn not the slighest word or deed,
Nor dream it void of power;
There's fruit in each wind wafted seed,
Waiting its natal bower.
A whispered word may touch the heart,
And call it back to life;
A look of love bid in depart,
And still unholy strife.
No acts falls fruitless; none can tell
How vast its powers may be,
Nor what result unfolded dwell
Within it silently.
Work and despair r.ot, give thy mite,
Nor care how small it be;
God is with all that serve the right,
The holy, true, and free.
Shall nuips and sentences and these paper bullets
of tbe brain, awe a maj from the career of his htimor?
Much Ado about Xothin.
A proper regard for the opinions of others is
but a just tribute to our common humanity
with them an undue regard, is a slavish hom
age to it. As thrift, too closely followed, is an
other name for miserliness, and generosity in
its extremes, for prodigality, so here there is a
divine line, preceptiblu to every understanding,
though sometimes not easily described, between
the right and the wrrr.g. Where you can fol
low the opinions of your fellows, without im
pairing your own manliness, impugning the
judgment God has given you as well as them,
or violating the verdict of conscience, which
must be a jury in every case between your
temptations and your sense of right,it is best to
do 30, not as men pleasers, but as seeking
harmony with, and influence for good, over
But where just evidence is shown you that
the course they follow, and your path do and of
right should diverge, pursue your own way on
ward, despite every jeer. Ridicule is potent,
scaring the strong man, and bending the will
of kings. It is because a happy "hit" is often
unanswerab'e,even by a good argument, every
man's comprehension is omnivorous of the ridic
ulous, while good reasons are digestible only to
a few. Men wiil devour the former, as a child
will candy, at any hour in the day, and under
any circumstances, and it wiil quite as effec
tually spoil their appetite for sober argument.
'Mammon winshia way where seraphs might despair.'
A happy sarcasm will uonquor its, though the
utmost forces of reason fail.
But this should not be bo, when the interests
of truth are concerned, however unimportant
they may seem.
'"Man who max would be
Must rule the empire of himself! in it
Must be supreme."
The successful man ever will be found to de
fy the vain noise of the senseless prejudiced.
The successful farmer giveth no heed to the
jibes of those who sneer at his consultation
with farm books and papers. lie subscribes for
them, not to assist his friend the agent, in ma
king up a club, or obtaining a premium but to
read, and inwardly digest their iintructions.
He studieth these intently, and payeth for them
promptly, that he may follow them, and this
with a light heart. And he putteth them into
practice only to see his jeering neighbors learn
of him of what they knew too much to derive
before from the same source, and from the
well-spring of his own espcrit iiiv doth he also
make frequent contributions o refreshing
6tre- - ,,5us wnxetli he, both in riches and
! his Ir ...vjii. a Power with irn-'r t'..r rt,'vu--r.
ment and hope, and a promoter i,f the wcli Lm!
ing of his country. Thou art a good er."i pi
ion of independence, as thou wilt be a goolf ex
sample of success, 0 reading and practicing
"Hold thee on in courage of soul-
Through the stormy shades of thy worldly
An the billows of cloud that around thee roll.
Shall sleep ie the light of a wondrous day."
Letter frox Mr. Everett. Hon Edward
Everett sent the following letter to a Manches
ter (N. H.) celebrt-tion of Franklin's birthday.
Bostox, Jan. 19. 1855.
Gextlemex: I have received your favor of
the 13ih, politely inviting me to attend the
celebration ofthe anniversary of the birth-day
of Franklin by printen of your city. It would
Live me great pleasure to be with you on this
occasion, but it is not in my powor to leave
The name of Franlilin is one of the brightest
in our history, and his eventful life i.s ful' of
interest and instruction for of all pursuits. He
was a first rate printer, an industrious and me
thodical man ot busmesss, an active citizen,
always devising measures tor the public good, a
self-taught man. but a friend to education, a
master of the English language, a sagacious ob
server of nature, a bold scientific theorist; as a
patriot intrepid though cautious, and faithful
in the discbarge of the highest trusts at home
He first conceived the idea of a Federal Un
ion in as early as 1754; he was one of the com
mittee for crafting tbe Declaration of Indepen
dence in 1776; he was one of the negotiators
of the treaty of peace with Great Britain in
1783, and an influential member of the Con
vention which framed the Constitution in 1787.
Boston has the honor of his birth, Philadelphia
holds his ashes; but the whole Union enjoys the
benefit of his lessons of wisdom and patriotism.
His name is co-extensive with the civilized
world, and his memory will live forever.
Wishing you an agreeable celebration, I re
main, gentlemen, respectfully, your friend and
fellow-citizen, Edwakd Everett.
i Missouri Senatorial Election. A tele-
. praphic dispatch in the Nashville naDers of
j Saturday, from St. Louis, Jan. 26th, states that-
.11 1 . i 3 .1 . . i . r
I the Legislature had thirty-six ballots for U. S.
Senator without any result. On the last bal-
lot Atchison lead Bextox 22 votes.
Burning of tbe KtoTvah Bridge
The Cassville (Ga.) Standard, in an Extra
dated the 2d instant, says.
"About twelve o'clock on yesterday, the rail
road bridge over the Etowah river, two miles
below Cartersvilie, was found to be on fire.
The fire was first discovered on the south end,
by the bridge keeper, who could have extin
guished it with a single bucket of water.
Finding the water in the tubs frozen, he ran to
the river, a distance of several yards, and on his
return found that the fire had made such pro
gress as to render it impossible to stop it. An
Opinions grounded upon prejudice ar
maintained with th greatest violenee A
ODinions grounded upon reasons
rock3, unassailable, self-sustaining, selfdefenJ
ing. Opinions grounded upon passion are like
the icebergs on the sea, tossed hither and
thither, torn asunder and worn away by
ceaseless attrition with their fellows, by no
means sure that the next gale shall not carry
them where power, form, and existence shall b
lost in the warm sun of some changing mood.
But whereunto shall we liken opinions ground
ed upon prejudice? To the devotion of the
bigot at the false shrine of his self sacrificing
worship? to the greed of the miser who starves
his stomach that he may fill his chest? to
that heathen god, whose car crushes its most
ardent devotees, and whose worship degrade a
whole people? Whatever they be like, nurture
them not. Error thus seated in the hetrtis
almost ineradicable Can the leapord change
its spots. Country Gentleman.
The Jonesboro' Journal of the 2d inst., says,
Messrs. S. B. Ccxxixgiiam and Samuel Riiea
have been in Nashville for several days past,
obtaining the State bonds for the East Tennes-'
see and Virginia Railroad. Mr. Rh&a returned
to day, bringing with him a portion of the
bonds. This will shortly give new life to the
work, and we can now, for the first time, say
to our readers our railroad is now secure.
But we do not mean to convey the idea that the
stockholders have nothing more to do they
have to pay up; and in 18 months the cars will
run from the Virginia line to Knoxville.
Sewards Election. So it seems, after all
says the Richmond Z)'jyr,V,Seward asannonn
ced is reelected to the IT. S. Senate, by a de
cided majority. He is laid to ?.eat. Futh i
other wire working, long-headed, crafty poli
tician, is not to be found in a country which has
produced some very cunning fellows in its time
Seward is a long ways ahead of Martin Va:i
Bureu in the black art, and we think that in a
contest of chicanery ar.d intrigue.evcn with Tall
cyrand, Mctternich, or the Old Boy, he would
not come off second Lest. He has played hi
cards in this election, in his own peculiar styler
not stopping at any sacrifice ofdignity fairness,.
honesty, and we dare say money, to accomplish
his ends. It is requisite for the sticess of all
demagogues, that they should be entirely desti
tute of principle, and in this qualification, no
man can approach Seward. His ambition, how
ever, must be cither very limited in it aims, or,
if it extends to the Presidency, he can only ex
pect to gratify it at the cost of the present Uu
ior. We do not use the lanjnage of emty me
nace whMi we say th;it th e election rf Wm. II.
Seward to the Presidency, would toll the death
knell of this confederacy. It is imposible that a
man of his decided sagacity should not under
stand that fact, and hence, believing him to be
as selfish us intelligent, we csnnot 'compre
hend what he is aft..-r, except the division of
the Union, the formation of a Northern confed
eracy, including probably Canada, and his Owr
election to the Presidency of this new non slave
What Mikes Character.
From habit results charater and its r-iTi
dation. Pt character is not to be undt. od
original teir rerament, or constitutional tenden
cy. 4 "'ich idiosyncracy may be closely p. c
"v ; . -
On the con
il uenanet? ot ii. Character is the s m and i nn
scions prortact of man s voluntary nature. "A
man nketh in his heart, so is he." It is Miat
which --ifntiSVs him with his moral self, at dif
ferent stages of his being; and hence, is only
on the supposition thai his character is chang
ed that l;e is said to lose his moral identity,
and to become a "new creature."
The Chances of Taking Sebastcpol. "Our
own correspondent" ol the London Times wri
tes: "My information also had a close view of
the besieged fortress. He declares that there
is not the slightest indication of a breach, and
that the walls of Sebastnpol appear intatt and
unapproachable to the question, 'When will
Sebastopnl betaken?' a Zouave replied, 'When
there are three Thursdays in ore week!' Des
pite this reply, the whole camp is eager for the
assault. . General Canrobert never rides through,
the camp without being followed by cries of
'L'assauf, mon general? frcrr. all quarters."
The London Times, in an article on Ameri
can sentiment in regard to the Eastern war,
has mcdean amusing mistake in regard to Wy-
ckoff, who has la'ely given to the world thr
j narrative of his "Courtship." The Times is of
opinion that Wyckoff's name is NtcnoFF. and
that he is a naturalized Russian who is paid to
writ- articles against the allies in the N. Y.
Mr. Fillmore's Vote. The Democratic
journals have made quite an effort to prejudice
Mr. I illmore at the South, by asserting that
he voted for Clarke, the freesoil fusion Wgig
candidate for Governor. Mr. Fillmore sava,
"It is not true. He voted for Ullmaxs."
Suspect men and women who affect softnesy
of manner, and unruffled evenness of temper,
and enunciation studied, slow and deliberate.
These thi ngs are all unnatural, and bespeak a
degree of discipline into which he that has no
sinister motive cannot submit to drill himself.
The most successful knaves are sharp; and
smoothe as razors dipped in oil. They affect
the innocence of the dove to hide the cunning
of the serpent.
Curraxts Grafted ox the Maple. A.
correspondent of the Rural New Yorker Bays,
that he transplanted into his door-yard a young,
thrilty maple, and engrafted into its scoins.
a currant bush. They grew well, and when
ripe looked very handsome, ne says that yoa
must not graft until tbe sugar water ceases ta
One ofthe novelties in London, as an exhi
bition, are a man, woman, and child, of tho
tribe of Niam Niams, or tailed people, from
Central Africa. Dr. Sexton lectures on them,
before crowds of visitors, three times a day.
Ladies are not admitted.
A man cutingdown an old tree near Cape
May Court House, discovered the remains of a
manthat are supposed to be those of a Mr. Smith
who disappeared here my strangely soma
sixteen years ago. The overdoat and boots still
remain around the skeleton.