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"" ARIZOXA. j ; - fy (
T iOMflriX KILLS. .V'
How brokm planfrrd tb stwpdrtCPiitL.
Howbarrrn! I rantM.- r.ri r.nt
By ranhquakcehock, Um 1m 4 laj aemd, -J.
ike non roud king in old tun lu.
An npy skeleton, it rleamed , .;;
In burninjr anrt. Th a.ry i - .
f fierce vulruioe here Itvi
It uhm Hurni und blaf ol warned
With cinder. Yea, to overthrown,
That wilder men than we had said, - ,
On seeing Ih a, with pathi-nil breath, . .
" W eonie an the con ne l death!";
And jrt here la , In mf-hea Ur,
luxlr tli in 1ean and dried-uii sea
I'ttia Wlfle m-iiirv flfMU-rt . nl ,)
Thin land that prrinnt to know no iand, -
While rreat rrtind m heels grousd mournfully
A eity oi'ter thn thut frray ,
And craxs-crotrn tower buildod when i I J
lotllubion ciiiTd the tongues of men. C
And groaning whorls plowed hrre and their,
'lowed devp in earth, and hnke anew
lld broken i.loln, and luid bare
Old bit il veiwls thut had iimvn
Asoonntlna afrea rycled through -
Imbedded into colunion stone.
Th while we niov down to the sea,
"Ibeatill white f!iiiiiiar trt ol sand.
So (Trawl with all its urand, ur Rone,
Sontr one wmihl atoou, eye curiously, t
Vick from the crnuml, turn quick in hand.
Thin liits ol pinnnil ixittery
Tots these aniile, and so past on.
M wound Ih-Iow a audden bluff
That lilted from il it tea-voiced base
A Wall, wilh characters cut roui:h
And deep by souk- .?ir-'ri.lM- i race;
And here strange Im hsJh, unn.in.ied, unknown,
Mood deeply limned init Hie Hone,
Below, before, and far away.
There reached Uie white arm of a bay
A broad hay, turiKd to sand and etoue,
M'here liiis had rode and bn alters rolled
When SimTeb waa yet tmiinined.
And Nimrod's tinnhW-ll. ldo uiiknovn.
Beneath, a silent city lay
That in lis mnjesiy had .i;ini'd
Tbewoh-nur-vd coiiU-tor of old.
Some sertients ulid from out the irrasa
1 hat irrew in tulla by aliaiteitd une,
Then hid in-low some bmkeji mass
1 nun older than the Kast,
That time bal eat-n an a lxn - '
la eaten by sonic savage beast.
5reat dull-eyed rattlesnakes they lay
AM loathsome, yel'ow-skinned, and slept
t oiled tight tut pine-knots in the sun,
W ith fl:'t headn through the center runf
Then etrock out sharp, thin raiding crept.
Flat-bellied down the dusty way.
Two pink-eyed hawks, wide-winged and gray,
hcrriiiiied SKVairi-ly, then circled high.
And scream ng siill in mad ditmay,
On w dim und Jiid against the tky.
The grasses failed, and then a mass
l dry, red cactus ruled the land;
The sun rose right aliove, and fi ll
As falling mull, n frrnn tne skies.
And no wir.g'd thing was seen to pass.
Then stunted sage set loose in sand, :
Right loud with odors; then some trees, -Iow-biult
and bla- k as shagies of hell.
Where vhiteowls sat with bent bills hooked
Beneath their wings, awaiting night;
Then great Rtriied lizrtrds. with eyes bright
As jet, shot through the brown, thin gru-g,
Made gray with dust of alkali.
Then stoied, then looked, then lifted high
On crooked legs, and looked and looked
XOBODY I5UT JOIIX.
" Some one is eoniiii";," said I, as the
clack of the tilnittinjrjratt; fi-11 on my ears,
and I looked at Mary's soiled, untidy
dn'ss, and tumbled hair.
Majrjry started, anil frianex'd hastily from
the w iiidow ; tliun sat down arain in a care
less way, remarking as she did so: "It's
nolxxlv but John."
NobJxlv but tlohn! And who do you
think that nobody was? Only her hm
hand. Nobody but John !
A few moments afterward. Joliu Fair
burn eame into the room where we were
Kitliti";, and pave me one of hi frank, cor
dial rreetinrs. I had known him for many
years, and long before his marriage. I no
tieed that he pave an annoyed jrlanee at
his wife, but did not sjieak to her. ' The
meaning of this annoyance and indiffer
ence was plain to me ; for John had come
of a neat and tidy family. His mother's
housekeeping had always In-en notable.
She was poor: but as "time and water
are to be had for nothinp" this was one
of her sayings she always managed to
have things about clean and orderly.
Maggy Lee had a pretty face, bright eyes
and charming little ways that were very,
taking with the young"nin. and so was
quite a belle before she got out of her teens.
She had a knack of fixing her riblons, or
tying her scarf, or arranging her hair,
shawl or dress in a way to give grace and
charm to her person. "None but her most
intimate friends knew of the untidiness
that pervaded her room and person when
at home and away from common observa
tion. l'oor John Kairbttrn was taken iu when
he married Maggy Iah: Tic thwglit that
lie was getting the tidiest, neatest, sweetest
and most orderly girl in town, but discov
ered too soon tliat be was united to a care
less slattern. She could dress for other
people's eyes, liecause she had a natural
love of admiration ; but at home, and for
her huband, she put on any old dud, and
went looking often "like the old scratch,"
us the saying is.
On the particular occasion of which I
am stH'aking it was alter she and Jolni
lind Itcen married over a year her appear
ance was almost disgusting. She did not
have on even a morning dress : only a
faded and tumbled chintz sack above a
soiled skirt no collar slipter. down at
the heel, and dirt r stockings. Her
hair looked like a hurrah's nest, if any
one knows what that is I don't; but I
puppose it is the perfection of disorder.
jo one couiu love sucn a looKing creature,
That was simnlv impossible. i
Xobodv but John !" I looked at the
bright, handsome -oung man and won
tiered. He ate his dinner almost in si
lenee. and then went back to his work. I
had never seen him so moodv.
" What's come over John " I asked, as
he went out.
"Oh, I don't know," his wife answered.
44 Something wrong at the shop, I suppose-
lie s hal trouble wan one ot tne men,
He's foreman, vou know.' '
" Are 3'ou s"ure it's only that?"' I asked.
"That, or something .about his work.
1 here's nothing else to worrv him."
I was silent for awhihv debiting with
myself whether good or harm would come
of a little plain talk with John's vife. She
was nathcr ouick tcinpered, I knew, anil
easv to take ollinse. At.lat I ventured
the remark: "Mayle things aro not just1
to his liking at home."
"At home!'' Maggy" turned on me
with a flash of surprise in her face. "What
do you mean ?"
"Men like beauty, anI taste, and neat
ness in their wives ji$ well fiS in their
sweethearts," I said.' ' - -
The crimson mounted to her hair. At
the same moment I saw her glance at a
looking-glass that hung opposite to her
on the wall. She sat very still, yet with a
startled look in her eyes, until the flush
faded and her face lieennie almost pale.
"Maggy," said 1. rising and drawing
my arm "around her. tl come tip-stairs. I
have sometliing very, serious to say to
We walked from the little diuing-room
and up to tier chamlxT in silence. I then
said : " Maggy, 1 want to tell you altout a
dear friend ot mine who made shipwreck
of happiness and life. It is a,sa t story;
but lam sure it will interest you deeply.
She wa my cousin ;" and her name was-i-"
Maggv bent forvanl.listenii)gattentive
ly. " What?" she asked, as 1 hesitated on
"Helen." -t . :
" Not Helen White, who TCarriod John
Harding, and was alberward Ueserted by
her husband?" -i
"Yes: my poor, dear eonslit Helen.
It is of her I am going t tell you." k
"I never knew hy her .husband went
' off as he did." said Maggy. " Some txd
he was to blame, and some put all the fault
on ber. How was it T - J a-X
" Both were to blame ; but she most," 1
replied. "John Harding was. like your
husband, one of the neatest and most or
derly of men. Anything untidy m his
-Jiome. or in tlie person of his wile, annoy
ed ami often put hini'outof humor; but
he did not, as he should have ilone, speak
plainly to his wile, and let htr ee exactly
how he felt, and in what he would like a
change. It he had d.)ue so. Helen would
have'tried as every good wife should to
conform herself more to his tastes and
wishes. B it, he was a silent, moody sort
of a man when things d11 not go just to
suit him ; ami instead of speaking out
plainly, brooded over Helen's faults, and
worried himself into fits of ill-humor:
and what was worse than all, grew at
lengiv indifferent to bU home and wite.
and sought pleasanter surroundings and
more attractive company abroad.
, Every man thus eftrangedifrom his
home is in danger, and Harding was no
exception to the rule. Temptation lay
' IT, W7 "- a.
i ;.yoLUME i.-
alout his fwtt Atid thut commonft tetnp-
tntion of all, Ihr elegantly- fitted up billiard
1 t ;. 1 : 'v 1
They liad bwn Diarrietl just about
tongas you nwf John hare been, when the
sad catastrophe of their li vc took place. I
had ca'led to send the day with Helen,
and found her in her uual condition ot
oersoual untidiness and disorder, .'hen
nt-r husband came home at Uiuner-time, 1
noticed with painful concern that he had
been drinking not very freely, but just
enough to ahow itself in captious Ill-humor.
Helen had not dressed for dinner,
but presented herself at the' table without
even h clean collar, and with an old, faded
shawl drawn about her shoulders. She
looked any thing but attractive.,,
."il saw Jn-r husband's eyes glance to
ward her across the table with an expres
sion that chilled me. It was a hard, an
gry, determined expres.-ion." He was
scarcely eivil to me. and 'snapped his wife
sharply two orthrfcetiinesduriugtheuieal.
At its close, he left the table without a
word, and went up stairs.
"'What's the matter with John?1 I
asked. ' J '
t ''Dear above know9!' replied Helen. J
IIe's been acting queer ior a good while, j
I can't imagine what s come over him.'
"'Does he come in this wayotten?' 1
- "Yes, he's moody and disagreeable as
he can he most of the time I'm getting
dreadfully worried about it.'
. 44 As we talked, we heard John moving
about with heavy footfalls in the rooms
above. " lYesentl y he eame down, and
stood for a little while in the hall at the
foot of the stairs, as if in hesitation. Then
he went to the street door, passed out, and
shut it hard after him.
44 Helen caught her breath with a start,
and turned a little utile. , , t
44 4 Wbat't the matter?" I askod, seeing
tlie ftronytmess of her look. ? :
44 4 1 don't know,' she replied, in a chok
ing voice, laying her hand at the same time
on her breast, ' but I feel as if spmething
dreadful were going to hapcn.'
44 She got up from the table, and I drew
my arm around her.. I too felt a sudden
depression of spirits; We went slowly up
to her chamber, where we spent the alter-
noon: and I then took upon myseit tne
otliee of a frieud, and talked seriously to
my cousin about her neglect ot personal
neatness, hinting that the cause of her
husband's estrangement from his honi,
md altered manner toward herself, might
nil spring from tlus cause. , She was a lit
tle angry with me at tirst ; but I pressed
the subject home with a tender seriousness
that did the work of conviction; and as even
ing drew on, she dressed herself with care
and neatness. W ith a fresh ribbon tied in
her hair, and color a little raised from men
tal excitement, she looked charming and
lovable. 1 waifon! with interest to see the
impression she would make on her bus
hand. He could not help being charmed
back into tho lover, I was sure. But he
did not come home to tea. Ve waited for
him a whole hourafter the usual time, and
then sat down to the table alone; but
neither of us could do more than sip a lit
tle tea. ' "
"I went home soon after, with a pressure
of concern at niv heart for which I could
not account. At night 1 dreamed uncom
fortable dreams. ' In the morning, soon
after breakfast, I ran over to see Helen. I
lound her ni her room sitting in ner night
dress, the picture of despair.
"4VUiatibit?'l asked eagerly, -nat
has happened ?'
4 'She looked at me Heavily, nwe one not
yet recovered from the shock of a stun
ning iow. . . ...
Dear cousin ; w hat is tne matter r i
said. 4 - -
1 now saw, by a motion of her hand,
that it held, tightly clutched, a piece ot
paper. She reached it to me. It was a
letter, and read :
'"We cannot live happily together,
Helen. Vou are not what I believed my
self fettingwhen we were married not
Uic sweet, toveiy, lovaoie gui tuai cnami
ed mv fancy and won me troni all others.
Alas "for us'both that it is so! There has
been a shipwreck of two lives Farewell !
I shall never return.'
"And this was all ; but it broke the
heart of my poor cousin. To this day,
though nearly three years have passed,
ibe lias never "heard from her husband.
, ,"J., saw her last week in the. country
home to which she has been taken by her
rlends a wreck both in mind and body.
She w as sitting in an upper room, from the
window of w hich could be seen a beauti-
ful landscaiie. She was neatly attired.
and a locket containing her husband s pic
ture hung at her throat. Her head was
drooped, and her eyes on the floor, when I
entered ; but she raised herself quickly,
and with a kind of start. I sawa momen
taryeager flush Iu her face,' dying out
quickly, and leaving It Inexpressibly sad.
"I "thought it was John,' she said,
mournfully. 'Why don't he come?' "
I had to stop liere, for Maggy broke
out suddenly into a wild tit of sobbing and
crying, which lasted for nearly a minute.
44 What ails you dear?" 1 asked, as she
began to be a little composed.
"Oh! yon have frightened uic so. H
John should " " - f
She cut short the sentence; bnt her
frightened face left me in no doubt as to
what was in her thoughts.
She arose and walked about the room in
an uncertain way for some moments, and
then sat down again, draw mg in her breath
" If young wives," I remarked lcliev
ing that in her present state the truth was
the best thing to say "would take half the
pains in making themselves personally at
tractive to their husbands, that they did to
charm their lovers, more of them would
find the lover continued In the husband.
Is a man, think you, less an admirer of
womanly grace and beauty alter he be
comes aiiusband than he was before ?"
"Hush! hush!" she said, in a choking
voice. "I, see it all ! I comprehend it all."
And she glanced down at herself. " I look
hateful and disgusting."
After a plain, earnest talk with Maggy,
I went home. I give her own words as to
what happened afterward : 4
" I was wretched all the afternoon John
had acted worse than usual at dinner-time;
and what you told me about poor Helen
set my fears in motion and worried me
half to death. Long before the time he
usually came home I dressed myself with
care, selecting the very things I liad heard
hiin admire. As I looked at myself in the
glass, I saw that I was attractive ; I felt as
I had never lelt Detore, mat mere was a
power in dress that no woman can disre
gard without loss of Influence, no matter
w hat her position or sphere of life.
" Supier-tinie came. I had made some
thing that I knew John liked, and was
waiting for him with a nervous eagerness
it was impossible to repress. - But the hour
passed, and his well-known tread along
the little garden walk did not reach my
uxioms earev-Five, ten, twenty jninutes
beyond his honr fr returning, and still!
was alone. Oh VI shiver as. J ,rgcall the
wild fears that began to crowd upon me.
1 was standing at the window, behind the
curtain, waiting and watching. All atJ
once I saw him a little-distance from the
house, but not in the direction from which
he usually came. He was walking slowly
and with This eyes upon the ground. His
whota Bwaner was that of. onr depressed
"or -suffering. 1 dropped the- ctrrtain and
went back into our little breakfast-room
to see that supper was put quickly on the
table. John eame in and went up st lirs,
as he usually did, to change his coat before
tea. f In a few minutes Tning the tea-bell,
and then seated myself at the table to wait
for him. He was longer than usual in
making himself ready, and then 1 heard
him coining down slowly and heavily, as
if there was no spirit hi himi' '
44 MYkeart beat (strongly. - But I tried to
look bright and smiling. There was. oh !
so dreary a look on John's fiee fts I first
saw it in the door. He stood. .Still Jit a
mnmant tvirh his pves fixud oil Hie ; men
the dreary look faded out ; a flah of light
passed over it, as he stepped forward
S Z ft-
quickly, and coming to where I sat,
stooped down and kissed me JVetter be
fore, was his kiss so sweet to my ups
he said, softly and tenderly, and with a
quiver In his voice.
44 1 laid my head back upon his bosom,
and, looking un into his face answered :
44 'And you shall never lose her again.' !'
"And I think he wtll not. -The sweetness
of that hour, and the lesson it taught, can
never be forgotten by my friend Maggy.
- ,'4 .,;r?
- Infltie nee ot Climate on Health. -
Statistics have been gathered from the
last two Census Reports of the United
States (.1800 and 1870) which reveal a great
amount of in formation, respecting the
bealrhfulness of the different States. The
principal diseases showing effects of cli
mate are consumption and cancer, which
prevail n the stune regions and are simi
larly aflected. Thero seems to be two de
finite laws governing these diseases.
First : These two diseases are most abun
dant near the sea and diminish as you re
cede from it. . -
Second : At equal distances from the sea
they prevail most at the North and dimin
ish as you go South.
For example, if you begin at Massachu
setts and go w estward, the proportion of
deaths from consumption to deaths from
all causes regularly diminishes as you re
cede from the Atlantic.. I Here are the fig
ures : Deaths from consumption in Massa
chusetts 25 per cent. ; New York, 20 per
cent. 5 Ohio, 1G per cent. ; Indiana 14 per
cent ; Illinois, 11 per cent. ; Missouri, 9
recent.; Kansas, per cent,; Colorado,
per cent. ; Utah, C per cent. ; and then,
if you go down to California, it increases
again to 14 per .cent., on account of the"
proximity of the Pacific Ocean. '
A similar decrease is observed if we go'
from North, to South, as follows : Michi
gan, 16 pur cent.;' Indiana, 14 per cent.;
Kentucky, 14 per cent. ;Tennessee, 12 per
cent. ; Alabama. C per cent. ,
From this it follows that the best resort
for a consumptive or cancer patient is some
point which is at the same time as far
South and as far from the sea as possible.
Such a place is New Mexico, where the
deaths from consumption are only 3 per
cent. ; or Arkansas, where they are 5 per
cent. ; while hi cold and seagirt Xew Eng
bind they are 25 per cent. -Probably the
nplandof01d Mexico would do still bet
ter. Colorado, having a cool, dry, enjoya
ble climate and excellent conveniences for
living, would be perhaps the very best of
all the Western Territories for a place of
residence. The average of 8 per cent, in
Colorado is too high, and is due to the
deaths of invalids who have just come from
abroad, and not to the deaths of those who
have been permanent residents for some
Passing northward, we find Minnesota
ranking largest iu proportion of deaths,
having 14 percent, of deaths. This is due
not to the climate itelf, but the constant
inllux of invalids too lar gone in disease
to recover. The best places in the country
are as follows : New Mexico, 3 per cent.;
Arkansas. 5 per cent. ; Florida, C percent. ;
Georgia, 5 per cent.; South Carolina, 5
per cent.; Lth, C per cent.; and Colo
rado, S per cent.
The census of 1870, as compared with the
one taken ten years before, shows a con
siderable increase of consumption in the
Southern States and a diminution of it at
tli.. Vorth. This is probably due to the
moving of invalids southward" in search of
health, which only a part of them succeed
A Terrible Case of Hydrophobia.
A correspondent of the New York Sai
writes: The .Vimof the '27th hist. contained
a letter from J. ?. Dalton, M. !., on the
subject of hydrophobia, in which he speaks
of the possibility of a mad dog communi
cating the disease by simply licking an
ahrailod spot on the hand of his master.
The truth of this was terribly, illustrated
about three years ago. A Mr. Van Guil
der, a printer employed in an establish
ment, in Fulton street, Brooklyn, had a
small black and tm terrier, subject to fits.
One day whila the dog was In jiaroxysms
his master took him in his arms to soothe
hi in; the little creature recognized Van
Guilder and licked his face, touching his
lips, on which there was a slight abrasion.
The fit proved to be more violent than
usual, and the dog died in nis master s
j arms !mt without showingany symptoms
Half an hour afterward Mr. Van Guilder
tried to wash his hands and was seized
with a slight convulsion. A second trial
produced a much more marked effect, and
within an hour and a half of the dog's
death the master was suffering from the
worst symptoms of hydrophobia. Dr.
Hormiston of Brooklyn having been sum
moned saw no hoiHi of saving the patient,
and recommended that lie be sent to Flat
bush Hospital. The advice wasacted ujion
and Mr. Van Guilder became an inmate of
For the first twenty-four hours after his
admission to the hospital he was carefully
watched. But as the end approached his
paroxysms became so terrible that the
nurses and watchers fled from the room
and locked the door. For two hours they
remained outside, listening to the shrieks
of the dying man. Then all was still, and
when they ventured to open the door and
look in the floor was littered with broken
glass and shattered furniture, and in the
midst of the debris lay the lifeless body of
Van Guilder, his clenched hands and dis
torted features bearing unmistakable evi
dence of the agony in which he died.
The House that Twain Builds.
A writer in the Hartford Courant de
scribes the new resilience that Samuel L.
Clemens ("Mark Twain") is building in
that city for occupancy by the 1st of Sep
tember. He says : 44 The style of archi
tecture is maiuly German brick-work (oc
casionally laid to form ornamental pat
terns), with steep pitched roofs projecting
boldly and covered with parti-colored slate.
Brackets and braces of ornamental timber
work, with projecting balconies, are in
troduced here and there and form an es
sential part of the roof-supporting con
struction. The edifice stands on the brow
of a declivity, covered with a luxuriant
growth of large forest trees, and sloping
sharply to tns tnKr rarK uiver. a prei
ty little stream which winds down through
the meadows for some distance. The
view in every direction is fine, and espe
cially toward the southwest commanding
a pretty landscajie of field, valley and hill.
The house is planned so that nearly all
the living rooms look out on that side and
awry from the road-Hin arrangement un
common with us but quite popular abroad.
A peculiar and at the same time a pleasant
feature are the numerous balconies and
verandas which are found on every side.
and which are readied ,! from the apartr
merits by doors' or the long windows ex
tending" quite to the floor. Commencing
at the side of the'house at the main door
U a wide veranda stretcJung to the rear,
where it widens to twenty leet or more,
ending in a serut-cufular tortn witn a roof
wholly; Independent . of the body ot the
house. The ceiling ot this root is in the
German style, painted in gay colors, and
the supporting posts are braced with orna
r.nr.l hraet-ors or hra(s in German de
signs. Another noticeable feature of Abe -r That ought to make a-profitabla busi
.vt.r!r So a cnimre tmver-like structure ness." r'. , , t ri
on the rightrhand corner ol the front ofi 44 No, it don't. Materials are so high,
the main building, and which at first that there's not very much profit on or
Hance seems to have been an afterthought J gans. I have to do some work in other
of the architect, or built there to obviate
the necessity of spoiling any of the de
lightful views from the side or rear of the
house. This tower is the servants' quar
ters, and having windows on every side
includes some of the most airy and pleas
ant rooms in the building. Extending
from the front door some twenty or twenty-live
feet is the porte eoeJiere of wood-
work wrought i
lii ingenious and funcilui
How Hand.Organs Are Made.
af r lii '.' ' t ! ";
On the front ofa dingy brick building at
the head of .Chatham street, weather beat
en and dim, hangs the sign: "Hand-Organs."
A reporter saw the sign yester
day, and went in. Up two flight of stairs,
through the low door to the left, and he
stood in the only hand-organ manufactory
in the United States. Standing at bencltes,
linitur over old onran boxes, seated be
fore little stands, five men were at work.
In the middle of the room stood several old
hand-organs. On the walls hung queer
patterns, numbered and diagramed; in
the further corner stood a machine seven
or eight feet high, looking for all the world
like a threshing machine.
" Is the proprietor in ?" asked the re
porter of the workman nearest the door.
The workman turned, pointed toward
the other end of the room, and went on
cutting out long strips from a great sheet
. Sitting on a tow ciiuir, wnn a low isiuie
before mm, was a short, tout. 'jolly-faced
man. evidently a German. On the bench
in front of him, mounted on two wooden
rests, hnng a wooden cylinder fifteen
inches long, perhaps, and five Inches hi
diameter. Behind the cylinder was a small
case, a Lilliputian type ease, containing
thirty-six little boxes, and every box full
ot little brass pins.
" What do you charge for a common
sized ormin?" asked the reporter.
44 It depends on the kind," answered the
proprietor ; " I can make you a tlute or
gan, with twenty-four keys, to play nine
tunes, with a black walnut case, for a hun
dred dollars. If you want an organ to
play ten tunes, I can make it for you for a
hundred and twenty oouars. n uiau
ot this.size will weigh about twenty-hy
pounds. " A jwirlor organ, with from 2.") to
40 keys, will cost you from a hundred and
liftv to two hundred and fifty dollars. A
side-show organ, to play nine tunes, with
(SO kevs. 3T brass trnmpets. large and small
drums, and triangles, I can make you for
two thousand dollars. '
While he was talking, the jolly little
man sat pegging away - at the cylinder be
fore him. di iviii!! a pin here and a peg there
straicrhteninff them with a little pair ol
pinchers, and flattening them with a little
I i rl i r hammer.
44 What are you driving those pegs in
tli.r; fnr" asked the reporter.
" This is an old eylinder. It was made
t.u'ttnrv vears aero." he answered ; "the
tunes "th.it wer all the ro then don't draw
out the pennies worth a cent now. I am
puttins- new tunes in it. I take the cylinder
out and paste a sheet of clean white pajier
around it. Then I mark it for the tunes,
and drive these little pins in, and the tiling
is done. It's very easy to do."
It looked very easv. The cylinder was
covered with hundreds of little black lines,
some half an inch long, others scarcely
more than a dot. The reporter asked how
he knew where to draw the lines.
The little man took a handful of the lit
tle pins ont-of his apron on his lap, took a
few dozens more out of his mouth, got up
and began to turn the crank of a dis
mantled organ that stood near.
44 You see," said he, 44 a hand-organ is
made like any common organ. It has a
bellows and pipes and keys. When you
want to play on a church organ, you push
down on the keys ; when you waut to play
on a hand-organ, you lift, the keys. You
use your fingers to play on a church or
can : these little brass pins are the fingers
on a hand-organ. You see these little
wires that hang down from the ends of
the keys? Well, every time one of those
wires strikes one of the brass pins when
the cylinder is going round, the key is
raised and the note is sounded. If the
brass pin is one of those long half-inch
ones, the key stays up a good while, and
the note is a long one. If the pin is just
a little dot, the key falls right back, and
the note is short."
u But how do you know where to mark
the cylinder for the tunes?" -
44 That's a secret of the trade." answered
the little man ; " but I guess I'll show you.
You see, the cylinder is covered with clean
paper, and all ready ; now I hang it by the
iron rod that sticks out at each end. The
tune 1 want to mark it for I play on the
kevs. onlv I press the keys down instead
of "lifting them, for I know what noise
I they would make just as well as If they
did make it. Every time one of those lit
tle wires strikes the cylinder it makes a
little dent. If I hold it down for a long
note it makes a long mark, ior a short
note it makes just a dot. Then I go over
the marks with a pen to make them plain.
When one tune is marked I goon with the
next. Wlieji the tunes are all marked I
put the piiis hi, as yon see."
"How do the organ-grinders change
from one tune to another while they are
playing in the street?" inquired the re
".every organ, respouueu me nine
man, "plays from seven to ten tunes.
Tlus one I am working at plays eight. Do
you see. these little grooves?" and he
pointed to one end of the eylinder, where
a piece of the wood had been left, about
two inches long and an inch and a half in
diameter. There were eight little grooves
around the projection. 44 When the organ
grinder wants to change the tune he lifts
that little spring, shoves the cylinder in or
out one groove, and the tune is changed."
44 Is my organ done yet?"
The proprietor turned round. The
voice was from a long, slim, hungry-look
ing man, dressed In army blue, with a pair
of dark green spectacles' hiding his eyes,
who had come in so quietly that nobody
hail noticed him.
44 Xo, it's not done yet," said the little
man : 44 I'm at work at it now. I guess
by this time to-morrow it'll be all ready
for vou." i ' .'';!
The man in blue turned slowly round,
felt his way with a long stick, found the
door, and groped down the dark stairs,
-i 44 Tluit man," said the proprietor, "owns
the organ over there on the tioor. lie leu
in the street a week ago, and his organ was
broken. He brought it here to be mend
ed. He was in the same company that I
was in in the army. A bullet grazed
across both of his eyes, and took off the
bridge ot ins nose, tie is totally Diinu
He onlv wauted the box ot his organ fix.
ed. but I am changing the tunes for him,
and it shan t cost him a cent."
44 How long will it take you to change
the eight tunes? ' asked tne reporter.
44 About three days. I charge four dol
lars a tune for changing sometimes five,
on a large organ."
44 What is tliat machine in the corner?'
"That's a saloon organ. It belongs
down here in street. They've got
tired of the old tunes, aud are going to
have a set ot new ones. 1 made that ma
chine five years ago, and got 52,000 for it.''
44 That's a long time for one set of tunes.
How long do the organs generally hist?"
asked the reporter.
44 Oh. bless your soul," said the little
man, 4 live years is no time at all for a hand-
organ. Why, there's many an organ trav
eling, the streets that's . been used every
day, week in and week- out, for the last
thirty years. That's just what kills the
business. Thev last too lonff."
44 How many organs do you make in a
, year f1 asked the reporter.
irom seventy -five to- a hundred.
Wfien times ere hard, more men have to
go to grinding organs, and then the busi
ness is better. I shall make a hundred this
branches to make it pay, . I make a great
hiany automatic figures for traveling
shows, and repair 'most all kinds of musi
cal Instruments."' . . -
44 Then there are a hundred new organs
turned looscto prey on the , public every
year t" 1 - - - - '-
" More than tliat," said the .little man.
" 1 his is the only hand-organ manufactory
in the country, but there is a lirm 'round
in street that imports them from
France. They sell about as many every
year as I do, and sell them for the same
44 Then there is no competition ?"'
' " No, no competition."
I ' 44 Can any of your workmen mark the
cylinders lor new tunes? '
44 No, there are only two men on this
side of the Atlantic who can put the tunes
on a cylinder-the man who imports or
gans from France, and myself."
44 Are there many Germans grinding or
gans?" " No," responded the organ-maker, "the
grinders are nearly all Italians and old
Fish for Farmer?.
The impression seems to prevail that the
raising of fish, especially brook trout (the
most desirable of fish), is necessarily at
tended with large expense, which cannot
lie indulged by the average farmer. It is
not generally supposed that a man .may
make a saving by raising his own fish, as
he does by producing his own beef, pota
toes, and breadstuff; yet I believe it to be
true. Of course, not every farm has facil
ities for raising fish at all, but anywhere in
a temperate climate, where there Is a good
spriug of water or clear running stream
not too much affected by floods, and the
water does not rise above 05 in summer, a
few trout may be raised, and large num
bers if the water supply is ample.
Three or four days' work of two men
and a team will complete a pond sufficient
to raise trout enough for an ordinary fam
ily, if the ornamental is not combined with
the useful. The sides may be walled up
with stone, with or without mortar ; the
bottom and sides may be made of boards,
or the hole may be scooped out, leaving
the earth only to form the bottom and
sides. In the latter case, or in any case, it
is better to have a board or other covering
over some portion of the pond, to protect
the fish from storms and sun. The pond
should be long and not very wide, that tha
water may have nearly an equal current
in every part. This is to prevent its be
if the fish are to be fed regularly, and
the supply of water is abundant, a large
number will thrive m a very small space ;
but if they are left to forage for a portion
of their tood. more room must be given
them. Give only animal food ; such as
lights, liver, or scraps of any kind of meat,
chopped fine enough so they can take it
easily. Angleworms make good food, but
cannot be collected in sufficient quantities
to supply many fish.
The process of taking the spawn from
the adult trout requires some skill, and is
attended with many difficulties. It is bet
ter for a person starting the business to ob
tain the impregnated eggs of a fish ciiltur
ist, which he can do at a small outlay.
The eggs are packed with moss in a tin
box surrounded by a layer of sawdust and
all enclosed in a tin pail. In this way eggs
may be safely sent to any part of the
Make a trough by nailing a six inch
board on each edge of a wider one, so that
inside measurement it, will be 10 to 15
inches wide, and five inches deep. A
trough 12 feet long will do to hatch 5.000
or (?000 eggs. Fit, in the bottom, at in
tervals of 18 inches, cross strips one and a
half inches wide, and fill up between with
fine gravel (which has been thoroughly
washed) to the depth of one inch. Level
down the srravel nicely on top. Connect
one end of the trough with a spring of pure
water and depress the other end a little-
just enough to secure a gentle current over
the cross strips.
It will now be observed that the water
is half an inch deep over the gravel, which
depth w to be maintained uuring tne time
of hatching. The supply of water should
be about what will run through a halt
inch pipe, and must be filtered by run
ning through gravel or a flannel screen.
The temperature of the water should be
somewhere from 45 to 55. The water of
most springs, near where it conies irom
the srround. remains at about the same
temperature during the whole year.
Now I will suppose the eggs to have
been received from a trout culturist. A f
ter taking the tin box from the sawdust in
which it was placed, let it remain a coupie
of hours near the water in the trougti,
that it may acquire nearly the same tem
perature ; then careiuny empty me con
tents of the box into a pan of water; re
move most of the moss with the fingers,
the rest may be washed out readily by re
peatedlv pouring out part of the water,
and as often filling the pan. The eggs are
heavier than the moss, and will remain on
the bottom. Dam the water in the
trough by placing an extra strip in one of
the cross-strips mentioned above. Now
lower the pan containing the eggs into the
water of the trough, and by tipping one
side down let the eggs run out on the
gravel. Move the pan along as the eggs
are running out so that they will be evenly
distributed. Remove the extra cross strip
very slowly to prevent a rush of water.
Ifyou have no hatching-house, the
trough must be provided with a board
cover to keep out sun, rain, and snow.
Mil aud rats are tond ot tne eggs, ana
will destroy large numbers if allowed to
ret at them. If at any time a dead egg is
fonnd which may be told by its turning a
milky white color, it must be removed, as
a kind of mildew soon forms about it,
which will in time communicate with and
kill all the eggs in its vicinity.
The young fish require no food for a
month or more after hatching ; at the end
of this time they should be fed regularly
at least once a day, with the yolk of an
eo-r, foiled hard and grated, or curd of
sour milk. The water may be raised in
the trough when the eggs are all hatched,
to ive the fry more room. W hen the
fish are, say three months old, they can be
removed to the pond.
The writer of this recently had the pleas
ure of visiting the celebrated Seth Green
fish ponds, where are to be seen thou
sands of the finny tribe, from the proud,
overbearing trout of three or four pounds
weight down to the insignificant fry. The
fry," yearlings, two-year-olds, etc., are
kept in separate ponds to prevent the
large ones eating the small ones. These
ids are mostly of small size or 10
; by 15 to 30 feet, and three or four feet
p. Space is economized, large num
s of fish being kept in each pond. They
may be seen sometimes chasing each other
about ana sometimes uuuuuug m
squirming mass. Not only are brook
r-,t r,rn..(r-jtl here, but salmon trout.
nrhitotiul, huu. CTflld fish. SilVCr fish, Sal-
mon, etc' The latter, a salt water fish of
wonderful beauty, is successfully raised in
thou-gr taken from Caledonia Creek (New
York.) My attention was called to a curi
osity iu one of the ponds, in the shape of
a dozen, perhaps, of amino saimon, evi
dently about a year old. They were like
the. others, with the exception of having a
white skin and puns eyes. wr. .. j.
There is only one safe way in attempt
intr tn rpceup 31 person from drowning, and
that is to approach him from behind, grasp
ing each arm nrmiy just aoove tue eiuj s,
buoying him up and carefully keeping him
This may be done by any
good swimmer who keeps his presence of
min.l oven where water is very deep. Let
swimmers while bathing practice this
method, if -only for the amusement it
affords, and they will soon become ex
Parents who are solicitous about their
boys giving them too much "lip," may be
glad to know that the evil is not wholly
irremediable. A Cincinnati man advertises
to furnish the destitute with India-rubber
lips more durable than the original article,
so that bovs who are recklessly prodigal
of lip can" send to Cincinnati for a new
supply. . -
A pawn-broker was fonnd hanging to a
tree in Nebraska, the other day. It is sup
posed that one of the Pawnees did it.
f i f r ;
A LUCKY FI.ND.
A Mln Yankee F.ihiimM from
.HuritMn th KrnmliKOf Koinnn Em.
Crror mikI II Ih Whole Arnir-t
Ic Had 4'nrions Antiquities Recov
ered. According to a special correspondent of
the New York World, the lion of Odessa
just now is a lantern-jawed Yankee, all
the way from the" Stare of Maine, and
who, without being a scholar himself, has
by shrewdness, grit and pluck become the
greatest archa'ologtcal success of the day.
He has brought to light, after a strict se
clusion of -ixteen centuries, the lloman
Emperor Deciusand his army, eampchest,
hag and baggage, bodies, gestamina and
alCin a remarkably perfect state of pre
servation. The writer's account is sub
stantially as follows:
Mr. Doolittle is a man past fifty years
of age, and a native ot some impossible
place which he calls Molunkas, away
down in Maine, and is a railroad engineer
by profession. After drifting around,
after his kind, for a good many years, he
joined the Winans Brothers, of Baltimore
about the time they completed their
raiiioadto Moscow, and for some years
drove an engine on that line. Then he
drifted down into the Crimea and bored
for petroleum from the desert of Khiva to
the Black Sea, often finding oil and driv
ing good bargains. Although a rolling
stone he is rich. In the spring of 1S72 Mr.
Doolittle was in Adrianople on his way to
Belgrade. He there met a Dane named
Peter Hoist, and went with him to visit
the flower farms of the lower Balkan,
where ottar of roses is manufactured so
extensively. They fonnd there a French
man froni the neighborhood of Grasse
who had rented a large farm from Ach
met Bey, and had gone extensively
into the cultivation of flowers and the
manufacture of perfumes. Ottar of roses
is commonly made in Turkey by the sim
ple distillation of flower leaves in water.
But Cedrat said he had lound it much
more profitable to make rose pomade by
the favorite French process of maceration
or enfleurage. "I have here." he said, "a
peculiar kind of fat that the peasants bring
to me from some distance. It comes to me
white and clean, aimost like spermaceti
mixed with wax. It needs no purification
or preparation " whatever, and absorbs the
odors of flowers more readily than any
stock I ever used." "That is not tat," said
Doolittle curiously. "I reallv do not
know," answered Cedrat. Doolittle called
to his traveling companion : "Come here.
Hoist, you're a scientific fellow; tell me
what that is?" Hoist looked at the sub
stance, examined, smelt, tasted and tested
it. and replied, "It is adipocere." "But
what the dickens is adipocere?" asked
Doolittle. "A very curious substance,''
responded nolst. "from the words adeps
fat. and er, wax. It is produced by the
decomposition of animal flesh. For in
stance, you are buried in a cemetery not
well drained the water leaks into your
grave and you turn into adipocere."
"Humph." said Doolittle, "will it burn?"
HoUt rolled a bit of string in the fat and
lighted it with a match it flamed like the
best stearine candle. "Cedrat, do you
know if there is much more of this where
this comes from?" "Debro knows, the
peasants that fetch it come from his vill
age." Debro was summoned and said it
was a secret of his people. It had been in
their possession for generations and noth
ing should tempt him to reveal it. 44 You
are right.'1 said Doolittle, giving him a
hanilful of piastres, "you're a brave little
fellow and I admire you. I am a traveler.
IVhro. and I w ill tell mv people when I
get home how noble you were not to let
the Turks steal the secret of your village's
good fortune. I will tell them, the brave
man's name is Debro. and he comes from
the village of , what village did you
say? I have really forgotten it, and it is
such a pity, for I had intended to w rite it
down in my little traveling book, here.-'
"Ouzoon-Keupri!" quickly answered
Debro, flattered out of his discretion.
'Ouzoon-Keupri? Very good, very
good! That will do, Debro! Hoist and
Doolittle determined to have a look at
this Ouzoon-Keupri, before they went
further. 44 Let me look at your map,"
said Hols. " Ouzoon-Keupri, Forsh Che
brone on the Isker-Nicopolis was here;
what is Forsh Chebrone but Forum Tere
bronii? Ah! that is the place where the
Emperor Deems and all his army were
slain ! When the battle was fought, the
Goths, who were hard pushed and desper
ate, formed line with their front resting
on a morass. The battle was terrible.
TJ2 Romans attempted to charge across
the morass. The Goths resisted their pas
sage. The place was deep with ooze,
-sinking under those who stood ; slippery
to such as advanced ; their armor heavy;
the waters deep ; nor could they wield in
that uneasy situation their weighty jave
lins. The barbarians, on the contrary,
were inured to encounters in the bogs :
their persons tall ; their spears long anil
such as could wound at a distance, in
this morass the Roman army was irrecov
erably lost, nor could the body of the em-
- - , .. 1 il
peror ever oe iouno. iwioiiiiuii u
in Gibbon, who took his description from
Tacitus. That whole army at tiie bottom
of this marsh turned to adipocere ! There
is an emperor and his army of thirty or
forty thousand engulfed in a quag, with
their arms, armor, equipments anil treas
ures. The camp chest alone, ol sucn an
army, will be a fortune to us. 1 hose old
Komans were naru-nioncy icnu.-, nnu
gold and silver don't turn to adipocere
no matter what emixxors may do."
So Doolittle and Hoist had an interview
with Kabil Pasha, the ruler of Nicopolis,
and obtained an escort of one hundred
soldiers, with whom they had full per
mission to drain the swamp. This was in
August. 1872. They sunk shafts and came
upon complete evidence that this was the
actual scene of the battle of Forum Tere
bronii and of the great disaster to Decius
and his armv. A stately figure was found,
clad in co- plete .armor, with two gilt
MKrlps : a bronze helmet, inlaid with gold.
covered the head. The cuirass was of
steel, elaborately enameled. The shoit
sword was ieweled on the hilt and hall
way down the blade ; the greaves were of
silver and so were the knobs on the shield
and the buttons on the sandals. "It made
me feel queer," said Doolittle, "when my
men lifted that old fellow, and his body
slipped out of his harness to the ground
like a big fcdlow candle out of a mold."
The camp chest with its contents was also
found, and the entire plunder was very
valuable, at least 500.000 roubles. There
were about twenty silver C's. which fami
lies of senatoriid rank wore inside of their
buskins. A mule, probably belonging to
the emperor, was found, not only splen
didly caparisoned, but with steel shoes
on, differing from those we use. in being
simple plates folded up over the hoof, and
with a small hole oeu in the center, over
the frog. Several bronze sacrificial axes
with ivory handles ; dial plates ; great
quantities of arms and armor ; interesting
fragments of military engines ; jewel cases
nHth sardonvx seal ring; razors; kitch
en an d table apparatus, and a rare collec
tion of coins were also found, making, per
haps, the best collection extant oi lioman
offensive and defensive arms and curiosi
ties to be found anywhere in the world.
While a circus procession was parad
ing the streets of Van Wert, Ohio, the
other day, the tiger, which was riding on
top of a wagon, became enraged at some
thin0', and made a terrible attack on its
keeper. Mile. De Granenere,. badly lacer
ating her hands and limbs, and tearing her
clothes in shreds. She retained her pres
ence of mind, and succeeded in keeping
the beast partlv cowed until it was secured,
when she fainted. Her inj uries were not
'I'd hate to be in your shoes," said a
woman of the Eat Side, yesterday, as she
was quarreling with a neighbor 44 You
couldnt get in them," sarcastically re
marked the neighbor. Twe Haute Express.
A Mighty Fisherman.
Mr. William Robinson fishes. The rea
son why is because he likes it. It Isn't the
fish so much as the rest, the meditation
and the communing with nature in her se
cret sanctuaries, with a cat-bird caroling a
chansonnette in the copse, a playful mos
quito nibbling at his ear and a friendly
pissmire up tlie leg of his trousers. Mr.
Robinson lias just returned from a fishing,
excursion in the neighborhood of Laporte,
aud yesterday morning he left East -Michigan
street ami came down to tell about it.
William met some of the Bradshaws in the
car and told them how lie liad caught sixty-four
line bass, and, as Berry Sulgrove
would say, "other fi.h in proportion."
Then he got out of the ear at Dr. Green's
drug-store to get a glass of soda, where he
met Charles Dennis, himself a fisherman
of no mean repute, and formerly fish-editor
of the Herald. Mr. Robinson took
his'n with pineapple, and. after smacking
his lips over the pleasant farewell of the
pure fruit juices, he waited for Charley to
ask him about ic. Mr. Dennis was ab
sorbeit in a chemical problem. After
waiting a sufficient length of time, Mr. R.
said: "Bin a' fishing, Charley." "Oh,"
said Charley, "how many ?" "Oh," stud
William, with true piscatorial nonchalant',
"had pretty goott lnck ; a hundred and
fortv-two bass, and a pro))ortionate amount
of other tish." At tht Post-office corner
Mr. Robinson met Ben Reed, the Nestor
of Indianapolis fishermen, and a sportsman
who h;ts forgotten more nliout fish than
Enos ever knew. 44Go to Laporte," said
William, "ifyou want fun. Best place
you ever saw. Hundreds thousands
millions. Snake 'em out faster ye kin
bacherhook. Caught two hundred and
sixteen bass in four hours, and other tih
in the same ratio. ' Leaving Mr. Reed
with hi eves protruding, Mr. Robinson
next brought up at Bingham's corner,
where he met L. W. Moses. "Ever fish?"
said Bill. "No," said Moses, "ha'nt the
time. Between horses ami spectacles I'm
kept pretty busy. Whv?" "1 thought
ifyou did," said Bill, "I'd tell you as a
profound secret, where to go. I mean La
porte. Them lakes about I a porte is fuller
of fish than Indianapolis is of burglars and
thieves. Why, you can't thrust a cane
pole down in"the water 'thout spearin' a
bass. Bite? You never see sich a raven
ous set set o' fish 'nail ver life. W'y. ye
don't get your hook in before it's yanked,
and now'n then an eight-pounder jumps
clean outen the water an' swallers the
minny afore it touches the sart'ace. I
caught five hundred pounds of bass, forty-two
sturgeon, a tnuscalonge, two sharks
and a mermaid in forty-three" minutes, and
then quit because I was tired." Mr. Rob
inson then stopped in front of an agricul
tural implement warehouse, and began
telling the latest version oi me story to o.
George Stilz, but seeing Charley Dennis in
the crowd of listeners, he weakened and
moved on. Indianapolis Herald,
Five Hundred Thousand Years Ago.
The Nation condenses from an English
scientific periodical some interesting spec
ulations of Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace of
the probable antiquity of the human spe
cies. They may well startle, it says, even
those who have long since come to the
conclusion that fi.OtK) years carry us but a
small way back to the original hoii.e. In
fact Dr. Wallace's 0,000 years are but as a
day. He reviews the various attempts to
determine the antiquity of human remains
or works of art, and finds the bronze age
in Europe to have been pretty accurately
fixed at 3,000 or 4,000 years ago, the stone
age of the Swiss lake dwellings at 5.000 to
7,000 years, "and an indefinite anterior
period." The burnt brick found sixty
feet deep in the tile alluvium indicates an
antiquity of 20,000 years; another frag
ment at seventy-two feet gives 30,000
years. "A human skeleton found at the
depth of sixteen feet below four hundred
buried forests superposed upon each other
has been calculated bv Dr. Dow ler to have
an antiquity of 50,000 years." But all
these estimates pale before those which
Kent's Cavern at Torquay legitimates.
Here the drip of the stalagmite is the chief
factor of our computations, giving us an
upper floor which divides the relics of the
last two or three thousand years from a
deposit full of thbones of an extinct mam
malia and glutton indicating an arctic cli
mate. Names cut in the stalagmite more
than 2,000 years ago are legible in other
worts, where the stalagmite is twelve
inches thick and the drip still very copious
not more than a huneredth of a foot has
been deposited in two centuries a rate of
five feet in io,uw years, ueiow mis, How
ever, we have a thick, much older, and
crystalline (i. e.. more slowly formed) sta
lagmite, beneath which again, "in a solid
breccia very different from the cave-earth,
undoubted works of art have been found."
Mr. Wallace assumes only 100,000 years
for the upper floor, and 250,000 for the
Irtwer. and adds 150,000 for the immediate
envp-enrth. bv which he arrives at the
"sum of half a million years that have
probably elapsed since human workman
ships were buried iu the deptlis of Kent's
An Important Invention.
A correspondent of the Vicksburg Her
ald gives an account of a new invention
now in practical operation in the Mountain
Cotton Mills, near Bolton Station, on the
Memphis and Charleston Railroad, which,
if it proves to be all that is represented,
must have a more important effect upon
the production and manufacture of cotton
than even Whitney's cotton gin lias had.
It does awav with "the ordinary process ot
ginning, converting the cotton just as it is
taken from the field into thread of superior
Quality. It costs only $250, and is at-
im-iied to the ordinary card stand. It is
mid that specimens of thread made by this
machine have been sent to nearly all the
Northern manufacturers, and have been
pronounced stronger and more lustrous
than that spun by the ordinary method.
It is claimed that a thread spun by this
means will sustain fully one-third more
wffMit than a thread of eaual size made
of cotton that h 8 passed through the pro
cesses of compression and the complicated
machinery of common cotton mills. The
oreat importance of the invention, how
ever, consists in the fact that by its cheap
ness and simplicity it may be introduced
into common use. the natural result ot
which will be to transfer the whole work
of cotton spinning from manufactories to
the cotton fields, thus effecting a great sav
ing in the cost of packing and transporta
tion, and in other expenses.
Mr. Reeves, the well known astronomer,
is reported to have recently advanced, be
faro nnA f th Fnerlish scientific associa
tions, an entirely new theory with regard
tn comets, and. bv the use of diagrams,
lie showed that the part of the comet
termed the tail beinsr alwavs in the direc
tion from the sun. and therefore as often
in advance as behind the nucleus, is not
reallv a tail. He also argues that, as com
ets are transparent, and all matter is known
to be either solid, liquid or gaseous, comets
must be the latter, for solids and liquids
on nnaime Th onlv knOWU DOWer. he
says, by wnicn this gaseous maucr can
iu.1,1 towther is ffravitv. which must ne
cessarily have a center, and every part of
th hodv being free to move, resolves
itli into a sphere, the center of
which is in many cases exceedingly dense.
trraduallv attenuating towards the circum
ference. This being the case, the rays of
the sun are refracted in their passage
through the spherical comet, thus Ulunii
natiug the portion beyond the center or
, ?. f x. mi s ".i .k.. ;t
nucleus, WIUCII uiuuilliuuuil I'Ji ma
all this being, according to Mr. Reeves
theory,eritirely in accordance with na
ture s universal laws. - . . .
- . ; i I : '.
Dobbs thinks that instead of giving
credit where credit is flue: the Cash had
better be paid.
w', A ' T : ''
A little boy was asked about the story
of Joseph, ami if he knew what wrong
hi brethren-done in disposing of him.
when he replied, "1 suppose thtty sold him
too cheapy ( ...
' Thk season'has arrived when smart peo
ple everywhere arcaskingthe conundrum.
Why is a mosquito like charity ? The
gleeful response of course U. Because it
begins to hum.
Thk two richest men now living in
Ainerika. that I kno ov, is the one who
has got the most money, and the other
who wants the least; and the last one is
the happiest o the two. JosA Billings.
A corrispoxpkxt wants to know if it
is true that the human body has seven mil
lion pores. The last time we counted
them there were seven million and nine ;
but we have alwavs had an idea that those
nine were nothing but extras, spontane
ously generated for the purpose ot mis
leading us. Brooklyn Argus.
Yorsa gentlemen, when they take their
"duxies " buggv riding, should pay every
attention possible to their safety ami wel
fare. We noticed a young man last Sun
day that seemed to unilcrstand the art of
protecting his ladv-love to perfection. As
they passed down Fifth street, she was do
ing the driving, while he had bothsrms
around her, and we could tell by thw ild
look in his eve that he was determined she
shouldn't fall out. St . Paul Press.
Clergymen and choirs ought to make
sure in advance that their hymns chime in
with the occasion. For example : Not far
from the city of Bangor there was recently
a baptism, and among the converts was a
black girl of great size. All went oil
smoothly until the colored girl was im
mersed. Just as the minister was puttin:
her under the water, the choir on shore
sang, most innocently:
Th morning lig-tat i broking",
The lUrknru diiwpiwmra.
"TTavk vou damn sheets in vour ho
tel?" inq ured a fastidious old party at the
liouse the otner evening aiierueuan
written his name and banded in his canet
bag to the hall-boy preparatory to ascend
ing to the room assigned him. 44 1 don't
think we have any on hand just now,"
answered the bald-headed clerk, laughing.
"but I'll ortler a pair put under the faucet
for you, sir, directly." Fastidious old
party and bald-headed clerk adjourn to the
The Fate of a Keg of Beer.
The Hamilton College bovs, in Clinton,
N. Y., were celebrating the Fourth of J uly
a few summers ago. They had lighted a
large bonfire on the ball-grounds, for the
magnitude of which they were largely in-
debted to the fence-rails of the neighbor
ing farmers, and while the conflagration
was at its height, four of the boys started
for the beer, without which no celebration
was ever known to be complete. Now. the
keg of this necessary liquid, which had
been smuggled on the grounds in the dead
of the preceding night, was stored directly
over Prof. Chester's room, and the edict
had gone forth that if any of the noble fac
ulty found beer or any other stimulating
eyeopene-on the premises, they should
confiscate the same in a hurry. How,
therefore, to fetch the beer down the stairs
w ithout t rof. Chester nabbing them was
the leading question. Bnt the gnat and
glorious recollections of their forefathers'
tight for lilx-rty encouraged the Itoys to
struggle for their beer, and after it they
The kegwas rolled from itshi ling-place.
and was being silently taken down the
stairs when the professor's door suddenly
flew op- ii, and in a twinkling he was on
them. It was a fair catch. The boys
Ironped the kes and fled, and the proies-
sor quietly rolled it into his room, and the
door was again shut. hen followed a
council of war. The beer had been pur-
hased under the auspices of the r resh-
man class, ami the Sophomores had no
sooner learn! of the seizure than they
tilled the air with taunts, lhe i resh
men deliberated, and at length a com
mittee of three rapped at the professor s
44 See here, professor," said the spokes
man, 44 you have been a college boy, and
you know that unless something is done
this diss of ours won't hear the last of
this beer business for three years. Now,
we don't care a snap for the beer, but we
don't like to have it taken away from us.
t's a burn on the class. Let s compromise.
You roll out the keg, and we'll put it
tin on tne wimiow-sui. knock oui in
bung, and let it all run out on the ground.
Then you can inform Prex Brown that you
prevented us from drinking it. and we
can tell the Sophomores that we got it
back from you, and did what we pleased
44 Yes." said the second cheekiest man in
the class, "we'll let every drop run out on
The professor thought a Die, and tr.en ne
quietly pointed at the keg.
"Let me see tne peer run our," ne saw.
In a jiffy the boys had it on the window
sill. The bung was taken out, and the
foaming liquid spurted with a
curve into the darkness neiow ami was
into the darkness neiow
heard sputtering and gurgling as it struck
0'i something. The boys did not move a
muscle. The professor looked triumph
ant. The Sophomores suddenly ceased
their shouts of derision, and began to
whistle "Tommy Dot Id." The beer
flowed on out into th darkness, and then
all was silent.
Just before the last drops were flowing
out the boys thanked the professor very
affectionately, and the sarcastic tone of
the last speaker leu tne man oi icriers to
prick up his ears. By that time, however,
the List drop had passed through the
bung-hole and a long, loud shout rose
from under the window. The boys who
had ki mil v held the kez vanished, and in
another minute a hundred unfledged col
legians were dancing about the tire, hold
inr beer-murs to their lips. The profes
sor was badly sold, for the boys, with pails.
had caught every drop ot Deer mat nau
been poured out of the second-story win
dow, and the trick was henceforth regis
tered as one of the most successful that
the college wits had perpetrated.
How Thermometers are Made.
The Polytechnic Bulletin thus describes
the manufacture of thei mometers at the
Tower Manufacturing Company's estab
lishment, Chester, fa.:
The glass tubes, as received, are about
a vard long. A boy nicks them with a
hard steel knife, and breaks them into the
lengths required. I he bores, wiucn are
flat, are com pared, by mrans ofa lens.with
those often standard sizes, and the tubes
assorted accordingly. They are then
passed 10 ineoiow-pi)e uiuie. eich
blower has a foot bellows, and uses an oil
lamp. Melting the glass at one end ot the
tube, he blows it into a duio ny pnsmg
the sides of a hollow India-rubber ball at
tached at the other, proportioning the size
of his bulb to the bore of the tube, and as
certaining the size bv using a pair of calli
pers. Vv hile the bulb is yet hot. the tune
is inverted in mercurv, which as the bulb
cools, ries and partly tills it I he tule
is then withdrawn and a snort inuia-ruo-ber
tube attached at its open end. Into
this mercury m poured ; that in the bulb
is boiled to expel the air, which rises up
through the mercury in the India-ruhber
tube, and an atmosphere of the vapor of
mercury now fills the glass tube and bulb.
As this condenses, the mercury in tue
India-rubber tube takes iu place, when
this tube, with any mercury remaining in
it, is removed. The bulb Ls now warmed,
and the open end of the glass tube hermet
The DulD and a portion oi tne moeare
immersed in melting ice, and the height of
the mercury marked ; they are then trans
ferred to a bath at 62 Fahr., and the beigat
marked ; next to a bath at 92 Fahr.. and
the height again marked. The lengths of
the three spaces of 30 degress each are now
carefully measured. If they are exactly
equal, the bore of the tube is assumed to
be uniform, and the degrees laid on on tne
brass scale of the thermometer are all made
of the same length. If the spaces of 30
degrees each are not fonnd to be exactly
equal, then, by means of a highly ingen
ious dividing engine, the degrees on the
scale are made to increase in length as the
Caliber of the tube diminishes. When the
plate has been divided, and the figures and
fetters punched, it ia passed, laterally, be
tween rollers, to remove the burr left by
the tool3. Were it rolled lengthwise, the
accuracy of the dividing would be im
paired.. The plate Ls then silvered and lac
quered, the glass tube attached, and the
whole slidden into the well-known ja
panned tin case. The establishment turns
out two hundred dozen thermometers a